WASHINGTON COUNTY, VIRGINIA
Washington County was organized in 1776-77 with land taken from Montgomery County and Fincastle County.
On December 9, 1785, 307 men of Washington County signed a petition addressed to the Virginia House of Burgesses reqesting the formation of a new county from the western area of Washington County. The petition suggested a line be "fixed along Clinch Mountain and Montgomery line to the Carolina line" to separate them from Washington County. These inhabitants include those in settlements of Clinch River, Mocason Creek, Powells Valley, north branch of Holstein River, and "others." Russell County, Virginia was created in that year. No Gowens [or spelling variations] appeared on the petition.
The list of petitioners, transcribed by Rhonda S. Robertson was published in "The Southwest Virginian," Vol. 1, No. 3 in Wise, Virginia:
“H. SMITH, David WARD, Alexr. BARNETT, Andw. COWAN, Sam'l ROBINSON, Charles BICKLEY, James LEITH, James BUSH, James WHARTON, David COX, Ben GRAVES, John McFERRAN, Moses DAMRON, Lazarus DAMRON, John DAMRON, Edw. STAPLETON, Isaiah STILLS, James OSBURN, James McKENNEY, Wm. BOWLAND, Abrm. HAYTER, Jos. CARTER, James GIBSON, John MCCULOCK, Thomas PRICE, Jr., James HARRIS, John BAKER, Joel GALLAHER, Thos. PRATER, Wm. GILMORE, Charles HAYS, Wm. VAUGHN, Wm. SMITH, Shadrick MONTZ, Edward SMOTE, James ALLEY, Sr., James ALLEY, Jr, Samuel ALLEY, Peter ALLEY, John ALLEY, Hosea ALLEY, David ALLEY, Patrick PORTER
Saml. PORTER, John PORTER, Richd. PORTER, John MONTGOMERY, Stephen OSBURN, Jeremiah HERRIL, Christopher COOPER, Sammuel STALLARD, Alexr. RITCHIE, Thos. CARTER, John CARTER, Norris CARTER, John CARTER, Jr, Daniel YOUNG, Ambrose FLETCHER, Richard FLETCHER, Jos. BLACKMORE, Wm. Cen. DUNCAN, Alexr. RITCHIE, Jr, Wm. McDUEL, Hamelton CROCKETT, Jos. BLACKMORE, Townsend DUNCAN, Namrod HADDON, James DUNCAN, Peter NICHOLSON, Benj. NICHOLSON, Alexr. CROCKETT, Edwd. YOUNG, John WRIGHT, John JACKSON, James ELKINS, Drury ELKINS, James JONES, David MUSICK, Electius MUSICK, Henry SKAGGS, David SKAGGS, Simon COCKRELL, Henry DICKSSON, Jr, John KINKEAD, Arthur BOWEN, Wm. HAMOND, Robert BENHER, Archalus BREMLY, Jonathan CUNNINGHAM.
Wm. GILMORE, Charles HAYS, Wm. SMITH, Jonathan LANGDON, Henry DICKINSON, Edmund PENDLETON, Amos ALLARD, John FRAYOR?, James DAVISSON, Saml. WHITE, Peter MACKINTAVISH, Patrick RIGHLEY, Champ FARIS, Jams. DAVISSON, Wm. DAVISSON, Daniel DAVISSON, John WHITE, Jacob CASSTLES, Jonathan WOODS, James OSBORNE, Joseph CASTLES, Wm. HUSTON, James OVELTON, Zachariah FUGATES, Wm. FUGATE, Coleby FUGATE, Charles DEVER, Samuel HADDON, Siles ENYART, George ROBERTS, John ENYART, Alexr. KIRK, George GIBSON, Adam HOP___, Allen BRAKING?, Edom JONES, Thomas GREEN, John CAMPBELL, David CAIN, Saml. FLEMING, Joseph HENSLEY, John LATHIM, Robt. CARR.
James MONTGOMERY, Robt. LARGE, John CAMPBELL, Jos. BLACK, Henry DICKENSON, James CRAIG, George CLARK, Hugh? BRUCOM?, _____ HENSLEY, Wm. LONG, Thos. BELSHER, Henry MAUK, Wm. PRATER, Jonathan PRATER, Daniel NELSON, Johnson NELSON, Lylis DOLSBERRY, Ramey BATY, Thos. CALDWELL, James WRIGHT, Robert MONTGOMERY, Matthew KINCANNON, Saml VANCE, Aber. DONELSON, John FOWLER, James BRADLEY, John KENNDAY, Wm. NALL, Alexr. MONTGOMERY, John SMITH, Edwd. SMITH, John BOWEN, Henry DAVIS, Saml YOUNG, Josiah FUGATE, James DANIEL, Wm. ONEY, George BELSHER, Nat. KENDRICK, Jesse GRAY, George LARK, Henry HAMLIN.
Will. ROGERS, John SKAGGS, Jesse ELKINS, Archd. PRATER, Solomon SKAGGS, Jeffery HILDRITH, Robt. HIGGANBOTHAM, Adam LARK, John ASBERRY, James BROWN, Wyatt DANIEL, James YOUNG, Samuel VANHOOK, Wm. GARRISON, Shade WHITE, Dudley YOUNG, John GREEN, Isaac BRISTOW, Wm. ASBERRY, James PRATT, Francis BROWNING, Thomas PRICE, Thomas FRANCE, Jecilia PRICE?, James QUILLIN, Thomas LANDRIX, Benjamin JONES, Anyer PRICE, John LEWIS, George HATFIELD, Masheck STACY, Tom STACY, Thos. CONWAY, Moses HIGGONBOTHAM, Jared BOWLAND, George ASBERRY, Henry ASBERRY, John WELLS, Thos. GREEN, Joseph HATFIELD, Enius SMITH, Eli SMITH.
Jno. HATFIELD, George HATFIELD, Evens SMITH, Jr, Thomas CONWAY, John LEWIS, Charles NIEL, Harris WILLSON, Richd WILLSON, Jno. WILLSON, Joseph MEREDITH, Benj. ONEY, Richd ONEY, Jno. DESKINS, James FUGATE, John FULTON, John VANDYETHE, John HEANY, Abrm. MILLARD, Charles RAINY, Mathew RAINY, James ROGERS, Wm. FRANCE, Jesse JACKSON, Jesse VERMILION, John WELLS, James SHEWMAKER, John GIBSON, John SHOEMAKER, George ROBINSON, Wm. HEARELSON, John RANEY, John THOMSON, Abraham CHILDERS, John WELLS, Ritchard FIELDS, Joseph PERRIN, Wm. BRUSTER, Micahel BRUSTER, Thomas TATE, David YOUNG, John THOMPSON, Wm. ELAM.
James LANDRIX, John GIBSON, Wm. PRICE, George PUCKETT, Zachariah KINDERIK, David PREES, Daniel PRICE, Thos. JOHNSTON, Richard PRICE, Alexander SEAL, Henry HAMBLEN, John BRISTER, Michal LORD, Abrm. BEAVERS, Wm. ROBERTSON, Robt. McFARLAND, Absolom ROBERTSON, Jacob ROBERSON, George McCOY, Robt. McCOY, John WAGG, David CALHOOLN, Joseph McFARLAND, Robert MCFARLAND, Jr, John ENGLISH, Robt. CRAIG, Thos. BIRD, Wm. BIRD, Wm. McPIKE, Voluntine CHOAT, Thos. WALLIN, Stephen WALLIN, Robert TATE, Jr, Rober TATE, Sr., Frederick FRILEY, Martin FRILEY, John FRILEY, Wm. OSBORN, Lewis WALTER, Yeah STILS?, Josh WHITELY, Wm. BLANTON, Thos. M. MAHEN, Thos. HOBBS, Ephraim HATFIELD, Zachariah PRICE, Isaac ELAM, John COWEN, F. J. COLVILL.
Allden WILLIAMSON, Wm. EVANS, John SHORT, Benj. ALDERSSON, Thos. SHORT, Wm. RUMMEN, John HATFIELD, Christopher HAINS, Wm. THOMPSON, Richd. THOMPSON, Wm. JOHNSON, Edward KELLEY, Joseph KISER, James CRAIG, Elijah SMITH, Wm. EDMISTON, James GILMORE, Jeremiah COLES, Abraham HAYTER, Jr, James MC FARLAND, Soloin LITTEN, James FULLEN, Alexander MCFARLAND, Wm. PREECE, Josel BARKER, Drury PUCKETT, Doles BARGE, Mechel ELLIS, James PRICE, Simeon RICHON?, John BORUM, Saml. RITCHIE, Wm. CRABTREE, John GARRISON, James FRILEY, Calip FRILEY, Wm. FRILEY, Thomas OSBORN, Edward STAPLETON, Wm. DORTEN, John TATE, Edward GIVENS, Richd. HENDERSON, Jeremiah PUCKETT, Jas. JACKSON, Meshack STACY, Alexr. MARTIN, Wm. GILMORE, And. COLVILL.
George W. Goins and Mary C. Goins of Washington County were applicants for Confederate pensions, according to Sheila Steele Hunt, genealogist of Kingsport, Tennessee who compiled “Confederate Pension Applicants of Washington County, Virginia.”
Alexander Goins was the subject of a ballad written about 1844 by Gabriel Church of Wise County, according to Blue Ridge Institute who displayed the ballad on its website.
Alexander Goins, an itinerant peddler who frequented the area of Big Stone Gap, was killed in 1844 by thieves in Wise County [then Lee County]. Goins was ambushed by George Hall and his band of renegades, but he escaped to the house of Ely Boggs. Unfortunately for Goins, Boggs was in collusion with Hall. Offering to show Goins another route out of the area, Boggs led Goins into a trap, where Hall's men were hiding, and Goins was shot and killed.
V. N. "Bud" Phillips of Bristol, Virginia, a great-great grandson of Ely Boggs, wrote in June 1994 that Alexander Goins was buried on the Boggs farm located near Stonega, Virginia. He mentioned that he had searched for the grave, but was uncertain that he had found it.
John Andrew Boggs wrote February 17, 2000:
“The Virgil L. Patterson book notes that Eli was born in 1781 and died 8 August 1869 at the age of 81 years. He shows Eli living first at the mouth of Calhoun Creek in Wise County, Virginia. Then later he moved to the headwaters of the Cum-berland River in Kentucky, settling on the mountain above the mouth of Franks Creek.
Jack D. Brummett wrote: ‘Eli Boggs moved across the mountain from the area where his father settled in Big Stone Gap, Virginia to near Eolia, in Letcher County, Kentucky.’
Virgil L. Patterson, compiler of the ‘Boggs Family History’ and organizer of Boggs Family Association, had this to say about Eli:
‘In his old days he was partially paralyzed and would sit on his front porch reading a large family Bible and singing Baptist hymns. He would give good advice to the young people gathered around. He died the day of the 'great sun eclipse' and was buried in the old Boggs Cemetery on top of the mountain above Eolia.
Tradition has it that Eli, while living in Wise County, was implicated in the murder of Alexander Goins, a man of the Melungeon people of southwest Virginia and east Tennessee. The murder supposedly took place on a ridge of Nine Mile Spur of Black Mountain known as Goins Ridge and about 300 yards northwest from where Mud Lick Creek empties into Callahan Creek.
There are two versions of the killing, one handed down by the Maggard family who has Boggs ancestry and one by the Church family, with Goins connections. The Maggard version is that Goins was a horse stealer and a bad man in every respect. The late John P. Craft, a respected citizen of Wise County, says Goins stopped overnight with Craft’s grandfather Maggard on Cumberland River the night before he was killed.
When Goins was getting ready to leave the next morning, he pulled down a fine deerskin from the wall, and without as much as 'by your leave' cut the skin into strips which he hung on his saddle horn and rode away. Maggard knew his reputation as a killer and let him go in peace. Mr. Craft believed Eli Boggs and his neighbors did kill Goins, but that they did it because he had previously stolen their stock and not for his money.
The Church family version is that Alexander Goins was a respectable trader dealing in fine horses which he drove from Kentucky to South Carolina to sell. On one of his trips, as he was returning home, he was ambushed for his money on Callahan Creek, near the present mining town of Stonega, Virginia.
He escaped the ambush and traveled down the stream to the home of Eli Boggs, where he had stayed on other trips through the country. Boggs was a member of the ambushing party, and the next morning he offered to show Goins a near way up the Nine Mile Spur. The robbers waited at the spot where the trails crossed.
As Goins approached, they shot him and he fell dead from his saddle near the mouth of Mud Lick Creek. No one was ever legally charged with Goin's murder. The old Boggs Cemetery referred to by Virgil is actually the Rice-Collier Cemetery and is located on the Scotia Mine property in Eolia.
Eli's headstone was erected by Dr. James Preston Boggs, and inscribed there is the statement that James L. Boggs was born in Ireland. Much of the data above appears in the Emory L Hamilton Manuscript as well.”
Another version of the incident, according to Blue Ridge Institute is that Goins himself was an evil man and was shot by defrauded settlers.
The ballad, posted at "Deathly Lyrics: Songs of Virginia Tragedies," read:
Come all you young people,
That live far and near,
I'll tell of a murder
That was done on the Nine Mile Spur.
They surrounded Poor Goins,
But Goins got away.
He went to Ely Boggs.
He went there to stay.
Ely Boggs, he foreknew him.
His life he did betray,
Saying, "Come and go with me,
And I'll show you a nigh way."
They started up Nine Mile Spur, boys.
They made no delay,
'Till they came across the crossroads,
Where Goins they did slay.
When they got in hearing,
They were lying mighty still.
"Your money's what we're after,
And Goins we will kill."
When they got in gunshot
They did bid him for to stand.
"Your money's what we're after.
Your life is in our hands."
Sweet heaven, Sweet heaven,
How loud he did cry,
"To think of my companion,
And now I have to die."
When the gun did fire,
It caused his horse to run.
The bullet failed to kill him.
George struck him with his gun.
After they had killed him,
With him they would not stay.
They drank up all his whiskey,
and then they rode away.
His wife, she was sent for.
She made no delay.
She found his grave dug
Along by the way.
"Go kill a man for riches
Or any such thing.
I pray the Lord have mercy
Till judgement kills the stings."
Sweet heaven, sweet heaven,
We heard her poor mourns.
"Here lies his poor body.
Where is his poor soul?"
Six households of interest to Gowen chroniclers appeared in the 1850 census of Wythe County:
Goings, George Page 285, 68th District
Goins, Jacob Page 263, 68th District
Goins, John Page 301, 68th District
Gowens, Jacob Page 260, 68th District
Gowing, Jacob Page 265, 68th District
Gowing, Letty Page 260, 68th District
David Gowin appeared as the head of a household in the 1810 census of Wythe County, according to "Index to 1810 Virginia Census" by Madeline W. Crickard. "David Goyen" was enumerated as the head of a free colored household composed of two people in the 1810 census.
"David Goin" was recorded as the head of a household of two people in the 1820 census of Wythe County. The family was enumerated as 000100-00001
George Goin, 20, laborer, was enumerated in the household of John Bedsaul, No. 845-845 in the 1850 census of Wythe County.
Jacob Goins, 22, laborer, was enumerated in the household of Robert C. Fox, No. 544-544 in the 1850 census of Wythe County.
John Goins, 18, laborer, was enumerated in the household of Samuel E. Porter, No. 1063-1063 in the 1850 census of Wythe County.
William Goins appeared as the head of a household in the 1840 census of Wythe County. His family was recorded as:
"Goins, William white male 30-40
white female 30-40
white female 10-15
white male 5-10
white male 0-5
white female 0-5
white male 0-5"
George Washington Goins, born about 1823, was married to Mary Catherine Ratliff June 30, 1853 by a justice of the peace in Wythe County, Virginia according to Ned Goins, a descendant of Kendallville, Indiana in a letter written November 23, 1991. She was born in Wythe County December 2, 1838 to James Ratliff and Nancy E. Vest Ratliff. In 1857 they were living in Pulaski County, Virginia.
They were enumerated there in the 1860 census at Newburn, Virginia. George Washington Goins served in the 54th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Company F during the Civil War.
They continued in Pulaski County in 1870, living in Dublin township. In the 1880 census he was recorded in Washington County in Kinderhook District. He continued there in 1900, living in Goodson District, according to the federal census.
He died May 31, 1903 and was buried in Valley View Cemetery near Abingdon, Virginia. Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins died in Washington County April 17, 1916 and was buried beside her husband.
Children born to George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins include:
Delilah Ann Goins born July 7, 1854
James Templeton Goins born July 20, 1856
Nancy A. Goins born in June 1857
Isaac N. Goins born October 15, 1859
George A. W. Goins born in 1862
Alexander F. Goins born in 1864
Alexander F. Goins born in 1865
William M. Goins born in October 1866
Cephas Monroe Goins born February 2, 1869
Thomas C. Goins born in 1871
Berry W. Goins born in 1873
Marion H. Goins born in 1876
Harvey W. Goins born in 1879
Delilah Ann Goins, daughter of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born July 7, 1854 in Wythe County. She was married April 2, 1872 in Washington County, Virginia to Henry W. Vest. Both died in 1924. They were buried in Valley View Cemetery near Abingdon, Virginia.
James Templeton Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins July 20, 1856. He died 11 days later, August 1, 1856.
Nancy A. Goins, daughter of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Pulaski County in June 1857. She was married August 31, 1881 to Newell J. York in Washington County.
Isaac N. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Pulaski County October 15, 1859. He was married March 21, 1882 to Sophronia E. Hale. She was born February 26, 1860 and died May 27, 1927. Children born to Isaac N. Goins and Sophronia E. Hale Goins are unknown.
George A. W. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Pulaski County in 1862. He was married March 31, 1887 in Washington County to Lizzie Griffin. Children born to George A. W. Goins and Lizzie Griffin Goins are unknown
Alexander F. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Pulaski County in 1864. He died June 25, 1865.
Alexander F. Goins, a son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins with the same name, was born in Pulaski County in 1865.
William M. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Pulaski County in October 1866. He died before the 1870 census.
Cephas Monroe Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Washington County at Bristol, Virginia. He was married December 22, 1892 in Radford, Virginia to his first cousin, Anna Elizabeth Ratliff Rickman. She was born in Wythe County, Virginia June 9, 1868 to Andrew S. Ratliff and Elizabeth A. Ratliff. She died August 2, 1905 in Pulaski County, Virginia. He was remarried there May 12, 1905 to Catherine Turpence Harmon. She was born in Floyd County, Virginia in 1885 to Johnson Harmon and Mahala Harmon. Cephas Monroe Goins, a carpenter, died in 1933 in Preble County, Ohio.
Children born to Cephas Monroe Goins and Anna Elizabeth Rickman Goins include:
Grace Goins born February 9, 1894
Lucittie Alexander Goins born August 1, 1896
George Gordon Goins born October 5, 1898
Children reared by Cephas Monroe Goins and Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins include:
Dolar Goins born October 9, 1904
Wilma Goins born February 4, 1907
Peyton Goins born September 17, 1909
Florence Goins born March 17, 1912
Gladstone "Jack" Goins born August 9, 1915
Sylvia Goins born July 23, 1918
Richard Newton Goins born June 1, 1920
Vivian Goins born February 10, 1922
Dolar Goins, son of Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins, was born October 9, 1904. He was married about 1927 to Blanche Arnold. He died December 2, 1969. Children born to Dolar Goins and Blanche Arnold Goins are unknown.
Wilma Goins, daughter of Cephas Monroe Goins and Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins, was born February 4, 1907. She was married September 11, 1923 to Frank Apgar. She died April 28, 1982.
Peyton Goins, son of Cephas Monroe Goins and Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins, was born September 17, 1909. He was married March 18, 1929 to Donna Blanche McGriff. Later he was remarried, wife's name Evelyn.
Florence Goins, daughter of Cephas Monroe Goins and Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins, was born March 17, 1912. She was married about 1931 to Charlie Poffenbarger.
Gladstone "Jack" Goins, son of Cephas Monroe Goins and Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins, was born August 9, 1915 in Farmerville, Ohio. He was married December 14, 1937 to Dora Mercedes Hosbrook who was born February 23, 1919 in Arcanum, Ohio.
Sylvia Goins, daughter of Cephas Monroe Goins and Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins, was born July 23, 1918. she was married about 1940 to Cletus McGriff. Later she was remarried to Boyd Hope.
Richard Newton Goins, son of Cephas Monroe Goins and Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins, was born June 1, 1920. He was married August 19, 1941 to Florence Stedman at Lewisburg, Ohio.
Vivian Goins, daughter of Cephas Monroe Goins and Catherine Turpence Harmon Goins, was born February 10, 1922. She died at three months, June 3, 1922.
Grace Goins, daughter of Cephas Monroe Goins and Annie Elizabeth Ratliff Rickman, was born February 9, 1894. She was married about 1922 to Jeff Hale. She died in Preble County, Ohio and was buried in Twin Valley Cemetery.
Lucittie Alexander Goins, son of Cephas Monroe Goins and Annie Elizabeth Ratliff Rickman, was born January 8, 1896 in Roanoke, Virginia. He was married December 17, 1917 to Goldie Mae Hawvermale. She was born September 3, 1897 in Preble County to John Jacob Hawvermale and Mary Ann Hora Hawvermale. He died December 3, 1964 in Dayton, Ohio and was buried in Twin Valley Cemetery in Preble County. She died April 9, 1971 and was buried beside her husband.
Children born to Lucittie Alexander Goins and Goldie Mae Hawvermale Goins include:
Joyce Genevie Goins born November 23, 1918
Ralph Emerson Goins born July 22, 1920
Floyd Harvey Goins born December 6, 1922
Clayton Orville Goins born September 22, 1924
Joyce Genevie Goins, daughter of Lucittie Alexander Goins and Goldie Mae Hawvermale Goins, was born November 23, 1918 in Preble County. She was married there November 11, 1940 to Paul David Bear. They were divorced in 1946, and she was remarried to Richard Turvey. She was married for the third time October 13, 1951 to John Lewis Huber.
Ralph Emerson Goins, son of Lucittie Alexander Goins and Goldie Mae Hawvermale Goins, was born July 22, 1920 in Preble County. He served in the U.S. Navy during World War II from 1942 to 1945. He was married in Preble County June 30, 1944 to Phyllis Lorene Uhl. She was born there June 28, 1921 to Willard Edward Uhl and Mabel Rae Bake Uhl.
Children born to Ralph Emerson Goins and Phyllis Lorene Uhl Goins include:
Philip Emerson Goins born September 18, 1946
Ned Stephen Goins born April 17, 1949
Philip Emerson Goins, son of Ralph Emerson Goins and Phyllis Lorene Uhl Goins, was born September 18, 1946 in Dayton. He was married there July 18, 1970 to Sharyn Lee Sager. In 1972 they lived in Homestead, Florida, in 1977 in North Attleboro, Massachusetts.
Children born to Philip Emerson Goins and Sharyn lee Sager Goins include:
Chad Emerson Goins born June 16, 1972
Heather Ruth Goins born August 20, 1977
Ned Stephen Goins, son of Ralph Emerson Goins and Phyllis Lorene Uhl Goins, was born April 17, 1949 in Dayton. He was married August 3, 1974 in Celina, Ohio to Doris Ann Hellwarth. She was born March 28, 1952 in Celina to Dillon Cornelius Hellwarth and Dorothy Jean Leininger Hellwarth. In 1984 they lived in Kendallville, Indiana where he was employed as a driver and she as a librarian. They are active genealogical researchers and are members of Gowen Research Foundation.
Children born to Ned Stephen Goins and Doris Ann Hellwarth Goins include:
Stephen Edward Goins born July 8, 1984
Floyd Harvey Goins, son of Lucittie Alexander Goins and Goldie Mae Hawvermale Goins, was born December 6, 1922. He was killed in 1948 in a diving accident.
Clayton Orville Goins, son of Lucittie Alexander Goins and Goldie Mae Hawvermale Goins, was born September 22, 1924. He was married May 28, 1949 to Louise Elizabeth Focke. No children were born to Clayton Orville Goins and Louise Elizabeth Focke Goins.
George Gordon Goins, son of Cephas Monroe Goins and Annie Elizabeth Ratliff Rickman, was born October 5, 1898 at Radford, Virginia. He was married in Montgomery County, Ohio August 8, 1918, wife's name Lula Bell. He died March 25, 1974 in Darke County, Ohio.
Thomas C. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Washington County in 1871
Berry W. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Washington County in 1873.
Marion H. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Washington County in 1876.
Harvey W. Goins, son of George Washington Goins and Mary Catherine Ratliff Goins, was born in Washington County in 1879. He was married in 1906, wife's name Sarah E. Sarah E. Goins was born in 1885. A son, Isaac W. Goins was born to them about 1909, according to Doris A. Goins.
According to "High on a Windy Hill," Negroes buried in Campbell Cemetery "due east of Abingdon, Virginia" include:
"Alex Goins died December 4, 1910, age 66 years
Easter Goins died November 28, 1924, age 75 years
Polly Goins age 80 years
John Goins age 58 years
Annie Goins age 22 years"
Ethel Malinda Gowins was married to Jordan Collins August 22, 1847, according to "Wythe County, Virginia Marriages, 1784-1850."
Ann Gowen Easley here
William Gowen, Jr. to be inserted at end of the section of Ann Gowen Easley.
William Gowen, Jr, son of William Gowen and Sarah Gowen, was born about 1739 in Stafford County, Virginia. He was brought to Brunswick County, Virginia by his parents about 1743. By 1750 they were living in Granville County, North Carolina. His father paid tax on "son William" there in the 1758 tax list of James Yancey."
William Gowen, Jr. accompanied his family in a move to South Carolina about 1774.
One hundred acres of land was "admeasured and laid out unto William Gowen, Junior" May 4, 1773 in Craven County, South Carolina, probably in compensation for North Carolina militia duty. Craven County at that time encompassed land that later became District 96 when it was organized. Description of the land grant is contained in South Carolina Archives, Colonial Plats, Volume 16, page 173. The surveyor's record reads:
South Carolina, Craven County
Pursuant to a Precept from under the hand and seal of John Bremar, Esquire, Deputy Surveyor General dated October February second day AD 1773, I have admeasured and laid out unto William Gowen, Junior, a plantation or tract of land containing one hundred acres situate, lying and being on the South fork of Pacolet river bound on all sides by vacant land and hath such form and shape as the above plat represents. Certified under my hand this 4th day of May AD 1773.
Andrew Thompson, Deputy Surveyor"
His land grant from King George III is recorded in South Carolina Archives, Royal Grants, Volume 34, page 286. The document reads:
"South Carolina: George the Third by the Grace of God, of Great-Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith and so forth, To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: Know ye, that we of our special Grace, certain Knowledge and mere Motion, have given and granted, and by these Presents for our heirs and successors, Do Give and Grant unto William Gowan, his heirs and assigns, a plantation or tract of land containing one hundred acres situate on the South fork of Pacolet River bounded all sides by vacant land, and hath such shape, form and marks, as appear by a plat thereof, hereunto annexed:
Together with all woods, under-woods, timber and timber-trees, lakes, ponds, fishings, waters, water-courses, profits, commodities, appurtenances and hereditaments whatsoever, there unto belonging or in anywise appertaining: Together with privilege of hunting, hawking and fowling in and upon the same, and all mines and minerals whatsoever; saving and reserving nevertheless, to us, our heirs and successors, all white pine-trees, if any there should be found growing thereon; and also saving and reserving, nevertheless, to us, our heirs and successors, one tenth-part of mines of gold and silver only: TO HAVE AND TO HOLD, the said tract of one hundred acres of land and all singular other the premises hereby granted unto the said William Gowan, his heirs and assigns for ever, in free and common foccage. The said William Gowan, his heirs and assigns yielding and paying therefor, unto us, our heirs and successors, or to our Receiver-General for the time being, or to his Deputy or Deputies for the time being, yearly, that is to say, on the twenty-fifth day of March, in every year at the rate of three shillings sterling, or four shillings proclamation money, for every hundred acres, and so in proportion, according to the number of acres, contained therein the same to commence at the expiration of two years from the date hereof. Provided always, and this present Grant is upon condition, nevertheless that the said William Gowan, his heirs and assigns, shall and do yearly, and every year, after the date of these presents, clear and cultivate at the rate of three acres for every hundred acres of land, and so in proportion, according to the number of acres herein contained; And also shall and do enter a minute or docket of these our letters-patent in the office of our Auditor General for the time being, in our said Province, within six months from the date hereof; And upon condition, that if the said rent, hereby reserved shall happen to be in arrear and unpaid for the space of three years, from the time it shall become due, and no distress can be found on the said lands, tenements, and hereditaments hereby granted; if the said William Gowan, his heirs or assigns shall neglect to clear and cultivate yearly and every year, at the rate of three acres for every hundred acres of land, and so in proportion, according to the number of acres herein contained, or if a minute or docket of these our Letters-patent, shall not be entered in the Office of our Auditor-General for the time being, in said Province, within six months from the date hereof, that then and in any of these cases, this present Grant shall cease, determine and be utterly void, and the said lands, tenements and hereditaments hereby granted, and every part and parcel thereof, shall revert to us, our heirs and successors as fully and absolutely, as if the same had never been granted.
Given under the Great Seal of our said Province.
Witness The Honorable William Bull, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor and Commander in chief in and over our said Province of South-Carolina, this Eighth Day of December, Anno Dom. 1774 in the Fifteenth Year of our Reign.
L. M. S.
Signed by his Honor the Lieut. William Bull, Governor of Council and hath thereunto a Plat thereof annexed, representing the same, certified by John Bremar, Deputy Surveyor General. 4th May 1773.
Thomas Winstanley, GCC"
The land granted to William Gowen was located about 10 miles from Gowensville, South Carolina where his brother, John "Buck" Gowen is believed to have received a royal grant and settled.
It is believed that William Gowen did not move to South Carolina upon receipt of the land grant, but merely commuted to clear and cultivate three acres of land as required by the grant. He was married about this time, wife's name unknown.
"William Going of Granville County, North Carolina," received a deed from Walter Ownbey of Bute County, North Carolina November 3, 1778, according to Granville County Deed Book M, page 91.
"William Goyen" served in the South Carolina militia in 1782, according to South Carolina Archives, File AA20l8, page 1xB. The file contains a payroll receipt reading:
"Mr. William Goyen. his account of 50 days duty in the Militia in 1782. amounting to Three Pounds, Eleven Shillings and Five Pence. The time of when the duty was perrmed is not fixed. Exd. Amc.
to lie over See above E.D."
The notation "going" is written upside down on the bottom of the receipt, perhaps by a clerk to clarify the pronunciation of "Goyen."
Frank Maxwell Gowen wrote September 26, 1981 that William Gowen, Jr. received three grants of land from the State of South Carolina after the Revolutionary War. On August 24, 1784 received 320 acres on the Middle Tyger River. On August 30, 1784 he received 116 acres on the south fork of the Pacolet River. On March 18, 1793 he received 254 acres located on the Middle Tyger River. All of these grants were in Greenville County. It was requested that the deeds be delivered to John "Buck" Gowen. Research is needed to determine that these grants were not made to his father, William Gowen, Sr.
Apparently William Gowen, Jr. did not remain long in South Carolina, but returned to North Carolina. He was not mentioned in his father's will written March 10, 1785, probably because he did not remain near him in the Apex Cession.
There were other individuals by the name of William Gowen in Granville County at that time. Care is needed to delineate between them so that the activities of one is not ascribed to another.
"William Gowing" was one of the witnesses to the bond of Spencer Carroll April 20, 1786. According to Granville County Will Book 1, page 480, "Spencer Carroll says he, unfortunately, yesterday did bite off the lower end of the right ear of John Rogers for which I give my obligation to him."
"William Gowing," appeared as the head of a household in the 1786 state census of Granville County, page 2, located in the Oxford District. The family was composed of:
"Gowing, William white male, 21-60
white male, under 21 or over 60
white male, under 21 or over 60
white male, under 21 or over 60
white male, under 21 or over 60
Of William Gowen, Jr. nothing more is known.
Insert James Gowen, Beaufort District here .u
Insert at the end of James Gowen's descendants, Section .018 a
William Gowen, son of [William3, Thomas2, Mihil1]. was born in Stafford County about 1712 or 1720? He is regarded as possibly the William Gowen who removed to Davidson County, North Carolina [later Tennessee] in the winter of 1779.
He may have influenced his brother, Ambrose Gowen to join him in Davidson County. On April 5, 1786 "Ambrose Goins" appeared on a jury panel in Davidson County, North Carolina [later Tennessee] in which Peter Barnett sued John Rice.
Alexander Gowen, [William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] son of William Gowen and Catherine Gowen, was born about 1715 in Stafford County. Paul Heinegg in "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" suggested that he was named for Maj. Robert Alexander, a neighbor. "My well beloved son, Elixander Going" received under the terms of his mother's will, "one negro man named Robin and one horse and a horse colt and one cow and calf and a cow yearling and halph of my movable houshold stuf and one parcel of land whereon I now live containing sixty-six acres, it being part of a tract containing one hundred and thirty-two acres" and one-half of his mother's tobacco crop.
Alexander Gowen sold 56 acres he inherited from his mother for £24 to Bond Veale August 18, 1747, according to Fairfax Deed Book B, page 254. The deed mentioned a division line specified in a deed which John Gowen executed to Thomas Ford.
Bond Veale and Elizabeth his wife sold to James Ingoe Dozer of Lunenburg Parish, Richmond County, Virginia for £26 54 acres April 16, 1750, according to Fairfax County Deed Book C, page 51. Dozer leased the land September 19, 1758 to James Edwards. William Ellzey sold the 56 acres "sold to him by Dozer to Thomas Sangster, blacksmith" January 19, 1777, according to Fairfax County Deed Book M, pge 252.
"Alexander Going" appeared in Stafford County on Green's list of tithables in the year 1749, together with "James Going." Alexander Going removed to North Carolina about 1750. He witnessed a deed in September 1753, according to Orange County, North Carolina deed records.
This is from Jack Harold Goins [may be incorrect]
Alexander Going/Gowen, a brother to John Going/Gowen, Sr. was all over the place. In 1762, "Alaxander Going vs. William Williams" was dismissed when the plaintiff failed to appear, according to Halifax County Court of Pleas Minute Book 3, page 405. In the 1764 case of "Alixander Going vs. John Martin," Martin was ordered to "pay note of £2, 10 shillings, plus interest," according to Minute Book 4, page 314.
In the July 1767 term, Thomas Spragins filed suit against "Alexander Gowing," claiming debt on an "attachment against the said defendant's estate." The clerk recorded that "for reasons appearing it is ordered that this suit be dismissed," according to Minute Book 5, page 474. In the same year, the case of "Alexander Going vs. Owen Brady" was dismissed. The clerk noted, "Plaintiff not residing in this Colony and failing to give security for cost as the law directs," according to Minute Book 5, page 459.
In 1760 he received a patent for 600 acres in St. Matthews Parish of Orange County "on both sides of Hogans Creek," according to Orange County Deed Book 14, page 405. Alexander Going was summoned as a grandjuror February 17, 1761, according to Orange County Court minutes.
Alexander Going filed suit against Richard Finch in 1763 in Orange County, according to Orange County Court Minute Book 8.
Alexander Going filed suit against James Leslye in the court term of November 1763, according to Orange County Court minutes.
The case of "Alexander Going vs. William Going" [regarded as his nephew] came before the Orange County Court in 1764, according to Orange County Court Minute Book 8.
Alexander Going received a deed May 14, 1765 from William Gladen to 311.5 acres, according to Orange County deed records.
Alexander Gowen apparently returned to Fairfax County. Alexander Gowen received Grant No. 418 June 11, 1768 for 461 acres "lying on branches of the Pohick, adjacent to Carter and Ellzey," according to "Grants by the Proprietors of the Northern Neck of Virginia, 1694-1742." This appears to be part of the 544-acre patent to Thomasin Ellzey which was recorded one month earlier. The land later lay in Fairfax County, according to Fairfax County Deed Book O, page 155, as published in "Patents and Northern Neck Grants of Fairfax County, Virginia." by Beth Mitchell. The grant read:
"The Right Honorable Thomas Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, Proprietor of the Northern Neck of Virginia; To all to whom this present writing . . . do give, grant and confirm unto Alexander Gowen of North Carolina . . . 461 acres on the branches of the Pohick in Fairfax County . . . dated 11th day of June, 1768.
Children born to Alexander Gowen are believed to include:
Ursula Gowen born about 1745
Ursula Gowen, regarded as a daughter of Alexander Gowen, was born about 1745, probably in Stafford County. "Ursely Gowing" was married about 1768 to Jonathan Tyra, according to Dorothy Ford Wulfeck in "Marriages of Some Virginia Residents," page 133.
Susannah Gowen, [William3, Thomas2, Mihil1] daughter of William W. Gowen and Catherine Gowen, was born about 1718 in Stafford County. Under the terms of her mother's will written May 21, 1739, she received "one negro man named Jackey and one mare and saddle, cow and calf and two cow yearlings and one feather bed and bolster, a rugg and one pare of blankits and half the household stuf. and half of my crop of tob: which is now in my house."
James Gowen, [Thomas2, Mihil1] on of Thomas Gowen, was born about 1684, probably in James City County about 1684. He was brought to Westmoreland County about 1695.
"James Gowing, William Gowing and John Gowing" were included in the roster of a company of dragoons commanded by Capt. John West and Lt. John Peake. They were on duty in Stafford County in 1701, according to "Virginia Colonial Soldiers" by Lloyd Bockstruck.
"James, William, Thomas and John Goins" jointly received a land grant of 1,215 acres in Stafford County "located on Four-Mile Creek adjoining Maj. Robert Alexander" about 1710. On August 3, 1719, the land was granted to Evan Thomas and John Todd, "both of Stafford County," according to "Grants by the Proprietors of the Northern Neck of Virginia."
On March 4, 1730 "James Going" and Simon Pearson received 652 acres "on Four Mile Run near Brandymore, adjacent to chestnut lands of Thomas Pearson, deceased."according to "Patents and Northern Neck Grants of Fairfax County, Virginia" by Beth Mitchell.
On the same date James Gowen sold [probably to Simon Pearson] his interest in "652 acres on Four Mile Run, adjoining Thomas Pearson," according to Deed Book C, page 118.
"James Going and Alexander Going" appeared together in Green's list of tithables in 1749. "James Going" voted there in 1755.
James Gowen is regarded by Paul Heinegg as the father of:
Daniel Gowen born about 1730
Jacob Gowen born about 1735
Luke Gowen born about 1739
Michael Gowen born about 1740
George Gowen born about 1748
Daniel Gowen, regarded as a son of James Gowen, was born about 1730 in Stafford County. "Daniel Gowing" was enlisted September 10, 1755 in Stafford County by Ens. Weedon in the company commanded by Capt. Thomas Cocke for service in the French & Indian War. He could not be labeled as a Melungeon or a mulatto because he was described as "planter, born in Virginia, age 27, 5'4", light colored hair, long thin visage."
In December 1756 he appeared on the payroll of Capt. Peter Hogg's company. In September 1757 he was recorded in the 7th Company in the Virginia Regiment commanded by Capt. Joshua Lewis. On this report he was described as "a hatter, born in Virginia, fair complexion, brown hair."
"Daniel Gowin" was on the payroll of Capt. Thomas Cocke's militia company during the French and Indian War in March 1756. In July 1757, he was a member of the Seventh Company of the Virginia Regiment commanded by Capt. Joshua Lewis. He continued in that command in October 1757.
The French & Indian War began in 1754 and was terminated in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris signed February 10. 1843. The French with their Indian allies were singularly successful in the early years of the war. The Virginia troops, 600 strong, led by Lt. Col. George Washington guided 800 British regulars under the command of Gen. Edward Braddock to the Ohio River Valley. They were soundly defeated at Ft. Duquesne.
"Daniel Gowen" was indexed in "Virginia Wills and Administrations, 1632-1800" by Torrence. His estate was probated in 1796. An inventory of his estate is on file in the Fairfax County Courthouse.
Jacob Gowen, regarded as the son of James Gowen, was born about 1735 in Stafford County.
On July 3, 1754, in the wilderness of the Allegheny Mountains, Virginia troops commanded by Col. George Washington, a 22-year-old, were defeated at Ft. Necessity. This battle at the "Great Meadows" was the opening hostility of the French & Indian War. It was the struggle between Great Britain and France for the control of North America
Roster of Virginia Militia
These are the names of soldiers serving under George Washington during the Fort Necessity Campaign. It is a compilation from two sources described below. Spelling of names are as they appear on the separate rosters.
Title of paper roster:
A Listing of the Officers, Noncommissioned Officers, and Privates
serving with G. W. at the Battle of the Great Meadows at Fort
Necessity in the Summer of 1754.
Title of the framed pay and muster rolls:
A Roll of the Officers and Soldiers in the Service of the Colony
Before the Battle of the Meadows the 3rd day of July, 1754 as Taken
From the Pay and Muster Rolls of These Times.
Normal - paper roster
Brackets - framed pay and muster rolls
George Washington, Colonel (Lieut. Col.)
Joshua Fry, Colonel
George Muse, Lieut. Colonel (Major)
Robert Stobo, Major (Captain), hostage
Peter Hog, Captain
Andrew Lewis, Captain
George Mercer, Captain (Lieut.)
William Polson, Captain (Lieut.)
Jacob Van Braam, Captain (Lieut.), hostage
Thomas Waggoner, Captain
Thomas Wagener, Lieutenant
William Bronaugh, Lieutenant (Ensign)
John Mercer, Lieutenant (Ensign)
John Savage, Lieutenant
Adam Stephen, Lieutenant (Captain)
James Towers, Lieutenant
James Toners, Ensign
John West, Lieutenant
James Craik, Ensign and Surgeon
William Peyrouney, Ensign, wounded
Carolus Spittdolph, Ensign
Walter Stuart, Ensign
Thomas Bullett, Cadet
William M. Wright, Cadet
John Carlysle, Deputy Commissa.
Dual listings indicate the various spellings used on different rosters.
John Allan, Corporal
John Allan, Sergeant
Jacob Arrens, taken prisoner (Deserted)
William Bailey, killed
Josias Baker, Corporal
Jno. Chr's Banlie
Solomon Batson, wounded and deserted
Solomon Bobson, deserted
Jacob Beil, deserted
John Beil, deserted
Thomas Bird, wounded
John Bishop, missing
James Black, absent
Richard D. Bolton
Godfrey Bomgardner, absent
John Boyd, Corporal (Sergeant)
Chas. Boyle, deserted
John Brown, absent
John Bryant, deserted
Rudolph Brickner, Sergeant
Thomas Buckner, Sergeant, wounded
Joshua Burton, wounded
George Campbell, deserted
James Carson, Drummer
Thomas Carter, Sergeant
Jacob Catt, deserted
Edward Caygile, wounded
John Chapman, wounded
Nathan Chapman, wounded
Garrett Clerk, killed
Phillip Connelly, wounded
Timothy Conway, wounded
John Dixon, discharged
Baron Draxilla, deserted
Matthew Durham, wounded
Patrick Durphey, wounded
Robert Elliot, wounded
Edward Evans, Corporal
Thomas Fisher, killed
James Ford, wounded
John Franklin, deserted
James Fullam, wounded
Jacob Funkhauser, deserted
William Gardner, wounded
James Good, wounded
Edward Goodwin, wounded
David Gorman, wounded
Robert Grymes, Sergeant
John Habbitt, deserted
John Hamilton, Sergeant
Thomas Hamilton, Sergeant, wounded
John Harwood John Hart
Jacob Helsley, deserted
Jacob Hiffley, deserted
William Holland, missing
Mark Hollis, Sergeant (Corporal)
Argyle House, wounded
Matthew Howard, missing
George Hussh, deserted
Samuel Hyden, wounded
Wise Johnston, Corporal
Ignatius Jones, deserted
Robert Jones, wounded
Joshua Jordan, wounded (discharged)
John Kitson, killed
William Knowles, absent
Henry Leonard, deserted
Nathan Lewis, Corporal
Thomas Lockard, deserted
Thos. Longder, Sergeant
Thomas Longdon, Sergeant
Nicholas Major, Corporal, absent
Daniel McClaren, killed
Hugh McCoy, Corporal
John McCulley, wounded
John McCutty, Sergeant
Robert McCulroy, wounded
Michael McGraw, wounded
Jno. McGuire (Als. Clinck)
John McIntosh, deserted
Barnaby McKan, killed
Barnaby McCan, killed
James McLaughlan, deserted
Isaac Moon, killed
Nicholas Morgan, Corporal
Rich'd Murray, deserted
Abr'm Mushaw, Drummer
Thomas Nicholson, wounded
Mich'l Oburk, discharged
Will'm Patten, killed
Thomas Pearce (Als. Pearson)
Peter Pezenlagar, deserted
Jacob Perkley, deserted
John Potter, wounded
Joseph Powell, wounded
William Pullen, killed
Thomas Rage, discharged
John Ramsay, killed
Michael Reilly, wounded
Mich'l Ryley, Sergeant
Ezekiel Richardson, Drummer
John Robinson, killed
John Rogers, wounded
John Rogers, Sergeant
Thomas Scott, killed
William Shoad, deserted
Demsey Simmons, wounded
William Simond, killed
Dudley Skinner, wounded
Benj'n Smith, deserted
John Smith, Corporal
Richard Smith, Corporal
Alexander Stewart, wounded
Rob't Tanstah, Sergeant
George Taylor, wounded
Nehemiah Tendell, wounded
James Terrek, Sergeant
James Thomas, Corporal
John Tranton, killed
John Trantum, Corporal
Richard Trotter, Sergeant
Will'm Turnar, deserted
Dr. Edw'd Turner
Robert Turnstall, Sergeant
James Tyrell, Sergeant
Edward Wagener, Sergeant
Arthur Watt, wounded
John Whiteman, Sergeant
Jn'o David Wilken
David Wilkenson, Drummer
Peregsise Williams, wounded
John Willis, Sergeant
John Wilson, deserted
John Wise, Corporal"
On July 9, 1754 "Pvt. Jacob Gowin" was in the company commanded by Capt. Robert Stobo, "on roster made at Wills Creek." "Pvt. Jacob Gowin" reappeared on the payroll record of Stobo's company July 29, 1754 at Alexandria, Virginia.
On that date he was transferred to the militia company of Capt. Andrew Lewis. He was included "in the detachment sent to Augusta County," on the western frontier under the command of Capt. Lewis, according to "Virginia's Colonial Soldiers" by Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck.
Pvt. Jacob Gowen was paid £2:0:8 for this service which began July 29, 1754 and ended September 29, 1754. In September 1757 Jacob Gowen continued in the same company, commanded by Maj. Andrew Lewis, according to "Virginia Colonial Militia, 1561-1776" edited by William Armstrong Crozier..
Later "Pvt. Jacob Going" appeared in the company commanded by Capt. Robert Stobo. He appeared on a list of soldiers in Stobo's company "who have received His Excellency's Bounty Money." He was listed as a deserter October 1, 1757, according to "Colonial Soldiers of the South."
Paul Heinegg in "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" suggests that he fled to Rowan County, North Carolina. It is believed that Jacob Going was located in Surry County in 1770 when it was created from Rowan County. He suggests that Jacob Going was married there about 1778, wife's name Jerusha. Stokes County was created from Surry County in 1789. It is suggested that Jacob Going and Jerusha Going were estranged about 1790.
Jacob Going was married to Nancy Smith, "who is upwards of 22 years," January 18, 1792 in adjoining Patrick County, Virginia, according to "Patrick County, Virginia Marriages, 1791-1850." John Cannon was surety. John Clark witnessed the ceremony. Children born to Jacob Going and Nancy Smith Going are unknown.
Jacob Going was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1800 census of Stokes County, page 587. The only "free colored" family enumerated in the 1820 census of Stokes County, page 23, was headed by Gerusha Going. regarded as the former wife of Jacob Going. Gerusha Going, "free colored," born about 1760, was recorded as the head of household of "three free colored" in the 1820 census of Stokes County, page 26, according to "Index to the 1820 census of North Carolina."
On April 21, 1821 Gerusha Going obtained a "Certificate of Freedom" in adjoining Patrick County, Virginia. The certificate read, "Jarusha Going, dark, aged about 62; Polly Going, light complexion, age 28; son, Andrew Going, aged 9, all residing on Little Dan River."
Jerusha Going recorded her certificate about 20 years later in Highland County, Ohio, according to Highland County "Register of Black, Mulatto and Poor Persons." page 8.
According to Paul Heinegg, children born to Jerusha Going included:
Benjamin Going born about 1780
Polly Going born about 1793
Benjamin Going, regarded as a son of Jacob Going and Jerusha Going, was born about 1780 in Stokes County. He appeared there in 1820 as the head of a "free colored" household of six, page, page 341.
Polly Going, regarded as a daughter of Jerusha. Going, was born about 1793, probably in Stokes County. She was living with her mother and a boy, Andrew Goings on April 12, 1821 in Patrick County, Virginia when they were issued a 'Certificate of Freedom" by the Patrick County Clerk. They produced the certificate in Highland County, Ohio about 20 years later.
Children born to Polly Going are believed to include:
Andrew Going born about 1812
"Jason Going" paid a tax on "1 poll" in Loudoun County, according to "Virginia Taxpayers, 1782-1787."
Luke Gowen, regarded as the son of James Gowen, was born about 1739 in Stafford County. "Luke Going" was recorded as paying tax on "2 polls" in Loudon County, according to "Virginia Taxpayers, 1782-1787."
Michael Gowen, regarded as the son of James Gowen, was born about 1740 in Stafford County. "Michael Going" was listed as the head of a household of 12 whites" in the 1785 census of Shenandoah County, page 105. He paid tax on "1 dwelling, 1 outbuilding."
George Gowen, regarded as the son of James Gowen, was born about 1748 in Stafford County. "George Going, free colored" was enumerated as the head of a household of "8 free colored" in the 1810 census of Fairfax County, page 257, according to "Index to 1810 Virginia Census" by Madeline W. Crickard.
John Gowen, [Thomas2, Mihil1] on of Thomas Gowen, was born about 1689, probably in James City County.
James Gowen, [Mihil1] son of Mihil Gowen, was born about 1663, probably in James City County. Of this individual nothing more is known.