Audrey (Lehmann-Shields) Hancock
1130 Dogwood Drive
Portage, Michigan 49024
30 June 2001
Revised: 16 April 2013

Michel / Michael LEHMANN (Jr.) and
his wife, Marie Madeleine / Mary Magdelena BIAM (aka PIAM)
Shirrhein, Bas Rhin, Alsace, France;
Plain Twp., Stark County, Ohio;
Ft. Loramie (formerly Berlin), Shelby County, Ohio

Interrelated Families

  Miscellaneous Gatherings  

(Schirrhein Families: Lehmann, Biam, Vetter, Halter, Schott, etc.)

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At this time the LEHMANN FAMILY HISTORY is in the process of being revised.
Additional information and links will be added as revision occurs.   ASH




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United States variants appear to be

LEHMANN: derived from "Lehnsmann" = vassal, owner of a "Lehen" = fee (feudal tenure). A very common surmane throughout Germanic areas. Various spellings: Leman, Lehemann, Löhmann, Layman, Laymon, etc.)

From all indications, it appears that our family pronounced the surname as "lay-man." This has been determined as a result of noting the spelling variants of the surname in censuses, legal records, & vital records. Some pronounce the surname as "lee-man," but I have not seen this spelling variant in any of the records found concerning descendants of Michel Lehmann and his brother, Nicolas Lehmann, both immigrants from Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin (Alsace), France.

In German, "Mann" = man (male!), as compared to "Mensch" = human. The ending Mann is common is two kinds of surnames: some derived from an occupation or function (Kauf(f)mann = merchant, Zimmermann = carpenter, Amtmann/Amman = various kinds of officers, ......), some others in (old) first names (Christmann, Hartmann, ...). Often written with one N.

Definition from French Genealogical Name Dictionary:
Nom fréquent en Alsace-Lorraine.
Il désigne un vassal ou un vavasseur,
celui qui tient une terre en fief
(moyen-haut-allemand lêhen = fief + mann = homme).
Variantes : Lehman, Lehmans"

English Translation
Frequent name in Alsace-Lorraine. Indicates vassal or a vavassor, who holds land.
(Vavassor: The vassal or tenant of a baron; one who held land under a baron, and who also had tenants under him.)
(High-German: lêhen = stronghold + mann = man)
Variants: Lehman, Lehmans

In researching this particular family, I asked these questions. Just who were the LEHMANNs? Why did our LEHMANN ancestors leave their fatherland? From where did they come? All indications from living family members indicated the family originated in Alsace...but where in Alsace was the question? Also, records indicated that the family was from France, Germany, Prussia, and Unter Alsace: Haguenau. It is said that early family members spoke both Alsatian (a German dialect) & German (perhaps some French). With the French Revolution came the exodus of many from the Alsace area to Germany for at time, so perhaps they learned to speak & worship in both languages. And, it could be assumed that intermarriages between Germans and the Alsatians occurred. Based upon the knowledge of history, we know that the area of our ancestors was under both French (Alsace) and German (Elsas) occupation time to time throughout their history. Family legend indicates that our Lehmann family left their fatherland because of the numerous wars and conflicts. Others believe the family to have been of Swiss origin. Upon researching, it is apparent that our first known ancestor, Jean Lehmann, resided in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France and were of the Roman Catholic faith. If he or his ancestors came from another region, this will have to be determined at a later time.

History of the Alsace Region
(Region between France and Germany)
Mar 25, 2007
Etienne Herrbach
addditional information
Audrey (Lehmann-Shields) Hancock

  • 962-1806 Alsace was part of the German Holy Empire (aka 1st Reich) (aka the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation) during the Middle Age.
  • Late 1340s The Black Death: Began in Sicily, spread to Italy and formed its base in France in the late 1340s, where this mysterious disease ravaged villages, towns, cities and then spread throughout Europe for 300 years claiming countless millions.
  • 1618 Thirty Years War in Germany begins.
  • 1648 Closure of the Thirty Year War with Peace of Westphalia
  • 1648-1871 Through this period, most Alsatians spoke the Alsatian dialect (related to German), not French.
  • A few parts of Alsace became French later, e.g. Strasbourg 1681 and Mulhouse 1798.
  • 1789-1815 French Revolutionary War Period (Alsatians nationality during this period did not change.)
  • 1793 The United Provinces (Britain, Spain, and Holland) declared war on France.
  • 1798-1815 Napoleonic Wars
  • 1806-1813 The Confederation of the Rhine (16 German states allied with France; 19 others joined later (major ones being Baden, Bavaria, Saxony, Westphalia, Württemburg, and the Duchy of Warsaw.)
  • 1815-1866 Period of the German Confederation
  • 1828 Michel Lehmann, wife Marie Madeleine Biam & family immigrated to Stark County, Ohio
  • 1830-1840 Nicolas Lehmann, wife Marie Ann Biam & family immigrated to Stark County, Ohio
  • 1870-1871 French-Prussian War
  • After the French-Prussian War came the annexation to the Prussian Empire (2nd Reich) along with a part of Lorraine.
  • With annexation came the exodus of many Alsatians and a decision to emigrate. (France, Algeria, & America)
  • Upon immigrating, some claimed to be French, others to be German, and still others "Prussians," because the 2nd Reich was ruled by the Prussian Kingdom.
  • At the end of WW I, the area of Alsace and part of Lorraine was returned to France.
  • Nazi occupation of Alsace during WW 2 (1940-1945) (3rd Reich).
  • Some minor changes occurred time to time at the North, West and South borders of Alsace. The Eastern border was always the Rhine River.
  • Lorraine is a distinct province.
  • The term "Alsace-Lorraine" (Elsass-Lothringen) was used ONLY between 1871 and 1918, when Germany annexed Alsace and the Department of Moselle in Lorraine.

  •   Links to "MAPS of the ALSACE"   


    Hometown of Our Ancestors
    Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France

    Courtesy of: Ret. Gen. Vincent Falter
    Permission to use granted 19 June 2001.
    Village of Schirrhein, France, 1995

    Courtesy of: Lisa Lauricella,
    descendant of Nicolas Lehmann, brother of Michel/Michael, our immigrant ancestor
    Taken in 1999
    Permission to use granted 21 June 2001.

    Schirrhein is a small, ancient village that was chartered as a part of the feudal property of the holdings of the Dotzler family. The charter was awarded in 1267 by Richard, "King of the Romans," the Holy Roman Emperor. In that charter the place was known as Reith. The Dotzler family were members of the household of the imperial palace at Haguenau.

       ALSACE-LORRAINE Information  

    The village itself dates from 1294 and has been known by different names since then, ranging from Reith, Schirein, Schiréme, Schirreit to Schirrheim under German occupation to its present name of Schirrhein. Schirrhein belonged to the Imperial City of Haguenau, which in the mid-14th century (1354) joined with nine other cities (Colmar, Mulhouse, Munster, Turckheim, Rosheim, Kaysersberg, Wissembourg, Sélestat, and Obernai) to form the Decapolis, a league of ten independent communities in Alsace giving their allegiance directly to the Holy Roman Emperor. The Decapolis was under imperial protection, but was also very independent.
    (Internet, 11 Oct 2002,GERMANS-OH-STARKCO-L@rootsweb.com: Posting by Vince Falter)


    Courtesy of: Joseph William8 Lehman, III & Helen (Steele) Lehman

    Joseph William Lehman, III8 & wife, Helen, stand in front of a hotel in Schirrhein, 2002
    (Joseph William, II7, Joseph William, I6, Joseph John "Jake"5, Joseph Christian4Lehman(n), Michel3, Michel2, Jean1 Lehmann)

    Alsatian Dialect

    The people of Schirrhein speak what is known as High German or an Alsatian dialect. This dialect differs a little from others in the same region, just as the English language differs with colloquialisms and speech patterns among the people in regions of the United States.

    Upon immigration many from Alsace spoke the Alsatian dialect, a variant of German which was and is spoken in Alsace somewhat today, but is declining in usage. It is also known as Elsässerditsch or "les dialectes Alémaniques." The dialect does not have official recognition, and thus is not taught in schools. Because the region through the centuries was tranferred politically between France and Germany, many speak both German and French, or one or the other.

    Courtesy of: Lisa Lauricella,
    descendant of Nicolas Lehmann, brother of Michel/Michael, our immigrant ancestor
    Taken in 1999
    Permission to use granted 21 June 2001.

    J. A. Lehmann Pottery Shop
    Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France

    In Schirrhein of 1999 are found many pottery shops, and this one is a Lehmann Pottery Shop. Our LEHMANN family appears to have immigrated as day laborers, but it might be safe to assume that they may have been employed as pottery makers, brick makers or tile makers. It is known that Martin Michael Lehmann had a brick and tile yard across from his homestead in Ft. Loramie, Shelby County, Ohio, U.S.A. Possibly he learned this trade from his father, Michel/Michael, our immigrant ancestor.

    Courtesy of: Ret. Gen. Vincent Falter
    Permission to use granted 19 June 2001.

    Leaving the village of Schirrhein and entering its sister village of Schirrhoffen, 1995
    Sign says: SCHIRRHOFFEN
    The Catholic community of both villages attend St. Nicolas Catholic Church of Schirrhein.

    Schirrhein, France and Vicinity
    Click above hyperlink to see MAPQUEST map.

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    First Generation
    Jean/Johannes/Johan/John Lehmann and Catharina/Catherine Halter

    JEAN [in French] LEHMANN (aka Johannes [Latin], Johan [German], and John [English]), parents unknown, married possibly in France to his first wife, Catharina/Catherine HALTER or HALDER. (One record gives her maiden name as Catharina HALDER.) At this time, his birth date and place and death date and place are unknown. Catherine was born 1731 and died 11 March 1794 probably in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, France. They appear in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace) France, but whether this is the place of their nativity and place where they married is unknown at this time. Only three children have been identified: Marie Anne born 1754, Catherine b 1757, and Michel born probably 1770. Certainly there were other children born to this couple. Survival to adulthood for many children of this time period is always questionable.
    (Source: Family reseachers of daughter, Marie Ann Lehmann and 2nd marriage record of son, Michel Lehmann name his parents.)

    Jean/Johann/Johannes/Johann1Lehmann & Catherina/Catherine Halter
    First Documented Ancestors
    Marie Ann2
    Lehmann, Sr.

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    Second Generation
    Michel Lehmann (Sr./#1) and Catharine Schott

    Michel Lehmann (Sr. or #1) was probably born 1770 to Jean/Johannes/John Lehmann and Catharina Halter. Michel married circa 1790 to Catharine Schott, whose parents are unknown. Catharine died before May 1807 probably in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France. After her death, Michel married again on 18 May 1807 at Schirrhein to 32 year old Catharina Schmietter, said to be daughter of George Schmietter/Schmitter and Magdalena Gloess. At the time of his second marriage, the marriage record indicates his parents to be Jean Lehmann and Catharina Halter.

    There were five known children of Michel (#1) Lehmann and #1 Catharine Schott. They have been identified as Nicolas, Michel (#2), Andre, Marie Madeleine, Rufina, and Jacques Lehmann. Of these, three are known to have immigrated across the seas to America, namely, Nicolas, Michel (#2), and Marie Madeleine. It is not known if there were children from his second marriage.
    (Sources: Schirrhein, France Civil Records, St. Nicolas Catholic Church Records of Schirrhein; French Passport Permission to Immigrate; & Ship Manifest Records: 1992, Nina Ross Montgomery; 1997, Vincent Falter)

    Courtesy of: Lisa Lauricella,
    descendant of Nicolas Lehmann, brother of Michel/Michael, our immigrant ancestor
    Taken in 1999
    Permission to use granted 21 June 2001.

    St. Nicolas Catholic Church with Stained Glass Window
    Built: 1752
    Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France

    Based upon records found at St. Nicolas Catholic Church of Schirrhein, France, we can probably safely assume that our ancestors worshipped at this church.

    Courtesy of: Lisa Lauricella,
    descendant of Nicolas Lehmann, brother of Michel/Michael, our immigrant ancestor
    Taken in 1999
    Permission to use granted 21 June 2001.

    St. Nicolas Catholic Church
    Left: Main Altar     Right: Side Altar
    Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France

    Courtesy of: Lisa Lauricella,
    descendant of Nicolas Lehmann, brother of Michel/Michael, our immigrant ancestor
    Taken in 1999
    Permission to use granted 21 June 2001.

    Outdoor Crucifix
    Erected when church was built in 1752.
    Crest date of 1752 is found below the crucifix.
    St. Nicolas Catholic Church
    Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France

    Believed Children of Michel Lehmann (Sr.) & #1 Catherine Schott

    There may have been and probably were more children born to this couple, but these are the ones presently identified from church records of Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, France.
    [Source: 1997, Communication with Ret. Gen. Vincent Falter, researcher]

    1. Nicolas (aka Nicholas Lehmann), born ca 1790; married 18 August 1812 at Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France to Marie Anne/Anna Biam. Nicolas immigrated to America with wife, Marie Anne (sister of Marie Madeleine) and three children. Marie Anne was daughter of Ignace Biam (also seen as Piam) and Catherina Vetter. Nicolas was 22 years of age at marriage. This family and descendants appear in Stark Co., Seneca Co., and Wyandot Co., OH.
      [Source: Church Marriage Record; French Immigration Record (Passport Papers)]
      [NOTE: At this time it is difficult to prove which brother, Nicolas or Michel, was the eldest, so the prediction is based upon probability that Nicolas was the eldest because he married first.]

    2. Michel (aka Michael Lehmann, Jr.), immigrant ancestor of the LEHMANNs in Shelby Co., Miami Co., & Montgomery Co., OH; born 1790/1791, married 26 Jan 1818 Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France to Marie Madeleine Biam (sister of Marie Anne/Anna). This family immigrated to America with their four children in 1828 and settled in Stark Co., OH for about five years before removing to Shelby Co., OH. Marie Madeleine, daughter of Ignace Biam (also seen as Piam) and Catherina Vetter, was born 1790/1791.
      [Source: Church Marriage Record; French Immigration Record (Passport Papers); French Civil Birth Records of children give parents' names & ages]

    3. Andre Lehmann married 9 March 1820 Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France to Maria Eva Lohr. Maria was daughter of Louis Lohr & Maria Anna Halter. Nothing more is known about this couple at this time.
      [Source: Church Marriage Record]

    4. Mary Magdelena Lehmann b ca 1794; married 9 February 1828 Schirrhein, Bas Rhin, (Alsace), France to Ignace/Ignatz/Ignatius Zircher. Ignace, s/o Louis Zircher (also seen as Zurcher) and Marie Eva Schneider, was granted citizenship #6-457 from Shelby Co., OH Clerk of Courts on 9 Apr 1847 being from France. Ignatz and Mary M. are buried at St. Michael's Catholic Church Old Cemetery, Ft. Loramie, Shelby Co., OH.
      [Source: Church Marriage Record, Schirrhein, Alsace, France; St. Michael's Catholic Church Obituary Record for Mary says: "3 Maii 1863, Obit. Magdalena, uxer, I. Zircher, nata Lehmann regoida, morte 69 annos agens"; St. Michael's Catholic Church Cemetery Gravestone Inscriptions, Ft. Loramie, Shelby Co., OH for Mary & Ignatz.]
      [NOTE: Ignatz ZIRCHER may be related to Nicholas Zircher who immigrated to America during the same time period as the LEHMANNs. A Nikolas Zircher, a day laborer, of Schirrhein is shown on immigration passport papers on 1 Jan 1828 for America.]
      [NOTE: August 1997 communication: Ignatz and Mary are ancestors of Betty RUSSELL of Clyde, Ohio]

    5. Jacques Lehmann b ca 1802, married 7 Oct 1835 Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France, to Magdeline Hahn. Magdeline was daughter of Ignace Hahn & Barbe Schmitter.
      [Source: Church Marriage Record]

    Courtesy of: Ret. Gen. Vincent Falter
    Permission to use granted 19 June 2001.

    In Schirrhein and across France, many burial sites are recycled every so many years, so old gravestones are not usually seen in cemeteries. This is a recycled burial site.

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    Third Generation
    Michel/Michael Lehmann (Jr./#2) and Marie Madeleine Biam/Piam

    Our immigrant ancestor, Michel (aka Michael) Lehmann (Jr. or #2) was born 1789-1790 probably in Schirrhein to Michel Lehmann (Sr. or #1) and his first wife Catharine Schott.

    The French marriage record of Michel Lehmann & Marie Madeleine Biam documented the names of our French ancestors, whose children ventured away from the fatherland and into unknown surroundings. Church marriage records and French Civil Records indicated that Michel Lehmann married on 26 January 1818 Schirrhein, France to Marie Madeleine Biam (sometimes seen as Piam) at St. Nicolas Catholic Church. Marie Madeleine, daughter of Ignace Biam and Catharina Vetter, was born 1790-1791. Marie Madeleine is French name for the German name of Maria Magdalena. Her sister, Marie Anne, would marry Michel’s brother, Nicolas, and they, too, would eventually immigrate to the United States.
    [Source: Marriage Record names parents of both Michel and Marie Madeleine.]

    Courtesy of: Ret. Gen. Vincent Falter
    Permission to use granted 19 June 2001.
    St. Nicolas Catholic Church
    Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin (Alsace), France

    The LEHMANN family members of Schirrhein were probably members of this church, since church records of the family were recorded here.
    [Source: Church Marriage Record of St. Nicolas Catholic Church]

    Apparently our ancestral immigrants, Michel and Marie Madeleine and their family of four children departed from a port at La Havre, France for their new home in America in 1828 soon after filing for immigration.
    [Source: French Immigration Record of 1828]

    The family is then enumerated on the manifest passenger list of the French ship, "L'Esperance/Esperiance," as: _____ LEHMANN, age 22 [sic], laborer; Magdaline, 36; Martin, 7; Julia, 3; Requin (misidentified as a male) [Rachel Regine], 3; & Christine [Catharine], 6 months.
    [Source: Manifest Passenger List]
    [Source: French Civil Birth Records of children give parents' names and ages...aids in identifying the above mentioned children.]
    [NOTE: As you can see, this record is full of errors, but it is clear that this is our LEHMANN immigrants. Also, listed as arriving on the same ship from Schirrhein was Antoine Hahn & his family. Evidently, the manifest recorder could not understand French or whatever our ancestors were speaking at the time. Discrepancies are frequently found like this in old records, as the recorder was often interpreting based upon phonetic pronunciation given by the immigrants who were often illiterate or unable to speak the language of the recorder.]

    From the booklet, "Landmark of Catholicism" of St. John the Baptist Catholic Church, Canton, Stark County, Ohio, Sesquicentennial 1824-1974, pages 4 & 5, we learn the following information:

    "From 1796 to 1817 there were no priests in all Ohio. Prior to that, some missionaries had travelled out of French Detroit as far east as Sandusky. From 1797, while still a wilderness, the Canton area had been part of Ohio's Jefferson County, but later, in 1803, it was carved out as part of the newly formed Columbiana County (which also included present Carroll and Summitt Counties).

    Canton was laid out in 1806; and Stark County was detached from Columbiana and sprang into separate existence in 1808. Prior to 1808 the entire country was in the single diocese of Baltimore, headed by Bishop John Carroll. In 1808 the diocese of Bardstown, Kentucky was created and it included all lands north and west of the Ohio River. In 1812, its Bishop, Benedict Flaget, assigned a single priest to the entire territory of central and southern Ohio. Not until 1817 however was he able to visit northeastern Ohio, stopping at both Dungannon (Columbiana County) and Canton, fledgling communities with a small number of Catholic residents.

    Canton St. John, where construction was begun in 1823, was the second Catholic church in northern Ohio, following the 1820 founding of tiny St. Paul the Apostle at Dungannon. St. John's history as a congregation, however, dates back to 1817, when itinerant priest Father Edward Fenwick said the first Mass here under the Shorb oak tree."

    "There were only about 15 Catholic families in 1823 when Cantonians began their first church, at a time when there were no Catholic churches whatever in the ultimately much larger towns of Cleveland, Akron and Youngstown. Once the Canton church was established, it acted as a base for serving other Catholics within a radius of 50 miles and provided travelling clergy to serve the missions which sprang up around it. It also was a magnet, drawing many Catholic immigrants anxious to settle where Mass and the sacraments were available. The Ohio Canal was opened from Cleveland as far as Akron by July 4, 1827, providing an all-water route from New York via the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers and the Erie Canal.

    On February 10, 1828, U. S. Catholic Miscellany stated that `thirty Catholic families arrived from Lorraine, France at Canton, their chief motive in selecting this spot being the convenience of a Catholic church'."

    On page 17 we find another reference to the arrival of the French families: "Though St. John's began as a congregation in 1823 with only fifteen families, in 1828 alone thirty Catholic families arrived from Lorraine, France. Most of those `Frenchmen' spoke German or the guttural Alsatian dialect."

    However, we also learn from page 17 that relations between the German's and the English/Irish were not always the best. The Germans decided in l844 to establish their own German speaking church, St. Peter's, to preserve their native language.

    Michel Lehmann and Madeleine (Biam) Lehmann, and their four children (Martin, Julia, Rachel, and Catherine), were not among the arrivals on 10 February 1828, if the booklet's date is correct, but it is known that they arrived at the port of New York on 6 September 1828. From there they appear to have headed for Stark Co., OH where they were found living at the time of the 1830 Federal Census. Since this family was of the Catholic faith, it appears they settled in Stark Co., OH due to its close proximity to a Catholic Church, where they attended St. John's Catholic Church, Canton, Stark Co., OH.

    In the 1830 Federal Census, we find recorded Michel and his family and his neighbor, Antoine Hahn, and his family living near Canton, in Plain Township, Stark County, Ohio. This census merely gives place of residence, the name and age of the head of the family, and age categories and sex of wife and children.
    [Source: 1830 Federal Census Record]

    In August of 1834 Michel as "Michael Layman" filed his first petition at the Stark Co., OH court to become a citizen of the United States. In those days, the head of the household took the oath of allegiance for himself and his family.

    In 1835 Antoine Hahn was the godfather of Michel's and Madeleine’s son, Joseph Christian Lehmann, who was baptized in St. John's Catholic Church in Canton, Stark County, Ohio.
    (Baptismal Record)

    Michel Lehmann as "Michael Layman" took the Oath of Allegiance, renouncing the King of France on "Friday, 5th May 1837" thus giving up his and his family's French citizenship.

    Friday, 5th May 1837

    "Now comes Christian Witt, John Creps, Michael Layman [sic], and Michael Miller natives of France within the dominions of the King of France and proves by the records of this Court that more than 2 years ago to wit the said Michael Miller, Michael Layman, and Christian Witt at the August term of this Court AD 1834 and the said John Creps at the April term of this Court AD 1833 they filed the requisite declaration of their intention to become citizens of the U. States and further prove to the satisfaction of this Court that they have resided within the United States for the term of 5 years last past and within the state of Ohio during the last year and that during the time aforesaid they have behaved as men of good moral character attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same and the said Christian Witt, John Creps, Michael Layman, and Michael Miller now here in open Court declare on oath that they will support the Constitution of the United States and that they do absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince potentate state or sovereignty whatever and particularly to the King of France to whom they were heretofore subjects. Therefore it is ordered that a certificate of naturalization issue to them----- on payment of the costs of this proceeding."

    Transcribed 1 August 1986
    (Descendant of son, Martin Michael LEHMANN of Ft. Loramie, Shelby Co., OH)
    at Canton, OH Public Library:
    microfilm: Court House Records of Stark Co., OH, Common Pleas Office,
    Record Journal 1837-1838, Volume H,
    "Aliens/Aliens Application"

    It was a short time after taking the Oath of Allegiance for himself and his family, that the Michael Lehmann family ventured forth into Shelby Co., OH. Here in McLean Township near Ft. Loramie, Michael purchased land, and a homestead was built. Here they were one of the early pioneer parishioners of St. Michael's Catholic Church. Here they reared their family. In retirement they apparently passed their homestead to their eldest son, Martin Michael Lehmann, and resided with Martin and his family for a time. However, it appears that they eventually removed to Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio where they probably resided with one or more of their married daughters before they died. After originally being buried at the now defunct St. Henry Cemetery, they were re-interred at Calvary Cemetery, Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio. According to Calvary Cemetery records their remains lie beneath those of their daughter, Regina Rachel (Lehmann) Zinck and her husband Celestine Zinck.

    Children of Michel/Michael Lehmann & Mary Madeleine (Mary Magdelena) Biam:
    1. Elisabeth Lehmann was born 23 November 1818 in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France. Elizabeth evidently died in France before 1828 when the rest of the family immigrated to the U.S.A. Passport papers indicate Michael plus "five" others which would have been his wife (Marie Madeleine/Magdelena) and children: Martin, Julia, Rachel, and Catherine, who lived to adulthood.
    2. Martin Michael Lehmann was born 12 November 1820 in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France
    3. Julia Ann Lehmann was born 16 Apr 1823 in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France
    4. Rachel Regina Lehmann was born 27 Aug 1825 in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France
    5. Catherine Lehmann was born 1 Feb 1828 in Schirrhein, Bas-Rhin, (Alsace), France
    6. Mary Magdalena Lehmann was born 25 January 1833 in probably Plain Twp., Stark Co., OH. She was baptized at (Historic) St. John's Catholic Church, Canton, Stark Co., OH.
    7. Christian Joseph Lehmann (aka Joseph Christian Lehman) was born by 15 March 1835 in probably Plain Twp., Stark Co., OH. He was baptized 15 Mar 1835 at (Historic) St. John's Catholic Church, Canton, Stark Co., OH.

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    Fourth Generation
    Martin Michael Lehmann, Sr. and Katharina REICHERT

    Sep 2009, Courtesy of: Gwenda (Ross-Montgomery) Rosebush

    Martin Michael Lehmann was born on 12 November 1820 in Schirrhein, France and immigrated about the age of ten with his parents, Michel Lehmann and Marie Madeleine (Biam) Lehmann to Stark County, Ohio. With his parents, sisters, and brother, he traveled to Fort Loramie, McLean Township, Shelby County, Ohio. Here it is recorded in the 1840 Census that he was in agriculture along with his father.

    On 27 November 1849 Martin Michael Lehmann married Agnes/Agatha Katharina Reichert, the daughter of John Reichert and Anna (Stucke) Reichert in Maria Stein, Mercer County, Ohio at St. John's Catholic Church by Rev. Andrew Kunkler.

    It appears that the young couple resided in the family home of his parents, for in the 1850 Census of McLean Township, Shelby County, OH we find the following information:

    "Miguel Lahman" (sic), a "farmer" and head of the household, is listed as being born in "France" and being 60 years old with real estate valued at $700. His wife, "Malinda Lahman", is now 59 years old and also born in "France". Their eldest son, "Martin", is listed as a "farmer" on the same property, age 30, and born in "France" and "Catharine Lahman", age 21, born in "Germany". Martin and Catharine have a daughter, "Maria", 3 months old, who was listed as being born in "France". Since Martin and Catharine were married at Maria Stein, Mercer Co., OH and living on the farm, it is extremely doubtful that Maria's birthplace is correct. Christian J., son of Michel and Marie Madeleine, is now listed as "Joseph Lahman" age 16 and called an "operative" on the farm. His birthplace is also given as "France", but facts and data mentioned previously have proven that his birthplace was Stark County, OH.

    As was common of the period, according to the will of the father [Michel Lehmann], Martin, as the eldest son, inherited the farm and land. However, Michael provided a monetary inheritance to be paid by Martin to his brother and sisters in the years following Michel's and Marie Madeleine's death.

    Children of Martin Michael Lehmann & Agatha Katharina Reichert:
    1. Maria Magdelena Elizabeth Lehmann
    2. Clara Lehmann
    3. Joseph Lehmann
    4. Margaret Lehmann
    5. Katharine Mary Lehmann
    6. Maria Magdelena Lehmann
    7. John Michael Lehmann
    8. Regina Rachel Lehmann
    9. Martin Michael Lehmann, Jr.
    10. Michael Lehmann

    Courtesy of: Roger Liess of Ft. Loramie, Ohio (1992)

    Shelby County Democrat
    29 July 1892

    "Martin Lehman died at his residence, Monday, July 25th. The funeral services were held from St. Michaels church, Wednesday, July 27th. The deceased was pioneer of Shelby county, and had a large acquaintance. His age was about 73 years. His last illness lasted about three months. His death was occasioned by a complication of diseases, though principally Bright's disease of the kidneys. He leaves two sons and four daughters to mourn their loss. His wife preceded him about twelve years ago. A large concourse of people attended the funeral, thus apying their last respects to the beloved dead. The bereaved children and relatives have the sympathy of the community in this time of their sorrow. John Lehman, of Kentucky, son of the deceased, was called here on account of the sickness and death of his father."

    Courtesy of: Roger Liess of Ft. Loramie, Ohio (1992)

    Shelby County Democrat
    29 July 1892
    "At Loramies, on Monday, July 25, 1892, MARTIN LEHMAN, aged about 73 years."

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