Miscellaneous Articles, Part 1, Dallas County, Texas

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Miscellaneous Articles, Part 2
Miscellaneous Articles, Part 3
Miscellaneous Articles, Part 4
Miscellaneous Articles, Part 5
Miscellaneous Articles, Part 6

(Updated June 16, 2002)



     The all-absorbing topic is the massacre of Gen. Custar and his men. The greatest feeling of indignation is against Grant for not having kept enough men in the Indian country to do the work.

- July 8, 1876, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 4, col. 1.
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Mass Meeting of Citizens to Express

     Pursuant to announcement, a large and enthusiastic meeting was held last evening at the Courthouse to express the sympathy of this community at the untimely and tragic death of General Custar and comrades.
     Captain Alex. Harwood was called to the chair, and David W. Adams appointed secretary.
     Major John Henry Brown offered a few remarks, and moved that a committee of fifteen be appointed to draft suitable resolutions.
     Captain Ed. G. Bower then made a few stirring and well timed remarks, after which, a committee consisting of the following gentlemen was appointed to draft resolutions: John Henry Brown, Colonel Dent, 'Squire Stephens, E. G. Bower, Dr. A. M. Cochran, Major Burke, H. K. Gilmer, W. T. Clark, David W. Adams, R. S. Rosier, Major R. S. Lemon, Captain Morton, John T. Williams, D. W. Smith, D. P. Hallett.
     During the absence of the Committee, several gentlemen addressed the meeting.
     The Committee then presented the following resolutions:
HEREAS, We, the people of Dallas, but a few years since a frontier town exposed to the forays of hostile Indians, have heard of the death a few days since of the brave General George W. Custar, his two brothers and a large number of his officers and men, in a battle with the Indians on the Rocky Mountains, therefore, be it
     Resolved, That we profoundly lament the calamity which has thus befallen our frontier in the loss of so gallant, high toned and magnanimous an officer as Gen. Custar and so many of his command--a calamity, in our opinion, largely attributable to the so-called peace policy of the Government, whereby treacherous savages for years have been accumulating improved arms and ammunition for the work of death along our whole frontier; a policy in which the life of the distinguished General Candy was sacrificed in Oregon, and from which General Sherman narrowly escaped death in Texas.
     Resolved, That we earnestly desire the transfer of the management of all Indian affairs to the war department and officers of the army, and their entire separation from the system heretofore prevailing--known as the peace policy.
     Resolved, That the people of Texas have just and peculiar cause to lament the death of General Custar, whose conduct within our State immediately after the war, and on our frontier afterward, stamped him as a brave, honorable and able officer.
     Resolved, That the president and secretary of this meeting are instructed to transmit a copy of these resolutions to the family of General Custar, to General W. T. Sherman, and to our delegation in Congress, and that the newspapers of Dallas are requested to publish the same.
     After considerable discussion, during which speeches were made by John Henry Brown, Dr. Cochran, H. L. Ray and R. E. Burke, the resolutions were unanimous[ly] adopted.      Adjourned.
     A. H
ARWOOD, Chairman.
     D. W. A
DAMS, Secretary.

- July 8, 1876, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 4, col. 3.
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Seven of the Boys Dropped
From the Rolls--The New

     Yesterday, the police board were in session nearly all day. It was a well understood fact that some of the policemen were to be dropped, and there was a feverish anxiety all day among the men and their friends. This is a new administration. It owes political debts. Friends must be favored, and somebody must go.
     If there have been charges against any of those dropped from the roll they have not been made known. The most charitable way that the matter can be viewed is that "somebody had to be let out so that somebody could be let in."
     The men--T. W. Meeley, T. M. Russell, J. Schluneger, A. M. Gaines, G. H. Ray, A. J. Pryor and W. L. Logan--who have been dropped, are all sober men, and their services have been satisfactory, so far as the records of the court go. Meeley and Russell have made more arrests, and the city has received more revenue from their official work than from any others on the force; this every policeman will acknowledge. So, the board and city council could not have dispensed with the services of these men because they did not do their duty. So far as the H
ERALD knows, they are above the average moral standard of men. It has been said that they had made themselves obnoxious to the saloon element of the city. If this be true, it gives the reason for their dismissal. It has been said that a strong pressure was brought to bear from men who disapproved of what they termed, "unnecessary officiousness" -- interfering with the drinking of beer on Sunday, etc. Mr. Gaines has a similar record, which he earned while Gen. Cabell was mayor.
     Mr. Pryor, the first child born in Dallas county, and one of the first policeman Dallas ever had, has been on the force under three administrations, but is now retired.
     The men who have taken the places of those dismissed are: W. M. Moon, W. Skelton, E. F. Gates, W. Schroeder, W. H. Fisher, J. W. Kivlen, W. B. Barnes.
     Mr. Moon is well known to every citizen and comes very nearly representing everybody. He has been in official position in Dallas county for many years.
     Mr. Gates is well known as an officer here in former times, and made a good record.
     Mr. Schroeder is a new man and represents the German element.
     Mr. Skelton is the brother of the saloon keeper of the same name, and formerly his bar-tender. He is new in the business.
     Mr. Fisher is a carpenter. He was a candidate in the sixth ward for alderman. It will be new business for Mr. Fisher.
     Mr. Kivlen is the brother of Alderman Kivlen.
     W. B. Barnes, the reporter has not been able to locate.
     The following patrolmen of the old force were retained: Pat Mullen, J. B. Keehan, M. B. Wood, Pete Ahearn, J. A. Beard, Clifton Scott, W. H. Ramsey, M. W. Kirby, G. L. Williams, J. G. Alexander; G. E. Cornwell, assistant chief; B. S. Arnold, station keeper; J. T. Carter, clerk; T. C. Halsell, special officer with street force. Carter and Halsell's salaries were cut down to $60.

- June 1, 1887, Dallas Daily Herald, p. 1, col. 4.
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More Durable Ink Needed.

    President Bayles, of the New York board of health, lately called attention to the subject of the use of more durable ink, and enforced his words by saying that it was of importance to people all over the land. He says that very many of the records of births, deaths and marriages received at the office of the board are written in aniline inks, and that the paper upon which these fugitive fluids are used, becomes in ten years, perfectly blank, the ink having entirely evaporated. -- Cincinnati Commercial Gazette.

- October 8, 1888, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 1.
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Barns, Stable and Horses Burned.

     The barn and stables of Alex. Cockrell, who lives several miles in the country, were destroyed by fire Saturday. six Norman stallions, one race mare, fifteen head of hogs, two buggies, a jump cart, two sets of harness, 100 tons of hay and a quantity of corn and oats were destroyed in the fire. The total loss is estimated at $7000. Only $1100 insurance. There is no account of the origin of the fire.

- August 4, 1890, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 2.
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Two Hundred Average $300
Each--Twenty Would Av-
erage $3,000 Each.
Good Plums.

     The list of notary publics for Dallas county is larger than ever before. Gov. Hogg, early in the session, gave it as his opinion that the list of notaries in all the cities was too large for the public good, and he asked the legislators to cut down their lists. Two Dallas Democrats were asked to make out a list of twenty or thirty, but it was not done. Then came the Dallas municipal election, and some Democrats threatened to strike from the list all the bolters; but it was not done. Then came the Dallas municipal election, and some Democrats threatened to strike from the list all the bolters; but it was campaign talk, and the list shows for itself that no effort was made to discriminate against the opponents of the Democratic nominee. It must be admitted, however, that should the Dallas Democracy act officially, and have the list trimmed down, it would make about twenty-five very nice positions. The two hundred notaries in the county now average $250 or $300 each, per year. Twenty-five notaries for the entire county would average something over $2000 each. Here is the list confirmed by the senate on the last day of its session:
R. B. Allen, Dallas
W. C. Achenbach, Dallas.
F. W. Angel, Dallas
S. J. Ayers, Hutchins.
A. C. Ardrey, Dallas
Jno. S. Aldehoff, Dallas.
Jno. M. Avery, Dallas.
N. F. Alterman, Dallas
R. C. Ayers, Dallas.
J. D. Alexander, Garland.
S. A. Andrews, Seagoville.
Will H. Atwell, Dallas.
J. J. Andrews, Dallas.
J. R. Aston, Dallas.
Kizzie Buckley, Ka.
T. C. Bishop, Dallas.
Bryan T. Barry, Dallas.
Charles. F. Bolanz, Dallas.
Sam Braswell, Dallas.
Owen D. Burnette, Dallas.
S. J. Brooks, Dallas.
E. M. Beckwith, Dallas.
Albert A. Bradshaw, Dallas.
W. A. Bonner, Dallas.
H. C. Burlew, Dallas.
D. W. Bowser, Dallas.
Charles W. Boyer, Dallas.
J. R. Blewett, Dallas.
E. M. Browder, Dallas.
J. C. Browder, Dallas.
R. T. Brownrigg, Dallas.
R. E. Bumpass, Dallas.
J. R. Bosley, Dallas.
Frank R. Bowles, Dallas.
C. M. Bolles, Dallas.
J. W. Baskin, Witwer [Wilmer?]
H. E. Bradford, Dallas.
Walter Callaghan, Mesquite,
G. W. Crutcher, Dallas.
N. A. Carrell, Cedar Hill.
Mike T. Cone, Dallas.
C. Collins, Dallas.
F. N. Cosby, Dallas.
R. H. Capers, Dallas.
L. B. Clark, Dallas.
R. E. Crowell, Dallas.
Geo. W. Cook, Dallas.
R. M. Clark, Dallas.
W. N. Coombes, Dallas.
R. W. Cannon, Dallas.
Geo. A. Carden, Dallas.
P. G. Claiborne, Dallas.
M. T. Connor, Dallas.
J. H. Cox, Rylie.
M. G. Cullen, Dallas.
J. J. Collins, Dallas.
W. M. Crow, Dallas.
Frank M. Crutcher, Dallas.
Wm. L. Campbell, Richardson.
Geo. A. Carter, Dallas.
A. S. Clark, Hutchins.
J. O. Davis, Dallas.
J. M. Dixon, Dallas.
H. C. Dunn, Dallas.
H. P. DuBellet, Dallas.
C. T. Daughtens, Dallas.
L. M. Dabney, Dallas.
Y. B. Dowell, Dallas.
Jno. W. Dixon, Dallas.
J. T. Downs, Dallas.
R. N. Daniel, Duncanville.
Wm. P. Ellison, Dallas.
D. A. Eldridge, Dallas.
Wm. Edwards, Dallas.
J. J. Eckford, Dallas.
W. M. Freeman, Dallas.
Kennith Foree, Dallas.
Wallie Felson, Dallas.
Jacob Frankel, Dallas.
L. M. Fargason, Dallas.
Paul Furst, Dallas.
Lafayette Fitzhugh, Dallas.
S. L. French, Dallas.
Chas. F. Freeman, Dallas.
S. K. Grantham, Grand Prairie.
W. B. Ferguson, Grand Prairie.
W. B. Greenlaw, Dallas.
R. B. Godley, Dallas.
W. O. Garrison, Dallas.
S. M. Goldberg, Dallas
J. E. Grant, Dallas.
Charles J. Grant, Dallas.
R. B. Godley, Dallas.
M. D. Gano, Dallas.
Wm. C. Griffith, Dallas.
E. E. Gibson, Dallas.
W. B. Grabble, Duncanville.
A. B. George, Dallas.
John W. George, Dallas.
W. R. Guinn, Dallas.
C. B. Gillespie, Dallas.
L. S. Garrison, Dallas.
J. M. Hayes, Dallas.
E. O. Harrell, Dallas.
Wm. Harris, Dallas.
A. M. Hall, Dallas.
L. H. Hughes, Dallas.
F. Hoyd, Dallas
J. F. House, Dallas.
W. E.[L?] Hall, Dallas.
L. H. Hopkins, Dallas.
John Hardie, Dallas.
V. H. Hexter, Dallas.
R. H. Hanna, Dallas.
H. Hatcher, Dallas.
W. O. Harrison, Gibbs
John L. Henry, Jr., Dallas.
V. E. Hawkins, Dallas.
W. O. Hildreth, Dallas.
A. J. Hudson, Dallas.
John F. Irwin, Dallas.
John A. Hansen, Dallas.
T. F. Halloway, Dallas.
George Jackson, Dallas.
H. W. Jones, Dallas.
Thomas F. Jones, Dallas.
S. J. Hays, Dallas.
L. Hansley, Hansley.
Will E. Keller, Dallas.
W. A. Kemp, Dallas.
R. E. L. Knight, Dallas.
W. C. Kimbrough, Dallas.
Calhoun Knox, Mesquite.
Walter S. Lemmon, Dallas.
T. L. Lawhon, Dallas.
W. M. Little, Dallas.
Lee Lacy, Dallas.
E. T. Lewis, Dallas.
Harry P. Lawther, Dallas.
S. S. Long, Dallas.
A. S. Lathrop, Dallas.
A. M. Loeb, Dallas.
Henry D. Lindsey, Dallas.
S. A. Leake, Dallas.
J. H. Langmire, Farmers Branch.
W. M. Lee, Dallas.
S. K. Lewis, Mesquite.
J. A. Lindsey, Lancaster.
A. B. Lanier, Haught's Store.
J. Leopold, Dallas.
Evan Morgan, Dallas.
S. C. McCormick, Dallas.
W. M. Minyard, Dallas.
S. H. McBride, Dallas.
Augustus W. May, Dallas.
Jno. M. McCoy, Dallas.
W. L. McDonald, Dallas.
D. P. McKay, Dallas.
S. M. May, Dallas.
J. N. Miller, Dallas.
S. P. Morris, Dallas.
T. J. Murname, Dallas.
W. J. Moroney, Dallas.
J. G. Mauk, Duncanville.
J. W. Moore, Dallas.
Leo. L. Moore, Dallas.
Chilton Monroe, Dallas.
E. E. McDaniel, Dallas.
Phil. B. Miller, Dallas.
M. W. Miller, Dallas.
W. T. McCamy, Carrollton.
N. A. McAdams, Lisbon.
F. W. Norris, Dallas.
Jas. A. Nelson, Pleasant Valley.
T. F. Nash, Garland.
Charles P. Nance, Duncanville.
Ed F. Nicholds, Dallas.
W. T. Nance, Dallas.
John E. Owens, Dallas.
H. L. Obenchain, Dallas.
J. R. Oeland, Dallas.
W. A. Orr, Wilmer.
C. H. Patrick, Wilmer.
W. E. Parry, Dallas.
Ed Prather, Dallas.
J. C. Patton, Dallas.
L. A. Pires, Dallas.
M. F. Pillette, Dallas.
W. J. Purnell, Dallas.
H. J. Phillips, Dallas.
Geo. H. Plowman, Dallas.
J. E. Pemers, Dallas.
R. C. Porter, Dallas.
Jno. A. Pope, Dallas.
W. P. Porter, Dallas.
J. E. Perry, Dallas.
J. R. Palmer, Dallas.
J. O. Prewett, Kleburg.
Frank Powell, Dallas.
O. L. Parry, Dallas.
J. E. Penry, Dallas.
Jno. Y. Robertson, Dallas.
J. C. Roberts, Dallas.
F. M. Reynolds, Dallas.
Max J. Rosenfield, Dallas.
D. A. Robinson, Dallas.
F. R. Randle, Dallas.
Chas. Reed, Dallas.
T. E. Russell, Dallas.
C. A. Robertson, Dallas.
Julius Royer, Dallas.
D. L. Richardson, Dallas.
E. G. Rust, Dallas.
M. L. Robertson, Dallas.
George Robertson, Grand Prairie.
J. C. Rugel, Mesquite.
R. A. Roberts, Cedar Hill.
E. O. Schneider, Dallas.
R. T. Skiles, Dallas.
N. Searcy, Dallas.
J. M. Skelton, Dallas.
J. S. Strother, Garland.
W. J. J. Smith, Dallas.
J. M. Strong, Dallas.
Chas. S. Swindells, Oak Cliff.
D. P. Smith, Dallas.
Thos. Scurry, Dallas.
Jas. B. Simpson, Dallas.
J. M. Stratton, Richardson.
W. T. Strange, Dallas.
M. G. Stirman, Dallas.
A. B. Stingley, Dallas.
E. A. Stuart, Dallas.
Enoch Strait, Farmer's Branch.
J. P. Slocum, Sawyer's Store.
J. C. St. John, Dallas.
B. F. Tisinger, New Hope.
F. N. Tucker, Dallas.
W. L. Thompson, Dallas.
W. B. Thompson, Jr., Dallas.
B. J. Terry, Dallas.
Wm. Thompson, Dallas.
L. T. Tune, Dallas.
J. D. Thomas, Dallas.
Robert P. Toole, Dallas.
Jno. R. Thomas, Dallas.
E. S. Thayer, Dallas.
J. Pink Thomas, Dallas.
A. S. Taylor, Lancaster.
J. M. Talley, Mesquite.
J. E. Turner, De Soto.
J. P. Vaughan, Dallas.
W. Love Vaughan, Dallas.
Chas. O. Wood, Dallas.
Chas. W. Whiteman[?], Dallas.
Leo. Wolfson, Dallas.
Joseph Weil, Dallas.
J. P. C. Whitehead, Dallas.
Jas. I. Walsh, Dallas.
Jno. W. Walden, Dallas.
J. N. Wilkerson, Dallas.
M. J. Wakeman, Grand Prairie.
Jno. R. West, Farmers Branch.
A. R. White, Richardson.
T. A. Work, Dallas.
S. H. Dickson, Dallas.
H. W. Graber, Dallas.
W. N. Warlick, Oak Cliff.
J. R. Briggs, Dallas.
J. Fain, Dallas.
B. D. Atwell, Hutchins.
A. J. Fauts, Trinity Mills.
Mark Ellison, Farmer's Branch.
J. D. Fouraker, Dallas.
J. N. Edmundson, Dallas.
Henry B. Lindsley, Dallas.
Joseph M. Dickson, Dallas.
C. Doremus, Dallas.
A. Green, Dallas.
E. W. Shepperd, Sachse.
DeEdward Green, Dallas.
Joseph W. Moore, Dallas.

- April 17, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 1-3.
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A Dallas Company to be Organ-
ized to Handle the Texas


Every Farmer May Have His
Own Telephone and Know
the Exact Condition of
His Fences.

     Electricity has worked its way into industry and the arts until it is now indispensable. Ever since Benjamin Franklin brought it down his kite string, it has been undergoing a constant taming process, until to-day, it is one of the most docile and one of the most useful agents of man. But, it remains for a Chicago man to employ it in an entirely new field. He uses it to fence pastures and fields, and it makes a perfect fence, the only perfect fence known to the world.
     Mr. F. C. Rutan, president of the American Electric Fence Company of Chicago, is in the city exhibiting this new electric fence, which every farmer and ranchman who sees it, pronounces the finest fence in existence. At the rear of the Glen Lea, on the vacant lot fronting Commerce street, Mr. Rutan has a small square of land fenced with four strands of the electric wire fence. The wire used is plain, smooth galvanized wire, which costs much less than the barbed wire. But, when it comes to keeping away cattle, horses or any animal, it is more effectual than a barbed wire fence can every be. At one end of this plainly and cheaply constructed fence, there is a galvanic battery fed by a common composition of water, potash and zinc in jars. This is connected with a transformer, which is fastened to a fence post, and which, transforms the current from a galvanic into an alternating current. This ingenious little arrangement has ground connection and connection with every strand of wire. By merely pressing a small lever, the current of electricity is started and every strand of wire is charged. A horse or a cow, or any animal, which once touches one of the wires when thus charged, will receive a mild shock, but of sufficient force to make a lasting impression on their register of events, so they will ever after give the fence a wide berth. The apparatus has a telephone attachment which the farmer or ranchman may connect with his fence, and by which, he can tell the instant a strand of wire is broken, by the ringing of an electric bell in his bed chamber or sitting room. And, it will do better than that. By it, he can tell exactly where the break occurred. This fence also completely knocks out the Knight of the nippers, for as soon as he applies the cutters, connection is made with the charged wire, he receives a shock which paralyzes his wrist and the deadly clippers fall harmlessly to the ground. In case of a break, the party who goes out to repair the fence, by taking along with him a telephone attachment made for the purpose, may keep in communication with the ranch or farm while he is gone.
     As for the cost of constructing this electric fence, it comes, if any difference, cheaper than the old style barbed fence. The wire costs less, and by doing away with the blind, which becomes useless with the electrical attachment, the posts may be set much further apart, which further cheapens the cost of construction. Every post is properly insulated, so that there is absolutely no waste of current. The only expensive, if it can be called expensive, item about the apparatus is the transformer. These are made any size to suit the length of the fence. One to charge 50 miles of wire will cost $35. They never wear out. They are there for a life time. The cost of supplying electricity for fifty miles of a four strand fence is only $25 per year.
     Any stock-grower or ranchman will readily understand the advantages of this fence over the old barbed wire from an economical standpoint. Mr. Armour, the great Chicago packer, estimates that the yearly loss on hides alone, by being prodded and cut with barbed wire, is $400,000, and Texas foots the largest per cent of this loss. The loss by worms getting into fresh cuts and causing the death of the animals much larger. The large ranchmen will readily understand, that in addition to avoiding the loss mentioned above by damage to live stock, he will save the enormous expense of line riders, who are paid to do nothing but watch fencing. By the use of the electric fence, he will be more accurately and more promptly apprised of a break in his fence from his own home.
     Although only recently introduced, thousands of miles of this fence has been constructed in Illinois, and orders have piled upon the company of other thousands of miles. The demand for the fence from Texas and California caused Mr. Rutan to visit Dallas with the view, possibly, of locating state headquarters here for the distribution of the fencing material and apparatus. The work will be done through a local company of stockholders, who will control the sale of the fence in this state.
     Those who see the fence are pleased with its cheapness and simplicity in construction and its general adaptability to the wants of the agriculturalist, stockraiser and ranchman. It is as far ahead of the common wire fence as the latter is ahead of the old worm rail fence.

- June 16, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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    Dallas Musical talent keeps coming to the front. The latest evidence is a most popular waltz, called the "Rosemond," composed by Miss Rosa Dysterbach, daughter of Citizen A. Dysterbach. It is published in handsome shape by the L. Grunewald Co., New Orleans, and dedicated to Miss Eugenie Blair. It is pronounced a most superior composition.

- May 30, 1897, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 9, col. 5-7.
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They are Eating Up the Hounds
in Mountain Creek.


     Mr. Frank Cameron, who lives over on Mountain Creek, said to a reporter yesterday:
     "This is the best crop year Texas has had in my day, and the crop of wolves is heavier than that of corn, cotton, or anything else. The varmints are eating up all the pigs, chickens and ducks out my way. I could thin them out some by 'doping' a few chickens with strychnine, but I am afraid of killing some of the fine hounds of Mr. Charlie Miller, Mr. Alex Cockrell or of the Ledbetter boys. The wolves, which are as big as yearling calves, occasionally eat up some hounds for the boys."

- September 11, 1898, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 5.
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A Man Permitted to See His



A Boarding House Landlady Who
Locked Out a Boarder Restrain-
ed by the Court.

    One of the most interstin injunction suits filed in the local courts in a long time was presented to Judge J. J. Eckford by Attorney A. I. Hudson, of Wood & Hudson, yesterday afternoon. The petition fully explains itself. It and Judge Eckford's order are given below:
    State of Texas, County of Dallas.--
To the Hon. J. J. Eckford, Judge of the Fourteenth Judicial District Court of Dallas County: Your petitioner, T. B. Reams, brings this suit against Mrs. K. Wolff for an injunction and temporary restraining order and for his cause of action shows to the court:
    1. That plaintiff and defendant, who is a feme sole, reside in Dallas county, Texas.
    2. That heretofore on Sept. 22, 1899, this plaintiff and the defendant entered into a certain verbal contract whereby said defendant agreed to furnish and supply this plaintif's wife and two children with room and board for the sum of $50 per month, and whereby said defendant further agreed to room and board this plaintiff while he was in town with his wife and said children at the rate of $1 per day in addition to $50 per month for his said wife and children. Plaintiff says that he has paid up the board of his said wife and children to Dec. 22, being the end of the third month under said contract and except as hereinafter set out has always paid said $1 per day when he was in the city as in said contract specified.
    3. That plaintiff says this his little child, Ora Reams, a girl of 8 years, on about Dec. 1, 1899, contracted a case of scarlet fever, but has now recovered from the same, but is still feeble and weak and unable to be moved from said house, and that his wife is sick and unable to leave ormove from said house, and that his wife is sick and unable to leave or move from said house at this time, and that it would be unsafe and dangerous to the lives and health of his said wife and child to move them at this time.
This plaintiff further says that he has a little boy 6 years of age, which needs and requires the attention and care of its said mother, this plaintiff's wife.
    4. Plaintiff says that on or about Dec. 21, A. D. 1899, he returned to the city from New Orleans and as was his right, went to said Mrs. Wolff's house, No. 178 Masten street, in this city, and she assigned him and his said son to a room on the lower floor of said house, being the first room back of the parlor on the north side, and that he and his said son occupied said room until the morning of Jan. 5, 1900, when said defendant unlawfully and wrongfully locked the door to said room and has since said date, forbidden and prevented this plaintiff from occupying said house or said room.
    5. This plaintiff says that under the said contract above referred to he and his said wife and children have the legal right to remain in and occupy said room for one month from Dec. 22 to Jan. 22 at the prices therein specified, all of which he had repeatedly offered to pay to the defendant.
    6. Plaintiff would futher show to the court that his said son can not occupy or go into the room occupied by his mother and sister for the reason that in so doing, he would contract said disease of scarlet fever and thereby his life would be greatly endangered, wherefore he says that said small child needs and requires the care and attention of this plaintiff.
    7. Plaintiff further says that his said wife and child, on account of their sick and helpless condition, require his care and attendance at all times and that it is necessary that he be allowed to remain in said room and in said house as is his right under said contract, which provided that he should have the right to board and lodgin in said house at $1 per day as long as his wife and children were there.
    8. This plaintiff further says that he would be irreparably damaged and injured if not permitted to remain in said room and house and that ther is no other place he could go to and take his said son so as to prevent said injuries. Plaintiff further says that if not permitted to occupy his said room, that in leaving, he would be compelled to take his said son with him and pay his own board and lodging and the board and loding of said child, all of which would be to his great damage.
    9. Plaintiff says that he has not adequate remedy at law in the premises, and he therefore prays your honor to grand and issue at once, a mandatory injunction requiring defendant to unlock said door to said room, and a temporary restraining order forbidding the defendant from, in any way, interfereing with this plaintiff's use or occupancy thereof, and that on a final hearing hereof, the said injunction be perpetuated, for cost of suit and all other proper relief to which he may in law or equity, be entitled and so will ever pray.
               Attorneys for Plaintiff.

    State of Texas, County of Dallas,--
Before me, the undersigned authority, this day personally appeared T. B. Reams, who after by be being duly sworn, on his oath states that the facts stated in the foregoing petition as facts are true and that those staed on information and belief, he verily believes to be true.
T. B. R
    Sworn to and subscribed before me this Jan. 6, A. D., 1900.
                         H. W. J
                     Clerk District Court, Dallas County,
                     By Calhoun Knox, Deputy.

    Jan. 6, 1900. -- Upon considering foregoing petition, it is ordered, upon plaintiff giving bond in the sum of $100, conditioned as required by law, the clerk will issue a temporary restraining order restraining defendant from further interfering with plaintiff's ingress and egress to said room in said house occupied by him and his son, and from preventing plaintiff from access to his wife and daughter, and will cite defendant to show cause at 5 o'clock p. m. Monday, Jan. 8, in the fourteenth judicial district court room to show cause why injunction should not issue as prayed for. J. J. ECKFORD,
                                                      Judge Fourteenth Judicial District.
    It is expected that the hearing to-morrow afternoon will be largely attended.

- January 7, 1900, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 4-5
- o o o -



New Badges Distributed and Beat
Partners Listed.



All Members of Force Will be Sworn In
Tomorrow--Length of Service

     At the shifting of the day and night squads of the police force yesterday morning, more progress was made toward the final reorganization of the department. The new badges were given out and "beat" partners assigned. The mounted officers and patrolmen will now be numbered as follows:
     Tom Ruddle No 1, Wm. Brice No. 2, R. Westover No. 3, J. V. Wright No. 4, J. W. Daniels No. 5, Sam Hanie No. 6, C. A. Fanning No. 7, J. W. Ryan No. 8, C. H. Murray No. 9, E. R. Williams No. 10, J. P. Alexander No. 11, J. Parnell No. 12, T. C. Peak No. 13, George Garrison NO. 14, John De Lee No. 15, S. S. Hall, No. 16, G. D. Brown No. 17, E. B. Lane No. 18, J. D. Brannon No. 19, Joe Davis No. 20, E. M. DeWitt No. 21, R. W. Burgess No. 22, W. D. Williams No. 23, W. B. Parker, No. 24, S. H. Hall No. 25, G. O. Surber No. 26, Boone Peak No. 27, Joe Austin No. 28, L. W. Brown No. 29, R. A. Holonquest No. 30, T. M. Reasonover No. 31, T. N. Briggs, No. 32, G. M. Shipperly No. 33, L. B. Thompson No. 34, R. F. Weakley No. 35, J. T. Murray No. 36, G. R. Roberts No. 37, E. E. Warner No. 38, G. F. Scott No. 39, J. T. Bentley No. 40, B. D. Moody No. 41, C. O. Shea No. 42, C. T. Smith No. 43, Thos. R. McSwain No. 44, Fred A. Lonsen No. 45, Geo. Murphy No. 46, A. B. McDougald No. 47, G. M. Norris No. 48, J. H. Hardin No. 49, Dexter Killingsworth No. 50.
     Part Pay -- S. J. Brown N. 51, J. K. Helms No. 52, Jesse Wright No. 53, J. G. I. Jones No. 54, S. L. Jackson No. 55, J. A. Bryant No. 56, W. S. Bass No. 57, J. W. Fox No. 58.
     As partners, the force was assigned as follows:
McDougald and Burgess, Hardin and Brice, Surber and Westover, Parnell and Murphy, Hall and Holonquest, Peak and Scott, Briggs and DeLee, Moody and Bentley, Weakley and Norris, Alexander and Peak, DeWitt and Davis, Brown and Warner, Thompson and S. S. Hall, Williams and Lane, Austin and L. W. Brown, Parker and Shea, Reasonover and South, Roberts and Murray, McSwain and Killingsworth.
     The numbers indicate the relative length of time each man has been in the service. The entire force will sworn in, it is announced, tomorrow.

- August 4, 1907, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1-2.
- o o o -



Experience of One Successful Amateur in Dallas
This Season--Economy and Health Have Resulted.

     Few people properly appreciate the value of [a] small garden in the economy of domestic life. While the amount of money saved to a family by a garden is, by no means, inconsiderable, and fully compensates for the time and labor devoted to its cultivation, yet, its true value is not measured solely by dollars and cents. From a hygienic point of view, the worth of a garden is almost incalculable. Vegetables gathered fresh and prepared for the table, as needed, have a finer flavor and relish than when purchased from the store, where, possibly, they have lain for days. If there is anything in the claim of medical scientists that most diseases are communicated by germs that lurk in the dust of the streets, to be carried by the winds into the lungs and thence into the blood, producing sickness, disease and death, then these germs must, also, to some extent, be carried to the fruits and vegetables in the grocery houses or displayed on the sidewalks in unprotected boxes and baskets. As many vegetables are eaten without being cooked, there must be more or less danger from the use of vegetables and fruits that have been long gathered and thus exposed.
     But, it is not intended here to do more than make a passing notice of this feature of the question.
     The prime object of this article is to encourage Dallas citizens to utilize the many small pieces and corners of ground about their homes now left to the weeds and grass.
     Very few residences are without small plats of unused ground, while many have ample room for good gardens.
     When carefully prepared and thoroughly cultivated, it is astonishing how much may be produced on a very small piece of ground, and when considering the value of a garden, the health-giving exercise of tending it should not be overlooked. One person of moderate energy may easily cultivate a modest little garden by working in it a few minutes of morning and evenings.
     The man of the hour, who, during the day , is cooped up in an office down town, will find health and pleasure and recreation by this moderate exercise when he returns home. It will give him vim and vigor and inspiration for his daily routine of indoor work.
     In many places in Dallas, there are vacant plots and neglected corners, which, if utilized as indicated, would furnish the family all the vegetables they could use.

* * *

Garden as Money Saver.
     With a garden to draw on daily, a family will require very little meat and the grocery bill will be reduced at least fifty per cent during the spring and summer months, when meats and heavy, rich viands are positively injurious to the system. Thus, doctors' bills are minimized, health promoted and plenty crowns the family board.
     This is no idle theory. The writer knows whereof he speaks. He has, this year, put the matter to the test. He has a medium size garden which he has tended by working it a few minutes of evenings after returning from his duties down town and of mornings while breakfast is preparing. On this garden, he spent, breaking up, re-breaking and for seed, $4.50. The Irish potatoes gathered, if bought at retail, would, alone, offset this initial outlay. A conservative estimate of the value of the beans, beets, corn, turnip salad, radishes, cabbage, onions, okra, pears, sweet potatoes and cantaloupes grown here, if bought from stores and truck peddlers, is twenty-five dollars, or a net profit on the investment of five hundred per cent. His grocery and market bills have been reduced over fifty per cent, he and his family have enjoyed good health, and he has contributed nothing to the doctors' support, or to the drug business of the city.
     He has had a good table, too, and he loves "good eating." Sancho Panza blessed the man "who invented sleep," but the owner of this garden in question blesses the man who "invented" eating, and, if the people of Dallas, heads of families, wish to have "good eating," good health, refreshing exercise and happy homes, let them cut off the noxious weeds from the waste patches and corners about their homes, plant a small garden to provide their tables with clean, fresh, luscious, healthful vegetables and thus demonstrate the value of a garden and the practical wisdom of the Epicurean philosophy condensed in the epigram, "while we live, let us live."

- August 11, 1907, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Magazine Section, p. 1, col. 4-7.
- o o o -



This Is Record Which Is Held by B.
F. Cullom



Has Also Been Clerk for Four Different
Judges--Fourteen Years as Dep-
uty County Clerk.

     Ten years is a long time for any man to hold a politically appointive office, yet this is the record of Ben F. Cullom, present clerk of the county court at law of Dallas county. On the first day of March, 1910, Mr. Cullom was appointed clerk in charge of the county court. At this time, there was only one county court in Dallas county and Mr. Cullom had charge of the civil, criminal and probate dockets. Mr. Cullom was appointed to this position by Albert S. Jackson, then county clerk, and now president of the Dallas board of education. He succeeded James H. Taylor, who resigned as clerk to make the race for county judge. Judge Kenneth Foree, now judge of the fourteenth district court, was then county judge.
     In those days, small dockets were used and pending cases had to be transcribed at the end of every term of two months. Now, the improved loose-leaf dockets are used and no transcribing is necessary. The disposed of cases are simply taken out and placed in the disposed of dockets. Since Mr. Cullom was first named as clerk of this court, he has served under four county judges and no man is more thoroughly familiar with the workings of the county court than he is. The judges under whom Mr. Cullom has served as clerk are Judge Kenneth Foree, Judge Ed S. Lauderdale, Judge Hiram F. Lively and Judge W. M. Holland, the present judge of the county court at law.
     While Mr. Cullom has been clerk of the county court continuously for ten years, yet he has been connected with the county clerk's office for the past fourteen years. He was first appointed a deputy county clerk in 1896 by Albert S. Jackson, and was re-appointed in 1898 and 1900, following Mr. Jackson's election. He served four years under Frank R. Shanks from 1902 to 1906. When Jack M. Gaston was first elected as county clerk in 1906, he named Mr. Cullom as clerk of the county court, despite the fact that Mr. Cullom, at that time, opposed him for the office. He re-appointed him again at the beginning of his second term.
     Seven times has Mr. Cullom received the following deputation as deputy county clerk of Dallas county:
     "The State of Texas, county of Dallas: I, --------- county clerk of the county of Dallas, and state of Texas, having full confidence in Ben F. Cullom of said county and state, do hereby nominate and appoint him, the said Ben F. Cullom, my true and lawful deputy, in my name, place and stead, to do and perform any and all acts and things pertaining to the office of said county clerk, of said county and state, hereby ratifying and confirming any and all such acts and things lawfully done in the premises by virtue hereof. Witness my hand this ---- day of ---- A. D. 19 ----, ------- County Clerk of Dallas county, Texas."
     The index to the criminal cases in the county court at law shows that the first case filed March 1, 1900, to be number 23,113, and ends at 36,863, which indicates that 13,750 criminal cases have been filed in that court during the time Mr. Cullom has been clerk. On the first page of the criminal docket, which was being used when Mr. Cullom became clerk, was the notation: "This index begins at 22,729 and ends at No. 36,863." This notation is in the handwriting of James H. Taylor, former clerk and now deceased. Under the notation, the following was written: "Ten years--the best years of my life, have been spent at this desk. Here's hoping good luck for the next ten. -- B. F. Cullom."
     Some famous cases have been tried in this court during this time, and the records prepared by Mr. Cullom, the result of such cases establishing the validity of the laws in question. Among these was the case of the state vs. Frank Arroyo, charged with violating the Sunday law by opening his saloon on Sunday, and tried on November 11, 1901, when he was found guilty and fined $25. Defendant appealed and set up as his defense that the city ordinance allowed saloons to be opened on Sunday up to 9 o'clock a. m. and after 4 o'clock p. m., which was known as the 9 to 4 law. The court of criminal appeals affirmed the case, stating in the opinion that the city could not make an ordinance in direct conflict with the state law. Thus, the 9 to 4 law was knocked out. The case was tried before Judge Lauderdale.
     Another case, the state vs. H. Reuter, charged with opening a saloon on election day, was tried in 1903, and defendant was convicted and the case appealed. The election which was being held was what is known as a stock law election, to determine whether or not hogs, sheep and cattle should run at large. The election was held in the city, as well as the country. The court of appeals reversed the case, stating that the city had an ordinance already governing the matter in the city, and that the election was therefore void. So that when a stock law election is being held in the country, saloons in the city do not have to close. This case was also tried before Judge Lauderdale.
     Another case, more recent, was the T. P. Williams case, where in he was charged with maintaining a saloon outside the prohibited district, to wit, corner of Exposition and Armstrong avenues. The case was tried September 25, 1907, before Judge Holland, without a jury, and defendant was adjudged guilty and fined $105, thus holding the ordinance good. The case was appealed and was affirmed by the highest court in the state.
     Many changes have taken place and new methods adopted since March 1, 1900. Ten years ago, and much later, in fact, the criminal docket was set for the first Monday in each term, and those in the jail who could not make bond had to lay in jail for from a week to two months, awaiting a trial. It was largely through Mr. Cullom's suggestion, that the court adopted the rule of trying the jail docket every Monday morning, and now, when a prisoner is placed in jail before Friday, he gets a trial the following Monday.
     For nearly four years, Mr. Cullom was a deputy in the various other departments of the clerk's office, making nearly fourteen years of continuous service with that office, which is the longest time any one has served as deputy county clerk in Dallas county. During these years, he has made many friends along all classes who had business with him, as he was never too busy to answer questions or given the information desired. Lawyers having cases in court are among Mr. Cullom's best friends, for the reason that he is courteous and obliging and always ready and willing to wait upon them.
     Representatives of the various newspapers are also his friends, and many a "story" they have written of courthouse happenings, which was told them by Mr. Cullom, as he is regarded by those of the Fourth Estate as a dependable news source.

- March 6, 1910, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 10, col. 3-6.
- o o o -




     In a race for the life of his son, about seven years old, who is afflicted with tuberculosis, Frank Sullivan, hailing from North Dakota, has reached Dallas in a queer, ark-shaped home on wheels drawn by two horses. The vehicle, which stood on Murphy street this morning near Main, attracted many sympathetic onlookers. Inside, lay the wasted form of the little fellow, looking out on a world in which happier boys were playing. In his hand was tenderly clasped, a bird that lay with unfrightened eyes in the white hand of the lad.
     "My brother got that for me," he said this morning. "I talks to it; it's my friend. We came from way up in North Dakota and my father is trying to get to the Texas coast. They says it's warm and nice down there and maybe I'll get better," he added with a wistful smile.
     The family home of these seekers after sunny climes, is a religious wagon. On its side is printed, in crude type, the solemn Biblical warning, "Therefore, be ye ready, for at such a time as you think not, the Son of Man cometh."
     Maybe he will come to the little bedridden chap. Here's luck to the kid.

- February 28, 1911, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
- o o o -






Many Potential Ballot-Wielders Paid
Poll Taxes--Have Since Moved and
Can't Be Located--Collector
Discusses Situation.

     Something like 200 poll tax receipts are awaiting claimants in the office of County Tax Collector Ellis. The payments were made at the sub-stations established at different points in the city during the campaign last January. In this sub-station work, the deputies issued simple receipts for the payments and took the name of the prospective voter, with the intention of mailing out the regular voting certificates from the collector's office.
     Nearly a thousand of these receipts were mailed out during February, and most of them evidently reached their destination. About 200, however, were returned, the postoffice reporting its inability to find the men to whom the letters were addressed.

* * *

Collector is Anxious.
     The batch is now on the hands of the collector, and he is very anxious to get rid of it before the voting booths are opened up for the first election.
     "I hold these receipts and the owners can have them by calling at my office," said Mr. Ellis yesterday. "The men evidently wanted to vote, or they would not have paid their polls. We are just as anxious that they shall vote. But, we can't locate them and will have to depend on them getting impatient at the delay and calling around to see what the matter is before election day. It would be a pity to have a patriotic voter lose his right of suffrage for the year, simply because the mail carriers couldn't find him."
     It is the opinion of the collector that most of the men, who have failed to receive their receipts have moved from the addresses which they gave the deputies since January.

* * *

[(C) presumably indicates "colored"]

List of Receipts.

     Potential voters, whose receipts are now held by the collector, are as follows:
Jno. Abernathy, laborer, colored, 725 Elm.
B. B. Adams, grocer, Dallas, R. R. No. 8.
Tom Adkins, liquor dealer, colored, 142 Duncan.
A. G. Anderson, salesman, 2016 Bryan.
H. M. Anderson, tinner, 4533 McKinney.
S. J. Anderson, paper hanger, 254 Twelfth.
J. M. Barber, wagon yard, 906 Forney.
J. N. Barton, bookkeeper, 232 Ross.
I. L. Baxter, clerk, 442 Pacific.
Dick Bedford, porter, 1413 West Canton.
J. C. Bemins, leather worker, R. F. D. No. 4.
E. Beyer, saddler, 637 Seventeenth street.
W. M. Blackwell, laborer, 2005 Cochran.
A. Bolton, laborer, Pearl and Pacific.
W. W. Bowen, retired, 904 Eighth.
J. H. Bower, barber, 1_15 Jackson.
A. E. Boyett, brakeman, 939 Elm.
S. T. Brewer, move man, 1406 West Canton.
A. T. Brooks, restaurant, 327 Williams.
L. D. Brosson, engineer, 376 Elm.
W. M. Burnett, merchant, 107 South Ervay.
J. J. Bye, laborer, 2146 Wall.
C. A. Byron, contractor, 820 Seventh.
Jack Carter, carpenter, 348 Allen.
Will Carter, fireman, colored, Jackson and Austin.
W. R. Caruthers, street railway employe, 306 Terry.
S. B. Cobb, 112 Main.
W. H. Coleman, clerk. [address not given]
J. W. Collie, restaurant, Ardrey and Griffin.
Mitchell Cook, janitor, colored, 5007 Junius.
William Cooper, laborer, colored, 185 Belleview.
Andie Currie, laborer, 418 Cottage Lane.
T. D. Craig, barbecue man, 601 Haynes.
J. H. Curtis, carpenter, 129 East Canton.
C. A. Cullum, electrician, 212 South Harwood.
Henry Darrow, laborer, colored, R. F. D. No. 9.
Eugene Davis, porter, colored, 3504 Roberts.
Charles H. Debnisch, merchant, 326 Denver.
J. C. Dillard, steel worker, 818 Main.
Jos. Diseman, laborer, 861 Elm.
J. D. Dodd, laborer, colored, 3720 Grand.
W. C. Doering, merchant, 463 Pacific.
W. W. Dorris, street car man, 3723 Smith.
Chas. Dunn, teamster, 226 Hickory.
E. J. Davis, carpenter, colored, 135 Casey.
Edwin Edward, janitor, colored, 4518 Boute.
O. L. Ellis, telephone, 168 Browder.
Ernest Enlow, laborer, 3809 Thomas.
S. L. Estes, clerk, 3211 San Jacinto.
Thomas Farrell, railroad man, 334 Third.
James Feland, carpenter, 247 Whitaker.
Will fisher, butcher, 3504 South Harwood.
W. G. Fitts, bartender, 279 Illing.
W. E. Florer, stage employe, 11 Corsicana.
T. L. Foster, bookkeeper, R. F. D. No. 6.
J. L. Francis, contractor, Reagan.
L. V. Fussell, painter, 15 Beckley.
Irvine Fuqua, stenographer, 27 Clinton.
P. M. Golden, carpenter, R. F. D. No. 5.
Ray Goodman, clerk, 1827 Main.
W. A. Goff[?], laborer, colored, 101 South Carroll.
G. D. Gonronisis, waiter, 1933 Main.
Hugo Grocels, leather worker, 1400 McKinney.
V. G. Green, laborer, 1043 St. George.
L. C. Goldman, ice man, 262 McKinney.
W. H. Grider, blacksmith, R. F. D. No. 6.
M. S. Gunn, trunkmaker, 362 Terry.
N. Y. Gunn, laborer, Hall street.
Chas. Hanson, carpenter, Carrollton.
Ras Harrison, laborer, colored, 424 Hickory.
J. F. Harvey, millwright, Eagle Ford.
C. C. Harwell, collector, 84 Ballard.
W. H. Henderson, clerk, 508 North Akard.
M. Hendrickson, bartender, South Akard.
J. O. Heth, 5605 Reiger.
Willis Hawkins, teamster, colored, 4511 Phillips.
Lewis F. Holland, clerk, 601 Twelfth.
G. W. Hayden, peddler, Louise and Hickory.
W. A. Henderson, bookkeeper, Live Oak and Good.
Aaron Henry, porter, colored, 125 Cadiz.
Henry Henson, moveman, 675 Commerce.
J. M. Hickman, 111 Center.
Ed Hines, laborer, Dallas.
C. Holland, accountant, 1208 Live Oak.
J. D. Horn, dairyman, Paul and Knight.
Oscar Huckaby, saloon, 220 N. Lamar.
Henry A. Huckaby, laborer, Dallas.
Levi Johnson, restaurant, Lemmon & Cole.
E. G. Jackson, theatrical, 1809 Elm.
J. W. Jackson, salesman, 110 Madison.
Simpson Jesse, laborer, 247 Trinidad.
H. Johnson, laborer, 2554 Main.
Joe Johnson, porter, 415 N. Harwood.
J. G. Johnson, dairyman, Dallas.
J. R. Johnson, moulder, 560 Third ave.
T. J. Johnson, electrician, 675 Arza.
J. D. Johnson, porter, 140 Patterson.
Will Johnson, teamster, 151 Boll.
J. C. Jones, grocer, 4009 Julius. [Junius?]
Louis H. Kahrl, carpenter, 3210 Arza.
Arter Kelley, laborer, 247 Trinidad.
W. L. Kelley, clerk, McKinney and Knox.
T. H. Kennedy, bookkeeper, 4212 Rawlins.
Hargis Kincaid, real estate, 615 S. Akard.
Z. P. Krusz, gas fitter, 329 Melba.
E. S. King, farmer, Lancaster.
J. D. King, laborer, 140 Indiana.
Joe Lacy, janitor, Bryan.
W. H. Lampkin, St. Ry. emp., 12th street.
Ed LaPointer, laborer, 220 Gaston.
T. L. Leonard, laborer, 172 McKenzie.
Arch Lewis, solicitor, 655 N. Haskell.
William Lawson, laborer, 306 Ross.
R. M. Leonard, teamster, 964 Pennsylvania.
Daniel McCauley, supt. Thomas Hill.
M. H. MacKlaine, waiter, 238 Marilla.
R. F. Manor, retired, 5503 Ross.
Jacob Marchmer, retired, 2104 Sumpter.
Louis Machala, barber, 221 N. Ervay.
W. H. McAfee, clerk, 112 Kentucky.
G. McElroy, laborer, 556 Main.
W. G. McNair, harness maker, 196 McKinney.
G. V. McNeeley, 3610 Word.
H. B. Meador, conductor, 5634 Tremont.
P. O. Mertens, jeweler, Eugene.
D. S. Meers, florist, 824 Colorado.
James Mullen, tailor, 1602 Main.
R. A. Miller, laborer, Gould and Santa Fe.
J. C. Miller, exp. mess., 801 Elizabeth.
L. E. Minor, farmer, Dallas.
Jessie Mills, porter, 2426 Cottage Lane.
L. F. Moffett, engineer, 262 Commerce.
Chas. Moeller, packer, Pearl and Jackson.
Edward Moore, student, Throckmorton and Fairmount.
W. H. Moore, J., collar maker, Dallas.
J. D. Morgan, carpenter, 121 Gould.
Lon Morgan, porter, 10 Young st.
Will Morgan, laborer, 1004 S. Carroll.
L. E. Morney, transfer, 304 Graham.
H. B. Myers, laborer, Fourth & Fleming.
W. S. Myles, teacher, 338 Hall.
J. M. Neel, broom maker, 172 Melba.
J. H. Nixon, carpenter, 232 State.
R. T. Nash, clerk, 279 Eighth St.
Willie Neal, laborer, 220 Cottage.
M. R. Ott, plumber, Vickery.
R. L. Ousley, chauffeur, 1219 Park.
N. T. Prather, druggist, Main & Stone.
Howard Phenix, porter, Jackson.
Chas. Parker, saloon, Pearl & Pacific.
S. M. Patterson, foreman, 805 Center.
P. Randolph, laborer, Wood & Ervay.
Bert Revenaugh, chauffeur, 2710 Bryan.
W. E. Richardson, farmer, Dallas.
L. Z. Rick, clerk, 4517 Reiger.
M. Riggs, painter, 2751 Clarence.
Joe Rusek, cook, Park hotel.
Maran Ritchey, janitor, 1028 Comal.
J. Richards, artist, 1504 elm.
I. C. Robinson, carpenter, F. R. D. 9.
J. N. Rogers, pile driver, 120 St. George street.
T. J. Rogers, bookkeeper, Grand Prairie.
William Rogers, tailor, 1384 Canton.
E. R. Robby, insurance, Bishop and Stemmons.
H. B. Sanders, laborer (C), 1308 Caruth.
W. H. Sanderson, cotton buyer, 9 Colorado.
W. D. Settles, elevator operator, 607 Center.
J. U. Shamlin, carpenter, 4211 Keating.
H. D. Shay, well worker, 112 Jefferson.
O. L. Siebeir, saddler, 701 Center.
Leon Sierks, stone cutter, Jesse and Henderson.
Henry Smith, railroader, 4403 Bryan.
M. H. Spears, peddler, Fourth and Fleming.
O. E. Slater, wood yard, 1150 Forney.
J. S. Stanberry, city employe, 424 Eighth.
L. Stewart, laborer, 105 Lee.
P. G. Scholtman, watchman, 420 Melba.
Sebe Story, railroader (c), 208 Monroe.
A. F. Stowe, mechanic, Bryan and Parkway.
C. B. Swenener, cutter, 200 Bishop.
Glen Tison, express, 752 Commerce.
W. W. Thomas, newspaper, 1113 S. Ervay.
Wm. Thompson, laborer, 1887 Forney.
R. D. Thrash, clerk, 420 Eighth.
W. E. Tomerlin, well driller, 2940 Reagon.
E. L. Travis, salesman, 218 Eighth.
W. I. Trentham, bookkeeper, 3009 Peabody.
G. W. Truesdale, driver, R. F. D. 9.
E. L. Trimble, St. Louis and Akard.
Sellers Vines, laborer, Clark and Allen.
G. H. Vaught, harness maker, Tyler and Hayden.
Squire Walker, porter (C), 156 Wall.
Ben Wade, porter (C), Horton.
A. C. Watts, fireman, 3015 McKinnon.
Emmett Wilkins, laborer, Live Oak.
J. G. Warfield, real estate, Oriental hotel.
C. P. Weaver, carpenter, 313 Eighth.
John Weily, painter, 489 C Ervay.
Joe Welch, laborer, 3416 Arza.
J. J. Watts, waiter, 2205 Sumpter.
G. C. Wentworth, broom maker, 336 Wood.
W. R. West, driver, 216 Tella.
Clarence White, laborer (C), 215 Paris.
L. D. White, book binder, McKinney and Lee.
Sam White, laborer, Jordan.
R. Whitehurst, carpenter, 3523 Latimer.
W. A. Wickersham, carpenter, 5639 Simpson.
Alson Wider, machinist, R. F. D. 9.
J. O. Williams, carpenter, 496 Main.
Sam W. Williams, clerk, 187 West Canton.
James Wilson, butcher, N. Harwood.
Jim Windom, laborer, laborer (C), Carpenter and Edwards.
Horace E. Woodward, clerk, 4716 Ashland.
Reuben Woodward, laborer (C), 113 Atlanta.
D. Wright, laborer, laborer (C), 1320 McKenzie.
W. L. Young, laborer, 340 Rowan.

- March 5, 1911, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 10, col. 1-3.
- o o o -

New Auto Truck for Hauling City's Trash


  Photo by Johnson.



     This is one of the Kissel Kar trucks now being tried out by the Sanitary Department of the City of Dallas. Chief Sanitary Officer is seated on the left-hand side, with the driver. The truck is loaded with the prize-winning trash pile, recently accumulated on East Elm street in the Shriners' trash cleaning contest.
     This truck will hold three tons and can make twenty-five miles an hour, loaded or empty. The present bed was improvised to meet an emergency, but the regular equipment includes a bed with a hydraulic dump. The department has three of these trucks on trial and expects to operate them in two eight-hour shifts. The News advocated the installation of automobile trucks when the Sanitary Department was first created, as they have been found economical in other places.

- May 4, 1913, Dallas Morning News, Sec. I, p. 13, col. 2-4.
- o o o -



     Dallasites who harbor a lingering thirst, and to whom the dilapidated and fast fading signs of "Mike's Place" and "Marble Palace" on a few remaining store fronts, bring faint memories of a free and easy past, would undoubtedly suspect their eyesight, were they to be confronted with a good-sized "booze ad" in a local periodical. There is, however, a copy of a Dallas newspaper in the hands of a local citizen, which has the following advertisement displayed conspicuously on the second page:

"Whisky! Whisky!! Whisky!!!
At the Steam Distillery, Cedar Springs,
3 Miles North of Dallas."

     Pure, unadulterated whisky, rye, corn and wheat, is now being made at these works and can be furnished in quantities to suit purchaser, from a ten gallon keg to as many barrels as may be required on suitable notice.
Whisky changed for grain at the distillery. Address G. R. Wheeler."
     It is a copy of an advertisement which appeared in an issue of The Dallas Herald in the year 1862.
     An advertisement of this character in the days of "62," caused about as much comment as would be occasioned at the present time by the blowing out of an automobile tire.

Published by J. W. Swindells.
     The advertisement quoted above is one which was given a prominent place on the second page of The Dallas Herald, published in Dallas by John W. Swindells and John W. Lane in 1862, and, which is now the property of Charles Swindells, of this city.
     The old paper, which was among the first publications, is highly prized by Mr. Swindells and is carefully preserved by him.
     A notice from the editor advises that beef tallow will be accepted at the office of the publishers in any quantity for subscriptions. In another place, the editor advises that he is preparing to go to war and respectfully requests that any person indebted to the paper, please call by and settle up their account, as money will be needed for the trip and to take care of members of the family during his absence.

Advertises New Hotel.
     In another advertisement, Thomas F. Crutchfield, after whom Crutchfield street, now an extension of Pearl street in South Dallas, was named, tells that after the fire which destroyed the Crutchfield house (which was, at the time of the fire, the leading hotel of Dallas), he wishes to announce that he has constructed a new brick hotel on the site of the old building and is now prepared to serve his old friends and patrons.
     "The table will, at all times, be supplied with the varieties the market affords and will be served up in the best of style. In connection with the hotel, is a first rate livery stable, which will always be provided with a good supply of provender of every kind and attended by experienced hostlers," the notice reads.
     Compare the services promised there with the Adolphus hotel and imagine Bob Ellifritz, getting up an advertisement for his modern and up to date hostelry dealing with the menu and the garage in connection therewith.
     In the days of "62," the Crutchfield house was as much of a hotel in Dallas as the Adolphus, or any other of the leading hotels are today.
The paper was published at a time when the noble sons of Texas were casting their lot with the Confederate states of America in the war with the Union army. The call was going out for recruits and organizations were being formed the same as were formed when Texas sent her sons to do battle with the Hun.
     There appears a notice in the Herald requesting the ladies to gather at the home of one of the leading ladies of the town for the purpose of organizing a soldiers' benefit association. One can look back and see the women sitting at the old spinning wheel, spinning the yarn with which to knit the sox to be sent to the soldiers, or making bandages the same as they did in the big war.
     Another notice advises that a cavalry troop, recently organized, is in need of horses and calls upon those who have animals to spare, to turn them over to the soldiers and accept a due bill from the commanding officer, the money to be paid at the next pay day, which is promised some time in the future.
     The old saying, "there is nothing new under the sun," is carried out in a report that a Mr. Howell of Dallas was seriously injured in an engagement between the Confederate and Union soldiers. An official report received later advises that Mr. Howell was wounded, but would recover. The casualty lists for the last war reported, in many instances, men killed in action or seriously wounded, only to be corrected later to read slightly injured or reported for duty.
     The paper reports battles fought, weeks before.

- July 6, 1919, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 7, col. 2-6.
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Several "Lady Lawyers" Now Serving as
Judges in Texas Courts; Presidential Chair
Is Goal for One Fair Local Barrister.


Eight Portias in Dallas' Legal Profession
Dallas is well represented in the women's division of the Texas Bar association. Here we have eight prominent women attorneys with active local connections. Top row, left to right, they are: Mrs. Helen Viglini, Miss Isabell Albright, Mrs. Sarah Hughes and Mrs. Edith Wilmans. Bottom row, left to right--Miss Hattie Henenberg, Mrs. H. Martin, Miss Grace Fitzgerald and Miss S. C. Menezes.

     The legion of "lady lawyers" in Dallas is steadily advancing.
     It is an impressive legion and a growing, convincing argument against the sour-lipped, wigged barristers of the old school who remonstrate:
     "Keep 'em in the home with the children."
     Women rebelled against being "kept in the home," even long before the senile sultan decided to liberate the beauties of his harem. They left the children crackers and milk and went away to pilot lumbering street cars; they took away the seats of the taxi drivers, and sported shiny badges of policewomen. The woman doctor has been with us a long time. She was considered a thing needed in the community. And her services have been in constant demand by the more sensitive of the sensitive sex ever since one of them got up courage enough to scare a college faculty into giving her a medical diploma. Women bring us into the world, women doctors supervise that great event, and now women want to fight our battles (legal) for us.

* * *

Better Than Men?
     And what makes it so uncomfortable for the skeptics who predicted dire things when they admitted women to the bar, is that many of the women have made better attorneys than many men.
     An old New York judge wiped his spectacles and adjourned court for the morning when he was confronted with a bobbed hair young miss, who answered "present" when the court called for defense counsel. Since that time, things have changed. Now, many old judges are disappointed when the attorneys trying a case in his court are hard-shelled, "regular" lawyers.
     Since the advent of women lawyers in the courts, the judges have had new hieroglyphics to trace over scratch pads on their desks. They are not telephone numbers, however. Women, it must be understood, take their professions seriously. And, a "lady lawyer" is one of the most business like persons on earth.

* * *

Lead in Argument.
     Where they have excelled over the men is in the closing argument. It is needless to point out the efficacy of a woman's argument--opening or closing. The courts have reasons for limiting the arguments in trials. And, at that, the courts are jammed with cases waiting to be tried.
     It is a known fact that many women lawyers conceived the idea of practicing law long after they were married. Several of our own Dallas female barristers have grown-up families. Their children, however, do not seem to follow in their footsteps, as do the progeny of our men lawyers. Only a few days ago, the 19-year-old son of Mrs. Helen Viglini, a practicing Dallas attorney, left for the Agricultural and Mechanical college to study structural architecture.

* * *

Self-Made Women.
     Mrs. Viglini is a "self-made woman." But, she protests she "is not proud of the job," in spite of the fact that she has handled some of the most important civil cases. Criminal law work has strongly attracted Mrs. Viglini.
     "But, I don't know how far I will go in this field," she says. "If I thought I could be the best criminal lawyer in Texas, there would be something in it. But well, you know how it is. When I go after anything, I am determined to reach it. Perhaps I should have started younger to go after the criminal lawyer's crown."
     Mrs. Viglini was the only woman to occupy the corporation court bench in Texas. She was assistant district attorney under Maury Hughes, and in that capacity, acquired much legal experience. For her legal and business education, Mrs. Viglini spent exactly $22. Her decision to enter the law business was made when she was left a widow with several children eight years ago. She has had her license to practice law in this state six years.

* * *

Supreme Court Judge.
     A Dallas woman is a member of the first Supreme court of women in Texas. She is Miss Hattie Henenberg, graduate of the Dallas Law School and admitted to the bar in 1916. She is engaged in the practice of civil law.
     During the war, Miss Henenberg acted as associate member of the legal advisory board and assisted registrants under the draft law to fill out their questionnaires.
     During the last six months, she has been in charge of the free legal aid bureau established by the Dallas Bar association, handling this civic work, in addition to her practice.
     On January 5, 1925, Miss Henenberg was appointed by Gov. Pat Neff to sit as one of the three members of the first Supreme court ever composed of women. The case to be heard by this special Supreme court is Johnson vs. Darr from El Paso county, involving a Woodmen of the World claim to property. Miss Henenberg holds memberships in the Dallas Bar association and the Texas Bar association.

* * *

Original Appointee.
     Mrs. Edith Wilmans, sister of Mrs. Viglini, was originally appointed to serve in the supreme triumvirate. She lacked the six years' necessary practice in this state, however, and was unable to accept the post. Mrs. Wilmans is now in the legislature as special committee clerk. She passed her examinations here seven years ago, and then went to the state of Oregon, where she passed that state's bar examinations with honors. Mrs. Wilman's next move was to come back to Dallas, where she practiced for several years. She is prominent among the women's clubs here.
     Mrs. H. Martin, another of the lady barristers, was graduated from the Dallas high school when she was 15, and then the Denton State Normal school. She graduated from the Jefferson Law school and received a license to practice law in Texas in 1923.

* * *

Knew Nothing of Business.
     When Mrs. Martin was thrown upon her own resources, she knew nothing about business. She knew how to shop and select the best bargains for the fewest dollars, yes, but of the way the whole commercial scheme was handled, she knew nothing. By perseverance, she worked into a responsible position in the credit department of a large mercantile firm here, where she handles legal matters.
     Mrs. Martin is the daughter of the late Dr. G. W. Satterfield, one of the pioneer physicians in Texas. She is keenly interested in problems concerning women and children.
     There is some friendly dispute as to who, among Dallas' lady attorneys, holds the distinction of being the youngest of the group. That, however, is a question that will not be considered here. And, anyway, what difference does it make? Publication of the age of the youngest of the lawyers might lose business for her.
     "She's too young to have had much experience," people would say. Problems of the lady barristers are just as great as those of the men. They all have their trials, in court and out.

* * *

Clients Needed.
     One of their questions of moment, as one keen-minded woman declared, "is getting a sufficient number of sufficiently remunerative clients." The men and women, apparently, have the same difficulty.
     "Sarah Cory Menezes, attorney at law," on a letter head, appears strange to the uninitiated. Yet, that is just what she is. Miss Menezes entered the office of her father when she was 16, and just out of high school. Her ambition at that time was to become a clerk.
     The ambition was soon outgrown and Miss Menezes went to the University of Kansas law school, where two years were spent in preparation for a lawyer's license. This was obtained in 1916. Two y ears later, Miss Menezes was made assistant district superintendent of the bureau of war risk insurance. She is a member of the bar of the U. S. Supreme court, the Dallas Bar association and the Texas Bar association.

* * *

Railroad Attorney.
     One of the latest women to join the ranks of the legal profession is Miss Isabelle Albright, who passed her examinations in October, 1924. Miss Albright is a graduate of the Jefferson law school of Dallas, and has been connected with the legal department of the Cotton Belt railroad for several years.
     There are those of the women's division of the Dallas bar who are merely "marking time" as attorneys until that carved chair in the White House at Washington is vacated for a woman. There is no use denying the possibility of their reaching that position some day. Everything else the men swore women could not do, they proceeded to do. And, did it with a thoroughness that left the anvil chorus speechless.

* * *

Has Own Law Office.
     Miss Grace N. Fitzgerald established her own law office here in 1920. She studied law in the offices of the U. S. referee in bankruptcy at Dallas and was one of the younger women in the Dallas group to be admitted to the bar.
     Miss Fitzgerald has successfully handled a number of cases involving large sums of money, in both federal and state courts. She is a member of the Professional Women's club and the Cedar Crest Country club
     As many women would prefer a doctor of her own sex attend her, many women have come to women attorneys for advice and help Miss Fitzgerald enjoyed one experience with the negro washwoman who handled the Fitzgerald laundry. The young attorney's own description is best:

* * *

Got "Divorcement."
     "Contrary to the prevailing opinion that a woman would prefer to have a man lawyer represent her, I have had numerous women come to me, because I am a woman. However, one of my first women clients evidently did not have such a high regard for the value of my services. She was an old negro woman who had done our laundry work for a number of years. She was one of the 'old-timers,' so to speak, and I was her idol.
     "I obtained a divorce for her, and she seemed very appreciative of my efforts, though we had never mentioned fees. After the divorce was granted, she brought the clothes home that evening, and finding me absent, left the clothes with my mother, saying: 'Mis' Giles (she always called my mother this), heres de cloze; jes' tell Miss Grace to deduct what I owes her as her fee fur my divorcement and leave de balance wid you, please mam.' "

* * *

The Eternal Feminine.
     Miss Fitzgerald longs for the day when women will not appear conspicuous when they argue a case before the court. It is the eternal feminine. And comes back to the beginning of this story and the mirrors and powder puffs. It is not as easy to collect a group of eight photographs of woman lawyers as one may believe. There were few who admitted their coiffures were suitable for photographic record without a preliminary primping.
     Miss Sarah Hughes, of the law firm of Priest, Herndon & Hughes, is one of the group here who does not care for the development of a criminal practice.
     "There is enough in the civil courts to keep me busy," she declares.
Miss Hughes received her A. B. degree at Goucher college, Baltimore, Md., in 1917, and her LL. B. at George Washington university in 1922. She is a member of the bar of the Supreme court, Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia and member of the Texas bar.

* * *

Is Phi Beta Kappa.
     She was made a Phi Beta Kappa, the highest of the honorary college fraternities, and is a member of the Delta Sigma Rho, honorary debating fraternity, Kappa Beta Pi, legal fraternity, and Delta Gamma, social order.
     For three years, Miss Hughes was associated with the women's police bureau at Washington, and has secured a firm foundation and an understanding of criminal law. One of the outstanding achievements of Miss Hughes' legal career was the preparation of the charter for the Gutenburg foundation.

- February 1, 1925, Dallas Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 10, col. 1-6.
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Child Geniuses
Found in Dallas

- Photo by Rogers.

     Three geniuses -- geniuses, in that their intelligence tests show them to be vastly superior to the normal child -- have been discovered in Dallas by Prof. Wesley Peacock, widely known educator of Texas, who is conducting a psycho-clinic over KRLD.
     Psychology tests approved by all of the leading American universities are employed by Mr. Peacock in his study of Dallas children.
     One of the outstanding instances of brilliance was discovered in Robert Wolfe, 3-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Wolfe, 3007 Jerome avenue. In the above photo, Robert is seen, nonchalantly submitting to the "measurements test" by Prof. Peacock. Robert's head measurements are height, 5.3 inches above ears; 19
3/4 inches circumference, 13 1/2 inches diameter.
     "He shows no signs of being ill at ease--geniuses never do," the clinic conductor said. "Robert's intelligence quotient is 174, basing the normal perfect at 100," he added. Both the father and mother are Welsh, it was pointed out, with the remark, "Lloyd George, also, is Welsh, and everyone knows him to be a genius."
     Another child, whose test showed her to be a genius, was talking with the professor, in the KRLD studio Saturday morning, while a mob gathered at Akard and Main streets, where a man had been slain. "Peggy Willison -- that's her name -- knew a man had been murdered, but she calmly proceeded with answering my questions," he said.
     "Peggy is the third genius I have found here. The other, a 10-year-old girl, is unusually intelligent. Her parents, however, do not wish her name to be revealed," the analyst said.
     Geniuses are not bothered by tonsils and adenoids, they can swim at an early age, and never bite their fingernails, it was pointed out.
     Of the 1,000 children examined in Dallas, only three have been subnormal, Prof. Peacock announced.

- September 2, 1928, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. II, p. 3, col. 3-4.
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     Mr. William R. Wall, teacher of expression and dancing, has returned from a six weeks' visit to Hollywood.
     While on the coast, Mrs. Wall took a course at the Fanchon-Marco School of Dramatics and Dancing, and also entered her daughter, 9-year-old Grace Evelyn. Mrs. Wall will re-open her studio, Sept. 14, at 5916 Hudson street.
     Richard Alexander, former Dallas boy, the son of Mrs. Lucille Alexander, 2721 Howell street, is a cousin, and Mrs. Alexander, also, was on a visit to Hollywood. Young Alexander has been steadily climbing in film work, having had important roles in "Rio Rita." "All Quiet," "Donovan's Kid," and lately in "The Blood Ship."
     Another former Dallasite, whom the Walls visited, was Anna Belle Magness, daughter of Mrs. W. R. Magness, 5714 Belmont. Anna Bell is a former pupil of Mrs. Wall, who, also, has been in pictures for several years. She has had parts in "Four Sons," "The Black Watch," and in the gang comedies.

- September 13, 1931, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Section III, p. 8, col. 1.
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     Mrs. Sadie Cornett, 111-year-old inmate of the County Convalescent Home, Thursday, was the principal entertainer at the birthday party given for her by the Willing Workers' Club. She told of incidents of the Civil War, which she recalled, and the program included drills by the Industrial Home Boy Scouts and musical numbers by several members of the Melodie Club.
     Mrs. Cornett last basked in the public gaze when she won the title of pipe smoking champion of the Texas Centennial Exposition in 1936. The prize was invested in tobacco.

- February 17, 1938, Dallas Daily Herald, Sec. I, p. 12, col. 6-7.
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