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Presentation order. Those with matches (family groups), results are
presented by haplogroup.
Family groups (color-coded matches) are
usually listed in kit number order. DYS numbers with white background in
color coded groups indicate an apparent mutation from the presumed ancestral
haplotype for that group. If an ancestral haplotype has not yet be
determined, the white back ground indicates markers that differ from the most
frequent value. Participants awaiting results are listed at the end of the
chart. Presentation order is subject to change.
DYS# - DYS Numbers. DYS
numbers as reported by FTDNA.
(note that these are not in numerical order).
Group (or Family Group). Family groups are groups of two or more participants who match. Unless there is evidence to the contrary (e.g., those with very common haplotypes and no shared paper trail), it is assumed they share a common ancestor. The common ancestor may, or may not, be known. Group 1 was assigned to the first participants with a match.. The next participants with a match were assigned Group 2, the next Group 3, and so on (missing sequential numbers are McK- variations). The numbers have no other significance. Group descriptions are revised from time to time.
Hg - Haplogroup (ancient ancestry).
Locus - Numerical order of DYS number presentation by FTDNA. This is useful when discussing results, since the presentation order of the DYS numbers is not in numerical order.
MRCA - Most recent common ancestor.
Null – FTDNA: A value of “0” for any marker indicates that the lab reported a null value or no result for this marker. All cases of this nature are retested multiple times by the lab to confirm their accuracy. Mutations causing null values are infrequent, but are passed on to offspring just like other mutations, so related male lineages such as a father and son would likely share any null values.
Number - Kit
number issued by FTDNA to participant. For sorting purposes, 0 has been added
to four digit codes. Codes beginning with N are participants who joined after
testing in the National Geographic Genographic Project.
These markers are unusual; see Genetic Distance calculations by FTDNA.
E3b is believed to have evolved in the
I, I1, and I1a are nearly completely restricted to northwestern
J2 lineage originated in the northern portion of the Fertile Crescent
where it later spread throughout central Asia, the Mediterranean, and south
R1a is believed to have originated in the Eurasian Steppes north of the
R1b is the most common haplogroup in European populations. It is
believed to have expanded throughout
K - Other
Known Tests/Projects - Other Variations
K*NN*Y & variations results are here.
CUNI - one test; does not match any of our participants (est. HG R1b).
CUNNICK - One Cunnick 12 marker test matched 6419; however, extended results indicate no close match.
KAHONE, KANE, KANEY,
KEANE - Keane/Kane Ocathain/O'Cahan & Other Variations www.familytreedna.com/public/keaneydnawebsite
KENNY - The Glennon surname project tested two Irish Kenny males of a certain area to see if their DNA matched others in the Glennon project (ancient literature indicates a connection). These two men (MK and KK) do not have a close match with each other (20 out of 25) or with other surnames in the Glennon project. The closest match to our participants: MK 22/25 with 28154 (Group 11) and [MK?] 20/25 with 8952 (Group 10); these participants both have very common haplotypes and are not close to each other (16/25). Relationships between any of these lines would be long before the existence of surnames.
McK - Other Known
Tests/Projects - Other Variations
McK*NN*Y & variations results are here.
McCENEY (pronounced McSeney) - his results are included above in Group 77 Common Haplotypes; his site: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~bmcceney/
McKENNEY - Richard W. McKenney began this study to identify relationships between McKenney families in
Mc/MacKENZIE - http://www.electricscotland.com/mackenzie/dna.htm
McKENNA - http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/McKENNA/
Interpreting Genetic Distance links at FTDNA
See also: http://blairgenealogy.com/dna/FTDNATiP.html
Georgia Kinney Bopp
DNA Project began October 2002