Transcribed from "An Illustrated History of The Big Bend Country, embracing
Lincoln, Douglas, Adams and Franklin counties, State of Washington",
published by Western Historical Publishing Co., 1904.
SQUIRE B. LANDRETH. This
pioneer, plainsman, miner, prospector, Indian fighter, and lastly, farmer,
was born in Ashe county, North Carolina, November 1, 1835. He was
the son of Benjamin and Temperance (Lawrence) Landreth, both natives of
North Carolina, and both deceased. As a child Mr. Landreth was taken
by his parents to Keokuk county, Iowa, where he remained until the spring
of 1853 when he joined an emigrant company bound for the far west, and
with it crossed the plains with an ox team direct to Portland, Oregon.
From this point he went to Yreka, California, and spent some time in the
newly discovered mines there. In 1855 he came to Albany, Oregon,
and enlisted in the army upon the outbreak of the bloody Cayuse war, which
continued through the years 1855-1856. He was a participant in many
battles with the Indians, both in eastern Oregon and in Yakima county,
Washington encumbent upon the western Indian fighter. During his
service he participated in the hanging of an Indian who had taken part
in the massacre of Dr. Whitman and party at Walla Walla.
After being mustered out of service at Portland,
Mr. Landreth returned to the mines in northern California, where he remained
until 1859, when he came to Fairfield, Oregon, and opened a general merchandise
store. In 1861 he was with the party of twenty-nine miners who discovered
the famous Elk City mines. During the succeeding fourteen months
he followed prospecting on the Salmon river and in the vicinity of Florence
and in other placer districts. Returning again to Portland
he went from there to Vancouver, Washington, and while there was married,
July 4, 1864, to Lizzie E. Martin, a native of Missouri, who crossed the
plains in 1862. Engaging in the butchering business in Portland,
he followed that vocation for some years and then went to a farm near Olympia.
He remained thus engaged until 1868 when he came to the Big Bend country
and filed a homestead on his present home north of and near the town of
Reardan. His farm is an excellent one consisting of one hundred and
sixty acres, all now under cultivation and improved in the most modern
and up-to-date style.
July 19, 1895, Mrs. Landreth died. She
is survived by her husband, and five grown children: Henry, married to
Lulu Galland; William, married to Lovia Emily; Augusta, wife of W. B. Warren;
Mitta, wife of Russel Shepherd, and Ella, now Mrs. C. B. Carsten.
Mr. Landreth is a charter member of the Reardan
Lodge, Number 84, I. O. O. F.