DAVIDSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

Apparently William Gowen became attracted to the new set­tlement in Tennessee along the Cumberland River.  Glowing reports were coming back about the fertility of the land and the opportunities the new area offered.  It is believed that he was influenced there primarily by his son-in-law, Capt. John Rains who had been there at the invitation of Capt. James Robertson, founder of Nashville.  Cleve Weathers, a descend-ant of Nashville, wrote that Capt. John Rains was pointed toward Harrodsburg, Kentucky until his meeting with James Robertson.

 

Since the area at that time was part of the state of North Car­olina and since William Gowen may have served in the militia of that state, he felt assured of receiving a land grant there.  Frank Maxwell Gowen, family researcher of Phoenix, wrote that he was accompanied in the move to Tennessee by his sons, William Gowen, John Gowen and James H. Gowen

 

Settlers living along the Watauga River in December 1787, af­ter the star-crossed Free State of Franklin adventure in 1784, signed a petition addressed to the General Assembly of North Carolina requesting a separate state for Tennessee.  Signors in­cluded "William Goings," Samuel Cox and Robert McCall.

 

It is believed that William Gowen arrived in Davidson County in the winter of 1779 under the guidance of Capt. John Rains.  Since the Buchanan-Mulherrin party also arrived in Nashville in the winter of 1779, it is possible that the two parties trav-eled together.  The estate of John Buchanan was inventoried October 4, 1787 by James Mulherrin and John Buchanan, administrators. 

 

In 1788 counterfeit money began to appear in Nashville, and the county court appointed inspectors to begin to search for the source of the bogus money.

 

The Gowen men entered Davidson County at a time when it was constantly beset with Indian attacks from the Chickasaw, the Creek and the Chickamauga tribes. 

 

On May 13, 1780 William Gowen was one of the signors of the Cumberland Compact Articles of Government.  The doc-ument was signed by 255 men who lived in the five stations along the Cumberland River at that time.  "John Cowan" also signed the document.

 

Fierce Indian fighting raged around the new settlements on the Cumberland, and David Gowen, regarded as an associate of William Gowen, was killed in 1780 in an attack on Mansker's Station.  There are two possible locations for Mansker's Sta-tion.  Mansker's Station is now a historical spot near Goodlets-ville, Tennessee.  Patrick Quigley was killed along with David Gowen.

 

Casper Mansker, a German long hunter from Pennsylvania, had built the fort called Mansker's Station in 1779.  He was the son of Ludwig Maintzger, an emigrant from Baden-Wurt-temburg, and was born on a ship crossing the Atlantic in 1749, according to the Mansker Website on the Internet.  Ludwig Maintzger, a Revolutionary soldier was killed November 24, 1776 near Coryell's Ferry, Pennsylvania.

 

Kasper Mansker first arrived in Middle Tennessee in 1769 with a hunting party, according to Walter T. Durham in "Kas-per Mansker: Cumberland Frontiersman."  He was men-tioned in Work Progress Administration's "Writer's Guide to Tennessee" published in 1931:

 

"Mansker became known for his Indian-fighting ability and later was made a major in the State Militia.  That Mansker was an effective fighter is shown in a letter Andrew Jackson wrote to the Chickasaw [Indians] in 1812 when he was seeking their aid.  'Do you remem-ber, Jackson asked, 'when the whole Creek Nation came to destroy your towns that a few hundred Chick-asaws aided by a few whites chased them back to their nation, killing the best of their warriors and covering the rest with shame.'  The 'few whites' Jackson referred to were led by Mansker.

 

It was to Masker's small, stoutly built house here that Col. John Donelson brought his family after his epic water trip on the adventure from the Watauga Settle-ment to Nashville.  Mansker took the whole family in."  

 

When Sumner County was created in 1786 by partitioning Davidson County, Mansker's Creek was chosen as the bound-ary line.  Mansker's Fort on the east bank was then located in Sumner County.  At age 60, Kasper Mansker took part in the Nickajack Campaign.  In 1795, he led the white troops which joined the Chickasaws to route the Creek attackers.  Mansker borrowed a small swivel cannon which had been used by the defenders of Buchanan's Station in 1792 to repulse the Indi-ans.  When it was fired, the Creek went home to stay, accord-ing to Durham.  He wrote:

 

"Kasper Mansker and his great nephew Lewis Mansker en-listed in Capt. William Martin's company of Col. Thomas Williamson's Second Regiment of Tennessee Volunteer Mounted Gunmen.  They joined Gen. John Coffee's Brigade near New Orleans and participated in the Battle of New Or-leans."

 

Kasper Mansker died in 1820 and was regarded as a great soldier and a great patriot by his Middle Tennessee comrades.  He was one of the first to sign the Cumberland Compact.

 

The Compact read:

 

"ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT

 

or Compact of Government entered into by settlers on the Cumberland river, 1st May, 1780.

 

[The first page is lost, and the second and third are torn and defaced.]

 

.....priority of right shall be determined as soon [as]......... veni-ently may be, in the following manner......................... Say; The free men of this Country over the age....................one Years shall immediately or as soon as may...................proceed to elect and choose twelve Conscientious and de..........persons, from or out of the different Stations. That is.........say, from Nashborough three, from Gaspers two, ................... Bledsoes one, Ashers one, stones River one, ...................... Freelands one, Eatons two, Fort Union one........................ Which said persons or a majority of them, after being bound by the so-lemnity of an Oath to do equal and impartial Justice between all contending parties, according to the ...........  of their skill and Judgment, having due................ to the Regulations of the Lan..................................... shall be competent Judge ........................................ hearing the Allegations ......................................... Wittnesses as to the facts ........................................ as to the truth of the fa.......................................... decide the controversie, an....................................... entitled to an entry for such..................................... said determination or decision ................................... and conclusive, against the futu.................................. partie, against whom such Judg................................... and the Entry Taker shall make a................................ his Book accordingly and the Entry ......... ing partie so cast shall be, ............if it had never been made, and the Land in dispute.......... to the person in whose favour such Judgment shall in case of the death removal, or absence of any of the Judges so to be chosen, or their refusing to act, the Station to which such person or persons belong or was chosen from, shall proceed to Elect another or others in his or their stead, which person or persons so chosen after be-ing sworn as aforesaid to do equal and impartial Justice, shall have full power and, authority to proceed to business and act in all disputes respecting the premises as if they had been originally Ch............ at the first Election.

 

That the entry Book shall be kept fair and open by ............. be appointed by the said Richard Hender................try for Land numbered and dated ......................ving any blank leaves or spaces ......................on of the said twelve Judges ......................

Times ................... y persons have come to this Cou ......................Husbandry, and from other ...............return without making a Crop,  ................this fall or early next spring ........................... that all such should have the .....................of such places as they may have ................. for the purpose of residence, therefore it is ................be taken for all such, for as much as they are entitled to, from their Head rights, which said Lands shall be reserved for the particular person in whose in whose name they shall be entered, or their Heirs, provided such persons shall remove to this Coun­try and take possession of the respective place or piece of Land so chosen or entered, or shall send a labourer or labourers and a white person in his or her stead to perform the same on or before the first day of May in the Year one thousand seven hundred and eighty one and also provided such Land so chosen and entered for, is not entered and claimed by some person who is an Inhabitant and shall raise a Crop of Corn the present Year at some Station or place convenient to the General settlement in this Country.

 

But it is fully to be understood, that those who are actually at this Time Inhabitants of this Country shall not be debar'd of their choice or claim on account of the right of any such ab-sent or returning person or persons.

 

It is further proposed and agreed, that no claim or title to any Lands whatsoever shall be set up by any person in conse-quence of any Mark, or former improvement, unless the same be entered with the Entry Taker within Twenty Days from the date of this association and agreement; and that when any per-son hereafter shall mark or improve Land or Lands for himself such mark or improvement not shall avail him, or be deemed an evidence of prior right unless the same be entered with the Entry Taker in thirty days from the time of such mark or im-provement, but no other person shall be entitled to such Land so as aforesaid to be reserved in consequence of any purchase, Gift or otherwise.

 

That if the Entry Taker to be appointed shall neglect or refuse to perform his duty or be found by the said Judges or a major-ity of them to have acted fraudulently to the prejudice of any person whatsoever, such Entry Taker shall be immediately re-moved from his office, and the Book taken out of his posses-sion by the said Judges, untill another shall be appointed to act in his room. 

 

That as often as the people in General are dissatisfied with the doings of the Judges or Triers, so to be chosen, they may call a new election at any of the said Stations and Elect others to act in their stead, having due respect to the number now agreed to be elected at each Station, which persons so to be chosen shall have the same power with those in whose room or place they are or may be chosen to act. 

 

That as no consideration money for the Lands on Cumberland River within the claim of the said Richard Henderson and Company and which is the subject of this association, is de-manded or expected by the said Company untill a satisfactory and indisputable Title can be made, so we think it reasonable and Just that the twenty six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence current money per hundred Acres, the price proposed by the said Richard Henderson shall be paid according to the val-ue of money on the first Day of January last, being the time when the price was made public, and Settlement encouraged thereon by said Henderson, and the said Richard Henderson on his part does hereby agree that in case of the rise or appre-ciation of money from that an abatement shall be made in the sum according to its raised or appreciated value.

 

That when any person shall remove to this Country with intent to become an Inhabitant and depart this life, either by violence or in the natural way before he shall have performed the requi­sites necessary to obtain Lands, the Child or Children of such deceased person shall be entitled in his or her room to such quantity of Land as such person would have been entitled to in case he or she had have lived to obtain a grant in their own name.  And if such death be occasioned by the Indians, the said Henderson doth promise and agree that the Child or Chil-dren shall have as much as amounts to their head rights gratis, Surveyors and other incidental Fees excepted.

 

And whereas from our remote situation and want of proper officers for the administration of Justice no regular procedure at Law can be had for the punishment of offences and attain-ment of right.  It is therefore agreed that untill we can be re-lieved by Government from the many Evils and inconvenien-ces arising therefrom, the Judges or triers to be appointed as before directed when qualified shall be and are hereby de-clared a proper Court or Jurisdiction for the recovery of any debt or damages or where the cause of action or complaint has arisen or hereafter shall commence, for any thing done or to be done among ourselves within this our settlement on Cumber-land aforesaid or in our passage hither, where the Law of our Country could not be exercised or damages repaired any other way, That is to say, in all cases where the Damages or demand does or shall not exceed one hundred Dollars, any three of the said Judges or Triers shall be competent to make a Court and finally decide the matter in comtroversie, but if for a larger sum and either partie shall be dissatisfied with the Judgment or decision of such Court, they may have an appeal to the whole twelve Judges or triers in which case nine members shall be deemed a full Court, whose decision if seven agree in one opinion upon the matter in dispute shall be final and their Judgment carried into execution in such manner and by such person or persons as they may appoint, and the said Courts respectively shall have full power to Tax such Costs as they may think Just and reasonable to be levied or collected with the debt or damages so to be awarded. 

 

And it is further agreed that a majority of the said Judges, Triers or General Arbitrators shall have power to punish in their discretion, having respect to the Laws of our Country, all offences against the peace misdemeanours and those Criminal or of a Capital nature, provided such Court does not proceed with execution so far as to effect Life or Member; and in case any should be brought before them, whose crime is or shall be dangerous to the State or for which the benefit of Clergy is taken away by Law and sufficient evidence or proof of the fact or facts can probably be made such Court or a majority of the Members shall and may Order and direct him, her or them to be safely bound and sent under a strong guard to the place where the offence was or shall be committed or where Legal trial of such offence can be had which shall accordingly be done, and the reasonable expense attending the discharge of this duty ascertained by the Court and paid by the Inhabitants in such proportion as shall be hereafter agreed on for that purpose.

 

That as this settlement is in its infancy, unknown to Govern-ment and not included within any County in North Carolina, the State to which it belongs so as to derive the advantages of those wholesome and salutary Laws for the protection and benefit of its Citizens, we find ourselves constrained from ne-cessity to adopt this temporary method of restraining the li-centious and supplying by unanimous consent the Blessings flowing from a Just and equitable Government, declaring and promising that no Action or Complaint shall be hereafter insti-tuted or lodged in any Court of Record within this State or elsewhere for any thing done, or to be done in consequence of the proceedings of the said Judges or general arbitrators so to be chosen and established by this our Association. 

 

That as the well being of this Country entirely depends under Divine providence on unanimity of sentiment and concurrence in measures, and as clashing and various Interests, passions, and opinions without being under some restraint will most certainly produce confusion, discord and allmost certain ruin, so we think it our duty to associate and hereby form ourselves into one soci­ety for the benefit of present and future settlers, and untill the full and proper exercise of the Laws of our Country can be in use and the powers of Government exerted among us, ùWe do most solemnly and sacredly declare and promise each other that we will faithfully and punctually ad-here to, perform, and abide by this our Association and will at all times if need be, compel by our united force a due obedi-ence to these our Rules and Regulations.

 

In Testimony whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names in token of our entire approbation of the measures adopted.

 

The following or additional resolutions and farther association was also entered into at Nashborough this thirteenth Day of May 1780 To wit:

 

That all Young Men over the age of sixteen Years and able to perform militia duty shall be considered as having a full right to enter for and obtain Lands in their own name as if they were of full age, and in that case not be reckoned in the Family of his Father Mother or Master so as to avail them of any Land on their account.

 

That where any person shall mark or improve Land or Lands with intent to set up a claim thereto, such person shall write or mark in Legible characters the Initial Letters of his name at least, together with the Day of the Month and Year on which he marked or improved the same at the spring or most notori-ous part of the Land on some convenient Tree, or other dura-ble substance, in order to notifie his intentions to all such as may enquire or examine, and in case of dispute with respect to priority of right, proof of such transaction shall be made by the oath of some indifferent Witness or no advantage or benefit shall be derived from such mark or improvement, and in all cases where priority of mark or occupancy cannot be ascer-tained according to the regulations and prescriptions herein proposed and agreed to, the oldest or first Entry in the office to be opened in consequence of this Association shall have the preference and the lands granted accordingly.

 

lt is further proposed and agreed that the Entry office shall be opened at Nashborough on Friday the 19th of May [instant] and kept from thenceforward at the same place unless other-wise directed by any future Convention of the people in gen-eral or their representatives.

 

That the Entry Taker shall and may demand and receive twelve Dollars for each entry to be made in his Book in man-ner before directed, and shall give a certificate thereof if re-quired, and also may take the same Fees for every Caveat or counter claim to any Lands before entered, and in all cases where a caveat is to be tried in manner before directed, the Entry Book shall be laid before the said Committee of Judges, Triers or General arbitrators for their inspection and informa-tion and their Judgment upon the matter in dispute fairly en-tered as before directed, which said Court or Committee is also to keep a fair and distinct Journal or minutes of all their proceedings as well as with respect to Lands as other matters which may come before them in consequence of these our resolutions.

 

[A caveat is a legal notice suspending a legal proceed-ing until a hearing is held.]

 

It is also firmly agreed and resolved that no Person shall be admitted to make an Entry for any Lands with the said Entry Taker or permitted to hold the same unless such person shall subscribe his name and conform to this our Association, con-federacy and general agreement unless it be for persons who have returned home and are permitted to have lands reserved for their use untill the first day of May next, in which case en-tries may be made for such absent Persons according to the True meaning of this writing without their personal presence, but shall become utterly void, if the particular person or per-sons for whom such entry shall be made should refuse or neg-lect to perform the same as soon as conveniently may be after their return, and before the said first day of May in the Year 1781.

 

Whereas the frequent and dangerous incursions of the Indians and allmost daily massacre of some of our Inhabitants renders it absolutely necessary for our safety and defence that due obedience be paid to our respective officers elected and to be elected at the several Stations or settlements to take command of the Men or Militia at such Fort or Station.  It is further agreed and resolved that when it shall be adjudged necessary and expedient by such Commanding Officer, to draw out the Militia of any fort or Station to pursue or repulse the Enemy the said Officer shall have power to call out such and so many of his Men as he may Judge necessary, and in case of diso-bedience may inflict such fine as he in his discretion shall think Just and reasonable, and also may impress the Horse or Horses of any person or persons whomsoever, which if lost or damaged in such service shall be paid for by the Inhabitants of such Fort or Station in such man­ner and such proportion as the Committee hereby appointed or a majority of them shall direct and order; but if any person shall be agrieved or think himself unjustly used and injured by the fine or fines so imposed by his official Officers, such Person may appeal to the said Jud-ges or Committee of General Arbitrators who, or a major-ity of them shall have power to examine the matter fully and make such order thereon as they may think Just and reason-able, which decisions shall be conclusive on the partie com-plaining as well as the Officer or Officers inflicting such fine, and the money arising from such fines shall be carefully ap-plied for the benefit of such Fort or Station in such manner as the said Arbitrators shall hereafter direct.

 

It is lastly agreed and firmly resolved, that a dutiful and hum-ble address or Petition be presented by some Person or Per-sons to be chosen by the Inhabitants to the General Assembly, giving the fullest assurance of the fidelity and attachment to the Interest of our Country and obedience to the Laws and constitution thereof: setting forth that we are confident that our settlement is not within the bounds of any Nation or Tribe of Indians, as some of us know and all believe, that they have fairly sold and received satisfaction for the lands or Territories whereon we reside and therefore hope we may not be consid-ered as acting against the laws of our Country or the mandates of Government.  That we do not desire to be exempt from the ratable share of the public expense of the present war or other contingent charges of Government.

 

That we are from our remote situation utterly destitute of the benefit of the Laws of our Country, and exposed to the depre-dations of the Indians without any Justifiable or effectual means of embodying our Militia or defending ourselves against the hostile attempts of our enemy, praying and implor-ing the immediate aid and protection of Government by erect-ing a County to include our settlements, appointing proper Of-ficers for the discharge of public duty, Taking into considera-tion our distressed situation with respect to the Indians, and granting such relief and assistance as in wisdom, Justice and humanity may be thought reasonable.

 

Nashborough 13th May 1780

 

The signatures were entered in the sequence in which the sig-natories appeared.

 

Richd. Henderson

Nathl. Hart

Wm. H. Moore

Samuel Phariss

Jno Donelson. C.

Kasper Mansker

John Caffery

Jno Blackemore Senr.

Jno. Blakemore Junr.

James Shaw

Sanyel Deson

Samuel Marten

James Buchanan

Solomon Turpin

Isaac Rentfro

Robert Cartwright

Hugh Rogan

Joseph Morton

William Woods

David Mitchell

David Shelton

Spill Coleman

Saml. McMurray

P. Henderson

Edward Bradley

Edwd Bradley

Jas. Bradley

Michael Stoner

Joseph Mosely

Henry Guthrie

Francis Armstrong

Robert Lucas

James Robertson

George Freland

James Freland

John Tucker

Peter Catron

Phillip Catron

Francis Catron

John Dunham

Isaac Johnson

Adon Kelar

Thos. Burgess

Wm. Burgess

William Green

Moses Webb

Abselom Thomson

John McVay

James Thomson

Charles Thomson

Robert Thomson

Martain Hardin

Elijah Thomson

Andrew Thomson

Wm. Leaton

Edward Thomelu

Isaac Drake

Jonathan Jening

Zachariah Green

Andrew Lucas

James [X] Patrick

Richd. Gross

John Drake

Daniel Turner

Timothy Terel

Isaac Lefever

Thomas Fletcher

Samuel Barton

James Ray

Thomas Denton

Thomas Hendricks

John Holloday

Frederick Stump

William Hood

John Boyd

Jacob Stump

Henry Hardin

Richard Stanton

Sampson Sawyers

John Hobson

Ralph Wilson

James Givens

Robert Givens

Jas. Harrod

James Buchanan Sr.

William Geioch

Saml. Shelton

John Gibson

Robert Espey

George Espey

William Gowen

John Wilson

James Espey

Michael Kimberlin

John Cowan           [John Gowen?]

Francis Hodge

William Fleming

James Leeper

George Leeper

Daniel Mungle

Patrick McCutchan

Saml. McCutchan

Wm. Price

Henry Kerbey

Joseph jackson

Daniel Ragsdil

Michael Shaver

Samuel Willson

John Reid

Joseph Daugherty

George Daugherty

Chas. Cameron

W. Russell Junr.

Hugh Simpson

Samuel Moore

Joseph Denton

Arthur McAdoo

James McAdoo

Nathl. Henderson

John Evans

Wm. Bailey Smith

Peter Luney

Jon Luney

James Cain

Danl. Johnston

Danl. Jarrot

Jesse Maxey

Noah Hawthorn

Charles McCartney

John Anderson

Matthew Anderson

Wm. McWhorter

Bartnet Hainey

Richd. Sims

Titus Murray

James Hamilton

Henry Daugerty

Zach White

Burgess White

William Calley

James Ray

William Ray

Perley Grimes

Samuel White

Daniel Hogan

Thos. Hines

Robert Goodloe

Thos. W. Alston

Wm. Barret

Thomas  Shannon

James Moore

Edward Moore

Richd Moore

 Saml. Moore

Elijah Moore

John Moore

Demsey Moore

Andrew Ewin

Ebenezer Titus

Mark Roberson

John Montgomery

Charles Campbill

William Overall

John Turner

Nathaniel Overall

Patrick Quigley

Josias Gamble

Saml. Newell

Joseph Reid

David Maxwell

Thos. Jefriss

Joseph Dunnagin

John Phelps

Andrew Bushongs

Daniel Ragsdell

Jno. McMyrty

D. D. Williams

John McAdams

Samson Williams

Thomas Thompson

Martin King

Wm. Logan

John Allstead

Nicholas Counrod

Evin Evins

Jonathan Evins

Thomas Thomas

Joshua Thomas

David Rounsavall

Isaac Rounsavall

James Crocket

Andrew Crocket

Russell Gower

John Shannon

David Shannon

Jonathan Drake

Benjamin Drake

John Drake

Mereday Rains

Richd. Dodg

James Green

James Cooke

Daniel Johnston

Geo. Mines

George Green

WilIiam More

Jacob Cimberlin

Robert Dockerty

John Crow

William Summers

[Name undecipherable]

Ambs. Mauldin

Morton Mauldin

John Dukham

Archelaus Allaway

Samuel Hayes

Nathl. Hayes

Isaac Johnson

Thomas Edmeston

Ezekl. Norris

William Purnell

Wm. McMurrey

John Condry

Nicolas Tramal

Haydon Wells

Daniel Ratletf

John Callaway

John Pleak

Willis Pope

Silas Harlan

Hugh Leeper

Harmon Consellea

Humphrey Hogan

James Foster

Wm. Morris

Nathaniel Bidkew

A. Tatom

William Hinson

Edmund Newton

Jonathan Green

John Phillips

George Flynn

Daniel Jarrott

John Owens

James Freland

Thos. Molloy

Isaac Lindsey

Isaac Bledsoe

Jacob Castleman

George Power

James Lynn

Thomas Cox

Edward Lucas

Philip Alston

James Russell"

 

Brenda Gains Gulick wrote that the Indian warfare began in adjoining Sumner County in 1780.  She wrote:

 

“In the month of June, two settlers by the names of Goin and Kennedy were clearing land between Mansker’s Station and Eaton’s Station.  A party of Indians stole up behind some brush heaps the men were making, and when the later came near, they were fired upon and killed.  The savages then rushed out, tore off the scalps of their victims and escaped unharmed into the surrounding forest.”

 

Sometimes they attacked alone, sometimes in concert.  Dav-idson County was created May 17, 1783 out of the Cumber-land District of North Carolina.  Sumner County was created out of the eastern part of Davidson County January 6, 1787.

 

William Gowen was appointed to the Davidson County grand jury January 4, 1784. 

 

The pre-emption of William Gowen was "located and entered" January 15, 1784 and surveyed by John Buchanan on March 16, 1785 in consequence of Warrant No. 116, according to Cleve Weathers.  William paid the State of North Carolina £10 per 100 acres for the land which was recorded March 11, 1788 in Davidson County Deed Book A, page 161.

 

On January 2, 1786 "William Gowan" appeared on a Davidson County jury which tried Robert Espey "for profane swearing and Sabbath breaking," according to Davidson County court minutes.  Espey was acquitted.

 

"Ambrose Goins," regarded as a kinsman of William Gowen appeared briefly in Davidson County in 1786.  He must have been a resident there because he was summoned to serve on a jury panel in April 1786.  The fierce Indian attacks on the Cumberland settlement may have prompted him to return east.

 

Col. James Robertson, leader of the Cumberland settlements, sought to put an end to the Indian attacks and planned an ex-pedition against them in 1787.  Learning from two friendly Chickasaws, one of whom was known as Toka, Col. Robert-son determined to take the offensive in the war, according to Pollyanna Creekmore, eminent Tennessee history researcher.

 

"Taking two friendly Chickasaws as guides, he made a rapid march with 130 men and attacked the Indian stronghold at Coldwater [now Tuscumbia, Alabama].

 

The Indians were routed almost without resistance.  The town was destroyed, and a large store of goods were captured.  Oth-er campaigns against the Indians were undertaken.  One, led by Capt. David Hays, was successful, although some of his soldiers were killed.  On another occasion Capt. John Rains raised a force of 60 men and successfully attacked the Chickasaws."

 

Irene M. Griffey writing in "The Pre-emptors: Middle Ten­nessee's First Settlers," Volume 1 included a list of 272 men who fought the Indians during this period.  The list included James Maxwell, Beal Bosley, Elijah Robertson, Fuller Cox, John Cox, Enos Cox, Capt. John Rains, Jacob Donelson, Capt. David Hay, Moses Shelby and Frederick Stump.

 

The payroll records of the men in these expeditions were mixed with indexes of Revolutionary Army Accounts in Raleigh, North Carolina, causing many researchers to con-clude that these men had Revolutionary service.  Irene M. Griffey pointed out that the Tennessee militiamen were issued certificates documenting their service against the Indians.

 

"Certificates Nos. 1 through 469 were "for Mil. serv. p'formed in Davidson;" 470-559 were "for  Service Perform'd in Sum-ner Co."  Beginning with No. 570 [Joseph Martin] through 1422 [John McLellin] are payments for "Service p'formed agst. Chicamoga Indians."

 

It is possible that the wives remained in Kentucky with the mi­nor children during the homesteading period of the Gowens in Middle Tennessee.  The Indian menace was very real, and many settlers there elected to pull back.  Conditions were very primitive in Davidson County, North Carolina when William Gowen arrived.  There were no courts and no law enforcement officers.  James Shaw was selected as the first justice of the peace in 1781, according to the minutes of Davidson County Court records:

 

"On October 13, 1792, personally came Julius Sanders & Samuel Frelen and declared on oath that about 1781, people then resident in Nashborough made choice of James Shaw to supply the place of Justice of Peace in marrying people, there being neither Gospel Minister nor Justice of the Peace legally commissioned amongst us, courts of justice not being then established here."

 

The name of Ft. Nashborough was changed to Nashville July 7, 1784 by Davidson County Court.  The county court estab-lished some price controls they felt were equitable in the new frontier settlement.  Ferry keepers fees were regulated as:

 

          “Man & horse                                   6 pence

          Man or horse                                   3 pence

          Black cattle                                    2d per head

          Sheep & hogs                                 1d per head”

 

Tavern keepers were also regulated by the court:

 

          “Breakfast                               1 shilling

          Dinner                                     2 shillings

          Supper                                     1 shilling

          Whiskey ½ pint                       6 shillings

          Good bed, 1 night`                   2 d”

 

John Boyd was £10.2 by the court January 9, 1789 “for plast-ering the inside of the courthouse, with extra services.”

 

 

William Gowen is believed to be first among the Gowen family members to settle in the area of Ft. Nashborough [originally called French Lick].  He received Pre-emption Claim No. 27 to "two acres on a small branch of Mill Creek," according to "North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee," by Lilliam Johnson Gardiner and Betty Goff Cook Cartwright.  A preemption claim indicated actual residence. 

 

"William Gowan" received North Carolina Land Grant No. 20 on Warrant No. 116 to "640 acres on a small branch of Mill Creek" in Davidson County April 17, 1786, according to Ten­nessee State Land Book C7, page 8 in Tennessee State Ar-chives.  His deed was recorded March 11, 1788 in Davidson County Deed Book A, page 161.  The property was described in the deed as:

 

"640 acres on the east side of Mill Creek . . . beginning at a hickory on Ebenezer Titus' east boundary line and running east 320 poles to an oak, south 320 poles to a white oak, west crossing a branch of Mill Creek at 160 poles and another at 266 poles, cornered at 320 poles, north to the beginning . . . "

 

The land, "320 poles [1 mile] square" lay on both sides of a tributary of Mill Creek and  was located about six miles south­east of present-day downtown Nashville.  The Murphreesboro Pike later crossed the northern portion of his property.  The Central Tennessee State Hospital for the Insane was built on his property before the Civil War and the Metropolitan Nash-ville Airport was later installed on the pre-emption.

 

"David Goin, Patrick Quigley, Betsy Kennedy, John Shockley, James Lumsley and William Neely" were killed at Mansker's Station, according to "Early Times in Middle Tennessee" published in 1857 by John Carr. 

 

On March 4, 1783, "William Goings entered into bond in Da-vidson County with James Shaw, security, in the amount of £200 specie" and was granted the administration of "the estate of David Goings, deceased" by the Nashville Committee.  William Gowen signed the return of the estate of David Gow-en presented to the court.  Shortly afterwards "William Gow-ens" as administrator of the estate of "David Gowens, de-ceased" sued John Gibson in a "plea of detinue*."

 

Worth S. Ray, writing in "Tennessee Cousins" stated, "The court of the Cumberland District met again of June 3, 1783, and the Estate of David Gowen came up against John Gibson."  The estate was awarded £2 "for a heifer he disposed of," ac-cording to early Nashville court records.

 

William Gowen was listed as a grand juror October 7, 1783 on the first grand jury panel in Davidson County and again in January 1784, according to "First Records of Davidson County, Tennessee."  Davidson County, at the time, embra-ced all of the present counties of Davidson, Cheatham, Wil-liam-son, Rutherford, Maury, Marshall and Bedford Coun-ties.

 

William Overall was granted letters of administration on the estate of Patrick Quigley July 6, 1784, according to "David-son County, Tennessee County Court Minutes, 1783-1792." by Carol Wells.  Overall filed suit against "the heirs of Patrick Quigley" in County Court April 5, 1785.  On July 5, 1785 when the "heirs made default," Overall was awarded by the court "£14:10:8" and the sheriff was ordered to sell the Quigley land "to satisfy debt."

 

William Gowen sold to Frederick Stump "one negro fellow named Guy" according to a bill of sale dated December 19, 1785 recorded in Davidson County Will Book 1, page 161. 

 

Frederick Stump was a persona non grata in Pennsylvania where Gov. John Penn had issued a proclamation September 23, 1766 in Philadelphia that "Frederick Stump, a German was not authorized to settle upon land near Ft. Augusta.  In January 1768 Frederick Stump and John Ironcutter were jailed in Cum­berland County, Pennsylvania "for killing 10 Indians."  In con­trast, Frederick Stump was welcomed on the Tennessee fron-tier where his Indian-slaying abilities were greatly apprecia-ted.  He and his son, Frederick Stump, Jr. were prominent in the community and frequently served as jurors and public office holders.

 

William Gowen was selected as a juror January 2, 1786 and again October 3, 1787, according to early Nashville Court records.  On the latter date, the Court minutes reflected the seriousness of the Indian threat by bringing in regular troops, "For the better furnishing of the troops now coming to this county under command of Maj. Evans, Resolved that one-fourth of the County tax be paid in corn, two-fourths in beef, pork, bear and venison, one-eighth in salt and one-eighth in money to defray expenses of removing provisions from place of collection to troops."  Ten collection points, "including Maj. Buchanan's" were established.

 

The Davidson County Court Minute Book records that "Wil-liam Gowens" sued the heirs of "David Gowens" in the Janua-ry, 1788 session of court.  The defendants, unnamed, did not appear in court, and the court awarded to the plaintiff "£7:14:3 in damages."  A writ of attachment [legal means of seizure] was granted by the court to William Gowen October 9, 1788, and the sheriff was ordered to sell the land.  It is likely that there were no "defendants" to appear, and the suit was merely a formality to satisfy the requirements of the law.

 

On March 11, 1788, William Gowen received his title from the State of North Carolina to his 640-acre land grant, accord-ing to Davidson County Deed Book A, page 161.  "William Gowens" appeared as a juror for the last time October 7, 1788.  Shortly afterward, a new lawyer, Andrew Jackson, Esquire "produced his license to practice law in the several county courts of the state and took oath" January 5, 1789.

 

On the following day, "Gowen, appellant" vs. "Boyd, ap­peallee" was heard, and "the jury finds for the appeallee, £7:4:4 with cost, judgment accordingly."  On the same date, the "jury finds for the plaintiff in Murdock [plaintiff] vs. Gowens."

 

Sometime before 1790 William Gowen witnessed a bill of sale of a negro girl, age 12, price £150 pounds, according to Da-vidson County Will Book 1, page 90.  As late as 1789, the county was still referred to as Davidson County, North Caro-lina.  It is believed that a slave named Guy accompanied Wil-liam Gowen in his move to Tennessee.  Steve Rogers of the Tennessee Historical Commission found evidence that Guy lived in a small slave cabin adjacent to the home of William Gowen.

 

It is possible that the household of William Gowen may have been included in the enumeration of the 1790 census of North Carolina, but to date, it has not been documented.  The first census did not have the value to genealogists that later enum-erations had.

 

Patricia Law Hatcher, CG, FASG, had an accurate appraisal of the 1790 census:

 

“The 1790 census [which was not completed until 1791 in some areas] provides less information than any other.  We have only the name of the head of household and counts for free white males 16 and over; free white males under 16; free white females; other free persons; and slaves. The canvassing, which covered residents in 17 present-day states, found 3,929,214 persons--almost 18 percent of them enslaved--in approximately 540,000 households [about seven persons per household].

 

Because the enumerator was paid $1 for every 150 per-sons enumerated [half that rate in cities], and because the enumeration established each state's representation in Congress, there was incentive on both sides for a complete enumeration.

 

The schedules for Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia were casualties of the British burning of the Capitol during the War of 1812. These schedules contained about 30 percent of the total enumerations.. Substitutes have been constructed, pri-marily from tax lists, but they lack the household fig-ures.”

 

William Gowen died in Davidson County sometime before July 1790 at about age 70.  Harriette Simpson Arnow, writing in "Flowering of the Cumberland," states that William Gowen was "killed," suggesting that he, too, was a victim of the Indians. 

 

Cleve Weathers wrote, “The uncertainties of life in the Mero District are partially reflected in an account by Harriette Simp-son Arnow, in a section of her book dealing with Indian war-fare and the role of women.  From "Flowering of the Cum-berland," published by The Macmillan Company, 1963, page 31:

 

‘Around two-thirds of the wives of the original settlers were widowed before the ending of the Indian Wars in Middle Tennessee in 1795.  Numerous others, settling later--Mesdames Anthony and Isaac Bledsoe, Edwin Hickman, Jacob Castleman, John Donelson, Sr., Henry Rutherford, William Ramsey, to name only a few, were also widowed.’"

 

On July 13, 1790, apparently after the death of William Gow-en, Andrew Ewing acknowledged before the County Court that William Gowen had indeed executed a bill of sale [prob-ably] for "one Negro fellow named Guy" to Frederick Stump, according to the Court minutes.

 

On January 10, 1791 David Hay, justice of the Davidson County Court headed his court minutes with "Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio."

 

It is believed that the property of William Gowen adjoined that of James Buchanan.  Buchanan's Station was built by James Buchanan to protect against the Indians and especially to defend the grist mill that had been constructed on Mill Creek.  The Buchanan Cemetery is now located near the inter-section of Elm Hill Pike and Briley Parkway within the city of Nashville.  The Buchanan home, built about 1800, was still standing in 1978.  Frank Maxwell Gowen visited the site in that year and wrote, "The cemetery is rather small, probably not over 75 graves, and it is located directly behind the old brick mansion which is quite large." 

 

On July 12, 1790 the County Court granted a court order to "Sarah Gowens" authorizing her to sell the estate of her hus­band.  In Davidson County Will Book 1, page 168 Sarah Gow-en, administrator of the estate of her husband, returned an in-ventory of the estate of "William Gowen deceased of David­son County, North Carolina" listing "one mare & colt, saddles, farm and carpenter's tools, shoemaker tools, razor, guns, household goods, cotton cards, six pounds of powder, eight pounds of lead, eight dry cows, eight steers, ducks, hens, some money and bonds."

 

In Davidson County Will Book 1, page 175, dated October 1790, Sarah Simpson Gowen returned into a court a total of the proceeds of the estate sale of William Gowen, "£597:11 for articles sold"--livestock, household goods and farm equipment.  Until 1792, American currency was still based on the English system of pounds, shillings and pence.

 

Frank Maxwell Gowen made a copy of the estate sale of William Gowen in June 1976 while researching the family history in the Davidson County courthouse.  The accounting was recorded as:

 

"An Inventory of the Sale of the Estate of William Gowens, Decd. as delivered into court October Term, 1790 by Sarah Gowens, Admx. of the estate of sd. Gowens Decd.  Amount-ing on the sale to £597:11 shillings [two words illegible]:

 

                                                                                                        

        Purchaser                          Item                                  Price--Pounds:Shillings

          ========               ========                                  =====

          John Hague                              One cow & calf                                    6:00

          John Hague                              Two cows, one calf                                  16:15

          Sarah Gowens                            One black & white steer                        5:01

          Sarah Gowens                            One small red steer                        3:11

          Sarah Gowens                            One red yearling heifer & calf    6:

          Sarah Gowens                            One barren white faced cow                 8:11

          Sarah Gowens                            One small red bull                                   3:11

          Sarah Gowens                            One two-year-old heifer                       5:01

          Samuel Deason               One 3-year-old heifer & 2 bulls     8:15

          Timothy           Demumbre  One-year bay colt                              39:

          Sarah Gowens                            One roan mare                                 16:

          Sarah Gowens                            One gray horse                                 26:

          Sarah Gowens                            One great plow                                   2:06

          Sarah Gowens                            One shear & cotton                      2:12

          Sarah Gowens                            One pair of iron wedges                             1:16

          Sarah Gowens                            One axe                                                      1:

          Sarah Gowens                            One pair of doubletrees                       1:

          Sarah Gowens                            One auger                                          1:

          Sarah Gowens                            One 3/4" auger                                  1:14

          Sarah Gowens                            One drawing knife                                        1:03

          Robert Weakly                             One foot adze                                              1:14

          Dan Hill                                   One handsaw                                              18:

          Nimrod Williams               One cow & calf                                    6:15

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                    6:

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                    8:

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                  [Illegible]

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                    6:

          Sarah Gowens                            One steer                                           7:

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                    8:15

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                    8:08

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                    8:05

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                    8:11

          Sarah Gowens                            One cow & calf                                    9:05

          Sarah Gowens                            One steer                                           5:07

          Sarah Gowens                            One steer                                           5:05

          Sarah Gowens                            One steer                                           5:16

          Sarah Gowens                            One barren cow                                  6:01

          Francis Armstrong            One cow & calf                                    6:10

          George A. Sugg                One red heifer                                             5:

          Lardner Clark                            One cow & calf                                    6:08

          Benjamin Barnes             One cow & calf                                    7:10

          George A. Sugg                One yearling steer                                 3:10

          George A. Sugg                One cow & calf                                    6:06

          George A. Sugg                One steer                                           4:10

          George A. Sugg                One steer                                           5:12

          George A. Sugg                One cow & calf                                    6:

          John Hague                              One cow & calf                                  10:06

          James Bosley                              One cow & calf                                    6:10

          James Bosley                              One barren cow                                  9:

          Francis Armstrong            One dark bull                                               4:06

          William Anderson            One cow & calf                                    8:

          Sarah Gowens                            One woman's saddle                               1:

          Sarah Gowens                            One man's saddle                                         6:05

          Sarah Gowens                            One pot                                                       1:01

          Sarah Gowens                            One pot & hooks                                 3:05

          Sarah Gowens                            One Dutch oven                                  4:05

          Sarah Gowens                            One pot rack                                                1:

          Sarah Gowens                            One pair of steelyards [scales]         4:02

          Sarah Gowens                            One grindstone                                   1:02

          Sarah Gowens                            One smooth iron                                 0:08

          Sarah Gowens                            Two snaffle bridles                                        1:09

          Sarah Gowens                            One shotgun                                                2:01

          Sarah Gowens                            One riffle gun                                               6:10

          Bradley Gambrel               One pair of spectacles                         0:07

          Timothy Demumbre          One razor                                           0:24

          George Augustus Sugg  One pair of saddle bags                         1:01

          Lardner Clark                            One sow & pigs                                   3:06

          Sarah Gowens                            Three chisels                                                 1:01

          Sarah Gowens                            One ax                                                        1:03

          Sarah Gowens                            One razor                                           1:10

          Sarah Gowens                            One hoe                                                      1:05

          Sarah Gowens                            Two clevises                                                2:05

          Sarah Gowens                            Two hoes                                                    1:04

          Sarah Gowens                            One cart                                                      9:

          Sarah Gowens                            One feather bed & furniture              20:

          Sarah Gowens                            Two bedsteads                                   3:

          Sarah Gowens                            One lot of spools                                 0:10

          Benjamin Barnes             One brod ax                                                2:01

          Bobo Stovall                              One hatchet                                                 0:18

          Jonas Manifee                            One ax                                                        1:03

          Bradley Gambrel               Two axes                                                     2:02

          Sarah Gowens                            Tanned leather                                     2:08

          Sarah Gowens                            More tanned leather                              1:01

          Sarah Gowens                            Two tin kettles                                             1:06

          Sarah Gowens                            Six pewter basins, 2 dishes,

6 plates        15:08

          Sarah Gowens                            Seven tin cups & six spoons                     0:19

          Sarah Gowens                            One slate                                                    0:20

          Sarah Gowens                            Six lbs. powder & 8 lbs. of lead     6:

          Sarah Gowens                            Seven 1/2 pt. bottles                              0:09

          Sarah Gowens                            Four water pails, 2 coolers,

2 churns, 5 chairs                      2:02

          Timothy Demumbre          Tanned leather                                     1:12

          John Hague                              Tanned leather                                     0:14

          Jonas Manifee                            One tin strainer and 1 chair               0:05

          Sarah Gowens                            One big wheel                                              0:10

          Sarah Gowens                            One little wheel                                   0:07

          Sarah Gowens                            One hogshead                                    0:08

          Sarah Gowens                            Two bells                                                    1:12

          Sarah Gowens                            One sifter                                           0:08

          Sarah Gowens                            One pr. cotton cards                       1:

          Sarah Gowens          Two pair snuffers             0:04

          Sarah Gowens          Eighteen ducks                  1:04

          Sarah Gowens          Two gimblets

                                                                   [small augers]                    0:03

          Sarah Gowens          Six curls                                 0:06

          Sarah Gowens          One pair nippers

                                                                   & file                                 0:03

          Sarah Gowens          Ten barrows                            30:11

          Sarah Gowens          Six sows & 14 shoats          16:01

          Sarah Gowens          One sow & 2 pigs          [Illegible]

          Jonas Manifee          One hogshead                          0:07

          George A. Sugg          Thirty hens                        1:11

          Hanson Williams          One gimblett                             0:01

          Lardner Clark                  One barrow                              3:05

          John Hague                    Two sows & 15 pigs      5:12

          John Hague                    Two sows & pigs              3:

          George A. Sugg          One sow                                   1:04

          George A. Sugg          One pied steer                          5:09

          Sarah Gowens          One cow & calf                 2:01

          Sarah Gowens          One cow & calf                 6:

          Sarah Gowens          One cow & calf                 5:

          Sarah Gowens          One cow & calf                 3:

          Sarah Gowens          One yearling steer    0:20

          Sarah Gowens          One steer                                 3:

          Sarah Gowens          One steer                                 1:01

          Sarah Gowens          One grubbing hoe            0:20

          Sarah Gowens          One heading hoe             0:08

          Sarah Gowens          Six knives & 4 forks     0:06

          Sarah Gowens          Five lbs. cotton                0:20

          Sarah Gowens          Forty wt. flax                               3:

          Sampson Williams          Hone & razor                     1:15

         

The commissioners made return of a judgment obtained of Twenty-nine dollars due."

 

On January 10, 1791 Davidson County was no longer part of North Carolina, and David Hay, Justice began to head the County Court minutes with "Davidson County, Territory of the United States, South of the River Ohio."

 

The "widow Gower" and Alexander Gowan were listed in the inventory of the estate of Edwin Hickman, deceased among individuals indebted to the estate for "ferriages."

 

Sarah Gowen appeared again in the Nashville Court Record, Entry No. 270 in connection with a sheriff's sale May 6, 1793 in Nashville "by virtue of a writ of fiere facias" in the suit of Sarah Gowen against George A. Sugg and John Hague.  The fiere facias was a writ of execution ordering a levy on goods to satisfy a judgment. Apparently the two had not made pay-ment on goods purchased at the estate auction of William Gowen.  By court order the sheriff, Sampson Williams, sold at auction a negro slave woman named "China" for £80:2 shill-ings to John & George M. Deadrick, Nashville merchants, and the debt was settled out of the proceeds.

 

The Indian attacks continued on the Nashville area until 1795 when James Robertson led a large group of militiamen to the present-day location of Chattanooga.  Robertson's forces de­stroyed the Indian town of Nickajack in reprisal, and the In-dian threat to Nashville ceased.  With the Indian threat re-moved, the population of Davidson County almost tripled dur-ing the next five years, according to "Nashville, 1780-1860" by Prof. Anita Shafer Goodstein.  In the town of Nashville in 1800, there were still only 345 people, 191 white people and 154 non-whites.

 

Steve Rogers of the Tennessee Historical Commission wrote September 7, 1990 that an examination of Davidson County deed records showed that the land of William Gowen was sold off in three parts:

 

"A 240-acre portion of this land was sold in 1807 by James H. Gowen, a son, to Daniel Vaulx, Davidson County Deed Book G, page 199.  A second tract of 200 acres was sold by William Gowen [William Gowen, Jr?] to John Gowen [John Jones Gowen?] in 1818, Davidson County Deed Book M, page 338.  A third tract, an area that might be affected by plans to expand the Nashville airport, consisting of 200 acres that remained in the hands of the Gowen family until 1842.  At that time Wil-ford Burleson Gowen sold it to Jesse Collins, Davidson Coun-ty Deed Book 5, page 153.  In this deed, Wilford Burleson Gowen reserved "an area of 5 square poles [1 pole = 16.5'] that . . . includes the family grave yard, the right of which is reserved in me and my representatives forever.'” 

 

Graves of other individuals were also buried there after the State of Tennessee acquired the property in 1857 to be used as a mental hospital."

 

The sale of land from Wilford Burleson Gowen to Jesse Col-lins ended the Gowens' 56-year association with the land.  Collins, born in England in 1794, continued a farming opera-tion on the land.  The 1850 agricultural census showed a well managed farming operation with 150 of his 200 acres under cultivation, producing 1,500 bushels of corn, 200 bushels of oats and 30 tons of hay.  Collins employed nine slaves at that time.  Additionally, the census showed Jesse Booth, a 26-year-old blacksmith, also from England and William McGregory, a laborer from Scotland living with Collins.

 

On January 1, 1852 Collins sold "the farm on which I now live" to Thomas B. Johnson for $10,300, according to David-son County Deed Book 15, page 567.  Johnson conveyed the 200 acres June 4, 1856 to his son, James P. Johnson.  This deed repeated the reservation of the Gowen Cemetery of "25 poles square," according to Davidson County Deed Book 26, page 234.  Eight months after his father gave him the farm, James P. Johnson sold the 200-acre tract to the State of Tenn-essee and the Trustees of the Hospital for the Insane for $20,000, almost double the price paid for the land five years prior.

 

The present-day Central State Hospital tract is situated on the western edge of William Gowen's original preemption.

 

An unknown number of Gowen individuals were buried in the Gowen Cemetery.  The possibility exists that this cemetery was later used by the state hospital to bury black inmates.  Information from the Central State Hospital records, 1891-1934, indicate that a substantial number of blacks died and were buried on the hospital property. Information on the bur-ials is contained in “Central State Hospital Records, Weekly Reports of Removals, Discharges and Deaths, 1916-1932” located in Box 9, Tennessee State Library and Archives.  Further archival and archaeological investigation will be necessary to confirm this information.

 

The Tennessee Division of Archaeology prepared a research design for Metropolitan Nashville Airport Authority May 21, 1991.  The report read:

 

"The Metropolitan Nashville Airport Authority [MNAA] is required to conduct Phase III data recovery excavations at 40DV401 [Area D], a National Register-eligible historic site that will be impacted by the extension and realignment of Runway 2C/20C at the Nashville International Airport.  Site 40DV401 [Area D], also referred to as the Gowen Farmstead primarily contains the remains of an early to mid-19th century farmstead as well as a prehistoric Archaic period occupation.

 

Site 40DV401 was recorded as a result of a survey by the Ten-nessee Division of Archaeology of an approximate 300-acre tract to be acquired by the MNAA from the State of Tennessee [Smith 1991].  This tract, part of the Middle Tennessee Mental Health Institute, will be conveyed to MNAA for the extension and realignment of Nashville International Airport Runway 2C/20C across Murfreesboro Road.

 

The boundaries of site 40DV401 coincide with the original land grant of 640 acres made by the State of North Carolina to William Gowen on April 17, 1786.  Most of the site encom-passes highly dissected uplands with some gently sloping ridge tops.  Mill Creek is the closest primary drainage, flowing approximately 0.5 km south of the southwest site boundary.  Several large springs occur within the site area.

 

The 300 acres designated for acquisition by MNAA represent approximately the western half of the 40DV401 site boundary.  The 300-acre tract was divided into six arbitrary "areas, A through F, by the Division of Ar­chaeology during the survey.  Two areas, A and D, were found to have intact cultural depos-its dating to the 19th [and possibly 18th] century.  Area D con-tains the remains of at least two early-to-mid-19th-century structures.  Test units in this area revealed sections of intact limestone foundations, chimney falls and a probable interior root cellar.  Documentary and artifactual evidence suggests Area D was a farmstead primarily occupied from about 1810 to 1860.

 

Area A contains a small cemetery near, and probably original-ly associated with the farmstead.  The cemetery area includes a low stone block wall which surrounds three graves.  Test investigations outside the stone wall identified at least eight additional burials.  Unexcavated areas within the proposed cemetery boundaries are believed to contain 15 to 20 more graves, bringing the potential grave total to between 25 to 30.  It is probable that the graves outside the stone block wall rep-resent other family members, slaves associated with the farm­stead and/or patients from nearby Mental Health Facility.  Oral traditions at the institution report that the cemetery was used for African-American patients.  There is a separate ceme-tery located on the current hospital grounds that was used for other patients.

 

Area D, the farmstead, is the only portion of site 40DV401 that is covered by this data recovery plan.  Since the potential construction impact upon the cemetery area, Area A, has not been determined, possible grave removal and relocation will be handled as a separate archaeological project.

 

All historic cultural features, such as houses, outbuildings, privies, cellars, trash pits, etc, present in site 40DV401 Area D should be located and identified during data recovery.

 

A small amount of late 1700s-early 1800s artifactual material [ceramics] was recovered by the testing operations by the Di-vision of Archaeology.  Recovery of several Civil War period artifacts suggests a minor military component at the site.  In December 1864, two blockhouses within several miles of the site were involved in significant battles. 

 

Due to possible media and public interest in the data recovery excavations, occasional tours of the site may be planned.  Since the excavation area is adjacent to an active construction zone, media and public requests to see the site should be coor-dinated with the construction project manager.

 

Upon completion and submission of the revised final report, the archaeological contractor [Garrow & Associates] will con-vey to the Tennessee Division of Archaeology all artifacts re-covered during the data recovery investigations.  The contract-or will also furnish the Division of Archaeology all field notes, records and photographs associated with the project.

 

Any human burials, historic or prehistoric, encountered during the course of the investigation shall not be moved or disturbed without a court order.  If human remains are encountered, all work in the immediate area should cease, the exposed remains covered and protected and MNAA and the Division of Arch-aeology notified at once."

 

An article describing graves found during the construction was printed in the September 25, 1992 edition of the "Nashville Banner" on page 1.

 

"Burial Grounds Found at Airport

 

By Steve Majchrzak

Banner Staff Writer

 

Workers at the airport's new runway construction project off Murfreesboro Road have stumbled across what state archae-ologists believe may be the unmarked burial ground for up to 500 black former state mental patients.

 

State archaeologists say they believe the site was used as an unmarked cemetery for black patients who died while insti­tutionalized at Middle Tennessee Mental Health Institute be-tween 1859 and 1932.

 

The runway extension project crosses Murfreesboro Road onto the grounds of the hospital.

 

"We think this is where they buried patients who died when their families did not want to claim their bodies," State Arch-aeologist Nick Fielder says.

 

"Based on the size of the area identified and compactness of the grave sites, we roughly estimate there are between 400 and 500 [graves]."

 

Fielder said the state has no record of the burial site.  "We had defined a family plot in the area,"  Fielder says. "But we had not known the patient part extended out as far as it did."

 

The graves appear to be unmarked.  If they had been, Fielder says, those markings have long since been "obliterated."

 

The grave sites sit in the shadow of the 140-year-old Middle Tennessee Mental Health Institute--previously named the "Tennessee Insane Asylum" and later "Central State Psy­chiatric Hospital"--where acres of nearby land have been cleared to build a replacement general aviation runway over Murfreesboro Road.

 

A second cemetery, believed to be for white patients, was dis-covered near the facility across what is now Donelson Pike, several years ago and had some markings, Fielder says.

 

Fielder says hospital records indicate that between 1916 and 1932 some 137 black patients were buried on hospital grounds, but the documents do not indicate where.  Earlier records were apparently destroyed when a tornado destroyed part of the facility at the turn of the century.

 

Hospital lore told of a mass burial ground for patients, but stories varied on the location of the site, Fielder says.

 

The land where the airport expansion is taking place was originally owned by William Gowen, one of Nashville's original pioneers.  The tract of land changed ownership sev-eral times until being bought by the state around 1850 for the hospital.

 

Gowen [heirs] maintained a clause in the deed that a small tract of the land would be maintained as a family cemetery forever.

 

Airport contractors were working near the previously iden­tified family cemetery two weeks ago when they came upon several new burial sites while laying in a 24-inch storm water drainage pipe.

 

Work in the area ceased immediately after the discovery of 6 or 7 new grave sites.  Airport Spokeswoman Beth Fortune says.

 

Airport officials went to Davidson County Chancery Court to get permission to remove the remains and rebury them else­where on the property, Fortune says.

 

In the meantime, however, state archaeologists had identified 50 additional gravesites and estimated there may be between 400 and 500 more graves in the immediate area.

 

Airport officials decided to abandon plans to remove the re­mains and redesigned their construction plans so as not to dis-turb the burial grounds, Fortune says.

 

The storm water drain will be rerouted and several naviga­tional aids planned for the area will be repositioned, she adds. The path of the runway itself will not be altered.

 

Airport officials say they will erect a marker identifying the burial area when construction is complete.  "What we plan to do when we get this all done is to have the area clearly marked and preserve the area in a more dignified way," Fortune says.

 

A curious notation appeared in the minutes of the Davidson County Court April 13, 1795:

 

"Order sheriff to expose to sale 25 acres, being part of 110 acres lying on Mill Creek and now occupied by a Mrs. Cowan, to satisfy a judgment obtained by Sampson Williams against Isaac Wilcox for the sum of Six Dollars and costs."

 

It is believed that Sarah Gowen died about 1806.  Shortly afterward her son, James H. Gowen offered for sale his por-tion of the Gowen preemption.

 

William Gowen and Sarah [Simpson?] Gowen are regarded as the parents of:

 

          John Gowen                                                       born about 1745

          Christianna Gowen                                             born about 1751

          James H. Gowen                                                  born about 1752

 

John Gowen, son of William Gowen and Sarah Gowen was born about 1745.  It is believed that he was married about 1770, wife's name possibly "Jones."

 

"John Going" who resided "between the Broad and Catawba Rivers," was named as a petit juror in Camden District, South Carolina in 1778-1779, according to "Jury List of South Carolina, 1778-1779," by GeLee Corley Hendrick and Morn McKoy Lindsey.  John Gowen drew pay for militia duty May 23, 1785 in Camden District, Fairfield County, according to "Stub Entries to Indents," Book 2, page 199.  These volumes were compiled by A. S. Salley, former state historian of South Carolina.

 

"John Goin" was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1786 census of Fairfield County, page 20, according to "Heads of Families, South Carolina, 1790:"

 

          "Goin, John                                     white male, over 16

                                                                   white female

                                                                   white female

                                                                   white male, under 16

                                                                   white female

 

It is believed that he removed to Davidson County, Tennessee about 1790.  "John McGown" was appointed to a road committee "to oversee the road from Nichols Ferry to where it joins the main road, Mansker's Station to Heaton's Station" January 12, 1792, according to Davidson County Court minutes. 

 

"John Goyen, trusty and well-beloved friend of Daverson County, North Carolina [later Tennessee], gentleman" received the power of attorney of "Levi Goyen" of Fairfield County, South Carolina to sell 640 acres of land on Mill Creek in Davidson County September 17, 1792.  He is regarded as a kinsman of Levi Gowen and his brother David Gowen whose land was inherited by Levi Gowen when David Gowen was killed by the Creek Indians in 1780. 

 

According to Davidson County Land Book G-7, "640 acres on the east side of Mill Creek" were surveyed June 26, 1793 for John Gowen.  William Gowen, his son, was a "chain carrier" on the surveying party which marked out the land.

 

John Gowen received on May 19, 1794 640 acres from the State of North Carolina on Warrant No. 350.  The land lay on Mill Creek about one-half mile west of his father's pre-emption site, between land grants of Ebenzer Titus.  Cleve Weathers, a descendant of Nashville, identifies the section as the one which was issued to David Gowen who was killed in 1780 "in the settlement and defense of Nashville."

 

The land was described in Davidson County Deed Book C, page 281:

 

"State of North Carolina to John Gowen . . . 640 acres on the East side of Mill Creek . . . beginning at a white walnut on the bank of Mill Creek, being the Northwest corner of James Meness's guard right on the East boundary line of said Meness' preemption, thence East 390 poles to a dogwood on Ebenezer Titus's West boundary line, then north 340 poles to a hickory, thence West 164 poles to a sycamore on the bank of said creek, thence up said creek with its meanders 333 poles to a poplar on said Meness's East boundary line, then South with said line to the beginning 120 poles."

 

According to Steve Rogers, examination of the deed transactions of John Gowen suggest that he did not live on his land grant, but sold off various portions of it from 1798 to 1802, according to Deed Book D, page 378 and 416 and Deed Book E, page 173 and 357.  It is assumed that John Gowen lived somewhere on his father's preemption.

 

On September 19, 1795 "John Gowen of Davidson County" bought 1,920 acres of land "on the east side of Stone's River on Spring Creek" at a sheriff's sale. 

 

John Gowen bought 81 acres on Stone's River at a sheriff's sale December 30, 1795, according to Davidson County Deed Book D, page 40.  On August 5, 1803 he sold this plot for $40, according to Davidson County Deed Book F, page 462.  Later in that year the land lay in the newly created Reutherford County.

 

John Gowen received a deed to 201 acres on Mill Creek De­cember 30, 1797 from Jonathan Phillips, according to Davidson County Deed Book D, page 388.

 

On May 12, 1798 John Gowen witnessed a bill of sale of "a negro wench named Judy" from Simon McClendon to John Blackman, according to Davidson County Will Book 1, page 148.

 

On Tuesday, July 15, 1806 "John Goine," administrator of the estate of James Gay deceased. returned to the Williamson County Court an inventory of the estate, according to "Williamson County, Tennessee Court Minutes, 1808-1812," page 4.  On page 5 another entry reads, "Jno. Gayne, administrator returns inventory, chattels and credits of James Gay, dcsd."

 

On Tuesday, October 14, 1806 a return was made to the court of the sale of the estate of Jay Gay, deceased.  On October 17 additional items in the inventory of the estate of James Gay was returned to the court.

 

On December 18, 1806 "John Gowan of Davidson County" purchased from Elisha Prewitt 372 acres on Cripple Creek, land that originally granted to Samuel Pearson, according to Rutherford County Deed Book E, page 425.  This land adjoined that of Joseph Gowen.

 

In December 1806 John Gowen bought from Elisha Prewitt 372 acres of land "beginning at Joseph Gowen's northeast corner," according to Rutherford County deed records.  "Joseph Gowen, James F. Gowen and R. Howell" witnessed the transaction.  On December 18, 1806 "John Gowan of Davidson County" completed the transaction, paying Elisha Prewitt $150 for the 372 acres of land located on "Cripple Creek of Stone's River" which was a part of a tract of land originally granted to Samuel Pearson by the state of North Carolina, probably for military services.  This transaction was recorded in Rutherford County Deed Book E, page 425.  "Reed Howell, Joseph Gowen and James Gowen" again were witnesses.  Joseph Gowen and his son, James F. Gowen are regarded as cousins to John Gowen.

 

It is believed that John Gowen assisted his brother, James H. Gowen who had apparently settled north of the Cumberland River, in selling his inheritance from their father.  An advertisement offering to sell the northern 240 acres of the original pre-emption was inserted in a Nashville newspaper in its edition of December 13, 1806.  The land was described as "containing 240 acres and lying on the main road from Nashville to Jefferson [early name of Murphreesboro] sold by James H. Gowen June 2, 1807 to Daniel Vaulx, a neighbor.  Daniel Vaulx was a member of Capt. Belk's militia in its muster of 1812.  Other members of this militia company at that time were Lt. William Gowen, his brother, John Gowen and Charles Crutchfield.

 

Daniel Vaulx and his wife, Catherine Vaulx had sons by the names of Joseph Vaulx and James Vaulx.  James Vaulx in 1809 held an important position in the region as the locator of lands in the Western District.  The locator system installed by North Carolina to distribute the land as Tennessee was opened for settlement was later found to be corrupt.  Many of its officials were charged with bribery and land fraud.

 

After the death of Daniel Vaulx in 1812, his widow, Catherine Vaulx continued to live in the area with her property adjoining that of Charles Hays.  Charles Hays, the father-in-law of John Jones Gowen, was the founder of Antioch Baptist Church of Antioch, Tennessee, a Nashville suburb.  John Jones Gowen was buried in the Hays family Cemetery located at the rear of the home of Charles Hays.

 

Steve Rogers of the Tennessee Historical Commission who researched the deed record of the property wrote, "This 240-acre tract is located on the northern third of the property north of present-day Murphreesboro Road and is not a part of the Central States Hospital tract.  The route of the Murfreesboro Turnpike, established in 1824, followed approximately the southern boundary, according to 'Acts of Tennessee, 1824,' page 148."

 

John Gowen was shown as a taxpayer in Rutherford County in 1809, paying $1.10¼ on 590 acres of land.  He was the only Gowen taxpayer to be assessed in the county in that year.  In 1811 he paid taxes on 560 acres of land--$1.39.  In 1813 he paid $1.50 tax on 560 acres of land.

 

It is believed that John Gowen died about 1815.  Children born to John Gowen are believed to include:

 

          William Gowen                                                 born about 1769

          John Gowen                                                       born February 3, 1775

 

William Gowen and John Gowen, assumed to be brothers were early residents of Davidson County.  Both had descen­dants whose names included "Jones."  John Jones Gowen was a son of John Gowen, and another John Jones Gowen was a grandson of William Gowen.  "Jones B. Gowin," born in 1873, later appeared in Crawford County, Arkansas.

 

William Gowen, son of John Gowen and grandson of William Gowen who received the preemption grant in Davidson County, was born about 1769, probably in South Carolina.  He was brought to Ft. Nashborough, Tennessee in 1779 by his father, accompanying his grandfather and his uncle, Capt. John Rains.  It is believed that William Gowen was married, wife's name unknown, about 1792.  After the birth of two sons, it is believed that his wife died.

 

William Gowen and his father [or brother] John Gowen participated in the defense of Buchanan's Station in an Indian attack in 1792.  An account of the battle was written in 1998 by Cleve Weathers, a descendant of Nashville, Tennessee.

 

"A William Goin/Gowen and a John Goin/Gowens, who were old enough to fight, were at the siege on Buchanan's Station in Davidson County, Tennessee in September 1792.  This was a famous battle at Maj. John Buchanan's Station or Buchanan's Fort occurring around midnight on September 30, 1792. 

 

Word had gotten to the settlers of a large body of Indians coming from East Tennessee with apparent plans to attack them.  About 15 families congregated in Buchanan's Station for security.  Most of the defenders can be identified as living to the east of Buchanan's Station, such as the Shanes who lived about 5 miles to the east on Stones River.  Widow Sarah Gowen's house was about 1.5 miles southeast of Buchanan's Station.  Buchanan's Station was one of the more substantial stations and was strategically located nearer to Ft. Nashboro, i.e. a place of comparative safety.  Maj. John Buchanan was born at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania January 12, 1759.

 

This John and William Goin were, without reasonable doubt, John and William Gowen, either sons or grandsons of William and Sarah Gowen.  My 3rd great-grandfather, John Gowen, born in 1775, could have been the "John" referred to, or it could have been his father, John Gowen, born about 1745, as Arlee suggests.  [Arlee and I are trying to come to a concensus whether the John, born in 1775, was a son or a grandson of William and Sarah Gowen.]

 

The eight-page narrative written by John Buchanan Todd, who was in the fort at the time of the attack and was about 10 years old, is a little known first-hand account of the battle.  John Buchanan Todd was a nephew of the owner of the fort, Maj. John Buchanan, and the son of James Todd.  "The Lyman Draper Papers," Tennessee State Library & Archives, Manuscript Accession No. 29, series XX, Vol. 6, frame 68, state in part:

 

"The names of the defenders of the station were Maj. John Buchanan, commander, John McCrary, James Mulherrin, James Bryant, Wm Turbull [sic], Wetherell Lattimore, Robt. Castbolt, Thomas Kennedy, Abram Kennedy, Morris O'Shane, John Tony [?sp], Geo. Davidson, Thomas Wilcox, Jos. Crabtree, John Goin [sic], Wm Goin [sic] & James Todd."

 

See another account of attack in J. G. M. Ramsey's "Annals of Tennessee," copyrighted 1853, pub. 1860, pp. 566-67.

 

"An Account of the 1792 Attack on Buchanan's Station

 

Knoxville Gazette

 

Knoxville, Wednesday, October 10

 

"On the 30th of September, about midnight, John Buchanan's station, four miles south of Nashville [at which sundry families had collected, and fifteen gun­men] were attacked by a party of Creeks and Lower Cherokees, supposed to consist of three or four hun­dred.

 

Their approach was suspected by the running of cattle that had taken fright at them, and upon examination, they were found rapidly advancing within ten yards of the gate, and from this place and distance they received the first fire from the man who discovered them [John M'Rory].  They immediately returned the fire, and con­tinued a very heavy and constant firing upon the station [block-houses surrounded with a stockade] for an hour, and were repulsed with considerable loss, without in­juring man, woman or child in the station.

 

During the whole time of the attack, the Indians were never more distant than ten yards from the Block House, and often in large numbers close round the lower walls, attempting to put fire to it.  One ascended the roof with a torch, where he was shot, and falling to the ground, renewed his attempts to fire the bottom logs, and was killed.  The Indians fired 30 balls through a port hole or the overjuting, which lodged in the roof in the circumstances of a hat, and those sticking in the walls on the outside are innumerable.

 

"Upon viewing the ground next morning, it appeared, that the fellow who was shot from the roof, was a Cherokee halfbreed, of the Running Water, known by the whites by the name of Tom Turnbridge's step son, the son of a French woman by an Indian; and there was much blood, and sign that many dead had been dragged off, and litters having been made to carry the wounded to their horses which they had left a mile from the sta­tion. 

 

Near the block house were found, several swords, hatchets, pipes, kettles, and budgets of different Indian articles; one of the swords was a fine Spanish blade, and richly mounted in the Spanish fashion.  In the morning previous to the attack, Jonathan Gee and Savard[?] Clayton were sent out as spies; and on the ground, among other articles left by the Indians, were found a handkerchief and a moccasin, known one to belong to Gee and the other to Clayton, hence it sup­posed they are killed.

 

Undoubted advices have been received that as early as the 18th of September, as many as five hundred Creeks passed the Tennessee, at the lower Cherokee towns, and below, on their way as they declared, to make war on Cumberland, and that they were joined by about one hundred Cherokees of those towns.  This may have been the party that attacked Buchanan's Station.  Dreadful havoc was expected, but it is now hoped that the check they have received, will induce them to return without making further attempts upon that settlement."

 

Walter T. Durham, writing in "Kasper Mansker: Cumberland Frontiersman," stated that the defenders at Buchanan's Station employed a small swivel cannon to terrorize the Indians.  Thus the 15 defenders were able to withstand the hundreds of Indians.  Kasper Mansker borrowed the cannon in 1795 when he joined the Chickasaw Indians in their battle against the Creeks.  The little cannon was very decisive in defeating the Creeks.

 

On February 17, 1794 the Davidson County Court minutes record that "William Gowen was appointed to a road venire to review whether the road from Heaton's old station could not come nearer to the mouth of Lick Branch than where the bridge formerly was built."

 

On December 30, 1795 William Gowen received a deed to 150 acres on Stone's River which he bought at a sheriff's sale, according to Davidson County Deed Book D, page 38.  His brother John Gowen bought 81 acres on Stone's River at the same sale on December 30, 1795, according to Davidson County Deed Book D, page 40.  John Gowen received a deed on the same day to 50 acres on Stone's River, according to Davidson County Deed Book D, page 40.  Apparently the land, which was sold for delinquent taxes, lay in adjoining plots.  They received their deeds July 11, 1796 from Sheriff Nicholas Perkins Hardeman, according to Davidson County Court minutes.

 

The Davidson County Court set ferry rates for crossing the Cumberland River April 5, 1796, "Wagon & team--$1, Two-wheel carriage & horses--50¢, Man & horse--6¼¢, Black cattle, per head--5¢ and Hogs, per head--3¢.  Price was set for "Good proof whiskey--1 shilling."

 

William Gowen was mentioned as a purchaser at the estate sale of Robert McCrory, deceased, in the Davidson County Court term of April 1796, according to Davidson County Will Book 1, page 44.  He served as a petit juror July 15, October 10-14, in 1796.

 

On February 15, 1797 William Gowen purchased 90 acres on Mill Creek from William Terrill, according to Davidson County Deed Book D, page 380.  Francis B. Sappington appeared in court April 10, 1798 to prove the deed.  On the same date William Gowen proved in court a deed from John Johnston to Charles Hays.

 

On September 1, 1797 William Gowen was commissioned a lieutenant in the Davidson County militia company commanded by Capt. John Rains, his uncle.  Later that year William Gowen was married to his cousin, Martha "Patsy" Rains, daughter of Capt. John Rains and Christiana Gowen Rains, on December 3, 1797, according to Davidson County Marriage Book 1, page 28. 

 

Martha "Patsy" Rains was born about 1773, probably in Montgomery County, Virginia or in the State of Franklin [East Tennessee].  She was brought to Davidson County by her parents about 1779.  Her father took her mother and the children back to safety in Kentucky when Indian attacks threatened to kill all the settlers on the Cumberland.  When hostilities subsided, Capt. Rains brought his family back to Ft. Nashborough.

 

She had a narrow escape from the Indians about 1790 when she and her friend, Betsy Williams, were fired upon by Indians while out riding.  Martha "Patsy" Rains, riding a fast horse, escaped, but her friend Betsy Williams was killed and scalped.  A. W. Putnam writing in "History of Middle Tennessee," stated "Indians shot and killed Betsy Williams who was riding on the same horse behind Martha "Patsy" Rains."

 

John Rains, Jr. gave some additional details about the incident:

 

"On one occasion my sister [Martha "Patsy" Rains] wished to go up to Armstrong's Station, about seven miles from Nashville.  She could not get company as pleased her, so she went alone.  She got there safely.  On her return a young woman [Betsy Williams] at some point desired to come along with her, and they both started on the same horse.  A young man named Patton went along as a guard.  A small dog became alarmed, and she desired Patton to go ahead.  He did so, and the Indians fired at the party.  My sister turned her horse and tried to make him leap the fence, but he failed the first trial.  The young woman being behind was hit by the Indians and fell off.  The horse then leaping the fence, my sister escaped.  As she looked behind her, she saw the Indians in the act of seizing her companion, whom they killed.  My sister kept on to Armstrong's Station, and the people being alarmed, went back and found the poor girl's body.  Patton ran off in another direction and escaped in safety."

 

It is believed that Martha "Patsy" Rains Gowen died about 1799, perhaps in childbirth. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

xxxxxx

 

 

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North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee

 

Davidson County Tennessee  1782:

 

1. Frederick Stump

2. Daniel Stump

3. Jacob Williams

4. John Montgomery

5. John Rains

 

Davidson County Tennessee  1783:

 

6. Daniel Hogan

7. Amos Heaton

8. Benjamin Drake Jr.

9. David Rounsivale

10. Henry Ramsey

11. Robert Espy

12. The Heirs of William Cooper

13. John Manifee

14. Benjamin Logan

15. Daniel Dunkham

16. James Espy

17-18. Isaac Johnston

19-20. Hadin Wells

21. William Loggins

22. Jacob Jones

23. Heirs of Nicholas Gentrey

24. John Brown

25. David Love

26. Dennis Condry

27. William Gowen

28. Isaac Lindsay

29. James Mayfield

30. Andrew Hill

31. Humphrey Hogan

32. Richard Dodge

33. Ebenezar Titus

34. Ephraim McLain

35. James Bradley

36. William Green

37. John Barrow

38. Henry Turney

39. John Bohannan Jr

40. Isaac Drake

41. Zachariah White

42. Samuel Barton

43. Samuel Wilson

44. John Hamilton

45. Francis Hodge

46. William Johnston

47. John Evans

48. John Milner

49. Roland Maddison

50. Michael Shaver

51. John Thomas

52. Joseph Hendricks

53. Thomas Edmundson

54.David Gwin

55. William Campbell

56. Hugh McGary

57. James Ray

58. Samuel Walker

59. George Purtle

60. Moses Rentfro

61. Robert Dishe

62. William Johnston

63. Samuel Scott

64. Daniel Johnston

65. William Overall

66. Benjamin Drake

67. Jonathan Drake

68. William Gillaspie

69. William Bradshaw

70. Hugh McGray

71. George Daugherty

72. Daniel Chambers

73. William Griggin

74. Roger Topp

75. Chandler McCarthney

76. John Henderson

77. George Espy

78. James McAdon

79. Arthur McAdon

80. Philip Pushow

81. Hugh Henry Jr.

82. David Henry

83. John Crew

84. John Dunham

85. Bartaloff Searsey

86. Cornelius Riddle

87. Peter Rentfro

88. Samuel McCutchin

89. Samuel Ewing

90. Peter McCutchin

91. Lewis Deweese

92. John Boyd

93. Joseph Daugherty

94. John Holliday

95. William Leighton

96. John Caffrey

97. Isaac Rentfro

98. Thomas Davis

99. William Rentfro

100. John Evand

101. John Cowen

102. James Crutchfield

103. Charles Campbell

104. John McVey

105. William Stern

106. James Robertson

107. John Robertson

108. William Russell

109. William Rentfro

110. Joseph Hays

111. Samuel Moore

112. missing

113. John Cordry

114. Solomon White

115. John Drake Sr.

116. Charles Metcalf

117. Samuel Hays

118. Archibald McNeal

119. John Searsey

120. Ralph Trammell

121. Martin Holden

122. William Neally

123. John Donoson

124. Samuel Deeson

125. Samuel McMurry

126. William Purnell

127. Robert Daugherty

128. Richard Sims

129. Richard Gross

130. John Phack

131. Edward Hogan

132. Isaac Lucas

133. Joseph Reed

134. Julius Sanders

135. Samuel Morrow

136. Abel Gower

137. Samuel Price

138. Moses Winters

139. James Farris

140. Hugh Hays

141. Nathaniel Hays

142. John Caywood

143. William Grimes

144. James Foster

145. Elijah Gower

146. James Harwood

147. Meredith Rains

148. John Hamilton

149. Thomas Jones Gwin

150. John Donolson Sr.

151. William McMurry

152. Phillip Mason

153. Nicholas Trammell

154. James Freeland

155. Thomas Hamilton

156. Zachariah Green

157. James Franklin

158. Samuel Shelton

159. Jesse Maxfield

160. Evan Evans

161. David Maxfield

162. John Turner

163. Peter Looney

164. Patrick Quigby

165. David Looney

166. Robert Cartwright

167. George Neally

168. Jacob Kimberlin

169. Thomas Gillespie

170. David Mitchell Jr.

171. Michael Kimberlin

172. Jacob  Steel

173. John Galloway

174. Dennis Clark

175. Ephraim Drake, Daniel Durham

176. Hugh Simpson

177. Samuel Sanders

178. Martin King

179. David Turner

180. William Overall

181. Henry Houdishall

182. Daniel Garrett

183. William Moor

184. James McKean

185. Joseph Milligan

186. James Green

187. Andrew Thomas

188. Alexander Thompson

189. William Collinsworth

190. Abraham Jones

191. John Withers

192. Benjamin Porter

193. John Blackamoor

194. Nathan Turpin

195. Daniel Chambers

196. James Crockett

197. Archilus Holloway

198. Thomas Pharris

199. William Summers

200. George Newell

201. James Clendenning

202. Willliam Hood

203. William Henry

204. William Taylor

205. Philip Catron

206. Peter Catron

207. Jonathan & John Drake

208. Andrew Rule

209. Edward Larymone

210. Jonathan Green

211. David Shannon

212. Henry Watkins

213. John Higginson

214. Berry Caywood

215. William Elliss

216. John Cockrell

217. John Kissinger

218. Mark Robinson

219. Nathan Faris

220. Joshua Pennick

221. Isaac Pennick

222. Roger Topp

223. William Snody

224. Edward Tomlinson

225. Michael Stone

226. William Morris

227. William Galloway

228. James Cunningham

229. Henry Highland

230. Thomas Jones

231. James Rentfro

232. John Donolson

233. Robert Neeley

234. William Fletcher

235. John Hollis

236. Benjamin Drake

237. Robert Russell

238. Andrew Steel

239. Thomas Thompson

240. Absolem Chessom

241. Magness McDonald

242. Lawrence Stevens

243. Jacob Stevens

244. William Simpson

245. Jonathan Jennings

246. William Cocke

247. Michael Larrick

248. John Wilson

249. Thomas Kilgore

250. Alexander Bohannan

251. John Fulkinson

252. Rowland Middison

253. Robert  Gwans

254. Edward Carvin

255. Samuel Habberd

256. Hugh Henry

257. George Mancher

258. William Donehoe

259. Andrew Ewing

260. David Gowen

261. John Mulherrin

262. Jesse Boitstone

263. James Robinson

264. William Price

265. Maurice Shane

266. John Sawyer

267. John Kennedy

268. Solomon Turpin

269. Christopher Funkhouser

270. George Carlyle

271. James Harris

272. Joseph Rentfro

273. John Hobson

274. James Hollice

275. John Wilson

276. John Cockrell

277. John King

278. George Leeper

279. Andrew Kincannon

280. William McCormack

281. Robert Lucas

282. Isaac Shelby

283. Lewis Crane

284. William Stewart

285. Peter Looney

286. Absolom Thompson

287. Jesse Benton

288. John Hughes

289. David Looney

290. John Deeson

291. Thomas Woodard

292. Simon Woodard

293. Edward Swanson

294. John Phillips

295. Frederick Edwards

296. William Frame

297. Christopher Beeley

298. Nicholas Conrad

299. Philip Conrad

300. Jennitt John -? Reverse

301. Ezekiel Douglass

302. William McMurry

303. Edward Bradley

304. Abraham Simaster

305. Ephraim Pratt

306. Morgan Osborne

307. Henry Hieory

308. William Goosney

309. William Purnell

310. Charles Thompson

311. John Miller

312. Timothy Terrill

313. James Robinson

314. John Barnard

315. Evan Baker

316. John Gibson

317. Joseph Hannah

318. Joel Hobbles

319. James Cook

320. Elijah Tarress

321. Nathaniel Henderson

322. John Sevill

323. Pleasant Henderson

324. Titus Murry

325. George Kannady

326. Jonathan Anthony

327. Hugh Leeper

328. Michael Castills

329. Bamah Byrant

330. James  Anthony

331. Isaac Henry

332. John Estis

333. Daniel Frazier

334. Edmund Jennings

335. John Lamsden

336. Moses Webb

337. Moses Pharris

338. John White

339. John Cotton

340. Casper Mansher

341. David Fain

342. John Anderson

343. Jesse Maxey

344. John Gilkey

345. Solomon Phillips

346. Francis Armstrong

347. William Hinson

348. Isaac Kitterell

349. Isaac Lefeveor

350. John James

351. Thomas Sharpe

352. Daniel Smith

354-354. James Shaw

355. Henry Lovell

356. Elmore Douglass

357. John Poe

358. James Freeland

359. James Leeper

360. Mark Robinson

361. James Freeland

362. Isham Clayton

363. Elias Mires

364. Thomas Hainey

365. Henry O'Hara

366. George Green

367. Ephraim Payton

368. Burgess White

369. Daniel Mungle

370. Stephen Rhea

371. Sampson Wilson

372. Jarrott Manifee

373. John Morgan

374. John Dunkam

375. John Craig

376. William Craig

377. Henry Rule

378. Henry Blackmore

379. William Ashert

380. William McGouch

381. Charles Robinson

382. James Todd

383. John Todd

384. Roger Topp

385. Evan Baker

386. Nathaniel Hart

387. Charles Brantley

388. Alexander Allison

389. Charles Bowen

390. William Bailey

391. William Bowen

392. William Stewart

393. Matthew Pain

394. Benjamin Pettit

395. George Paine

396. Roger Topp

397. Sampson Sawyer

398. William Parker

399. John Blackmore

400. Elmore Douglass

401. Martin Hardin

402. David Craig

403. Musther McAboy

404. William Neely

405. William White

406. John Henrdricks

407. James Turpin

408. James McGavock

409. William Burgess

410. Thomas Burgess

411. Elijah Robinson

412. Andrew Crockett

413. Jamess Tolar

414. Archibald Bohanan

415. Henry Hardin

416. Abraham Price

417. Abraham Mulherrin

418. James Denton

419. Spilly Coleman

420. David Shelton

421. Nicholas Baker

422. Richard Cox

423. Matthew Anderson

424. James Malding

425. William Newing

426. Robert Roseberry

427. William McWhirter

428. William Montgomery

429. John McMurtry

430. James Gwins

431. Charles Peyton

432. Henry Daugherty

433. William Mitchell

434. William Moore

435. James Thompson

436. Joseph Jackson

437. James Brown

438. Ebenezar Titus

439. John Holt

440. James Crockett

441. James Hays

442. James Lawless

443. Thomas Kilgore

444. Thomas Miggerson

445. Hugh Logan

446. James Shanklin

447. William Moore

448. John Shockley

449. Elijah Robinson

450. Edward Cox

451. Joseph Blackford

452. Joseph Bean

453-454. Isaac Bledsoe

455. Perry Graves

456. Ebenezar Mann

457. James Smith

458. James Ray

459. Lewis Reeland (Freeland?)

460. Ralph Wilson

461. William Ray

462. William Collier

463. James Robinson

464. Richard Henderson

465. Robert Looney

466. Thomas Spencer

467. Charles Deneth

468. William Lucas

469. John Phillips

470. Thomas Maxwell

471. John Crockett

472. Richard Logan

473. John Owens

474. Samuel Newell

475. Anthony Bledsoe

476. Horatio Rolls

477. John Fletcher

478. Jordon Gibson

479. George Freeland

480. John Calloway

481. Anthony Bledsoe

482. Archibald Taylor

483. Robert Montgomery

484. Joseph Moseley

                                             ==O==

Davidson County, Tennessee at its founding in 1783 was known as Miro District, North Carolina.  In 1787 it was re­ferred to as the District of Tennessee.  In 1794 when it was ceded to the United States, it was referred to as "Territory of the United States, south of the River Ohio."  In 1796 it was known as the State of Tennessee.

                                             ==O==

Will Goens, negro was married December 7, 1916 to Addie Mae Davis, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Will Goens and Addie Mae Davis Goens are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Harry Goin, age 25, was married June 3, 1921 to Mary Wilkinson, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Of Harry Goin and Mary Wilkinson Goin nothing more is known.

                                             ==O==

Daniel T. Goines requested a license to marry Ellen E. Hooberry December 20, 1864.  No return was made of the li­cense.

                                             ==O==

Charles Going was married to Harriett Winford August 28, 1888, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Chil­dren born to Charles Going and Harriett Winford Going are unknown.

                                             ==O==

David W. Going, who was born in Ireland in 1826, appeared in the 1850 census of Davidson County, Civil District 13, Household No. 200-200.  His age was given as 24.

                                             ==O==

John Going was enumerated as the head of a household recorded in the 1850 census of Davidson County, Civil District 22, city of Nashville, Household No. 100-231.  The family was recorded as:

 

          "Going,                John            35, born in TN, farmer

                                       Jane            38, born in TN

                                       Mary E.        8, born in Illinois

                                       Sarah J.         7, born in TN

                                       Rosa A.       5, born in TN

                                       William       3, born in TN

                                       John              2, born in TN"

 

Adjoining the household of John Going was that of William Going recorded in the 1850 census of Davidson County, Civil District 22, city of Nashville, Household No. 100-102.  The fam­ily was recorded as:

 

          "Going,               William                  37, born in TN, farmer

                                       Rachel                   34, born in TN

                                       Elizabeth A.          12, born in TN

                                       Stephen A.             10, born in TN

                                       Hugh                       5, born in TN

                                       Tabitha A.               1, born in TN"

 

Apparently the household appeared a second time in the 1850 census in McMinn County, Tennessee, Household 1518-662:

 

          "Goins,                William                        29, born in North Carolina

                                       Rachel                          28, born in TN

                                       Elizabeth                        7

                                       Stephen                           5

                                       Hugh                               1

                                       Vice                              11"

 

[See William Goins, Rutherford County, Tennessee for an in­teresting parallel.]

 

Adjoining the household of William Going was that of Alfred Going recorded in the 1850 census of Davidson County, Civil District 22, city of Nashville, Household No. 99-101.  The family was recorded as:

 

          "Going,                Alfred                                     22, farmer, born in TN

                                       Rhoda                                     21, born in TN

                                       Isaac                                          3, born in TN"

 

Alfred Going had brothers by the names of Albert Goings, Joseph Going and S. Going, according to Sherrill Bourn.

 

Alfred Going had obtained a license October 16, 1847 to marry Rhoda Darows, according to Davidson County marriage records.  No return was made of the license. 

 

Alfred Going removed to Kentucky about 1858.  They were enumerated in the 1860 census of Graves County in the southeast corner of Kentucky on the Tennessee state line:

 

          "Going,                Alfred                  32, born in TN

                                       Rhoda                  31, born in TN

                                       Isaac                     13, born in TN

                                       Eliza                      8, born in TN

                                       Elizabeth              6, born in TN

                                       Margaret               5, born in TN

                                       Sarah                     4, born in TN

                                       Polly Ann              1, born in KY"

 

Children born to Alfred Going and Rhoda Darows Going in­clude:

 

          Isaac Going                                              born about 1847

          Eliza Going                                              born about 1851

          Elizabeth Going                                       born about 1853

          Margaret Going                                        born about 1855

          Sarah Going                                              born about 1857

          Polly Ann Going                                       born about 1859

 

A Polly Ann Going who was born in Graves County May 12, 1861 was married in Caledonia, Illinois to Nicholas Henry Dover as his second wife, according to Sherrill Bourn.

                                             ==O==

Alexander Goings, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Davidson County:

 

          "Goings,              Alexander                      28, born in TN, farmer

                                       Sarah E.                        28, born in TN

                                       Nancy J.                          9, born in Illinois

                                       Daniel T.                        7, born in Illinois

          Goings,                Elizabeth                      60, born in NC, mother

                                       James                           10, born in TN

                                       Andrew                        20, born in TN, laborer

                                       Thomas                       18, born in TN, laborer"

 

"Alexander Gown" was enumerated as the head of Household 694-668 in the 1860 census of Davidson County, 21st Civil District, near Goodlettsville, Tennessee:

 

          "Gown,                Alexander                      45, born in NC, farmer

                                       Sarah                              35, born in TN

                                       Nancy                             18, born in TN

                                       Daniel                             16, born in TN

                                       James                              14, born in TN

                                       Hugh                               11, born in TN

                                       Rosanna                            9, born in TN"

                                             ==O==

Fannie Ethel Goings, age 36, was married May 7, 1928 to George Gilbert Noel, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Will T. Goings, age 35, 5506 New York Avenue, Nashville was married July 16, 1927 to Matilla Barcliff, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Will T. Goings and Matilla Barcliff Goings are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Ambrose Goins was named as a juror April 5, 1786, according to Davidson County Court minutes

                                             ==O==

Charles C. Goins was married September 21, 1886 to Alice Burnett, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Charles C. Goins and Alice Burnett Goins are unknown.

==O==

Charles C. Goins died in 1910 in Davidson County according to “Tennessee Deaths,” record number 16980.

                                             ==O==

Drusilla Goins was enumerated in the 1880 census of Davidson County living in a boarding house.  She was recorded as “Drusilla Goins, 41, born in TN, father born in MO.”

                                             ==O==

John Goins, age 18, 1040 29th Avenue North, Nashville, was married December 24, 1919 to Dollie Evans, age 20, Nashville, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Of John Goins and Dollie Evans Goins nothing more is known.

 

A license was issued October 4, 1919 for the marriage of Miss Ollie Goins, age 18, 1040 29th Avenue North, Nashville to Earnest J. Marsh, age 27, Pegram Street, Nashville, according to Davidson County marriage records.

 

Ollie Goins, age 19, was married May 5, 1920 to Anest Veli­otis, age 22, 212 4th Avenue North, Nashville, according to Davidson County marriage records.

 

Tommie Goins, age 21, 1040 29th Avenue North, Nashville was married October 28, 1919 to Irma Buckinhaur, age 19, according to Davidson county marriage records.  Children born to Tommie Goins and Irma Buckinhaur Goins are unknown.

                                             ==O==

May Tillie Goins, age 20, was married October 9, 1928 to William Buford, age 21, according to Davidson County mar­riage records.

                                             ==O==

"Andrew R. Gooan, Esq. died in Marshall County, Mississippi on Saturday, 28th ultimate, according to the July 12, 1841 edi­tion of "The Nashville Whig."

                                             ==O==

William Gowa[n?] was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Davidson County, Household 940-668:

 

          "Gowa[n?]                   William                         38, born in TN

                                                Lucy                              37, born in TN

                                                Mary                              19

                                                Nancy                            17

                                                William                         13

                                                Fountain                        11

                                                Susan                               7

                                                Eliza                                5

                                                Josephine                        2"

                                             ==O==

Elizabeth Gowan was enumerated as the head of Household 369-365, 10th Civil District in the 1860 census of Davidson County:

 

          Gowan,                Elizabeth             55, born in Ireland, $1,000 real estate

                                       Helen                   35, born in NC

                                       James                   23, born in GA

                                       Lucina                  18, born in GA

                                       Francis                 17, born in GA, male"

                                             ==O==

Ernest Gowan was married May 18, 1910 to Delia Watson, ac­cording to Davidson County marriage records.  Jesse O'Neal was bondsman for Ernest Gowan and Delia Watson Gowan.

                                             ==O==

Mrs. Fannie Goodner Gowan, negro, daughter of George Goodner and Vinnie Smith Goodner, was born in 1855 in Ten­nessee.  In 1915 she lived at 177 Filmore in Nashville.  She died there December 20, 1915, age about 60,  of "para-pelegra and valvular heart trouble," according to Tennessee BVS Death Certificate 522 signed by L. P. Johnson, M.D.  She was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, according to Mack Gowan, informant of 81 Green Street, rear, Nashville.

                                             ==O==

Fannie D. Gowan was married to T. C. Payne January 27, 1865, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

George A. Gowan was born about 1860 of parents unknown.  He was married about 1890 to Edith Meadows, daughter of John Meadows and Sarah Davis Meadows, who was born February 27, 1868 in Tennessee.  He died about 1914.

 

In 1932 Edith Meadows Gowan lived at 1201 Woodland Street in Nashville with her younger son, "G. G. Gowan."  She died there December 13, 1932, at age 64 of pneumonia and in­fluenza, according to Tennessee DVS Death Certificate No. 25172 signed by R. N. Hubert, M.D.  She was buried in Mt Olive Cemetery under the direction of Wiles Funeral Home, ac­cording to "G. G. Gowan, informant of 1201 Woodland."

 

The will of Edith Meadows Gowan was probated in Davidson County January 16, 1933.  In her will she named two sons, "Cody Clemens Gowan and G. G. Gowan."

 

Children born to George A. Gowan and Edith Meadows Gowan include:

 

          Cody Clemens Gowan                                             born about 1887

          George Grady Gowan                                              born about 1890

 

Cody Clemens Gowan, son of George A. Gowan and Editth Meadows Gowan, was born about 1887, probably in Davidson County.  He died in Jefferson County, Kentucky September 6, 1934.  His will, probated March 17, 1936, named his widow, Ida Mary Gowan.

 

George Grady Gowan, son of George A. Gowan and Edith Meadows Gowan, was born about 1890, probably in Davidson County.  He was mentioned in the "Nashville Banner" in its edition of January 16, 1918:

 

"In an article used in Sunday's Banner in connection with a photograph of the Hawaiian Quartette, it was stated that three of these young men have displayed real patriotism by enlisting with Uncle Sam's fighting forces.  It might have been said that all four of the members of this popular musical aggregation have displayed the real spirit, since Grady Gowan, the only one who is not yet in service, made every effort to gain admission.  Being with only one hand, he was rejected upon his application recently.

 

No reflection upon Mr. Gowan was meant, and the Banner sincerely regrets the unfortunate phrasing of the news matter accompanying the picture.  Mr. Gowan is well known in this city and is an efficient travelling salesman for Armour & Company."

 

George Grady Gowan, age 27, 1201 Woodland, Nashville, was married May 29, 1918 to Frances Macon Hunter, age 21, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to George Grady Gowan and Frances Macon Hunter Gowan are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Grace Gowan was married May 6, 1943 to Andrew Peal, 506 Hogan Street, Nashville, according to Davidson County mar­riage records.

                                             ==O==

Henry Gowan, negro, son of Clay Gowan, was born in Ten­nessee in October 1882.  In 1924 he was an unmarried laborer living in Nashville at 140 Lewis Street.  He died April 7, 1924 of an organic heart condition, according to Tennessee BVS Death Certificate No. 290 signed by G. H. Martin, M.D.  He was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, according to Mrs. Jennie Hodge of 140 Lewis Street, informant.

                                             ==O==

Howard R. Gowan, 178 Kenner Avenue, Nashville, Ten­nessee was a student at Southern Methodist University living at 4222 Mt. Royal Street, Dallas, Texas in 1948.

 

On May 16, 1956 a Howard R. Gowan and his wife, Evelyn R. Gowan received a warranty deed from Better-Bilt Homes, Inc., to a lot in Elroy Heights, Arlington, Texas, according to Tarrant County Deed Book 2990, page 595.

 

On February 4, 1965 Howard R. Gowan and Evelyn R. Gowan received a tax release from the United States of America on a balance of $578.79 according to Tarrant County Deed Book 4027, page 641.  They lived at 1914 Menefee Drive, Grand Prairie, Texas.  They continued at the same address in 1972 and 1973, according to the 1973 city directory of Arlington.  In 1973 Howard R. Gowan was listed as a department head at LTV Corporation.

                                             ==O==

James Gowan, age 42, was enumerated in the 1870 census of Davidson County, page 371.

                                             ==O==

James M. Gowan was enumerated as the head of Household 1011-986 in the 1860 census of Davidson County, 13th Civil District:

 

          "Gowan,               James M.            25, born in Scotland, painter

                                       Harriett               22, born in England

                                       Jane                      2, born in Canada

                                       Agnes                   1, born in Canada"

                                             ==O==

Joseph Miel Gowan, Jr, age 20, was married May 12, 1949 to Ada Willene Bone, age 20, according to Davidson County mar­riage records.  Children born to Joseph Miel Gowan, Jr, and Ada Willene Bone Gowan are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Mark Gowan lived at 2866 Sugar Tree Road, according to the 1971 Nashville telephone directory.

                                             ==O==

Minerve Gowan was married June 20, 1825 to Blackman Hays, according to "Davidson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1788-1850." 

 

Naomi M. Gowan lived at Madison Academy Apartments, ac­cording to the 1971 Nashville telephone directory.

                                             ==O==

Robert L. Gowan was born in May 1870.  He was enumerated as the head of a house­hold in the 1900 census of Nashville, Tennessee, living on Prospect Av­enue.  He was recorded in Enumeration District 107, page 11 as:

 

          "Gowan,              Robert L.              30, born in May 1870 in TN

                                       Laura L.                31, born in December 1868 in TN

                                       Vada G.                10, born in Nov. 1889 in TN

                                       James R.                 6, born in December 1893 in TN

                                       Martha J.                3, born in March 1896 in TN"

                                             ==O==

William Gowan, negro, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Davidson County, Enumer­ation Dis­trict 106, page 26, living at 629 Wood Street:

 

          "Gowan,              William                40, born March 1860, TN, negro

                                       Maggie                 24, born August 1875, TN, wife

                                       Samuel S.         5/12, born January 1900, son

                                       George                 16, born March 1884, son

                                       Harrison               10, born October 1889, son

                                       Ernest                   13, born April 1887, son

                                       Carrie                     7, born Nov. 1892, daughter

                                       Mary                       3, born April 1897, daughter"

                                             ==O==

John W. Gowans was born in 1875, probably at Nashville.  He was married May 30, 1900 to Clara F. Bell, age 23, according to Davidson County Marriage License No. 22906.  Clara F. Bell Gowans, who was born in 1877, died in 1918.  Her will was probated November 5, 1918.  It named her husband, John W. Gowans, as executor.

 

He was married second to Lula Mae Vaughn, January 29, 1921, according to Davidson County Marriage License 24865.  The groom, who was 46, lived at 309 South 17th Street.  The bride was 37.

 

John W. Gowans died in Nashville in 1930, at age 55, and his will, written December 10, 1929, was probated November 13, 1930.  His will named his second wife, Lula May Vaughn Gowans and two sons, James M. Gowans and Ronald H. Gowans.

 

John W. Gowans and Clara F. Bell Gowans were buried in Spring Hill Cemetery, Harding Lot, beside the grave of W. O. Gowan, according to "Tombstone Inscriptions & Manu-scripts" by Jeanette Tillotson Acklen.

 

James M. Gowans, son of John W. Gowans and Clara F. Bell Gowans, was born in 1904, probably in Nashville.  He was living with his parents at 309 South 17th Street, Nashville, when he was married to Janie Mai Allen, age 24, January 26, 1925, according to Davidson County Marriage License No. 34959.  Of James M. Gowans and Janie Mai Allen Gowans nothing more is known.

 

Ronald H. Gowans, son of John W. Gowans, was mentioned in the will of his father who died in 1930.

                                             ==O==

Lillian Erin Gowans, age 37, was married September 25, 1959 to Robert Lee Warrick, age 41, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Both lived on Route 2, Smyrna, Tennessee.

                                             ==O==

R. H. Gowans lived at 216 Linda Line, Madison, Tennessee, according to the 1971 telephone directory of Nashville.

                                             ==O==

Mrs. Willene Gowans, Miss Connie Gowans and J. M. Gowans, Jr. lived at 2608 Traughbor Drive, Nashville, ac­cording to the 1959 telephone directory.

                                             ==O==

Alexander C. Gowen was married August 23, 1838 to Caroline C. Smith, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Alexander C. Gowen and Caroline C. Smith Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Alfred Gowen was married October 16, 1847 to Rhoda Darows, according to "Davidson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1788-1850."  Children born to Alfred Gowen and Rhoda Darows are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Amanda M. Gowen was married December 129, 1824 to Albert G. Dunn by Rev. William Hume, V.D.M, according to "Davidson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1788-1850." 

                                             ==O==

Andrew Gowen, "works at 185 South Market Street, home on Gay near Clay," appeared in the 1877 edition of the Nashville city directory.

                                             ==O==

Annie Elizabeth Gowen, age 19, was married to Clifton Par­rish, age 20, March 30, 1918, according to Davidson County marriage  records.

                                             ==O==

Benjamin A. Gowen and his wife, Bettie Gowen appeared in the 1922 and 1924 editions of the Nashville city directory.  He was listed as a "rural carrier, Franksley Avenue, 4E Nolensville Road."

                                             ==O==

Billy R. Gowen lived at 3911 Murphy Road, according to the 1959 telephone directory of Nashville.

                                             ==O==

Billy S. Gowen lived at 206 Bonnarding Drive, according to the 1971 telephone directory of Nashville.

                                             ==O==

C. Henry Gowen, "a clerk, 109 Union Avenue, boards at 20 North High, according to the 1885 edition of the Nashville city directory.  In 1888 he reappeared as "C. Henry Gowen, sales­man, 508 Church Street, boards at 153 North Summer."  The 1891 and 1892 editions carried "Henry Gowen, clerk, 403 Church Street, boards at 208 North Vine.  In 1895 the inser­tion read, "C. Henry Gowen, salesman, 403 Church Street.  In 1896 "Henry C. Gowen, clerk 403 Church Street, boards at 143 North Vine" appeared.  In 1897 the listing was carried "Henry Gowen, Jr, clerk, 403 Church Street, boards at 204 North High.  In the 1910 directory he appeared as "Henry Gowen, Jr, home, Caldwell Lane."

                                             ==O==

Caroline Gowen was married about 1850 to William Hamlett, according to "Davidson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1838-1863."

                                             ==O==

Charles Gowen, "switchman, North Carolina and St. Louis Railroad," was listed in the 1892 city directory of Nashville.

                                             ==O==

Clinton Gowen was recorded as the head of Household 1035-1008 in the 1860 census of Davidson County, 13th Civil Dis­trict:

 

          "Gowen,              Clinton                25, born in TN, carpenter

                                       Martha                 22, born in TN

                                       William                 4, born in TN

                                       John                       1, born in TN"

                                             ==O==

David Gowen, a negro farmer, was enumerated in the 1850 census of Davidson County.  The household was number 228.  David Gowen was 60.  He was a farmer, born in Tennessee, living in the household of Venus Burnett, negro.

                                             ==O==

E. R. Gowen, "works at corner of Clinton & Clay," appeared in the 1885 city directory of Nashville.  In the 1886 edition, Joseph Gowen, "works at the corner of Clinton & Clay," was listed.

                                             ==O==

Ed Gowen, negro, was enumerated as the head of a house­hold in the 1880 census of Davidson County, Enumeration District 67, page 7, Civil District 7.  The household was recorded as:

 

          "Gowen,               Ed                      25, born in TN, black

                                       Masida                23, born in TN

                                       Moses                   6, born in TN

                                       Sam                       4, born in TN

                                       William                2, born in TN"

 

Moses Gowen, negro, son of Ed Gowen and Masida Gowen was born in 1874 in Davidson County.  He appeared in his fa­ther's household in the 1880 census as a six-year-old.

 

Sam Gowen, negro, son of Ed Gowen and Masida Gowen was born in 1876 in Davidson County.  He appeared in his father's household in the 1880 census of Davidson County as a four-year-old.  Sam Gowen was married to Mary Blackman December 24, 1898, according to Davidson County marriage records.   Sam Gowen and Mary Blackman Gowen appeared on the 1900 census of Davidson County, Enumeration District 124, page 7, Ninth Civil District:

 

          "Gowen,              Sam                      23, born in TN in February 1877

                                       Mary                    22, born in TN in April 1879

 

William Gowen, negro, son of Ed Gowen and Masida Gowen was born in 1878 in Davidson County.  He appeared in his fa­ther's household in the 1880 census of Davidson County as a two-year-old.  William Gowen was married to Maggie Hughes August 2, 1897, according to Davidson County Marriage records.  Of William Gowen and Maggie Hughes Gowen nothing more is known.

                                             ==O==

Edward Gowen, negro, was married to Jane Buchanan May 11, 1866, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Of Edward Gowen and Jane Buchanan Gowen nothing more is known.

                                             ==O==

Edmund Gowen, negro, was married June 18, 1873 to Matilda Maxwell, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Edmund Gowen and Matilda Maxwell Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Elisha Gowen, negro, was married April 13, 1866 to Maria Hamilton, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Elisha Gowen and Maria Hamilton Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Elizabeth K. "Betsy" Gowen was "born August 29, 1811--died 1861," according to a bible owned by Mrs. E. E. Patterson of Nashville.

                                             ==O==

Elizabeth S. Gowen, "widow of John D. Gowen, home at 157 North Spruce," appeared in the 1872 city directory of Nashville.  She reappeared in the 1874, 1877 and 1878 edi­tions of the directory living at the same address.

 

Her son, John W. Gowen, "printer at 48 Union Avenue" boarded with his mother at 157 North Spruce, according to the 1872 edition of the directory.  He reappeared at the same ad­dress in the 1874 edition as "John W. H. Gowen, pressman, works at 48 Union Avenue.  In the 1877 and 1878 editions he appeared at the same address.

 

Edwin J. Gowen, believed to be another son of Elizabeth S. Gowen was listed in the 1877 edition of the directory as a clerk at "32 North College, boards at 157 North Spruce."  He did not appear in later editions.

                                             ==O==

Ethel Gowen was married October 27, 1908 to Jesse Fulton according to Davidson County Marriage Book 25.

                                             ==O==

Evard Gowen, "works at Nash Cotton Mills," appeared in the 1887 edition of the city directory.

                                             ==O==

F. R. Gowen received a deed to a lot at High and Broad streets in Nashville from Benjamin H. Sheppard in April 1850, according to Davidson County Deed Book 14, page 79.

                                             ==O==

Fanny Gowen, a mulatto domestic servant was living in the household of Sarah M. Corbett in 1880, according to the Davidson County census in District 18:

 

Corbett,           Sarah M.               51, house keeper, born in  KY,

                              father born in VA, mother

                              born in SC

            Eugene                  30, son, wholesale hardware,

                              born in TN, father born in TN,

                              mother born in KY

                            Jo-Ella                 21, daughter-in-law, born in TN,

                             father born in TN, mother

                            born in TN

          William B.            27, son, born in TN, father born

                            in TN,  mother born in KY

         Macey                     23, son, clerk in iron store, born

                            in TN, father born in TN,

                            mother born in KY

         Frank                     17, son, born in TN, father born

                           in TN, father born in TN,

                           mother born in TN

       Robert                     16, son, born in TN, father born

                           In TN, mother born in TN

Gowen,     Fanny                      22, mulatto, domestic servant,

                          born in TN, father born in TN,

                          mother born in TN”

                                             ==O==

G. Haskell Gowen was married November 14, 1911 to May Lee Gower "of 324 6th Avenue North, Nashville," according to Davidson County marriage records.

 

Haskell Gowen, age 56, 1831 Primrose Avenue, Nashville, was married December 23, 1949 to Mittie Creola Scudder, age 38, 105 Duling Avenue, Nashville, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to G. Haskell Gowen, May Lee Gower Gowen and Mittie Creola Scudder Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Henry Gowen, Jr. was married to Sara D. McEwen September 8, 1904, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Henry Gowen, Jr. and Sara D. McEwen Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

I. M. Gowen received a deed from C. V. Heath to property January 8, 1925, according to Davidson County deed records.

                                             ==O==

J. J. Gowen, "clerk and master" of a lodge received a deed to a lot on Lebanon Pike in Nashville January 29, 1877, according to Davidson County deed records.

                                             ==O==

J. M. Gowen was married July 22, 1888 to Lula Burton, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Of J. M. Gowen and Lula Burton Gowen nothing more is known.

                                             ==O==

James G. Gowen was married in 1887 to Blanche M. Burnum, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to James G. Gowen and Blanche M. Burnum Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Nellie Louise Gowen, age 36, 1018 Acklen Avenue, Nashville was married October 17, 1932 to William J. Colson, age 39, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

John Gowen was married to Lydia Shute October 30, 1801, according to "Davidson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1788-1850." 

                                             ==O==

John Gowen was enumerated in the 1850 [1860?] census of Davidson County, city of Nashville, in the household of William R. Hennesbro, No. 370-347, Civil District 22:

 

          "Gowen, John                                22, born in TN, merchant"

                                             ==O==

John Gowen was married October 11, 1860 to Julia Ann T. Williams, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Of John Gowen and Julia Ann T. Williams Gowen nothing more is known.

                                             ==O==

John Gowen, laborer, age 21, was living in the household of Harriett Powell, according to the 1860 census of Davidson County, page 419.

                                             ==O==

John Gowen appeared in the 1887 city directory of Nashville, and his business was described as "wood and coal, Jefferson, north of Clay."

                                             ==O==

John H. Gowen was married January 13, 1852 to Minerva J. Mences, according to "Davidson County Marriages, "1838-1863.".  Children born to John Gowen and Minerva J. Mences Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

John J. Gowen was married May 5, 1823 to Tabitha Hays, according to "Davidson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1788-1850."  Children born to John J. Gowen and Tabitha Hays Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Jordan M. Gowen, a dancing master, was enumerated as the head of Household 862-842, 13th Civil District in the 1860 census of Davidson County:

 

          "Gowen,        Jordan M.             53, born in TN, dancing

                                                                     master, $1,500 real estate,

                                     $600  personal property

                                Mary                      50, born in Alabama

                                Thompson             12, born in Alabama"

                                             ==O==

Joseph Gowen received a deed December 23, 1797 to 126 acres on Mill Creek from John Buchanan, according to Davidson County Deed Book D, page 311.  He received an­other deed to 100 acres on Mill Creek from William Thomas September 5, 1801, according to Davidson County Deed Book E, page 337.

                                             ==O==

Joseph Gowen was listed in the 1887 edition of the Nashville city directory as a "fireman, North Carolina & St. Louis Rail­road." 

                                             ==O==

Josephine Gowen, age 18, Smyrna, Tennessee was married October 25, 1948 to Walter Lee Brewer, age 19, LaVergne, Tennessee, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Lorenzo D. Gowen was married December 6, 1893 to Danie A. Byers, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Lorenzo D. Gowen and Danie A. Byers Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Louise Gowen, negro, was enumerated as the head of a house­hold in the 1880 census of Davidson County, Enumeration District 77, page 5, Civil District 18.  The household was rendered as:

 

          "Gowen,               Louise                60, born in TN

                                       Wesley                28, born in TN, son

                                       Alice                    30, born in TN, daughter-in-law

                                       Bettie                     9, born in TN, granddaughter

                                       Marie                     6, born in TN, granddaughter

                                       Lewis A.                4, born in TN, grandson

                                       John Ella               3, born in TN, granddaughter

                                       Harvey             3/12, born in TN, grandson"

                                             ==O==

Lucille Gowen, age 19, Tullahoma, Tennessee was married December 26, 1947 to Cleveland Shearin, Shelbyville, Ten­nessee, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Lucy Ann Gowen was married March 14, 1839 to George W. Shuester, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Miss M. Gowen [possibly M. Pocahontas Gowen] appeared in the 1872 edition of the Nashville city directory.

                                             ==O==

Mack Gowen, negro was married September 25, 1901 to Fannie M. Williams, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Mack Gowen and Fannie M. Williams Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

A license was purchased September 29, 1947 for Marianne Gowen, age 18, to marry John Marion Thrash, Jr, age 20, 2819 Sharondale Drive, Nashville, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Marianne Gowen, age 26, 239 Mereclar Street, Nashville  was married December 21, 1955 to Bailey N. Abernathy, age 27, 809 Brookside Drive, Nashville, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Martin Gowen was enumerated in the 1860 census of David­son County, page 457, as "Gowen, Martin, 28, laborer, born in Tennessee"

                                             ==O==

Mary E. Gowen was married January 8, 1849 to Henry P. Robertson, according to "Davidson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1838-1863."

                                             ==O==

Mrs. Mary J. Gowen was born in Virginia in 1812.  She was a resident of Tennessee in 1829.

 

She was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Davidson County, Household No. 223-199.  The family was listed as:

 

          "Gowen,              Mary J.                                              38, born in VA

                                       Mary J, Jr.                                         21, born in TN

                                       B. C.                                                 18, born in TN

                                       Margaret C. J.                                  17, born in TN

                                       C. M. W.                                           11, born in TN

                                       Lewis G. R. R.                                    3, born in TN"

 

A Mrs. M. J. Gowen was married to Rev. E. D. Stephenson June 1, 1864 in Nashville, according to Davidson County mar­riage records.

                                             ==O==

Minerva J. Gowen received a deed to 20 acres on Mill Creek February 5, 1852 from Joseph W. Dabbs, according to David­son County Deed Book 15, page 471.

                                             ==O==

Nellie Gowen, age 26, was married April 9, 1923 to Brown Boaz, age 26, of Pulaski, Tennessee, according to Davidson County marriage records.  S. A. Chambers was surety.

                                             ==O==

Nelwyn Jeanene Gowen, age 24, LaVergne, Tennessee was married November 14, 1958 to William Alfred Calvin, age 32, 2628 Flamingo Drive, Nashville, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Owen M. Gowen, an Irish emigrant, was enumerated as the head of Household 1002-977 in the 1860 census of Davidson County, 13th Civil District:

 

          "Gowen,               Owen M.                                 35, born in Ireland, laborer

                                       Ann                                          23, born in Ireland, wife

                                       May                                            2, born in TN

                                       Phillip W.                             1/12, born in TN"

                                             ==O==

Robert Harrison Gowen, age 22, 4606 Leland Lane was mar­ried January 30, 1950 to Margaret Adele Adams, age 22, ac­cording to Davidson County marriage records.  Of Robert Harrison Gowen and Margaret Adele Adams Gowen nothing more is known.

                                             ==O==

Samuel G. Gowen was married to Malinda A. Long August 7, 1870 by T. A. Mason, minister of the gospel, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Malinda A. Long Gowen, "widow of Samuel Gowen, boardinghouse, 213 Broad" appeared in the 1887 edition of the city directory of Nashville.  In 1888 she appeared at her home at 515 South Cherry.  In the 1891 edition she was listed as a "dressmaker, 507 South High."  In 1892 she was making her home at 313 South Spruce.  She did not reappear in the 1893 edition.

 

Malinda A. Long Gowen, "widow of Samuel Gowen", was listed in the Ft. Worth, Texas city directory from 1889 to 1908 residing at 412 East 4th Street.  She was enumerated in the 1900 census of Tarrant County, Texas, Enumeration District 87, page 2 in the household of her-brother-in-law, James E. Turntrell as:

 

"Gowen, Malinda A. 67,    born in TN in Decem-

ber 1832."

                                             ==O==

Sarah C. Gowen was married April 27, 1853 to Thomas C. [Crafts?] Casey, a possible son of Dempsey Casey of Currituck County, North Carolina, according to "Davidson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1838-1863."

 

In the same year Thomas C. Casey was enumerated in David-son County living with James and Phoebe Smith:

 

          “Smith,                 James                 59,

                                       Phoebe                59,

                                       Kitty                    18,

          “Casey,                Thomas C.           60, pedler, married within the

                                           year”

 

Thomas C. Casey reappeared in the 1860 census of adjoining Cheatham County, Tennessee.  Cheatham County had been created from Davidson County in 1856.  According to Alicia Jones, he was enumerated in the First Civil District, page 40:

 

          “Casey,            Thomas             68, farmer, born in NC, $1,511

                                 in real estate

                                   S. S.                 34,  born in TN, [Sarah Catherine Gowen?]

                                   J. D.                    4, son, born in TN

                                  Jno                       3, son, born in TN

                                  A. C.                    1, daughter, born in TN

                                  William H.        24, son, born in TN”

 

Children born to Thomas C. Casey and Sarah C. [S?] Gowen Casey include:

 

          James D. Casey                                       born about 1856

          John Casey                                              born about 1857

          Anna Catherine Casey                             born about 1859

                                             ==O==

Susan L. Gowen, age 26, was enumerated in the 1870 census of Davidson County, page 443.

                                             ==O==

Thomas Gowen was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Davidson County, Household 175, page 710.

 

          "Gowen,              Thomas               30, born in TN, woodcutter

                                       Elizabeth             27, born in TN

                                       George                13, born in TN

                                       James                     8, born in TN

                                       Josiah                     6, born in TN

          Still,                     George                 23, born in TN, laborer

          Hilton,                 Jerome                  19, born in TN, woodcutter"

                                             ==O==

Thomas Gowen, negro was married January 29, 1877 to Journie Baugh, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Thomas Gowen and Journie Baugh Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Vivian Karen Gowen, age 23, 1807 19th Avenue South was married September 1, 1965 to Thomas Wayne Newman, 2006 Dabbs Avenue, Nashville, according to Davidson County mar­riage records.

                                             ==O==

Wesley Gowen, negro was married January 18, 1877 to Alice Porter, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Of Wesley Gowen and Alice Porter Gowen nothing more is known.

                                             ==O==

William Gowen "of Davidson County, Tennessee" purchased from Jenkins Whitesides, also of Davidson County 100 acres on Richland Creek of Elk River in Lincoln County, Ten­nessee for $1,500 September 11, 1820, according to Lincoln County Deed Book B-1, page 108.  The land was part of 5,000 acres originally granted to Martin Armstrong in Grant No. 1107, probably for Revolutionary service.

                                             ==O==

William Gowen [or Gavin or Goven] was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1860 [?] census of Davidson County, City of Nashville, Household 115-115.  The family was recorded as:

 

          "Gowen,              William                         26, born in TN, no profession

                                       Jane                               27, born in TN

                                       A. M.                          8/12, born in TN

           Gowen,               Joanna                           46, born in TN

                                       John                               23, born in TN

                                       Henry                             21, born in TN

                                       Anne                               17, born in TN"

                                             ==O==

William F. Gowen was married January 26, 1886 to Nannie A. Chadones, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to William F. Gowen and Nancy Chadones Gowen are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Willie Gowen, age 14 in 1860, was living in the home of A. J. Folsom, according to the 1860 census of Davidson County, page 148.

                                             ==O==

Miss Winifred Gowen, age 20, was married January 6, 1928 to Milburn L. Hogue, age 26, 228 Bascobel, Nashville, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Alvin Buell Gowens was born in 1928.  He was married June 25, 1965 to Barbara Gayle Walpool, age 22, according to Davidson County Marriage records.  Of Alvin Buell Gowens and Barbara Gayle Walpool Gowens nothing more is known.

                                             ==O==

Ed Gowens, negro was married August 21, 1897 to Henrietta Cunningham August 21, 1897, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Ed Gowens and Henri­etta Cunningham Gowens are unknown.

                                             ==O==

James W. Gowens requested a license to marry Martha Hooberry December 6, 1864, according to Davidson County marriage records.  No return was made of the license.

                                             ==O==

Jarrett Gowens, negro, was married to Frances Mullins March 15, 1877, according to Davidson County marriage records.  "Jarrett Gowen," negro, was remarried to Lou Harris January 10, 1880.  "Garrett Going," negro, was remarried to Lou Harris January 29, 1889, according to Davidson County marriage records. "Jarrett Gowen," negro, was married to Janie Rucker August 26, 1898. "Jarrett Going," negro was married to Onie Irvin August 14, 1909.  Moses Going was bondsman.  Jarrett Gowens was married to Daisy Cunningham July 21, 1914, according to Davidson County marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Lane Gowens lived at 4701 Outer Drive, according to the 1959 telephone directory of Nashville.

                                             ==O==

Ray Gowens, age 36, 208 Bernie Dillon Building, Nashville was married May 27, 1930 to Mrs. Mabel Nowhie Ramsey, age 28, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Ray Gowens lived at 1209 Ashwood Avenue, according to the 1959 telephone directory of Nashville.

                                             ==O==

Syntha Gower was fined "for not attending when summoned to testify in behalf of Thomas Hampton against John Boyd and James Foster" October 7, 1789, according to Davidson County Court minutes.

                                             ==O==

William Gower was appointed a grand juror in the April term of 1784, and he recorded his brand there in July 1784, accord­ing to Davidson County Court minutes.

                                             ==O==

Michael Gowin was married November 9, 1860 to Margaret Gannon, according to Davidson County marriage records.  Children born to Michael Gowin and Margaret Gannon Gowin are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Rev. Henry E. Gowins lived at 1407 9th Avenue North, according to the 1971 telephone directory of Nashville.

                                             ==O==

Mrs. Mary Gowing was married to James Arthur February 11, 1865, according to Davidson County Marriage records.

                                             ==O==

Gordon Gowne appeared as the head of a household in the 1860 census of Davidson County.  The family was rendered as:

 

          "Gowne,              Gordon               48, born in Virginia, shoemaker

                                       Jamina                36, born in TN

                                       Samuel                14, born in TN

                                       Johna                   12, born in TN

                                       Susan                   10, born in TN

                                       Charles                  8, born in TN

                                       Daniel                    6, born in TN

                                       Margaret                4, born in TN

                                       Sarah                      2, born in TN

                                       Elby                  1/12, born in TN"

                                             ==O==

Samuel McGowen appeared on Davidson County jury panels July 8, 1779, April 4, 1786, and in October 1786, according to Davidson County Court minutes.

                                             ==O==

John McGown was named on a road committee "to oversee the road from Mansker's Station to Heaton's Station" January 12, 1792, according to Davidson County Court minutes.

                                             ==O==

Miss Willie Gowen Tompkins, daughter of John Thomas Tompkins and Nannie Ellen Webb Tompkins, was born June 7, 1884 in Davidson County.  She was married about 1901 to John Judah.

 

DECATUR COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

J. Gowan was enumerated as the head of Household 841-841 in the 1860 census of Decatur County, 11th Civil District:

 

          "Gowan,              J.                                    28, born in TN, day laborer

                                       C.                                   28, born in TN, wife

                                       J. W.                                8, born in TN, male

                                       R.                                     6, born in TN, male

                                       R.                                      4, born in TN, male"

                                             ==O==

Living in the household of J. M. Jones, No. 854-854, 11th Civil District in the 1860 census of Decatur County were four Gowen individuals:

 

          "Jones,       J. M.                             30, born in TN, day laborer"

          Gowen      M.                                 26, born in TN, female

          Gowen      J. M.                                8, born in TN, male

                            J. J.                                  6, born in TN, male

                           C. M.                                5, born in TN, male

                            A. J.                                 2, born in TN, male"

                                             ==O==

S. O. Gowens was enumerated as the head of Household 778-779, 12th Civil District, Decatur County:

 

          "Gowens,           S. O.           27, born in TN, farmer, $250 real

                                                               estate, $240 personal property,

                                                               illiterate

                                       J. M.           27, born in TN

                                       E.                  5, born in TN, female

                                       E. E.             3, born in TN, female"

 

DEKALB COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

Sarah Goens was married to Joe Kimbrow April 25, 1879 in Dekalb County according to Tenessee Marriage records [1851-1900]. 

==O==

Jackson Goin was married to M. A. Goin November 5, 1876 in Dekalb County according to Tennessee marriage records.

==O==

John Goines married Pollie A. Goines on February 13, 1887, according to DeKalb County marriage records.

==O==

Samuel Goines married Sarah Brown on December 25, 1884, according to DeKalb County marriage records.

==O==

Isebel Goins was married to Scott Columbus [also appears as Scott Columus] Novemer 28, 1883 in Dekalb County.

==O==

Clay Gowan, a mulatto [or Melungeon] was listed as the head of a household enumerated in the 1880 census of DeKalb County, Enumeration District 25, page 23, Civil District 1, as:

 

          "Gowan,              Clay                      45, born in TN, mulatto

                                       Fannie                  31, born in TN, white

                                       Jim                        13, born in TN, mulatto

                                       Nora                     10, born in TN, mulatto

                                       Lulu                       9, born in TN, mulatto

                                       Mack                      4, born in TN, mulatto

                                       Willie                     6, born in TN, mulatto, daughter

                                       Ewing                     3, born in TN, mulatto

                                       Clay                   8/12, born in TN, mulatto"

==O==

Polley Gowans married Lucien Preston on February 19, 1869 in DeKalb County, according to Tennesse marriage records [1851-1900].

==O==

Mollie Gowen was married to John Rollins March 22, 1879 in Dekalb County according to Tennessee Marriage records (1851-1900).

==O==

Nannie Gowen was married to Liv Tubb December 17, 1876 in Dekalb County according to Tennessee Marriage records [1851-1900].

==O==

Susan M. Gowen was married to E. K. Atwell May 13, 1877 in Dekalb County according to Tennessee Marriage records (1851-1900).

==O==

W. D. Gowen was married to Mattie E. Wood September 25, 1873 in Dekalb County according to Tennessee Marriage records (1851-1900).  Nothing more is known of W. D. Gowen and Mattie E. Wood Gowen.

                                             ==O==

Joshua Gowens was married February 27, 1881 to Jane King, according to Dekalb County marriage records.  Children born to Joshua Gowens and Jane King Gowens are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Spencer Gowens was married February 11, 1859 to Edith Morrison, according to Dekalb County marriage records.  Children born to Spencer Gowens and Edith Morrison Gowens are unknown.

 

DICKSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

James Goan, a farmer was listed in the 1820 census of Dick­son County as the head of household No. 559.  Enumerated in the household were:

 

          "James Goan                 white male                     26-45

                                                white female                   16-26

                                                white male                        0-10

                                                white male                        0-10

                                                white female                    0-10

                                                white female                    0-10"

                                             ==O==

G. W. L. Gowen was born in Tennessee in 1827.  He was mar­ried about 1850.  He, a blacksmith, appeared September 27, 1860 as the head of a Household 1063-1063, near Danielsville, Tennessee in the 1860 census of Dickson County, Middle Division, page 276-A, enumerated as:

 

          "Gowen,              G. W. L.              33, born in TN, blacksmith, $500 real

                                                                         estate, $130 personal property

                                       M.                       32, born in TN, wife

                                       W. C.                    9, born in TN, son

                                       J. W.                      7, born in TN, son

                                       M. A.                     6, born in TN, daughter

                                       S. E.                       4, born in TN, daughter

                                       G. W.                     3, born in TN, son

                                       L.                           1, born in TN, daughter

                                       J.                       1/12, born in TN, son"

 

DYER COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

Allen Goings was recorded as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Dyer County, Enumeration District 15, page 5, living in Dyersburg, Tennessee:

 

          "Goings,               Allen,                   24, born in January 1876 in TN

                                       Mary                     26, born in March 1874 in TN

                                       Mattie                     5, born in March 1895 in TN

                                       Irene                       2, born in January 1898 in TN

                                       Lillie                 5/12, born in December 1899 in TN

                                     ==O==       

Andy Goins, negro, was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Dyer County, Enumeration District 16, page 4, living in Dyersburg, Tennessee:

 

          "Goins,                 Andy                    34, born in TN, July 1865, negro

                                       Mat                       30, born in TN, January 1870, wife

                                       Percy                    17, born in TN, September 1882

                                       Earnest                 15, born in TN, December 1884

                                       Earry                     13, born in TN, October 1886

                                       Willie                      9, born in TN, October 1890

                                       Earmer                    6, born in TN, September 1893

                                       Ada M      .               5, born in TN, August 1894

                                       Mary                         3, born in TN, February 1884"

                                             ==O==

D. C. Gowen was born in Tennessee in 1827 of parents who were both born in Virginia.  He was married before 1860, wife's name Tennessee.   The household of D. C. Gowen was enumerated in the 1880 census of Dyer County, Enumeration District 5, page 18, Second Civil District as:

 

          "Gowen,               D. C.                  53, born in TN, father born in

                                                                         VA, mother born in VA

                                       Tennessee           46, born in AL, father born in NC

                                                                          mother born in GA

                                       Hamilton             18, born in TN,, father born in

                                                                           TN, mother born in Alabama

                                       Mary                     17, born in TN, father born in

                                                                           TN, mother born in AL

                                       John                      16, born in TN, father born in

                                                                            TN, mother born in AL

                                       James                     14, born in TN, father born in

                                                                           TN, mother born in AL

                                       Pleasant               12, born in TN, father born in

                                                                          TN, mother born in AL

                                       Martha                11, born in TN, father born in

                                                                          TN, mother born in AL

                                       Julia Ann             10, born in TN, father born in

                                                                          TN, mother born in AL

                                       Susan                     9, born in TN, father born in

                                                                          TN, mother born in Al

                                       Thomas                  8, born in TN, father born in

                                                                           TN, mother born in AL

                                       Alles                      4, born in TN, father born in

                                                                           TN, mother born in AL,

                                                                            daughter

                                       William               20, born in TN, father born in

                                                                          TN, mother born in AL, son"

                                             ==O==

Mark Gowen, negro, was enumerated as the head of a house­hold in the 1900 census of Dyersburg, Tennessee, Enumeration District 16, page 4:

 

          "Gowen,               Mark           38, born in TN in December 1861

                                       Martin         32, born in TN in March 1868, wife

                                       Osie               5, born in TN in April 1895, son

                                       Howard         3, born in TN in May 1897, son

                                       George           1, born in TN in January 1899, son"

 

FAYETTE COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

No individuals by the name of Gowen [or spelling variations] appeared in the 1836 tax list of Fayette County.

                                             ==O==

L. S. Goen was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Fayette County, Enumeration District 24, page 18, Civil District 8:

 

          "Goen,                  L. S.            52, born in TN

                                       A. E.            53, born in TN

          Glosip,                  S. J.             30, born in TN, niece

                                       J. E.                5, born in TN,

                                                                  great niece, daughter of S. J. Glosip"

                                             ==O==

C. A. Goins was married March 17, 1843 to Sarah F. B. Elder, according to "Fayetten County, Tennessee Masrriages, 1848-1850."  Children born to C. A. Goins and Sarah F. B. Elder Goins are unknown.

                                             ==O==

William Gowan, negro, son of Pugh Gowan and Classie Gowan, was born in September 1872 in Tennessee.  In 1916 he was a farmer in Fayette County.  He died there November 2, 1916 "of gastro-enteritis," according to Tennessee BVS Death Certificate No. 414.  Pearley Mitchell of Moscow, Tennessee was the informant.

                                             ==O==

Sarah Jane Gowen was married to E. F. Atkin, January 30, 1848, according to "Fayette County, Tennessee Masrriages, 1838-1850." 

 

FRANKLIN COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

Nathen Goin was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Franklin County, Enumeration District 27, page 10:

 

          Goin,         Nathen                         72, born in TN, September 1827

                             Vandorey                    30, born in TN, October 1869

                             Marah                          28, born in TN, February 1872

                             John                            23, born in TN, January 1877

                             Harvey                        21, born in TN, November 1878

                             Nathaniel                     5, born in TN, October 1894"

                                             ==O==

Samuel Goin was reported as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Franklin County, Enumeration District 27, page 13:

 

          "Goin,          Samuel                          28, born in TN, March 1871

                               Marah                            21, born in TN, September 1878

                               Harie                               1, born in TN, July 1898, son"

                                             ==O==

Thomas Goin was shown as head of a household in the 1900 census of Franklin County, Enumeration District 28, page 9:

 

          "Goin,                 Thomas                       30, born in TN, May 1870

                                       Nancy M.                   39, born in TN, April 1861

                                       Joseph C.                     5, born in TN, June 1895

                                       Carnel C.                     3, born in TN, April 1897

          Adams,                 John H.                      14, born in TN, July 1886,

                                                                                 stepson"

                                             ==O==

William Goin was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Franklin County, Enumeration District 27, page 13:

 

          "Goin,                 William               26, born in TN, September 1873

                                       Learie                  24, born in TN, February 1876

                                       Frank                     2, born in TN, June 1895"

                                             ==O==

Antney Gouing, "step-son of Obe Brown" was enumerated in the 1900 census of Franklin County, Enumeration District 27, page 11 as "age 33, born in Tennessee in November 1866."

                                             ==O==

John M. Gowan, "of the County of Franklin" deeded 10 acres of land to Roswell Hall of Rhea County, Tennessee February 24, 1821, according to Franklin County Deed Book A, page 23.  The land lay "between the town of Jasper and the creek formerly known as Hudson Creek."  This area was later included in Marion County, Tennessee.

 

"John Gowen" appeared in the 1840 census of Bedford County, Tennessee, page 30, as the head of a household.  The family was recorded as:

 

          "Gowen, John                         white male            50-60

                                                          white female         40-50

                                                          white male            20-30

                                                          white male            20-30

                                                          white female         15-20

                                                          white female           5-10"

 

The family did not reappear in the 1850 census of Bedford County.

                                             ==O==

Thomas O. Gowan appeared as the head of a household in the 1850 census of Franklin County.  The family was rendered as:

 

          "Gowin,              Thomas O.                  38, born in TN

                                       Mary H.                      28, born in TN

                                       Benjamin H.              12, born in MS

                                       Thomas I.                  10, born in TN

                                       James H.                     3, born in TN

                                       Sarah                           1, born in TN"

                                             ==O==

The 1890 polltax list of Franklin County included Bill Gowins, Noah Gowins, Joshua Gowins, Jack Gowins and Granville Gowins.

                                             ==O==

Levi Gown was appointed to a road committee June 4, 1832, and in May 1838, according to Franklin County Court Minute Book, page 38.

                                             ==O==

"Gown & Gown" paid an advalorem tax on 110 acres, ac­cording to the 1890 tax list of Franklin County.  Mrs. Mattie Gown paid an advalorem tax on a three-acre town lot in 1890.

 

GIBSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

Drury Gowan was married to Fanny Hall January 17, 1853, according to "Gibson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1824-1860."  Children born to Drury Gowan and Fanny Hall Gowan are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Lucinda Gowan appeared as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Gibson County, Enumeration District 32, page 16:

 

          "Gowan,          Lucinda      43, born in TN

          Johnson,          James         18, born in TN

                                   Nettie         14, born in TN, daughter

          Gowan,          Fannie             4, born in TN, daughter"

 

Apparently Lucinda Gowan had been widowed twice.  "Lou Gowan, age 60, born in Tennessee in February 1839" was enu­merated in the 1900 census of Gibson County, Enumeration District 31, page 2, living alone.

                                             ==O==

R. M. Gowan was married to Mary Jane McFarlen November 24, 1854, according to "Gibson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1824-1860."  Children born to R. M. Gowan and Mary Jane McFarlen Gowan are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Sophronia E. Gowan was married January 17, 1853 to George M. Taylor, according to "Gibson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1824-1860." 

                                             ==O==

Will Gowan, "age 15, born in May 1885, servant of William Wood," was enumerated in Wood's household in the 1900 cen­sus of Gibson County, Enumeration District 47, page 12.

                                             ==O==

William J. Gowan was married Augut 21, 1851 to Dicey McFarland, according to "Gibson County, Tennessee Marriages, 1824-1860."  Children born to William J. Gowan and Dicey McFarland Gowan are unknown.

                                             ==O==

Mattie Gowen was enumerated in the 1900 census of Gibson County, Enumeration District 48, page 9 living in the house­hold of Benjamin H. Williams in Milan, Tennessee where she was employed as his housekeeper.

 

GILES COUNTY, TENNESSEE

 

Giles County was organized in 1809 with land from adjoining Maury County, Tennessee.  A great many settlers came into the area, only to learn that they were “Intruders” on land that the Chickasaw Indians claimed by treaty.

 

U. S. Army soldiers from Ft. Hampton were ordered to re-move the settlers.  Between the years 1809 and 1811 federal soldiers made numerous forays onto the Chickasaw reserva-tion in order to remove illegal settlers and destroy their im-provements, including crops and homes.

 

The settlers appealed to Pres. James Madison.  In 1810 they addressed a petition to Washington:

 

“The 1810 Elk River Intruders Petition

 

Although commonly referred to as the "Simms' Settlement Petition, many of the 450 men and women [Intruders] who signed the following document were residing elsewhere within the untreated Chickasaw lands, including Giles County, al-though Simms Settlement [on the Elk River in present-day Limestone County, Alabama, just south of Giles] does appear to have been where the settlers' returned to re-group following the 1809 Intruder Removals.

 

Many of these names and those on the 1809 Elk River Intruder List are also on the 1812 Giles county tax list, and a sampling has been indicated by the use of the symbol after the name.

 

Excerpted from The Territorial Papers of the United States, The Territory of Mississippi, 1809-1817, Volume VI, com-piled and edited by Clarence Edwin Carter, published by the United States Government Printing Office,

Washington, 1928, pp. 106-113:

 

Page 106--108] Mississippi Territory

 

PETITION TO THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS BY

BY INTRUDERS ON CHICKASAW LANDS

 

Mississippi Territory, Elk River, Sims'es Settlement

 

September 5th 1810--

 

To his Excellency James Maddison President of the United States of America and the honourable Congress assembled:

 

We your petitioners humbly sheweth that a great many of your fellow citizens have unfortunately settled on what is now called Chickasaw land- which has led us into difficultys that tongue cannot express if the orders from the ware department are executed in removeing us off of said land.

 

However in a government like ours founded on the will of the people, we have reason to hope and expect that we shall be treated with as much lennity as the duty you owe to Justice will permit.

 

We therefore wish, Without the shade or colour of falshood, to leve to your consideration the main object of our setling of this country.  In the first Place, we understood that all the land on the north side of Tennessee river was purchased of the Indians which was certainly the Case, and further we understood that this was congress land as we call it and by paying of two Dol-lars per acre we should obtain An undoubted title to our lands and avoide the endless law suits that arise in our neighboring states in the landed property under these and many other im-pressions of minde that appeared inviteing to us to setle here a great many of us solde our possessions and Came and settled here in the winter and spring of 1807 without any knoledg or intention of violating the laws of government or Infringing on the right of another nation and we remained in this peacefull situation untill the fall of 1807 when General Robertson Came on runing the Chickasaw boundary line and he informed us that, though the Cherokees had sold this land, yet the Chicka-saws held a clame to it as their right.

 

And now as booth nations |had| set up a clame to this land and Government having extingushed the Cherokee clame; and we who are well acquainted with the boundarys of this country do think in Justice that the Cherokees had undoubtedly the best right to this land we could state our reasons for thinking so, in many cases, but we shall only refurr you to one particular, that is when Zacheriah Cocks (1) made a purchase of parte of this country and came in order to settle it, he landed on an island in the Mussell Shoals, and was making preparations to ingarrison himself, but when the Cherokees Understood his intentions, they got themselves together and sent in messingers to him tell-ing him if he did not desist and remove his men out of their country they would certainly imbody themselves and cut him off.  And Cocks took the alarme And left the Island in the night.  And if the cherokees had not defended this country at that time it may be persumed that it would have been taken from the Chickasaws without asking of them anything about their right to it. For the Cherokees do say that they have held an antiant clame to it which they never lost by sword or treaty untill extinguished by government.

 

And should this be the case and appeare to your satisfaction that the cherokees had at least as good a right as the Chicka-saw and you haveing that right invested in you-and you are allso willing to pay the Chickasaw for their clame and they refuse to sell it, where then can there remain a single doubt In the publick Minde of doing the Chickasaws any kind of unjus-tice in makeing use of the Cherokee clame and  saying: if they will not take a reasonable price for their clame we will not re-move our fellow citizens off which will bring many women and children to a state of starvation mearly to gratify a heathan nation Who have no better right to this land than we have ourselves.

 

And they have by estemation nearly 100000 acres of land to each man Of their nation and of no more use to government or society than to saunter about upon like so many wolves or bares whilst they who would be a supporte to government and Improve the country must be forsed even to rent poore stony ridges to make a support to rase their famelies on whist there is fine fertile countrys lying uncultivated and we must be de-bared even from inJoying a small Corner of this land, but we look to your boddy of government as a friendly father to us and believe it Compleatley within your power Whilst you are administering Justice between us and the Chickasaws to say with the greatest propriety that we have once purchased this land and we will not remove our fellow citizens off but let them remain as tennants at will untill the Chickasaws may feell a disposition to sell us their clame.

 

Therefore we your humble petitioners wish you to take our standing duely into consideration and not say they are a set of dishoneste people who have fled from the lawes of their country and it is no matter what is done With them.

 

For we can support our carractors to be other ways and it is our wish and desire to protect and supporte our own native Government we must informe you that in the settling of this country men was obliged to expose themselves very much and the Climate not helthy a number of respectable men have de-ceased and left their widows with families Of alphan [orphan] children to rase in the best way they can.

 

And you might allmost as well send the sword amongst us as the fammin the time being short that our orders permits us to stay on.  We wish you to send us an answer to our petition as soon as posable and, for heavens Sake, Pause to think what is to become of these poore alphan families who have more need of the help of some friendly parish than to have the strictest orders executed on them who has not a friend in this unfeeling world that is able to asist them Either in geting off of said land or supporting when they are off.  We are certain in our own minds that if you could have A true representation of our carractor the industry we have made and the purity of our in-tentions in settling here together with the justice of our cause you would say in the name of God let them stay on and eat their well earned bread.

 

Perhaps our number may be fare more than you are apprised of from the best calculation that we can make, there is Ex-clusive of Doublehead’s reserv (2) 2250 souls on what is called Chickasaw land and all of us could live tollerabie com-fortable if we Could remain on our improvements, but the dis-tance is so great if we are removed off that we cannot take our produce with Us and a great many not in a circumstance to purchase more will in consequence of this be brought to a de-plorable situation.

 

 We shall therefore conclude in hopes that on a due considera-tion we shall find favour in the sight of your most honourable Body which will in duty binde your petitioners to ever Pray &c.

 

Wm. Sims (3)

James Sims

Michael Odaniell

Thomas Skagg

Wiliam Payne

Berry Matlock

George Brown

James Reynolds

Larkin Webb

 

Isaac Crowson

Benjimen osbourn

Robert Cravens

Andrew Arnett

Jonathan Cochron

Hoseph Bradley

James Wooley

Henry Lysby

Isaac Gibson

 

Samuel Easely

David Simon

John Hoddge

John Coward

Charles Skaggs Sen

Charles Skaggs Jur

Charles Williams

William Adams

Wm Bowling Sen

Wm Bowling Jr

Wm Cooper

Wm Conway

Charles Easely

John Scaggs

John Eppler

Jonathan Eppler

James Neill

Isham Brown

James Brown

Abraham Brown

Edward Davis

Rawleigh Dodson

Aaron Luisley

Simon Foy

Benj. Murrell

Calvin Wittey

Caleb Juett

Isaac Murrell

George Arbuthnot

Francis Daugherty

Bejman Carrel

Asa Magge

Sammell Preed Jun

Sammul Preed

James Preed

Christopher Baylor

Marckel Stockdon

Thomas Redus

Abraham Sims

Richard Murrell

John Daugherty

James Hodge

James Hood

William Mayer

William Hodge

William Hoodser

Edmond Fears

William Hood Jr

Ely Robertson

Samuel Robertson

Michel Robertson

John Allon

James Ball

[MS illegible]

John McCutchen

David McCutchen

John Calwell

John Bidell

John Rosson

Simon Rosson

Richard Linville

Wm. Nelson

John Nelson

James Ford

James Caldwell

Wm. Kile

Samuel Bradley

William Adams

Roland McKenny

James McKenny

John McKenny

Ruben McKenny

Robert McKenny

William McKenny

John Lynn

Elijah Price

John Hogges

John Sessoms

Amos Moor

William Ellis

John Thomas

Joshua Perkins

Issac Fraey

Lovill Coffman

Cornelius Gatliff

James Redey

John Panton

Jesse Panton

William Hooker

Thomas Pool

Philmer Green Senr

Jere. McKellins

Reuben Riggs

William Candon

James Riggs

Robert Tayler

Enoch Tayler

John Tayler

Jas Wilder

Fracis Ascaugh

Joab Arbagh

Jas. Wherrey

John Bell

Benjamin Russell

Edward Frost

Jas. Anderson

Joseph Evans

Henry Evans

John Scallern

Jacob Scallern

John Wainwright

John Myers

James Green

John Mowery

Alexander Dutton

George Fergel

John Sauls

Reel Matcok

John Bartell

John Kim

Andr Jackson

Henry Miller

Abraham Miller

Robert Foury

Joseph Calvert

James Mossy

James McMahhan

Jessy Cooper

David Miller

Levi Cummins

Mark Mitchell

Allen Cotton

John Cotton

William Cox

Thomas Hardy

George Loften

John Tayler

John Reed

Elkin Tayler

Lennard Lofton

Joseph Foster

Abraham Kirkelot

John Kirkendall

Jos. Jones

Levi Cooper

John Cooper

John Paine

Fuller Cox

Sami Cox

Joseph Looker

William Riggs

Bridges Freeman

Charles Hulsey

Beverly Philips

Shaderick Cross

Benjamin Ishmal

Benjn. Cross

Henry Cross

Jonathan Adams

Thos. Adams

Robt. Wallis

James Isaac

Hardin Hulsey

William Hill

Jas Miller

John Hamlin

Samuel Smith

Ellexander Smith

Felps Smith

Wm. Smith

Bryan Smith

Jonathon Greenhow

Wm. Greenhow

Greenbery Greenhow

John Croslin

Benjamin French

Henry Croslin

Jessey Richardson

Joseph England

David Dudden

John Crage

Michal Trimble

Elisha Rainbolt

Jas Craig

John Mitchell Snr

Elisha Garritt

John Mitchell Jnr

George Mitchell

Wm. Smith

Jno. Sanders

Reuben Sanders

Joseph Carnes

Wm Carnes

Redden Crisp

Wm. Black

Levi Black

Jos. Keen

John Allman

Walter Tremble

Elye Hornback

Wm. McGowen

Robt. Hodges Jnr.

Robert Stenson

John Smith

John Runnels

Francis Bird

Thos. Henderson

Shadrach Morres

Lewis Tacket

William Kellett

Joseph Kellett

James Kellett

James Humphrs [Humphreys?]

William Humphrs

Charles Smith

William Stephens

Samuel Nelson

George Honbre

Joel James

Henry McGuin

Wm Mullin

Thomas Mullin

John Toliver

Matt Smith

James Mullens

Jaret Brandon

James Smith

John Miller

Elijah Major

James Major

John Trimble

Joshua Brunson

David Parker

John Ray

John Carnham

Jacob Pyeatt

James Pyeatt

Aron Gibson

Cabot Turner

Isack Shipman

John Hakins

George S. Wilson

Josha Bruntson

James Slaughter

Jesop Luster

John Luster

James Luster

Robert McGowen

DanI McIntyre

Alexr Masky (or Marky)

John Chambers

Thos Price

Joel Philips

Wm. Stinson

George Hauge

Ezek. Smith

Wm Smith

Andrew Smith

Jame McConel (or McCarrel)

Sami McConell

Jams M. McConell William Chambers

Jno. Webb

George Bankhead

Jno Bankhead

Michael Shaly

George Shaly

Fredrich Shaly

Moses Crosen  [Crowson?]

Moses Chot

John Vans

Duncan McAntire

William Voss

Alex Miller

William Cochran

John Welch

William Welch Senr

Beverly Luster

David Luster

Jas Bevers

Jonathan Burleson

John Burleson

Mathew Brunston

William Slaughter

Jonathan Blair

John Billinsly

Johnathan Greenhow

Clouds Greenhow

Alexander Moor

Robert Moor

John Umphres [Humphreys?]

Archable Tremble

James Garner

John Bell

James Burlston

Robert Thresher

David Thompson

John Roguey(?)

David Capshaw

Malachi Reeves

Robert Gresham

Amos French

William W. Capshaw

George Ogel

George McCown

David Allerd

William Magers(?)

Harda Allerd

Georg Cooper

David Water

John Wager

Harmon Horn

Banra Devon

John Gebbens

Robt Gebbins

Saml Gibbons

James Gibbons

Jos. Gibbons

Clemen Arman(?)

Mathew Brewer

James Norman

Aaron Shote

John Shote

John Wynn

M. Armstrong

Thos. Dodd

Isaac Perrett

Jeremiah Rowlen

Mitchell O'Neel

Jessy Dillion

Tiery O'Neel

Hirram O'Neel

Joseph Brunson

John Parmerly

Richard Robertson

George Taylour

Ellken Taylor

John Taylour Junr.

Robert Taylour

Hanum Taylour

John Taylour Sen.

Thomas Read

John Read

Wm. Taylour

Nathanniel Hannet [Hamet?]

James Dunahoo

James Long

John Cooper

Leire Cooper

James Dunham

Alexr Dunham

Thomas Brighton

Names of the Widows

Damarias Bowling

Amerida Hatton

Betsey Williams

Mahaley Robertson

Gilly Crowson

Milly Hogwood

Drankey(?) Medders

Patsey Carter

Caty Lawrence

Joan Black

Ann Johnstons

Susan Wigges

Betsey Cooper

Ann Grin(?)

Elizebeth Sims

Grizell Sims

Polly Prigman

Sally Williams

Any Taylour

Christiana McRavey

Men's Names

Abner Camnon (or Camron)

Jessey Beavers

John Hoaton

Robert Hoaton

Nicholess Boren

James Boren

Abner Boren

Henry Davis

Benjamin Land

Andrew Blithe

Jacob Blithe

Wm. Lilly

Obediah Martin

Wm. Martin

Henson Day

Andrew Pickins

Joseph L. Jones

Hugh Bradon

Adam Burney

James Burney

Wm. Ferrell

Owen Shannon

William Cooper

Jas. Braden

James Steward

John Cooper

Levi Cooper

Chale Dever

John Black Junr

Prier Kile

Reuben Smith

Isac Lann (or Lanse)

Eli Tidwell

Millin Tidwell

Eli Tidwell

Daniel Kinny

Owin Shannon Se.

James Renn

H. T. Hendry

Jos L. Hendry

William Cramer

William Murrell

William Smith

John Smith

John Black Senr

Gabriel Tayour [Taylour?]

Natheniell Harbin(?)

Jessee Harbin

James Harbin

Robert Wood Millenton Tidwell

James Leath

Edward Shoat

Vantenten [Valentin?] Shoat

John Taylour

Benjamin Tutt

Thomas Kile

James Pickins

 

[Endorsed] Petition (addressed to James Madison, Pres: U.S. by 450 of the Intruders upon the Chickasaw Territory:

 

Reced Octo. 1st 1810.

 

 

Simon Foy and Thomas Dodd are not on the 1812 Giles tax list, but are mentioned by McCallum as early Elk River settlers.  Both are also on the 1809 Intruders List (1) According to McCallum's History of Giles..., "The treaties of 1805 and 1806 extinguished the Indian title to a considerable portion of what is now Madison County, in Alabama, a scope of country in the shape of a "V," some thirty miles wide on the South boundary of the Tennessee with a point on the Tennes-see River at Ditto's landing, with about eight miles front on the river.

 

Soon after the treaty, Zachariah Cox and his associates, the "Tennessee Yazoo Company", claimed this scope of country as against the US Government.  Under their purchase from the State of Georgia in 1795, they commenced settling it and hav-ing it settled up.  They were resisted by the Government and those claiming under said purchase were driven off."

 

(2) Fort Hampton at the Doublehead Reserve became home to the soldiers' whose duty it was to rid the reservation lands of "intruders."  A list dated (3) The original transcription included numbers which were commonly referred to as "Sims Numbers." Those were not included in this edition.

                                             ==O==

William Goins was married to Frances Bunch July 6, 1865 in Giles County according to Tennessee Marriage records (1851-1900).  Nothing more is known of William Goins and Frances Bunch Goins.

==O==

The family of Ernest B. Gowan was involved in an automobile accident June 20, 1983 six miles west of Columbia on SH99, according to the "Columbia State."  The newspaper identified the dead as Ernest B. Gowan, Pulaski; his wife, Brenda Gowan, 35, their daughter Lisa 11; Rayburn S. Cooper, 57 of Etheridge, Tennessee and his wife, Mildred Cooper, 53.  Another Gowan daughter, seven-year-old Tina Gowan was hospitalized with a cut across her face.

                                               ==O==

Margaret C. Gowen who was born in South Carolina in 1840, was listed as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Giles County.  The household, enumerated in Enumera­tion District 101, page 15, Civil District 3 in the Manuel Roberts household included:

 

          "Gowen,               Margaret C.        40, born in South Carolina

                                       John W.               18, born in Alabama

                                       Thomas                10, born in TN"

                                             ==O==

John William Gowan was born in West Tennessee February 3, 1852 of parents unknown.  He was married about 1870, wife’s name Malinda.  "J. W. Gown" was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1880 census of Giles County, Enumeration District 114, page 2, Civil District 16:

 

          "Gown,                J. W.          28, born in TN

                                       Malinda    26, born in TN

                                       L. A.           9, born in TN, daughter

                                       D. H.           4, born in TN, son"

 

It is believed that Malinda Gowan died about 1878.  John William Gowan was remarried February 3, 1881 to Martha Miles, according to a great-granddaughter, Tjuana Mc-Callister.  She was born in January 1857 to Henry Miles.

 

“John Gowen” was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1900 census of Giles County, Enumeration District 3, page 5:

 

          "Gowen,               John                      44, born in TN in February 1856

                                       Martha M.             43, born in TN in January 1857

                                       Laticia                   21, born in TN May 1879,

                                         daughter

                                       Joe                        19, born in TN in Jan. 1881, son

                                       Mary E.                16, born in TN Oct. 1883,

                                                                           daughter

                                       Willis                    14, born in TN in July 1885, son

                                       Sallie                     13, born in TN in Feb. 1887,

                                                                            daughter

                                       Mattie                    11, born in TN in March 1889,

                                                                            daughter

                                       Stanly                      6, born in TN in June 1894, son

                                       Fayette                    4, born in TN in Aug. 1895, son

                                       John M.             9/12, born in TN in Jan. 1900, son"

 

In 1915 John William Gowan was a farmer in Giles County.

 

“Mrs. Martha Miles Gowan, daughter of Henry Miles,” was was living in Giles County in Civil District 11 in 1917.  She died there April 24, 1917, "age about 82, [actually age 60] of valvular heart lesion and senility," according to Tennessee DVS Death Certificate No. 11208.  She was buried in Providence Cemetery, according to her son, Joseph Milton Gowan, informant of Providence, Tennessee.

 

John William Gowan died there December 25, 1932, at age 67 in Giles County of "pneumonia following pulmonary T.B," according to Tennessee BVS Death Certificate No. 28269.  He was buried in Providence Cemetery, according to his son Joseph Milton Gowan, informant, of Pulaski, Tennessee.

 

Children born to John William Gowan and Malinda Gowan include:

 

          Laticia A. Gowan                                              born in May 1871

          D. H. Gowan                                                     born about 1876

 

Children born to John William Gowan and Martha Miles Gowan include:

 

          Joseph Milton Gowan                           born in January 1881

          Mary E. Gowan                                     born in October 1883

          Willis Dee Gowan                                 born in July 1885

          Sallie Lee Gowan                                   born in February 1887

          Stanley Vestal Gowan                           born in June 1894

          Fayette Gowan                                        born in August 1895

          John M. Gowan                                       born in January 1900

 

Laticia A. Gowan, daughter of John William Gowan and Malinda Gowan, was born in May 1871, according to her enumeration in the 1880 census.  Her age was reported as “21” [actually 29] in the 1900 census when she was living in her father’s household.

 

D. H. Gowan, son of John William Gowan and Malinda Gowan was born about 1876 in Tennessee.  He appeared as a four-year-old in the 1880 census of his father’s household.

 

Joseph Milton Gowan, son of John William Gowan and Martha Miles Gowan, was born in January 1881 in Tennessee.  He was enumerated as “Joe Gowen” in the 1900 census of his father’s household in Giles County.

 

He was married about 1901 to Virgie Pearl Warden who was born March 3, 1878 to Moses Warden and Sara Jane Dickson Warden of Moore County, Tennessee.

 

Joseph Milton Gowan and Virgie Pearl Warden Gowan were residents of Goodsprings, Tennessee in Civil District 6, about 1916.  Their family consisted of three sons and four daughters. 

 

He was the informant on the death certificate of his mother who died in 1917 when he lived at Providence and on the death certificate of his father who died in 1932 when he lived at Pulaski, Tennessee.

 

Virgie Pearl Warden Gowan died there May 12, 1945 of paralysis, according to Tennessee Death Certificate 42806.  Her husband, the informant, was age 68 at the time.  She was buried in Providence Cemetery, near Pulaski, Tennessee. 

 

Children born to them include four daughters and:

 

          Ernest Gowan                                                                born about 1916

          Wallace Hill Gowan                                                       born about 1918

          Carl Gowan                                                                     born about 1920

         

Ernest Gowan, son of Joe M. Gowan and Virgie Pearl Warden Gowan, was born about 1916.  In 1983 he lived in Pulaski.

 

Wallace Hill Gowan, son of Joe M. Gowan and Virgie Pearl Warden Gowan, was born about 1918.  He was married about 1941 to Mattie Richardson.  He became a dairy farmer at Pulaski.  He died April 10, 1983 in Giles County Hospital and was buried in Giles Memory Gardens.  His obituary mentioned that he was survived by three daughters: Mrs. Don Gilbert of Memphis, Mrs. Alvin Kimbrough of Chattanooga and Mrs. Robert Jacoby of Columbia and four sisters: Mrs. Oscar Surles, Mrs. Aymett Hamlett, Mrs. Virgil Pierce and Mrs. Grady Boone, all of Pulaski.

 

Children born to Wallace Hill Gowan and Mattie Richardson Gowan include:

 

          Joe F. Gowan                                                          born about 1943

          Thomas Perry Gowan                                              born about 1946

 

Joe F. Gowan, son of Wallace Hill Gowan and Mattie Richardson Gowan, was born about 1943.  In 1983 he lived in Knoxville.

 

Thomas Perry Gowan, son of Wallace Hill Gowan and Mattie Richardson Gowan, was born about 1946.  In 1983 he lived in Pulaski.

 

Mary E. Gowan, daughter of John William Gowan and Martha Miles Gowan, was born in October, 1883.

 

Willis Dee Gowan, son of John William Gowan and Martha Miles Gowan, was born in Giles County in February 1887.

 

Sallie Lee Gowan, daughter of John William Gowan and Martha Miles Gowan, was born in February 1887.

 

Stanley Vestal Gowan, son of John William Gowan and Martha Miles Gowan, was born in June 1894 in Giles County.

 

Fayette Gowan, son of John William Gowan and Martha Miles Gowan, was born in August 1895.

 

“Fate Gowan” died in Pulaski in 1953. 

 

Children born to him include:

 

Fred Gowan                                                          born about 1920

William Gowan                                                     born about 1922

Charles Gowan                                                       born about 1925

 

Fred Gowan, son of Fayette Gowan, was born about 1920. 

 

William Gowan, son of Fayette Gowan, was born about 1922. 

 

Charles Gowan, son of Fayette Gowan, was born about 1925.  He was married about 1948, wife’s name Doris.  In 1972 Charles Gowan and Doris Gowan lived at 1018 School Street, Columbia, Tennessee.

 

John M. Gowan, son of John William Gowan and Martha Miles Gowan, was born in January 1900.

 

 

  Gowen Research Foundation                        Phone:806/795-8758, 795-9694

  5708 Gary Avenue                                        E-mail: gowen@sbcglobal.net

  Lubbock, Texas, 79413-4822         GOWENMS.110, 05/08/02

Internet: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gowenrf

 

 

 

 

 

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