Notes: Luitfrid I COUNT OF UPPER ALSACE - Gilbert I CRISPIN Lord of Tillieres

Notes for Luitfrid I COUNT OF UPPER ALSACE


REFN: FTJ#2679

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REFN: FTJ#2675




REFN: FTJ#2663




REFN: FTJ#1814

Also known as "the Pious".




Cause of Death: Murder

REFN: FTJ#1748




REFN: FTJ#1786


Notes for Wittekind COUNT OF WETTIN


REFN: FTJ#5610

Also known as "the Great".

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Notes for Robert "The Strong" COUNT OF WORMGAU


Cause of Death: Killed fighting the Normans

REFN: FTJ#1699

Also known a s "le Fort". French warrior, marquess of Neustria; father of

the French king s Eudes and Robert I and ancestor of the Capetians. He

joined the rebellious nobles against Charles II, Emperor of the West.

They invited Louis the Germ an to invade France (858). Becoming reconciled

to Charles in 861, Robert was charged with the defense of the country

betweenthe Seine and the Loire, from which he repelled the Bretons and

the Normans.He was killed fighting again st the Normans.

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Notes for Rutpert I COUNT OF WORMGAU


REFN: FTJ#1791

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Notes for Rutpert II COUNT OF WORMGAU


REFN: FTJ#1785

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Notes for Rutpert III COUNT OF WORMGAU


REFN: FTJ#1789

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Notes for Walter de COUTANCES Archbishop of Rouen

Bro. of Roger Fitz Reinfrid of Gamlingay, Cambs. [Richard Borthwick

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Notes for de CREPON

Dau. of Herfast de Crepon who m. Osmond de Centiville, Viscount of Vernon;

mother of Fouque d'Alnei I, a dau. who m. William de Redvers, and another dau.

[Falaise Roll, Table VII]


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Notes for Emma CRISPIN

Dau. of William Crispin I and Eve de Montfort; m. _____ de Conde; mother of Pierre de Conde. [Falaise Roll, Table VIII, p. 28]

FOSTER, MINOR, NEWLIN LINES - 27th ggrandmother

Dau of Gunnora d'Aunou; m. Pierre, Sgr de Conde; mothe rof Osbert, Sgr de Conde. [Larry Overmire

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Notes for Gilbert I CRISPIN Lord of Tillieres

NEWLIN LINE - 27th ggrandfather

!Close supporter of Duke Robert I. Became castellan of Tillieres. Had several sons. Rose to power with Gilbert of Brionne, the count, in central Normandy. [The Norman Advantage, p. 123]

Seigneur de Tillieres c. 1030-1040, French occupation, c. 1040-45; m. Gonnor, dau. of Baldric the Teuton; father of Gilbert II, William I, Robert, Esilia, and Emma by Gonnor; illegitimate son Milo, baron of Wallingford. [Falaise Roll, p. 23, Table VIII]

!Rose to power with Gilbert of Brionne, the count, in central Normandy. Castellan of Tillieres. Died c. 1045. [The Norman Advantage]

Father of William Crispin I, count of Vexin/seignior of Neaufles, Livarot and Blangy, his second and most famous son; bro. of Rou/Rollo. [Falaise Roll, p. 37, 106]

Tillieres-sur-Avre is in the department of the Eure, arrondissement of Evreux and canton of Verneuil. The runins of the great walls of the ancient castle, overlooking the valley of the Avre, remain to show how vast was the site of this fortress. It was built c. 1014 by Richard II, duke of Normandy and was given to Gilbert Crispin I, in hereditary custodianship by Duke Robert I the Magnificent. Gilbert, renowned for "his race and nobility," who first assumed the name of Crespin or Crispin and Crispinus, as is anglicized and latinized, was b. c. 995 and has usually been incorrectly referred to as count of Brionne. Concerning his ancestry, different theories have been advanced, one of which claims that he was descended from Rongwald. Father of Gillbert II, Willi, Robert, Emma, and Esilia by Gonnor. M.2. Arlette, mother of the Conqueror, after 1035. Gilbert emanated from Livarot or Blangy, in the vicinity of Lisieux, where the Crispins had vast domains, and when he became seated at Tillieres he possessed in heredity, in addition to the latter, the fortress of Damville, then built and had the guardianship of the surrounding country. He was specifically entrusted by Duke Robert I before he started for the Holy Land to hold Tillieres at any sacrifice for his young son William, as it was the principal fortress opposing France on that frontier. King Henry I of France besieged it c. 1040, whereupon Gilbert shut himself within his castle with a strong garrison and stoutly defended it against the combined forces of the French king and the Normans, accompanied by young Duke William who, desiring peace at any price, had joined in the assault. Gilbert, immovable to persuasion and threats, refused to surrender, but "at length yielding to the prayers of the duke, Gilbert regretfully gave up the castle". The fortress was demolished, King Henry promissing not to rebuild it, but a short time afterwards, he treacherously broke his solemn oath and, having fortified it, the castle became the greatest thorn in the side of Normandy. [Falaise Roll, pp. 27-29]

Baron of Bec, lord of Tillieres, constable of Normandy and marshal of the army, who relinquished the surname Grimaldi to assume that of Crispin. [Falaise Roll, p. 67]

Gilbert was called Crispin because his hair was curly, stiff, and stood straight upwards like bristling pine. Duke Robert confided the castle of Tilliéres to Gilbert. Gilbert Crispin I beyond doubt possessed Conteville for his grandson, Gilbert Crispin III, Laurentia his wife and his son Gilbert confirmed in 1130 its donation by William Malet II to the abbey of Bec. [Falaise Roll, p. 136]

Francois Carré continuator of the CHRONIQUE DU BEC, following the year 1526 states that Gilbert Crispin contracted a second marriage with Arlette, of which reason she received from her son Duke William part of the confiscated lands of Tustain Goz, son of Ansfrid the Dane, viscount of Exmes. Pére Anslme observes in referring to Herluin de Conteville, "Others name him Gilbert de Crepon." The marriage of Arlette to Herluin de Conteville apparently took place shortly before 1030. [Falaise Roll, p. 136]

Gilbert Crispin I, who had been given Tilliéres by Duke Robert I, d. bet. 1040, when he defended it against Henry I, king of France, and this monarch's defeat at the battle of Mortemer in 1054, because Duke William then gave this fortress to Gilbert's son, Gilbert II. [Falaise Roll, p. 137]

It seems evident from Herluin's bequest to the abbey of Bec that Gilbert Crispin I was not Ansgot's son, but this does not prove that Gilbert was not a son of Héloise and, therefore Herluin's half-brother. The profound interest taken in Herluin and his abbey by William Crispin I and his family for generations, its greatest benefactors, strongly suggests consanguinity. This would explain the failure of the Crispin genealogy to name Gilbert's parenst; although it very pointedly stresses the fact that he was "renowned for his race and nobility," why this curious omission? This would give him Roman ancestry usually accorded him through Bernard, king of Italy. [Falaise Roll, p. 150]

Gilbert Crispin I did not possess Bec-Herluin, which was never a lay barony; it belonged solely to the abbey of Bec, having been given by abbot Herluin and Gilbert, count of Brionne, whose vassal Herluin was. Count Gilbert had inherited the surrounding country direct from the dukes of Normandy, through his father Godfry. [Falaise Roll, p. 151]

Those who believe that Gilbert Crispin I had a Roman ancestry point to the many noble Romans who bore this name before his time, B.C. 361 T. Quin ctiur T. F. Pennus Capitolinus Crispinus was made dictator to conduct war against the Gauls. During the reign of Diocletian the two bros. Crispin and Crispinian, of a noble Roman family born abt the middle of the 3rd century, are reputed to have left home to escape persecution on account of their religious beliefs and went to Soissons (now in Normandy), then the capitol of Gallia, in the ancient Gallo-Roman empire. They preached the gospel, meanwhile making shoes in order that they might not be an expense to the people. This drew upon them the displeasure of their monarch at Rome, and they met the martyr's fate, having been executed 25 Oct 287 A.D. by Emperor Maximian, hence Saint Crispin, the patron saint of shoemakers. [Falaise Roll, p. 189]

There were many other distinguished Romans bearing the name, among which was Hilaire Sarde, son of Crispin, a pope who sat on the throne of Saint-Peter for 6 yrs and 10 days (461-8 A.D.). He spread letters of the Catholic faith throughout the whole East, confirmed the three councils of Nicaea, Ephesus and Chalcedon, condemned and set his anathema upon all heresies; he assembled numerous ornaments in the basilica of the saints and ordained 22 bishops. After numerous good works he was bur. in the church of Saint-Laurent in the same crypt with Pope Sexte III. [Falaise Roll, p. 189]

Deep in the center of France on the southern border of Normandy there lie the remains of the ancient castle of Tilliéres-sur-Avre, in its day one of the strongest fortresses of the NOrman dukes, built by them more than 900 years ago. The castle, donjon, or keep have long since disappeared, having been replaced by an imposing chateau, which in turn was supplanted by the present villa. It was erected on the spur of a hil commanding the valley of the river Avre, on the frontier of France. A comprehensive idea of its construction can be obtained from its present remains, the walls of which are built in two tiers, one inside and rising perpendicularly to a great height above the other. This made it a fort within a fort which had flank defence on account of a bastion at each corner. Perched high above this imposing defence towered the castle, threatening menace to the kings of France whose territory it overlooked. With the passing of the intervening centuries and the ravages of the 100 years of English occupancy this ancient fortress has disappeared with the exception of a portion of the lower and upper walls. The Crispin family acquired the hereditary guardianship of this fortress c. 1030 as well as the fortified castle of Damville and Bourth in the adjoining country, which were built at that time. They held Tilliéres and Bourth until the middle of the 14th century, but lost Damville definitely in 1183. They were known usually by the name de Tillieres, later sometime corrupted into Tyler and Taylor. [Falaise Roll, p. 195]

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