landreths  
 

Transcribed from "An Illustrated History of The Big Bend Country, embracing Lincoln, Douglas, Adams and Franklin counties, State of Washington",  published by Western Historical Publishing Co., 1904.


     SQUIRE B. LANDRETH.  This pioneer, plainsman, miner, prospector, Indian fighter, and lastly, farmer, was born in Ashe county, North Carolina, November 1, 1835.  He was the son of Benjamin and Temperance (Lawrence) Landreth, both natives of North Carolina, and both deceased.  As a child Mr. Landreth was taken by his parents to Keokuk county, Iowa, where he remained until the spring of 1853 when he joined an emigrant company bound for the far west, and with it crossed the plains with an ox team direct to Portland, Oregon.  From this point he went to Yreka, California, and spent some time in the newly discovered mines there.  In 1855 he came to Albany, Oregon, and enlisted in the army upon the outbreak of the bloody Cayuse war, which continued through the years 1855-1856.  He was a participant in many battles with the Indians, both in eastern Oregon and in Yakima county, Washington encumbent upon the western Indian fighter.  During his service he participated in the hanging of an Indian who had taken part in the massacre of Dr. Whitman and party at Walla Walla.
     After being mustered out of service at Portland, Mr. Landreth returned to the mines in northern California, where he remained until 1859, when he came to Fairfield, Oregon, and opened a general merchandise store.  In 1861 he was with the party of twenty-nine miners who discovered the famous Elk City mines.  During the succeeding fourteen months he followed prospecting on the Salmon river and in the vicinity of Florence and in other placer districts.   Returning again to Portland he went from there to Vancouver, Washington, and while there was married, July 4, 1864, to Lizzie E. Martin, a native of Missouri, who crossed the plains in 1862.  Engaging in the butchering business in Portland, he followed that vocation for some years and then went to a farm near Olympia.  He remained thus engaged until 1868 when he came to the Big Bend country and filed a homestead on his present home north of and near the town of Reardan.  His farm is an excellent one consisting of one hundred and sixty acres, all now under cultivation and improved in the most modern and up-to-date style.
     July 19, 1895, Mrs. Landreth died.  She is survived by her husband, and five grown children: Henry, married to Lulu Galland; William, married to Lovia Emily; Augusta, wife of W. B. Warren; Mitta, wife of Russel Shepherd, and Ella, now Mrs. C. B. Carsten.
     Mr. Landreth is a charter member of the Reardan Lodge, Number 84, I. O. O. F.
 


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