Kinsearching September 4, 2005




Marleta Childs
P. O. Box 6825
LUBBOCK, TX 79493-6825

     Many genealogists who are tracing Scottish ancestors are familiar with David Dobson's extensive literature on the subject. One of the latest additions to his series is DIRECTORY OF SCOTS IN THE CAROLINAS, 1680 - 1830, VOLUME 2.

     Although there was a trickle of Scots settling in the American Carolinas, especially into Charleston, in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, a large Scottish immigration to the region was partly a response to the failure of the Jacobite rebellion in 1715. In that year England transported approximately 200 Scottish prisoners to South Carolina. A chain of emigration--initially of Scottish Lowlanders and later of Highlanders--soon took place. Lowlanders, particularly craftsmen and merchants, made their homes in the Carolinas' port cities.

     After Carolina was divided into two separate colonies, the governors adopted different policies. North Carolina decided to consider Gaelic-speaking Highlanders as "foreign protestants" and offered incentives for them to settle. Highlanders began moving there in large numbers, especially to the upper Cape Fear Valley, rather than locating in South Carolina. Their attraction to the area continued into the nineteenth century.

     Since the publication of the first volume, Dobson has collected data on more than 1,000 Carolina Scots who are not mentioned in the original work and who, for the most part, are not found in any of his other books on Scottish emigration. This new material comes from primary resources in the United States, England, and especially the National Archives of Scotland.

     Because the information was gleaned from a variety of sources, details about individuals vary. Some entries, for example, may give only the person's place of residence and the year of immigration or residency. Others provide facts such as age, place of birth, occupation, and names of parents, spouses, or children. A few recurring surnames are BALLANTINE, BLACKLOCK, CROCKATT/CROCKETT, GARDEN, KINLOCH, MCCASKILL, MCGILL, MCKINNON, SKENE, and YUILL/YULE.

     Like his other books, Dobson's DIRECTORY OF SCOTS IN THE CAROLINAS, 1680 - 1830, VOLUME 2 will be a fine addition to library holdings on the subject. Arranging names alphabetically, the 160 page paperback (item order #9811) may be purchased by check, MasterCard, or Visa from Clearfield Company, 3600 Clipper Mill Rd., Suite 260, Baltimore, Maryland 21211 (toll free phone 1-800-296-6687; fax 1-410-752-8492; website To the book's price of $22.50, add these handling charges: For U. S. postal mail, the cost is $4 for one book and $1.50 for each additional copy; for UPS, the cost is $6 for one copy and $2.50 for each additional book.

     Paulyne Rutherford Taylor, 7810 Crawford, Amarillo, TX 79108 (e-mail would appreciate any information about the parents of James RUTHERFORD, born in 1791 in Virginia. His wife, Susan, was born in Virginia or North Carolina. What was her maiden name? James served in the Creek War (1813- 1814) and received bounty land. The 1819 tax list shows James lived on Indian land in Tennessee. In 1830 he lived in Jackson County, AL, where he resided until his death in 1860.

     A Tennessee tax roll for 1810 lists a Clairborn RUTHERFORD. Perhaps he was James's father, but there is no proof. James had nine children, including a son named James Clairborn RUTHERFORD. James Clairborn's first son was William RUTHERFORD, born in 1811.

     On November 11-12, 2005, the North Carolina Genealogical Society will hold its annual meeting and fall workshop at the Brier Creek Country Club in Raleigh, NC. Featured speakers Craig R. Scott and William H. Brown will discuss various aspects of finding military ancestors. Topics will include how to research ancestors in the American Revolution, the War of 1812, the Civil War, and "forgotten wars;" the development of the North Carolina militia and home guard and the effect of Confederate conscription laws on military service; and pension research. For costs and other details, go to the website at or e-mail the society at