Oak Cliff, Dallas County, Texas

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(Updated December 22, 2003)






"Was the Election Incorporat-
ing Oak Cliff Legal?" is
the Question.

     The quo warranto proceedings instituted by County Attorney David A. Williams, to test the legality of the election incorporating Oak Cliff, in Judge Burke's court, occupied the greater portion of a week in the trial of the case and excited great interest. It was stoutly contested by both sides, and the evidence introduced and arguments made by the opposing counsel to sustain their respective positions were listened to with more than passing interest by the large crowd of spectators and those interested in the outcome of the trial. A decision was expected the latter part of last week, Judge Burke having taken the matter under advisement. Col. W. M. Crow, of the firm of Morris & Crow, was the leading attorney for the city of Oak Cliff. Col. Crow is now at Austin the role of a lobbyist, working against the extension of the city limits of Dallas. Alderman Nat G. Turney, of the First ward, who bitterly antagonized nearly every amendment proposed to the new charter, is also at Austin logrolling against the measure adopted by the council--the extension of the city limits.
     Yesterday afternoon, Colonel S. A. Morris, Colonel Crow's law partner, received a telegram from his partner, requesting that the latter should call on Judge Burke and ask that gentleman to withhold his decision until decisive action had been taken by the legislature on the proposition to extend the city lines. He said that he had consulted with his friend, Alderman Turney and that gentleman had agreed to the delay. The dispatch was shown Col. David A. Williams, and that gentleman emphatically stated that he had not been a party to the agreement and was ready for the decision instanter. The telegram was shown Judge Burke last evening and that gentleman said if it were the wishes of the attorneys representing both sides, he would withhold the decision . Col. Williams demurred.
     To-day, the Salisbury murder case was called and the matter was not referred to. Judge Burke, however, stated that his decision was ready and would probably be handed down at the conclusion of the case on trial--or when the attorneys announced themselves ready to receive it.
     Col. Williams, at 12:30, stated that he would inform the attorneys on the other side at once and notify the court this afternoon, and as the colonel is a man of actin rather than words, the public will, before many hours, have come and gone, know whether Oak Cliff has been legally incorporated or otherwise.
     The decision is awaited with a great deal of interest, not only by the citizens of Oak Cliff, but of Dallas as well.

- February 24, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 3.
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     Hon.. John H. Cochran had the city attorney draw up a bill yesterday for the annexation of Oak Cliff, and will leave to-night for Austin. Mr. Cochran is satisfied that he can get it though the house, but he is not certain about the action of the senate.

- February 24, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 2.
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Incorporating the Town Was
Not Valid--Text of the Opinion


Notice of Appeal to the Su-
preme Court Given by the
Defeated Parties.

     Judge Burke, to-day, handed down his decision in the question of the validity of the Oak Cliff corporation. The decision has been anxiously awaited by interested parties and the court house was crowded with Oak Cliffites and attorneys. With reference to the petition presented to Judge Bower ordering the election, the court found no fault, as it was in proper form and in compliance with the law. The second proposition, with respect to the inclusion of an extensive area of agricultural and grazing lands was really the only question in the case. Judge Burke stated that the proof showed the corporation of Oak Cliff to contain about 7,100 acres.
     The town was originally built on three sections of land, two-fifths of which, was compactly settled and the remaining part comparatively unsettled. This leaves about 6300 acres of territory used as farming and grazing lands, some fenced, some sown down in oats and now being used for agricultural purposes. The principle in this case is the same as the principal in the Hamilton case, in which the supreme court dissolved a corporation for including too much land not occupied by dwellings. The principle differed from that involved in the Baird case, when only 140 acres of farm land in the corporation were questioned; here there are 6300 acres invested. The proof showed that about 450 acres of the David Hunt survey was included in the Oak Cliff corporation was occupied by only one house. And several half sections had only four or five houses on them. The greater portion of the 6300 acres of farm land was not so thickly settled as some of the rural portions of Dallas county far removed from town corporations.
     The attorneys for the corporation argued that the corporation should be sustained because the legislature had relegated the authority to incorporate to the people, and judicial interference was coming in contact with the rights of the people. Judge Burke held the position untenable, because it allowed a majority the power of overriding the rights of the minority. The city of Dallas might incorporate the whole of Dallas county, but it wouldn't be right. The incorporation of Oak Cliff included too much vacant territory, and, in the opinion of the court, was invalid and should be dissolved.
     Notice of appeal was given, and this question in which so many of our people [are] interested, will be finally determined by the supreme court.
     A large party of Oak Cliff citizens will leave for Austin to-night to lobby against the special bill proposed by Representative Cochran to extend the city limits of Dallas.
     It is quietly rumored that a delegation of Dallas' progressive citizens will go down and demonstrate to the members of the legislature that the people of Dallas are in accord with Representative Cochran, and that the city limits should be extended.

- February 25, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 5.
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Boundary Lines Discussed for a
New City Selected--An Elec-
tion to Be Held Soon.

     The male portion of Oak Cliff turned out en masse Saturday night to start another city over in their neighborhood. They met at the city hall.
     Dr. R. S. Gilbert presided over the meeting and Mr. Will Thompson acted as secretary.
     The following committeemen selected by the chair drew boundary lines for the new city:
     Mort Moore, C. E. Gilbert, Walter Stemmons, W. M. Crow, T. L. Marsalis, Judge J. T. Whittaker and Judge J. D. Thomas.
     The committee's report was unanimously adopted..
     Following are the boundary lines for the new burg:
     "Commence at the northwest corner of First street and Lancaster avenue, thence west to the first branch west of the Cedar Hill road, thence south to the north side of the tract of land sold by I. W. Hill and wife to T. A. Hord, thence west along the north side of said land to the west side of Cedar Hill road, thence north along the west side of Cedar Hill road 500 feet, thence west 300 feet, thence in a southwesterly direction parallel with the west side of Cedar Hill road and 300 feet therefrom to the north side of G. L. Leonard's survey, thence west along the north line of said Leonard survey to the northeast corner of the John B. Henderson survey, thence west along the north line of said Robertson survey to the northwest corner of said Robertson survey, thence south with the west line of said Robertson survey 2640 feet, thence east 1320 feet, thence south to a point directly west to the southeast corner of lot No. 10, block 184, Dallas Land and Loan Company's third addition to Oak Cliff, thence east to the east side of the Beckley road, thence south along the east side of the Beckley road to the southwest corner of the W. H. Hord survey, thence east along the south line of the W. H. Hord survey to the southeast corner of said survey, thence north along the east line of said W. H. Hord survey to the center of Cedar creek, thence along the center of Cedar creek with its meanderings in an easterly direction to the west side of the Gaston road; thence north along the west line of the Gaston road to the south side of the Hutchins road; thence westwardly along the south side of the Hutchins road to the west side of Miller avenue; thence north along the west side of Miller avenue to the north side of First street; then west along the north side of First street to the place of beginning.
     A motion was made and adopted that committee be appointed to draft a petition to the county judge to order an election for the purpose of incorporating.
     Major Hugh F. Ewing, J. W. Moore and W. F. Daugherty, all prominent citizens, were named on the committee and the meeting adjourned. A petition for an election will be presented at once, and Oak Cliff, in a very short time, will be a city again, omitting, however, the ranches and other farm lands. The old corporation knocked out by Judge Burke and affirmed by the supreme court included 7100 acres; the new one will include 1900 acres.
     The proposed boundary lines include about 400 acres of the Elizabeth Robertson survey, 640 acres of the W. H. Lord survey, 400 acres of the George L. Leonard survey, 150 acres of the John B. Robinson survey, 100 acres of the G. S. C. Leonard survey.

- May 25, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 1.
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She Votes to Incorporate by a
Large Majority.

     In the election at Oak Cliff, yesterday, there [were] 295 votes polled, 276 for and 19 against incorporation. There were many who did not go to the polls, knowing how the result would be.
     Maj. Ewing stated that the taxable value of the 1,900 acres is about $2,000,000. The major thinks that two good schools could be had for a tax rate of one-half per cent. He does not think that much sewerage is needed, and that the means of paving should be carried on as has been done, every man paying for the paving in front of his house. The mayor's opinion is that the city can be run on a tax of one per cent.
     The all important question at the Cliff, now, is, shall the officers receive salaries, or not?

- June 10, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
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Six Bricks, Together With
Their Contents, Destroyed.
Losses and Insurance.

     Oak Cliff was the scene of a disastrous fire at an early hour this morning. The largest business block in the city burned down.
     The fire was discovered at 2 o'clock this morning in Mrs. Ada C. Gage's millinery shop in the two-story brick building owned by Hodges and Hoya on Tenth street, near the station. The flames spread rapidly and the whole block, containing six two-story brick buildings, was on fire.
     In a few moments, a scene of the wildest confusion was presented. the alarm of fire was sounded from a hundred throats and people rushed toward the burning buildings from every direction. the upper floors of the buildings were occupied by several families and terror-stricken children rushed down the stairway and out into the street, while their parents, assisted by many willing hands, endeavored to save some of their household goods.
     Business men who occupied the lower rooms worked like beavers to save their wealth. three of the rooms were occupied by churches and the members of each church strove hard to save their church furniture.
     As the Cliff city does not boast of a fire department, there were no means of stopping the raging fire. The only alternative was to drag out what could be gotten and watch the flames consume what remained. As there was no check placed on the flames, they did quick work, and the buildings, with a large majority of their contents, were gone beyond redemption.
     It was with great difficulty that the flames, which were swept about by the wind, were prevented from communicating with all the buildings nearby. A blacksmith shop, a foot from the burning buildings, fortunately, stood to windward and stands solitary this morning.
     A brick building directly across the street, owned and occupied by the Frierson & Smith Grocery Company, caught fire and the owners rustled their goods out in a jiffy. The fire was put out, however, before it did much damage. The firm say that their loss from the fire and moving and tumbling up their goods is about $125. They are fully covered with insurance.
     The fire destroyed the block of buildings most completely. Every wall is down except portions of two of the end walls.
     On the lower floors of the buildings that were the six rooms, were occupied as follows:
     Mrs. Ada Gage, millinery establishment, Baptist Church, Episcopal Church, Christian Church, McClellan's screen door factory, Ed. Florine & Bros., plumbing shop, Mrs. Bettie Scott, confectioners; Borich & Oliver, contractors and builders and mayor's office.
     The second floors were occupied by the following families: J. Law, W. M. Watkins, Mrs. G. M. Anderson, Mr. Smith, carpenter and H. T. Hyser's paint-shop.
     The losses were as follows:
     Christian church, value of furniture, $400; no insurance. About two-thirds of the furniture saved.
     Borich & Oliver, contractors and builders, stock valued at $200; no insurance. Total loss.
     Mrs. Ada C. Gage, millinery establishment. Value of stock, about $1500, covered by insurance. Everything was destroyed.
     Mrs. Bettie Scott, notion store. Value of stock, $100. No insurance.
     Mr. Smith, carpenter shop. Loss of tools, $100. No insurance.
     Baptist Church. Loss $600. No insurance.
     J. Law lost $50 worth of household goods, $100. No insurance.
     W. M. Watkins' loss on household goods. No insurance.
     Mrs. G. M. Anderson's loss on household goods, $25; no insurance. Mrs. Anderson has six children and the fire has placed her in a destitute condition. A subscription will be taken for her.
     H. F. Hyser, paint shop, stock valued at $100; loss $50, no insurance.
     The building in which the fire was first discovered was valued at $4000 and insured for $3000?/8000? in the North British & Mercantile. It was the property of Hodge & Hoya and was built about two years ago.
     The building next to Hodge & Hoya's was owned by Young & Evans of Fort Worth. The value of the building and the insurance carried on it could not be ascertained. The building was probably worth $400, and as Young & Evans are careful business men, it is undoubtedly covered with insurance.
     As far as could be ascertained, the remaining buildings destroyed were owned by Mr. H. C. Clark of Oak Cliff, and were worth about $1600 and covered by insurance.
     The origin of the fire is now known. It is thought to have been the work of an incendiary.
     This is the second big fire in the business part of Oak Cliff and the citizens of that little burg looked positively blue this morning. Means of putting out fires was being discussed freely. One man said that he would be one of fifteen to join a fire company for the benefit of the city. Several said that that was the kind of talk, but no one else volunteered.
     A few more fires like the one last night and the business portion of Oak Cliff will be no more.
     The remaining four buildings were the property of Mr. H. C. Clark and were valued at $12,500 and insured for $7500.

- June 16, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3-4.
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Of Oak Cliff Lodge No. 705, on
June 24, 1891.

     The lodge met in the Masonic Hall at 10:30 a.m., formed procession and proceeded to the Oak Cliff Park grounds, under Bro. John S. Griffith as grand marshal, and were installed as follows, by Most Worshipful Past Master David Witherspoon:
     W. H. W. Smith as W. M.
     R. L. Height as S. W.
     R. S. Gilbert as J. W.
     R. F. Upshaw as Secretary.
     Mr. Hopkins as Treasurer.
     G. W. Neeley as S. D.
     A. J. Baxley as J. D.
     M. E. Packer as Stuard.
     G. W. Vinyard as Stuard.
     W. S. Bass as Tyler.
     After which, as oration was delivered by Bro. Judge J. D. Thomas.
     The entire audience was invited to remain and partake of a bounteous basket pic-nic. then followed a delightful two hours spent in conversation and making acquaintance one with another.
     The lodge returned at 3 p. m. to the hall, and upon motion, it was
     Resolved, That the thanks of this lodge was due to Bro. Thomas for his able and soul-filling address.
     Peace and Harmony prevailing, the members returned to their homes, loving, we believe, their neighbors as themselves.
                                                             R. L. U

- June 26, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
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The Fire Stopped With Diffi-
culty--Account of the

     Oak Cliff was visited by another disastrous fire at 1 o'clock this morning. The flames were first seen in W. H. Graves' harness shop on the east side of Tenth street, almost at the station. In a few minutes, they had communicated with the building, in which W. J. Parchman & Co. did a drug business and an explosion soon followed, which awoke everyone living near. As soon as the fire was discovered, the alarm was given and the inhabitants aroused from their dreams by the explosion, dressed hurriedly and rushed to the scene of the fire.
     In a short time, the flames had crossed the street and secured a hold upon the new brick buildings just in the rear of the post office.
     The flames continued to leap from one building to another until nearly every building near the station on the west side were burning down with no possible means of saving them. Many of them were occupied by families and scores of people were seen in dishabille endeavoring to save their furniture. Every one present lent a helping hand saving furniture and buildings, but it was soon apparent that a number of good buildings were bound to go. Thirteen were destroyed and a number of others barely escaped.
     Dr. E. G. Patton and Rosser Thomas were the heaviest losers.
     The following is a list of the property destroyed:


     One cottage.
     One 2-story brick, valued at $2800; insured for $1000 in Hartford.
     One 2-story wood, valued at $1800; insured for $1000 in the German and Freeport.
     One 2-story brick containing two stores, valued at $8000, with $2500 insurance in New York Underwriter's Agency, $2500 in Liverpool and London and Globe--total $5000.
     Palace Hotel building, valued at $3000, insurance $1750; St. Paul, $750; St. Paul German, $500; Liverpool & London & Globe, $______.
     One one-story wood and brick, valued at $800; no insurance.
     Three one-story bricks, valued at $32000; no insurance.


     City hall.
     Christian church.
     Allen's barber shop.
     J. Davis saved furniture of the Palace hotel.
     Mrs. Burke, household goods in Waller Cottage.


     W. E. Best, grocer, lost $200 by removal; insured in full.
     F. A. Tripplet, feed store, building valued at $500; household goods, $500, insured; feed stock valued at $150; property insured for $450 in National of Hartford.
     Felix L. d'Ablemont, vegetable market. Loss on building and household goods were: Building valued at $1250, insured for $350 in North British & Mercantile. Stock $600, household goods $500. Both total loss.
     F. E. Walker, cottage, valued at $500; insurance not known.
     Oak Cliff Journal, loss $3000 and carried $1000 insurance in British American.
     Dr. T. J. Avirett, two-story wooden building, valued at $1300, insured for $800.
     W. J. Parchman & Co., druggists, stock valued at $1875 and insured for $1200 in the North British and Mercantile. Household goods valued at $500 and $50 in cash burned.
     W. L. Nolen, proprietor of the Oak Cliff China Hall, stock valued at $1200, and insured for $500 in the North British & Mercantile. Total loss.
     Nussbaumer & Co., butcher's stock, $500; no insurance.
     Rev. Sam R. Hay, pastor of St. Mark's M. E. Church, South, lost his clothing and parsonage furniture, valued at $500; no insurance.


     J. S. York, shoe shop, loss $300.
     Moore, photographer, loss $500.
     J. M. Regan, Germaside agent, $300.
     Colored Masonic Lodge, $500.
     This is the third fire at the Tenth street station in which several of the principal business houses of Oak Cliff were destroyed. Like the other, the origin of last night's fire is unknown.
     Such destructive fires as these are forcible arguments for a fire department in Oak Cliff.
     Among the heaviest losers is Rosser Thomas, editor and proprietor of the Oak Cliff Journal. He had just bought his partner out and was going ahead building up a good paper.
     Dr. Patton, the heaviest loser, had six buildings burned.
     It is said that it was with difficulty that the postoffice was prevented from burning, as the burning buildings were all around it.

- September 25, 1891, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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Interesting Proceedings Satur-
day Night -- Water Works
School Building.

     All of the aldermen were present at the Oak Cliff council meeting Saturday night, with the exception of Mr. Roach.
     A petition was read from M. Goslin asking the privilege of running a lemonade stand on Crawford street every Sunday. Referred.
     The mayor recommended that the council take steps to determine what kind of a school house building should be built. T. L. Marsalis, who was present, was called on to give his views. He urged the building of a three-story brick above ground, rather than a two-story and a basement building.
     R. P. Toole offered the following resolution:
     Resolved by the city council of Oak Cliff that the mayor be instructed to advertise for plants for a modern three-story brick school building with brick cross walls [walks?] to be erected at Oak Cliff, Texas, to contain twelve rooms for school purposes and the cost of said building, complete, not to exceed the sum of '$22,000, with the right retained to reject any or all plans. Said plans to be submitted to this council up to 8 o'clock of the evening of May 14, 1892.
     Mr. Jack moved that the advertisement to be put in the official journal of Oak Cliff. Adopted.
     The mayor called the attention of the council to the fact that Messrs. Marsalis and Brown were present, desiring to be heard on the water works question. Mr. Marsalis spoke and submitted the following proposition to the council That the proprietors would improve the water works and sell to the city for $65,000, or would rent the city, forty fire hydrants for $3000 per year for a term of twenty-five years. The city attorney gave it as his opinion, that with the present valuations, sufficient bonds could not be issued to give $65,000 for the water works, and as to renting, it was his opinion that the present council could not rent the hydrants for a longer time than their tenure of office, and gave as evidence the decision of the supreme court in the Brenham water works suit. No suit was taken by the council.
     Alderman Means for the committee for renting a city hall recommended the rooms up stairs in the Smith building, which can be secured for $12.50 a month. Action was deferred till next meeting.
     The resignation of Prof. Dowell as a teacher in the public schools was accepted.
     A petition from R. E. Chatham asking that the school census be taken was read, and Mr.. Chatham was employed to take the census.
     The council then adjourned till Wednesday night.

- May 2, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 2.
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     Prof. M. Thomas Edgerton of the Waco Female College, has leased the Oak Cliff Hotel for a period of five years, beginning next September, and will conduct one of the finest boarding schools for young ladies in the United States. About 200 scholars will be accommodated.

- May 2, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 3-4.
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The Council and the Water
Problem -- Mass Meeting

     The Oak Cliff council is in deep water over the water service question. The new council, as soon as sworn in, were confronted with the necessity for more water, better service and the best way to get it. The council has had two sessions devoted principally to this important question. Mr. Marsalis, president of the Oak Cliff Water Co., which has done well, until outgrown by the city, was present and submitted two propositions, one to sell for $65,000, and the other to furnish forty water hydrants to the city for $2000 per year for five years. Both are out of the reach of the city, which is not authorized to contract beyond the term of the controlling council for supply, and the bond limit is now $30,000. The council has to use that $30,000 to the best advantage. To this end, Alderman Henderson obtained an option on the Kidd Springs for the city, to prevent others from depriving the city of that source. There are contractors and water works builders who think the $30,000 can be made to buy the Kidd property and put in a very good system, which will, at best, give protection against fire until it can be extended. It is not desired by any one to compete with or cripple the private enterprise now in existence, but, it is desired by all that there should be some protection against fire which the present system cannot afford at the prices named. The present water company, it is contemplated, will continue the private supply until such time as the city may be able to purchase and combine the two.
     It is to be hoped that some agreement may be entered into between the city as purchaser of the Kidd Springs and the Oak Cliff Water Company, by which, the Kidd Springs water can be turned into the present system, fire plugs inserted where desired, thus giving an improvement to the quality of water and an ample supply. This would be to the advantage of residents and business men of Oak Cliff.
     A mass meeting is called for next Wednesday night to discuss this question. All citizens should be present.

- May 5, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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Knights of Pythias Election.

     At a meeting of K. of P. Oak Cliff Lodge No. 80, on Wednesday night, the following members were elected and installed as officers of the new lodge:
     R. P. Toole, Past Chancellor.
     S. H. Hurlock, Chancellor Commander.
     A. P. Tenison, Vice Chancellor.
     J. O. Gill, Prelate.
     W. D. Henderson, Keeper of Seals and Records.
     R. G. Williams, Master of Exchequer.
     J. I. Walsh, Master of Finance.
     M. G. Knight, Master at Arms.
     ---- Alden, Inside Guard.
     ---- Wilkins, Outside Guard.

- June 27, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 6.
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Ordination at Oak Cliff.

     To-morrow morning in the beautiful chapel attached to St. Mary's Orphanage, Oak Cliff, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Brennan will raise the Rev. J. L. Malone, deacon of Dallas diocese, to the dignity of the priesthood. The ceremony will begin at 7:30 and promises to be unusually impressive. Father Malone is a student of much promise and is an acquisition to the clergy of Dallas.

- June 28, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 2.
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Vote on the Journal's Scholar-

     The Oak Cliff Journal has offered a full free scholarship in the Oak Cliff College and Conservatory of Music, to be voted to the most popular young lady, and has arranged with the TIMES-HERALD to report the result daily. The Journal's scholarship includes board, tuition, music, fuel, lights, washing, etc., and is worth $400. It is a liberal move on the part of the Journal and already much interest is being taken in the contest. All letters pertaining to the contest will be printed in the Journal every Saturday evening, and only the total vote in the TIMES-HERALD.
     A first -class faculty has been engaged and the large Oak Cliff Hotel building transformed into a well-equipped college building, furnished at a cost of $50,000.

The vote to-day stands as follows:

Miss Julia Daugherty.....903
Miss Willie E. Cormick....697
Miss Emma Love....427
Miss Stella Levyson...105
Miss Susie Samones....95
Miss Nellie Brown...93
Miss Jessie Giles...82
Miss Pearl Wood....6


Miss Annie Gardner...1013
Miss Susie T. Coffey....854
Miss Ethel Fitzgerald....217
Miss Mamie Ray.....55
Miss Maggie Brewer...40
Miss Katie Malone...30
Miss Lottie Brooks....20
Miss Emily Oliver.....10


Miss Fannie Stuart...1055


Miss Mabel Montgomery....60


Miss Onie Preuss....40


Miss Leona V. Buick....10


     In order that the coupon may appear in two more issues of the Journal, the management has decided to extend the time of closing its scholarship contest from Saturday, the 13th, to Tuesday, the 16th, at 1 p.m. To close on Saturday would prevent the coupon being used that issue, and would be too late to give the result of the ballot--as the forms must be closed on Friday night. This change is in fairness to all and to the detriment of none.

- August 15, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 3.
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Of the Oak Cliff Public School
Building Laid To-Morrow.

     At 10 o'clock, the laying of the corner stone of the new public school building at Oak Cliff will take place, under the auspices of the Masonic grand lodge of Texas. All Masons in good standing are invited to attend and participate. Alderman Henderson informs the TIMES-HERALD that a band would discourse music, the city officers, board of aldermen, citizens and school children will
turn out and participate in the exercises.

- September 12, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 1.
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The Letter Carriers Will Make Regu-
lar Trips Across the River.

     Beginning this morning, Oak Cliff citizens will have their mail delivered at their homes. The change from the old way has been contemplated for some time, and the postmasters of both Dallas and Oak Cliff have been working with the postmaster general and his assistants to consummate the scheme. The postal department was made to realize the importance of Dallas' suburb, and, finally, to unite the two postoffice with Oak Cliff as Station A.
     All the plans have been effect and the first free delivery of mail Oak Cliff has ever experienced will be had at 7 o'clock this morning. The numbers of daily trips the carriers will make has not yet been determined. Mail consigned to parties in Oak Cliff is to be addressed "(Oak Cliff) Dallas." Under the new rule, Postmaster Armstrong becomes superintendent of station A. All people across the river are proud of the new benefits they will receive. This is said to be the only similar arrangement south of Kansas City and west of New Orleans.

- May 5, 1896, Dallas Morning News, p. 8, col. 2.
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Oak Cliff Notes.

     The protracted meeting now under way at the First Methodist church in Oak Cliff is drawing large crowds nightly. The Rev. L. P. Smith has charge and is doing good work.
     The free delivery system has not as yet got to working smoothly in Oak Cliff as yet. Postmaster Ward is busy getting up a directory for the guidance of his carriers and things will be in good shape within the next two or three days.

- May 6, 1896, Dallas Morning News, p. 3, col. 4.
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What is Going on in Oak Cliff.

     Work was resumed last week on the First Baptist church, corner Jefferson street and Grand avenue, and will be rapidly pushed to completion. the church is a very handsome brick veneer structure and will be ready for service within a week or ten days.
     Rev. Baldwin, the pastor, who has been suffering for some time with a carbuncle on the arm, expects to be able to preach the dedicatory sermon Sunday, Dec. 27.

- December 20, 1896, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 15, col. 2.
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Beginning on October 1, He Has Been
in Charge of Police Station
Across the River.

     Capt. J. P. Keehan, Dallas' oldest "cop," has been assigned to new duties. Beginning the first of the month, he took charge of the Oak Cliff police station, and from now on, until further notice, he will be in charge of this station during the day. Capt. Keehan has had much experience in station work, and it is believed that this experience will stand him in good stead in his new position in Dallas' most important sub-police station. There will be four mounted men under Captain Keehan for the purpose of answering emergency calls, while Capt. Keehan will take care of the books and look after the stock pound, etc.

- October 4, 1911, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 1.
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     Unanimously indorsing the movement to secure a lake for Forest Park, Oak Cliff, and appointing a committee to take the matter up with the board of city commissioners, the Oak Cliff Improvement society went on record at its meeting Thursday for a further beautification and improvement of the principal park of the Ninth ward. It was the sense of the meeting that the action taken should set at rest the desire of Oak Cliff as to the placing of the lake in Forest park, about which there has recently been some differences of opinion.
     The meeting was held with Mrs. A. C. Briggs on Thursday morning. Mrs. J. G. Davis suggested that this city should have what she termed an "observation" park, and suggested a point overlooking the city, that might be secured if the proposed bond issue for park purposes carries. Mrs. J. G. Davis, Mrs. E. B. Reppert and Mrs. Villa Jacoby were appointed a committee to lay the proposition before the park board and the city commissioners.
     Mrs. W. A. Shaw suggested that a wide dam should be constructed in Forest park, with a driveway leading over it, thus extending Lancaster avenue to the south, there now being but one outlet in that direction. Mrs. Shaw, Mrs. W. C. Padgitt and Mrs.. A. C. Briggs were named as a committee to bring this matter before the board of city commissioners.
     It was decided to erect two fountains for horses and dogs--one at Beckley avenue and Jefferson street, and one at Seventh and Beckley. Mrs. J. N. Wharton was named chairman of a committee to look after the Beckley and Jefferson fountain, and Mrs. Villa Jacoby for the Seventh and Jefferson plan.

- October 8, 1911, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec, II, p. 14, col. 5.
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$92,000 Deal Made in Oak
Cliff Property -- Means
New Addition.

     One of the biggest realty deals that has been transacted in Dallas in some time was completed late Saturday, when the Carroll Investment Company sold to M. E. Love & Co., one hundred acres of land lying just outside the southeastern limits of Oak Cliff for a consideration of $92,000. The seller was represented by Seay, Cranfill & Co., and the purchaser by J. Willard Crotty, who is president of the Carroll Investment Company.
     This deal means more than the simple transfer of acreage property --in fact, it means that a first-class residence section will be added to the already rapidly-growing Oak Cliff section of Dallas. According to Mr. Crotty, the work of transforming the acreage property into a high-class residence district will begin during the coming fall.
     The streets will be graded, water and gas installed, electric lights extended and the section will be fully developed as a fine residence district. All modern improvements, including the extension of car lines to the district, will be installed.

- August 2, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 4.
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New Ice Plant to
Be Built in Dallas

     All plans are prepared and work will soon begin on a $50,000 ice plant to be erected in West Oak Cliff. The plant is to be erected by a company of well known business men from various North Texas cities. The capacity of the plant will be about fifty tons per day and about twenty-five men will be employed. It is planned to erect a building about 75x175 feet and it will be of brick and cement construction. The machinery for the plant has already been ordered through Robert W. London, representative of the Frick Company, makers of ice and refrigerating machinery.
     Mr. London states that this plant will be of the best and latest design known to the machinery world. It will be of the improved distilled water system and the freezing will be operated on the flooded system, insuring quick freezing.
     The exact location of the plant has not been made public, but it will be in western Oak Cliff and will furnish ice for a large section of that part of the city.

- September 29, 1914, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 6-7.
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     Contracts for construction of the new Oak Cliff Medical-Dental building between Bishop and Madison avenues on Jefferson avenue has been awarded to A. J. Rife Construction company, it was announced Saturday by Zach K. Brinkerhoff, of Brinkerhoff & Bennett Investment company, owners of the building.
     Work will start on Monday.
     When completed, the structure will have cost approximately $1,000,000, and will be the largest retail development under one roof in the suburbs of any city in the state, according to Mr. Brinkerhoff.
     The structure will consist of a central building of eight stories, designed for physicians' offices and two one-story retail store groups, one on each side of the main building. The entire project will face 477 feet on Jefferson avenue and will have parking space entirely around the building, providing more specially reserved parking space than any other building in the city.

Many Leases Closed.
     More than 60 per cent of the office space and virtually all of the store space has been leased. B. H. Majors, Dallas realtor, handled the store leases and H. W. Willis handled leases on the offices.
     Roy E. Smith, of Roy E. Smith company, realtors, consolidated the 500-foot frontage under one ownership for the construction of the building. Flint & Broad were architects and will supervise the work.
     The main building will be of reinforced concrete and will have a superstructure and framework designed to hold an additional two floors. The retail stores are all one floor and have been leased to well-known firms. This group is to be completed by Sept. 1 and the main portion of the building is to be completed by Jan. 1.

Community Center.
     This development is designed as a community center for what is termed "downtown Oak Cliff" and is placed on three main arteries leading in several directions in Oak Cliff, three leading into the heart of Dallas across the Oak Cliff viaduct and the Commerce street viaduct. Bishop avenue leads directly from the medical building to the new Methodist hospital in Oak Cliff. Jefferson avenue provides street car and interurban service for patrons and the Trinity Heights street car is within one block.
     The Oak Cliff-Dallas Commercial association has planned a celebration for the beginning of operations, but this will be postponed several weeks and will be held at the cornerstone laying exercises, it has been announced by Martin Weiss, chairman of the Associated Improvement Leagues of Oak Cliff.

- June 3, 1928, Dallas Daily Times Herald, Sec. I, p. 8, col. 5.
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