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U.S. REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302, WW1
Above is a very rare image of Remount Squadron No 302 stationed at Enrenbreitein, Germany, March 1919, Army of Occupation . (Image: Family Collection of Walter A. Erickson, Remount Squadron No. 302, A.E.F., WW1)
My Grandfather Walter A. Erickson was in Remount Squadron No. 302 working with the horses during WWI. From Grandpa’s Diary (he was a blacksmith near the frontlines): “A great number of horses began to come in. One night we unloaded a long trainload after supper. Not much after spending all day in the shop shoeing all the horses we could possibly shoe. Everyone had to work; even the cooks not on duty were on the job. Two thirds of the squadron handled 11,000 head of horses in 7 days and 17,000 horses in 12 days. It was this that won us fame.”
Ole Jordan and family
WAR DIARY: WALTER ERICKSON U.S. REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302 WW1
Walter A. Erickson, Remount Squadron No. 302, A.E.F.
Click on the below link to read his war diary:
RUDOLPH (RUDY) BEHLER RS NO. 302
June 5, 2015
My name is Ryan Wiley. I came across the information on your grandfather and Field Remount Squadron No. 302 as I was doing some research on my family history.
My grandfather, Rudolph (Rudy) Behler, was also a soldier in the squadron. I also have the March 1919 photo that you have. My grandfather is in the front row right above the tp.
I just thought I would stare.
U.S. FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302, OFFICAL UNIT HISTORY, A.E.F., WW1
May 23, 2012 - email from Steve McDannold
I came across your posting while searching for info on the 302nd Field Remount Squadron. My grandfather served in that unit and he is in the picture that you posted. In his records there is an official history of the unit written by a member of the unit.
- Steve McDannold
Submitted by Steve McDannold. Transcribed from copies of original official paperwork by Greg Krenzelok.
HEADQUARTERS CAMP JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON
March 23, 1918
Special Orders No. 82
6. Under authority contained in communication from the A.G.O., dated October 23, 1917, and upon recommendation of their Company Commander, the following promotions and appointments (temporary) are announced in FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302.
TO BE QUARTERMASTER SERGEANT, QMC, NA:
Sergeant McCarthy, Joseph
TO BE SERGEANT, QMC, NA:
Private Daily, Charles H.
Private Thorpe, Harry
Private Herrell, Henry C.
Private McDonnold, Walter H. (Note: Steve McDannold’s grandfather)
Private Madden, John J.
Private Berry, Charles M.
Private Starr, Harry
Private Turner, Charles L.
TO BE CORPORALS, QMC, NA:
Private Lucas, James E.
Private Boucher, Peter
Private Coussons, Stan C.
Private Doyle, James F.
Private Lee, William A.
Private Ranck, William A.
Private Morgan, Walter P.
Private Caskey, Edward P.
They will be respected and obeyed accordingly.
TO BE COOKS, QMC, NA:
Private Johnston, William F.
Private Voll, Albert F.R.
Private McLaughlin, James J.
TO BE PRIVATES FIRST CLASS, QMC, NA:
Private Biggi, Peter
Private White, Laurence
Private Culp, John L.
Private Byrd, Roland A.
Private Low, Lloyd L.
Private Knox, Walter L.
Private Adler, David
Private Martin, Anton F.
Private Rutherford, Milton D.
Private Gronlund, Carl J.
Private Hunt, John W.
Private Blodgett, Freeman S.
Private Reinwald, Ernest M.
Private Axtell, Samuel A.
Private Clark, John H.
Private McMullin, Glenn A.
Private Curry, Byron R.
Private Forbes, George
Private McClure, Harry
Private Baker, George E.
Private Naylor, Clarence R.
Private Lockhart, Stanley C.
Private Caron, George H.
Private Ostlund, Verner J.
By order of Major Ware:
J. H. Spengler
BRIEF HISTORY OF FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302, A.E.F.
May 12, 1918, landing in France to December 14th, 1918, crossing the Rhine.
Field Remount Squadron No. 302 landed in France at St. Nazaire, May 12, 1918, Captain Albin C. Swenson in command. Was at Base Section No. 1, St. Nazaire until May 19, 1918. Squadron under orders proceeded by the way of train from St. Nazaire to Guer, where the Squadron detrained and marched to Camp Coetquidan, about 3 kilometers distance. Was stationed with F.R. Squadrons No. 301, 303 and 304, at Remount Depot, Camp Coetquidan from May 20th to July 7th, 1918. On July 7, 2 Officers and 80 men under orders from Command Officer, Remount Depot, Camp Coetquidan went to a farm near Camp Coetquidan to care for about 400 sick and wounded animals. Headquarters of the Squadron remained at Remount Depot. On July 12 the remainder of the Squadron was ordered to the farm, and preceded to operate as a separate Squadron. Animals that we handled were mostly injured and influenza cases. As these were cured they were issued through Remount Depot, Camp Coetquidan.
On August 6, 1918, per SO 200 pp.1, Headquarters, Camp Commander, A.P.O. No. 711, entire Squadron entrained at Guer, France and proceeded to Claye-Souilly (Seine Et Marne), and took command of Remount Depot at that place on August 8th, 1918. Reported to Commanding General, 1st Army, per instructions. On August 10th, Field Remount Squadron No. 308, with Captain John McCay in command reported to Depot for duty. On August 11th, Captain Swenson, 2 Officers and 100 men of Field Remount Squadron No. 302 proceeded by train to Chateau-Thierry to evacuate sick and wounded animals by train to Veterinary Hospital at Claye-Souilly. On August 14th remainder of Squadron with 1st. Lt. D.A. Leman in command left Claye-Souilly by train and proceeded to Chateau-Thierry to join the rest of the Squadron. From August 16th to 25th entire Squadron was stationed at Pennonerie Farm evacuating sick and wounded animals. These animals were being received by the Veterinary Corps, and were loaded and delivered to Claye-Souilly by this Squadron.
Under Orders from Headquarters, 3rd Army Corps, Squadron moved overland, using the best of these sick animals, from Pennonerie Farm to Le Charmel, a distance of about 20 kilometers. Squadron was stationed in an old chateau at this place and engaged in doing Remount duty for the 3rd Corps, receiving all animals shipped to the Corps, and delivering same to divisions in the Corps under orders from 3rd Corps, Remount Officer, Major P. Lorillard, Jr., Squadron also took many wounded and sick animals from the Corps Veterinary Hospital, and by the best care and treatment we turned a large percentage of these animals back to duty.
Again with salvaged animals the Squadron under orders from the Headquarters, 3rd Corps, on Friday, September 13, 1918, proceeded overland for station near Headquarters, 3rd Corps, which had been ordered to a new Front, marching by route prescribed by Corps Order. Squadron arrived at destination, Souhemen-Le Grande, near Verdun on September 18, 1918, and there began its operations as Remount Depot for the 3rd Corps. On September 22th, one Officer and 30 men were sent to Autrecourt to handle evacuations from the 1st. Army. On September 25th, one Officer and 30 men were ordered to Rarecourt to evacuate for the 1st. Army, On September 30th, men at Rarecourt were relieved and returned to duty with the Squadron. On September 30th, Lt. D.A. Leman was dropped from the rolls of this Squadron, per GO 111, GHQ c.s., having been admitted to an Army Hospital, Paris. On October 2, 1918, men at Autrecourt were relieved and returned to the Squadron. During this period the Squadron was doing Remount work for the 3rd Corps. From October 13th to 25th the Squadron received, unloaded, at railhead at Lemmes, Vadelaincourt, and Verdun 4274 animals, out of this number all that were not fit for immediate duty at the Front were cut out, and all animals that were delivered to the Front were shod before leaving Depot. The issuing of these animals was done under orders of the Corps Remount Officer. All deliveries were made by the personnel of this Squadron, the majority of the deliveries being made at night. The majority of these animals were in excellent condition, one shipment from Carbon Blanc being in very bad shape, out of the 384 animals received, 232 were evacuated at once, not being fit for duty. All animals that we received overland were in very good condition.
On October 17, 1918, Captain Albin C. Swenson per telegraphic instructions was ordered to report to Tours, Officer of Chief of Remount, 1st. Lt. William Bell Watkins was promoted to Captain and took command. On October 25, 1918, Major A. C. Swenson was relieved from the Squadron under orders from the Chief of Remount, and ordered to Tours for assignment to duty. Captain W. B. Watkins took command.
On November 6, 1918, one officer and 25 men were stationed at Cierges as an Advance Depot, due to the advance of the Army it was too long a trip to deliverer animals to a division in one day, and due to the fact that a railhead could not be obtained closer, The Squadron had to remain at Souhesmes Le Grande. Animals were delivered to Advance Depot at Cierges and after a night rest and a good feed were delivered to the organization at the Front in a much better condition than if taken over the entire distance in one day.
On November 8, 1918, 2nd. Lt. Joseph P. Hughes, Q.M.C., reported to the Squadron for duty per SO 227, pp 235, Hq. S.O.S., dated October 25, 1918. On November 15, 1918, Captain William Bell Watkins was relieved from the Squadron per SO 106, pp 18-a, Headquarters, 1st. Army. 1st. Lt. C. H. Fischer, Senior Officer in command.
On Sunday November 17, 1918, The Squadron under orders from 3rd Corps with 1st. Lt. C. H. Fischer in command, proceeded overland to enter the German territory to be occupied by the 3rd Army Corps, which had been put into the Army of Occupation. We were on the road early each morning of the days we traveled making from 35 to 46 kilometers each day. One-day rests were made until Squadron reached Lintgen, Luxemburg, where an 8-day stop was made; at this place 1st. Lt. Richard S. Clark joined the Squadron per pp 183, SO 245, Hq. S.O.S., dated November 13, 1918. Squadron was billeted here with the animals on picket lines, shelter being unobtainable. Squadron was inspected by Commanding General, 3rd Corps at this stop and highly complimented, upon the condition of animals and the care of the equipment. The hardest and longest trip made during the move was on December 7th, when a 46-kilometer move was made. On this march Major General Hines, Commanding General, 3rd Corps passed our columns and complimented the Squadron for the uniformity of the packs, and saw how careful each man had been to see that his pack was not on the horse’s back. Squadron crossed the Rhine River on December 14th, 1918, and is now located in Ehrenbreitstein, Germany, doing the Remount work of the 3rd Army Corps.
HEADQUARTERS, FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302, Q.M.C.
American Forces in Germany
COMPLETE HISTORY OF SQUADRON
Field Remount Squadron No. 302, Q.M.C. was organized at Camp Joseph E. Johnston, Jacksonville, Florida, and began to operate as a separate unit, on February 12th, 1918, under the command of Major C. G. Thomson, QMC. The organizing, getting the desired personnel, and transferring the ones not fitted for Remount work was done by the commanding officer, assisted by Lieutenant William Bell Watkins, an officer with the Squadron. Many men were transferred in, and out of the unit, the personnel officer, of the camp gave great assistance in this work.
On February 15th, 1918, acting Sergeant John A. Montgomery died at Base Hospital, Camp Joseph E. Johnston. His remains were shipped to West Virginia, under directions of his mother.
Sergeant Joseph McCarthy was appointed 1st. Sergeant of the Squadron organization.
On February 17th Major Thomson was transferred to Camp Dix, N. J. 1st. Lieut. William Bell Watkins, senior officer, assumed command awaiting the assignment of a commanding officer. On February 18th, 1st Lieut. D.A. Leman, QMC, NA, reported for duty with the Squadron.
Captain Albin C. Swenson, Q.M., R.C. reported to Squadron on February 21st, 1918, assigned as commanding officer, under orders from the War Department (pp244, SO 39, 2/15/18). On February 20th 2nd Lieut. Lars P. Johnson, V.C. reported for duty with Squadron, as veterinarian (pp 243 SO 35, W.D. 2/11/18.
The Squadron was doing several hours of infantry drill each day, and was being instructed in the school of the soldier. On February 27th, the Squadron moved from the main camp to Auxiliary Remount Depot, No. 333 (same camp) for a course of instructions in remount duty, and mounted cavalry drill. It was a known fact that the four Squadrons, which were organized at this time, were ordered for overseas duty. A very strenuous 9-week course followed. This was under the orders of Major S. Koch, commanding A.R.D. (Auxiliary Remount Depot) No. 333 at this time. Major West, from Remount Office, Washington D.C. made many trips of inspection to the camp. Colonel Fair inspected the Squadron once in March 1918.
On April 3rd, 1918, orders were received to pack all equipment, and be prepared to leave for Port of Embarkation at any time. April 10th orders were received to unpack equipment. Again on April 19th, all equipment was packed, and under telegraphic instructions from S. E. Department the Squadron with Squadrons No. 301, 303, and 304 entrained at Yukon, Florida, going via the A.C.L. for Camp Merritt, New Jersey, there to a wait transportation to France. Detrained at Camp Merritt, N.J., about 5:15 P.M., April 23rd, 1918. Marched to the barracks.
The next few days were spent in getting equipment that was not obtainable at Camp Johnston. Main thing received here were steel helmets, and picket pins. Clothing was salvaged and replaced.
About 9:30 A.M. on April 29th, 1918, per Memorandum Office of the Camp Commander, Camp Merritt, N.J., dated April 27th, 1918; the four Squadrons marched to Alpine, taking boat “Newburg” at that point for Hoboken Pier. Landed at Pier No. 2, 1:30 P.M., same date. Squadron was billeted over Pier No. 4, that night. On the evening of April 30th, 1918, the Squadron went aboard the U.S. Transport, “Finland”, at Pier No. 2, Hoboken, N.J., The Finland cast off about 8:30 P.M., same night.
The “Finland” was in a convoy of six other transports, one cruiser accompanied this convoy. On May 10th the convoy was met by several destroyers, the cruiser, leaving at this time, headed from New York.
The officers embarking on duty with the Squadron were:A.C. Swenson, Capt., QM, RC, commandingThe enlisted personnel was as followed: 149 Q.M. Corps men (1, alien enemy having been transferred at Camp Merritt, N.J.), 4 Medical Corps and 3 Veterinary Corps, making the total strength of the Squadron: 6 officers and 156 enlisted men.
1st Lt. William Bell Watkins, QMC, NA, asst. to C.O.
1st Lt. D.A. Leman, QMC, NA, Adjutant
2nd Lt. C.H. Fischer, QMC, NA, Supply Officer
1st Lt. James E. Marshall, M.C., Medical Officer
2nd Lt. Lars P. Johnson, V.C., Veterinarian
Land was sighted on morning of May 12th, about 6 A.M. “Finland”, docked at St. Nazaire, France, about 5:20 P.M., Sunday, May 12th, 1918, Squadron landed on morning of May 13th, and marched from St. Nazaire to Camp No. 1, about 3 kilometers and were given barracks. The weather was very bad, being cold and rain nearly every day. Squadron paperwork was examined by Statistical Officer, this Camp, and Qualification Cards, for officers, and enlisted men, along with other reports were turned over to Statistical Section, Camp No. 1. Some drill was done in this camp, weather permitting.
On May 19th, 1918, the Squadron with Squadrons No. 301, 303 and 304, per SO No. 62, Hq., Base Section, No. 1, S.O.S. amended by SO No. 63, Hq. Base Section No. 1, dated May 14th, 1918, entrained at St. Nazaire, France and proceeded to Guer, France, detraining there about 4:00 P.M., same date. Marched to Camp Coetquidon, a distance of about 4 kilometers arriving about 6:40 P.M., same date. Squadron was assigned to barracks here.
On May 22nd, 1918, the four Squadrons took command of the Remount Depot, Camp Coetquidon, relieving the artillery units there. Captain J. S. Hunt senior officer of the 4 Squadrons was in command. On May 25th, 1918, Lt. Colonel Parker, took command of the Depot, relieving Captain Hunt. May 28th, about 5:30 A.M., fire destroyed the barracks of the officers, some Squadron papers, and supply records were lost in this, as the orderly room was in the building.
This Remount Depot was in a very bad condition; the animals were dying at a rate of about 10 to 20 per day, pneumonia being the cause of most deaths. The animals had been neglected, they were not fed, and watered at regular times each day, and manure was piled everywhere. Many changes were made, and corrals were cleaned, water troughs built, animals separated, diseased ones put together, in a very short time this work began to show, capable supervision, with the work of experienced horsemen, caused a great decrease in the number of deaths of the horses and many were now ready to issue for use, to the artillery regiments in training at this camp. This work continued during May and June. Animals were now being issued to artillery moving toward the front. And of the 5,000 in the Depot on May 22nd, now only about 3,000 were on hand.
On June Squadron No. 304 was moved to a location about 5 kilometers from the Depot, and were given about 300 horses, sick ones to care for and condition this being considered a good plan to keep them separated from the well ones. It proved to be a great success, and on July 7th Squadron 302 moved to a location about 4 kilometers from the Depot, and took about 400 animals to put in condition. These animals were separated one disease from another, and were cared for, and re-issued through the Depot as they became fit for service. During July something like 300 horses were reclaimed and put into active service. With the shortage of animals this was a great help as animals were needed very badly at the Front at this time.
On August 6th, 1918, the Squadron under telegraphic instructions, from Chief of the Remount Service, Tours, France, entrained at Guer, France, and proceeded to Claye-Souilly, Seine-Et-Marne, France, reporting as instructions to 1st. Army Corps for duty.
The Squadron relieved the Cavalry Troop, at the Remount Depot at this place and took command August 8th, 1918, No animals was in the Depot on this date. It was being prepared to receive the evacuations of wounded and debility cases from near Chateau-Thierry. On August 10th, Remount Squadron No. 308 arrived at the Depot, and were to take command as this Squadron had been ordered to Chateau-Thierry to evacuate the wounded animals to the Depot at Claye-Souilly.
On August 11th, 2 Officers and 100 men were ordered to Chateau-Thierry to convoy a train of wounded animals to Claye-Souilly. On August 12th, 1918 the entire Squadron was ordered to move to a location on the Chateau-Thierry-Soissons road about 7 kilometers from Chateau-Thierry. Squadron was in camp at this place on August 15th, 1918, in an open wheat field. From this date until August 25th, the Squadron evacuating animals to Depot at Claye-Souilly, using Chateau-Thierry as the railhead. About 2,000 animals were evacuated during this time.
The only change in the commissioned personnel to date was the relieving of Lieut. Marshall, as Medical Officer, and 1st Lieut. Lee K. Mayfield, M.C. was assigned as Medical Officer. The present strength of enlisted men was on August 25th, 1918, 152, being short 6 men, with a full quota of 6 officers.
On Sunday morning August 25th, about 7:00 A.M., the Squadron proceeded per memorandum 3rd Army Corps, dated August 23rd, from Pennonerie Farm, on Soissons road to Le Charmel, France, via marching. The Squadron was assigned to duty with the Third Army Corps on August 19th, 1918, The Squadron arrived at Le Charmel, about 2:00 P.M., August 25th, covering a distance of 20 kilometers, was camped in the woods at an old ruined Chateau. Reported changed of station to Statistical Officer 3rd Corps, on August 26th, 1918.
The Squadron had brought about 50 animals from Pennonerie Farm, those used in Wagon Company and a few officers’ mounts. Many evacuations were received here from the Divisions in the 3rd Corps, the Squadron now only handling animals for the 3rd Corps, under the direction of the Third Corps, Remount Officer, Captain P. Lorrilard, QMC. At this Station the wounded cases, and many gas, and debility cases were cared for by the Squadron, only the very bad cases being sent to the Corps Mobile Veterinary Hospital, located at a small place near Charmel. Many animals were reclaimed, and issued again to the Divisions for service. At this time no replacements of animals were being sent to the front at all. The Base Hospitals, and Depots being full of sick animals, and very few were being received from the States. Early in September, one shipment of horses were received by Squadron from Depot at Claye-Souilly, these were issued to the 77th Division on the Oise-Aisne Front this date, with 3rd Corps. A few days later a shipment of pack mules were received from same place but no place could be found for them, and as a move was expected at this time they were held to be used as mounts for the Squadron. Two shipments from the French were received from Dormans, railhead on September 10th. The two shipments were only 92 in all, and only 75 were fit for issue, these were delivered to the 28th Division on the night of September 10th.
The most of the animals that were issued at this Station were the ones that had been reclaimed by the Squadron. About 200 in all were re-issued from August 25th to September 13th, 1918.
On September 13th, 1918, per pp, 5, SO No. 84, Hq. Third Corps dated Sept. 8th, 1918; the Squadron proceeded from Le Charmel, mounted to a destination as ordered by 3rd Corps. The animals used in the Wagon Company were very poor, and marching was very slow, many changes had to be made, these animals were those that were nearby ready for re-issue but needed another week of good feeding and rest.
This move was a total distance of nearly 200 kilometers from the Oise-Aisne, to the Meuse-Argonne Front, where the Third Corps had been ordered.
The distance covered on the first days march was about 45 kilometers, camping a few kilometers from Epernay, France.
The next days march took us through Chalons, and on to a small place Marston, France, the night was spent here. The next stop was made at Laheycourt, arrived here afternoon of September 15th, stayed here until afternoon of the 16th, and where ordered to leave late enough to make the last 10 kilometers of the move to Ville-Sur-Constance during the night. Arrived Ville-Sur-Constance, about 1:00 A.M., September 17th. Were camped in old French barracks. Stayed here the 17th, and until afternoon of the 18th, then proceeded to Soushemes Le Grande, Headquarters of the Third Corps at this date. This Station was about 5 kilometers from the Front line trenches, the closest the Squadron had been stationed to the Front.
On September 22nd, 1918, a detachment of 2 Officers, and 30 men were sent to Autrecourt, on Special Duty evacuating sick and wounded animals, for the 1st Corps. These animals were taken to the railhead and Remount Squadron No. 301, was convoying them via train to the Base Veterinary Hospitals, and Base Remount Depots.
On September 25th, 1918, another detachment was sent to Autrecourt for the same duty. At this time all the animals that the Squadron had in the Corps Depot were the ones brought from Le Charmel, these were being conditioned and were to be issued to the Corps Divisions as soon as ready. The 85 small mules were issued to the 33rd Division, on September 20th, 1918, many animals were being taken from the Corps Mobile Veterinary Hospital by the Squadron and the work of reclaiming these for further service was begun. Many were re-issued to the divisions in a week or so. No animals were coming from the S.O.S (Service of Supply), at this time. Transportation was not available for some reason, and the animals were not to be had.
About this time it was rumored that the Squadron was to be relieved from duty with the Corps and transferred back to the S.O.S. for duty in a Base Remount Depot. And in a letter written on September 21st, 1918, by Major P. Lorrilard Jr. (having been promoted) Third Corps Remount Officer, to Remount Officer First Army, and indorsed by Commanding General, General Bullard of the 3rd Corps, the work done by this Squadron for the 3rd Corps was shown to be a very valuable work, and was the result of a Remount Squadron being assigned and ordered to every Army, and Corps. (Copy of this letter, and Ind. attached hereto) This letter and indorsement explains fully the value at this time of reclaiming the sick and wounded animals, and being able to put them to service without having to ship them all the way back to the Base Depots in the S.O.S.
The animals that were being cared for by the Squadron had to be kept under cover most of the time, which slowed down their recovery a great deal. On September 30th, 1st Lt. D.A. Leman, QMC, NA, was dropped from the Squadron having been admitted to the hospital, on September 6th, 1918, The detachment of men at RaroCourt, were returned to duty with the Squadron on September 30th, 1918. The Germans had been driven back far enough now that the location around Soushesmes Le Grande, was comparatively safe, and several hundred of the convalescing animals were put in the open fields near Nixeville, about 3 kilometers from the Station of the Squadron. This was supervised by the commanding officer of the Squadron.
On October 2nd the Detachment at Autrecourt was returned to duty with the Squadron. The next two weeks were spent in caring for the animals on hand issuing a few as they became fit to the Corps Troops, and some to the 4th and 33rd Divisions. On October 13th, 1918, the first shipment of animals from the Depots in the S.O.S. was received by the Squadron from the Third Corps, this shipment was received from the Depot at Claye-Souilly, and were unloaded at Vadelaincourt, France, the railroad near Soushemes Le Grande. On this same day a Detachment was sent to Verdun, to unload 199 animals to arrive there, these were unloaded and delivered to the 33rd Division by the Detachment from this Squadron on October 14th, 1918.
The first shipment received at Verdun, came from Remount Depot, APO 735 part came from the French. On October 14th another shipment was received at Verdun, this consisted of 169 animals from Remount Depot No. 1, APO 703. 180 animals were also received from Base Section No. 1 and 307 from the French, on this same date, these were received at the railhead at Vadelaincourt. On October 15th 344 mules were received at Baleicourt, coming from the Depot at Selles-Sur-Char, France. 352 horses were received on October 15th at Lemmnes railhead from Selles-Sur-Char these were all American animals. Most all of these went to the 4th Division Artillery. On October 16th 126 horses were received at Verdun, the 33rd Division received these animals and delivered by the Squadron. On October 18th 384 animals were received from Carbon Blanc, France (American Remount Depot) and unloaded at Lemmnes railhead. Out of this shipment 232 were not fit for issue and were evacuated the next day to the Army Veterinary Hospital at Baleicourt. It was learned that the wrong interpretation of a telegram caused such animals to shipped from that Depot. A report of this was made to the Remount Officer, 1st Army, also to the Army Veterinarian who inspected the animals before they were evacuated to the Army Veterinary Hospital.
On October 19th 231 animals were received from Remount Depot, APO No. 720, this was the first animals to be received coming overland and they were in very good condition upon arrival. From October 21st to October 25th, 1918, 1310 animals were received at Lemmnes, and 212 were received overland.
A summary of the animals handled by this Squadron from October 13th to the 25th, 1918, inclusive, shows that 4274 were received, unloaded at 4 different railheads these being separated by a distance of 16 kilometers, and the entire number were issued and delivered to the Divisions in the Third Corps, who were at that time in the Argonne Offensive. The last delivery of this number was made on October 27th. These animals were delivered mostly at night.
On October 25th, 1918, Captain Albin C. Swenson having been promoted to the rank of Major, QMC was relieved from command of the Squadron and Captain William Bell Watkins, also promoted from 1st Lt. assumed command.
The advance of the Army had been so rapid, that the Headquarters of the 3rd Corps was getting farther away from the station of the Squadron and this caused deliveries of animals to require an entire day or more, no available railhead was to be had closer up at this time. Hence on November 4th, 1918, and Advance Depot was placed at Cierges, France, near Romange, where the Corps Headquarters was at this time. From this on all deliveries were made to Cierges the first day, and here forage was stationed, the animals were kept here over night and the delivery made from Cierges the following day. This caused the animals to be in condition to be used the day of arrival by the Divisions, if such was necessary. Also blacksmiths were sent to this advance station for the purpose of shoeing any animals that had lost their shoes during the travel the day before.
During the rush from October 13th to the 25th, the weather conditions were very bad, and it rained nearly every day. All animals were placed on picket lines, as it was impossible to obtain shelter for such a large number. Many days found from 4 to 6 men left to feed and water from 300 to 600 head of animals. And each was fed from a nose bag and they were lead to water. It was a time when only the real experience of horsemanship kept the work going, and the willingness of the Remount men to put in from 16 to 20 hours every day, not of merely being available for detail but doing the work with an interest. These men realized that they were classed as non-combatants but were doing everything they could to do the work they had enlisted for, many of these men were of long years of experience with horses and realized that they could do more in the Remount Branch of Service than any other, and their work certainly showed for its self before the War was over. When the Armistice was signed this Squadron received from the 57th Artillery Brigade, 1,000 horses and their were delivered to the 32nd Division, by November 15th, 1918.
On November 15th, Captain William Bell Watkins, QMC, was relieved as Commanding Officer and assigned as assistant to the 1st Army Remount Officer, per pp 18a, SO 106, Hq. 1st. Army.
From November 6th to 9th, 1918, 1st Lt. Herbert B. Royce, Inf. was on duty with Squadron. 1st Lt. Clifford H. Fischer, having been promoted, was put in command of the Squadron, upon the departure of Captain Watkins.
The Squadron was assigned to enter Germany with the Third Corps, F.O. No. 59 Hq. 1st. Army. This assignment was confirmed by S.O. No. 616, Hq. 1st. Army, dated November 16th, 1918. On Sunday November 17th, the Squadron consolidated with its Detachment at Cierges, France. On November 18th, about 7:00 A.M. the Squadron proceeded from Cierges to Jametz, France (F.O. No. 62, pp 3, Hq. 3rd Corps) About 35 kilometers was made. A day stop was made here, sending back to Dun, the next day forage and rations, Corps Dump.
On November 20th, Squadron proceeded to Cosnes, France near Longwy, per (F.O. No. 64, pp 2, Hq. 3rd Corps) about 32 kilometers was covered on this move.
At 7:00 A.M. November 21st Squadron left Cosnes, per (F.O. No. 65, pp 3 Hq. 3rd Corps), going via Longwy, arrived at destination for this move about 6 P.M. Stop was at Holzen, Luxemburg, about 40 kilometers was made on this move.
Squadron left Holzen about 10:00 A.M. November 22nd, 9 F.O. No. 66, Hq. 3rd Corps for Lintgen, Luxemburg, about 25 kilometers was covered in this move. Men were billeted and Squadron was stationed here until December 1st, 1918. Third Corps Headquarters being at Junglinster, and the forage and Ration Dump was at Mersh, only a few kilometers from Lintgen.
On the morning of December 1st (F.O. No. 1, Hq. Corps Troops, 3rd Corps) the Squadron proceeded from Lintgen to Echternach, Luxemburg, arrived here about 4:00 P.M. on this date. On the morning of December 3rd, 1918, per (pp2, G-5 order No. 263, Hq. 3rd Corps) the Squadron crossed Suhr River at Echternach, Luxemburg, and entered Germany. Destination being Metternich, Germany, about 40 kilometers was made in this move. On December 4th a detail of 1 Officer and 20 men was sent back to Lintgen, to receive and deliver to the M.P.’s, Hq. 3rd Army, at Bitburg, Germany, 65 Cavalry mounts. This detail returned to Squadron at Metternich on December 5th.
The march into Germany was again started on A.M. of December 7th, per G-3 order (No. 267, Hq. 3rd Corps). Squadron made the longest move of the march, leaving Metternich about 5:15 A.M., marched to Weirsbach, Germany, a distance of over 52 kilometers, this was over very hilly and rough roads, it was raining also. Arrived at Weirsbach, after dark, about 6:00 P.M. that night.
Per (G-3 order No. 268, Hq. 3rd Corps) Squadron left Wiersbach, about 7:00 A.M. December 9th, and marched about 35 kilometers to Kottlebach. Stopped over night there, on A.M. of December 10th, under same orders as move from Weirsbach to Kottlebach, Squadron marched to Weiler, Germany, about 25 kilometers.
At Weiler on morning of December 12th, the animals were turned loose to eat grass, during the morning they were frightened by a cow hitched to a wagon, and stampeded, going in all directions, about 1:30 orders were received for the Squadron to move to Minklefeld, all horses were caught but 8, and at 2:30 the Squadron proceeded to Minklefeld, leaving a detachment of 15 men at Weiler to gather up the rest of the stray horses. Arrived at destination about 10:00 P.M., were billeted and had shelter for most of the horses.
On the morning of December 14th the final move into Germany was started, per (G-3 order No. 271, Hq. 3rd Corps) followed columns of 1st. Pioneer Infantry across pontoon bridge at Coblenz, crossed the Rhine about noon, on this date, going to Neiderburg. Was here until December 19th, 1918. On December 19th the Squadron moved from Neiderburg, to barracks in Ehrenbreitstein, across the Rhine from Coblenz. Issued 20 horses to 308th Engineers on December 30th, first animals to be issued since arrival in Germany.
On January 3rd the Squadron received 100 horses from the 3rd Army and on January 1st Lt. Clark with detail, delivered 103 animals to the 32nd Division at Oberbeber.
1st Lt. Richard S. Clark having reported to Squadron at Holzen, Luxemburg, on November 21, per Special Orders, Headquarters S.O.S.
January 6th, 1919, received 97 horses and 53 mules from 3rd Army, Coblenz, January 7th issued to Troop “K” 3rd Cavalry 18 horses. Lt. Hughes and detail delivered to 2nd Division at Neuweid, 95 animals. January 9th Lt. Clark and detail delivered to 1st Division at Montabaur, 91 horses. Nothing more was done as regards receiving and issuing animals until late in March 1919. During the winter the Squadron had always on hand about 250 horses and mules used as replacements for Corps Troops, and a few to the Divisions in the Corps. The Squadron also worked with 3rd Corps Mobile Veterinary Hospital, taking animals nearly ready for issue and conditioning them. Many animals were reclaimed in the way.
The Squadron made a very creditable showing in the 3rd Corps, Horse Shows held on the 7th and 8th of March 1919, taking blue ribbons in every class in which we entered in the harness classes, also winning the Championship Class of the entire show.
When the 42nd and 32nd Divisions turned in their animals when ordered to return to the U.S.A. this Squadron handled 600 from the 42nd, and 500 from the 32nd. These were taken to the Remount Depot at Trier, by F.R.S. No. 322, 400 were sold to Germans at auction sale held in Coblenz on April 23rd and 24th 1919. Major Kittell, Q.M.C., was the auctioneer.
The Squadron with the Third Corps Troops was reviewed by General Pershing on Sunday March 18th, 1919, at Vallendar, Germany.
1st Lt. Clifford H. Fischer, Q.M., received his promotion to captain, to remain as commanding officer.
The Squadron had several entries in the Horse Show of the Third Army Carnival held in Coblenz, Germany, April 23rd to 27th, inclusive. And several ribbons were won, the main event won was the two and one-half mile Steeple Chase for enlisted men. This race was won by Corporal James F. Doyle, a member of this Squadron, who had taken this horse from a Veterinary Hospital, and conditioned him for such a race, winning first place with him in the same kind of race at the 3rd Corps Horse Show.
From May 1st to May 12th, 1919, the Squadron was handling the animals that were being turned in by the Divisions ordered to return to the United States. The Squadron handled in all during this time 3,000 animals. These were received at 3rd Corps Depot, and loaded at either Coblenz or Coblenz-Lutzel, by this Squadron. On May 13th, 1st Lt. H. F. Schreck, V.C., relieved 2nd Lt. Lars P. Johnson, V.C.
On May 14th, 1919, per (Operation orders No. 175, Hq. 3rd Army). The Squadron was relieved from duty with the 3rd Corps by Field Remount Squadron (F.R.S,) No. 306, and on the 14th the Squadron marched overland from Ehrenbreitstein, Germany to Kripp, Germany, covering a distance of about 42 kilometers. The Squadron relieved the 4th Division personnel at Remount Depot at Kripp, on May 16th, 1919, which was to operate as a Remount for the 3rd Army. Major J. O. Kittell, Q.M.C., was in command.
Captain Fischer, Squadron commander was in England on leave, the Squadron was under command of 1st Lt. R. S. Clark. Major J. K. Biddle was assigned as medical officer, relieving Lt. Paul Turner, M.C., who was assigned to Squadron when Captain Lee K. Mayfield was sent to the hospital in February, and later dropped from the Squadron.
On May 18th, Field Remount Squadron No. 311 reported to the Depot for duty. And later 4 other Remount Squadrons were assigned to the Depot for duty.
On June 5th, Captain C. H. Fischer was relieved as commanding officer, and ordered to the United States for discharge. 1st Lt. Richard S. Clark assumed command, being senior officer. Captain W. R. Graham, Infantry was assigned to the Squadron per (S.O. Hq. 3rd Army Remount Depot), he took command on June 14th, 1919.
On June 10th, 1919, Major James K. Biddle, M.C. medical officer of the Squadron was transferred to Brest, France for return to the States and discharge.
On June 16th, 2 nd Lt. Eugene Brady, whose was assigned to the Squadron per (S.O. No. 111, Hq. 3rd Army, April 21st, 1919) was transferred to Brest, France for return to the United States and discharge. On June 19th, 1st Lt. R. S. Clark, Q.M.C., was ordered to Paris, France on duty there for two weeks, per (pp 68, S.O. No. 168, Hq. 3rd Army). And under (pp 65, S.O. No. 169, Hq. 3rd Army) Lt. Clark was ordered to report upon the completion of his duties in Paris to Brest, France, for return to U.S. and discharge. He was dropped from the rolls of this Squadron on June 19th, 1919.
1st Lt. E. C. Stoll, F. A. (Field Artillery) was assigned to duty with the Squadron, per (pp 70, S.O. 174, Hq. 3rd Army) June 23rd, 1919). 2nd Lt. Wayne Sinclair assigned to Squadron, June 21st, 1919.
During this time the Squadron was on duty at the 3rd Army Remount Depot, and was not at this time acting as a separate unit any longer. Major Kittell was relieved from command of the Depot on May 27th. Major Fiess, Q.M.C., being assigned as Commanding Officer of Depot.
On June 28th, 1919, the Germans signed the Peace Treaty at Paris, France, at 3:12 P.M., Mueller and Bell, signed for the Germans.
Several of the Divisions left in the 3rd Army had turned in their animals to this Depot and the work of caring for them; all details were carried on by the Squadrons on duty at the Depot. Several of the best man of Field Remount Squadron No. 302 were transferred to Headquarters of the Depot. Q. M. 1st. Sgt. Charles H. Daily was among this number.
On July 3rd, 1919, The Third Army was changed to the “American Forces In Germany”. July 4th was a Holiday at the Depot and the men of the Squadrons put on a rodeo in the morning. A championship baseball game played in the afternoon R.S. No. 302, being the winner. On July 3rd Major Meskill, Q.M.C., relieved Major Fiess, Q.M.C., as Commanding Officer of the Depot. On July 7th drill of one-half hour was started, after recall. On July 16th, 2nd Lt. Hughes convoyed 200 mules to Coblenz for the Depot. These were sold to the Germans.
July 23rd 2nd Joseph P Hughes was transferred to Brest, France for return to the U.S. for discharge. 1st Lt. E. C. Stoll, F.A. was transferred to Brest, France for return to the U.S. and discharge on July 15th, 1919, (pp 12, S.O. No. 13, Hq. A.F. in G). 1st. Lt. Harold F. Schreck, transferred to Brest, France for return to the U.S. and discharge, (pp 18, S.O. No. 55, Hq. A.F. and G).
On August 23rd, 2nd Lt. G. A. O’Rouark F.A., Regular Army was assigned to the Squadron for duty, reported same date. On August 25th, 2nd Lt. Sinclair convoyed 6 lines of mules to Coblenz. They were delivered by our men of Field Remount Squadron No. 302. Lt. Sinclair transferred to Brest for return to the U.S. and discharge, (pp 39, S.O. No. 64, Hq. A.F. and G) date September 4, 1919.
Left Station September 5th, 1919.
Field Remount Squadron No. 303, was relieved for duty with Kripp, Remount Depot on September 9th, 1919 and left on the 12th for Brest for return to the U.S. 5 men of this Squadron transferred to the 303 for return to the U.S. and discharge. On September 15th, it was announced officially that Field Remount Squadron No. 302 and 306 would go home in a very short time. 65 men of the Squadron were sent to Wengerohr Depot on September 19th. 6 more on September 20th and the balance of the Squadron left Kripp on midnight of September 21st for Wengerohr, with Squadron Records. Field Remount Squadron No. 322 relieved 302 at Kripp. Captain W. R. Graham, Inf., relieved as Commanding Officer of R.S. No. 302 and assigned as Squadron Commander of R.S. No.322. Captain Harry E. Reed, Q.M.C., assigned as Commanding Officer of R.S. No. 302. Captain W. Weldishofer, V.C., 1st Lt. Harry Lushbaugh, Q.M.C., and 1st Lt. Phillip Dulin, Q.M.C., assigned to Squadron, per V.O., Chief Remount Officer, A.F. and G. The move of R.S. No. 302 was under authority of Chief of Remount, Hq. A.F. in G. It being known that Wengerohr Depot was to be evacuated very soon and the Squadron to return to the U.S. in the near future.
Last animals at Depot at Wengerohr, Germany shipped to Kripp Remount Depot on September 24th, 1919, convoyed by men sent to Kripp. September 24th and 25th was spent in getting the Depot in condition to evacuate it on the 26th.
On September 26th, 1919 at 5:30 P.M., the Depot was officially closed and evacuated. All Squadrons and Commanders formed in front of the Headquarters, Retreat was sounded, after which Taps were sounded, all officers and enlisted men stood at right hand salute, the Post Colors were presented to Captain G. B. Sheldon, C.O. of F.R.S. No. 301, by Captain W. D. Goodwin, Depot Commander, after this all Squadrons marched to Wengerohr, Germany, a distance of about 2 kilometers and went abroad U.S. cars on tracks at this place. The night of September 26th was spent on cars at Wengerohr. Captain G. B. Sheldon, Q.M.C., was the Train Commander from Wengerohr to Coblenz, Germany.
On September 27th, 1919, the Squadron proceeded via train from Coblenz, Germany to Brest, France, arrived at Brest about 3 A.M., October 1st, 1919. Marched to Camp Pontanezen, and under authority contained in Embarkation Order, No. 481, Hq. Camp Pontanezen, Brest, France, dated October 4th, 1919, the Squadron boarded U.S.A.T. “Princess Matoika”, sailed about 4:30 P.M., same date. Arrived at Pier No. 8, Hoboken, N.J., October 15th, 1919 about 11:00 A.M., entrained there and arrived at Dumont, N.J., about 2:00 P.M., same date, marched to Camp Merritt, N.J., arriving about 3:00 P.M., same date.
On October 16th, all men to be discharged at other Camps other than Camp Dix, N.J., were transferred to Hoboken Casual Companies, Headquarters with 46 men to be discharged at Camp Dix, N.J., entrained at Dumont, N.J., about 10:00 A.M., October 18th, 1919, per Par. 49, S.O. No. 290 Hq. Camp Merritt, N.J., dated October 17th, 1919. Arrived at Camp Dix, N.J., about 3:00 P.M., same date. Service records were indorsed to C.O., Camp Dix, N.J., and the 46 men were attached to 45th Infantry for discharge the service.
All Squadron records were stored with Headquarters at Camp Dix, N.J., for transportation to Adjutant General of the Army. The Field Remount Squadron No. 302 ceased to operate as a separate unit on October 18th, 1919.
Harry E. Reed
Commanding F.R. Sqdn. No. 302, Q.M.C.
Camp Dix, New Jersey
OFFICIAL COMMUNICATIONS, FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302, A.E.F.
HEADQUARTERS, FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302
Quartermaster Corps, National Army, A.E.F., France
September 21, 1918
From: Remount Officer, 3rd Corps
To: Remount Officer, 1st. Army
Subject: Value to Corps of Remount Squadron
1. Six weeks experience with a Remount Squadron in the 3rd Army Corps has conclusively proved that the use of such a Squadron for three purposes is invaluable.
2. First, Evacuations; The Squadron with this Corps has aided in the evacuation of fifteen hundred animals, which it would have been almost impossible to do without them.
3. Second, Reclaiming Animals: Over one hundred and fifty animals have been taken from the Corps Mobile Veterinary Hospital, which would otherwise have been evacuated, and by careful treatment, grooming, feeding and excised restored to good condition. Of these, ninety have been issued and sixty more will be issued in a short time. In addition more are being reclaimed and conditioned every day.
These figures show ten percent of the animals passing through the Corps Mobile Veterinary Hospital restored to duty by the Remount Squadron, a sharp contrast to the figures shown in the Remount News Bulletin of September 1st., namely, “15,400 animals in depots and veterinary hospitals of which about 14,900 are not fit for issue.” This service alone is of un-estimable value to the Corps.
4. Third, Issue of Animals: Animals have been sent to the Corps and delivered by the Squadron direct to the Picket Lines of the organization where they were most needed, as directed by the Corps. The Corps is in a better position than anyone else to judge where animals should be placed as soon as they are received. Divisions may requisition animals, and when the animals are shipped direct to the Divisions, perhaps several weeks’ later, some other division may be in a much greater need of animals. By shipping direct to the Corps this is obviated and the animals placed directly where they are most needed. It also does away with the necessity of a division in action sending details to railhead to bring up the animals. A further great advantage is that animals arriving out of condition, when consigned to the Corps, are taken to the Remount and put into condition before issuing, while if such animals are consigned direct to a division, they are taken immediately over the road and nine cases out of ten, in a few days evacuated directly back through the Corps Mobile to the Veterinary Hospital, constituting a large wastage of horses and also of transportation fro Depot to Division and back to Hospital. Another great advantage in issuing through the Corps is that all horses are properly shod before being delivered as the details sent to the railroads by Divisions to receive horses shipped direct to division, have not the proper facilities for shoeing animals arriving unshod.
The method of issuing through the Corps not only insures the Division needing animals most, receiving them, but also insures the delivery of animals fit for work and thus produces another great saving of horsepower.
5. I strongly urge that Field Remount Squadron No. 302, be left with the 3rd Corps, and that all animals for divisions in this Corps be issued direct to the Corps and distributed by Corps to the Divisions.
This method has only been tried in one Army Corps, namely, the 3rd, and the officers connected with the operations in this Corps are the only ones in a position to know how successful the proposition has proved.
P. Lorillard, Jr.,
Captain, Q.M.C., R.C.
Remount Officer, 3rd Corps
From: Hq. 3rd Army Corps, American E. F., 21st. September 1918
To: Commanding General, First Army, American E. F.
1. The facts as stated in this letter are very well put but not emphasized enough.
2. One of the greatest value of this system which results in the saving of considerably more horses to the Divisions is the fact that if Remounts were shipped to the Corps Remount Squadron for issue to the Divisions, only animals fit for issue and capable for being put to work immediately would be issued. The other animals would be taken in the Squadron or sent to the Veterinary Unit and put in proper shape for doing work before being issued. Under present system of shipping animals directly to the Divisions they are immediately put to hard work, due to shortage of animals, and those that are fit condition become unfit in a short time, for further use and are a dead loss to the Government.
3. The above is well illustrated in the fact that the 52nd F. A., Brigade in coming into this Sector received many new animals. To date about thirty percent of these animals have been received within the past ten days evacuated, many of them absolutely unfit for further service.
4. It is strongly recommended that the system that we have been following in this Corps be adopted and in the future all animals for divisions in this Corps, whether temporary or permanent, be shipped to the Corps Remount Squadron for issue to the Divisions.
R. L. Bullard
Major General, N.A.
HEADQUARTERS, AMERICAN FORCES IN GERMANY
Third Section, G. S.
23 September 1919
Operation Orders 68
1. Mobile Veterinary Section No. 308 will proceed from WENGEROHR TO KRIPP, Germany for duty with the Kripp Remount Depot. The A. C. of S, G-4, these headquarters, will furnish the necessary rail transportation and notify Detachment Commander of date and hour of entrainment.
2. Field Remount Squadron numbers: 301, 302, 306 and 310 are relieved from duty with the American Forces in Germany effective September 25, 1919 and are placed at the disposal of the Commanding General, Base Section No. 5, Brest, France to return to the United States.
3. G-4, A. F. G. will furnish the necessary rail transportation for the movement of the above units to the Base Port, notify the Organization Commanders concerned of the date and hour of entrainments, and issue the necessary orders for the preparation and disposition of surplus materiel.
By command of Major General Allen.
Wm. W. Harts
Chief of Staff
(Note: signed in the official paperwork)
Lt. Colonel, G. S.
Acting A. C. of S., G-3
Shown on reverse side and One copy to Commanding Officer of each unit mentioned above.
PASSENGER LIST OF FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302 RETURNING TO THE UNITED STATES (ROSTER)
Port of Sailing: Brest, France
Field Remount Squadron No. 302 Roster
September 23rd, 1919
Authority: pp 2, Operation Orders No. 68, HQ, A.F. in G, Sept. 23rd, 1919
1. Captain Harry E. Reed, Q.M.C., (1st Class passage)
2. 1st Lt. Phillip Dulin, Q.M.C., (1st Class passenger)
3. 1st Lt. Harry Lushbaugh, Q.M.C., (1st Class passenger)
1. Brown James O. – Sgt. Q.M., (2nd Class passenger)
2. Ranck, William A. – Sgt. Q.M., (2nd Class passenger)
1. Stanley, James P., Sgt. Q.M
2. Erickson, Walter A., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C. – (Note: Ole Jordan’s grandfather).
3. Dutro, Ken, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
4. Egelkraut, Henry, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
5. Clark, John H., Cpl., Q.M.C.
6. Herring, Daniel W., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
7. Hoff, Charles M., Cook, Q.M.C.
8. Keefe, Peter, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
9. Harding, Medicus R., Cpl., Q.M.C.
10. Lautenbach, Arthur H., Pvt., Q.M.C.
11. Lindsay, Edgar, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
12. Litwin, Michael, Pvt., Q.M.C.
13. Nelson, Elbert, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
14. Forman, John H., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
15. McLaughlin, James J., Pvt., Q.M.C.
16. McCoy, Harold B., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
17. Culp, John L., Sgt., Q.M.C.
18. Blodgett, Freeman S., Cpl., Q.M.C.
19. Atwood, Stanley G., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
20. Blanchar, Archie, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
21. Carlson, Russell J., Pvt., Q.M.C.
22. McMullin, Glenn A., Cpl., Q.M.C.
23. Parker, Dillard A., Pvt., Q.M.C.
24. Sisson, LeRoy, Pvt., Q.M.C.
25. Squires, Robert, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
27. Segura, Eloy H., Pvt., Q.M.C.
28. Foley, Jeremiah P., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
29. Brainerd, George M., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
30. Estes, James D, Sgt., Q.M.C.
31. McCarthy, Joseph, Sgt., Q.M.C.
32. Bowes, Charles A., Pvt. 1/c
33. Berghammer, John H., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
34. Dickerson, Collie, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
35. Book, Claire B., Cpl., Q.M.C.
36. Forbes, George, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
37. Graham, Allen, R., Pvt., Q.M.C.
38. Graham, Merl, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
39. France, Loren W., Cpl., Q.M.C.
40. Howell, Elbert E., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
41. Knuckles, Solomon, Pvt., Q.M.C.
42. Fredwitz, Roy L., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
43. Mastin, Marshall T., Pvt., Q.M.C.
44. Bublis, Tony J., V.C. (Veterinary Corps)
45. Weider, Edward A., Farrier, V.C. (Veterinary Corps)
46. Adler, David, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
47. Johnson, William C., Sgt., Q.M.C.
48. Starr, Harry, Cpl., Q.M.C.
49. Mitchell, Alexander R., Pvt., Q.M.C.
50. McClure, Harry, Cook, Q.M.C.
51. Stewart, John A., Pvt., Q.M.C.
52. Kudrna, Edward I., Cpl., Q.M.C.
53. Baumgartner, Charles, Pvt., Q.M.C.
54. Voll, Albert F.R., Cook, Q.M.C.
55. Behler, Rudolph W., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
56. Evans, Luther S., Pvt., Q.M.C.
57. Henton, Arthur G., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
58. Johnston, William F., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
59. Jones, Richard, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
60. Turner, Charles L, Sgt., Q.M.C.
61. Ward, Orville E., Sgt., Q.M.C.
62. Beall, Charles, 1/c, Q.M.C.
63. Biehn, Jacob, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
64. Brown, Byron M., Pvt., Q.M.C.
65. Brown, Harvey, Cpl., Q.M.C.
66. Christen, Herman, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
67. Elam, Samuel H., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
68. Fortanando, Vinzo, Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
69. Lockhart, Stanley C., Cpl., Q.M.C.
70. Dattan, William, Pvt., Q.M.C. – (Note: Frank Dattolico’s father)
71. Fowler, Charles C., Pvt., Q.M.C.
72. Funk, Lawrence E., Pvt., Q.M.C.
73. Houghtaling, Irving W., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
74. Coats, Roy K. Sgt., Q.M.C.
75. Huges, Louis, Cpl., Q.M.C. (dropped from the roll before leaving France)
76. Marttorelli, Adamo, Pvt., Q.M.C.
77. Popolizio, Antonio, Pvt., Q.M.C.
78. Woods, John M., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
79. 781962, Sgt., Q.M.C. (dropped from the roll before leaving France)
80. Curry, John, Sgt., Q.M.C.
81. Gronlund, Carl J., Sgt., Q.M.C.
82. Monterio, Edward T., Sgt., Q.M.C.
83. Moon, Arthur R., Cpl., Q.M.C.
84. Seyeried, John, Sgt., Q.M.C. (dropped from the roll before leaving France)
85. McDannold, Walter H., Sgt., Q.M.C. (Note: Steve McDannold’s grandfather)
86. Walsh, Christopher P., Pvt. 1/c, Q.M.C.
87. Low, Lloyd L., Sgt., Q.M.C.
PASSENGER LIST OF FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302 RETURNING TO THE UNITED STATES (ROSTER) IMAGES
Click on the below link:
Remount Squadron No 302, Passenger List Returning Home, WW 1
September 26th, 1919
Reference your three four naught five G-1. Personnel of Field Remount Squadron three naught two destined for camps and States as follows. period Numbers represent officers and enlisted men respectively period.
DEVENS naught and nine period GRANT NAUGHT AND TWELVE PERIOD PIKE naught and two period TRAVIS naught and four period FORT BLISS naught and one period FORT D.A. RUSSELL naught and seven period LEWIS naught and five period UPTON naught and nine period DIX naught and seven period CALIFORNIA naught and nine period TENNESSEE naught and four period GEORGIA naught and one period MICHIGAN naught and one period OHIO naught and two period KANSAS naught and three period VIRGINIA one and naught period NORTH CAROLINA one and naught period INDIANA naught and three period MISSOURI one and four period NEBRASKA naught and two period SOUTH CAROLINA naught and one period CANADA naught and one period.
Commanding, Field Remount Squadron No. 302, QMC
Note: I believe the above communication is in code for reason not understood. I have seen communication like this before but usually early in the war – Greg Krenzelok
U.S.A.T. PRINCE MATOIKA
Embarkation Order, No. 481,
Headquarters. Camp Pontanezen, Brest, France
Base Section No. 5, S.O.S.
Dated October 4th, 1919
Cas. Cos. 5222, 5223, 5233
Remount Sqdns. 301, 302, 306, 310, 312
Your command will start from its camp area at 8:30 A.M., October 5/19. It will follow exactly the route indicated by the guide detailed from the Billeting Office, and must arrive at Pier No. 5 at 10:00 A.M., Oct. 5/19. A distance of one hundred yards between companies will be maintained.
Your will arrange with Transportation Officer (Tel 139) for trucks to move organization property, officer’s baggage, etc., and men unable to march. Trucks must be at your Camp at 4 A.M., Oct. 5/19. All baggage must be ready and loaded promptly to avoid any delay of trucks.
A detail of all men from the 306th Remount Squadron with its officers in command will report to baggage room, Warehouse Pier 5, and will arrive at 8 A.M., Oct. 5/19. They will leave their Camp Area at 6:30 A.M., Oct. 5/19. Unless specially requested a guide will NOT be furnished for this detail.
The following must be complied with before departure from Camp:a. Personnel Adjutant, or Commanding Officer in case of small units, report to Embarkation Personnel Adjutant for final inspection of records and procurement of clearance certificates.
b. Medical Clearance Certificate for officers and men must be secured from the Office of Camp Surgeon.
c. Thorough police of Camp area.
d. Return of all borrowed property.
e. The senior officer of this group of organizations will command the column in its march from this camp to the docks.
BY ORDER OF COLONEL SCHERRER:
Baggage to Pier 5
J. C. Ashburn
Lt. Col. Infantry, Adjutant
Note: see (d) above. If not time to return LIBRARY BOOKS, ATHLETIC GOODS, ETC., they will be left in the quarters.
HEADQUARTERS, CAMP MERRITT, NEW JERSEY
October 17, 1919
Special Orders: No. 290
Extract (Troop Movement)
49, Troop movement, pursuant to telegraphic instructions, Commanding General, Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey, this date, is ordered as follows:
TROOPS FIRST TRAIN: Captain Edward C. Price, Jr., Infantry, Train Commander First Train:a. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 60 (less detachments) First Lieutenant John E. Showalter, Infantry, Commanding, Forty-one (41) Enlisted Men.TROOPS SECOND TRAIN: Captain Ralph H. Mosher, Air Service, Train Commander Second Train.
b. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 64 (less detachments) Captain Edward C. Price, Jr., Infantry, Commanding, Twenty-seven (27) Enlisted Men.
c. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 65 (less detachments) Captain John C. Whitmore, Army Service Corps, Commanding, Thirty (30) Enlisted men.
d. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 66 (less detachments) Second Lieutenant Edwin A. Puryear, Infantry, Commanding, Twenty-two (22) Enlisted Men.
e. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 79 (less detachments) Captain Frederick B, Sampson, Army Service Corps, Commanding, Seventeen (17) Enlisted Men.
f. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 205 (less detachments) First Lieutenant Edwin H. Jacob, Infantry, Commanding, Twenty-two (22) Enlisted Men. g. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 207 (less detachments) First Lieutenant Vincent R. Murphy, Infantry, Commanding, Twelve (12) Enlisted Men.
h. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 219 (less detachments) First Lieutenant John H. Watkins, Army Service Corps, Commanding, Fifty-four (54) Enlisted Men.
i. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 221 (less detachments) Captain John C. Fuss, Army Service Corps, Commanding, Thirty-two (32) Enlisted Men.
j. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 235 (less detachments) Second Lieutenant Donald A. Eskridge, Infantry, Commanding, Fifty-one (51) Enlisted Men. k. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 253 (less detachments) Second Lieutenant Paul A. Webb, Infantry, Commanding, Fifteen (15) Enlisted Men.
l. Prisoner of War Escort, Company No. 268 (less detachments) First Lieutenant Thomas W, Tolman, Infantry, Commanding, Twenty-seven (27) Enlisted Men.
m. Field Remount Squadron No. 301 (less detachments) Captain George B. Sheldon, Quartermaster Corps, Commanding, Thirty-nine (39) Enlisted Men.
Cont’d. Para. No.49, S.O. No. 290, Hq. Camp Merritt, N.J., Oct. 17, 1919. Sheet No. 2
n. Field Remount Squadron No. 302 (less detachments) Captain Harry E. Reed, Quartermaster Corps, Commanding, Forty-seven (47) Enlisted Men.
o. Field Remount Squadron No. 310 (less detachments) First Lieutenant Allen R. Bradley, Quartermaster Corps, Commanding, Fifty-six (56) Enlisted Men.
p. Field Remount Squadron No. 312 (less detachments) Captain Philip P. Smith, Quartermaster Corps, Commanding, One (1) other officer; Sixty-five (65) Enlisted Men.
q. Captain M. J. Weiss, Medical Corps, (Medical Attendant First Train), First Lieutenant C.C. Cannon, Dental Corps.
Total First Train: Nineteen (19) Officers; Five Hundred and Fifty-seven (557) Enlisted Men.r. Hoboken Casual Company No. 1241:Total Second Train: Eight (8) Officers; Six Hundred and Six (606) Enlisted Men.
First Lieutenant Samuel S. Robinson, Air Service, Commanding.
First Lieutenant Roscoe Seever, Infantry, Class 1.
First Lieutenant Ashley Beck, Infantry Class 1.
Second Lieutenant Frank S. Lockhart, Infantry, Class 1.
Three Hundred and Eighty-six (386) Enlisted Men.
s. Hoboken Casual Company No. 1246:
Captain Ralph H. Mosher, Air Service, Commanding.
First Lieutenant Iver Boisen, Quartermaster Corps, Class 1.
First Lieutenant Willis L. Hall, Infantry, Class 1.
First Lieutenant P.P. Dulin, Quartermaster Corps, Class 1.
Two Hundred and Twenty (220) Enlisted Men.
MOVEMENT: From Dumont, New Jersey (West Shore Railroad) to Camp Dix, New Jersey, reporting upon arrival to the Commanding Officer of that station for disposition as follows:
Detachments (a) to (p) inclusive, in accordance with letter, War Department, Adjutant General’s Office, February 17, 1919, (370.5 Miscl. Div.) as amended.
Detachment (q) under provisions of Circular No. 350, War Department 1919.
Detachments (r) and (s) under provisions of Circular No. 252 and 350, War Department 1919.
The Emergency Officers on duty with these troops have not been given the option specified in Para. 5, Circular No. 350, War Department, C. S.
DATE AND TIME: October 18, 1919
The train will leave DUMONT as follows:
First Train at 10:00 A.M.
Second Train at 2:00 P.M.
The troops will report at DUMONT when directed through District Headquarters and will promptly entrain, load baggage, etc., under direction of the local dispatch officer.
Cont’d Para. No. 49, S.O. No. 290, Camp Merritt, N.J., October 17, 1919, Sheet No. 3
TRAIN EQUIPMENT, TRUCKS AND RATIONS: Train accommodations for Twenty-seven (27) Officers and Eleven Hundred and Sixty-three (1163) Enlisted Men will be provided, including one (1) baggage car on First Train. Commanding Officers, School for Bakers and Cooks, will furnish one (1) cooked meal for Eleven Hundred and Sixty-three (1163) Enlisted Men.
District Headquarters will, upon request of the organization, furnish motor trucks to haul baggage from CAMP MERRITT to the railroad station at DUMONT.
The Travel directed is necessary in the military service.
1. Exec. Off.
1. C.O. Cp. Dix
1. Mil. Pol.
3. QM Fin.
3. QM Transp.
3. Ea. Off. Named
2. Disp. Off.
2. Dist. Comm.
4. RM No. 330, AGO.
2. RM No. 350, AGO.
2. Pers. Adjt.
By order of Colonel Duncan:
Henry E. Jeter
1st. Lieut., Infantry
ROSTER, FIELD REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302, Q.M.C.
To Camp Dix, New Jersey
October 17, 1919
Special Orders: No. 290 – Troop Movement:
Field Remount Squadron No. 302 (less detachments)
Captain Harry E. Reed, Quartermaster Corps, Commanding, Forty-seven (47)enlisted
Captain Harry E. Reed, Q.M.C.
1. Auler, David – Pvt. 1/c – 781856
2. Baumgartner, Charles – Pvt. – 781844
3. Behler, Rudolph W. - Pvt. 1/c – 781861
4. Biehn, Jacob - Pvt. 1/c – 781865
5. Blanchar, Archie - Pvt. 1/c – 781845
6. Blodgett, Freeman S. – Cpl. – 781866
7. Book, Claire B. – Cpl. – 777531
8. Bowes, Charles A. - Pvt. 1/c – 781846
9. Brainard, George M. - Pvt. 1/c – 781868
10. Brown, Byron M.. – Pvt. – 781870
11. Brown James O. – Q.M. Sgt. – 781836
12. Carlson, Russell J. – Pvt.
13. Christen, Herman - Pvt. 1/c – 1736259
14. Coats, Roy K. – Sgt. – 777555
15. Dattan, William – Pvt. – 781887
16. Egelkraut, Henry - Pvt. 1/c – 448614
17. Elam, Samuel H. - Pvt. 1/c – 777580
18. Foley, Jeremiah P. - Pvt. 1/c – 781899
19. Forman, John H. - Pvt. 1/c – 781900
20. Fortanando, Vinzo - Pvt. 1/c – 781902
21. France, Loren W. – Cpl. – 2831440
22. Funk, Lawrence E. – Pvt. – 781895
23. Houghtaling, Irving W. - Pvt. 1/c – 1687258
24. Howell, Elbert E. - Pvt. 1/c – 777635
25. Johnston, William F. - Pvt. 1/c – 781927
26. Jones, Richard - Pvt. 1/c – 371724
27. Keefe, Peter - Pvt. 1/c – 781851
28. Knuckles, Solomon – Pvt. – 781928
29. Kudrna, Edward I. – Cpl. – 2831316
30. Lautenbach, Arthur H. – Pvt. – 2830977
31. Litwin, Michael – Pvt. - 3359083
32. Marttorelli, Adamo – Pvt. – 781947
33. Mastin, Marshall T. – Pvt. – 781951
34. McCarthy, Joseph – Sgt. – 781951
35. McDannold, Walter H. – Sgt. – 781948 (Note: Steve McDannold’s grandfather)
36. McLaughlin, James J. – Pvt. – 781945
37. Popolizio, Antonio – Pvt. – 1738512
38. Ranck, William A. – Q.M. Sgt. – 781965
39. Sisson, LeRoy – Pvt. – 1746692
40. Squires, Robert - Pvt. 1/c – 2737889
41. Starr, Harry – Cpl.
42. Stewart, John A.
43. Turner, Charles L. – Sgt. – 781970
44. Walsh, Christopher P. - Pvt. 1/c – 781972
45. Ward, Orville E. – Sgt. – 781843
46. Wieder, Edward A. – Farrier – 461492
END OF RS NO. 302 UNIT HISTORY - Thank you Steve McDannold
Enrenbreitein Fortress, Germany, 1919. (Image: G.L.Krenzelok Colletion)
Ehrenbreitstein Fortress (German: Festung Ehrenbreitstein) is a fortress on the mountain of the same name on the east bank of the Rhine opposite the town of Koblenz in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. It was built as the backbone of the regional fortification system, Festung Koblenz, by Prussia between 1817 and 1832 and guarded the middle Rhine region. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehrenbreitstein_Fortress)
REMOUNT SQUADRONS WHICH PATICIPATED IN THE VETERINARY CORPS ACTIVITIIES DURING THE MEUSE-ARGONNE OPERATIONS
301st Field Remount Squadron – Army Animal Evacuation Depot - Aubreville
302st Field Remount Squadron – With the III Corps – Souhesmes la Grande
303rd Field Remount Squadron – With the V Corps – Neuilly
312th Field Remount Squadron – With the V Corps – Ville-sur-Cousances
314th Field Remount Squadron – Army Animal Evacuation Depot – Baleicourt
The first four squadrons, numbers 301-302-303-304, under the command respectively of Captains John S. Hunt, A.C. Swenson, F.J. Rosenberg and J.T. Sallee, sailed from Hoboken, April 30, 1918, and arrived at St. Nazaire May 12, 1918
Seven of the twelve Squadrons in the Third Army were scattered throughout the area held by the Army of Occupation. Aside from the five Squadrons at the Army Depot at Wengerohr the other seven were on duty in the remaining six Remount Depots in Germany. Remount Squadron No 302, under command of Captain C.H. Fischer, handled a Depot of approximately 600 animals capacity at Ehrenbreitstein (fortress) across the Rhine from Coblentz: Remount Squadron No 303, under command of Captain W.S. Gurley, operated the Depot at Coblenz-Lutzel with a capacity for 500 animals. At this Depot the Third Army carried on its Equitation School. Aside from caring for animals that were exercised, trained and issued, the Squadron also cared for the animals used by the classes in the school. Remount Squadron No 304, which was ordered to the Third Army after the Second Army disbanded, opened a Remount Depot at Steinsel with a capacity for 500 animals. Remount Squadron No 306 was stationed at Hausen, where there stable room for 600 animals. This Squadron was under the command of Captain W.S. Mitchell, F.A. Remount Squadron No 314, under command of Lt. J.C. Montayne, operated a Depot in Coblentz. The Depot was commanded by Major R.J. Meskill, Q.M.C.
Note: You will find the above information in this report:
OPERATION REPORT OF THE REMOUNT SERVICE DURING WW1 FRANCE
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ROCCO DATTOLICO U.S. REMOUNT SQUADRON NO. 302, FRANCE, A.E.F. 1919
Rocco Dattolico, Remount Squadron No. 302 (center)
Yes that is my father above the OU in REMOUNT.
My father, Rocco Dattolico was born on December 16, 1896 in a small town in Italy called Binetto. He arrived in New York on Feb. 13, 1909 abroad the SS Indiana at the age of 12. He was living in Brooklyn NY with his uncle. On Dec. 11, 1917 he enlisted at Fort Slocum, NY under the name of (William Dattan). We never knew why. In 1959 had his name official change to Rocco Dattolico. I still have the official letter of that action. In 1924 my father married Rose Mattiace in Manhattan, NY. My father in his lifetime raised 9 children. My father had the following occupations from age 16 to 1925 he was iceman. From 1926 to 1943 he work for the City of New York as a sanitation worker. In 1944 he took his whole pension out a bought a Grocery Store and he was in the Grocery business until he died on August 28, 1983. His life was his dream from a poor iceman to an owner of a Supermarket. That’s the American Dream. I’m very proud of my father he was gentle and giving human being. My father taught us to follow our dreams in Life. I followed his dream and became a member of the New York City Police Department. For 22 years I was a detective and in 1977 I was promoted to 2nd Grade Detective and after 34 years I retired and moved to New Jersey to be with my four daughters and a quieter life.
I have been trying for 19 years to get information about my father's. This is the first time that I have seen a picture with my father in uniform thanks to Ole Jordan and his family.
Return to The Army Veterinary Service During the Great War, WW1 homepage:
THE ARMY VETERINARY SERVICE DURING THE GREAT WAR, WW1
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The Army Veterinary Service During the Great War, WW1
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SERGEANT LEONARD MURPHY VETERINARY HOSPITAL NO. 18, A.E.F., WW1
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Sergeant Leonard Murphy Veterinary Hospital No. 18, A.E.F., WW1
FORT ORD U.S. ARMY STATION VETERINARY HOSPITAL (HORSE) WW2
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Fort Ord U.S. Army Station Veterinary Hospital (Horse) WW2
11TH CAVALRY PRESIDIO OF MONTEREY, 1919 TO 1940
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11th Cavalry Presidio of Monterey, 1919 to 1940
76TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT PRESIDIO OF MONTEREY, 1922 TO 1940
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76th Field Artillery Regiment, 2nd Battalion
U.S. ARMY VETERINARY CORPS HISTORICAL PRESERVATION GROUP
Motto: “Illic est Vires in Numerus” There is Strength in Numbers
“Working Hard to Preserve Our Country’s History wherever it is being lost”
U.S. Army Veterinary Corps Historical Preservation Group is a group of individuals that are concerned about the preservation of the History of the Veterinary Corps, Remount Service and Cavalry or wherever our country’s history is being lost in conjunction with our beloved “Horse and Mule”. There is no cost to join and membership is for life. We believe by uniting together in numbers we will be a more powerful force to be heard. Our membership list is private and only used to contact our members. Email us and become a member.
FACEBOOK: U.S. Army Veterinary Corps Historical Preservation Group
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