A City Hospital.
To the Dallas
9, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
The erection of a city hospital,
which is just now before the city council, is a matter of great
interest to the people.
The selection of a suitable site,
the first work in the undertaking, is one of the utmost importance.
In its selection, several points should be considered:
First, location--It should be so
located as to be as free as possible from malarial influence.
It should be so located as to be easily accessible fro all parts
of the city. It should be located in some neighborhood to which
no possible moral objection can be raised.
Second, size of ground--It is agreed
by all physicians that he influences of sun and pure air are
greatly beneficial to all patients who have reached the convalescent
stage. Through their aid, recovery is rendered much more rapid
and relapses reduced to a minimum. To build a hospital upon a
small and circumscribed lot, thus denying patients the benign
and invigorating influences of sun and air, would be the height
of folly. The hospital should have grounds for promenades. It
should have natural shade, where the convalescent could walk
or sit, and draw fresh strength and vigor from nature's remedies.
Third, cost--While due attention
should be paid to economy in the purchase of ground and erection
of the building, it would be a sore disappointment to the people
of this city if the council should allow any "pennywise
and pound-foolish" policy to guide them in the matter, which
is of more real importance than anything at present engaging
the attention of the city fathers.
We need and want a hospital equal
to the requirements of a large and rapidly growing city. We do
not want a make-shift, but want to build a hospital as a permanent
institution. We do not want to have to rebuild or move it within
two, five nor ten years.
We want a hospital that will be
an honor, and not a reproach to the largest city in the state.
A model and modern hospital to stand as a monument to the push
and progressiveness of a humane and advancing people.
The selection of site, the acceptance
of plans, and the proper guarding of the fulfillment of contract,
are all matters of great importance.
Let the first step be properly
taken, and let the following ones be as carefully guarded. TAX PAYERS.
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at Work Preparing Plans for
instructions from Drs. Briggs and Armstrong and Mr. Woodside,
sub-committee on plans, a number of local architects are at work
preparing plans and specifications for the new city hospital.
The architects who have thus far entered the competition are
Moad, Langdon, Flanders and Martin.
20, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
The building is to be rectangular
in form, on the cottage plan, with a court in the center.
The hospital committee visited
the property near the waterworks on Saturday and set apart ten
acres out of the 40-acre tract owned by the city, for hospital
purposes. There are to be separate wards for white and colored
patients, all under one roof, and sub-wards for female patients.
The ground selected begins at the northeast corner of the 40-acre
tract referred to above.
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Furnish a Direct Route to the New
Knight, Kendall and Lawhon met this morning at 11 o'clock and
adjourned until 2 p. m., when they will go out to Maple avenue
with a view to report to the council, the advisability of opening
up that thoroughfare and Harwood street to Oak Lawn.
18, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1.
These gentlemen were appointed
a special committee at a meeting of the council held Saturday
night. They are charged with the duty of interviewing property
owners to procure right of way, either through Maple avenue,
Harwood or Masten streets, so as to enable the city to build
a direct thoroughfare to the new city hospital.
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S. Thixton, the Lowest Bidder, Gets
J. S. Thixton was the lowest bidder for the contract of building
the new city hospital. The committee charged with he duty of
considering the bids met yesterday afternoon, decided that Mr.
Thixton's bid was the lowest, and recommended that he be given
the contract. His bid reads as follows:
19, 1893, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 2.
I propose to furnish all material
and do all work on the hospital for the sum of $13,900.
Mr. Thixton is the contractor who
built the Twelfth ward school, in some respects the handsomest
school building in the city. The city council, last night, awarded
him the contract to build the new city hospital.
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Work on the Hospital.
of the new hospital are completed, with the exception of the
tin on the roof. Had it not been for the cold snap, this
part would now also be finished.
- January 26, 1894,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 2.
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THE NEW HOSPITAL.
An Institution That
Will be an Honor to
city hospital in North Dallas is about all under roof and ready
for the plasterers. At the present rate of progress, the workmen
will have the building completed and ready for occupancy within
- March 12, 1894, Dallas
Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 3.
The building will not only be equipped
with all the latest sanitary suggestions, but will externally
present a most agreeable appearance, which will be very greatly
enhanced by the picturesqueness of the site and surroundings.
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AN OLD BLUSH AND
A NEW SMILE.
THEN AND NOW OF THE CITY
About to Occupy a New Home for
Her Helpless Sick--Model Wards
for Different Classes of Patients,
With Modern Conveniences.
year ago, a reporter pocked a way through mud and other obstacles
to an old building on Lamar street and tried to realize that
this rookery was considered the municipal hospital of a large
city. The city physicians had said that it was utterly without
necessary conveniences, proper sanitation, and could not claim
the usual privilege of a surgical ward. The tired, though heroic
matron, who combined the offices of housekeeper and lady manager
with those of a day and night nurse, informed the newspaper representative
that her assistants in the women's ward were ex-pauper patients
who were scarcely on speaking terms with Aesculapius. The building
itself, situated in a most undesirable part of the city for the
purpose, where the proximity of a large freight depot brought
the noise of trains and traffic, yet where the convenience of
a pavement was an unknown luxury; the walls so filled with septic
germs and the whole place so suggestive of disease, that the
reporter felt, after leaving, that to undergo a personal fumigation,
like Mr. Dolls, would not have been amiss.
* * *
afterward felt the great necessity to our city of a new hospital,
in a different locality, and under different conditions, and
began the good work of petitioning and insisting in behalf of
the people of Dallas, and the result has been a success far beyond
what might have been anticipated in the short space of time.
* * *
The new hospital, just completed,
is situated in the northern part of the city and surrounded by
65 acres of grounds, the building large enough to accommodate
220 patients. It is 234 feet long and two stories high, with
male and female wards, maternity wards, wards for children and
a surgical ward. There are accommodations also for colored patients,
electric lights, a dead house, artesian water, from several good
city wells on the grounds, for bathing, culinary and operative
purposes, only needing a small engine to lift the water into
the tanks; there is plenty of Trinity water for protection against
fire and for lawn sprinkling. There are reception rooms, resident
physicians' apartments, drug rooms, kitchens and wash rooms with
private dining-room for officers and employes' apartments. The
nursing department will be under the control of Miss Mary Baber,
an experience trained nurse from St. Luke's hospital in New York,
and it is intended to forma well organized nucleus from which
a practical training school for nurses will be developed. An
ambulance service will be organized upon the system used in the
hospitals of large city, and in view of this, the council of
last Saturday ordered one of the model ambulances for carrying
sick and injured persons, and that will cost $475.
special and very important feature of the new hospital will be
the private wards for pay patients, entirely removed from the
other wards, and placed in the second story, over the administrative
department. It is a well known fact that in large cities, persons
with means find it most desirable to enter the large hospital
for treatment, recognizing, also, the fact that the service and
attention to the sick must be best there. These private apartments
will be fitted with every comfort, and the patient has the privilege
of the attention of any preferred physician. The hospital will
furnish apartment, attendance, nurse, diet and medicine, every
requirement, in fact, except the physician's services, for from
$7 to $12 per week. These rates are obviously far less than could
be obtained at a first class hotel, where board would be at least
$2.50 per day, $2 a day for nurse, $1 for medicine, and $2.50
at the lowest, for a physician, making a sum total of $8 a day.
* * *
the possible exception of the Sealy Hospital in Galveston, these
are the only private wards in any hospital in Texas. The blessing
these private wards will be to strangers in the city, persons
without permanent homes, or persons who require careful treatment,
can scarcely be estimated. The entire building will be supplied
by home firms, the furniture having already arrived, and it is
anticipated that this new hospital will be opened on the 15th
of this month. Dr. Armstrong will shortly petition the city council
to appoint a staff of visiting physicians, whose services will
be rendered gratis to the city. The grading and embellishing
of ground, cutting out unnecessary trees, laying sidewalks and
the placing of an iron fence are going forward with all possible
speed, and it is hoped that the citizens of Dallas will go out
and visit what, in time, will be one of the most attractive places
about the city.
* * *
Armstrong considers that the citizens of Dallas re more indebted
to the TIMES HERALD,
excepting the services rendered by the Board of Aldermen, for
their new city hospital, than to any other factor of assistance.
8, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3-4.
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January 19, 2004:
FOR THE SICK.
New City Hospital a Model of Comfort
and Good Management.
new City Hospital, in arrangements and conditions, is fulfilling
every hope anticipated for it. The electric lights have been
put in, water connections made and the grounds are in a transformation
state that will soon evolve beauty of environment.
5, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 5.
Mrs. Baber, the professional nurse,
has entered fully on her duties and gotten everything as it should
be in the sick wards, and the private apartment for pay patients
that have recently been arranged, for the first time in a Dallas
hospital, have now four patients.
The health-giving breezes, the
sanitation and able attention will make the new hospital a blessing,
not only to the poor, but to those who wish to obtain the most
careful attention in sickness.
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OF DR. SMART.
Been Made at City
Over Eight Hundred Patients
Cared for Annually. Descrip-
tion of Building and
afternoon, a reporter for The Times Herald, visited the city's
place of refuge, the one open haven for the indigent sick and
suffering humanity. As he passed along Main street, the theater
was just emptying its well-dressed and happy throng into the
streets, and he thought of how heedless and unmindful of the
anguish, heart-aches and sufferings of others that the great
majority of people are. Here was a holiday crowd of the smart
set, their bodies warmly wrapped in silks, laces and costly furs,
and, as they were whirled away in well-appointed equipages to
their homes of comfort and plenty, the reporter wondered how
many of them noticed, or thought of, the pinched and emaciated
faces of their less fortunate fellow beings who were inmates
of the city hospital.
- November 29, 1903,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 9, col. 3.
With these thoughts of "man's
inhumanity to man" surging in his mind, the reporter set
out, over the rocky hills of Maple avenue, for the city hospital;
for the purpose of seeing what provision the municipality had
made for its poor citizens and the indigent strangers within
The hospital building is in a beautiful
grove of oak trees comprising thirty-four acres of ground at
the intersection of Oak Lawn and Maple avenues. It is far removed
from the dust, noise and polluted atmosphere of the city in order
that the quiet and pure air, so essential to the invalid, may
The grounds were bought and the
present structure was erected by the city under the administration
of Mayor W. C. Connor and the following board of aldermen: Charles
Kahn, T. F. McEnnis, T. L. Lawhon, A. M. Cochran, G. A. Knight,
Pat O'Keefe, F. S. Kelley, C. A. Cour, J. R. Briggs, G. G. Bird,
F. F. Kendall and J. C. Woodside.
Dr. V. P. Armstrong was the first health officer and served in
that capacity for six years, having been succeeded by Dr. Florence,
who held the office for four years. Dr. J. H. Smart is, at present,
and has been for the past eighteen months, the occupant of that
position. Dr. Lindsey Smith is the steward and Dr. A. C. Ross
is acting interne. There are four nurses,
one male for night work, and three females who are on duty during
the day. At present, there are accommodations for sixty-five
patients. The requisites for admission are that patients must
be citizens of Dallas; strangers, however, who are victims of
accidents or suffering from acute illness, if in indigent circumstances,
will be temporarily cared for.
The buildings were constructed
especially for hospital purposes, about fourteen years ago, and
are admirably planned and adapted to the care of the sick.
There are six wards in the main
building in addition to an isolation ward, located in another
part of the grounds, where contagious diseases are treated. Wide
galleries surround the buildings and separate each of the wards.
In the centre wing are the office and living rooms of the house
surgeon, linen closets, dining rooms, baths and kitchen and store
rooms in the rear. To the left of this wing, and separated from
it by a broad passageway, are the four male wards, one of which,
is for colored people. On the right of the entrance, and also
apart from the centre wing, are the female wards, one for white
and another for colored patients. Many maternity patients are
treated here, although their presence is discouraged, as far
as is possible.
Each ward is supplied with an average
of twelve white iron single beds, arranged in rows at either
side of the room, which is heated by a large stove in the centre.
The bedding is clean and the rooms have a warm and comfortable
The operating room is thoroughly
modern and up-to-date, well-lighted and supplied with every instrument
and faculty for prompt and efficacious surgical work. Adjoining
the operating room is the drug room and pharmaceutical laboratory,
which is bountifully supplied with every drug and herb necessary
and requisite in the treatment of disease. A private laundry
is also one of the features.
As the supply of linen in most
public institutions is not of the most extensive, frequent ablution
is necessary. The patients are kept immaculately clean, and those
who are too weak and ill to use the bath tubs, are cleansed in
portable tubs, which are wheeled to their bedside.
The service is principally surgical,
resulting from various accidents and gun-shot wounds. In the
summer months, many cases of typhoid fever are treated, while
pneumonia and bronchitis are the principal winter maladies treated.
Some tuberculosis patients are admitted, but they are few.
The house staff of physicians are
very diligent and zealous in their work, and patients are shown
every consideration and receive as good treatment as it is possible
to secure. The new ambulance has been placed in commission and
will greatly expedite and add to the completeness of the service.
An average of eight hundred patients are received and treated
annually at the hospital. There were fifty-three patients under
treatment last Thursday.
Many improvements are necessary,
and, it is the hope of those interested, that the city will not
longer neglect to make an appropriation commensurate with the
importance of the work contemplated.
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STRUCTURE WILL BE PLACED
WHERE PRESENT ONE IS.
COTTAGE PLAN IDEA
INSTEAD OF ONE BIG
NUMBER OF SMALLER ONES
WILL BE ERECTED.
PLACE FOR EMERGENCY
First Aid For Injured
Hospital to Be
Placed in New City Hall -- May
Soon Sell Bonds to Erect
city hospital will be on the present city hospital site at the
northwest corner of Maple and Oak Lawn avenues. It will be built
on the cottage plan, which will enable an indefinite number of
additions to be erected from time to time. This statement is
made on the authority of Street Commissioner J. E. Lee, who said
today that every commissioner is in favor of having the new hospital
remain at the present site. Mr. Lee stated, that as soon as the
titles for the new city hall property are found to be without
fault, plans for the new city hall and the new hospital would
be drawn, in all probability. This may mean that the $100,000
bonds voted by the people for this purpose will be sold before
the $550,000 bonds for sewage disposal are disposed of.
Thinks Location Good.
Speaking of the proposal to locate
the hospital nearer the city, which has been suggested by some,
Mr. Lee said this morning that he considered the present site
almost ideal. "All the commissioners believe the city hospital
ought to stay where it is," he said. "We have the finest
grounds of any city in Texas. Open air is as much a factor in
restoring health as medicine and medical attention. We have a
large tract of land where the city hospital is now, which permits
patients the advantage of open air to a more marked degree than
would a hospital nearer the city."
Commissioner Lee also stated that
he believed it would be a hard matter to locate the city hospital
nearer the city, because of opposition that would develop from
those placed in juxtaposition to it. He pointed out the fact
that $100,000 would not be sufficient to buy a plot of ground
and also erect a building, even if a site nearer the city could
Cottage Plan to Be Adopted.
The commissioner declared, that
in building the hospital, the cottage plan would be followed
out. That is, instead of one big building, a number of smaller
ones will be built. This will have the advantage of segregating
persons suffering from contagious diseases more effectually from
those not so afflicted. The commissioner also pointed out that
this method of structure would have the further advantage of
providing for additional buildings at a minimum of cost.
Emergency Hospital in City Hall.
- October 3, 1911,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 11, col. 1.
Mr. Lee stated this morning that
the emergency hospital would be placed in the new city hall when
it is erected.
Commissioner W. T. Henderson has
also stated he did not believe it would be advisable for the
new city hospital to be moved from the present site. He brought
out the fact that a location nearer the city would subject the
sick to noise, which would be detrimental to recovery of health.
Mr. Henderson, however, believes that the $550,000 bond issue
for sewage disposal should next be sold. He expressed himself
in favor of the cottage plan of a hospital and pointed out the
advantages of a twenty-acre tract as giving fresh air to the
patients now, and as affording ample room for a larger hospital
as the city grows.
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