Ogilvie Ancestry
Ogilvie Crest

Ogilvie Ancestry

The name Ogilvie is Pictish, and, like most of the old family and place names in Scotland, its orthography has several variants. The earliest form of it is that used in the original Charter of William "the Lion"... OGGULUIN, but there follow at intervals other spellings, such as Ogiluill, Ogyluie, Onegyluy (used by Cardinal Beaton in his writings), Ogiluy, Ogilivy, then near the 16th Century no doubt the result of more contact with the English language- a foreign "b" crept in and we find Ougelby, Ogilbe; and then a century later, in the 17th Century, the family signature was as it is now- Ogilvy (and Ogilvie). In that the name stems from the barony of Ogilvy, a glen or valley of trees, the name can be broken into two parts. "Ogle" means wood, "Vy" or "Vie" means yellow; thus the name may be interpreted as "the Glen of Yellow Wood."
It is generally believed that Gilbert, son of Cillebride, Earl of Angus, took the name in or near the year 1172, when the land grant was executed at Montrose. Later, Gilbert inherited the vast lands of Easter Powrie and both estates continued to be passed down through the male heirs for almost 500 years.
When William "the Lion" made his fatal expedition into England by invading Northumberland, the Ogilvies were among the first to join the King in march. However, William was taken prisoner by the English when he mistook an English force for his own men and rode directly into their line.
This was a sorrowful disaster for Scotland because William was forced to sign away the independence of his country to Henry II and many of the Scottish leaders, including the Earl of Angus and Gilbert Ogilvy, were among the hostages of the Treaty of Falaise.
The remainder of Gilbert's life is just a shadow in history. The name of his wife is unknown, but he did have at least one son, Alexander De Ogiluill, mentioned in early 1250. The only mention of Gilbert, who was probably taken away to England after the fall of Scotland, is that in 1201, he gave the Church of Monifieth to the Abbey of Aberbrothock.

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