John "Buck" Gowen, [William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of William Gowen and Sarah [Allan?] Gowen, was born about 1740, probably in Stafford County, Virginia or in Granville County, North Carolina.  A diversity of opinion exists among his descendants as to his birthplace. Mary Evelyn Neilson Delbridge, Oxford, Mississippi, stated that he was born in 1740 in Branford Precinct, Beaufort District, South Carolina.  Adeline Evans Wynn of Atlanta, Georgia, also a descendant, states that he was born in Virginia before 1740.  Elizabeth Durant England, DAR No. 180862, Memphis, Tennessee, states that John "Buck" Gowen was born before 1743 in Beaufort District, South Carolina.


John "Buck" Gowen is identified as the brother-in-law of William Ridge, Sr. and also the brother-in-law of Nathaniel Allen, according to the research of Barbara Stacy Matthews.  William Ridge, Sr. was married to Winnifred Combs, the daughter of William Combs and Seth Stacy Combs and the granddaughter of Mason Combs and Sarah Combs.  Barbara Stacy Matthews states that all lived in Surry County, North Carolina at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.


John "Buck" Gowen was married about 1759 to Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden, daughter of John Bearden and Lettice Winn Bearden and a descendant of Minor Winn, Sr. and Margaret O'Connor Winn.  John Bearden was born in 1717 to Francis Bearden and Sarah Blassingame Bearden.  On October 15, 1784 John Bearden was located on the north side of Tyger River near the homestead of John "Buck" Gowen, according to South Carolina Land Grant Book 3, page 427.  John Bearden died in 1797 in Spartanburg County.


In 1761 and 1762 "John Gowen, planter," appeared in the legal records of Granville County.  On August 14, 1764 he conveyed land to Edmund Bearden, his brother-in-law, according to Granville County deed records.


John "Buck" Gowen apparently joined his father in removing from Granville County.  It is possible that they lived in Beau­fort District for a time and made other moves in a search for new land that lasted several years interspersed with military service.


On May 16, 1770 "John Gowing," received a land grant of 200 acres in Craven County, South Carolina, according to Craven County Deed Book 2, page 267.  His grant was located on Downing Creek fork of Little Pee Dee River and is now in present-day Horry County, near the South Carolina coastline, according to the speculation of Addie Evans Winn in "Southern Lineages."  This grant was probably made in recognition of colonial militia service. 


Apparently his military service began in North Carolina.  A reference was made of his service in “Sketches of Western North Carolina” regarding the military career of Capt. Samuel Caldwell:


"Samuel Caldwell born in Orange County, North Caro-lina, on the 10th of February, 1759, and moved to Try-on county, afterward Lincoln, in 1772.


He first entered the service in Capt. Gowen's company in 1776, and marched against the Cherokee Indians be-yond the mountains.  In 1779, he volunteered in Capt. William Chronicle’s company in the 'nine months ser-vice,' and joined Gen. Lincoln's army at Purysburg, South Carolina.  In March, 1780, he joined Capt. Isaac White's company and marched to King's Mountain. 


In the battle which immediately followed, he and his brother, William Caldwell actively participated.  Short-ly after this celebrated victory, he attached himself to Capt. Montgomery's company and was in the Battle of Cowpens, fought on the 17th of January, 1781.  Soon afterward he marched to Guilford, and was in the Bat-tle of Guilford Courthouse fought there on the 15th of March, 1781.  In the following fall, he substituted for Clement Nance in Capt. Lemmonds’ cavalry company in the regiment commanded by Col. Robert Smith and Maj. Joseph Graham.


At the Raft Swamp, they attacked and signally defeated a large body of Tories; and in two days afterward de-feated a band of Tories on Alfred Moore's plantation opposite Wilmington, North Carolina.  On the next day, the same troops made a vigorous attack on the garrison, near the same place.


After this service, he returned home and was frequently engaged in other minor, but important military duties until the close of the war.  After the war, Capt. Cald-well settled on a farm three miles southwest of Tucka-seege Ford where he raised a large family.  He was a kind and obliging neighbor, attained a good old age, and is buried in the graveyard of Goshen church in Gaston County, North Carolina."


On November 19, 1772 John “Buck” Gowen received a land grant in Prince William Parish, Beaufort District probably as a military bonus.  There were other grants in this district to his brother James Gowen as late as 1788.  These various militia "hitches" advanced John "Buck" Gowen to the rank of major as well as making him a citizen of means and property.


Included in the audited account of John "Buck" Gowen in South Carolina Archives File AA 3014 is the following un­dated request from him addressed to the Commissioners of the Treasury:


"Gentlemann, Please to deliver to Mr. C. C. Schutt or order past Indents I may have in the Office and his re­ceip shall be sufficient.


Gentlemann, I am Your humble Servant,

                                                            John Gowan

To the Commissioners of the Treasury


SFM   WD   TH   JI"


The penmanship was a bold flowing stroke obviously written with a quill, and his signature was misspelled.


The Gowen family pioneered in the northwestern section of South Carolina, then known as the "Apex Cession," being ceded to the state by the Cherokee Indians in 1776, but not oc­cupied until after the Revolution.  The community of Gowensville was named for John "Buck" Gowen.


He received a royal grant of 100 acres of land probably in re­cognition of military service.  The survey order was given February 2, 1773, according to "South Carolina Archives, Colonial Plats," Volume 16, page 173:


"South Carolina, Ninety Six District Pursuant to a pre­cept from under the hand and seal of John Bremar, Es­quire, Deputy Surveyor General dated February second day, 1773, I have admeasured and laid out unto John Gowan a plantation or tract of land containing one hun­dred acres situate lying on the North side of Tyger River bounded Eastwardly by Daniel Bush's land, Northward by vacant land, Westwardly by Tyger river and hath such shape, form and marks as the above plat rep­resents.  Given under my hand this 20th day of March, 1773.


                  Andrew Thompson, Deputy Surveyor"


A surveyor's notation appeared on the plat describing the Tyger River:


"Tyger river is in many places not five inches deep and not navigable for any craft of any kind and lies high upon said River."


The land lay in a part of District 96 in February 1773 which was in Craven County at the time of the grant which was dated August 19, 1774, according to "South Carolina Archives, Royal Grants," Volume 32, page 205.  Later the land was lo­cated in Greenville County, South Carolina.  The grant was recorded in Greenville County Deed Book 32, page 205.  The site was near Gowensville, about 10 miles from the grant re­ceived by his brother [father?] William Gowen in December of the same year.


The grant read:


"South Carolina, George the Third, by the Grace of God, of Great-Britain, France and Ireland, King, De­fender of the Faith, and so forth, To All To Whom These Presents shall come, Greeting: Know ye, that we of our special Grace, certain Knowledge and mere Motion, have given and granted, and by these Presents, for us, our heirs and successors, Do Give and Grant unto John Gowen, his heirs and assigns, a plantation or tract of land containing One hundred acres situate in Craven County, bounding East on Daniel Bush and West on Tyger River, And hath such shape, form and marks, as appear by a plat thereof, hereunto annexed:  To­gether with all woods, under-woods, timber and timber-trees, lakes, ponds, fishings, waters, water-courses, profits, commodities, appurtenances and hereditaments whatsoever, thereunto belonging or in anywise appertaining: Together with privilege of hunting, hawking and fowling in and upon the same, and all mines and minerals whatsoever; saving and re­serving nevertheless, to us, our heirs and successors, all white pine trees, if any there should be found growing thereon: And also saving and reserving nevertheless to us, our heirs and successors, our heirs and successors, one tenth-part of mines of gold and silver only: To have and to hold the said tract of One hundred acres of land and all and singular other the premises hereby granted unto the said John Gowen, his heirs and assigns for ever, in free and common foccage, the said John Gowen, his heirs and assigns yielding and paying therefor unto us, our heirs, and successors, or to our Receiver General for the time being, or to his Deputy of Deputies for the time being, yearly, that is to say on the twenty-fifth day of March, in every year, at the rate of three shillings sterling, or four shillings proclamation money for every hundred acres, and so in proportion according to the number of acres, contained herein; the same to commence at the expira­tion of two years from the date hereof.  Provided always, and this present Grant is upon condition, nevertheless, that the said John Gowen, his heirs or assigns shall and do yearly, and every year, after the date of the presents, clear and cul­tivate at the rate of three acres for every hundred acres of land, and so in proportion to the num­ber of acres herein con­tained; And also shall and do enter a minute or docket of these our letters patent in the office of our Auditor-General for the time being in our said Province within six months from the date hereof: And upon condition, that if the said rent hereby reserved, shall happen to be in arrears and unpaid for the space of three years from the time it shall become due and no distress can be found on the said lands, tene­ments and hereditaments hereby granted: or if the said John Gowen his heirs or assigns shall neglect to clear and cultivate yearly and every year at the rate of three acres for every hundred acres of land, and so in proportion, according to the number of acres contained, or if a minute or docket of these our letters patent shall not be entered in the office of our Auditor-Gen­eral for the time being, in our said Province, within six months from the date hereof, that then and in any of these cases, this patent Grant shall cease, and determine and be utterly void.  Lands, tenements and heredita­ments hereby granted and every part and parcel thereof, shall revert to us, our heirs and successors, as fully and absolutely, as if the same had never been granted.


Given under the Great Seal of our Said Province.


Witness the Honorable William Bull, Esquire, Lt. Gov­ernor and Commander in chief in and over our said Province of South-Carolina, this Nineteenth Day of August Anno Dom. 1774 in the Fourteenth Year of our Reign.


                                                      Williams Bull


Signed by his Honor, the Lt. Governor in Council And hath thereunto a plat thereof annexed, representing the same certified by John Bremar, Deputy Sur­veyor-Gen­eral. May 20, 1773.

                                        Thomas Winstanley, GCC"


John "Buck" Gowen commanded a militia company in 1775 and 1776, and Samuel Caldwell, in an affidavit, stated he "served in Capt. Gowen's company in 1776," according to "Sketches of Western North Carolina" by C. L. Hunter.  Militia companies were raised in the northwestern corner of South Carolina--to face the Cherokees on the northwest and the British on the southeast.  Capt. Gowen was in command of Gowen's Fort near the north end of the Indian line.  Augustine Clayton who was born in 1755, stated that he served under Capt. John “Buck” Gowen in 1755 against the Indians.  William Lynch stated that he lost an eye in a battle with the Indians in July 1776, serving under Capt. Gowen, according to Debbie Jackson, a Lynch descendant.


James McElroy, South Carolina Pension No. S-2786, came into court in Allen County, Kentucky August 23, 1832 at age 73 and “deposes that in 1776 about September 1, he volun-teered to fight against Indians under Capt. John Gowan.  He then lived in Spartanburg County, South Carolina.  This ser-vice was about 15 months.”  Then he was drafted under Lt. Edward Hampton and was at the attack of Savannah.  On many other occasions he was called on to fight the Tories and the British.  He thinks he served about four years from Sep-tember 1, 1776.”


War swirled into the Gowensville area from the northwest in 1776 with Cherokee and Tory attacks.  The Tories were led by "Bloody Bill" Bates and "Bloody Bill" Cunningham who cut a gory trail of destruction across the area.  Whenever the Tories were victorious, the result was a massacre.  No quarter was given to men, women or children who were surrendered to them.  All were killed and scalped.


While the colonists were holding out in the west against the Tories and the Cherokees in 1780, the British and their Tory allies advanced from the southeast, rolling up their defenses.  They defeated the forces of Gen. Huck on July 12, obliterated the troops of Col. John Thomas, Jr. on July 13 and captured Gowen's Fort.  While they were relaxing and enjoying their victory, the colonists came roaring back under the command of Col. Jones the following day and recaptured Gowen's Fort.  Capt. Gowen, whose company was part of the forces of Col. Jones resumed command of the fort.


Col. John Thomas, Sr. organized the Spartanburg County Militia Regiment and served as its first commander.  George Salmon was Quartermaster of the Spartanburg County [Roebuck’s] Regiment.


The Redcoats withdrew from the apex area completely after their defeat, but the Tories returned with their guerilla warfare.  They made their next attack on Gowen's Fort in September 1781.  In November, while part of his command was away, Capt. Gowen's fort was attacked and overrun.  "Bloody Bill" Bates agreed to accept their surrender and to spare their lives.  Suddenly, his Cherokees fell upon the defenders.  Men, women and children who were in the fort were all slaughtered and scalped.  One woman lived through the massacre.  Mrs. Abner Thompson, when the fort fell, lay on the ground, feining death.  Suddenly she was grabbed by the hair, felt a scalper's knife circling her crown and held back her screams as her scalp was jerked from her skull.  She survived her wounds and lived in Greenville for many years afterward.


During the war, Gowen's Fort changed hands five times as the winds of war swept back and forth.  "Bloody Bill" Bates sur­vived the war, only to be arrested shortly afterward for horse stealing.  He was lodged in the Greenville jail.  A man whose father had been killed by Bates heard of the arrest.  He gathered a party of armed men and went to the sheriff and demanded that Bates be delivered to them.  The sheriff complied and Bates was escorted to a vacant lot next door, given a minute to make peace with his maker and shot dead.  He was unceremoniously buried where he fell, and the Greenville post office was later built over his grave.


In 1778 "John Gowen" was shown as a member of St. David's Society, a group organized to sponsor an academy on the upper Pee Dee River in Cheraws District [presently Marlboro County].  It is suggested by H. T. Cook, researcher of Greenville, that John "Buck" Gowen and other members of the family migrated from the Charleston area to the Pee Dee sec­tion, back to Granville County, North Carolina, then to Stokes County, North Carolina, later to Surry County, North Carolina with stops of unknown duration at each place.  Finally in 1778 John Gowen arrived in District 96 [later Greenville County] to claim the land that was granted to him four years earlier.  Dis­trict 96 [96 miles from Keowee] had been formed in 1769 and was divided into counties in 1789.


Capt. John "Buck" Gowen and his troops appeared in District 96 in February 1778 on military duty.  His brother-in-law John Bearden filed a pension application, recorded in "Kings Mountain Manuscripts," Volume 2, page 239:


"Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of an Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832. State of Tennessee, Bedford County John Bearden, Senior, a resident of this county and aged eighty-nine [89] years, two [2] months, four [4] days. Entered service of United States under following officers and served as here stated.  Born in Spottsylvania County, Virginia, March 11, 1744, agreeable to his family record, but has no record of it at this time.  He says he entered the service of the United States as a private and volunteered in a company of rangers, or spies, commanded by Capt. Joseph Wofford and Lt. D. Graham, Spartanburg District, South Carolina some time in the month of April, 1777, the precise day he cannot recollect.  He was marched to a fort on the head of Enoree River to Prince's Fort, and there was stationed, but was frequently out on a scouting or spying expeditions against the Cherokee Indians and a Tory family named Bates.  [The town of Batesville, South Carolina is located 10 miles east of Greenville on the Enoree River.]  Four in number: William, Harry, Isaac and their father--who were skulking about with the Indians, were frequently engaged with the Indians in murders of frontier settlers; and there remained in service until some time in January, 1778, when he was dismissed agreeable to orders.  Thinks in February, 1778 he volunteered again and joined a company of spies or rangers under command of Captain John Gowen, and marched to a fort on the south side of the Pacolet River [probably near present-day Landrum, South Carolina] and was frequently raiding on the frontier settlement on the Tyger River.


He states that on one of the scouting expeditions he was on, Captain Gowen arrested and took prisoner two men, one by the name of Fanning, the other by name of Smith; that they brought them back into a white settle­ment [probably Gowensville] and delivered them up to a magistrate, as they were both Tories, and both had stolen horses, each taken from a Mr. James Ford and a Mr. John Patten.  Deponent says he was marched back to the last-mentioned fort [near Landrum] on the south fork of the Pacolet River, where he remained in service until some time in the month of August, 1778, and was again dismissed, it being thought and frequently said by Captain Gowen that the Indians had become quiet and that there was no further use for the troops at that time.  He states that he served in the last-mentioned town [Landrum] not less than six months.


Deponent further says that he removed shortly after that into Union District, S.C, and there entered the service of the United States again, about one week before the siege of Ninety-Six.  That he was marched off that place a drafted soldier and was in the engagement at that place.


He says he was then transferred from Captain Blassingame's company and marched through the country in a different direction in search of a band of Tories under the command of Jesse Gray.  That he continued in service under the last-mentioned captain a tour of duty of not less than four months, and says he was finally dismissed from service, after serving in all, a tour of actual service of not less than nine months, for which he claims a pension.


Applicant says he remained a citizen of South Carolina until 1824 when he removed to Bedford County, Ten­nessee, where he now lives.  He further says that he was not acquainted with any regular officers with the troops when he served or any regiment of regulars whatever.

                                                s/s John Bearden"


Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen was probably a member of Friendship Baptist Church which met near Otts Shoals on the Tyger River in Greenville District. The congregation had been organized in 1765 by Rev. Jacob Roberts and was sometimes referred to as "Jacob Roberts' church."  Extant records go back only to 1801.  Since Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen does not appear on the church roster in 1801, it is assumed that she died before that time.  Until his death in 1797, John Bearden, father of Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen, was a member of Friendship Baptist Church.  A report of the Bearden family is detailed in "Southern Lineages."


Mourning Bearden Smith, sister to Lettice "Letty" Winn Bear­den Gowen was probably another member of Friendship Bap­tist Church.  She was born June 15, 1763, according to Draper Wisconsin Historical Collection of "King's Mountain Manuscripts," Volume II, page 268.  She was married to Maj-Gen. William Smith and was so harassed in her husband's absence by the Tories that she had to leave her home and live with her sister during the latter years of the war.  Maj-Gen. William Smith, who was a congressman from Pinckney District, died June 22, 1837.


On June 1, 1840 Mourning Bearden Smith of Spartanburg District, age 77, appeared in the "Census of Pensioners," page 43, as "the widow of Gen. Smith." She survived until October 2, 1842 and was buried beside her husband in the Smith family cemetery, one and a half miles south of Glenn Springs, South Carolina, according to descendants Minnie Smith, Glenn Springs and W. S. Williams, Pauline, South Carolina.


South Carolina Archives has preserved the audited accounts of John "Buck" Gowen in its File AA 3014 in 24 pages of mate­rial.  One of the entries disclosed that he had received orders to commandeer provisions for the militia if necessary in his section in February 1779.  This authorization was probably written during a campaign against the Indians and the Tories on the frontier.  It reads:


"I hereby appoint Captn. John Gowin Commissary in the north part of the Indian line in the name of Edward Hampton [one word illegible] to wit, at Gowins and Hamilton Stations, with power to im­press provisions if not to be bought.  Given under my hand the 6th day of February 1779.

                                                            John Thomas"


Apparently John "Buck" Gowen was lax in his accounting.  A notation in his audited accounts reveals this shortcoming:


"Mr. John Gowen for sundry provisions supplied the Militia, but being charged in depreciated money and no month nor year given when supplied, cannot be au­dited--neither is there vouchers.

Examined,  O.W.  J.Mc.  A.G."


"Mr. John Gowen his account of 2663 Rations sup­plied the Militia in 1779, Sixty Six Pounds, Eleven shillings & Six Pence Sterling.


Received of Captain John Gowin, Provisions for Cap­tain William Blassingame's Company, one Lieutenant and XIX [Nineteen] Privets from the first Day of February to the 4th day of March, 1779.


                                          Certified by me

                                          Robert Bishop

                                          Letenant      640 Rations"


"Resed of John Gowen three hundred and ninty-six ras­sons for the use of Captain Bobo Compny in the lin servis.  March 15, 1779.

                                                Sertifid by me.

                                                Wm. Young



"March 17th, 1779 Received of Capt. John Gowen Ra­tions for nine Men on day for the Publick use received.

                              Wm. Wood, Capt.  9 Rations"


Included in the papers is a report from John "Buck" Gowen re­garding service in April 1779:


"This is to certify that Captain John Gowen [word il­legible] was 24 days in the service under the Com­mand of Col. John Thomas on the line.


                                                Captain John Gowen


Capt. John Gowen for Waggonage, forage and driver on the line of this State April 10, 1779.  24 days  [illegible] Three hundred Fifty-one pounds currency.


                                                Examined, A.D.

                                                [illegible] Certificate


Attested to before me this 12th day of April 1779 by Captain John Gowen that the above account is true and no part received.

                                                James Wood, J.P."


John "Buck" Gowen was authorized to rebuild a fort in the western extremity of South Carolina as detailed in the fol­lowing order:


"To John Gowen, Dr: To building one stockade fort for the use of the publick by order of Colonel William Wofford, S.C.  Valued to 440.  I hereby certify that I ordered John Gowen, Captain, to build, or rather rebuild, a fort at Jamison's station on the line, April 14, 1779. Hood, L.C.


"John Gowen for rebuilding a stockade fort at Jami­son's Station on the line in 1779. Amt. £5:15:3.  Five pounds; fifteen shillings; three pence farthing; sterling. Ex'd. W.G.  J.M.C.  N.G. South Carolina, Ninety-Six District.  By James Wood, a justice assigned to keep the peace in the District aforesaid.  Personally appeared before me Captain John Gowen and made oath on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God that the within ac­count is just and true, and no part thereof received.  Sworn to before me this 12 day April, 1779.


James Wood, J.P.  £440 1 966  £9 407 of £5-15-3"



Three years later John "Buck" Gowen was still serving as commissary:


"John Gowen for Provisions for the Militia in 1782, charged.  Amount, Thirty Pounds, seventeen shillings  one penny, half penny Sterling.


To John Gowen Dr: To[tal] Provisions for the use of a Station on the Indian Line in the Spartan Regiment by Order of Col. Benjamin Roebuck in the year 1782: 13 Beef Cattle, 9 Hogs, 1 Beef for the expedition against the Indians, £216 pounds.


Ninety Six District, J.P. Captain John Gowen made oath before me that the above account is just and true, and that part of said provisions were furnished by himself and that part which belonged to others shall not be brought against the public by any other person.


Certified by Bayliss Earle, J.P.            John Gowen


A valuable horse, his personal property, was stolen from John "Buck" Gowen while he was on militia duty.  Notes in the ac­counts reveal:


"John Gowen's Account for a horse stolen.  Claimed for him by Major John Ford. Postponed.  Given him a copy of the claim.  The time when the horse was stolen should be set forth & the cercumstances should be certified.

                                          Examined  J.G.  Ct.  C.J.”


"The State of South Carolina To Captn John Gowen Dr.


To a black horse stole when on duty on the Indian line by order of Col. Benjamin Roebuck, which said horse was appraised by William Brasher and John Motlow Upon Oath.


Ninety Six District


Personally appeared John Gowen before me and made Oath as the Law Directs that the above said horse was lost in the Service of this State in the manner above mentioned, and that he has never re­ceived the said horse or any part of the value thereof, and further declares upon oath that if he should ever get the aforesaid horse, that he will re­turn him to the Commanding Officer of This Reg­iment or the price that shall be allowed for said Horse.


The aforesaid appraisers being duly Sworn made Report that they valued the above Horse to £190:0:0.

                                                      John Gowen


Sworn before me 20th of May 1783                Certified by me

Bayliss Earle, J. P.                        John Ford, Major


"Public Dr to John Gowen


331 L. of Bacon            2.00 per pound            662:00:0

2 4-year old stear          200 each                       400:00:0

 4 3-year-old stears       175 each                       700:00:0

 3 2-year old stears       110 each                       330:00:0

 15 hogs, 2250 wate       65 per hundred        1,412:00:0

  4 bushels of salt         130 per bushel              520:00:0

185 cwt of port              70 per hundred           129:10:0

100 wt of pork               60 per hundred             60:00:0

662 wt of beaf               40 per hundred           264:07:6

Provision for Deferant Companey                      35:12:0

100 wt of Bacon            2 per pound                200:00:0

125 wt of flouer            1 per pound                125:00:0




Captain John Gowen this Day made Oath that he sup­plyed the Militia on the line with the above Mentioned Provisions.  Sworn to before me this 21st August, 1779.

                                                W. Wofford  TO

                                                John Gowen


Captn. Gowen made Oath that he never before made any return of the above account nor received any pay in part nor in full. Sworn to the 27th of May 1783 Before me.

                                                Bayliss Earle, J.P."


Robert McDowell of DeKalb County, Georgia referred to the military duty of Capt. John "Buck" Gowen in a pension appli­cation statement dated February 2, 1838, according to "Kings Mountain Manuscripts," Draper Collection:


"Robert McDowell, of DeKalb County, Georgia, states that Robert Henderson was a private soldier under the command of Captain Gowen of the American Line.  He was acquainted with him for the term of two years, un­der the command of Captain Gowen, as necessity re­quired his services as a soldier in the company of Light Horse; also that they were both in the battle that was fought at the Pacolet River in South Carolina, as they were engaged in guarding a company of prison­ers from Spartanburg, South Carolina to Salisbury, North Car­olina and that both belonged to Colonel White's Regi­ment."



On June, 1937, a letter from Mrs. B. K. Scott of Tallahassee, FL stated that Stephen Thompson was the father-in-law of William Whiddon of Cheraw District, Darlington County, South Carolina.


John "Buck" Gowen received a land grant of 400 acres located on the middle forks of the Saluda River October 15, 1784, ac­cording to Greenville County Deed Book 1, page 593.  This land was located about 10 miles southwest of his earlier grant on the Tyger River.


John "Buck" Gowen waited several years to collect a rather large bill for provisions supplied to the South Carolina militia.  It is assumed that he was not allowed to make a profit on the supplies he collected and sold to the militia. Without profit the investment required would represent quite a financial sacrifice on the part of the patriot while waiting for the defunct state treasury to re­cover sufficiently to reimburse him for the ex­penses in­curred during the course of the war. Indents were is­sued to John "Buck" Gowen in 1785 and in 1786 to reimburse him for rations delivered to the militia in 1779 and other ex­penses.


These indents, retained in South Carolina Archives, read:


"Pursuant to an act of the General Assembly passed 16th of March, 1783, We the Commission­ers of the Treasury, have this Day delivered to Mr. John Gowen this our Indented Certificate, for the Sum of Thirty-six pounds, twelve shillings and four pence Sterling for Provisions for the Militia in 1782  for rebuilding a Stockade fort at Jamison's Station on the Line in 1779 per 2 accounts audited the said John Gowen, his Executors, Administrators or Assigns, will be entitled to receive from this office the Sum of two pounds, eleven shillings and three pence on Demand for one Year's Interest on the principal Sum of Thirty-six pounds, twelve shillings  four pence and the like Interest annually.


The said John Gowen, his Executors, Administra­tors or Assigns will be entitled also to receive, and shall be paid, if demanded, the principal Sum of Thirty-six pounds, twelve Shillings and four pence on the twenty-seventh of September 1789 and the said John Gowen, his Executors, Administrators or Assigns may make any Purchase at any Public Sales of Confiscated Property, except such as shall be ordered by the Legislature for special Purposes; and this Indent shall be received in Pay­ment.


For the true Performance of the several Payments in Manner above-mentioned, the Public Treasury is made liable, and the faith of the State pledged by the aforesaid act.


Given under our hands at the Treasury-Office, in Charleston, the twenty-seventh day of September, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty-five.


                              Peter Boucquet

                              Commissioners of the Treasury

£36-12-4    Principal

£2-11-3     Annual Interest

[Box X, No. 3522]


On the same day he received "5 pounds, 15 shillings, 3 pence farthing Sterling for rebuilding a Stockade fort at Jamison's Station on the Line in 1779."  [Box X, No. 760].  Apparently this compensation was interest on the indebtedness.


Another indent was issued by the Treasury Commission­ers August 14, 1786 in the amount of 76 pounds, 11 shillings, 5 pence to John "Buck" Gowen to compensate him for "duty done in the Militia as a Capt. in Roebuck's Regiment since the fall of Charleston [1780]."  It also provided for annual interest of five pounds, seven shillings and two pence.  [Box X, No. 3522]


A penciled notation on the bottom of the indent signed by John "Buck" Gowen indicated that he received eight shillings interest on the indent in November 1790.  Another notation below that reveals, "Rec'd. 7th Jany. 1790 Int. to 1st April last. L0-4-0. William Benson."


Another indent was issued by the Treasury Commissioners January 26, 1786 in the amount of 66 pounds, 11 shillings, 6 pence for John "Buck" Gowen to reimburse him for 2,663 rations supplied the militia in 1779.  Yearly interest of "L4:13:2" was provided by the indent.  [Box X, No. 1443].


He finally received  "21 pounds, 8 shillings, 6 pence, three far­things Sterling" for the horse that was stolen from him in the Indian campaign in additional compensation.  After the Revo­lution, Col. John Thomas who had been one of the commanding officers of John "Buck" Gowen was appointed Land Commissioner for District 96.  From the state he received 15 land grants.


It is interesting to note that the number of one of the Audited Accounts of John "Buck" Gowen was 3522.  The Audited Account of "David Gowen, dcsd" was 3520 and that of Edward Gowen was 3521.  This consecutive sequence suggests that the men were closely associated, perhaps kinsmen and that were submitted at the same time by Capt. Gowen.  All three received payment for militia duty "in Roebuck's Regiment per [Lt. Col.] Anderson's return."


Lt. Col. Benjamin Roebuck lived in Spartanburg County and commanded a militia regiment in Pickens' Brigade.  Roebuck was wounded and captured by the British in the Battle of Mud Lick March 2, 1781 and taken to Charleston.  He was confined aboard a prison ship in Charleston harbor until August 1781.  "Per Anderson's return" suggests that Lt. Col. Anderson, also a regimental commander in Pickens' Brigade certified the service of the Gowen men in the absence of Col. Roebuck.  The Fairfield County Gowen men served in Lt. Col. John Winn's Regiment of militia in Gen. Sumter's combined brigade of state troops and militia.


The indents, issued by the Treasury August 14, 1786, were approved long after the death of David Gowen of Fairfield County, son of Daniel Gowen and Rebecca Gowen.  David Gowen was killed by Indians in the winter of 1779-80 at Manskers Station in Davidson County, Tennessee.  William Gowen, regarded as his grandfather, was the executor of his estate at Nashville.  Levi Gowen, "who passes for mulatto," brother of David Gowen, applied successful for the administration of the estate in Fairfield County and gave "John Gowen, gentleman of Daverson County" his power of attorney.  John Gowen, son of William Gowen, was a kinsman of Levi Gowen and David Gowen.


Edward Gowen who received Audited Account 3521 was also a resident of Fairfield County.  On August 9, 1786 Edward Gowen received "70 pounds, 1 shilling and 5 pence sterling for duty in Robuck's Regiment," according to "Stub Entries to Indents."  His pay on one occasion was requested to be delivered to Capt. John "Buck" Gowen.


"John Gowin" was granted "a license to retail Spiritous Liquors and to keep a private house of entertainment," according to the minutes of the Spartanburg County Court in its September 1785 term. 


In 1785 John "Buck" Gowen was deeded 294 acres of land in Abbeville County, District 96, "above the branches of Twelve-Mile River," according to Abbeville County Deed Book B, page 153.  This land lay some 60 miles south of his property on the Tyger River.  On October 20, 1785, Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen, "citizen" received a land patent of 256 acres in Abbeville County, south of the Saluda River on a small creek of Twelve-mile River, according to Abbeville County Deed Book B, page 73.  She and her husband sold the property December 13, 1785 to Benjamin Barton of Greenville County for £100.  The deed was recorded October 20, 1788 in Anderson County, South Carolina.  Allan Gowen, kinsman of John "Buck" Gowen and William Anderson were witnesses to the deed December 13, 1788 before John Ford, J.P.


Also in 1785 John "Buck" Gowen received a land grant of 340 acres in District 96 "on both sides of George's Creek of Saluda River, adjoining Edmund Bearden," according to a letter writ­ten May 8, 1961 by Mrs. Homer N. Caswell, Georgetown, Texas.  Mrs. Caswell was a descendant of Edmund Bearden, brother to Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen.  John "Buck" Gowen at that time made his home on the upland grant located between the south fork of the Pacolet River and the west fork of the Tyger River.


In 1786, when Ann Gowen Easley petitioned the government for military pay for her deceased husband and son, she re­quested that the payment be made to "Captain John Gowen."  He was shortly promoted to major, and subsequently was re­ferred to as Major John "Buck" Gowen.


On May 1, 1786 Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen was granted land in District 96, located on "Twelve-Mile Creek," according to Abbeville County Deed Book 9, page 38.  "Twelve-Mile Creek" is probably identical with "Twelve-Mile River" of an earlier grant, since both were located in Abbeville County.


In the state census of South Carolina taken in 1786 the house­hold of John "Buck" Gowen appeared in Spartanburg County, District 96, page 89:


          "Gowen, John                         white male  over 16

                                                          white female

                                                          white male  over 16

                                                          white female

                                                          white female

                                                          white male  over 16

                                                          white male  over 16

                                                          white female

                                                          white female

                                                          white female

                                                          white male  under 16

                                                          white male under 16

                                                          white male  under 16

                                                          white male  under 16

                                                           [20 slaves]"


The "four white males over 16" were probably John "Buck" Gowen, William Gowen, James M. Gowen and John B. Gowen.  Of the "four white males under 16" only Winn Bearden Gowen can be identified.  Four of the "six white females" were probably Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen, Mary Gowen, Sarah Gowen and Minerva Gowen .  "Atlantic & Dorindas, daughters of Polly Sanders," were later mentioned in the will of John "Buck" Gowen and may have been the other two women enumerated in the census.


On January 24, 1787 Maj. John "Buck" Gowen received a grant to 342 acres in District 96, according to Deed Book 14, page 137.


John "Buck" Gowen and Allan Gowen were witnesses to a power of attorney executed September 20, 1787 by John Combs of Washington County, North Carolina to John Molen of Greenville County, according to Greenville County Deed Book A, page 213.


John "Buck" Gowen received power of attorney February 20, 1788 from Hugh Lewis, "I Hugh Lewis, about to remove from South Carolina to Cumberland River of North Carolina, ap­point my friend, John Gowen my attorney to sell my land," ac­cording to Greenville County Deed Book A, page 215.


On March 1, 1788 Mathias Sulser deeded 400 acres on the South Tyger River to John "Buck" Gowen for 200 pounds, ac­cording to Greenville County Deed Book A, page 245.


On October 10, 1788 John Gowen received a grant of 215 acres on Hill Creek of the Pacolet River, "adjoining land of John McClune," according to Greenville County Grant Book D, page 93.


Joseph Vaughan who had militia duty under Col. Roebuck and Col. Anderson requested September 25, 1786, “Please pay the interest on my indent for the past three years to C. C. Schmitt.”  On December 22, 1788 he requested that it be paid “to John Gowen for the purchase of 640 acres of land.”


John "Buck" Gowen was given power of attorney for Thomas Wheelwright Pearson, one of the executors of the estate of Ab­ner Nash in Spartanburg County December 1, 1790, according to Spartanburg County Deed Book C, page 230-31.  Other ex­ecutors named in the will were Jacob Blount, Sr, Alfred Moore and William Blount.  William Easley and Allen Gowen witnessed the instrument which was recorded April 4, 1794.


On April 11, 1791 John "Buck" Gowen was commissioned sheriff of Spartanburg County.  John B. Gowen, his son; William Benson, his son-in-law and Andrew Thompson posted bond for him to the State of South Carolina, according to Spartanburg County Deed  Book 2, page 472. 


On April 10, 1792 the Spartanburg County Court ordered the county treasurer to "pay Maj. John Gowen, the Sheriff of this county, the sum of five pounds for his extra services for one year."  In the county court minutes of Spartanburg County, January session, 1796 the county treasurer was ordered to pay John "Buck" Gowen five pounds "for his extra fees in the year 1795 as he then acted as Sheriff for this county."  In a later conveyance of land in that county he is referred to as "John Gowen, late sheriff of Spartanburg County," in Spartanburg County Deed Book F, page 178.


On July 5, 1792 John "Buck" Gowen sold 340 acres located "on George's Creek on the south side of the Saluda River" that had been granted to his sister, Ann Gowen Easley in 1785 by Gov. Guerrard.  This land had passed through the hands of Edmund Bearden, brother-in-law to John "Buck" Gowen, then to "Mr. Jamison," then back to the State of South Carolina and finally was granted to John "Buck" Gowen by Gov. Pinckney.  James Easley, believed to be his nephew; Jesse Moss and Winn Bearden, brother-in-law to the major, witnessed the deed.


On January 22, 1793 John "Buck" Gowen was granted 1,000 acres of land in Washington and Pinckney Counties, Union District, according to Washington County Deed Book 32, page 142 and Pinckney County Deed Book 14, page 137.  He sold a tract of land granted to him in 1791 to Matthew Hawkins of Greenville County August 3, 1795 for 50 pounds, according to Greenville County Deed Book D, page 308.


On January 11, 1797 John "Buck" Gowen received a deed from Moses Spann to 101 acres on the South Pacolet River for 100 pounds, according to Greenville County Deed Book D, page 309.  On January 20, 1797 he deeded 100 acres to John Kirkland for 60 pounds, according to Greenville County Deed Book D, page 333.


"Majer Gowen" was mentioned in a deed dated August 25, 1797 in which John Barnes of Greenville Co, SC conveyed "50 acres adjacent Mager Gowens Corner" to  John Swaffer for £30 sterling.  Two decades later Mary Barnes, suggested as the widow of John Barnes by Cecille Gaziano, researcher of Minneapolis, deeded March 28, 1819 100 acres "on a branch of the middle fork of the Saluda River whereon Mary Barnes and Henry Deen now live" to Thomas Payne, according to Greenville County Deed Book D, pages 534-535.  Witnesses to the deed were John Gowen and James Gowen.  The deed was proved February 7, 1820 by the oath of John Gowen, Junr that he saw Molly Barnes sign the deed."  The signatories are identified as James M. Gowen and John B. Gowen, sons of Maj. John "Buck" Gowen.  Cecille Gaziano raises the possibility that Mary Barnes was a Gowen relative, citing that a Mary Gowen was married to Henry Barnes in Edgefield County, South Carolina May 1, 1796. 


In 1800 the census enumerator recorded the household of John "Buck" Gowen as:


          "Gowen, John                         white male  over 45

                                                          white female          over 45

                                                          white male  16-26

                                                          white female          16-26

                                                          white male  10-16

                                                          white female          10-16

                                                          white male  10-16

                                                          white male  10-16

                                                          white female          0-10

                                                           [34 slaves]"


In 1801 John "Buck" Gowen and two other men contracted to build a new courthouse and jail for Spartanburg County, began to run into cost overruns before its completion and petitioned the South Carolina General Assembly and the South Carolina Senate for additional money.  Their petitions read:


"General Assembly Petitions, 1801, No. 49.


"To the Honorable the Senate and House of Repre­sentatives of the State of South Carolina:


"The humble petition of the undertakers of the public Building for Spartanburgh District Sheweth that whereas they have engaged to compleat the Court House and Jail for the above District at an underrate much less than you in your liberality were pleased to appropriate for that purpose in each Dis­trict.  From inex­perience of the expense of so great an undertaking, the scarcity of provisions sustained by the late dearth of corn, in our District, and the shortness of time which they have been allowed, being only eigh­teen months, that unless you in compassion to their weakness lend them some assistance they must in their private property be materially injured.  They also beg leave to lay before your honor that whereas they contracted to compleat the Court House of Wood they for the publick benefit have raised the same of well-burned Brick relying on your justice to make them compensa­tion.  The brick work of said Court House & Jail are now nearly compleated and that the whole of the moneys which they have received are already expended.  The Jail is thirty feet long, twenty-four feet wide and Three Storey in height:  The Court House is Forty feet long, Twenty-six feet wide and two storey in height, the whole to be compleatly finished--equal to any in this State.  And this we are bound to do for the sume of Four Thousand four hundred Dollars.  This small sum we need not state to you is inadequate to the expense of so great an undertaking by at least Sixteen hundred Dollars which will be a triffle more than what was a first appropriated for that purpose.  This request being so Just and mourall they sincerely hope you will not in humanity to their loss refuse it and your petition­ers in duty bound will ever pray.

                                                      John Gowen

                                                      Jno. Murrell

                                                      Alex'r. McKee"


"To the Honorable vice president of the Senate and the members of the same the Humble Petition of John Gowen, John Murrell and Alexander McKee Sheweth that your Petitioners became undertakers for the build­ings of the Gaol and the Court House of Spartanburgh District for the sum of Four Thousand Four Hundred dollars that by our contract we were to have built the Court House of Wood, but believing it be much sounder built the same of brick, resting on the generosity of the Legislature to indemnify us for the Extra expenses.  That in consequence of building this Court House of brick your Petitioners have sunk the sum of one thousand dollars.  Therefore your Petitioners most humbly pray that your Honorable House will pass a resolution for the payment of this sum of aforesaid and your petitioners in duty bound will ever pray.


                                                      John Gowen

                                                      Alexander McKee

                                                      Jno. Murrell


On May 26, 1801 John "Buck" Gowen and William Easley were witnesses to a deed in which Joseph Cavin and his wife Elizabeth Cavin conveyed land on Ferguson's and James' Creeks to Reuben Barrett, according to Spartanburg County Deed Book H, page 27.


In 1804 John "Buck" Gowen was appointed administrator of the estate of his son William Gowen who died during the pre­vious year.


The case of “John Gowan vs. West Harris” dealing with 500 acres on Little Buck Creek was tried during 1806, according to a 1936 edition of the “Spartanburg Herald.”  The newspaper was quoting from Sheriff Blassingame’s execution book of 1806.  The land in question was sold May 20, 1806 to James Camp for $105.  The sheriff’s execution books were housed in the historical archives of the Kennedy Free Library in 1936.  The newspaper article stated that the sheriff wrote in a clear, firm hand on paper water-marked with the South Carolina state crest.


On July 23, 1806 John "Buck" Gowen gave two slave girls to a kinsman Thany Sanders, according to Greenville County Deed Book H, pages 30-31 as abstracted in "Abstracts of Some Greenville County, South Carolina Records Concerning Black People, Free and Slave, 1791-1865" by Anne K. McCuen.  The deed of gift read:


"Know ye that I, John Gowen, in consideration of the natural love and affection and also for other good causes and considerations shown me by Thany Sanders of Spantanburg District, daughter of a woman by the name of Polly Sanders at the time of said Thaney's birth, but now bears the name of Polly Gentry, have given as a love [document torn] . . . to Thaney Sanders, 2 slaves, to wit, Narcissa, a negro girl about 2 [document torn] and winny, a negro girl about 1 month old, both of them children of my negro, to be owned and enjoyed [document torn], and I appoint my trusty friend Major John Blasingame of Greenville Dist. to act as Gardean [sic] for her the said Thany Sanders until she shall arrive at the age of 18 years or marry.

July 23, 1806                                          John Gowen



      William Easley      Recorded Nov. 22, 1809

      Pleasant Easly

      R. Anderson, Jr. JP"


John "Buck" Gowen and his contracting associates continued to seek reimbursement from the state for their overrun on the construction of the Spartanburg Courthouse.  On November 27, 1806 they sent another petition:


"The Petition from the Undertakers of the Public Buildings of Spartanburg District, Praying that an addi­tional sum of money be allowed to indemnify them.


To the Honorable the Speaker of the House of Repre­sentatives and the members of the same:


The Humble Petition of John Gowen, John Murrell and Alexander McKee Sheweth that your petitioners became undertakers for the building of the goal and court house of Spartanburgh District for the sum of four thousand four hundred dollars that by our contract we were to have built the court house of wood but be­lieving it to be much better built the same of brick relying on the generosity of the Legis­lature to indemnify us for the extra expense, that in consequence of building the Court House of brick your petitioners have sunk the sum of one thousand dollars."


John "Buck" Gowen in 1807 deeded to Pleasant Easley "land in Greenville and Spartanburg Counties, on both sides of the Pacolet River where Easley’s still is on," according to Greenville County Deed Book H, page 131.  The land was earlier granted to William Clayton.  Witnesses were John Gowen, Jr. and William Cameron.  "John Gowen, Jr." is believed to be John B. Gowen, son of John "Buck" Gowen.


Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen died before 1809, ac­cording to the research of Chan Edmondson, Gowen re­searcher of Dallas, Texas and vice-president of Gowen Re­search Foundation.  She died in 1810, according to "DAR Lineage Book," Volume 95, page 175.


On August 20, 1809 John "Buck" Gowen being in ill health, wrote his will. It was recorded in Spartanburg County Will Book A, pages 2-3 November 10, 1809. Apparently he died shortly after writing his will and was probably buried in Spar­tanburg District.  The will reads:


"In the name of God, Amen.  I, John Gowen, being af­flicted by the hand of Almighty God and knowing it is once ordained for all men to die, do ordain, constitute and appoint this my last Will and Testament, hereby re­voking all other Wills by me made, excepting such property, this is, viz: as I have already bestowed to my children.


I pray God who gave it to take my soul, my body to re­turn from whence it came and be buried in a Christian manner, by direction of my executors to be hereinafter named.


First: I bequeath unto my son, Winn B. Gowen, a tract of land lying and being in Greenville District on both sides of middle Tygar River, the line to begin at the mouth of a Branch emptying into the said river on the north side below the mill--thence a direct line to the up­per end of the big cove and to the line of land--then my line to the opposite, to the beginning.  Also two negroes called Zed and Spence, together with a stock of cattle and hogs now on the premises before mentioned, one bed and furniture; also my part of a bay gelding that he rides.


Second: I bequeath unto my daughter, Lettie, a planta­tion by Ann Easley's place, three negroe girls known by the names of Vina, Ede and Harriot; one bed and furniture and two cows and calves.


Third: I bequeath unto my Daughter, Minerva, a tract of land lying on the south side of Saluda where my son, James Gowen, attended; Two Ne­groes, names Cresa and Asa, one bed and furni­ture, One Hundred Dollars to purchase a horse­beast, two cows and calves and her mother's sattle [saddle].


Fourth: I bequeath unto my daughter, Elizabeth Wood­son, a tract of land on Tyger River called Sulsias place.


Fifth: I bequeath unto my son, James Gowen, 800 acres to begin at the ford of the river on the South Pacolet, now used between here and where he lives, and thence a North course so to include the school house spring where Davis taught, and then 'round to a line to be made for John Roddy; thence, to the beginning so as to include the Jamison fields.


Sixth: I give and bequeath to my Grandson, John Gowen, son of William, deceased, all the land between what I have given Winn and Letty that I own, also one Girl named Hannah; to my granddaughter, Mahulda, a negro boy called Buck; unto Matilda, a negroe boy called Sip; a negroe boy named Ben unto Letty, my granddaughter.


If any of these legatees died without lawful issue, the property to be returned and equally divided be­tween my children the living.  I hereby appoint John and Winn Gowen, my sons, and James Blassingame and Street Thurston, my sons-in-law to be the executors of this, my last will and testament: to sell on a credit of twelve months all the real and personal property that I have not before bequeathed, except two hundred acres of land to be laid off, agreeable to deed of gift made to Atlantic and Dorindas, Daughters of Polly Sanders.  My debts to be paid and, if any balance left, to be equally divided between all of my children living, borne of my wife, Lettie, deceased.  In witness whereof I have set my hand this 20th day of August, Anno Domini, 1809.


                                                            John Gowen

In the presence of:

Theron Earle

C. W. McVay

Willus G. Brown"


The identify of "Atlantic and Dorindas, daughters of Polly Sanders," is unknown, however he had three years earlier writ­ten a deed of gift to Thany Sanders "for the natural love and affection" suggesting that she was a family member."  At that time he described Thany Sanders as "the daughter of a woman by the name of Polly Sanders at the time of Thany's birth, but now bears the name of Polly Gentry."


The "deed of gift" to Atlantic Sanders and Dorindas Sanders may have been recorded in Spartanburg County deed records and might assist to identify the pair, who are assumed to be relatives of John "Buck" Gowen.


It is believed that John "Buck" Gowen died shortly after writ­ing his will August 20, 1809.  The will was probated January 8, 1810, according to Spartanburg County probate records.  Christopher Golightly, Ordinary, presided.  On that date he recorded:


"Personally appeared before Theron Earle, C. W. Mc­Vay and Willis F. Brown, who being duly sworn in on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God, doth make oath and say that they saw John Gowen was then of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding to the best of these deponents' knowledge and belief, and that they, the said deponents, subscribed their names as wit­nesses at the request of the testator and in his presence.  At the same time qualified John and Winn Gowen and James Blassingame and Street Thurston, executors.  Given under my hand this January 8, 1810.

                              Christopher Golightly, O.G.D."


South Carolina Warrant of Appraisement Order was issued to John B. Gowen, Winn Bearden Gowen, James P. Blassingame and Street Thurston, executors "to appraise the estate of John Gowen, deceased, January 8, 1810 in the thirty-fifth year of American Independence."


Sworn statements of the Justices of the Peace Bayliss John Earle, Shields Booker, Rice F. Ross, John Whitten and John Stokes were rendered that they would make certain that the executors appraised the estate as required.


Excerpts from the annual returns of the estate of John "Buck" Gowen for 1811 reveal: "Winn B. Gowen, notes utilized, $100.  Winn B. Gowen, notes received of Dr. Sam Greene, Columbia, South Carolina, balance of a note received May 20, 1810, $30 interest on three notes to that time.  James Blassingame, executor, received $20 of Shields Booker, June 27, 1811."


An inventory of the personal estate of John "Buck" Gowen made by heirs whose names follow:


"Property willed to Lettice "Letty" Gowen; property willed to Minerva Gowen; property willed to Mahala Gowen; property willed to Matilda Gowen, property willed to Mahulda Gowen; property willed to John Gowen, son of William Gowen; G. John Blassingame, son of James P. Blassingame, one negro boy named Harry, $100.


From the returns of executors of John "Buck" Gowen, January 1813: Paid to Minerva Gowen agreeable to tes­tator's will, $400; paid to James Blassingame agreeable to his proven account rendered, $262.10."


Included in the return of the debts of John "Buck" Gowen at the time of his death were the following notations: "One note on James Blassingame, dated July 1804, 17/3, payable to Henry Gray; one book account on James Blassingame from 1800 to November 21, 1805; balance on the second account of James Blassingame, on a Magnett, on old fork, 1805 L 1.6/6.  Those acct. of date 4. llW. Blassingame thinks proper to take that exception."


Debts due the estate of John "Buck" Gowen which were con­sidered not collectable because they had become out of date or because debtors were insolvent or had removed to locations unknown totaled $3,861.99, according to Bayliss John Earle, Justice of the Peace.


On January 21, 1813 John B. Gowen, Winn Bearden Gowen, James Blassingame and Street Thurston were summoned to make a final settlement of the estate of John "Buck" Gowen to the heirs.  Apparently the estate of the deceased included prop­erty in Rutherford County, North Carolina because mention is made in this settlement of reimbursement for expenses incurred on a trip to that county by one of the executors.


On July 3, 1915 the Daughters of the American Revolution ac­cepted the following statement, published in "Colonial and Revolutionary History of Upper South Carolina," authenti­cating Maj. John "Buck" Gowen as a Commissary and officer in the American Revolution:


"Among those who pursued Bates and his party was Major Buck Gowen.  With a party of resolute men he overtook the Indians in their camp beyond the headwa­ters of the Tyger River, killed and captured some and routed the rest.  Unfortunately he did not capture Bates, but recovered the Gilly children.


The particulars of this circumstance were related to the writer about 10 years ago by Elias Dill [now deceased], who at that time was in his 82nd year.  Mr. Dill further stated that his father-in-law, Mr. Howard, was a member of Major Gowen's command and had often related the story to him.


Mr. Dill further stated that at the time Major Gowen's command was approaching the camp of the Indians, the little Gilly boy was breaking sticks to make a fire.  He recognized Major Gowen and joyfully ran to meet him.


Major Buck Gowen was a true patriot, and but for his active exertions in getting together his militia, there is no telling to what extent Bates would have carried his bloody work on the innocent and defenseless people.  His place of residence was on the present plantation of Mr. Baker Caldwell, on the South Pacolet.  Nothing  remains to show the old home place except a sunken place in the ground which was his cellar. The present village of Gowensville, but a short distance from where he resided, was named in honor of him."


Other facts in the military career of John "Buck" Gowen were related in "Colonial and Revolutionary History of South Carolina" by Landrum.


"He erected Gowen's Fort located near Gowensville during the Revolutionary War period. At this fort he gathered soldiers who fought with him and protected the families of the patriots.  Gowen's Fort was mentioned in "History of Spartanburg County," published in the 1930s, with: "James Jordan received from Captain John Gowins three bills to discharge a debt to Heart in Charles Town.  The amount was 106 pounds, 15 shillings.  This John Gowen commanded Gowen's Fort a few miles distant from Ft. Prince on the Indian Line."


William "Bloody Bill" Bates, a notorious Tory, captured Gowen's Fort in 1781 and killed, scalped and mutilated the people who had taken refuge there.  One victim who escaped was Mrs. Abner Thompson, Greenville, who lived 50 years afterward even though she had been scalped and left for dead.


Gowen's Fort and its blockhouse was occupied during the Civil War, some 80 years later, by Confederate deserters.  To halt their foraging on the farms of local citizens, Col. J. D. Ashmore was ordered to capture the deserters.  Col. Ashmore positioned a cannon before the gates of the fort.  After a demonstration of cannon-power, 502 deserters filed out of the fort, on their way to courts martial.  The old fort remained quiet until World War I, and then cannons boomed again on the site.  The U.S. Army had chosen the site for artillery training.  Today no sign of the old fort remains, and no one can locate the site for certain.


Adeline Evans Wynn writing in "Southern Lineages" men­tions that she visited the area of Gowensville in the 1930s:


"The land mentioned in the will of John Gowen seems to cover the Gowen Fort site.  I went to the nearest point, Landrum, South Carolina by rail, hired a con­veyance and drove all through the section of the country where the Gowens and Blassingames lived. I passed near a spring which I believe to have been the one mentioned in Item 5 of the will of John Gowen for across the road was a Gowen field adjoining the home of a very early settler who told me that a quantity of English gold pieces were dug from it ten or more years ago."


In 1960 the population of Gowensville was estimated at 200.  When the community was visited in 1971 only a church and few buildings composed the town.  No members of the Gowen family remained there at that time.  Prior to the Civil War an academy was located in Gowensville.


Descendants of John "Buck" Gowen living in Oklahoma were mentioned in "DAR Lineage Book," 1948-49.


Frank Maxwell Gowen, a Gowen researcher of Phoenix, Ari­zona, who made a study of the area in 1971 concluded that John "Buck" Gowen and his wife were buried in a pioneer cemetery in the Earle's Mill community nearby.  Earle's Mill was located two miles north of Gowensville on the Pacolet River.


Children born to John "Buck" Gowen and Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen include:


          William Gowen                              born about 1762

          Lettice "Letty" Gowen                   born about 1763

          Elizabeth Gowen                            born about 1765

          James M. Gowen                            born in 1767

          John B. Gowen                               born about 1769

          Sarah Gowen                                   born June 5, 1774

          Mary Gowen                                   born about 1776

          Minerva Gowen                              born about 1780

          Winn Bearden Gowen                     born October 18, 1787


William Gowen, [John "Buck"6. [William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] on of John "Buck" Gowen and Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen, was born about 1762, probably in Granville County, North Carolina where his parents lived at the time.  It suggested by Adeline Evans Wynn that his family lived in Craven County, South Carolina in 1770.  "John Gowing" received a land grant of 200 acres there May 16, 1770, according to Craven County Deed Book 2, page 267.


In 1772 it is believed that his family moved to Prince William Parish, Beaufort District, South Carolina where his father re­ceived another land grant.  It is believed that the family was induced to moved there by James Gowen, kinsman of John "Buck" Gowen.


In 1778 the family moved to District 96 in the western ex­tremity of South Carolina where John "Buck" Gowen had re­ceived a land grant four years earlier, probably for militia ser­vices in the Charleston, South Carolina area.


William Gowen was married to Miriam Earle, ninth child of Lt. Col. Bayliss John Earle and Mary Berry Prince Earle January 28, 1796.  Miriam Earle was born November 24, 1775 in Frederick County, Virginia.  She was a granddaughter of Samuel Earle, high sheriff and member of the House of Burgesses from Frederick County and Anna Sorrell Earle.


Bayliss John Earle was born August 8, 1734 in Frederick County, Virginia.  He was married to Mary Berry Prince who was born April 16, 1744 to John Prince and Virginia Sarah Berry.  John Prince was born February 2, 1709-10 in Frederick County.  Virginia Sarah Berry was born in 1718 in Stafford County, Virginia, according to Pam Wilson.


"Bayliss Earle" was enumerated as the head of household in Spartanburg County, according to "Heads of Families, South Carolina, 1790:"


          "Earle, Bayliss                                    white male over 16

                                                                   4 white males under 16

                                                                   6 females

                                                                      no slaves"


Col. Bayliss John Earle died January 6, 1825 in Earlesville, South Carolina in Spartanburg County.  Mary Berry Prince Earle died there in 1807.


William Gowen was described as a "Revolutionary soldier" by Joseph Earle Birnie in "The Earles and the Birnes," however it is believed that he did not see revolutionary service because of his youth.  His grandfather, William Gowen served as a Revolutionary soldier under the command of his son, Capt. John "Buck" Gowen, and the author may have confused the two.


William Gowen appeared as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Greenville District, page 6, No. 227:


          "Gowan, William                                      white male            16-26 [?]

                                                                             white female         16-26

                                                                             white female            0-10

                                                                             white male               0-10

                                                                              [7 slaves]"


He made his home in Greenville County until his death in 1804.  His father was appointed administrator of his estate which was appraised and administered between 1804 and 1806.  A Warrant of Appraisement of the estate was issued to Thomas Brummet, Jesse Mayfield, John Motlow, Arch Elliot and John Goodlett in 1804 and certified by Robert Cook, justice.  They were directed to "repair to William Gowen's house and appraise his estate." 


State of South Carolina

Greenville District


We the appraisers authorized to appraise the Goods and Chattles of William Gowen, Deceased Do Certify that these two sheets and papers contain a just and true Statement of the appraisement of the Goods and Chattles of Said Deceased.  Given under our hands this 22nd June, 1804.


    Thos. [X] Brummett    Jesse Mayfield

    John Motlow    Arch'd [X] Ellett

    John Goodlett"


Apparently William Gowen owned half interest in a a "store at New Market" and half interest in a tavern there.  Stephen C. Woods was mentioned in the accounting as a defaulting co-partner.  Despite some "desperate" accounts which the admin­istrator "despaired" of collecting and which were written off, the estate was a large one for that era, suggesting that William Gowen would be considered a wealthy man.


It is unlikely that William Gowen died a sudden death.  Three different doctors were brought in to treat him, according to the probate record:


"A Return of debts paid by John Gowen,

Administrator in behalf of the Estate

of William Gowen, Deceased


Expenses of last sickness        $           25.34.0

Funeral Expense                                   7.00.0

Doctors Fees:

    Dr. B. Moore                                   16.87.5

    Dr. Wilkerson                                    9.25.0

    Dr. Hardwick                                   10.00.0

Ballence of an Execution paid to Sheriff

    Anderson in behalf of Shottwell        58.00.0

Public Tax for 1804                              2.00.0

Ballence of a note due Edward Nort or

    His Descendants                           363.12.5

Ballence of a note due

    Alex. MacKinny                             364.19.0

Ballence of a note due

    Samuel Lanier & Int.                     176.60.0

Note due Samuel Hunt & Int.            131.29.0

Note due Pleasant Easley & Ditto       73.67.5

Note due William Blythe & Ditto          42.57.0

Note due Phillemon Bradford & Int.     440.68.0

Note due Jesse Mayfield & Int.             228.00.0

Note due Jeremiah Brown & Int.           212.15.6

Note due William Beal, Prin. & Int.          20.94.0

Amount paid on a note Baylis Carder     110.00.0

Note due Samuel Law, Prin. & Int.              6.69.0



Note in favour of Jas. Gowen taken

    up from Gideon Hunt & Int.                   90.27.0

Ballence of a note in favour of Jas.

    Gowen taken up from Saml. Earle        164.11.0


                                                     $   2561.22.1


Total Amount Bought Forward          $   2561.22.1

Total cash paid by James Gowen             175.00.0

Proven account in favor of Elias Earle      242.52.0

Ditto of Thomas Edward Hall                       6.68.0

Ditto of Aron Evans                                  11.18.5

Ditto of MacDowell & Blair                         43.17.0

Ditto of John Horne                                    4.00.0

Ditto of John Hickman                              13.19.5

Ditto of Jeremiah Brown                           96.00.0

Ditto of Thomas Brummette                     20.00.0

Ditto of John Samuels                             14.00.0

Ditto of William Carrel                             16.50.0

Ditto of Henry Sharp                               28.12.0

Ditto of Jesse Mayfield                            27.00.0

Ditto of Thomas MacLain                      194.00.0

Ditto of Jesse Goodlett                           10.75.0

Ditto of John Corne                                36.88.0

Amount paid James Pinnell

     on proven account                         100.00.0

Amount paid John MacChurchill                4.00.0

Proven account in favor of P. Bradford    13.73.0

Ditto of Thomas Ewington                       15.00.0

Proven account on funeral, Dyer & Tally    7.00.00

Amount paid for Whiskey at Sale              3.95.00

Ordinary [Recorder] fees                        6.00.0

Paper for Use at Sales                            0.75.0

Proven account in favour of

    James Gowen                                   270.50.0

Money laid out for the use of the family     28.73.0


                                                    $    3953.88.1      


Total Amount Brought up                  $    3953.88.1


Proven account of Mr. John Motlow          935.12.0

Money paid for the use of the family           3.25.0


                                                      $    4892.25.1

Paid note of James Gowen                       205.00.0


                                                      $    5097.25.1

Commission on the above

Account in favour of

    Jno. Gowen, Admr.                                564.10.0


                                                       $    5661.25.1

A Return of the debts Paid

for the Estate of Wm. Gowen,

Deceased by Jno. Gowen, Executor, Admr.

                                                       $    3953.88.1



    Commissions                                          197.69



                                                             $    244.44


A List of Cash on hand, Obligations, Book Accounts, Open Accounts, & Open sales & Copardnership Books Due William Gowen at his Decease, May 16, 1804.


Total Cash on Hand                                $      5.37.5

One Note Given to Gideon Hester by

    John Motlow on Demand

    February 21, 1805 for                              32.00.0

One Order Given by Elias Earle on

    John Motlow July 12, 1803 for                   60.00.0

One on James Pennington Due October 1,

    1804 to be paid in Horses for                 250.00.0

One Note on Robert Cannon due

    November 1, 1804 for                              65.00.0

One Note on James Gowen, Deceased

    Due November 25, 1802 for                   100.00.0

One Note on John Vineyard for 8, due

    to be paid in goods [Desparate]* for         8.00.0

One Note on Farr due

    November 11, 1802 for                        100.00.0

Total Amount Due by the Widow Polly Gowen,

    Combahee and acknowledged               100.00.0

Total Ballence of an Account in the hands of

    Henry Elmore and acknowledged            25.00.0

Total Amount due by

    Isom Draudy [Desperate]*                     50.00.0

Total Amount due by Edward Herndon         45.00.0


                                                        $    940.37.5


Total Amount Brought Forward             $    940.37.5

Total Book Amt. Due by John Motlow           459.64.0

Total Amount of Sugar & Salt Book

    at New Market Sale, 12 pounds,

    13 shillings, 01 pence, in dollars           55.25.0

Total Amount of Act. Due by

    Thomas Brummett for wife                      11.25.0

Thomas Wood [Desperate*] due                 21.00.0

James Blassingame due                              20.00.0

James Galt due                                            3.00.0 

Benjamin Hawkins [Desperate*] due            4.00.0

James Gillison due                                     15.00.0

Lewis Frazer due                                           .37.0

David Reed due                                          17.48.5

James Gowen due on a

    Temporary Settlement                           386.74.0

Total Amount of half the Store acts Kept

    at New Market 76 pounds, 2 shillings,

    3 pence, in Dollars                                 326.18.0

Total Amount of half the Tavern Books

    Kept at New Market 15 pounds, 7

    shillings, 5 1/2 pence, in Dollars              65.87.0

Total Half the Amount of the Goods Sold at

    New Market after Gowen decease after

    Paying the Sale Expense                        109.60.0

Total Amount Due by Stephen C. Wood on the

    Close of the Copardnership sale               65.35.5

    This of Woods is [Desperate]         ========

                                                         $    2501.11.5

    Jno. Gowen, Admr.  


An account, calculation & reckoning of the Administration of the Estate of William Gowen, deceased as exhibited into the Ordinary's Office of Greenville District on the 4th day of November, 1806.


Amount of First Sale                            $ 1683.88.7.5

Amount of Second Sale                              1698.37.5

Cash on hand, Obligation Book & Open

    Acts. Assumable & Copartnership

    Book Debts                                          2501.11.5

Payment & Expense Turn Over paid

    the Estate                                           387.97.3.5

Commissions Over & Above                          264.15.0


                                                          $    5935.50.1


Paid as Follows, as per Return filed

    Amounting in the whole                      $    5661.35

Amount of Ordinary Fees                                  10.00

Administrator's Commission                          261.15


                                                           $    5935.50


This exhibit contains on oath the acc't Calculation & Reckoning of the Administration of the said deceased's estate.

      Jno. Gowen, Admr."


* Desperate; despair-ate, Considered uncollectable.


An inventory of the estate was returned to probate court July 30, 1804.  A portion of the accounting of the estate of William Gowen was obtained in November 1975 by Frank Maxwell Gowen.  The accounting, recorded in dollars, cents and mills, read:


"Total Amt Brought Forward                         2,561.22.7

Total Cash paid by James Gowens                   175.00.0

Proven accounts in favor of:Elias Earle            289.52.0

Arch Evans                                                     11.18.5

McDowell & Blair                                             13.17.0

John Horde                                                      4.00.0

John Wilkenson                                              13.19.5

Jeremiah Brown                                             96.00.0

Thomas Brummett                                         20.00.0

John Jameson                                               14.00.0

William Cannon                                             16.50.0

Henry Sharp                                                 28.12.0

Jesse Mayfield                                              27.00.0

Thomas McLain                                          194.00.0

Jesse Goddlett                                             20.75.0

A. P. John Corne                                          36.88.0

Phillemon Bradford                                      13.73.0

Thomas Covington                                        15.00.0

Amount paid James Pennell                        100.00.0

Amount paid John McChurchmon                      4.00.0

Part account of Dyer Tally                               7.00.0

Amount paid for whisky at sale                        3.95.0

Ordinary fees                                                6.00.0

Paper for use at Sales                                   0.75.0

Proven account, James Gowen                    279.50.0

Money pd. for use of the family                     28.73.0

Proven account of John Motlow                   935.12.0

Money pd. for use of the family                       3.25.0


                                                        $     4,892.25.1


Paid Account of James Pennington

 vs. deceased                                              205.00.1

Commissions on the above

Account of John Gowen, admr.                       564.10.0


A Return of the Debts paid for the

Estate of William Gowen Deceased

by John Gowen [illegible word]

administrator                                             3,953.88.1

Commissions                                                197.69.0



                                                                $  244.44.0"


A record of an estate sale of William Gowen held June 22, 1804 showed that many of the effects were purchased by Miriam Earle Gowen:


"Bill of the Sale of the Goods and Chattles of William Gowen, Deceased, June 22, 1804 in dollars, cents and mills:


Thomas Bearden           One side of leather           2.62.0

Marium Gowen               Axe & file                         1.75.0

Marium Gowen              One sugar cannister          1.00.0

Samuel Hunt                 One silver watch              20.00.0

Marium Gowen              4 slays & 2 harness          1.50.0

Major John Gowen        26 hair halters                  2.50.0

Phillemon Bradford           One jug                       1.25.0

Marium Gowen           One iron bound cask          1.25.0

Marium Gowen           One pair saddle bags          0.50.0

William Anderson           One keg & powder           2.25.0

Major John Gowen           One pair of linens          0.14.0

James Gowen           Shaving box & razor            1.50.0

Samuel Hunt           13 yards black silk             17.00.0

Samuel Hunt           One pair slippers                 2.00.0

Jonathan Hand           Four chairs                       0.50.0

Major John Gowen           One Waggon Cloth            ?.??

Obadiah Woodson           Boxes & Hub Irons        8.25.0

Major John Gowen           One chain & harness     46.00.0

Marium Gowen           Fire dogs, shovel, tongs       4.00.0

Marium Gowen           One looking glass                0.50.0

Marium Gowen           Crockary ware                     2.00.0

Marium Gowen           Two decanters, tumbler        1.50.0

Marium Gowen           Coffee mill, Candle mould

           & snuffer, two quart

           bottles & one Gimblet                                1.75.0

Marium Gowen           Two pair cards &

                               Coffee Pot                            1.50.0

Marium Gowen           One woman's saddle           15.00.0

Major John Gowen           One Saddle & fixings        15.50.0

James Gowen           One Brace Pistols                   25.00.0

Jeremiah Brown           Bed, Bedstead & furniture    35.50.0

Major John Gowen           Bed, Bedstead & furniture  33.00.0

Marium Gowen           Bed, Bedstead & furniture       10.00.0

Marium Gowen           Bed, Bedstead & furniture       25.00.0

Marium Gowen           Bed, Bedstead & furniture       35.00.0

Phillemon Bradford           One trunk                          5.56.2

Marium Gowen           One churn                                2.50.0

William Ker           One table                                      1.93.7

Marium Gowen           One table                                 1.50.0

James Gowen           One grindstone                           2.00.0

Jonathan Hand           Two kegs                                 1.87.5

James Gowen           One Cutting Box                          0.75.0

Marium Gowen           One Table                                 0.50.0

John Carlin           One Table                                       0.50.0

John Carlin           One Table                                      0.50.0

Lewis Frazer           One Cubbord                               3.00.0

Marium Gowen           One Curry Comb & Bit                0.62.5

Lewis Frazer           One Loom                                 5.50.0

Marium Gowen           Bag Sifter & Tray                    3.75.0

John B. Elkin           Two Fire Bucketts                    0.25.0

Marium Gowen           Two Kegs                             0.50.0

Lewis Frazer           One Cask                               0.50.0

Marium Gowen           Cask & Hogshead               2.35.7

Marium Gowen           One Large Wheel               1.35.7

James Gowen           One Small Wheel                   1.00.0

Marium Gowen           One Small Wheel                  0.75.0

Marium Gowen           One Reel                             0.62.5

Major John Gowen           One Large Wheel          1.00.0

James Gowen           One Large Wheel                 0.75.0

Marium Gowen           One Churn                          0.50.0

James Gowen           One pair, Bushel                     0.50.0

Marium Gowen           Piggins [wooden vessels]       5.00.0

Marium Gowen           Pewter & Tin Ware             10.75.0

Marium Gowen           Crocks & Pans                   0.85.7

Col. Henry M. Wood           One Grid Iron            2.50.0

James Gowen           One Frying Pan                 2.12.5

Col. Henry M. Wood           Ladles & Fork         2.00.0

Marium Gowen           One Pot & Hooks         2.00.0

Thomas Cantrell           One Pot & Hooks       1.68.7

Major John Gowen           One Skillet             0.75.0

Marium Gowen           Smoothing Irons         1.87.7

Marium Gowen           Ovens                       3.12.5

William Ker           Ovens                            0.56.2

Major John Gowen           Mattock               1.25.0

William Ker           Two Axes                       2.00.0

Phillemon Bradford    One Plow & fixings    2.50.0

Samuel McJunkin           Doubletrees         1.75.0

Archabald Ellett           Seven augers        2.18.7

Thomas Cantrell           Saw, Drawing knife

           & Hammer                                    1.31.2

James Gowen           Cup Hoods & Wedges 6.62.5

Major John Gowen           Bridle Bitts          1.25.0

James Gowen    Frizens [?] & Bolts & C.    1.25.0

William Ker           One bunch irons 

James Gowen           One lot bills [?]           1.50.0

Baylis E. Elkin           Lot Hogs                150.25.0

Major John Gowen           Lot Hogs            30.50.0

William Cannon           Geese                       6.37.5

James Gowen           One Cow & Calf           11.75.0

James Gowen           One Cow & Calf           10.25.0

James Gowen           Cow, Yearling & Bull     10.25.0

Ransom Powell           One Cow                     9.25.0

Jeremiah Brown           One Cow                   10.50.0

Baylis E. Elkin           Two Steers                   19.27.0

Baylis E. Elkin           One Steer & Bull           20.75.0

James Gowen           One Steer & Heifer        11.25.0

John Gowen           One Steer                         2.25.0

Thomas Wood           One Steer                     4.75.5

Jesse Mayfield           One Steer                      3.00.0

James Gowen           One Steer & Heifer           6.00.0

James Gowen           One Horse                      77.75.0

William Cannon           One Horse                 125.00.0

Alex'r McKinney           One Horse                 103.25.0

Col. Browne           One Horse                      132. 00.0

Jeremiah Browne           One Horse                 46.00.0

Col. Browne           One Horse                        137.12.5

Alex'r McKinney           One Horse                  179.00.0

Major John Gowen           One Horse               172.00.0


                      Total                                   $  1,683.88.7.5

      Signed this Second Day of September, 1804

      John Gowen, Administrator"


Another sale of the "Goods and Chattels" of William Gowen was held January 15, 1805 and the total of "monies and ac­counts" of $1,098.37.5 [dollars-cents-mills] was reported by John "Buck" Gowen May 22, 1805:


"Bill of the Second Sale of the goods and Chattles of William Gowen, Deceased, on the 15th day of January, 1805.


One Negroe Wench & Child   400.00.0

One Negroe Fellow              430.00.0

One Bay Gelding                    60.00.0

One Bay Gelding                  100.00.0

5 2/3 bbls. Corn                     15.00.0

5 bbls. Corn                           15.00.0

5 bbls. Corn                           15.00.0

5 bbls. Corn                           15.37.5

5 bbls. Corn                          16.00.0

One Cow & Calf                        8.00.0

One Cow & Calf                         8.00.0

One Cow & Calf                         8.00.0

One pair Drawing Chains            2.50.0

One pair Drawing Chains            1.50.0

One Shovel Plow                        1.00.0

One Lot Iron Clevises                  0.75.0

One Lot Iron Chains                   2.25.0


                                        $  1,098.37.5


            Signed this 22nd day of May 1805

            John Gowen, Administrator"


A third sale of the property of William Gowen held May 5, 1806 produced proceeds amounting to $5,361.75, according to the probate records.


Children born to William Gowen and Miriam Earle Gowen in­clude:


          Mahala Gowen                       born about 1797

          John Gowen                          born about 1798

          Matilda Gowen                     born about 1799

          Letitia "Letty" Gowen         born about 1800

          Mahulda Gowen                   born about 1801


Mahala Gowen, [William7, John "Buck"6. William5,  John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of William Gowen and Miriam Earle Gowen, was born about 1797, probably in Greenville County where her parents lived at that time.  Al­though she was not mentioned in the will of her grandfather John "Buck" Gowen where he made specific mention of the other children of his deceased son, but she turned up to receive property along with the other grandchildren.  Mahala Gowen and her brother and sisters were mentioned in Landrum's "History of South Carolina."


John Gowen, [William7, John "Buck"6. William5,  John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of William Gowen and Miriam Earle Gowen, was born about 1798 in Greenville County.  He was mentioned in the will of his grandfather John "Buck" Gowen.  In accordance with the will he received "all the lands between what I have given him and Lettie [Letitia "Letty" Gowen] that I own, also one girl named Hannah."


Matilda Gowen, [William7, John "Buck"6. William5,  John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of William Gowen and Miriam Earle Gowen, was born about 1799 in Greenville County about six years before the death of her father.  She was mentioned in the will of her grandfather John "Buck" Gowens to receive "a negro boy called Sip."  In accordance with the will Matilda Gowen received "property" in an "inventory of the personal estate of John Gowen."  Matilda Gowen was mentioned by Landrum in his "History of South Carolina."


Letitia "Letty" Gowen, [William7, John "Buck"6. William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of William Gowen and Miriam Earle Gowen, was born about 1800 in Greenville County.  She was mentioned in the will of her grandfather John "Buck" Gowen, and, as one of its stip­ulations, received "a negro boy named Ben."  She was mentioned in Landrum's "History of South Carolina."


It is believed that she was married about 1818 to John C. Stewart, son of Edward Stewart whose land adjoined that of Maj. John “Buck” Gowen, Absolom Thompson, John Henson and Stephen Dill.  They “removed to Carroll County, Tennessee about 1830,” according to James A. Stewart, a descendant of Lakewood, California in a message dated February 2, 2002.  Letitia “Letty” Gowan Stewart died in Carroll County about 1844, shortly after the birth of a son.


John C. Stewart was enumerated in the 1850 census of Carroll County as the head of a household No. 892 in the 6th Civil District:


          “Stewart,           John C.               54, born in SC, farmer, $250

                                     real estate

                                       Mary A.            27, daughter, born in SC

                                       Elizabeth A.     17, daughter, born in TN

                                       Joab                  14, son, born in TN

                                       Nancy M.         11, daughter, born in TN

                                       Eliza L.              8, daughter, born in TN

                                       Levi                    6, son, born in TN”


John C. Stewart sold his property there in 1856 and is believed to have accompanied his son Joab Stewart in a move to Navarro County, Texas.


Children born to John C. Stewart and Letitia “Letty” Gowen Stewart include:


          Milton B. Stewart                                        born about 1819

          Thomas Jefferson Stewart                           born about 1821

          Mary A. Stewart                                           born about 1823

          Edward Stewart                                            born about          1824

          James Franklin Stewart                                born about 1826

          Elizabeth A. Stewart                                    born about 1833

          Burrell Stewart                                            born about 1835

          Joab Dolphus Stewart                                 born about 1836

          Nancy Stewart                                              born about 1839

          Levi Stewart                                                 born about 1844


There were possibly other children.  Names were taken from a list of siblings by a granddaughter of Elizabeth Stewart Muns.  She named sister Jane, Lettie and brothers John and William.  John is possibly John Wilson Stewart shown in the Navarro Country Texas census. In 1860 John and his wife Victoria Roach Stewart are living next door to Joab Dolphus Stewart.


Mary A. Stewart, daughter of John C. Stewart and Letitia “Letty” Gowen Stewart, was born in South Carolina about 1823.  She appeared at age 27 in the 1850 census of her father’s household in Carroll County, Tennessee.


James Franklin Stewart, son of John C. Stewart and Letitia “Letty” Gowen Stewart, was born in South Carolina about 1829.  He was brought to Carroll County, Tennessee about 1830.  He was married there about 1849 to Cornelia Ann Blow, daughter of William Thomas Blow and Lucy Gurley James Blow, both from Southampton County, Virginia. 


They were enumerated in the 1850 census of Carroll County, Enumeration District 6, Household No. 918:


          “Stewart,               James                  21[?], farmer, born in SC, $60

                                                                               real estate

                                       Cornelia A.           20, born in VA

                                       Mary J.                   1, born in TN”


They removed to White County, Arkansas about 1860.  Later they removed to Faulkner County, Arkansas and settled near Conway.


In 1862 James Franklin Stewart enlisted in the 21st Arkansas Infantry Regiment [CSA] in White County, Arkansas.  Family lore has it that he was captured and spent a great deal of time as a prisoner of war in Cape Girardeau, Missouri.  After the war, he went to medical school in Kansas City, Missouri.  According to the “History of Cascade Springs, Arkansas” he opened the first drug store the area.  In the 1880 census his profession is listed a physician.


James Franklin Stewart died in 1885, Cornelia died in 1902, and both are buried in Mt. Olive Cemetery, Saltillo, Arkansas in Faulkner County.


James A. Stewart wrote:


“John C. Stewart and Letty Gowen Stewart provided at least five sons and a grandson for the Civil War.  Edward and his son Thomas Jefferson Stewart [named for his uncle] along with brother Levi Stewart fought for the Union.  These men fought under Col. Isaac Hawkins in the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, USA in west Tennessee.  Edward achieved the rank of Captain, and in his pension application stated that he commanded a scout troop under Col. Hawkins in west Tennessee.  About 1885, he and his wife Lucinda Ross Stewart moved to Navarro County, Texas where he died about 1907.


Levi Stewart also was in Col. Hawkins command, but was killed by bushwhackers after 1863.


Edward’s son, Thomas Stewart survived the war and lived in Carroll County, Tennessee in 1870. 


The following is a narrative provided by Capt. Edward Stewart in connection with his Pension Application.


‘On this 11th day of May AD 1891 personally appeared before me, J.J. Wilson, Clerk of the County Court, a court of record within and for this county and state aforesaid,


Edward Stewart aged 66 years a resident of the County of Navarro and State of Texas, who, being sworn according to law declares that he is the identical Edward Stewart, who was enrolled as Captain in Co C,. Harrison’s Battalion, Paducah Volunteers on or about 1st day of August 1863 at Corinth, Mississippi which Company and battalion was attached to 7th Reg. Tenn. Volunteers, commanded by Col. Isaac R. Hawkins. That he was engaged in Special, Scout service and remained in Command of said Co until about Dec.1863 at Union City Tenn.


He was attacked with Varrioloid [light case of smallpox] and left Company in Command of J. West Neely [John Wesley Neely believed to be son of Andrew Neely who’s grandmother was Agnes Stewart] that he was in Command of a squad of scouts connected with the Command of Milton Hardy [Milton Hardy was later shot while trying to kidnap the Governor of Tennessee] and remained in command of said Squad until the Battle of Paducah, Kentucky  that he afterward enrolled as Sgt. in Capt Sam Haw-kins Co. I 7th Tennessee Regiment and Command of Col. Isaac R. Hawkins on March 8th 1865 at Paducah, KY and remained in said Co until 9th day of August 1865, when he was honorably discharged by reason of close of the war.


That while in service above named and was sent to private hospital at the residence of a Mr Goodloe and remained for about 35 days and was also attacked with Rheumatism which disease has afflicted him with more or less severity from that time until the present moment.  That on or about February 1864 and at or near Johnsonville, Tennessee while on duty he became ruptured in left groin from which affliction he has never entirely recovered.  Of which and of rheumatisim he has ceased about entirely from any kind of manual labor or active exercise even on horseback. 


That in the spring of 1864 he was healed at private house of Dr. Thomp-son of Paducah, KY, that since said service he has been treated by the following named physicians and surgeons, Joe McCall MD, W.N. Murray MD, of Huntingdon and by Dr. Robt Laws of Wildersville, Tenn. and by Dr. D.L. Laws of Clarksburg, Tenn and by others and since coming to Texas in 1886.  He has been treated by Drs. Jno. F. and Wm. Starley and by Dr. I.N. and J.S. Suttle of Corsicana Texas.


That since said service above named he has not been employed in the Military or Naval Service of the United States.


That since leaving said service this applicant has resided in Carroll County, Tenn. until 1876 and in Henderson County 1876 to 1880 and from 1881 until 1886 he resided in Faulkner County, Arkansas and since 1886 until the present time he has resided in this Navarro, County, Texas, and that his occupation when able to do anything has been that of a farmer and mechanic.


That prior to his entry into the service above named he was a man of sound, physical health, being when enrolled a farmer. That he is now to-tally disabled from obtaining his subsistence by manual labor by reason of his disabilities above described and of partial loss of eyesight and of heart trouble resulting from the disabilities received in the service of the United States. He therefore makes this declaration for the purpose of be-ing placed on the invalid pension roll of the United States.


He hereby appoints J.M. Douglas of Corsicana, State of Texas his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim to whom he agrees to pay the sum of twenty five Dollars when a pension is allowed him for said service. That he has made application No. 974730 for a pension under the act of June 27 1890.

Edward Stewart


Also personally appeared R.W. Walton residing in Corsicana Texas and John Faulk, Persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit and who being by one duly foregoing sign his to the foregoing declaring that they have every reason to believe from the appearance of said claim-ant and their acquaintance with him, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be and that they have no interest in the prosecution of his claim.

R.W. Walton    John Faulk


Sworn to and subscribed before me this 11th day of May A.D. 1891; and I hereby certify that the contents of the above declaration were fully made known and explained to the applicant, and witness before swearing and that I have no interest, direct or indirect in the prosecution of this claim.



In forwarding to the pension agent the executed voucher for your next quarterly payment please favor me by returning this circular to him with replies to the questions enumerated below.


First, Are you married? If so, please state your wife’s full name and her maiden name.

Answer. yes, Lucinda Stewart, Maiden name Lucinda Ross.


Second, When, Where and by whom were you married?

Answer. Nov. 23, 1843 by W.B. Shoren, [actually believed to be Shaver] Carroll County, West Tenn.


Third, What record of marriage exists?

Answer. Can’t state, but refer to record in clerks office.


Fourth, Were you previously married?

Answer, No


Fifth, Have you any children living? If so, please state their names and the dates of their birth.



James Madison Stewart,             Jan. 1, 1848

Nancy Jane Stewart                   Dec. 21, 1850

Mary Elizabeth Stewart              Oct. 15, 1853

Eliza Ann Stewart                      Oct. 22, 1855

Jo Ann Stewart                          Oct. 27, 1857

John Wesley Stewart                  Feb. 22, 1860


Date of Reply  August 4, 1898                  Signed:  Edward Stewart’


“Burrell Stewart fought on the side of the Confederacy. He was listed as a private in Company B, Newsom’s Cavalry and was under the command of Col. J. F. Newsom and Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest. Burrell moved to White County, Arkansas and was listed there in the census of 1870 with wife, Elizabeth Fesmire Stewart.


In 1862 Joab Dolphus Stewart was enlisted in Hoods Fourth Brigade, CSA under Capt. Wooten in Cor-sicana, Texas.  This unit was transferred to Virginia and fought in Virginia and  Maryland under General Robert E. Lee. Joab’s wife Rachel Ann Thompson Stewart applied for and received his pension in Texas. They are both buried in Kerens, Texas in Navarro County.


Thomas Jefferson Stewart, son of John and Letty Gowen Stewart, was in Company F, 8th Cavalry Regiment, also under Col. Newsom.  Thomas was killed during the Civil War, according to family lore.  Thomas was married twice, first to Catherine Ross [sister to Lucinda Ross] who died in 1844.  They had one son named John B. Stewart born in 1842.  He was remarried to Nancy Smith and has many descendants.


The following is known of the daughters of John and Letty Gowen Stewart.  It is believed that Nancy M. Stewart never married and was enumerated as a cook for a family in Corsicana, Texas in 1880.


Elizabeth Stewart married Thomas Austin Munns and lived for a time in the Spring Creek area of Madison County, Tennessee.  They then moved to Corsicana and are believed to be buried there.”


Mahulda E. Gowen, [William7, John "Buck"6, William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of William Gowen and Miriam Earle Gowen, was born about 1801 in Greenville County.  She was an infant in arms when her father died in 1803.  She was named in her grandfather's will, and under its terms received "a negro boy called Buck."  She was mentioned in Landrum's "History of South Carolina."


Clayton Goerdel wrote January 12, 2002 of his ancestor, Ma-hulda E. Gowen who was married July 17, 1816 at Winches-ter, Tennessee in Franklin County to Zachariah Staggs, both of whom were born in South Carolina.  Zachariah Staggs affirm-ed in his application for a War of 1812 that they were married in Winchester, Tennessee


Zachariah Staggs was one of five sons of William Staggs who was born about 1755, probably in South Carolina.  Zachariah Staggs was born about 1792 in Chester County, South Caro-lina.


Zachariah Staggs removed to Franklin County, Tennessee.  By 1839 he had bought land in Jefferson County, Alabama.  The obituary of his daughter, Arrena Staggs Hicks revealed that the family moved to Hot Springs County, Arkansas in 1848.


John J. Gowin and William Gowin were securities for Benjamin F. Staggs, son of Zachariah Staggs, February 16, 1857, according to the research of Joseph G. Hicks, Sr.


Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs died about 1870, and Zachariah Staggs was remarried to “Elizabeth E.”  Zachariah Staggs died in Hot Springs County, Arkansas about 1879.


Joseph E. Hicks wrote:


“Elizabeth E. Staggs sold his land in 1879.  She was born February 8, 1822 and died October 2, 1897.  She was buried in Pleasant Hill Cemetery here in Hot Springs.  Next to her are two unmarked graves which may contain Zachariah or their children.”


Nine children were born to Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs including:


          Arrena Staggs                                              born about 1820

          Benjamin F. Staggs                                     born about 1822

          John W. Staggs                                            born about 1824

          Margaret J. Staggs                                      born about 1827

          Vardy Addington Staggs                             born about 1828

          Thomas N. Staggs                                      born about 1829

          Ezekiel E. Staggs                                       born December 6, 1831


Arrena Staggs, daughter of Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen  Staggs, was born about 1820.  She was married about 1839 to William K. Gill, according to Joseph G. Hicks.  In the obituary of Arrena Staggs Hicks, it was stated that her parents moved to Hot Springs, Arkansas in 1848.


William W. Gowin, age 26 was married February 25, 1851 [1861?] to Martha A. Davidson, age 16, according to Hot Springs County Marriage Book 3, page 77.  Bobbie Jones McLane who published "Hot Springs County Marriage Records, 1825-1880" wrote December 14, 1993 that the marriage of William W. Gowin and Martha A. Davidson Gowin was the only Gowin marriage recorded in Hot Springs County during that 55-year period.


The marriage took place at the home of Alexander Pugh and Julia Anne Gill Pugh.  Julia Anne Gill Pugh is identified as the daughter of Arrena Staggs Gill and granddaughter of Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs by Joseph G. Hicks, a descendant of Malvern, Arkansas.


William K. Gill sued Samuel B. Gowin October 10, 1865 on an indebtedness, according to Hot Springs County court records.


Children born to William K. Gill and Arrena Staggs Gill include:


          Julia Anne Gill                                                  born about 1840

          William M. Gill                                                 born about 1841


Julia Ann Gill, daughter of William K. Gill and Arrena Staggs Gill, was born about 1839.  She was married about 1857 to Alexander Pugh.  The marriage of William W. Gowin, age 26 to and Martha A. Davidson, age 16, took place in the Pugh home February 25, 1851 [1861?] according to Hot Springs County Marriage Book 3, page 77. 


William M. Gill, son of William K. Gill and Arrena Staggs Gill, was born about 1841.  He was enlisted in Company C, 11th Arkansas Infantry Regiment in November 1861 along with J. A. Gowin [unidentified].  William M. Gill was killed at Island No. 10 on the Mississippi River April 16, 1862.  J. A. Gowin was captured in the same engagement and was sent to Vicksburg, Mississippi.  He was exchanged and was again captured at Citronelle, Alabama in Mobile County.  He was paroled at Jackson, Mississippi May 13, 1865.


Benjamin F. Staggs, son of Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs, was born about 1822.


John W. Staggs, son of Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs, was born about 1824.  He was married about 1849, wife’s name Sarah.  He removed to Lamar County, Texas where he was enumerated in the 1870 census.  John W. Staggs, Sarah Staggs and two of their children are buried in there in Evergreen Cemetery.


Children born to John W. Staggs and Sarah Staggs include:


          Josephine Staggs                              born about 1861


Margaret J. Staggs, daughter of Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs, was born about 1827.


Vardy Addington Staggs, son of Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs, was born about 1828.


Thomas N. Staggs, son of Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs, was born about 1829 in Alabama, according to Clayton Goerdell.  He was married to Martha Jane Walton in Hot Springs County April 19, 1834.  Thomas N. Staggs removed to Zephyr, Texas about 1874


Twelve children born to them including:


          William Napoleon Staggs                            born about 1840

          Matilda Staggs                                              born about 1860


Matilda Staggs, daughter of Thomas N. Staggs and Martha Jane Walton Staggs, was born about 1860.  She was married at Zephyr August 3, 1890 to William M. Sutton at the Zephyr Baptist Church by Rev. N. D. Bullock.  William M. Sutton located in Hamilton County, Texas.


Children born to them include:


          Lydia          Sutton                                                        born October 20, 1891


Lydia Sutton, daughter of William M. Sutton and Matilda Staggs Sutton, was born October 20, 1891.  At the age of 14, she was married September 5, 1906 to Henry Clayton Cox of Indian Gap, Texas as his second wife.  Henry Clayton Cox had two sons by his first wife, and Lydia Sutton Cox helped to raise her step-sons.


Four more children were born to Henry Clayton Cox and Lydia Sutton Cox including:


          Virginia Lillian Cox                                born June 2, 1916


Ezekiel E. Staggs, son of Zachariah Staggs and Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs, was born December 6, 1831 in Jefferson County, Alabama, according to Joseph E. Hicks, Sr.  He was brought to Hot Springs by his parents.  He was married December 29, 1851 to Eliza Nichols.  They were divorced October 30, 1866, and he was remarried, second wife’s name unknown.  The second wife was born at “Peachtree Landing.” Ezekiel E. Staggs died December 12, 1893 and was buried in Rosehill Cemetery in Texarkana, Texas. 


Enumerated in the 1850 census of Hot Springs County, Arkansas, Clear Creek township, Household No. 183 was the family of John Easley:


          “Easley,                           John,        52, born in SC

                                                  Ann          45, wife, born in TN

                                                  Wiley G.   21, born in TN

                                                  Robert      17, born in TN

                                                  Elizabeth   14, born in TN

                                                  John W.     10, born in AR”


The household of John Easley reappeared in the 1860 census of Hot Springs County, except for two children who had probably married.


Living in the same township was the household of Zachariah Staggs, husband of Mahulda E. Gowen Staggs.  She was the daughter of William Gowen and Miriam Earle Gowen and the granddaughter of Maj. John “Buck” Gowen.


In the 1860 census of Hot Springs County, John Goines was recorded as the head of Household 311 in Fenter Township:


          “Goines                          John                         31, born in AL

                                                Mary E. J.            ..2[?], born in AR

          Goines                          Mrs. Miram          63[?], born in SC

                                                William                     33, born in AL

                                                 James                        22, born in AL”


Lettice "Letty" Gowen, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of John "Buck" Gowen and Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen, was born about 1763, probably in Granville County, North Carolina.  She was married about 1783 to Street Thurston, probably in Greenville County.


She was mentioned in the will of her father John "Buck" Gowen as the recipient of a "plantation by Ann Easley's place, three Negro girls known by the names of Vina, Ede and Harriot, one bed and furniture and two cows and calves."  Street Thurston and Lettice "Letty" Gowen Thurston were still living in Greenville County on February 3, 1820 when James P. Blassingame, their brother-in-law, appointed them in his will to appraise a negro slave.  Street Thurston was appointed executor of this will.


Elizabeth Gowen, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of John "Buck" Gowen and Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen, was born about 1767, probably in Cheraws District [presently Marlboro County], South Carolina where her family apparently lived at that time.  She was married about 1785, probably in Greenville County, to Tucker Woodson.


Tucker Woodson, ascribed to be a grandson of Benjamin Woodson and Mary Tucker Woodson, was born in Fluvanna County, Virginia about 1760.  Benjamin Woodson was the son of John Woodson, Jr. who died May 1, 1700.  Mary Tucker Woodson was the daughter of Capt. Samuel Tucker and Jane Larcorme Tucker who were married about 1665 in Virginia.  John Woodson, Jr. was a son of John Woodson, Sr. [1632-1710] and a grandson of Dr. John Woodson and Sarah Winston Woodson.  Dr. John Woodson was born before 1598 and was killed by Indians in 1644.


Tucker Woodson lived for a time in Abbeville County, South Carolina, on the Georgia state line, some 60 miles south of Gowensville.  On April 3, 1786 Tucker Woodson was granted 200 acres of land in Pendleton District [present-day Pickens and Oconee Counties] probably in recognition of military ser­vice.  His land lay between the forks of the Kiowee and Tuga­loo Rivers on both sides of Little Beaver Dam Creek, according to Anderson County Deed Book A, page 150.  A correlating reference to this deed is found in Secretary of State Record Book KK, page 312, Charleston, South Carolina.


On August 26, 1790 "Tucker Woodson of Abbeville County" deeded this 200-acre grant to Henry William Dessausure of Charleston, South Carolina.


Elizabeth Gowen Woodson received "a tract of land on Tyger River called Sulser's place" [Mathias Salser] under the terms of the will of her father John "Buck" Gowen probated in 1810. 


The Draper Collection of Preston and Virginia Papers makes a reference to Tucker Woodson as the holder of a land grant on Tygert's Creek in Kentucky to which he apparently removed after the death of his father-in-law.  Tygert's Creek flows into the Ohio River near the site of present-day Fullerton, Kentucky in the northeastern extremity of that state.  Since his land there was located near a grant received by Lt. Minor Winn, Jr. it is believed that the two families moved into the area about the same time, perhaps traveling together.


It appears that Tucker Woodson died in Kentucky and that his widow returned to Greenville County, South Carolina.  Apparently she was remarried to James Adams as his second wife.  When he wrote his will, he mentioned that his wife was pregnant [in her 40s?].


James Adams appeared as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Greenville County, page 952/16:


          “Adams, James           10010/20010,

7 slaves”

And his neighbors.


The probate of James Adams of Greenville County showed that he died August 3, 1814 and that the will was probated December 5, 1815.  Wives mentioned in the excerpts were Edith Adams, “my first wife, now deceased, Elizabeth, my 2nd wife, now living.  She was the widow Woodson.  Children by both wives to share equal at final division.  [None by his first wife were named]  His children by second wife were minors.  Wife was pregnant.  Two stepchildren Narcissa Woodson & William Woodson. They were to have the lands my wife got from her first husband [unnamed].


The executors were Francis Adams and George Rysell.  Wit-nesses were W. B. Gower [Gowen], Henry Prince Jr. and Thomas Prince.


“Elizabeth Adams,” regarded as Elizabeth Gowen Woodson Adams, appeared as the head of a household in the 1820 census of Greenville County, page 79/1:


“Adams, Elizabeth           110000/21010”


Peggy B. Chapman of Lubbock, Texas made a detailed study of the census records of Greenville County to support her conclusion that Elizabeth Gowen Woodson Adams was the widow of James Adams:


“Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 Transcribed and annotated by Peggy B. Chapman, Lub-bock, Texas, <>


The document begins with hand-written page 74A;  [stamped page 75]  Stamped page numbers were used.




Male: 0-10; to 16; 16-18 including heads of families; 18-26, including heads of families; 26 to 45 including heads of families; 45 & upwards including heads of families;


Female: 0 to 10; to 16; to 26 including heads of families; to 45 including heads of families; 45 & upwards including heads of families.


1820 census compared to the 1800 & 1810 census of Greenville District.


1800 & 1810 census returns are posted on the Green-ville County website hosted by Mel Odom.


The purpose of this report is to to establish that Eliza-beth Adams, page 79/1, was the daughter of Maj. John “Buck” Gowen and the widow [first] of __ Woodson and [second] widow of James Adams of the 1810 census.


Page 75:


1.            Waidow Lee [000200/00001]

2.                           Martin Ayers [010100/10101], [1800 #1529; 1810 948/11, 995/15]

3.            Martin Ayers Jr. [000100/10100]

4.           Reubin Ayers [000100/20100]

  5.            Sara Barbery    300000/03110

  6.            Absolem Carney 100100/00001

  7. Joshua Carney

  8. Absolom Carney Sr.[000101/00001]

                                     (1800 #690; 1810 990/7;1820 85/9,105/21,112/30) Lived both sides   Enoree

 9. Hubbard Kerns[200201/20201](1800 #21;1810 947/20)

10. William Few[03001/45010](1800 #572; 1810 961/17) 

11. Wm. S? Dill[310010/10---]

12. Absolem Nelson[100010/00020]

13. Mary Huroll/Herroll[301201/12010]

14. Thomas Bowers Sr.[000101/02010](1800 #428; 1810 950/20

Lived Mush Cr. area Tyger.

15. Richard Henso [310001/00020](1800 #520 #546;1810 982/14)

Sinkhole Fork Tyger NW

Thos. Benson

16. David Smith[000010/00001]

17. George Stewart[100100/00100]

18. Lewis Bridges[200010/00010]

19. Harmon Richardson[000100/10100]

21. William Cockrum200100/20100, 0 slvs.

(Too young to be 1800 #185 &1810 980/3. 1800 #96; 1820 105/7) His nbrs

make him a resident of Tyger Riv. area. This must be

the William who bought land 1816  (DB R:111) & sold 1822 to Edward

Maddox on Jamison Mill Cr. (DB N:20) deed mentions Geo. Belew’s line

-see 80/35)

22. Nancey Hutton/Slatton[020100/00100](1810 970/16)

23. Easter Hutton/Slatton100000/11010](1810 970/15)

24. Jacob Earnest[401110/30010]

25. Joseph Chandler[000100/00100](1820 95/33)

26. Calvin Ellis


27. Tho. Hutchings

28. Moses Cook[020001/21001](1800 #1252; 1810 927/9)

29. Haniah Ray000201/12001

(1800 #689) Nbr of Carney (75/8) 1800 on Enoree.

30. James Ray[100100/10000]

31. Anthoney Savage[010001/11001](1810 923/19)

32. Jesse Elrod [100100/10110]

33. Tho. Furgason  Jr. [300020/31010](1800 #681;1810 946/2)

34. Wm. Hamby Sr[021101/21101](1800 #1360)

35. William Stwart[220210/31001](1800 #152#605#616; 1810 954/18,990/12;1820 80/12)

36. Ansel Renolds210002/12011(1800 #683; 1810 948/5)

37. Wm. Brown Sr.[110001/01301](1800 #674#1100;1820 96/3)

38. James McDaniel, Esq.(1810 965/14;1820 90/39)

39. Beverley Brooksher[100010/20010]

40. Manering Brooksher[300010/30100]

41. John Gordon Jr.

42. James Finley[100100/10100]

43. Thomas Hudson

44. Tidance Bradley(1800 #89; 1810 967/5)

45. Daniel Pike         (May be the spouse of Mrs. Elizabeth Pike, age 87,

2-18-1856, who gave deposition for William Holliday, when he made Revolutionary War claim.)

46. John Cox, Esq.000001/01001(1800 #458#645;1820 98/24)

47. Thomas Stone

p. 76

  1. Jonathan West(1810 954/25)

  2. Wm. Payne, Jr.(1810 927/16,930/13;1820 109/28)

  3. Philimon Huff(1810 931/17)

  4. James Huff

  5. Benj. Griffith, Esq.(1800 #1346; 1810 954/19,996/1) 

  6. Samuel Mosley(1800 #887)

  7. John Callahan[000010/10100](1810 955/22,975/10)

  8. Reubin McKinsey(1800 #121;1810 968/5)

  9. John Townes[000010/00100]

10. Jonathan Potts(1800 #288;1810 971/18)

11. Avery Huff

12. Leroy Green

13. James Magness

14. Joseph Magness

15. Robert Paydon(1800 #120;1810 965/8;1820 105/17)

16. John Sammons

17. James Alexander Jr.[100010/42110]

18. James Willis

19. Alexn. Thompson [200010/10010]

20. James Alexander, Esq.[000001/02211](1800 #1237;1810 955/3)

21. Ezekiel Hawkins

22. Joseph Green

23. John Cureton[300010/10100]

24. Thos. Wynne200010/10100

25. Wm. Allen

26. John Butler[000250/10110](1810 948/23,994/6)

 27. David Haning

28. Elemuel Stokes[100010/20010]

29. Jonathan Stokes[110001/01001](1800 #824; 1810 947/17)

30. James Watson

31. Samuel Crayton[100120/00100]

32. Richard Houston

33. Edward Allen420010/10010(1810 947/5)

34. Bayliss I? Earle[000100/00000]

35. John Fowler[300010/00010](1800 #768)

36. Wm. McNealey

37. Jas. Fair  Jr.[300010/20010]

38. Wm. Jacobs

39. Cain Wells

(May have been the son of Elhanan Wells. See Court of Common Pleas #361.

Andrew Berry vs. John cockrum 1825.)

40. Samuel Dyer[200110/11010]

41. Isaac Ford[30010/20010]

42. Barksdale Terry310010/10010(1810 974/13)

43. John Sloan(1800 #504)

44. Wm. E. Wickcliff

45. Mathew Hudson(1810 920/8)

46. Wm. Wilson(1800 #948; 1810 930/21,934/8,946/4,974/14)


p. 77

  1. John H. Goodlett

  2. Hugh Robertson 

  3. Walker Brock[100300/00101] 

4. Devirous Yeargin211211/41010Son of Andrew 1800 #1395(1810 978/9)

  5. Thom. G. Walker

  6. Jos. S. Edwards000120/20100

  7. Benagah Dunham?000000/00000 _slv.

  8. Wm. H. Roberds

  9. Jaremiah Cleveland[131203/30110](1810 979/3)

10. Wm. Peydon(1800 #1214; 1810 925/6)

11. Saml McNealey(1800 #93;1810 958/1)

12. David Williford

13. Frances H. McCloud

14. John Young, Esq.(1800 #68#149#240;1810 956/2)

15. Jas. A. Walker[220101/02010]

16. Ambrose Nelson

1800 #1598;1810 944/19, 985/10)

17. Isaac Green(1800 #9;1810 996/14)

18. Polley Hilley

19. Mike Waycaster

20. Jesse Morgan(1800 #727;1810 956/14)

21. Robert Foster[000010/33020](1810 Spart.)

22. Nancey Rains

23. Alexn. Waddill

(1800 #25; 1810 988/11)

24. Jesse Hawkins

(1800 #738)

25. Tho. Wingo

(1810 Spart.)

26. John Hammett

(1800 #785;1810 947/19)

27. Joel Hammell?

28. Morgan Little

29. George Ross

(1800 698; 1810 954/4)

30. Tho. Burgess


31. Carter Burgess


32. John Shockley

33. Joseph James

(1800 #660; 1810 953/11)

34. Wm. Taylor, Sr.


(1800 #715#729

1810 989/17; 1820 113/42)

35. Wm. Cunningham


36. Philip C. Lister

37. John McDade

(1800 #626;1810 993/14)

38. John Pennington

(2 in Spart. 1810)

39. Stephen Holtzclaw

(1810 992/21)

40. Joshua Cox


(1800 #646;1810 978/5)

41. Elizabeth Green

(1810 996/10)

42. Joshua Conner


(1810 949/14,995/12)

43. Jesse Cannon


(1810 Spart.)

44. John Crain


(1810 980/9)

45. Wm. Farmer



p. 78

  1. John Farmer

  2. John M. Tate 

  3. Jesse Rector

(1810 952/23)   [Nbr. James Adams 1810, p. 952/16]

  4. William Thurston

[000001/00001]  [Street Thurston one of the ex. of John Gowen's Spart.

Dist., SC will]

(1800 #61;1810 966/12; 1820 84/3)

  5. Isaac Hardin

(1810 992/20)

  6. Jas. Poler

  7. David Mondsetter

  8. Alexander Robbs

  9. Robert Nelson

(1800 #573;1810 960/12,985/9)

10. Rebecca Nelson

11. Elizabeth Massey

12. Jesse Gilreath

(1800 #615;1810 951/8) [Nbr. of James Adams in 1810]

13. Henry Cannon

(1810 952/24) [Nbr of James Adams in 1818.]

14. Jesse Sparks

 010001/01110   _ slv.

d 1824, Grnv. Co. will.

(1800 #1478; 1810 924/4) [first iwfe dau. of Matthew Armstrong. 2nd wife

Juda Cooley Cockrum)

15. Joab Loftis [See M:351-Lemuel Loftis]

16. Philip Moroney

(1810 945/16)

17. Arthur Barrett


(1800 #427; 1810 945/4)

18. David Barton        [See DB T:91--Jeff. Barton]


(1800 #370; 1810 973/7)

19. Benj. Malin

20. Massey Asmith


(1800 #393; 1810 951/4) [Nbr. James Adams in 1810]

21. Jordan Holcomb

(1800 #436; 1810 952/19)

22. Joseph Barton


23. Benjamin West

(1800 #453;1810 989/5; 1820 78/42)

Grnv. DB M:351-352. 3 Feb 1823. Benjamin West to James Harper of

Charleston 200a tract S. Tyger Riv. James Adams Srs. heirs land..

between Harper & Lemuel Loftis & Wildcat Cr. r 4 Feb 1823.]

24. George Russell

Exec. for 78/30 when he d 1829.

(1800 #380 #753; 1810 945/14)

EX for James Adams...

 Russell died 1833 Greenville Co. Apt. 6 #396.

See Elizabeth Adams p. 79/1 below.

25. Josiah Langford

26. Thos. Barton, Esq.


(1800 #367;

1820 79/11, 89/28)

27. Charles Camanell

(1810 930/22;1820 89/18)

28. James Ross Senr.

(1800 #414#994; 1810 950/9) [Near nbr. James Adams in 1810.][See DB

T:91-mention of Philip Ross]

29. James Ponder

(1810 986/1)

30. John Cockrum  Tygar 000001/01010   0 slv.

d 1829. From Rutherford Co.,NC.

(1810 945/17) [George Russell was his ex.]

31. Henry Prince      [Henry Prince, Jr. wit for James Adams' will]


(1800 #457; 1810 760/15)

32. Isham Forest


(1800 #397

(1810 952/25?)

33. Abraham Chasteen

100101/10101   _ slv.

(1800 #450; 1810 987/12)

His dau. Obedience m John Pace & their dau. m John W. Cothran of

Greenville Co. & migrated to Cherokee Co., AL.

34. Wm. Barton


35. Joseph McKinney

36. Benj. Eque Jun.

37. Wm. Dill

[000100/00   ]

(1810 980/22)

38. Little B. Holcombe

(1800 #403; 1810 950/16)

[Near nbr. James Adams in 1810]

39. George Archer


40. Wm. Tucker


41. John Grist

42. Benj. West Jr.

(1810 989/5;1820 78/23)

43. John Underwood

(1810 Laurens)

44. Wm. Center


(1810 952/11)

[See 1810 952/11. Wm. Sentor nbr. of James Adams in 1810.]


p. 79

  1. Elizabeth Adams

110000/21010 [slaves not checked]

WAS THIS THE WIDOW OF JAMES ADAMS? See 1810 census p. 952/16

Jas. Adams 10010/200100, 2 slvs. Adams d 1815.

DAU. OF JOHN GOWEN? John Gowen left his dau. Elizabeth Woodson a tract

of land on Tyger Riv. called Sulsias place. Will d Aug 1809.

Adams will sd  his children by E. were minors. Wife was preg., He

(Adams) had 2 step children: Narcissa Woodson & William Woodson.

This would be Tyger Riv. area.

See Leonardo Andrea "Woodson" report d c 1948, who stated James Adams

left a Grnv Co. will d 3 Aug 1814, p 5 Dec 1815. First wife, dec'd, (not

named) present wife Elizabeth, now living..widow Woodson. Children of

both wives to share equal (1st wife's children not named) 2nd wife's

children: Elizabeth, Mandeville, Juliet, Eliza

2 stepchildren by present wife., Narcissa Woodson & William Woodson to

have the lands my wife got from her husband, not named.

Wit: W.B. Gower (sic], Henry Prince, Jr., Thomas Prince.

Ex: Francis Adams, George Russell.

DB R:134. 5 Nov 1832. George Russell to acting ex. of will of James

Adams, dec'd, $505 pd by Wm. G. Woodson 264a waters of S. Tyger, Kinson

McVey to James Adams deed 11 Mar 1807. Sold at public auction today

proved Jan 1833.] 

DB T:89. 17 May 1839. State of KY, Pendleton Co., Wm. G. Woodson of

Pendleton Co., KY POA to loving friend & relation Wm. Blassingame of

Greenville Co., SC to enter contracts relative to lands adj. Henry B. Prince, George Dill in my name to seel & dispose. S/ William G. Woodson. 


Proved in Pendleton Co. 16 May 1839. r Greenville Co. 13 Jul 1839.

DB T: 91. 13 Jul 1839. Wm. Woodson Pendleton Co., KY $1200 pd by

Jefferson Barton. (No acres given) N side S. Tyger Riv. known as James Adams Tract & where Philip Ross now lives bounded Riv. on Souht, George

Dill, Reuben Barrett, dec'd, Jas. Barrett & H.B. Prince. S/ William G.

Woodson by Wm. Blassingame.


  2. Darius Hamcob?

  3. John Eeretton?


  4. Robert D. Moon

  5. Stephen Dill

331201/01010  _ slv.

(1800 #433; 1810 951/15)

[Nr. nbr. of James Adams in 1810. Stephen had a son George Dill]

  6. David Forrest (sic)


(1800 #386;1810 950/22) [David Forrester near nbr. James Adams 1810]

  7. Ralph Jackson

(1810 983/13)

  8. Edward Stuart Sr.


(1800 #184;1810 970/4, 987/18)

  9. John Hinson

(1800 #522;1810 968/21)

10. Thomas Archer


11. Thos. Barton


(1800 #363; 1810 945/1;

1820 78/26, 89/28)

12. Jacob Below


13. Jesse Canter


14. Timothy Pitmons

15. Rich’d Henson, Jr.

(1800 # 520 #546;

1810 982/14))

16. George Linsey

17. Hezekiah Kitle

18. George Underwood

(1800 #1362;1810 945/2)

19. Lenerd Claybourn


(1800 #442;1810 949/23)

20. Matthew Garrett

21. Edward Dill


(1810 951/13) [Near nbr. James Adams in 1810]

22. Richard Ward Senr.

(1800 #506; 1810 949/22)

23. Jesse Dill


24. Burnell Russell

(1800 #405; 1810 950/21)

[Near nbr. James Adams in 1810.]

25. James West


(1800 #608 #875;

1810 923/21,960/14;

1820 96/34)

26. Wm. Neavs

27. John Nicholas

28. Henry Springfield


29. Carey W. Jackson

30. Wm. Johnson


(1810 983/16; 1820 97/27)

31. John Weaton

32. Wm. Chastian


Son of 78/33.

33. Daniel Ross [See T:91--mention of Philip Ross.]

34. Adam R. Lister

(1810 956/10?)

35. Joseph Davis


(1800 #614)

36. John Smith

(3 in 1800)

37. Edmond Waddill

38. John Dill Jr.


39. John Dill    S.T.


S.T. = South Tyger

(1800 #410;1820 80/39)

40. Polly Anders


41. David Jackson

(1800 #439;1810 949/16)

42. Wm. Butler


(1800 #1282;

1810 946/19, 962/9)

43. Soloman Loftis

(1800 #375; 1810 949/23)

{See M:351-352-Lemuel Loftis.]



p. 80

  1. Andrew Mcrarey

Sold land 1804 to 78/30 John Cockrum Motlow Cr.

(1800 #381; 1810 993/12;1820 96/38)

  2. Thos. Stanford


  3. George Kilreath

(1800 #577;1810 973/8)

  4. Jacob Kitle

(1800 #490; 1810 950/24)

  5. Thos. Ponder

(1800 #531;1810 985/20)

  6. David Cothrum

000200/00200  0 slv.

b 1798; Migrated to Lincoln Co., TN thence to Cherokee Co., AL.

Bro. of John W., Enos & Hezekiah. PROBABLY SON OF DANIEL COCKRUM & JUDA


  7. Frances Adams

210102/12010          [Executor of will of James Adams with George Russell]

  8. John P. Gass?

  9. Elijah Thompson


10. Robert Pitman

(1810 951/2)

11. Absolem Blundell


12. Wm. Stewart


(1800 #152#605#616;

1810 990/12;1820 75/35;

Stewarts residents of S. Tyger

13. John Stewart


(1800 #606)

14. Absolom Thompson


(1800 #473; 1810 945/15)

Mid Tyger

15. Marian Hannah

16. Jarret Jonson

17. Geo. Sammon?

(1800 #128?)

18. Peter Fleming


19. Edward Watson

(1800 #620;1810 950/8)

20. Hugh Montgomery

1830 Hezekiah & Juda Cockrum’s land on Thompsons Beaver Dam Cr. joined

Hugh Montgomery. (DB R:49)

1782 tax list  Wilkes Co., NC;  Yadkin Riv. Same man?

21. Benj. Wilkerson

22. Wm. Robbs  Sr.

(1800 #617; 1810 986/9)

23. John Robbs

24. Watson Robbs

25. Abram Cantwell


26. John Mason

(1810 968/6)

27. Jesse Clarke


28. John Peace Sr.


(1800 #508)

29. Robert Goodion

(1800 #512; 1810 949/17)

30. Jos. Emmery


31. Jonathan Ward

(1810 Spart.)

32. Stephen Johnson

33. George Bowers

(1800 #1422)

34. Clement Furgason


35. George Belew


His line mentioned in Wm.

Cockrum’s 1822 deed to Edward Maddox on Jamison Mill Cr. (DB N:20)

36. Wm. Lynn

37. John Ravan

38. William Howard

(1800 #140;1810 964/3))

39. John Dill


(1820 79/38-39)

40. Jacob Thompson


(1800 #493)

41. Silas Brassier

42. John A. Butler


(1800 #525)

43. Silas R. Wheaton

Wit. John Cockrum’s (81/8)  deed to Wm. Turner(81/1)

1820 (DB L:224)


p. 81

  1. Wm. Turner


(1800 #112  #116; 1810 947/13; 1820 88/26).

John Cockrum (81/8) sold Wm. Turner 42a 1820 both sides Green Cr.


  2. Elijah Dill


m Edward Stewart’s dau. by 1808. (1810 951/13)

  3. David Barrett 200010/1001-                 [1810 David Barrott

(sic) p. 945/8 &  p. 945/9 Reuben Barrott (sic) 20101/21201,0,3

 (David Barrett 1820 89/13)

  4. Runnels Dill


(1800 #409; 1810 949/21)

  5. Pleasant Hickman

  6. Barklet Whorton

  7. David Mosely

  8. John Cockrum

310010/30010  0 slv.

(“Mocson” John Cockrum 1810 980/6?) Rec. 40a from father-in-law John

Cockrum 1819 knobs Hogback Mt. & sold  to William Turner (81/1)  

  9. Milton Ponder

(Wit. 78/30 John Cockram’s will 1828.1850 census age 57, b SC)

10. Hiram Whitten

11. Thos. Mosley

12. George Farmer


13. Elisha Prewit

14. Chas. Gosnell

(1800 #526#542;

1810 950/19)

15. James Blassingame  [Kin to John Gowen?]


(1800 #552;1810 956/29?


16. Charles Gosnell

(1800 #526#542;

1810 950/19)

17. Nimrod Stanford


18. Wm.  Gottley

19. Anderson Butler


(1800 #523)

20. John Pace, Sen.


(1810 951/1) See 78/33;

m Obed. Chastain; Died 1825

21. Joel Graves

22. David Barnett


(1800 #1598;1810 979/7)

23. Geo. Shelton

24. John McNeal

25. Martin Adams


(1800 #342)

26. Peter Linderman

(1800 #1433;1810 955/8)

27. Wm. Pike

28. Joel Gibson?

29. Robt. B. Reed

30. Benj. Chandler


31. Robert Brown


32. Moses Kelley

(1800 #1097;984/15)

33. John Rice, Jr.

(1800 #195#922;1820 92/12)

34. Pick. Hawkins Jr.?

(1800 #12  #1596;

1810 957/15, 958/11)

35. Wm. Hawkins

(1800 #1594;1810 947/10)

36. John McClanahan

(1800 #16 #118;

1810 947/1)

37. Dennis Batson


38. Abram Spencer

39. Jno. Miller

40. John Benson


(1810 955/27)

41. Charles Benson


(1800 #60; 1810 956/3)

42. Thos. Roe & Gibson

43. Thos. Bridges


(1800 #1592; 1810 967/22)


p. 82

  1. Jas. Bridges [121110/32031]

  2. John Moore”


Peggy Chapman wrote:


“I am descended from Tucker6 Woodson (c 1750-1760, prob. Pitts. Co., VA- died by 19 Sep 1831, Grnv. Co.) of Greenville Co., SC. He was son of Tucker5Woodson of Pitts. Co., VA. Tucker5 Woodson, son of Joseph4Woodson & Elizabeth Murry.  Joseph4Woodson, son of John3 Woodson (d 1700) & Mary Tucker, dau. Of Samuel Tucker & Jane Larcome. John3Woodson son of John2Woodson.

Robert2Woodson, bro. of John2 Woodson.



I am working on the theory that he went to SC by by Dec 1784 when he entered 200a on Little Beaverdam a water of Toogaloo. (Land he sold in Pend. Dist 1790).

That he had 2 child. in SC, Murray b 1790 & Jane b 1784 & wf died & he ret. to Pitts. & m c 1794, Anne Stotts & ret. to Grnv. by Feb 1795 when he bought land.


Leonardo Andrea states his Pend. Co. deed was recorded in KKKK 312, you

have Book KK: 312.

Do you have a copy of this?


Leonardo Andrea's Woodson paper infers Woodson was a member of the Union

Co., SC Woodson family.

But this is not possible--I mean close kin.

The Woodsons in Union Co. were desc. from Robert2Woodson,Benjamin3

Woodson thru his son Robert4 Woodson, who d 1750 in Goochland Co.

This branch of the Woodson family has no Tucker Woodsons.


The Tucker6 Woodson who went to KY

was desc. from  Robert2Woodson

Joseph4 Woodson, grandfather of my Tucker6Woodson, had a sister Jane4

Woodson, who m her cousin, Joseph3Woodson, son of Robert2Woodson.

Robert2Woodson had a son Benjamin3Woodson.


The Tucker & Murry names do not come down thru Benj.3 Woodson's family.


Jos3Woodson & Jane4Woodson had a son Tucker4Woodson (d 1795) m (1) Sarah

Hughes & had a son Tucker5Woodson, who d 1779, Albemarle Co., VA.

Tucker4 Woodson m (2) 1762, Cumberland Co., VA Mary Netherland.

This Tucker had a son Tucker6 Woodson migrated to KY.

Valentine Papers, p. 1914 indicate he was in KY 1 Mar 1799.


Gad I hope this makes sense..& have the nos. correct.


Mr. Andrea cited several refs. to the Union Co. Woodsons but I don't

have a clue as to who Elizabeth Gowen married.

But it seems plain to me that she mar. (2) James Adams.

(Will forward a ref. re James Adams.)


"My" Tucco [sic] Woodson was in the Abbeville Dist., SC 1790 census

living near Enoch Ward Ellington, his broinlaw.

Enoch had mar. Tucker5Woodson's dau., Sarah, in Pitts. Co., VA

2 Mar 1780.


Just wanted to touch base with you & thank you so much for your


Have you ever seen these Leonardo Andrea refs.

that I have cited? If not I would be glad to share a copy.


Mr. A also cited a stub indent for Michael Blain of Abbeville Co. which

tucker [sic] Woodson signed & I rec. a copy from the Archives in

Columbia & this sig. appears to be same as another sig (tucker Woodson)

I have for my Tucker in Greenville, when he made a statement as to the

will of Ezekiel Vincent he had witnessed in 1819.


Children born to Tucker Woodson and Elizabeth Gowen Woodson are believed to include:


          William G. Woodson                                              born about 1790

          Narcissa Woodson                                                   born about 1793


Children born to James Adams and Elizabeth Gowen Woodson Adams are unknown.


William G. Woodson, regarded as the son of Tucker Woodson and Elizabeth Gowen Woodson, was born about 1790, probably in Abbeville County, South Carolina.


William G. Woodson of Pendleton County, Kentucky on May 17, 1839 gave his power of attorney to William Blassingame to sell land in Greenville County, South Carolina for him.  The land was possibly an inheritance.  William G. Woodson is regarded as a first cousin of William Blassingame, both being grandsons of Maj. John “Buck” Gowen.


The Power of Attorney was to “loving friend and relation William Blassingame of Greenville County, South Carolina” relative to lands adjoining Henry B. Prince, George Dill and others, according to Greenville County Deed Book T, page 89. 


Peggy B. Chapman reports that on July 13, 1839 William Blassingame sold this land located on the north side of Tyger River for William G. Woodson to Jefferson Barton.  The transaction for the land “known as the James Adams tract & where Philip Ross now lives, bounded by River on the south, George Dill, Reuben Barrett, dec’d, James Barrett and Henry B. Prince,” according to Greenville County Deed Book T, page 91.


Narcissa Woodson, daughter of Tucker Woodson and Elizabeth Gowen Woodson, was born about 1793, probably in Abbeville County.  She was mentioned as an heir to her father’s property in the will of her step-father written in 1814.


James M. Gowen, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of John "Buck" Gowen and Lettice "Letty Winn Bearden Gowen, was born in 1763 in North Carolina, probably Granville County.  He was probably a namesake of his kinsman James Gowen of Combahee Ferry.  It is believed that he was married about 1786 probably in Greenville County, wife's name unknown.  He appeared as the head of a household in the 1786 state census of Greenville County.  He did not reappear in the 1800 census of Greenville County.


"Majer Gowen," father of James M. Gowen, was mentioned in a deed dated August 25, 1797 in which John Barnes of Greenville County South Carolina conveyed "50 acres adjacent Mager Gowens Corner" to  John Swaffer for £30 sterling.  Two decades later Mary Barnes, suggested as the widow of John Barnes by Cecille Gaziano, researcher of Min­neapolis, deeded March 28, 1819 100 acres "on a branch of the middle fork of the Saluda River whereon Mary Barnes and Henry Deen now live" to Thomas Payne, according to Greenville County Deed Book D, pages 534-535.  Witnesses to the deed were John Gowen and James Gowen.  The deed was proved February 7, 1820 by the oath of John Gowen, Junr. that he saw Molly Barnes sign the deed."  The signatories are identified as James M. Gowen and John B. Gowen.  Cecille Gaziano raises the possibility that Mary Barnes was a Gowen relative, citing that a Mary Gowen was married to Henry Barnes in Edgefield County, South Carolina May 1, 1796. 


James M. Gowen was a purchaser of several items at the estate sale of his brother William Gowen held in Greenville County June 22, 1804 and September 2, 1804.  "James Gowen" had an unpaid note, due November 25, 1802 to William Gowen.


James M. Gowen was mentioned in the will of his father written in 1809 as the recipient of "800 acres to begin at the ford of the river on the South Pacolet, now used between here and where he lives, and then a north course so to include the schoolhouse spring where Davis taught, and thence 'round to a line to be made for John Roddy; then to the beginning, as to include the Jamison fields."


James M. Gowen appeared as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Spartanburg County:


          Gowen, James                        white male            26-45

                                                          white female                  26-45

                                                          white female                    0-10"


James M. Gowen and his brother John B. Gowen witnessed a deed in Greenville County March 28, 1819 in which Mary Barnes conveyed 100 acres on the Saluda River to Thomas Payne, according to Greenville County Deed Book L, page 79.  He did not reappear in the 1820 census of Spartanburg County.  The only Gowen individual enumerated there in that year was "Charles Gowen, a single man 26-45, living alone."


In 1833 James M. Gowen deeded land to William Love in Spartanburg County, according to Spartanburg County Deed Book 1, page 167.  It is assumed that he removed from South Carolina about that time probably to Talledega or St. Clair County, Alabama to join his brother Winn Bearden Gowen.


He apparently continued in Alabama until he joined his son-in-law and daughter in a move to Texas about 1839 and lived with them in Cherokee County, Texas on their property located on the Neches River about 12 miles northwest of Rusk, Texas.


James M. Gowen, "age 83, born in North Carolina," appeared in the 1850 census of Cherokee County.  He was recorded on page 850, November 24, 1850 living in Household No. 306-306, believed to be that of his son-in-law James Hogan Dendy.  The census enumeration rendered the name as "Dandy," but a multitude of legal records in the Cherokee County courthouse show the name as "Dendy."  The name of John Hogan Dendy appears in "Dendy Family Register" written by Jennie McCormack Dendy, Leslie Mac Dendy and Roland Ray Dendy.  In 1987 Leslie Mac Dendy lived in Hobbs, New Mexico and Roland Ray Dendy was principal of Benson Schools, Benson, Arizona.


The household appeared in 1850 as:


          "Dandy,               James H.             46, born in SC, farmer,

                                                                        $2,000 real estate

                                       Nancy                 36, born in South Carolina

                                       William T.          16, born in Alabama

                                       James M.            12, born in Alabama

          Gowen,               James M.             83, born in North Carolina"


Two grants of land were patented to both James Gowen and James Hogan Dendy.  The grants were adjoining, according to Brenda Dendy Davis.  They were recorded as:


        Surveyed for:                              Grantee:            League Section        Abstract No.


          James McGowan                          J. McGowan                192                                 614

          James McGowan                          J. McGowan                191                                 613

          James H. Dendy                          J. Dendy                      24                                 1091

          James H. Dendy                          J. Dendy                      23                                 219


It is believed that James M. Gowen died shortly after 1850 and was buried in Cherokee County.


The Texas State Railroad traversed the Gowen-Dendy land when it was constructed in 1893.


Texas State Railroad State Historical Park, 499 acres, is located in Anderson and Cherokee Counties, between the cities of Palestine and Rusk.  The railroad was acquired by Legislative Act in 1971 and was restored by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, with help from the Texas Department of Corrections, and was opened to the public in 1976.


The State Prison System began construction of the Texas State Railroad in 1893.  Inmates built the line to transport native iron ore and wood products to prison-operated iron smelting furnaces located in the East Texas State Penitentiary at Rusk.  The furnace supplied the State of Texas with iron products, including the columns and dome structure for the Capitol building in Austin.


In 1906, prison crews extended the rail line to Maydelle, and in 1909 the Texas State Railroad reached its final destination of Palestine.  The prisoners were paid 50 cents a day and worked from sunrise to sundown.  The total cost to construct the original 32 miles of the Texas State Railroad was $573,724.


Prison crews made up the train crew, except for the engineer. When passenger service was extended to Palestine, a full-time staff of nine was employed.  With the exception of the superintendent and engineer, staff members were paid $1.01 for each day they worked.


In 1913, the prison iron furnace was dismantled, and later the East Texas State Penitentiary converted into a state mental hospital. On May 1, 1921, all regular train service by the state was discontinued and the line was leased to the Texas & New Orleans [Southern Pacific Railroad Co.]  The Texas Southeastern Railroad leased the line in the early 1960s and continued operation of the line until December 31, 1969.


The railroad was conveyed to the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department in February of 1972 for the creation of a state historical park.  Reminiscent of its earliest days, state inmates were again brought in to work on the railroad.  State offenders rebuilt the line; clearing brush, building bridges and replacing ties and rails. The Texas State Railroad State Historical Park was opened to the public on July 4, 1976, as part of the nation's Bicentennial Celebration.  Today the Texas State Railroad is dedicated to the Education, Interpretation and Preservation of the Golden Age of Steam.


Its track crew maintains over 25 miles of track and 24 bridges.  Passengers may board the historic trains at either Rusk or Palestine.  Both ends of the line have turn-of-the-century style train stations.  The trip takes 1 1/2 hours to reach the opposite station.  The State Park's 50-mile, round-trip steam engine excursions take 4 hours.  The TSRR is known as one of the nation's largest and most unique steam train operations. The TSRR is one of the only steam railroads in the United States that runs two steam trains simultaneously on days of operation.  The East Bound and West Bound trains meet twice daily at the mid point of the run.  This gives rail enthusiasts a rare chance to see two historic steam engines switch and pass. The track length is 25.5 miles; the longest trestle measures 1042 feet and crosses the Neches River.  All 24 trestles are concrete.


Children born to James M. Gowen include:


            [daughter]                      born before 1810

          Nancy Gowen                  born in 1814


A daughter, believed to be the first child of James M. Gowen was born before 1810.  She appeared as a "white female, 0-10" in the 1810 census of Spartanburg County.


Nancy Gowen, [James M.7. [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of James M. Gowen was born in 1814, probably in Spartanburg County.  About 1832 she was married to James Hogan Dendy.  It is believed that they accompanied James M. Gowen in 1839 in a move to Texas.


On August 1, 1841 two surveys of land, each 320 acres, were made for James Hogan Dendy "on the Neches River, between the river and the Saline Road," according to Cherokee County Survey Book A, pages 95-96.  The land was granted to him by the Republic of Texas on Fourth Class Certificate No. 125 in the Nacogdoches Section.  The survey covered land "including the present residence of said Dendy."


On May 13, 1848 James Hogan Dendy purchased the 640-acre headright of John Williams, Sr. for $200, according to Chero­kee County Deed Book B, pages 196-198.  At the same time he sold to John Williams 110 acres of his original 640-acre headright located on One-Arm Creek.  In the transaction he gave bond of $220 to John Williams to secure the title to him.


James Hogan Dendy received 320 acres, according to Cherokee County Deed Book A, page 390.  The land was Survey No. 432, Second Class Certificate No. 335 issued by the board of Land Commissioners of Jasper County, Texas to James Ainsworth, part of the 640 acres located on the Neches River which was surveyed March 6, 1849.


On July 6, 1850 James Hogan Dendy sold 499 acres of his headright for $320 to Larkin M. Dendy, according to Cherokee County Deed Book D, pages 16-17.  On June 24, 1850 James Hogan Dendy deeded to James Odom 320 acres on One-Arm Creek, located eight miles southwest of Rusk for $320, according to Cherokee County Deed Book H, page 134.  This was part of the land that had been patented to him in 1841.


On February 16, 1852 for some unknown reason James Hogan Dendy deeded all of his possessions to Nancy Gowen Dendy, according to Cherokee County Deed Book F, page 239.


Included in the transfer were:


"Item 1: 320 acres in Nacogdoches District on Neches River adjoining his other 320 acres, Patent No. 456.  [One hundred acres on the south end of this tract had already gone to Larkin M. Dendy.]


Item 2: 320 acres in Nacogdoches District on Neches River, Patent No. 455.


Item 3: 320 acres on the Neches River, 10 miles west of Rusk, Pre-emption Claim of Lucious B. Parrish, No. 404.


Item 4: 92 acres adjoining Item 3.


Item 5: 228 acres lying on the east bank of the Neches River.


Item 6: "My stock of horses--one sorrell mare, two bay mares, one bay colt, one sorrell horse, 32 hogs, 25 head of cattle, small wagon, clock, two guns, household and kitchen furniture, farming tools and implements."


On March 15, 1852 James Hogan Dendy and Nancy Gowen Dendy gave a mortgage to Wesley M. Dulaney on 320 acres of their property, borrowing $174 for 12 months, according to Cherokee County Deed Book F, page 326.  On November 23, 1852 they deeded 400 acres on the Neches River to Evan S. Harris for $1,500, according to Cherokee County Deed Book H, page 306.


It is believed that Nancy Gowen Dendy died in 1852 because "J. H. Dendy was married to Mira Jane Baty September 23, 1853," according to Cherokee County Marriage Book B, page 181.  Brenda S. Dendy Davis stated that they lived on One-Arm Creek near Maydelle, Texas.


James Hogan Dendy sold land to Lucious B. Parrish July 23, 1853 and posted a $640 bond "to deliver a good title," accord­ing to Cherokee County Deed Book I, page 162.


On March 3, 1854 James Hogan Dendy and "Mira Jane Baty Dendy" gave a mortgage to S. P. Donley for a $383 loan se­cured by land on the Neches River.  They endorsed a note made by Lucious B. Parrish to S. P. Donley, the county clerk, according to Cherokee County Deed Book I, page 316.


In January 1855 James Hogan Dendy and Larkin M. Dendy gave a bond to Lucious B. Parrish for $640, according to Cherokee County Deed Book J, page 490.  On February 2, 1855 James Hogan Dendy gave a deed to Thomas W. Knight for 320 acres, his Patent No. 455, and received $500 in payment, according to Cherokee County Deed Book J, page 318.


On February 9, 1855 James Hogan Dendy and Miley Jane Baty Dendy gave another bond to S. P. Donley for $374 on 160 acres of land located 12 miles northwest of Rusk which they had purchased from Thomas W. Knight January 8, 1855, according to Cherokee County Deed Book J, page 324. 


On August 28, 1855 James Hogan Dendy sold 160 acres to Jackson Smith for $700, according to Cherokee County Deed Book L, page 635.  On March 26, 1856 he gave a deed to L. B. Parrish to 320 acres on the Neches River lying 10 miles northwest of Rusk.  Consideration was $320, according to Cherokee County Deed Book L, page 212.


James Hogan Dendy died in 1859, and "L. A. Dendy, adminis­trator of the estate of James H. Dendy, deceased" was named in Cherokee County Deed Book P, page 348.  The administrator sold 120 acres of the estate located 14 miles west of Rusk on the Neches River to L. M. Allen July 3, 1860, according to Cherokee County Deed Book P, page 348.


It is believed that children born to James Hogan Dendy and Nancy Gowen Dendy include:


          William T. Dendy                             born in 1834

          James M. Dendy                              born in 1838


William T. Dendy, son of James Hogan Dendy and Nancy Gowen Dendy, was born in Alabama in 1834.  He appeared as a 16-year-old in his fa­ther's household in the 1850 census of Cherokee County.  Of this individual nothing more is known.


James M. Dendy, son of James Hogan Dendy and Nancy Gowen Dendy, was born in Alabama in 1838.  He ap­peared as a 12-year-old in his fa­ther's household in the 1850 census of Cherokee County.


Apparently James M. Dendy received his inheri­tance from his father's estate about July 1859.  He sold 320 acres on the Neches River, part of the Lucious B. Parrish Sur­vey purchased by his father, for $100 to S. A. Dendy Au­gust 1, 1859, accord­ing to Cherokee County Deed Book O, page 80.  On the same day he sold 420 acres to James Sherman for $200, according to Cherokee County Deed Book O, page 82.


Two days before his marriage he sold 120 acres, part of a 320-acre tract, Patent No. 455, to Cicero Broom Septem­ber 2, 1859, according to Cherokee County Deed Book O, page 130.


He was married September 4, 1859 to Isabella R. Craig, ac­cording to Cherokee County Marriage Book D2, page 141.  She was the daughter of Andrew Craig and Selena Craig, South Carolinians who had moved about 1848 to Cherokee County via Alabama.  Their household ap­peared in the 1850 census of Cherokee County as:


          "Craig,                 Andrew                        33, born in SC, farmer,

                                                                                   $640 real estate

                                       Selena                          30, born in South Carolina

                                       Margaret J.                   11, born in Alabama

                                       William A.                     9, born in Alabama

                                       Isabella R.                       7, born in Alabama

                                       John T.                            5, born in Alabama

                                       Luella                              2, born in Texas

          Craig,                   S. R.                               23, born in SC, male, $360

                                                                                     real estate"


Of James M. Dendy and Isabella R. Craig Dendy nothing more is known.


Other members of the Dendy family appeared in Cherokee County records:


L. H. Dendy was married to Sarah Elizabeth Box, age 15, De­cember 9, 1849, according to Cherokee County Marriage Book A, page 91.  They appeared in the 1850 census of Cherokee County, page 844, as Household No. 267-267 Oc­tober 18, 1850 as:


          "Dendy,     L. H.           33, born in South Carolina

                           Sarah E.      16, born in Mississippi"


L. H. Dendy sold 320 acres on the Neches River to Randle Odom for $320 June 24, 1850, according to Cherokee County Deed Book D, page 600.


Larkin M. Dendy was married to Margaret Edgar December 8, 1859, according to Cherokee County Marriage Book D2, page 152.  She was the daughter of A. Edgar and Jane Edgar who appeared in the 1850 census of Cherokee County as:


          "Edgar,                A.                         74, born in Virginia

                                       Jane                      52, born in Tennessee

                                       Isabella                 32, born in Tennessee

                                       Thomas                24, born in Tennessee

                                       Catharine             22, born in Tennessee

                                       Margarett            17, born in Tennessee

                                       Lockey E.           14, born in Tennessee

                                       Lotta A.                14, born in Tennessee

                                       Sara A.                 9, born in Tennessee"


Larken M. Dendy gave a deed to Johnson Ball March 8, 1851 for 25 acres for $25, according to Cherokee County Deed Book D, page 393.


Larkin Melton Dendy was born May 21, 1858 and died Febru­ary 16, 1925, according to his tombstone in Pisgah Baptist Church Cemetery, Bernice, Louisiana.  His wife, Martha Ann Dendy, was buried beside him, according to "Those Sacred Places."


Lieudy A. Dendy was married to Sarah Sherman December 18, 1853, according to Cherokee County Marriage Book B, page 1917.  They appeared in the 1860 census of Cherokee County, page 130 as Household 871-871:


          "Dendy,                L. A.           31, born in Alabama, farmer,

                                                                 $468 real estate, $300

                                                                 personal property

                                       Sarah L.      24, born in Georgia

                                       James S.      6, born in Texas

                                       Jeffalonia    3, born in Texas"


Robert Agness Dendy, born July 20, 1883, died July 31, 1883, was buried in Pisgah Baptist Church Cemetery.  Other members of the Dendy family were buried nearby.


John B. Gowen, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of John "Buck" Gowen and Lettice "Letty" Winn Bearden Gowen, was born about 1769, probably in Granville County, North Carolina.  John B. Gowen, his brother-in-law William Benson and Andrew Thompson posted bond for John "Buck" Gowen when he was elected sheriff of Spartanburg County, according to Spartanburg County Deed  Book 2, page 472. 


He was married about 1805 to Mary Benson, daughter of Prue Benson, in Greenville County.  "John Gowen, Jr," regarded as John B. Gowen witnessed a deed of his father in 1807 when he deeded land to Pleasant Easley.


South Carolina Warrant of Appraisement Order was issued to John B. Gowen, Winn Bearden Gowen, James P. Blassingame and Street Thurston, executors "to appraise the estate of John Gowen, deceased, January 8, 1810 in the thirty-fifth year of American Independence."


John B. Gowen was qualified as one of the executors of his fa­ther's will although he was not mentioned in the will.  On Jan­uary 21, 1813 John B. Gowen was summoned to meet with the other executors to culminate the estate. 


John B. Gowen was elected as a Greenville County represent-ative to the South Carolina Assembly, along with Bayliss John Earle, Bannister Stone and Joseph Ayres, according to "Bio-graphical Directory of the South Carolina House of Rep-resentatives" by Walter B. Edgar.  They served during the 1818-19 term.


John B. Gowen and his brother James M. Gowen witnessed a deed in Greenville County March 28, 1819 in which Mary Barnes conveyed 100 acres on the Saluda River to Thomas Payne, according to Greenville County Deed Book L, page 79.   "John Gowen, junior" came into Greenville County Court February 7, 1820 to prove the deed of Mary Barnes.  He did not reappear in the 1820 census of Spartanburg County.  The only Gowen individual enumerated there in that year was "Charles Gowen, a single man 26-45, living alone."


John B. Gowen was mentioned as an executor of the estate of his father-in-law, Prue Benson who wrote his will October 19, 1819.  An excerpt from the will, recorded in Greenville County October 1, 1821, read:


"I give and bequeath unto my son-in-law, John Gowen, four negroes, also half of a mill built between P. I. Gowen and myself.  To son, William B. Benson, five negroes; daughter, Jane, five negroes.  Plantation tract of land is to be sold at public sale on a credit of twelve months and the money arising from the sale therein between John Gowen, William B. Benson and Jean Benson.  I do hereby appoint John B. Gowen and William B. Benson my lawful executors."


Thomas Benson, Evalina Benson and Henry Hall were wit­nesses to the will.  John B. Gowen was a purchaser at the estate sale of Prue Benson December 1, 1821.


Of John B. Gowen no other documentation has been found.  It is believed that children born to John B. Gowen and Mary Benson Gowen include:


          John B. H. Gowen                                                       born July 16, 1812

          Lettie Gowen                                                               born about 1819


John B. H. Gowen, [John B.7, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] regarded as a son of John B. Gowen and Mary Benson Gowen and grandson of Maj. John "Buck" Gowen of Spartanburg County was born there July 16, 1812, according to his tombstone.


On February 10, 1841, at age 29, he was married to Fannie Williamson Ellis at Hopkinsville, Kentucky, according to Christian County, Kentucky marriage records.  She was born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia July 23, 1822 the second child [of eight children] of Nicholas Mason Ellis and Mary "Polly" Gunn Ellis.  Nicholas Mason Ellis removed from Pittsylvania County to Christian County in 1831 [one report says 1829] and died there in 1848.  He was a son of Ira Ellis who wrote his will August 5, 1838, according to Christian County Will Book L, page 81.  The will was probated February 1, 1841.


Mary "Polly" Gunn Ellis who was born in 1800 in North Car­olina continued to live in Christian County in 1874.  Their children were "Allen W. Ellis, Fannie Williamson Ellis Gowen, Mary Emily Ellis Rice of Kansas City, Elvira Ann Ellis McCarroll [born March 6, 1826-May 29, 1893], Mrs. G. V. Thompson, Ira A. Ellis, Minervia J. Ellis Crafton and James O. Ellis who was born Jan­uary 22, 1832."


He is recognized in "Christian County History" by William Henry Perrin of Louisville for reorganizing the Methodist Sunday school in 1844 in Hopkinsville.  The Sunday school had been originally organized in Hopkinsville about 1825, but had died out.  "Mr. Gowen was perhaps at that time the most prominent, zealous and active layman in the county," according to Perrin.


In the 1850 census of Christian County, District 2, he was enu­merated as the head of Household No. 992-992:


          "Gowen,               John B.                                   38, born in SC, merchant,

                                                                                              $1,300 real estate

                                       Fanny W.                                37, born in Virginia

                                       Emma Elizabeth                       9, born in Kentucky

                                       Mary L.                                     7, born in Kentucky"


In May 1851 he was named a grand juror in Christian County.  A Republican, he was elected sheriff of the county and served from 1857 through 1860. 


On January 5, 1857 came into Christian County Court, took the oath of office and posted bond.  He appointed his brother-in-law Joseph McCarroll as one of his three deputies.  The sheriff of the county also served as county tax collector at that time.  Preston Gibson, William E. Price, Edward M. Buckner and James Ducker, his sureties, joined the sheriff in the bond.


Joseph McCarroll who was married to Elvira Ann Ellis, sister to Fannie Williamson Ellis Gowen, served as Christian County Sheriff in 1864, 1865 and 1866.  Another brother-in-law, Democrat James O. Ellis who served as John G. Gowen's deputy was elected sheriff in 1868 and county judge in 1870 for a four-year tenure.


He was marshall of the Christian County Fair in 1858 which had been organized in 1856 under a charter granted by the Ken­tucky State Legislature.  "Family Histories, Christian County, Kentucky, 1797-1986" recognizes him as one of the early merchants of Hopkinsville and "one of the most popular men who ever lived in Hopkinsville."


He was enumerated as the head of Household 286-286 in the 1860 census of Christian County:


          "Gowan,              John B.                         48, sheriff, born in SC

                                       Fanny                            38, born in VA

                                       Emma                            18, born in KY

                                       Lou                                16, born in KY

                                       James                               3, born in KY"


Although he was 49 years old when the Civil War broke out, he joined the militia and was elected a captain in the home guard.  His forces were active in the defense of Hopkinsville against the raids of Confederate Cavalry Gen. Adam Johnson.  A letter from him to Maj-Gen. Bur­bridge is reproduced in "The War of the Rebellion" series:


"Hopkinsville, Kentucky, August 27, 1864

To: Major General Burbridge:


Your order to the 52nd Ken­tucky to go to Lex­ington is received.   Adam Johnson's force is scattered, but there are still hundreds of them all around us.  We beg you to reconsider your order and allow them [the 52nd Ken­tucky] to remain.  The citizens have aided in repelling the rebels and will now be left to their mercy.


S. M. Starling,    John P. Potter,    John B. Gowen"


Of John B. H. Gowen Perrin wrote in 1884, "During the war he withdrew from the church and has not since rejoined it."


John B. H. Gowen was mentioned in the legal records of Chris­tian County in 1868 and 1870.  When the City of Hopkinsville was chartered March 5, 1870, the city limits line "passed through the lands of John B. Gowan," on the south side of the town, according to the city charter.


John B. H. Gowen was postmaster of Hopkinsville in his later years, according to "Ancestors and Descendants of Nicholas Mason Ellis" by Thomas Ellis of Miami, Florida.


His household, No. 127-131, was enumerated in the 1880 cen­sus of Christian County, Enumeration District 10, page 15 as:


          "Gowan,               J. B.                      67, born in SC, father born in

                                                                            SC,mother born in SC,

                                       Fanny W.               57, born in VA, wife

          Coleman,            Emma                     39, born in KY, daughter

                                       Fanny                     16, born in KY, granddaughter

                                       Robert                    10, born in MO, grandson

                                       Emma M.                 6, born in MO, granddaughter

                                       Milton                8/12, born in KY, grandson

          Foster,                 Alice                       17, born in KY, [boarder?]

                                       Harry                11/12, born in KY, [boarder?]

          Gowen,                J. E.                        22, born in KY, father born in

                                                                             SC, mother born in VA, son"


In 1882 John B. H. Gowen was elected a county commis­sioner.  Fannie Williamson Ellis Gowen died December 10, 1886 and was buried in Section P of Riverside Cemetery i Hopkinsville.  He died one month later, January 8, 1887 and was buried be­side his wife.  In 1889 their son-in-law Walter Evans was ap­pointed administrator of the estate of Fannie Williamson Ellis Gowen, according to Christian County Court Order Book X, page 377, however no Ellis assets "came into his hand" and the court ac­cepted his resignation from the administration October 24, 1889.


No mem­bers of the Gowen family were shown in residence in Hopkinsville in 1971.


Children born to John B. H. Gowen and Fannie Williamson El­lis Gowen include:


          Emma Elizabeth Gowen                           born November 11, 1841

          Mary Louise Gowen                                  born October 4, 1843

          William B. Gowen                                    born January 11, 1856

          James Ellis Gowen                                    born August 20, 1857


Emma Elizabeth Gowen, [John B. H.8, John B.7, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of John B. H. Gowen and Fannie Williamson Ellis Gowen, was born in Kentucky in 1841.  She was shown at age nine in the 1850 census of her father's household.  She appear-ed at age 18 in the 1860 enumeration. She was married at her father's home July 27, 1863 to Lt. Milton Jones Coleman, U.S. Army by Dennis Spurier, minister, according to "Marriage Records, 1851-90, Christian County, Kentucky" by Cor-delia C. Gary.  Witnesses were William E. Price and C. L. White.  Between 1870 and 1874 they lived in Missouri.  Lt. Milton Jones Coleman died about 1879, and in 1880 she, a widow and her children were living in the household of her father.  She died October 11, 1897, "her husband having pre-ceded her many years," according to "Ancestors and Des-cendants of Nicholas Mason Ellis."


Children born to them include:


          Fannie Gowen Coleman                       born May 9, 1864

          Robert Milton Coleman                        born August 21, 1870

          Emma Mamie Coleman                        born August 7, 1874

          Annie Coleman                                     born December 1, 1877

          Milton Jones Coleman, Jr.                   born October 6, 1879


Fannie Gowen Coleman, daughter of Lt. Milton Jones Coleman and Emma Elizabeth Gowen Coleman, was born May 9, 1864 in Kentucky.  She appeared in the 1880 census of Hopkinsville as a 16-year-old, living in the home of her grandfather. 


She was married December 19, 1882 in Hopkinsville to Rev. William Ernest Foulks, a Methodist preacher.  He was born there January 7, 1860.  They remained in Hopkinsville until 1895.  In 1897 they were located in Albuquerque, New Mex-ico; in Alpine, Texas in 1903, and in Deming, New Mexico in 1908.


"He proclaimed the gospel for a good many years throughout Texas and New Mexico," according to "Ancestors and De-scendants of Nicholas Mason Ellis."  "He still survives [1930], but is retired from the active ministry.  Mrs. Foulks died May 27, 1929."


"Fannie Coleman Foulks was an outstanding woman in every way.  As a mother and head of the household the career of her children shows she had few equals; as a leader in her church, she was an exemplar to be followed; she was a faithful and exceptional wife and as an intellectual force she soared above the common herd as the eagle above the ground sparrow.  This writer [Thomas Ellis] had the pleasure of attending the com­mencement exercises of South Kentucky College when little Fannie Coleman graduated at an early age and read the princi-pal essay on that occasion.  How the happy audience did ap-plaud!  How the bouquets and flowers flew to the stage!  How delighted was she and how proud were we all at the intellect-uality of this modest and pretty little girl--destined to accomp-lishe great good in the world."


In 1930 Rev. William Ernest Foulks lived in El Paso, Texas "in the care of his two daughters who are both fine business women and are doing well in responsible and remunerative positions."


Children born to Rev. William Ernest Foulks and Fannie Gowen Coleman Foulks include:


          Walter Evans Foulks                              born October 25, 1883

          Mary Browder Foulks                            born September 3, 1885

          Robert Lewis Foulks                              born October 15, 1887

          Edward Logsdon Foulks                        born December 14, 1889

          Marshall Pierce Foulks                          born January 11, 1895

          Clayton R. Foulks                                  born December 18, 1897

          Ernest Ezra Foulks                                born August 22, 1903

          Fannie Louise Foulks                            born October 15, 1908


Robert Milton Coleman, son of Lt. Milton Jones Coleman and Emma Elizabeth Gowen Coleman, was born August 21, 1870 in Missouri.  He was enumerated as a 10-year-old in the 1870 cen­sus of his grandfather's household.  He removed to Bowling Green, Kentucky about 1890 and was married there to Lois Wooten October 10, 1898. 


Children born to them include:


          Robert Milton Coleman II           born September 28, 1899

          Catherine Ann Coleman              born July 22, 1903


Robert Milton Coleman II, son of Robert Milton Coleman and Lois Wooten Coleman, was born September 28, 1899 at Bowl­ing Green.  He was married October 26, 1925 to Mary Marshall McMeekin of Lexington, Kentucky.  She was born April 24, 1903.


Thomas Ellis wrote, "Robert Milton Coleman II is a promising young lawyer, associated with Rodes & Harlin, leading mem­bers of the Bowling Green bar.  He was graduated from the College of Law of the University of Kentucky in June 1924."


Children born to them include:


          Robert Milton Coleman III                born September 17, 1926

          Mary Hart Coleman                            born November 26, 1929


Catherine Ann Coleman, daughter of Robert Milton Coleman and Lois Wooten Coleman, was born July 23, 1903 in Bowl-ing Green.  She was married about 1921 to William Gray of Elizabethtown, Kentucky.  In 1930 he was an auditor with the Public Service Company of St. Louis.


Emma Mamie Coleman, daughter of Lt. Milton Jones Cole-man and Emma Elizabeth Gowen Coleman, was born August 7, 1874 in Missouri.  She appeared at age six in her grand-father's household in the 1880 enumeration.  She was married about 1893 to Roy C. Ragsdale in Hopkinsville.  They re-moved from Hopkinsville shortly afterward.


Children born to them include:


          Elizabeth Ragsdale                                            born June 25, 1894

          Mildred Ragsdale                                               born about 1895

          Edward T. Ragsdale                                           born May 15, 1897


Elizabeth Ragsdale, daughter of Roy C. Ragsdale and Emma Mamie Coleman Ragsdale, was born June 25, 1894 in Hop­kinsville.  She was married June 23, 1912 to John S. Barnhill.


Mildred Ragsdale, daughter of Roy C. Ragsdale and Emma Mamie Coleman Ragsdale, was born about 1895.  She died November 25, 1918.


Edward T. Ragsdale, son of Roy C. Ragsdale and Emma Ma-mie Coleman Ragsdale, was born May 15, 1897.  He was mar-ried October 30, 1920 to Sarah Gertrude Judd of Buffalo, New York.  In 1930 they lived in Columbus, Indiana.


Children born to them include:


          Helen Florence Ragsdale              born December 4, 1923


Annie Coleman, daughter of Lt. Milton Jones Coleman and Emma Elizabeth Gowen Coleman, was born December 1, 1877.  She died September 1, 1879.


Milton Jones Coleman, Jr, son of Lt. Milton Jones Coleman and Emma Elizabeth Gowen Coleman, was born October 6, 1879 in Kentucky.  He was enumerated at age eight months living in his grandfather's household in the 1880 census of Hopkinsville.  He was married June 12, 1912 in Cincinnati, Ohio to Mrs. May Hays.  In 1930 they lived in Columbus, Indiana where he oper­ated a business.  No children were born to them.


Mary Louise Gowen, [John B. H.8, John B.7, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of John B. H. Gowen and Fannie Williamson Ellis Gowen, was born October 4, 1843, according to "Ancestors and Descendants of Nicholas Mason Ellis".  She appeared as a seven-year-old in the 1850 census of her father's house-hold.  "Lou Gowen" reappeared at age 16 in the 1860 enum-eration.


She was married June 9, 1868 to Walter Evans "at J. P. Gowen's home by J. C. Petree, minister," according to "Marriage Records, 1851-90, Christian County, Ken-tucky."  Witnesses were H. R. Littell and J. P. Ritter.


Walter Evans was born in Barren County, Kentucky Septem-ber 18, 1842.  During the Civil War he served in the Twenty-fifth Kentucky Infantry Regiment and rose to the rank of col-onel.  In 1871 he was elected as a state representative and in 1873 to the Kentucky State Senate from Christian County on the Republican ticket.


In 1895 he was elected to Congress and served in that capacity until 1899 when he was appointed a district judge.  At the turn of the century, they maintained their residence at 306 West Broadway, Louisville, Kentucky.


Mary Louise Gowen Evans died in 1905, according to her tombstone inscription.  Walter Evans was remarried August 25, 1915 to Sarah Louise Wood who was born June 2, 1872 in Uxbridge, Massachusetts.  The groom was 73, and the bride was 43.  He died December 30, 1923 after having served as United States District Judge for the Western District of Ken­tucky for about 25 years.  Children born to Walter Evans and his wives are unknown.


William B. Gowen, [John B. H.8, John B.7, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of John B. H. Gowen and Fannie Williamson Ellis Gowen, was born in Hopkinsville January 11, 1856.  He died October 17, 1857 and was buried in Riverside Cemetery at Hopkinsville.


James Ellis Gowen, [John B. H.8, John B.7, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of John B. H. Gowen and Fannie Williamson Ellis Gowen, was born Au-gust 20, 1857 in Hop­kinsville.  He was enumerated at age three in the 1860 census of his father's household.  In the 1880 census he was shown as a 22-year-old living in the household of his father.  "J. R. Gowen" was later shown as a justice of the peace in Christian County, according to "Marriage Rec-ords, 1851-90, Christian County, Kentucky."


In 1930, Thomas Ellis wrote of him, "He was never married, but has been a valued employee of a large manufacturing es-tablishment at Columbus, Indiana for many years."


Lettie Gowen, [John B.7, [John "Buck"6 William5, John4, William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of John B. Gowen and Mary Benson Gowen, was born about 1819 in Greenville County.  She was married in 1838 in Giles County, Tennessee to William Thomas McCraw, according to "Giles County, Tennessee Lineage Book."  He was born in 1812 in Bedford County, Tennessee and died there in 1889, according to Betty Pond, a descendant of Westland, Michigan.  Mrs. Pond shows the name as McGrew rather than McCraw.




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