Kinsearching November 24, 2013




Marleta Childs
P. O. Box 6825
LUBBOCK, TX 79493-6825

     Working diligently on transcribing records pertaining to Native Americans, Jeff Bowen recently completed two more additions to one of his series concerning the Five Civilized Tribes: APPLICATIONS FOR ENROLLMENT OF CHICKASAW NEWBORN--ACT OF 1905. VOLUME IV and APPLICATIONS FOR ENROLLMENT OF CHICKASAW NEWBORN--ACT OF 1905. VOLUME V. His latest publications identify the names of several hundred more individuals as tribal members.

     In 1887, the Dawes Allotment Act was created to award parcels of land within Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) to Native Americans, according to their degree of Indian blood, age, and family status. Under the specifications of a 1905 statute, the term “newborn” referred to Chickasaw infants born before 25 September 1902 to citizens by blood of the Chickasaw Nation and who were still living on that date. (The enrollment of the citizens had to have been previously approved by the Secretary of the Interior.) Once they were accepted, the children were enrolled and received allotments based on applications received on their behalf no later than 2 May 1905.

     Like their Choctaw counterparts, the Chickasaw allotments were among the most sought after properties in Indian Territory. Huge deposits of asphalt and coal created pressure from private interests wanting to purchase the lands. A twenty-five-year restriction on the sale or lease of any Indian lands aimed to protect the owners from being swindled. However, many people were deviously exploited as the stressful circumstances persisted. In response, President Theodore Roosevelt signed the Five Tribes Bill of 1906, which removed some of the restrictions from the sale of inherited land but continued to prohibit full-bloods from selling their land for a term of twenty-five years; the new law also prohibited leases for more than one year unless approved by the Secretary of the Interior.

     Bowen’s transcriptions encompass all correspondence, such as affidavits of the mother and the attending physician or midwife and copies of marriage licenses. In addition to the names of the newborns and their parents, the data usually supplies the names of the doctors or midwives, lawyers, commissioners, notaries public, and other Chickasaw relatives mentioned in the applications. Some recurring surnames are ALEXANDER, BATES, BRADLEY, BROWN, BYRD, CLOPTON, COLBERT, COLLINS, GARSIDES, GOINS, HAWKINS, JAMES, LOVE, MCKINNEY, RANDOLPH, TAYLOR, WELCH, and WILLIS.

     APPLICATIONS FOR ENROLLMENT OF CHICKASAW NEWBORN--ACT OF 1905, VOLUME IV and APPLICATIONS FOR ENROLLMENT OF CHICKASAW NEWBORN--ACT OF 1905, VOLUME V provide many family relationships and details about individuals found on reels 355-358 of the National Archives microfilm M-1301. Genealogical libraries will certainly want to add copies of these books to their holdings. Needless to say, researchers who are tracing Chickasaw Indian pedigrees will want to see what these latest additions to the series may have to offer about their ancestors.

     Volume IV has 338 pages while Volume V has 340 pages. Bound in soft covers, both have an introduction, a map, facsimile illustrations, and a full name index. Priced separately at $36.00, buyers should add the cost for postage and handling charges. For U. S. postal mail, the cost is $5.50 for one book and $2.50 for each additional copy; for FedEx ground service, the cost is $7.50 for one copy and $2.50 for each additional book. The volumes (item order #8044 and #8045) may be purchased by check, money order, MasterCard, or Visa from Clearfield Company, 3600 Clipper Mill Rd., Suite 260, Baltimore, Maryland 21211-1953. For phone orders, call toll free 1-800-296-6687; fax 1-410-752-8492; website at

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