WILLIAM HAMMOND – ELIZABETH PAINE
William, the emigrant ancestor of this branch of the family in America, was born in Lavenham, County of Suffolk, England, where he was baptized October 30, 1575. He was the only surviving son of Thomas Hammond and Rose Trippe, his younger brother, Thomas, having died in infancy. He was left an orphan by the death of his father in 1589. He married Elizabeth there June 9, 1605 and their children were all born in Lavenham. Elizabeth was born 1586, also in Lavenham, daughter of William Paine.
William, along with his older children, came to America before his wife and younger children, though the exact year is not known. Elizabeth, aged 47 years, with children Elizabeth, aged 15, Sarah, aged 10 and John, aged 7 years embarked at Ipswich, England, in the ship, "Francis," John Cutting, Master, in April, 1634, and joined her husband in New England.
William Hammond was admitted freeman in Watertown, May 25, 1636, and was grantee of seven lots and purchaser of three lots before 1644. His homestead of 40 acres was situated on the west of Common Street. It was bounded on the east and north by lands of his brother-in-law, Dr. Simon Eire, on the west by John Simson, Isaac Sterne and John Warren, and on the south by Thomas Boyden. Bond's Hist. of Watertown (p. 1088) says, "It is probable that William Hammond settled first on the Cambridge Road, very near the Cambridge line. Whether this was a grant to him the records do not show. He sold it early and settled on his 40-acre homestall, situated east of Pequusset meadow. He also owned three small lots in Pequusset meadow, one of these granted to him and the other two purchased. This homestall passed to his son (grandson) Thomas." March 10, 1642, in the division of lands, he was granted lot No. 76, in the 4th Division, containing 165 acres, and this, with his other holdings, made him one of the largest land owners in the town.
The records do not show that he was often an office holder in the town and this may have been due to his independence in religious matters, which may have made him unpopular with his more puritanical neighbors, although he does not appear to have been so unpopular as some of his most intimate friends. His near neighbor and most intimate friend appears to have been John Warren, who came from the same locality in Suffolk County, England, and between whose family and his own there appears to have been considerable intimacy for several generations prior to the settlement in America.
On occasion there were fines "for an offense against the laws concerning baptism," and "for neglect of publick worship" 14 Sabbaths at 5 shillings each. Warnings were given "for not attending publick worship".
May 27, 1661, the houses of "old Warren and goodman Hammond" were ordered to be searched for Quakers, for whom they were known to have considerable sympathy. Considerable independence in religious matters, great love of liberty and sympathy for all who are persecuted for conscience sake seem to have been inherent family traits for generations past. It is probable that William Hammond and his intimate friend, Warren, were both inclined toward the religious teaching of Roger Williams, but were too conservative to subject themselves to the persecution that his more radical followers were compelled to endure. This view is supported by the fact that many of their descendants were rigid adherents of the Baptist Church. The tendency, however, in this family has been toward great liberty of thought in religious matters and many of the descendants have been connected with the Unitarian and Universalist denominations, while many in the later generations have held membership in no church.
The will of William Hammond is on file at East Cambridge, Mass., (Middlesex Probate No. 7167), dated July 1662; proved Dec. 16, 1672. He leaves to wife Elizabeth his whole estate during her life. To son, John, all lands, & after her death. To Thomas Hamond, "sonne of my sonne, Thomas Hamond, deceased," œ40 at the age of 21 years. "If said Thomas, or any for him, oppose this will," then he is not have the œ40. "Unto daughter (Hannah) Barnes, œ30, the same to remain unto her children." "In case she again become a widow" she to have wood from his lands during her widowhood. To four children of my daughter, Elizabeth House, deceased, various sums of money. "To Adam Smith, son of daughter, Sarah, if he behave obediently to my wife after my decease, one mare, colt and œ20." To daughter, Sarah Smith, œ5. Appoints widow, Elizabeth and John executors.
Witnesses-- Matthew Bridge and Thomas Longhorne.
Inventory by Hugh Mason and Thomas Hastings, Dec. 16, 1662; œ457-16-9. Contains the following list of real estate:
25 acres of fallow land, 15 acres of broken land, 15 acres of meadow, 60 acres of meadow, &c.,
16 acres of land in low of ye town right, 40 acres in great dividend, 160 acres in a farm. Total, 331 acres.