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California Hispanics

Hispanic Soldiers in California

We know the names of nearly all the soldiers, and a few of the sailors, who were under arms from 1779 until 1783 while Spain, along with the American Colonies, was at war with England.  For convenience, these can be presented in seven parts, with the first four the garrisons of the Presidios of San Diego, Monterey, San Francisco, and Santa Barbara.   The fifth group includes those who served in the two mission settlements among the Yuma Indians on the Colorado River, or who were there with Captain Rivera at the time of the Massacre by the Yumas in July, 1781. Some soldiers from Presidios in Arizona and Sonora later took part in Expeditions against the Yumas.  The sixth group includes the soldiers who served with the missions and pueblos in Coastal Alta California.  It also includes others who appeared in mission records without explanation.  They may have been couriers or visitor escorts from other parts of Mexico.  The seventh group includes the sailors of the armed frigates the "Princesa" and the "Favorita" who were sent to capture Captain James Cook.

The San Diego Presidio Garrison  (to follow).
  • Lt Jose de Zuniga*.
    Soldiers:
  • Julian Acevedo; Maximo Alanis*;
  • Jose Ramon Buelna; Pedro Bustamente;
  • Jose Manuel Caneda; Roque Jacinto de Cota*;
  • Jose Francisco Feliz*;
  • Jose de la Luz Garcia;
  • Juan Antonio Ibarra;
  • Pedro Jose Mejias*;
  • Manuel Perez Nieto*;
  • Jose Oliveres*;
  • Juan Francisco Padilla*; Jose Antonio Pena; Gregorio Crispin Perez;
  • Juan Maria Romero*;
  • Francisco Sepulveda*; Francisco Serrano*;
  • Pedro Valenzuela*; Segundo Valenzuela*.

The following persons listed in 1780 were missing in 1782

  • Lt Jose Francisco de Ortega - transferred.
  • Supply Officer Rafael Pedro y Gil
  • Sergeant Mariano Carrillo
  • Corporal Alejo Antonio Gonzales
  • Corporal Jose ignacio Ilivera
  • Corporal Mariano Verdugo - transferred to Monterey
  • Nicolas Beltran - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Tomas Maria Camacho - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Anastacio Feliz
  • Jose Miguel Flores
  • Francisco de Paula Garcia
  • Pedro Garrancino
  • Rafael Gerardo Gonzales - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Joaquin Guerro/Guerrero - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Joaquin Higuera
  • Luis Lugo
  • Rafael Marquez - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Jose Maria Ortega - transferred to Santa Barbara
  • Francisco Pena - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Alejandro Soto
  • The blacksmith, carpenter, muleteers, and employees were not listed as part of the garrison in 1782.

The 1782 garrison list for Monterey was copied from the Zoeth Skinner Eldridge papers in Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley, by Maria Northrop, and placed in 1959 in her California Collection, LDS film #1421704, item 12, pp 198-199.  Asterisks have been added for those known to have married or fathered children.

  • Lt Diego Gonzales
  • Sergeant Mariano Verdugo*
    Corporals:
  • Vicente Briones*;
  • Raymundo Carrillo*;
  • Jose Dominguez*;
  • Rafael Villavicencios*;
  • and Antonio Yorba*.
    Soldiers:
  • Atemio Alegre*; Manuel Antuna; Domingo Aruz*;
  • Javier Beltran*; Joaquin Beltran; Dionisio Bernal*; Marcelino Bravo*; Marcus Briones*; Antonio Buelna*; Manuel Buitron*;
  • Francisco Caguellas; Ignacio Cantua*;
  • Miguel Espinosa*; Jose Bonifacio Estrada;
  • Doreteo Feliz*;
  • Felipe Garcia*; Jose Maria Gongora*; Torbidio Guzman*;
  • Bernardo Heredia*; Manuel Higuera*;
  • Ramon Ibarra;
  • Sebastian Lopez*; Seferino Lugo*;
  • Jose Maria Martinez*; Juan Mejias*; Antonio Montano*;
  • Luis Maria Peralta*; Juan Maria Pinto*;
  • Francisco Reyes*; Julian Rios*; Jose Antonio Rodriquez*; Eugenio Rosalio*; Diego Ruiz; Juan Maria Ruiz;
  • Justo Saens*; Francisco Sanchez; Jose Tadeo Sanchez*; Jose Soberanes*; Jose Maria Soto;
  • Casimiro Vareles; Manuel de Vargas*; Juan Verdugo*; Juan Maria Verdugo*; Leonardo Verdugo*; Francisco Villagomez; Marcus Villela*.

The 1782 Garrison List for San Francisco was found in the Zoeth Skinner Eldridge Papers, Bancroft Library, U. C. Berkeley, and copied and provided by Rudicindi Ann Lo Buglio.  Asterisks have been added for those who married or fathered children.

R. Presidio de San Francisco
Lista de la Compania 31 Aug 1782
(from Prov. St. Pa. BM iv 601)

  • Lt. Jose Joaq. Moraga*
  • Ensign Ramon Laso de la Vega
  • Sergeant Pablo Grijalva*
    Corporals:
  • Jose Joaq. Alvarez*;
  • Valerio Mesa*;
  • Gabriel Peralta*;
  • and Pablo Pinto*.
    Soldiers:
  • Antonio Aceves*; J. R. Altamirana*; J. A. Amesquita*; Manuel R. Arellano*;
  • Juan Bernal*; Pedro Bojorques*; Ramon Bojorques*;
  • Joaq. de Castro*; Ignacio Castro*; Mariano Cordero*;
  • Salvador Espinosa*;
  • Manuel Figueroa;
  • Nicholas Galindo*; J. Gonzales*;
  • Ignacio Higuera*;
  • Ig. Linares*;
  • Alejo Miranda*;
  • Felipe de Ochoa;
  • Miguel Pacheco*; Juan Jose Peralta*;
  • Jose M. Silvas*; Ig. de Soto*;
  • Felipe Tapia*;
  • Jose Valencia*; Augistin Valenzuela*; Juan A. Vasquez*.

The initial list of those to garrison the Presidio and Missions of the Channel of Santa Barbara was prepared 30 Oct 1781 by Lt Francisco Ortega at San Gabriel.  (Bancroft Library, CA 15 PSPBM machine pages 106, 107, and 108, at U. C. Berkeley).   Asterisks have been placed by those known to have married or fathered children.

  • Lt. Josef Francisco Ortega*
  • Ensign Josef Arguello*
    Sergeants:
  • Pablo Antonio Cota*; Ignacio Olivera*; Hermenegildo Sal*.
    Corporals:
  • Jose Maria Ortega*; Alexandro de Sotomayor*.
    Soldiers:
  • Jose Carmen Arana*; Jose Prudencia Arangure;
  • Francisco Calvo*; Jose Antonio Cortes; Mariano Cota;
  • Idelfonso Dominguez*
  • Anastasio Maria Felix*; Victorino Felix*; Rosalino Fernandez*; Josef Miguel Flores*;
  • Francisco de Paula Garcia*; Felipe Gonzalez*; Jose Gonzaalez*; Thomas Gonzales; Julian Guerrera*;
  • Justo Hernandez*;
  • Joaquin Iguera/Higuera*;
  • Francisco Juarez*;
  • Augustin Leiba; Jose Lobo*; Francisco Salvador de Lugo*; Ignacio Lugo*; Luis Lugo*;
  • Juan Ignacio Martinez*; Francisco Javier Mejia*; Juan Andres Montiel*;
  • Juan Matias Olivas*; Ignacio Olivera*; Francisco Ontiveros; Jose Ontiveros; Manuel Orchaga/Machada*; Ignacio Maria Ortega*;
  • Jose Parra*; Jose Victorino Patino*; Luis Pena*; Jose Maria Polanco*;
  • Vicente Quijada*;
  • Martin Reyes*; Ignacio Rodriquez*; Joaquin Rodriquez*, Jose Estevan Romero; Alejandro Ruiz; Efigenio Ruiz*; Francisco Maria Ruiz; Fructuoso Ruiz*;
  • Loreto Salazar*; Jose maria Samaniego*; Guillermo Soto*;
  • Eugenio Valdes*; Melicio Valdes*; Juan Ignacio Valencia*; Jose Manuel Valenzuela*; Jose Villa*.

From the same reference, pages 60-1 and 70-1, Lt Ortega made his 1 July 1782 report, with the same persons as those listed above, less Jose Prudencio Aranguere; Jose Antonio Cortes; Francisco Juarez; and Francisco Ontiveros.  (These soldiers may have died or transferred back to Mexico.  No families are known for them.)  (Owen H. O'Neill, in his History of Santa Barbara County, page 54, gives the 1 July list, as taken from Lt Ortega's report, to be the same as that above, less the same four persons.)

There is another list of those who were said to be at the founding ceremony for the new Presidio.  (Ref: Hawley, Walter A. "Los Soldados de Cuero," Appendix I, p 96, The Early Days of Santa Barbara, California, 1923).  It included some names not shown by Lt Ortega in his official reports: Sgt Jose Carrillo*; Privates: Jose Ayala*; Juan Ballesteros; Salvador Cervantes; Juan Dominguez*; Isidro German*; Juan M. Romero*; Jose Ruiz; Tadeo Sanchez*; Juan Franco Soto; Jose Valencia*; and Vicente F. Villa.  (The authority for this list is not known.)

Fr. Zephyrin Engelhardt, O. F. M. on p 40 in his Santa Barbara Mission, 1923, includes for the founding ceremony those listed by Hawley plus the names of Indian attendants, who military status has not been determined.  One would think they represented the local Indian groups, which may have been the case.  However, they all show full Christian names, usually given only to Indians from Mexico who had been indoctrinated as Spanish Christians.  They were: Jose Calixto; Hilario Carlos; Rafael Gerardo; Jose Loreto; Manuel Orcha; Pedro Ramon; Jose Salazar; Marcos Valera; and Luis Yaquis.  Their families are not known.

The combined mission-pueblos among the Yuma Indians near the junction of the Gila and Colorado Rivers were established in late 1780.  La Purisima Conception was first established, and shortly, the second, San Pedro y San Pablo, followed a few miles away.   For many reasons, the Yumas believed they were being victimized and rose up in rebellion in July 1781.  They killed the priests, settlers, and soldiers for the two settlements, then killed those who remained with Captain Rivera from the Expedition of 1781 (to settle Los Angeles and establish Santa Barbara Presidio).

The soldiers of the mission-pueblos who were killed were: Ensign Santiago Islas; Sergeant Jose/Juan de la Vega; Corporals: Juan Miguel Palomino; Pascual Rivera; Soldiers: Pedro Burquez; Gabriel/Javier Diaz; Manual Duarte; Juan Gallardo; Justo Grijalvh; Gabriel Lubque; Jose Ignacio Martinez; Juan Martinez; Cayetano Mesa; Bernardo Morales; Gabriel Romero; Faustino Sallalla; sMatia de la Vega; and Ignacio Zamora.  Those soldiers who escaped were: Jose Pacheco; Miguel Antonio Romero; and Pedro Solares.  All or nearly all of these soldiers had families, none now delineated.  (Ref: Bancroft, Vol I:359, "Pueblo Missions of the Rio Colorado," History of California.)

Those killed from the Expedition were Captain Fernando Javier de Rivera y Moncada*; Sergeant Juan Jose Robles*; Nicolas Beltran; Tomas Maria Camacho*; Pablo Victoriano Cervantes; Joaquin Espinosa*; Carlos Gallegos*; and Francisco Pena.  Others who died during 1781/82, possibly some at Yuma, were Juan Angel Amarillas; Antonio Espinosa; sSJoaquin Lopez; Manuel Caneda; Joaquin Guerrero; Jose M. Guerrero; and Rafael Marquez.(Ref: Bancroft, op cit, p 363.  The list was taken from Provincial State Papers, Benecia Military Toma III, pp 10, 22). Recruits who were killed at Yuma were Ascencio Alvarez*; Francisco Castro; Manuel Diaz; Antonio Pardo; and Josef Quijas.   (Ref: provincial State papers, Benecia Military Toma II, pp 60-63.)

From the same Toma comes notes that recruits who deserted were Isidro German*, Prudencio Lopez, and Ygnacio Rochin.  Other notes show show soldiers from the Sonora Presidios to be Ygnacio Lauro and Mateo de Soto.  Also listed without caption as of 24 Oct 1781 were 16 soldiers, possibly from a contingent of recruits sent by Capt. Rivera to Loreto, thence on to California.  These were: Josef Acuna; Guadalupe Alvarado; Andres Bojorquez; Josef Chamarro; Vicente Frias; Diego de Leon; Andres Martinez; Josef Domingo Mesa; Valentin Montano; Juan de Dios Murietta; Custodio Ocha; Xavier Romero; Matio de Soto; Juan Ygnacio Valencia*; Juan de Dios Villasenor; and Juan Josef Xelayal.   Another list showing most of the above had additional recruit names of Gaspar Lopez; Juan Norberto Mejia; Pedro Jose Mejia; Javier Sepulveda; and Jose Maria Valarde.

The largest number of soldiers ever involved in Spanish California military operations involved three separate attempts to subdue the Yumas.  Lt. Col Pedro Fages* led the Colorado River Expedition of 1781/82 and recovered most of the captives.  He was joined by Captain Pedro Fueros/Tueros; Ensign Don Manuel Antonio Arbizu; Sergeants Juan Roriega; Miguel Palacios; Miguel Rivera; and Gaspar Tovar; and 100 soldiers from Presidios in Arizona and Sonora.  Then, in early 1782, Fages led a group of 38 soldiers, with considerable livestock, through the Yuma country and on to San Gabriel.   A coordinated expedition under Lt Col Felipe de Neve* then began from California and Sonora.  The Yumas withdrew from the area and there was little action.  Later, still another expedition from Sonora with 108 men under Capt. Jose Antonio Romeu attacked Yumas and killed many, but did not subdue them.  The names of soldiers in these various expeditions have not been recovered.

Each mission had a military leader, usually a Corporal, with several soldiers, who protected the mission and assisted the priests in civil and church functions.  A few soldiers had special skills which caused them to be in demand for service at missions without living in them. For example, Ignacio Vallejo was skilled in building irrigation systems.  Others were skilled in carpentry and in trades.  All these soldiers were paid from their own Presidio and should have been reported on the Presidio rosters.  Mission records must be compared to Presidio rosters to determine if this was done.

Likewise, each pueblo had a military contingent, where the Corporal was in effect the Mayor and Clerk, as well as head guard for the Pueblo and its government supplies.  For Los Angeles, Corporal Jose Vicente Feliz was the only person in the pueblo who could read and write.  Pueblo records must also be compared to Presidio rosters.

In order to begin settling Alta California, Visitor-General Jose Galvez first had to establish a port to support operations.  He selected San Blas and by 1769 had developed it into a harbor and ship-building center.  (Ref: Bean, Walton and James J. Rawls, pp 20-21, California - An Interpretive History, Fifth Edition).  San Blas was then the port and support base in Sinaloa for Alta California until the Americans took over.

During the Revolutionary War period, the San Blas Navy consisted of two armed frigates, the "Favorita" and the "Princesa," and three transport vessels, the "Santiago," "San Carlos," and the "San Antonio." Names of some of the officers are known, but the names of crew members have not been recovered.

By Feb 1779, the Spanish had learned of the voyages of English Captain James Cook in the Pacific and of his encursions into Spanish territory in Nootka Sound, which Cook had named Friendly Cove.  The two armed frigates were outfitted to capture Captain Cook and to explore the northern reaches of Spanish territory.  Lt Bodega y Quadra commanded the "Favorita," and Lt Ignacio Arteaga the "Princesa."  Another officer was Lt Quiros y Miranda.  They searched for Captain Cook without success, then explored as far north as latitude 60 degrees.  (Ref: Sanchez, Joseph P.  Spanish Bluecoats - The Catalonian Volunteers in Northwestern New Spain, 1767-1810, Chapter 6, pp 71-71.  This author refers to Warren Cook: Flood Tide of Empires: Spain and the Pacific Northwest, p 93).

By July 1779, the frigates were back in San Francisco Bay, where they mapped part of the bay which had not been explored. They also had to stop so those who had come down with scurvy could recover.  Their hospital tent in the San Francisco Presidio accidentally burned in September.  In early October, an overland courier brought news of the War with England.  Anticipating hostilities on the high seas, the frigates hastily departed for San Blas on 30 Oct 1779.

The "Santiago" also made a trip to San Francisco in July 1779, and several of its officers served as godfathers at the baptisms of native Indians on 6 July.  Two officers were Captain Estevan Jose Martinez and Pilot Jose Tobar.

Because of the dangers to the Philippines from the War with England, the transports "San Carlos" and "San Antonio" were sent to Manila to give notice of the war and to deliver $300,000 for war preparations. (Ref: Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of California, Vol I, 1542-1800, pp 328-331.

Other activities of the San Blas Navy during the War with England are under study.

The following persons listed in 1780 were missing in 1782.

  • Lt Jose Francisco de Ortega - transferred to Santa Barbara
  • Supply Officer Rafael Pedro y Gil -
  • Sergeant Mariano Carrillo -
  • Corporal Alejo Antonio Gonzales -
  • Corporal Jose Ignacio Olivera - transferred to Santa Barbara
  • Corporal Mariano Verdugo - transferred to Monterey
  • Nicolas Beltran - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Tomas Maria Camacho - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Anastacio Feliz - transferred to Monterey, thence to Santa Barbara
  • Jose Miguel Flores - transferred to Santa Barbara
  • Francisco de Paula Garcia - transferred to Santa Barbara
  • Pedro Garrancino -
  • Rafael Gerardo Gonzales - transferred to Monterey, thence to Santa Barbara
  • Joaquin Guero/Guerrero - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Joaquin Higuera - transferred to Santa Barbara
  • Luis Lugo - transferred to Santa Barbara
  • Rafael Marquez - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Jose Maria Ortega - transferred to Santa
  • Barbara Francisco Pena - killed by Yumas in 1781
  • Alejandro Soto(mayor) - transferred to Santa Barbara.

(Ref: Bill Mason, "The Garrisons of San Diego Presidio, 1770-1794," The Journal of San Diego History, Vol XXIV (4) (Fall, 1978), pp 409-411.) The source for this listing was California Archives 21, pp 67-70, San Diego, Lt Ortega and Pedro Gil, January 1, 1780).  An asterisk has been added after each name for those known to be married or who fathered children.

  • Lt Jose Francisco de Ortega*
  • Supply Officer Rafael Pedro y Gil
  • Sergeant Mariano Carrillo*
    Corporals:
  • Gillermo Carrillo*, Alejo Antonio Gonzales; Jose Ignacio Olivera*; Juan Estevan Rocha*; and Mariana Verdugo*.
    Soldiers:
  • Francisco Acebedo*; Ignacio Alvarado; Juan Alvarez*; Juan Angel Amarillas; Joaquin Armenta:;
  • Nicolas Beltran; Manuel Bernal;
  • Tomas Maria Camacho*; Salvador Carreaga*; Agustin Castelo; Cntonio Castro; Antonio Cota*;
  • Juan Jose Dominguez*;
  • Anastacio Feliz*; Vicente Feliz*; Jose Miguel Flores*; Hermenegildo Flores;
  • Francisco Bruno Garcia; Francisco de Paula Garcia*; Pedro Garrancino; Jose Maria Gloria; Rafael Gerardo Gonzales*; Joaquin Guerro;
  • Joaquin Higuera*;
  • Jose Antonio Leyva; Pedro Lisalde*; Jose Maria Lopez; Juan Francisco Lopez*; Luis Lugo*;
  • Rafael Marquez;
  • Juan Maria Olivera*; Jose Maria Ortega*;
  • Francisco Pena; Jose Ignacio Perez*; Santiago Pico*;
  • Martin Reyes*; Manuel Antonio Robles*; Mateo Rubio*;
  • Antonio Sandoval*; Alejandro Solis; Fraancisco Sotelo*; Alejandro Soto;
  • Jose Maria Verdugo*;
  • Pia Quinto Zuniga*.
  • Carpenter: Lorenzo Esparza.
  • Blacksmith: Felipe Romero*. (The author, Bill Mason, counted the carpenter and blacksmith among the 46 privates. 

Their military status remains to be verified.) Non-soldier employees: Antonio Maria Beas and Anastacio Camacho. Non-soldier muleteers: Bonifacio Salazar and Jose Miguel Veliz.

NEW MEXICO PATRIOTS DURING SPAIN'S
1779-1783 WAR WITH ENGLAND

Soldier Enlistments and other roster records for the Presidio of Santa Fe, and a few other individual records. A plus (+) is shown by each one known to have married or to have had children. The source of the information is given for each one.

  • Juan de Abrego+ (1745 NM - ). 1c. First Sgt, Sonora Exped, 1780/81. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Jose Rafael de Aguilar ( ). 1a. enl 2 Dec 1759, inv 21 Aug 1789, 21:763. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe en cavallada, 1785.
  • Jose Antoni Alari+ (NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Apr 1781, inv 1 Jan 1824, 21:889. 1c. Santa Fe Pres, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe en  Chiguagua in 1785. 2a.
  • Jose Ygnacio Alari+ ( - 12 Feb 1785). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped., 1780/81, 21:817. 1d. Santa Fe in Chihuahua in 1785.
  • Juan Antonio Alari+ (1745 NM - ). 1a. enl 24 Jan 1777, inv 1 Aug 1805, 21:809. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785. 2a.
  • Manuel Alari+ (1750 NM - 13 Apr 1804). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora 1780/81, 21:832. 1d. Santa Fe en cavallada in 1785. 2a.
  • Jose Aliri (1759 NM - ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, inv 24 Feb 1804, 21:849. 1c. Santa Fe Pres. 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785. 2a.
  • Thomas Aliri ( ). 1a. enl 6 Mar 1757, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:758.
  • Antonio Armenta ( ). 1a. enl 4 Jul 1756, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:753.
  • Antonio Armijo ( -2 Feb 1784 Chihuahua). 1b. enl 11 Feb 1777, 23:209.
  • Jose Antonio Armijo+ (1760 NM - ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, inv 1 Jan 1824, 21:846. 1c. Santa Fe Pres. 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe en cavallada, 1785. 2a.
  • Francisco Domingo Anaya ( - 21 Sep 1779). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, 21:818.
  • Juan Antonio Anaya+ (1750 NM - ). 1a. enl 22 Sep 1779, inv 15 Jul 1801, 21:882. 1d. Santa Fe, en cavallada in 1785. 2a.
  • Juan Bautista de Anza+ ( - 20 Dec 1788, bur Arispe Church, Sonora) 1c. Governor and Lt Col of New Mexico and leader of Sonora Expedition to find a trade route from NM. 1d. Governor of New Mexico in 1785. 3a. 3b.
  • Juan Antonio Arce ( ). 3b.
  • Manuel de la Azuela ( ). 1c. Captain, Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 3b.
  • Diego Manuel Baca+ (1747 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, inv 3 Nov 1796, 21:850. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785. 2a.
  • Jose Antonio Baca+ ( ). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779; Sonora Exped, 1780/81, disch 20 Oct 1790, 21:819. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785. 2a.
  • Luis Maria Baca ( ). 1a. enl 12 Mar 1776, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:803.
  • Manuel Baca ( ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, inv 1 Aug 1805, 21:820. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Juan de Jesus Beitia+ (NM - 21 Sep 1800). 1a. enl 17 July 1767, invalid on 1 Mar 1800, 21:771. 1c. Santa Fe Pres. 1d. Santa Fe en cavallada. 2a.
  • Joseph Miguel/Manuel Belarde/Velarde+ ( ). 1a. enl 28 May 1781, disch 15 Oct 1787, 21:895 or 805. 1d. Santa Fe en Chiguagua in 1785.
  • Bartolo Benavides ( ). 1c. Invalid, Santa Fe Pres., 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe invalid in 1785. 2a.
  • Juan Benavides+ (NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, 21:852. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785. 2a.
  • Fray Juan Bermijo ( ). 1c, d. Chaplain, Santa Fe Pres., 1 Jan 1781 and in 1785.
  • Jose Antonio Beytia+ (1754 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, 21:816. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Bernardo Rumaldo Bustamente+ (1744 - ). 1b. enl 11 Jul 1778, disch 1 Dec 1793, 23:311. 1d. Santa Fe en cavallada in 1785. 2a.
  • Joseph Campo Redondo+ ( ). 1a. enl 29 Mar 1777, disch 1 Oct 1780, 21:810. 2a. 3a.
  • Antonio Casanos+ ( - 24 June 1805). 1b. enl 27 Jan 1774, 23:307. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a. (This may be the person listed as Antonio Casados)
  • Jose Maria Caveza de Baca+ ( - 8 Nov 1781). 1a. enl 25 Feb 1781, 21:888. 1d. (A person of this name seems to have been on the Santa Fe roster for 1 Jan 1785 en Chiguagua.)
  • Fernando Chacon ( ). 3b.
  • Jose Maria Cordero ( ). 1c. Lt, Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 3b.
  • Juan Gutierrez de la Cueva ( ). 3b. Drummer, Santa Fe Presidio. (He has not been identified on enlistment records. He may have transferred after Jose Manuel Fragosa died.)
  • Manuel Delgado+ (1739 Pacheco - 13 Aug 1785). 2a. Lt, Santa Fe Presidio, 1790. 3a. served at Guadalupe del Paso and Santa Fe.
  • Juan Dominguez ( ). 1a. enl 6 Mar 1771, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:789. 2a.
  • Salvador Duran+ (1722 NM - ) 1a. enl 20 Oct 1732, invalid roster 1 Jul 1779, 21:741. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Ygnacio Duran ( ). 1a. enl 19 Dec 1764, inv 1 Mar 1792, 21:764. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick.
  • Thomas Escudero ( -24 Feb 1781). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, 21:853. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781.
  • Antonio Esquibel+ (1754 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, inv 1 Aug 1805, 21:854. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Ramon Esquibel+ (1751 NM - ). 1a,1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, inv 1 Aug 1805, 21:822. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Ventura Esquibel+ (1750 NM - ). 1a,1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, inv 21 Aug 1789, 21:776. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785. 2a.
  • Manuel Antonio de Esparza ( ). 3b.
  • Bartolome Fernandez+ (1750 NM - ). 1a. enl 24 Mar 1776, disch 5 May 1800, 21:806. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785. 2a.
  • Manuel Fernandez ( - 28 Mar 1781). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Feb 1768, Sonora Exped 1780/81, 21:772.
  • Carlos Fernandes Xiraldo+ ( - 1 Aug 1793). 1a. enl 5 Jan 1779, 21:814. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785. 2a. 3a. Military cartagrapher.
  • Manuel Flon ( ). 3b.
  • Jose Manuel Fragosa ( - 19 June 1781). 1b, 1c. enl 4 June 1778, drummer on Sonora Exped 1780/81, 23:310.
  • Anselmo Gallego+ (1744 NM - 26 Mar 1805). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, inv 22 Feb 1798, 21:861. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan. 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Diego Gallego ( - 18 Dec 1785 Carrizal Presidio). 1a. enl 5 Dec 1759, 21:784. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe Presidio, 1785.
  • Jose Antonio Gallego+ (1748 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, 21:855. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Manuel Antonio Gallego ( ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, disch 1 Nov 1789, 21:825. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785 in Chiguagua.
  • Miguel Gallego+ (1753 - 5 Aug 1799). 1b. Enl date uncertain, 21:825. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781.
  • Juan Gallegos Baca+ (NM - 19 Sep 1816). 1a. enl 1 Apr 1781, 21:892. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Josef de Galvez ( ). 3b. Minister of the Indies in Spain during War years.
  • Vizente Garcia+ (1750 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, inv 24 Feb 1804, 21:826. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Francisco Garcia de Noriega ( - 22 Feb 1784). 1a. enl 16 Dec 1745, invalid 1 Jul 1779, 21:746. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781.
  • Pedro Garrido y Duran ( ). 3b.
  • Juan Antonio Garzia+ (1746 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Jul 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, inv 24 Feb 1804, 21:856. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785 en Chihuahua. 2a.
  • Vicente Garzia de Noriega+ ( ). 1a. enl 18 Jul 1780, 21:885. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785, en Chiguagua.
  • Baltasar Gonsales ( ). 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, invalid. This may not be the correct reading of the name. No record has been found for this person on 1781 rosters nor in enlistment records. If this is the correct name, he could have enlisted and become an invalid after the war was over.
  • Geronimo Gonzales+ (1737 NM - ). 1a. enl 13 Aug 1769, inv 22 Feb 1798, 21:779. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785 en cavallada. 2a.
  • Juan Gonzales ( - 16 Jan 1785 Buenavista, Nuevo Vizcaya). 1a. enl 17 May 1771, 21:792. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d Santa Fe in 1785 en Chiguagua.
  • Bernardo Antonio Griego ( 15 Jul 1780 in combat). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, 21:848.
  • Fernando Griego ( ). 1b. enl 3 Dec 1769, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:786.
  • Josef Antonio Griego ( ). 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe invalid, 1785.
  • Jose Miguel Griego+ (1746 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 14 Feb 1766, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, inv 21 Aug 1789, 21:767. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.2a.
  • Alfarez Antonio Guerrero+ (1749 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 4 Jan 1752, Sonora Exped 1780/81, 21:750. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Antonio Gutierrez+ ( ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, inv 22 Feb 1798, 21:879. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Bartolome Gutierrez ( - 1 Feb 1781 on Sonora Exped). 1a. enl 14 Jul 1749, 21:748. 1c. Cpl Sonora Exped, 1780/81.
  • Jose Miguel Gutierrez ( ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, disch 20 May 1790, 21:827. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, en Chiguagua in 1785.
  • Phelipe Gutierrez ( ). 3b.
  • Juan Luis de Herrera ( ). 1a. enl 1 Jan 1779, invalid 21 Aug 1789, 21:760. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, Cpl in Chiguagua.
  • Joaquin Lain ( ). 1d. Retired Lt, Santa Fe Presidio, 1785.
  • Bartolome Lobato/Lovato ( ). 1a. enl 11 May 1745, invalid 1 Jul 1779, 21:745.
  • Luis Lobato/Lovato+ (1755 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, invalid 12 Jul 1803, 21:857. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick. 2a.
  • Roque Lobato/Lovato+ (1747 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Dec 1779, armorer on Sonora Exped, 1780/81, inv 22 Feb 1798, 21:783. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Antonio Jose Lopes ( ). 1a. enl 18 Mar 1776, disch 1 Jul 1779. 21:804.
  • Josef Antonio Lopez (NM - ). 1a. enl 22 Aug 1769, 21:780. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Thomas Antonio Lopes+ (NM - ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, inv 22 Feb 1798, 21:859. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Antonio Lujan ( ). 1a. enl 8 Oct 1769, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:782.
  • Thomas de Luna ( - 9 Feb 1780). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, infirmary Oct 1779, 21:828. ???
  • Felipe Santiago de Luera (Chiguagua - ). 1b. enl 1779, not identified on Oct or Nov rosters, 23:213.
  • Antonio Xavier Madrid+ (NM - ). 1a. enl 4 Jan 1768, invalid 1 May 1798, 21:773. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a. (This may be the person listed as Francisco Xavier Madrid on the Sonora Exped, 1780/81.)
  • Tomas Madrid ( ). 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781, Retired Lt. 3b.
  • Ygnacio Madrid+ (1740 NM - 1 Jul 1797). 1a. enl 16 June 1769, 21:778. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Bartholome Maese+ (1750 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, invalid 1 Jul 1800, 21:858. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Jose Antonio Maese ( ). 1a. enl 26 Mar 1776, disch 1 Sep 1781, 21:807. 1c. SF Presidio, 1780. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua.
  • Jose Francisco Maese+ ( 1754 NM - ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, invalid 21 Aug 1785, 21:808. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick.
  • Jose Miguel Maese+ ( - 25 Mar 1781). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped, 1780/1781, 21:829.
  • Ysidro Maese ( ). 1c, d. Santa Fe Presidio in 1781, en Chiguagua in 1785.
  • Gaspar Maldonado+ (1753 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, inv 1 Jan 1799, 21:830. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Jose Maldonado+ ( - 14 June 1789 Santa Fe). 1c. Lt, Sonora Exped 1780/81. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a. 3a. 3b.
  • Jose Miguel Maldonado ( ). 1a. enl Mar 1783, invalid 1 Dec 1808, 21:899. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Vicente Mancheco/Manguito ( ). 1c. Sonora Exped, 1780/81, and on later rosters for Santa Fe Presidio, enlistment record not identified. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada.
  • Joseph Julian Mares+ ( NM - ). 1a. enl 5 May 1746, invalid 1 Jul 1779, 21:747. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Manuel Mares+ (1748 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 27 Oct 1772, Sonora Exped 1780/81, invalid 22 Feb 1798, 21:798. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick. 2a.
  • Bartholome Martin+ (1750 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, invalid 22 Feb 1798, 21:881. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Jose Francisco Martin ( ). 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Luis Martin+ (1745 NM - 17 Nov 1800 Sevilleta). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Jul 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, 21:878. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick. 2a.
  • Manuel Martin+ (1758 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, invalid 1 Aug 1805, 21:866. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781, invalid. 1d. SF Presidio, 1785, en cavallada. 2a. (There may have been two persons of this name, or the invalid may have recovered enough to go back to full duty.)
  • Sebastian Martin ( ). 3a. Militia leader and Indian fighter.
  • Nicolas de la Mathe ( ). 3b.
  • Pedro Antonio Mestas+ (1748 NM - ). 1a. enl 10 Feb 1780, , invalid 24 Feb 1804, 21:884. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Anacleto "Cleto" Miera (Chihuahua - ). 1a. enl 1 Apr 1767, invalid 1 Mar 1792, 21:770. 1c. Sonora Exped. 1780/81. 1d. Third Sgt, Santa Fe, 1785. 2a. 3a.
  • Don Bernardo Miera y Pacheco+ (Burgos, Spain - 11 Mar 1785). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, 21:836. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 3a.
  • Manuel Miera y Pacheco+ (El Paso del Norte - ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, disch 15 Jan 1817, 21:836. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 3a.
  • Felipe de Neve ( ). 3b. Commandante General, Provincias Internas, 1783.
  • Alexandro Ortega (NM - ). 1a. enl 18 Nov 1777, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:813.
  • Antonio de Ortega (NM - 2 Nov 1785). 1a. enl 14 May 1741, invalid 1 Jul 1779, 21:744. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jul 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Antonio de Jesus Ortega (NM - ). 1a. enl 7 Mar 1783, 21:901.
  • Francisco Ortega ( - 14 Jan 1782). 1a. enl 6 Mar 1771, 21:788. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781.
  • Alexandro Ortiz ( ). 1a. enl 28 May 1781, 21:894. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua.
  • Francisco Xavier Ortiz ( ). 1a. enl 17 Mar 1766, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:768.
  • Gaspar Ortiz ( ). 1a, 1c. enl 5 Jan 1769, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, disch 28 May 1781, 21:775.
  • Jose Antonio Hortiz/Ortiz+ ( - 10 Aug 1784 Sierra Magdalena). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, 21:838. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Joseph Miguel Ortiz (NM - ). 1a. enl 3 Dec 1771, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:796. 3b.
  • Thomas Ortiz+ (1742 NM - ). 1a. enl 20 Mar 1771, invalid 1 Nov 1806, 21:790. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Jose Pacheco+ (1730 NM - ). 1a. enl 2 Oct 1756, invalid 21 Aug 1789, 21:754. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe in 1785 en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Joseph Antonio Pacheco+ (1760 NM - 17 Nov 1808 Taos). 1a. enl 14 Jan 1782, 21:897. 2a. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua.
  • Antonio Padilla+ ( - 10 Feb 1781). 1b. enl 1 Jul 1779, 21:876. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781.
  • Tomas Padilla ( ). 1a. enl 15 Apr 1766, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:769.
  • Diego Antonio de la Pena ( - 8 Feb 1789). 1a. enl 5 June 1765, 21:765. 1c. Sonora Exped, 1780/81. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Juan de Dios Pena+ (1749 NM - ). 1c. Sonora Exped, 1780/81. 1d. Santa Fe Cpl, 1785. 2a.
  • Juan Prada+ ( ). 1b. enl 8 Sep 1783, 23:312. 1d. Jose Prada was the Santa Fe Presidio Drummer in 1785. He may be this person. 2a.
  • Jose Antonio Rael+ ( - 22 Nov 1797 in combat). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, 21:839. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Joseph Pablo Rael+ ( - 18 May 1780). 1a. enl 22 Apr 1777, 21:812. 2a.
  • Manuel Paulin Rael ( ). 1a. enl 1 Apr 1757, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:755.
  • Alfonso Ribera/Rivera ( ). 1a. enl 29 Mar 1777, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, disch 28 Oct 1790, 21:811. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Antonio Ribera/Rivera ( ). 1c, d. Santa Fe invalid, 1781 and 1785.
  • Balthazar Ribera/Rivera+ (1750 NM - 14 Jul 1817). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, 21:833. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Jose Ribera/Rivera+ (1755 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Jul 1779, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, invalid 15 Jul 1802, 21:875. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Mathias Ribera/Rivera (NM - 17 Aug 1785). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Jul 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, 21:874. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua.
  • Antonio Rivera+ (1722 NM - ). 1a. enl 7 Mar 1741, invalid 1 Jul 1779, 21:743. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Luis Phelipe de Rivera ( ). 1a. enl 26 Apr 1757, disch 15 Jul 1779, 21:757.
  • Salvador Rivera+ ( ). 1c. Lt, Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Geronimo de la Rocha y Figueroa ( ). 3b.
  • Pedro Phelipe Rodriquez ( - 4 Jan 1785). 1a. enl 13 Jul 1770, 21:787. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick.
  • Ysidro Antonio Rodriquez+ (1736 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Nov 1759, Sonora Exped 1780/81, invalid 21 Aug 1789, 21:761. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick. 2a.
  • Antonio Jose Romero+ ( NM - 1 Dec 1816). 1a. enl 25 May 1769, 21:777. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, Cpl in Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Manuel Romero ( ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, disch 2 Oct 1790, 21:873. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Pedro Antonio Romero ( ). 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua.
  • Jose Manuel/Antonio Romo+ (NM - ). 1a. enl 7 Mar 1783, , invalid 15 Jul 1801, 21:901. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Thomas Roybal+ (1738 NM - ). 1a. enl 23 June 1756, invalid 15 Jan 1781, 21:752. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, invalid. 2a. 3b.
  • Josef Rubio ( ). 3b.
  • Juan Manuel Saenz Garvisu (NM - ). 1a. enl 18 Mar 1776, invalid 1 Aug 1805, 21:805. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Antonio Roman Sanches+ (NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, invalid 1 Jan 1824, 21:841. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chihuahua. 2a.
  • Juan Antonio Sanches ( - 15 Oct 1784). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, 21:843.
  • Manuel Sanches de Thagle+ (1744 NM - ). 1. enl 1 Jul 1779, disch 1 Apr 1796, 21:872. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Andres Sandobal+ (1745 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 11 Jan 1779, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, invalid 22 Feb 1798, 21:860. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick. 2a.
  • Vizente Sandobal+ ( - 17 Nov 1785). 1a enl 1 Jul 1779, 21:871. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Antonio Joseph Sandoval (1743 NM - 1 Aug 1804 in combat). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Dec 1769, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, 21:785. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a. Francisco
  • Cayetano Sandoval+ (1737 - 4 Nov 1791). 1. Enl 22 June 1758, Sonora Exped 1780/1781, 21:759. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, sick. 2a.
  • Francisco Mathias Sandoval+ (1755 NM - 28 Jan 1798 in combat ). 1a. enl 6 Apr 1781, 21:893. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Joseph Sandoval (NM - ). 1a. enl 21 Apr 1771, illness 5 Oct 1787, 21:791. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua.
  • Juan Sandoval (NM - ). 1a. enl 10 Aug 1765, disch 31 Oct 1788, 21:781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua.
  • Manuel Sandoval (NM - ). 1a. enl 2 Sep 1769, 21:781. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785.
  • Pablo Sandoval+ (1743 NM - May 1795). 1a. enl 2 Dec 1759, 21:762. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Salvador Antonio Sandoval+ (NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 20 Sep 1755, Sonora Exped 1780/81, disch 28 May 1781, 21:751. 2a.
  • Domingo Anselmo Santiestevan (NM - 11 Sep 1800). 1a. enl 12 Oct 1772, 21:797. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a. (His enlistment record may be misread as Diego Santiestevan.)
  • Jose Miguel Sena+ (1761 NM - ). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Jul 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, invalid 1 Aug 1805, 21:870. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Mathias Sena+ (1745 NM - 5 Apr 1799). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, 21:869. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Pablo Sena+ (1756 NM - 5 Sep 1815). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Jul 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, invalid 1 Aug 1803, 21:868. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Francisco Perez Serrano ( ). 1c. Cadet, Sonora Exped 1780/81.
  • Joseph Miguel Tafolla+ (1745 NM - ). 1. enl 1 Jan 1769, Sonora Exped 1780/81, invalid 28 Feb 1798, 21:774. 2a.
  • Juan Antonio Tafolla+ (1711 - ). 1. enl 12 Aug 1740, invalid 8 Apr 1779, 21:742. 1c. Santa Fe Presidio invalid, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe invalid, 1785. 2a.
  • Juan Tafoya+ ( 1762 NM - ). 1. enl 1 Apr 1781, , disch 4 Aug 1796, 21:891. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Joaquin Tenorio ( ). 1c, d. Santa Fe invalid, 1781 and 1785.
  • Miguel Tenorio de Alva+ ( ). 1a. enl 1 Aug 1771, disch 1 Jul 1779, 21:794. 2a.
  • Francisco Thafolla+ (NM - ). 1. enl 11 Jan 1779, 21:844.
  • Jose Miguel Thafolla+ ( - 5 Apr 1781). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Jul 1779, Sonora Exped, 1780/81, 21:867. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Jose Miguel Thenorio (1753 NM - ). 1a. enl 11 Feb 1781, invalid 15 Jul 1802, 21:887. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Salvador Thenorio+ (NM - ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, inv 1 Sep 1792, 21:845. 2a. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, in Chiguagua.
  • Francisco Antonio Thorres+ (1752 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, invalid 25 May 1808, 21:863. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Francisco Martin Thorres+ (NM- ). 1a, 1c. enl 1 Jul 1779, Sonora Exped 1780/81, invalid 22 Feb 1798, 21:880. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Martin Torres+ (1730 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1751, invalid 1 Jul 1779, 21:749. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Francisco (Navarro) Trebol ( - bur 10 June 1785 Santa Fe Presidio Chapel). 3a. Commandante, Santa Fe Presidio, 1785.
  • Vicente Troncoso+ (1752 NM - ). 1c. Lt, Santa Fe Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 2a.
  • Juan Jose Trujillo+ (1760 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, invalid 1 June 1806, 21:865. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Juan Miguel Trujillo+ (1760 NM - 9 May 1797). 1a. enl 1 Nov 1740, 21:886. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Jose Antonio Urioste+ (1759 NM - 26 Jul 1805 Sevilleta). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, 21:837. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Juan de Urioste+ (1733 NM - ). 1a. enl 31 May 1771, invalid 1 June 1793, 21:793. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en Chiguagua. 2a.
  • Antonio Reyes Vigil/Begil+ ( ). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, inv 12 Jul 1800, 21:840. 1c. Sonora Exped, 1780/81. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a.
  • Cristobal Faustin Bejil/Vigil+ (NM - 16 Oct 1782 Villa de Alburquerque from Apache wounds). 1a. enl 11 Jan 1779, 21:823. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. (There were either two persons of this name, or the date of death was misread.)
  • Joseph Vigil/Begil+ ( ). 1a. enl 1 Jul 1779, disch 15 Nov 1788, 21:851. 1c. Sonora Exped, 1780/81. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada.
  • Juan Christobal Vegil+ (1760 NM - ). 1a. enl 1 Sep 1781, invalid 12 Jul 1800, 21:896. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada. 2a.
  • Francisco/Salvador Montes Vigil ( ). 1a. enl 8 Oct 1771, disch 15 Oct 1787, 21:795. 1c. SF Presidio, 1 Jan 1781. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785, en cavallada.
  • Torivio Villalpando+ (Taos, NM - ). 1a. enl 27 Aug 1774, medical disch 29 Oct 1790, 21:799. 1d. Santa Fe, 1785. 2a. Indian interpretor.

References:

1a.   Virginia Langham Olmstead. "Spanish Enlistment Papers of New Mexico, 1732-1820," National Genealogical Society, Sep 1979-Mar 1980. These are extracts of Spanish Archives of New Mexico, II, Roll 21, with the frames noted.
1b.   Evelyn Lujan Baca. "Spanish Enlistment Papers 1770-1816, Filiaciones Espanol," New Mexico Genealogical Society Journal, March-June 1998. These are extracts of SANM II, Roll 23, with frames noted.
1c.   Spanish Archives of New Mexico, II, Roll 10, Doc. 833a, beginning frame 107, "Anza, Santa Fe Troop Review," lists those in the Santa Fe Presidio, both present and in Sonora and on other assignments.
1d.   Spanish Archives of New Mexico, II, Roll 11, Doc 927a, beginning frame 757 for 1 Jan 1785, "Anza, Santa Fe Troop Review," for several months. The spellings Chihuahua and Chiguagua may be used interchangeably. The terms en la cavallada or en cavallada seems to mean guarding the horse herd. The term enfermo simply meant sick.
2a.   Virginia Langham Olmstead, Spanish and Mexican Censuses of New Mexico, 1750-1830, Albuquerque, NM, New Mexico Genealogical Society, Inc., 1981. Only the 1790 census is included above.
3a.   Fray Francisco Atanasio Dominguez. The Missions of New Mexico, 1776 (with other contemporary documents.). Albuquerque, The University of New Mexico Press, 1956. Military persons are sometimes mentioned when they performed church functions.
3b.   Rolls 10 and 11, Spanish Archives of New Mexico, II, soldier names indexed as subjects or authors of messages.
NMPat1, ZIP, 24 Jan 1999.

Soldier/Patriots of the
Royal Presidio of La Bahia (Goliad).

Several rosters are available for the time period, 1779-1783, and the following is an alphabetical compilation of all recorded names which could be read:

  • 1st Alfarez Josef Aguilar
  • Antonio Albarado/Alvarado
  • Damasio Aldape
  • Juan Nepomuceeno Aldape
  • Antonio Basquez/Vasquez I
  • Antonio Basquez/Vasquez II
  • 1st Sgt Josef Francisco Basquez/Vasquez
  • Invalid Lt. Javier Benites/Venites
  • Miguel Bezerra/Vezerra
  • 2nd Sgt Francisco Borra
  • 1st Cpl Francisco Antonio Buentello
  • Casimiro Cano
  • Juan Bautista Cano
  • Capt. Luis Cazorla
  • 2d Cpl Juan Chirino
  • Invalid absent with leave Pedro Ceballos/Zeballos
  • Jose Antonio Conejo
  • Josef Contreras
  • Juan Andre Contreras
  • Carlos Delgado
  • Santiago Delgado
  • Gerardo Flores
  • Josef Flores
  • Fernando Galan
  • Joaquin Galan
  • Antonio de la Garza
  • Bernardo de la Garza
  • Eugenio de la Garza
  • Jose Manuel de la Garza
  • Juan Agustin de la Garza
  • Tomas de la Garza
  • Ignacio Garzia
  • Juan Jose Games
  • Jose Gil
  • Hermenegildo Gomez
  • Josef Gonzalez
  • Pedro Josef Grande
  • Juan Guisar
  • Francisco Hernandez
  • Ambrosio Higuera
  • Alexo de Leon
  • Juan Jose de Leon
  • Jose Dionicio Liendro
  • Justo Lopez
  • Pedro Antonio de Luna
  • Tomas Macias
  • 2d Cpl Jose Ilario Maldonado
  • Jabier/Xavier Maldonado
  • Sebastian Maldonado
  • Jacinto Martines
  • Juan Josef Martinez
  • Pacino Martino
  • 2nd Alfarez Antonio Mescieres
  • Juan Montalbo
  • Tomas Ortiz
  • Jose Polinario Peres
  • 2nd Alferez Policarpo Prada
  • 1st Cpl Francisco Ramon
  • Juan Maria Ramon
  • Chaplain Jose Feliz Ramos
  • Drummer Josef Andres de Ribas
  • Andres del Rio
  • 1st Cpl Bernabe/Benave del Rio
  • Anacleto Rios
  • 2nd Cpl/1st Cpl Francisco Rios
  • Josef Jabier Sains
  • Esteban Salas
  • Francisco Salas
  • Prudencio de San Miguel
  • Lt. Josef Santoja/Santoxa
  • Cayetano de los Santos
  • Diego de los Santos Cadenas
  • Pedro de los Santos
  • Mariano Tegeda
  • Pedro Jose Texeda
  • 1st Cpl/2d Sgt. Antonio Trebino/Trevino
  • Marciano Trevino
  • Pedro Trevino
  • Francisco Xavier Vasquez
  • Antonio Margil Venites
  • Francisco Venitez (???)
  • Manuel Narciso Venites
  • Josef Timoteo Ximenez
  • Armorer Josef Cayetano de Zepeda
  • Vicente Zerna

References:

  • pp 79-86, Robert H. Thonhoff, The Texas Connection with the American Revolution, Austin, TX, Eakin Press, 1981.

Texas Patriot/Soldiers of the
Presidio at San Antonio (Bexar)

Several rosters are available for the war period of 1779-1783. The roster for 2 Jan 1782 consisted of:

  • Jose Ramon Flores de Abrego
  • Domingo Diego Acosta
  • 2nd Alfarez Francisco Amangual
  • Fernando de Arocha
  • Jose de Arocha
  • Antonio Baca
  • Jose Antonio Baquero/Vaguero
  • Manuel Berban
  • Marcelo Borrego
  • Juan Jose Bueno
  • Captain and Governor Domingo Cabello
  • Juan Cadena
  • Juan Jose Cadena
  • Drummer Juan Jose Calderon
  • 1st Cpl Francisco Camacho
  • Diego Carmona
  • Juan Casanoba/Casanova
  • Juan Antonio Casanoba
  • Francisco de Castro
  • Manuel de Castro
  • Martin de Castro
  • Francisco Sales de la Cerda
  • Juan Maria de la Cerda
  • Juan Chirino
  • Pedro Chirino
  • Juan Jose Cordoba
  • Andres Coubiere
  • Pedro Jose Enrique
  • Jose Farias
  • 2nd Lt Bernardo Fernandez
  • Jose Flores
  • 2nd Cpl Jose Antonio Flores
  • Lorenzo Flores
  • Manuel Flores
  • Pedro Flores
  • Ygnacio Flores
  • Invalid Jose Miguel Games
  • Eusebio de la Garza
  • Jose de la Garza
  • Jose Alexandro de la Garza
  • Jose Antonio de la Garza
  • Mariano de la Garza
  • Matias de la Garza
  • Pedro de la Garza
  • Jose Antonio Gomes
  • Antonio Gonzales
  • Bizente Gonzales
  • Jose Manuel Granados
  • Invalid Sgt. Pedro Granados
  • Cristobal Guerra
  • Bonifacio Hernandez
  • Carlos Hernandez
  • Jose Agustin Hernandez
  • Pedro Hernandez
  • Francisco Antonio Leal
  • Cadet Nicolas Leme
  • Jose Gil de Leyoa
  • Francisco Loysoya
  • Tomas de Luna
  • Facundo Mansolo
  • Jose Mansolo
  • Pedro Mansolo
  • Antonio Martinez
  • Manuel Leandro Martinez
  • 1st Lt. Jose Menchaca
  • Jose Bruno Menchaca
  • Invalid Pedro Minon
  • Pedro Montalbo
  • Jose Maria Olibarri
  • Armorer Francisco Oredain
  • Pedro Antonio Ortiz
  • Jose Francisco Padilla
  • 2nd Sgt Domingo Peres
  • Francisco Xavier Peres
  • Jose Joaquin Peres
  • 1st Cpl Pedro Peres
  • Ygnacio Peres
  • Francisco de Sales Games
  • Francisco Sales de la Cerda
  • Manuel Salinas
  • Francisco Sanchez
  • Jose Miguel Sanchez
  • 2nd Cpl Juan Jose Sanchez
  • 2nd Cpl Francisco de los Santos
  • 2nd Cpl Francisco Xavier de Sosa
  • Jazinto Ramon
  • Manuel Ramon
  • Bentura Rico
  • Pablo del Rio
  • 3rd Sgt Mariano Rodriquez
  • Patricio Rodriquez
  • 1st Cpl Prudencio Rodriquez
  • Invalid Bartholome Rosales
  • Jose de Sosa de Rosas
  • Juan Remigio de Torres
  • Lazaro de Torres
  • Jose Maria Uraga
  • Francisco Antonio Urrutia
  • Jose Antonio Urrutia
  • 1st Sgt Manuel de Urrutia
  • st Alfarez Marcelo Valdez
  • 1st Cpl Andres de Valle
  • Jose Francisco de Villafranca
  • Invalid Manuel Villarreal
  • Alexandro Ydalgo
  • Invalid Alfarez Juan Jose Ydalgo
  • Xavier Zepeda

References:

  • p 84-90, Robert H. Thonhoff, The Texas Connection with the American Revolution, Austin, TX, Eakin Publications, Inc, 1981.

E. Loreto Presidio. The Loreto Presidio was the father to all the others in CA. It was the support base and message center for Alta California and frequently the capitol of the California Province. Those who served there sometimes alternated with service in Alta California. Those below marked with a + are known to have married or to have had children. Names of all those who served at Loreto, 1779-1783, have not been recovered; but they do seem to include:

  • Francisco Aguiar, Sergeant, at Real de Santa Ana (Doc 71)
  • Javier Aguilar (Doc 71)
  • Luis Aguilar (Doc 71)
  • Bernardino Alvarado+ (Northrop I:6)
  • Javier Alvarado (Doc 71)
  • Josef Jazinto Amador (Doc 71)
  • Pedro Amador+, at Real de Santa Ana (Doc 71 and Northrop I:35)
  • Joaquin Arce/Arse (Doc 71)
  • Jose Gabriel Arce+ of Loreto and Mission Guadalupe (Northrop I:30, and Crosby:18)
  • Sebastian Arce+ of Loreto and Mission Mulege (Doc 71 and Crosby:19)
  • Ygnacio Arris (Doc 71)
  • Juan Antonio Maria Botiller+, Corporal (Doc 71 and Northrop II:31)
  • Miguel Camacho (Doc 71)
  • Juan Ygnacio Canedo (Doc 71)
  • Joaquin Canete, Lieutenant (Doc 71)
  • Joaquin Beltran Carabantes (probable relative of Salvador, below) (Schuetz-Miller:60)
  • Nicolas Beltran Carabantes (probable relative of Salvador, below) (Schuetz-Miller:60)
  • Salvador Manuel Carabantes+ (Doc 71 and Schuetz-Miller:60)
  • Josef Ygnacio Carrillo (Doc 71)
  • Jose Macario Castro+ (Doc 71 and Northrop I:108)
  • Juan Crisostomo de Castro+ of Mission Todos Santos (Crosby:11)
  • Cristobal Cota (Doc 71)
  • Pedro Caetano Cota, at Real Santa Ana
  • Josef Maria Estrada, Ensign, (Doc 71)
  • Claudio Felis (Doc 71)
  • Ignacio Harris+ of Mission El Rosario and Mission San Vicente (Crosby:8)
  • Josef Salvador Higuera+ (Doc 71 and Northrop I:190)
  • Joaquin Higuera (Doc 71)
  • Ygnacio Higuera (Doc 71)
  • Antonio Hurias (Ives:145)
  • Juan Lopez (Doc 71)
  • Luis Lopez, Corporal (Doc 71)
  • Josef Antonio Lusero (Doc 71)
  • Josef Maria Mesa (Doc 71)
  • Juan Maria Mirando at Real de Santa Ana (Doc 71)
  • Pedro Mirando (Doc 71)
  • Josef Santiago Moreno (Doc 71) (see the similar name below)
  • Felipe Santiago Moreno+, soldier and master blacksmith who came to Alta California from Loreto by 1785 (Schuetz-Miller:83).
  • Javier Morillo (Doc 71)
  • Julian Morillo (Doc 71)
  • Josef Ramon de Noriega+ of Loreto and Mission La Purisima (Doc 71 and Crosby:10)
  • Francisco Ochoa (Doc 71)
  • Francisco Osuna (Doc 71)
  • Juan Ysmerio Osuna+ of Loreto and San Gabriel (Doc 71 and Northrop I:262)
  • Antonio Mirando Rodriquez+ (Northrop II:247)
  • Juan Maria Romero+, came to Alta California in 1787. (Doc 71 and Northrop I:287)
  • Luis Romero (Doc 71)
  • Josef Manuel Ruiz (Doc 71)
  • Clemente Sales+, Mission Rosario, blacksmith/interpreter (his military status is not clearly defined. (Schuetz-Miller:96)
  • Josef Maria Salgada (Doc 71)
  • Rexis de SotoMayor (Doc 71)
  • Jose Velasquez+, Alfarez assigned from Loreto to the Frontera, guarding the passage north from San Fernando de Velicata to San Diego (not listed 1 April 1782).
  • Antonio Nasario Urias (Doc 71)
  • Jose Anastasio Verduzco+, Corporal, of Mission La Pasion (Doc 71 and Crosby:13).
  • Josef Miguel Yrive, at Real Santa Ana (Doc 71)

Several complete rosters for the 1779-1783 period are known to be available as "Extractos de Revista" at La Paz, Baja California Sur, Archivo Historico "Pablo L. Martinez." These were extracted by Carmen Boone and first published in "Noticias Para Los Californianos," January 1999. One roster is shown above, referenced as Doc 71. There were 46 soldiers on 1 April 1782 when Lt Canete made his report. In addition to the soldiers, Lt Canete also reported 21 naval persons under his jurisdiction:

From the Department of the Navy and Officials of the Maestranza (Navy Yard/Arsenal)

  • Carpintero de Rivera (shipbuilder carpenter) Francisco Morillo (working in Monterey)
  • Galafate (Caulker) Josef de la Cruz, present
  • Herrero (blacksmith) Juan Morillo, present
  • Crew of the sloop El Pilar (all were on a trip to San Blas)
  • Skipper (Master) Diego Perez;
  • Guardian (Keeper) Antonio Ballarta; and the following mariners/sailors:
  • Josef Bernardo; Andres Cariaga; Tomas Cortes; Pasqual Montejano; Ygnacio Montejano;
  • Josef Manuel Orosco; Blas Osorio; and Pedro Rivera.
Second Crew of the Launch (all present). (The name of the launch was not given.)
  • Arraes (Captain) Salvador Gonzalez;
  • Arraes Retirado Pedro Regalado; and the following mariners/sailors:
  • Borja Candelaria; Juan Carpio; Manuel Covarrubias; Julian Maria Gonzalez; Jacovo Portillo; and Baltasar Rambres.

Bancroft in his "Annals of Baja California," noted that Governor Neve in his Regulations has authorized the numbers of naval specialists and the persons for the sloop. Bancroft mentioned the lighter, San Juan Nepomuceno, stating that the crew was held ready for any emergency. He also mentioned a second lighter.

Bancroft also listed several officers of the Army who served in Baja California between 1779 and 1783 who were not on the above list of soldiers:

  • Francisco Alvarez y Osorio (comisario)
  • Jose Joaquin de Arrillaga (Captain from a TX Presidio)
  • Manuel de Azuela (Lieutenant of the Sante Fe (NM) Company)
  • Diego Gonzalez+ (Lieutenant)
  • Felipe de Goycocchea+ (Lieutenant)

Bancroft showed the towns and missions where soldiers could be assigned:

  • Msn San Jose del Cabo
  • Real de Minas Santa Ana
  • Pueblo Todos Santos
  • Msn Santiago de los Coras
  • Msn San Francisco Javier/San Pablo
  • Msn/Presidio Loreto
  • Msn Comonda/San Jose
  • Msn Purisima Concepcion
  • Msn Mulege/Sta Rosalia)
  • Msn Guadalupe
  • Msn San Ignacio
  • Msn Santa Gertrudis
  • Msn San Francisco de Borja
  • Msn San Fernando de Velicata
  • Msn Rosario
  • Msn Santo Domingo
  • Msn San Vicente Ferrer

Bancroft also listed the Dominican padres, 1773-1800, and his list includes most of those who served during the War with England, 1779-1783:

  • Antonio Cruzado, 1777 - ??
  • Jose Estevez, 1779-96
  • Francisco Galisteo, 1775 - ??
  • Pedro Gandara, ??
  • Juan Crisostomo Gomez, 1781-92
  • Miguel Hidalgo, 1780-86
  • Jose Lafuente, 1774-96
  • Antonio Luesma, ??
  • Vicente Mora, 1772-1783
  • Nicolas Munoz, 1779 - ??
  • Jose Naranjo, ??-1783 (expelled for misconduct in 1783)
  • Luis Soles, 1772-88
  • Jose Santolarra, ???
  • Joaquin Valero, 1779-96
  • Jose Garcia Villatoro, 1780-96
  • Martin Zavaleta, 1783 - ??

References:

  1. AHBCS, Ramo Colonia, Leg.1, Doc 71, dated 1 April 1782 and signed by Joaquin Canete, by courtesy of Archivo Historico "Pablo L. Martinez", La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Paleography by Carmen Boone de Aguilar, 10 Aug 1998, with acknowledgements to Prof. Leonardo Reyes Silva, Director, AHBCS, and his very collaborative staff. First published as "Military and Naval Roster, Presidio of Loreto, 1 April 1782," by Los Californianos in the January, 1999 issue of Noticias Para Los Californianos, and used with their permission.
  2. Hubert Howe Bancroft, Vol XV:714-741, "Annals of Baja California," History of the North Mexican States and Texas, in The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, San Francisco, A. L. Bancroft, 1884.
  3. Harry W. Crosby. Border Studies, 2, Institute for Regional Studies of the Californias, San Diego State University, "Doomed to Fail - Gaspar de Portola's First California Appointees," San Diego, CA, 1989.
  4. Roland L. Ives, Jose Velasquez: Saga of a Borderland Soldier, Tucson, AZ, Southwestern Mission Research Center, 1984.
  5. Marie Northrop. Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California, 1769-1850, Vol 1, revised 1987 and Vol 2, 1984. Southern California Genealogical Society, Burbank, CA.
  6. Mardith K. Schuetz-Miller, Southwestern Mission Research Center. Building and Builders in Hispanic California, 1769-1850, Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, Presidio Research Publication, Santa Barbara, CA, 1994.
  7. Loreto  82, 24 Nov 1998
ARIZONA PATRIOTS OF THE
TUCSON PRESIDIO

The Tucson Presidio was the only one in present-day Arizona during Spain's 1779-1783 War with England. There was also a Pima Company in the last year of the war. Several accounts of those present during that period have been found. The number of soldiers assigned to the Tucson Presidio ranged from 60 to 70. The names of those identified are shown below. There were other patriots assigned to the Yuma settlements which were abolished by the Yumas 17-19 Jul 1781. Still others helped in the Expeditions against the Yumas. The soldiers of the Tucson Presidio sometimes joined soldiers from California, Sonora, New Mexico, and Nuevo Vizcaya in various expeditions affecting Arizona.

  • Jose Maria Abate ( ). 1a:157, 159. 1782 Tucson, 1787 Presidio Buenavista.
  • Joaquin Acosta ( ). 1a:158. 1783, Tucson.
  • Capt. Pedro de Allende y Saabedra ( ). 1a:154,159. 1779 Tucson Commander, . 1781, Tucson Presidio, 1782 Apache attack on Tucson, 1785 Tucson Commander. 6d.
  • Pedro de Allende ( ). 1a:157, 159. 1783, Cadet at Tucson, 1785 2d Ensign, Tucson.
  • Ramon Amesquita ( ). 1a:158. 1779, 1782, 1785, Tucson.
  • Luis Alviso (1738 Real de San Juan - ). 1a:157. 1775 Tubac soldier, 1783 Tucson. 2a:104.
  • Nicolas Anaya ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson.
  • Ignacio Arias (1748 Mexico - ). 1a:157. 1775 Tubac, 1782 Fight at Tucson, 1783 Tucson.
  • Jose Manuel Ayala ( ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson.
  • Jose Baldenegro ( ). 1a:158. 1782 Fight at Tucson, 1783 Tucson.
  • Francisco Barreda ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson.
  • Jose Barrera ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson.
  • Lt. Francisco Barrios ( ). 1a:159, 1785 Tucson Presidio, apparently serving elsewhere before 1785.
  • Distinguished Soldier Don Juan Belderain ( ). 1a:158. 1779, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.
  • Joaquin Berdugo ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Juan Manuel de Bonilla ( ). 1. 1781, Capt., Tucson. 2a:143.
  • Juan Bustamente ( ). 1a:158. 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Procopio Cancio ( ). 1a:158, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.
  • Cayetano Canora ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Ensign Juan Antonio Carrillo ( ). 1. 1780 Sonora Expedition, 1782 May Day attack at Tucson. 1784 Tucson Presidio. 6d. 6e:146.
  • Juan Angel Castillo (1729 San Miguel de Guadalupe - ). 1a:158, 1775 Tubac soldier, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio. 2a:144.
  • Francisco Castro ( ). 1a:158, 1779 Tucson, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.
  • Javier Castro first ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Javier Castro second ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Ensign Jose Francisco de Castro ( ). 1a:154, 1779 Tucson.
  • Jose Chamorro ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Domingo de la Cruz* ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Javier Cruz ( ). 1a:157, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Francisco Xavier Diaz (1749 San Luis - ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Juan Diaz ( ). 1a:157, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Lt Nicolas de la Erran ( ). 1. 1783, Pima Company, 1787-88, Tubac Presidio Commander. 2a:161. 6d:63.
  • Francisco Xavier Espinosa (1749 Fronteras - ). 1. 1775, Tubac soldier, later at Tucson Presidio. 2a:144.
  • Joseph Benito Espinosa ( ). 1. 1783,Sgt, Pima Company, 2a:161.
  • Ygnacio Espinosa ( ). 1a:155, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Sgt Juan Fernandez ( ). 1a:157, 1782 Tucson Presidio.
  • Francisco Xavier Figueroa ( ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson.
  • Fray Gabriel Franco ( ). 1a:157, 1782 Tucson Chaplain.
  • Jose Joaquin Gongora ( ). 1a:155, 157. 1778, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Francisco Gonzalez ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presido.
  • Sgt Jose Domingo Granillo (1754 Sopori - ). 1a:157, 1775, Tubac soldier, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson, 1796 Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Sevastian Granillo ( ). 1a:157, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Javier Gurrola ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Juan Gurrola ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Manuel Hernandez* ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Joseph Legara ( ). 1. 1783, Pima Company soldier. 2a:161.
  • Joaquin Lopez ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Juan Luque ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Miguel Luque ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Francisco Xavier Marquez ( ). 1a:157, 159, 1775 Tubac soldier, 1783 Tucson, 1785 Tucson Sgt. 2a:144.
  • Jose Ignacio Martinez (1747 San Juan - ). 1a:153, Tubac soldier, later at Tucson.
  • Juan Vicente Martinez (1749 Buenavista - ). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Ysidro Martinez (1748 San Lorenzo - killed at Yuma). 1a:153, 1775, Tubac soldier, 1776/77 Anza, 1781, Tucson Presidio and Yuma. 2a:144. 6a. 10d.
  • Martin Mascareno ( ). 1a:158, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.
  • Juan Jose Medina (1747 Santa Ana - ). 1a:157. 1775, Tubac soldier, 1779, 1783 Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Jose Cayetano Mesa (Villa de San Miguel - killed by Yumas). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier; later at Tucson, 1781Yuma. 2a:144.
  • Clemente Mesa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Domingo Mesa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Juan de Mesa (1758 Sinaloa - ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Ygnacio Mesa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Luis Messa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Salis? Manuel Miranda ( ). 1. 1775 Tubac soldier. 2a:144. (This may be Salvador Miranda ( ). 1a:158, 1779, 1783 Tucson Presidio.)
  • Juan Ocovoa ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Sgt Juan Antonio Oliva (1756 Tubac - ). 1a:157, 1775, Tubac soldier; 1783 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson, 1796 Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Joaquin Ortega ( ). 1a:158, 1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.
  • Jose Ortega ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Juan de Ortega ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Manuel Ortega ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Ensign Diego de Oyo ( ). 1a:154, 1779 Tucson Presidio.
  • Vicente Pacheco ( ). 1a:1782 Tucson Fight, 1783 Tucson.
  • Sgt Miguel Palacios ( ). 1. 1781Y, later Tucson. 10c:210.
  • Jose Antonio Palomino (1740 San Luis - ). 1a:153, 158. 1775 Tubac soldier, 1779-1783 Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Cpl Juan Miguel Palomino (1744 Tubutama - killed at Yuma). 1a:153. 1775, Tubac soldier; 1776/77 Anza, 1781Yuma. 2a:144. 5BI:359. 6a.
  • Fray Francisco Perdigon ( ). 1a:154, 1779 Tucson Chaplain.
  • Joseph Marcos Ramirez (1735 Fronteras - ). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier; later at Tucson, 1776/77 Anza. 2a:144. 6a.
  • Juan Ramirez ( ). 1a:157, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Juan Gregorio Rios ( ). 1a:157, 1782 Tucson Presidio drummer.
  • Cpl Pasqual Rivera (1742 San Luis - killed by Yumas). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier; 1776/77 Anza, 1781Yuma. 2a:144. 6a.
  • Francisco Romero ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio, 1776/77 Anza. 6a. (There may have been two persons with this name.)
  • Jose Antonio Romero ( - 19 Jul 1781, Yuma). 1. 1775, Tubac soldier; 1776/77 Anza, 1781Yuma settler. 2a:144. 6a.
  • Juan Bautista Romero (23 June 1754 Tubac - ). 1a:157. 1779-1783 Tucson, 1817, Ensign, Tubac; retired, August, 1818, after 45 years service at Tubac and Tucson. 2a:234.
  • Juan Andres Salazar (1750 Mistepori - ). 1a:153. 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Mario Santa Cruz ( ). 1a:157, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Modesto Hilario/Ylario Santa Cruz (1752 Real de Mortero - ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson; 1796, retired, Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Ensign Jose Maria Sosa (1747 Tecori - ). 1a:159. 1775 Tubac soldier, 1782 and 1784 Tucson Sgt; 1796 Tucson. 2a:144,289.
  • Manuel Vicente de Sosa ( ). 1a:157, 1778-1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Simon Soto ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Jose Tisnado ( ), 1a:157, 1779-1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Juan Tisnado ( ). 1a:158, 1779-1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Ensign Jose de Tona ( ). 1a:154, 1778, 1779 Tucson 1st Sgt, 1780 Sonora Expedition, 1782 Tucson Presidio during Apache attack. 6e:146.
  • Jose Antonio Urena (1746 - ). 1. 1775 at Tubac, 1783 Tucson Armorer, 1784 Tucson Prison. 2a:144.
  • Bautista Urquijo ( ). 1a:158, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Brevet Capt. Miguel de Urrea ( - March 1780 killed by Apaches). 1a:154, 1779, Tucson Lt, 1780 Altar. 2a:135. 6d.
  • Francisco Ussaraga ( ). 1a:157, 1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Ensign Ygnacio Ussarraga ( - 1782, died from Apache wounds). 1. 1782 Tucson Presidio May day defense. 6e:146.
  • Ensign Don Felix Ussaraga ( ). 1a:159, 1784, Tucson, wounded.
  • Sgt Juan/Jose de la Vega ( - killed at Yuma). 1a154, 155. 1778-1779, Tucson Sgt, 1781 Yuma.
  • Juan Simon Vera ( ). 1a:155, 157, 1778-1783, Tucson Presidio.
  • Juan Jose Villa (1743 Pitic - ). 1a:153, 1775 Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.
  • Pedro Sebastian Villaescusa ( ). 1. Lt, 1783 Tumacacori, 1787 Tubac, San Rafael de Buenavista Company. 2a. 6d:63.
  • Agustin de la Yguera ( ). 1a:158. 1779-1783 Tucson Presidio.
  • Jose Ignacio Zamora (1752 Sinaloa - killed at Yuma). 1a:153. 1775 soldier at Tubac, 1781 Yuma. 5bI:359.
  • Miguel Zamora (1733 Sinaloa - ). 1a:153. 1775, Tubac soldier, later at Tucson. 2a:144.

References:

1a.   Henry F. Dobyns, Spanish Colonial Tucson: A Demographic History, Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1978.
2a.   John L. Kessell, Soldiers, Friars, and Reformers: Hispanic Arizona and the Sonora Mission Frontier, 1767-1856, Tucson, AZ, The University of Arizona Press,
6a.   Herbert Eugene Bolton, Anza's California Expeditions, in five volumes. In Vol 5:203, under "Correspondence" is the list of Tubac soldiers who were with Anza on his 1776/77 Expedition. It is assumed they were transferred to Tucson and continued in service. Jay J. Wagoner in his Early Arizona, referred to his list in a footnote, p 125.
6d.   James E. Officer, Hispanic Arizona1536-1856, Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1987.
6e.   Jay J. Wagoner, Early Arizona: Prehistory to Civil War, Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1975.
10c.   Roland L. Ives, Jose Velasquez: Saga of a Borderland Soldier, Tucson, AZ, Southwestern Mission Research Center, 1984. This contained a list of those in Fages' Diary, with annotations.
10d.   Nadine Vasquez, extracts from AGI, Guadalajara 517, and used with her permission.
Tucson P, 22 Jan 1999.
E. Loreto Presidio

The Loreto Presidio was the father to all the others in CA .It was the support base and message center for Alta California and frequently the capitol of the California Province. Those who served there sometimes alternated  with service in Alta California. Those below marked with a + are known to have married or to have had children. Names of all those who served at Loreto, 1779-1783, have not been recovered; but they do seem to include:

  • Francisco Aguiar, Sergeant, at Real de Santa Ana (Doc 71)
  • Javier Aguilar (Doc 71)
  • Luis Aguilar (Doc 71)
  • Bernardino Alvarado+ (Northrop I:6)
  • Javier Alvarado (Doc 71)
  • Josef Jazinto Amador (Doc 71)
  • Pedro Amador+, at Real de Santa Ana (Doc 71 and Northrop I:35)
  • Joaquin Arce/Arse (Doc 71)
  • Jose Gabriel Arce+ of Loreto and Mission Guadalupe (Northrop I:30, and Crosby:18)
  • Sebastian Arce+ of Loreto and Mission Mulege (Doc 71 and Crosby:19)
  • Ygnacio Arris (Doc 71)
  • Juan Antonio Maria Botiller+, Corporal (Doc 71 and Northrop II:31)
  • Miguel Camacho (Doc 71)
  • Juan Ygnacio Canedo (Doc 71)
  • Joaquin Canete, Lieutenant (Doc 71)
  • Joaquin Beltran Carabantes (probable relative of Salvador, below) (Schuetz-Miller:60)
  • Nicolas Beltran Carabantes (probable relative of Salvador, below) (Schuetz-Miller:60)
  • Salvador Manuel Carabantes+ (Doc 71 and Schuetz-Miller:60)
  • Josef Ygnacio Carrillo (Doc 71)
  • Jose Macario Castro+ (Doc 71 and Northrop I:108)
  • Juan Crisostomo de Castro+ of Mission Todos Santos (Crosby:11)
  • Cristobal Cota (Doc 71)
  • Pedro Caetano Cota, at Real Santa Ana
  • Josef Maria Estrada, Ensign, (Doc 71)
  • Claudio Felis (Doc 71)
  • Ignacio Harris+ of Mission El Rosario and Mission San Vicente (Crosby:8)
  • Josef Salvador Higuera+ (Doc 71 and Northrop I:190)
  • Joaquin Higuera (Doc 71)
  • Ygnacio Higuera (Doc 71)
  • Antonio Hurias (Ives:145)
  • Juan Lopez (Doc 71)
  • Luis Lopez, Corporal (Doc 71)
  • Josef Antonio Lusero (Doc 71)
  • Josef Maria Mesa (Doc 71)
  • Juan Maria Mirando at Real de Santa Ana (Doc 71)
  • Pedro Mirando (Doc 71)
  • Josef Santiago Moreno (Doc 71) (see the similar name below)
  • Felipe Santiago Moreno+, soldier and master blacksmith who came to Alta California from Loreto by 1785 (Schuetz-Miller:83).
  • Javier Morillo (Doc 71)
  • Julian Morillo (Doc 71)
  • Josef Ramon de Noriega+ of Loreto and Mission La Purisima (Doc 71 and Crosby:10)
  • Francisco Ochoa (Doc 71)
  • Francisco Osuna (Doc 71)
  • Juan Ysmerio Osuna+ of Loreto and San Gabriel (Doc 71 and Northrop I:262)
  • Antonio Mirando Rodriquez+ (Northrop II:247)
  • Juan Maria Romero+, came to Alta California in 1787. (Doc 71 and Northrop I:287)
  • Luis Romero (Doc 71)
  • Josef Manuel Ruiz (Doc 71)
  • Clemente Sales+, Mission Rosario, blacksmith/interpreter (his military status is not clearly defined. (Schuetz-Miller:96)
  • Josef Maria Salgada (Doc 71)
  • Rexis de SotoMayor (Doc 71)
  • Jose Velasquez+, Alfarez assigned from Loreto to the Frontera, guarding the passage north from San Fernando de Velicata to San Diego (not listed 1 April 1782).
  • Antonio Nasario Urias (Doc 71)
  • Jose Anastasio Verduzco+, Corporal, of Mission La Pasion (Doc 71 and Crosby:13).
  • Josef Miguel Yrive, at Real Santa Ana (Doc 71)

Several complete rosters for the 1779-1783 period are known to be available as "Extractos de Revista" at La Paz, Baja California Sur, Archivo Historico "Pablo L. Martinez." These were extracted by Carmen Boone and first published in "Noticias Para Los Californianos," January 1999. One roster is shown above, referenced as Doc 71. There were 46 soldiers on 1 April 1782 when Lt Canete made his report. In addition to the soldiers, Lt Canete also reported 21 naval persons under his jurisdiction:

From the Department of the Navy and Officials of the Maestranza (Navy Yard/Arsenal)

  • Carpintero de Rivera (shipbuilder carpenter) Francisco Morillo (working in Monterey)
  • Galafate (Caulker) Josef de la Cruz, present
  • Herrero (blacksmith) Juan Morillo, present
  • Crew of the sloop El Pilar (all were on a trip to San Blas)
  • Skipper (Master) Diego Perez;
  • Guardian (Keeper) Antonio Ballarta;

and the following mariners/sailors:

  • Josef Bernardo; Andres Cariaga; Tomas Cortes; Pasqual Montejano; Ygnacio Montejano;
  • Josef Manuel Orosco; Blas Osorio; and Pedro Rivera.

Second Crew of the Launch (all present). (The name of the launch was not given.)

  • Arraes (Captain) Salvador Gonzalez;
  • Arraes Retirado Pedro Regalado; and the following mariners/sailors:
  • Borja Candelaria; Juan Carpio; Manuel Covarrubias; Julian Maria Gonzalez; Jacovo Portillo; and Baltasar Rambres.

References:

  1. AHBCS, Ramo Colonia,
    Leg.1, Doc 71, dated 1 April 1782 and signed by Joaquin Canete, by courtesy of Archivo Historico "Pablo L. Martinez", La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Paleography by Carmen Boone de Aguilar, 10 Aug 1998, with acknowledgements to Prof. Leonardo Reyes Silva, Director, AHBCS, and his very collaborative staff. First published as "Military and Naval Roster, Presidio of Loreto, 1 April 1782," by Los Californianos in the January, 1999 issue of Noticias Para Los Californianos, and used with their permission.
  2. Hubert Howe Bancroft,
    Vol XV:714-741, " Annals of Baja California," History of the North Mexican States and Texas, in The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, San Francisco, A. L. Bancroft, 1884.
  3. Harry W. Crosby.
    Border Studies, 2, Institute for Regional Studies of the Californias, San Diego State University, "Doomed to Fail - Gaspar de Portola's First California Appointees," San Diego, CA, 1989.
  4. Roland L. Ives, Jose Velasquez:
    Saga of a Borderland Soldier, Tucson, AZ, Southwestern Mission Research Center, 1984.
  5. Marie Northrop.
    Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California, 1769-1850, Vol 1, revised 1987 and Vol 2, 1984. Southern California Genealogical Society, Burbank, CA.
  6. Mardith K. Schuetz-Miller,
    Southwestern Mission Research Center. Building and Builders in Hispanic California, 1769-1850, Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, Presidio Research Publication, Santa Barbara, CA, 1994.

  7. Loreto 82, 24 Nov 1998
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