Michael Lane, b1788, of Shravokee, Clonlara, Co  

EARLY LANE ARRIVALS

TO VICTORIA

FROM IRELAND

 

Between 1845 and 1849 during the great famine period, over 1 million men, women and children died in Ireland from starvation, malnutrition, typhus, dysentery or cholera.
This led to mass immigration to get out of the country, if at all possible, with many people going to Australia, the USA or Canada.


In Victoria which, at that time, was still part of NSW there was a growing demand for skilled labour including agricultural or farm labourers and this was the reason that the bounty system was set up by the government to encourage skilled immigrants to Victoria.
No doubt the influence of letters sent home to Ireland from existing Irish immigrants in Victoria encouraged family members and friends to follow them to Victoria where work was plentiful and there was the possibility of saving to purchase your own land. In Ireland at that time farmers rarely had the opportunity to own their land and it was leased.
With the break-up of the squatters runs in Victoria small parcels of agricultural land became available.
In the Belfast (Port Fairy) and Tower Hill areas of Victoria where there was plenty of rich volcanic soil, the break-up and sale of the run of James Atkinson (5120 acres) at Belfast (Port Fairy) and the William Rutledge (5120 acres) into smaller allotments resulted in many young Irishmen taking the opportunity to purchase land. Rutledge's special survey (Farnham Park) which he took out in 1841 was sold at 1 pound an acre when it was broken up.

 


 

James, Patrick and John Lane all came to Victoria in the 1840's as young single Irishmen from Shravokee, which was a small Townland in County Clare, Ireland. This was when Victoria was still part of New South Wales.
John was to marry Sarah Darcy but James and Patrick were to remain unmarried.


Their brother Thomas Lane, who remained in Ireland had a son Michael lane who followed his uncles to Victoria in 1861 and became a very successful farmer.


During the 1840's and 1850's other Lane families, as well as relatives such as the Moloney's, Gleeson's, Malone's and Madden's from the same area in County Clare, Ireland also arrived in Victoria attracted by similar farming conditions to Ireland and also by the discovery of gold in the colony.

 

Michael Lane, b1788, of Shravokee, Clonlara, Co. Clare married Catherine Moloney and they had at least four children, James b1816, Patrick b1817, and John b1825, all of whom came to Australia and Thomas b1818, from whom we are descended, who stayed in Ireland.

 

James Lane and Patrick Lane were the first known of our Lane family to arrive in Victoria.  They arrived in Victoria on the "Neptune" on 29th March, 1841 which left Plymouth, England on the 12th December, 1840 and, according to the shipping records, they were 25 and 26 years of age respectively. Both could read and write and their occupations were listed as laborers. A bounty of £19 was paid to a Mr. John Marshall.

Also on the ship were their cousins’ Jeremiah and Thomas Maloney It should be noted that the mother of James Lane and Patrick Lane was Catherine Moloney.


 

1. James Lane died of exhaustion, a bachelor at the age of  76 years, on 21st April, 1887 at Koroit, Victoria.
His Death Certificate of the same date lists his parents as Michael Lane, farmer and Catherine Lane, formerly Moloney.

The informant of the death was Michael Lane, who indicated that James was his uncle, - (see below) and a witness at the burial, which was conducted at the Tower Hill Cemetery, near Koroit, was Roger Lane.

 

A headstone at the Tower Hill cemetery carries the following inscription.

  Erected by Michael Lane 

 In memory of his Uncle, James Lane

Who died April 21st, 1887 aged 76 years. 

Also Michael Lane who died October 18th, 1912 aged 76 years. 

Also Ellen Lane, Relict of the above died 16th October 1921 aged 81 years. 

Bridget Lane Died 11th October 1950.

Mary Ann Lane, Died 1958.

Margaret Lane, Died 1958.

Headstone of Michael Lane


2. Patrick Lane's death certificate advises the following -:.

Patrick Lane died on 1st October 1876, aged 65 years, unmarried.  He had worked as a laborer.
His parents were given as Michael Lane and Catherine Moloney of County Clare, Ireland. 
Patrick died suddenly -  caused by congestion of the lungs, heart, stomach and intestines accelerated by drink and excitement. 
He died in Birregurra, a small farming community about 80 miles from Warrnambool and is buried at Irrewarra Cemetery. 
The informants at his death were Michael McGrath and Martin Duck.

An inquest was held on Patrick’s death and his brother John Lane gave evidence.


3. John Lane b1825, County Clare, Ireland, married Sarah Darcy, who was aged 18 and also born in Co. Clare, at Warrnambool on 5th October, 1853.
He listed his age as 28 and his parents as Michael Lane, farmer and Catherine Maloney.
Sarah’s parents were shown as Anthony Darcy and Annoria Leary.

John and Sarah apparently settled in Sandhurst prior to 1854 where they spent at least 7 years and later settled at Birregurra.

Gold was found at Sandhurst in late 1851.

In 1891 the town of Sandhurst became known as Bendigo.

Sarah is listed in the pioneer index as having died in 1870. The index shows she was 38 years of age, born Co. Clare and her parents are shown as Anthony and Honoria Darcy. 
Her date of death conflicts with the birth of her son James Lane in 1871.

John died on August 13th, 1898, at Birregurra. His age was given as 90 however he must have been 73 years of age. His mothers surname was incorrectly given as Gorman by the informant C. J. Barry who was present in the house when he died.
The certificate states that his occupation was a laborer and he had spent 47 years in the Australian Colonies mostly in Victoria. He is buried at the Irrewarra Cemetery.

His children were listed as Michael (dead), Thomas 43 yrs, Luke (dead), John 36 yrs, Anthony 34 yrs and Patrick 32 years.
Anthony did not appear on his mothers death certificate and cannot be traced in the birth indexes.

His obituary in the Colac Herald, August 16, 1898 stated -:

Death has removed another old and respected resident ot the district in the person of Mr. John Lane, which took place at his residence, Birregurra, on Saturday morning last, the cause of death being pleurisy. He has been a resident of the district for more than 30 years and in the colony for 60 years. The deceased who had reached the grand old age of 90 years leaves a family of 4 sons, 3 of whom reside in NSW and 1 in Camperdown. His remains were interred at Warncoort cemetery on Sunday, a large number of vehicles and horsemen following the cortège to the last resting place.

 

John and Sarah Lane had six children.

John Lane
b1825
d13-08-1898
married Sarah Darcy 5th October, 1853

Children
Michael
b1854 Sandhurst
d1859 age 5 years
Thomas
b1856 Sandhurst
Luke
b1858 Bendigo
d1858 age 1 year
John
b1861 Sandhurst
Patrick
b1868 Birregurra
James
b1871 Birregurra
d1871 age 8 months

The Colac Advertiser on July 2nd , 1878 reported -:

Breaches of the Education Act.
A number of defendants including -:
John Lane  fined 5 shillings and 5 shillings costs for each of his children, Anthony and Patrick 

This was presumably for non attendance at school.


4. Roger Lane another early arrival was the son of Thomas Lane and Ellen Maloney and was born in County Clare, Ireland in 1847.

He arrived in Victoria in the 1860’s and married on June 14th,1877, at Port Fairy, a widow Margaret O’Brien, age 27, born Co. Clare. Her maiden name was Margaret O’Donnell. 
Witnesses at the wedding were John Moloney and Mary O'Donnell. 

Roger Lane died on June 6th, 1926 at Koroit and left no children.
The informant of his death was Thomas Lane, farmer of Tower Hill. 
However, he did have a brother John Lane who was a farmer at Clonlara, Co. Clare, Ireland, at the time of his death in 1926.

Roger Lane is buried at Tower Hill Cemetery. Gravestone of Roger Lane.

His wife Margaret Lane died 3rd July, 1929.  Gravestone of Margaret Lane.

In his Will he left many donations to various charities but the bulk of his estate was left to his wife, Margaret Lane, nee O'Donnell, and then on her death to be divided between his brother John Lane in Ireland and his niece Ellen Gorman in Victoria.  Ellen was daughter of Thomas Lane & Margaret Lane of Crossley.   Roger's obituary stated that Margaret Lane was a sister.

His obituary in The Koroit Sentinal June 12th, 1926 stated: 

"A very old resident of Koroit in the person of Mr. Roger Lane died at his residence on June 6th, 1926. The late Mr. Lane was born at Shravokee, County Clare, Ireland and landed in Melbourne 66 years ago then being 21 years of age. 

After spending a short time in Melbourne, he came to this district where he has resided unbrokenly until the time of his death.  He successfully engaged in farming pursuits being thrifty and hard working and acquired a small farm close to Koroit. He was married in Warrnambool some years after coming to the district and his wife survives him. 

Two or three of his brothers and one sister went to America. His brother Michael died at Koroit many years ago. The late Mrs. Thos. Lane of Crossley was a sister. 

The funeral took place on Wednesday morning and was largely attended. Many members of the Hibernian Society (of which he was a member) attended in regalia.

Roger Lane had a brother, James T. Lane  who went to New York in the USA and became very successful. He was a Colonel during that country's Civil War and also a newspaper editor.. His obituary was reported in the Koroit Sentinel on June 27th, 1908.

 


   

   5. Thomas Lane was another early arrival. He was the eldest son of John Lane and Mary Hogan, of Firhill, Co. Limerick.   He married Margaret Lane, daughter of Thomas Lane and Ellen Maloney, of Co. Clare, on 14th July, 1867 at St. Joseph's Church, Warrnambool, Victoria.
 
He was 34 years old and a farmer from Tower Hill and she was 21 years old and a farmer's daughter.   Witnesses at the wedding were a Michael Lane and Mary Anne Lane. 
 

Children of Thomas Lane and Margaret Lane

1868 Mary
1869 Ellen
1871 Thomas
1874 John
1876 Catherine

 

Thomas, died age 80, according to his death certificate, at Killarney, but according to his obituary he was 74.

 

His obituary stated –

An old and respected colonist died at his residence, Crossley, on the 13th inst., in the person of Mr. Thomas Lane, who arrived in Victoria about 54 years ago. He was identified with the early days of the gold diggings and 35 years ago he purchased land at Crossley, where he was engaged in farming until the time of his death, which occurred at the age of 74 years. He leaves a widow and grown up family to mourn their loss. The late Mr. Lane was the eldest son of Mr. John Lane of Firhill, Co. Limerick, Ireland and was very highly respected throughout the district. The funeral took place last Saturday, when considerably over 100 vehicles followed the remains to their last resting place, the procession being about a mile and a half in length. The Rev. P. Lennon conducted the service at the grave.

Note-: It is believed the reference to John Lane of Firhill, County Limerick, should read Firhill, County Clare which is just over the border.  

We know from his marriage certificate Thomas Lane was 34 years old in 1867 and therefore was born c1833.
We also know from his obituary that he was 74 years old when he died in 1905 which more or less confirms he was born c1833.
His death certificate stated he was age 80 when he died.
From his obituary he was 54 years in Victoria which makes his arrival c1851. 

Per her Death Certificate, Margaret Lane died on 10th June 1921, aged 75 years at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Coleman Gorman, Crossley.  (See Roger Lane's Will of 1926).  The informant was her son Thomas Lane of Illowa, Victoria who stated that her parents were Thomas Lane and Mary Moloney and that his mother had lived 55 years in Victoria.  (Ellen and Mary would be the same person – Mary Ellen a common name in Ireland at this time).

This would make Margaret a sister to Thomas Lane b1833 and Roger Lane b1840  (see above).

Link to Thomas Lane's father John Lane of Firhill, County Clare, Ireland.

 


   

6.  Thomas Lane who was born approximately 1833 at Shravokee, County Clare, Ireland, was another early arrival in Victoria, arriving about 1854 when he was about 21 years old.
He married Catherine O'Shannessy at Warrnambool on 4th January, 1868.  She was the youngest daughter of Daniel and Judith O’Shannessy of Shravokee, County Clare, Ireland. She had three brothers James, John and Daniel. She arrived in Australia in 1852 aged 18.

Roger Lane (see above) was a witness at the marriage.  Thomas’s marriage certificate of 4th Jan 1868, which he signed, said he was a farmer, aged 35, born in County Clare and stated that his parents were Thomas Lane, farmer, and Ellen Moloney

Thomas Lane farmed at Hopkins River, Warrnambool, and later purchased land at the "Survey" on the 27th July, 1876   and went to live there on 2nd May, 1878. This was part of the large William Rutledge estate that was subdivided on Rutledge’s death in 1876.


 

William Rutledge & Farnham Park.

William Rutledge was an Irish born prominent Sydney businessman, who with 4 partners, was in 1843 granted 5120 acres (2972 ha.) under the The Special Survey System which was offered by the Colonial Office and which permitted capitalists to purchase 5120 acres at a cost of £1 per acre  in any part of NSW of which the Port Phillip District (Victoria) then formed part of. He subsequently bought out his 4 partners.

He named his Special Survey, which was near Koroit , " Farnham" and established a tenant community.

Many of his tenant farmers were poor families he brought out from Ireland, at his own expense, which at that time was in famine conditions.  He was said to have an explosive temper but was considered a  kind and considerate landlord furnishing his tenants with rations, seed and farming implements.

William Rutledge died in 1876 aged 70 and the Survey was divided between his 2 sons.

In July 1876 the first subdivision of the estate took place and 1300 acres of the western portion of the Survey, from Gorman's Lane at Tower Hill to Survey Lane at the Belfast end of the Survey were  subdivided and auctioned.

The size of the blocks ranged from 3 acres to 70 acres.

On July 29th, 1876 a further 729 acres were sold at prices ranging from £37 to £60 per acre.

An additional  800 acres were sold in May, 1878. 

Among the 46 buyers of land in 1876 were Thomas Lane, John Malone, John Moloney, John Quirk, T. Roche, J.J. Madden, G. Gorman. Thomas Roche and T. Gleeson.


Thomas Lane died August 27th, 1900 at the "Survey", Killarney aged 67 years. He also is buried at Tower Hill cemetery.  His Death Certificate 27th August 1900 again states that his parents were Thomas Lane and Ellen Maloney.  His son, Thomas, provided these details. Gravestone Of Thomas & Catherine Lane.

According to his obituary, " There died at The Survey, Killarney, yesterday morning an old resident in the person of Mr. Thomas Lane. Deceased was a native of County Clare, arriving in Victoria in 1854, when he went to the gold diggings with varying fortune. He was afterwards farming for some 13 years in the Warrnambool district and settled at Killarney where he followed the occupation of a farmer for the last 22 years. He was a colonist of 46 years standing and was 67 years of age at the time of death, and leaves a widow and two sons.

Thomas and Catherine Lane had three children -:

Thomas Lane married Ellen Moloney, Ireland

Thomas Lane b1833 County Clare, Ireland. Marr. Catherine O'Shannessy      4th January, 1868

Children-:
Thomas John Lane
b07-01-1869
d01-01-1949
m22-11-1911
Bridget Mugavin b1869
Daniel Lane
b06-08-1870
d09-04-1948
m31-10-1901
Ellen Rock b1872 d1964
Mary Catherine Lane
b1873
d1941
m
John Joseph Gleeson
Children -: Children -: Children -:
Thomas Patrick Lane
b23-02-1913
d04-06-1997
m12-06-1940
Mary Jensen b1913
Thomas Lane
b24-08-1902
d12-05-1959
m19-09-1938
Mary Madden
Mary Veronica Gleeson
b 1903
d 22-03-1972
m John Joseph Gleeson
Michael Joseph Lane
b23-07-1915
d07-03-1982
m13-06-1949
Patricia Conway
Daniel Lane
b07-06-1904
d28-12-1988
m21-06-1932
Molly Bushell
Catherine Monica Gleeson
b1906
d
Became a nun.
  Mary Margret
b23-11-1906
d17-11-1974
m08-02-1940
Wilfred Denny
Bridget Cecelia Gleeson
b1908
d15-10-2000
m
  John (Jack) Lane
b10-12-1908
d06-09-1971
m19-06-1935
Constance Lane
Matthew Francis Gleeson
b1910
d07-05-1988
m Elizabeth Roberts
  Eileen Lane
b14--11-1910
d04--01-1997
m04--11-1935
James Corbett
Ellen Theresa Gleeson
b1914
d
Became a nun
  Catherine (Clare) Lane
b28-07-1915
d18-11-1987
m19-07-1941
Joseph Gleeson
Thomas Vincent Gleeson
b12-01-1916
d27-111978
m
  Patrick Lane
b30-08-1917
d27-12-1986
m14-04-1945
Gwenda Hammond
John Joseph Gleeson
b1918
d
m Marv Gavin


 

Photograph of Daniel Lane, Ellen Rock & Family. (c1930's)

Catherine Lane died 10th December, 1904 and is buried at Tower Hill cemetery.

Family Details and Family Tree from Gleeson Family History 1808 -1982

Their daughter Mary [May] married John Joseph Wilkinson who was Mayor of Koroit in 1940, 1941, 1948, 1949, 1962 and 1963. 

John Wilkinson was to purchase later, one of Michael Lane's Farms. 

 


 

7. Mary Ann Lane b1843 and Margaret Lane b1848 were also early arrivals from County Clare to the Colony of Victoria.

They were in their early 20's when they arrived apparently unaccompanied. There appears to be no record as to what ship they arrived on.


They were the daughters of James Lane and Ann Malone of Shravokee, County Clare and married two Gleeson brothers also from County Clare, whose parents were Matthew Gleeson and Bridget Rahilly.

Mary Ann Lane, who was living at Woodford, married Thomas Gleeson, a farmer of Yangery, on 16th August, 1866 when she was 23 years of age. Witnesses at the wedding were James Moloney and Margaret Lane.


She was to die at the young age of 35 and is buried at Tower Hill.


Thomas Gleeson and Mary Ann Lane had 3 children.

 

Name Born Died Married
James Gleeson 1867 1961 Susan Coate
Matthew Gleeson 1868 1954 Hannah Conheady
Ann Gleeson 1872 1952 John Conheady

Margaret Lane who was also living at Woodford, married John Gleeson, a farmer of Tower Hill, on 25th June, 1873 when she was 25 years of age.


Margaret died age 92 on 23rd July, 1935 not long after her husband John Gleeson age 90 who died on 7th July, 1935. Her death Certificate states she was born at Shravokee, County Clare.


John Gleeson and  Margaret Lane had 9 children. 

 

Name Born Died Married
Matthew Gleeson 1875   Agnes Conheady
Mary Ann Gleeson 1876   Daniel Madden
Bridget Gleeson 1877   John Dwyer
James Gleeson 1879   Mary Ryan
Catherine Gleeson 1881   Thomas Conheady
Margaret Gleeson 1882   Fred Heazlewood
Elizabeth Gleeson 1884   John Ritchy
Patrick Gleeson 1886   Daisy Gorman
Hanorah Gleeson 1887   Phillip Carey

 

Margaret Gleeson's Obituary in the Warrnambool Standard stated she had a brother and sister who went to the USA. The obituary makes reference to Colonel James T Lane of New York being a brother but this is unlikely as he was a brother of Roger Lane and his sister who was also called Margaret Lane.

 

 


 

THE EARLY LANES

The following gives some idea of the relationships between the various Lanes.

 

 
  Name Born County Father Mother Arrived Married   Died
1. James Lane 1811 Clare Michael Lane Catherine Maloney 1841 No   1887
2. Patrick Lane 1810 Clare Michael Lane Catherine Maloney 1841 No   1876
3. John Lane 1825 Clare Michael Lane Catherine Maloney 1850's 1853 Sarah Darcy 1878
4. Roger Lane 1840 Clare Thomas Lane Ellen Maloney 1860's 1877 Mary Moore 1926
5. Michael Lane 1838 Clare Thomas Lane Elizabeth Gleeson 1864 1870 Ellen Moloney 1912
6. Thomas Lane 1833 Clare Thomas Lane Ellen Maloney 1854 1867 Catherine O'Shanessy 1900
7. Margaret Lane 1846 Clare Thomas Lane Ellen Maloney 1867 1867 Thomas Lane 1921
8. Thomas Lane 1833 Limerick John Lane Mary Hogan 1851 1867 Margaret Lane 1905
9 MaryAnn Lane 1843 Clare James Lane Ann Malone 1860's 1866 Thomas Gleeson 1878
10 Margaret Lane 1846 Clare James Lane Ann Malone 1860's 1873 John Gleeson 1935

 

  1. James Lane (1) was the uncle of Michael Lane (5)- refer cemetery headstone and death certificate.
  2. James (1), Patrick (2) and John Lane (3) were brothers.
  3. Roger Lane (4) was witness at the funeral of James Lane (1) - refer death certificate, and at wedding of Thomas Lane (6) - refer marriage certificate. He also left part of his estate to his niece Ellen Gorman, daughter of Margaret Lane (7) and Thomas Lane (8)
  4. The obituary of Roger Lane referred to a brother Michael who died at Koroit some years ago.
  5. Thomas (6), Roger(4) and Margaret (7) are brothers and sisters.
  6. Michael Lane (6) may have left a legacy to the sons of his brother, Thomas Lane (6) - refer will of Michael Lane.
  7. Margaret Lane (7) sister of Roger Lane married Thomas Lane (8).
     

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If you can add or correct any of this information

Please email Ray Lane

rjlane@netspace.net.au