Howey and Mrak Genealogy - Person Page 520

Sarah Ward1

F, b. 23 October 1733, d. 26 August 1778
Last Edited20 Aug 2014
Birth*23 October 1733Sarah Ward was born on 23 October 1733.2 
Marriage*17 September 1762She married John Tatem, son of John Tatem and Sarah Lord, on 17 September 1762.1 
Death*26 August 1778Sarah Ward died on 26 August 1778 at age 44.3 
Event-Misc*23 October 1733She was Sarah was the daughter of George and Martha Ward. on 23 October 1733.1 

Family

John Tatem b. 15 June 1739
Children 1.George Tatum2 b. 12 Oct 1760, d. 8 Sep 1772
 2.Isaac Tatum2 b. 19 Feb 1766, d. 18 Oct 1766
 3.John Tatum1 b. 11 Sep 1767, d. 12 Dec 1834
 4.Sarah Tatum1 b. 11 May 1776, d. 18 Jun 1822

Citations

  1. [S454] Unknown editor, Tatum Narrative: 1626-1925, pages 75-76.
  2. [S454] Unknown editor, Tatum Narrative: 1626-1925, page 75.
  3. [S454] Unknown editor, Tatum Narrative: 1626-1925, page 76.

William Tatum Ward1

M
Last Edited14 Mar 2000
Marriage*22 January 1818William Tatum Ward married Abigail M. Howey, daughter of William Howey and Anne Hewit, on 22 January 1818 at Gloucester Co., New Jersey.2,1 
(Witness) Will5 November 1822William Tatum Ward is named an executor of the will of William Howey on 5 November 1822 at Deptford Twp., Gloucester Co., New Jersey.3 
Will*5 November 1822William Tatum Ward left a will on 5 November 1822 at Woodbury, Gloucester Co., New Jersey.4 
(Witness) Probate22 November 1822He witnessed the probate of the estate of William Howey on 22 November 1822 at Deptford Twp., Gloucester Co., New Jersey.4 
(Witness) Land Sale10 April 1826William Tatum Ward witnessed the land transaction of Moses E. Howey and Jacob Medara on 10 April 1826 at about 142 acres, Deptford Twp., Gloucester Co., New Jersey; about 142 acres sold by Moses Howey and Ann Howey of Philadelphia, and William T. Ward of Woodbury, executors of the estate of William Howey to Jacob Medara.5 
Residence*10 April 1826William Tatum Ward lived on 10 April 1826 at Woodbury, Gloucester Co., New Jersey.5 
(Witness) Land Sale29 January 1833He witnessed the land transaction of Moses E. Howey and Robert P. Howey Sr on 29 January 1833 at about 45 acres, Deptford Twp., Gloucester Co., New Jersey; about 45 acres sold by Moses Howey and Ann Howey (wife of William Howey) of Philadelphia, and William T. Ward of Woodbury, executors of the estate of William Howey to Robert Howey of Greenwich Twp., Gloucester Co.6 

Family

Abigail M. Howey b. circa 1785
Marriage*22 January 1818William Tatum Ward married Abigail M. Howey, daughter of William Howey and Anne Hewit, on 22 January 1818 at Gloucester Co., New Jersey.2,1 

Citations

  1. [S128] Unknown author, CD#240: NJ Marriages, Gloucester Co. Court records, microfilm number: 0850324.
  2. [S50] Gloucester Co. JOP Docket Records, Howe, Abbigaile M. of Deptford Twp. married Ward, William of Deptford Twp. Performed by William Zane.
  3. [S49] Will of William Howey: Gloucester Co., NJ Wills microfilm 3372H. Book (liber) B, folio 402.
    I, William Howey of the Township of Deptford County of Gloucester and State of New Jersey being weak in body but of sound disposing mind & memory; and calling to mind the uncertainty of life, do this fifth day of the eleventh month in the Year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty two make and ordain this my last Will and Testament as follows, to wit

    1. I desire that my Executors herein after named pay all my just debts and funeral charges and that they may be enabled so to do, my Will is that they make sale to the best advantage they can for my whole Estate real and personal; The remainder or residue thereof to be disposed of in the manner as follows viz.

    2. To Ann my Wife I devise the whole of the residue or remainder of my Estate after my debts are paid, during her natural life, (?) at her decease my will is that what may then remain shall go to my children viz. Mary Ann Miller, Moses Howey, Abigail Ward, and Rebecca Hewitt Howey to be equally divided among them share and share alike.

    3. To my daughter Rebecca Hewitt Howey I give a Bed and Bedding equal in value as near as may be to those heretofore given to my children to be taken out of my Estate before any sale thereof is made.

    4. To my other children viz. Joseph Howey, Hope Huston, William Howey & Robert Howey, I give five Dollars each.

    5. And lastly I constitute my beloved Wife Ann, my son Moses Howey and William Ward Executors of this my last Will and Testament.

    Signed Sealed pronounced and declared by the said William Howey to be his last Will and Testament in the presence of

    (signed)
    Saml. Webster
    Joseph Eastlack
    Joshua Nicholson

    (signed) William Howey (very shaky scrawl)

    Proven November 22 1822.
  4. [S49] Will of William Howey.
  5. [S181] Gloucester Co NJ Deeds on microfilm: Gloucester County Deed Book QQ pg. 449-454 dated 10 April 1826 recorded 10 April 1826

    Indenture Ann Howey and Moses Howey both of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and William T. Ward of Woodbury, Gloucester Co., NJ, executors of the estate of William Howey, on one part and Jacob Medara of Deptford Twp., Gloucester Co. of the other part. William Howey's will dated 5 Nov 1822 (Book B folio 402). For 2227 dollars and 93 cents.
    Tracts in Deptford, Gloucester Co. The first bounds Woodbury Creek, land of late Nathan Ward, late Eastlacks, late Joseph Collins, Levi Hoppers, James Saunders, late Isaac Cheesman, Josiah Tatum. 132 acres, 1 rood and 17 perches. Being the same land William Howey purchased from Edmund Brewer and Ruth Hopper, executors of the estate of Joshua Hopper, deceased 1 July 1812 (recorded in Book Q, folio 284). Also, 10 acres more or less of land purchased from James Davis 11 Aug 1813 (Book S2, folio 103).
    Signed and sealed Ann Howey, Moses Howey, and William T. Ward.
    Witnesses George Miller, Richard M. Cooper, Priscilla Ballenger, Jos. Saunders.
  6. [S181] Gloucester Co NJ Deeds on microfilm: Gloucester County Deed Book GGG pg. 172-174 dated 29 Jan 1833 recorded 13 Mar 1833

    Indenture Ann Howey and Moses Howey both of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and William T. Ward of Gloucester Co., NJ, executors of the estate of William Howey, on one part and Robert Howey of Greenwich, Gloucester Co. of the other part. William Howey's will dated 5 Nov 1822 (Book B folio 402) bequeathed an indenture granted by John Stiles dated 17 Mar 1810. Land was siezed in fee. Land situate in Deptford, Gloucester Co. 45 acres more or less near land of late Thos. Coles and John Travis.
    Signed and sealed Ann Howey, Moses Howey, and William Ward.
    Witnesses Elizabeth Halkinson, Jos. Halkinson, J. G. Saunders.

Ann Ware1

F, b. circa 1820
Last Edited7 Feb 2003
Birth*circa 1820Ann Ware was born circa 1820.1 
Marriage*23 February 1843She married William Kensil on 23 February 1843 at Abington Presbyterian Church, Abington, Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania.1 
Married Name23 February 1843 As of 23 February 1843,her married name was Kensil.1 

Family

William Kensil b. circa 1818

Citations

  1. [S101] Unknown author, International Genealogical Index, 2/7/2003
    WILLIAM KENSIL
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Marriages:
    Spouse: ANN WARE
    Marriage: 23 FEB 1843 Presbyterian Church, Abington, Montgomery, Pennsylvania
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Messages:
    Extracted marriage record for locality listed in the record. The source records are usually arranged chronologically by the marriage date.
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Source Information:
    Batch No.: Dates: Source Call No.: Type: Printout Call No.: Type:
    M524031 1820 - 1862 0501917 Film NONE
    Sheet: 00.

Rev. B. B. Ware1

M
Last Edited13 Jul 2003

Citations

  1. [S335] Unknown author Half Century Farmers, Vol. 2 pp. 147-149.

Rebecca Ware1

F
Last Edited15 Jul 1999
Marriage*22 September 1760Rebecca Ware married Jacob Paullin, son of William Paullin and (?) Whitlock, on 22 September 1760 at Pilesgrove Twp., Salem Co., New Jersey.1 
Married NameHer married name was Paullin.1 

Family

Jacob Paullin b. 19 June 1738, d. 9 April 1777

Citations

  1. [S149] Carol Gromer (e-mail address), 15 Jul 1999.

William Ware1

M
Last Edited28 Jun 2001
(Witness) Property16 February 1762John Howey purchased property; John Howey, Tinicum, Bucks, wheelwright, William Wear, Springfield, Bucks, Robert Patterson, Tinicum, James Patterson, Tinicum, from Pennsylvania Land Company of London 16 Feb 1762, recorded 16 Jan 1787.2,3 
(Witness) Event-Misc13 September 1764William Ware was a witness when John Howey was To appear on 13 December next, Sheriff of Bucks Co. to summons Caleb Gilbert, Tinecom, and James Davis, Bedminster, both yeoman, late of the county, to answer to William Ware, John Howey, and Mary Davis, of same county, guardians to a debt of 313 pounds 3 shillings 3 pence. Order issued 13 Sep 1764. Suit filed 10 May 1764. on 13 September 1764 at Newtown, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.1 
(Witness) Property13 April 1767John Howey wasamong the group that sold property; John Howey, wheelwright, Tinicum, William Wear, Robert Patterson, James Patterson, to Presbyterian Congregation at Tinicum, land originally purchased 16 Jan 1762 , sold 13 April 1767, recorded 16 Jan 1787.
"Members of the Protestant Congregation of the Township of Tinicum…adjacent of the Denomination of Presbyterians according to the Professed Doctrence(?) Worship Government and discipline of the Church of Scotland…."
One of the representatives of the congregation in John McKee.
***RTH - Recall that John McKee of Oxford Sussex, mentioned Trusty friend Abraham Howey and John Howey in his 1772 will
Also mentioned are Robert Kennedy, James Blair, Robert Smith, James McGlaughton, James Baily, Nicholas Patterson, Alexander McCammon.4 

Citations

  1. [S210] Unknown author, Bucks Co. Common Pleas Court Proceedings, File #7296. To appear on 13 December next, Sheriff of Bucks Co. to summons Caleb Gilbert, Tinecom, and James Davis, Bedminster, both yeoman, late of the county, to answer to William Ware, John Howey, and Mary Davis, of same county guardians to a debt of 313 pounds 3 shillings 3 pence. Order issued 13 Sep 1764. Suit filed 10 May 1764.
  2. [S217] Unknown author, Bucks Co. Land Records, Deed book 23, page 160. January 16, 1787. John Howey, Tinicum, Bucks, wheelwright, William Wear, Springfield, Bucks, Robert Patterson, Tinicum, James Patterson, Tinicum, from Pennsylvania Land Company of London 16 Feb 1762, recorded 16 Jan 1787.
  3. [S220] Unknown author, History of Bucks Co., pp. 626, 629. " …a degree of interest attaches to Red Hill in connection with the early Scotch Population of Tinicum (township). It was here that their religions actively centered. Though now extinct, the Presbyterian church at this place was once a flourishing organization. It was founded in 1766. The property, by deed of November 16, 1762, was noted in a session composed of William Wear, Robert Patterson, John Howey, and James Patterson."
  4. [S217] Unknown author, Bucks Co. Land Records, Deed book 23, page 165 dated January 16, 1787 - Tinicum.
    John Howey, wheelwright, Tinicum, William Wear, Robert Patterson, James Patterson, to Presbyterian Congregation at Tinicum, land originally purchased 16 Jan 1762 , sold 13 April 1767, recorded 16 Jan 1787.
    "Members of the Protestant Congregation of the Township of Tinicum…adjacent of the Denomination of Presbyterians according to the Professed Doctrence(?) Worship Government and discipline of the Church of Scotland…."
    One of the representatives of the congregation in John McKee.

Mary Warner1

F, b. circa 1785, d. 1826
Last Edited27 Jan 2008
Birth*circa 1785Mary Warner was born circa 1785.1 
She was the daughter of Silas Warner
Marriage*21 March 1805Mary Warner married Sheppard Harris, son of Nicholas Harris and Sarah Sheppard, on 21 March 1805 at Salem Co., New Jersey; "[Sheppard Harris] married young to Mary Warner, by whom he had 2 sons, the present Silas and Sheppard, and died at the age of about 25."1,2 
Marriage*circa 1818Mary Warner married Edward Harris Bradway circa 1818.3 
Death*1826Mary Warner died in 1826 at New Jersey.3 
Married Namecirca 1803 As of circa 1803,her married name was Harris.1 
Married Namecirca 1818 As of circa 1818,her married name was Bradway.3 

Family 1

Sheppard Harris b. circa 1785, d. 13 June 1813
Marriage*21 March 1805She married Sheppard Harris, son of Nicholas Harris and Sarah Sheppard, on 21 March 1805 at Salem Co., New Jersey; "[Sheppard Harris] married young to Mary Warner, by whom he had 2 sons, the present Silas and Sheppard, and died at the age of about 25."1,2 
Children 1.Silas Harris+1,4 b. c 1809, d. 3 Dec 1877
 2.Sheppard Harris+5 b. c 1811

Family 2

Edward Harris Bradway
Marriage*circa 1818Mary Warner married Edward Harris Bradway circa 1818.3 

Citations

  1. [S147] Benjamin Harris, A History of the Harris Family.
  2. [S34] Unknown author, Salem County (NJ) Marriages.
  3. [S397] James, John, and Thomas Sheppard, p.57.
  4. [S106] Death Certificate, Death return of Silas Harris, NJ State Archives death microfilms, Salem Co., reel #59, Volume BF, p. 219. Silas Harris died Dec. 3rd 1877, 68 year old male, married, occupation butcher, born and died in Salem, parent Sheppard and Mary Harris. Cause of death "Gravel" [kidney stones]. Record made June 7th 1878.
  5. [S38] Individual contact, Document Descendants of Captain Thomas Harris in my possession. The document does not include the name of the creator and I have no other information as to whom this work can be attributed.

Silas Warner1

M
Last Edited15 Jan 2006
Residence*between 1782 and 1793Silas Warner lived between 1782 and 1793 at Lower Alloways Creek Twp., Salem Co., New Jersey.1,2 

Family

Child 1.Mary Warner+ b. c 1785, d. 1826

Citations

  1. [S251] Unknown author, Ancestry Web Site, Name: SILAS WARNER State: NJ County: Salem County Township: Lower Alloways Ck Year: 1782 Record Type: November Tax List March Tax List Page: 004 Database: NJ Early Census Index.
  2. [S251] Unknown author, Ancestry Web Site, Name: SILAS WARNER State: NJ County: Salem County Township: Lower Alloways Creek Year: 1793 Record Type: June Tax List Database: NJ Tax Lists Index 1772-1822.

(?) Warnock

M
Last Edited6 May 2006
Marriage*(?) Warnock married W. Emma (?)

Family

W. Emma (?) b. 1864
Child 1.Emma W. Warnock+ b. c 1901

Emma W. Warnock1

F, b. circa 1901
Last Edited6 May 2006
Birth*circa 1901Emma W. Warnock was born circa 1901 at Pennsylvania; 1930 census give's Emma's age as 28.2 
She was the daughter of (?) Warnock and W. Emma (?).2 
Marriage*1930Emma W. Warnock married Kenneth Linford Gandy, son of Webster Hercles Gandy and Lida Woodlin, in 1930; 1930 census Kenneth and Emma were married at their present age.1,2 
Married Namecirca 1925 As of circa 1925,her married name was Gandy.1 
Occupation*1930Emma W. Warnock was stenographer, telephone company in 1930 at Pennsylvania.2 

Census Data

DateLocationDetail
11 April 1930Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaEmma W. Warnock appeared on the census of 11 April 1930 in the household of Kenneth Linford Gandy at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; census indicates house number 218, but not street. Surrounding census entries are for 4600 of Wayne Ave. The 200 block of Sylvania Ave. runs off of the area near 4628 Wayne, the entry just before the block on which the Warnick's live.2

Family

Kenneth Linford Gandy b. 12 January 1901, d. 1969
Child 1.Dorothy Gandy1

Citations

  1. [S131] Unknown author, Family member response to request for famliy information., Margaret Joyce via Maizie.
  2. [S258] 1930 United States Federal Census, Emma Warnick household, 1930 US Federal Census, population schedule, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Roll: 2106; Page: 19A; Enumeration District: 668.

Anthony Warrick1

M
Last Edited11 Sep 2003
Marriage*Anthony Warrick married Sarah French.1 

Family

Sarah French
Child 1.Beulah Warrick+1 b. 6 Jan 1825, d. 28 Jul 1875

Citations

  1. [S101] Unknown author, International Genealogical Index, V 5.0, 11 Sep 2003.

Beulah Warrick1

F, b. 6 January 1825, d. 28 July 1875
Last Edited5 Sep 2008
Birth*6 January 1825Beulah Warrick was born on 6 January 1825 at Haddonfield, Camden Co., New Jersey.1,2,3 
She was the daughter of Anthony Warrick and Sarah French.4 
Marriage*6 January 1847Beulah Warrick married Joshua Huston Jr., son of Joshua Huston Sr. and Hope Howey, on 6 January 1847 at Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., Pennsylvania.1 
Death*28 July 1875Beulah Warrick died on 28 July 1875 at 1835 N. 13th St., Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., Pennsylvania, at age 50.5,3 
Burial*30 July 1875She was buried on 30 July 1875 at Haddonfield Baptist Cemetery, Haddonfield, Camden Co., New Jersey.2,3 
Married Name6 January 1847 As of 6 January 1847,her married name was Huston.1 

Family

Joshua Huston Jr. b. 19 June 1821, d. 20 June 1851
Child 1.Abbie Huston6 b. 20 Jan 1850, d. 18 May 1896

Citations

  1. [S296] Burlington County New Jersey Historical Society Genealogy Files, Huston file. Examined 19 Apr 2003. Copy of documents in my collection. Handwritten notes. May be a transcription of a Bible. Possible this was submitted by Jeanette Woehr of Haddonfield but no notes as to source are on the copy.
  2. [S89] Unknown author, Gravestone, First Baptist Church of Haddonfield, NJ Cemetery. Stone photographed 10 Sep 2003.
  3. [S547] FamilySearch Record Search, online www.familysearch.com, Name: Beulah Huston
    Death date: 28 Jul 1875
    Death place: Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Gender: Female
    Race or color (on document): White
    Age at death: 49 years
    Estimated birth year: 1826
    Birth date:
    Birth place: Haddonfield, N.J.
    Marital status: Married
    Spouse name:
    Father name:
    Father birth place:
    Mother name:
    Mother birth place:
    Occupation:
    Street address: 1835 N. 13th St., 28th Ward
    Residence: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Cemetery name:
    Burial place: Haddonfield, New Jersey
    Burial date: 30 Jul 1875
    Additional relatives: X
    Film number: 2026849
    Digital GS number: 4010252
    Image number: 499
    Reference number:
    Collection: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia City Death Certificates, 1803-1915.
  4. [S101] Unknown author, International Genealogical Index, V 5.0, 11 Sep 2003.
  5. [S101] Unknown author, International Genealogical Index, V 5.0, 11 Sep 2003. Gives death in Phila. in 1875.
  6. [S101] Unknown author, International Genealogical Index, V 5.0, 11 Sep 2003.

Elizabeth Borton Warrick

F, b. 5 March 1844, d. 17 January 1890
Last Edited20 Apr 2003
Marriage*Elizabeth Borton Warrick married an unknown person.  
Birth*5 March 1844She was born on 5 March 1844. 
She was the daughter of Henry Crawford Warrick and Deborah A. Borton
Death*17 January 1890Elizabeth Borton Warrick died on 17 January 1890 at age 45. 
Note*Person Source.1 

Citations

  1. [S303] Wilbur H. Haines e-mail address, HAIE8AE GenServ database.

Henry Crawford Warrick

M, b. 23 July 1816, d. 11 July 1864
Last Edited20 Apr 2003
Birth*23 July 1816Henry Crawford Warrick was born on 23 July 1816. 
Marriage*30 March 1843He married Deborah A. Borton, daughter of David Borton and Elizabeth Troth, on 30 March 1843.1 
Death*11 July 1864Henry Crawford Warrick died on 11 July 1864 at Hartford, Burlington Co, New Jersey, at age 47. 
Note*Person Source.1 

Family

Deborah A. Borton b. 27 May 1820, d. 23 October 1863
Children 1.Elizabeth Borton Warrick b. 5 Mar 1844, d. 17 Jan 1890
 2.William Henry Warrick b. 25 Sep 1846, d. 7 Jun 1898
 3.Riichard Anthony Warrick b. 1 Jul 1849

Citations

  1. [S303] Wilbur H. Haines e-mail address, HAIE8AE GenServ database.

Riichard Anthony Warrick

M, b. 1 July 1849
Last Edited20 Apr 2003
Marriage*Riichard Anthony Warrick married Margaret W. Coles, daughter of Mahlon Matlack Coles and Frances R. Curtis
Birth*1 July 1849Riichard Anthony Warrick was born on 1 July 1849. 
He was the son of Henry Crawford Warrick and Deborah A. Borton
Note*Person Source.1 

Family

Margaret W. Coles b. circa 1855

Citations

  1. [S303] Wilbur H. Haines e-mail address, HAIE8AE GenServ database.

William Henry Warrick

M, b. 25 September 1846, d. 7 June 1898
Last Edited20 Apr 2003
Birth*25 September 1846William Henry Warrick was born on 25 September 1846. 
He was the son of Henry Crawford Warrick and Deborah A. Borton
Marriage*8 August 1867William Henry Warrick married an unknown person on 8 August 1867.1 
Death*7 June 1898He died on 7 June 1898 at Moorestown, Burlington Co, New Jersey, at age 51. 
Note*Person Source.1 

Citations

  1. [S303] Wilbur H. Haines e-mail address, HAIE8AE GenServ database.

Paschal Washburn1

M, b. 1800, d. 12 May 1875
Last Edited23 Oct 1999
Marriage*Paschal Washburn married Patience Brooks, daughter of Daniel Brooks and Sarah Harris.1 
Birth*1800Paschal Washburn was born in 1800.1 
Death*12 May 1875He died on 12 May 1875.1 
Note*G. Lee (glee) gedcom.1 

Family

Patience Brooks d. 15 September 1877

Citations

  1. [S19] e-mail address.

Rev. Edwin Waters1

M
Last Edited23 Dec 2002

Citations

  1. [S90] Unknown author, Marriage Certificate, Marriage return of Henry Woodlin and Harriet H. Venable. Henry, glassblower, resident of Bridgeton, age 22 married Harriet H. Venable, 20, also of Bridgeton. Henry is son of George Woodlin and Hannah Everingham. First marriage for both. Harriet is the daughter of Joseph Vanable[sic] and Anna Shriner. Marriage took place 21 Nov 1893 in Deerfield. Minister Edwin Waters, M. E. Church. NJ Archives return 437-25-21.

Emma Waters1

F
Last Edited2 Mar 2007
Marriage*1920Emma Waters married Raymond Howey, son of Benjamin Howey and Catherine Richards, in 1920 at Scranton, Ward 1, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania.1 

Family

Raymond Howey b. 18 December 1894, d. 16 October 1976

Citations

  1. [S546] Edward J. Howey, 20 Apr 2008.

Francis Watkins1

M
Last Edited31 Jul 2009
Marriage*Francis Watkins married Margaret (?)

Family

Margaret (?)
Child 1.Maggie J. Watkins1 b. 15 Oct 1860, d. 17 Jun 1905

Citations

  1. [S318] Unknown author, Obituary, Date: June 21, 1905
    Location: Pennsylvania
    Paper: Philadelphia Inquirer
    Article type: Mortuary Notice

    WEBB - Suddenly on June 17, 1905 MAGGIE J, wife of Hanford Webb and daughter of the late Francis and Margaret Watkins in 45th year. Relatives and friends, also members of Siloam M E Church are invited to attend Wednesday 3PM from residence [cut off].