Pte John Waddington (Warrington) (1787.... 1855)

John Waddington & Margaret Cawe's Grave
North Hamptonshire Regiment (48th Regiment of Foot)
John Waddington's General Service Medal

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Children :

1 Child Only

1 . H . Alice . Waddington . (1815....1872) m 2/9/1833 H . Charles . Johnson . (1799...1875)

History & Achievements :

There are two explanations of John's enlistment . We find that the first explanation to be far more feasible. This is more likely to be correct

It was until recently a belief by those of us researching the family history that our John Waddington was the one born in 1783. It would now appear this is not the case. John did join the Army , that is not disputed, the way he enlisted though is now a matter for discussion and much speculation.
John stated in his petition for discharge in 1823 he had , l quote "served in the above corps for the space of nineteen years and four months" Now, the problem.
Information received from the Army Museum, Victoria Barracks, Paddington N.S.W. 1) Enlisted: Manchester
2) Date : 15th August 1803 . aged 23years
3) Occup : Sweeper
4) Discharge : John was transferred to the 3rd Regiment East Kent (The Buffs) on the 25/12/1823 and discharged from this unit and the British Army on the 13th November 1824 Sydney, 13th November 1824
5) Medals : M.G.S.M. with 10 clasps
A) If John was aged 23 years on enlistment in 1803, his year of birth would be 1780, quite feasible.
B) If John joined the Army in 1803 & discharged in 1824, that equals 21 years service, not nineteen as stated above.
It would appear that John used his dead, same named brother's baptismal certificate to enlist. This would have presented no problem as they had the same name. The only difference being that John (1) was 4 years older than John (2).
It would now appear that John (2) was only 16 years old when enlisting. There is no way now that we can find out the exact circumstances of John's enlistment other than by speculation. John's death in 1855 ended the lie he had been living all his life. He could neither read or write and even if he could have, it would be highly improbable that he would have kept any documents that may have shown his real age.
Just imagine in those days how his life would have been had his deception about his age been discovered. He would have certainly been court marshaled, possibly flogged,or perhaps even sentenced to Transportation to the Colony he applied to discharge in.
Below is a copy of his application to remain in Australia after discharge from the 48th Regiment. The actual date was unreadable but has 1823 written on the top by Archives. Note the spelling , often listed as Warrington instead of Waddington, the town of Waddington close to where J.W was baptised
This Info Supplied By a Lily Crittenden
John Waddington (Warrington ) was born in or near the village of Livesay England. When John was not quite 20 he joined the 48th Regiment of foot claiming he was 23 years of age. The town of Warrington was close by in the county and so through out his military career and most official records of New South Wales his name is recorded as John Warrington . The exception being on the Marriage certificate of his daughter and only child ,Alice, to Charles Johnson in Sydney in 1833. The memorial inscription on his head stone in Morpeth Cemetery bearing silent testimony to John Waddington of the 48th Regiment of Foot .

This section is from confirmed Items . Pay Muster's of the 48th , PRO England, Reference Books Records of the 48th . Mitchel Library Sydney, The Colonial Garrison 1817-1824 ( Clem Sargent ) published 1996, Wellington's Military Machine( Philip J. Haythornthaite) published 1995

Pte John Warrington (Waddington) arrived with the North Hamptonshire Regiment (48th Regiment of Foot) . in Sydney on Board the "Barque..Matilda 13/11/ 1817 . He took his discharge in 1824 after serving 21 years & 91days with the 48th . He enlisted on the 15/8/1803 from the Army Reserve . For his military life he was awarded the General Service Medal . The medal has 10 bars attached , naming the battles in which he fought with distinction . He fought in the Peninsular War under the Duke Of Wellington . The Service Medal represent the following Battles : Talavera -28/6/1809 : Busaco 27/9/1810 : Ciudad-Rodrigo 19/1/1812 , Badajoz May 1812 : Salamanca 22/6/1812 :Vittoria 21/6/1812 : Pyrenees 9 days July 1813 :, St Sebastion Siege 22/7/1814 ( Bombardment 26/8/1813 Fell 31/8/1813 ; Orthes 27/2/1814 : Toulouse 10/4/1814 :) . Battles fought in but no medal issued America and Canada 1812-1815 Sorauren was the first battle or the Pyrenees . As part of the 2/48th John was captured at Albuera only to escape with most of 193 men captured . Even though at the battle of Albuera 16/5/1811 no clasp for those captured was issued . Soon after his discharge he returned to England and reunited with his wife and only child and returned to Sydney . His Medals are on display in the Naval & Military Club in Melbourne . According to the pay sheets of the 48th regiment the pay period was 91 days ,a total of 4pounds 10 shillings & 4 pence was payed for each 91 days of service. John Waddington was recorded on pay musters as Warrington ,Willington , and one listed as Weatherington .

We know from the pay musters The following . On the 6th of December 1815 John was transferred from
general service and was under the command of Henry Thomas Budd. On the 7th of August 1816 John was attached to the recruiting division at Salisbury. John was Transfered to the 3rd Regiment East Kent (The Buffs) on the 25/12/1823 and discharged from this unit and the British Army on the 13th November 1824

The following is an application to His Excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane for John Warrington to remain in Australia after his retirement 1823. This information was supplied by Don Johnson from a letter held in the New South Wales archives Cited 2016

                    To His Excellency, Sir Thomas Brisbane
                               K.C.B' Captain General, Governor and Commonwealth
                               In Chief in over His Majesty's Territory New
                               South Wales and its Dependencies
                                  The Humble Petition of Private John
                                  Warrington 8th Company H.M. 48th Regiment
  Most Respectfully Thowath,
That Petitioner served in the above Corps for the space of nineteen years and four months, had the honor to be present at many glorious Achievements on "the Peninsular", and was wounded in the head at the Battle of "Orthes", and in the Thigh at "Salamanca". On which several occasions he has now the pleasing Consciousness of having "done his duty", as a British Soldier.
  That Petitioner having devoted so long a period to the Military Profession is now anxious to retire from, and to settle in this rising Colony with his Family consisting of a Wife and one female child where he is convinced he could maintain them in a decent and reputable manner, as he is well acquainted with the management and cultivation of land and the rearing of stock.   Under these circumstances, Petitioner humbly presumes to approach your Excellency in the earnest hope that as his conduct in the regiment has ever been irreproachably, you may be graciously pleased to permit him to be discharged, in which case he would hope that his past services, his wounds received in fighting the battles of his country, and his having a family might induce your Excellency to grant him some other indulge as in your Excellency's goodness, you may think him worthy of And Petitioner shall as in duty bound. Ever pray.

This appeared in print "The Maitland Mercury"under the heading Unclaimed Letters
John Waddington. Unclaimed mail Paterson District 8/3/1845

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Last revised: 03/04/2017.