The ancestors of the present Gitga’at people lived at
their ancestral home Laxgal’tsap (Old Town) in Kitkiata
Inlet, on the northwest side of the Douglas Channel. These
early Gitga’at lived in Laxgal’tsap during the winter
months, but used several other village and camp sites in
Douglas Channel, Whale Channel, Wright Sound, Lewis Pass
and Camaano Sound throughout the warmer seasons. Another
ancestral group, the Gitn’oogad’x, occupied a large
area encompassing Aristazabal, Campania, Princess Royal
and other nearby islands.
The first contact between the Gitga’at and the Europeans
was with the fur traders who came in sailing ships in the
1780s. The Hudson Bay Company arrived in the 1830s, later
building Fort Simpson at Lax Kw'alaams and Fort
at Waglisla. The Gitga’at travelled by canoe to
trade at both forts.