Lawrence Kansas  
Lawrence In Ashes
       150 of her citizens butchered and burned
          $2,000,000 worth of property destroyed
          Quantrile has carried out his Threat

     The oft-repeated threat of the rebel cutthroat Quantrile,
     that he would burn Lawrence, has been executed.  Almost
     the entire city was laid in ruins, and its streets made to run
     with innocent blood, on the morning of Friday, the 21st
     Never, since the days of the Wyoming Massacre by the
     savages, (except, perhaps, those of Minnesota), have the
     pages of history been made so bloody and barbarous as the
     21st of August 1863.  The sacking of Lawrence, just seven
     years and three months previous, was nothing in
     comparison to this.  Not since the war broke out, in all the
     raids of the Border States, by the rebels, has there been
     anything approaching this in blood-thirstiness,  inhumanity,
     in cowardice, in black-heartedness, in cold-blooded murder.
     It equals the bloodiest days of Robespierre, when men’s
     head were taken off by the guillotine for having opinions.
     the shrieks of women and children; the pleading of wives,
     sisters and mothers for their husbands, brothers and sons,
     only seemed to increase the savageness of the demons.
     They entered the town between daylight and sunrise, and
     by nine o’clock the city of three thousand inhabitants,
     of happy homes and prosperous businesses, was laid in
     ruins, and 125 to 150 of her best people massacred.  We
     learn from persons that were there, that after entering town
     they scattered about the place in  squads, each squad having
     their work laid out for them; that is, what houses they should
     burn and what citizens they should murder,  In one instance,
     one of the leaders took from his pocket a paper and read
     over a list of houses his men were to burn.
     We could fill our whole paper with details and incidents
     which make the heart sicken with contemplation.  Two of
     our citizens were there at the time, A. R. Bancoft and M.M.
     Murdock.  The former gentleman had gone there with a
     carriage, to bring his brother, E.P. Bancroft, who has been
     sick at Lawrence for some time, to this place.  He was shot
     several times, and had his money and one of his horses
     stolen, and his carriage burned.
     His loss was about $300.   Mr. Murdock was several times
     fired at, but made his escape by crawling into a well, which
     had been dug in the cellar of one of the new buildings on
     Massachusetts St.
     We are indebted to the Conservative of the 23rd for most
     of the particulars of the affair, and for the list of killed and
     It may seem strange to a great many that no resistance was
     made, especially when the people of the city had expected an
     attack previously, and had made preparations to meet the
     rebels when they came.  The papers, even, had said they were
     ready for them.  We suppose resistance would have been
     useless.  When they entered the town, Quantrile said if one
     of his men were shot, the blood of the women and children
     should atone for it..
     The force of the rebels is variously estimated from 250 to
     400.  Reliable parties place it at 350.
     They entered the town on the gallop, firing into every house,
     and when the occupants appeared at the door, they were
     shot down like dogs. The arms of the town were in the
     armory, of which the rebels took possession, although they
     did not carry them off.
     About one hundred and twenty five houses in all, were
     burned, and only one or two escaped be ransacked, and
     everything of value carried away or destroyed.  Six or eight
     soldiers, camped upon the north side of the river, and
     who forded across at every rebel who appeared upon the
     bank, deterred the cowards from destroying  some of the
     houses near the ferry, and from cutting down the flag pole.
     In West Lawrence, Dr. J. F. Griswold, whom kept a drug store
     in the Eldridge block and was one of the best men of the city,
     had a happy home, surrounded with all the comforts
     and conveniences the country could afford.  Boarding with
     him were J. C. Trask, of the State Journal, and H. W. Baker,
     of the firm of Ridenour & Baker, (both of who were
     recently married); also S. M. Thorp, formerly State School
     Superintendent, and Senator from Douglas county, and one
     of leading young men of the State.  These young men were
     called out and shot before the eyes of their families, by a
     man named Todd, who was second in command of the
     villains. Mr. Trask and Dr. Griswold died immediately.
     Mr. Thorp lingered all day and Mr. Baker was still living,
     at last accounts. Dr. Griswold had returned Thursday evening
     from the East.
     Judge Carpenter, brother-in-law to Rev. Mr. Morse of this
     place, was wounded in the yard and fell, when his wife and
     Mrs. Morse (who was there on a visit) threw themselves
     upon his body, begging for mercy to no avail.  The fiends
     dismounted, stuck the pistols between the persons of his
     protectors and fired, killing him instantly.
     Eighteen of the twenty-two unarmed recruits for the 14th
     regiment, mostly boys, camped south of town, were murdered
     in their tents.
     Five bodies, burned to a crisp, near the ruins of Eldrige House,
     could not be recognized.
     Samuel Jones, a blacksmith, was shot down at his anvil, one
     of the first victims.
     In the Eldridge House were forty or fifty guests.  It was the in
     tention of these fiends, in the first place, to burn these people
     in the house. R. S. Stevens argued with Quantril, and finally
     they were permitted to march out, after being robbed, and
     were furnished  with a guard to the City Hotel. Mr. Stevens
     did a most noble work in saving the inmates of Eldridge
     House from massacre.  To his intrepidity and sagacity many
     are indebted for their lives.
     Two men from Ohio were wounded in the Eldridge House,
     and are now in Leavenworth.
     Only the presence and peremptory orders of Quantrile
     prevented the massacre of all the occupants after they had
     been marched out on the street.  the rebels were told there
     was a negro baby still in the house, but they said,
     “We will burn the G_d d__d little brat up”, and they did.
     General Collamore, one of the best men in the State, went
     into his well to hide, and the bad air killed him.  His son and
     Pat Keefe lost their lives trying to get the father out. Miss
     Stone, daughter of the proprietor of the City Hotel, had a
     diamond rings stolen from her finger.  Quantrile obliged the
     man to restore it.  In revenge for this, the ruffians afterwards
     came back and shot her father before her mother’s eyes.
     They also tried to kill Miss Stone.
     Mr. Lynch, brother to C. C. Lynch of this county, who slept in
     the express office, saved a large amount of money by
     throwing in into the vault of an out house nearby.  He also
     saved all the horses of the Kansas Stage Company by cutting
     them loose and whipping them out of the stable.  A little
     presence of mind proved a good thing just then.
     Several cases of remarkable bravery of women are related
     by the reporter of the Conservative.  The wife of Sheriff
     Brown three successive times put out the fire kindled to
     burn the house.  Her husband was hidden under the floor.
     The house was saved by this heroine.  The life of S.A. Riggs,
     District Attorney, was saved by the heroism of his wife,
     who seized the bridle of the rebels horse, who attempted to
     shoot him as he ran. Miss Lydia Stone was busy letting
     horses loose, etc.
     Mrs. John Speer put out the fire on her dwelling after it had
     been twice lighted; and Mrs. Judge Carpenter acted bravely
     as Pocahontas, but the rebels were more brutal than the
     Indian Powhatan, for they killed her husband after she had
     thrown herself upon his body. Jacob Pike of the Eastern
     House, saved himself by jumping into the citern, and was
     taken out almost frozen.
     A rebel who was caught, and tried to make his escape by
     breaking away and running, was brought to the ground dead
     by the musket of Wille Speer, a son of U. S. Collector Speer,
     aged about 12 years.
     Offices of the Journal, Tribune and Republican, were leveled
     to the ground. John Speer, Jr. of the Tribune, started for his
     home from the office after the rebel came in.  A printer in the
     office tried to induce him to accompany him into the well
     nearby, for safety, but he would do nothing but go home to
     defend the house, and was killed.
     James Eldridge and James Perrine clerked in T. B. Eldridge’s
     store, better known as the “Country Store.”  They were
     promised protection if they gave up the safe key, and were
     supposed to have been saved.  Every safe in the city was
     All the hotels were destroyed except the City Hotel.  The first
     one set on fire was the Mansion House, where the rebels
     expected to find a large number of Red Legs, but there was
     only one, and he escaped.
     The loss in cash is estimated at $250, 000, and in property
     and all, at $2,000.000.  that is a low estimate.
     The number of bodies found up to the time the reporter left,
     was 113, of which about 20 were so badly burned as to
     render recognition impossible.  There were a large number of
     strangers in town, and when the entire loss in ascertained
     we think it will reach 150 killed.  Many were doubtless killed
     by the rebel pickets in the brush.
     The people have not yet recovered from the terrible blow
     sufficiently to appreciate the full force of the desolation; and
     when they do recover from the shock many bore will
     doubtless be missing.
     Many men who commenced in Lawrence poor, and on little
     capital, had built themselves up to be well off.  They are now
     impoverished.  Many have lost all they had of earthly riches.
     The entire draft enrollment and papers of the Provost
     Marshall were destroyed, so that this job will have to be done
     over in this State.
     Capt. A. R. Banks escaped.  Bill Anderson, who is third in
     command, took his military suit.
     We give below a list of seventy-six killed and several
     wounded, but which is not complete.  The fiends finished
     their murderous work in nearly every case.  This is a list
     all of white men.  A few negros were killed, but we have not
     learned their names.

Dead and Wounded List

     Disclaimer: This was transcribed exactly as it appeared in the
     newspaper article. In keeping with the integrity of the time
     period, all spelling, language and phrases have been left intact..
     The surnames have been highlighted in red for your convenience.