CHAPMAN & ALEXANDER FAMILIES
CHAPMAN and ALEXANDER
SIGISMUNDA MARY FRANCES CHAPMAN
VIRGINIA BOOK COMPANY
P. O. BOX 431
BERRYVILLE, VIRGINIA 22611
FOUNDER OF FAMILY IN VIRGINIA
John Alexander came early to the colony of Virginia, settling first in Northampton County, which was later Accomac. His activities were many, dating from 1656, he was associated in several transactions with the Scarborough family. Col. Edmund Scarborough was the progenitor of the American line, and it was his son, Col. Edmund Scarborough, who purchased a tract of land in the Northern Neck (later a part of Stafford). He sold one-half of it to John Alexander in 1659. This tract, containing 1,950 acres, became the permanent home of the Alexanders.
John Alexander, settled there in 1663-64, establishing a family which grew to be numerous and influential, with important branches in Virginia and elsewhere. John Alexander was a surveyor by profession and selected a choice spot for his home in Stafford County (later King George County), which he called "Salisbury." It overlooked the Potomac and was near the main highway, the "Ridge road," which was not more than an Indian trail at that time. Here five generations of Alexanders lived.
Some of John Alexander's neighbors were Masons (later of Gunston Hall); Gerard Fowke, living at Potomac (Paspatanzy); Peter Ashton at Chatterton; Dades, at Litchfield; Hooes, at Hooes Ferry; Col. Richard Townshend, at Chotank Creek (Waterloo), and Robert Townshend, at Albion.
John Alexander immediately became prominent upon his arrival in the colony, and was accorded many positions of responsibility and trust. His two sons,
#4385 Robert and
#4335 Philip, did likewise and were also men of importance. They were the founders of the noted Alexander family of Virginia for whom the town of Alexandria was named. They intermarried with many families of note in Virginia and other localities, and it is with pride that one claims descent from John Alexander, Immigrant, of old Stafford, Virginia.
While residing in Accomac County, Eastern Shore of Virginia, John Alexander purchased land and engaged in merchandising and the shipment of tobacco--existing records of his activities proving his residence there.
He patented there in 1659, with Littleton Scarborough and Tabitha Smart (sister of Scarborough), 1,500 acres of land, for transporting thirty persons into the colony. In 1663 he witnessed a deed. In 1664 served on a coroner's jury. In the same year, was awarded a judgement by the court of Accomac in a law suit in which Col. Edmund Scarborough was his attorney. Governor Berkeley, on March 10, 1659,
gave John Alexander title to the 1,950 acres then in Westmoreland County. Half of the tract was previously owned by John Bagnall and Col. Edmund Scarborough, successively. The latter assigned to John Alexander, who, five years later, built "Salisbury."
When he came to the new county of Stafford (erected from Westmoreland in 1664) he took a leading part in its organization.
In that year he was appointed Justice and High Sheriff, as well as presiding at the first court for the county, May 27, 1664. This office was of great importance in the colonies, both in Maryland and Virginia, as it was the highest gift of the Council, and a post of honor without remuneration and carried with it the title of Captain. References to "Capt. John Alexander" are numberless in old court records of Stafford. He is referred to there as "John Alexander, Gent."
On December 29, 1664, the year the county was founded, Capt. John Alexander was instructed to superintend the building of the first county courthouse.
His name headed the list when he was made vestryman, on November 8, 1666, of Potomac Parish, first in the county, and was again elected, in 1667, with Robert Townshend, George Mason and others. There were no church buildings then, so the "reading of Divine Service" was ordered to be held "at such houses as were appointed by the Court."
Parishes were early formed in the colonies as in England. This office of vestryman had many civic duties of importance and responsibility for which he was accountable to the State. It was necessary to be a resident freeholder of the parish to hold the office.
The Potomac Parish was divided in 1700: the lower part was St. Paul's and the upper Overwharton Parish. The old register of St. Paul's Parish, now in King George County, dating 1716 to 1793, has the names of generations of Alexanders who worshipped there and the family has been represented in that parish ever since as a number of the attendants now trace a direct descent from the first John Alexander.
Some genealogists seem to think there is a family connection between the Alexanders and Scarboroughs, and have even said Tabitha Smart (n‚e Scarborough) was the wife of John Alexander. But this is hardly so, since the marriage of Tabitha Smart and her daughter Tabitha, to others, are well authenticated.
FOUNDER OF ALEXANDER FAMILY IN VIRGINIA
Alexander, b (???), d. 1677. Tradition says he married Catherine (?)
Graham of Gartmore, Scotland.
of John Alexander and Catherine (?) Graham:
Robert2 Alexander, b. (???), d. 1704; m. Frances Ashton.
Issue of Robert2 Alexander and Frances (Ashton) Alexander:
Robert3 Alexander, b. 1688, d. 1735; m. 1711, Ann5 Fowke, b. (???),
Issue of Robert3 and Ann (Fowke) Alexander:
b. July 26, 1711, d. 1764, of "Salisbury," Stafford (now
Issue of John4 Alexander and Susanna (Pearson) Alexander of "Salisbury," Stafford, (now King George) County, Va. He was sometimes spoken of as John of "Boyd's Hole," but that was only a shipping point for tobacco and not even on his property and did not exist until later. (I have found out later that part of it was on his property.)
Robert5 Alexander, b. 1735, d. 1737.
Binns, mar. Sarah (???).
Alexander Davis, m. Wm. T. Mullen.
Susanna5 Pearson Alexander, b. Feb. 12, 1744, d. 1815; m. 1766 her first
Issue of Charles5 Alexander and Frances (Brown) Alexander of "Preston" near Alexandria, Va. Charles was b. July 20, 1737, d. June 1806. His wife was the daughter of Rev. Richard Brown of Charles and St. Mary's Counties, Md. They were m. 1771. She d. 1823. Buried now at Pohick.
Charles6 Alexander, Jr., b. 1772-4, d. Oct. 1812-14; m. 1800, Mary
Lee6 Massey Alexander, died unmarried.
Issue of Charles6 Alexander, Jr. and Mary Bowles (Armistead) Alexander, married at "Shooters Hill" in 1800:
Charles7 Armistead Alexander, b. July 1802, d. 1869; m. Mrs. Gray, no
of Mary7 Frances (Alexander) and Rev. Edward R. Lippitt:
Charles8 Edward Lippitt, M. D., m. Nannie McCormick of Clarke County,
of Louisa7 Alexander and Wilson Cary Selden:
Eleanor8 Love Selden, married John Augustine Washington of Mount
Issue of William7 Fontaine Alexander, M. D., and Maria Washington, sister of John Augustine Washington:
Jean8 Charlotte Alexander, b. 1835, d. April 8, 1885; m. Dr. John A.
of Dr. Charles8 Edward Lippitt and Nannie McCormick:
Mary9 Alexander Lippitt, m. C. William Wattles of Alexandria, Va. and
issue. Caroline10 Wattles, m. William Wattles Horner, and have issue:
of Dr. William8 Fontaine Lippitt and M. L. Perry:
Edward9 Russell Lippitt, died early.
of William Byrd and Laura8 Alexander (Lippitt) Page; the latter b. May
Margaret9 Byrd, died young.
Alexander Hufty, b. Nov. 13, 1904, graduate of U. S. N.
Randolph10 Page Hufty, b. July 6, 1906; m. Miss Frances M.
Mann11 Randolph Page Hufty, Jr. and Alexander11 Page Hufty.
Agnes9 Lee Page, b. May 10, 1877, unmarried.
of Armistead8 Selden Lippitt and Ada Isbell:
Frances9 Fontaine Lippitt, died early.
of John Augustine, b. 1820, d. 1861 and Elinor8 Love Selden) Washington,
b. 1824, d. 1860):
Louisa9 Fontaine Washington (10), b. 1844, d. 1927; m. Col. Roger
Eleanor10 Selden Tucker, b. 1875, m. 1907 Winthrop Lee, b. 1867, of
Francis10 Ryland Washington, b. 1897, m. 1930 Rebecca Holmes
2. Wilson10 Cary Selden Alexander, b. 1836, d.
William6 Alexander, b. 1803, d. 1862, son of Thomas Pearson Alexander, m. first, Julia &--, had one or two children; after her death he m. Hannah Lee Washington in 1835. She was born at "Ripon Lodge," Prince William County, Va., May 19, 1811, d. 1881, and was buried in Zion Episcopal Churchyard, Charles Town, W. Va., dau. of Bushrod Corbin Washington, b. Dec. 25, 1780, d. 1857, who married Anna Maria Blackburn in 1810, b. Sept. 30, 1790, d. 1833. He moved to Jefferson County, Ba., about 1815, and built "Claymont" at a cost of about $30,000. He was the second child of Corbin Washington, b. 1765, d. 1800; m. Hannah Lee, dau. of Richard Henry Lee of "Chantilly," Westmoreland County, Va. Corbin Washington, fourth child of John Augustine Washington, b. Jan. 13, 1736, d. 1787; m. Hannah Bushrod, b. 1738, d. 1801, dau. of Col. John Bushrod of Westmoreland County, Va. John Augustine Washington was fourth child of Augustine Washington, b. 1694, d. April 12, 1743; m. Mary Ball.
Issue of William6 Pearson Alexander and Hannah Lee Washington, who was sent to Mt. Vernon to visit, to keep her away from Wm. P. Alexander, and she ran off from a dance at "Caledon" and married him against the will of her father.
1. Dr. William7 Fontaine Alexander, b. 1841, d.
Dr. William7 Fontaine Alexander, m. April 9, 1868, Ann Catherine Henkle, b. 1846, d. Jan. 1926, dau. of John Troxel Henkle and Mary Swagler Henkle. To them the following children were born:
1. Herbert8 Lee Alexander, b. Aug. 9, 1869, m. Ida
May Barr, b. Mar. 1,
1. Maylee9, b. Aug. 12, 1909, who m. George D.
Eagle, Sept. 1932,
2. Herbert9 Lee Alexander, Jr., b. Mar. 15, 1918.
Cicily9 Fontaine Alexander, b. Nov. 6, 1902, m.
John Harkey Reiter of
1. Richard9 W. Alexander, b. June 18, 1875, d. June
19, 1930; m.
Margaret10 Alexander, b. Sept. 4, 1899, who m. June
2. Charles9 Butler Alexander, b. Nov. 20, 1876, m.
Madge Moss of
(1) William10 Fontaine Alexander, b. May 22, 1908.
6. Julia9 Alexander, b. July 4, 1878, d. when about
25 years of age.
JOHN5 ALEXANDER, of Loudoun County, Virginia, was born January 15, 1779; married Elizabeth Barnes of Virginia. He lived in Stafford County and represented that county in the Virginia Assembly in 1775. (See History of Old St. John's Church, Richmond, Va. by Mr. Moore.)
John5 Alexander, is given by the historian Moore as a member of the Assembly, at the time of Patrick Henry's famous speech in St. John's Church, 1775. He probably moved to Loudoun County soon after. (See more about him elsewhere.)
Issue of John and Elizabeth (n‚e Barnes) Alexander:
1. Susanna6 Pearson Alexander, b. 1762, d. after
1845; married John3 Brown,
Elizabeth7 Henry Alexander married Gerard5 Alexander, son of Lt. Col. William Alexander of the "Effingham" line. She was his second wife. Their children, Richard8 Barnes Alexander, Lieut. Col. in the Colonial Army, married Susan Hart Wallace. Letitia8 Alexander, is a resident of Louisville, Ky. (at the time this was written).
(Somewhere else it says their children were: 1. John, 2. Philip, 3. William.)
4. Jack6 Alexander, untraced.
Issue of Catherine6 Alexander, who mar. Ewell:
1. Alexander7 Ewell.
Issue of Susan6 Pearson Alexander, b. 1762, and John3 Brown, b. 1760, in Maryland, but went to Kentucky to live. He was the son of Rev. Richard Brown and grandson of Dr. Gustavus Brown, the emmigrant from Scotland:
1. Helen4 Bailey Brown, d. in infancy.
of Hardinsbung, Kentucky; son of John2 and Susan6
Pearson (n‚e Alexander)
Their children were:
1. John5 Hales Brown, eldest child, b. April 5,
1841 in Breckenridge
(1) Leonar6 Hales Brown, b. Mar. 25, 1869, of
2. Elizabeth5 Brown, daughter of Alexander4 Richard
Brown, Sr. and his
Issue of Alexander5 Richard Brown, Jr. and Julia Black, who came to Breckenridge County, Ky., in 1844, as an infant ten weeks old, the family settling near Mayview, Mo. He was a Confederate soldier in the War Between the States, having served in Col. Elliott's Regiment, Company G., Captain Dick Waldron. He was buried in Higginsville, Missouri:
1. Pearl6 Brown, m. Edward Hook, Warrensburg, Mo.,
(1) Oliver7 Hook, Warrensburg, Mo.
2. Mason6 Alexander Brown, first wife, Naomi McCoy,
d. in Odessa,
(1) Maxine7 Gertrude Brown.
4. Gustavus6 Alexander Brown, m. Mary Hazlet,
Kansas City, Mo.
6. William6 Jennings Brown, m. Percie Young, (1140
(1) Billy7 Maurice Brown.
5. Susan4 Pearson Brown, b. 1797, d. 1838; m. her
first cousin William
Note.--"After the death of Susan6 Pearson (n‚e Alexander) Brown the family Bible was taken by "Uncle Sandy" into Carrol County, Mo. (Believe that was an Alexander Bible.) However, the data belonging to Susan6 Pearson (n‚e Alexander) Brown is to be found in St. Paul's Parish Register, Stafford (now King George), County, Va. See William and Mary Quarterly, No. 4 and 10. Look at Williamsburg, Va., Bruton Church, for "John Brown." (So says Mrs. Robert T. Cattle of Seward, Nebraska.)
Issue of William4 Bailey Clark Brown, b. 1799 and Matilda Jane Fontain, b. 1803, Louisville, Ky.:
1. Henry5 Brown, d. in infancy.
Children of John Alexander of Boyd's Hole, Va., b. 1711, d. 1764, and his wife, Susanna Pearson. There was a son, Robert, b. 1735, d. 1737:
1. Charles Alexander of "Preston," Va.,
b. 1737, d. 1806; m. Frances Brown.
7. Caty Alexander.
Children of John Alexander of Loudoun County, Va., b. 1739, and his wife, who was Elizabeth Barnes:
1. Susanna Pearson Alexander, m. John Brown.
Catherine Alexander, who m. Ewell, had six children:
1. Alexander Ewell.
Richard Barnes Alexander's daughters:
1. Ann Hartley Alexander, m. Gustavus Brown Tyler.
Children of Thomas Massey, d. 1718:
1. Elizabeth, m. Henry Dade, 1726.
Children of Robert Alexander, b. 1688, d. 1735, and his wife, Ann Fowke:
1. John Alexander of Boyd's Hole, b. 1711, d. 1764;
m. Susanna Pearson.
Issue, Susan6, second child of Charles6 Alexander of "Preston," Va. (See Chapman line.)
Issue of William6 Brown and Susan Pearson Brown, who rode to Virginia with her brother John Brown from Kentucky (he never
married) on a white horse called Lightfoot, and, by the way, she happened to have red hair, which reminds one of the old saying, "If you see a red-headed girl, you will be sure to see a white horse." They came to see their aunt, Mrs. Charles Alexander, who was Frances Brown. She fell in love with her first cousin William Brown Alexander, married him and never went back to Kentucky again, so her brother had to return alone. It was a double relationship, because Charles Alexander was her uncle by marriage and her grandfather's own brother.
It was the great desire of the writer's mother, Virginia Alexander, who was the twelfth child of this couple, to own a white horse called Lightfoot, which she eventually accomplished later in life.
Susan Pearson (n‚e Brown) Alexander died at her home "Happy Valley" in Virginia after the birth of her twelfth child, so her disconsolate husband, leaving the little baby girl in the care of his sister, Mrs. Thomas W. Swann, took his eleven children and slaves, in covered wagons to Kentucky in about 1840-2, to be with their Brown grandparents for about a year--then to Salene County, Mo., near what is now Higginsville, where he purchased a 1,500-acre farm calling it "Mt. Stirling." He remained a widower and died there many years later.
He left two of his slaves in Virginia to be personal maids for this baby girl, who was called Virginia, and who, I understand, was so small she could be put in a quart cup and had to be carried on a pillow. She never knew any of her brothers and sisters very well until 18 years of age. That year she lost her aunt whom she called, "Ma"; so she went out to Missouri expecting to make her home out there, but she did not like it, so returned to her native Virginia and lived with her first cousins, Frances and Mary Swann at "Preston" near Alexandria, Va. until she was married.
1. Dr. Charles7 Alexander, b. 1818, d. (???). He
was six feet tall with
2. William7 Brown Alexander, b. 1819, died in
to California with his brother William in 1849 and
from there to South
5. Frances7 Brown Alexander, b. Sept. 29, d. May
1898; m. 1851, Major
1. Francis8 Ewing Poteet, b. Jan. 11, 1857, d. Feb.
Francis8 Ewing Poteet married Emily Cochran Spratt (she was called May), daughter of John Fulkerson Spratt, whose ancestors were for several generations born in Virginia. His father's mother was Elizabeth Harrison of the Presidential Harrisons and Mary Amelia Cochran, his wife, daughter of Clark Cochran and Emily Boyd Carter Cochran, whose father was Richard B. Carter of Winchester County, Virginia. The Cochran grandparents lived in Cambridge, Ohio, where May's mother was born and her father was born in Lexington, Mo. The Cochrans are Scotch and descendants of Robert Bruce.
Francis8 Ewing Poteet and Emily C. Spratt (called May) have one son, Francis9 Ewing Poteet, Jr., b. (???). He is a wonderful violinist and is making a name for himself in the musical world.
Robert8 Russell Poteet married Helen Dougherty from Kentucky, dau. of James and Amelia Dougherty. Their children are:
1. Brittain9 Poteet, b. (???), married Esther Ross, and have:
1. Brittain10 Poteet, Jr.
2. James9 Dougherty Poteet, b. (???). Unmarried.
6. William7 Henry Alexander, b. about 1827, d. Feb.
15, 1883 (his mother
1. Fanny8 Semicia Alexander.
1. Frances8 Nemecia Alexander, m. Enrique de Leon
2. Susana9 de Leon, m. Decio Tello (deceased).
3. Enrique9 de Leon, m. Amalia Ruiz. Their
4. Juan9 Alberto de Leon, m. Amelia Urcullo. No issue.
5. Maria9 Elena de Leon (deceased), married Estavo
6. Ofelia9 de Leon, m. Cesar Driollet. Issue:
2. Susana6 Alexander, m. Gabriel Laspuir Sarmiento.
2. Ernestina9 Maria Laspuir, m. Alberto Zeballos.
3. Maria9 Teresa Laspuir, m. Enrique Gamundi.
4. Bertha9 Laspuir, m. Francisco Guazzoni. Issue:
5. Carlos9 Alberto Laspuir, bachelor.
6. Eduardo9 Laspuir, m. Pilar Cervera. Issue:
7. Maria9 Elena Laspuir, m. Enrique Cabre More.
3. Virginia8 Alexander, m. Alejandro Curubeto
8. Lee7 Massey Alexander, b. April 23, 1832, d.
Feb. 20, 1900. Dr. Alexander
Kate8 Alexander, b. Marshall, Mo. 1868, d. (???);
m. Sydney Strother
1. Sarah9 Elizabeth Strother, b. April 15, 1893.
Homer10 Prous, Jr. and a dau. Margaret10 Sidney.
4. Katherine9 Alexander Strother, b. Oct. 9, 1908,
A daughter, Katherine10 Sarah Rotherham.
9. Octavus7 Alexander, b. 1835, d. Nov. 1879, aged
44. (I have always
Sept. 9, 1869, Miss Annie Hameter, daughter of
Major Hameter and lived
Janet8 Erskine Alexander, b. Oct. 10, 1870, d. Oct.
8th 1898; m.
May9 Oxford, b. Dec. 30, 1894.
10. Gustavus7 Richard Alexander, b. 1836, d. June
30, 1901. Studied both
1. Georgie8 Alexander, b. 1872 in Nevada. Never
1. Kate9 Edmonston Thompson, m. William Alexis
11. Augustine7 Fitzhugh Alexander, b. Feb. 9, 1837,
d. 1899; m. Miss Fannie
12. Vinginia7 Alexander, b. May 10, 1838, d. Nov.
26, 1901. (See Chapman
(I am not sure about all these birth dates, but have given them according to the best of my knowledge.)
Mr. Oxford married again and had three sons: Charles Emry Oxford, Jr., Clay Oxford, and Earl Oxford, whom the writer is very fond of, as she is of their sisters.
Earl Oxford has recently sung the hit song in "This is the Army" in 1942.
CAPTAIN JOHN ALEXANDER, had a son:
ROBERT ALEXANDER, who married Frances Ashton.
ROBERT ALEXANDER, married Ann Fowke. Their son:
JOHN ALEXANDER, married Frances Brown, dau.
CHARLES ALEXANDER of "Preston," married
Frances Brown, daughter
SUSAN PEARSON ALEXANDER, married George Chapman of
GEORGE CHAPMAN, of "Thoroughfare," and
PEARSON CHAPMAN, married Sigismunda Mary Alexander
THOMAS FOSTER CHAPMAN, married Virginia Alexander
HELEN MARY CHAPMAN, married Arthur Leigh
THOMAS CHAPMAN SOUTHERLAND, married Rose Mason
ARTHUR LEIGH SOUTHERLAND, JR., married Dorothy
John Alexander and his wife Susan Pearson had twelve children: Robert, born 1735, died an infant; Charles, born July 20, 1737, died June 1806; John, born January 15, 1739, married Elizabeth Barnes; Anne, born February 2, 1741, married Charles Binns; Susannah, born March 12, 1744, married Thomas Pearson Chapman (just Pearson Chapman my genealogy book says--S. M. F. C.); Gerard, born June 13, 1746, died 1758; Simon Pearson, born January 20, 1747; Elizabeth, who married John Luke and afterwards Alexander B. Washington; Robert, born October 5, 1754; Thomas Pearson, born November 24, 1735; Caty, born September 16, 1736, died November 14, 1757; and William, born 1758, died 1803, married Sarah Casson.
Charles Alexander of Preston, born July 20, 1737, died June 1806; married Frances Brown,(*) in 1771, daughter of the Reverend Richard Brown and Helen Bailey, daughter of Colonel Bailey of Scotland (See Brown Line).
Charles Alexander was a man of wealth and "wielded a baronial sway over many acres of land." He lived at "Preston" in the country north of the town, and during his lifetime gave away much of his property to his relations, friends and the public. He gave the county the right-of-way over his property for the Washington Turnpike, which was known as a part of the King's Highway. He is also said to have given lots for the Market Square, but I think it was more probably his father, John Alexander, who gave those lots.
It is recorded in the vestry book at Christ Church that in 1765 Charles and Thornton Alexander (a cousin) were asked to confirm the title to the acre of land given by John Alexander of Stafford, shortly before his death, on which the church was built. This was done later, but not until other claimants had taken possession of the land north of the church, and which, after a controversy of many years, was finally yielded them in 1836. (This is the property cousin Susie Calvert [Susan Swann] occasionally sought to interest Alexander descendants in claiming.)
It was in the time of Charles Alexander of "Preston" that a suit brought to wrest a large portion of the Howson Patent from the Alexanders, was settled in 1790. The Howson Patent conflicted with the grant from the Crown to Lord Fairfax of the Northern Neck of Virginia and for years the Alexanders defended the suit, which was finally settled in 1790 in their favor, the court deciding that sixty
years of ownership before the grant to Lord Fairfax was enough to give them title. At the time of the decision the Alexanders had held the lands in continuous line of inheritance for 120 years.
Charles Alexander signed the Fairfax County Virginia Resolutions at a meeting held in Alexandria, Virginia, July 1774, of which George Washington was chairman, and at the same time was appointed one of the Committee of Safety. On January 17, 1775, it was resolved:
"That a well regulated Militia composed of gentlemen, freeholders and other freemen is the natural strength and only security of a free Government and that such Militia will relieve the Mother Country from any expense for our protection and defence and will also obviate the pretense of a necessity for taxing us on that account and render it unnecessary to keep standing armies among us, ever dangerous to liberty. And therefore it is recommended to such of the inhabitants as are from 16 to 50 years of age to form themselves into companies of 68 men"
This resolution was signed by many of the citizens who solemnly promised to enroll themselves into a militia and also agreed in the same pledge to form, of those who had the proper arms, a company of light infantry. From other records this seems to have been done, and in 1777 Charles Alexander is recorded in the Virginia Militia papers as furnishing to the Virginia Militia certain equipment.
Charles Alexander was one of the twenty-eight members present when General Washington was made an honorary member of the Alexander Lodge of Masons, June 24, 1784, and was also one of the members of the Lodge who attended Washington's funeral. Quoting Mary G. Powell in The History of Old Alexandria, Virginia:
"Then (the family of Charles Alexander) occupied 'Preston'(*) built on a bluff overlooking the river. Charles Alexander did not approve of leaving landed estates to his daughters and therefore left only money to them. His wife seeing that he was dying implored him to alter his will but he said 'I will not leave land to daughters,' and requested that his will which was kept in a ledger in his desk be brought to him. On examination it was found that his sister-in-law, Miss Brown, had destroyed the will. He sat up in bed and said 'There is too much skittering in this house' and at once prepared another will like the first. On his death, a short time afterwards, this was proved at Alexander June 14, 1806. His two daughters, Mrs. Chapman and Mrs. Swann, were left only money, but their brothers were generous and gave them land and at the present time more Alexander land is held by the female descendants than the male.(+)
"Charles Alexander was the first gentleman in this section to oppose after-dinner tippling. After the second glass he arose with the ladies and preceded the gentlemen to the drawing room. Miss Brown, his sister-in-law, seems to have been an influential member of the little household. One day when visiting at Mt. Ida?? she 'skittered' down the stairway with such an impetus that, being unable to control herself, she ran over the bluff, but was picked up uninjured. With characteristic energy she immediately set about having a lilac hedge planted at the top in order to prevent a similar accident. The remains of this hedge can still be seen."
The Alexanders constantly intermarried with the Browns and Chapmans of Maryland, as will be shown in our own lines given in this history as well as by a study of the descendants of other sons and daughters.
Charles Alexander of "Preston" and his wife Frances Brown, had eight children as follows:
1. Charles, born 1772, died October, 1812; married
Mary Bowles Armistead
Lee Massey Alexander owned "Preston" and left it to Frances Alexander Swann, his sister. Lee Massey and his sister, Susan P. Alexander Chapman, owned "Colross." This place was built by Jonathan Swift on ground leased from the Alexander family, and originally called "Belle Air." At his death it should have come into the hands of the Alexanders--Lee Massie and his sister Susan P. A. Chapman--but Lee Massie, while under spirituous influence, lost it as a gambling debt for $500 to Thompson Mason.(*)
"Charles Alexander was the first gentleman in this section to oppose after-dinner tippling. After the second glass he arose with the ladies and preceded the gentlemen to the drawing room. Miss Brown, his sister-in-law, seems to have been an influential member of the little household. One day when visiting at Mt. Ida?? she 'skittered' down the stairway with such an impetus that, being unable to control herself, she ran over the bluff, but was picked up uninjured. With characteristic energy she immediately set about having a lilac hedge planted at the top in order to prevent a similar accident. The remains of this hedge can still be seen."
The Alexanders constantly intermarried with the Browns and Chapmans of Maryland, as will be shown in our own lines given in this history as well as by a study of the descendants of other sons and daughters.
Charles Alexander of "Preston" and his wife Frances Brown, had eight children as follows:
1. Charles, born 1772, died October, 1812; married
Mary Bowles Armistead
Lee Massey Alexander owned "Preston" and left it to Frances Alexander Swann, his sister. Lee Massey and his sister, Susan P. Alexander Chapman, owned "Colross." This place was built by Jonathan Swift on ground leased from the Alexander family, and originally called "Belle Air." At his death it should have come into the hands of the Alexanders--Lee Massie and his sister Susan P. A. Chapman--but Lee Massie, while under spirituous influence, lost it as a gambling debt for $500 to Thompson Mason.(*)
liberty, and therefore it is recommended to each of the inhabitants as are from 16 to 50 years of age to form themselves into companies of sixty-eight men * * *."
This resolution was signed by many of the citizens who solemnly promised to enroll themselves into a militia, and also agreed, in the same pledge, to form, of those who had the proper arms, a company of Light Infantry. From the records this seems to have been done, and in 1777 Charles Alexander is recorded in the Virginia militia papers as furnishing supplies to the Alexandria minute men. (3) Charles Alexander was one of the twenty-eight members present when General Washington was made an honorary member of the Alexandria Lodge of Masons, June 24th, 1784, and was also one of the members of the Lodge who attended Washington's funeral.
Issue of Gustavus6 Brown Alexander, who was born at "Preston," near Alexandria, Va., the home of his parents, in 1794, and died Sept. 1860. He resided there until 1823. He was enlisted in the War of 1812, and took part in the Battle of the White House. He studied law under Judge Nicholas Fitzhugh of Alexandria and was admitted to the bar there in 1821. He received from his father the old family estate of "Caledon," in King George, and on the death of his mother, in 1823, removed to King George and settled there. He married that year or the next, first, Sarah Blair Stuart, b. 1802, d. 1833, of Hilton; second, Miss Judith Blackburn, b. 1799, d. 1866.
Charles Alexander of "Preston" fell heir--and under the law of entail as eldest son--to the estate of "Caledon," 1,100 acres, at the death of his father, 1764, the law being then in full force; but he never resided there. After the death of his mother (Susan Pearson), 1788, there is no record of any Alexander as living at Caledon until 1823, as above. There is a complete blank of more than thirty years, during which time "Caledon" was doubtless farmed by overseers or agents. The family seems to have been dispersed. The last Alexander recorded of "Salisbury" was William Thornton Alexander, whose widow, Lucy, married in 1818, Richard Foote.
William Thornton Alexander left no heirs and "Salisbury" came into the possession of the Foote family and then to Stuarts of "Cedar Grove." "Salisbury" was probably given the name of "Caledon" in time of Gustavus6 Brown Alexander. In his day the original dwelling on the river, a commodious house of twelve rooms, was destroyed by fire. There were many out-buildings, traces of which may still be found. The house was well remembered by Mr. Charles G. Alexander, given above.
Traces of the old "Salisbury" house which preceded the above twelve-room house, are to be seen on the "Cedar Grove" tract of land, the two tracts having originally belonged to Robert2 and Philip2
Alexander. The dividing markers can still be seen with P. A., on them.
1. Mariette7 Alexander, m. Rev. William McGuire.
Issue of Mariette7 Alexander and Rev. William McGuire:
1. Betty8 Carter McGuire, m. William Albert Smoot,
Sr., a widower with one
That daughter has been a friend of the writer since childhood and is connected with so many of our family that I hardly think it will go amiss to include her line with ours. Her children are:
(1) William Albert Fuller, m. Dorothea Rineberg and
Issue of Betty8 Carter McGuire and William Albert Smoot, Sr. who later lived at "Colross," Alexandria, Va.: ("Colross" at one time belonged to Lee Massey Alexander and Mrs. George Chapman, son and daughter of Charles Alexander of "Preston.")
1. William9 McGuire Smoot, died young.
2. Sarah8 Blair McGuire (Sally), m. Rev. Charles
Carter Randolph. He was
1. John8 Stuart Jones, m. Rosa (???), no issue.
3. Gustavus8 Alexander Jones, b. April 7, 1871, at
the family home "The
(1) Elvira9 H. Jones, who is teaching at Adams,
4. Martha8 S. Jones, unmarried.
Issue of Rosina7 Alexander and William Thomas Swann, her first cousin:
1. Sarah8 Stuart Swann (Sally), died unmarried.
Issue of Ashton8 Blair Jones, b. Mar. 16, 1874, m. Alice Page Lewis, b. July 19, 1879, married Oct. 28, 1903 in Christ Church, Alexandria, Va. and had four children:
1. Alice9 Page Jones, b. Feb. 20, 1905; m. George
H. Calvert, Weston,
Issue of Frances8 Brown Alexander, b. (???), d. Sept. 12, 1856; m. 1800, William Thomas Swann, d. 1810, a lawyer from Prince George County, Md.:
1. Charles7 Alexander Swann, b. May 27, 1811, d.
Sept. 27, 1875; m. Louisa
Issue of Charles7 Alexander Swann and Louisa Johnston Orick:
1. Mary8 Frances Swann, m. her first cousin,
Chapman Alexander Williams,
5. Alice8 Swann, b. (???), d. (???), single.
(1) Charles9 Alexander Swann Sinclair, b. April 4,
1882, d. Nov. 20,
Issue of Edward8 Swann and Maria Thrifft. They had twelve children, the only ones that lived were:
1. Frances9 Swann, who m. (???) Roberts and had two
Issue of Cromwell8 Orick Swann and Lucy Digges Long of Princess Ann, Somerset County, Md.:
1. Louisa9 Johnson Orrick Swann, m. her first
cousin, Charles Alexander Swann
7. Eleanor9 Washington Swann, m. Ward Mayhugh
Parker Mitchell, a distant
Issue of Frances5 Alexander (Chapman) and Major Hampton Cothran Williams of Tennessee:
1. Alexander6 Chapman Williams, b. 1836, d. Feb.
1896; m. cousin, Frances
JOHN ALEXANDER, of Loudoun, County, Virginia, was born January 15, 1739, married Elizabeth Barns. He lived in Stafford and represented that county in the Virginia Assembly in 1775. (See History of Old St. John's Church, Richmond, Va. by Mr. Moore.)
John Alexander is given by Moore as a member of the Assembly at the time of Patrick Henry's famous speech in St. John's Church 1775. He probably moved to Loundoun County soon after.
He is given in the list of affairs of Loudoun County in 1783, by William T. Boogher in Gleanings of Virginia History.
John Alexander is mentioned in St. Paul's Parish Register as John Alexander, Jr.; had several negroes baptized.
(PAGE 142. ORDERS G.)
JOHN ALEXANDER, Gent. produced a comission appointing him Major in the militia of this County and took the oath accordingly. (Feb. 9, 1779.)
Ordered that John Alexander, Gent. be recommended as captain in the room of Henry Vanover. (May 13, 1777.)
Present John Alexander, Gent.
John Alexander, Gent, produced a comission from his Excellency the Govenor, appointing him Lieutenant colonel of the Militia in this County and was sworn accordingly. (Feb. 12, 1781.)
Wife Anne Binns (n‚e Alexander)
John Alexander Binns, Charles Binns (children)
Thos. Neilson Binns, Simon Alexander Binns, William Alexander Binns,
Susanna Pearson (n‚e Binns) Waugh, Catherine A. Durham (n‚e Binns) Ann Alexander Harding (n‚e Binns), granddaughter Elizabeth Alexander Lawer Adams.
Alexander to Binns
Deed of gift to his daughter Anne Binns, wife of Charles Binns of Loundoun County.
date 1760 Signed John Alexander Sr.
I, John Alexander the eldest, of Stafford Co. gentlemen
(This is the way the will starts.)
WHAT IS ON THE TABLET IN ARLINGTON MANSION
The lands comprising this estate or property are a part of an original grant of 6,000 acres from William Berkeley, Governor of Virginia to Robert Howson in October 1669 in consideration of the said Howson having transported a number of settlers into the Colony. In the same year Howson conveyed these lands to John Alexander, the consideration being six hogsheads of tobacco and on December 25, 1778, General Alexander, to whom the property had descended, conveyed the Arlington tract, about 1,100 acres, to John Parke Custis, the consideration named being 1,100 lbs. in Virginia currency.
J. P. Custis was the son of Martha Washington by her first marriage; he was aid de camp to Washington during the Revolution and upon his death, November 5, 1781, of camp fever contracted at Yorktown, Washington adopted his two youngest children George Washington Park Custis and Eleanor Parke Custis.
G. W. P. Custis, who inherited the Arlington estate from his father, was a member of Washington's family until the death of Washington in 1799 and soon after removed to Arlington where he resided until his death October 10, 1857. By his will bearing date of March 26, 1855 he devised the Arlington House Estate to his daughter and only child Mary Ann Randolph Lee, wife of Lieut. Col. R. E. Lee, U. S. A., for her use and benefit during natural life and on her death to his eldest grandson George Washington Custis Lee, to him and his heirs forever.
By an Executive Order of the President of the United States, dated January 6, 1864, the entire tract of 1,100 acres, more or less, was selected for Government use for War, Military, Charitable and Educational purposes, under the provisions of the Acts of Congress of June 7, 1862 and February 6, 1863. By the same order it was directed
that the property be sold to meet the payments up to ... direct taxes d£e thereon. This was done January 11, 1864 and the property was bid in for the United States for the sum of $26,800.00. Mrs. Lee, having died in 1873, legal proceedings contesting the legality of the tax sales were instituted by George Washington Custis Lee, as heir under the will of his grandfather, G. W. P. Custis. The same was heard in the United States Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, and verdict rendered in his favor which, upon appeal, was affirmed by the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States December 4, 1882. Congress, by act of March 3, 1883, appropriated the sum of $150,000 for the purchase of this property, and on March 31, 1883, Geo. W. Custis Lee conveyed to the United States by deed the title to the property in question for the sum appropriated.
Gerard4 Alexander, son of Robert3 and Anne (n‚e Fowke) Alexander, m. Mary Dent (?), will proved Sept. 16, 1761. Issue:
1. Nancy5 Alexander.
Robert5 Alexander, son of Gerard4 and Mary (Dent) Alexander. (Will dated 1788, proved Feb. 18, 1793); m. Marianna Stoddard (her will was signed June 25, 1788). Issue:
1. Robert6 Alexander, Jr.
1. Columbus7 Alexander, b. (???), d. (???); m.
Columbus7 Alexander, b. (???), d. (???), son of Walter6 Stoddard and Catherine F. (Dade) Alexander, m. Rebecca Hay. Issue:
1. Fendall8 E. Alexander, son of Columbus7
Alexander and Rebecca Hay,
1. James9 E. Alexander, b. (???), d. (???); m.
1. James Fendall10 Alexander.
Oscar7 Alexander, b. (???), d. (???); m. Ellen Elizabeth Brawner. Issue:
1. Marianna8 Alexander, b. (???), d. (???); m. John
D. Bloor, of Jetersburg,
2. Julia Susan8 Alexander, b. 1841, d. (???); m.
William Acril Marks.
1. Charles9 Alexander, b. (???), d. (???); m.
Issue of Julia8 Susan Alexander and William Acril Marks:
1. Julia9 Ellen Rives Marks, died age 16 years.
Issue of Samuel9 Alexander Harrison Marks and Lena Ransdell of Virginia:
1. William10 Oscar Marks, who is picture engraver
U. S. Bureau; m. Ruth
1. Dorothy11 Compton Marks, age 10 in 1939.
4. Samuel10 H. Marks, b. (???), d. December 23,
"THE SCEPTERED RACE," BY ANNAH ROBERTSON WATSON
9. Zachary Taylor Robinson, b. Oct. 14, 1857; m. Sept. 23, 1885, Susan Luckett, (dau. of Dr. Edward H. Luckett and his wife, Hartley Murray, of Owensboro, Ky.), who was b. Sept. 11, 1861. To them were born Zachary Lee Taylor, Aug. 10, 1886; Edward Luckett, Dec. 20, 1888; and Louise, Sept. 20, 1898.
10. Alexander Meade Robinson, b. July 18, 1859, m. Jan. 8, 1885, Lillian Hamond.
11. Henry Wood Robinson, b. Dec. 31, 1864. His home is in Louisville, Ky., where he is a practicing attorney. As stated above, Zachary Taylor Robinson m. Susan Luckett. She is a descendant of John Alexander, who came from Scotland to America and settled in Virginia, about 1659. As shown elsewhere in this volume, according to tradition this John Alexander was descended from the most illustrious houses of Scotland and was the fourth son of William Alexander, First Earl of Stirling, and his wife Janet Erskine. This William Alexander was a direct descendant of Sir Robert Douglas, King Robert, "the Bruce," and Alfred the Great. (See Chapter 34.)
John Alexander, mentioned above, had three sons: 1. Charles Alexander,
who died leaving no children. 2. Philip Alexander, who m. Sarah Ashton. Their great-grandson, Gerard Alexander, m. as his second wife, his cousin, Elizabeth Henry Alexander. (Their son Richard Barnes Alexander m. Susan Hart Wallace; their dau. Letitia Alexander, is a resident of Louisville, Ky.) Also descended from Philip Alexander and his wife, Sarah Ashton Alexander, is Lawrence Dade Alexander, of New York City. 3. Robert Alexander, who married Frances Ashton (sister of the wife of his brother Philip.) A son of this marriage, John Alexander, m. Miss Barnes, of Virginia, and their son, Richard Barnes Alexander, b. in 1770, in Virginia died in Kentucky in 1821; m. in 1790, Elizabeth Toye Whiting (b. 1774, d. 1857, dau. of Henry Whiting, Lieutenant in the Colonial Army, and his wife, Humphery Ann Frances Toye). They had, among other children, Elizabeth Henry Alexander, already mentioned as marrying a cousin, Richard Barnes Alexander; and Ann Hartley, who m. first, Gustavus Brown Tyler; second, Dr. Robert Watts Murray. A dau. of this marriage, Ann Hartley Murray, m. Dr. Edward Hobbs Luckett, son of Alfred Luckett, and his wife, Susan Hobbs, of Virginia. Their dau. Susan Luckett m., as already stated, Zachary Taylor Robinson.
Among the children of Archibald Magill Robinson and his wife Mary Louise Taylor Robinson, appears the name of Elizabeth Lee Robinson, who was born at the family home, "Springfield," near Louisville, Ky., in which city a large portion of her life was spent. Miss Robinson is a woman of unusual literary ability--
"To Whom The Consciousness of Noble Ancestry
is an Inspiration to
OF SCEPTERED RACE
Rebecca Conway Madison, m. Reynolds Chapman, son of Richard Chapman, an English lawyer, and his wife, Jane Johnson (a descendant of Nicolas Meriwether and his wife, Elizabeth Crawford). A son of Rebecca Conway Madison and her husband, Reynolds Chapman, John Madison Chapman, married Susan Cole, dau. of William Cole and his wife, Mary Frances Alexander of "Effingham" (she being a dau. of Col. Gerard Alexander). John Madison Chapman and his wife, Susan Cole, had eleven children, among them: Susie Ashton Chapman, who m. Calvin Perkins of Columbus, Miss., now a prominent member of the Memphis Bar, and son of Calvin Perkins (of South Carolina, descended from the Perkins family of Shropshire, England), and his wife, Louise Allen Blakeney. She was a granddaughter of James Blakeney of Ireland, who belonged to the family of Gen. Sir Edward Blakeney, buried in Westminister Abbey.
The children of Susie Ashton Chapman Perkins and her husband, Calvin Perkins, are: Belle Moncure Perkins, Louise Allen Perkins and William Alexander Perkins.
"EFFINGHAM" THE HOME OF COL. WILLIAM ALEXANDER
IN PRINCE WILLIAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA
(Taken from The Virginia Tribune, July 3, 1931.)
Of the many colonial homes in Virginia there is one of little mention, namely "Effingham," Prince William County, where Col.
William Alexander reared a family of sixteen children, two of them being twins.
Since there is so much being written about old homes, and as it has been my privilege to visit this old place not so long ago, I feel that it is worthy of notice. All my life I had longed to visit the birthplace of my grandmother, Sigismunda Mary Alexander, who married her cousin, Pearson Chapman, and no doubt there are many descendants scattered over the whole country who are as much interested as I have been.
The house is a two-story frame with two chimneys at each end which were joined at the bottom; a large hall ran through the center wide enough to dance a real double old-fashioned square set. One rather odd feature being that there are no visible stairs, but upon opening a door on the left at the rear, there is a winding stairway leading to the second floor. This door had an old-fashioned large brass lock. Evidently those on the other doors had been removed.
The front room on the left, which must have been the front parlor, was panelled in wood instead of being plastered, with carving at the ceiling, and had a very attractive cupboard, arched, with glass doors at the top and solid wooden doors at the bottom, this was also very nicely carved.
The window sills were hewn out of solid oak sixteen inches square; the attic was very large and one which a person would love to rummage through for hidden treasures. There was a blacksmith shop for the slaves, built of native rock visible about the ground in that locality.
To the left among the outside buildings, is a two-room log structure which was used for the weaving-room, and to the right is the outside kitchen with a flagstone walk to same; a short distance from the kitchen was the old-fashioned meat-house with its round roof, and farther on the ash-house. In those days they made lye out of the ashes, which they used to make soap. Still farther on were the slave quarters. These houses were still standing but were very much out of repair.
The timbers in all these buildings were mortised and tenoned, and the nails used were hand-wrought.
Many of the old trees in the yard were broken, and the flagstone walks, overgrown with grass, were of the same strata of rock showing all through that part of the country.
The stone steps were of the same reddish brick color but of harder stone. The chimney of the weaving-house was built of the same stone as the blacksmith shop and the ash-house.
The hall had double doors at the ends; there was a middle door on the left which formed an arch, with beautiful carving around and over it, more elaborate than the others; this door leads into the room back of the parlor; there is no entrance between the parlor and this back room.
Out in a field, to the left of the house, about a quarter of a mile,
I found the old family graveyard and the tomb of my great-great-grandfather with this inscription, "Though lost to sight in memory dear." William Alexander, departed this life the third day of April 1814, aged seventy years and one month. I am under the impression that this old gentleman had this house built when, in 1765, he married Sigismunda Mary Massey, daughter of Sigismund and Mary (Stuart) Massey; therefore it must have been a shingle-roof originally, but the recent owner had replaced this with a tin roof.
The Alexander's family Bible, with its records of marriages, births and deaths, is still in the possession of the writer and some of the dates go back as far as 1696.
By FRANCES CHAPMAN,
June 19, 1931.
THE "EFFINGHAM" BRANCH OF ALEXANDERS
From the family Bible, owned by Sigismunda Mary Frances Chapman.
Philip Alexander, married to Sarah Ashton.
Elizabeth Ashton Alexander, b. Dec. 22, 1773,
married Gerard Alexander, her
ALEXANDER OF "EFFINGHAM"
From Hayden's Virginia Genealogies.
PHILIP ALEXANDER, son of Captain John Alexander
CAPTAIN PHILIP ALEXANDER, born July 22, 1704, died
COLONEL WILLIAM ALEXANDER,(*) of
"Effingham," Prince William
have seen his grave.--S.M.F.C.).
ROBERT ALEXANDER, born August 6, 1781, died 1811;
SIGISMUNDA MARY ALEXANDER, married Pearson Chapman
Robert6 Alexander, b. Aug. 6, 1781, d. 1811; m. Helen Bailey Brown, cir. 1776, dau. of Alexander and Humphrey Ann Frances (Toy-Whiting) Brown. Issue:
1. Sigismunda6 Mary Alexander, b. 1808, d. 1870; m.
Pearson Chapman, b.
1. Elizabeth7 Tillinghast Alexander, b. Sept. 25,
1833, d. 1909; m.
Issue of Elizabeth7 Tillinghast Alexander and George Washington Lee of Fairfax County, Va. and later in Washington, D. C.:
1. Thomas8 Alexander Lee, b. Oct. 22, 1855, at
Centerville, Va.; m. 1881
in California, Sept. 19, 1918. Issue: Ida9 Hildreth
Lee, b. Feb. 10, 1921;
Issue of Thomas8 Alexander and Caroline (Wattles) Lee. She lived to be 82 years old.
1. Ellen9 Wattles Lee, b. 1882, m. James Rutherford
Craighill, 1901. Issue:
1. Chauncey10 S. McNeil, Jr., b. 1911.
Issue of Launcelot9 Bathurst and Adelaide Theresa (Buckley) Lee:
1. Eleanor9 Adele Lee, b. April 20, 1899.
Lancelot9 Bathurst Lee was married to his second wife, Edith Marion Haynes, b. Oct. 31, 1889, at Sudbury, Mass., Feb. 2, 1939, by Rev. Dr. Andrew Richards, pastor of Second Congregational Church. Her father, Marshall Jones Haynes, was directly descended from John Alden (Mayflower history), her mother was Elizabeth Richards Haynes.
Eleanor9 Adele Lee, m. Sept. 28, 1924, in St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Tremont St., Boston, Mass., Percival Erskine Marr. Issue:
1. Janice10 Lee Marr, b. Jan. 1928.
Margaret9 Norma Lee, m. July 22, 1925, Murray A. McDonald, at St. Leo's Parish House, Dorchester, Mass. Issue:
1. Betty10 Lee McDonald, b. Jan. 18, 1928.
Elizabeth9 Ann Lee (Betty), m. Feb. 6, 1925, Charles Merriam III, at "The Little Church Around The Corner," New York City. Issue:
1. Charles10 Merriam IV, b. Feb. 12, 1926.
Elizabeth9 Ann (Lee) Merriam was divorced in California, May 1931; m. Paul March Jeffery, May 1932, in California; no issue.
Issue of George8 Washington and Viola Lavinia (Hill) Lee:
1. Elizabeth9 Tillinghast Lee, b. Dec. 9, 1920, in
Issue of Mary8 Eugenia Lee (Mana), and Philip Botterton Parke:
1. Helen9 Parke, b. (???), m. Jay Charles Elder.
Issue of Maude8 Earle Lee and Osceola L. Marsteller:
1. Bladen9 Lee Marsteller, b. March 27, 1906.
Issue of Laurence7 and Mary (Adickes) Alexander. They lived in Florida, 1868:
1. Frederica8 Alexander, m. 1889, Thomas J.
Kirkland of Camden, S. C.
Issue of Frederica8 Alexander and Thomas J. Kirkland:
1. Laurence9 Alexander Kirkland, m. 1911, Leila
Boykine. Their son,
4. M. Adickes9 Kirkland, m. Daisy Fergerson. Issue:
Issue of Helen8 Alexander and Henry Savage:
1. Hope9 Savage, m. Langford Warner. Issue:
Issue of Anne6 Lee Alexander and Arthur L. Burnet:
1. Blanche9 Burnet; unmarried.
Issue of Eugenia7 McLean Alexander and Edgar Vaux Weir:
1. Edna8 Vaux Weir, b. July 8, 1863, d. (???); m.
Dec. 20, 1881, in Trinity
2. Helen10 Marie Lewis, b. April 8, 1919, m. July
3. Walter9 Bladen Norman, b. June 26, 1900, d. Aug.
ANOTHER BRANCH OF THE EFFINGHAM LINE
Issue of Philip2 Alexander and Sarah Ashton:
1. Jane3 Alexander, b. July 1, 1696, d. (???); m.
Sarah (Ashton) Alexander m., second (???) Clifton, and had:
5. Anne3 Clifton, b. Sept. 5, 1706, m. John Hooe,
Nov. 2, 1726.
Issue of Philip2 Alexander, b. July 22, 1704, d. July 19, 1753; m. Nov. 11, 1726 Sarah Hooe, d. Aug. 14, 1750:
1. Frances4 Alexander, b. Oct. 5, 1728, d. (???);
m. John Stuart, Nov. 16,
(This is the lady to whom Gen. Washington wrote the following acrostic when he was 15 years old in 1747):
AN ACROSTIC TO FRANCES ALEXANDER
From your bright sparkling Eyes I was undone;
Issue of William4 Alexander of "Effingham" and Sigismunda Mary Massey:
1. John5 Stuart Alexander, b. April 5, 1766, m.
7. Mary5 Stuart Alexander, b. Feb. 8, 1775, d.
(???); m. Thomas Harrison.
Issue of Gerard5 Alexander, b. June 25, 1784, d. July 2, 1834; m. first, Elinor Lee. Had one son:
1. Ludwell6 Alexander, b. Oct. 26, 1807. (See more of him on page --).
Married second, Elizabeth Henry Alexander, a cousin, b. 1794 in Virginia, d. 1860 in Owensboro, Ky., dau. of Richard Barnes Alexander, b. 1771 in Virginia, d. 1821 in Kentucky:
2. Elinor6 Lee Alexander (named after her father's
first wife), b. 1813, d.
Issue of Elinor6 Lee Alexander, b. 1813, d. 1841; and Edwin Foote, b. 1805, d. 1874; m. 1830:
1. Ann7 Taylor Foote, untraced.
3. Gerard7 Foote, untraced.
Issue of Elizabeth5 Ashton Alexander, b. Dec. 22, 1773, and Gerard5 Alexander, whose father, Gerard4, d. 1761. (The husband of Mary Dent.):
1. Mary6 Frances Alexander, m. William Cole.
Issue of Mary6 Frances Alexander and William Cole:
1. Susan7 Digges Cole, b. (???), d. (???); m. John
Madison Chapman, descended
(Susan Cole Chapman's youngest son, Ashton Chapman, m. Miss Gregory, sister of Charles Alexander Gregory of North Carolina and Richmond, Va.)
1. John1 Alexander, the immigrant, d. Oct. 1677. He
lived at his home
2. Philip2 Alexander, m. Sarah Ashton.
(1) Edward10 Leslie Cole, Jr., b. Mar. 21, 1920.
Issue of Junius6 Brutus Alexander of Staten Island, New York, b. Dec. 25, 1814, in Prince William County, Va., d. Jan. 9, 1893 in New York City; m. Dec. 22, 1836, Lucy Fitzhugh Dade, b. June 8, 1816, at Powhatan on James River, d. Jan. 15, 1864, in St. Louis, Mo., dau. of Gen. Laurence Taliaferro and Ann (Mayo) Dade:
1. Eleanor7 Lee Alexander, b. Feb. 8, 1839.
Issue of Laurence7 Dade Alexander of "Arrochar," Staten Island, N. Y., b. May 12, 1843; living in 1909; m. June 12, 1866, Orline St. John, dau. of Newton and Maria J. (Pope) St. John of Mobile, Alabama:
1. St. John8 Alexander, living in 1909.
2. Clinton8 Alexander, died in infancy.
Issue of Laurence6 Gibbons Alexander, son of Gerard5 Alexander and Elizabeth6 Ashton Alexander, m. Martha Steele of Louisville, Ky.:
1. Laurence7 Gibbons Alexander, Jr., M. D.
(For the children of most of these marriages, see The Hunter Family of Virginia and Connections, by Sidney Methiot Culbertson, Denver, Colorado.)
DONALD was the Lord of Isles of Islay, Kintyre,
DONALD Donald and Roderick. His son had three
ANGUS had a son.
SON OF ANGUS had a son, John, Lord of the Isles,
ALEXANDER Lord of Lockharber, had two sons--Angus
ALEXANDER founded the House of MacAlexander,
THOMAS In 1505 Thomas, a descendant of the last
ANDREW ALEXANDER, who died prior to 1527, married
ALEXANDER ALEXANDER Baron of Menstrie, A.D. 1529,
ANDREW ALEXANDER Baron of Menstrie, died 1551. He
ALEXANDER ALEXANDER died 1564-5, married Elizabeth
WILLIAM ALEXANDER, of Menstrie, had a son,
ALEXANDER ALEXANDER of Stirling, Baron of Menstrie,
SIR WILLIAM ALEXANDER, First Earl of Stirling, from
Sir William Alexander was prominent in the early annals of American colonization. He was knight in 1613. In order to further Canadian settlement, Charles I. had founded the order of Nova Scotia Baronets in Scotland. In 1621 Sir William Alexander received a patent embracing the whole territory of Arcadia, which was confirmed to him by the heirs of James II, and was erected into a palatinate, to be held as fief to the Crown of Scotland. Sir William Alexander is variously referred to as "Baron of Nova Scotia, Secretary of State for Scotland and Viscount of Canada." I suppose he also continued the title "Baron Menstrie." He is said to have been a poet of some merit.
Sir William Alexander married Janet Erskine prior to 1603, daughter of Sir William Erskine, and had sons--William, Anthony, Henry, John (our ancestor), Charles, Robert, Ludoric and James, and three daughters.
The following concerning the descent of the title of Earl of Stirling is given in order to show on what grounds Charles Alexander of Mt. Ida, eldest son of our ancestor, Charles Alexander of Preston, claimed the right to the title which Mary G. Powell states he did, and which, "though admitted, still lies dormant."
In "The House of Alexander" the marriage of Sir William's sons
and their descendants are given, I believe. Suffice it to say here that Sir William1 survived his eldest son, William2, who died 1638, and the title after the death of the First Earl passed to the infant son (William3) of William2, who became the Second Earl of Stirling, but died within a year. Anthony, the second son of Sir William Alexander, First Earl, had also died, and the title passed to the third son, Henry, who became the Third Earl of Stirling. The title descended in Henry's line for two generations, to Henry, the Fourth Earl and his son Henry, the Fifth Earl.
The Fifth Earl, however, died in 1739 without issue, and it is contended that, as there was not a living male descendant of the first three sons of Sir William Alexander, the First Earl, the title should have then passed to a descendant in the male line of Sir William's fourth son, who was John (our ancestor), who had emigrated to America, in which case the rightful heir would have been John Alexander, between whom and the assertion of his right to the title there existed the necessity of travel, inconvenience and expense. John Alexander was great-great-grandson of John Alexander the imigrant, and grandfather of Charles Alexander of Mt. Ida, who is said to have claimed the title in 1813.(*) (Correction.--Charles Armistead Alexander, son of Charles of Mt. Ida, went to England and established his claim to the title.)
John Alexander, fourth son of Sir William Alexander, First Earl of Stirling, is our first American ancestor in the Alexander line. He married Agnes Graham, daughter of John Graham of Gartmore, Scotland. In 1644 he sold her interest in Gartmore to her brother and came to Stafford County, Virginia in that year where he had, it is said, a grant of fifteen hundred acres of land. It is believed that he died in 1691. His son:
John Alexander, known as "Captain" John Alexander, and also as "Alexander of Stafford," is said, probably, to have married a sister of Philip Fitzhugh. Captain John Alexander had a grant of land in 1644 in Northumberland County and in 1668 a grant of two thousand acres of land in Stafford County. In 1669 he purchased the patent of land "on the freshies of the Potomac," which had been granted to Robert Howison (also given Howson and Howsing), October 21, 1659, for introducing into Virginia 120 persons. He is said to have paid 6,600 pounds of tobacco for it. (Mary G. Powell says in her book The History of Old Alexandria, Virginia, that he paid 600 pounds of
tobacco, but twice in her manuscript I have found 6,600. I do not know whether the 600 is a printer's error or her own correction.) The Howson Patent. extended from a point opposite Georgetown down the Potomac to Hunting Creek. John Alexander proceeded to settle upon this land various families closely allied by blood, Pearsons, Chapmans, and Wests, who claim to have been the first settlers.
John Alexander died in October 1677 and left an unsigned will in which he devised his lands to his sons Robert and Philip. His will was probated November 14, 1677.
Several years before his death John Alexander built his home, "Abingdon," upon the upper part of his patent. This house, which still stands and is said to be the oldest in the vicinity, he left to his son Robert, from whom it descended to a second Robert, whose younger son, Gerard, inherited it. It temained in the family of Gerard Alexander for two generations, when it passed into the possession of John Parke Custis, three of whose children were born there.
Quoting Mary G. Powell:
"Later it returned to the family and was owned by the Hunters for several generations, and is now the property of Lewis E. Smoot of Washington, D. C., all descendants of the immigrant, John Alexander.
"Eleven generations have crossed the threshold of this interesting old house. It was built of lumber hewn by the slaves from the native forests, the joists on the ground floor being the size of a man's body. It is well worthy of restoration and not a little of its interest arises from its occupancy by the Custis family and the frequent mention of it by Washington, who records the happy intercourse between Mount Vernon and Abingdon."
It has been since destroyed.
Before passing on to the next Alexander of line it would be interesting to include an old family tradition concerning the wife of this John Alexander. Quoting from manuscript of Mary G. Powell:
"She possessed the spirit of the frontiersmen and was the co-worker of her husband at all times. About this period the Indians were very troublesome and the settlers were compelled to be always on the alert. An interesting tradition preserved by the family states that a dangerous Indian, known as "Long Tom," kept the neighborhood in a constant state of alarm. One day when John Alexander was at work in a field, he was attacked by Long Tom. Being unarmed he fled towards his house and his wife seeing his danger seized a gun from a rack near the door, and leveling it shot over her husband's shoulder killing the Indian, who was about to throw his tomahawk. Long Tom was buried near the place he fell and this spot is known as "Long Tom's Grave."
Robert Alexander married Frances Ashton, daughter of Captain John Ashton and his wife Grace, and had two sons--Robert and Charles.
At the time of the death of John Alexander, the tide of population was steady above the Occoquan; the Indians were too far away to be seriously dreaded and as a consequence the land embraced within the Howson Patent became capable of being made the permanent abode of civilization. As this land had been devised by John Alexander to his sons Robert and Philip, in a will which he had not signed, to avoid the law of entail, Robert in 1690 (Philip probably not having become of age) confirmed by deed the portion of land devised to Philip, his brother. In 1693 Philip executed a deed to Robert of the former's moiety except five hundred acres, in exchange for other land.
As the land embraced by the Howson Patent was now of considerable value, the first actual survey with chain and compass was made February 1693 by Theodoric Bland, one of the most celebrated surveyors of his time. The lines fixed by him began at a hickory tree (called, I understand, a "pohickory" in those days) on the marsh ground lying on the side of the marsh into which Hoofs Run now empties, which was called at that time West's Pocoson, and within more modern times "Pompey Gales Marsh." Theodoric Bland ran his line in a direction generally north until he reached the mouth of the Waukapin Run; northerly opposite the southern point of Analostan Island, and thence came by the river shore to Piper's Island (Jones' Point) and thence went up Hunting Creek to the beginning. Old marked trees were not infrequently to be seen up to the time when the Civil War destroyed these landmarks.
The survey being completed, the land was divided between the two brothers Robert and Philip, the former taking the upper part near Four Mile Run and the latter taking the part on which the town of Alexandria now stands. It was then that Philip executed the deed giving back to Robert all but five hundred acres. A portion of Philip's land was soon after leased (February 16, 1696) to Thomas Pearson, who built upon it and was succeeded by Simon Pearson. (See Pearson Line.)
Philip Alexander also married a daughter of John and Grace Ashton, Sarah Ashton, and is said to have founded the "Effingham" branch of the Alexander family, while Robert, our ancestor, founded the Preston Branch.(*)
Robert Alexander's will was proved at the June term of the Stafford Court, 1704. His son:
Robert Alexander, born 1688, married Anne Fowke, daughter of Col. Gerard Fowke of Charles County, Maryland, and had children--John, Anne, Parthenia, Sarah, and Gerard. Parthenia married Dade
Massie, and later, Townsend Dade; Sarah married Baldwin Dade, and Gerard married Jane Ashton, daughter of Henry Ashton and Jane Alexander. (Mr. Townsend Dade Terrett said he married Mary Dent of Maryland.--Seems to me I've seen a record where Mary Dent was his first wife.--S. M. F. C.)
John Alexander, born June 26, 1711, died December 11, 1763, married Susan Pearson, December 11, 1731, daughter of Simon Pearson (See Pearson Line). John Alexander was a member of the Virginia Assembly 1766, 1768, 1869 and 1771-2-3, and was elected 1775, but died before the session. His will is recorded in Stafford, May 1, 1775.
It was in the time of this John Alexander that the city of Alexandria (1748-49) was founded on Alexander land, and the Alexanders as well as the Pearsons-Chapmans-Wests got a percentage of all sales of lands, and, being largely interested, John and Gerard Alexander of Stafford, and Hugh West, were among the first trustees of the town, all of them descendants of John Alexander, purchaser of the patent. Very naturally the Town was named Alexandria. In 1677 John Alexander gave half an acre of land for the building of Christ Church.
"Day after day the caretaker recited to the listening crowd the story of the past, of how John Alexander of Stafford, the largest landowner in this vicinity, gave an acre of ground for building of a church, a deed for which was made by his sons after his death in 1774, and further confirmed by the Alexander family in 1795."
ALEXANDER MACDONALD, Lord of the Isles, whose
mother was Mary,
Two sons of Alexander (Allaster) Macdonald, Lord of the Isles, assumed as a surname, instead of their surname of Macdonald, the given name of their father, Alexander and called themselves Alexanders; and from them the Scotch Alexanders are descended.
The name Alexander originated with the Greeks. It is formed of two words in their language, "alexo," to help or defend or protect, and "aner," man; and means: protector of men.
Lineage Book, Vol. LXX, page 150.
Mrs. Emma Alexander Porterfield, born in Colbert County, Alabama, wife of Turner Marvin Porterfield, descendant of Corp. Burr Harrison, daughter of William Alexander (1850-92) and Theodora Harrison (1855-90), his wife, married in 1872.
--Lineage Book, Vol. LXIII, page 8.
Mrs. Sue Alexander Hunter, born in Burksville, Kentucky, wife of W. Godfrey Hunter, M. D., descendant of Sergt. John Alexander, daughter of Fayette W. Alexander and Nancy G. Alexander, his wife; granddaughter of Joseph Alexander and Nancy Cheatham Boulden, his wife, great-granddaughter of John Alexander and Lucy Nunn, or Noram, his wife. John Alexander (1746-1830) served as sergeant in Lee's Legion. He was born in Cumberland County, Virginia, died in Cumberland County, Kentucky. (Also No. 55494, King William County, Virginia, page 70-71.)
On 28th of August 1789, William Kinkead and Elinor, his wife of the county of Augusta conveyed to William Alexander, of the city of Richmond, in consideration of 1,000 pounds, 350 acres of land on the Calf Pasture River, etc. When they determined to come to Kentucky, they sold it to Mr. William Alexander, the father of Sir William Alexander, who was later on (from 1826-31) Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer Court in England.
--Some Virginia Families, by MCILHANY.
John Henry Alexander, b. Clarke County, Sept. 23, 1846, m. in Hamilton Oct. 1, 1874, Emma Hughes (b. Hughesville, Loudoun County, Nov. 15, 1845). He is a lawyer at Leesburg. He served in Mosby's Command in the Confederate Army.
(a). John Alexander, b. Leesburg, Nov. 20, 1876, d. Hamilton, June 25, 1877.
(b). Ada Lee Alexander, b. Leesburg, Jan. 19, 1878.
(c). Elizabeth Morgan Alexander, b. ib. June 17, 1880.
(d). John Richard Henry Alexander, b. near Leesburg, Aug. 7, 1882.
(e). Violet Duncan Alexander, b. ib. March 25, 1884.
(f). Emma Herndon Alexander, b. ib. April 2, 1886.
b. William Rogers Alexander, b. Clarke County, March 27, 1849, d. Winchester, Dec. 23, 1898; m. Clarksburg, West Virginia, in April, 1876, Annie Shuck Willis (b. Shusta, Cal., in 1856, d. Winchester, Dec. 3, 1886). He was a lawyer at Winchester.
(a). Virginia Alexander, b. ib. Jan. 18, 1877, m.
Clarksburg, W. Va.,
a. Guion Victor de Barrie, b. Springfield, W. Va.,
May 27, 1901,
(b). Mary Rogers Alexander, b. Winchester, July 12,
1879, d. Leesburg.
--Taken from Some Virginia Families, by MCILHANY.
Emma J. Hughes, dau. of John Hixon Hughes and Martha Ann Rogers, b. Nov. 15, 1844, m. Oct. 1, 1874, Col. John H. Alexander, b. Sept. 23, 1846, d. Feb. 9, 1909, a lawyer of Leesburg, Va., where he had a fine law practice.
Col. Alexander was a Knight of Pythias and was on the staff of Gen. Carnahan in the Civil War with the rank of Colonel. He never
claimed the title however, but was called that outside the family. He also stood No. 1 in the Legal Tribunal of Three in the Order in the United States. Lieut. Col. John Alexander, who signed the discharge of Isaac Hughes from the Continental Army in the War of the Revolution, was a great-uncle of Col. John H. Alexander. The original discharge is in the hands of the colonel's daughter, Ada, who is a great-granddaughter of Isaac Hughes. Lieut. Col. John Alexander at that time lived in Frederick County, Va., now Clarke. In 1864, before he was 18, Col. John H. Alexander entered the Confederate service in the Civil War and was with Mosby's command until the end of the struggle. After the cessation of hostilities he resumed and completed his studies, graduating in law at the University of Virginia in the class of '70-'71. He was a devout member of the Baptist Church, and also a Mason of high rank. At his funeral it was said there were never so many people seen in Leesburg as on that occasion. Children:
a. John H. Alexander, b. Nov. 1875, d. June 1876.
The first of this family was John Alexander, fourth son of Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, who came to this country from Scotland, settling in Stafford County, Virginia, on a grant of land.
His son John, who also had grants of land in Stafford and Northumberland Counties, bought, in 1669, the Howison Patent on the "freshes" of the Potomac and proceded to settle thereon vatious
families, of which the Pearsons, Chapmans and Wests claim to have been, with the Alexanders the first families to have made their homes upon the Patent.
In 1693 the Howison Patent which extends from a point opposite Georgetown down the Potomac River to Hunting Creek, was surveyed by Theodoric Bland, a celebrated surveyor of the time.
In 1749, in the time of John Alexander of the fourth generation since John Alexander the immigrant, the city of Alexandria was founded on Alexander land. John Alexander and his son, Charles Alexander of Preston, are said to have given much land to the public, such as right of way over their properties for public highways, lots for the Market Square, and the land on which Christ Church was built.
This was given me by Judith Boswell Hammett, a descendant of this numerous family. She copied it from the notes of Cromwell Orrick Swann, of Alexander descent, who made a chart beginning with Andrew Alexander (who died prior to 1527), now in possession of his daughter, Louisa Swann (Mrs. Charles Alexander Swann Sinclair, she having married her first cousin); also notes given by Louisa Swann Sinclair, from "The House of Alexander," obtainable at the Congressional Library; manuscripts and published book The History of Old Alexandria, Virginia, by Mary Gregory Powell; John Seabury Chapman, and Hayden's Virginia Genealogies.
Taken from the July, 1901 William and Mary College
(Continued from Vol. IX, p. 252.)
7 John Alexander4 (Robert3, Robert2, John1) married Susannah, daughter of Simon Pearson (not Thomas Pearson). See Note I, Pearson Family. The list of his children is incorrectly given. They were: (1) Charles Alexander, (2) John, (3) Susanna, who married her first cousin, Pearson Chapman; (4) Simon, (5) Elizabeth, (6) Ann (eldest daughter), wife of Charles Binns. She had eight children--John Alexander Binns, Charles, Thomas, Simon Alexander, Susanna Pearson, married Alexander Waugh; Ann Alexander, married W. H. Harding; Elizabeth Alexander, (7) Robert, (8) Thomas Pearson Alexander, (9) William Pearson Alexander, married Casson. Their daughter, Mary, married Welford of Sabine Hall. (See John Alexander's will at Manassas.)
32 Gerard5 Alexander (Gerard4, Robert3, Robert2, John1) was not the Gerard whose marriage and children are given in the last paragraph of "The Alexander Family," p. 254. This last was his son. According to Mrs. Calvin Perkins, of Memphis, Tenn., who has given much study to the family history,
32 Gerard5 Alexander married Jane Ashton. She thinks that she was a daughter of Henry Ashton and Jane Alexander, daughter of Col. Philip and Sarah Hooe Alexander. But as Jane Alexander was not married to Henry Ashton until 1748, it is more probable that Gerard Alexander's wife was Jane Alexander, widow of Henry Ashton. They had issue, it is believed: (1) Gerard, who married Elizabeth Ashton Alexander; (2) Dr. Ashton Alexander, (3)
Elizabeth, married Thomas Lee, of Parke Gate; (4) Mary Dent, married first, Griffin Stith, of Brunswick, and second, William Black of Chesterfield; (5) Sarah, married Needham Washington; (6) Jane, married, first, Otho Callais, and second, Traphegan; (7) Sidney, died single.
Of these Gerard6 Alexander (Gerard5, Gerard4, Robert3, Robert2, John1) married Elizabeth Ashton, daughter of Col. William Alexander, of "Effingham" in Prince William County, a descendant of Philip Alexander, second son of the emigrant. Their descendants will be given in another place.
30 Philip6 Alexander (Gerard4, Robert3, Robert2, John1) had four sons as given--Philip, George, Gerard, and Austin. His wife was probably a Washington. George was a surgeon in the Revolutionary War, and died unmarried. (Letter of Miss Fanny B. Hunter.)
34 Walter Stoddert Alexander, married Catherine F. Dade, daughter of Baldwin Dade and Catherine West. The late Mr. Columbus Alexander was their son, and his sons reside in Washington. (Vide Miss Fanny B. Hunter.) (Mrs. Betty C. Smoot says his daughter is in Washington, D. C. and that he had five sons and one daughter.)
One of the daughters of 12 Charles Alexander, Susannah Pearson, who married her cousin, George Chapman, was omited in the list given on page 253. (Note 2, Chapman.)
In Brunswick County lived Col. Robert Alexander, a man of very large estate. He died in 1784, when, as shown by the records, there was a suit between Martha Alexander, his widow; Sarah Alexander, by James Baugh, her guardian; John Alexander, by Amasa Palmer, his guardian; and William Alexander and Nancy Jones Alexander, by Martha Alexander, their guardian, (which said Sarah, John, William and Nancy Jones Alexander were children of Col. Robert Alexander), versus Robert Alexander, eldest son and heir-at-law of Robert Alexander, Esq., deceased. Martha Alexander, Richard Jones and Henry Walker were administrators of Col. Robert Alexander, deceased. In the same county lived Nark Alexander, who married Lucy Bugg in May, 1789, and is ancestor of Judge Alexander of Brunswick.
Note 1.--Pearson Family. The origin of the Pearsons and Wests, as given by Mr. Hayden, seems to be erroneous. Instead of coming from Pennsylvania, they were resident in Virginia long before William Penn settled Pennsylvania. In a grant to Richard Cocke, of Henrico, Thomas Pearson appears as an emigrant as early as 1639. In the Bland Pedigree Thomas Pierson, of Wisbeach, in the Isle of Ely, Gent., married Susanna Bland, born about 1617, sister of Theodorick Bland, of Westover. It is suggestive that in 1692 Theodorick Bland, his nephew, was surveyor of Stafford County, where the Pearsons and Wests also settled. The name Susannah persevered among the Pearsons as a family name. In the records of the Northern Neck there is, in 1698, a grant to Susannah West, widow of John West, deceased, for land, with remainder to her son, John West, who is stated to be "the eldest son" of said John West, deceased. The land was given to said John West, deceased, by the will of Richard Cocke, of Northumberland County. There is a grant, in 1703, to John West, Sr., of Stafford County, and in 1706 one for 4,639 acres in Stafford County to John West, William Harrison, Thomas Pearson, and Thomas Harrison. The line of the Pearsons seems to run: Thomas Pearson1 of the Isle of Ely, and Susannah Bland, his wife, had issue: Thomas2 Pearson, who had Thomas3, who had Simon4 Pearson, who married twice, and had issue by the first wife the following children, named in his will, dated December 7, 1731, and proved
November 16, 1733: (1) Constantia, born about 1714, will dated September 18, 1774, proved February 21, 1791, married Nathaniel Chapman, of Maryland. (2) Susanna, born December 29, 1717, married John Alexander December 11, 1734, died October 6, 1788. (3) Thomas; will dated December 4, 1743, proved May 118, 1744; names daughter Margaret Pearson, wife and "other children." (4) Margaret, born March 5, 1720, married first, January 27, 1735, William Henry Terrett, second, John West (Terrett Bible). Her will dated December 2, 1796, proved January 10, 1798. The second wife of Simon Pearson, Hannah Pearson, survived him. She was the half-sister of Mary Ball Washington, mother of Gen. Washington. She was the daughter of Joseph Ball, who married, in 1696, Raleigh Travers. Her will, proved in Stafford County 1748, names her three children, Raleigh Travers, Eliza Cooke, and Sarah Daniel, son-in-law Peter Daniel, and grandchildren, Travers Cooke, Hannah Cooke, Hannah Daniel, Elizabeth Travers Daniel.
West Family.--November 8, 1704, the following letter of John West to Col. George Mason was ordered to be recorded by Stafford Court:
"I thought to come to court, but my son Pearson, seeing great signs of Indians, and the inhabitants of great fear of them, that I cannot come. If I come, I leave but one man at home, therefore would desire that the court would let my business be till the next court. By that time hope it will be (???), as not else at present from him that is, Sir, yr humble servant to command, Jno. West." The line probably runs as follows:
John1 West, of Northumberland County, had John2 West, who married (???) Pearson, daughter of Thomas Pearson; had issue: (1) Pearson3 West, (2) Hugh3 West,, (3) John2 West. Hugh3 West made his will in Loudoun County February, 1754 (proved November 21, 1754), and named his children, (1) John4, (2) Hugh4, (3) George4, (4) Rev. William4, (5) Sybil4. Of these John4 West, known as Capt. John West, Jr., of Fairfax County, married before 1755, Catherine, daughter of Major Thomas Colville, by Mary Foster. Colville was the brother of Col. John Colville, of Fairfax, first cousin of Camilla Colville, who married Henry Bennett, Earl of Tankerville (see Pedigree in ’liana Arch‘ologia of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Vol. XIX, and Quarterly, Vol. VI, p. 62). Capt. West made his will April 26, 1775, and it was proved February 18, 1777. It names children, Thomas, John, Hugh, Catherine, who married Baldwin Dade (Hayden, p. 733), Frances and Sarah; George West and Rev. William West, his brothers, and son Thomas, exors.
Hugh4 West (brother of Capt. John West, Jr.) "attorney-at-law," made his will in Fairfax County, and it was proved June 18, 1767; names wife Elizabeth and children (1) Sybil, (2) Jemima, (3) Sarah; had lots in Alexandria, and makes brothers, John, George, and William West executors.
George4 West, another son of Hugh2 West, married Ann Fowke Dade, daughter of Townshend Dade and Parthenia Alexander (daughter of Robert Alexander and Anne Fowke). His will was proved in Fairfax April, 18, 1786, and mentions first wife, Anne Fowke Dade, and second wife, Penelope Payne, but no children; names his nephew, George William West, and nieces, Catherine and Sarah, daughters of brother John; names brothers John, Hugh and Rev. William West. Rev. William3 West was a distinguished minister of the Episcopal Church (see sketch in Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography).
Major John3 West, son of John3 West and Miss Pearson, made his will March 7, 1776, and it was proved August 118, 1777. He married Margaret Pearson, daughter of Simon Pearson, and widow of William Henry Terrett (will proved May 16, 1758). Issue: (1) Ann, married Daniel Talbot (and
had John, Monica and Elizabeth Talbot). (2) Hannah, married John Ashton; (3) Mary, married Richard Conway; (4) Elizabeth3, (5) Roger4. Col. Roger West married, first, Nancy, daughter of Allen Macrae. (For descendants, see Hayden, p. 342.) In Quarterly, Vol. VIII, p. 75, the descent of Prof. H. A. Washington, of William and Mary College, is traced from John and Margaret West, through their daughter Hannah, who married John Ashton (No. 16 in Ashton Pedigree, Quarterly, Vol. VII, p. 116). In the Bland Pedigree, John Bland, of Scarborough, Yorkshire, son of Theodorick Bland, of Virginia, married Ann West, of Muston, in Yorkshire.
Note 2.--Chapman Family. The inventory of "Nathaniel Chapman, Gent., late of Charles County, in the Province of Maryland," was taken, April 14, 1761, by James Tebbs, Thomas Thornton and Benjamin Tyler, in Loudoun County. Dower allotted to his widow, Constant Chapman. Her will as "of Charles County, Md., widow of Nathaniel Chapman," was proved in Fairfax February 21, 1791, but dated September 18, 1774. It names son George and grandchildren John Weems, H. C. Weems, Jas. Wm. Lock Weems, and Sarah Louise Weems; Sally Harrison, daughter of Robert Hanson Harrison. (For a full account, see Richmond Standard, Alexander Family, May 7, 1881. For arms of Pearson and Chapman, see Quarterly, Vol. IV, p. 164.)
CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONS
Page 64, eleventh line.--"In Brunswick County," etc., should read "in Mecklenburg County."
Page 65--West Family, second line from bottom, strike out "and George West."
Page 66.--West Family, correct first paragraph and make it read as follows: "Major John2 West son of John2 West, and grandson of John1 West, of Northumberland County, and Susanna Pearson his wife (daughter of Thomas Pearson and Susanna Bland, his wife), married (1) Mary (???), and had issue: (1) Ann, who married Daniel Talbot, and had John, deceased without issue, Monica and Elizabeth Talbot. (2) Hannah, born 1749, married John Ashton, of Lebanon, Westmoreland County (will probated in 1788), son of Charles Ashton (will dated May 10, 1778), of King George County (Quarterly, Vol. VII, p. 116). (3) Mary, married Richard Conway; (4) Elizabeth, (5) Roger. Col. Roger West married, first, Nancy, daughter of Allen McRae. (For descendants, see Hayden, p. 342.) In Quarterly, Vol. VIII, p. 75, the descent of Prof. H. A. Washington, of William and Mary College, is traced from John and Mary West, through their daughter Hannah, who married John Ashton. (No. 26 in Ashton Pedigree, Quarterly, Vol. VII, p. 117.)
In the Bland Pedigree, John Bland2, of Scarborough, Yorkshire, son of Theodorick Bland of Virginia, married Ann West, of Muston, in Yorkshire."
NOTES BY MISS FANNY B. HUNTER
Will of Simon Pearson: "To wife Hannah Pearson the use and occupation of negro Fenny and child Conny, and Sarah, during life of said wife... To dau. Constantia 432 acres of land in Prince William County" (now adjoining Arlington) "which I bought of James Robertson from the Proprietors office with negros named (???). To dau. Susanna 195 acres in Pr. Wm." (also adjoining
Arlington, still owned by Alexanders), "adjoining the 432 acres devised to my daughter Constantia, also 330 acres on the south branch of Great Hunting Creek in Prince Wm. bo't from the Proprietors Office 17 Feb. 1729, with negroes named (???). To my dau. Margaret all that tract of land bought of Capt. Thos Harrison on branches of Great Hunting Creek, also 213 acres on Timber branch according to bounds mentioned in Proprietors Office to me 17 Feb. 1729, with negroes named (???). To my son Thomas all the rest of my lands whatsoever with negroes named & etc. I give what money I have in England remaining due to me after goods I have sent for are paid for **** to purchase negroes for said daus. Susanna and Margaret (???) Wearing apparel sent for to be divided among wife and children. 'Gold rings' and 'a new trunk' to each daughter 'which rings and trunk I sent to England for by Capt Nicholson.' All personal property to be divided among my wife Hannah and sons and daus. Son Thomas to have care and tuition of daus. Susanna & Margaret until they shall attain 18 yrs or be married and he shall in such management pursue and follow the advise of Capt Thos Harrison. Wife, dau Constantia and son Thos, Exr & Executrix--'my good friend Thos Harrison to be coajutor and assistant to them.' Signed and sealed 7th day of Decr 1731, in presence of Alex Scott, J. Mercer, Philip Pritchet (PP his mark), Robt Long.
"At Ct held for Stafford Co 9th May 1733 the within last will & testament of Simon Pearson Gent. Decd was presented in Court by Thos Pearson & by Nathaniel Chapman in right of his wife Constantia and Thos Pearson, Wm. Allison and Elizabeth Cooke made oath that they heard the decd declare in his last sickness that the said will should stand without any alteration but that his daughter Susanna should have a negro man named Solomon. "At Ct held 16th Nov 1733 this will further proved by oath of other exr & certificate granted for probate in due form.
"Test. Tho Claiborne Cl Court."
The children of Gerard and Jane Ashton were given me by a granddaughter, a very old lady (Mrs. Jane E. Dennis, n‚e Stith, of Washington).
She said in her letter that her grandmother Jane Ashton, was niece of Patrick Henry (?). The children: 1, Gerard, married Eleanor Lee, daughter of Richard Henry; 2, Ashton; 3, John; 4, Philip; 5, Elizabeth Ashton, married Thos. Lee; 6, Mary Dent; 7, Sarah, married Langhorne Washington; 8, Jane Ashton, married Otho Callais; 9, Sidney, died unmarried.
Do you not really believe that very old Mrs. Dennis in 1883 knew her grandmother, Jane Ashton, and aunts and uncles, as I copied them from her letters?
The first Gerard was born in or close upon 1713. Placing his fourth child somewhere in the forties, would you not say he, Gerard, Jr., was of suitable age for a wife whose parents married in 1748? To marry him to "Henry Ashton's widow" looks like marrying him to his wife's mother.
Mrs. Dennis wrote that her uncle Gerard married Eleanor Lee. You know Bishop Meade names an Eleanor Lee, daughter of Richard
H., who did marry a Gerard Alexander.(*) ("Two witnesses to establish," etc.)
The grandchildren mentioned in Constantia's will (which I had among title deeds) are: 1, Nathaniel Chapman (not John), James Wm. Locke, and Sarah Louise. The names of other children occur nowhere in it, but in a letter lately received from a descendant of this branch living in Louisiana, John, Mary, Williamina and Violetta are given, of later birth perhaps than date of will. The letter states that Williamina became Mrs. Moore, of Pennsylvania, and mother of Lady Erskine, wife of the Chancellor, but this has to be verified.
Margaret Pearson West certainly had only two children by John West, namely, Roger, and Mrs. Ann Powell. The daughters named by you were by his first wife.
The children of Pearson Chapman (son of Nathaniel and Constantia Pearson Chapman) and Susanna Alexander were as follows:
1. Nathaniel, born June 27, 1767, died January 16,
a few years after.
The children of George and Susanna Alexander(+) Chapman were as follows:
1. Matilda Louisa, born November 18, 1799, married
John Seabury Chapman;
5. Charles Alexander, born November 17, 1807, died
March 4, 1884, d.s.p.
Children of Mrs. Sarah Triplett (daughter of Townshend Dade and Parthenia Alexander), who married Gen. John Chapman Hunter, at Abingdon near Alexandria.
i. Elizabeth Chapman, married, first, Capt. William
1. William Dulany Hunter, of U. S. Legation at
By second marriage: Brooke, married Margaret Territt, daughter of late Col. George Hunter Territt, of Marine Corps.
iii. Amelia, married William Henry Young, of
Children of Commodore Hunter, all by first marriage:
1. Frederick (Dr.) residing in Washington, Ga.,
married Eliza Lipscombe,
Children of Julia Hunter and Franklin Harwood:
1. Sarah Wood.
The letter given in full in the Quarterly was addressed to "John Alexander, September 18, 1663, a merchant, present at Potomac," and recorded at Accomac. A message of "harry thanks" is sent the father--or John Alexander, Sr.--FANNY B. HUNTER.
PAGE 63, Quarterly, Vol. XV, by JUDGE B. R. WELLFORD, JR.
William Pearson Alexander5 (youngest son of John4, Robert3, Robert2, John1), married Sarah Casson, of Stafford County. Issue: four sons and five daughters--William6, James6, and Philip6, died unmarried; Thomas4, married Elizabeth Innes, left four daughters:
1. Harritt7, married Dr. William C. Warren, of Edenton, S. C., who left several sons and daughters, the oldest of whom was Dr. Edward Warren5, surgeon general of North Carolina during the war of 1861-'65, and afterwards went to Egypt, where he acquired from the Khedive the title of Bey, and
subsequently, until his death, practiced his profession with distinguished success in Paris.
2. Elizabeth7, married Dr. (???) Harris, of Bedford County. Her oldest son, Dr. Thomas A. Harris8, is now practicing medicine in Parkersburg, W. Va.
3. Sarah7, married James Patton, of Richmond; removed to Brooklyn, N. Y. and died there, leaving issue.
4. Mary Elizabeth7, married (???) Jenks, of Campbell County, Va.
William Pearson Alexander's (brother of Charles of "Preston"), daughters were:
1. Anne Casson6, who married Alexander Morson, of Stafford County. The late Arthur A. Morson, of Richmond city, was her oldest son.
2. Susan Pearson6, married Thomas Seddon. Their surviving issue were two sons, James Alexander Seddon7, Secretary of War of the Confederate States, and John Seddon, Major C. S. A., and member of Senate of Virginia at the time of his death in 1863, and four daughters, (1) Anne7, married William H. Roy; mother of Anne S. Rutherfoord8; widow of John C. Rutherfoord, Esq., of Goochland County, and of Susan8 E., wife of Col. Thomas H. Carter, now living in Charlottesville, Va.
2. Leah Seddon7, married Warner T. Taliaferro, mother of (1) Dr. Philip Alexander Taliaferro6, married Susan Lewis McCandlish, d.s.p. (2) Susan Seddon,8, married Judge Beverley R. Wellford, Jr., now living in Richmond. (3) Thomas Seddon Taliaferro7, major C.S.A., married Harriotte H. Lee, "(daughter of Cassins Son Sr. of Alexandria B.C.S.)" now living in Gloucester County, Va. (4) Warner Throckmorton Taliaferro8, major C.S.A., and member of Legislature from Norfolk; married, first, Jattie Paul, whose only child, D'Arcy Paul9, died unmarried; and second, Fanny J. Hardy, whose only surviving issue is Prof. Thomas H. Taliaferro9, recently elected president of Florida Agricultural College. (5) Edwin Taliaferro8, Major C.S.A. and professor Languages in William and Mary College, married Fanny Bland Tucker, d.s.p.
3. Marion Morson Seddon7, married William Patterson Smith, of Gloucester; left four daughters and two sons.
4. Sarah Alexander Seddon7, married Charles Bruce, of Charlotte County, where she still resides.
3. Sarah Casson6, third daughter of William P. Alexander5, married William A. Knox; left sons and daughters, the oldest of whom, Agnes7, was the wife of James T. Soutter, of New York, and mother of Emily8, wife of Rev. Dr. Morgan Dix, of New York.
4. Eliza6, fourth daughter of William P. Alexander6, married John Roy, of Fredericksburg; mother of James Henry Roy7, married Mary Catharine Wellford, whose widow and one daughter, Eliza8, are now living in Fredericksburg, and of Archie Taylor7, dead, leaving issue; and of Marion Morson7, who married James G. Brooks, of Richmond; and of Thomas Seddon7, who married (???) Micou, leaving an only son, Dr. Philip S. Roy8, now living in Washington.
5. Mary6, youngest child of William R. Pearson Alexander5, married Dr. Beverley R. Wellford; left five sons and one daughter:
1. Dr. John Spotswood Wellford7, married Emeline Madison Tabb, now living in Richmond.
2. Dr. Armstead Nelson Wellford7, married Elisabeth Landon Carter; parents of Robert Carter Wellford8, married Elizabeth Harrison, now living at
Sabine Hall, Richmond County, Va., and of Beverley Randolph Wellford8, married Jane McDonald, now practicing law in Richmond, and of Dr. Armistead Landon Wellford8, married Imogen Scott, daughter of Robert E. Scott and Henningham Lyons, his wife, now practicing medicine in Richmond.
3. Judge Beverley R. Wellford, Jr.7, married his second cousin, Susan Seddon Taliaferro; parents of Fanny Beverley8, wife of Rev. Dr. Henry Alexander White, of Washington and Lee University, and of Rev. Edwin Taliaferro Wellford8, married Courtney B. Selden, now pastor of First Presbyterian Church, of Newport News, and of Susan Seddon, unmarried, living with her parents in Richmond.
4. Philip Alexander Wellford7, Major C.S.A., married Mary Belle Street, father of (1) Roberta Catharine Wellford8, and of Sally Street8, wife of Robert Hamilton, of Petersburg and of Thomas Spotswood Wellford8.
5. Charles Edward Wellford7, unmarried; secretary Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company.
6. Mary Alexander7, married James Markham Marshall, now living in Fauquier County with her three children, Emeline Wellford8, Beverley Alexander8, and James Markham8.
TAKEN FROM SKETCH OF ALEXANDER ALEXANDER
The name Alexander is of Greek origin and signifies a "Helper of Men." The name was first used as a surname, but upon the introduction of the christian name it was adopted by many who appreciated the advantage of the advance in nomenclature. There is no doubt that it had been used for some time as a christian name in Scotland before the period of which history speaks, when we are informed that Alexander MacDonald, second son of Donald, king of the Isles, had two sons who adopted the christian name of their father as a surname for themselves and their descendants. Numerous clans of Alexanders descended from the ancient clan of the MacDonald, including both nobility and commonalty. The chiefs of these clans at first resided in the South of Scotland and were Earls of Stirling and Dovan.
A FAMILY OF THE HOUSE OF ALEXANDER
FRANCES ALEXANDER BUTTERWORTH
The name of Alexander has filled a large and conspicuous place in the history of the world, and touched national events at many points. It is a synonym for devoted patriotism, for fidelity to religion, and the Scottish love of clan.
For more than 2,000 years the name of Alexander has been found among all civilized nations. Few names have been so long used both as a christian name and a surname.
It is of Greek origin and means helper of mankind.
In explanation of the wide dissemination of the name is the following story:
Alexander the Great, before setting out on his career of conquest in the East, sent word to the Jews to erect a monument in his honor. Some years later, on returning, he was astonished and angered to find that no monument had been raised to him by these people.
He summoned the high priest, who came with many children in his train. The king asked sternly, if his order had been forgotten. "O King," replied the high priest, "it is contrary to our religion to make an image or a statue. But behold," turning, he asked a boy who stood near, "What is your name?" 'Alexander' replied the boy. Other boys on being asked their names replied in turn, 'Alexander.' "You see, O King," exclaimed the high priest at last "we have fulfilled your command by naming every son of our race Alexander who has been born since your command was given. That name will go from generation to generation, and such living manuments will be far more enduring than a monument of stone."
One of the Scottish ancestors was MacDonald, son of Donald, Lord of the Isles. He had two sons who assumed the christian name of their father as a surname, and started our branch of the Alexander family on the way to fame and fortune. The Donalds trace back to Somerled, through a somewhat misty Highland genealogy.
William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, from whom many of the Alexanders in America claim descent, was Secretary of State for Scotland in 1629. He ruled for the king with single-eyed patriotism.
His writings were famed in his day. His most important work was the assistance he rendered James I in the metrical version of the Psalms.
James Alexander, the descendant of Lord Sterling, was obliged to leave Great Britain on account of active partisanship with the Pretender. He was Colonial Secretary of New York, and among the staunchest of pre-Revolutionary friends of civil liberty. His son William was the Lord Stirling of Revolutionary fame.
The Scottish Alexanders--Lordley Alexander MacDonald, son of Donald, Lord of the Isles, whose mother was Mary, sister of Alexander, Earl of Ross, was himself Lord of the Isles and Earl of Ross. He had two sons who, for a surname, assumed the given name of their father, Alexander, or, as the Scotch often called it, Alaster. From them the Scotch Alexanders are descended. These Scotch Alexanders lived originally in the vicinity of Edinburgh, Stirling and Glasgow. Their chief men were the Earls of Stirling, Seekirk, and of Ross. From them are descended the Irish Earls of Caledon.
Thus we have seen that the Scotch Alexanders can trace their ancestry for fifteen hundred years to Cerdic, the Saxon prince, and even for about nineteen hundred years to his ancestor Wodery; and have in
their veins the blood of eminent Crusaders, and of the nobility of many nations. A better blood than theirs it would be impossible to find in any age or country or among any people.
1411 Donald, Lord of the Isles, claimed the Earldom of Ross and was
opposed by the Scottish governor, the Duke of Albany. Donald marched
down from the mountains of Aberdeenshire and in the famous battle of
Harlow defeated the royal army of Scotland under command of Alexander,
Earl of Mar and Badenock, and grandson of the Scottish king, Robert II.
Later Donald was forced to retreat.
From this Donald, Lord of the Isles, grandson of Robert II, and son of his (Robert's) daughter Margaret Stuart, through his son and successor Alaster or Alexander MacDonald, the Scottish family of Alexanders claims descent, thus tracing their lineage to Bruce of Bannockburn. One of these descendants, William of Stirling, became an author at the age of fourteen years.
William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, married Janet Erskine, daughter of Sir William Erskine, Knight, cousin german of the Earl of Mar, and had seven sons and two daughters: (1) William, (2) Sir Anthony, (3) Henry, (4) John, (5) Charles, (6) Ladawin, (7) James, (8) Lady Jane, (9) Lady Mary. Lady Mary married Sir William Murry, of Clermont, Bart. Lady Jane, married Hugh, Vicount Montgomery, whose son Hugh, was made Earl of Mount Alexander in Ireland, where he settled and named his estate for his mother's surname.
John, the fourth son, was born 1603, entered Glasgow University in 1630, emigrated in 1636 to Virginia, where he died in 1677.
He was the "Strips" of the Virginia Alexander family. (P. 247 to 251, Vol. II, William and Mary Quarterly.)
4 Feb. 1629--4 Charles I--4 Feb. Commission to Sir William Alexander and others to make a voyage into the Gulf and Rivers of Canada and the parts adjacent, for the sole trade of Beaver wools, Beaver Skins, Fures, Hides and Skins of wild Beasts. 4 Car. L, p. 164. Another patent issued to Sir William Alexander, et al, for some purpose, May 11, 1633, 31 years. 9 Car. I, page 169.
Royal descent of Alexander Robert Bruce1, married Lady Isobel, daughter of Donald, Earl of Mar and had: Princess Mary Bruce,2, who married Walter, Lord and High Steward of England, and had: Robert3 II, of Scotland, who married Lady Elizabeth Muir and had: Princess Catherine Stuart4, who married Sir David Lindsay, Earl of Crawford and had: Lady Margery Lindsay5, who married Sir William Douglas of Lockleven, and had: Sir Henry Douglass6, who married Lady Elizabeth Erskine, and had: Robert Douglas7, who married Margaret Balfour, and had: Lord Thomas Douglas8, who married Lady Elizabeth, daughter of Archibald Boyd (son of Lord Robert Boyd, Regent of Scotland), and had: Lady Elizabeth Douglas, who married Alexander of Menstrie in 1545, and had: Lord William Alexander, b. 1580.
John1, Lord of the Isles, married Margaret, daughter of Robert II, King of Scotland. His third son, Alexander Alexander2, married (???); his second son, Alexander Alexander3, married (???); whose son, Thomas4 Alexander, obtained Menstrie, in 1505. His son, Andrew5 Alexander, married Catherine Graham in 1500; their son, Alexander6, married Elizabeth Douglas; and their youngest son, Andrew7, succeeded to Menstrie in 1544. His son, Alexander8, of Menstrie, married Elizabeth Forges; their eldest son, William9, of Menstrie, married Marian Contee in 1567. Their son, William10, Earl of Stirling, married Janet Erskine. Their fourth son, John11 Alexander, married Catherine Graham, emigrated to Virginia, 1659. (Taken from House of Alexander, a rare old Scotch book.)
The first Earl of Stirling, William10, was b. 1580, d. 1640; was knighted 1613; made Earl of Stirling 1633. This was the poet. His son, William11, married and died 1638, during his father's lifetime, leaving an infant12 second Earl of Stirling, who died in 1640, and the title went to his uncle, Sir Anthony Alexander11, his father's "brother who died without heirs." The title then passed to his brother Henry11, fourth Earl, in whose family it remained till it went to the descendants of his brother John11, who had gone to America and died in 1677. His son, John Alexander12, married a miss Graham, sold his home, Gartmore, in Scotland, emigrated to America in 1660, and settled in Stafford Co., Va.
(Pencilled note on margin of book from which the underscored lines were taken, says "He did not. D. to Antrium, Ireland.")
His son John Alexander, called Capt. John Alexander, probably came to America with his father and got Howsen's patent 1669. (The above is evidently a mistake. Capt. John must be John12, grandson of William10, Earl of Stirling.) His son, Robert13 (he had two sons), married Frances Ashton, daughter of Charles Ashton; will probated 1704. Their son, Robert14, married Ann Fowke. Issue: John15 Gerard15, Sarah15, Parthenia15, Gerard15, married Mary Dent and died in 1761. In his will proved in Halifax he names his wife Mary; daughters Nancy16 and Mary Ann16; sons Robert16, Philip16, George16 Gerard16. George Dent Alexander16, died without issue. Gerard16, mar. ried Elizabeth Ashton Alexander, daughter of Col. William Alexander of "Effingham" and his wife Sigismunda Mary Massey.
Nancy Alexander16, married Fielding Lewis, eldest son of Col. Fielding Lewis and his wife, Betty Washington, sister of President George Washington.
The will of George Dent Alexander16 left legacies to his Lewis nephews.
Nancy Alexander Lewis16, had issue: John17, George17, Robert17, Elizabeth17, Charles17, Catherine17, Nancy17, Lucinda17.
THE PATRIARCH of the Virginia Alexander family was John Alexander,
who died in 1677. He had bought the Howsen patent of land along the Potomac from Pompey Gale's Marsh, south of Alexandria, to a point opposite Analostan Island and Georgetown. To his son Philip he left the lower part, including the site of Alexandria, and to his son Robert he left the part opposite Washington.
Philip's son-in-law, Thomas Pearson, leased a portion from him and began the settlement of Hunting Creek in 1696. Philip's daughter was Sarah.
The will of Robert Alexander probated in Stafford County in 1704 gave his lands mostly to his sons, Robert and Charles. Other property was given to Eliza, Jane, and Sarah, daughters of his brother Philip, also to John and William Fitzhugh and to Philip Alexander.
The estate was large and the properties were varied. His son Robert was fifteen years old and his son Charles only six when their father died. Charles died childless and the entire upper part passed into the hands of Robert. The lower part remained to Philip and his family.
Taken from Record of Descendants of John Alexander of Lanarkshire, Scotland, and his wife, Margaret Glasson. By Rev. John E. Alexander of Washington College, Tennessee:
Oct. 21, 1669 a crown patent was granted for 6,600 acres of land, including the present site of Alexandria. Later this passed into the possession of John Alexander and on a portion of it now known as Jones Point, a settlement was made about 1669. In about 1730 a public tobacco house was established at the foot of what is now Orinoco Street and a small village clustered around it. In 1774 Colonial authorities appointed trustees to extend this or make another settlement to supercede "Belhaven." Among the trustees were Gerard and Philip Alexander.
(I have always heard it was 6,000 acres.--S. M. F. C.)
In the Heraldic Journal, recording "Armorial Bearings and Genealogies of American Families," Vol. IV, Wiggin & Lunt, publishers, Boston, Mass., the story of Alexander Humphries' struggle to win the title of Earl of Stirling from the uncle of the first Lord Stirling is told, and this, in default of male lines of body, on the death of his great-grandson, Henry, Earl of Stirling, in 1737, or of any collateral male heir, lineally descended from the first Earl, would have insured to William Alexander the succession by the laws of Scotland; but his claim was barred, because, from the union of that Kingdom with England, the laws of the first had given place to those of the last in regard to the descent of Scottish peerages. William Alexander was subsequently, however, to his death, addressed by courtesy, as Lord Stirling. He had designed, upon the due recognition of his title, to have claims for re-establishment in the landed rights of Canada and America, with which the first Earl was invested.
(As indicated in the preceeding note, this succession would appear neither to have ever been legally asserted or recognized.)
In 1760 the funeral expenses of Mrs. Alexander, mother of General Lord Stirling, of the American Army, amounted to œ21,8s. and 6d. for the undertaker alone; to this must be added the cost of food, band, gloves, rings and pins.
Thomas Alexander of Lanarkshire, Scotland, about 1710, is supposed to be a descendant of William Alexander, Earl of Scotland.
July 19, 1636. 13 Car. 1. Commission to William, Earl of Stirling, et al, touching the Carribee Island, granted to Lord Carlisle.
In 1641 the Earl of Stirling granted Nantucet, Martha's Vineyard, and the Elizabeth Islands to Thomas Mayhew.
ALEXANDER McDONALD, the son of Donald, "King
of the Isles,"
The tenth in succession from one of these sons was John Alexander of Menstrie, a favorite of James VI, King of Scotland, who knighted him and made him Master of Request in 1614. The King also styled him the Philosophical Poet, because of his poetry of high merit.
When James VI ascended the throne of England as James I, Sir William Alexander went with him and from there on devoted his life to political affairs of the court. In a few years he was made a Scottish peer with the title of Lord Alexander of Tulliebrodie, then Viscount of Canada, Viscount and Earl of Stirling, and Earl of Dovan.
He was given power to confer titles and today nearly fifty of the existing baronets of England, Ireland, and Scotland hold titles due to his patents.
His son lived at Port Royal, and served twelve years as Governor of Nova Scotia. William was born at Stirling in 1580 and died in London in 1640. He is buried at Stirling. His fourth son, John, settled in Londonderry, Ireland, in 1646. His son, John of Antrim, settled in County Antrim, where he died in 1712.
According to a tradition of the family, which, however has not been verified by documentary evidence, John Alexander, the first of the name in Virginia, was the fourth son of William Alexander, the poet, and first Earl of Stirling, born 1560; died 1640; married Janet Erskine, daughter of Sir William Erskine. John Alexander obtained a grant of 1,500 acres in Northumberland County, Va., in 1659.
In 1664 he patented land in Westmoreland County. He died in 1677 and had issue: John, Robert and Philip. Robert, eldest son and heir at the time of his father's decease, lived in Stafford County. He married Frances Ashton and died June 1, 1704. He had sons:
Robert, born 1688, died 1735; married Ann, daughter of Col. Gerard Fowke of Maryland, who left issue, and Charles Alexander, who d.s.p.
(From Virginia Heraldry, by Wm. Armstrong, Crozier, Va., Col. Record Series.)
Gerard Fowke, of Maryland, was an Ensign in the 3rd Maryland
Battalion of the Flying Camp, 1776 to (???).
(From Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army 1775-1783.--By Frances B. Heilman.)
The will of Gerard Fowke is in the Maryland Calendar of Wills. It leaves legacies to his daughter Frances, wife of Dr. Gustavus Brown, and Ann, wife of Robert Alexander. (See will elsewhere.)
In connection with Bailey's Cross Roads property, Mrs. Jessie A. Moore, who, with her husband, Millard J. Moore, makes her summer home on the old Bailey property, states: The abstract of title of the Bailey estate shows that by deed dated April 18, 1843 (Land Records of Fairfax County, Va., Liber H. No. 3, folio 192), Hachaliah Bailey and Mary R., his wife, conveyed to Maria Bailey, wife of Lewis Bailey, a tract of land in said county of Fairfax containing 526 acres and 30 poles, the intention being to convey all the rights under the Pearson Patent except the lot conveyed to Wesley Adams and the lot of six or eight acres conveyed to Lawrence Lacy.
The said deed from Hachaliah Bailey and wife to Maria Bailey shows that the Pearson Patent was granted to Simon Pearson, Feb. 17, 1729, during the reign of King George II; that this property was given by Simon Pearson to his daughter Susannah, who married an Alexander; that Susannah Alexander sold the property to John Luke, the Elder, by deed bearing date of October 8, 1773; that John Luke, the Elder, gave it to his son John, who mortgaged it to McGurder and others; that by a decree of the Court of Fairfax County the property was sold under said mortgage to William B. Randolph, by deed bearing date of April 15, 1818, and was by him sold to said Hachaliah Bailey, by deed bearing date of December 19, 1837.
THE ALEXANDERS OF ALEXANDRIA COUNTY, VIRGINIA
Copied from The Record of the Alexander Family
BY REV. JOHN E. ALEXANDER, D.D.
The patriarch of this family, John Alexander, died in 1677. He had purchased the Howsen Patent, extending along the Potomac from Pompey Gale's Marsh, south of Alexandria, to a point opposite Analostan Island and Georgetown.
To his son Philip he left the lower part, including the site of Alexandria, and to his other son Robert the part opposite to Washington City. Thomas Pearson, son-in-law of Philip Alexander, having leased a portion of these lands, commenced the settlement of them on Hunting Creek in 1696.
The will of Robert Alexander, probated in Stafford County court in 1704, gave his lands mostly to his sons Robert and Charles; and other property to Eliza, Jane, and Sarah, daughters of his brother
Philip; also to John and William Fitzhugh, and to Philip Alexander. The estate was large and the property various. His son Robert was only fifteen and Charles only six years old when their father died. Charles died childless, and the entire upper part of the patent passed into the hands of Robert. The lower part remained to Philip and his representatives. These few items of a family which gave its name to a county, city, and island, within their patent, and extracted from the Annals of Alexandria by Mr. William F. Came.
THE ALEXANDER FAMILY
BY WILLIAM M. CLEMENS
Among the early colonists the Alexander family was conspicuous for worth, ability and service toward the progress and establishment of the nation. The history of the family is necessarily brief.
1. John, Lord of the Isles, married Margaret, daughter of Robert II, King of Scotland. From this marriage are descended all of the Alexanders.
Their third son, named Alexander, had issue. Alexander, second son, who married, 1480, and his son, Thomas, obtained "Menstrie," 1505.
Andrew Alexander, son of Thomas of "Menstrie," married Catharine Graham, 1500, and had Alexander, who married Elizabeth Douglas, and their youngest son, Andrew, succeeded to "Menstrie," 1544. His son, Alexander of "Menstrie," married Elizabeth Forges. Their eldest son was William Alexander of "Menstrie," whose eldest son married Marion Contee, 1567, and their only son, William, Lord of Stirling, married Janet Erskine. Their son, John Alexander, was the emigrant to Virginia 1659.
This complete Scottish history is taken from the House of Alexander, a rare old Scotch book, down to the advent of John Alexander in Virginia, who purchased all of the land lying between "Hunting Creek" in the south, and the Little Falls of the Potomac on the north, including the sites of Hunting Creek Warehouse and Arlington.
William Alexander of Menstrie, bore for armes per pale Ar. & Sa. a chev. and in base a crescent, all counter charged, quartering McDonald; Crest, a bear sejant, erect ppr. Motto: "Per Mare, per terras."
These are the arms of Alexander of Menstrie, first Earl of Stirling, from whom the Virginia family is deduced.
He was born 1550, died in London 1640; knighted, 1613; created Earl of Stirling 1633.
Sir William Alexander was a poet of merit. His son William married, and died 1638 (during the lifetime of his father). An infant, who became the second Earl of Stirling, but dying in 1640, the title passed to his uncle, Sir Antony Alexander, third Earl of Stirling who, dying without an heir, the title passed to his brother, Sir Henry,
fourth Earl of Stirling, in whose family it remained until it passed to the descendants of his brother, John who had emigrated to America and died 1677.
His son, John Alexander, married Miss Graham, sold his home, Gartmore, in Scotland, emigrated to America in 1660 and settled in Stafford County, Va.
His son, John Alexander, called Capt. John Alexander, probably came over with his father, and obtained Howsen's patent in 1669, which embraced all the land from the "Great Falls of the Potomac to Great Hunting Creek." He married, had two sons, the "eldest son and heir."
Robert Alexander married Frances, daughter of Charles Ashton (will probated 1704); their son, Robert Alexander, born 1688, died 1735; married Ann, daughter of Col. Gerard Fowke, of Maryland. Issue: John, Gerard, Sarah and Parthenia. (Will on record.)
Gerard Alexander, son of Robert and Ann Fowke, died 1761, married Mary Dent. In will, proved in Halifax, he names wife Mary, daughter Nancy, sons Robert, Philip, George, Gerard, and daughter Mary Ann.
George Dent Alexander died without issue. Gerard married Elizabeth Ashton, daughter of Col. William Alexander of "Effingham" and his wife, Sigismunda Massey; Nancy married Fielding, eldest son of Col. Fielding Lewis and his wife, Betty Washington, sister of President George Washington. The will of George Dent Alexander, who died without issue, shows legacies left to the sons of Fielding Lewis (his nephew). Nancy Alexander, who married Fielding Lewis, had children--John, George, Charles, Robert, Elizabeth, Catharine, Nancy, and Lucinda.
(Published 45 and 49 William Street, New York, 1914.)
Charles Alexander (of "Mt. Ida") was admitted 1793 to the degree of Bachelor of Arts at St. John's College, Annapolis, Md. November 1789 (?).
Philip Alexander2 (John1) married Sarah Ashton, daughter of Capt. John Ashton and Grace, his wife. It would seem that Frances, the wife of Philip's brother Robert, was Frances Ashton, sister of Sarah, Philip's wife. (William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. X.)
The children of Pearson Chapman and Susanna Alexander (cousins), daughter of John Alexander of Boyd's Hole, were:
1. Nathaniel, b. June 27, 1767, d. Jan. 16, a few
George(2) and Susanna (Alexander) Chapman had twelve children--six sons and six daughters. One daughter, Helen Mary, born November 13, 1818, married her first cousin, Thomas William Swann.
Their daughter, Susan Pearson Alexander Swann, married Geo. Edward Calvert of Maryland. Their daughter, Helen Chapman Calvert, unmarried, lives in one of the old Alexander homes, Mt. Auburn, on the edge of Alexandria, Virginia. Most of the old family silver and furniture is in her possession. (William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. X, p. 135.) Now 3110 Mt. Vernon Ave., Alexandria, Va.
St. Paul's Parish Registry of Stafford County, Va., gives the births of several children of John Alexander (of Boyd's Hole) and Susanna Pearson, daughter of Simon Pearson:
1. Charles, b. July 20, 1737, married Frances
On p. 63, Vol. X William and Mary Quarterly a son Simon is included as one of the children of John Alexander and his wife Susanna Pearson; also Ann is mentioned as the eldest daughter, who married Charles Binns and had eight children. Simon died in infancy.
Jane Ashton, who married Gerard Alexander6, (Gerard4, Robert3, Robert2, John1,) was a niece of Patrick Henry.
She was his first wife. His second wife was Elizabeth Henry Alexander, daughter of Richard Barnes Alexander and his wife, Elizabeth Toye Whiting, both of whom were born in Virginia and came to Kentucky and settled near Gerard5 Alexander. This second wife was born in Vinginia June 22, 1794, and died in Owensboro, Kentucky, August 15, 1860.
She married Gerard5 Alexander March 7, 1810. Their children were:
1. Elinor Lee,
Cecilia Geraldine, was born September 13, 1816, married April 25, 1838, Col. John Byers Anderson, born 1816, Washington County, Pa., was the son of Rev. John Anderson. He was in the railroad business and in charge of military railways for the Army of the Cumberland in the Civil War. Secretary Stanton created him a colonel in 1863.
(William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. II.) Cecilia Geraldine (Alexander) Anderson, was the "Cousin Cecilia" with whom Frances Brown (Alexander) Poteet lived while she was in school at Hardinsburg, Ky. After the war this couple lived in Kansas for a while and endowed a school in Emporia, Kansas, also giving much aid to young students with their extensive library.
When "Cousin Cecilia" was an old lady she wrote to Gustavus Richard Alexander and asked him to bring one of his sister's (Frances Brown Alexander Poteet) sons to visit her in Kentucky, with which request he failed to comply.
Elinor Lee6, daughter of Gerard Alexander5 (Gerard4, Robert3, Robert2, John1) and his second wife, Elizabeth Henry (Alexander) Alexander, was named for the first wife. She was born April 28, 1813, died July 3, 1841, and is buried on the farm, "Saratoga," near Brandenburg, Ky., beside her father, Gerard Alexander5. She was married May 27, 1830, to Edwin Foote, born May 9, 1805, died 1874, a son of William Foote and Sarah Alexander5, sister of Gerard Alexander5, thus marrying her first cousin. Her children were: Ludwell Alexander Foote7, Virginius Foote7, Ann Taylor Foote7, and Gerard Foote7. The eldest son, Ludwell Alexander Foote7, born April 30, 1831, in Fauquier County, Va., married August 23, 1855, Susanna Pearson Stuart, daughter of Dr. Charles Stuart and Katherine Brown. (William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. II.)
(This Katherine Brown Stuart was the "Aunt Kitty Stuart," who died of cholera while moving from Kentucky to Missouri, and was buried in the old Prospect Hill cemetery near St. Joseph, Mo. She was the daughter of John Brown and Susanna Pearson Alexander, and sister of Susan Pearson Brown, who married her first cousin, William Brown Alexander, son of Charles Alexander of "Preston," Va., and the great-aunt of the writer of this book.--S. M. F. C.).
THE ALEXANDER FAMILY
Copied from Colonial Families of the Southern States,
The progenitor of the "Effingham" Alexanders was Captain John Alexander of Stafford County, Va., born in Scotland; died 1677, in Virginia; came to the colony and located in Stafford County in 1659. He, with Littleton Scarburgh and Tabitha Smart, obtained a grant for 1,500 acres in Northampton County March 24, 1659. In 1664 he obtained a grant for 1,450 acres, formerly granted to John Bagnall and John Walter, and by them assigned to Edmund Scarburgh, August 13, 1656, and by Scarburgh assigned to John Alexander, March 10, 1659. In 1664, as John Alexander Sr., he patented land in Westmoreland County and on Attopen Creek. And as Capt. John Alexander,
with Capt. Peter Ashton and Robert Street, patented 2,000 acres in Stafford County May 6, 1668; married unknown. Issue:
2--1 John died without issue.
Philip Alexander (2--2) of Stafford, County, Va., d. prior to 1706; m. Sarah Ashton, dau. of Capt. John and Grace (Meese) Ashton. His widow m. (second) Thomas Clifton, and (third) Mr. McGill. Issue:
3--1 Jane, b. July 1, 1696; m. Francis Dade, son of Francis and Frances (Townshend) Dade. No known issue.
3--2 Elizabeth, b. Sept. 5, 1698; m. Hon. Townshend Dade, of Stafford County, Va. He served as County Lieutenant and High Sheriff of Stafford County, 1724-5, and as Vestryman of St. Jaul's Parish; son of Francis and Frances (Townshend) Dade; and had among other issue:
4--1 Horatio, of King George County, Va.; will dated Oct. 8, 1781, probated April 4, 1792. (Italicized figures changed from 7 and 0 in the book.) Served as a member of the Committee of Safety, and as a Vestryman of St. Paul's Parish; m. Mary (Stuart) Massie, b. 1726, widow of Sigismunde Massie, and dau. of Rev. David and Jane (Gibbons) Stuart, of St. Paul's Parish, King George County, Va., and had issue; untraced. (See Stuart lineage.)
3--3 Sarah, b. March 31, 1700; m. first, Cadwalader Dade, of King George County, Va., d. 1777; a staunch Churchman, and a Vestryman of St. Paul's Parish, son of Francis and Frances (Townshend) Dade; m. second, Mr. Mason, and had issue:
3--4 Philip, b. July 22, 1704, of whom later.
Capt. Philip Alexander (3--4), of King George County, Va., b. July 22, 1704, d. July 19, 1753; will dated July 18, 1753, probated Aug. 14, 1753; his personal estate was appraised at œ1,558 10s. 2 1/2d.; m. Nov. 11, 1726, Sarah Hooe, b. 1708, d. Aug. 14th, 1758; dau. of Col. Rice and Frances (Townshend-Dade) Hooe, of King George County, Va., granddaughter of Rice and Catherine (Taliaferro) Hooe, and of Col. Robert and Mary (Langhorn) Townshend. Issue:
4--1 Frances; b. Oct. 5, 1728; m. Feb. 16, 1749, John Stuart of King George County, Va., son of Rev. David and Jane (Gibbons) Stuart, and had issue. (See Stuart lineage.)
4--2 Jane, b. Jan. 12, 1730; m. Feb. 23, 1748, Henry Ashton of King George County, Va., son of Col. Henry and Mary (Watts) Ashton, and had issue:
4--3 Elizabeth, b. Dec. 23, 1731, untraced.
4--4 Sarah, b. Sept. 30, 1733, m. John Fendall.
4--5 John, of King George County, Va., b. Nov. 15, 1735, m. Lucy Thornton, dau. (it is supposed) of William Thornton, of King George County, Va., and had issue:
4--6 Philip, of King George County, Va., b. May 31, 1742, untraced.
4--7 William, b. March 3, 1744; of whom later.
4--8 Robert, b. Aug. 1, 1746, d. in infancy.
Col. William Alexander, (4--7), of Effingham, Prince William County, Va., b. Mar. 3, 1744, d. April 3, 1814; made will Sept. 20, 1813, probated
May 2, 1814; built "Effingham House," and was a prominent, influential citizen in affairs of Church and State; m. April 18, 1765, Sigismunda Mary Massie, d. April 18, 1832, made will March 4, 1829, probated Jan. 7, 1833; dau. of Sigismunda Mary (Stuart) Massie, of King George County, Va. (See Stuart lineage.) Issue:
5--1 John Stuart, b. April 5, 1766, m. Catherine Foote and had issue.
5--2 Sarah, b. Nov. 22, 1767, of whom later.
5--3 Mary, b. Jan. 24, 1769, d. 1779.
5--4 Frances, b. Mar. 11, 1770, d. 1774.
5--5 Jane, b. Nov. 30, 1771, m. Col. John Field Slaughter, of Culpeper County, Va., son of Col. Lawrence and Susanna (Field) Slaughter, and had issue. (See Slaughter lineage.)
5--6 Elizabeth Ashton, b. Dec. 22, 1773, m. her cousin, Gerard Alexander, son of Gerard and Mary (???) Alexander, and had issue.
5--7 Mary Stuart, b. Feb. 8, 1775, m. Thomas Harrison, and had issue.
5--8 Philip, b. May 20, 1777, d. May 1833, m. Miss Harrison and had issue.
5--9 Frances, (twin), b. April 15, 1778, m. Langhorn Dade, left no issue.
5--10 Stuart, (twin), b. April 15, 1778, d. in infancy.
5--11 William, b. Sept. 17, 1779, d. 1791.
5--12 Robert, b. Aug. 5, 1781, m. Helen Brown, dau. of Alexander and Humphrey Ann Frances (Toy-Whiting) Brown, and had issue.
5--13 Langhorne, b. April 10, 1783, d. 1793.
5--14 Gerard, b. June 25, 1784, of whom later.
5--15 Lawrence Gibbons, b. Oct. 6, 1785, d. May 1, 1868, m., first, Miss Harrison; second, Miss McLean.
5--16 William Sigismunda, b. Nov. 16, 1787, d. Aug. 27, 1836, unmarried. (Written in ink.)
5--17 Catherine Foote, b. 1793, m. Dr. William H. Triplett, he died 1856. (Note.--This date supplied by Mrs. Mary Eliza (Triplett) Strayer; also see William and Mary Coll. Q., Vol. X, p. 183.)
Sarah Alexander, (5--2), the eldest daughter of Col. William and Sigismunda Mary (Massie) Alexander, of Effingham, b. Nov. 22, 1767, m. Hon. Wm. Foote, of Fauquier County, Va., son of Hon. Richard Helm and Jane (Stuart) Foote, of Fauquier County, Va. (See Stuart lineage.) Issue:
6--1 George, untraced.
6--2 John, untraced.
6--3 Sigismunda, untraced.
6--4 Gibbon, untraced.
6--5 Nancy, untraced.
6--6 Alexander, untraced.
6--7 Philip, untraced.
6--8 Sarah, untraced.
6--9 Frederick, untraced.
6--10 Edward, m. his cousin Eleanor Lee Alexander, dau. of Gerard and Elizabeth Henry (Alexander) Alexander, and had issue:
7--11 Mary Stuart, of whom later.
6--12 William, untraced.
6--13 Richard, untraced.
Mary Stuart Foote, (6--11) b. early in the nineteenth century (date supplied in ink--Dec. 18, 1794, d. Mar. 14, 1878); m. (in ink--Feb. 25, 1824) John Whiting Massie, of Fauquier County, Va. (b. Oct. 20, 1791, d. Sept. 27,
1840), a prominent, influential citizen in affairs of Church and State, a staunch and liberal supporter of the Roman Catholic Church; and had among other issue:
7--1 Catherine, b. Dec. 25, 1828, d. July 7, 1885; m. June 16, 1858, Dr. John Agustine Chilton of Warrenton, Va., son of John and Ann (Smith) Chilton, of Fauquier County, Va., and had issue. (See Chilton and Smith lineages.)
7--2 Mary Ann, of whom later.
Mary Ann Massie (7--2), b. early in the nineteenth century, m. Jan. 30, 1845, Inman Horner Payne, of Fauquier County, Va., b. Aug. 28, 1822, d. Oct. 10, 1905, son of George Houston and Catherine (Edmunds) Payne of Fauquier County, Va., grandson of George and Frances (Edmunds) Payne of Westmoreland County, Va., and of Capt. William and Elizabeth (Blackwell) Edmunds of Fauquier County, Va. (See Blackwell lineage). Issue:
8--1 James Albert, b. 1846, d. in infancy.
8--2 Mary Massie, b. April 1, 1847, d. Oct. 1901; m. Mark Bernard Harding.
8--3 George Houston, b. Dec. 12, 1850, of whom later.
8--4 John Massie, b. July 15, 1852, living in 1909.
8--5 Inman Horner, b. Feb. 1854, m. Elizabeth Pendleton.
8--6 Bernard Washington, b. 1859, m. Alice MacDonald.
8--7 Julian Downman, b. 1861, d. Feb. 15, 1907; m. Carrie Smith.
8--8 Thomas Alexander, b. 1863, d. 1893, unmarried.
8--9 Markham Brooke, b. 1865, d. 1902.
8--10 Lena Robb, b. 1867, living in 1909, m. Charles Crutchfield.
George Houston Payne (8--3), of Baltimore, Md., b. Dec. 12, 1850, at Warrenton, Va., living in 1909; m. Nov. 23, 1875, Imogene Barren Berry, b. June 21, 1851, living in 1909, dau. of John Hezekiah and Louise (West) Berry, of Washington, D. C. Issue:
8--1 George Houston Payne, b. Nov. 7, 1876, d. in infancy.
8--2 Mary Louisa, b. Sept. 3, 1878, living in 1909; m. Nov. 19, 1903, George Archibald Coulter, of Baltimore, Md. Issue:
9--1 Imogene Berry, b. Nov. 15, 1904, living in 1909.
8--3 Katherine Edmunds, b. Feb. 7, 1880, living in 1909.
8--4 George Houston, b. May 18, 1885, living in 1909.
Gerard Alexander (5--14) of Meade County, Ky., the fourteenth son of Col. William and Sigismunda Mary (Massie) Alexander, of Effingham, b. June 25, 1784, at Effingham, Prince William County, Va., d. July 2, 1834, on his father's plantation in Meade County, Ky. Removed to Kentucky before 1812, m. first, Eleanor Lee, d. Nov. 9, 1807, dau. of Thomas and Eleanor (Brent) Lee; second, Mar. 7, 1810, his cousin, Elizabeth Henry Alexander, b. June 28, 1794, in Virginia, d. Aug. 15, 1860, at Owensboro, Ky., dau. of Richard Barnes and Elizabeth Toy (Whiting) Alexander. Issue by first marriage:
6--1 Thomas Ludwell, b. Oct. 26, 1807, of whom later. Issue by second marriage:
6--2 Eleanor Lee, b. April 28, 1813, d. July 3, 1841; m. May 27, 1830, her cousin, Edward Foote, b. May 9, 1805, d. 1874; son of William and Sarah (Alexander) Foote, and had issue.
6--3 Junius Brutus, b. Dec. 25, 1814, of whom later.
6--4 Cecilia Geraldine, b. Sept. 13, 1816, m. April 25, 1838, Col. John Byers Anderson, b. 1816, son of Rev. John Anderson.
6--5 Armistead Mason, b. April 16, 1819, d. May 16, 1839, unmarried.
6--6 Andrew Jackson, b. Jan. 15, 1821, m. Sept. 6, 1843, Lucy Attala Washington, dau. of Henry and Catherine Robertson (Bate) Washington, and had issue.
6--7 Maria Beverly, b. Jan. 24, 1824, m. Jan. 25, 1842, William Cole Woolfolk, b. Dec. 14, 1818, son of Wm. and Susan (Cole) Woolfolk of Orange County, Va., and had issue.
6--8 Gerard, M.D., U.S.N., b. Aug. 13, 1826, d. Oct. 20, 1876, in Texas. Served with distinction in U.S.N.; was with Com. Perry's second expedition to Japan. Unmarried.
6--9 Frances Harriet, b. Mar. 6, 1829, m. Oct. 29, 1848, Dr. Howard Smith, of New Orleans, La., d. 1892; son of Prof. Persifor Smith, U.S.A., and had issue.
6--9 Richard Barnes, of Louisville, Ky., b. Mar. 8, 1831, d. Nov. 26, 1888; m. Dec. 16, 1856, Susan Hart Wallace, b. Dec. 16, 1834, dau. of Arthur Hooe and Lettia Preston (Hart) Wallace, and had issue: Col. Thomas Ludwell Alexander, U.S.N. (6--1).
Col. Thomas Ludwell Alexander, U.S.A. (6--1), the eldest son of Gerard Alexander, of Meade County, Ky., by his first wife, Eleanor Lee, b. Oct. 26, 1807, in Prince William County, Va., d. Mar. 11, 1881, in Louisville, Ky.
He entered the U. S. Military Academy, 1826, graduating in 1830; served in the 6th Reg. U. S. Infantry as brevet 2nd Lieutenant; promoted to 2nd Lieutenant and to 1st Lieutenant 1837; Captain 1838, serving in the same regiment; promoted major of 8th Infantry 1853; Lieutenant Colonel of 5th Infantry 1861; served with distinction in the Indian Campaigns and the Mexican War; organized the Military Asylum at Harrodsburg, Ky. in 1864; Lieutenant Governor of the Soldiers' Home near Washington, D. C.; retired on the score of age in 1864; was a charter member of the Aztec Club; m. first, April 21, 1834, Ann Clark Bullitt, b. May 9, 1816, d. June 27, 1835; dau. of Thomas and Diana Moore (Gwathmey) Bullitt, of Louisville, Ky.; m. second, May 16, 1844, Maria Brooke Kelly, b. May 27, 1822, d. Dec. 16, 1848, dau. of William and Maria (Brooke) Kelly, of New Orleans, La.; third, Apr. 30, 1850, Sallie (Rudd) Fitter, dau. of Capt. James Rudd of Louisville, Ky., and widow of Roderick W. Fitter. Issue by first marriage:
7--1 Thomas Bullitt, Capt. U.S.A. and C.S.A., b. Jan. 21, 1835, d. Aug. 22, 1880, in Brittany, France; served with distinction in U. S. A. and later in C.S.A. At the time of the surrender, he was one of President Jefferson Davis' bodyguards. Unmarried. Issue by second marriage:
7--2 Thomas Ludwell, of Louisville, Ky., b. July 13, 1847, d. Jan. 22, 1870, unmarried. Issue by third marriage:
7--3 Richard Henry Lee, Lieut. U.S.A., b. Feb. 15, 1851, in St. Louis, Mo., d. Feb. 9, 1875, in Sacramento, Cal. Served in 7th U. S. Cavalry, Col. Cutter in command. Unmarried.
7--4 Duncan Stuart, b. Aug. 12, 1852, at Fort Snelling, Minn., d. Dec. 9, 1852.
7--5 Charles Carrol, b. Nov. 30, 1853, at Louisville, Ky., d. Mar. 5, 1864.
7--6 Gerard, b. March 11, 1856, of whom later.
7--7 George Hancock, b. Nov. 15, 1857, at Louisville, Ky., m. Apr. 12, 1898, Carrie Vertres Holt, dau. of Judge William H. Holt, of Frankfort, Ky., and had issue: Sallie Holt, b. Dec. 26, 1899.
7--8 William Rudd, b. Jan. 10, 1860, at Soldiers' Home, Washington, D. C., d. July 13, 1862.
7--9 Junius Beverly, b. Oct. 21, 1861, at Soldiers ?? Washington D. C., d. Nov. 3, 1866.
7--10 Richard Rudd, b. Jan. 10, 1864, at Louisville?? Ky., d. Nov. 13, 1864.
Gerard Alexander (7--6), b. Mar. 11, 1856, at Harrodsbur?? Ky., living in 1909, m. Feb. 5, 1889, Marion White, dau. of Dana and Marion Josephine (Kidder) White, issue:
8--1 Thomas Ludwell, b. Jan. 1, 1890; d. July 20, 1893.
8--2 Gerard, Jr., b. Dec. 8, 1891, living in 1909.
8--3 Dana White, b. Sept. 16, 1893, living in 1909.
8--4 Marion Josephine, b. Nov. 16, 1893, living in 1909.
Junius Brutus Alexander (6--3), of Effingham House, Stater Island N. Y., the eldest son of Gerard Alexander, of Meade County, Ky., by his second wife. Elizabeth Henry Alexander, b. Dec. 25, 1814, in Prince William County. V??., d. Jan. 9, 1893, in New York, N. Y.; m. Dec. 22, 1836, Lucy Fit??hugh Dade, b. June 8, 1816, at Powhatan, on the James River, d. Jan. ??. ?? in St. Louis, Mo., dau. of Gen. Lawrence Taliaferro and Ann (Mayo) Dade?? Issue:
7--1 Eleanor Lee, b. Feb. 8, 1839, m. May 2, 1867, Major Henry Fit??hugh Mayo, of Richmond, Va., b. June 1827, d. April 1894; served in the 13th V??. Cav., C.S.A., under Gen. Stevenson; son of Robert ?? and Sarah (Taliaferro) Mayo. No issue.
77--2 Anita Mayo, b. Feb. 14, 1841, m. Oct. 22, 1862?? James P. McAfe?? of Kentucky and had issue.
7--3 Lawrence Dade, b. May 12, 1843, of whom later??
7--4 Ludwell Brooke, b. July 21, 1845, d. June 25, 1868, ??
7--5 Welcome Taylor, M. D., b. Feb. 4, 1848, m. Oct. 1??, ?? Amy Gabrille Thayer, and had issue.
7--6 Armistead Mason, b. May 12, 1850, ??. May 16, ??. m. Vitginis E. Norton of Lexington, Ky.
7--7 Ernest Hopkins, b. Sept. 13, 1852, d. Mar. 1, 1855.
7--8 Frances Dade, b. Mar. 7, 1855, living in 1909. ??
7--9 Lucy Fitzhugh, ??. Aug. 10, 1857, d. Sept. 7, 1858.
7--10 Eliza??beth Henry, b. Oct. 21, 1860, d. Nov. 4, 1860.
Lawrence Dade Alexander, (7--3), of Arrochar, Staten Island?? N. Y., b. May 12, 1843, living 1909, m. June 12, 1866, Orline St. John, ?? of Newton and Maria J. (Pope) St. John, of Mobile, Als?? Issue:
8--1 St. John, living in 1909.
8--2 Clinton, died in infancy.
8--3 Orline, living in 1909.
8--4 Ernest, died in infancy.
8--5 Lucy, living in 1909.
8--6 Lawrence Dade, living in 1909.
ARMS: per pale argent and sable, a chevron, and in b??se a ?? all countercharged. CREST: A dexter arm. vambraced and ?? holding a dagger point upward, of the last, hilt and pommel or, all prope?? Morro: "Per Mare, per Terras" (by sea and land).
(These dates tally wi??h the Effingham Bible as far as they go??--S. M. ??. C.)
STEWART OR STUART FAMILY
The surname of Stewart or Stuart, and the various men and women bearing the same, have perhaps exercised more efficient influence over the history of the Anglo-Saxon race from the days of Kennett II, who conquered the Picts and was crowned King of Scotland, A.D. 854, down to the present time, than any other name of modern history. King Edward VII of England claimed his right to the British Crown purely through his Stuart blood, and it is a matter of pride and congratulation to himself and the English nobility that this is a matter of fact. The name was originally spelled with a "w"--Stewart, but in compliment to the beautiful but unfortunate Mary, Queen of Scots, was changed from "w" to "u", because the lovely queen, the very darling of the Scotch people, having been educated in France, and the French language knowing no W, substituted the U, and spelled her name "Stuart," and therefore her adherents adopted the French spelling, but the families of the two spellings are identical, and have the same origin.
Rev. David Stuart of St. Paul's Parish, King George County, Va., born late in the 17th century, in Scotland, died 1749, in Virginia. He was a descendant of the Royal House of Stuart. He was born at Invernish. His mother was Lucy Erskine, daughter of David Erskine, Lord Dunn. David Stuart served under his kinsman James Francis Stuart, "The Pretender," and in consequence had to flee from Scotland. He came to the Colony in 1715, and later returned to England for Holy Orders. Returning to the Colony he settled on the banks of the Potomac River, and was soon afterwards chosen Rector of St. Paul's Parish, then in Stafford County, and served until his death in 1749. He was one of the most noted of the early divines of the Colonial Church. He married Jane Gibbons, daughter of Sir John Gibbons, Governor of Barbados. Issue:
2--1 William, b. about 1723-4, of whom later.
2--2 Mary, b. Feb. 14, (24), 1726, m. first, Sigismunde Massie, of King George County, Va.; second, Horatio Dade, of King George County, Va.; will dated Oct. 8, 1787 (1), probated April 4, 1702 (8). He served as a member of the Committee of Safety and as a vestryman of St. Paul's Parish. Son of Hon. Townshend and Elizabeth (Alexander) Dade, of Stafford County, Va. Issue by first marriage:
3--1 Sigismunda Mary, d. April 18, 1832; will made March 4, 1829, probated Jan. 7, 1833; m. April 16, 1865, Col. William Alexander of "Effingham House," Prince William County, Va., son of Capt. Philip Alexander and Sarah (Hooe) Alexander of King George County, Va., and had issue. (See Alexander lineage.)
3--2 and 3--3 (see Alexander linage).
2--3 John, of King George County, Va., b. May 10, 1728, m. Feb. 16, 1749, Frances Alexander, b. Oct. 5, 1728, dau. of Capt. Philip and Sarah (Hooe) Alexander of King George County, Va. and had issue. (See Alexander lineage.)
2--4 Charles, of King George County, Va., b. about 1729, m. first, Feb. 23, 1749, Frances Washington; second, 1752, Susanna Grigsby; third, Aug. 6, 1754, Frances Dade (?), and had issue:
2--5 Sarah, b. about 1732 (Jan. 6, 1731), m. about 1753, Thomas Fitzhugh, of King George County, Va., son of Hon. Henry and Susannah (Cooke) Fitzhugh of "Bedford," and had issue. He built "Boscobel," Stafford County. (See Fitzhugh and Cooke lineages.)
Rev. William Stuart, (2--1) of St. Paul's Parish, King George County, Va., b. about 1723-4, d. 1796, was educated in England, studied theology in London, and was ordained to the priesthood in 1745, by Bishop Edmonds. On his return to the Colony he was assistant to his father, whom he succeeded as Rector of St. Paul's Parish. He was a man of very high character and was noted for his eloquence, and for his popularity; was known as "Parson Stuart," and was greatly beloved by his parishoners; was one of the noted divines of the Colonial Church. He married Nov. 26, 1750, Sarah Foote, heiress to the fine old estate of "Cedar Grove," on the Potomac River in King George County, Va., and they had four sons and six daughters, among which were the following issue:
3--1 David, b. Aug. 3, 1753; of whom later.
3--2 Richard, of "Cedar Grove," King George County, Va., m. Aug. 28, 1802, Margaret (Robinson) McCarty, wid. of Daniel McCarty of "Pope's Creek," dau. of William and Margaret (Williamson) Robinson, and had issue.
3--3 Ann, m. 1793, William Mason of "Mattawoman," son of Col. George and Ann (Eilbeck) Mason, and had issue. (See Mason lineage.)
3--4 Jane, b. 1775, d. 1820, m. Richard Helm Foote, of Fauquier County, Va., b. 1773, son of George Foote and his wife, Miss Helm, and had among other issue:
4--1 William, of Fauquier County, Va., m. Sarah Alexander, dau. of Col. William Alexander and Sigismunda (Massie) Alexander, of "Effingham," and had issue. (See Alexander lineage.)
4--2 Richard, of Fauquier County, Va., m. Inez Stuart, and had, among other issue, Hon. Henry T. Foote, a distinguished member of the U. S. Senate.
4--3 Sarah Catherine Stuart, untraced.
Dr. David Stuart of Alexandria, Va., born August 3, 1753, a graduate of William and Mary College, and of the famous Medical College of Edinburgh, Scotland; he continued his study of medicine in Paris, France.
While in Edinburgh, he was under the care of Lady Jane Gordon, who became much attached to him, and when he was returning to the Colony she presented him with a beautiful miniature of King Charles Edward Stuart, of Scotland. It became the property of Arthur Lee Stuart 1831. It was lost about 1870. He lived at Stuart Island, Miss. up the river from New Orleans. His home was robbed and miniature was lost. He served with distinction as a Burgess from King George County, Va., later located in Alexandria, where he practiced his profession. He was a loyal supporter of the Episcopal Church. He
married, 1783, Eleanor (Calvert) Custis, b. 1758, d. 1811, widow of John Parke Custis, of "Arlington," Fairfax County, Va., and daughter of Hon. Benedict Calvert, of "Mt. Airy," Prince George County, Md., and had issue:
(There seems to be no data giving the forbears of:)
REV. DAVID STUART He was of Inverness, Scotland,
2--1 WILLIAM STUART (Rev.), b. Dec. 13, 1723, d.
2--2 MARY STUART, b. Feb. 24, 1725, m. April 4,
2--3 JOHN STUART, b. Oct. 5, 1728, married Feb. 16,
Hooe his wife, of "Salisbury," Stafford
2--4 SARAH STUART b. Feb. 21, 1731, m. Feb. 16,
2--5 CHARLES STUART, b. April 16, 1733, m. Feb. 23,
The above dates are taken from St. Paul's
2--3 JOHN STUART, above, and his wife Frances
3--7 CHARLES STUART, married Sarah Keene Ashton,
4-- SARAH BLAIR STUART, married in 1824, Gustavus
They had three daughters and one son
Mariette Alexander, married Rev. William
Rosina Alexander, married William T.
Marion Stuart Alexander, married John
You will see by the above that Mrs. William A. Smoot's (n‚e Betty McGuire), grandmother Sarah Stuart, was great-granddaughter of David Stuart, through his son John Stuart, of "Hilton." Rev. David
Stuart, having served under his kinman, "The Pretender," fled from Scotland, and returning later to England received Holy Orders. Was rector of St. Paul's Parish, King George County, Virginia, 1722-1749.
David Stuart was a refugee from Scotland in 1715, having served under his kinsman, "the Pretender."
He must have been a widower, as he brought a daughter with him, Mary Stuart, aged 14 years. Later he went to England, received Holy Orders, and then married Hannah Gibbons, sisters of Sir John Gibbons, member of Parliament for Essex, Baronet. He returned to America and was Rector of "St. Paul's Parish, King George County, Va. from 1722 to 1749. He was succeeded by his son, Rev. William Stuart, who was probably his father's assistant as well as successor. William Stuart was Rector of St. Paul's Parish for forty years; age and infirmity made him ask for a successor (see Bishop Meade's Old Churches and Families of Virginia, Vol. II, page 187). He died in 1796.
David Stuart's daughter, Mary, married first, Sigismund Massie; second, Horatio Dade, son of Francis Dade and Frances (Townshend), his wife (afterwards wife of Col. Rice Hooe). Her daughter, Mary Sigismunda Massie, married Capt. (later Col.) William Alexander.
Mary (Stuart), Mrs. Sigismund Massie, had a son, Lee Massie, who married Parthenia Alexander, and their son was rector of Pohick Church, 1767. He married Miss Alexander. He was very witty and once gave as a reason for entering the ministry: that he might preserve his genealogical record (the Stuart) in the wilds of America.
Rev. David Stuart had a grandson, Dr. David Stuart, who married the widow Custis (widow of John Parke Custis). Dr. Stuart was son of Rev. William Stuart, son of Rev. David Stuart.
1st--Rev. David Stuart mar. first, (???); second,
One of Rev. David Stuart's daughters married Archibald Campbell, Rector in Washington Parish, Westmoreland County, Va. Parson Campbell was from Scotland, a relative of the Stuarts and Argyles and uncle of Thomas Campbell, the poet.
Col. Richard Townshend, of the family of Viscount Townshend, Prime Minister to George I of England, was one of the "Colonial Council" in 1642. His son, Robert Townshend, the son of Col.
Richard of the Council, left two daughters, Lady Frances and Lady Mary. His wife was Mary Langhorne. Lady Frances married first, Francis Dade; second, Col. Rice Hooe. Lady Mary Townshend married Capt. John Washington; their son, Needham Langhorne Washington, married the sister of Gerard Alexander, daughter of John Alexander, son of Philip.
Issue Needham Washington and Jane May Washington (Mrs. Campbell of New Orleans): Frances Townshend had four sons by Francis Dade--Cadwallader, Townshend, Francis, and Robert.
Cadwallader married Sarah Alexander, Townshend married Frances Alexander, Francis married Jane Alexander, the three daughters of Philip Alexander, Sr. and his wife, Sarah Ashton.
By the marriage of Lady Frances (Townshend) Dade with Col. Rice Hooe, she had a daughter Sarah Hooe, who married Philip Alexander Jr. (son of Philip Alexander Sr.), brother to the wives of Sarah Hooe's three half-brothers, Cadwallader, Francis, and Townshend Dade. Capt. Richard Townshend was Justice of York County, Va. 1633; Burgess in 1629 for Martens Hope, and for York in 1642. Patented land in 1650; Member Colonial Council 1636-1645. Came to Virginia in the ship Abigail in 1620, age 24; married Mary Baldwin of Glassthorne, Northaut County, England. His son Robert married Mary Langhorne, daughter of Mr. Needham Langhorne of Newton, Brownshall, Northaut County, England.
Mary (Baldwin) Townshend, wife of Richard Townshend, married first, Col. Robert Williams; second, Mr. Jones, by whom she had Cadwallader Jones, Colonel in British service--hence the name of Cadwallader in the Dade line; third, Col. Richard Townshend.
1st--Col. Richard Townshend mar. Mary (Baldwin)
From Virginia Genealogies by the Rev. Horace E. Hayden.
An old memoir in the Brown family, undated, states that during the "Thirty Years' War," when thousands of young Scotchmen of spirit and enterprise, joined the banner of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden,
"Cadet Brown," a scion of an ancient family of Scotland, accompanied them. He won the King's friendship and was most favorably received by the Royal family. A love affair between him and the niece of Gustavus Adolphus was the dangerous result, culminating in a marriage against the wishes of the king, and young Brown, when his military adventures were over, returned with his wife to Scotland. Afterward a grandson bore the name of Gustavus, which name has been made perpetual in the family. Hayden says that he cannot find proof of this or other versions of the story concerning the marriage of Brown into the Royal family of Sweden, which are current among the descendants of Reverend Richard Brown.
David Brown, of Dalkeith, Scotland, first definitely known ancestor, was probably descended from the ancient House of Brown (or Broun) of Coulston. Nothing is known of this progenitor of the Maryland family beyond the fact that he was the father of Reverend Richard Brown.
Reverend Richard Brown, born Dalkeith, 1610, called "the son of David Brown of Dalkeith" in the Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae, was under the Parish of Salton, ordained 1633, and deposed in 1644 "for speaking against the Covenant (1643)." Hayden states "it is possible that it was he who fought in the Swedish army and his wife may have been a Swedish Princess." He was married about 1630.
Gustavus Brown, born Dalkeith, Scotland, 1640-50, married 1670-80, Jane Mitchelson, daughter of George Mitchelson, grandson of the House of Middleton in Dalkeith, and his wife Isabel Elphinstone, daughter of the House of Soloms. (See Hayden for Mitchelson Family of Middleton.) Their son:
Gustavus Brown, born at Dalkeith, April, 1689 (known later as Dr. Gustavus Brown of Port Tobacco, Maryland), was the first of this family to settle in America. The basis of this assumption is his own record, made in his English Book of Common Prayer and in his family Bible:
"On the 10th of April 1689 was born Gustavus Brown (baptized the same day); parents: Gustavus, son of Richard."
a formal certificate pasted in the cover:
"10th April 1689 was born Gustavus Brown; parents Gustavus Brown and Jane Mitchelson. * * *"
and another item:
"The Bible originally belonged to Jane Mitchelson, my mother, who was the daughter of George Mitchelson, grandson of the House of Middleton, near Dalkeith, and Isabel Elfoston, daughter of Soloms. * * *"
Dr. Brown of Rich Hill (near Port Tobacco), Charles County, Maryland (and Laird of Mainside and the House of Byers, Roxbury,
Scotland), states in the family Bible "I came into Maryland in May anno 1708, and in 1710 married Frances Fowke, daughter of Mr. Gerard Fowke in Nanjemy."
Frances Fowke was born February 2, 1691, and died November 8, 1744. She was the daughter of Col. Gerard and Sarah (Burdette) Fowke of Charles County. After the death of Frances, Dr. Brown married Margaret (Black) Boyd, widow of an Irish gentleman and merchant of Port Tobacco. Dr. Brown died of apoplexy, at Rich Hill, in April, 1762.
His will was dated December 9, 1755. (See will elsewhere.) Dr. Brown and Frances Fowke Brown had, besides several sons, nine daughters. (Only one son by the first marriage lived to manhood.) The nine daughters grew to maturity and married. They are still referred to among their numerous descendants as "the Nine Miss Browns."
Dr. Brown, according to family tradition, studied at the University of Edinburgh though his name does not appear in the public catalogue. It is related that as a youth of nineteen he became a Surgeon's Mate or Surgeon on one of the Royal (or King's) ships that came to the Colony in the Chesapeake Bay in 1708. While his ship lay at anchor he went on shore, but before he could return a severe storm arose, which made it necessary for the ship to weight anchor and put to sea.
The young man was left with nothing but the clothes on his back. He quickly made himself known and informed the planters of his willingness to serve them if he could be provided with instruments and medicines, leaving them to judge if he was worthy of their confidence.
He began the practice of medicine at Nansemond, Maryland. He soon gained respect and succeeded beyond his expectations. He married into a wealthy family (that is, Fowke), made a large fortune, and wishing to lay his bones in his own loved Scotland, returned there with his family and became possessed by purchase, it is believed, though possibly by inheritance, of the lands disposed of in his will.
His wife became dissatisfied with Scotland and he returned in 1734 to Maryland, where he had years before purchased the seat of Colonel Lomax, Rich Hill, four miles from Port Tobacco, Maryland.
(Rev. Richard Brown says in his will, I give to my two daughters Ann and Elizabeth all that part of a tract of land called Rich Hill, which I bought of William Coutslak of Charles County.)
He also became prominent in the affairs of the colony. He was one of the seven trustees appointed in 1723 for the county to fill vacancies in the list of school teachers of the province, who were to be "members of the Church of England, pious and exemplary in their lives, capable of teaching well the grammar, good writing and the mathematics, if such could conveniently be got." In 1728 he was appointed among others a Commissioner to regulate the parishes of the two counties (St. Mary's and Charles). Dr. Brown was a vestryman
in Port Tobacco Parish as late as 1758 and Assistant Judge of Charles County Court 1755. The following anecdote is related concerning Dr. Brown:
Rev. Richard Brown, born Charles County Maryland, December 7, 1725, died 1789, son of Dr. Gustavus Brown and his wife Frances Fowke Brown, married first, in Edinburgh about 1750, Helen Bailey, sister of Colonel Bailey of the English army, who died in the "Black Hole of Calcutta" in 1756. (Family tradition says that Rev. Richard Brown was betrothed to a Miss Eilbeck, of Maryland, an heiress, before he left to finish his education at Edinburgh, but he met Miss Bailey, fell in love and married her privately. He married second, Mrs. (Black) Key, and third, Mrs. (Smoot) Hawkins. He was sent to Edinburgh to complete his education. While pursuing his studies there he was forced into the ranks of Prince Charles, the Pretender. He was captured at the battle of Culloden, condemned to be shot but escaped by proving himself of American birth and forced into service. He was ordained in the English Church by the Lord Bishop of London July 9, 1750. He returned to Maryland and became incumbent of King and Queen Parish, St. Mary's County. He had eight children. His daughter:
Frances Brown, by his wife, Helen Bailey, born (???), died 1823, married Charles Alexander (born July 20, 1737, died 1806) of "Preston." (Named for Preston Palms.) Six miles from Edinburgh.
Mrs. Frances Fowke Brown, wife of Dr. Gustavus Brown of Maryland, was buried at "Dipple" on the Potomac River, County of Stafford. Her tomb bears the record:
"Here lieth the body of Frances, the wife of Dr. Gustavus Brown of Charles County, Maryland, By her he had twelve children, of which one son and seven daughters survive her. She was the daughter of Mr. Gerard Fowke, late of Maryland, and was descended from the Fowkes of Gunston Hall in Staffordshire, England. She was born February 2, 1691, and died much lamented on the 8th of November 1744 in the fifty-fourth year of her age."
MEMOIRS OF BROWN FAMILY
Richard Brown, minister of Salton in Scotland, in the reign of Charles I, married Jean Mitchelson, daughter of Sir George Mitchelson of the House of Middleton, Dalkeith.
Their son was Gustavus Brown3. In an old memoir of the family in Virginia is given a tradition, which attaches special interest to the name of Gustavus, borne through successive generations by many a worthy descendant. It says: During the religious wars of the North of Europe a number of young Scotchmen of spirit and enterprise,
loving romance and adventure, left their homes and joined the banner of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, about the year 1630. Among them was a progenitor of the above Gustavus Brown. He won the friendship of the King, and was received on terms of intimacy in the royal family.
A love affair between him and a princess was the agreeable but dangerous result, a marriage ensued, in opposition to the consent of the family, and he returned home with his bride. Afterwards a grandson bore the name of Gustavus, ever after a favorite one in the family.
Cadet Brown is mentioned in the history of the war conducted by the King of Sweden in defense of Protestantism, his first name is not known.
Dr. Gustavus3 Brown, son of Gustavus, and grandson of the above Rev. Richard, was born in Scotland April 20, 1689; came into the Province of Maryland in May, 1708. His first appearance there, a mere boy, was in this wise: a King ship as they were called, appeared on the coast of Maryland. The surgeon mate went ashore, a storm arose which made it necessary to weigh anchor and put out to sea. The young surgeon was left ashore with nothing but the clothes on his back. He quickly made himself known and informed the planters of his willingness to serve them if he could be provided with instruments and medicines, leaving themselves to judge whether he was worthy of their confidence. He soon gained respect and regard, and succeeded beyond his expectations.
He married into one of the proudest and wealthiest families; making a large fortune; and wishing to lay his bones on his own loved Scotland, returned there with his family. He invested in an estate called Mainside, which he entailed.
His wife ,however, became dissatisfied, and longed for her native country. He returned to Maryland. He had purchased the seat of Col. Lomax, four miles from Port Tobacco, called "Rich Hills" (I do not think the "s" belongs on the "Hills."--S. M. F. C.) upon which he had built a good two-story house; there he died and was buried in 1765. From him were descended a numerous progeny scattered over eight or nine States of the Union, many of them distinguished for their ability as judges, surgeons, army and naval officers, divines, physicians, farmers and merchants.
In his prayer book, in possession of Mrs. How Wallace, Fredericksburg, Va., is recorded: "On the 20th of April 1689 was baptized Gustavus Brown (born the same day); parents Gustavus Brown, son of Richard etc., etc., etc., afore mentioned(???)XX "I came into Maryland May 1708, Anno 1711 married Frances Fowke, dau. of Gerard Fowke in Nangemoy, born 2nd Feb. 1691, of which marriage the following children were born, viz:
1. Gustavus4 Brown (Broun as called in Scotland),
b. Dec. 1711, d.
2. Frances4 Brown, was b. July 24, 1713, m. Rev.
John Moncure, of
While pursuing his theological studies in Edinburgh, he was forced into the ranks of the Pretender. At the battle of Culloden he was taken prisoner and condemned to be shot; but escaped by proving himself an American by birth, and that he was forced into service. He married second, after her death, the widow Key, who was a Miss Black, and after her death third, the widow Hawkins, who was a Miss Smoot.
9. Gustavus4 Richard Brown was born May 30, 1727,
and died June
Mrs. Frances Brown died Nov. 8, 1744, and was buried at Dipple, the seat of Rev. Alexander Scott, on the Potomac River.
Dr. Brown afterwards married Mrs. Margaret (Black) Boyd, by whom he had:
13. Dr. Gustavus4 Richard Brown, of Rose Hill, near
Port Tobacco, who
the name.--S. M. F. C.) Charles County, Md. and a
Rev. John Moncure and Frances Brown had one son and three daughters. We are told by a daughter of this marriage in Bishop Meade's book, that Dr. Brown did not approve of it. Not that he did not think highly of Mr. Moncure, but that he did not consider him an eligible match for his daughter. He did not forbid the marriage, however.
He visited his daughter and received her and her husband as guest; but he would not pay down her intended dowry till he saw how they could get along, and to let them see they could not live on love without other source "but" by frugality and industry in the management of a good salary. Mr. Moncure became in quite easy circumstances and purchased a large tract of land on the Potomac.
His youngest daughter married Gen. Wood (afterwards Governor of Virginia). Frances Moncure, the eldest daughter, married Travers Daniel, and was the mother of Judge P. V. Daniel.
Issue of Rev. James Scott and Sarah Brown:
1. James Scott, father of Alexander, Mrs. Dr.
Horner, and Mrs. Brown of
Dr. James Wallace was a son of Dr. James and Elizabeth (Brown) Wallace. He studied his profession at Port Tobacco with Dr. Gustavus Richard Brown in 1773-4-5 and emigrated south, where he became a highly prominent physician, and acquired a handsome fortune.
The children of Parson Richard Brown were: Dr. Gustavus, born 1745, died without issue July 3, 1801, age 56. He served as surgeon
in the Maryland line during the Revolution; died in St. Mary's County, and is buried in the old Reeder burial plot; Dr. William Brown of Alexandria, Va., born 1737; Robert; Richard; Frances, wife of Charles Alexander of "Preston," Va. (third or fourth cousin); Mrs. Magruder; Mrs. Tyler; Ann Brown; and Elizabeth Brown (maiden ladies, who lived with their sister and nephew at "Preston" and "Mt. Ida").
It was to Dr. Gustavus Brown of St. Mary's County, Md., that the entailed estates in Scotland descended, but, he dying without issue it passed to his nephew, Dr. Gustavus Richard Alexander Brown of Prince William County. He went to England, broke the entail, sold the property, and removed with his family to Kentucky. He died in 1831.
His father, Dr. William Brown of Alexandria, Va., was an eminent Physician General of the Revolutionary Army.
Dr. Samuel Claggett was the only son of Dr. Samuel and Ann (Brown) Claggett. Mrs. Claggert afterwards married Mr. Robert Horner, who emigrated from Yorkshire, England, before the Revolutionary War. He had previously visited the Colonies as agent for his brother in a commercial adventure. He returned and settled in Charles County, Maryland, where he conducted a prosperous commercial business in shipping tobacco. Soon after his return on May 11, 1758, he married, and later removed to Prince William County, Va., where he died, August 1773. Their children were:
Gustavus Brown Horner, born Feb. 28, 1761, married at Claremont, four miles from Warrenton, Frances Harrison Scott (his second cousin) April 14, 1786. Issue:
1. Ann Horner, b. Feb. 2, 1787, d. May 6 the same
Dr. Gustavus B. Horner, father of the above eleven children, died January 24, 1815. His wife died in the Fall of 1837.
Fowke, Brown, Horner.
Written by Mr. Albert Brown Horner, of Warrenton,
Doctor Gustavus Brown, of Port Tobacco, Charles County, Md., was the first of this family to settle in America. The basis of this deduction is his own record made in his English Book of Common Prayer and in his Family Bible. The Prayer Book, long owned by Dr. Brown's descendant, Mrs. H. Wallace, of Fredericksburg, Va., contains this statement in his own handwriting: "On the tenth of April 1689, was baptized Gustavus Brown (born the same day). Parents Gustavus, son of Richard."
The Bible, printed in Edinburgh, 1676, contains a formal certificate pasted on the inside of the cover with this statement: "10th April 1689, born Gustavus Brown parents Gustavus Brown and Jane Mitchelson, witnesses Walter Soot (or Scott), Combeith, James Watson and Alexander Nicoll. Extract forth of the Regester of Dalkeith by Alexander Ki-- 1726."
On the fly-leaf is written in a good hand, as follows: "Mem. That I was born 10th April, 1689, in Dalkeith, Scotland; parents, Gustavus Brown son to Mr. Richard Brown, Minister of Salton in Scotland in the reign of Charles the 1st, and Jane Mitchelson daughter of George Mitchelson grandson of Middleton.
"My wife Frances Fowke was born February ye. 2d, 1691."
On a second fly-leaf is written, in the same handwriting as the last: "This Bible originally belonged to Jane Mitchelson, my mother, who was daughter to George Mitchelson, grandson of the house of Middleton, near Dalkeith, and Isabel Elfoston, daughter of Solonis, seven miles to the west of Edinburg. I came into Maryland May anno. 1708, and anno. 1710, married Frances Fowke the daughter of Mr. Gerard Fowke in Nanjemy of which marriage the following children were born vis: Gustavus Brown (or Broun, as called in Scotland) was born Dec. 7, 1711. my daughter Frances Brown was born July 29, 1713. my dau. Sarah Brown was b. August 29, 1715. my daughter Mary Brown was born Dec. 8, 1717. my daughter Christina was born August 29, 1720. My second son Gustavus was born Sept. 5, 1722. and died the 8th day of his age; as did my eldest son in the 9th month. My daughter Elizabeth Brown was born on Oct. 5th 1723. my son Richard Brown was born Dec. 2d, 1725. my fourth son Gustavus was born May 30, 1727. and died the 9th June following. Jane was born June 1st, 1728."
Then is added, in a different hand as follows: "The following memorandum made by Gustavus Richard Brown, last son to the above named Gustavus Brown; a daughter Ann was born by the first marriage not mentioned by my father.
"After the death of his first wife, my father married Margaret Boyd from whom I descended. I was born on the 17th of Oct. 1747. A sister, Margaret, was born about two years after, married Thomas Stone Esq. I was married to Miss Margaret Graham of Virginia, May 15, 1769. Elianor Brown, my first child, was born July 27, 1772, died Sept. 15; Elizabeth Brown, born Oct. 5, 1774; Gustavus Brown, born Aug. 19, 1783. &c &c."
An old memoir of the family in Virginia is given a tradition, which attaches special interest to the name of Gustavus, borne through successive generations by many a worthy descendant. It says: "During the religious wars of the north of Europe a number of young Scotchmen of spirit and enterprise, loving romance and adventure, left their homes and joined the banner of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden about the year 1630. Among them was a progenitor of the above Gustavus Brown. He won the friendship of the King, and was received on terms of intimacy in the royal family."
A love affair between him and a princess was the agreeable but dangerous result. A marriage ensued, in opposition to the consent of the family, and he returned home with his bride. Afterwards a grandson bore the name of Gustavus, ever after a favorite one in the family.
Cadet Brown is mentioned in the history of the war conducted by the King of Sweden in defense of Protestantism. His first name is not known.
None of Dr. Brown's descendants to whom I have made requests for an official search of Scotch records to learn the history of his ancestry have responded. What is here given is the result of personal research, aided by the kindness of friends in Scotland and America. No mention has been found in any published work in Great Britain of any connection of the Browns with the Royal family of Sweden. While the preservation in the Brown line of the names Gustavus, Christina, and Cecelia, appears to confirm the tradition that a Brown of this family served under Gustavus Adolphus, it does not prove the traditional marriage into the Royal line.
Rev. Richard Brown, the grandfather of Dr. Gustavus Brown was born certainly as early as 1612; but the "Thirty Years' War" did not begin until 1618. This Richard may have fought under Gustavus Adolphus during the latter part of the war, as he would have been about twenty-one when the king was slain. But if it was he who married into the Royal family, the silence of his grandson, Dr. Gustavus Brown, in the matter is remarkable. The name Christina appears in the Brown family of Scotland long before the "Thirty Years' War" as will be seen under Rev. Richard Brown, but it was in the family of
his uncle. A careful examination of various complete works on the times of Gustavus Adolphus, and of the genealogical records of the Royal House of Sweden, has also failed to discover any intermarriage of a Brown of Scotland. Swedish names were probably adopted in the Brown line from admiration for Gustavus Adolphus, and out of this grew the romance of royal descent. There are two other variations of the tradition as given supra, that show how unreliable such traditions are.
Dr. G. B. Horner (Brown 62) wrote that the Scotch cadet Brown "married a daughter of Gustavus X, a nephew of Adolphus." But Gustavus X lived from 1622 to 1660, dying at the age of 38. Again Dr. Horner adds "the Swedish wife would not suffer her son to be named Gustavus, which her grandson was allowed to bear."
Still another descendant of Dr. Brown writes me that "Dr. Gustavus Brown was the son of Christina, the (virgin) Queen of Sweden, who, by her orders, was abandoned on the shores of Maryland by a Royal ship." And that "around the boy's neck hung a gold chain, with locket attached in which was a miniature of Christina, which is still preserved by Dr. Brown's descendants." Christina lived 1626-1689 and died single.
Dr. Gustavus Brown's own record disposes of this phase of romance, which the above traditioin appears to have widely spread in the lines of descent from him. I find some, well versed in Brown family history, who had no knowledge of any such tradition.
--From Hayden's book.
The descendants of Gen. William Brown, M. D. (b. 1752, d. 1792), son of Rev. Richard and Helen (Bailey) Brown, m. Catherine Scott of Alexandria, Virginia.
He was born in Addingtonshire, Scotland. Surgeon General Continental Army 1777-1780. Original member Society of Cincinnati in the State of Virginia, 1783, buried at Pohick Church, Fairfax, County, Virginia.
Issue of Gen. William Brown, M. D. and Catherine Scott, his wife, daughter of James Scott (1742-79) (Burgess 1765-75) and Elizabeth Harrison, his wife, b. 1740, d. 1823. Gen. Brown practiced in Gen. Washington's family.
1. William Brown, Esquire, b. 1775, d. 1829, of
Fairfax and Frederick
Church, South. She was the daughter of Stodard
Cooksey of "Bleak
1. Sallie Floyd Brown (a twin) m. H. Seldon Taylor.
Frances Scott Brown, b. March 4, 1910, m. Junius
Josephine Brown Cooper, b. Aug. 4, 1931.
Issue of Sallie Floyd Brown and H. Seldon Taylor:
1. H. Seldon Taylor, Jr., m. Rhoda Davis of Richmond, Va. Issue:
1. Bettie Taylor.
2. Floyd Brown Taylor.
2. Richmond Lee Brown was born during the "Seven Days Battle" around Richmond. He was not given the traditional family name of Gustavus to the first son, due to the conditions under which he was born. He was named "Richmond" for the city and "Lee" for General Robert E. Lee. He was eligible for the Cincinnati at the time of his death, representing Dr. William Brown, Surgeon General, but never applied for membership. He was in the tobacco business. He married, as stated above, Maria Theresa Ballou of Halifax County, Virginia. (See her line later.)
They had one daughter, Josephine Keith Brown, b. Feb. 12, 1891 at "Brook Farm," Halifax County, Va. She married, Dec. 30, 1916, Charles Alexander Gregory, ninth in direct descent from Colonial Governor John West; b. Dec. 4, 1877, at Granville County, N. C. They have homes in Westhampton, Richmond, Va.; also maintain a home in "Hickory Lodge," Granville County, N. C. near Oxford, inherited by C. A. Gregory from his grandfather, William Osborn Gregory. They have two children:
1. Charles Alexander Gregory, Jr., b. March 18,
1923, in Richmond, Va.
4. Dr. Alexander Gustavus Brown, Jr., b. 1873, Ashland, Va., m. Kate Macon Upshur. Issue:
1. Margaret Upshur Brown, b. 1907, m. James P.
Massie, Richmond, Va.
1. Margaret Brown Massie.
2. Alexander Gustavus Brown III, M. D., b. 1910.
Maria Ballou, b. (???), of Halifax County, Va., who
Edward Bransfod Ballou and Josephine Keith Wilson
Mark Alexander (1) was a member of the Committee of Public Safety of Baltimore, Md.; married Mary Wallace, descended from Sir William Wallace. Were the Parents of four brothers, perhaps more:
1. Mark Alexander (2).
. Col. Moses and Sarah Alexander had six children:
1. Nathaniel Alexander, governor of North Carolina,
m. Margaret Polk,
Submitted by H. Jack Wells