added January 10, 2006:
28, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 2, col. 1.
The committee on streets and bridges
recommended that the city attorney be instructed to draw an ordinance
to put into effect the city engineer's plan for numbering houses.
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January 10, 2006:
Neglected Matter to Receive At-
absence of a system for numbering buildings in Dallas has been
the outgrowth of endless confusion in departments of business
life and the cause of a great deal of worry and thought upon
the part of those delegated to find a system that would suit
everybody. Everybody is willing to admit that Dallas is a city
and the matter complained of is chargeable only to neglect. The
city engineer's office is besieged almost daily with business
men wanting to secure correct numbers for their buildings. One
of the largest firms in the city have contracted for a two-year's
supply of printed stationery and they are unable to furnish the
printers the numbers of their place of business and the city
cannot supply it, which insures to the firm considerable useless
expense or a botch job in changing numbers on their printed matter.
Thus, it goes. The absence of the system confuses the delivery
of mails and newspapers.
22, 1889, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 4, col. 4.
Some time ago, an ordinance was
passed by the city council adopting a system of numbering. It
was unsatisfactory to some of the aldermen who succeeded in securing
a vote to reconsider. It has been lying in that shape ever since.
A special committee, with Alderman Garrison chairman, was then
appointed to cast about and recommend the best system practicable.
Mr. Garrison was visited by a TIMES-HERALD representative, and he says after investigating
a great many systems his committee has decided to recommend the
one in vogue in Philadelphia, which is considered the best in
the world. This system strikes a dividing line at right angles
and the names of the streets are designated north, south, east
or west as the case may be. Each block, regardless of its length,
will have one hundred numbers. Where it is possible to form a
junction between short and long streets, the name of one will
be discontinued, and this will tend to simplify the work.
If the plan is adopted, Mr. Garrison
estimates that within two weeks afterwards, the city may be numbered
and ready for business on an accurate business.
- o o o -
INTELLIGENT REVIEW OF
Geologist Dumble Writes
the Result of His Inves-
To the Times-Herald.
5, 1892, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 8, col. 1-4.
There is probably no subject at
this time, in which the people of the cities of Texas are more
interested, nor one more likely to grow with their growth and
strengthen with their strength, than that of street paving, involving,
as it does, all the co-relatives of municipal prosperity, health,
comfort, safety and economy. I have, therefore, given the subject
some attention, in order to determine in what way this need could
best be supplied for the materials occurring in our state, and
thus to aid in furthering the desires of those who wish to improve
their present condition at the last cost, while securing the
best attainable results.
A recent writer sums up the merits
of the several kinds of paving, which has been adopted at different
times and in different places, as follows:
Asphaltum--Service very good, free
from noise and dust, but slippery on street grades; expensive
to repair, and first cost expensive.
Granite rock -- Service very good,
durable, needing little repair, but very noisy and slippery when
worn, especially on steep grades, and first cost expensive.
Brick -- Service very good, and
free from noise and dust, durable, very easily repaired, and
first cost moderate, if brick can be secured in the immediate
vicinity, thereby saving the freight charges.
Wood block -- Service very good
during the first few years, free from noise and dust, but unhealthful
and offensive after the wood begins to decay; first cost moderate.
Macadam -- Service reasonably good,
but very muddy in wet and dusty in dry weather, needing constant
repairs; first cost moderate.
To these may be added:
Sandstone block -- Service fairly
good at first, but soon becomes rough from wear, needing constant
repair, noisy and dusty in dry weather; first cost moderate where
stone is close by.
Limestone block - Same as sandstone,
except that it is more durable if a good stone. A soft limestone
soon wears out, and is very dusty.
Gravel -- Such as Macadam. Where
there is a solid foundation and good surface drainage, some gravel
makes a very serviceable and satisfactory pavement. In some of
our cities, however, the necessary conditions are absent.
All the materials enumerated exist
in Texas in their natural condition in the greatest abundance,
and are perhaps equally as accessible to our cities as to those
upon whose experience the above conclusions are based. It may
be doubted, however, whether the first cost might not be greater,
and whether our people are equally as able to bear it.
It has been urged by some authorities
that, from a sanitary point of view, asphalt is superior to any
and all other material for street paving, and some even go so
far as to say that its advantages in this respect are such as
to entitle it to preference and use, regardless of cost. To this,
Dr. C. W. Chandler, secretary of the Maryland board of health,
takes exception, and avers that "the asphaltum pavement,
which admits no air in the interstices below it, will destroy
normal bacterial life in the soil, and thereby prevent the so-called
self-cleansing process of the ground, which, in large towns,
is always more or less permeated with impurities derived largely
from leaking sewers and cesspits. Thus, the germs of disease
are collected, as it were, in a Pandora's box, to be drawn through
foundation walls into the living and sleeping apartments of our
homes. It may be regarded as a sanitary truism that air cannot
be excluded from the polluted sub-soil of a large city without
disastrous results. In the city of Paris, where asphalt pavements
exist on almost every thoroughfare, typhoid fever has prevailed
in an epidemic form for many years, and diphtheria is greatly
on the increase in that city." Thus, doctors differ.
From the foregoing, which may be
said to contain the gist of the results obtained by experiments,
which , after all, is the most reliable, if not infallible, test,
it would appear that the material most available and best adapted
to the use of our citizens, is vitrified brick, which, it is
alleged, possesses all the virtues and none of the vices of other
material. It is said to be as durable as granite and as smooth
as asphaltum, while cheaper than all others, except gravel.
Street pavement made of vitrified
brick are somewhat new in this country, the first having been
put down in Charlestown, W. Va., about twenty-two years ago.
Since then, they have been laid in the cities of Ohio, Illinois
and Nebraska; but, it has been within the last five years only,
that much attention has been bestowed upon brick as a paving
material. In portions of Europe, however, it has been in use
for many years. In England, it has been tested for half a century
in such trying locations as the approaches to freight depots,
where it is subjected to the heaviest traffic. The brick there
used is called "blue brick," and is manufactured in
Staffordshire. In the Isle of Jersey, the highways are paved
with brick and have been in use for many years. In the cities
of Holland, notably The Hague, Amsterdam and Rotterdam, brick
pavements have been in use for more than a hundred years. The
rapidity with which brick pavements have grown into favor in
the United States within the last few years has been wonderful,
and the demand for brick has been so great that the manufacture
has scarce been able to keep pace with it. The result has been
to jeopardize its popularity and usefulness, for manufacturers
were so crowded with orders, that they were enabled to put upon
the market, quantities which were totally unfit for the use to
which they were to be put, thus risking the killing of the goose
of the golden egg. There is not much danger of a repetition of
such an experiment in the future, for the great demand has not
only led to improved machinery and the adoption of better methods,
but to investigation and experiment, which has disclosed the
fact that material is far more abundant than was ever supposed,
and in localities never suspected; in fact, "that paving
brick material can be found in the swamps and marshes, as well
as in the hills and bluffs," so that plants may be erected
near to the place of use that will produce a brick for paving
purposes which will "rival granite in durability, flint
in hardness and asphaltum in smoothness, cleanliness and ease
on the hoof."
The prime requisites of a good
paving brick, are:
1. That it shall have a vitrous
2. That it shall be of sufficient
toughness to prevent crumbling under the traffic.
3. That it shall be free from pores--a
dense mass which will not absorb the moisture, gases or impurities
of the street or atmosphere.
To secure these, the first essential
is the selection of a suitable clay; the second, proper preparation,
and the third, skillful burning -- burning to the point of thorough
vitrification without risk of melting. Of these, the first may
be said to come more particularly within my province, the other
two, pertaining exclusively to the practical operations of the
manufacture; and yet, while practical experience, associated
with intelligence, is, beyond doubt, a sure guide, the chemist
may give the worker points of information which may save him
or his employer many a good dollar. However, to the people, the
most important matter to determine now is whether there are suitable
clays in existence near enough to the point of use to reduce
the cost of freightage to a minimum, for this item of cost is
generally the largest one and not unfrequently prohibitive. The
"long haul," so dear to the transportation company,
is sometimes disastrous to the street paving enterprise.
It is difficult to say in a few
words what are the necessary component parts of a clay suitable
for making first-class vitrified brick; and possibly it is true,
at the present stage of knowledge, as some manufacturers hold,
that an actual test in the kiln is the only conclusive solution
in any given case. Nevertheless, it is equally true that we can
tell by analysis when a clay will not make a good brick, and
it follows that analysis will also disclose whether there is
any chance of its doing so. The chemist knows that the first
requisite of a "vitreous body" is secured by the presence
in the clay, the basis of which is alumina and silica, of these
ingredients with such fluxes as soda, potash, lime and iron in
proper proportions; that the second requisite is made probable
by the absence of such refractory properties as would render
the brick too brittle, and that the third, impermeability, is
best assured by the non-existence in the clay of elements which
might be converted into gas during the process of vitrification.
Water would destroy usefulness by being converted into steam
and leaving open the channel by which it makes its exit. This,
however, is avoided by the process of preparation for the kiln,
by thorough drying, pressing and re-pressing. Indeed, it is now
held by the best manufacturers, that repressing is a sine qua
non of a perfect brick.
I have taken the analyses of clays
from three points outside of Texas -- Bucyrus and Akron, Ohio,
and Fort Smith, Ark., -- of which, the best bricks are said to
have bee made, and used them as a standard for comparison with
the analyses made in the survey laboratory, of clays from different
points in Texas, and find that there are clays suitable for making
vitrified paving brick in the counties of Smith, Harrison, Panola,
Marion, Fayette, Henderson, Nacogdoches, Milam, Brazoria, Van
Zandt, Kaufman, Wood and Harris, from some of which, satisfactory
results have [ably] been obtained. All of these are not equally
as good, but it is not one of them from which, [with] proper
preparation and burning, [a] serviceable brick cannot be produced,
and the brick made from [many of] them, will be as good, probably
as have or can be made any[where]. Up to this time, so[me] cl[ays]
from the coal area of the state [have] been analyzed, and it
is of [the] character of clay, or shale, that th[ose] brick have
heretofore been made, there can be little doubt, however, when
they are examined, an absence of the most suitable material [will]
be found in the coal areas.
When a bed of clay [has] been found,
which analysis leads [to] the belief is adapted to the purpose,
[the] next step, I would advise would [be] the sending of a sufficient
quantity [for] a through practical test to [a] manufactory which
has a reputation established for the reliability [of its] products,
far enough away to pre[vent] the bias of self-interest to the
___ or else, near enough to have the [benefit] of the influence.
This will [require] an impartial trial and repor__ result will
then depend upon in ___ the manufacture.
- o o o -
February 15, 2004:
Way to Ascertain Them in the City of
has been requested to call the attention of the council to the
fact, that with the exception of a few streets in the business
center of the city, there is nothing by which the names of streets
can be ascertained, as their names are not posted as they are
in all cities. The city spread so much during the recent boom,
that even the old inhabitants don't know the streets. Deputy
Sheriff Ferd Tucker says that it is no uncommon thing for him
to find families who do not know what street they live on, and
when asked how it happens, they don't know, they say, we moved
here a few weeks ago, but have never seen, nor heard, the name
of the street.
4, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 5, col. 1.
The irregular fashion in which
the city is laid off adds to the difficulty of finding streets.
There are three Allen streets in the city.
- o o o -
ARE NOT PUT UP.
BETWEEN THE CONTRACT-
ORS AND THE CITY ENGINEER.
& Rankin Claim the Squabble is Ended
and That the Little Tin Guides Will be
Visible to the Naked Eye in
a Few Days.
work of placing of street signs, which, according to the contract,
was to have been begun last week, has not yet been started. There
appears to be a disagreement between City Engineer Havens and
the contractors, Harris & Rankin.
11, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 6, col. 4.
Mr. Harris said to a TIMES HERALD reporter to-day: "We put
in our bids for two signs to be placed at each street crossing.
When we went to sign the contract, we found that it only called
for one sign, materially lessening our profit. However, we signed
the contract, and went to the City Engineer to obtain a list
of the signs. This list only named signs for about every fourth
street. For example, there were only eight signs named for the
whole length of Main street, eight for Elm and ten for Ervay.
We refused to make that small number of signs, and brought the
matter before the City Council, which body ordered us to make
all the signs called for in the contract. We have begun work
on the signs, and they will be completed and placed as soon as
"Owing to our other city work,
which takes precedence over the street signs, it will probably
be two weeks before the work is completed. We have been ready
to get out the signs for some time, but were waiting for the
order from the City Council."
- o o o -
TO BE NAMED.
Work Will Begin Systematically
last, the names of the streets are to be put up in large, distinct
letters. Messrs. Harris & Rankin, who have the contract to
letter and put up the signs, have their paint shop on Main street
half full of the signs, which they say they will proceed to nail
up about the first of next week.
8, 1894, Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 2.
The contract calls for 1513 signs
for the entire city. About thirty of these will be placed at
the crossings on Main street.
- o o o -
Begin the Work of
Putting Them Up.
of Dallas shall be nameless no longer. Messrs. Harris & Rankin,
who have the contract to furnish and put up the names of the
streets at regular intervals, began the work this morning in
several parts of the city, and will push the work to completion
as rapidly as possible.
- August 20, 1894,
The Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 1, col. 3.
- o o o -
February 21, 2004:
A CITIZEN COMPLAINS
THE TIMES HERALD.
He Says the Signs
are Being Placed Too
Low and Some of Them Uneven, and
That the Small Boy Will
Pull Them Down.
The TIMES HERALD is
in receipt of the following communication from a well known citizen,
and would call the attention of the City Council to the same.
would not curtail the pleasures of the small boy, but when it
made its fight to get street signs, it did not expect to see
them used as playthings by the youngsters. The idea was to help
the people find their way home and through the city:
To the Times Herald:
As the TIMES HERALD is
due the credit of stirring up the City Council to putting up
street signs, it is the proper organ through which to make a
complaint, in regard to the manner in which the street signs
are being put up. Most all of them are being placed too low,
and many of them are being nailed up unevenly; that is, with
one end higher than the other.
"The Council should see to
it that this work is done right, while they are at it. The way
the signs are being put up, it will not be long before the small
boy pulls half of them down."
Council left the putting up of the street signs in charge of
City Engineer Havens, the contractors to follow his instructions.
The above communication is referred by the TIMES HERALD to
- September 12, 1894,
Dallas Daily Times Herald, p. 3, col. 3.
- o o o -
Why One Thoroughfare is Called
"J. Z." Street, Seems Wrapped
blocks east of South Central avenue, there is a little street
known as JZ street, which came into prominence a few days ago
because one of the city officials forgot its existence.
12, 1903, Dallas Morning News, p. 36, col. 4.
It begins at Motley street and
extends southeast to Stephenson street, and has six houses upon
The origin of the name of this
little street seems lost in the mist of the past, and there is
no official record showing why it was called JZ street.
Dallas has a few more streets of
peculiar cognomen, though it is believed that most of them come
from proper names.
Bone street is not so common as
it might be; Floride might be called peculiar; Matt and Milk
are rather peculiar, while New street and Olin Wellborn street
are probably peculiar to Dallas.
Then, there are Phares and Pipe,
Pitt and Quick. There are Veal, Wolf Trail and others, so that
Dallas is well equipped with streets, the names of which would
worry any one but a postal clerk in good standing.
- o o o -
ation of Oak Cliff.
There are Forty-Nine
the Two Municipalities
That Bear the
annexation of Oak Cliff to the city of Dallas as the ninth ward,
there will be many obstacles outside of those to be settled by
the courts that will confront the city council for adjustment.
There is one in particular which, in the vernacular of the street,
will "cut considerable ice," although it is safe to
assert that it has probably never been considered or taken under
advisement by that august body, owing to the presence of so many
other important matters. Nevertheless, be that as it may, the
proposition is bound to present itself sooner or later for attention.
It will not be necessary within the next few months if the annexation
bill should be held unconstitutional and invalid by the higher
courts, but it will be necessary, sooner or later. A duplication
in the names of forty-nine streets exists, which will have to
be remedied if Oak Cliff ever becomes a part of Dallas.
It has been repeatedly predicted
that in the course of the next fifteen or twenty years, there
will be as much of the city of Dallas lying south of the Trinity
river as is now north. The bottom lands will be reclaimed and
the waters of the commercial stream will be restricted to certain
boundaries by levies, such as have been constructed at Cairo,
Memphis, New Orleans and other river points. In that event, imagine
the discomfiture of a travel-stained citizen returning home on
a late train who has ordered the "cabby" to drive him
to 999 Washington avenue. He is taken to the extreme northern
part of the city, when in reality, he desired to be driven to
999 Washington avenue in the extreme southern portion of Oak
Cliff. He would no doubt declare himself in very strong terms
then and there. Or, suppose a party residing at 222 Second avenue
(Exposition park) should phone one of the ice factories to leave
ice at that number each day and Mr. Man at 222 Second avenue,
Oak Cliff, would be wondering all the while, how it was his ice
was costing him nothing, but afraid to breathe his thoughts in
words lest the spell be snapped asunder, while the other party
would also be engaged in some thinking himself. Or, worse still,
suppose some young fellow should follow the address engraved
upon the sweet-scented card of a divine creature whom he had
recently met and should disastrously discover that he had gone
to the wrong end of town, after having been thrown over the fence
by an irate husband who failed to comprehend.
Many vexatious and annoying matters
would grow out of the failure to re-name the streets. Quarrels,
fights, divorces, murders, and no telling where it all might
The following list, which shows
the names of the forty-nine streets in Dallas and Oak Cliff,
also the directions in which they are laid out, will give some
idea of the magnitude of this matter, of which nothing has heretofore
|St. George St.
||St. George St.
- July 26, 1903, Dallas Daily
Times Herald, p. 9, col. 1-2.
- o o o -