John Culpeper of Guyana1

M, (say 1880 - say 1955)
FatherSamuel Culpeper of Barbados, British Guyana or England1 (s 1850 - )
DNA* The ancestry of John Culpeper of Guyana is unproven. To help prove it, we are seeking a male Culpepper descendant to participate in our free DNA testing project. For more information, go to http://gen.culpepper.com/dna
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper of Guyana. 
Birth*say 1880 He was born say 1880 at Barbados
Marriage*between 1894 and 1905 He married Marie Francisca between 1894 and 1905. John and Marie Culpepper had 13 children.1 
Death*say 1955 He died at Guyana say 1955.1 
Biography* From Sharon Culpeper, July 2002:
     ... my mother just arrived from Guyana, she was able to confirm that grandfather's name is Culpeper, instead of Culpepper. She also confirmed that my grandfather's family came from Barbados. She also mentioned that two brothers migrated to Guyana, John and Harvey Culpeper. John being my great grandfather. She also mentioned that my grandfather claimed that his grandfather was from England.
     John Culpeper ... was sent to England to be a Minister, but refused and worked as a sailor from ship to ship according to my mother. He eventually settled in Guyana at a placed called Moruca.
     John and his wife Maria had 13 children. Only two are alive my grandfather and his sister.

Follow-up from Sharon Culpepper, Oct 2003:
     ...My grandfather (Francis Patrick Culpeper) married Josephine Evans. She died September 4th, 1998 after being together for over 50 years. His father's name was John Culpeper, according to my aunt he died sometime in the 50S. My grandfather has seven children, Francis Culpeper Jr (living in Guyana), Elaine Culpeper Carrington (living in New York), Patricia Culpeper (living in Texas), Eloise Culpeper (living in Florida), Kathleen Culpeper (living in Belize), Carmen Culpeper Pieters (living Guyana), and Maurice Culpeper (living in Guyana). He has ninteen grandchildren.
     According to my aunt, John Culpeper became a farmer, after his uncle Harvey Culpeper sent him to England to study, in which he did not follow through. Harvey stopped suppyling money and he worked from ship to ship. We do not know how much time he spent in England but he returned and became a farmer. This was due to Harvey having land ownership in Brickdam, Georgetown, Guyana.
     John Culpeper had thirteen children: Kathleen Culpeper, Julie Culpeper, Edward Culpeper, Francis Culpeper, Florance Culpeper (still living and younger than my grandfather). These were the only names by aunt could recall.

Followup from Sharon Culpeper, Dec 2004:
     I am sad to report that my grandfather Francis Culpeper Sr passed on last Saturday, November 21st at the aged of 91.1 
Research note* The father of Harvey and John Culpeper of Barbados and Guyana is unknown. It is possible, but certainly not proven, that he was Samuel Aloyssus Culpeper. If you can better identify this family, please contact Warren Culpepper.2 
Research note* On 7 Nov 2008, Natalie Culpeper wrote: "My grandmother is Florence Culpeper, daughter of John and Marie Culpeper. She is now 91 years old and resides in New York City. She had 8 brothers and sister, all of whom have now passed on. Their names were-Julie, Kathleen, Rosa, Gertrude, Edward, Marie, Francis, and Beatrice. She insists that her grandfather's name was also John not Samuel... Many of Grandma's siblings were married and also had children. Some relocated from Guyana to Venezuela, China, Europe and the U.S. The descendents of Francis Culpeper now live in Guyana and Florida."3 

Family

Marie Francisca (say 1882 - )
Children
Last Edited11 February 2011

Citations

  1. E-mail written 2000 - 2004 to Lew Griffin & Warren Culpepper from Sharon Culpeper (granddaughter of Francis Culpeper of Guyana), New York, NY, e-mail address.
  2. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Former publisher of Culpepper Connections, e-mail address.
  3. E-mail written Nov 2008 to Culpepper Connections from Natalie Culpepper Brown (#59617), New York, e-mail address.

Marie Francisca1

F, (say 1882 - )
Birth*say 1882 She was born say 1882 at Venezuela.1 
Marriage*between 1894 and 1905 She married John Culpeper of Guyana between 1894 and 1905. John and Marie Culpepper had 13 children.1 
Married Namebetween 1894 and 1905  As of between 1894 and 1905, her married name was Culpeper.1 

Family

John Culpeper of Guyana (say 1880 - say 1955)
Children
Last Edited11 November 2008

Citations

  1. E-mail written 2000 - 2004 to Lew Griffin & Warren Culpepper from Sharon Culpeper (granddaughter of Francis Culpeper of Guyana), New York, NY, e-mail address.
  2. E-mail written Nov 2008 to Culpepper Connections from Natalie Culpepper Brown (#59617), New York, e-mail address.

Francis Patrick Culpeper of Guyana1

M, (24 January 1913 - 21 November 2004)
FatherJohn Culpeper of Guyana1 (s 1880 - s 1955)
MotherMarie Francisca1 (s 1882 - )
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper of Guyana. 
Birth*24 January 1913 He was born on 24 January 1913 at Guyana.1 
Marriage*say 1937 He married Josephine Evans of Guyana say 1937.1 
Residence*October 2003 Francis resided at Guyana in October 2003.1 
Death*21 November 2004 He died at Guyana on 21 November 2004 at age 91.1 

Family

Josephine Evans of Guyana (say 1916 - 4 September 1998)
Last Edited11 November 2008

Citations

  1. E-mail written 2000 - 2004 to Lew Griffin & Warren Culpepper from Sharon Culpeper (granddaughter of Francis Culpeper of Guyana), New York, NY, e-mail address.

Ella Escue1

F, (circa 1878 - )
FatherWilliam W. Escue1 (s 1848 - a 21 May 1901)
MotherSarah Ann (?) (s 1850 - a 21 May 1901)
Birth*circa 1878 She was born circa 1878 at Texas
Marriage*circa 1898 She married Adolphus D. Culpepper circa 1898. 
Married Namecirca 1898  As of circa 1898, her married name was Culpepper. 
Married Name9 May 1900  As of 9 May 1900, her married name was Neely. 
Marriage*9 May 1900 She married J. T. Nealey at Ellis Co., Texas, on 9 May 1900.1 
Married Name9 May 1900  As of 9 May 1900, her married name was Nealey. 
Biography* From the Dawes Record, as provided by Pat Roberts, April 2002,
Filed May 21, 1901. At the time of application she was remarried.
Her name is Ella (Escue) Nealey (one place spelled Neeley), age 22, P.O. Box Mulberry,TX.
Lived there 4 years, before that Ellis County,TX., Lived in Texas 6 years
Lived in Arkansas before Texas, Born in Texas & moved to Arkansas when she was one year old.
Father: William W. Escue-living-yes. Derives 1/16th Choctaw blood from him
Mother: Sarah Ann Escue-living-yes
Husband: J.T. Nealey, married 9 May 1900 in Ellis County, Texas
Asking application for one son: Dolphus Culpepper 25 Apr 1899, son of Ella and Dolphus (deceased)
There are a lot of questions asking if she has ever signed up before or been to council or the capitol. Answers are no or I don't know. Her grandfather William Frazier was Choctaw.
There is a notation (Applicant is apparently a white woman) I don't know if that is part of this or added for record reasons.1
 

Family 1

Adolphus D. Culpepper (1870 - 1899)
Child

Family 2

J. T. Nealey (say 1876 - )
ChartsBenjamin Culpepper of SC Female Descendants
Last Edited2 June 2011

Citations

  1. E-mail written 1996-2007 to Lew Griffin & Warren Culpepper from Patsy Gay Culpepper Roberts (#6442), e-mail address.

Dolphus Culpepper1

M, (25 May 1899 - )
FatherAdolphus D. Culpepper1 (1870 - 1899)
MotherElla Escue1 (c 1878 - )
Birth*25 May 1899 He was born on 25 May 1899 at Mulberry, Fannin Co., Texas.1 
ChartsBenjamin Culpepper of SC Female Descendants
Last Edited18 August 2002

Citations

  1. E-mail written 1996-2007 to Lew Griffin & Warren Culpepper from Patsy Gay Culpepper Roberts (#6442), e-mail address.

J. T. Nealey1

M, (say 1876 - )
Birth*say 1876 He was born say 1876.1 
Marriage*9 May 1900 He married Ella Escue at Ellis Co., Texas, on 9 May 1900.1 

Family

Ella Escue (circa 1878 - )
Last Edited18 August 2002

Citations

  1. E-mail written 1996-2007 to Lew Griffin & Warren Culpepper from Patsy Gay Culpepper Roberts (#6442), e-mail address.

William W. Escue1

M, (say 1848 - after 21 May 1901)
Birth*say 1848 He was born say 1848.1 
Marriage*say 1871 He married Sarah Ann (?) say 1871. 
Death*after 21 May 1901 He died after 21 May 1901.1 

Family

Sarah Ann (?) (say 1850 - after 21 May 1901)
Child
Last Edited18 August 2002

Citations

  1. E-mail written 1996-2007 to Lew Griffin & Warren Culpepper from Patsy Gay Culpepper Roberts (#6442), e-mail address.

Sarah Ann (?)

F, (say 1850 - after 21 May 1901)
Birth*say 1850 She was born say 1850. 
Marriage*say 1871 She married William W. Escue say 1871. 
Married Namesay 1871  As of say 1871, her married name was Escue. 
Death*after 21 May 1901 She died after 21 May 1901. 

Family

William W. Escue (say 1848 - after 21 May 1901)
Child
Last Edited18 August 2002

(?) Hall

M, (say 1875 - )
Birth*say 1875 He was born say 1875. 
Marriage*say 1895 He married Margaret Culpepper say 1895. 

Family

Margaret Culpepper (circa 1876 - )
Last Edited2 June 2012

Hamilton Cooper Rutland

M, (circa 1844 - )
Birth*circa 1844 He was born circa 1844 at Mississippi.1 
Marriage*January 1870 He married Libby Ivy in January 1870. 
Miscellaneous*between 1 August 1902 and 1 January 1903 Hamilton Cooper Rutland filed a lawsuit between 1 August 1902 and 1 January 1903 Collins, Covington Co., Mississippi against Tom Chain and Matthew Martin Culpepper, and these defendants, in turn, filed an answer and cross bill on 15 Apr 1903.1 
Probate*7 August 1902 He administrated Mary E. Rutland's estate on 7 August 1902 at Covington Co., Mississippi.1 

Family

Libby Ivy (circa 1848 - )
Child
Last Edited28 April 2008

Citations

  1. E-mail written 2002 - 2003 to Lew Griffin from Loretta, e-mail address.

Libby Ivy

F, (circa 1848 - )
Birth*circa 1848 She was born circa 1848 at Mississippi.1 
Marriage*January 1870 She married Hamilton Cooper Rutland in January 1870. 
Married NameJanuary 1870  As of January 1870, her married name was Rutland. 

Family

Hamilton Cooper Rutland (circa 1844 - )
Child
Last Edited27 December 2003

Citations

  1. E-mail written 2002 - 2003 to Lew Griffin from Loretta, e-mail address.

(?) Rutherford1

F, (say 1800 - )
Birth*say 1800 She was born say 1800. 
Marriage*say 1830 She married James William Boykin say 1830.1 

Family

James William Boykin (circa 1792 - 1846)
Last Edited7 May 2003

Citations

  1. Mrs. Bun Wylie -- State Regent 1930-32, Boykin Family Bible (Given to Emily Boykin Tichenor on 16 Apr 1861 by Sam and Laura Boykin), Transcription contained in "Historical Collections of the Georgia Chapters, DAR, Vol. IV Old Bible Records and Land Lotteries, 1932.

Joseph Cooper1

M, (1757 - before 6 September 1819)
FatherCaptain Thomas Cooper1 (1733 - b 13 Feb 1796)
MotherSarah Anthony1 (15 Aug 1742 - 13 Feb 1796)
Birth*1757 He was born in 1757 at Henry Co., Virginia.2 
American Revolution*between 1775 and 1783 He provided service in the American Revolutionary War between 1775 and 1783
(DAR Listing: Joseph Cooper, born 1757 in Virginia, died 22 Jan 1819 in Georgia, married Mattie Lewis, Private, Virginia.)2 
Marriage*say 1788 He married Patsy (?) say 1788.3 
Deed*15 April 1794 He granted a deed, witnessed by James Harvey on 15 April 1794 at Wilkes Co., Georgia,

Book PP, 1796-1798, p. 115, 15 Apr. 1794, Joseph Cooper of Hancock Co., Ga., to James Brewer of co. afsd., for £200, 200 acres in Wilkes Co., Ga. on Rocky Creek waters, being all the tract granted to Samuel Simpson, 13 Dec. 1785. (beginning of deed is 15 Apr. 1794, ending of deed is 15 Apr. 1797). (signed) Jos. Cooper. Wit: Jas. Harvey, J.P., Thos. Crittenden. Regd. 17 July 1797.4 
(Family Member) Relocationsay 1805 He was an accompanying familiy member in the relocation of Thomas Cooper Jr. say 1805 at Popcastle, Putnam Co., Georgia; Below Ashbank lies the Popcastle GMD #308. Here lies the mouth of Lick Creek and the boundary between Popcastle and Rockville District at Long Shoals farther south. Captain William Adams, whose property was at Long Shoals, served as the militia captain for Popcastle District. Many of the families of this district had previously been successful planters and leaders in Hancock County. They provided strong influence and leadership in this community, in Putnam County, and at one time, in Georgia.
Among the prominent families in Popcastle were Major William Alexander (whose house and land was later sold to become part of Turnwold Plantation, with William Turner, Sr., and Jr., Lots #277,278, and 279); Joel and David Reese; William Walker, who had lots on Lick and Crooked creeks and the Oconee River, Lots #261, 262, 276, 286, 287, 289, and 300; Joseph, Thomas, and John Cooper; Rowan and Francis Ward; Thomas Lowe; and members of the Spivey and Rosser families.
By 1811 Joseph Cooper was operating a mill on the Oconee and, shortly after, a toll bridge crossing the river. Thomas Lowe also built a mill on the Oconee. Crooked Creek, as well as parts of Lick Creek, provided fine water resources to many of these planters. Crooked Creek Baptist Church, established even before Putnam County, is within the Popcastle District. Its early roll recalls other pioneer families.1
 
Land Lottery*1805 Joseph, Thomas and John participated in but did not win the land lottery in 1805 at Hancock Co., Georgia,
land in the new Georgia counties of Baldwin, Wayne and Wilkinson.5 
Biography*1811 Below Ashbank lies the Popcastle GMD #308. Here lies the mouth of Lick Creek and the boundary between Popcastle and Rockville District at Long Shoals farther south. Captain William Adams, whose property was at Long Shoals, served as the militia captain for Popcastle District. Many of the families of this district had previously been successful planters and leaders in Hancock County. They provided strong influence and leadership in this community, in Putnam County, and at one time, in Georgia.
Among the prominent families in Popcastle were Major William Alexander (whose house and land was later sold to become part of Turnwold Plantation, with William Turner, Sr., and Jr., Lots #277,278, and 279); Joel and David Reese; William Walker, who had lots on Lick and Crooked creeks and the Oconee River, Lots #261, 262, 276, 286, 287, 289, and 300; Joseph, Thomas, and John Cooper; Rowan and Francis Ward; Thomas Lowe; and members of the Spivey and Rosser families.
By 1811 Joseph Cooper was operating a mill on the Oconee and, shortly after, a toll bridge crossing the river. Thomas Lowe also built a mill on the Oconee. Crooked Creek, as well as parts of Lick Creek, provided fine water resources to many of these planters. Crooked Creek Baptist Church, established even before Putnam County, is within the Popcastle District. Its early roll recalls other pioneer families. (page 126.)1
 
Marriage*say 1815 He married Martha Lewis say 1815.6 
Will*29 May 1819 He made a will at Putnam Co., Georgia, on 29 May 1819, naming as heir(s) Patsy (?), Martha Lewis and Thomas Cooper Jr. It was witnessed by Micajah Cooper.

(Wife--Patsy Cooper; Sons--Urban Cooper, Newton Cooper, Walton Cooper, Joseph Cooper; Son-in-law--Stephen Weston; Daughter--Sophia Ridley; Brother--Thomas Cooper; Wits--Samuel Howell, William Hudson. Codacil to will cites different wife--Martha; Wits--Walter Hamilton, Micajah Cooper, Wilson William.)7 
Death*before 6 September 1819 He died at Putnam Co., Georgia, before 6 September 1819.8 
Probate*6 September 1819 A probate action was taken on his estate on 6 September 1819 at Putnam Co., Georgia.7 

Family 1

Patsy (?) (say 1770 - )

Family 2

Martha Lewis (say 1794 - before 2 February 1830)
Last Edited30 April 2012

Citations

  1. Katherine Bowman Walters, Oconee River Tales to Tell, Eaton, Putnam Co., GA: Eaton, Putnam Co. (GA) Historical Society, 1995.
    Page 126.
  2. DAR Patriot Index, Washington, DC: National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, 2003.
  3. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    "Wife, Patsy" identified in Joseph Cooper's will. Page 9, cites Will Book A-page 119.
  4. Michael Martin Farmer, Wilkes Co., GA Deed Books A - VV, 1784 - 1806, Farmer Genealogy, Dallas.
  5. Virginia S. and Ralph V. Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, Greenwood Press, Cambridge, 1964, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.8 R2WY 1805.
  6. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    "Wife, Martha" identified in codicil to Joseph Cooper's will. Page 9, cites Will Book A-page 119.
  7. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    Page 9, cites Will Book A-page 119.
  8. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    Will pobated on 6 Sep 1819. Page 9, cites Will Book A-page 119.

John Cooper1

M, (say 1769 - )
FatherCaptain Thomas Cooper1 (1733 - b 13 Feb 1796)
MotherSarah Anthony1 (15 Aug 1742 - 13 Feb 1796)
Birth*say 1769 He was born say 1769 at Henry Co., Virginia.1 
Marriage*say 1790 He married Sarah Weeks say 1790. 
(Family Member) Relocationsay 1805 He was an accompanying familiy member in the relocation of Thomas Cooper Jr. say 1805 at Popcastle, Putnam Co., Georgia; Below Ashbank lies the Popcastle GMD #308. Here lies the mouth of Lick Creek and the boundary between Popcastle and Rockville District at Long Shoals farther south. Captain William Adams, whose property was at Long Shoals, served as the militia captain for Popcastle District. Many of the families of this district had previously been successful planters and leaders in Hancock County. They provided strong influence and leadership in this community, in Putnam County, and at one time, in Georgia.
Among the prominent families in Popcastle were Major William Alexander (whose house and land was later sold to become part of Turnwold Plantation, with William Turner, Sr., and Jr., Lots #277,278, and 279); Joel and David Reese; William Walker, who had lots on Lick and Crooked creeks and the Oconee River, Lots #261, 262, 276, 286, 287, 289, and 300; Joseph, Thomas, and John Cooper; Rowan and Francis Ward; Thomas Lowe; and members of the Spivey and Rosser families.
By 1811 Joseph Cooper was operating a mill on the Oconee and, shortly after, a toll bridge crossing the river. Thomas Lowe also built a mill on the Oconee. Crooked Creek, as well as parts of Lick Creek, provided fine water resources to many of these planters. Crooked Creek Baptist Church, established even before Putnam County, is within the Popcastle District. Its early roll recalls other pioneer families.1
 
(Non Winner) Land Lottery1805 Joseph Cooper participated in but did not win the land lottery for land in the new Georgia counties of Baldwin, Wayne and Wilkinson in 1805 at Hancock Co., Georgia.2 

Family

Sarah Weeks (say 1772 - )
Last Edited25 October 2002

Citations

  1. Katherine Bowman Walters, Oconee River Tales to Tell, Eaton, Putnam Co., GA: Eaton, Putnam Co. (GA) Historical Society, 1995.
    Page 126.
  2. Virginia S. and Ralph V. Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, Greenwood Press, Cambridge, 1964, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. 975.8 R2WY 1805.

Mark Anthony Cooper1

M, (20 April 1800 - 17 March 1885)
FatherThomas Cooper Jr.1 (1771 - 5 Jul 1843)
MotherJudith Harvey1 (s 1775 - )
Birth*20 April 1800 He was born on 20 April 1800 at Hancock Co., Georgia.1 
Marriage*23 August 1821 He married Mary Evaline Flournoy on 23 August 1821 at age 21.2 
Marriage*6 January 1826 He married Sophronia A. R. Randle on 6 January 1826 at age 25.1,3 
(Witness) Will13 July 1829 He attested to the validity of William Flournoy's will on 13 July 1829 at Putnam Co., Georgia.4 
(Witness) Probate13 June 1831 He witnessed the probate of the estate of William Flournoy on 13 June 1831 at Putnam Co., Georgia.4 
Letter at PO*14 April 1835 He had a letter at the Post Office on 14 April 1835 at Putnam Co., Georgia, (also on 14 Jul 1835 and 19 Jan 1836.)5 
Indian Wars*1836 He served in one of the Creek and Seminole Indian Wars in 1836
(Major in Second Seminole Indian War. See his Biography for further details.)6 
(Executor) Will29 May 1843 In Thomas Cooper Jr.'s will, Mark, Samuel and Eugenius was named by Thomas to handle his estate on 29 May 1843.7 
(Executor) Will28 April 1848 Narcissa, Francis, Samuel and Mark named as executor(s) in the will of Dr. Samuel Boykin at Muscogee Co., Georgia, on 28 April 1848.8 
Death*17 March 1885 He died at Etowah, Bartow Co., Georgia, on 17 March 1885 at age 84.1 
Biography* COOPER, MARK ANTHONY. Lawyer, politician, businessman. Born Hancock County, Ga., 20 April 1800; died Bartow County, Ga., 17 March 1885. Son of Thomas and Judith Harvey Cooper. Married Mary Evaline Flournoy, 23 August 1821. Children: none. Married Sophronia A. R. Randle, 12 January 1826. Children: Thomas L., John Frederick, Mark Eugene, Volumnia A., Rosa L., and at least five others. Education: Mount Zion Academy and Powellton Academy (both in Hancock County); University of Georgia; South Carolina College, A.B. (1819).
     Mark Cooper was born into a prominent Hancock County family that had migrated to Georgia from Virginia. After graduation from college he moved to Eatonton, read law, and was admitted to the bar in 1821. He formed a partnership with James Clark and developed a successful practice.
     In 1833 Cooper was elected to the state legislature from Putnam County as a state-rights advocate. He opposed efforts to reduce the size of the House and supported nullification efforts. In 1831 Cooper and Charles P Gordon recognized the future of railroads and secured a charter for a railroad line from Augusta to Eatonton. This was superseded in 1833 by a charter that authorized a railroad from Augusta to Athens, Madison, or Eatonton and became the basic charter of the Georgia Railroad and Banking Company.
     Cooper achieved a degree of notoriety in 1836 when he was made commander of a battalion of Georgia volunteers who went to Florida to fight in the Seminole War. Cooper was under the overall command of General Winfield Scott and soon incurred his wrath. Governor William Schley had sent a supply of bacon to the Georgia troops, and Scott tried to appropriate it for distribution to his general command. Cooper refused to surrender it, directly challenging Scott's authority. After a mediation session, both compromised on an equitable distribution.
     In 1835 Cooper sold his business interests in Eatonton (which included the Eatonton Factory, one of the earliest cotton mills in Georgia) and moved to Columbus. After securing a liberal charter from the legislature, he opened a bank, the Western Insurance and Trust Company. Cooper's high interest rates angered many local citizens and even prompted Alexander H. Stephens to charge Cooper with operating "the most unequal, unrestricted and iniquitous chartered institution in the State."
     Cooper sold the business and was elected as a State Rights Whig to the Twenty-sixth Congress (1839-41). He lost his bid for re-election in 1840 but was chosen to fill the unexpired term created by the resignation of William C. Dawson. He was elected to the Twenty-eighth Congress as a Democrat, serving from 3 January 1842 to 26 June 1843. He resigned to run for governor, but was defeated by his former classmate George W Crawford.
     In 1842 Cooper had moved his residence to Bartow County and retired there after his political defeat. He established the Etowah Iron Works, later adding a rolling mill and nail factory to the operation. He supervised the construc­tion of several railroads in northwest Georgia and was a pioneer in the opening of coal mines in Dade County.
     Before the Civil War Cooper was a leading southern advocate of economic diversification. He felt that Georgia's mineral resources could be developed to a level at least equal to that of cotton production, providing economic independence for the state. In 1846 he helped organize the South Central Agricultural Society, one of the first such state societies formed in the South.
     Cooper's only other venture into politics came in 1876, when he served briefly as state senator from Bartow County. Cooper supported higher education in Georgia, serv­ing as an early trustee of Mercer University and a trustee of the University of Georgia for nearly fifty years. He died at his home, Glen Holly, in Bartow County on 17 March 1885 and was buried on his estate.1
 
Biography MARK ANTHONY COOPER, who did so much to develop the resources of Georgia, came of a numerous family which had migrated from Virginia to Georgia. He was born in Hancock county, Ga., near Powellton, on April 20, 1800, and died at Etowah, in Bartow county, in the eighty-fifth year of his age. His father was Thomas Cooper, a son of Thomas and Sallie Cooper. Sallie Cooper, grandmother of Mark A. Cooper, was the oldest child of Joseph Anthony, a descendant of Mark Anthony, who was a native of Holland.
     It is worthy of note at this point that William Candler, the progenitor of the distinguished Candler family in Georgia, married Elizabeth Anthony, a younger sister of the Sallie Anthony, who married Thomas Cooper.
     This Mark Anthony had a remarkable career. His father was a native of Genoa, in Italy, and being driven from that country for some reason-religious persecution possibly being the cause, emigrated to Holland. Influenced by the advantages of his native land, he sent his young son Mark back to Italy to be educated. At the school, being ill treated, he ran away to sea with a companion, and was captured by Algerian pirates. The two young men were sold as slaves, put in chains under guard and were set to cutting wood. Being mercilessly treated they determined to escape, and while the attention of the guard wandered for a moment, they knocked him on the head with an axe, broke their chains, and hid themselves in a wood. At night they boarded a British ship in the harbor and persuaded the captain to hide them in a hogshead, on which he piled sacks of coffee. The Algerians searched the ships for the fugitives, but did not remove the coffee sacks and failed to find the young men.
     When the ship left the harbor, they were released and transferred to a ship bound for Virginia, in which new country they decided to settle. Mark Anthony prospered in Virginia and became the ancestor of a numerous family in that State, which, by intermarriage with the Candlers and Coopers and others, now has descendants all over the southern part of the Union, and has given many distinguished men in the learned professions, in business circles and to public life.
     Thomas Cooper, the grandfather of Mark A., had eleven children. One of his younger daughters, Penelope, was the mother of Judge Eugenius A. Nisbet. Thomas Cooper, the second, father of Mark, married Judith Harvey, a daughter of James and Sarah Harvey, and they reared a numerous family. The Harveys, Coopers, Anthonys and Clarks were all from Virginia, and settled in Wilkes and Hancock counties, Ga., most of them near Powellton.
     Mark A. was one of three sons, two of whom died in infancy. He had three sisters, of whom Harriet married a Nisbet, Narcissa a Boykin, and Emma a Branham. Mark went to school in Hancock county to John Denton, Dr. David Cooper and Mark Andrews.
     Later he attended the Mount Zion Academy, under the famous S. S. Beman and Benjamin Gildersleeve. At the Powellton Academy he studied under Iva Ingraham. He then went to Franklin College, at Athens, but on account of the death of Dr. Findley he went to the South Carolina College, of which Dr. Maxey was president. In 1819 he was graduated with the degree of A.B., and in a class in which William Hance Taylor held first honor, C. G. Memminger second honor, and Franklin H. Elman and Mark A. Cooper third honor.
     Leaving college he entered the law office of Judge Strong, in Eatonton, Ga., and was admitted to the bar in 1821. He at once engaged in the practice at Eatonton in partnership with James Clark. The bar of that town at that time comprised some of the most brilliant lawyers in Georgia history, including such men as Alfred Iverson, Mirabeau Lamar, William II. Parks, Samson W. Harris, and others. The elder lawyers at the bar of the circuit at that time included a list of many of the most famous men of Georgia in the antebellum period. There was no Supreme Court in the State, no such great volumes of reports as are now at the service of practicing lawyers, and they had to rely on the trial decision of the courts then in existence. By attending every term of the court and watching closely, Mark Cooper arrived at a thorough knowledge of practice, with a correct understanding of law and the ability to apply it properly. He reported for his own pleasure the litigated cases until it made a volume in manuscript. He was a close and hard student, and the young firm soon began to make headway.
     They grew in influence and in the number of their clients, until in 1838 he was elected to Congress. In the meantime he had inherited a small sum of money and had put it out to interest, and this with the earnings of his practice had accumulated a competency. He had tried planting, but found the lending of his capital brought more profit and less trouble.
     Although he had made a success at the bar, his business qualifications were so strong and his bent in that direction so decided that about 1833 he organized a company with fifty thousand dollars capital and built a cotton factory on Little River, near Eatonton. He furnished the plan of the building, superintended its construction and adjustment of the water power. This was the first well-built water factory in Georgia, except that of Mr. White, at Athens. By this time he had decided to move to Columbus, Ga., and engage in banking. He sold his stock in the cotton factory for par and interest, collected the money due him and went to Columbus about 1835.
     At Columbus he organized a banking company, with two hundred thousand dollars cash capital, and began business as a banker of discount and deposit. He declined to issue bills as was customary at that time. Aided by a strong board of directors he managed this bank successfully over long years, which included the panic of 1837. He and his brother-in-law, Dr. Boykin, owned or controlled nearly all the stock, and all the stockholders were personal friends. The bank was successful and paid annual dividends of sixteen per cent.
     Back in 1831, in connection with Charles P. Gordon, he had agitated the building of a railroad from Augusta to Eatonton. This was the first movement looking to the actual building of a road in Georgia. In 1833 he served in the State Legislature. with this same Charles P. Gordon, and they obtained a charter superseding the one granted in 1831, and this charter with various amendments, is now the charter of the Georgia Railroad and Banking Company. It was drafted in 1833 by William Williams, of Eatonton, Ga., and under that charter the road was built to Madison, Covington, Decatur, and to a place called Marthasville, (now the city of Atlanta), with a branch to Athens. From Atlanta, the State of Georgia, in the midst of great opposition and trouble, built a road to Chattanooga, then called Ross Landing, on the Tennessee River.     Mark A. Cooper was a warm and zealous advocate of this measure. A great celebration took place upon the completion of the road, in which Mr. Cooper was a very prominent figure, and thus he had the pleasure of seeing his dream of 1831 realized -- a railroad from Augusta to Chattanooga. Later on, with his own means, he built a branch of this road to his works, at Etowah, and was a prime factor in the building of the Cartersville and Van Wert Railroad, afterwards extended to Cedartown, and called the East and West Railroad.
     By this time Major Cooper had come to be recognized as one of the foremost developers of the State. About 1842 he bought from Messrs. Stroup a half interest in the iron furnace on Stamp creek, in Bartow county, with about thirteen hundred acres of land. The old furnace was replaced with a new one with ample facilities for the manufacture of pig iron and hollow ware. As the market for iron was in New York and the price obtainable was not a profitable one for charcoal iron, they built a rolling mill, at. a cost of thirty thousand dollars, and after that a nail factory with the necessary shops for both, and a store with a full supply of goods, and houses for five hundred work people. A stone mill, five stories high, with a capacity of three hundred barrels of flour per day was erected, at a cost of fifty thousand dollars, while the lands of the company were increased until they covered an area of twelve thousand acres.
     L. M. Wiley, a native Georgian, then a resident of New York, became interested with Cooper and Stroup. Mr. Stroup was unable to pay his share of the improvements and Mr. Cooper bought him out. Then it was found that the firm owed an immense sum, for that day, one hundred thousand dollars, to Mr. Wiley's New York house. Mr. Wiley insisted that Mr. Cooper should buy the property on three years' time. He did so and paid out the debt. He pushed the flour mill and made a success of that, and for many years, notwithstanding difficulties, continued in the iron business, building a railroad four miles long to connect with the W&A, became a coal shipper, and in 1862, after twenty years struggle, he sold the property for four hundred and fifty thousand dollars, paid all, and had two hundred thousand dollars left. This iron business was the great work of his life, and in it he was a leader of unsual enterprise for that period.
     To go back a little, in 1836, there were troubles with the Seminole Indians. Five companies of volunteers were organized at Macon into a battalion, and Mark A. Cooper elected as major and commanding officer. He took active part in the campaign in Florida, the story of which being one of the most interesting of his life, involving his facing General Scott in defense of what he believed to be the rights of his men and carrying his point because he convinced the general of the merits of his case.
     When the Civil War broke out, he had a very notable interview with President Davis on his way from Montgomery to Richmond and gave him some advice, which in the light of later events was prophetic. Three of Major Cooper's sons fought in the first battle of Manassas, one a major, one a captain, and one a lieutenant. One of them lost his life in that first struggle. In an interview that he had with Mr. Memminger, a former classmate, and then secretary of the treasury for the Confederacy, Mr. Cooper with his usual business foresight urged upon Mr. Memminger to base his Confederate currency upon cotton by buying every bale of cotton in the Confederacy and valuing the currency on it as a redeeming fund. It is clear now that if this advice had been taken the Confederate currency would never have depreciated.
     Commenting on the war and its management years afterwards Major Cooper said, "The Confederate cause was lost, not for lack of men, as I think, but for want of fidelity and faithfulness in the States that seceded; not for lack of money, but for lack of wisdom in the management of its resources. As to the cause of war, it is chargeable not to the abolition of slavery, which was only an incident and exciting cause, but to the capital of the country seeking to control the government through its indebtedness and to foster itself by exemptions and immunities and by profits on the currencies made and controlled by it. War alone could furnish a pretext for doing what it desired." As to the future, he said: "As to the hope for the Constitution and friends of a limited government with definite delegated power and resumed rights in the States, it depends on the full and absolute payment of the public debt, so as to abolish all government credits." These brief quotations give some idea of the scope of Mr. Cooper's mind as to governmental matters.
     Whether in law, in business, or in politics, he was a man of the first rank. His first vote was cast for Governor George M. Troup, the great apostle of State's rights, and Major Cooper was all his life a State's right Democrat of the strictest school. In his election to the Legislature and to Congress, he was elected on that platform. As a result of his convictions, he, with E. J. Black and Walter T. Colquitt became involved in a controversy with the other six members from Georgia and there was a very bitter split, as a result of which Messrs. Black, Colquitt and Cooper, who had previously been elected as State's rights Whigs were next time elected as State's rights Democrats. Major Cooper was then nominated for Governor against the Hon. G. W. Crawford, but was defeated, and after that took no part in political affairs, except as a private citizen.
     He was active in all the great movements for the development of his State for a period of more than thirty years. He was the first president of the Georgia Agricultural Society, greatly interested in the State fairs at which his cattle frequently won premiums, was one of the early trustees of the Mercer University, and later became a trustee of the University of Georgia, a position which he held for nearly forty years. As an example of his forecast, it may be mentioned that at a meeting in the interest of Mercer University, held in Washington, Ga., presided over by the famous Jesse Mercer himself, to consider the question of a locality for Mercer University, Major Cooper advocated Whitehall, a village which stood where the city of Atlanta now stands, and told them it would event ually became a populous center. The audience was profoundly impressed with his argument, but seeing that Dr. Mercer had his heart set on another location, he withdrew his suggestion in deference to the venerable old man and the University was finally located at Penfield and subsequently removed to Macon.
     Major Cooper lived to see Whitehall succeeded by the city of Atlanta, and the land he had pointed out for a site of the Mercer University, which could then have been bought for a song, worth more than a million dollars. All in all he was one of the strong men in that growing period of Georgia embraced between 1830 and 1860, a capable lawyer, and a far-seeing statesman. His greatest ability was as a developer and business man, and in that his foresight was almost infallible, and before the end of his own life he lived to see his judgment justified both in political and business matters.
     Major Cooper was twice married. August 23, 1821, he married Mary Evalina Flournoy, who died in December of the same year. On January 12, 1826 he married Sophronia A. R. Randle, daughter of John and Susan Randle. Her mother was a Coffee, sister of General John Coffee. Of this marriage were born three sons and seven daughters. Four of the daughters died in infancy. Thomas L. and John Frederick Cooper fell in battle during the Civil War. Mark Eugene Cooper served through the war, and survived until December, 1907.
     Thomas L. Cooper left three children, the late Dr. Hunter P. Cooper, of Atlanta; Thomas L. Cooper, of Decatur, Ga., and Mrs. Sallie Sanders, of Washington, Ga.
     John Frederick Cooper left three children: John Paul Cooper, of Rome, Ga., Walter G. Cooper, of Atlanta, and Frederick Cooper, of Gainesville, Texas.
     Mark Eugene Cooper never married. Of the two surviving daughters, Volumnia A. married Thomas P. Stovall, and Rosa L. Cooper is unmarried.9

 

Family 1

Mary Evaline Flournoy (1804 - 1 December 1821)

Family 2

Sophronia A. R. Randle (say 1805 - )
Last Edited18 October 2008

Citations

  1. Kenneth Coleman and Charles Stephen Gurr, Dictionary of Georgia Biography, University of Georgia Press, 1983.
    pages 217-218.
  2. Kenneth Coleman and Charles Stephen Gurr, Dictionary of Georgia Biography, University of Georgia Press, 1983.
    pp 217-218.
  3. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    Mark A. Cooper md. Saphronia Randle, 6 Jan 1825. Page 21.
  4. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    Will dated 13 Jul 1829 and probated 13 Jun 1831. Page 22: Cites Will Book B-page 101.
  5. Tad Evans, Georgia Newspaper Clippings, Putnam Co. Extracts, Vol. 2, T. Evans, Savannah, GA, 1998.
    page 5.
  6. Tad Evans, Georgia Newspaper Clippings, Putnam Co. Extracts, Vol. 2, T. Evans, Savannah, GA, 1998.
    page 17.
  7. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    Will dated 29 May 1843 and probated 10 Jul 1843. Page 29: Cites Will Book B-page 178.
  8. Muscogee Co., GA Court of Probate Records. Transcribed by Warren Culpepper from photocopy by Mrs. Eugene Millsaps III.
  9. William J. Northern, Men of Mark in Georgia, Vol. II, The Reprint Company, Spartanburg SC, 1974.
    Pages 207-214. Biography written by Walter G. Cooper of Atlanta.

Elizabeth Anthony

F, (10 March 1746 - 14 July 1784)
FatherJoseph Anthony Sr. (2 May 1713 - 23 Nov 1785)
MotherElizabeth Clarke (15 Feb 1720 - 1813)
Birth*10 March 1746 She was born on 10 March 1746 at Louisa Co., Virginia.1 
(Family Member) Relocationcirca 1758 She was an accompanying familiy member in the relocation of Joseph Anthony Sr. circa 1758 at Bedford Co., Virginia.2 
Married Name1761  As of 1761, her married name was Candler. 
Marriage*1761 She married Col. William Candler in 1761.3 
Death*14 July 1784 She died on 14 July 1784 at age 38. 
(Heir) Will24 September 1785 In Joseph Anthony Sr.'s will on 24 September 1785 at Henry Co., Virginia, Elizabeth, Sarah, Christopher, Elizabeth, Penelope, Joseph, James, Mary, Agnes, Micajah, Rachel, Winifred, Mark, Bolling and Judith named as heir(s).4 

Family

Col. William Candler (21 April 1736 - September 1789)
Children
Last Edited21 October 2002

Citations

  1. Genealogies of Virginia Families, .
    Volume I, A-Ch, Anthony-Cooper, page 13.
  2. William C. Stewart, Gone to Georgia: Jackson and Gwinnett Counties and their Neighbors in the Western Migration, Washington, DC: Nat'l Genealogical Society, 1965.
    page 255.
  3. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).
  4. William C. Stewart, Gone to Georgia: Jackson and Gwinnett Counties and their Neighbors in the Western Migration, Washington, DC: Nat'l Genealogical Society, 1965.
    pages 253-254.
  5. E-mail written 2004-2011 to Warren Culpepper from Mary Nelson Pazur (3-gt-gd of #50002), Kennesaw, GA, e-mail address.

Col. William Candler1

M, (21 April 1736 - September 1789)
Birth*21 April 1736 He was born on 21 April 1736 at Virginia.1 
Marriage*1761 He married Elizabeth Anthony in 1761.1 
American Revolution*between 1775 and 1783 He provided service in the American Revolutionary War between 1775 and 1783
(DAR Listing: William Candler, born 21 Apr 1736 in Ireland, died Jul 1784 in Georgia, married Elizabeth Anthony, Colonel, Georgia.)2,3 
Death*September 1789 He died at Columbia Co., Georgia, in September 1789 at age 53.1 
Biography* Allan Daniel Candler, in his book "Colonel William Candler of Georgia, His Ancestry and Progeny", stated unequivocally that William Candler was born, raised, and married in North Carolina. He was misinformed. Wherever William was born, he grew to manhood and married in South River Settlement along the James River in Virginia. Daniel Candler (William's father) was probably settled at South River by the late 1740's. William would have been 14 years old when his brother, John, married a South River girl, Elizabeth Gibson, c1750.
     In 1755, at age nineteen, William joined the Quaker meeting at South River (present-day Lynchburg, VA). Several years thereafter, he was elected clerk of the Quaker Meeting. He acquired modest tracts of land at South River including one sharing property lines with his future father-in-law Joseph Anthony and his father Daniel. The grant survives at the Library of Virginia.
     In 1760, William Candler contracted (with Joseph Ray at Fort Lewis -- present-day Salem, VA) to carry supplies to soldiers stationed at Dunkard Bottom on the New River (present-day Radford, VA). In 1761, he married Elizabeth Anthony. In 1763, he and his brother John and cousin Zachariah Moorman, along with Robert Brooks, appraised two estates (in behalf of neighbor Charles Lynch a prominent South River man). These estates, belonging to Valentine "Felty" Yoacom (Yokum) and Frederick See, were located in present-day Greenbrier County, WV. At the time, this was on the extreme western frontier of Virginia. Yoacom was killed in the Indian massacre at Muddy Creek.
     William Candler was the executor of his father's 1765 will filed in early 1766 in Bedford County, VA.. Later in 1766, he asked the Quaker meeting officials to settle his business -- to give him a certificate of good standing for departure. There are records of land and property sales in 1767 and early 1768.
     After this he may have moved his wife and children to Cane Creek, North Carolina. William would have been relocating among friends and cousins. In 1755, he had received a certificate to travel to the Cane Creek meeting. The Candlers were obviously fine woodsmen, and had no doubt traveled and worked in the VA/NC area. A group of men from South River had gone on to Carolina in 1756 to settle. Some stayed and some returned. It is family legend that William was one who had gone and returned (although these old legends are another story in themselves).
     A group of Quaker colonizers from Cane Creek, under the leadership of Joseph Maddock, moved to Georgia in about 1770 to take up a large grant given to them by Georgia governor Wright. They named this colony Wrightsborough. A short time later, William Candler was appointed as Surveyor of the County. I suspect that he went to Georgia ahead of the other Quakers and surveyed the land grant for the future settlement. Records show that he sold a slave in Georgia in 1769 (named Chester), a slave on whom he paid Pittsylvania County, Virginia tax in 1767.
     Whatever the exact circumstances, William does not appear in Quaker records of the Wrightsborough meeting. The events of the Revolution overtook the details of normal life at South River. The Quaker meeting there was practically closed during the War - many Quakers, against their stated principles, fought against the British foe. When the meeting at South River started up again in 1782, William and Elizabeth Candler were, "discontinued having remove removed from amongst Frs." In common language: they were gone and had not taken up the Quaker ways elsewhere so it was the responsibility of South River Meeting to disown them.
     In Georgia, William became a County Surveyor - in Colonial America this was a major political appointment. George Washington, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, and Andrew Lewis were each a County Surveyor in Virginia. This appointment marked a man of intelligence, education, woodsmanship, and (most likely) military ability. This is a good description of William Candler of Georgia. At first a major in the Royal militia, he resigned his commission and joined the fight for American Independence. His distinction as a Major, then later Colonel of the Georgia "Refugees" of the American Revolution has been chronicled by his descendants.
     Probably the most famous Candler in American history was Asa Griggs Candler the founder of the Coca-Cola Co. This soft drink scion, philanthropist, and mayor of Atlanta was a descendant of Colonel William Candler (c1736-1784) of Georgia who fought bravely for his state in the American Revolution.
     Georgia Governor Allen Daniel Candler (1834-1910) was a cousin of Asa Candler's. He wrote what is arguably the most widely read book on the Candler family in America, Colonel William Candler of Georgia, His Ancestry and Progeny, 1896, the Foote & Davis Co, Atlanta, GA. To my knowledge, this is the first published work on the Candlers of America. Often quoted (and misquoted) by Candler genealogical researchers, it serves as the anchor to which we can fasten subsequent work.
     Governor Candler strove to reconstruct his lineage from scant and poorly preserved Georgia Colonial and State Revolutionary War records, and such as he could find in the Library of Congress (a pursuit he began during his tenure in the U. S. House of Representatives). He uncovered much valuable data, but he was unaware that his Georgia ancestor had emigrated from Virginia, and thus did not explore the wealth of Candler data in that state.
     He was aware that there were North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland Candlers, and he speculated that they might share a common ancestor, but he did not know. Subsequent editions of his work included the Virginia connection.
     Today (1999), we have proof that there was indeed a common ancestor of these branches. His name was Daniel Candler. He lived in the Virginia Colony of England, along the James River at South River Settlement (present-day Lynchburg, Virginia). There is documentary proof that Daniel Candler was settled at South River by 1753, and good circumstantial proof for a time just before 1750. He died in late 1765 or early 1766.
     As stated above, Allen D. Candler did not know of Col. William Candler's life at the South River Settlement; but it was there that William joined the Quakers, and there that he married Elizabeth Anthony. Thus it is valuable to "revisit" this life as we find it chronicled in early land grants, civil court and Quaker records (the richest source of details by far).2 
Research note22 September 2016 Sent: Sunday, September 18, 2016
Subject: Rachel Candler?

Hello,
 I read your webpage about Col William Candler. I am looking for information about Rachel Candler who was supposed to first show up in St Paul's Parrish (very near Wrightsborough), Georgia between 1755 and 1777. She married (1) Thomas Fuqua (from the Bedford County Va Fuqua family) and had a son named Henry Fuqua born in 1784 in Burke Co, (later Jefferson), Ga. Based on his name I suspect that she was the daughter of William's brother Henry Candler (b:1738). As best as I can find out, Henry Candler died in North Carolina in 1765 and I can find no record of him being married. But I wonder if Rachel was the daughter of Henry and if William brought Rachel to Georgia with him?

 Per the Ga State Archives, Thomas Fuqua and brother Prather Fuqua both reported for duty on 20 Aug, 1781 in Agusta, Ga and were at the siege of Augusta. I believe that Thomas was born in about 1759 in Virginia and died 12 March 1804 • Louisville, Jefferson County, Georgia. IIRC Thomas' paper were signed by Col Greenberry Lee. Lee was married to Mary Few and her brother Ignaius married William Candler's oldest child Mary Ann Candler.
 Rachel Candler was my 4th Great grand mother. Her daughter, supposedly from her 2nd marriage was named Clarissa Johnson and she married Wright Ringgold Coleman (birthdate and location unknown) in 1815 and they moved to Dublin, Laurens County, Ga the same year. Wright was the postmaster, JP, the 1820 census taker for Laurens County and a partner in the law firm of Coleman and Fuqua. The Fuqua being none other than his wife's brother or half brother (we aren't sure which), Henry Fuqua. Wright traveled to New York? and died onboard a ship while returning to Savannah in 1822.
 I am desperately trying to find more about Rachel Candler, Henry Candler and Wright Ringgold Coleman. Do you have ANY information that may help?
 Thanks,
 Joe.4
 
Research note*25 February 2017 From: Doug Goode
Sent: Saturday, February 25, 2017
To: lewgriffin@cox.net
Subject: Col. William Candler

The Appendix of Allen D Candler’s book on the Candler family, here is the correct information.
“Thus these two families, the Georgia Candlers and the North Carolina Candlers, meet in Daniel of Bedford and ARE ONE AND THE SAME FAMILY.”
In Daniel Candler’s will, one mentions William and Zedekiah.

Anna Candler Smith Fraser.5 

Family

Elizabeth Anthony (10 March 1746 - 14 July 1784)
Children
Last Edited25 February 2017

Citations

  1. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).
  2. Ed Marsh, compiler, Lynchburg Candlers: The First Generations, 1999.
    http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Cottage/9778/lburgcans.html#ColWm
  3. DAR Patriot Index, Washington, DC: National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, 2003.
  4. [mailto:e-mail address].
  5. Doug Goode. <e-mail address>
  6. E-mail written 2004-2011 to Warren Culpepper from Mary Nelson Pazur (3-gt-gd of #50002), Kennesaw, GA, e-mail address.

Mary Evaline Flournoy1

F, (1804 - 1 December 1821)
FatherWilliam Flournoy2 (s 1772 - b 13 Jun 1831)
MotherNancy (?) (1775 - 17 Jun 1829)
Name Variation She was also known as Everlina.2 
Birth*1804 Mary was born in 1804.2 
Marriage*23 August 1821 She married Mark Anthony Cooper on 23 August 1821.1 
Married Name23 August 1821  As of 23 August 1821, her married name was Cooper. 
Death*1 December 1821 She died at Eatonton, Putnam Co., Georgia, on 1 December 1821.2 
Burial*after 1 December 1821 Her body was interred after 1 December 1821 at Old Union Church Cemetery, Eatonton, Putnam Co., Georgia.2 

Family

Mark Anthony Cooper (20 April 1800 - 17 March 1885)
Last Edited24 October 2002

Citations

  1. Kenneth Coleman and Charles Stephen Gurr, Dictionary of Georgia Biography, University of Georgia Press, 1983.
    pp 217-218.
  2. Edward F. Hull, Early Records of Putnam County, Georgia, 1807-1860: Old Cemeteries Wills and Marriages, Ashland, AL, 190?.
    "Mrs. Everlina Cooper, Daughter of William & Nancy Flournoy, Consort of Mark A. Cooper, Died Dec. 1, 1821, Age 17 years", page 17.

James Anthony

M, (18 December 1752 - 1827)
FatherJoseph Anthony Sr. (2 May 1713 - 23 Nov 1785)
MotherElizabeth Clarke (15 Feb 1720 - 1813)
Birth*18 December 1752 He was born on 18 December 1752 at Louisa Co., Virginia.1 
(Family Member) Relocationcirca 1758 He was an accompanying familiy member in the relocation of Joseph Anthony Sr. circa 1758 at Bedford Co., Virginia.2 
Marriage*29 September 1772 He married Nancy Ann Tate at Bedford Co., Virginia, on 29 September 1772 at age 19. 
American Revolution*between 1775 and 1783 He provided service in the American Revolutionary War between 1775 and 1783
(DAR Listing: James Anthony, born 18 Dec 1752 in Virginia, died 1827 in Georgia, married Anne (Nancy) Tate, Patriotic Service, Virginia
-------------------------------------------------------
He is listed among those who renounced allegiance to Great Britain and swore allegiance to the Commonwealth of Virginia. He was a Sergeant in 2nd Battalion, 1st Regiment, 5th Company, Infantry of WIlkes Co., GA under Major Aaron Lipham.)3,4 
Residence*before 1778 James resided at Wilkes Co., Georgia, before 1778. (Among the first persons found in Wilkes County prior to 1778 were James Anthony, Daniel Grant, Thomas Grant. James was a leader in enterprise, interested in cotton and woolen mills.)5,3 
(Heir) Will24 September 1785 In Joseph Anthony Sr.'s will on 24 September 1785 at Henry Co., Virginia, Elizabeth, Sarah, Christopher, Elizabeth, Penelope, Joseph, James, Mary, Agnes, Micajah, Rachel, Winifred, Mark, Bolling and Judith named as heir(s).6 
(Adjacent Land Owner) Deed14 July 1793 He was an adjacent landowner in the deed granted by Joseph Anthony Jr. and Elizabeth Anthony to Mark Anthony and Bolling Anthony on 14 July 1793 at Wilkes Co., Georgia, (Joseph Anthony and Wife Betsy, of Wilkes Co. sell 536 acres on Fishing Creek, on James Anthony's line, to Mark and Bolling Anthony, with all appurtances, thereto appertaining, July 14, 1793. Test: Bedford Brown, JP. Deeds Bk PP, page 151.)7 
Death*1827 He died at Georgia in 1827.8 
Biography* James Anthony, along with Colonel George Hairston, in 1790, donated the fifty acres of land as a site for the courthouse and public buildings, where the central part of the town of Martinsville is now situated. He was also the father of Dr. Milton Anthony, the distinguished physician who founded the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta.1 

Family

Nancy Ann Tate (1754 - 1834)
Child
Last Edited30 April 2012

Citations

  1. Genealogies of Virginia Families, .
    Volume I, A-Ch, Anthony-Cooper, page 13.
  2. William C. Stewart, Gone to Georgia: Jackson and Gwinnett Counties and their Neighbors in the Western Migration, Washington, DC: Nat'l Genealogical Society, 1965.
    page 255.
  3. Patricia Davidson-Peters, compiler, Patricia Davidson-Peters, Anthony: Quakers of Colonial Virginia, 2000-2005.
    http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~sunnyann/anthony.html
  4. DAR Patriot Index, Washington, DC: National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, 2003.
  5. Eliza A. Bowen, The Story of Wilkes County, Georgia, Continental Book Co., 1950.
    Chapter IX: "The Settlers", pp 51, 55.
  6. William C. Stewart, Gone to Georgia: Jackson and Gwinnett Counties and their Neighbors in the Western Migration, Washington, DC: Nat'l Genealogical Society, 1965.
    pages 253-254.
  7. Smith, Wilkes Co. Early GA Wills and Marriages, 1960.
    page 13.
  8. William C. Stewart, Gone to Georgia: Jackson and Gwinnett Counties and their Neighbors in the Western Migration, Washington, DC: Nat'l Genealogical Society, 1965.
    page 254.
  9. Kenneth Coleman and Charles Stephen Gurr, Dictionary of Georgia Biography, University of Georgia Press, 1983.
    Vol. I, pages 32-34.

Nancy Ann Tate

F, (1754 - 1834)
Birth*1754 She was born in 1754 at Louisa Co., Virginia. She was the daughter of Henry Tate.1 
Marriage*29 September 1772 She married James Anthony at Bedford Co., Virginia, on 29 September 1772. 
Married Name29 September 1772  As of 29 September 1772, her married name was Anthony. 
Death*1834 She died at Jasper Co., Georgia, in 1834. 

Family

James Anthony (18 December 1752 - 1827)
Child
Last Edited21 October 2002

Citations

  1. Patricia Davidson-Peters, compiler, Patricia Davidson-Peters, Anthony: Quakers of Colonial Virginia, 2000-2005.
    http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~sunnyann/anthony.html
  2. Kenneth Coleman and Charles Stephen Gurr, Dictionary of Georgia Biography, University of Georgia Press, 1983.
    Vol. I, pages 32-34.

Milton Anthony1

M, (7 August 1789 - 19 September 1839)
FatherJames Anthony1 (18 Dec 1752 - 1827)
MotherNancy Ann Tate1 (1754 - 1834)
Birth*7 August 1789 He was born on 7 August 1789 at Henry Co., Virginia.1 
Death*19 September 1839 He died at Augusta, Richmond Co., Georgia, on 19 September 1839 at age 50.1 
Biography* ANTONY, MILTON. Physician, educator. Born Henry County, Va., 7 August 1789; died Augusta, Ga., 19 September 1839. Son of James and Ann Tate Antony. Married Nancy Godwin, 1809. Children: Sarah Ann, Laura M., Edwin L., Lavonsia A., Julia A., Milton (died young), Susan A., Milton Jr., Richard, James A., and John W Education: University of Pennsylvania School of Med­icine [1808-9?].
When Milton Antony was quite young the family moved to Washington, Wilkes County, Ga., and there he grew to young manhood.
His formal schooling was limited. At the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to Dr. Joel Abbott of Monticello in Jasper County, Ga. When nineteen he attended a year's course of medical lectures at the University of Penn­sylvania, but apparently as a result of finan­cial stringency he was unable to complete the second year and receive the M.D. de­gree.
He returned to Georgia and married, and after living for a brief time in New Or­leans, he had settled in Augusta by the spring of 1819. There in Richmond County he spent the rest of his active and productive life.
Able and ambitious for himself, his family, and for Georgia, Antony's greatest strength lay in his organizational ability and the ease with which he cut through political bureau­cracy. In 1822 he was one of the chief or­ganizers of the Richmond County Medical Society; three years later he waged a suc­cessful campaign to have the legislature cre­ate a state board of medical examiners. Antony was the board's first president.
By 1826 he was giving rudimentary medical in­struction to a number of aspiring physicians at the City Hospital of Augusta. There he was joined by Joseph A. Eve, a graduate of the Medical College of South Carolina in 1828. This same school awarded Antony the M.D. degree ad eundem in 1825.
In con­junction with a number of other physicians in Augusta, Antony applied to the Georgia legislature for a charter to create the Medical Academy of Georgia. The request was granted in 1828, and classes at the academy com­menced in 1829. The school was given the right to operate a one-year course, at the conclusion of which a bachelor of medicine degree was to be awarded. The academy ordered an expanded term of over six months for its students when a four-month term was in vogue at virtually all other medical schools in the country.
Hardly had the school offi­cially opened than Antony and the board of the college applied to the state for an exten­sion of powers, the right to offer a two-year course, and authority to confer the M.D. degree. In 1829 the legislature authorized the creation of the Medical Institute of the State of Georgia with the power to grant the doctorate. A second year of lectures was approved, and the faculty was to be doubled in size to six professors.
However, owing to financial considerations, the school could not expand fully into its new curriculum for sev­eral years. The state and the city of Augusta were asked to support this promising exper­iment in medical education. Grants and sub­sidies were requested to strengthen the academic program and to construct a suitable building. Antony and his colleagues were successful on all fronts. In addition, the name of the institute was changed to the Medical College of Georgia.
The academic year 1832-­33 marks, in the words of Paul Fitzsimmons Eve, the school's first course offered "as a college." The money appropriated, the pow­ers granted to the Medical College, and the enthusiastic cooperation of the Academy of Richmond County as well as of the city fath­ers, not only meant academic success but resulted in the construction by Charles Clus­key of MCG's first home. This building, with its massive Doric columns, was com­pleted by 1836 and is looked upon by many as being one of the best examples of Greek Revival architecture in the South.
In all of these developments Antony was the unques­tioned leader, and there seems no reason to doubt that he was also instrumental in send­ing Louis A. Dugas to Europe in 1834 to secure an adequate library and museum for the faculty and student body of MCG.
In May 1835 MCG, certainly with Antony's approval if not actually at his instigation, sent a circular letter to the other medical schools in the country calling for reform of American medical education and presaging the creation of a nationwide medical asso­ciation. The letter fell on deaf ears. Antony and his school were ahead of the times.
Not content with his academic and organiza­tional feats, Antony proved to be the most important person in the move to create an effective and long-lasting medical journal in Augusta. The first issue of the Southern Medical and Surgical Journal appeared in 1836, and the magazine was a success from the start. In its pages were reprinted some of the most useful articles that had appeared on medical subjects all over the world.
It also acted as a stage from which the professors at MCG-and elsewhere in the South--could demonstrate their original research. Craw­ford W Long, for instance, first published his claim to pre-eminence in ether anesthesia in SMSJ's pages. Antony was editor or coed­itor of the Augusta journal until his death. Then after several years of silence SMSJ was revived and remained, throughout the ante­bellum period, the South's most consistent and respected medical publication. Antony's publications, upon such diverse topics as "On Physical Examinations," "The Causes of Abortions," "Medical Electricity," "Maternal Impressions," and others, are to be found primarily in SMSJ.
At MCG, Antony held the position of professor of the institutes and practice of medicine and of midwifery and diseases of women and children. Although he was primarily a general practitioner, he was adept at surgery. In 1821, for instance, he performed an operation where he excised two ribs and removed a section of a gan­grenous lung. This daring operation was re­ported in the Philadelphia Journal of Medical and Physical Sciences in 1823, and was re­printed by Dr. George Foy in Ireland in 1893.
Antony was struck down in 1839 during the yellow-fever epidemic that plagued Au­gusta. He had been tending the sick and dying since the disease had appeared in town.
Antony is Georgia's most important medical pioneer. He found a promising situation in Augusta and took advantage of it to create the state's first medical college and one of the South's best medical journals. His ac­complishments on the state level are signifi­cant as well. Suspicious of herb doctors and quacks, he felt that proper formal education and the licensing of practitioners would stamp out the medical superstitions that were so prominent during his day. Antony moved easily and with considerable confidence in the chambers of the state capitol-just as he did in Augusta's city hall. He inspired con­fidence in those with whom he dealt and had high standards of medical education. Antony triumphed over the obstacles that stood in his path and affected the state dramatically as a result of his achievements.1
 
Last Edited20 August 2002

Citations

  1. Kenneth Coleman and Charles Stephen Gurr, Dictionary of Georgia Biography, University of Georgia Press, 1983.
    Vol. I, pages 32-34.

Daniel Candler1

M, (1779 - 1816)
FatherCol. William Candler1 (21 Apr 1736 - Sep 1789)
MotherElizabeth Anthony1 (10 Mar 1746 - 14 Jul 1784)
Birth*1779 He was born in 1779 at Columbia Co., Georgia.1 
Marriage*1799 He married Sarah B. Slaughter at Georgia in 1799.1 
Death*1816 He died at Columbia Co., Georgia, in 1816.1 

Family

Sarah B. Slaughter (circa 1784 - 1 June 1865)
Children
Last Edited13 June 2004

Citations

  1. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).

Sarah B. Slaughter1

F, (circa 1784 - 1 June 1865)
Birth*circa 1784 She was born circa 1784 at Georgia.1 
Marriage*1799 She married Daniel Candler at Georgia in 1799.1 
Married Name1799  As of 1799, her married name was Candler. 
Death*1 June 1865 She died at Villa Rica, Carroll Co., Georgia, on 1 June 1865.1 

Family

Daniel Candler (1779 - 1816)
Children
Last Edited20 August 2002

Citations

  1. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).

Samuel Charles Candler1

M, (6 December 1809 - 15 November 1873)
FatherDaniel Candler1 (1779 - 1816)
MotherSarah B. Slaughter1 (c 1784 - 1 Jun 1865)
Birth*6 December 1809 He was born on 6 December 1809.1 
Marriage*1833 He married Martha Bernetta Beall at Cherokee Co., Georgia, in 1833.1 
Death*15 November 1873 He died at Carroll Co., Georgia, on 15 November 1873 at age 63.1 
Biography* In the later 1830s, Samuel Candler and his fourteen-year-old bride, Martha, came to the rolling hills of Carroll County, Georgia, bringing with them two wedding gifts from her father: an Indian pony named Picayune and a slave girl named Mary. Several streams watered the 300 acres of land where they began to farm. There, Samuel and Martha built their home on the crest of a ridge surrounded by oak and hickory trees. Facing south, it began as a "dog trot" house--two small structures with doors that opened on a covered hall or breezeway between them. Large porches sheltered the front and rear of the building. Following the custom of the time, one large room, warmed by a fireplace in winter, doubled as a dining room and sitting room. The kitchen was a separate building. Over the years, Samuel and Martha had eight sons and three daughters and as the family expanded, so did the house. Eventually, their "comfortable but not ostentatious" home contained many books and a piano, enough evidence for their grandson's opinion that "both were unusually cultured for their period and place."

The farm was, of course, a commercial enterprise, but Samuel's business interests extended far beyond its boundaries. He also occasionally held public office. Early in Samuel Candler's childhood his father had died, so he grew up partly in the care of a kinsman, Dr. Ignatius W. Few, who became the founder and first president of Emory College in Oxford, Georgia. Candler's large extended family was moderately comfortable, but as an orphan, he had to make his own way in the world.

As Samuel Candler entered adulthood, a new opportunity for wealth appeared. In the spring of 1830, tales of gold nuggets snagged in the roots of fallen trees and gold dust in the gravel of mountain streams brought thousands of prospectors into the lands of the Cherokees in the northwest quarter of the present state of Georgia. No one knows the exact place or time of the original discovery, but by the end of the year it was clear that the prospectors had come to stay. The Cherokees resisted for nearly a decade before they were forced to march west on the Trail of Tears to the Oklahoma Indian Territory. The state of Georgia divided the former Cherokee lands to form all or parts of twenty-four new counties.

The history of northwest Georgia now became a story of miners and farmers and men who built new cities. The miners came first, probing to discover the diagonal band of gold deposits that ran from Carroll County, west of Atlanta, to Rabun County in the state's extreme northeast corner. The most intense activity clustered in the Dahlonega area and in the area between Acworth and Canton; about thirty miles west of Atlanta, another cluster of activity developed in Carroll County. All sorts of people tried their luck in the hunt for gold. After bringing in their harvests, small farmers left their fields to prospect; prosperous planters leased gold lots, sending their slaves to work at panning or placer mining. Some full-time miners prospected the countryside on their own; others sought employment with mining companies.

As a young man during the Georgia gold rush of the early 1830s, Samuel Candler pursued various mining activities, first in Carroll County and then in Cherokee County. It was in 1833, during this stay in Cherokee County, that he married Martha Bernetta Beall. Samuel made a good impression on his neighbors who elected him sheriff in 1834 and then sent him as a representative to the legislature in 1835. However, the newlyweds soon moved to the farm in Carroll County.

Acting as the agent for a group of Macon investors who leased out gold prospecting rights on land they owned in the area, Candler received ten percent of the rents he collected for them. He also began to diversify his business interests. With several partners, he developed the site that became the present town of Villa Rica. Candler then borrowed $1500 to open a store in the town and was successful enough to repay the sum promptly.' This general store-Villa Rica's first-usually contained $2,000 in stock. Miners came to the store with gold dust that they packed in goose quills for safe-keeping; thus the storekeeper became a small dealer in gold. Through these and other investments, Samuel Candler became one of the most prosperous men of his region.

As Carroll County matured, although its gold deposits dwindled, the area retained its simple, frontier qualities. The inhabitants continued some mining, and they also raised stock or engaged in subsistence farming. Only those like Candler, who could afford the best acreage, undertook commercial agriculture and speculated in land: in 1847 Samuel Candler owned 7,800 acres in Carroll and Paulding counties.

In the nineteenth century, the R. G. Dun Company--predecessor to today's Dun and Bradstreet--collected credit information on American firms from respected local businessmen. In their confidential reports on Samuel Candler, his fellow merchants consistently rate him as a safe, reliable man with good business capacity. In 1848 the entry calls him "a careful money saving money loving man," worth between $5,000 and $10,000. According to this report, he invested equally in real estate, stock in trade (for his store), and Negroes.

When the market value of slaves rose more rapidly than the value of land, slave ownership indicated the location of the true wealth of Carroll County. In 1850 this was the case, when 3.5 percent of the county's ten thousand free inhabitants owned the county's 1500 slaves. The largest Carroll County owner was Elijah Dobbs, who owned forty-five slaves in 1860. Candler--with just under twenty slaves--ranked among the county's larger slave holders, in terms of the number of individuals owned. Some of the area's more prosperous men may have bought slaves for speculative purposes. Many of Candler's slaves must have been engaged in working on his farm, but whether all were doing so is unknown. In June 1860 Candler owned four "slave houses" occupied by seventeen persons of various ages and both sexes. At the same time, acting as an agent for S. B. Chapman (possibly as executor of an estate), Candler reported an additional nineteen persons and three houses.

By the time of the birth in 1851 of his eighth child, Asa, the elder Candler had retired from the store, leaving it in the charge of William, one of his older sons. However, he continued his involvement in public affairs and Democratic party politics. During his long residence in Carroll county he served a term in each house of the legislature and was elected judge of the Inferior Court (justice of the peace). Other members of the Candler family served in similar ways; at one point Samuel sat in the legislature at the same time as his brother Ezekiel and Ezekiel's son Milton.

While Samuel secured the family's fortunes, Martha took a strong role in their home. She led her eleven children in daily family worship, aided by the "English book of prayer." For many years she took the children to the Primitive Baptist Church, although the Candler family later became Methodist. Samuel himself did not join a church until later in life, but strong habits of hard work and sober living certainly contributed to the family's growing prosperity. In keeping with such principles, the Candlers, although comfortable, did not indulge themselves.

/////////////

Following the practice of most rural families of their day, Samuel and Martha required the children to help with the work of the farm. A friend of the family later claimed that the Candler boys "found play in work" under their father's firm discipline: "Even on Saturdays, when other boys would be idle, the Candler boys were busy doing something." A small, wiry child, Asa lost the hearing in one ear when he fell from a loaded wagon while helping to harvest a field of corn. One of the wheels struck his head. However, if the discipline was firm, it was not so rigid as to stifle the children's sense of fun. One night, Asa hid under the bed of his youngest brother Charlie, a boy who suffered from a great fear of cats. Asa let out a life-like feline yowl and his terrified brother ran to their mother. Samuel was forced to rise from his bed to restore order to the agitated household.

In a photographic portrait from this time the boy Asa looks at the camera with the same direct, skeptical gaze that was to be seen on the front pages of Atlanta's newspapers more than half a century later. Perhaps he remembered his own youth years later, when Asa Candler described a typical boy: "A boy... loves to do things that he imagines makes him appear to be a man. See him raking his upper lip vainly endeavoring to coax to the surface a mustache before its time, nauseating his stomach trying to chew tobacco and spit amber...all to make himself believe that he is a man."

Samuel and Martha gave particular, tender care to their third child, Noble Daniel Candler, who was mentally impaired. According to one family history, Noble had been a normal child until he suffered "a disease of the brain" when he was four years old. His brother John described Noble as "a man in stature, but less than a child in mind." He lived all his life with his mother, who cared for him until his death in 1887. Asa Candler's heartfelt expressions of love and concern for his own children and the life-long bonds that connected him with his brothers and sisters bear silent witness to the fundamentally sound character of Martha and Samuel's child-rearing methods, stern though they might have been.

Even in his youth, Asa demonstrated an acute business sense. One enterprise began when a marauding mink disturbed the peace of the hens that lived under his mother's kitchen. Asa went to the rescue, diving under the house to rout the predator. He scrambled after the mink, out of the yard, through the woods and into a creek, where he caught up with it. The mink bit him, leaving a permanent scar on his arm, but young Candler triumphed, forever ending the mink's menace to the family chickens. He decided to send the pelt to Atlanta by wagon, hoping to sell it for twenty-five cents. To his delighted surprise, it brought a dollar. Young Candler's entrepreneurial character... (See book for balance of biography.)2
 

Family

Martha Bernetta Beall (1813 - )
Child
Last Edited7 September 2002

Citations

  1. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).
  2. Kathryn W. Kemp, God's Capitalist: Asa Candler of Coca Cola, Mercer University Press, Macon, GA, 2002, Repository: Warren Culpepper's Personal Library.
    pages 7-11.

Martha Bernetta Beall1,2

F, (1813 - )
Birth*1813 She was born in 1813.1 
Marriage*1833 She married Samuel Charles Candler at Cherokee Co., Georgia, in 1833.1 
Married Name1833  As of 1833, her married name was Candler. 

Family

Samuel Charles Candler (6 December 1809 - 15 November 1873)
Child
Last Edited7 September 2002

Citations

  1. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).
  2. Kathryn W. Kemp, God's Capitalist: Asa Candler of Coca Cola, Mercer University Press, Macon, GA, 2002, Repository: Warren Culpepper's Personal Library.
    pages 8.

Asa Griggs Candler1

M, (30 December 1851 - 12 March 1929)
FatherSamuel Charles Candler1 (6 Dec 1809 - 15 Nov 1873)
MotherMartha Bernetta Beall1 (1813 - )
Birth*30 December 1851 He was born on 30 December 1851 at Villa Rica, Carroll Co., Georgia.1 
Death*12 March 1929 He died at Atlanta, Fulton Co., Georgia, on 12 March 1929 at age 77.1 
Biography* Asa Griggs Candler: Founder of the Coca Cola Company

Asa Griggs Candler was born in Villa Rica, Georgia on December 30, 1851. He was one of eleven children in the Candler family. The Civil War was being fought during some of Candler's youthful days, and is one of the reasons that he had sporadic schooling. After the war ended, he did spend some time in high school, but he was anxious to get started in the outside world. He left school in 1870 and set out to find a pharmacist that he could apprentice for. Over the next several years, Candler learned what he could about the drugstore business. Then he moved on to Atlanta. Here he entered into a series of partnerships and business deals and had his own company in 1886. By 1888, he had built up one of the largest drug businesses in Atlanta.

Candler was a very savvy businessman. When he saw opportunities, he acted. There was another Atlanta druggist, Dr. John Pembleton, who had started selling a fizzy concoction of soda water and a patent medicine at Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta. The drink, which Dr. Pembleton called Coca Cola, was enjoyed by several of the pharmacy's regular customers. The story is that Asa Candler purchased the recipe for Coca Cola for $2300. From that start he turned Coca Cola into a nationally recognized brand. He marketed his product like no other product had been marketed before. He spent enormous sums (by the standards of the time) on advertising. But he succeeded. Today, of course, the Coca-Cola brand is known the world over, and Coke itself is about as close to a U.S. national symbol as are hot dogs and baseball.

Asa Griggs Candler amassed a very sizeable fortune over his lifetime, and in his later years, until his death in 1929, he devoted much of his time and energy to philanthropy.2 
Last Edited15 June 2008

Citations

  1. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).
  2. http://www.netstate.com/states/peop/people/ga_agc.htm

Daniel Gill Candler1

M, (22 February 1812 - )
FatherDaniel Candler1 (1779 - 1816)
MotherSarah B. Slaughter1 (c 1784 - 1 Jun 1865)
Birth*22 February 1812 He was born on 22 February 1812 at Columbia Co., Georgia.1 
Marriage*8 October 1833 He married Nancy Matthews on 8 October 1833 at age 21.1 
Death* He died at Gainesville, Hall Co., Georgia.1 

Family

Nancy Matthews (say 1815 - )
Child
Last Edited20 August 2002

Citations

  1. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).
  2. Biographical Directory of the US Congress, Office of the Historian, retrieved 2005.
    http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp

Nancy Matthews1

F, (say 1815 - )
Birth*say 1815 She was born say 1815.1 
Marriage*8 October 1833 She married Daniel Gill Candler on 8 October 1833.1 
Married Name8 October 1833  As of 8 October 1833, her married name was Candler. 

Family

Daniel Gill Candler (22 February 1812 - )
Child
Last Edited20 August 2002

Citations

  1. Todd & Gail Cason, compiler, Cason Family Genealogy.
    (Could not find site in Dec 2005).
  2. Biographical Directory of the US Congress, Office of the Historian, retrieved 2005.
    http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp

Allen Daniel Candler1

M, (4 November 1834 - 26 October 1910)
FatherDaniel Gill Candler1 (22 Feb 1812 - )
MotherNancy Matthews1 (s 1815 - )
Birth*4 November 1834 He was born on 4 November 1834 at Homer, Franklin Co., Georgia.1 
Death*26 October 1910 He died at Atlanta, Fulton Co., Georgia, on 26 October 1910 at age 75.1 
Biography* CANDLER, Allen Daniel, (cousin of Ezekiel Samuel Candler, Jr., and Milton Anthony Candler), a Representative from Georgia; born in Homer, Banks County, Ga., November 4, 1834; attended country schools, and was graduated from Mercer University, Macon, Ga., in 1859; studied law; entered the Confederate Army as a private in Company H, Thirty-fourth Regiment of Georgia Infantry on May 12, 1862; was elected first lieutenant May 17, 1862; promoted to captain October 26, 1862; appointed lieutenant colonel May 16, 1864; promoted to colonel December 27, 1864; engaged in agricultural pursuits; member of the State house of representatives 1873-1877; served in the State senate in 1878 and 1879; engaged in manufacturing and was president of a railroad; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1883-March 3, 1891); chairman, Committee on Education (Fiftieth Congress); was not a candidate for reelection in 1890; secretary of state of Georgia from May 28, 1894, until March 1, 1898, when he resigned; served as Governor of Georgia from 1898 to 1902; compiler of the records of the State of Georgia from 1903 until his death in Atlanta, Ga., October 26, 1910; interment in Alta Vista Cemetery, Gainesville, Ga.1
 
Last Edited20 August 2002

Citations

  1. Biographical Directory of the US Congress, Office of the Historian, retrieved 2005.
    http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp

Richard Norwood1

M, (say 1670 - )
Birth*say 1670 He was born say 1670.1 
Marriage*say 1698 He married Elizabeth (?) say 1698.1 

Family

Elizabeth (?) (say 1673 - )
Child
Last Edited1 January 2012

Citations

  1. B. C. Holtzclaw, "Clark of Surry and Isle of Wight Counties," Southern Genealogies #1, Historical Southern Families, Vol. IFTM CD191.

Elizabeth (?)1

F, (say 1673 - )
Birth*say 1673 She was born say 1673.1 
Marriage*say 1698 She married Richard Norwood say 1698.1 
Married Namesay 1698  As of say 1698, her married name was Norwood.1 

Family

Richard Norwood (say 1670 - )
Child
Last Edited1 January 2012

Citations

  1. B. C. Holtzclaw, "Clark of Surry and Isle of Wight Counties," Southern Genealogies #1, Historical Southern Families, Vol. IFTM CD191.

Thomas Clarke (3)1

M, (circa 1677 - 1728)
FatherThomas Clarke (2)1 (s 1652 - 1700)
MotherElizabeth Sampson1 (s 1655 - )
Birth*circa 1677 He was born circa 1677 at Virginia.1 
Marriage*say 1699 He married Susannah (?) say 1699.1 
Death*1728 He died at Bertie Co., North Carolina, in 1728.1 
Biography* Thomas(3) Clark, son of Thomas(2) and Elizabeth (Sampson) Clarke, was brobably born about 1677-78. He first appears in the family of his brother Sampson Clarke in Surry County in 1699, but moved back to Isle of Wight County for a few years thereafter. He was married by August 29, 1700, when he and his wife Susannah witnessed a deed from Rebecca Gutridge of Isle of Wight County, to John Prison of Surry (Surry D.&W. 1694-1709, p. 215). Thomas Clarke was an appraiser of the estate of John Wilkton in Isle of Wight County August 9, 1701 (Chapman, I, 60), and is shown as a Cornet in that county in 1702, in a list of magistrates and militia who prepared an address of loyalty to Queen Anne of England (Boddie, 17th Cent., p. 169). There is no present clue to the maiden name of Susannah, wife of Thomas(3) Clarke, except the bare possibility that she was a daughter of George Williams of Isle of Wight County, who in his will, dated Aug. 26, 1737, and probated Feb. 25, 1744, leaves his property to his wife Elizabeth; sons George, Thomas, and Roland; and a plantation to his grandson Thomas Clark (who may have been Thomas(4) Clark, son of Thomas(3)). Thomas Clark deeded this land in Isle of Wight County to Nicholas Williams Oct. 13, 1748. I am not at all sure, however, that this Thomas Clark was identical with the son of Thomas(3). All the evidence points to this George Williams as being a son of a Roland Williams, who died in Isle of Wight County in 1679, and left two children, George and Mary, both of whom were minors and left in the guardianship of friends. Now we have mentioned that Susannah, wife of Thomas(3) Clark, was married to him by 1700, and it is difficult to see how a boy who was under guardianship in 1679 could have had a daughter who was married just 21 years later. All that can be said is that it is barely possibly that Susannah, wife of Thomas Clark, was a daughter of this George Williams. In favor of the hypothesis is the fact that if the Thomas Clark of George Williams' will was not Thomas(4) Clark, son of Thomas(3) and Susannah, it is hard to tell who else it could have been, for there is no other Thomas Clark revealed by the records from 1744-48, except Thomas(4).

Thomas(3) Clark moved back to Surry County by 1713, for Thomas Pittman of Isle of Wight deeded to Thomas Clark of Surry, planter, 150 acres in Lawnes Creek Parish Nov. 17, 1713 (D&W 1709-14, p. 164). He remained in Surry County until November 19, 1723, when he deeded the above land to Thomas Morland of Isle of Wight, and his wife Susannah relinquished her dower in it (D&W 1715-30, p. 501-2). The family then moved to Bertie County, N.C., just across the border from Isle of Wight Co., Va., and Thomas(3) Clark died there in 1728. The will of Thomas Clarke, dated April 25, 1728, leaves a bequest to his son Thomas Clarke; leaves the rest of his estate to his wife, and at her death or marriage to be divided among his 9 children, Thomas, Elizabeth, Mary, Lewis, William, John, Matthew, Grace and Bridget; mentions his two plantations on the county line adjoining Thomas Boykin, and that his wife is not to falsify the promise made to Nehemiah Joyner that he should possess some of the land during his (Nehemiah's) wife's life; appoints his wife and son Thomas executors; witnesses, Nehemiah Joyner and Ellis Braddy (N.C. Wills to 1760, Bertie County, Vol. VI., p. 51, at Raleigh). The wife Susannah Clark was still living on Feb. 13, 1732/3, when she deeded 50 acres near the county line adjoining Thomas Boykin to James Joyner (probably a son of Nehemiah and Elizabeth Brown Joyner) (Bertie Co. D.B. "D", p. 29).1 

Family

Susannah (?) (say 1680 - after 1733)
Child
Last Edited1 April 2003

Citations

  1. B. C. Holtzclaw, "Clark of Surry and Isle of Wight Counties," Southern Genealogies #1, Historical Southern Families, Vol. IFTM CD191.