African-Americans, Dallas County, Texas

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(Updated December 26, 2005)




A Lump of Lead Dropped into the
system of One Negro by Another-A
Burglar and Would-be Murderer.

     A negro named Sim Martin shot and wounded another named Henry Shoemaker yesterday morning in Freedmantown. A festival was in progress at a church called the Evening chapel, in that place, and Martin had accompanied a girl to it. About two o'clock, Shoemaker stepped outside of the church and was talking to a number of his acquaintances, when Martin stepped up to him and asked who he brought to the festival. On being told, Martin requested him to go to the Baptist church with him where exercises were being held. Shoemaker declined, saying that he had company and could not leave. At this, Martin seemed to be greatly enraged, and began swearing at him and calling him hard names. Shoemaker remonstrated with him, when Martin pulled a four-barreled pistol out of his pocket and fired, the ball taking effect in the left side of his neck and ranging downwards. After the shooting, Martin ran off, while some of the bystanders assisted Shoemaker to a house close by, when medical aid was sent for. In a few minutes, Dr. Leake arrived and gave the wounded man proper attention. It is thought that the wound will not prove fatal, though what the result will be in the end, is doubtful. Sheriff Moon went to the search of Martin, and succeeded in arresting him at this home, near the part of the town in which the shooting occurred. When arrested, it was discovered that he had a pistol wound in the palm of his hand, which he states he received from Shoemaker, though the story is not credited, it being through he either afterwards shot himself on purpose or accidentally. Dr. Allen cut the ball out, which had lodged in the fleshy part of the hand. He was put in jail to await the examining trial, which will probably come off to-morrow.
     About twelve o'clock yesterday, a colored servant, named J. M. Daniels, on the premises of Mr. Alfred Davis, who resides on San Jacinto street, awoke to find a burglar in his room. Jumping out of bed, he looked about him for something with which to attack the thief, who on [going out] the door, turned and fired on him, the shot taking effect in the left side of his neck, the ball ranging down on the same side and stopping near the lower extremity of the shoulder blade. After firing, the man, whom he distinguished as being white, ran off, dropping a bundle of clothes which he had stolen. Dr. Johnson attended the wounded man, who is doing well, having received a painful, though, it is thought, not a fatal wound.

- April 27, 1878, Dallas Weekly Herald, p. 1, col. 8.
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Civil Rights Rampant.

     Conductor Easton, of the Central railroad, was arrested here by a deputy United States marshal yesterday, he was charged with a violation of the civil rights bill, nearly one year ago. He is charged with refusing seats in the ladies car to some negro women. The trial will take place in the United States court at Tyler, at an early day.

- May 18, 1878, Dallas Weekly Herald, p. 4, col. 6.
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He Foots it all the Way Back from
Kansas--What He Says of the Coun-
try and the Suffering of His
People Up There.

     Tony Waldrip, colored, hailing originally from Natchitoches parish, Louisiana, arrived in the city yesterday from Wyandotte county, Kansas, where he went with the exodusters, having footed it this far back on h is way home. He went there the 25th of October, and left on h is homeward tramp on the 26th of February. He says that there are a number of his color in Louisiana awaiting his decision and he is bound in truth to report to them that Kansas is a fraud so far as it is suited to his race, those who have gone there having suffered severely from the cold weather. There are numbers of them returning to Texas, some in wagons and others afoot, all heartily disgusted with the country. There are so many of them, compared with the work to be had, that they cannot get anything like living wages for their labor. He got a job of chopping wood at sixty cents a day, he finding himself. He is very strong in the believe that when he got back home, he would stay there. The climate of Kansas alone was, in his opinion, enough to make all colored people dissatisfied. It was so cold that he had to live under ground like a burrowing animal. The dwelling consisted of a hole dug in the side of the hill and covered with cornstalks, over which he threw a thin layer of dirt. Those of his people who he left behind are suffering both from cold and hunger, and are anxious to return to their former homes, yet the majority cannot get away.
     On his tramp, he was laid up several weeks in the Indian Territory, being very sore from travel, and he is still very foot-sore, and would like to work his way back as far as Shreveport. Tony is an honest looking, plain spoken colored man, and says that the white, as well as the black, along his line of march in Texas were kind to him, giving him something to eat.

- March 30, 1880, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 6.
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[No Heading]

     There were a number of people witnessed the colored baptising in the Trinity river yesterday, just below the bridge.

- March 21, 1887, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
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Dots About Town.

     The Emancipation celebration and corner stone laying by the colored people Saturday was well attended and was very successful.

- June 20, 1887, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
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A Talented Colored Woman.

     To-morrow night, June 22, Mrs. H. H. Trent will give a number of recitations at the Christian church, colored, on Young street. The proceeds are for the benefit of the National Christian church.

- June 21, 1887, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
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     The following is a List of Prizes awarded to distinguished colored people at the picnic on the 4th of July....Commodore Miller given gold-headed cane for being the most popular young man.

- July 6, 1887, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
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Died From the Effects of Wounds
About Two Weeks Ago,

Thomas Scoggins and Gabe Lunday, Colored,
got into a fight in Stringtown.

..last night Lundy died from the effects of the wounds.....

- July 7, 1887, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
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[No Heading]

     Jeff Sims and Frank Arbuckle, two negro boys whose names appear in the recorder's court proceedings, were arrested and now languish in jail for maliciously shooting into an East Dallas colored church yesterday. Additional complaint will be made against them for carrying pistols.

- November 21, 1887, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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Disturbing Public Worship.

     Frank Crutcher, an obstreperous negro, was before the police court this morning, charged with disturbing public worship. He was arrested at the instigation of some members of the New Hope Baptist Church (colored). It is claimed that while the good minister was expounding the gospel of truth, Frank suddenly turned out the gas jets and left the congregation in inner darkness. He was severely reprimanded by the minister, but persisted in his efforts to run the "meeting" according to his own ideas of religious worship. By this evil course, he brought the wrath of the audience down upon his head and in the eyes of the flock, his disgrace is complete.

- May 14, 1888, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 1, col. 4.
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Preparing for Emancipation.

     At a meeting of the colored citizens of Dallas, Wednesday, to take steps looking to the proper celebration of "Emancipation Day," June 19th, the following committee wee appointed.:
     To solicit aid--Melvin Wade, W. H. Henderson, J. E. Wiley, J. W. Ray, William Brittan, Charles Beavers, James Griffin, James Jefferson, A. Stone, Starling R. Johnson, N. W. Harlee, F. C. Rutherford, W. C. Roberts, Z. Fursuson [Ferguson?], S. J. Dixson, C. C. Wiggins, George McLean, J. B. Hamilton, John Cooper, George Eubanks, Wm. Crutchfield, M. C. Cooper, S. W. J. Lowery.
     County Committee -- R. T. Taylor and Joe Jones, Reinhardt; J. J. Beavers, Lancaster; Wm. Alexander, Grand Prairie; Wm. Shears and Giles Armstrong, Richardson; Cal Frazier, Hutchins; John Miller, Five Mile; Henry Critts, Miller's Switch; Jeffry Johnson and Ferdinand Boothe, Carrollton.
     Shady View Park was selected as the place for the celebration. There will be free admittance to the ground and a free dinner. Another meeting will be held to-morrow night.

- May 18, 1888, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 8, col. 4.
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     Paul Dayton lodge, colored, No. 9, last night held their anniversary celebration at the skating rink.

- June 26, 1888, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
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Adam Sent to the Penitentiary.

     Adam Armstrong, the colored preacher, was sentenced to three years confinement in the penitentiary for disposing of mortgaged property.

- June 26, 1888, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 8, col. 2.
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     The best informed citizens of North Dallas say that it is not at all improbable that one of the new wards will send a colored man as representative in the city council. It is said they hold the balance of power in one of the wards.

- July 21, 1888, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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Latest News.

     Commissioner Foster states that there are 1427 indigent orphans in the state school under 16 years of age, one-third of whom are colored.

- July 24, 1888, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
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Who Had the Blow-out Instead of
the U. B. F. and S. of M. T.

     George Washington Irvine, a prominent colored citizen, headed a delegation of the leading colored residents, who called this morning to say that it was the Freedmantown Light Guards who had the disgraceful blow-out at Shady View Park Monday night and not the United Brothers of Friendship and Sisters of the Mysterious Ten, as stated in yesterday's TIMES-HERALD. The last-named organization is composed of the best colored people in the city and is one of the foremost of its kind in the state. They are to have their celebration Monday night, the 17th inst., and Mr. Irvine promises that it will not be a re-enactment of last Monday night's carousal, in which he disclaimed any connection.
     The brother and sisters have arranged a very tasty programme as follows, which the T
IMES-HERALD takes pleasure in giving:
     Grand Parade at 10 a. m., headed by the East Dallas Cornet Band. Line of march: From hall on Elm street to Market, Market to Main, Main to Sycamore, out Sycamore to Ross avenue, Ross avenue to Hall, Hall to San Jacinto, out San Jacinto to Park.
     The park exercises will be as follows: Opening ode: annual address by J. E. Wiley, attorney-at-law; music; installation of officers of New Hope Lodge No. 12 by Past Grand Officer Wm. Coleman and W. H. Sellars; conductors, W. H. Hunter, W. C. Roberts; music; address by Rev. H. S. Trapp; music; installation of officer of St. Mary's Temple No. 5; music; address by Dr. B. R. Bluitt; installation ceremonies 3 p. m.
     The grand open-air concert commences at 8 o'clock sharp.
     Annual sermon preached at Bethel Church, September 16 at 3 o'clock p. m. by Rev. H. L. Trapp, assisted by Rev. A. R. Wilson.

- September 12, 1888, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 4.
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[No Heading]

     The fire department responded to a cry of alarm from a colored hotel on Main street last night, which was caused by a candle igniting some fragments of wall paper in the building. The flames were suppressed without much damage.

- November 15, 1888, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
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     Chief Arnold will now be expected to give his attention to the reported disorderly conduct of the colored folks upon the occasion of future entertainments at the rink.

- November 21, 1888, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
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California Sharpers Inaugurate a
Fraudulent Scheme Which the
Police Expose.

     This morning Capt. J. C. Arnold, chief of police, received the following correspondence from the head of the police department in San Francisco, which is self explanatory:

     POLICE HEADQUARTERS, SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Nov. 14, 1888. -- Chief of Police,
Dear Sir: Herewith please find copy of circulars, which have been extensively circulated throughout the East, and probably in your vicinity, from this city.
     We have investigated the matter thoroughly, and having in custody the party who mailed the circulars, find it a fraud. In case of a failure to get the legal evidence to convict, I ask your aid in the matter, which can be done by calling the attention of the press in your town to the matter. By this means, it will have the effect of making the swindle unprofitable.
Yours Respectfully,
P. C
Chief of Police.

     Following is the 6x8 circular which is embellished with bold display type, and is the bait thrown out to the colored people of the south, including those in Dallas and Texas, to get their money on the promise of reaching a perfect paradise:

     Ten Thousand Colored Laborers Wanted on the Pacific Slope--Through Excursions to California for $6.45--Children Under 15 Free.

     Since the law excluding Chinese from this country has been passed, laborers of all classes are in great demand in California.
     Large ranches, vineyards, farms, railroads and other industries are now suffering for laborers.
     Good wages and permanent homes!
     We have secured from the fruit growers, ranchmen and capitalists of this state, who are in great need of white and colored laborers, a fund to partly defray the expenses of these excursions, and to guarantee their good faith and employment for all who will come at once.
     We have also contracted with the railroad lines for a series of through excursions, equipped with comfortable emigrant sleeping cars which will be run from all the principal points in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas and Tennessee.
     Various industries are suffering and we must have laborers at once!
     We exact the above amount from you in advance as a guarantee that you will come, and to enable us to know just how many we can count upon. Due notice will be given of the dates of the departure of these excursions to those who have remitted the above amount, which must be forwarded promptly, accompanied by your full name and address, upon receipt of which, we will send you a certificate of transportation, which will entitle you to passage on any of these excursions.
     All arrangements have been made and the move will be started at once. Those would like permanent employment and good homes in the greatest country in the world, will certainly avail themselves of this grand opportunity.

Address all communications to
San Francisco, Cal.
Send money by postoffice order, registered letter or postal note.
Show this to your friends.

- November 21, 1888, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 4.
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[No Heading]

     The Lincoln library gave a concert last night at the St. James (colored) Church.

- December 13, 1888, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 3.
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Dallas County
Statistics from the Agricultural Report.

Population in 1880: 38, 488 in 1887: 77,323
males: 39,721
females: 37,602

Americans: 53,789
Colored: 8,427
English: 1,896
Germans: 4,332
French, 1,269
Danes: 593
Hebrews: 1,179
Irish: 3,764
Italians: 213
Mexicans: 187
Spanish: 128
Swedes: 615
Norwegians: 49
Poles: 13
Russians: 196
Chinese: 33
Scotch: 429
of all other nations: 211
In the county: 13,779 white families and 1,404 colored families.

- January 29, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 3-4.
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     The colored Alliance, which embraces the states of Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas, are desirous of establishing their headquarters in this city. They are soliciting with a view of securing $1000 for this purpose. The membership of the colored Alliance numbers about 20,000.

- March 23, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 4.
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[No Heading]

     The colored Odd Fellows of this county held an annual celebration at Shady View park last night.

- July 10, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
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The Exercises at the City Hall To-

     The following is the programme of exercises to be caried out at the city hall to-morrow morning beginning at 10:30 o'clock by district lodge No. 25, G.N.O. of O.F.:
     Introduction -- Rev. A. R. Wilson.
     Solo -- "Praise the Lord" -- W. H. Thornton.
     Welcome address -- Hon. W. C. Connor, mayor.
     Mermaid Song -- Mrs. Dr. Anderson, Clara Pitman, Lena Eubanks.
     Response -- Daniel Abner, D. M.
     Duitt -- Miss Jennie Eubanks, Thos. Orman.
     Welcome address in behalf of the order -- Rev. A. F. Jackson, Dallas Union Lodge No. 1940.
     Quartette -- "Come Holy Spirit" -- Misses S. A. Ewell and Mattie Woods, Thos. Orman and W. W. Jones.
     Response -- Chas. B. Wilson, D. G. M. Chorus.

- August 5, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
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Colored Odd Fellows.

     The district lodge of colored Odd Fellows is in session in the city hall, Mayor Connor extending a welcome as per programme which was published yesterday and creditably carried out.
     During nine years of existence, the lodge has relieved 2186 members, buried 185, relieved 165 widows and 180 orphans.
     It has paid out for the sick, $17,517.45, to widows, $2,500, to orphans, $200, for funerals, $8,645.80, for charity, $3,803.50. The lodge owns property valued at $22,560.

- August 6, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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The Colored Odd Fellows.

     The parade this morning of the colored Odd Fellows, who are holding a session in this city, was in every way a creditable affair. The route of the procession lay along Elm and Main streets, which were lined with colored people to witness the spectacle. There were two bands in the parade, a large number of members on foot and in carriages and colored citizens in vehicles brought up the rear. The paraders in brilliant regalia and uniforms, with splendid banners denoting the lodges to which they were attached, made up a procession of which they have reason to be proud.

     This has been a gala day with the negroes. They have been congregated on Sycamore street and in the vicinity of the city hall as thick as bees.

- August 9, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
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Putting Playthings and Medicine Bottles
on the Graves of Children.

     While strolling last Sunday, a little way outside the city limits, near the head of Eighteenth street, I noticed two carriages filled with colored people entering an inclosure. I saw that it was a cemetery and followed. A stalwart negro took from one of the carriages, a small coffin, and with the ceremony of a short prayer, it was deposited in the earth. Six or eight friends of the dead babe stood with tearful eyes during the few minutes occupied in filling the little grave; then they re-entered the carriages and drove away. Just before leaving, a woman, whom I judged to be the bereaved mother, laid upon the mound, two or three infants' toys.
     Looking among the large number of graves of children, I observed this practice to be very general. Some were literally covered with playthings. There were nursing bottles, rattle boxes, tin horses and wagons, "Noah's ark," sets of dishes, marbles, tops, china cups and saucers, slates, picture books in endless number and variety. Many of them had apparently lain there for years, articles of a perishable nature having been almost destroyed by sun and storm. There were very few children's graves which did not have something of this kind upon them. On many of the larger graves were pretty vases, statuettes and other articles suitable to more adult years.
     Upon inquiry, I was told that this custom is almost universal among the colored people in the south. The sentiment that prompts it readily suggests itself, but it is not quite so easy to understand another feature which I noticed. Upon fully half the small graves, lying or standing, partly buried in the earth, were medicine bottles of every size and shape. Some were nearly full and all contained more or less of the medicine which had no doubt been used in the effort to ward off the visit of death. The usual number of these on each grave was from one to three, but on one I counted eight. The placing of these bottles is certainly a singular conceit and would seem to border on superstition. Just why they do it, is not clear. I was impelled by curiosity to inquire of two or three negroes about it, but they seemed no better able to explain it than I was. One old woman, who was loitering about the cemetery, said in answer to my question:
     "I kain't tell ye why, mister, but dey allers does it. When I was a chile I libed down in ole Virginny, an' it was jes' de same dar. I d'no, but mebbe dey t'inks de medisan 'll he'p de chil'en after deys buried, but I don't see no good in it nohow."
     This is the nearest approach to an opinion I was able to get. I was inclined to coincide in it, such as it was. -- Washington Cor. Cleveland Leader.

- August 24, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 2.
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     The city council held a very uninteresting session Saturday evening. Petitions were disposed of as follows:
The Eagle Fire Company No. 9 (colored) with forty members, representing that they have begun negotiations for an engine, with headquarters at Stringtown, and expect to be ready for active service within thirty days. They ask to be recognized as a volunteer fire company without pay, to serve under the orders of the chief of the fire department. Referred.

- March 31, 1890, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
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[City Council]

     The committee on fire department, on the petition of Eagle Fire Company No. 9, colored, asking that they be allowed to organize a volunteer fire department for duty in Stringtown under orders of the chief, reported adversely.
     Mr. Edwards, as a substitute, moved that the prayer of the petitioners be granted. Adopted.
     On motion of Mr. Howell, the action of the council in purchasing a lot for a colored school house in the Twelfth ward was reconsidered and further action deferred. Mr. McClellan charged that the decision to reconsider was in the interest of an alderman who has property to dispose of.

- April 7, 1890, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2. col. 1.
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City Notes.

     Melvin Wade, the eminent colored statesman and reformer, favors nominations for city offices by the Republicans.

- January 23, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
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Local Notes.

     The colored barbers of Dallas will "give a banquet to-night in the Hamilton hall, 459 Main street, East Dallas," and count on having a bang-up time.

- February 24, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 2.
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A Statement.

     As I am told that there is a report in circulation that I was refused admission to the colored barbers' ball at Hamilton Hall Monday night for reasons containing a reflection on my character, I desire to say that I received a verbal invitation from the president, Ed Gray, and was refused admission by personal enemies without cause and for malicious motives only. As to my character, I refer to the members of my dancing class and all who know me. The ball in question was, by no means, select, as among those present were quite a number who are not tolerated in decent society.

- February 27, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
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Colored Citizens Meeting.

     The colored people of the city will hold a meeting at the city hall March 6 for the purpose of organizing a citizens' club to provide ways and means for fencing the colored cemetery; also for the purpose of purchasing more ground. A large attendance is requested.

- March 5, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
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Meets at New Hope Baptist
Church and Effects a Perma-
nent Organization.

     About 8 o'clock last night, over one hundred of Dallas' leading colored citizens assembled in New Hope Baptist church to perfect the organization of the Literary society. Mr. S. E. Griggs was elected temporary chairman and Prof. N. W. Harlee, secretary. The constitution, as prepared by the committee, was read and adopted. The chairman declared the election of permanent officers to be next in order. The following named persons were elected as permanent officers: Fred K. Chase, president; Miss Fannie L. Hall, first vice-president; R. Payne, second vice-president; Miss Mamie Taylor, secretary; Prof. Wayne Manzilla, treasurer; C. Williams, librarian; Prof. N. W. Harlee, critic; Willie Wade, sergeant-at-arms.
     Executive committee--S. E. Griggs, Miss E. P. Alexander, F. I. Richardson, W. W. Jones and L. A. Brown.
     An interesting programme will be prepared and arranged by the executive committee for the next meeting and announced from the various churches Sunday.
     The following subject will be discussed at the next meeting, Resolved, "That woman should have equal rights with man." Affirmative: Mrs. L. E. Ewell and Prof. Wayne Manzilla. Negative: Miss F. L. Hall and Dr. B. R. Bluitt.
     The society is non-denominational and will hold its meetings at the various churches of the city. Only persons of unquestionable morals are admitted to membership. A cordial invitation is extended to all lovers of education and race pride.

- March 11, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
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City Notes.

     Bartlett Sinclair says that the Tribune, the organ of the colored men of Dallas, has bolted the Republican ticket, and will support W. C. Connor.

- March 21, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 4.
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A Meeting of Colored Men Last

     The colored non-partisan club met in the auditorium of the city hall last night. J. C. Scott presided. Rev. C. F. Moore, of the executive committee reported the following:
     Realizing as we do the unorganized, and greatly divided, condition of our people throughout the city, and having realized from experience, the many disadvantages under which we labor, and the many obstacles to progress thrown in our path on account of our unorganized condition, we have concluded to unite for the bettering of our condition by organizing and directing the power of the colored masses, and by associating and discussing live issues of the day, thereby educating our people up to the standard necessary to a proper and intelligent exercise of the elective franchise and the better quality in them as citizens; believe this to be the only solution of the so-called "negro problem," so far as we are concerned. Every colored man who has the right to vote is a part of the government in this country and has a duty to perform. The need of a proper education necessary to intelligently exercise this right, free from corrupting influences, is greatly felt. It is the duty of those who would lead in the great work of materialization to teach and promulgate these principles. We extend our hands to similar organizations and we request every loyal colored citizen who will agree to stand to and abide by the ruling of the majority to join in and assist us. Asking the considerate approval of mankind and invoking the blessings of the Almighty God, we declare to the world that our aims are:
     1. To endeavor to elevate our people to a higher plane of civilizations and to recognize industrial, moral and intellectual worth and not wealth as the true standard of individual and national greatness.
     2. To endeavor to prove man's inalienable inheritance and right to a share for use of the soil. The right of life caries with it the right to the means of living, and all statues or efforts that obstruct or deny these rights , are wrong and unjust and under advancing civilization, must give way and let truth and equity prevail.
                                   F. K. C
HASE, Chairman.
     C. F. M
OORE, Secretary.
     The report was adopted and twenty-five new members joined the club. A. C. Truman paid his respects to Mr. Brownlee and said if that gentleman and Mr. Cole were the only candidates, he would vote for Mr. Cole. The speaker had a decided leaning towards the present incumbent. Lawyer F. K. Chase followed, in which he repeated the history of the Republican party and was not at all complimentary to it. The speaker advised his hearers to let politics alone and to vote for the men that will treat them the best--for judges, sheriffs, etc.

- March 27, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 7, col. 2.
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Programme for the Next Meeting.

     The Dallas colored literary society will have its next regular weekly meeting Tuesday night, April 28, at the New Hope Baptist church on San Jacinto street, near Central avenue. The executive committee has arranged the following programme for the above date.
     Recitation -- Mrs. E. M. Payne.
     Music -- solo -- Mr. M. E. Wiley.
     Address -- "Our Girl" -- Miss L. F. Hall.
     Music -- solo -- Miss Ella Crutchfield.
     Declamation -- W. S. Green, Esq.
     Music -- solo-- Mr. A. D. Ewell.
     Music -- Quartette -- Mr. S. H. Ewell, Miss Mamie Taylor, Mrs. L. E. Ewell and Mr. A. D. Ewell.
     Debate -- Resolved, "That the protective tariff is injurious to the people of the United States" Affirmative: A. C. Thurman and W. Manzilla. Negative: F. L. Richardson and S. E. Griggs.
     News budget, Miss E. P. Alexander.
     All visitors are welcome.

- April 23, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 3.
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The Colored People Should Make a
Display at the Coming
State Fair.

To the Editor of the TIMES-HERALD.
     Never was a better opportunity offered to the colored citizens of Dallas and the Lone Star state to present to a competing world their development of the past twenty-five years, than the most liberal offer made last year by the management of the Texas State Fair and Dallas Exposition. Ten thousand dollars were appropriated for the benefit of the colored citizens. The colored people of the state failed to take advantage of this beneficent offer, hence the colored department of the Exposition was almost a failure as far as showing the development of the colored people of this great state of ours is concerned. The colored citizens of Dallas, along, could have made a more creditable exhibit had the proper steps been taken by those who had charge of this department. We do not believe that any one man can make the colored department a success. We do not know whether this grand offer will be made this year by the management, or not; if it is, we would advise the manager whom they select to pursue a different course. If the proper course is pursued, the colored people will take hold of it, and that, too, unitedly, and make the colored department of the exposition a grand success. From now until October 17th proximo, may seem a long time in which to prepare whatever we shall wish to display, but when it is borne in mind that no united step in the manner indicated has, as yet, been taken by the colored people in this matter, it will be readily understood what an active agitation will have to be kept up, in order to arouse a proper spirit all along the line. The exposition management used its every effort last year to stimulate a proper interest in the fair among all classes, and our representative colored organizations should, at once, begin "hustling." The directors of the Texas State Fair and Dallas Exposition are open-hearted and broad-gauged men (but Dallas is made up of such men) and are perfectly willing to assist the "brother in black" if they will only appreciate it. Now, should the management see fit to retain the colored department and make the liberal appropriate this year, let every industrious colored person of Texas take hold and help to make it a success. Let industrial associations be organized throughout the state for intending exhibitors. Delays are dangerous, and the loss of a day may utterly destroy the hopes of a to-morrow. Yours for ethification of the race.
F. J. R
Dallas, Texas, April 27, 1891.

- April 27, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 7, col. 4.
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City Notes.

     Bishop Brennan is authority for the statement that Miss Drexel, now known as Sister Catherine, of Philadelphia, will give substantial aid to a Catholic school for colored youths to be established in this city.

- April 28, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
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Resolution of New Hope Baptist
Church, Colored.

     Whereas, this church is making large improvements in the way of enlarging our church for the reception and entertainment of the colored national Baptist convention, and whereas, this improvement is costing over $3,000, and whereas, these conventions will be beneficial to all colored churches and citizens of Dallas.
     Therefore, be it resolved that we invite all colored Baptists churches on the 5th Sunday in this month, May 30th, to attend our church and aid us in a financial rally, as we want to raise on that day, $1,000.
E. W. P. I
SAAC, Pastor.
C. B
ROWN, Church Clerk.

- May 11, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
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Officers Elected.

     The Dallas Colored Literary Society held its regular weekly literary meeting last night at Bethel A. M. E. Church, corner Cochran and Leonard streets. President Chase called the meeting to order at 8:45, Miss F. L. Hall, presiding at the organ. Rev. M. T. Brown, of the Young Street Christian Church, invoked the divine assistance, after which, the president announced the election of officers for the ensuing quarter as the next order of business.
     The following named persons were elected: S. E. Griggs, president; Mrs. S. H. Ewell and F. I. Richardson, vice-presidents; Miss M. E. Jackson, secretary; M. C. Cooper, treasurer; L. A. Brown, librarian; T. H. Chambers, sergeant; J. W. Ray, critic; F. K. Chase, Esq., Rev. C. N. Pryor, Miss F. L. Hall, Prof. J. P. Starks and M. E. McMillan, executive committee.
     The installation of the above named officers will take place next Tuesday night, at which the president will make his inaugural address.

- May 28, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 4.
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Colored Men and Women at Work.

     Say what you please, I am determined to have a large crowd and a good time at the Galveston worker's institute and missionary mass meeting, commencing June 3rd, 1891, at L. street church, provided that the Lord will help us. I am praying for a good time and write to ask you, as a friend, to join me in prayer for success. Pray for three objects: 1st. That the meeting may prove a benefit to all church workers, pastors and deacons in hearing to do more and better work at home for Jesus. 2nd. That poor missionaries may be strengthened for greater work. 3rd. That we may be more liberal. Elders Lights, Diggs, Toliver, Isaac, Davis, I. S. Campbell, Luke, Hubbs, Wright, Barber and many others, with their missionary sisters, will be there. If you cannot be there, send in a letter and a little money to help us take Texas for Jesus in mission work.
                                                    A. R. GRIGGS,
                                  328 Hall street, Dallas, Tex.

- May 29, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
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City Notes.

     The city school board of examiners are in session to-day at the high school building and they will continue in session to-morrow and Thursday. Sixty applicants appeared before the board; 44 white and 16 colored. There are only 19 places to be filled in the white, and 4 in the colored.

- June 10, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
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City Notes.

     The colored people will celebrate their emancipation with a ball to-night in the alliance exchange building.

- June 19, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 4.
- o o o -

Teachers and Secretary Elected.

     The school board have elected the following teachers:
     W. H. Kimbrough, principal of the Oak Grove school; J. S. Brown, principal of the Cumberland Hill school; J. D. Matlock, principal of the San Jacinto school; J. W. Ray, principal of colored school No. 1; W. Manzilla, principal of colored No. 5[?]. Subject to assignment: A. P. Vaughan, J. B. Nabors, A. T. Howell, L. [?] L. Candlier, Mrs. H. C. Mister, Mrs. L. Stobaugh, Misses Rosa Brinkley, Bessie Jones, L. Tapscott, H. B. Mosley and Jennie Senter; W. F. Mister, teacher of English in high school; supernumeraries--Mrs. B. T. Sellman, Mrs. Annie Roberts, Miss Ella Harrell, Miss Mary Bryant, Miss Nannie Bradford, Miss Eula Barlow and Miss Bessie Wilson.
     The board decided to abolish all special branches.
     School Director, T. G. Terry, was elected secretary of the board at a salary of $75 per month.

- June 19, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 4.
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     R. L. HENRY, assistant attorney-general, has decided that negro convicts must be carried to the penitentiary in the coaches provided for the blacks and the sheriff may ride with them. There is to be no discrimination only in favor of the sheriff, according to this ruling.

- August 19, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 1.
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     The colored people of Dallas indorse separate coach law, and are opposed to its repeal. The colored man has no kick coming on that law, and where the discrimination comes in has not yet been discovered. The alien-land law also appeared to be in high favor with those who held forth in the city hall last night. When the colored men of Texas indorse the laws enacted by a Democratic legislature, the bloody-shirt journals of the north and the blatant orators of that party should call a halt and devote themselves to live issues, something which they have not advocated for twenty-five years past.

- August 19, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 1.
- o o o -




Rather Stormy Meeting of Dal-
las Colored Men-Proceed-
ings of Same.

     A convention of colored people to send delegates to the state colored convention at Houston, was held in the auditorium of the city hall last night. F. S. Richardson, the county chairman, presided.
Melvin Wade asked for information, and was notified by the chair that it would be forthcoming when the officers were elected.
     Prof. Ray was named for secretary, but declined. Finally, Lawyer F. K. Chase was unanimously elected.
     The chair then stated that the basis of representation would be the same as to the Republican convention in 1888, and that no political significance attached.
     Melvin Wade remarked that he was out if the convention had no political significance, and another delegate said the alien land law and the separate coach bill were the grandest laws ever enacted by a legislature. The chair invited the delegates to be instructed to that effect and Prof. Ray said the call was meaningless.
     On resolutions, Prof. J. W. Ray, A. C. Thurman, J. P. Elliott, S. W. J. Lowery and E. J. Pender, were named.
     The chair stated that while the committee was out, the convention would hear from Melvin Wade. Melvin stated that he had lived 31 years in Texas, and if the colored people had any special interests, he was not aware of it.
     The chair and Melvin had a warm discussion, the former intimating that Melvin was not interested in the welfare of the race. Melvin came back at the lawyer by saying that Dallas county was all right. If the county had done anything wrong, name it, and he would go to Houston and do his part.
     It was announced that the committee was ready to report and Melvin was requested to come to order, which he did, and the report was read as follows:
     We, your committee on resolutions, beg leave to report the following: It is the sense of this meeting that we approve of the call of the convention to meet in Houston September 1 to discuss ways and means for the betterment of the colored people of the state of Texas, politically, and also their present condition, but we disapprove of that part of the call which refers to the separate coach law, for we feel that the colored citizens of Texas are better protected by it.
     After brief discussion, the report was adopted as read and the following-named were elected delegates to attend the Houston convention: Prof. J. W. Ray, S. W. J. Lowery, Melvin Wade, F. K. Chase, A. Stone, J. P. Elliott, F. J. Richardson, S. R. Johnson, Prof. Manzilla, Isaac Leonard, Sidney Hawkins, John W. Cooper, E. J. C. Pender, James Jefferson, A. C. Morrison and Thomas Morton. After paying the janitor's bill, the convention adjourned.

- August 19, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 3.
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The Freewill Baptists Split and
a Meeting Disturbed.

     There was consternation in the colored Freewill Baptist church Thursday night. The worshippers were at prayer, when in stepped one of the brethren with something in his eye, and it was neither a gravel, nor a splinter. It was an awful determination. He caught up a dainty fan that belonged to one of the sisters and proceeded to fan out the lights. It is further alleged that he grabbed the preacher's Bible out of his hand to his speechless dismay. Then, as the story goes, after the intruder, who was none other than Wash Winn, had torn himself away from his brethren, the brethren re-lit the lamps and continued services.
     Winn has been arrested, charged with disturbing public worship.
     The sensation Thursday night sprang from a recent split in the church. The two factions have been using the church time about, but it seems both sides concluded they would take charge of the church on this special night.

- August 22, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 3.
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     Dr. Mackey objects to the separate coach law, but that ebony-hued statesman, Melvin Wade, says that it is a most wise measure, and will keep white dudes, old and young, at a respectful distance from Afro-Americans of the more gentle persuasion. That was a crushing blow beneath the belt of the white kicker against the separate coach law. -- Dallas Times-Herald.

- September 4, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 2.
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A Drawback to Our City.
Oak Cliff Journal.

     The other day, on a crowded Oak Cliff train, a society belle of the colored gentry was surrounded by male and female members of her race. She had a glib tongue, was autocrat of the crowd, and the rich flavor of the extract of cinnamon in her immediate vicinity showed her to be an artist in economic perfumery. "There is only one objection to Oak Cliff," she said, "and that is the absence of the separate coach law, which compels us to ride sitting next to all kinds of people." The white man sitting near her, who was the inspiration of the remark, quietly moved to another seat at the next station.

- September 7, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
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Literary and Musical.

     The public are invited to attend and witness the exercises of the Dallas Literary Society (colored) at the New Hope Baptist Church on Tuesday night at 8:30 o'clock, September 29, 1891.
     The following programme will be carried out:
     Grand opening chorus by the New Hope choir.
     Music by the society's glee club.
     Essay by Prof. J. P. Starks.
     Solo by Miss Powell.
     Discussion--Resolved, that Napoleon was the greatest general of modern times. Affirmative: W. W. Jones and Mrs. L. E. Ewells.      Negative: W. Manzilla and Miss F. L. Hall.
     Solo--Miss Ella Crutchfield.
     Choice Chorus by the New Hope choir.
     Address of Hon. R. C. O'Benjamin of California.
     Remarks. Adjourn.
                                             N. W. H

- September 29, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 7, col. 2.
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The Swell Organization of the

     The Dallas colored literary society is a right light in the elevation of the colored youth of the city. Many excellent papers are read and discussed before the members of the society on subjects that contain the living issues of the present day. On last Tuesday evening, the best colored talent in the city was brought forth to discuss a subject which is creating much attention. The paper by Miss M. E. Griffin, "the benefit of having a literary society," showed deep research, mature though and was aptly clothed in terse English. The following person discussed the paper: Prof. J. W. Ray, N. W. Harilee, Esq., Rev. C. N. Pryor and Mr. T. K. Chase.
     The following proposition was ably discussed: "Resolved, that unlimited free coinage of silver would prove ruinous to our monetary system."
     Mrs. M. L. Ray opened the discussion in a well-prepared paper, setting forth the evil effect of cheap money; money that would ruin our credit at home and abroad; that the laborers would have plenty of money, but it would be useless in the markets of the world.
     Miss F. L. Hall rebutted this theory and showed the fallacy in the argument, from her standpoint, presenting the basis of the monetary systems of the enlightened nations of the world.
     Miss Julia L. Caldwell followed this speaker with argument similar to those advanced by the first speaker, and showed the ruinous effect of cheap money in Mexico, Australia and other foreign countries.
     Mrs. Dr. Bluitt being absent, Miss Hall responded in her usual argumentative style and was greeted with applause.
     The judges decided in favor of the affirmative.
     Mr. N. W. Harilee represented Mark Antony in Caesar's funeral oration and acquitted himself with credit.
     The society will convene in the Evening Chapel, corner of Boll and Juliet streets, next Tuesday at 7:30 p. m. for the purpose of electing officers for the ensuing quarter. The public is invited.

- November 30, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 4.
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Lodge Meeting.

     The Eastern Star lodge (colored) held their annual meeting last evening at the corner of Juliet and Peak streets and elected the following officers for the year:
     Julia Burney, matron; W. L. Kimbrough, patron; Dony Harris, associate matron; Mattie Hooker, conductress; Annie Kirby, treasurer; Carrie Brown, recorder.
     The lodge will turn out in full force at Hamilton hall Monday, Dec. 7, at 8 p. m.
     Officers of the Paul Drayton and Abeth lodges will have their public installation of officers at Hamilton hall Monday, Dec. 7, at 8 p. m.

- December 5, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 5.
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[City Council]

     The Colored Women's Aid Society, asking that their home for old women be exempt from taxation. Referred to the city attorney.

- January 11, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 2-3.
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[Note: the colored Woman's Home was apparently located at Leonard and Juliet, on a 35x75 foot lot in either block 321 or 821. Source: Tax Roll of 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 1]

New Paper.

     A large collection of colored young men met yesterday at Andrew Jackson's place on Commerce street, to discuss the condition of the colored people of Dallas. Very able speeches were made by A. C. Thurman, Jackson Webster and Prof. Johnson, of Arkansas. They organized a club and will publish a republican paper here. A. C. Thurman, F. K. Chase and Frank Rutherford were elected as editors, managers, etc. They subscribed $500 for the support of the paper.

- January 11, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 4.
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     The Dallas colored literary society will meet at the Evening chapel, corner of Boll and Juliet streets, Tuesday evening at 7:30.

- February 1, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
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Were the Primary Meetings
This Afternoon.

     In the First, Second, Fourth and Sixth wards this afternoon, the colored brothers were on hand to assist in running things. It is said the anti-administration faction elected white delegates, however, and the county convention will be held Saturday. This convention will instruct for Judge A. B. Norton and J. C. Baker as delegates to the Minneapolis convention.

- February 25, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 4.
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[No Heading]

     The colored citizens will hold a meeting to-night at Wylie Hall to denounce the separate coach law.

- March 22, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
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Several Meetings Held in the
City Last Night.

     The Colored Men's Education Club met at Metropolitan Hall last night. Melvin Wade presided and Prof. Harlee acted as secretary. E. K. Ellis (white) was indorsed for alderman in the Ninth ward. The resolutions presented the city council last Saturday night with regard to a school house in the Ninth ward, were also indorsed. It is alleged that Ed Eakin in the Fifth and Maurice Lacey in the Sixth ward were indorsed.

- March 23, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
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City Notes.

     A secret meeting of the colored voters of the city will be held at the hall, corner Elm and Ervay streets to-night, to plan a campaign against the Democrats.

- March 26, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 4.
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City Notes.

     The meeting of the colored voters at the U. B. F. Hall on Elm street near Ervay Saturday night was well attended. Joe Hays presided. J. M. Skelton, E. K. Ellis, Pat O'Keefe and Maurice Lacey were present, but no opportunity was given candidates to make speeches. After a great deal of wrangling, the conference adjourned without taking action. Another meeting will be held at Metropolitan Hall, near the Central railroad, Tuesday night.

- March 28, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
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City Notes.

     Melvin Wade says: "The white people say turn Texas loose. I say, turn Bustrin out." Mr. Bustrin has a year to serve and will probably have something to say later on.
     The colored voters will hold a secret meeting at Metropolitan Hall this evening. It is said a secret and oath-bound organization has been effected, the aim and object being to battle the Democratic party and its nominees.

- March 30, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
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The "Lily Whites" Will be
Skinned by Melvin Wade.

     About thirty-five people gathered at the auditorium of the city hall last night, five white Democrats among the number, Wade Hampton Kay of South Carolina and Hon. N. G. Turney of the United States, with representatives of the city press, were present. The meeting was called by the colored men to resolute against the "lily whites" and declare undying fealty to the Republican party. Owing to the slimness of the crowd, Mr. Kay made an extemporaneous effort, giving a history of affairs in South Carolina from 1865 until 1876 and eulogizing Wade Hampton. He addressed his remarks to the Caucasian contingent, but the colored man and brother was an attentive listener. At 9:10, Melvin Wade cut off his discussion with, "Brethren, this is a Republican meeting. I'm loaded for bear (the lily variety) but owing to inclement weather, I will not fire the cannon at the 'lily whites' to-night." Melvin's lip curled with scornful contempt when he referred to the "lily whites," saying, "the Republicans don't want them and the Democrats will be grand rascals if they take them. We don't want 'em here. Nobody wants 'em. Let 'em go off to Oklahoma or some other place away from Texas. The negro has been abused and persecuted. Like our Saviour, everybody wants to kick him. I believe we should adjourn until some other night."
     A. K. Chase, the colored lawyer, came next. He "proposed to show the lily whites up in no enviable light but wanted to talk to a full house. He moved an adjournment to next Thursday night and the motion prevailed.

- April 29, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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     Sixty-five colored voters have organized a George Clark club with Rev. A. Stokes as president, W. H. Hunter, secretary and Joe Hayes, sergeant-at-arms. Next Saturday night, permanent organization will be effected. It is claimed 600 colored men in the city will affiliate with the Democrats at all elections in future.

- May 2, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3-4.
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City Notes.

     The Colored Literary Society will meet at the New Hope Baptist Church to-morrow night.
     The colored George Clark club met at the residence of Rev. A. Stokes Saturday night. It claims a membership of eighty at present. The temporary officers were made permanent.

- May 9, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 4.
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Colored Odd Fellows.

     The colored Odd Fellows of Dallas celebrated yesterday their thirteenth and third anniversaries of Dallas Union Lodge No. 1940 and Comet Lodge No. 3134, respectively. A grand uniform procession, led by a brass band, was given, after which, there was a public installation of officers with a banquet and ball that lasted far into the night. It is considered by a number of colored people to be the swellest affair yet given in colored social circles.

- May 17, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
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City Notes.

     The Band of Kindred, a colored secret organization, are celebrating an anniversary to-day. There will be a public installation of officers to-night, followed by a banquet and ball at Hamilton Hall, on Main street.

- May 23, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
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City Notes.

     The colored literary society will meet to-night at the Young Street Christian Church. A programme of readings, recitations and music will furnish entertainment.

- May 24, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 5.
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     Fred K. Chase, a prominent colored lawyer of this city, and Miss Fannie L. Hall, a teacher in one of the colored public schools, were married at the residence of Dr. B. R. Bluitt last night, Rev. A. R. Griggs officiating.

- June 2, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 3.
- o o o -

City Notes.

     The Texas Baptist Missionary and Historical Society, colored, meets in Houston to-morrow. About seventy-five delegates have gone down from this city. The occasion is the celebration of the hundredth anniversary of the mission work and one of the principal objects of the convention will be the raising of $25,000 for pushing missionary work.

- June 7, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
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City Notes.

     A fire early yesterday morning destroyed a two-story brick building at 373 Flora street owned by J. E. Wiley and occupied as a grocery by Doc Rowen, both colored men. The grocery stock was insured for $1500 and the building for $6000. The furniture and fixtures were insured for $1750.

- June 8, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 5.
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City Notes.

     The Minuet club (colored) will give a banquet at Emory Hall, 323 Elm street, to-morrow night in honor visiting young ladies returning from school. The reception committee is composed of W. F. Boyd, F. C. Rutherford and William Johnson.

- June 13, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
- o o o -

Base Ball.

     The colored base ball clubs of Dallas and Fort Worth crossed bats here yesterday, the former being victorious by a 6-5 result.

- June 21, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
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City Notes.

     During the Emancipation celebration yesterday by the colored people, a disgruntled member of one of the brass bands, who had been dispossessed of his very handsome uniform, held the procession up on its way to Shady View Park, and with a shotgun in hand, declared that the procession should not move until he was reinstated in full possession of his uniform and position in the band. Officer Beard was called to the scene by a telephone message, and on his approach, the warrior musician broke and ran and the column moved on.

- June 21, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
- o o o -


The Colored People are All

     The colored people are going to Galveston on Tuesday, July 26. The excursion will be under the auspices of the Fort Worth and Dallas excursion club. A splendid programme of amusements has been prepared and many noted colored orators will make speeches. L. W. Fair is manager for Dallas, and is making all the arrangement.

- June 25, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 5.
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[No Heading]

     At a recent meeting of the colored ministers of this city, a Minister's Union was formed by the election of Rev. Mr. Smith as permanent chairman; Rev. J. G. Grimes, vice-president; Rev. T. H. Johnson, secretary and Rev. P. C. Hunt, assistant secretary. The organization will meet at 10 a. m. every Tuesday.

- June 25, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 5.
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[No Heading]

     Some of the colored population in Freedmantown are very much exercised over the alleged poisoning of their dogs, and there is much wailing and gnashing of teeth in consequence.

- July 11, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 2.
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[No Heading]

     The Ninth ward (colored) school house is rapidly approaching completion and will be one of the handsomest in the city.

- August 12, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
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City Notes.

     The Dallas colored literary society will meet to-night at the Plymouth Congregational Church. All members are requested to be present.

- August 23, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
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City Notes.

     The Dallas Colored Literary Society meets to-night at the Congregational Church on Hawkins street. Members and friends are invited.

- September 14, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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     The colored people of the city are having a big barbecue and fish fry on Bear creek in the south part of the county to-day. A brass band and some speakers are on hand.

- September 16, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
- o o o -




A Delegate to the Fort Worth
Convention, Declares

     Alf Stone of the Ninth ward, has lived in Dallas thirty years and is a prominent colored Republican. He is an industrious man, in good circumstances and a power with his neighbors. Alf was a delegate to the Republican state convention at Fort Worth, but it is evident that the reporter present were busily engaged in manufacturing Clark campaign material or else they would have heard his declarations of independence on the floor of the convention. A TIMES-HERALD reporter found Alf to-day denouncing Cuney and Clark to a crowd of Friends. Said he:
     "I attended the convention as a delegate and a Republican, I saw what was coming and informed my friends; Cuney is going to sell out the darkies again. I'm going home. They begged me to stay awhile longer, and I did so. When I saw that the sale was to be consummated, I said, 'good-bye, gentlemen,' grabbed my hat and started for the depot."
     "You will not support Clark, then?"
     "No, sir, never. the colored people will not support him. I am a Republican, but I shall vote for Nugent. The colored men will not vote for George Clark. Wright Cuney cannot deliver the goods. My neighbors are all going to vote against him. They have fooled us for the last time."

- September 17, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
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[No heading]

     Rev. A. R. Griggs has returned from Savannah, Georgia, where he attended the foreign mission convention of the Colored Baptists of the United States. He had the honor of being elected president of the convention.

- September 26, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 6.
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Colored Literary Society.

     The following programme will be carried out at the Congregational church, Hawkins street, on next Tuesday night. Music by the glee club; prayer; music by the glee club; recitation by Mrs. Nannie Baley, duet by Misses Mamie Taylor and Mamie Wade; resolved, that the war between the United States and Mexico was not a necessity, affirmative E. C. Freeman, A. J. Johnson, negative Isaiah Mitchell, George Wade; news budget by Mrs. M. Morrow; music. The public is invited.

- October 31, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
- o o o -

Colored Democrats.

     The colored Democrats are organized in the various wards. One general organization with Jordan Springfield, president and D. Strother, secretary, meets every few nights with one of the ward clubs. The Second ward club has about twenty-five members and is officered by Ben Ford, chairman and D. A. Crockett, secretary. The negroes of Dallas are going to give the Democratic ticket a good vote.

- November 1, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 6.
- o o o -

City Notes.

     The colored literary society will convene at the Congregational Church on Hawkins street to-night, when the following programme will be carried out: Music by the glee club; original story by Miss A. V. Littlejohn; music, bass solo, A. J. Johnson; paper, "The Cycle of Nations," by Miss J. L. Caldwell; duet by Miss Annie Drake and Henry Wade; paper, "The One Thing Lacking," G. T. Smith; solo, Miss Ida Wade; select reading, Miss M. E. Taylor; music by the glee club.

- November 8, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
- o o o -

[No Heading]

Charles Johnson, a colored boy evangelist, 12 years of age, is stirring up a great amount of enthusiasm among the colored brethren. He hails from Louisiana and is described as a phenomena. He will preach in the auditorium of the city hall Sunday at 11 o'clock.

- December 2, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 6.
- o o o -


     Five colored and four white applicants participated in the teachers' examination for county school teachers Saturday evening at Superintendent Palmer's office.

- December 19, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
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Preparing to Open the Ninth
Ward Colored School.

     The school board met at 3 o'clock yesterday for the purpose of making arrangements for occupying the recently completed new 8-room brick high school building for colored pupils in the Ninth ward, which will be ready for occupancy January 1.
     On motion of Mr. Peacock, it was ordered that colored schools Nos. 4, 5, 6 and 7 be closed and the desks and apparatus be moved from them to the new Ninth ward building.
     The salary of A. Manzilla, principal of the colored high school, was fixed at $90 per month.
     On motion of Mr. Aldehoff, the superintendent was instructed to notify the teachers and principals of colored schools Nos. 4, 5, 6 and 7, that their schools would be closed and moved to the Ninth ward building, and that the offices of principals in their schools were abolished and to ask that they make application as teachers in the new building, the salary to be $55 per month and the teachers subject to assignment by the superintendent.
     The head janitor, with his assistants, was instructed to move the desks and apparatus to the new building and the committee on supplies was instructed to supply it with artesian water.
     A petition from A. Manzilla, asking permission for his school to devote an hour or so to dedicatory services at the Ninth ward school building on January 2, was granted.
     The report of the committee on municipal affairs, which was adopted by the council, appropriating $100 for needed repairs and alterations at the Ninth ward building, was read and referred to the committee on repairs to have the work done.
     The secretary was instructed to notify the Oak Cliff mayor and council that the Dallas schools were in urgent need of the desks loaned the Oak Cliff school and wanted their immediate return.
     The president reported that he had made arrangements to have half of the month's salary of the teachers paid. The action of the president was indorsed.
     The following letter from Messrs. Sanger Bros. to Superintendent Harris was read:
     "Dear Sir -- Your statement in the News of this morning prompts us to suggest that if the teachers can get their vouchers for the balance due them, payable next pay day, we will cash them without discount. Yours, etc.

- December 24, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1-2.
- o o o -


     The colored high school in the ninth ward was opened yesterday with singing by the pupils and short talks by Superintendent Harris and Directors Terry, Yeargan and Putnam, Alderman Woodsides, ex-Alderman Harris and J. E. Wiley, colored. The children sang "My Country, 'Tis of Thee." There were 350 pupils and about 1000 colored adults present. This is said to be the finest public school building for colored children in Texas, and probably in the south.

- January 3, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 3.
- o o o -

Added February 9, 2004:

     The school board met yesterday at 3:30 p. m. Beyond discussing the salaries of the colored teachers, reconsidering the vote by which a reduction was made in their salaries and ordering Secretary Vaughan to make out the pay rolls, nothing of importance was done. President Terry, Mr. Putnam and other members are anxious for the brick cisterns to be constructed for the school houses.

- January 18, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
- o o o -

Added February 9, 2004:

     Alfred Stone, a leading colored man of the Ninth ward, said to a TIMES-HERALD reporter last night, "There is a heap o' sufferin' among the po' people in this city, boss. The cold weather and lack of work means hunger and no fires to many. It's tough, I tell ye."

- January 19, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
- o o o -


     The colored preachers of this city have adopted resolutions condemning mob law, and asking "the white ministers, sheriffs, governors, all peace officers and good citizens to aid us in our effort to discourage prejudice and to decrease the ratio of crime and mob violence."

- February 20, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
- o o o -

Added February 4, 2004:

     A. C. Thurman will issue Vol. 1, No. 1 of a new journal devoted to the needs of the negroes of Dallas next Saturday. The campaign is now on.

- March 23, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 4.
- o o o -

Added January 30, 2004:

     Rev. E. W. D. Isaacs, pastor of the New Hope Baptist church, gave his people some good advice yesterday.

- March 26, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
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     A reunion of colored men who were soldiers in the civil war, will be held in Dallas this year. Hon. J. Goodman of Fort Worth, Tex., is in the city making the necessary arrangements for its success. Nearly 6000 people attended the meeting last August in Fort Worth, and as Dallas always exceeds in anything, the local committee here claim 10,000 visitors. Chase, Jackson, Griggs and Thurman are in accord with the move. The days of meeting will likely be sometime in August.

- April 13, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
- o o o -


Ninth Annual Session to be
Held in Dallas.

     Wednesday, June 21, morning session 10 a. m. -- Music; invocation, Rev. J. G. Grimes, Dallas; address of welcome, Rev. E. W. D. Isaacs, editor of the Texas Baptist Star, Dallas; response to the welcome address on behalf of Texas public schools, Mr. A. H. Terrell, Denison; on behalf denominational schools, ex-President David Abner, Guadalupe college, Seguin; music, annual address, President I. M. Terrell, Fort Worth; general business, enrollment of members, collection of annual dues and appointment of constitutional committees.
     Papers -- "The Pupil's Mental Hygiene," Mr. J. W. Tildon, Waxahachie; discussion, Miss Clarissa M. Thompson, Fort worth: "Discipline in Elementary Schools," Miss Mabel Mofford, Waco; discussion, Mr. J. H. Gollin, Luling; music; adjournment.
     Evening session, 8:30 o'clock -- Music; invocation, Rev. Holmes, Dallas; "The Object of a High School," Mr. W. Manzella, Dallas; discussion, general; Query Box, conducted by Miss Vada Easter, Waco; adjournment.
     Thursday, June 23, 10 a. m. -- Music; invocation, Rev. Lacy, Dallas; "The Mental Growth of the Teacher," Mr. J. R. Gibson, Galveston; discussion, Miss J. L. Caldwell,, Dallas; "The Old and the New Education," Miss Hallie B. Williams, Waco; discussion, Mr. L. A. Tindall, Mount Pleasant; music; "A Higher Standard of Education in the Institutions of the South," Mr. J. R. E. Lee, Marshall; discussion, Mr. E. L. Blackshear, Austin; "The Cultivation of the Mind by Language, Science and Mathematics," Miss L. A. Bowers, Galveston; discussion, Mr. H. T. Kealing, Waco; muck; adjournment.
     Evening session, 8:30 o'clock -- Music; invocation, Rev. Hutchinson, Dallas; "The Survival of the Plastic," M. h> Broyles, Prairie View; discussion, open to all; Query Box, Miss Easter, adjournment.
     Friday, June 23, 10 a. m. -- Music; invocation, Rev. Dr. A. R. Griggs, Dallas; A. A. Caldwell, Bryan; discussion, Mrs. Lula Kerr, Bastrop; "The Elements of Success in the School Room," Mrs. James D. Bryan, Houston; discussion; music; election of officers; a driver over the city; installation of officers at night.
     Bureau of information --- All teachers and others desirous of securing boarding places before the convention meets will write to Mr. N. W. Harllee, No. 251 Boll street, Dallas. Miss J. L. Caldwell will receive exhibits of school work.
     World's Fair -- Members who anticipate visiting the great Chicago exposition should write at once to Mr. M. H. Broyles, Prairie View, Tex., for information relative to securing accommodation and I. M. Terrell for railroad rates.

- April 15, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
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     The colored teachers of the city are requested to meet at the Congregational church at 8 o'clock this evening to devise ways and means to entertain the state association of colored teachers, to meet in Dallas June 23.

- April 17, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
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A Sensational Episode at the Colored
School Yesterday.

     On Wednesday last, Mrs. Lizzie E. Ewell, teacher at colored school No. 2, whipped a male pupil for a flagrant breach of school rules. According to those acquainted with the facts, the boy deserved all he received and more. The sequel came yesterday morning. About 8:30, Mrs. Ewell arrived at school No. 2. The other teachers had not put in an appearance and only a few of he pupils were present. Shortly after the arrival of Mrs. Ewell, a hostile negress hove in sight and made a warlike demonstration. She had all sails spread and was the mother of the boy who had been castigated on the day previous. The Amazonian warrioress proceeded to business at once. She assaulted Mrs. Ewell, slapped her around, and divested the unfortunate teacher of a considerable quantity of clothing. After venting her rage upon the teacher, the woman retired, chuckling over her victory. The matter was reported to the school board, yesterday afternoon, by Superintendent Harris, with the information that Mrs. Ewell and her husband would appeal to the courts.


     This morning, a Mrs. Mansfield appeared in Justice Lauderdale's court-room and announced that she desired to enter a plea of guilty to a charge of assault. She had thrashed a school teacher for whipping her son. The justice was agreeable and it cost Mrs. Mansfield $16.50. She paid that amount over and withdrew from the courtroom.

- April 27, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
- o o o -


A Jury That Knew Its Business - The
Ewell Case.

     Another laughable case was on trial, yesterday afternoon, and the elite of the Afro-American society circles crowded the court room. Mrs. Lizzie E. Ewell, colored, teacher in colored school No. 2, appeared against Mrs. Mattie Mansfield. Mrs. Mansfield, a week ago yesterday, whipped Mrs. Ewell for chastising her son. Mrs. Mansfield not only whipped the teacher, but she stripped her. For this, Mrs. Mansfield paid $16.50 to Justice Lauderdale. On Friday last, Mrs. Ewell was on her way to her dressmaker's and passed the residence of Mrs. Mansfield. Mrs. Ewell says Mrs. Mansfield stood in the door "and laffed, laffed and laffed." According to Mrs. Ewell, the accused did more than "laff." She intimated that linen of the teacher was not as spotless as starch could make it. This greatly mortified the teacher and she appealed to the law to vindicate her. H. H. Parks prosecuted and Barry Miller defended. The testimony was rich, and at times, the court, with great difficulty, restrained the merriment of the crowd. The gifted barristers made brilliant speeches, after which the case was given to the jury. A verdict of not guilty was returned. The Ewell following was crest-fallen; the Mansfield following, jubilant, and much bad blood has been engendered in the ranks of the Afro-American Four Hundred. Parson Stokes is an able champion of Mrs. Ewell, and others equally prominent are enlisted beneath her banner.

- May 2, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
- o o o -


An Animated Session of that Body Was
Held Last Night.

     Colored school teachers, in a petition, asked to be allowed to have their closing exercises in Wylie hall, they to defray all expenses. Granted.

- May 19, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2-3.
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     D. Anderson, a negro, who runs the "Golden Gate" Park on Pearl and Preston streets, was fined $50 by a jury in the city court to-day.

- June 3, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
- o o o -


To Be Celebrated at the Fair Grounds.
Programme of the Proceedings.

     The colored people of Dallas and Dallas county will celebrate the 19th of June, emancipation day, at the fair grounds, with music, oratory and a basket picnic.
     All the colored churches in the city will have tables on the grounds for their benefit. The Sunday schools will meet at their respective churches at 9 a. m., and march to where they will take the cars for the grounds. The street car companies have consented to carry the children both ways for one fare. Tickets will be furnished each Sunday school on the 18th, in order that all children may be accommodated on the 19th.
     The people will be called together at noon in the machinery hall, where the following exercises will be carried out. Reading the emancipation proclamation by C. C. Wiggins, addresses by Dr. R. V. Roman, Revs. E. W. D. Isaac and H. Wilhite, Melvin Wade, W. L. McDonald and Prof. N. W. Harllee, after which there will be a contest by the Metropolitan, the Hussar and the Ninth Ward brass bands.
     The churches at Oak Cliff, Grand Prairie, Eagle Ford, Miller's Switch, Reinhardt, White Rock and other places in Dallas county, can secure stands by applying to the committee, consisting of A. Stone, S. W. J. Lowery, Sam Wilson, A. Jackson, J. P. Starks and S. Pitman. There will be no charges at the gates.
     R. S. Johnson is grand marshal and the assistant marshals are W. Beal, G. T. Smith, Frank Edwards and H. E. Everett.

- June 12, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 1.
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     Rev. Dr. A. A. Whitman, the poet laureate of the colored race, will lecture at the Golden Gate park to-night on "The Coming Era." He has been appointed to write a poem on the negro race to be read in the memorial art palace at the World's Fair on the 22d of next September.

- June 13, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 1.
- o o o -

Added February 1, 2004:

     Rev. A. A. Whitman, a prominent colored divine, lectured to a large audience at the Golden Gate Park last night. He was hopeful of the future, denounced John J. Ingalls and predicted a glorious era for his race, and the whites as well, in this country.
     The indications are that the association, which will convene in this city from the 21st to the 22d instant, inclusive, will be the largest body of colored teachers that has ever assembled in Texas. The railroads will give a rate of 1
1/2 cents, but the teachers who purchase tickets to attend the convention must take a receipt for one fare. On presenting this receipt on their return, a ticket will be sold to them for one cent a mile. Teachers and persons who attend the association's meetings should pay especial attention to this matter. Mayor Connor has granted the teacher's association the privilege of the city hall, and has accepted the invitation to deliver the address of welcome. The colored people are making special arrangements to entertain the teachers, and will tender them a banquet.

- June 14, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 4.
- o o o -

Added January 18, 2004:

     A. D. Ewell and Miss E. E. Joshua[?], prominent in Afro-American circles, were married last Thursday by Rev. E. G. D. Isaacs. It was the swell colored wedding of the year and many presents were received by the couple.

- June 19, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
- o o o -

Added 17 Jan 2004:

     Two games of ball were played at the park in Fort Worth yesterday. In the morning, the colored teams of that city and Dallas played a seven-inning game. The score was Dallas 3, Fort Worth 7. While running from second to third base, one of the Fort Worth boys named Will Jones, slipped and fractured his right leg between the knee and ankle. The game between the Fort Worth amateurs and a picked nine took place at 3:30. There were some good features and many bad ones. Mahoney and Reeder, as battery for the amateurs, did some excellent work. The attendance was moderately fair. There will be a game next Sunday. It is the intention to get the Waxahachie team there, which is conceded to be the crack team of the state. Itson's colored team will play in Dallas to-day at the Fair grounds.

- June 19, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1.
- o o o -

Added 17 Jan 2004:

     Four thousand colored people celebrated the emancipation of their race, at the fair grounds yesterday afternoon.

- June 20, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 4.
- o o o -

Added 17 Jan 2004:

     The grand lodge of colored Free Masons of Texas met in Dallas to-day and will be in session four days. The female branch of the colored Masons also met here to-day.
     The Colored State Baptist Convention will meet in the New Hope Baptist church to-morrow, and be in session three days. The special purpose of the convention is to discuss the progress of the colored people.
     The colored pupils of the public schools, who are to sing to-morrow at the opening of the meeting of the Association of Colored Teachers, met for practice in the auditorium of the city hall at 9 a. m. to-day.

- June 20, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1.
- o o o -

Added 16 Jan 2004:


They Begin Their Convocation This

     The Colored Baptist Convocation met in the New Hope church, corner Boll and San Jacinto streets, at 10 o'clock this morning, Rev. A. R. Griggs presiding.
     The devotional exercises were conducted by Rev. W. Beckham of Austin, Tex.
     Rev. A. Taylor of Corsicana, Texas., read the scriptures and offered prayer.
     Rev. H. M. Richman of Sulphur Springs, Tex., acted as secretary.
     After some preliminary business, the meeting adjourned until 3 p. m.
     The object of this meeting is to raise money for the extension of the educational and missionary work of the colored Baptists.

- June 21, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
- o o o -


     Thirty colored cyclers have organized a club. They claim that two of their number will evolute into record breakers.
     The local alliance of colored preachers have indorsed the selection of Dr. J. B. Scott as president of the Wiley University at Marshall.

- July 20, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col.1.
- o o o -


     The grand council, Waiter's Union of Texas, colored, met yesterday at Waco and elected the officers for the ensuing year, as follows: Sam S. Stephenson of Waco, grand commander; W. B. Mansfield of Dallas, vice grand commander; T. A. Brown of Austin, grand secretary; S. H. Goodrum of Waco, assistant grand secretary, H. H. Shannon of Waco, grand treasurer; Rev. M. C. Caymes[?] of Waco, grand chaplain; P. B. Austin of Dallas, grand marshal, John H. Seals of Austin, grand master of finance, H. C. Aldridge of Austin, grand right marshal; Wm. Humphrey of Dallas, grand left marshal; Wm. B. Brooks of Waco, grand right supporter; R. E. Turner of Austin, grand outer guard; James S. Todd of Waco, grand inner guard. Grand board of trustees: J. W. Walker, chairman; C. B. Smith and C. R. Johnson.

- July 21, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
- o o o -


     Capt. G. M. Swink received a call yesterday from a negro that belonged to him in Missouri before the war and whom he had not seen for 30 years.

- August 11, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
- o o o -


     The Dallas Colored Literary society have elected the following officers: M. J. Aley, president; A. A. Hudson, vice president; Miss N. L. Bracham, secretary; Rev. H. I. Johnson, treasurer; Lawyer D. M. Mason, constitutional adviser; W. E. King, critic; L. A. Brown, sergeant-at-arms.

- August 24, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1.
- o o o -


Wiley's Hall Building on Flora Street

     The alarm rung in this morning from box No. 6 proved to be the two-story brick store at 371 and 373 Flora street, owned by J. E. Wiley, a colored lawyer of this city. The property was valued at $7500 and insured for $4000, and occupied by Sider & Son, saloon and groceries, C. V. Rowan, druggist, and J. H. Claypool, meat market. The fire is supposed to have originated in the part occupied by Sider & Son, from a lamp explosion. Sider was insured for $600 and valued his stock at $900. The others were without insurance. The entire building was gutted, leaving the walls standing. The firemen did some excellent work in protecting adjoining buildings, which were of wood.

- August 31, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
- o o o -


     Elder J. D. Morrow, a colored Baptist revivalist of this city, is stirring up the sinners of his race at Hawkins, in Wood county.

- September 1, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1.
- o o o -


Rev. A. R. Griggs, a Dallas Colored
Preacher, Invited to Attend.

     Rev. A. R. Griggs, colored, superintendent of the Texas Baptist Missionary and Education convention, has received an invitation to attend the missionary congress to be held at Chicago from the 5th to the 28th inst. The invitation is signed by many of the leading clergymen of the country, and is quite lengthy, from which the following extract is made:
     "The committee having the parliament in charge, fully appreciate the immense task committed to them. They are pioneers entering a new country; they seek light and wisdom from every source. They desire to accomplish the greatest possible good and to unite all those who believe such a congress as has been outlined will promote the best interests of mankind. They desire to inquire what light each religion may afford to the others; to furnish an accurate account of the present outlook of religion; to throw all possible light on the solemn problems of the present age, and to bring the nations of the earth into more friendly fellowship."
     Rev. Griggs will be accompanied by Rev. I. Toliver, and will leave next Thursday.

- September 5, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 1.
- o o o -

Knickerbocker Club.

     The colored Knickerbocker club had a largely attended meeting at Flock's garden yesterday, and was about the only demonstration made in the city on labor day. The principal event of the day was the voting on candidates for a scholarship in the Fitke university at Nashville, Tenn., for one year. Ernestine Tanner seems to be the favorite in the city, and her supporters gave a parade yesterday in her honor. The vote at present stands: Jodie Chism of Rockwall, 2000 votes; Ernestine Tanner, city, 2000; Florence Barnes, city, 1563; Lula Adams, city, 690. The picnic was a success from all points, and the obnoxious "razzer play" did not make its appearance throughout the entire day.

- September 5, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
- o o o -


Puts Up a Great Bluff, But it Don't Go.
Arraigned Before the City Court.

     Frank Dumas, a colored doctor, who has been making a living by playing upon the supersititions of his race, was arraigned before the city court to-day on a charge of vagrancy. At first, he put up a bluff, stating that he was a regular graduate from a Washington City Medical college, and had been a practitioner for 23 years. Judge Foree asked him to please read the affidavit that had been made against him. He had to throw down his hand, as he could not read a word of it. Thus failing to pass in reading and writing, the court proceeded to examine him on anatomy. In reply to the question as to how many bones there are in the human body, Dumas promptly said, "about a thousand, your honor."
     "If you were called to see a man with the colic, what would you give him?" asked the court.
     "I would give him a large dose of Dover's powder, your honor."
     "I will just give you $10 and put you to work on the streets," said the court in conclusion.

- September 8, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 5.
- o o o -


     The colored element seems to be perceptibly thinning out just now. They are perhaps attracted by the work offered by the whitening cotton fields of Dallas county.

- September 8, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1.
- o o o -


A Birthday Occasion.

     At the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Allen, on Jackson street, last eve, a birthday party was given in honor of their daughter, assisted by the Knickerbocker club. Among those present were: Misses R. Allen, B. Clark, E. Tanner, V. A. Wylie, M. Hopson, M. Kramer, L. Britton, Amy Ash, F. Grayson, M. E. Gordon, R. Thorton; Messrs. P. J. White, R. Murphy, R. C. Houston of Fort Worth, F. F. Woods, J. W. Southerner, S. H. Ewell, C. B. Smith, A. A. Hudson, C. Taylor, C. Tucker, A. C. Carr, W. Johnson, V. Hodwick, M. Townsend, J. Moore, S. W. J. Lowery, Dr. J. W. Williams, B. P. Austin, John Devine and wife, Prof. McKinney's orchestra. Refreshments were served.

- September 9, 1893, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
- o o o -


     The south-bound Central carried an extra coach this morning loaded with cotton pickers of the colored persuasion.

      A brickbat and a butcher played their part in the entertainment of the colored people yesterday. A negro man on Ervay and Marilla streets cut his wife slightly on the head with a hatchet, and a negro named Ed Douglas was hit with a brickbat on the head, which cut a gash. Both assailants escaped.
     The following colored citizens left this morning for Washington to attend the National Baptist convention: Revs. E. W. D. Isaac, J. Y. Pardee, W. L. Barbay, Prof. L. Foster, Mrs. Nellie Greer, Mrs. Louisa Wade and Miss Inex Peteet. A number of the party will visit the World's fair before their return.

- September 11, 1893, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 4, col. 4.
- o o o -


     Rev. A. R. Griggs, colored, of this city is in Washington attending the meeting of the Baptist Foreign Mission. Dr. Griggs was elected president of the organization.

     Three cottages on Leonard stret, owned by Dick Elliott, A. Henry and Aaron White, respectively, were destroyed by fire last evening.  The sufferers are colored persons and they carried no insurance. The servant's house onthe premises of D. N. Boyd, corner of Browder and Cadiz streets, was destroyed later in the evening.

- September 20, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1-2.
- o o o -

School Board Meeting.

     The school board held a session at the city hall last night. Mr. Harris moved that the Fourth ward school building be occupied immediately, and it was so ordered. Messrs. Moseley, Vaughan, Collins and Howell voted nay. The resignation of Jennie Moore, a colored teacher, was accepted. A. P. Vaughan was elected principal of the San Jacinto school. Several transfers of pupils were granted and crossings ordered at the intersection of Akard, Cadiz and Canton streets.

- September 23, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
- o o o -


     Memorial services were held at the Bethel M. E. church yesterday, in memory of the late F. K. Chase, the colored lawyer and politician. The attendance was large.

- September 25, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
- o o o -

Added January 28, 2004:

     The Young People's union, New Hope Baptist church, colored, on Wednesday night, celebrated the promotion of Rev. A. R. Griggs from the office of superintendent of Texas state missions to the presidency of the National Baptist Foreign Mission convention, held in Washington city a few days ago.

- September 29, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
- o o o -


     Rev. H. I. Johnson, colored, has been called to Byron, near Macon, Ga., to take charge of a church.

- September 30, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 4.
- o o o -

Colored Literary Social.

     The Dallas literary society rendered an interesting programme last nigh at the St. Paul M. E. church, corner Buford and Juliett streets.
     The subject for debate was "A Mock Trial," Tinney Blakemoor suing J. W. Thomas for $5000 damages for breach of promise. J. P. Elliott and Prof. J. W. Ray were attorneys for the plaintiff; W. E. King and Prof. Patterson, attorneys for the defendant. N. W. Harlee was clerk of the court, Wm. Craft, sheriff and Prof. W. Manyilla, judge.
     The judge's charge was given to the jury who retired to the gallery, and in a few minutes, brought in a verdict of guilty and fixed punishment at sixty days imprisonment in the Knickerbocker restaurant, at hard labor as pot rustler.
     The next meeting will be at the Masadona Baptist church.

- October 11, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 4.
- o o o -


The Negroes Propose to be at the Fair in
Force To-Morrow.

     The colored people of Dallas have organized to be represented at the State fair to-morrow in force, and have called the occasion "Colored People's Day." In the fair schedule to-morrow, is designated as Texas Day, but the negroes are up to the times on his occasion and propose identifying themselves with the big state show in a manner that will prove that they are strictly "in it." It is proposed to have a grand procession containing mounted men and women, and carriages containing speakers and leading representatives of the negro race. The paraders will be headed by the Dallas Hussah band and the Moody Cornet band of Corsicana. Jasper Crutchfield will be Grand Marshal and will have as assistants, G. W. Shirley and Will Banks.
     The procession will form at the corner of Flora and Peak streets, at A. Stokes' at 9:30 a. m.; from Flora street on Peak to Ross avenue, down Ross to North Akard, thence to Elm, thence to Lamar, thence to Main, thence to the fair grounds.
     The following programme will be carried out in Music hall at the fair ground, commencing at 2 o'clock, p. m.:

Music....By Moody Cornet Band of Corsicana
Vocal solo....Miss Amanda Wright of Dallas
Address...Rt. Rev. A. Grant, D. D.

Vocal solo..Miss Minnie Miller
Address....Rev. E. W. D. Isaac
Vocal solo....Mrs. E. E. Joshua Ewel
Address....Prof. I. M. Terrell

Vocal solo...Mrs. I. M. Terrell
Address...Hon. C. M. Ferguson.
Instrumental duet.....Misses Annie and Viola Spikes
Instrumental solo....Miss Mary Griggs
Instrumental duet.... Miss Hattie and Thurman Shaw
Instrumental duet....Misses Bertha McCoy and Annie M. Wagoner
Cornet solo....Johnnie Spikes
Recitation..Miss Cordia Tyler
Vocal solo..Mrs. T. H. Cooper
Instrumental solo...Miss Viola Wiley
Music....Hussah band

     During the day, there will be a contest on singing a solo between Miss L. R. Bridges of Galveston and Miss Tennie Blakemore of Dallas.
There will be a musical contest between the Dallas Hussah band and the Moody Cornet band of Corsicana.
     Remarks will be made by Mr. A. Stokes, manager, and Professor N. W. Harllee, secretary. Rev. A. R. Grigg, D. D., has been invited to speak; also, Dr. B. R. Bluitt.
     Remarks will be made by distinguished representative men of the negro race.
     Mrs. I. M. Terrell of Fort Worth will be musical director; Mrs. E. E. J. Ewell of Dallas, and Prof. D. R. Stokes of Dallas, assistants.
     The closing scene of the day will be a comical choir conducted by Hallalujah John.
     N. W. Harllee and B. R. Bluitt will be masters of ceremonies.

- October 23, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 3.
- o o o -




How to Bring About the Best Results of
Advancement in Education Among
the Pupils -- Work of the
Monthly Institute.

     The regular monthly institute was held at the colored high school in the ninth ward on last Saturday evening, Prof. J. L. Long, superintendent city schools, presiding.
     "Stimulus in school in securing regular and punctual attendance" had been assigned to Mrs. Chase, but she was absent, on account of sickness, and her paper was continued until the January institute.
     The subject was, however, discussed by Prof. W. Manzilla, who stated briefly his method in reducing tardiness and irregular attendance to a minimum.
     Prof. Manzilla said it was probable that Prof. Harllee could give some valuable information on this vexed problem, as his school had ranked first, both in punctuality and attendance, last month.
     Prof. Harllee, thereupon stated his method was a simple one, which is as follows: On each morning, the pupils in the four rooms in his building assembled in one room, 10 minutes before 9, and at 5 minutes of 9, some one of the teachers would narrate an amusing and instructive story. At 9, the signal was given, and the organist began the opening chorus, in which all the pupils of the school joined, and all the pupils who were not in their seats were tardy and were so reported, and the regular programme was carried out, consisting of a few select, short recitations, by pupils from each room.
     This took about eight minutes. Each week, a new song is learned. The school is made pleasant, and such methods were used to create an incentive for the encouragement of punctuality and regular attendance.
     Superintendent Long thought this was proper in the primary and grammar grades, but said there was danger of its being carried to excess. The subject was discussed by Prof. A. L. Taylor, Misses J. L. Caldwell Lowery, E. E. J. Ewell, Prof. Ray, and A. L. Patterson.
     "Stimulus in Securing Order and Discipline in School," was tersely embodied in a well written paper by Miss M. E. Griffin.
     Among other things, she said: Few teachers have not felt the need of a better means of discipline and a more powerful stimulus to good conduct in their pupils than the authority of rules and regulations and the fear of punishment and suspension.
     These tend to hold down the weaker pupils, but arouse and provoke the antagonism of those who are stronger and more willful. She thought generous praise and true interest in the pupils are the best weapons of discipline. Boys and girls have a keen sense of justice and know when they have done well, or at least when they have tried. Grown up people work with the hope of winning good and praise from others; so it is with children. They should receive praise when they merit it; by this means, you secure order and continued discipline.
     The subject was discussed by Professors Harllee, Ray, Manzilla and Taylor.
     "Stimulus in securing diligent study" was made the subject of a paper by Prof. H. S. Thompson. He said: "Attention is the soul of knowledge," and that which will hold the attention of one child will fail to interest another.
     In securing an education, there is a work for both teacher and pupil, and when a child begins to attend school, both the parent and teacher should set before his mind, some incentive to study.
     In teaching lessons of virtue and morality, the mother becomes fixed in the memory of the child. Good management and discipline aid in securing diligent study.
     One has said that it is all in the management. A good method and one that has given satisfaction is to keep children in and have them make up for all failures.
     We have before us, the old and the new education; that is, the old and the new methods. The old method of hearing lessons did too little for the pupils, and this new education, in my opinion, seeks to do too much for them. As in the vegetable kingdom, so in the kingdom of mind; we can only supply the conditions of growth, but the growth must come from within these underlying principles.
     Profs. Harllee, Manzilla and Ray, at the conclusion of the paper, gave their methods in securing diligent study and brought out several marked features.
     Mrs. Nannie Balay read an able paper on "Stimulus in the Development of Character." She said: "Character exhibits itself in the conduct, guided and inspired by principle, integrity and practical wisdom. In its highest form, it is the individual will acting under the influence of religion, morality and reason. Hence, to develop character, we must cultivate the will. Although the force of example will always exercise great influence in the formation of character, the self-originating and sustaining force of one's own spirit must be the mainstay. This, alone, can hold up the life and give individual independence.
     Several teachers also discussed the paper.
     Superintendent Long introduced Prof. J. E. Rodgers of the Texas School Journal, who made an address before the institute.
     Messrs. F. M. Ervay and T. G. Terry, of the school board, were present.
     Superintendent Long announced the following programme for January 6:
     Importance and manner of teaching phonetics to primary classes, Miss E. M. Lowery.
     Composition work, Prof. A. L. Patterson.
     Methods in teaching geography, Prof. A. L. Taylor.
     Stimulus in securing regular and punctual attendance, Mrs. F. K. Chase.

- December 6, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1-2.
- o o o -



Masked Highwaymen Hold Up Elder
Thomas on Ross Avenue.

     A bold act of highway robbery was committed last night about 8 o'clock on Ross avenue, near the Central railroad tracks.
     Elder J. E. Holmes, pastor of the St. James African Methodist church, who lives at No. 421 Young street, was driving up Ross avenue in his buggy, when suddenly, two white highwaymen, wearing handkerchief masks, confronted him. One seized the preacher's horse by the bridle and the other held a pistol on him and demanded his money or his life.
     Rev. Holmes submitted to the robbery in preference to crossing the river Styx. The highwaymen took from him, $35 in money and a gold watch and chain worth $85. The money was a $20 gold piece, a $5 gold piece and $10 in silver.
     The robbery was reported to the sheriff's office and the police department, but thus far, no trace has been found of the highwaymen.

- March 10, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 6.
- o o o -


The White Man is Also, but Not to the Same

     The registration of voters at 2 o'clock to-day had reached 4,350. It is estimated that 4,500 will register before the hour for closing.
     Only 625 negroes have registered up to date, and as the colored vote of this city is estimated at from 1500 to 1800, it is apparent that the colored voter is shy. Only 365 voters have registered from the second ward, the largest ward in the city. Twelve days, of the twenty allowed by law for registration, are gone, and out of 8000 men who should register, only 4,350 have done so.

- March 20, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 4.
- o o o -

Successful Church Supper.

     The benefit supper, to aid the fund for the rebuilding of the Young street Christian church, was a big event in colored circles last night and drew a large crowd to Emory hall.

- March 21, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
- o o o -

Added February 17, 2004:

Regular Pentecostal Outpouring of the
Spirit at New Zion.

     For several days, a noisy old revival has been in progress at the New Zion colored Baptist church.
     Yesterday, seventeen of the converts were baptized by the pastor, Rev. Frank Lickey, assisted by Rev. Dick Farrow and Rev. A. R. Dilto, in the river, just below the reservoir.

- May 7, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 6.
- o o o -

Added January 19, 2004:

Grand Lodge of the State in Session in

     The Grand Lodge of the State of the Knights of Labor, a colored organization, will be in session at Shady View Park to-night and to-morrow night.
     There will be delegates present from Galveston, Houston, San Antonio and other cities. The Houston contingent arrived to-day.
     During the meeting, there will be a base ball contest at the Fair Grounds between Dallas and Houston. The games will be played this afternoon and to-morrow afternoon.
     A company of small colored boy zouaves from Houston will give an exhibition drill.

- June 5, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 3.
- o o o -

Added January 18, 2004:


Baptizing of Revival Converts by the Sam
Jones of the Black Folks.

     "Sin-Killer" Griffin preached at his gospel tent, near the Sam Jones tabernacle, last night. The big tent was crowded. There is to be a baptizing of some of "Sin-Killer's" converts this evening. "Sin-Killer" says he will close his Dallas meeting Tuesday of next week.

- June 11, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 5.
- o o o -

Added January 23, 2004:

     The colored 400 of Dallas have chartered the steamers Harvey and Dallas for a big excursion and picnic to-morrow to Miller's Ferry and McComas Bluff.
     A crowd of young people have arranged for a moonlight excursion and picnic on the steamer Harvey, Wednesday night.
     The report that the steamer Dallas would be run on Sundays for the benefit of the colored people is a mistake. Mr. Leo Wolfson said to a T
IMES HERALD reporter, that while the negroes could charter the boat by special arrangement, there would be no regular excursions for their benefit.

- June 18, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
- o o o -

Added January 23, 2004:

It Was Celebrated in Regular Manner
and Form in Dallas.

     The colored population are, to-day, celebrating the twenty-ninth anniversary of the emancipation of their race.
     The chief picnic is at Flock's Garden, but the picnic at Miller's Ferry, reached via steamboat for 15 and 25 cents for the round trip, caught quite a crowd.
     There was the usual street parade, and at the Garden, the regulation speeches and dancing. Melvin Wade was the orator of the day. But, an important feature of the entertainment was a sham battle by the Ninth Ward Light Guard.
     An extra supply of watermelons was shipped to Dallas for the occasion.

- June 19, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 6.
- o o o -

Added January 21, 2004:
When a Man is Dressed.

     The Young People's Lyceum (colored) will, on next Tuesday evening, debate the question: "Is a man dressed with his hat off."

- June 29, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
- o o o -


A Society Which Celebrates the Birthdays
of Its Members.

     The Noble Stags is an organization of the high-toned colored men of the city, who meet whenever the anniversary of the birth of one of the members occurs, and take supper and champagne with such member. No women are tolerated at the meetings, although none but married men are admitted to membership.
     Last night, the society celebrated L. W. Walker's birthday, and the event cost him supper and wine for the following, who, as sure as time rolls on and nothing happens, will have to each set up the supper and wine to Walker:
     Dr. J. W. Anderson, Dr. J. W. Ray, J. P. Stark, H. E. Everett, F. C. Rutherford, J. H. Simms, J. C. Collins, J. C. Cotten, W. Mansfield, J. W. Helm, F. Van Brunt, L. W. Walker, P. Lowery, E. S. Williams, S. W. J. Lowery, A. Cooper, W. Tresvant, William Turner.

- July 6, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
- o o o -

Scandal in Colored Society.

     There was a sensation and scandal in colored society circles. Abe Getz got word that James Anderson was circulating a little gossip to the effect that Mrs. Getz had been sending notes to a yellow barber. Getz went gunning for Abe, and met him on Cadiz street this morning. Before Getz got to use his gun, Abe closed with him, and in the scuffle which ensued, the weapon fell on the ground, when the men worked on each other with their fists. Officers Ramsey and Dick Beard came along opportunely, and ran the combatants in.

- July 20, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
- o o o -

Added February 18, 2004:
Negro Evangelical Meeting.

     Rev. W. M. Christian (negro) evangelist of the Church of the Living God, non-sectarian, will preach to-night at the Congregational church, on Hawkins street. He has recently been conducting successful evangelical work at Texarkana. This is his second visit to Dallas, his first meetings having been carried on here in May last.

- September 6, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 4.
- o o o -

Added February 22, 2004:

Names of the Persons Selected by the
City School Board.

     At the meeting of the Dallas City School Board on Tuesday night last, the committee on teachers recommended the following teachers for election: H. S. Thompson, to be principal of the colored high school; Mrs. P. A. Rochon, W. A. Boswell, Miss C. L. Jackson, N. J. Anderson, assistants; Miss E. O. Hall, substitute, and Mrs. T. M. Simpson, supernumerary.
     The report was adopted and the teachers declared selected.

- September 15, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 2.
- o o o -

Added February 23, 2004:

Dallas Negroes Organize a Club to
Work For His Election.

     A number of Afro-American voters met last night at Dock Rowen's hall, on Juliet street, and permanently organized what is to be known as a Kearby club, to work for the election of Major Jerome C. Kearby, the Populist nominee for Congress. D. Rowen was elected President; T. H. Chambers, First Vice-President; G. T. Smith, Secretary; L. A. Brown, Assistant Secretary; Rev. A. Stokes, Sergeant-at-Arms. The next meeting will be held on Monday night, September 24, at Rowen's hall.

- September 18, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 7.
- o o o -

Added January 29, 2004:




Melvin Wade Is Making Speeches for the
Populist Candidate and the Cotton Patch
Workers are Sending in Their
Names for Club Membership.

     The Kearby club of negro voters was addressed last night by Dock Rowen, President of the club; G. T. Smith, T. H. Chambers, E. Swindel, , Melvin Wade and others.
     The club received many new members, some of whom could not be present, being at work in the cotton patch, but sent word that they wished their names enrolled and promised that they would be loyal to Major Jerome Kearby for congress on election day.
     The question was asked by one applicant if the club was a Populist club or a Kearby club. He was informed that it was not a Populist club, but a Kearby club; that all members of the club are expected to vote for Kearby; beyond him, they will vote as they please.
     The club meets again Thursday night at 7:30 o'clock. Melvin Wade was appointed to deliver a thirty-minute address.

- September 25, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 3.
- o o o -




Colored People's Day at the State Fair
a Big Success.



He Takes Great Interest in the Exhibits,
the Midway and the Swift Horseflesh.
Splendid Programme and More
President Sanger -- Weather.

     A BRASS band, a procession and a big fair at the end of the route is an irresistible attraction when played against the typical colored brother of the South. That was the combination that won at the Texas State Fair to-day. It was Colored People's Day. And, who ever knew Uncle Remus or his children to neglect the seductive advantage of a day off? Even the cotton patch gave up its own to-day, and the fellows over the city, who, stimulated by the brisk norther of the morning, were hustling around for wood choppers, had to give up in disgust and stand on the south side of a brick wall until the sun got things in circulation again. There were all sorts of "colored folks" out, and they were out in great numbers, until with the thousands again of white people, the day developed into another big one for the Fair. It was a very happy determination to give these people a day of their own. It gave them better opportunities to see and enjoy the wonderful exhibits and pleasant attractions of the Fair and thus derive whatever educational benefit the Exposition affords, and at the same time, it enabled the public to see the negro of to-day and compare him with the negro of the past. That he has made, and is continuing to make, great strides of improvement was apparent. The colored children of the schools of the present particularly display the gratifying results of careful and continued training and justify the conclusion that the colored citizenship of the no distant future will be of a far more intelligent order, at least than that of the present. The Southern people like to see the negro enjoy himself, and they had every opportunity to do so to-day. But, what a day it was for the fakir! There is a time that comes to every man, and it came to him to-day. The wild, spectacular oratory and the razzle-dazzle of the Midway sparkled with more than their pristine brilliancy. The orient met its brother and it embraced him.


     The program of exercises in Music Hall, specially arranged for the colored people, consisted of Music by Liberati's band, and piano, solo, oratorical, contralto, English essay and Latin and Greek contests by representatives of the colored race. The contests were extremely creditable and entertaining, occupying the time from 11 to 1 o'clock and reflected credit on both the participants and the race. The vocal and instrumental music were especially good. A short address, introductory and of welcome, was delivered by Dr. Romano, colored, after which, the contests occurred. The names or awards could not be learned in time for the TIMES HERALD reporter.

- October 29, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1-2.
- o o o -

Added March 7, 2004:

     An educational mass meeting of colored people was held last night at the Evening chapel, corner Boll and Juliette streets, in the interest of the C. M. E. church. Addresses by prominent colored speakers were made.

- November 13, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 4-5.
- o o o -




A Colored Order That Became Too Large to
Hold Together -- Rev. Fountain, With a
Broad-Gauge Title, Tells How
It Happened.

     There is a big split in the Band of Kindred order, a colored organization, in comparison with which the great Democratic fuss of two years ago is not in it.
     It appears that there was a meeting on November 9 last, at Bear Creek, duly called by President S. C. Gates, for the purpose of setting the time for the State convention and attending to much other important business.
     This meeting was so large that it broke in two, owing to a scrap between President Gates and Vice-President Claiborne. The delegates divided into two bodies, following each of those officers.
     The President called a meeting to take place in Waco December 26, and the Vice-President issued his call for a meeting in Fort Worth on the same date.
     The Rev. Jacob Fontaine, the Great Grand President and life Chartered Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors, was called upon to arbitrate the differences between the factions, and he called a meeting of the two wings to take place in Dallas December 26, in lieu of the other two meetings.
     President Gates' followers obeyed the call and met in Dallas, while Vice-President Claiborne's wing ignored it and met at Fort Worth and set up for themselves.
     Now comes Great Grand President and Life Chartered Officer Fontaine and thunders the following bull of ex-communication against the presumptuous Vice-President Claiborne and his followers:
ALLAS, Tex., Dec. 26, 1894.
To All Whom it May Concern:
     "I, Jacob Fontaine, Great Grand President of the Band of Kindred of the United States of America and of the State of Texas, by virtue of the power vested in me by the charter granted the above order, February 9, 1894, do hereby disapprove and denounce Vice-President Claiborne and his followers, and disclaim any and all connection with them. And, I further notify them not to use my name in print or to any document, and if so used, it will be a forgery and subject them to the penalty of the law."

- January 2, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 2.
- o o o -

Added March 24, 2004:
Blind Tom.

     Blind Tom, the negro musical prodigy, after several years of seclusion, pending a contest in courts over him, is again on the stage, under the management of his guardian, Mrs. Bettaume. He will be in Dallas at Phoenix Hall, January 28, under the auspices of the Floyd street M. E. church, South, proceeds of the entertainment to go to paying off a debt on the church. It is the treat of a life-time to hear him. He is truly called the eighth wonder of the world.

- January 22, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 2.
- o o o -

Added March 28, 2004:


The Rev. Solomon Gates Goes Through
the Court O. K.

     Rev. Solomon Gates, President of the Band of Kindred, a negro organization, was arraigned before Judge Clint yesterday evening on the charge of embezzling $80.70 of the funds of the order, but, as usual, the Rev. Solomon won. He proved by the State';s witnesses that the Executive Committee loaned him the money, and a verdict of acquittal was the result.
     The T
IMES HERALD has, heretofore, given the true inwardness, as well as the outwardness, of the troubles in the Band of Kindred, including the circumstance of the Rev. Solomon pulling a brace of six-shooters on the audience to preserve order.

- February 2, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 4.
- o o o -

Added April 4, 2004:

     Rev. Monroe Claiborne, colored, pastor of the Mount Zion Baptist church, South Lamar street, will preach to the prisoners at the county camp near the Fair Grounds, at 3 o'clock to-morrow afternoon, at their request.

- February 23, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 3.
- o o o -

Added April 6, 2004:

     Memorial services for the late Fred Douglass were held last night at the Bethel A. M. E. Church. A lengthy programme, commemorating Douglass' positions in life as slave, citizen, benefactor, orator, statesman and leader, was rendered by a number of persons.

- February 27, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 5-6.
- o o o -

Added April 13, 2004:



He Believed He Had a Church Grabbed,
but the Colored Congregation Moved
It Away in the Night Time
and Laughed at Him.

     There is a good joke out on a certain real estate man. He bought some acre property on which a negro church was located. He cut the property into lots and put them on the market, making up his mind to hit the negroes for a pretty big price for the lot on which their church was located, assuming that, of course, they would have to have the lot.
     The negroes pleaded poverty and were slow about coming up with the money. Believing he had things all his own way, the real estate man threatened the negroes, that if they did not flash up some money, he would have to grab their church.
     The negroes asked for a little more time in which to raise the money, and next day, they went around with a subscription paper and induced the real estate man to contribute liberally.
     Hearing nothing more of the negroes for several days, the real estate man set his hired man to "grab" the church. But, he found the lot vacant. The negroes had moved the church to another lot, and were holding a revival in it and singing, "How Firm a Foundation."

- March 21, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 6.
- o o o -

Added May 22, 2004:

     The African M. E. Church District Conference will meet in Dallas to-morrow.

- May 13, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 5.
- o o o -

Added May 29, 2004:

     L. A. Brown, a representative negro, said to a TIMES HERALD representative to-day: "The 19th of June, the colored people's emancipation day, is near at hand the chairman has not yet called a meeting. It is the will of the colored people that a meeting be called for Monday night, for the purpose of arranging for the proper observance of the occasion. I would like to have the TIMES HERALD call attention to the matter."

- May 25, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2-3.
- o o o -

Added June 4, 2004:


Teachers to Put in a Term of Work
at Dallas.

     Dallas has been selected as the location for the North Texas Summer Normal for colored teachers. The normal will open in July and close in August. The indications are that the normal will be largely attended.
     State Superintendent Carlisle has appointed Prof. J. M. Terrell, principal of the Fort Worth colored high school, conductor of the normal, and Prof. N. W. Harllee, principal of colored school No. 2 of this city, as first assistant. The faculty for the normal will be completed to-morrow.
     The colored teachers of the city and county have been requested to meet to-morrow night at the St. Paul M. E. church, corner Burford and Juliette streets. A mass meeting of the colored people of the city has also been called to meet at the same time and place. Supt. J. L. Long, and others, have been invited to deliver addresses before the mass meeting in the interest of the normal.

- June 17, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 1.
- o o o -

Added August 4, 2004:


They Object to a Colored School Near

     The School Board will hold a special session to-night for the purpose of reconsidering its action on Monday night of last week in locating a school house at the intersection of Gano and Preston streets for the colored pupils of the Fifth, Seventh and Twelfth wards. The old hospital building, standing at the corner of Austin and Young streets, is the building the Board intends to have moved over for the public school building for the colored people of the three wards referred to.
     But some of the white people living near the proposed site of the colored school have raised quite a protest, and hence the meeting to-night to hear from the protesters.

- August 19, 1895, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 7.
- o o o -


     Rev. Julia Wood, the colored female evangelist, who is conducting a meeting on the Central railroad track near Swiss avenue, has had considerable success.

- April 19, 1896, The Dallas Morning News, p. 3, col. 1.
- o o o -


     The Colored Recognition club did not die on the night of Tuesday, April 7. Robert Payne is the president, and the basic stone of the organization was pie. During the campaign, Payne and his lieutenants demanded representation "on the police force, fire department and street gang. It is understood that a petition will be presented to the city council at its next regular meeting by the "recognitionists," demanding a slice of the turkey. The "recognitionists" want negro policemen and negro firemen, and the petitions in circulation have been signed by several hundred negro voters.

- April 29, 1896, Dallas Morning News, p. 8, col. 4.
- o o o -


Annual Meeting of the Association in
This City Yesterday.

     The King's Daughters held their annual meeting yesterday at the Congregational church on Hawkins street. The following programme was rendered: Paper, "Origin of the King's Daughters," Miss C. L. Jackson. This paper was carefully prepared and elicited much applause. This was followed by music in which all the Daughters and visitors participated. The next feature was a paper, "The Good the Order is Accomplishing." This was read by Mrs. __. B. Balay. Another paper was read by Mrs. G. T. Smith--"How the People May Help the King's Daughters."
     Encouraging remarks were made by Dr. W. J. Laws and other visitors.
     The report of the secretary showed that 380 sick persons had been visited during the past year; 566 hungry and needy persons had been fed; 697 pounds of provision had been given away, 23 pairs of shoes, 12 hats, 3 Bibles, 13 schoolbooks, a dozen slates and several articles of clothing, besides $66.63 had been distributed among the poor.
     The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: President, Mrs. E. E. Joshua Ewells; vice president, Miss E. P. Alexander; secretary, Miss J. L. Cadwell; assistant secretary, Mrs. H. S. Thompson; treasurer, Mrs. G. T. Smith.

- May 5, 1896, Dallas Morning News, p. 8, col. 6.
- o o o -


Colored Pedagogues in Month-
ly Session.

     The colored teachers' institute met at 10 o'clock Friday in the public library room at the courthouse and began work promptly by singing and, afterwards, prayer. After reading the minutes, the following programme was carried out:
     First Topic-Grammar was briefly discussed; analysis of sentences between 10 and 11 o'clock.
     Second Topic-Arithmetic, by Prof. B. W. Warren; reduction of fractions was clearly shown between the hour of 11 and 12.
     The afternoon session met promptly at 1 o'clock.
     First Topic-Geography in the intermediate department, by Mrs. A. L. Smith; climate and what affects it.
     Second Topic-"Methods and Management," by Miss Mae H. Waters. She being absent, her subject was discussed by Prof. J. W. Bishop. Imagination was the part considered.  Afterwards, queries were drawn from the box and each teacher took an active part in discussing them.
     Afterwards, the institute was addressed by Dr. Dunn, of 361 Commerce street, and Rev. Turner, of Hawkins street, and was then dismissed until Saturday at 10 a.m.


     The Institute met at its usual place of meeting.
     First Topic-Grammar; infinitives and participles by Prof. H. N. Jackson, taking the institute as a class.
     Second Topic-Arithmetic; addition, subtraction and multiplication of fractions, by Prof. W. B. Warren, using the institute as a class, between 11 and 12 o'clock.
     The afternoon session met promptly at 1 o'clock.
     First Topic-Composition; preparation, material and outline, by Prof. A. R. Stokes, using the institute as a class, between 1 and 2 o'clock.
     Second Topic-Some of the best means to induce pupils to read properly, by J. H. Polk, between 2 and 2:30 o'clock.
     Afterwards, queries were introduced and the teachers took an active part. Nearly all the teachers of the county were present both days of the meeting. The institute meets Friday and Saturday, Feb. 18 and 19, 1898.

- January 9, 1898, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 4.
- o o o -


Melvin Wade Heard from on
the War.

     Melvin Wade, the colored orator, was yesterday entertaining a crowd on the street. He said: "I am not going to this war. I am an Afro-American, and not an American, and this, I am told is a fight of the Americans. Besides, the politicians are most shamefully abusing the patriotism of the youth and innocence of the country, for the purpose of creating an excuse to issue a few more bonds to satisfy the greed of the rich men. Father Abraham Lincoln found greenbacks to be good enough to run a sure-enough war on. But, the latter day saints must have gold bonds. The United States ought to be ashamed of making war on a poor little old, defenseless nation like Spain. Spain has been retrograding for 300 years, and this country going ahead; so that Spain is one thousand years behind the times as we reckon time in this western half of the world. But, it is accounted a great thing for Admiral Dewey to go over there and destroy their toys. Shouldn't wonder if the Republican party didn't make capital out of the situation and run Dewey over the people in 1900 for the presidency. The Republicans have got the country and gone with it," mournfully sighed the great colored mudsiller as he pulled out for the brick yard.

- May 8, 1898, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 6.
- o o o -


They Call at the Parsonage
for Him.



Mob Incited and Infuriated by an
Outrageous Paragraph in Rev.
Isaac's Baptist Star.

     Between 11 and 12 o'clock last night, a mob of about one hundred men surrounded the parsonage in the rear of New Hope Baptist church, near the corner of San Jacinto and Bogel streets, and called for Rev. E. W. D. Isaac, colored, pastor of that church and editor of the Baptist Star. The mother and son of the preacher who were in the parsonage, informed the callers that the man they sought was not in. Several of the leaders with guns raised windows, entered the house and after making a search, reported to those on the outside that Isaac was not within. A member of the mob then tacked up on the door of the parsonage, a sheet of letter paper containing the following:
     "First Notice. Don't Wait for No. 2. Move! Move !! Move!!! and Move Quickly. You and your kind are not needed in Dallas.
     "Take warning and save the community money."
     The notice posted, the mob began to yell and to fire on the church, breaking several window panes and defacing the walls and furniture, but no shots were fired at the parsonage. After shooting upon the church, the mob moved south on Hawkins streets.


     The last week's edition of the Baptist Star contained the following editorial paragraph, commenting on the assessment of the death penalty on Dobie Joe, the negro who pleaded guilty to a charge of outraging and then trying to murder Mrs. Fred Stein, an aged German woman living near Miller's Switch, six miles south of the city:
     "Joe Malone, fool like, pled guilty to the rape of an old Dago woman, and was convicted to hang. We expect that the old woman deserves some of Joe's punishment."
     The foregoing paragraph was reproduced in some of the Dallas publications, and it very naturally stirred up the indignation of all classes, including the colored people.
     Some days after the publication of the edition of the Star, containing the obnoxious paragraph, Rev. Isaac came out in a card repudiating the authorship of the item and disclaiming any knowledge of how it could have crept into the columns of his paper, and adding that he had been out of town all week and had had nothing to do personally with getting out the paper.
     Rev. E. W. D. Isaac said to a reporter of this paper on yesterday afternoon, but too late for insertion in that issue, that he wished the Times Herald to state that there was no man who could more sincerely deplore the publication of the article in the Baptist Star in the Dobie Joe and Mrs. Stein matter, than he, himself, deplores it. He asserts most positively that the unfortunate article got into the office of the Star in a manner wholly unknown to him, that he was absent from this city, having returned only Sunday morning in time to discharge his pastoral duties at his church on San Jacinto street. He says he has been away from the county for some time to try and improve his shattered health, and the Star, for the time being, was in nowise under his supervision. He is grieved beyond expression that he should be the victim of such a deplorable accident as this, and that he has done everything he could think of, or that has been suggested by friends, to ferret out how the copy of the article got into his building. He explains that being too poor to systematize his office as it might be, he has had the great bulk of the work to do himself as best he could, until his health so ran down, that his absence and treatment were indispensable, and in such case, the copy taken from the copy book and distributed among the printers, somehow contained the obnoxious article. The proposition of that article is so repugnant to, and so utterly at variance with all his teachings, feelings and views, that he was horrified at its appearance in the Star. He was born, raised and educated in Texas, and has lectured all over the state, and after a life-time of devotion to upright teachings and honorable conduct, on the lecture field, in the pulpit and through the columns of his paper, he is mortified and heart sore and sickened that this sad thing should come to him, the unvarying friend of the white man and the white man's friend, through no fault of his. For eight years, he says, he has lived in Dallas, struggling to earn an honest livelihood by unceasing toil, and without a single exceptional case, he has denounced rape, and all manner of law breaking, on all occasions, regardless of any man's color, size or age. Rev. Isaac says he does sincerely hope that the party who hung upon his copy book, the article that his young and inexperienced printers printed, may yet become known to him, for the copy being lost or destroyed, and, the office having been specially in charge of no one, all are, at present, in the dark about it. He points with pride to the fact, that during his long years [of] continuous and faithful work in Dallas, not a single member of his congregation, as far as he knows, or can learn, has offered to insult a white lady, and this has been of the doctrine he has most earnestly taught.
     Rev. Isaac said he had heard that some persons here were made infuriated by the article, and that he did not blame them as they could not be more infuriated and outraged than he felt when he was struck dumb as though by a lightning stroke from a clear sky when the paragraph in his paper was called for the first time to his attention, that he repudiates it in toto, and that he feels positive that when the true facts are known, his white friends, as well as colored, will not visit censure on him, but help him to ascertain how the thing happened, and that any hasty conclusion or action before the exact facts are known would do the most irreparable of harm to an innocent and sore-hearted man who feels more aggrieved by the misfortune, and will be more hurt by it, than anyone else."


     Sheriff Cabell made the following statement to a reporter of this paper: "The first intimation I had of the mob, was that about one hundred men had assembled in the vicinity of Turner hall on South Harwood street, for the purpose of moving against the jail, with a view of lynching Dobie Joe. As I am sworn to protect prisoners in my charge, I, at cone, went to the jail with several deputies to guard against an attack, and I placed men on picket to report the approach of the mob.
     "The second report I received was from Capt. Keehan, of the police force, who notified me that he had just received word that the mob had lynched Rev. Isaac, and was marching on the jail. Capt. Keehan's notice was brought by a detachment of police, who came to assist in defending the jail.
     "Whether the mob ever started to the jail, or not, I do not know, but, it is certain it did not come all the way. The next I heard was that the mob had dispersed on South Harwood street."


     Constable John Bolick said: "I was taking in a cake walk at Meisterhan's garden, when I heard thirty or forty shots in the direction of New Hope church, colored. I quickly proceeded to the church, where I found a crowd of highly excited colored people, who told me that a mob had called to hang Parson Isaac, and not finding him, had posted a notice on his door, and then after shooting up the church, had moved south on Hawkins street. The colored people said the men composing the mob traveled in all modes; some were on horses and mules, some in buggies and spring wagons and even farm wagons, while others were afoot. One of the colored men handed me the notice which he had pulled off of the parsonage door."


     It is said that Rev. Isaac, who had no warning of the approach of the mob, luckily happened to be in the house of his next door neighbor, from the window of which, he observed the proceedings of the visitors, and where he heard their bombardment of his church.
Several citizens report that they saw the mob going to, or from, New Hope church, and some of those thus reporting, say they recognized several members of the mob.


     At a meeting held in Turner hall last night, after the mob visited Rev. Isaac's house, the following resolutions were adopted. Ex-Alderman M. B. Looney was chairman of the meeting and Mr. August Miller was secretary:
     Whereas, we, the citizens of Dallas and neighbors of Mrs. F. Stein, a much honored and highly respected lady of our community, have been basely slandered by the article appearing in the Baptist Star reflecting on the character of said estimable lady, and also upon us as citizens.
     Resolved, that we condemn, as peaceable, law abiding citizens such publication, and
     Whereas, certain persons have, this evening, made a demonstration against parties to blame for the above slanders, we deprecate said action and feel sorry that the law does not provide for the punishment, both financially and physically, of the owners and editors of the Baptist Star, and we compliment our county officials and district judge for the speedy trial and meeting out of justice on their part to the negro, Malone.
                                               M. B. L
                                               E. T
                                               A. M

- August 11, 1898, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1-2.
- o o o -

[Dallas Fair]

     The colored department is opened for the reception of exhibits and persons having exhibits should take them out at once so they may be properly arranged and displayed. All exhibits must be in place by Thursday morning. The children who are preparing to sing on colored people's day are requested to meet daily at the Bethel A. M. E. church at 4 p. m. Many letters are being received from every section inquiring about low rates on colored people's day, some from Arkansas and Indian Territory.

- September 25, 1899, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 4.
- o o o -



After Forty Years a War-
Time Debt is Discharged.

     An incident occurred in Dallas yesterday that strongly smacks of the "old South" and of her practices in ante-bellum days. After forty years, a debt contracted for a negro in Clarksville, Tex., in 1860, was discharged and the entire matter ended forever. All the principals to the sale of the slave are gone. The black man went to his long resting place just as the first flowers of a new spring were blooming over the grave of the Southern Confederacy and while yet the dirges of an Appomattox resounded like a death knell through every home in the Southland. A dozen years later, the old master followed his slave, both lulled to sleep in their narrow abodes by the music of the wind soughing in the Red River pines. The paying off of the old debt was a very matter-of-fact incident, but the never-to-be-forgotten memories it recalled were both tender and sad.
     In 1860, just before the fall of Sumpter, Col. D. H. Epperson bought a colored man at Clarksville, giving his note in return. The great contest came on and times grew harder and harder. Col. Epperson found himself unable to pay for the negro he had purchased and at last quit trying. The war ended and the slaves were free. Then, the former slave died and Col. Epperson's note was sought to be collected by due process of law. Litigation ensued and the matter was tied up in the courts. In 1878, Col. Epperson died, leaving a considerable estate. His heirs refused to pay the debt and more litigation was indulged in.
     Finally, the Epperson heirs agreed to pay $750, or, about one-third of what the negro had sold for. The offer was accepted and the transfer occurred in Dallas yesterday. The money was paid by Mr. Joseph M. M. Dickson to W. J. McDonald of Paris, bank examiner for the Northern district of Texas, whose relative had sold the negro to Col. Epperson. Mr. Dickson represented the Epperson heirs and Hon. Henry D. McDonald of Paris, represented the plaintiffs.

- January 7, 1900, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 5.
- o o o -


    An interesting institute was held by the colored teachers of Dallas county Friday and Saturday. Following is the programme:
    Friday--"Teacher's Preparation," Mrs. W. V. Manack; "Geography--What to Teach and Why," Mrs. A. L. Smith. Afternoon-"The Importance of Teaching Parts of Speech to Lower Grades," Miss L. E. Battish; "The Teaching of Compound Denominate Numbers," B. W. Warren.
    Saturday--"Diacritics and Phonetics," Miss Sina ray; "Civil Government--Why Taught," C. W. Wallace. Afternoon--"What is a Practical Education?" Miss M. Jordan; "Primary Reading," Miss L. E. Turner.

- January 7, 1900, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 5.
- o o o -


Grand Parade on Opening Day
Sept. 1.

     The first annual North Texas Colored Fair and Cotton Exposition will be thrown open to the public September 1, and continue nine days. It will be run on thorough, up-to-date methods, in order to show the advancement of the colored race since the war. A grand street parade will be given on the opening day, and one thousand wagons from the school districts of Texas, it is said, will be in line. There will be music by bands and unique costuming by the participants.
     Special care has been taken to arrange an elaborate cotton exhibit which cannot fail to impress all. Four shows will be given daily in the auditorium and numerous contests for men, women and children find place on the programme.
     The officers of the fair are T. G. Griffin, president; J. E. Neeley, general manager.

- August 23, 1900, Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 7.
- o o o -


A Grand Parade Preceded the



Exhibits are not all in but are Fast
Being Entered and

     The Colored Fair and Cotton Exposition opened this afternoon with the éclat and flourish so dear to the heart of the colored people. A gorgeous parade took place at non and the gates of the Fair were thrown open to the public immediately after the pageant.
     The grounds on the corner of Flora street and the Central railroad are clean and enclosed by a high board fence, over which, it would be a feat of high and lofty tumbling to climb.
     All of the exhibits, as a matter of course, are not yet in, but the largest pavilion on the ground contains quite a number of interesting articles, things that closely rival the exhibitions at the white men's fair.
     There are curios which have laid in negro homes for many years, the gift, maybe, of a master long dead, but whose memory is fresh in the hearts of old negroes who were once slaves.
     In one case, there is a violin, entered by Arwin Phifer, and claimed by him to be 161 years old. It is not a Stradivarius. It probably never saw the shop of any old Italian master violin maker, but it has probably seen many a buck and wing dance in the good old days before the war. It has probably sung and squeaked many an old-time reel or walk-around air, the bow wielded by some old negro who was innocent of notes, but could make a fiddle talk.
     There are quilts and cushions and fancy doilies and what-not, all showing the colored people's love for gay colors. There is a homespun quilt brought in by Zack Hughes, who says his grandmother made it. As Zack is far from a young man, his hair having turned snow white, the quilt was probably made before the century we have just finished, had yet begun. A homespun dress is also on exhibition, made in 1830.
     There is a crazy pitcher, the like of which, few people have ever seen. It was made by Mrs. S. N. Coffin of Fort Worth, and is ornamented with all the odds and ends that could be imagined, all pasted onto the sides of the pitcher and gilded over.
     There are some very interesting wood carvings by Rev. White, showing what can be done with a jack knife. In the collection is a set of three rings, interlocked, carved out of a single block of wood.
     There are many things at the Colored Fair showing the great progress made by the negroes in the years since they were freed. It is well worth the time of anyone to go and see the exposition.
     The parade at noon had for marshals and aids, C. G. Fafnee, H. C. Tensley, R. S. Shaw, E. N. Nobman, E. D. Davis, W. L. Lendis, H. B. Brooks, H. W. Williamson, S. D. Davis, J. W. Williamson, A. N. Norwood, Capt. Andy Norsingle and Alex David.
     The following was the order of the parade:
     Mounted police, Wheelmen's club, Metropolitan band, grand marshal and staff, decorated buggies, traps and carriages, band, business men's division and trades display, Dallas Coachmen's club, Dallas Social club, band, fair officers and commissioners in carriages, Dallas county farmers, band, farmers' second division and stock display.

- September 1, 1900, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 2.
- o o o -


Opening Day Passed off With
a Good Showing.

     The programme carried out yesterday at the Colored Fair was interesting and varied, several speeches, interspersed with music, composing the exercises for the opening of the fair.
     Dr. C. V. Roman, of this city, was master of ceremonies. He addressed the people in a short discourse dealing with the progress that has been made by the negroes in the years since the war. He emphasized the fact that those people who are skillful in handicraft generally rule the world. In answer to the charge so often made, that the young negroes are degenerating, Dr. Roman called to mind the fact that most criminals are young.
     Among other things he said that the white Christian was not sufficiently advanced to invite the colored people to his prayer meetings, but he was willing to allow negroes who possessed money to take stock in business enterprises.
     The welcome address by Mayor Pro Tem Long was short, expressing a sincere sympathy with the cause of the negro, and commenting upon the advancement the colored man has made.
     Dr. A. S. Jackson, pastor of New Hope Baptist church, made a lengthy and eloquent address in response to Mr. Long's speech, devoted to what he called the negro's share in the solution of the race problem in this country. He claimed that if he were asked to name, in a word, the greatest need of the negroes, he would say that that need was "homes." He said that the negro's part in the solution of the race problem was to be honest, industrious and economical.
     He remarked that to succeed in this country, a man must have cents as well as sense.
     The address of the day was delivered by E. L. Blackshear, principal of the Prairie View normal school. The professor's address was a scholarly, thoughtful argument supporting his views on the necessity of manual training supplementing intellectual training.
     Melvin Wade then spoke, taking for his subject, "The Negro of 1850 and the Negro of 1900." The address was, at times, witty and often pathetic, and very entertaining to his audience.
     A good sized crowd was in attendance and good order was maintained. A larger crowd is expected Monday.
     To-day is Mutual Benefit Association day. There will be concerts of sacred music during the day.
     Exhibits are coming in rapidly and the pavilions are well decorated and well filled with the handiwork of the colored people of North Texas.
     A good many places of amusement have been provided and the usual shows of animal and other curiosities are well patronized. There are moving pictures, minstrels, snake eaters and freaks of nature such as go to make up the amusement end of a fair.

- September 2, 1900, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 5.
- o o o -



Arrangements for a Fine
School Begun Yesterday.

     At a meeting, yesterday, held in the court house, the colored teachers of Dallas county decided to hold a summer normal in this city next summer.
     N. W. Harllee, A. M., principal of one of the schools of this city, and superintendent of the colored department of the Texas State Fair, was unanimously elected conductor.
     County Superintendent Cochran was present and urged the teachers to make the normal a success.
     The following committee was appointed by President A. L. Runyan to select the rest of the faculty, to serve as the executive committee and to complete all arrangements for the normal: A. L. Runyan, Lancaster; J. H. Polk, Dallas; W. B. Turner, Dallas; N. W. Harllee, Dallas. It is expected that the following counties will unite with Dallas county, Tarrant, Collin, Denton and Kaufman.

- April 14, 1901, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 5.
- o o o -


Commencement Exercises Will
be Held Thursday.

     The eighth annual commencement of the Dallas colored high school will take place in the auditorium of the city hall Thursday evening, May 30, 1901, at 8:30 o'clock.
     The programme: Chorus, "Jubilate Deo;" invocation, Rev. J. A. Johnson; instrumental quartette, "Niagara;" salutatory, "Laying a Foundation," Mattie S. Mansfield; duet, "Two Merry Girls are We," Hattie Mae Ingram and Bertha Wheeler; "Character Building," David W. Gooden; instrumental solo, "Witches' Flight," Maude Cassey; "The Morning Hath Gold in Her Mouth," Pauline T. Pittman; vocal solo, "Summer," Bertha Wheeler; valedictory, "Not for Ourselves, but for Others," A. Weldon Jackson; chorus, "The Tornado;" annual address, Rev. N. J. Johnson; chorus, "Tripping O'er the Hill;" presentation of diplomas, President S. J. Howell; chorus, "The Voyagers."
     The class motto is: "Not for Ourselves, but for Others;" Its colors, gold, purple and white; class flower, white carnation.
     The following is a list of the graduates: Robert B. Franklin, David W. Gooden, A. Weldon Jackson, Mattie S. Mansfield, Pauline T. Pittman.
     H. S. Thompson, principal of the colored high school, says, "These exercises furnish a literary treat to all who attend. The music will be fine, and the orations, and essays of the graduates are especially good. The speech by Dr. N. J. Johnson will merit closest attention. Good order will be maintained. All are invited to attend."

- May 26, 1901, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 1-2.
- o o o -


Attendance Last Night was Very Large and
all the Features were

     The negroes in Dallas have led off in an effort to have an Afro-American Tri-Centennial exposition of three months' duration, local in its scope, but exclusively for the exhibition of the growth and products of the negro. It is a carefully considered project, manned by men who have the confidence of the people. The aim and object of this exposition is to exhibit to the world the remarkable advancement made in educational work, the liberal and fine arts, science, mechanics, agriculture, laws and morals, and by such exhibition to stimulate and encourage the further pursuit of knowledge that the acme of pure and lofty American citizenship may be obtained. It is further decided by the management to use the proceeds accruing in the establishment of a cotton mill, which, of itself, means many thousand dollars for Texas in general and Dallas in particular. Though a colored undertaking, it is being excellently managed, and has fair prospects for success.
     Interest in the exposition continues to increase, as evidenced by the large and enthusiastic gathering that attended last night. The exposition is really taking on new life. The management force is working as never before to please those who attend nightly.
     The programme last night was a fine one and met the hearty approval of all present. An interesting programme has been arranged for execution to-night. The cake walkers' contest for state championship will be worth seeing, as only expert and well known walkers of the state will be permitted to enter the contest. The bag-punching contest for championship between Houston Halley, alias "Bo Cat," of Galveston; Harrison, of Dallas; Apps Amey, of Nashville; Monroe Spikes, recently of Chicago, and Walter Lewis of Dallas, promises to be one of the liveliest bag punching contests ever witnessed since the opening of the exposition. Valuable prizes and exposition gold medals will be awarded the winners in both contests.

- July 15, 1901, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1.
- o o o -


     "Now that the new foundation for the colored high school has been completed," remarked Principal N. W. Harllee, yesterday, "it is expected that the enrollment in the grades below the high school department will be increased.
     "The board of education has established a laboratory in the colored high school, which marks a few feature in teaching chemistry and physics to colored pupils in a practical and scientific way.
     "During this session, the Dallas colored high school will be affiliated with three or four colored colleges and universities, both, in this, and other states."

- January 5, 1902, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 5.
- o o o -

added December 26, 2005:


Emancipation Day, June 19th, to be Celebrated
on Large Scale in Dallas this Year by Ham's

     W. E. King, chairman of the executive committee, in charger of the arrangements for the observance of emancipation day, said this morning:
     "Thursday, June 19, is fast approaching, and the colored people are making every preparation for the entertainment of the vast number of celebrators, many coming from adjoining towns, as reduced rates have been procured for a distance of thirty miles all around Dallas. The Fort Worth Silver Cornet band will furnish music for the occasion, along with the local musical talent. The famous 'Happy Town Girls' minstrel and jubilee show, which has won much fame throughout the state, will entertain the celebrators at night in the auditorium at the Fair grounds. The Fair grounds have been put in readiness, and the accommodations will be plenty for all. The parade promises to be the largest ever witnessed here, and will move from "Five Points" promptly at 10 o'clock. W. M. Beal will be grand marshal of the day.
     "The Sabbath schools, as per call, at St. James A. M. E. church, Sunday evening, elected Miss Charlotte Mae Walker, 'goddess of liberty,' with the following maids of honor: Miss Llean A. Shaw, Miss Rosa Eetta Pate, Miss Zenobia Posey, Miss Addie L. Hoffman, Miss Lillian A. Routh, Miss Lela Corrinne Ewing, Miss Maryl Alena Hall, Miss Blanche M. Howard, Miss Lela M. Anderson, Miss Annie Mae Gates, Miss Sula Mae Porter and Miss Priscilla L. Tyler.
     "The 19th of June, the day set apart by the colored people of Texas to celebrate their emancipation, will be the grandest occasion ever witnessed in this city, as the preparations are far in advance of any held previously. We have a right to celebrate our emancipation and will exhibit the spirit of true American citizenship on next Thursday from the parade, to the close."
     The order of the parade follows:
     Line of march: Form at Five Points, corner of Commerce and Preston streets, north on Preston to Main, west to Market, north to Elm, east to Hawkins, south to Commerce street, and thence to Fair grounds. Parade will move promptly at 10 o'clock.
     Order of parade: Mounted policemen, drum corps, Dallas Express zouaves, mounted horsemen, the "Rag Time warriors, Fort Worth Silver Cornet band, "Happy Town" Girls' Minstrel show, officers of celebration in carriages, executive committee in carriages, Bluitt rifles, goddess of liberty and maids of honor, business and professional exhibits, decorated carriages, buggies and other vehicles and live stock.
     W. M. Beal, grand marshal; assistant marshals, D. Rowan, S. W. J. Lowery, E. McMillon, J. R. Woods, J. R. Young, Levi Johnson, D. W. James and others.

- June 16, 1902, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
- o o o -



Two District Judges Arbitrate
Disputes in Colored


Church Factions Pacified by
Judge Nash. Judge Mor-
gan Grants Temporary

     Judge Thomas F. Nash, of the Fourteenth district court, arbitrated a negro church dispute yesterday afternoon and settled the matter temporarily in a manner that the two factions involved could make no complaint. It seems that there has been, for some time, a disagreement about the management of the colored Young Street Christian church and the matter reached a head when one of the factions agreed upon disposing of the church property at 299 Young street and moving to another location.
     A temporary injunction was obtained in the fourteenth district court about two weeks ago against the "movers' by the other faction led by Tobe Watson, Frank Jordan and Ben Preston, who claim that they are trustees of the religious institution. Those who were restrained were William Alphin, the pastor of the divided flock, Elick Mitchell and J. L. Patton.
     The proceedings yesterday were brought about by the latter individuals presenting a petition to the court asking that the injunction be dissolved. The principals in the case had a number of white attorneys employed and there were a number of the colored brethren who were interested in the case present.
     The judge heard both sides of the case and overruled the motion to quash the injunction but modified the original order so that both factions would share alike the privileges of the institution until the case comes up for final trial at the fall term of court.
     Until the case is finally disposed of, the two congregations will each have possession of the church for one week at a time. Pastor Alphin will conduct services as he chooses for seven days without fear of molestation and Tobe Watson and his followers have the same privileges for the next seven days, and so on until the final settlement.
     Another dispute in colored circles was aired in Judge Morgan's court yesterday afternoon when Charles L. Morgan and E. M. Jones were granted a temporary injunction against G. B. Montgomery and N. G. Whitehead. The injunction suit was the outcome of a disagreement as to the sale of a beer stand privilege at the Emancipation day celebration June 19.
     Charles L. Morgan, the secretary of the Emancipation day celebration association, claims that the stand privilege belongs to E. M. Jones and G. B. Montgomery, the president of the association, says that N. G. Whitehead is entitled to it.

- Saturday, May 31, 1903, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 1-2.
- o o o -



New Century Cotton Mils, Operated by Negroes, On the
High Road to Success--Working Force Doubled
and New Capital Interested.

     Booker T. Washington should visit Dallas and inspect the New Century Cotton Mills, where a negro is the guiding spirit and negro operatives are pronounced first-class by expert white men, who have spent their lives in the middle of New England. J. E. Wiley, founder and ruling spirit of the New Century Mills, is a negro, and owing to his strenuous efforts, seconded by the liberality of white men at home and in Massachusetts, who furnished the bulk of the capital, young negroes of both sexes were afforded an opportunity to demonstrate their capacity for labor, which requires a trained head as well as trained hands.
     The New Century Mills began operations in January last and early in February, a Times Herald representative visited the mills and found Secretary Wiley hopeful, but not boastful. It was an experiment then, but the skies were clearing and the master spirit of the new enterprise saw in the distance a solution of one of the race problems of the South. Yesterday, the same representative of The Times Herald, who has watched the growth of the mills and signs of increasing prosperity had a second chat with the founder. He said:
     "The Times Herald has been very kind. We began in a humble way, we have prospered, we have made friends and we have demonstrated that negro labor can be employed with profit in cotton mills of the South. Three or four months have come and gone since the splendid write-up of the New Century Cotton Mills appeared in The Times Herald.
     "At that time, we were hopeful. Today, we are on the high road to success. We have doubled our working force and are running day and night shifts. Our operatives are careful, skilled and industrious, and we have no trouble, whatever, in teaching them the trade. Five months ago, they were raw hands. Not one had ever been on the inside of a cotton mill, until they were engaged by me to report for work. Experts from New England mills trained this crude array of talent, and now we have skilled workers with a small army to draw on when we need extra help.
     "This isn't all. The success which has attended our efforts and the quality of material turned out has made friends for our enterprise and enlisted capitalists, who have decided to put money into the business. We are unable to supply the demand and have orders on hand for 300,000 pounds of material.
     "This will be gratifying news to our white friends at home and abroad. The South is the place for the negro. Here he thrives best, and here he must work out his own salvation with the aid of this white friends. To-day, the New Century Cotton Mills furnishes employment to 100 operatives with very bright and a certainty that within a year, 200 will be found on our pay rolls."
     Secretary Wiley may go East shortly to confer with Massachusetts backers and buyers, who have co-operated from the first with the Dallas business men who have money invested in the plant.

- Saturday, May 31, 1903, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 23, col. 3-4.
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Prominent Men of Race Have the
Matter in Hand.

     The negroes of Dallas are without hospital facilities. It is true, there are negro wards in Parkland hospital for the unfortunates of the race, but they are not admitted at St. Paul's sanitarium or the private hospitals, as a matter of course. There is a large negro population, and the representative men of the race have often lamented the lack of hospital facilities.
     There are negro schools, negro churches, negro colleges and negro factories, but the Afro-Americans are without a sanitarium, or hospital. There are negro preachers, negro physicians, negro teachers and negro lawyers, but there are no nurses trained to care for the sick.
     Some weeks ago, Dr. H. K. Leake, knowing the wants of the negroes, and realizing the necessity of doing something for the amelioration of the suffering and alleviation of pain among them, advised the negroes to organize, appoint committees and see what they could do towards securing a site and raising funds for the erection of a hospital and training school exclusively for their race. Dr. Leake, as chief of staff at St. Paul's sanitarium, knows the disadvantages which the negro physicians labor under, as well as the crying need of an institution conducted and controlled by negroes for the advancement of their own people. A native Southerner, he is thoroughly conversant with negro character and the conditions here and elsewhere throughout the South
     The negro physicians and representative laymen heeded the advice of Dr. Leake, and last week, effected a temporary organization. The initial meeting was well attended by negroes of prominence. Committees on organization, location and finance were named, and an excellent start was made. The negroes have taken hold in earnest, and $600 was subscribed to the building fund at a meeting held Thursday.
     Drs. C. V. Roman, Blewett and Anderson, and the pastors of the negro churches, the active workers, are very hopeful that success will crown their labors.
     There isn't a negro hospital or training school in the South, and Dallas is leading off, and should be given the credit, its promoters say. In connection with the hospital, a training school will be conducted, open to young women of the race. Nurses are needed, the negro physicians declare, and they are sanguine that the training school will become a most popular adjunct to the proposed Afro-American hospital.

- July 5, 1903, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 2.
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added December 25, 2005:


Dr. Benjamin R. Bluitt Hopeful
of Results.

     Dr. Benjamin R. Bluitt, colored, who is an active worker for the proposed hospital and training school for negroes, said to a Times Herald representative yesterday:
     "The outlook is certainly very encouraging. Our committees have the work well under way, and we are very hopeful. Pledges of financial assistance are coming in, and the best representatives of our race are standing together and working together. Our white friends have promised assistance. First and foremost, it is necessary for our own people to make the proper showing."
     It was stated last night that a prominent citizen of Dallas has sent a personal appeal to Mr. Andrew Carnegie for a substantial donation to the building fund. Mr. Carnegie is very much interested in the Booker T. Washington schools for the uplifting and advancement of the negro, and it is believed that his response will demonstrate that he is interested in hospitals, as well as colleges and libraries.

- July 12, 1903, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 11, col. 3.
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Those Behind the Movement are
Expecting Success.

     The Metropolitan, a local paper devoted to the interests of colored people, and which was issued today, contains the following:
     "A well attended meeting of representative colored citizens met Thursday night in the office of the Dallas Express to organize a movement looking to the establishment of a negro hospital. In furtherance of this idea, Rev. R. S. Jenkins was elected chairman and W. E. King was elected secretary. The object of the meeting was stated by the chairman. It was his opinion that Dallas was a great field, inasmuch as it was rapidly becoming a center for medical activity. Dr. Bluitt next spoke in the same strain, and stated it as his opinion that the time was ripe to act.
     "Dr. R. T. Hamilton had been approached by a number of white physicians who expressed themselves as willing to help the colored hospital.
     "Drs. Johnson, Scott and others spoke, favoring the project. A committee on permanent organization was elected as follows: Drs. R. T. Hamilton, B. R. Bluitt, M. P. Penn and Dr. C. V. Roman and they reported as follows:
     "The name of this institution shall be the Freedman's Hospital and Training School, with such aims and objects as usually attach to similar institutions. A board of directors of fifteen persons was agreed upon, Drs. Bluitt, Hamilton, Brooks, Penn, Roman and Rev. R. S. Jenkins among them. Dr. B. R. Bluitt, president; W. E. King, vice president; Rev. R. S. Jenkins, secretary; Dr. M. C. Cooper, treasurer.
     "There was much of interest said, and the movement will succeed."
     It is declared that the committeemen are hard at work, and that the hospital will be built without fail.

- July 18, 1903, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 7, col. 6.
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Judge Thomas F. Nash Talks Entertainingly of the Once
Noted Negro Politician--He Was Born a Slave
and Was the Property of Colonel Record.

     Melvin Wade, noted for years as a leader of the negroes and later a wheel horse in the ranks of the Populist party, was noted for his pernicious activity in Dallas in reconstruction time. The following reminiscences of Melvin were furnished a representative of The Times Herald by Hon. Thos. F. Nash, judge of the Fourteenth district court, and who came to Dallas county more than forty-eight years ago:
     If it is not in bad form for a white Democrat to write of a dead Republican negro, I would like to mention a few incidents in the political career of Melvin Wade, who died in Dallas about a week ago.
     Melvin Wade was the slave of James K. P. Record, one of the ablest and most brilliant political speakers in North Texas, whose career was brief, as he died about 1872, a young man comparatively.
     In 1867, there was a freedman's bureau in Dallas, and one Capt. Horton, a one-armed ex-federal soldier, was at its head. He was a typical tyrant, to ex-Confederates. Gen. James S. Rains of Seagoville, had been in trouble because he did something that was not to the liking of Capt. Horton. Capt. Lafayette Smith, who had served in Ross' brigade during the war, was shot down on the streets of Dallas. His murderer, being a radical, was taken under the protecting wing of Capt. Horton and spirited out of the country. This military ruler made his will the law of the land. I was a boy on the farm, and came to Dallas with a load of oats for sale. Horton had a company of United States cavalry camped about his office. I went into his office to sell my load of oats and found him alone with Melvin Wade. Melvin wanted to know how it was that Jim Record, his old master, whom he knew to have been in the Confederate army, should then be allowed to vote. Horton explained that Record was young when he joined the Confederate army and had never, therefore, taken an oath to support the constitution of the United States. Melvin seemed to understand him, but did not appreciate the situation. He didn't want Jim Record to vote, but Horton evidently did.
     Melvin soon became quite popular with the ruling powers and was appointed a member of the board of registration for Dallas county, and later, I think, was a member of the school board. This was reconstruction in Texas.
     Melvin was a strong-minded negro, a good speaker; could furnish a street corner crowd a fund of anecdotes at any time; had a keen sense of the ridiculous, and while he amused the Democrats, the Republicans were absolutely proud of him.
     In 1872, the canvass was exciting. R. Q. Mills was making the first race for congress and for the state at large. Judge W. P. McLean, now of Fort Worth, but then of Eastern Texas, was the candidate for congress for this district. There was a negro orator (so-called) at Jefferson, who was a Democrat, and the Democrats at Dallas had him to make a speech one night in the courthouse yard. The old courthouse had been torn down and a new one was being built. There were massive stones all over the square, which was well set with trees at that time. We had no electric or gas lights, and probably one tallow candle stuck in the mouth of a bottle afforded all the light, except what was furnished by the negro Democratic orator. At all events, I remember it was almost dark while we held the meeting, and if the moon was shining, it only struck the crowd in streaks through the heavy boughs of the trees. About half the audience were negroes. The Democratic negro spoke, and, of course, the white Democrats cheered him to the echo. When he closed, Melvin Wade got up on a big rock and answered him. Melvin skinned the fellow in such a manner that the boys who paid the negro's way from Jefferson couldn't help but enjoy the fun.
     Melvin, doubtless, thought the grand old party was failing in its appreciation, and back in the nineties, he became a Populist orator. Unquestionably, Melvin had a mind, which, under proper influences, might have been a source of great strength and benefit to his race and country.

- August 9, 1903, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 19, col. 3-4.
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Gathering Under Auspices of National
Industrial Council.

     A congress of ex-slaves is being held in Dallas. The meetings are under the auspices of the National Industrial Council of America, and the object of the organization is given out by the leaders of it to be to secure legislation by Congress looking to the pensioning of former slaves. The meetings are being conducted by S. P. Mitchell of Washington, D. C., president of the organization, and Rev. I. L. Walton of Arkansas, general secretary and business manager for the United States.
     A large crowd of colored people were in the court house last night to hear the speakers tell of the plans they have under way for the help of the slaves who were. The audience was full of aged, decrepit negroes--old men and women who remember the days before the war as well as they do yesterday. They said that they were in the organization to reap a benefit for their stewardship of the days of slavery.
     The National Industrial Council of America is said to have a membership of 75,000 who have paid their initiation fee of $1.50, part of this sum being placed in the treasury of the council to be used in securing the expected legislation. These 75,000 are called financial members by the members of the council. There are as many others who are not active members, but have joined as a social feature. The meetings will continue until Saturday night.
     A tent has been provided at Crowdus and Porter streets, where, during the day, the negroes who wish to become members of the council, are permitted to do so.

- October 9, 1903, Dallas Morning News, p. 12, col. 4.
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Said to be First of its Kind Ever

To The Times Herald:
     Dallas, Tex., Oct. 10, 1903.
     I wish to extend to you my heartfelt thanks for the extensive manner in which you gave publicity to our State Evangelical convention last July for the study of the race problem from a Bible standpoint. The influence of your paper was indeed helpful, and I feel that I would be worse than an ingrate if I did not extend to you words of appreciation for your philanthropic heart as shown in this deed of kindness.
     Your Sunday morning's issue of July 5th, that contained such an elaborate write-up of our proceedings, was circulated very extensively among our delegates, and after the adjournment of the meeting, we had occasion to buy every available copy of that issue.
     That meeting set in motion a Christian influence among our people which will be far-reaching in its results upon the lower class of our race.
     I am glad to have the privilege of announcing through your columns, the completion of a missionary and evangelical wagon and organ for music, made by special order, that are now ready for dedication for evangelistic service among our people.
     The wagon will be exhibited for its initial service at the corner of San Jacinto street and Central avenue, or Bogel street, Sunday, Oct. 11, at 3 p. m. All Dallas is invited to be present to witness the first service from this wagon for the moral and religious uplift of our race.
     As far as I know, this is the first wagon of the kind ever brought out for such work among my people. It was built by Mr. G. W. Brooks' Carriage factory of this city, and I wish to thank him in these columns for the liberal donation he made on the wagon.
     This wagon will be finally dedicated for the colored people of Texas at Waxahachie, Thursday, Oct. 15th. Rev. I. Toliver, D. D., Washington, D. C., will preach the dedicatorial sermon.
                              A. R. G
                              328 Hall street, Dallas, Tex.

- October 11, 1903, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 2.
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Real Estate Transfers.

     B. R. Bluitt to Calvin Bluitt, a part of lot 11, block 567, Murphy & Bolanz's official map, on west side Houston and Texas Central Railway, on what was known as Central avenue, 92x114 feet, $600.

- June 15, 1904, Dallas Morning News, p. 12, col. 5.
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Relief Headquarters Established at
New Zion Church.

     The relief headquarters for the distribution of clothing, bedding, etc., that the colored people may give their own people will be open Monday morning. June 1, at 9 o'clock in the New Zion Baptist church on Alamo street. Everybody that has something to give in this line for the colored people will please send same to this place or notify Rev. C. L. McPherson, chairman of the colored relief committee, telephone Haskel 2021. The next meeting will be at St. John Baptist church, Monday night, June 1, corner Allen and Cochran street, at 8:30 o'clock.

- May 31, 1908, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. II, p. 8, col. 3.
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Business and Professional Publication
Gives List of Many Colored

     The first business and professional directory of colored persons in Dallas has just been issued by Dallas Business League No. 91, of which H. W. Scott is president, and C. T. Brackins, secretary. The preface to the list of names and occupations shows that the negroes of Dallas are active in many worthy fields of enterprise. Among other means of encouraging commercial ambition among the colored citizens is mentioned the Business League, which exists for the purpose of promoting legitimate business undertakings among negroes and for helpful interchange of ideas. Short and interesting articles on the more pretentious colored enterprises in the city are also an attractive part of the preface.
     During his recent visit to Dallas, Booker T. Washington gave unqualified praise to the idea of issuing a directory of the business and professional colored citizens. The directory contains a complete list of colored churches, schools, with their teaching force and of lodges.

- October 8, 1911, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec, II, p. 5, col. 3.
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     The following self-explanatory call has been issued:
     Every colored citizen is called to meet on Thursday night, April 17, at the Congregational church on Hawkins street, near Bryan, Rev. B. F. White, D. D., pastor, for the purpose of completing the organizing of the Rescue Normal Industrial Institute for Colored Youths. Those unable to pay tuitions will be cared for as well as those able to pay.
     We hope that every loyal and progressive colored citizen will avail themselves of this opportunity and, be present on time, Dr. White promises a mixed choir of the various churches to furnish music for the occasion, and every one is asked to come and hear what has been done. The report of the committee on location will be made and the balance of the officers will be elected.
     Since a large tract of land has been purchased, and a large amount paid on same, and since it is of importance to every parent and citizen, a large crowd is anticipated. Come early. The meeting opens at 8 o'clock, sharp.
                                        N. W. H
                                        W. E. K
ING, Secretary.

- April 13, 1913, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. II, p. 8, col. 4.
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Well Known Dallas Negro Writes Fer-
vent Appeal For Aid For Industrial
School For Negroes.

To The Times Herald.
     Dallas, Tex., May 17, 1913. -- To the Friends of Development and Industrial Training: For fifty years, I have lived in Texas, forty-five years of that time has been spent in Dallas city, and for the last thirty years, I have desired and prayed for the establishment of an industrial training school for our colored youth of Texas, and have hoped that said institution would be located in Dallas county. I am happy, indeed, to know that I have lived to see the day come that such an institution is assured, known as "The Rescue Normal Industrial Institute for Colored Youth." Prof. N. W. Harllee, president; Rev. J. E. Boyd, superintendent; W. E. King, secretary, and the Hon. Geo. W. Owens, a great hearted white citizen, treasurer, with several of our most prominent white friends on the board of directors, some having been published already. While I am sick in bed, under the care of the doctor, and at times, I have been unable to wait upon myself. I have given $500 to this institute, part paid and will pay the last dollar of the same if I live, and many of our people, whose hearts are interested in the development of our colored youth, that they be trained how to do, how to serve and to serve creditably, have made sacrifices to help establish it. Let us get behind this with all of our might and when the good white people of this city, state and country, see what we have done, they will come to our rescue and help us, as they have always done. I came to this city before the first train arrived here, to help make her, and have spent my life at work and in business, trying to do all the good I could for Dallas, and my race.
     Forty years ago, and all along since, I have had the pleasant acquaintance and friendship of the Cochran family, the Sneed family, the Wray family, the Peak family, the family of Captain Bowers, Major Bartley, a great man; Mr. Ben Long, two or three times mayor; Judge Aldridge, Col. McClure, Capt. Gaston and brother, the Thomases, the Ayers family, Judge Seay, Col. Slaughter, Dr. Buckner, Mr. Sanger and family, the Fee family, Dr. Leake, Dr. Allen, Dr. Pace, Dr. Thompson, Mr. Kahn, Judge Barkedell, Judge Peak, Capt. Jefferson Peak, the Scott Brothers and family, Judge Kendall, General Cabell and family; Major Jerome Kirby, Judge Judge Muse and the family of Muses, the Cockrell family, especially Mr. Alex Cockrell, who was always devoted to the good colored people in their efforts for good, to my knowing; Capt. Sim Duncan, the Cole family, the Caruth family, the Samuels family, the Wheat family, Hon. Jim Meadows, Judge Burk, Judge Bowers, the Crowdus family, and many others whom I know, but owing to my poor health, I cannot call right now, have always been friends to our colored race in the right. These good white people, some of them have gone, but many are here, and their sons and daughters are here, some of them we nursed, many of us, many of us were their servants and we obeyed them, too, and I am sure that they will help our struggling colored people to train our youth, that they may be fully prepared to render service in the home, in the yard, bays, in the field, in the sick room and in the shop. These noble sons and daughters of the early good white citizens of Dallas are sure to help us, and though I be dead, I pray now, that this effort to train our colored youth be given the most hearty co-operation by all. This will, in a large measure, solve the race problem, if there is a problem, and will help all concerned.
     We plead with these good white people, these good white friends, these broad-hearted white citizens to not forget the fact that they and us and many others of our race, helped to make the rough way smooth, and I know that you will not forget us. I must call special attention to the Jacobys, the Lindsleys, Capt. Jeff Word, the Hughes, Col. Holland and family, out of which comes Mayor Holland, the Kellers, the Schneiders, the Flippens and the Armstrong family, all of whom have been great friends to our race, too, and I am sure they are the same yet, in the right.
     Hoping for a great industrial training school to be built in Dallas county, I remain your humble servant,
                                                                   D. R

- May 18, 1913. Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 2, col. 4-5.
- o o o -

First Cotton Bale
Received in Dallas

     John Shepard, an aged negro, gets the honor of bringing to this city, the first bale of cotton raised in Dallas county. Monday, about noon, he arrived at the plant of the Murray Gin Company, and had the staple ginned. The cotton was then taken to the Chamber of Commerce building, where it is held on exhibition.
     John Shepard and his brother, Frank, are making a crop on the farm of J. W. Slaughter, north of Dallas. They marketed the first bale of cotton last year and received a handsome premium. They have lived here for many years.
     The second bale of cotton was received in Dallas later in the afternoon of Monday. It was marketed at the Murray Gin Company by A. Rubles[?] Rublee[?], a farmer residing near Seagoville.

- August 11, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 4.
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Negro Teachers
Named by Board

     The following principals and teachers for the Negro High school were elected at a meeting of the Dallas board of education Friday afternoon: W. O. Bundy, principal of the High school; J. P. Starks and N. W. Harllee, principals, subject to assignment by the superintendent. High school teachers: V. T. Tubbs, J. W. Towns, R. H. Newhouse, J. T. Fox, J. W. Wilson, Mrs. Julia Frazier, Miss M. M. Smith and Priscilla Taylor. S. S. Willis, T. D. Marshall and Myrtle Swann were elected grade teachers, subject to assignment by the superintendent.
     The issue of a warrant to finish payment on the Ninth ward negro school building, on Eighth and Miller streets, was also ordered.

- August 15, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2 .
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Judge Foree Will
Address Negroes

     At the meeting that will be held in the interest of the Texas Normal Industrial Institute for colored youth at the Evening Chapel Colored Methodist Episcopal church, corner Boll and Juliette streets, Rev. R. L. Langford, D. D., pastor, this afternoon at 3 o'clock, Hon. Kenneth Foree, presiding judge of the Fourteenth district court, will be the principal speaker. His subject will be: "The Great Blessings Now Offered Colored People." The pastor, Dr. Langford, will also speak, as will other prominent speakers. Lawyer A. S. Wells will introduce Judge Foree. The Evening Chapel choir will furnish music for the occasion, interspersed with plantation melodies by the Munger Avenue quartette, and Prof. E. H. Hardeman will render a "tenor" solo. Great preparations are being made for the service, and it promises to be a record-breaker. All of the colored pastors and churches have been invited and the colored people, as a whole. There will be special seats provided for the white people who desire to attend.
     Prof. N. W. Harllee, president of the institution, states that they are endeavoring to increase interest in the institution among the colored people, and that much good is being accomplished through these meetings, from time to time.

- August 16, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 7, col. 2.
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     Because of protests made by residents of Oak Cliff, the Park board has decided that they will not purchase a site in Oak Cliff as a park for negroes, until they can also buy a site on this side of the river. Residents west of the river claimed that if a park for colored people was established on that side of the stream, Oak Cliff cars, which are crowded almost to capacity each trip, especially during the early morning and evening hours, would be so crowded that the white people would have little chance of ever securing a seat on the cars.
     The site in Oak Cliff which the board tentatively selected as a park site was located between Third and Fourth streets and faced Miller avenue. Miller avenue was formerly the old pike road that connected with the long bridge, which used to span the Trinity river at the foot of Cadiz street.
     W. L. Diamond and other Oak Cliffites, who were interested in the matter, held several conferences with members of the Park board regarding the establishment of a park for negroes in Oak Cliff. It was after the Oak Cliff residents showed to the Park board the conditions which would prevail that they decided not to purchase a park for negroes in that section until a site was secured on this side of the river.

- August 18, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 12, col. 4.
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Negro Singers to
Appear Tonight

     An entertainment of a nature which will interest many white people of Dallas will be given at the city hall auditorium Monday evening. It will be the jubilee singers from the negro orphans home at Austin, and they will render the old plantation songs of the Southern states so popular in the days before the civil war. The singers are all negro girls, and their music is commended by many of the leading churchmen and newspapers of the state. A special section of the auditorium will be reserved for white people.

- July 5, 1915, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 4.
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Negro on First Car
Ride Violates Jim
Crow Law; Arrested

     While Edwin Robinson, negro, 22 years old, was enjoying his first ride on a street car Sunday afternoon, he was nabbed by the strong arm of the law and hauled into the police court Monday morning for violating the Jim Crow ordinance. The charge against the negro was dismissed when he convinced Judge Robertson that he did not know he was committing an offense.
     The negro admitted that he got onto the car and sat down in one of the seats toward the front of the car, but he said that he knew nothing of the Jim Crow ordinance. He said that he was born and raised near Mesquite, Texas, and that he had never ridden in a street car before.

- July 21, 1919, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 6.
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     A singsong for negroes will be held in the City Hall auditorium at 8 o'clock Friday night. Madeline Carter Hawkins will sing, Fred Johnson will whistle and Portia Pittman will give instrumental numbers. The program also includes a number of jubilee songs. The balcony will be reserved for white persons.

- January 1, 1920, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 12, col. 7.
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     Plans are being made to establish a clinic in Oak Cliff for Negro children, under the auspices of the Dallas Infants' Welfare and Milk association. Dr. B. E. Greer and Manning B. Shannon are making arrangements for the twice-a-week clinic.

- June 11, 1922, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
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     The Brotherhood of Negro Building Mechanics, an organization formed by W. Sidney Pittman, a negro architect of Dallas, for the purpose of improving the general condition of the negro workmen in all the building crafts, has offered two prizes to the two upper classes of the negro high school for the first and second best essay to be written for the class day exercises in June. The subjects to be written upon have been jointly approved by the principal of the school, Joseph J. Rhoads, and the president of the brotherhood. They are: "The Value of Mechanical Training in the High School," Present Day Opportunities for the Negro Mechanic" and "Training for Efficiency in Manual Arts."
     The prizes to be offered are $15 in gold for the first prize, and $10 in gold for the second best essay. The students are to select their subjects from any of the three mentioned.
     The brotherhood has for its prime object, the raising of the standard of workmanship of the negro, along the lines of efficiency, moral stamina and financial responsibility. The mayor, L. Blaylock, and many other white business and professional men have given their indorsement to this organization.

- April 4, 1924, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. III, p. 10, col. 3.
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School Heads
Pay Tribute to
Negro Teacher

     The forty-first anniversary of N. W. Harllee, negro, as a teacher of the Dallas public schools, was celebrated by a large crowd at the Bethel A. M. E. church, Leonard and Cochran streets, Tuesday night.
     Addresses were made by Dr. Norman R. Crozier, superintendent of Dallas city schools; T. J. Murname, who signed the first contract employing Harllee in 1886; Elmer L. Scott, Dr. J. Frank Hall, J. M. Lowery, former tax collector; Professor T. W. Pratt, Mrs. W. W. Maxwell, M. I. Miles, principal of Ben Milam school; C. F. Carr, principal of J. P. Starks school; J. J. Rhodes, principal of Booker Washington High school; Dr. N. W. Clark, Dr. E. Arlington Wilson, Dr. R. T. Hamilton, J. B. Richey, principal of Lincoln Manor school, T. D. Marshall, principal Darrell school; Dr. M. H. Jackson, Mrs. J. C. Frazier, Dr. G. B. Young, R. H. Trotter, Ruth Chumley and Miss Eva Weems.
     Musical numbers were rendered by the Bethel church choir, Alda Choral club, Madam T. W. Pratt, Edgar S. Brown and the Wright brothers.
     Tokens of appreciation were received by Harllee from the Pacific avenue school, J. P. Starks school, Darrell, Ninth Ward, Lincoln Manor, Negro Teachers alliance, the Dunbar club, Royal Art club, Priscilla Art club, Fair Park Mothers club, Bethel A. M. E. church, Boll Street Methodist church, Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Smith and the Central Print shop.

- January 23, 1927, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. II, p. 3, col. 6.
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Close Harmony Between Trains
By Bobbie Lee Staten

     Eighteen months ago, two red caps and five Pullman porters at the Dallas Union Terminal got together -- "because all colored people lak to sing" -- and sang themselves into appearances at the First Baptist Church, the First Presbyterian Church, the Tenth Street Methodist Church, the Catholic Church and the University Club and the Adolphus Hotel.
     They have no accompanist -- they don't need one. Theirs is a melody from the heart with harmony that few cultivated singers have obtained. Often, in the late afternoon during the time of day when there are few trains due, the negroes, or the four of the five who happen to be in town, get on the platform at the rear of the station and sing to their hearts' content. The melody has attracted many passers-by.
     "We sing 'cause we like to sing," said F. Tatum, who was born in Texas, and has been reared in Dallas. J. R. Sparks, who claims he is the "fill-in" man, says that singing is half his life. Sparks and Tatum are red caps. They get quite a bit of "vocal practice" by humming while they work. James Varner, L. Livingston and C. E. Baker are Pullman porters.
     They are all high school graduates. Tatum, Livingston and Baker are college graduates.
     The quartet was organized eight months ago in order to raise funds for their church. Since that time, they have become appreciated by those who have accidentally run into their cathedral of music at the Union Terminal. The day that the French mannequins arrived in Dallas, Tatum had taken the quartet under the steps of the back platform and was drilling them. The train on which the mannequins arrived was an only train during the afternoon. As the young women alighted from the car, they halted and listened. Their smiles showed their appreciation, they quieted the red caps who wanted to carry their luggage and one of the girls turned and asked: "On sont les voix?" The red cap rolled his eyes and pointed to the quartet under some steps fifty feet or so away. She smiled and nodded.
     As if they suddenly realized they were attracting attention, Tatum stopped his friends and they started to separate. "Oh, non, non," waved another of the French women." Geev some more!" Tatum grinned, and then the quartet sang "Dixie."

- November 16, 1930, The Dallas Morning News,
Feature Section, p. 2, col. 1-3.
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Negro Opener Is Rained
Out; Play Saturday

     The opener of the crucial three-game championship baseball series between the Dallas Black Giants of the Negro Texas League and the Oak Cliff Baby Black Giants, scheduled Friday night at Steer Stadium, was rained out. The two teams will meet Saturday night at 8:30 o'clock. Women and children will be admitted free and a special section will be set aside for white fans.

- June 13, 1931, The Dallas Morning News, Section II, p. 3, col. 5.
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Ball Games and Beauty
Review to Be Features
Of Negro Holiday Here

     Two baseball games, tap dancing and a bathing beauty revue at Steer Stadium Friday night will be a big feature of the local colored folks June 'Teenth. Friday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock, local negro beauties will parade and eight will be selected to enter the final judging Friday night. A preliminary in the tap dancing contest also will be held, following which, the Dallas Black Giants and the Waco Cardinals meet in the first of a two-game series. Finals in both tap dancing and the bathing review start at 8:15 o'clock Friday night.
Another joust between the Giants and Cardinals will follow these activities.
     A special section of the local park will be reserved for whites.

- June 18, 1931, The Dallas Morning News, Section II, p. 5, col. 4
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All-Star Negro Boxing
Bill at East Grand

     An all-star negro boxing bill will be given at the East Grand arena Tuesday night. Tiger Williams, claimant of the negro middle-weight championship, will battle Ted Thomas, dusky fighter from Fort Worth, in the main event, scheduled to go ten rounds.
     Alvin Johnson, 175 pounds, will fight Kid Lute of Austin, 176 pounds, in the semi-final eight-round scrap.
     Tom Thomas of Fort Worth will battle Kid Pancho in a four-round affair, and K. O. Murphy will try his wallop on Ben Turpin of Lincoln Manor, four rounds.
     A battle royal has been arranged. The preliminaries will start promptly at 8:15 o'clock.

- June 5, 1932, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. III, p. 2, col. 1.
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"Macbeth," in Negro Version, Gets
Universal Attention on the Road

     One of the most remarkable things about the New York WPA federal theater's all-Negro production of "Macbeth," opening in the amphitheater on the Centennial grounds, Aug. 13, for a ten-day run, is its universal appeal.
     Ever since its opening, the production has been visited by celebrities from almost every walk of life. At practically every performance, a trip to the lobby between acts would reward one with a glimpse of famous civic, social, musical and theatrical figures.
     A listing citing only a few of the celebrities who particularly appreciated "Macbeth" includes Governor Lehman and his family, New York's famous park commissioner, Robert Moses; Elsie de Wolfe, Kurt Will, Leon Bulgakiz, Paul Whiteman, Eddie Duchin, Bill Robinson, Katherine Hepburn, Vincent Astor, Peggy Wood, William Harris, Morris Gest, Jed Harris, Rosamond Pinchot, Florence Reed, Colonel Hubert Julian, H. V. Kaltenborn and Langston Hughes.
     Jean Cocteau, noted French poet, making a trip around the world, and with only three days to spend in New York, passed one of his evenings at the Lafayette Theater where "MacBeth" was playing at the time. Interviewed at his departure for home, he stated that "Macbeth," alone, made the entire trip worthwhile.
     The locale of "Macbeth" has been moved from Scotland to Haiti, the characters are native Haitians, and the witches become voodoo dancers. However, Director Orson Welles has not changed the original script. Nat Karson has designed the scenes and costumes and Abe Feder is responsible for the lighting.

- August 11, 1936, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 8, col. 7-8.
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     Ninety-seven per cent of the Negro farmers in Dallas County signed work sheets agreeing to comply with soil building and soil conservation requirements of the government during 1936, according to the annual report of C. A. Walton, Negro county agricultural agent.
     Walton's report also reveals that Negroes throughout the county did extensive repair and renovation work during the year, following the outline prepared by Walton and the Dallas County council of agriculture, which called for compliance with the conservation program, improvement of buildings and better balanced crop rotation.
     Events sponsored or assisted by the agent also were listed, including the County Meat and Egg Show in March, the annual encampment and picnic in July, and work with Negro 4-H clubs throughout the year.

- January 3, 1937, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 5, col. 4.
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     The Elm Thicket Taxicab Company, which, heretofore, has served only Negro patrons, filed a request with the city council Tuesday for permission to haul white passengers from Bluff View to the terminus of the Lemmon Avenue bus line operated by the Dallas Railway and Terminal Company.
     The request will be acted upon by the council Friday. Indications were that it would be denied.
     Joseph F. Leopold, supervisor of public utilities, refused to recommend that the council grant the request. He pointed out that he did not think the Negro cabs should carry white passengers.

- February 2, 1937, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 4, col. 3.
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     Friday night, the Negro Chamber of Commerce will inaugurate A. A. Braswell, mayor of Negro Dallas. Extensive plans have been made to have this as the crowning achievement of the chamber's activities for 1936, and the launching of a broad program for the development of Negro business during 1937. Development of small businesses was the platform on which Mayor Braswell won the election. In this regard, the first activity for the promotion of business will be the conduct of an indoor business show which will be held later and during the spring.
     The executive officers of the chamber will be installed at this time. These officers are as follows: C. F. Starks, president; A. Maceo Smith, secretary, and Mrs. H. D. Winn, treasurer.

- February 2, 1937, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 13, col. 3.
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Negro Band in Return
Engagement at Vickery

     Paul and His Pals will play for dancing Saturday night at the Vickery Park Club. This is an eleven-piece Negro orchestra which is familiar to radio listeners of Dallas. The band has played previous engagements at Vickery Park and the management announces it is being brought back at request of the patrons.

- February 12, 1937, Dallas Daily Times Herald,
Sec. III, p. 15, col. 5.
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     The Negro population of Dallas [is] estimated at 40,000, but, as far [as the] birth rate is concerned, there [is no] increase. Figures compiled [by] Miss Birdie Smith, city vital [statis]tician, show that in 1936, there [were] 876 Negro deaths and 867 [births].
     [For] the whole population, the [birth] rate compares more favor[ably] with the death rate. During [the] last three years, there were __9 births and only 8,162 resident [deaths].

- July 28, 1937, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 3, col. 1.
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