Grand Celebration of the
of the Establishment of the
French people have adopted the 14th of July for the celebration
of their national independence, Messrs. Menetre & Vileme
will make a grand display for the occasion, and they invite all
of their compatriots and all lovers of republican institutions,
without exception to nationality, to be present, at the Atlantic
Garden, on that date.
- July 13, 1880, Dallas
Daily Herald, p. 8, col. 4.
- o o o -
Local Notes and Views.
citizens of Dallas are many of them ardent Boulangerites. One
of these argues that Boulanger is a son of Napoleon, and will
yet lead the French armies victoriously against Germany.
- - July 24, 1888, Dallas
Daily Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
- o o o -
Statistics from the Agricultural Report.
Population in 1880: 38,488 in 1887: 77,323
of all other nations: 211
In the county: 13,779 white families and 1,404 colored families.
- January 29, 1889,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 3-4.
- o o o -
Beach desires to return his hearty thanks to the French Benevolent
Society for a half dozen bottles of choice wine, accompanied
by the following complimentary note:
- Janauary 4, 1890,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3.
DALLAS, Jan. 1, 1890.-- Prof. Monta Beach, Dear Sir:
Please accept the accompanying testimonial as a token of our
appreciation of your most valued services on the occasion of
our annual ball of 28th ult. Very truly yours, The committiee
of arrangements of the Societe de Langue Francaise et de Secours
- o o o -
THE STATE OF TEXAS,
Sheriff or any Constable of Dallas County-Greeting:
- October 7, 1890,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6.
You are hereby commanded that by
making publication of this citation in some newspaper, published
in the county of Dallas, for four consecutive weeks, previous
to the return day hereof, you summon, one Bonnin, one Lebatteuax,
one Guillon, one Gruan, one Chambris, one Mme. de la Fontaine
Solare and her children, who are nonresidents of the State of
Texas, to be and appear before the District Court of the Fourteenth
Judicial District of Texas, to be holden in and for the County
of Dallas at the Court House thereof, in the City of Dallas,
on the second Monday in December, 1890, then and there to answer
to the petition of Charles Capy, Maxime Vacher, Angelle A. Vacher,
nee Guillemet, Amand Guillemet, Mrs. Alexandrine Charles Camille
Scholastigue Lecler Savarden and Marguerite Catherine Bosserau
filed in said Court on the 20th day of September, 1890, against
the said Bonnin, Lebatteaux, Guillon, Gruan Chambris, Mme. de
la Fontaine Solare and her children for suit; said suit being
number 8462, for partition, and alleging in substance as follows,
That Amand Guillemet and Angelle
A. Vacher are the only heirs of Auguste Guillemet, deceased;
that Maxime Vacher is the husband of Angelle A. Vacher and joins
herein pro forma; that Mrs. Alexandrine Charles Camille Scholastigue
Savarden is the sole heir of August Savarden, deceased; that
Mrs. Marguerite Catherine Bossereau is the widow and sole heir
of Abel Hyacinthe Dailly, deceased; that plaintiffs and defendants
are tenants in common on the following land lying in Dallas County,
Texas, being a part of the Enoch Horton survey and known as the
west half of Section No. 12, meted and bounded as follows: Beginning
at a point on the south side of said survey 285 varas west of
the original southeast corner of said survey. Thence west with
said line 475 varas. Thence north crossing the West Fork of the
Trinity River 1900 varas to north line of said survey. Thence
east with said line 475 varas. Thence south 1900 varas to the
beginning, containing 120 acres.
That in the division of said land
in proportion to the sum of money paid by each respectively,
therefore, Charles Capy is entitled to 1 9/10 acres, Angelle
Vacher is entitled to 17 9/10 acres, Amand Guillemet is entitled to 17 9/10 acres,
Mrs. Alexandrine Charles Camille Scholastigue Lecler Savarden
is entitled to 60 8/10 acres, Mrs. Marguerite Catherine Bossereau is
entitled to 11 7/10 acres, Bonnin is entitled to 1 1/12 acres,
Lebatteuax is entitled to 20-23 of an acre, Guillon is entitled
to 5-23 of an acre, Gruan is entitled to 5-23 of an acre, Chambris
is entitled to 20-23 of acre and Mme. de la Fontaine Solare for
herself and children is entitled to 6 1/2 acres.
Wherefore, plaintiffs sue and pray
for partition of said land among themselves and defendants according
to the rights of each. Herein fail not, but have you then and
there, before said Court, this writ, with your return thereon,
showing how you have executed the same.
Witness J. H. Stewart, Clerk of
the District Court of Dallas County, Texas.
Given under my hand and seal of
said Court at office in City of Dallas, this the 22d day of September,
J. H. STEWART,
Clerk, District Court, Dallas Co.,
By W. A. HUDSON, Deputy.
- o o o -
ONE OF THE OLD PIONEERS
OF THE FRENCH COLONY
BRATES HIS 74th
dinand Michel, an
The TIMES-HERALD cheerfully
gives space to the following:
- May 23, 1891, Dallas
Daily Times Herald, p. 4, column 3.
On Sunday, May 17, 1891, Mr. Ferdinand
Michel, an old and respected citizen, and one of the French colonists,
celebrated his 74th anniversary at his residence near his brickyard
on South Jefferson street. The occasion was a joyful one and
replete with good feeling, and participated in by about 150 people
of all nationalities, but mostly of the old French citizens and
their descendants. Messrs. Adoue, Alderman Huvelle, Judge Tom
Brown, Bessard Bros., A. B. Harry, Henry Boll, Frank Austin and
others, graced the occasion with their presence. After the preliminary
handshaking and congratulations, the affair opened with music,
after which Mr. Adoue introduced Mr. Louvart who sang "La
Chanson de Circomstance," setting forth the bonhomme and
philosophical traits of character of Mr. Michel. Then a general
round of refreshments followed when Judge Brown delivered a neat
speech, greatly applauded, and wound up by saying Mr. Michel's
heart was as big as a brick kiln. Mr. John B. Louckx followed
with a French speech, eulogizing the benevolence of Mr. Michel
and kindness to his workmen. After refreshments, a general group
was formed on the estrade by the ladies, children and gentlemen,
Mr. Michel being the central figure, and were photographed by
Mr. Mauvais, concluding with a discharge of merriment and French
guolibets and a few rounds de bierre and the company dispersed
from a reunion long to be remembered.
Mr. Michel was born in Belgium
in 1818, near Charleroy, where he worked with his parents until,
when a lad, he traveled a-foot from his native village to the
city of Paris to seek his fortune in the capital of France, where
he worked as a gardener and afterwards learned the trade of tanner,
which he followed for many years. During his sojourn in Paris,
Mr. Michel became dangerously sick and the young Belgian was
tenderly cared for in the hospital by the Sisters of Charity,
and on having recovered, he left the hospital with a little sum
of money. Mr. Michel's eyes moisten yet when he speaks of France
and the hospital of Paris. In 1840, he returned to his native
country, and again worked at his trade of tanner in the city
of Lourvain until January 8, 1855, when he started from Antwerp
in the sail-ship, Uriell, with the group of Mr. Victor Considerant's
colony in Texas, northwest of Dallas, where he arrived in the
spring of the same year. Mr. Michel afterwards married and settled
in Dallas, where he engaged as rock mason, and afterwards started
the manufacturing of lime and brick, which he still follows.
Mr. Michel will start on June 10, for Antwerp, Belgium, in the
steamer, Westernland, of the Red Star Line. He takes with him
the little grandson of Mrs. Gouffe, deceased, to his grandmother
in France, and he will return to this country in the fall of
- o o o -
some twenty members, of the old French colony, will celebrate
the anniversary of their settlement in Dallas county on the 14th
of July at Mr. Loupot's, about three miles west of the city.
- June 30, 1891, Dallas
Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 1.
- o o o -
FALL OF THE BASTILE.
THE DAY CELEBRATED
By True Sons of
To-Day on the Site of the
French colonists and their descendants, to-day, are celebrating
the Fall of the Bastile on the site of the old French co-operative
colony, about four miles from Dallas. The attendance is large
and the programme all that could be desired. A prominent writer
says the sons and daughters of France in all parts of the world
celebrate the fall of the Bastile. It is their national holiday,
the Frenchman's Fourth of July. It commemorates the dawn of freedom
in their native land. On July 14, 1789, the hated Bastile fell.
All that was typical of the despotism of the aristocracy was
destroyed by the people, and the first blow was struck that led
to the French Revolution and to the establishment of the French
Republic. When the anniversary comes around, every Frenchman
in America dons his best raiment, and pins the tri-color to his
breast. His wife, his sweetheart and his sister all put on their
gayest attire and prepare for festivities, that last from early
hours till long after midnight. The French flag waves in every
city in the land. French American citizens march in the streets.
"The Marseillaise" is borne on every breeze, and the
cry "Vive la France" echoes to the clinking of glasses
filled with wine from France's own sunny hillsides. Mirth, gayety
and jollification are the order of the day. Parties in the morning,
picnics and festivals in the afternoon, and dancing at night,
with much drinking, eating, singing and telling tales of the
fatherland make the day one to be talked of in the French colony
until another anniversary rolls around. The day that Frenchmen
celebrate was one of the most dramatic in the whole history of
a dramatic nation. Driven desperate by long years of oppression,
the classes had risen against the classes. Gradually the spirit
of rebellion had taken shape and the result was a French mob,
a wild, desperate, determined Parisian mob. And what more natural
than that the first blow should be struck at the listed Bastile?
Through the reigns of half a dozen kings, the mere mention of
the name Bastile struck terror to the bravest citizen. Of all
that was horrible and revolting in dungeons, the Bastile was
the worst. Only political prisoners or personal enemies of the
ruler were sent there.
- July 14, 1891, Dallas
Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 1-2.
The fate of the common thief was
paradise compared with what was provided for the noble who offended
the man who sat on the throne. The sentence to the bastile, pronounced
without hearing and without trial, meant a living death to the
victim. Once within the grim walls, there was no redress. Like
the bottomless pit, [a man] who entered there was never heard
of again. Others went mad within the prison. Subterranean cells,
to which no ray of light penetrated, drove some men crazy. Others
were subjected to inhuman cruelty by the machines for torture
invented to extract secrets from political enemies. Worse than
a sentence to Siberian mines was incarceration in the Bastile
during the times preceding the French revolution. The prison
was originally the Castle of Paris and was built by order of
Charles V, about 1676. It was intended as a defense against the
English. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, it was
used as a state prison and was provided with vast bulwarks and
defenses[?]. On each of its long sides, it had four tall towers
armed with cannon. During the reigns of Louis XIV and XV, it
was frequently filled with prisoners, most of them of the higher
ranks. The inmates were sacrificed to political despotism, court
intrigues, ecclesiastical tyranny, or were victims of family
quarrels. They were noblemen, authors, priests and publishers.
Often, the unfortunates were forgotten after being incarcerated.
Their friends and relatives gave them up for dead, and the records
were silent as to the cause of their confinement or their identity.
When the populace, frenzied by oppression and debauchery, rose,
the Bastile was in charge of De Launay, the governor, and a garrison
of 82 old soldiers and Swiss. The citizens formed an army of
60,000 men, enrolled and divided into companies. The French Guards,
stationed at Paris, joined with the revolutionists, and the city
was at their mercy.
It was on the morning of the 14th
of July. Some one raised the cry: "To the Bastile!"
It resounded from rank to rank, from street to street, until
the citizens' army was inspired with the though of demolishing
the odious emblem of tyrannical rule. They were armed with hastily
forged pikes, with muskets taken from gun shops, and with gilded
lances and battle axes snatched from the Royal Guard. A formidable
resistance was made by De Launay and the garrison, but after
four hours of fighting the gates, which had resisted for twenty-three
days, an army headed by Conde, were battered down. De Launay
and his principal officers were put to death. The whole garrison
would have suffered the same fate, but for the intervention of
the French Guards. Among those who perished was Requait, a subaltern
officer who prevented the Governor from blowing up the powder
magazine. The heads of De Launay and of De Hesseles, who were
accused of conspiracy, were carried about the streets by the
mob. Several persons were found in bastile. They were released
in triumph. Two were sent to a mad house as they were hopelessly
insane. the Bastile was immediately destroyed. The instruments
of torture were dragged from the dungeons and exposed in the
streets. The walls of the structure were torn down amid the thunder
of cannon and the chanting of the Te Deum. Citizens danced on
its ruins all night and the greatest jollification followed.
The mob wore tri-colored cockades, which afterward became the
badge of the revolution. the fall of the Bastile alarmed the
nobles. Nearly all of them fled the county. Neckar, who had been
deposed by the King, Louis XIV, was recalled. Lafayette was given
command of the militia of Paris, organized as a national guard,
and the red, white and blue was adopted as national flag.
Among the notable persons who have
died within its walls were Charles de Gontant, son of Biron,
the then marshal. those who have been imprisoned in it were Richelieu,
Latude and Blaizet.
- o o o -
October 1, 2004)
THE ICARIAN COLONY.
a Socialist Settle-
ment Existed in the Country
North of Dallas.
Indians Did Not
Interfere with Them, but
Sickness and Disease Broke Up the
Denton County Colony.
a short history of the Icarians, who came to Texas in 1848 and
whose settlement in the country, the best information from settlers
is, few know of and about whom nothing (from present knowledge)
has ever been written. Much as been said in the newspapers regarding
the "Peters colony." This article explains its origin.
An old-timer says that descendants from the Icarians now live
in Texas, a number being in Dallas.
Denton Co., Tex., May 2. -- Denton has a citizen, Mr. Alexander
Robertson, who has been a resident of Texas for nearly half a
century. He is full of reminiscences and possesses a remarkable
memory. Readers of history will recall the trouble in France
in February, 1848, when Louis Philipe was dethroned and a provisional
government followed by a republic was established. It is a fact
known to comparatively few that a member of the party in France
termed the socialists who had on their banners "Liberty,
fraternity and equality," concluded to plant a colony in
Texas and made a contract accordingly with old man Peters (from
whom the Peters colony received its name), who was then in Europe.
Here is what Mr. Robertson, the early Texan, has to say on this
subject: "In the summer and fall of 1848," he began,
"the advance guard of the socialist community, calling themselves
Icarians and numbering about 150 men and under the leadership
of Dr. Adolphe Gannough [Gouhenant], who came from France to
New Orleans and thence up the Red river and from there, some
in wagons with ox teams and others pushing hand carts, from Shreveport,
La., appeared in Denton county. The agent of the Peters colony
company, who was Henry Hedgecoke, had made a contract with the
Icarians to introduce 500 families into the Peters colony. The
colony was to build a cabin, break and fence at least six acres
of land, furnish a year's provisions, arms and ammunition, farming
implements and 640 acres of land to each head of a family, and
320 to single men. In addition, the company was to establish
stores where the colonists could purchase all necessary supplies
at reasonable prices. The colony company also agreed to buy
and pay reasonable prices for all the farm products that the
colonists might raise off of their farms, as the markets were
good. A section of country over 100 miles square had been surveyed
and sectionized by the colony, and its headquarters office in
Texas was on the east side of Denton county at Stewartsville.
The Icarians went from Stewartsville westward through the cross-timbers,
giving the name to the prairie in the timber, now known in this
county as French Town prairie, and made their selection on the
fine land at the mouth of Oliver creek, between that creek and
Denton creek. The Peters colony company did not, and probably
could not, fulfill its promises, as far as building cabins, breaking
and fencing land and furnishing a year's supplies were concerned,
but it had a store at Stewartsville, where a good grade of goods
were sold at fair prices considering the cost of transportation.
The goods were mostly of English manufacture and were of superior
quality. The Icarians went to work in good faith, built about
thirty or forty houses, some out of logs, some of clapboards,
broke a number of acres of land, did some fencing, sowed wheat
and made every preparation for those of them who had families,
to send for them, and they were to be reinforced by another detachment
the following year, of 150 or more, who were to prepare homes
for their families. The buffalo had just left the country, but
were plentiful forty miles west. Deer, antelope and turkey were
in abundance, and the Icarians had shotguns and there was no
scarcity of meat. Denton and Oliver creeks were then full of
fish and large numbers of cattle were on the prairies. They could
put the calves in the pens and the cows would come up every evening
to be milked, consequently, a sufficiency of venison, turkey,
antelope, fish, milk and butter could be had for nothing, and
the grass furnished ample forage for their work oxen, both summer
and winter. Although they were the outside settlement, there
was no danger from Indians, as the Icarians were not more than
eight miles west of the ranger trail and nearest ranger posts.
The ranger officers all liked the Icarians and were anxious
for the colony to make a success. (Here the speaker mentioned
the frontier protection from invasions, saying that the frontier
was protected then by rangers with posts every twenty miles,
on a line from north to southwest, and a mounted patrol of ten
men rode every day, each way, from post to another, passing each
other, and if any Indian sign was discovered, pursuit was commenced
and couriers and signals summoned from the posts, reinforcements
and equipments, for a long chase, when necessary).
- May 13, 1894, The
Dallas Morning News, p. 9, col. 1-2.
"The Icarians had few or no
horses, and there was nothing to entice the predatory bands of
Comanches and the colonists were sturdy fellows and were well
able to have held their own with any kind of foes. They were
never molested by Indians. But, New Icaria, as they called their
settlement, was a failure. The year 1849 was the wettest season
known for years. The Icarians planted crops in the spring, but
as the sod was very thick and did not rot, but little was made.
The season being so wet, it was very sickly, and Dr. Gannough,
who was not acquainted with Texas chills and who probably had
not a sufficient supply of quinine, as it was very scare and
high, and the colonists having to use creek water for drinking
and cooking, they all got sick, and the doctor's mode of treating
fever, which was to get in the shade in the creek and remain
there until the fever cooled off, proved ineffectual, and some
of them died. They lost confidence in the medical skill and leadership
of Dr. Gannough and rebelled against him and he fled in fear
of his life and went to the ranger post for protection. They
elected a new leader and purchased some supplies from the Peters
colony company store, paying for some, and owing for the remainder.
The Peters colony company sued them and ran an attachment on
their personal property for the debt. The Icarians being disheartened,
made no resistance, but abandoned their settlement and never
proved up any right to their land. They scattered, some stopping
in Dallas county, where others from France joined them. Some
went to the French settlement in Louisiana. Others moved to
another Icarian colony in Illinois and some returned to France.
The Peters colony company tried a somewhat similar scheme on
the American settlers and they arose en masse, tore up the company's
office and run [sic] the agent of the company out of the country,
and the matter between the American settlers and the Peters colony
was adjusted by an act of the legislature, introduced by the
late ex-Gov. James W. Throckmorton. Had the Icarians resisted
the claim of the Peters company in the courts, or otherwise,
and held on a while longer, each one of them would have received
from the state, his $40 or 320 acres of land, wherever he chose
to select it, provided he did not interfere with some other settler's
location, and there was plenty for all. Dr. Gannough remained
in the country and lived at Dallas and Fort Worth, and afterward,
at Pilot Point, where he sold drugs and practiced medicine and
got rich. He also got his 640 acres of land as a Peters colonist
and lost his life in a railway accident in Missouri in 1872.
His son, Earnest Gannough, a boy, came from France and joined
him in 1856. He went into the confederate army, served through
it, maintaining well the Frenchman's claim to bravery and soldier-like
qualities. The early settlers knew but little of the Icarians,
except that they were quiet, industrious and friendly. They proposed
to hold their property in common, were mostly mechanics and unacquainted
with the language and country, and gave up a little too quick.
They were in hard luck and claimed they were unfairly treated
by the Peters colony agents."
The land sectionized by Hedgecoke
commenced on the south side of Red river, opposite the mouth
of False Washita, then continued south for more than 100 miles,
to a point east of the mouth of Cedar creek, where the same empties
into the Trinity river; thence west to the Brazos river; thence
up said Brazos river with its meanderings, to the mouth of Salt
fork; thence north to Red river; thence down Red river, with
its meanderings, to the place of beginning, containing over 7,000,000
acres of land.
- o o o -
FALL OF THE BASTILLE.
Will Have No Public
Celebration Because of the Strike.
years ago, to-day, the workingmen of France, goaded to rebellion
by the oppression of royalty, stormed and destroyed the Bastille,
the so-called impregnable fortress and prison, in whose dungeon,
prisoners of State were immured for life. With the fall of the
Bastille, fell the power of the destinies of France.
- July 14, 1894, Dallas
Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
The French citizens of Dallas had
intended to celebrate the anniversary publicly, but owing to
the labor strike and its depressing effects, decided not to give
any public demonstration. However, there will be several private
social gatherings to-night in commemoration of the anniversary.
- o o o -
Six Frenchmen Leave
To Serve in Army
hand of war has been stretched forth into many lands and nations
of the world within the last week or ten days and divided many
families, tearing husbands and fathers from their loved ones
and sending them forth to face wounds, misery, and in thousands
of instances, death and a nameless grave on the battlefield.
- August 9, 1914, Dallas
Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
War's barbaric summons has been
heard in Dallas, and Sunday morning, six loyal Frenchmen will
answer the call of France to rally to the support and defense
of the Tri-Color. Saturday morning, a telegram from the French
consul at New Orleans came to six Frenchmen, cooks employed at
the Adolphus hotel to report to the consul at New Orleans at
Upon receipt of the message, five
of the six were wild with joy and expressed their hilarity by
singing, dancing and weeping in sheer excess of spirits.
The sixth, Gaston Zimmerman, as
loyal a son of France as any of his compatriots, and as ready
to serve in defense of France as his comrades, yet was saddened
by the knowledge that the orders of the French consul meant separation
from his home times here in Dallas. Mrs. Zimmerman cannot accompany
her husband to France.
When Gaston returns to Dallas --
if he survives the war that is sweeping all Europe today -- two,
instead of one, will welcome him home. One will be the face of
a little child born during its father's absence, fighting in
the ranks of the French army.
The other members of the little
band are Andre Marrell, Pierre Berdou, Gaston Gillet, Albert
Chaffour, Ernest Hurette and Francis Carraud.
- o o o -
Is War Veteran
of the culinary staff of the Adolphus Hotel have left already
to join the colors of their various countries. Henri A. Brissot,
of the Houston Club, has arrived to take charge of the big hotel
- August 12, 1914,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 7, col. 3.
Henri Brissot is a French war veteran.
He spent four years in the French army, seeing active service
with the allied troops in China. A piece of shell, which tore
its way through his leg during the battle of Tien Taing, exempts
him from military service during the European conflict.
M. Brissot was formerly at the
Hotel Cecil in London, the St. Charles in New Orleans, Hoffman
House, New York, and in the service of the Cunard line.
- o o o -
Called to Colors
J. B. Adoue,
French consul agent at Dallas, has issued a proclamation calling
all Frenchmen in Texas subject to military service, to the colors.
- August 3, 1914, Dallas
Daily Times Herald, p. 12, col. 6.
Mr. Adoue was notified officially
of the mobilization of the French army by the French consul at
New Orleans, who wired him Sunday.
All Frenchmen desiring to enlist
can secure the desired information from Mr. Adoue. Not many Frenchmen
in Texas are subject to the call for military service.
- o o o -
Dallas French Weep
With Joy When Order Comes
joy and hilarity in the kitchen of the Adolphus hotel among the
cooks, for a telegram was received Saturday morning from the
French consul at New Orleans, ordering Gaston Zimmerman, chef,
and six of his countrymen to report at New Orleans Monday noon.
- August 8, 1914, Dallas
Daily Times Herald, p. 10, col. 4-5.
Upon receipt of the message, the
ardent Frenchmen, who are members of the French Army Reserves,
danced, sang and wept for joy. For, are they not to have the
opportunity to fight for La Belle, France, against the hated
German Uhlans and retrieve the defeat of 1870, when Alsace and
Lorraine were wrested from France by Germany?
Gaston Zimmerman, chef at the Adolphus,
said Saturday morning that he was glad to have the opportunity
to fight for France against the Germans. The only regret he had
was the separation from Mrs. Zimmerman, who would stay in Dallas
while he went across the ocean to fight for France.
The French reservists leave Dallas
Monday morning at 11:45, and will report to the French consul
in New Orleans on Monday at noon. From New Orleans, they go to
New York to embark for France.
After the war is over, those who
survive, will return to Dallas again, and they expect to return
elated over the victory they are so confident will crown the
Could the call to arms have been
delayed just a week longer, Gaston Zimmerman would have been
here to welcome the little Zimmerman, whom the good God is to
place in their care. But, it is not to be, for the father will
be on his way to the wars in Europe and the mother and babe must
await the fortunes of battle for the husband's and father's return
to the little family that he may never see again.
This is the reason why Gaston Zimmerman's
joy at the prospect of active military service against the German
invader is tinged with sadness and regret at the thought that
he may never see the face of his child in this world.
- o o o -
Called to Colors
was given out Saturday by J. B. Adoue of Dallas and attention
of all Frenchmen is called to same:
- August 16, 1914,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 11, col. 6-7.
"The French republic has mobilized
all classes from 1887 to 1910. All Frenchmen reservists or valid
territorials are required to report at once to the French general
consul at New Orleans.
"Full amnesty has been granted
to deserters and insoumis of war and marine."
- o o o -