The Name and Family of Blood

Lane-Blood Genealogy
The Name and Family of

Compiled by
Washington, D.C.
(No date is listed)
This page is a transcription of a booklet that my grandfather purchased from The Media Research Bureau, sometime before 1962 (when he died). All information on this page comes from that booklet. The only possible exception is a loose page that had been stuck into the back of the booklet (see Loose Page at the bottom). That one page is not the same kind of paper as the rest of the booklet, so I don't know if a researcher at The Media Research Bureau created it as an addendum or if my grandfather did.

At any rate, please use this information at your own risk. I have not personally verified any of it.

       The name of BLOOD, anciently written Bloyd, is derived from the Welsh Ap-Lloyd, meaning "son of Lloyd." It is found on ancient British and early American records in the various forms of Ap-Lloyd, Ap-Llud, Ap-Loyd, Ployd, ap Lloyd, Bloyd, Blud, Blude, Bloude, Bloud, Bloode, Blod, Blode, Blood, and others, of which the last spelling mentioned is that form most generally used in America today.

It is generally believed that the family bearing this name is of extremely ancient Welsh origin. It spread at early dates into Ireland (where the family was chiefly resident in the County of Clare) and into the English Counties of Lancaster, Chester, and Northampton, as well as to the city and vicinity of London. These families appear to have been, for the most part, of the British gentry and yeomanry.

Among the earliest records of the family in Great Britain are those of Edmond or Edmund Blood, of County Clare, Ireland, in the latter part of the sixteenth century, who was the father of Neptune and Thomas, the latter of whom had, probably among others, a son, Colonel Thomas Blood (1618-1680), who was one of the most noted figures of seventeenth century England. Colonel Thomas Blood married Mary Holcroft in Lancashire in the year 1650. They were the parents of Thomas, William, and Holcroft, of whom the first had, among others, a son, Captain Edmond Blood, who came to America as a British officer before 1711 and made his home in New York. It is not definitely known whether this immigrant left issue in America, or whether he was related to the earlier family of the name which settled in Massachusetts in the early seventeenth century and which will be mentioned again later.

The County Clare, Ireland, family of Blood was later represented by John Blood, of Castle Fergus and Ballykilty, who was married in the early eighteenth century to Eliza or Mary, daughter of Charles Fitzgerald, of Shepperton, County Clare. Of this marriage were born Matthew, Neptune, and Anne Blood.

Matthew or Mathew Blood, the eldest son and heir of John, married Dorothea Julia, daughter of the Reverend Jacques Ingram, and was the father by her of William, Neptune (of County Cork, Ireland), Mathew Henry, Dorothea, and Juliana.

Neptune Blood, younger son of John and his wife (nee Fitzgerald), was Captain of the County Clare Militia and married Anne, daughter of Joseph Anthony, of Seafield, County Waterford, Ireland. He had issue by her of John, Alice, Joseph Mark Anthony, Jane, Kitty, and Fitzgerald.

Other records of the family in England in the eighteenth century include those of John Blood, of London, who married Elizabeth Mann at the Church of St. Peter, Cornhill, in 1741; and those of Hannah Blood, of London, who married Ralph Walker at St. George Chapel, Mayfair, in 1750. The records of this line are, however, only fragmentary.

While it is not entirely clear from which of the several lines of the family in the British Isles the first emigrants of the name to America were descended, records indicate that the Bloods were among the very early settlers in the New World.

James Blood, who is believed to have been the progenitor of most, if not all, of the families of the name in America, came from either Cheshire or Northamptonshire, England, to Concord, Mass., about 1638, or shortly thereafter. Some historians state that he was a brother of Colonel Thomas Blood, before mentioned, but this is not probable.

By his wife Ellen, the immigrant James was the father of five children, James, Richard, John (died unmarried in early manhood, possibly a suicide), Robert, and Mary; but the order of their births is not certain.

James, son of the immigrant James, was married at Concord in 1657 to Hannah Purchiss or Purchis, by whom some writers maintain he had only one child, a daughter named Sarah. Others, however, also give him James, Elenor or Eleanor, and Hannah, but add that these children died at early ages.

Richard, son of the immigrant James, made his home at Groton, Mass., and was the father by his wife Isabel (probably nee Wilkenson) of Mary, James, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, and Joseph, although all historians do not include the last.

James Blood, eldest son of the first Richard, married Elizabeth Longley at Groton in 1669 and was the father by her of Richard, Mary, Elizabeth, and Hannah. By his second wife, Abigail Kemp, he had further issue of James, John, and Martha.

Nathaniel, the second son of the first Richard, married Hannah Parker at Groton in 1670 and had issue by her of Ann or Hannah, Elizabeth, Sarah, Mary, Nathaniel, and Joseph.

Joseph, the third and youngest son of the first Richard, removed to Mendon and thence to Dedham, Mass. He had issue by his wife Hannah of at least three sons, Richard, Robert, and Joseph; but his records are not complete.

Robert, son of the immigrant James, was married at Concord in 1653 to Elizabeth Willard, by whom he was the father of Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah, Robert, Simon (died unmarried), Josiah or Joshua, John (died unmarried), Elenor or Eleanor, Samuel, James, Ebenezer (died young), Jonathan, and Abigail.

Robert Blood, the first son of the first Robert, married Dorcas Wheeler, by whom he had issue of Dorcas, Thomas, Ebenezer, and, possibly, others. About 1684 he removed to South Carolina.

Josiah or Joshua Blood, third son of the first Robert, was first married in 1668 to Mary Barrett, by whom he had no issue. About 1691 he married a second wife, Mary Torrey or Thomas, who gave him eleven children, Elizabeth, Mary, Josiah, John, Abigail, Robert, Ephraim, Stephen, Zachariah, Elizabeth, and Anna.

Samuel Blood, fifth son of the first Robert, married Hannah Davis about 1700 and had issue by her of Hannah, Elenor, Samuel, Sarah, Mary, Elizabeth, Simon, Phineas, Oliver, and Lucy.

James Blood, the sixth son of the first Robert, was married in 1701 to Abigail Wheeler. Their children were Abigail, James (die young), Simon, James, Martha, and Esther.

The eighth and youngest son of the first Robert, Jonathan Blood, is said by some family historians to have married Sarah Ball, of Concord, about 1710, and by others he is said to have married Rebecca Wood, of Sudbury, in 1733; but the only one of his children, of whom there is definite record, was a son named Joseph.

Another James Blood, who is variously thought to have been of separate stock; to have been identical with James, son of the immigrant James; and to have been a nephew of James, son of the immigrant, had a wife named Elizabeth, who died at Lynn, Mass., in 1676. This James also married the Widow Isabel (nee Farmer) Wyman, of Concord, Mass., in 1679. His records are, however, incomplete.

In connection with the above-mentioned James of Lynn, it is interesting to note that one Richard Blood was living in Lynn, Mass., before 1648 and apparently was not closely related to the Concord or Groton branches of the family. This Richard left issue of three children, Sarah, Nathaniel, and Hannah; but nothing further has been found concerning his immediate descendants.

More recent representatives of these and later lines of the family in America have removed to practically every part of the United States and have contributed as much to the growth and development of the nation as their progenitors did to its founding. Know, on the whole, as a strong-minded, strong-willed, intellectual race, they have shown themselves, in many lines, to be possessed of outstanding literary, artistic, and musical abilities.

Among those of the name who fought in the War of the Revolution were more than fifty from Massachusetts alone, including Aaron, Abel, Abraham, Amos, Asa, Barrett, Benjamin, Caleb, Daniel, David, David Jr., Edmund, Elijah, Ephraim, Ezra, Francis, Isaac, Corporal Isaiah, Israel, James, James Jr., Jared, Jeremiah, Sergeant John, Jonas, Corporal Jonathan, Jonathan Jr., Corporal Joseph, Josiah, Lemuel, Levi, Moses, Sergeant Nathan, Nathaniel, Noah, Oliver, Peter, Phineas, Phineas Jr., Prince, Reugen, Lieutenant Richard, Robert, Royal, Samuel, Sewall, Captain Shattuck, Shattuck Jr., Sim(e)on, Quartermaster Stephen, Stephen Jr., Thaddeus, Thomas, Willard, and Zaccheus Blood; and there were also many more from the various other New England States of that period.

Edmond or Edmund, Thomas, William, James, Richard, Robert, James, Nathaniel, Joseph, Jonathan, Samuel, Stephen, Ebenezer, and John are some of the Christian names favored by the family for its male progeny.

A few of the many members of the family who have distinguished themselves in America in more recent times are:

Benjamin Paul Blood (1832-1919), of Massachusetts and New York;
Poet and author.

Henry Ames Blood (1838-1901), of New Hampshire;
Poet and dramatist.

Jared P. Blood (b. 1844), of New Hampshire and Iowa;
Union soldier in the Civil War, and lawyer.

Charles Winthrop Blood (b. 1878), of Massachusetts;

Alice Frances Blood (b. 1880), of Massachusetts;
Writer and editor.

Blanche Blood (latter nineteenth and early twentieth centuries), of Illinois;

One of the most ancient of the several coats of arms of the Blood family of England is that described as follows (Burke, Encyclopaedia of Heraldry, 1844):

Arms - "Or, three bucks lodged proper."
Crest - "A buck's head erased proper, attired or, holding in the mouth an arrow gold."

Bardsley. English and Welsh Surnames. 1901.
Howard. Visitation of Ireland. Vol. 2. 1898.
Rylands. Captain Edmond Blood, of New York. 1899.
Burke. Encyclopaedia of Heraldry. 1844.
Burke. Landed Gentry. Vol. 2. 1853.
Burke. General Armory. 1884.
Butler. History of Groton, Mass. 1848.
Shattuck. The Shattuck Genealogy, Descendants of William Shattuck. 1855.
Shattuck. History of Concord, Mass. 1835.
H. A. Blood. History of Temple, N.H. 1860.
Munsell. American Ancestry. Vol. 3. 1888.
S. Dunster. Dunster Descendants. 1876.
Livermore and Putnam. History of Wilton, N.H. 1888.
Potter. Old Families of Concord, Mass., and Their Descendants. 1867.
William and Mary College Quarterly. Vol. 6. 1897-1898.
Savage. Genealogical Dictionary of New England. 1860.
Green. Groton Epitaphs. 1878.
Green. Early Settlers of Groton, Mass. 1878.
G. C. Toler. Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Richard Blood and Allied Families. 1933.
Toler and Smith. Blood Ancestral Chart. 1929.
Hayward. History of Gilsum, N.H. 1881.
Daniels. History of Oxford, Mass. 1892.
Worcester. History of Hollis, N.H. 1879.
Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War. 1896.
Herringshaw. American Biography. Vol. 1. 1909.

Loose Page:

Media Report on Blood
Major Corrections

p. 3-4) James Blood came from Nottinghamshire and was m. in Nottingham City. His only son James had only a dau. Richard James & John were NOT his sons as proved both by James' will and the ages of the four.
Richard was father of Mary, James, Nathaniel, Sarah, Hannah & Joseph. Joseph did not move to Mendon & Dedham. That was his only son Richard. His wife was Mercy Butterworth though he may have had a previous wife her name is not recorded.

p. 5) Jonathan married the two women named and also Abigail Maynard and had at least 8 children, but if you can find any reference that hints that Joseph was a son of Jonathan I would like to see it. I began this whole genealogy in an effort to find the parentage of a Joseph Blood born about this time. I have checked all the listed sources without avail.
The James whose wife died in Lynn was son of Richard and the James who m. Isabel Wyman was son of the first James. It was the same Richard at Lynn who later went to Groton.

(p. 7) I have personally talked with Charles Winthrop Blood)

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