Janet's Genealogy


Gaines family

Dwg ap Llywarch son was Gwair ap Dwg of Deheubarth

Gwair ap Dwg of Deheubarth married Anna verch Margawse b: 554 in Britain, Thier son was Tegid ap Gwair

Tegid ap Gwair Birth: Abt 595 in North Wales son was Alcwn ap Tegid Prince of Deheubarth

Alcwn ap Tegid Prince of Deheubarth, birth Abt 635 in North Wales son was Sandde ap Alcwn

Sandde ap Alcwn Birth: Abt 674 in North Wales married Celeinion verch Tudwal b: about 0678 in Isle of Man, England their son was Elidur ap Sandde Notes: In 909, Dyfed was merged with Seisyllwg to become Deheubarth. The following is a list of kings of the two former kingdoms, followed by the kings of the combined Deheubarth

Elidur ap Sandde Married Celemion verch Tudwal, their son Gwriad Ap Elidyr born abt 750

Notes on Gwriad Ap Elidyr

A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 78-79"

"The existence of Offa's Dyke may well have deepened the self-awareness of the Welsh people, for, in the generation following its construction, kingdom was linked with kingdom with the result that the greater part of the inhabitants of Wales became the subjects of a single ruler. If the genealogies, alomst the sole evidence for these developments, are reliable, it appears that it was through marriage rather than through conquest that the kingdoms of Wales were united. The heir of one kingdom married the heiress of another, although it is probable that there would have been fewer heiresses had there not been considerable slaughter among their male relations. A chain of marriages begins around 800 when Gwriad, a native of the Isle of Man, who perhaps had links with the Men of the North, married Esyllt of the line of Maelgwn Fawr; their son, Merfyn, became kind of Gwynedd in 825 on the death of Esyllt's uncle, Hywel ap Rhodri, the last of the male descendants of Maelgwn Gwynedd. Merfyn was the first of the lineage known to historians as the second dynasty of Gwynedd."

Gwriad Ap Elidyr Married 1 Essylt Ferch Cynan b: 750 Their sonMerfyn Frych Ap Geriad

Notes onEthyllt (also Esyllt and Ethil),

Ethyllt (also Esyllt and Ethil), Queen of Gwynedd who married Gwriad of Man, a Manx chieftan descended from Llywarch Hen, a 6th century British prince who was a grandson of Coel Hen, "Old King Coel" of nursery rhyme fame. Gwriad's father was Elidur, Prince of Deheubarth daughter of Cynan Tindaethwy ap Rhodri who shared the Kingdom of Gwynedd with his brother Hywel ap Rhodri, King of Gwynedd

Next Gen:

Merfyn Frych Ap Geriad born: 780 dead : 878 in Anglesa Married Nesta Ferch Cadell b: 780. Their son Rhodri Mawr Ap Merfyn


Merfyn Frych ap Gwriad (or Merfyn the Freckled) (died 844) was a King of Gwynedd and possibly also of Powys . He is referred to as King of the Britons in two documents composed at his court: the Historia Brittonum and the Bamberg Cryptogram.

Merfyn Frych seized control of Gwynedd in 825 on the death of Hywel ap Rhodri Molwynog , though he may have held power in Anglesey since 818. Merfyn was not , the direct male line of Maelgwn Gwynedd , and his succession marked the start of a new dynasty. His claim was apparently based on the fact that his mother, Esyllt, was the daughter of Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri > and the niece of Hywel ap Rhodri. According to bardic tradition, Merfyn came "from the land of Manaw", but it is uncertain whether this refers to the Isle of Man ("Ynys Manaw" in Welsh) or to Manaw Gododdin , the area around the Firth of Forth . It would seem likely that it was the latter on account of the probability he would be a blood relative of Cunedda , the founder of the Gwynedd dynasty, who was a prince of Manaw Gododdin. On the other hand there is an inscription "Crux Guriat" on a cross in the Isle of Man. This cross has been dated to the eighth or ninth century and might possibly refer to Merfyn's father.

Merfyn allied himself to the royal house of Powys by marrying Nest , daughter of Cadell ap Brochwel and sister of Cyngen king of Powys. He had a reputation as a patron of scholars; for example the Historia Britonum attributed to Nennius is thought to have been written in Gwynedd during his reign, possibly by request of Merfyn himself. A manuscript found at Bamberg gives a further insight into Merfyn's scholarly interests. Irish visitors to his court were given a cryptogram which could only be solved by transposing the letters from Latin into Greek.

Despite Danish raids, Merfyn was able to maintain his position and on his death in 844 to hand the kingdom over intact to his son Rhodri the Great . He is said to have died in battle, but the circumstances are not recorded. His descendants came to rule not only Gwynedd but also Powys and Deheubarth and played a major role in Welsh politics until the end of Welsh independence in 1283.

Notes on Nesta Ferch Cadell

"According to the genealogies in Jesus College MS 20, Rhodri's mother was Nest of Powys, sister of Cyngen, king of Powys.

Nest ferch Cadell was the daughter of Cadell ap Elisedd a late 8th century King of Powys , wife of Merfyn Frych King of Gwynedd and mother to Rhodri the Great , King of both Powys and Gwynedd.

On the death of her brother Cyngen ap Cadell in 855, authority over the Kingdom of Powys passed to her son Rhodri the Great who had previously inherited the Kingdom of Gwynedd on the death of his father in 844, thereby uniting the Kingdoms of Powys and Gwynedd.

It is unclear why the inheritance of Powys passed through Nest to her son, and not to one of the sons of Cyngen: Elisedd ap Cyngen , Ieuaf ap Cyngen, Aeddan ap Cyngen, and Gruffudd ap Cyngen. The texts of Welsh laws which survive to us were written down no earlier than the 12th century, but they provide no evidence that women were capable of transmitting legal title of kingship or lordship. Equally, although the pedigree in a manuscript in Jesus College Oxford states Nest as the mother of Rhodri the Great , another pedigree in a fourteenth century manuscript in the National Library of Wales records his mother as Essyllt ferch Cynan. There are no strong grounds to accept either manuscript as reliable, but it is reasonable to believe that the royal house of Gwynedd promoted the view that the Kingdom of Powys had passed to Rhodri the Great through his mother in order to legitimise their control over it. Either way, this possible genealogical manipulation became part of the accepted story of the unification of the two kingdoms.

References ^ Jesus College Oxford, Manuscript 20 ^ National Library of Wales, Mostyn Manuscript 117: Bonedd y Arwyr genealogies. ^ Kari Maund (2000). The Welsh Kings: The Medieval Rulers of Wales. Tempus

Rhodri Mawr (The Great) Ap Merfyn • The King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg • Other Names: Rhodi The Great Or Roderick The Great. King Of Gwynedd Born abt 810 in Wales. Married Anharawd Ferch Tegyd b: 815 in Wales

Notes for Rhodri

Rhodri Mawr (the Great) ap Merfyn, Prince of Wales, who became King of Gwynedd in 844 on the death of his father Merfyn Frych, King of Powys in 855 on the death of his uncle Caell ap Brochwell, and King of Seisyllwg in 871 on the death of his brother-in-law Gwgon. Rhodri Mawr was the first ruler recognised as Prince of Wales. He defeated the Danish leader Horn in 856. Died in 877 or 878, killed in battle with the English as was his son Gwriad

The first important leader was Rhodri Mawr (Rhodri the Great), who in 855 became king of Powys. Through strategic marriages and alliances, Rhodri managed to control a great deal of Wales and to defeat the Viking, Gorm. Unfortunately, this unification was short-lived and following his death while fighting English incursion, Wales once again fell into internal strife. Rhodri's grandson, Hywel Dda (Howell the Good) managed to unite his territories in Deheubarth with those of Gwynedd and Powys. Hywel is remembered for his codification of the Welsh law. Based upon tradition, the Welsh law specified that a father's land be divided among all of his sons, rather than only the eldest. Unlike English law, Welsh law gave significan status to women by granting them certain property rights and rights of compensation for marital abuse as well as property rights in divorce. In welsh law, the rights of an illegitimate son to claim his patrimony is also protected

Rhodri ap Merfyn was styled Rhodri Mawr (the Great), son of Merfyn Frych (the Freckled). The Great signifies his acheivements and is only borne by two others of the period, Charles the Great (Charlemagne) and Alfred the Great. Forever after Rhodri's death, to be of the line of Rhodri was a qualification for Welsh rulers. Rhodri ruled over more than half of Wales and was known as a supreme warrior. Rhodri Mawr was the first to claim the title of King of the Welsh. Rhodri became king of Gwynedd in 844, following the death of his father. In 856, he defeated the Viking Horn at Angelsey in a battle which won him international reknown. Through his mother, he inherited the kingdom of Powys in 855 with the death of his uncle, and with it, the ancient struggle with the kingdom of Mercia. He became king of Seisyllwg, including Ceredigion and Ystrad Tywi following the death of his brother-in-law in 872. This inheritance, along with his rule of Gwynedd made him ruler of all of northern and western Wales. Rhodri showed the Welsh that through unification, they need not be subservient to the English. Rhodri was the greatest of all kings of Wales due to his creation of a national consciousness. Rhodri and his son, Gwriad were killed in battle against the English in 878.

872 - Death of King Gwrgon of Seisyllwg by drowning. The throne is taken by his son-in-law, King Rhodri Mawr of Gwynedd & Powys. King Artgal of Strathclyde is slain through the connivance of King Constantine I of Alba and his Viking allies. Artgal's son, Run, succeeds to the Strathclyde throne.


Annals and antiquities of the counties and county families of ..., Volume 1 By Thomas Nicholas

The Danish Period.

The Danish sea-rovers visited Anglesey almost as early as any part of Britain. Their aim.at first was not settlement but plunder, and in this pursuit they were quite impartial as to Cymry or Angles. In 853 we are told (Annal. Cambr.) that Mon was ravaged by " the black pagans." Soon Rhodri Mawr became King of N. Wales, including Anglesey, and we find him at once in conflict with the Danes in places in that island called Bang'oleu and Menegyd, in the former of which "Cynan was slain." In 876, just a year before the fall of Rhodri and the division of his kingdom between his three sons, the battle of Sunday —" Gueith Diu Sul"—was fought, as is likely between the Cymry under Rhodri and the Danes. Neither locality nor result is mentioned.

But Rhodri the Great, the pride and' protector of the Cymry, who had succeeded in extending his power over north and south, and uniting under his sway the whole of Wales, was now near his end. The following year, in a battle with the same black pagans, that noble prince together with his son Gwriad were slain; and three years later, 880, the mountains of Snowdonia echo shouts of triumph, for Anarawd, eldest son of Rhodri, and now ruler of Anglesey, with his residence at Aberffraw, leads his victorious followers to " Gueit Conguoy, digal Rotri a Deo "—the battle of Conwy, the avenging of Rhodri by God. But the black pagans are not yet foiled; in 902, or 900 according to " Brut y Tywysogion," their prows are again thrust into the creeks of Anglesey, under the leadership of Igmund, and Anarawd has to fight them at Maes Rhos Meilon, supposed to be Penrhos, Holyhead. Thousands upon thousands fall by the sword, and yet the pagans swarm like bees around the fated island.

From Rhodri the Great to William Rufus. At Rhodri's death, as is well known, his kingdom was divided between his three sons. Cadell, king of the South, with his residence at Dinefawr, included Ceredigion in his dominion. The cupidity of Cadell, however, leading him to invade the territory of his brother Merfyn, in Powys, the third brother, Anarawd, ruler of Gwynedd, or N. Wales proper, acting as umpire by injunction of his father's will, visited Ceredigion with fire and sword, sadly ravaging the whole district as far as the Vale of Towy (Ann. Cambr., A.d. 894). Cadell died A.d. 900. After this time a change took place in the rule of Ceredigion, the country being no longer, as it would seem, a part of a S. Wales kingdom, but a kind of separate lordship, held by a modified feudal tenure, recognising the Saxon king as lord paramount, and the princes of S. Wales as superiors. It seems clear that the princes of Wales, both North and South, had been compelled by this time, without losing the position of rulers over their own people, to recognise the king of Lloegyr, sometimes called the King of London, as supreme lord. In the laws of Hou-d Dda (son of Cadell) there are plain indications of such a state of things. These laws mention tribute paid to the Anglo-Saxon kings, give directions as to the mode of equalizing the burden, encouraging rather than dissuading subjection, probably with the view of profiting from the alliance more than from contentedness with its terms. Howel the Good, in A.d. 922, was one of the Welsh princes who went to meet King Edward (son of Alfred the Great) at Tamworth, and, as the Chronicle says, " sought to him to be their lord." This testimony refers mainly to the princes of North Wales : but a few years after, the same chronicle, speaking of Athelstane's conquests, says, " And he ruled all the kings who were in this island, first Howel. King of the West Welsh, . . . Owen, King of the Monmouth people," &c. In fact, under Athelstane little but the name of independence was left to the Welsh princes. They ruled their own people, and were themselves under feudal subjection to the English king. This was the state of things in Cardiganshire in the later days of Howel the Good, who, in. a manner consistent with the local rule of other chiefs, had become King of all Wales.

878 - King Rhodri Mawr of Gwynedd, Powys and Seisyllwg returns to his kingdoms, but is killed fighting the Mercians of King Ceolwulf II. His kingdoms are divided amongst his three sons, Anarawd, Merfyn and Cadell respectively. The Vikings winter in Dyfed. Death of King Run of Strathclyde. His son, Eochaid, succeeds to the throne and allies himself with his mother's cousin, King Giric of Alba. The two rule all Scotland together as joint-monarchs


Anarawd Ap Rhodri Mawr

Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr b: Abt 859

Merfyn Ap Rhodri Mawr

Gwriad Ap Rhodri Mawr

Nest verch Rhodri

Gwendy Ap Anharawd b: 850 in Wales

Tudwal "Gloff" ap Rhodri Mawr Arglwydd Ceredigion

Next Gen:

Their son

Gwendy Ap Anharawd b: 850 in Wales, wife unknown but their son

Gwngy Ap Gwendy wife unknown but their son

Hydd Hwgan Ap Gwngy b: 890 in Wales

Note: Notes: in 914 AD, Hydd ap Gwngy, Prince of Wales, was attached by the Earl of Mercia, and his castle of Brecena was taken by storm, and the prince was slain by Ethelfreda. Wife unknown but their son

Drffyn Ap Hydd Hwgan b: Bef 914 in Wales Married Crusilla Ferch Idwal b: 910 in Wales. Their son

Maenyrch Ap Ap Dryffyn b: 950 in Wales. Married 1 Elinor Ferch Einon b: 960 in Wales. Their son Bleddyn Ap Maenyrch


Rhys ap Maenarch b: 1017 in Ystrad Yw, Talgarth, Breconshire, Wales

Bleddyn ap Maenarch b: 1020 in ABT 1015 in Brecon, Breconshire, Wales

Dympernog (Trynbenog) ap Maenarch b: Abt 1030 in Cwmmwd, Breconshire, Wales

Bleddyn Ap Maenyrch b: 1020 in Wales. Married Elen Ferch Tewdr Mawr b: 1030 in Wales. Their son Gwgon Ap Bleddyn

Elen Ferch Tewdr Mawr daughter of Tudor Mawr ap Cadell Prince of South Wales and his wife Gwenlian of Anglesea

Children Gwgon Ap Bleddyn b: 1060 in Wales

Caradog Ap Bleddyn b: 1045

Blegward Ap Bleddyn b: 1050

Gwgon Ap Bleddyn b: 1060 in Wales. Married Gwenllian Ferch Gwys b: 1070 in Wales. Their son Trahaern Ap Gwgon

Notes: Annals and antiquities of the counties and county families of ..., Volume 1 By Thomas Nicholas

Nothing very special was done against Ceredigion for some years, until Henry I. was instigated to resume hostilities. The Welsh had joined with De Belesme, Earl of Arundel and Shrewsbury, in his insurrection against the king, under the leadership chiefly of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn, already mentioned, and his brother lorwerth ; but lorwerth changed his colours when Henry outbid De Belesme in promises, and joined the royal cause; while Cadwgan, through this convenient suppleness of his brother, managed to obtain so much favour as to receive the lordship of Ceredigion and part of Powys. But Owain ap Cadwgan's rashness soon brought his father into new trouble. He wanted to bless the lordship of Ceredigion with the presence, as his wife, of a princess as notorious for her beauty as for her loose morals, Nest, once the concubine of Henry I., but now, unhappily for Owain's peace, wife of Gerald de Windsor, who had just built for himself a castle at Pembroke. Owain managed to introduce himself and a few companions into De Windsor's castle, set fire to it, and in the confusion seized the princess, and carried her away to his stronghold in Ceredigion. Nest seems to have borne the treatment with equanimity. But Owain and his father Cadwgan lost influence among their countrymen by this step; their castle was attacked by a great force ; but they managed to escape, Cadwgan returning to his country of Powys. The storm having passed, Cadwgan, by paying a sum of money and proving his own personal innocence of the outrage on Nest, was allowed to return to Ceredigion and resume his lordship. His son Owain, having come forth from his concealment, became the head of a troop of banditti, who, in Meirionydd, Ceredigion, and other parts, robbed, and burnt, and committed all n-.anner of excesses. Henry, unjustly, laid the blame of these proceedings on Cadwgan, the father, and under the guise of a fit of anger, but possibly in pursuance of a pre-determined plan, forbade him any more to hold the lordship of Ceredigion, and gave it to the Norman Gilbert Fitz Richard, or Strongbow.

This took place in A.d. 1109 or i no, just forty-tour years after the Norman Conquest. The gift of the lands of Cardigan to a Norman knight meant a licence from the King of England to enter, and conquer, and make good his footing if he could. That such a thing was possible proves how helpless disunion and mutual jealousies had made the \Velsh princes and people. Henry rendered aid to Gilbert in his effort to establish himself in Ceredigion, and in the end he succeeded. To establish his power, Strongbow built the Castle of Aberystwyth and the Castle of Cilgerran. This was possibly not the first castle built on Aberystwyth Point, but it was the first fortress of great strength erected there. Xor was it the castle whose ruins are now visible, and of which an illustration will be given further on ; for the StrongboK' fortress was demolished, or at least burnt, by Owen Gwynedd; and another built on the same site was also razed to the ground by its then possessor, Maelgwyn (see Aberystwyth Cast/?).

Trahaern Ap Gwgon b: 1095 in Wales. Married Gwenllian Ferch Rhys b: 1100 in Wales. Their son

Hywel Ap Trahaern b: 1130 in Wales. Married Gwenllian Ferch Gruffudd b: 1140 in Wales. Their son

Rhys Ap Hywel b: 1165 in Aberllllyfni, Wales. Married Catherine Ferch Griffith Gwyr b: 1170 in Wales. Their son

Enion Sais Ap Rhys Married Gwenllian Ferch Howel Ap Rhys Grug. Their son

Rhys Ap Hywell Married 1 Joan Ferch Hywel. Their son

Einon Sais Ap Rhys b: 1200 in Wales. Married 1 Joan Ferch Hywel b: 1210 in Wales

Note: Einion Sais: (David Gams Greatgrandfather) His residence was near Bettwa Chapel in Brocknockshire, Wales though "not a stone remains". Source: Dwnn's visitations of Wales, Vol III page 36 footnote 12. Sennybridge Castle aka Castell Rhyd-Y-Briw & Castell Du Powys, mid Wales Location map link for Sennybridge Castle Only fragments of the south wall of a courtyard with a projecting round tower about 7.8m in diameter now survive of a 13th century castle, alternately known as Castell Rhyd-Y-Briw. This may have been the castle begun by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd in 1262, and in 1271 was occupied by his ally Einion Sais, who is traditionally said to have had a second castle at Penpont where a tributary stream flows into the River Usk halfway between Castell Du and Brecon. >From History of the County of Brecknock by Theophilus Jones (1898), volume 2: page 77: [1321] The younger [Hugh] D'Espencer was now constituted governor of Brecknock castle; and afterwards obtained a grant of the lordship, together with Penkelly, Cantreff-Selyff, Blanllyfni and Dinas, late the property of the earl of Hereford and Roger Mortimer, [John] Giffard and Rhys ap Hywel, who had been attainted for the late rebellion. [The Earl of Lancaster's rebellion, which ended at Boroughbridge in 1321]. This last was the lineal descendant of Bleddyn ap Maenarch and grandson of that Trahearn fychan who was so inhumanly murdered by William de Breos of Brecknock page 80: Einion the second son of Rhys ap Hywel, whose attainder has been noticed, embraced a military life and served our third Edward in the memorable battles of Cressy and Poictiers; after a long residence in England he returned to his native country with considerable opulence and married the rich heiress of Howel, lord of Miscin in Glamorganshire; he became possessed by purchase of nearly the whole of what is now called the hundred of Devynnock, from Llywel on the borders of Carmarthenshire to the river Tarell near Brecon. He built a castellated mansion for his residence in the parish of Llandspyddid, lately called the castle field, now the property of Penry Williams of Penpont, esquire: it is described to have been situated on the fall of a small brook into the Usk, near Bettws or Penpont chapel: there is still an unevenness in the surface of the ground, though there are not now the smallest vestiges of buildings remaining; Hugh Thomas, who wrote in 1698, recollects to have seen the ruins, and there are others living who remember the rubbish being removed and the soil cleared of the stones and materials of the walls: it was called from the owner, Castell Einion Sais, or Einion the Englishman's castle, an appellation by which the Welsh to this day sometimes distinguish not only the English settlers among them, but also their own countrymen who have been brought up and educated in England. - Curt Gaines (rcgtkg@voicenet.com):

Their son

Hywell Ab Einon Sais b: 1235. Married 1 Lettice Ferch Cadwalter b: 1240

Note: Residence was near Bettwa Chapel, in Brecknockhire, Wales . Not a stone remains( Dunn's"Visitation of Wales," Vol. II, page 36, footnote 12.)

Their son

Hywel Fychan Ap Hywel b: 1270 in Wales. Married 1 Alice Ferch Llewellyn. Their son

Llewellyn Ap Hywel Fychan b: 1310 in Wales. Married 1 Mawd Ferch Leuan b: 1320 in Wales

• Name: Gwillm Ap Howel, Petyn Gwyn, Prince Of Wales • Given Name: Gwillm Ap Howel, Petyn Gwyn, Prince Of Wales

Also known as Gwillm ap Howel, Petyn Gwyn, Prince of Wales

Llewelyn Ap Howel (David Gams Father) Llewelyn possessed fair estates in the parishes of Garthbrengy and Llanddew, which lay within the honour or lordship of Brecon, a dependency of the earldom of Hereford, and after 1399 lapsed to the crown by the accession of Henry IV, who had long enjoyed that earldom. Peytyn was the name of Llewelyn's chief residence. On 14 June 1412 Llewelyn ab Hywel, and the seneschal and receiver of Brecon were empowered to treat with Owain Glendower, and by ransom or by capturing rebel prisoners to extricate David from his rigorous imprisonment (Federa, viii. 753).

Their son

Dafydd Ap Llewllyn Gam b: Bef 1365 in Brecon , Wales. Married 1 Gwenllian Ferch Gwilyn b: 1365 in Wales

• Name: ( David Gaines) • Given Name: ( David Gaines)

Notes: Annals and antiquities of the counties and county families of ..., Volume 1 By Thomas Nicholas


Caradog Freichfras, Kt. of the Round Table, m. Tegaurfron, dau. of King Pelynor. His son was Cawrdaf, Lord of Ferreg and Brecon, so it is recorded. From Cawrdaf in the i4th generation is said to have descended Bleddyn ap Maenarch, Lord of Garthmadryn (Brecon) when Bernard Newmarch arrived. He had ;//. Elinor, dau. of Tewdwr Mawr, and sister of Rhys ap Tewdwr. The son of Bleddyn and Elinor, Gwgan, m. Gwenllian, dau. of Philip Gwys, Lord of Wiston, Pemb., and had issue Walter, who became Sir Walter Wogan, of Wiston, the progenitor of the Wogans, of Wiston and other places ; and Trahaern. Trahaern, the second son, Lord of Llangorse, m. Joan, dau. of Bleddyn, Lord of Cilsant, and their gr. gr.son was Einion Sais who m. for his first wife Joan, dau. of Howel, Lord of Miscin, and their gr. gr. gr. son was Dafydd ap Llywelyn, afterwards called, from a cast or squint he had in one of his eyes, Dafydd Gam, or the crooked. Sir David Gam, Kt., m. Gwenllian, dau. of Gwilym ap Howel y Grach. Their eldest son, Morgan, m. as his second wife Margaret, dau. of Lewelyn Gwilym Rees Lloyd ap Adam, and had a son Meredith, whose descendant m. Lewis Prodger, of Gwernvale (hence the Prodger Arms), and another son, Gwallter, of Porthgwyn, which his descendants sold to John Games of Newton.

A third son, Jevan, or Edward, m. Anne, dau. of Gwilym Lloyd. Their son Gwilym m. Margaret, dau. of John Watkin Meredith Havard, of Pencelly, and had two daus.

The second son, Morgan, m. Gwladis, dau. of Morgan Bloet, or Blewet (by a dau. of William Burchill) ; and their son John, of Newton, m. Margaret, dau. of Thomas Gwalter ap Jenkin Havard. Their second son, Meredith Games, of Buckland, m. Gwenllian, dau. of Thomas Gwyn, of Trecastle. The eldest son, Edward Games, of Newton,, m. Elizabeth, dau. of Sir William Vaughan, of Porthaml. He was Sheriff of Brecon 1558, and d. 1564.

Their son, Sir John Games, Kt, of Newton (builder of the house still standing), m. for his second wife Elizabeth, dau. of Meredith Games, and had two sons, Edward Games, Sheriff in 1623, who m. Bridget, dau. of Sir Walter Vaughan, of Fallerstone, Wilts, and d. s. p.; and John Games, who m. Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Hoo, or Hoe, of Skerning, otherwise Skarming, Norfolk. From John was descended John Games, of Newton, who d. 1645, vita patris, s.p.

The Games could build houses to last longer than their own posterity. The old house of Newton, which we give p. 83, and which is currently held in the neighbourhood to have been the residence of Sir David Gam, and has been described and published as such in the Art Journal, &c., was most certainly not his place of abode at any time, though the old dwelling on the spot may have been his place of frequent sojourn, being the property of a near relation. His patrimony was more likely to be the castle of his ancestor, Einion Sais, in the parish of Llanspyddid, the site of which is called the " Castle Field " to this day, but of which castle not a trace remains. The land is the property of Mr. Williams, of Penpont. But David's father had also purchased the lands of Peyton in Garthbrengy and Llanddew parishes, and it is conjectured that it was from Peyton, or Peityn Gwyn, that David started for Machynlleth, with the intent of taking the life of Glyndwr.

NEWTON, NEAR BRECON (from a drawing by Birket Foster).

This interesting specimen of the strong and not unsightly mansions of the Elizabethan age, half fortress and half domestic residence, was built in 1582 by Sir John Games, Kt., son of Edward Games of Newton. This is shown by Jones (Hist, of JBrec.) to be the case, from an inscription on each side of the shield of arms sculptured in stone on the fireplace in the great hall, " John Games, mab ag etyfedd hena Edward Games ap John ap Morgan ap Edward ap Morgan ap Dafydd Gam, 1582. Ar Dduw y gyd. Games," John Games, the son and eldest 'heir of Edward Games, &c., 1582. On God depends everything. Games.

Sir David Gam, Kt., the most prominent member of this once prominent family, deserves more than a passing notice. The name by which he was known at the time he lived was Davydd ap Llewelyn, the dignity of knighthood being only conferred upon him as his last breath was escaping on the field of Agincourt. Of impulsive and violent temper, prompt in action without calculation of consequences, cruel, unscrupulous, and brave, he was a dangerous man to either friend or foe. To use Jones's words, he lived like a wolf, and died like a lion. He started in life by slaying a kinsman in the street of Brecon, and fleeing to England to escape the consequences. He was a strong partisan, after this, of the English kings, Henry IV. and Henry V., under the former of which he undertook, in 1402, the assassination of the patriot insurrectionist, Owen Glyndwr (Owen having just traversed Breconshire with fire and sword), at Machynlleth ; and for his pains, though spared execution, got several years of imprisonment. This was the darkest blot on the stormy life of David Gam, for though the provocation was doubtless great, the mode of retaliation was base and atrocious. He was no sooner released than he again devoted himself to the cause of the Henrys. In 1415 Henry V. met the French at Agincourt, and there, in the crisis of a signal victory, when Henry himself was hemmed in and borne down by the enemy, " Davydd ap Llewelyn " (with other of his countrymen) rushed to the rescue of the king, and effected his deliverance ; but the brave deliverer fell mortally wounded. Henry, on the spot, as the last blood was ebbing, made him a knight, conferring the same honour on Gam's son-in-law, Roger Vaughan of Tre'rtwr, who also fell.

It has been held by many that Shakspere in his Henry V. has under the character of Fluellin portrayed Sir David Gam. Theophilus Jones gives his sanction to this opinion. It can scarcely be correct, for after the battle, Fluellin being in conversation with Henry, a list of the dead is handed to the king, who reads out the names of the principal men who had fallen, and amongst them is " Davy Gam, Esquire." Shakspere has frequent anachronisms and inconsistencies, but it is inconceivable that he should on the same spot represent the same person as two persons, the one living, the other dead. In Fluellin the dramatist may be considered rather as embodying his own ideal of a brave, irascible, exacting \Velshman, faithful in the service of the king, and freely admitted to his presence—a type, in fact, of the Welsh people, whom Henry looked upon with a kindly eye, partly because he was born at Monmouth, and chiefly because of their enthusiastic support of his throne. Henry s.xys of him,—

" I do know Fluellin valiant,

And touched with choler ; hot as gunpowder,

And quickly will return an injury."

The character of Fluellin is on the whole higher than that of the real David Gam; it has no tinge of cruelty or baseness; its Welsh patriotism is warm and simple as the ardent love of a child.

"Flu. I do believe your Majesty takes no scorn to wear the leek on St. Tavy's day.

"A". Henry. I wear it for a memorable honour ; for I am Welsh, you know, good countryman.

" Flit. All the water in the Wye cannot wash your Majesty's Welsh plood out of your pody, I can tell you that; God pless it and preserve it as long as it pleases his Grace and his Majesty too.

"Jf. Henry. Thanks, my good countryman.

" Flu I am your Majesty's countryman; I care not who know it; I will confess it to all the'orld. I need not be ashamed of your Majesty, praised be God, so long as your Majesty is an honest man."

In the book, IN SEARCH OF WALES, H.V. Morton says; Among the Welshmen that followed King Henry to the French Wars ...tough warriors under the command of Davy the One-eyed... did gallant service at Agincourt." The King Henry referred to is Henry V of England, and the French Wars are those of Henry's invasion of France culminating in the decisive battle of Agincourt in 1415."Davy the one- eyed" is David Gam, who played a rather conspicuous part in English history and literature. This David Gam, according to abundant and reliable evidence, was a son of Llewellyn, who traced his family back, through many notable Welsh ancestors to Cradoc Fraich-Fras (Cradoc of the Strong Arm), a knight of King Arthur's Round table; and to Brychan, one of the ancient Kings of Wales. The "Gam" was a nickname, signifying crippled or lame-forerunner of the English word "Game" used in the same sense-and had reference to a defect or injury of one of David's eyes, causing historians to describe him variously as "The Squint eyed" or "The one-eyed". Theophilus Jones states in A HISTORY OF THE COUNTY OF BRECKNOCK that he was probably 55 or 60 years old when he went to France, since he left both children and grandchildren behind. He was an athletic person with red hair and before the invasion he was already rated a squire in the service of the King. The ancestors and descendants of David Gam came primarily from "A History of the County of Brecknock" by Theophilus Jones, Volume Two, published sold by Blissett, Davies and Co., 14 Bridge Street, in 1909. Theophilus Jones was the Deputy Registrar of the Archdeaconry of Brecon. It was at AGINCOURT that David Gam won the accolade of Knighthood-at the cost of his life. In a furious action, in which with personal daring he saved the life of the King who was hemmed in and about to be overpowered, he received wounds from which he died, either on the field of battle or shorly after. At any rate, the king knighted him there "Sir Davy Gam". Mr Jones makes this important statement: "From this David Gam or Sir David Gam, all ye Games of Breckockshire and elsewhere are descended...". Sir Walter Raleigh has an eulogium upon his bravery and exploits in field of Agincourt, in which he prefers his greatness of soul to that of Mago, and compares him to Hannibal. It is believed he was the original of Shakespeare's character of Fluellin, of Henry V, "for," says Jones' history of Brecon County, "there was no other person of that country in the English Army who could have been supposed to have been upon such terms of familiarity with the King; and it must be observed that Llewellyn was the name by which he was kwown in that army." David's children took the name Gam as their surname. This in the course of a century became Game and eventually Games. The traditional belief of the Gaines family in America that they are descended are of Welsh origin and descended from Davy Gam and the Games family of Brecknockshire. David lived at Peytin Gwin, Brecknockshire, Wales Book, "Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith". pages 787-788:

Dafydd ap Llewllyn, called from a cast or squint he had in one eye, Dafydd Gam, the Crooked. This was the celebrated David Gam, Knight. There are two references for David Gam, the first being Ancestry of John Whitney, by Henry Melville. pp 102 and 216. (The Robert Whitney who married Constance. Touchet had married 1st Alice Vaughn, daughter of Thomas Vaughn, son of Sir Roger Vaughn and Gladys Gam, daughter of Sir David Gam. You descend from Robert Whitney's 2nd wife, Constance Touchet. This explains the Gam data in the Whitney book.) Sir David Gam, in the Whitney book, was hero of Agincourt in 1415. His daughter Gladys married Sir Roger Vaughn. Her husband and her father were both killed at the battle of Agincourt, in France, with Henry V, King of England. In a lull of the battle, after the French were rolled back in confusion, these two, known as Davydd ap Llewellyn and Roger Vychen or Vaughn, were found just alive in the midst of a heap of slain, and before they breathed their last, they were held up to receive from the King, Henry V of England, the honour of knighthood. Henry V had been born at Monmouth, the Western county of England, and in the Marches between England and Wales, on the banks of the Wye River, and consequently had for his most devoted adherents some of his old neighbors and boyhood friends. Sir David Gam, Knight, the most prominent of this once prominent family, deserves more than a passing notice. The name by which he was known at the time he lived was Dawvydd ap Llewellyn, the dignity of knighthood being only conferred upon him as his last breath was escaping on the field at Agincourt. Of impulsive and violent temper, prompt in action without calculation of consequences, cruel, unscrupulous and brave, he was a dangerous man to either friend or foe. It was said he lived like a wolf and died like a lion. He started in life by slaying a kinsman in the street of Brecon, but was exonerated. He was a strong partisan of the English Kings, Henry IV and V. He was especially active against Owen Glyndwr, or Glendower, who had traversed Breconshire with fire and sword, for though the provocation was doubtless great, his mode of retaliation was atrocious. He was imprisoned, but no sooner released than he again devoted himself to the cause of the Henrys IV and V. In 1415, Henry V met the French at Agincourt, and there, in the crisis of a signal victory, when Henry V himself was hemmed in and borne down by the enemy, David ap Llewellyn with others of his countryment rushed to the rescue of the King and effected his deliverance; but the brave defender fell mortally wounded, and Henry V on the spot, as the last blood was ebbing, made him a knight, conferring the same honour on Gam's son-in-law Roger Vaughn of Tretwr, who also fell. David Gam:

Gam, David d. 1415, Welsh warrior, is more properly styled Davydd ab Llewelyn. ‘Gam’ is a nickname meaning ‘squinting,’ which, like other Welsh nicknames, became equivalent to a surname. David's father was Llewelyn, the son of Hywel, the son of Eineon Sais. Llewelyn possessed fair estates in the parishes of Garthbrengy and Llanddew, which lay within the honour or lordship of Brecon, a dependency of the earldom of Hereford, and after 1399 lapsed to the crown by the accession of Henry IV, who had long enjoyed that earldom. Peytyn was the name of Llewelyn's chief residence. David is described in a verse attributed to Owain Glyndwr as a short red-haired man with a squint. He was faithful to his lord, Henry IV, even during the revolt of Owain [see Glendower, Owen]. He was rewarded for his services by a large share in the South Welsh lands confiscated from rebels in 1401 (Wylie, Hist. ofHenry IV, p. 245).

There is a story that David plotted against the life of Owain when attending the Welsh parliament at Machynlleth. But it rests on no early authority, misdates the year of the Machynlleth parliament, and wrongly makes David a brother-in-law of Owain. There seems nothing to show that David ever wavered in his allegiance. David was taken prisoner by Owain, probably at a time when Owain's successes were very few. On 14 June 1412 David's father, Llewelyn ab Hywel, and the seneschal and receiver of Brecon were empowered to treat with Owain, and by ransom or by capturing rebel prisoners to extricate David from his rigorous imprisonment (Federa, viii. 753).

It is said that David soon after got into trouble by killing a kinsman in an affray in Brecon town. In 1415 David, accompanied by three foot archers only, followed Henry V on his invasion of France (Nicolas,Battle of Agincourt, p. 379). It is reported that when, on the eve of the battle of Agincourt, he was questioned by the king as to the number of the enemy, he replied ‘that there were enough to be slain, enough to be taken prisoners, and enough to run away.’ The story, however, first appears in Sir Walter Raleigh's ‘History of the World’ (p. 451). David was slain at the battle of Agincourt, which was fought on 25 Oct. 1415. The contemporary chroniclers who notice his death simply describe him as an esquire (Walsingham, ii. 313; cf. ‘Chronicles of London,’ quoted in Nicolas, pp. 279-80). There is a tradition that he was knighted for his valour when dying on the field of battle, and the fact that one chronicler says that two recently dubbed knights were slain (Gesta Henrici Quinti, p. 58, Engl. Hist.Soc.) is thought to bear out the story. But one writer at least mentions both the two knights and David Gam (Nicolas, p. 280). Lewis Glyn Cothi, a Welsh poet of the next generation, who celebrated the praises of David's children and grandchildren, regularly speaks of him, however, as ‘Syr Davydd Gam’ (Gwaith, pp. 1, 8). It has been suggested that David is the original of Shakespeare's Fluellen. This is not at all an improbable conjecture, as Fluellen is plainly a corruption of Llewelyn, and David was generally called David Llewelyn, or ab Llewelyn. The reference to him in Raleigh shows also that his name was familiar to the age of Elizabeth. David is said to have married Gwenllian, daughter of Gwilym, son of Hywel Grach. He left a family. His son Morgan became the ancestor of the Games of Breconshire. His daughter Gwladus was by her second husband, Sir William ab Thomas of Raglan, the mother of William, the first Herbert Earl of Pembroke. Sources Besides authorities quoted in the text the biography of Gam in Theophilus Jones's Hist. of Breconshire, i. 160-1, ii. 156-69, with pedigrees; the pedigrees in Lewys Dwnn's Heraldic Visitation of Wales (Welsh MSS. Society); Gwaith Lewis Glyn Cothi; Sir Harris Nicolas's Battle of Agincourt; Tyler's Hist. of Henry V. published 1889.


Morgan Gam Ap Llewelyn b: 1390 in Wales

Gwladus Verch Dafydd b: Abt 1385 in Peutun, Llan Ddew, Breconshire, Wales married Roger Vaughan b: Abt 1377 in Bredwardine, Herefordshire, England.

Morgan Gam b: 1390 in Wales. Married Tanglwst Ferch Meredith b: 1400 in Wales, Tanglwst Ferch Meredith daughter of Meredith Bwl Gwalter Gwilliam Llewelyn


Games of AberbrSn.

Morgan, son of Sir David Gam, already mentioned, m. (2nd) Margaret, dau. of Llewelyn Gwilym Rees Lloyd ap Adam, and had a son, Llewelyn of Penfat/irin, who m. Jennet, dau.' of Lewis Rhaglan. They had 4 daus., one of whom m. Trahaern Morgan Tew, whose son John ;«. Jennet, dau. of William Havard of Aberbran.

Their son,— John Games of Aberbran, m. Anne, dau. of Sir William Vaughan, Kt. They had 9 daus. and 3 sons. Catharine m. William Walbieffe; Joan m. David Gwyn of Glanbrnn, and (2nd) Roger Williams of Park; Margaret m. Sir David Williams of Gwemyfed ; Elizabeth, levan Rhys of Buallt, and (2nd) John, third son of Sir John Price, of the Priory, Brecon ; Joan »;. John Gwilym John Vaughan of Ystradfellte ; Maud, a nat. dau. by Joan, dau. of Sir Richard Burchill, m. leuan Rhys John Vaughan of Porthyrogof. William Games, the eldest son, m., but d. s. p. Thomas Games, second son, m. Elinor, dau. of John Morgan of Pen-y-cnig, and had issue 2 sons; the eldest John Games, who ;». Wilgiford, dau. of Sir Edward Awbrey of Tredomen, whose family ceased in a grandson, John Games.

Richard, third son, m. Mary, dau. of Thomas Prichard, and had issue a dau., who m. Major Herbert; a second son, William, who ;/;. Mary, dau. of Sir Richard Basset, and d. s. p.; Henry, who d. s, /.,- and the eldest son,— Richard Games of Llanelly and Penderin, who /«. Elizabeth, dau. of Peers Deere of Glamorganshire, and had issue Edward Games, who d. s. p. . Thus ends the Games family.

Their children 1. Ieuan (Edward) (Gaines) Gam b: 1430 in Wales

2. Maud Gam , 3. Alice Gaines, 4. Gwenlian Gam, 5. Gwaller Of Porghgwyn Gam , 6. Meredith Gam , 7. Gwilyn Gam,

Morgan Gam 2nd wife was 2 Margaret Ferch Llewllyn b: 1410

Their Children

1. Llewelyn Games b: Abt 1420 in Of Penfathrin, Wales 2. Thomas Gam 3. Jeuan Gam 4. David Gam

Ieuan (Edward) (Gaines) Gam Birth: 1430 in Wales Married Anne Lloyd b: 1430 in Wales. Anne Lloyd daughter Gwilym Lloyd

Their son

Morgan (Gaines) Gam b: 1470 in Wales. Married Gwladis Bloet b: 1480 in Wales. Gwladis Bloet daughter of Morgan Bloet and Daughter of William Burchill

Their son

John "Gaines" Games b: 1500 in Brecon , Wales d: 1574 in Brecon , Wales. Married 1 Margaret Gwalter b: in Wales

Notes: Member of Parliament, Co. Brecon 1545, High Sheriff, Brecon Co, 1575

Sir John Games

He was the g-g-g- grandson of the famous David Gam.

Sir John built, in 1582, and lived in the manor fortress called Newton on a piece of land that had been in his family for hundreds of years. This farm, Newton, is still in existence; I visited there last summer. This was all the info my wife and I had to go on when we scheduled 3 days in a B and B in Brecon. It is beautiful pastoral mountainous country. Our first day there we located Newton at the confluence of two rivers. We met the current tenants, they had lived there as tenant farmers for over 60 years. They live in only 3 rooms of the huge four story home, the rest is very medievel with tall ceilings and massive windows and doors. The focal point is the mantle above the fireplace in the great hall. It was installed by Sir John Gaines and traces his lineage, in welch, back 6 generations to David Gam. Above the fireplace is the family coat of arms, said to have been deliberatley defaced by Cromwells revolutionary troops.

The Games family was prominent in Brecon and there are other notable estates with Gaines connections. One of them is called PenPont. It was built around 1666 on land that belonged to David Gams greatgrandfather Einion Sais. A great castle there was destroyed in 1400 by Owain Glendower the revolutionary Welchman who was an enemy to the royalist Gams. Anyway, the grandaughter of Sir John, was the first inhabitant of this fine mansion which we visited. It is now a B and B and is run by descendants of Sir John Gaines. I read in a book that many old family portraits were housed there including on of Sir John himself. I asked the owner to see it, she informed me that it had been auctioned off in 1992! They don't know where it is now. I would like to track this down somehow.

Margaret ferch Thomas Gwallter Havard parents were Thomas Gwalter ap Jenkin Havard b: in of Senni & Glyntarell, Breconshire, Wales and his wife Morfud verch John

John and Margaret ferch Thomas Gwallter Havard Children

Edward Gaines b: 1525 in Newton, Brecon County, Wales

Meredith Games b: in Of Buckland

Elizabeth Games

Marriage 2 Margaret Verch Morgan


Gwladis Games

Joan Games

Next Gen:

Edward Gaines b: 1525 in Newton, Brecon County, Wales d : 1564 in Newton, Brecon County , Wales. Married Elizabeth Ann Vaughan b: Abt 1525 in Wales

Notes; High Sheriff of Brecon Co., 1559, And M.P. 1542, 1545, 1547, 1553, 1554

For the early history of the GAINES family, as given here, we are indebted chiefly to Major Richard V. Gaines, of Mossingford, Virginia, who devoted many years to the study of this family and traced it through an unbroken line to Brychan, who became King of Wales early in the fifth century and reigned until his death in A.D. 450. His lineage gave to Wales some of the formost men in her annals and the history of Wales is, in a large measure, the record of the achievements of his descendants, a few of whom were: Beli the Great, Emperor of Great Britain; Cadwalader, great grandson of Beli; St. David. patron saint of Wales; Roderic the Great, from whom descended King George V., of England; Howel the Good, who prepared the first system of civil law which was put into operation in the territory now embraced in the British Realm; Cradoc, of Llancarvon, the historian; Sir Rhys-ap-Thomas, who commanded the forces under the Earl of Richmond, and by his skill and gallantry at the battle of Bosworth, where Richard III was slain, placed Richmond (Henry VII) upon the throne; David-ap-Gwillam, the father of Welsh poetry, and Llewellyn the Great, the last and probably the greatest of the Welsh kings, whose reign extended from 1194 to 1240. His administration of affairs caused a great literary and educational revival in Wales, and his achievements in arms were not less signal and masterful. To no one man does Wales owe more for the deep foundation of her indestructible, invincible national spirit than to Llewellyn the Great.

This is just a taste, there are four more paragraphs to the first part and then it goes into Daniel Gaines, James Gaines, William Henry Gaines, and Behethland Gaines that married James Lyon. James Gaines descendancy is the longest.

The Reverend Theophilus Jones in his history gives Brecon City, Wales, as the home of the family at the earliest known period of its history and also gives the genealogy of the family and many valuable facts concerning it. From Howel the Good the line is traced to Einon Sais (Who had lived in England and inherited the estate of Castle Einon Sais), his son Howel and his son, Llewellyn-ap-Hoel, the father of Roger, Griffith, Richard, William, Helen and David-ap-Llewellyn, later known as David Gam, a conspicuous and potential personage in Wales in the early part of the fifteenth century, a man of courage and judgment; of dauntless spirit and soldierly tact. By his personal daring on the Field of Agincourt (1415) he saved the life of Henry V, but was himself mortally wounded. He was knighted by his King just before he died. He entered the King's military service as David-ap-Llewellyn, but having a squint eye, the word signifying it, "Gam," was applied to him and he was knighted Sir David Gam and herein we find the origin of the name Gaines. The name remained Gam through two generations. His great grandson added "es" and thereafter it was Games; which form was adhered to in Wales, but in England it became Ganes, Gaynes and finally Gaines. Thomas Jones, an eminent genealogist, in 1599, makes this important statement: "From this Sir David Gam all ye Games of Brecknogshire, all ye Vaughns, and all ye Herberts of South Wales are descended and ye most part of all the nobility of England."

William Herbert and the Earl of Pembroke were great grandsons of Gladis, daughter of Sir David Gam. They were the friends and patrons of Shakespeare, and it was at Wilton, the home of the Earl of Pembroke, that King James, on December, second, 1603, first witnessed a performance of one of Shakespeare's plays. the Herberts took an active part in the early settlement of America, and were members of the Virginia Company orgainzed by Sir Walter Raleigh. Morgan, the eldest son of Sir David Gaines (Gam) was great-great-grandfather of Sir John Gaines (1559-1606) of Newton, County of Brecon, Wales, from whom the Gaines family of Virginia is believed to descend.

Elizabeth Ann Vaughan parents were Wiliam ap Watkin Vaughan b: in Of Porthamal in Talgarth, Beconshire, Wales and his wife Catrin Ferch Jenkin ap Thomas Havard


Jane Gaines

Margaret Gaines

Elizabeth Gaines

Sibil Gaines

John Gaines b: 1559

Edward Gaines

Thomas Gaines b: in Wales

Walter Gaines

Christopher Gaines

Roger Gaines

Morgan Gaines

Next Gen:

Thomas Gaines

Notes: SOURCES: LDS FHL Ancestral FIle # AWTP: "John H. Gaines Family" tree AWTP John H. Gaines jhgaines@aol.com . "26629" EakinArkiv@aol.com "Stimpson Family" Cory Stimpson, cbstimpson@hotmail.com. "My Roots" Christy Vendekieft Gibson kilikini@hawaii.rr.com ______________________________________________________________- NOTE: After viewing an array of family trees, it seems that there are two clearly defined lines, with Dafydd's son Morgan having two sons with different mothers (offspring Llewlyen and Ieuen); however, at various points along the line of descent, there seems to be some "overlapping" or juxtaposition of one line with another. For instance, several trees show ascent from: Thomas Gaines and Blanch Kemis/Kemeys to Thomas Gaines and Jane Harvard/Havard, then to John Gaines and Elizabeth Vaughan/Vaughn, and then to Edward Gaines (b. 1564 who apparently descends Morgan Gam and wife Tanglwist)

But, several other trees show the line from Thomas Gaines and Blanch Kemis/Kemeys, to John Gaines and Wilford Awbrey, then to John Gaines and Elinor Morgan, and then to Thomas Gaines (b. abt 1535 who apparently descended from Morgan Gam and second wife Margaret Verch Llwyd/Lloyd)

So my my tree at this time is only reflecting what appears to be the "best scenario" thus far. It seems clear that all descend from Dafydd and Gwenillan and their son Morgan, but it is unclear to me at that point. Assistance would be appreciated!

His son

Thomas, "Immigrant" Gaines b: Abt 1585 in Brecon County , Wales Married Bllanch Kemis b: 1590

Notes Note: Yes two Thomaas the "Immigrant" Gaines.

Circle of Love: The Becker, Bills, Denman, Huey, Hutchens, Quillin, and Betty E. Staten Shetter - 2000 - 727 pages Page 235 Thomas GAINES was born about 1585 in Brecon, Wales«. He died about 1640 in VA. He was married to Blanche KEMIS about 1620 in VA.1 Blanche KEMIS was born 1590.

Library of Virginia Library of Virginia, 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000 Title Gaines, Thomas. Publication 20 April 1685. Other Format Available on microfilm. Virginia State Land Office. Patents 1-42, reels 1-41. Related See also the following surname(s): Gains. Note Location: Rappahannock County (extinct). Description: 28 acres beginning &c by the side of a marsh of Hoskins Creek. Source: Land Office Patents No. 7, 1679-1689 (v.1 & 2 p.1-719), p. 470 (Reel 7). Part of the index to the recorded copies of patents for land issued by the Secretary of the Colony serving as the colonial Land Office. The collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia.

Their son

James Gaines b: 1620 in Aberdeen, Brecon, Wales d 1692 in Rappahannock , Virginia Married 1 Jane


STORY: goes that James Gaines* (1620-1692) & Jane (1638-)said to be son of Thomas and grandson of Sir John Gaines, of Newton, is believed to have been father of Richard Gaines who died in Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1750. Richard Gaines* (1666-1755) & Catherine Madison & Dorothy Rawlings (1664-1750).

James came to Old Rappahannock Co., Virginia. ca 1653. He has generally been accepted by tradition, as the son of Thomas Games(Gaines), the immigrant, along with his brothers Robert, of Old Rappahannock Co., Virginia, Francis of Lancaster Co., Virginia and sister Catherine. Data connects James with Daniel Gaines, John Catlett (Sr), Ralph Rowzee, Thomas Hawkins and Richard Lawson. A Gaines descendant states in his family records that James Gaines married a daughter of Richard Lawson, possibly named Elizabeth after her mother. Up to this time, however, no will or other document has been uncovered where his wife or wives and children are named.


"Appears in Rappahannock Co. VA by deed 9 MAY 1663, and by patent 519 A. 2 Mar 1667. Lived in Essex Co. Tis James Gaines, son of Thomas, is claimed to have been the father of Richard Gaines of Culpeper Co. VA, d. 1755-56. Documentary proof of all claimed children is not conclusive those said to be his children are list on this family page."

"James came to Old Rappahannock Co., Virginia. ca 1653. He has generally been accepted by tradition, as the son of Thomas Games(Gaines), the immigrant, along with his brothers Robert, of Old Rappahannock Co., Virginia, Francis of Lancaster Co., Virginia and sister Catherine. Data connects James with Daniel Gaines, John Catlett (Sr), Ralph Rowzee, Thomas Hawkins and Richard Lawson.

A Gaines descendant states in his family records that James Gaines married a daughter of Richard Lawson, possibly named Elizabeth after her mother. Up to this time, however, no will or other document has been uncovered where his wife or wives and children are named."

Gaines genealogy: one line from 1620 to the present time, 1918 : also Gaines heroes of the American Revolution and short sketch of the Michael Clore family«/i» Calhoun, Ga.: T.H. Lang, 1918, 100 pgs. by Gaines, L. P

"Richard and Roger Gaines were brothers who married Rawlins sister"

James came to Old Rappahannock Co., Virginia. ca 1653. He has generally been accepted by tradition, as the son of Thomas Games(Gaines), the immigrant, along with his brothers Robert, of Old Rappahannock Co., Virginia, Francis of Lancaster Co., Virginia and sister Catherine. Data connects James with Daniel Gaines, John Catlett (Sr), Ralph Rowzee, Thomas Hawkins and Richard Lawson. A Gaines descendant states in his family records that James Gaines married a daughter of Richard Lawson, possibly named Elizabeth after her mother. Up to this time, however, no will or other document has been uncovered where his wife or wives and children are named. [jhgainesUU.ged]


Richard Gaines b: 18 May 1685 in New Kent , Virginia

Roger Gaines

Their son

Richard Gaines b: 18 May 1685 in New Kent , Virginia d: 13 Feb 1755 in Culpeper, Virginia. Married 1 Dorothy Rawlings (Rawlins) b: Abt 1667 and 2nd Catherine Madison Notes:

Gaines genealogy : one line from 1620 to the present time, 1918 : also Gaines heroes of the American Revolution and short sketch of the Michael Clore family«/i» Calhoun, Ga.: T.H. Lang, 1918, 100 pgs Richard had 12 sons

THE CLARDY FAMILY CEMETERY: Laurens Co. SC: Opposite side of a double face stone in the cemetery. Inscribed: RICHARD GAINES 1686 - 1769 Had Black Boy Servant named Pompey. He married Miss Pendleton. Had two sons killed in Braddock's defeat about 1755. He is buried in Culpepper, VA. (Liberty taken with capitalization and line breaks.)

"In the settlement of the estate (only an inventory) of Richard Gaines, Culpeper Co., Virginia. Will Book A, page 133-134, 205, July 16, 1756. Francis Gaines was named administrator by the court and in his report to the court he mentioned his expense "in moving mother." Thus, it is very evident that Francis Gaines, the administrator of the estate of Richard was also the son of said Richard and perhaps the oldest son. The mother's name is not mentioned and to date no documented evidence has been found to even indicate her name, even though some have stated that her maiden name was Catherine Madison."

Ancestor of James Earl Carter, Jr. President of USA, b 1 Oct 1924, Plains, GA m. 7 July 1946 Eleanor Rosalynn Smith b 18 Aug 1927 Plains, GA. Pres. Carter's ancestry: Mildred "Milly" Gaines b Goochland Co. VA 1 Jan 1761. Richard Gaines, Jr. prob. King William or Culpeper Co. VA 1726-will proved Charlotte Co. VA 1 Feb 1802, c. 1747.

CONFLICT: shows Richard Gaines, born 1686 in Culpepper Co., VA (or Wales??); died 1756 in Culpeper Co., VA. He was the son of. James Gaines and. Jane Unknown. Richard Gaines of Culpeper Co, VA, was dead by February 13, 1755, when his son, Francis Gaines (d. 1775-76), entered a charge of 1 pound, 12 shillings, on his account as administrator, for several days' work "in Moving Mother with Waggon......." (FTM CD #187, p. 177).

1704 VA Rent Rolls: Gaines Barnerd Essex County, 1704 Gaines John Norfolk County, 1704


BIRTH: 1686, Culpeper Co. VA * DEATH: 1755, Culpeper Co. VA Notes: a knight and is descendend from William the Conqueror via Henry I.

Archival Accessions, The Library of Virginia, Gaines Family. 38 leaves, photocopies.

This genealogy traces the descendants of Richard Gaines (b. ca. 1600) of Wales, England, and Virginia, including lines which settled in Culpeper, King and Queen, and Rappahannock Counties, Virginia; Georgia, and South Carolina. Supplement (1999) to the History of the Gaines Family, One Line from 1620 to the Present Time, by L. P. Gaines. Gift of C. Richard Gaines, Jr., Atlanta, Georgia. (36951)



Some dates are given as born-1686-died 1759 in Culpeper, Virginia. Had a black boy servant named Pompey.

In the settlement of the estate (only an inventory) of Richard Gaines, Culpeper Co., Virginia. Will Book A, page 133-134, 205, July 16, 1756. Francis Gaines was named administrator by the court and in his report to the court he mentioned his expense "in moving mother." Thus, it is very evident that Francis Gaines, the administrator of the estate of Richard was also the son of said Richard and perhaps the oldest son. The mother's name is not mentioned and to date no documented evidence has been found to even indicate her name, even though some have stated that her maiden name was Catherine Madison.

Their sons William Henry Gaines b: 1705 in , , Virginia

James Gaines b: 1710 in , King And Queen , Virginia

Married sisters William Henry married Marriage Isabella Pendleton b: 1708 in King & Queen , Virginia. Daughter of Henry Pendleton and Mary Gregory.

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William Henry and Isabella Pendleton had son Richard Gaines born After 1740, Culpeper , Virginia and died 18 Feb 1804 Culpeper , Virginia on 1758, , King And Queen, Viriginia married his cousin Jemina Pendleton daughter of Philip Pendleton and Martha Ruffin. Philp is son of Henry Pendleton and Mary Gregory for more go the Pendleton family page listed above. Send this not not my Gaines line I only information William Isabella on the Pendleton pages

James Gaines b: 1710 in , King And Queen , Virginia married 1 Mary Pendleton b: Abt 1717 in King & Queen , Virginia. Daughter of Henry Pendleton and Mary Gregory. This is my dad’s side of Pendleton


Patriot: Furnished supplies; Private, Virginia colonial Militia. ("Virginia Colonial Militia", Crozier Series, Vol. 2, p 27; "Daring Served as a private during the Revolutionary War in Captain Josiah Parker's Regiment in Virginia.

Error: "Colonial Families of the U.S." reported Isabella married William Henry Gaines. OTHER source "Some Prominent Virginia Families" reports she married James Gaines ... and that her sister Mary married William. Genealogy of Pendleton Family in Edmund Pendleton's Bible, now owned by Colonial Williamsburg, Inc. Isabella daughter of Henry was married to William Gaines by whom she had many children and died long ago. I believe there are descendants of her to the 5th generation: they are numerous and he is still living. died about 1790.

"James Gaines, said to have been a brother of Henry, m. Mary Pendleton, sister of Isabella Pendleton, above. In Book "C," p. 239, Culpeper Co. records, is the will of James Gaines, dated May 24, I781, prob. March 20, I786, in which he names wife Mary and children. The will of Mary Gaines, dated March 7,1803, prob. March 24, 1803, is recorded in Will Book "I," P. 392, of the Madison Co. records (formed in 1792 from Culpeper). She names "my surviving children, seven in number," corresponding exactly with those named in the will of James, some having died between the dates of the two wills. In 1801 Judge Edmund Pendleton prepared an account of his family, in which he mentioned his sister Mary Gaines as then alive, aged 84. From these facts it appears clear that James Gaines was the husband of Mary Pendleton, etc. Children: i. Isabella Gaines; ii. Henry; iii. Jane; iv. Richard Edmund; v. Joseph; vi. Francis Thomas; vii. Mary, m. -------- Herndon; viii. Sarah, m. ---------- Broadus; ix. Catharine, m. -------- Broadus; x. James; xi. William (Owen, William Strother of VA, 1898, p. 21fn)."

Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Under the Editorial Supervision of Lyon ... - Page 505 edited by Lyon Gardiner Tyler - «u»Virginia «/u»- 1915 "James Gaines resided in Culpper county where his will made may 24 1781 was probated March 20 1786 He married Mary Pendleton who died 1803 They had children Isabella Henry Jane Richard Edmund Joseph Francis Thomas Mary Sarah Catherine James William

Notes for MARY PENDLETON , was born Abt. 1703. She married JAMES GAINES. Edmund states that Mary, the youngest, married James Gaines. Her husband died a few years past her death. Mary is daughter of Henry Pendleton and Mary Taylor for on the Pendleton family to my Pendleton pages

His will, dated may 24, 1781, probated in Culpeper Co. Virginia. on March 20, 1786, book C pages 172-174, 229.

James Gaines Will

In the name of God Amen, I James Gaines of the County of Culpeper, living in perfect memory, Praise God and knowing the understanding of this life do make and ordain this my last will and testament.

Principally, I bequeath my soul unto the hands of its Divine authority. Trusting through the merits and intercession of Jesus my saviour to receive pardon of them from all of my sins. My body commanded to the death to be decently interred and as to what worldly goods It hath pleased God to bless me with, I dispose of in the following manner.

ITEM. I send to my beloved wife, Mary Gaines all of my estate, both real and personal, during her life and after her decease, my will and desire is that my whole estate both real and personal be sold at eighteen months credit except one negro girl named Fortune and one featherbed, which I do give and bequeath to my youngest daughter, Isabella Gaines, and the money arising from the sale to be equally divided between all my children; Harry, James, Richard, Edmund, Joseph, Francis,Thomas Gaines, Mary Herndon, Sarah Broaddus, Isabella Gaines, and the children of my daughter Catherine Broaddus and the children of my son William Gaines, enjoy only the part belonging to their parents, but if either my children or grandchildren should die withouta bodily heir, my wish is that their portents of my estate should be equally divided amongst all the rest.

ITEM. I do appoint my sons Henry Gaines and Richard Gaines and Edward Watkins executors to this my last will and testament, revoking all other wills heretofore made, in witness whereof I have here unto set my hand and seal this twenty-fourth day of May, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-one.

signed, sealed and his acknowledged in presence JAMES X GAINES of us mark




At a court held for Culpeper County, March 20th, 1786, this last will and testament of James Gaines Dec'd was exhibited to the Court by Richard Gaines, one of the executors therein named and was proved by the oaths fo John Garnett and James Garnett, two of the witnesses thereto & ordered to be recorded and on the motion of the said executor Certificate is granted him for attained a ROBAL(sic) share of in due from he having made cash thereto and given bond and security according to law. Liberty being reserved for the other executors to join in the ROBAL (sic) when they may see fit.

teste. John Jamison St Clair

James Gaines, account of sale

An account of the sales of the estate of James Gaines, serv, Dec'd. made by his executor the 30th of April, Eighteen Hundred and Three.

To William Dade, 177 acres of_____ land more or less & 91 230 _ _ acres of land, the lease being at the request of the purchaser

To Edmund Gaines- Dinah and Pender 122.2_

To Reuben Gaines --1 negro man Will 120_ _

To Allen Masie - 1 bed and furniture 12.13

To George Clayton-- 1 bed and furniture 14_ _

To Richard Gaines-1 Walnut Table 100_ _ _ 1 Walnut Desk 3.13_ _ _ 5 chairs 10_ _ _ _ 1 old grey mare 400 _ _ _ 10.1.6 508.16.8

The above is a true a/c of sales made by me as the Executor of James Gaines Estate on the 30th of April 1803, in a credit until the 1st day of November 1804.

Richard Gaines, Executor

At a court held for Culpeper County the 16th Day of October 1804, this account of sales of the Estate of James Gaines, serv, Deceased, was returned into court and ordered to be recorded.

teste, John Seamons, OBE

The will of Mary Pendleton Gaines, dated mar 7, 1803, was probated March 24, 1803, will book I, page 392, Madison Co., Virginia

James Gaines married Mary Pendleton. Their son Henry T is my link

Henry T. Gaines Birth: 1737 in , King And Queen, Virginia Death: 25 Jul 1830 in Picksens, South Carolina Burial: Twelve Mile Cemetery, Central, , South Carolina BALLENTINE FAMILY CEMETERY, Pickens County, SC A.K.A. 12 Mile Cemetery & old Mount Zion Methodist (est. 1820's) Married 1 Ann George b: 18 Mar 1735 in , Middlesex, Virginia

Gaines, Henry Rev. 1737-1830. Founded Gaines Methodist Chapel near Donalds. 12 Meeting House. Wife Anne George is buried at Gaines Chapel

Note: Rev Henry Gaines was a Methodist minister for 50 years. He was a lay minister-which meant he was not ordained by the church in England. He moved to South Carolina in 1789, to Newberry Co., South Carolina. Then to Abbeville Co., then Pickens Co. South Carolina. He moved supposedly because of a Methodist covenant in Virginia that stated no member in good standing with the church could own slaves. He moved to South Carolina, which did not have the same covenant, and took his slaves with him. Most of his family moved with him. He wasmarried 3 times, his first wife ( Ann George) was the mother of all his children.He married twice more in his old age, but outlived all 3 of his wives. He founded theGaines Chapel near Donalds, South Carolina and preached near Central South Carolina in a log chapel. His wife, Ann is buried in the Gaines Chapel Cemetery, Donalds, South Carolina.

His grave site may be marked with an old field stone with the number 93 on it.

His obit is in the Pendleton Messinger issue of 8/11/ 1830. "Rev Henry Gaines died 25th ult in his 94the year of age. He was born in King and Queen Co., Virginia, came to South Carolina at age of 60, resided in Newberry District, then Abbeville District and for twenty years resided in this neighborhood (near Central South Carolina). He was for 50 years a Methodist Minister. " He is buried in the Old Twelve Mile Cemetery, near Central South Carolina.

1773-Henry was designated as "my son-in-law Henry Gaines of Culpeper Co by his father-in-law Richard George.

1777-he bought land from his "father James Gaines" 206 acres adjoining his father's land; and from John Waugh 115 acres on Robinson River.

1782-86, He paid taxes on 321 acres of land

1782-85, He paid personal property taxes in the same district with his father, James Gaines

1787-He and his wife, Ann, sold land on Robinson River to Philip Slaugher. This land was checked for "metes and bounds" and proved to be the same he had purchased form his father, in part.

1789-He bought land in Wilkes Co., North Carolina and sold it in 1792.

1789-91-He bought land in Newberry Dist., South Carolina

1790-Census of Newberry Dist, South Carolina

1800-He appears in the Census of Abbevile Co., South Carolina

1813-he bought land in old Pendleton Dist., South Carolina which later became Pickens Co., South Carolina

1830-He died in Pickens Co., South Carolina

Henry Gaines' Will

State of South Carolina In the name of God Amen, Pendleton District being in the decline of life and infirm of body but of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding. Taking into consideration the certainty death and the uncertainty of duration in this life and being desirous of preventing any disputes which may arise conerning my estate after my decease, I do make and ordain, publish and declare, the following to be my last will and testament hereby revoking all other except some deeds of gifts to two of my grandchildren, to wit: Mariah Gaines and Henry P. Gaines, children of my son Robert Gaines.

It is my desire that my just debts be paid punctually, after my body is decently interred and my soul I trust to God- who made it-hoping for mercy through my blessed Redeemer.

Item the first, I give to my daughter Caty Waggoner two hundred dollars to her and her heirs forever.

Item the second, I give to Elizabeth Johnson one hundred and twenty-five dollars to her and her heirs forever.

Item 3, I give to my daughter Nancy Dogan two hundred dollars with a deduction of ninety-three dollars which she received and receipted.

To my son Reuben Gaines being my legacy of my mother's estate.

Item 4, I give to my daughter Lucy Sims nineteen dollars and ninety one cents to her and her heirs forever.

5th, I will that the balance of my estate with real as well as personal, shall be sold by and at the descretion of my executors and that the proceeds thereof should be equally divided between my following living children, to wit: my daughters Nancy Dogan, Lucy Sims, Jonadab Gaines' daughter Mariah Clardy to have her father's part for her affection to her father in his affliction, also Henry P. Gaines son of Robert Gaines and Mary P. Gaines, daughter of Richard Gaines. It is my desire that Robert Gaines and James Gaines Esq. execute this my last will signed, sealed and acknowledged this fifth day of February, Eighteen Hundred and twenty eight and the fifty second year of American Independence. Enter lined before, signed one hundred and twenty five.

Henry Gaines, (signed)

In Witness of us:

James Gaines

Nancy X Gaines

Marindy X Gaines

State of South Carolina Know all men by these presents Pickens District that for and concerning the main farm and of a negro woman name LANE, I give the profits of a certain tract or part of a tract of land whereon I now live to be laid out beginning at a post oak south of William Arnold. By the milking house a straight line to Robert Gaines' line, to contain one hundred and twenty two acres to be laid out the south west end of said land to Robert Gaines, at the death of said Negro woman named LANE. At his death, for the love and regard I have for my grandson Henry Gaines, son of aforesaid Robert Gaines, I hereby give and bequeath unto him the above tract of land to be laid out of one hundred and twenty-two acres of land to him and his heirs forever, and the balance of my tract of land i wish disposed of as is named in a will I shall leave. I furthermore desire that the money in the hands of Robert Gaines and James Gaines should there remain for the space of three years after my death and that after that to be collected and disposed of agreeable to my will.

signed, sealed this 19th of May 1830.

Henry Gaines (signed)

Mahala Thompson

Andrew Bellve

James Gaines

State of South Carolina By James Dendy Ordinary of Pickens District Pickens District

Be it rembered that the foregoing will of Henry Gaines was served in Common form by the Oath of James Gaines, esquire, one of the persons being witness to the said will-at the same time qualifiedthe same James Gaines as Executor of the same.

2nd day of August 1830

James H. Dendy O.P.C.

recorded the 2nd day of August 1830 and examined by James H. Dendy O.P.C.

The will is on file in box 16 #205, Probate Judge Office, Pickens, South Carolina


read all about this MOUNT ZION METHODIST CHURCH CEMETERY (1830), Pickens County, SC a.k.a. >

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Their son

Henry Mayo Gaines b: 1769 in Culpeper, Virginia Death: 1833 in Mississippi/Tennessee. Married 1 Susana Featherston(E) b: 1777 in , Lincoln , North Carolina

North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868 Bride: Susana Featherston Groom: Henry Gaines Bond Date: 01 Jul 1797 County: Lincoln Record #: 01 048 Bondsman: Rolley Harwell Bond #: 000072589 Comment: Additional Data on Bond

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Henry was a Methodist circuit minister. He rode a circuit through Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama,and Mississippi. Henry lived in Abbeville Co., South Carolina., Barren Co., Kentucky, Lincoln Co., Tennessee, Bedford Co., Tennessee, Madison Co., Alabama. Marion Co., Alabama and finally with his son Ira, in Gibson Co., Tennessee, where he probably died in 1833. Ordained a Methodist Minister-rode a circuit Minutes of General Conference of M.E. Church South

1794-stationed at Amherst, Virginia

1795-stationed at Williamsburg, Virginia

1796-stationed at Brunswick, Virginia

1797-Stationed at Union, North Carolina(?)

1 Jul 1797-married Susannah Featherston(e)

1798-stationed at Seleuda, South Carolina(?)

Henry Ganes Abbeville, Abbeville, SC 1800

1800 census of Abbevile Co., South Carolina Henry Gaines, 1 male under 10, 1male 16-26, 1 female under 10, 1 female 16-26

1804-06-stationed at Swanino(Swanneanoa, North Carolina, Buncombe Co.)


10 Barren Co., Kentucky GAINS HENRY KY BARREN GLASGOW 1810 1810-Barren Co., Kentucky census,

Henry Gains Not Stated, Barren, KY1810 1 male 26-45, 2 males under 10, 1 female 26-45, 1 female 10-16, 2 females under 10.


1818-Madison Co., Alabama

1824, 14 jan, Madison Co., Alabama chancery records, book G, P. 181 Proceedings of suit, Henry M Gaines vs Andrew Hines, et Alabama. (see letter below from Richard Waggoner)

1825, Dec 22, son Ira Mayo Gaines md Mary Elizabeth Hayes

H M Gaines Not Stated,1830 census Lauderdale, Alabama 00001 male 20-30 0012001 1 female 10-15 2 females 15-20 female 40-50. Henry Mayo Gaines is

not listed with family must gone somewhere 1833 letter from nephew Richard Waggoner mentions visiting with Henry and Ira, in SE corner of Gibson Co., Tennessee

1833 Henry Mayo Gaines dies.

Letter from Richard Waggoner, Jr. Weakley Co., Tennessee to is brother in law Thompson Crenshaw, Barren Co., Kentucky, April 27th 1833:

My Dear Relative,

It has been a considerable time since I have written to you, or to any of my friends in Barren City or heard from you by letter. Brother Reuben told me more about my relations on his return from Kentucky, than I had had at one time since I say you last. It has always been gratifying to me to hear from my relatives, particularly those of my intimate acquaintance, or at least my own dear brothers and sisters, but I can truly say to you that since this late disease has made its appearance on our continent so fatal to poor mortals wherever it goes-that I often think of you but never expect to see you again. I cant say that the disease just alluded to is common to our country, I hope it is not, from what I can learn respecting the complaint it is confined to the large water-courses. I live within 30 or 35 miles of the Mississippi River where the steamboats are passing almost daily and of late I learn that scarely one passes without having lost some--and some times as high as twenty from New Orleans to that place. I was down on the Mississippi 12 or 14 days ago at what is called Mill's Point. There was a man lying dead and unburied who was landed off of a steamboat 2 or 3 days before. And while I was there who should I lite with but old Uncle Herbert Waggener. The old gentleman had broke very much since I saw him last and is more like father than I thought he ever would be. The meeting was very unexpected.

He told me a good deal about my old friends and more distant relations. We were both in a hurry and had not much satisfaction in each other's company. We parted no doubt both under the same impression that it was our last in time. I had some business to the south of where I live and about 50 miles from home fortunately fell in with Old Uncle Henry Gaines and family.

The old gentleman looked much younger than I could have supposed. I said family-their two youngest children are with them and all are living with Ira who has a small family. They live in I believe the Southeast corner of Gibson Co. The old gentleman told me had found Uncle Larkin, the youngest of the family who lives if I mistake not in Tipton County about two days ride from him. Tipton lies on or near the Mississippi. I was glad to see Uncle and Aunt but was sorry to find him in such indigent circumstances. The old gentleman has entirely run through his property. Ira from what I could learn was much respected in the neighborhood.

He told me he thought it the duty of himself and youngest brother whose name is Richard to take the old people and take care of them the balance of their days. (Note: He must be Ira for Richard was is brother)

The old gentlman was brought to as I learned by being security for the man who married his eldest daughter Frances or Francie, but I can assure you that nothing has as much mortified my feelings in a long time as did the news I heard after leaving Uncle Gaines-to hear of his misconduct in his trials about his property. He showed the world that he lacked that which is of all things in times of trials and temptations most needful (true Religion),he even like Peter of old, cursed and swore and betook himself to intoxication. The people where I heard this were his neighbors at the time when these things happened, were people of apparent respectability. I could not well sleep the night after I heard it, to think the poor old man should in the decline of life deny the faith-that after having so long maintained a resepectable standing in society for the sake of a little property should disgrace himself-that after he so long preached to others-that he himself should prove himself a castaway. My time and feelings will permit me to say no more on the subject, for I am just getting out of an attack of the bilious fever. I was taken last Monday and this is now Sunday morning. I comenced my letter yesterday but felt too feeble to finish it. I have as yet said nothing of my own little family but can say through the mercy of God that we are all in the land of the living by no means enjoying good health.

Keziah has been laboring under a great complaintnearly ever since Reuben was in Kentucky-the doctors say an affection of the liver. My doctors bills for the last year with other things bore pretty heavy upon me. I have also bought me a home, on which with the blessing of a kind Providence I shall be enabled to support my family. I shall of course need all of the assistance I can possibly get.

Remind Cousin Joel if please of the little he is indebted to me as I shall very much need it and every cent that I can possibly get hold of. I think that I have waited long enough-if he cant get the money that he ought to do something. Wool roles if I could get them in time would bring money here, but getting them here would be the difficulty. It would cost but little to get a little one horse wagon and that he or Brother Henry must come see me. Write to (me) soon if you please.

I must now conclude as a friend is waiting who has promised to put this letter in the office at Bowling Green. Reuben say'd he was going to write.

Your affectionate brother, Richard Waggener

postmarked Bowling Green, Kentucky May 14, 1833.

Their daughter Elizabeth Gaines b: 25 Jan 1812 in , , Kentucky d Bef 1860 in Alabama or Mississippi 1 John Springer b: 19 Apr 1811 in Union, South Carolina • Married: 20 Dec 1833 in Lawernce, Tennessee •

• This my father side of the Gaines and Springer

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• I will make a link for and Featherston(e) and Mayo and George family later

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Janet at monkey1946@centurylink.net