CAPT. JOHN LABOYTEAUX (b ca 1740- d 1780 Revolutionary War


JOHN LA BOITEAUX [aka John LABOYTEAUX], (Captain), is believed by Arlene Wimmer Hill (a many year LABOYTEAUX researcher) to have been the s/o Peter LABOYTEAUX/LA BOITEAUX/BETUE and Jemima/Jemymy BIES, while others believe he is the s/o a Paul LABOYTEAUX. John was born abt. 1740 in New York or New Jersey.

John Laboyteaux is said to have married Hannah PEARSALL according to a PEARSALL genealogy, but that appears in conflict with other information. (See below.)

John Laboyteaux is also said to have married 4 November 1762 Trinity Church, New York City, New York to Hannah SMITH. [Another gave the marriage date as: Oct. 22, 1762.]
[Other researchers give Hannah's name as Hannah PEARSALL instead of Hannah SMITH. Was Hannah's maiden name PEARSALL or SMITH? Could she have been Hannah PEARSALL who married (1) [--?--] SMITH, and then as the widow, Hannah SMITH, married (2) John LABOYTEAUX? Or, could John LABOYTEAUX have married (1) Hannah PEARSALL who died, and then married (2) Hannah SMITH? Executor of Hannah's late husband's [John Laboyteaux's] estate in 1780 was Thos. Pearsall, a merchant, of NY City, who is said by other researchers to have been Hannah's brother. ash]

LABOYTEAUX PAPERS: Beth Zaring via Buzz Carmichael

[Note: Using photo software I have excluded most of the listings on the page, so that only the marriage of interest is shown. ash]

(Source: 17 Apr 2008: J.A.R.M.: New York City Public Library)
"Here the name is Pearsall, but I believe in many records it was given as Purcell. In the past I have come across numerous NYC [New York City] documents that have within the name of a Thomas Purcell inscribed. I think he was a lawyer/merchant. I think his name is inscribed on the will of John Laboyteaux. There should be alot out there on the PEARSALLs, as I believe they were prominent Quakers." J.A.R.M, 14 Apr 2008

"Also, there were other Pearsalls who also carried the name Smith. Lastly, I think the Thomas Purcell that was mentioned in the will of John Laboyteaux was Hannah's [Pearsall/Purcell] brother." There were "Purcells or Pearsalls at Conewago, PA." J.A.R.M., 18 Apr 2008

  • The Pearsall Family (2 Volumes) gives Hannah Pearsall as the wife of John Laboyteaux, c1740-1780.
  • According to the book, Hannah Pearsall, was born 5 Aug 1749, and would have married about age 13 or 14 to John Laboyteaux, and died 26 Jan 1763 at 14 years. Yet, all the children born 1768 to abt. 1779 are said to have been her children. Certainly, there is an error.
  • Did John Laboyteaux marry both Hannah Pearsall and Hannah Smith?
  • Was Hannah Pearsall perhaps previously a widow known as Hannah Smith?
  • Are Hannah Pearsall and Hannah Smith two separate women?
  • Is this genealogy wrong, and the wife really Hannah Smith?
  • Is the Trinity Church Marriage Record record wrong, and Hannah Smith was really Hannah Pearsall?
  • Are we dealing with two different men named John Laboyteaux?

  • (17 Apr 2008: Courtesy of: J.A.R.M)

    John was a tailor in New York City, and evidently had sailing skills learned from the family's probable early enterprises, as Grandfather Gabriel La Boiteaux owned one or more ships. However, the events of the Revolutionary War would change their lives forever.

    In 1775 and 1776 we are told that John was part of a Volunteer Regiment, and apparently was its captain. Being of Dutch descent perhaps was a factor in his involvement in seeking independence from England, as we know that it was the Dutch who originally settled New Amsterdam, which became New York when the English took control from the Dutch.

       Capt. John Laboyteaux of New York City, Volunteer Regiment Served six months in 1775-1776.  

      (Source: LABOYTEAUX PAPERS: Beth Zaring via Buzz Carmichael: Isaac N. Laboiteaux Application: Society of the Sons of the American Revolution)  

    Then by 1777 during the English occupation of New York, John appears to have moved himself, his wife and ten children to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Records:
      "John Laboyteaux, Fourth Battalion-Captain Lazarus Pine Co., Payed-Off 1777."   

      (Source: LABOYTEAUX PAPERS: Beth Zaring via Buzz Carmichael: Isaac N. Laboiteaux Application: Society of the Sons of the American Revolution)  

    Here he apparently soon became Captain of the Marines aboard the frigate, Aurora, a Pennsylvania Privateer Ship, commanded by Woolman Sutton with a crew of about 75 persons. They departed from Philadelphia loaded with tobacco about the 24th of May, then on the 25th they encountered and recovered a Patriot sloop full of corn that was taken by Loyalists, and were heading out to sea when HM [His Majesty's] frigate, the Iris, was spotted in chase. Commander Sutton steered back toward the Delaware Capes within sight of Cape Henlopen, Delaware, but due to the tide, calming of the seas, and little wind, the Iris bore down on them and opened fire. "...the situation in which (Capt.) Here off Delaware Bay near Philadelphia, Capt. John Laboyteaux would meet his fate when a cannon struck the frigate and followed a path toward him. He was hit "in the right thigh, which it smashed to atoms, tearing part of his belly open at the same time with the splinters from the oars; he fell from the quarter deck close by" a passenger, Philip Morin Freneau, an American poet, who memoralized the event. John died during the night and was buried at sea on the 26th.
    (Source: 26 Feb 2006, LABOYTEAUX-L: John C. La Boyteaux died "off Delaware Bay near Philadelphia.")
    (Source: Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Aurora)

    "Captain John Laboiteaux recruited a company in New York City, and went into the Naval service, and was killed in action on board the Ship Aurora in New York harbour (sic). One of his sons, a mere lad, was on board with his father at the time of the attack. The son was taken prisoner and confined for several months on board the Old Prison Jersey.

    (Source: LABOYTEAUX PAPERS: Beth Zaring via Buzz Carmichael: Note that appears on Isaac N. Laboiteaux Application: Society of the Sons of the American Revolution)

    John La Boiteaux was great-grandfather of Isaac N. La Boiteaux. John was in the Naval Service; was killed on board the frigate, Aurora, a Pennsylvania Privateer Ship. "Captain John La Boiteaux, of the Continental Army in the Revolutionary War, was Captain of the First and Second N. Y. Volunteer Regiments of the Continental Army in 1775-1776." His war record is contained in the Official List of Soldiers from N. Y. in the Revolutionary War, and in Heirman's Officers of the Continental Army, 1775-1783. "He was Captain of the Regiment Commanded by Lieut-Col. Andrew Stockholm and Major James Abner."

    John La Boiteaux, died May 26, 1780. Killed in action on board the ship Aurora. Some account of this is given in Some account of the Capture of the Ship Aurora by Philip Freneau.

    Reminiscences of the Revolution
    The New York Herald (1840-1865); Nov 26, 1844;
    ProQuest Civil War Era, pg. 1
    An Accounting by Unknown Author
    The unknown author tells about his family being driven from New York City for daring to rebel. He tells the family moved city to city and finally ended up in Philadelphia, PA in 1779. He indicates he took to the seafaring life aboard the Aurora with 20 guns. He tells about leaving under Captain Sutton bound for Estatia/Eslatia; leaving the capes (Heplopen) the middle of the day of about May 4th, and in about 6 hours later was captured by the men of the frigate, Iris, from Charleston, SC. "We made but little resistance, being light in metal, only four pounders and green hands. We could not reach her. She hull'd us every shot. Mr. John Laboyteaux, our captain of marines, of this city, was killed by a twelve pound shot." He tells that they were brought into New York and the crew taken prisoner aboard the old Jersey prison. He and two other boys were sent to Elizabeth Town, New Jersey.
    14 Mar 2008: Article courtesy of: J.A.R.M.

    ( LABOYTEAUX PAPERS: Beth Zaring via Buzz Carmichael: Letter & Manuscript-Furman to Wilkinson)

    "On the 25th of May, in beating down Delaware Bay, we unfortunately retook a small sloop from the ???? loaded with corn, which hindered us from standing out to sea that night, whereby in all probability we should have avoided the enemy which afterward captured us."

    "Friday morning, May 26. The air very smoky and the wind freshened up. The wind was so that we stood off E.S.E. after putting the pulot on board the small sloop, handcuffing the prisoners, and sending the prize to Capt. May. About three o'clock in the afternoon we discovered three sail bearing from us about E.N.E.; they were not more than five leagues from us when we discovered them from the foretop, at the same time we could see them from the quarter-deck. One appeared to be a pretty large ship, the other two, brigs. We soon found they were in chase of us; we therefore tacked immediately, set all sail we could crowd; and steed sack for the bay. My advice to the officers was to stand for Egg Harbor or any part of the Jersey shore and run the ship on the flats rather than be taken; but this was disregarded. We continued to stand in till we saw Cape Henlopen; the frigate, in the meantime gaining on us apace; sun about half an hour high. We were abreast of the cape, close in, when the wind took us aback, and immediately after we were becalmed; the ebb of tide at the same time setting very strong out of the bay so that we rather drifted out. Our design was, if possible, to get within the road around the point, and there run the ship on shore, but want of wind and the tide being against us, hindered from putting this into execution. We were now within three hundred yards of the shore. The frigate in the meantime ran in the bay to leeward of us about one-quarter of a mile (her distance from the cape hindering it from becalming her as it did us), and began to bring her cannon to bear on us. Her two prizes hove to; one we knew to be the brig Active, Captain Mesnard; the other, as we afterward learned, was Salem brig from the West Indies. The frigate was the Iris returning from Charleston to New York with the express of the former's being taken. We now began to fire upon each other at the distance of about three hundred yards. The frigate hulled us several times. One shot went betwixt wind and water, which made the ship leak amazingly, making twenty-four inches in thirty minutes. We found our four-pounders but were trifles against the frigate, so we got our nine-pounder, the only one we had, pointed from the cabin windows, with which we played upon the frigate for about half an hour. At last a twelve-pound shot came from the frigate and, striking a parcel of oars lashed upon the starboard quarter, broke them all in two, and continuing its destructive course struck CAPTAIN LABOYTEAUX in the right thigh, which it smashed to atoms, tearing part of his belly open at the same time which the splinters from the oars; he fell from the quarter deck close by me and for some time seemed very busily engaged in setting his leg to rights. He died about eleven the same night and next day was sewed up in his hammock and sunk. Every shot seemed now to bring ruin with it. A lad named Steel had his arm broken and some others complained of slight wounds; whereupon, finding the frigate ready and in a position to give us a broadside, we struck, after having held a very unequal contest with her for about an hour."

    From a scanned sheet of notes from Elizabeth "Beth" Zaring.
      (Source: LABOYTEAUX PAPERS: Elizabeth "Beth" Zaring via Buzz Carmichael)  

    Will is in abstract form on what looks like a large index card:

    John Laboyteaux of Philadelphia
    Will #1085, Page 247
    Colonial New York Land Papers
    (Hist. Lib. 974:N567)

    Will dated: 5-21-1780
    Probated: 6-29-1781

    to wife Hannah

    1. John Laboyteaux
    2. Saml Smith Laboyteaux
    3. Peter Laboyteaux
    4. Gabriel Laboyteaux
    5. William Laboyteaux
    6. Hannah Laboyteaux
    7. Nancy Laboyteaux

    Executor: Thos. Pearsall of NY City, merchant
    Benj. Helms of NY City, atty.
    Proved in Pennsylvania
    (Rec. ut supra, p. 107)

    Widow/Relict of (Capt.) John LABOYTEAUX
    Death Record
    Internet, 27 March 2008: Courtesy of J.A.R.M
    Hannah Laboyteaux - New York City, Register of Deaths, vol. 3 (FHL Film 447544), p.1 of 2
    Hannah Laboyteaux - New York City, Register of Deaths, vol. 3 (FHL Film 447544), p.2 of 2

    Decease: 28 September 1819;
    Name: Laboyteaux, Hannah;
    Residence: Church Street; Age: 80yrs 5ms 25ds; Place of Nativity: Jamaica L.I.; Disease: Palsy; Cemetery: St. Paul's; Sexton: R. W. Slack

    and variants:
    North America

    Created: 26 February 2008
    Revised: 06 May 2008

    Audrey (Lehmann-Shields) Hancock

    Tiny URL: