1. Johan Christain 1st HÄUß
This was last German address, birthplace unknown. There was a German place name according to my great Grandfathers Bible "Von Achenhausen" which translates to "Of Aachen To Dwell". Kleine Altenstadten near 6300 Wetzlar, in the Duchy of So lm, which is about 15 kilometers west of Giessen. First wife's name is unknown; she apparently died after John requested Transport to America and before his arrival. Some think she was of the "Duchy of Solm, accounting for his residence there. The "Hause's" using the same "Coat of Arms" are to be found along the Rhine, Frankfort to Lowen Alsace.
Johan Hause was one of 2814 Palatines loaded on ten ships, Dec. 25 to Dec 29 1710, But they did not sail until Apr. 10, 1710. The first ship to arrive in New York was the "Lyon" on Jun 13 1710, the last arrived on Aug. 2, 1710. Of the 2814 that sailed, 446 had died, by the end of July. A report sent to London in July 1710 stated that 476 had died by the end of the first month of Quarentine in New York.
Johann Christian Hauss was Naturalized 11, Oct. 1715.
This information from Josephine Bogart Gregory, 10 E. 300 North Street, St. eorge, Utah 84770
Johann Christian Haus and Anna Catherine Becker were married by Rev. Joshua Kocherthal, a Lutheran Minister. Johann was a Carpenter.
A man living in this area 400 years ago was a commodity more than a person, and "freedom" as we know it today was unheard of there wasn't even a word for it. (Nothing comes for free in the mind of a Reformist Christian.) The best a man could hope for was that, through a lot of hard work and penance, he could just earn the privilege of citizenship, which the Germans called Bürgerrecht.
It's hard to say when our family arrived in Altenstädten, but the first mention of the Hauß family appeared in the 16th Century. A Peter Hauß from this town was registered at offices in Königsberg in Eastern Prussia and at Hohensolms to get his Bürgerrecht, according to the Marburg Archives lists of Shrove Tuesday hens, garden taxes, and subject money (110 Acc. 1939/31, No. 167), in the years 1558, 1559, and 1565. Jorg and Jacob Hauß registered there twenty years after Peter, and Johannchen and Jürgen Hauß registered a decade after that. Their exact relation to us is unknown. But we do know that the Hauß families made Klein Altenstädten their base, surviving wars (The Count of Solms supported the Protestant cause during the Thirty Years War), famine, and the Black Death, which swept through the region in 1625 and then again in 1634. (In fact, there are still Haus' living there today.)
The church books of Altenstädt of Marsberg, stored in a place now called Niedermarsberg, were destroyed in 1715 by a fire, and then what survived was finished off in 1796 by floods. But fortunately some registers at Marburg still survive, and the local minister at that time, Pfarrer Keuper, reconstructed some of the lost church books (Wasmansdorff, "the oldest Marsberger annals book", Archives f. Genealogy, 14. Jahrg, Number 4, April 1937). One account from 1653 marked the occasion of an organ purchase for the village church in 1653. This document contains a list of donors, with approximately 125 names. One of them was a "Johann Hauss." (Get used to the name. It'll be the given name of our ancestors for the next 200 years.) There were other related families in the region, as well: A Hanns Hauß was recorded on the tax rolls a few miles away in Nieder-Weisel, Solm, near the village of Hausen in 1643. His family operated a tavern called The Stag and The Swan.
The first ship to arrive in New York was the "Lyon" on Jun. 13 1710, the last arrived on Aug. 2, 1710. Of the 2814 that sailed, 446 had died, by the end of July. A report sent to London in July 1710 stated that 476 had died by the end of the first month of Quarentine in New York.
Maria Catherine BECKER
Finally, the Treaty of Ryswick restored the contested lands... But by that time the land had become so ravaged that many of the inhabitants fled the area entirely, following William Penn and becoming the earliest German settlers of America the Pennsylvania Dutch.
Somehow Johan survived all of this carnage and became a carpenter. It was a well-chosen career, because a carpenter can always find work in a town that gets ransacked and destroyed on a continual basis. But there wasn't much chance for Bürgerrecht. Still, he prospered enough to marry a local beauty named MARIA CATHERINE. According to family lore, they had six sons and a daughter (or the term a carpenter calls his children: "cheap help").
Finally, after the bitterly cold winter of 1708-1709, in which the frozen Rhine was closed for five weeks, "wine and spirits froze into solid blocks of ice; birds on the wing fell dead; and it is said, saliva congealed in its fall from the mouth to the ground," Johan took up a British agent's offer of advancing his expenses to emigrate to the New World. To repay the "advancement," Johan sold himself and his family into indentured servitude agreeing to be legally bound to an employer in America for several years, until his entire family's debt was paid. But even that was preferable to starvation and war surrounding his home.
Johan was in his forties, and several of his sons were already men, so some people may have wondered why he took such a risk so late in life. Most probably, Johan was thinking about the future of his family, and it looked bleak in Hessen. There would be new opportunities in the Colonies: towns to be built, houses to be razed and carpenters would be needed... and most importantly, there would be land: Fresh, unspoiled land where Johan and his children and their children could finally prosper. True Bürgerrecht.
And so the Hauss clan started their long journey to the Promised Land, in search of a better way of life.
3. Rheinhardt HÄUß
was Naturalized as a British subject (as "Rynier Hous of Phillipsburg, a yeoman"), in New York on January 10,1715/16.
Anna Marie GUSSINGER
. He married ANNA MARIE GUSSINGER (or ANNA ELLIS or ANNA ELIZABETH NEIDHOFER), and they settled in Westchester County,
4. Elias HÄUß
ELIAS HAUS (?) on the list of the Van Slyke Patent in 1715.
Anna Catherina BECKER
From Duernberg, near Dietz, commune Schaumberg, Germany. Information on date of marriage comes from FHL Number 982336, Recorded in: Saint Pauls Evangelical Lutheran, West Camp, Ulster, New York.