Past and Present
by Janet McNeilly © 2002
Accident at The School Furnishing Co.
The Northern Echo
Tuesday January 29 1889
FIRE AT DARLINGTON
A SCARCITY OF WATER
FALL OF A BUILDING
FOUR MEN KILLED
A fearful disaster occurred last
night at a fire in Darlington, by which three persons were killed and at least a
dozen others more or less seriously injured. At 9.40 intimation was given to the
police station that the works of the North of England School Furnishing Company,
situated in Kinross Street, off John Street, were on fire. Telephonic
communication was at once opened up with the fire station, and about five
minutes to ten the brigade, under the command of Capt. Bowman, was on the spot,
shortly to be followed by the steam engines. It is customary to ring the fire
bell at any time during the day up to 10 pm, and as the result of it’s
clanging on this occasion thousands of people flocked to the scene. When the
brigade got there the flames had just penetrated the roof. The building
consisted of two wings, lying east and west – the east overlooking and being
near to the junction of the main line with the Stockton and Darlington Railway
and a connecting block, the whole having a frontage of about 40 yards. In it was
stored a large quantity of timber and finished cabinetwork, the company’s
business being very extensive throughout the kingdom. The material in stock, of
course, was of a most combustible nature, and burned, as the result proved, with
extraordinary rapidity. It was in the joiner’s department, lying close up to
the east wing that the fire originated. The night watchman, with the aid of some
residents near at hand, got out the works’ hose pipe and did what they could
to check the fire until the arrival of the brigade; and indeed at one time it
seemed as if their comparatively puny efforts would succeed. But a greater hold
had been secured by the fiery element than was believed and it was soon seen
that, although driven back for the time being from the front of the building,
the flames were steadily and surely extending to other portions. As we have
said, the flames were fast consuming the roof, and extending along the first
storey when the fire brigade arrived. Then arose that most untoward of
circumstances on such an occasion. A lack of water was experienced, and for
close upon half an hour a single miserable hose was all that could be supplied,
and that very insufficiently. At
length, and when the whole of the wing connecting building was a mass of lurid
flames, lighting up the sky for miles around, a second hose was got to work. But
where was the water supply? Inquiry solicited that the Skerne was the source,
and that water had to be carried at least 600 yards, along lengths of hosepipes,
before it could be brought into use. The result was a lamentably small pressure,
which, even had the buildings and its contents been less inflammable, would have
had little practical effect. With singular rapidity, therefore, did the fire
spread itself until almost the whole of the roof had been consumed.
An easterly wind blew, not very high, but of sufficient strength to carry
forward the flames in a westerly direction.
A wooden erection built against the east wing was used as the offices,
and the course of the flames in the opposite direction enabled an entrance to be
effected to them, and in this way the ledgers were safely brought out. For half
an hour the fire burned fiercely; and handicapped as the brigade were –
without the slightest of impression being made upon it. In the meantime
A VAST CROWD HAD ASSEMBLED
about the place, whom the police,
with Supt. Rogers and Inspectors Goodman and Dobson at their head, experienced
great difficulty in keeping back.
apparent immunity of the west wing induced scores of people to take up a
position underneath that portion of the works, Sergt. Smettem and other officers
endeavouring, time after time, to restrain them from advancing further. The
wall, however, standing about 50 feet high, afforded a shelter from the heat and
the spray of the hosepipes, and the people could not possibly dislodged. Nor, it
must be confessed, was any danger expected, the wing was scarcely touched by the
fire, so far as could be judged. The firemen were still playing on the main body
of the building, their operations being intently watched by the spectators, who
were assembled on every hand, when just upon half past ten o’clock, a flash of
light was observed to momentarily illuminate the interior of the west wing –
looked at from an easterly point of view- and then followed a report like that
of a piece of ordnance. Almost simultaneously the gable end of the wall blew
TONS OF BRICK FELL ON THE PEOPLE
The horror and consternation which
ensued seemed for the moment to paralyse every body. Exclamations of “My
God” and the like were heard on every hand, and then came the piteous moans
and cries of many death stricken and maimed victims. Whilst the remainder of the
wall might still be in imminent danger of falling,
DOZENS OF BRAVE MEN SPRANG
headed by the police and the
firemen, in order to drag the injured from underneath the debris. Fortunately
the concentrated heat, which had gradually filled the top storey of the west
wing and forced out the gable in the manner described, had done its worst, and
the work of rescue was promptly performed. Almost the first bodies got from
underneath the heap of bricks and mortar were those of two men who had gone to
their reward without a moment’s warning. Their heads and faces were totally
unrecognisable and their trunks had been beaten into a horrible misshapen mass.
Then came young boys with heads covered with blood, dangling limply- most of the
poor things being insensible, others being able just to cry fitfully and moan.
Three or four girls, too, were amongst the injured, wailing piteously for their
parents. At length
ALL THE INJURED WERE EXTRICATED
and taken into a row of cottage
homes which were opposite and close to the works, and doctors at once sent for.
The two men who were killed were layed on the ground, and covered with canvas.
On the person of one of them was found a card bearing the name “Hogg” and
showing that he belonged to the North Road Weslyan Church. The identity of the
other did not long remain in doubt. He was recognised as Thomas
Boddy, living in Albion Buildings, Northgate, a married man and employed by
Mr Richard Mosely, tanner. No medical men had put in appearance when one of the
victims succumbed to the frightful injuries he had sustained. He was a shoemaker
named Thompson, living in Jane Street, Rise Carr. Kindly, if inexperienced,
hands tried all they knew to assuage the sufferings of the survivors until the
arrival of the doctors. First and foremost amongst these good Samaritans was the
Rev. E Lloyd Jones, who was on the scene at the time of the catastrophe and who
was at first reported to be injured. The Rev. D Bailey was also to the fore with
his good services. Four hapless victims lay in Mrs Burney’s house, five in
Messrs M`Lachlan’s office next door, three more in Mrs Dromgolo’s on the
other side, and at Mrs Pinder’s three more. In another cottage (Mrs
Davison’s) lay five other unfortunate victims. A number of persons who had
been struck by falling bricks at once hurried away home and two of the boys who
had been taken into Mrs Pinder’s were able to be conveyed home, neither of
them seriously hurt. About eleven o’clock Dr Fraser arrived on the scene, and
not long afterwards he was followed by Dr Lewis Eastwood, then by Dr Hill-Drury,
Dr Manson and Dr Ironside. In M`Lachlan’s office lay a youth with a compound
fracture of the skull – a very bad case; another boy was suffering from
internal injuries; one man lay with a compound fracture of the left leg and a
second with a compound fracture of the skull and fracture of the ankle. In Mrs
Davison’s home there were three cases of broken legs. Apparently one of the
most grave cases was that of a boy – lying in Mrs Burney’s cottage. He had
received shocking injury to the head, the brain protruding on to his forehead.
REMOVING THE DEAD AND INJURED
A few minutes after 11 o’clock
ambulance stretchers had been procured , and the work of removing the dead and
the carrying of the surviving injured to the hospital was proceeded with. But
before the whole of the sufferers could be taken away, one more death was
reported. A girl named Isabella Gamble, living at 10 Killinghall Street who was
almost the last to be brought out from underneath the debris had sustained a
fractured leg and was removed to her home.
THE FIRE HAS DONE ITS WORST
About ten minutes to twelve the
last portion of the roof of the building devoted to the drying of timber fell in
with a crash. The police renewed their efforts in keeping back the crowd, who
seemed, not withstanding the disaster that had befallen other sightseers, as if
they could not get near enough the burning buildings. A strong wind was blowing
at this time, fanning the flames, and rendering the efforts of the firemen of
little avail. At 12.15 the flames had got a firm hold of the bottom storey of
the building, and when the windows and door were burnt out the fire was seen to
be raging with great fury. Fortunately about this time the wind died down, but
the fire having obtained a great hold on all of the wood inside the building the
flames held uncontrolled sway. The efforts of the firemen were chiefly directed
to the saving of the engine house, the only portion of the whole pile of
buildings remaining apparently intact. At one o’clock another of the walls
showed signs of falling from the great heat, the continuous streams of water
having little appreciable effect.
Looked at from the railway or
north side of the premises, where an extensive uninterrupted view was
obtainable, the scene presented was one of impressive magnificence. With amazing
rapidity the flames spread through the centre and the east wing. Soon the whole
became one glowing mass. The firemen were perforce unable to bestow any
attention to this side, and the heat became so intense that it was uncomfortable
to stand within 40 yards of the raging element. After the roof had disappeared
the floors, which appeared to be fireproof, sustained great heaps of the burning
material. Belching flames poured from the windows greedily licked the walls. But
there still was no sign of any attempt to cope with the fiery enemy on this
side. A quarter past eleven was timed by the still moving clock in the boiler
house before the N E R fire engine from the North Road works put in an
appearance. After a little delay had ensued the pumps were got to work, and a
steady but short stream was poured into the now slackening fire. Attention was
chiefly concentrated on the strong fireproof boiler and paint house. On two
sides the flames burnt fiercely, and it looked as if it were impossible to
prevent them spreading to the more dangerous portion. But a constant stream
poured on for some time decreased the intensity and minimised the danger, and
attention was now enabled to be transferred to a stock of wood – in the yard.
Slight flames observed issuing thence were speedily subdued. Meanwhile the
furnace like appearance of the fire in two upper storeys had disappeared.
Gradually the partitions disappeared, and the bottom of the building received
the whole burning debris. The stored wood burnt furiously and rapidly, and
quickly spent its force, and amid the crashing of walls and showering of golden
sparks the fire became gradually manageable to the ready helpers.
THE DEAD IDENTIFIED
The following were the names given
of those killed:-
Thomas Boddy, Albion Buildings,
Hogg, description unknown
Thompson, shoemaker, Jane Street,
LATEST AT THE HOSPITAL
LIST OF SERIOUSLY INJURED
Immediately after the wounded men
began to arrive at the Darlington Hospital there were in attendance, besides the
House Surgeon (Mr Simpson) and the Matron (Miss Hunt), Dr Raine and Dr Lewis
Eastwood, members of the honorary staff; Mr Shaw Mackenzie M B, acting as locum
tenens for Dr Jackson ; Mr Manson, jun, registered medical student; Mr Edwin
Cowper, surgeon dentist of Grange Road; and Doctors Ironside, Manson and
Middlemiss. The cases as they arrived received prompt attention. It was a most
painful scene to witness – the arrival of wives, fathers and mothers at the
outer hall inquiring for their missing ones; and deeply touching incidents were
brought to light as here and there some poor sufferer, who had been unconscious
when admitted and therefore unknown, came to be identified. The following was a
complete list of the cases admitted and examined, with incidental reference to
their condition, up to two o’clock this morning:-
1 Robert Wilson, workman in the
moulding shops of the School Furnishing Company, residing at Leadenhall Street,
Darlington. Suffering from fracture of the skull. Conscious; and states that he
suddenly found himself fall, covered with bricks and mortar. Since unconscious.
2 Thomas Stanton, of 61 Nestfield
Street, Albert Hill, worked at the Alliance Works. Remembers being at the left
hand corner of the building and standing on the outside edge of a vast crowd,
not far from where the firemen were at work, when the wall fell, as it appeared
to him, on his head, and a great weight pressed on his back and legs. The
doctors report leg broken in two places and injuries to the back.
3 John Sullivan, of 40 Prestcott
Street, Albert Hill, thirty years of age, employed at Darlington Steelworks.
Scalp wound and contusions.
4 William Butler, twenty one years
of age, lives at 65 Lucknow Street, and worked at the Wheel and Axle Works,
Bridge Yard. Severe scalp wound.
5 Charles Spencer, of 63 Bondgate,
workman at Snaith’s Joinery, Four Riggs, sixteen years of age. Contusions of
6 Jonathan Wilson of No 10 Albion
Street, fifty-eight years of age. Been out of work. Fracture of leg.
7 Lionel Stainsby aged 18, worked
at Pease’s’ Successors? Factory, Priestgate. Fracture of skull and broken
leg. (The operation of trepanning? Was performed in this case).
8 James Birdnall? Of Oxford
Street, a boy of twelve. Fracture of skull and dislocation of ankle.
9 James Haw aged 15, resided at 11
Catherine Street, North Road. Worked at Barninghams steelworks. Was unconscious
when admitted but afterwards identified by his father.
10 Thomas Sowerby of Lowe Street,
about 25? Years of age, workman at the Steelworks; says he heard someone calling
out “The wall’s falling!” and knew nothing more until he found himself
being attended to by the nurse in the Hospital. Scalp wound and contusions.
11 Samuel Ford, aged 22, also a
workman at the Steelworks. Reside in John Street. Says “ something fell on us
and flattened us all to the earth”. Leg fractured.
12 William Boston aged 34 years,
has been some time out of work, resides in Post House Wynd. Injury to hip and
13 George Carter, aged 41, resides
at Park Place, a mason in the service of the Darlington Corporation. Compound
comminuted fracture of the right leg. (In this case amputation was performed at
one o’clock this morning)
14 Ralph Smith aged 27, a married
man residing at No 60 Brunswick Street. Fracture of skull.
15 John Henry Blenkinsop of
No 1 Parkgate, 26 years of age, seaman. Fractured arm.
16 George Beaumont, unconscious
– no address obtained. Fractured skull and compound fracture of leg.
At a quarter to three o’clock
Robert Wilson, the first named in list of injured, died.
LATEST TIDINGS OF THE FIRE
SUPPOSED CAUSE OF THE FATAL
NARROW ESCAPE OF SUPT.ROGERS AND
The building was at the above time
a mere shell. The interior was for the most part still a mass of flame upon
which the firemen were playing. There is little further explanation of the fatal
falling of the gable. The flash of light which was the prelude to the shooting
away of the brickwork is thought to have been an ignition of gas, but the fact
that the roof was in no way displaced would not seem to support this theory. The
gable was obviously the weakest part of the structure, and it came clean away
from its junction with the perpendicular wall. To afford some idea of the panic
produced by the untoward fatality, we may state that the iron railings in front
of the cottages opposite were completely carried away by the onward rush of the
affrighted spectators and the large slabs of masonry forming the foundation of
the railing were cast aside and now lie in various directions. Supt. Rogers had
a narrow escape, being struck by a flying missile, and his hat knocked off.
Sergt. Smetton, too, who had been stationed immediately underneath
the gable, miraculously escaped by rushing forwards, a brick striking him
on the back. Immediately after the casualty numbers of persons, some bleeding
from the face and head, others limping painfully, were observed to at once
betakes themselves homeward, so that it is
IMPOSSIBLE TO ESTIMATE THE NUMBER
One of the spectators was Corporal
Brownrigg of the 9th Lancers, who did yeoman service in helping to
assist the victims from the debris and afterwards to alleviate their sufferings.
Mr John Spence, the well known member of the Salvation Army, also rendered
What the damage is to the building
and its contents cannot be estimated with anything like accuracy. The building
was erected 13 years ago by the North of England School Furnishing Company,
specially for the purposes of their business.
Northern Echo Wednesday
January 30th 1889
APPALLING DISASTER AT DARLINGTON
THE INQUEST ON
CONDITION OF THE INJURED
RELIEF FOR THE SUFFERERS
The harrowing details published by
the Northern Echo yesterday of the terrible disaster at the destruction by fire
of the North of England School Furnishing Company’s Works caused a great
sensation in the town. In the course of the day various rumours were circulated,
of a more or less wild character, concerning the number of victims of the
catastrophe, a statement at one time gaining currency that no fewer than ten of
the injured had succumbed. We are glad to say that there was no foundation for
any such rumour, that, on the contrary, all the patients in the hospital are
doing fairly well, when the serious nature of the injuries in but too many cases
is considered. As we have already stated in these columns, four men have lost
their lives by the falling of the upper portion of the gable on to the crowd of
spectators beneath. Two of them were taken from the debris dead. They were
Thomas Boddy, 27 years of age, fellmonger, living in Law’s Yard, Albion
Buildings, Northgate, who leaves a widow and one child, five weeks old; and
Thomas Hogg, 36 years of age, blacksmith residing at 4 Ann’s Terrace, Hopetown,
who leaves a widow and two children. The former was employed at Mr Richard
Moseley’s tannery, and the latter in the moulding shop of the School
Furnishing Company’s works. Then there died, in one of the cottages near the
works, less than an hour after the accident, Robert Francis Thompson, who was a
single man, 31 years of age, a shoemaker and lived with his parents in Whessoe
Lane. The fourth victim died at the hospital at a quarter to three o’clock
yesterday morning. His name was George Wilson, and he was 61 years of age, and a
fitter employed by the School Furnishing Company. He leaves a widow and a grown
up family. Fatal results have taken place in no other cases. The story published
by a morning contemporary of the death of the girl Isabella Gamble is incorrect.
Her injuries - a broken leg and
bruises to the head, shoulder and spine – were attended to by Dr Hill-Drury,
who did yeoman’s service in attending on the spot to the sufferers; and under
his care, and that of Dr Watt, the girl is progressing favourably. A number of
Have come to light. One was that
of Mr John Prior, son of Mrs Prior, Dolphin Hotel. He was watching the fire from
the east corner of the west gable when he heard a noise overhead, and
simultaneously a cry of warning. Instinctively he crouched close to the wall,
with the result that, whereas he saw dead and dying all around him, he escaped
with an injured head, caused by a falling brick, a bruise on the forehead –
his hat having broken the force of another missile – and a contused shoulder.
His hat was knocked off and lost, and a walking stick was struck from his hand.
Standing beside him was his collie dog, who came out of the ordeal scatheless.
Mr Prior states that he saw quite a number of persons, bleeding from the head,
face and hands, who made their way from the ill fated scene without delay.
THE GOOD SAMARITANS
The Lady Superintendent and the
hospital medical staff desire to publicly express their ? of appreciation of the
great trouble and kindliness of heart shown by those men who carried the injured
to the institution on Monday night.” They were a set of brave fellows”,
declared the Lady Superintendent, with ardour. The value of ambulance knowledge
emerged, members of the police force and the working classes were admirably
exemplified in the interval of painful suspense which elapsed before the doctors
came on to the scene of the catastrophe and excellent service was rendered by
Inspector Goodman and some of his men and by a number of civilians , one of
whom, a St John’s Ambulance man, named Garood?, living in Surtees Street, the
doctor’s say, displayed unusual skill in applying bandages and splinters. His
Worship the Mayor ? in our
advertising columns, a meeting to be held this afternoon for the purpose of
organising a public subscription for the benefit of the widows and orphans whose
bread winners have been taken away under such appalling circumstances.
MORE OF THE INJURED
As has already been indicated,
many persons who were injured by the falling debris hurriedly left the scene,
whilst others who were treated by the doctors on the spot were afterwards
conveyed home. Inquiries by our reporters during yesterday have resulted in the
following information being yielded: -
Mr Robert Hall, traveller, 5 High
North terrace, is suffering from a compound fracture of the skull. A serious
A son of Anthony Moses, Catherine
Street; compound fracture of the skull, is convulsious throughout the night.
Miss Martland, Brunswick Street,
contusion of the scalp, and shoulder bruises.
Two other cases of a less serious
of Dr Johnson, Assistant of Dr Dern?
Fred. Barnett, Sun Street, a boy
ten years old; nasty scalp wound.
of Dr Lawrence
A boy named Saint, living in Park
Street; scalp wound; in delirium all night.
of Dr Fraser
Annie Walton (a girl), 20, Albion
Street; bruised hips.
Thompson (a boy), 20, John Street; concussion of the spine and severe
bruises on the head.
of Dr Watt
Albert Barnett (16), Sun Street;
fracture of the thigh just above the knee and scalp wound. Severe shock to the
Isabella Gamble (15)
Killinghall Street; complicated case. Severe injury to the spine,
attended with excessive pain; severe sprain of the ankle; scalp wounds, four or
five of them down to the bone; shoulder injury, and other minor injuries.
A boy living at 20 Chapel Street;
a number of scalp wounds and injury to the back..
A man named John Montague, 54, of
Nestfield Street, severe contusions on the back, near the shoulders; great pain;
shock to the system.
Another man named Robinson, 19,
Henry Street; two scalp wounds and injuries to the thigh and arm. Severe shock;
All the medical gentleman who were
engaged at the hospital appear to have been summonsed at their private
residences to attend to outside patients, sufferers from the accident; and, of
course, were unable to respond to these further calls of duty.
THE DESTROYED WORKS
Throughout the night, and during
the whole of yesterday, the material in the shell of the destroyed works
continued to blaze, albeit water was poured onto it uninterruptedly. Hundreds of
people visited the place, but were kept under strict control by the police lest
they approached too near the shaky, bulging, windowless and roofless walls. All
that seems to remain intact is a fireproof building at the north west end of the
works. This was used as a drying shed, engine rooms, boiler house and workshop.
The timber yard at the east end of the works is also untouched by the
conflagration. The total damage is estimated at between £6,000 and £7.000,
which, we are informed by the directors, is not wholly covered by insurance. The
building and contents were insured with the Liverpool, London and Globe Company,
whose district manager, Mr R A Wood, Newcastle, looked over the ruin yesterday
preparatory to making a report.
THE ORIGIN OF THE FIRE
The origin of the fire remains a
profound mystery. Heat was supplied to the whole works by steam pipes, so that
one obvious danger was thoroughly guarded against. The fire, whatever its
origin, had reached its height with remarkable suddenness , for just before the
outbreak was discovered the watchman had been his rounds and had observed
nothing unusual. The fall of the fatal gable – deepening as it did a grave
disaster into a tragic calamity that has thrilled the whole North of England –
will no doubt receive searching investigation at the inquest. The testimony of
eye witnesses, as usual on such occasions, varies as to the manner in which the
disaster occurred. The general opinion is that the wing of the building from
which the gable fell was not on fire till some fifteen minutes after that event,
and that the gable was really blown out by an explosion of gas or turpentine or
steam rising in dense volumes from the water thrown on the flames by the
hosepipes of the firemen and pent in the upper storey. All are agreed that
simultaneously with the disaster there was heard a loud report – quite
distinct from the noise of the falling bricks, and apparently produced by
explosions. One theory may be dismissed as untenable, from the fact, which we
are able to state on authority, that no turpentine was stored in the portion of
the works at which the disaster occurred.
FROM THE BOROUGH MEMBER
Mr Theodore Fry, member for the
Borough of Darlington, yesterday wired from Tower House, Bristol, expressing his
deep sympathy with the sufferers by the terrible disaster at the North of
England School Furnishing Company’s Works reported in the Northern Echo of
yesterday, and regretting his absence from home at such a moment.
Thursday January 31 1889
THE DARLINGTON DISASTER
IMPORTANT RECOMMENDATIONS BY THE JURY
The Coroners inquiry into the
facts and circumstances attending the deplorable deaths of Thomas Boddy, Robert
Francis Thompson, Thomas Hogg and George Wilson, the victims of the fire
disaster in Darlington, was opened yesterday morning at the Railway Tavern,
Northgate, at 10.15 before Mr Deputy Coroner J T Proud. An upstairs room of the
hotel was used for the melancholy purpose, the comfort of the jurymen being
provided for by the host, Mr Charles Johnson, who had had the apartment well
Punctually to time the jurymen
were sworn, Inspector Dobson, who had charge of the arrangements calling over
their names as follows:-
John Wharton, Robert Airey, Samuel
Wilson Berry, James Henry Davey, Henry Blair, Edward Stokes, John Hawkins, Henry
Clayton, John Guthrie, Alfred Denham, and Benjamin Payne.
Ex-Councillor John Wharton was
elected the foreman of the jury.
The Coroner (addressing the jury):
The first thing we have to do, gentlemen, is to view the three bodies which lie
on the premises here; the I think we might see the place where the accident
happened, and then go to the hospital mortuary , where lies the fourth body, and
the all assemble here again.
The bodies of Thompson, Hogg and
Boddy lay in an outhouse, situated in a singularly spacious stable yard, which
is attached to the hotel. Some difficulty being experienced in opening the
outhouse door, the right key apparently having been mislaid, the jury determined
to first inspect the scene of the calamity. The wreck of the burnt out works of
the North of England School Furnishing Company is not far distant from the
Railway Tavern, and the jury, satisfied with a cursory inspection of the fateful
gable, part of which blew out onto the unfortunate people below, were soon on
their way to the hospital.
The jury were absent three
quarters of an hour. They then proceeded to what had been described above as an
outhouse, but which, on the door being opened, proved to be a stable containing
a number of stalls. Each of the bodies, covered with a clean, white cloth, was
laid on a bench in a stall. The appearance of the deceased was in marked
favourable contrast to the ghastly spectacle they presented immediately after
The Mayor (Councillor Harding), Mr
W C Parker and Mr George Marshall – the two latter being directors of the
School Furnishing Company – were present at the inquest.
The first witness called was
Mary Heughff?, who is
occasionally engaged at the hospital, and ?
lives in Bells Place. She said : About half past one o’clock on Tuesday
morning I was called up. I saw the deceased George Wilson, at the hospital. He
was suffering from scalp wounds and a fractured skull. I was present when he
died at a quarter to three, apparently from the effects of the injuries. He was
never conscious after I saw him. I called Dr Simpson in after death took place.
Three doctors had previously seen the deceased.
Robert Wilson, son of the
deceased George Wilson, living in Leadenhall Street, said : My father was 64
years of age, and was a fitter. I was not present at the accident. I had not
seen him since the accident until this morning. – By Inspector Dobson : My
father was employed at the North of England School Furnishing Co’s
Works to do the fitting work. – By the Coroner : He was not employed in
the building which was burnt down, but in an adjoining premises.
Charles Boddy, labourer,
living at No. 4 Temperance Place, said : - The deceased, Thomas Boddy, was my
brother. He was twenty eight years of age and employed as a fellmonger. He lived
in Law’s Yard, Northgate. I was not present at the accident, nor did I see him
until the next morning.
Inspector Dobson replying to the
Foreman said the deceased was one of the two who were killed instantaneously.
locomotive fireman, living at No. ? Teetotal Terrace, Albert Hill, said : The
deceased Thompson was a brother in law of mine. He was thirty one years of age
and was a shoemaker. I knew nothing of the accident. I was on the scene an hour
and a half after it occurred.
Inspector Dobson: He died a few
minutes after the accident.
Thomas Howness?, joiner,
living at 58? Skinnergate, said : The deceased, Thomas Hogg, was my brother in
law. He was 36? years of age and a blacksmith. I did not see him until the
morning following the accident.
This concluded the evidence of
The manager of the works was next
called. He said : My name is James Stabler and I am manager of the North of
England School Furnishing Company Work’s at Darlington. They have no works
elsewhere. My attention was first called to something wrong at the works at a
quarter to ten o’clock on Monday night. I was there all the afternoon until
half past 4 o’clock, when all was in order. At a quarter to ten a boy came
down to inform me that the works were on fire. I immediately went up and found
that the watchman, with the assistance of other few men, had fixed our fire hose
to the hydrant outside the building. There is a staircase leading from the lower
floor into the joiner’s shop, which is in the middle portion of the works, and
it was this part that was on fire when I got there. They were playing on the
fire through the window. They had very little presence of water. At least the
hose was doing no service. At that time the Fire Brigade from the town arrived,
and they suggested that we should uncouple our apparatus and they would ? to it.
When they had done so it was no more effectual than our own.
The Coroner : They also found the
pressure insufficient, I suppose? – Yes.
What did they do? Give it us?
shortly, because it really does not matter very much. – Well, they played upon
it with the water they had until we applied for the North Eastern fire engine,
and then we cut the fire off from part of the building.
Did you cut that part where the
gable end fell? – No, the other end. We saw there was no possibility of saving
the part that fell, so they at once played upon the fire to cut off that part
which fell, and the drying house, and engine house, which are now standing.
Had a large crowd gathered ? –
Yes. They were standing close up to the gable, and right across the street. I
did not see the wall come? Out. I was on the railway, so as to get the fire
engine to play between the two buildings.
Then you don’t know what
happened until you came back again? – I did not know what happened until I saw
them laid dead.
What did you find when you came
back?- I found two men lying dead opposite where the accident had happened.
You found the gable had fallen in
to the street? – Yes.
Mr Parker (one of the directors of
the company ) : How much of the gable? – Witness: It was made level by the
The Coroner: From that part above
the spout I suppose? – Yes.
And it had fallen onto the crowd?
Mr Parker : At this point may I
ask whether there was any inflammable material in that part of the building –
an unturned off gas pipe or anything but merely wood and iron and such like? –
Witness : I am told that the watchman turned off the gas before he began to put
out the fire. There was nothing inflammable in that part of the building any
more than the timber.
The Coroner : Was there, say,
explosive kept there? – No explosives at all.
Can you account for the gable
coming out as it did? – Well, I cannot account for it at all. The only opinion
I have upon it is that the smoke was so dense that when I went upstairs into the
middle room I could not bear it for more than a second, and the firemen had to
lie down and reach the pipes in through the wall. I quite think that the
explosion was the gases that had accumulated from the fire, and the water being
played into those gases had caused them to expand and blow the end out. There
was very little escape for the smoke at the other end of the wing. The
ventilators were closed. The smoke rose up the staircase and filled the upper
room before the men reached it. It appeared that as soon as the water commenced
to play on that part of the building the accident occurred. I did not see any
fire in that part of the building where the explosion occurred. I would have
considered standing under the gable where the accident occurred perfectly safe
at the time. When I got round after the gable fell I saw two men lying, but did
not know either of them. They had been taken out of the debris and placed
against the side of the houses opposite. The other injured people had all been
By a juryman : I was there when
the building was built. The two bottom storeys of the gable were fifteen inches
thick, and the third storey nine inches. It might be considered remarkable that
the gable should be blown out sooner than the slates although it was very strong
being boarded all the way up.
I have not the least idea how the
fire originated. There is not a fire about the place with the exception of the
boiler house, which was saved. The premises were heated by steam. The fire
originated 50 feet from any machine. It originated in the joiner’s shop which
is lit by gas, which is turned off at the meter at 5.30? every night. The meter
is situated 30? Feet from where the fire originated. There were no men working
overtime in the joiner’s shop.
Mr Parker : having obtained leave
from the Coroner to question the witness as to the precautions taken against
fire asked if all the shavings and
sawdust were not cleared away every day?
Witness : Yes. That night the men
left work at 4 o’clock. The boys had been engaged in clearing away all the
shavings and sawdust till five o’clock. It was taken into the engine house so
as to be ready for the engine man the next morning. The floors were as clean as
any parlour. When the men cease work the watchman of course goes round. There
was danger of a fire if a machine was running till the last minute by the
barings becoming heated and the watchman went round to detect this at 5.30pm.
You can detect it better when all is quiet than when the machines are running.
The watchman takes his rounds again between eight and half past to see if
anything is wrong. That night, I am informed by him, he went round at a quarter
to nine. There are two hydrants fixed in the street – one at each end. We only
have one standpipe and one hosepipe. We are fully fitted up.
The Coroner: You appear to be, for
you got it up immediately.
We have fifty buckets placed in
different parts of the building. In one place, which we consider more dangerous,
we have fifteen buckets placed, and in others nine and eight and so on.
Mr Parker said he thought it would
be satisfactory for the jury to hear that, because they were ?
in an inflammatory kind of
The Coroner: Had you plenty of
Witness: We had not. The pressure
What is the size of your pipe?
I was informed by a member of the
Council that there was a six inch pipe to the end of the street and a four inch
pipe in the small street up to the building.
By a juryman: The ages of the lads
engaged in cleaning the place out range from fourteen to seventeen. The foreman
is left with them to look after them. There is a notice in the works prohibiting
The Coroner: What about the use of
matches in the place?
Witness: We have an electric
lighter; but I have found matches in the place. I think it is a rule apparently
for all men to smoke now, and it is very hard to keep it down.
James Thompson said:
I ? as watchman at the School furnishing Company’s works, and have
charge of the engines. The joiners left the place at 4pm on Monday, the boys at
5 with the foreman, and the clerks at 5.30. I was three times in the building
after that. As soon as the clerks came away I turned the gas off at the meter,
in the extreme west end of the building. At 5.30 I looked round and all was
perfectly right. I was round again at seven o’clock. I looked at the
machinery. Nothing was overheated; in fact there was nothing at all to point to
or suggest anything wrong. I carried an oil lamp. At 8 o’clock and again at
8.45, I was over the building when
there was no trace whatever of fire. It was my ? to look over the place as often
as frequently as this. About twenty minutes to ten o’clock – I had just gone
to bed – when a young woman called me up and said she doubted the place was on
fire. I went at once and saw that the joiners shop was on fire.
By Mr Blair (juryman); It seemed
to me that the two first benches were blazing.
By the foreman: I had past that
part at a quarter to nine o’clock. It was the very last place I left and had
to pass the benches in order to get from the room.
Did you see the gable fall?
Yes. I was coming out from the
works with an armful of books from the office. As it came away
I was knocked down by the crowd.
Did you see any indication of fire
when the gable fell?
Not the least
? a volume of black smoke followed.
? the fire reached that end
at all so far as you could see?
It had not. It was all in
How long afterwards did you see
I should not like to say when the
flames did come out.
You still saw no flames?
Replying to Mr Stokes (juryman):
the manager interrupted, and said that below where the fire broke out was a
store of spirit and varnish and the flames
? reached the roof by means of a staircase.
Witness (continued): When I got
out the works’ hosepipe and fixed it I found an insufficient supply of water.
I have every confidence that if I had had a good supply I should have quenched
the fire there and then.
By the foreman: I tried the
hosepipe last evening. The water then ? the height of the spout; it would not go
over the building. The pressure is not always the same, and on Monday night it
was very deficient.
The manager: The supply varied
very much during the fire. At one time it went right over the roof and at others
you could scarcely see it coming? at all.
Witness: We seemed to get a
heavier pressure as the night advanced.
The foreman said the pressure
after eight o’clock was supposed to be as strong then as at anytime, and he
had no doubt that after the people at the waterworks were aware of the fire they
would get the two engines to work and get a greater pressure. Still, he could
not see why the water did not reach the top of the building at ten o’clock.
The coroner: It all depends on
whether the pipe is sufficient.
The manager: The Captain of the
fire brigade came to me and he said “ I have two hose pipes now fixed and you
see I am utterly powerless for want of pressure”.
The coroner: Yes, the pressure
seems to have been defective unfortunately, although I don’t see what we can
do in that matter.
Inspector Dobson was the next
witness. He said: I reached the scene oft the fire about ten minutes before ten
o’clock. The fire had not at that time got very much hold. The last witness
was playing upon the fire through the window. The flames spread very rapidly,
and had got a good hold of the building at the time the fire brigade arrived.
The coroner: Can you estimate how
many people there would be there?
I should say there would be at
least from 3,000 to 4,000 people. They were along the street, in the fields and
on the railway. There would be from 200 to 300 people standing in the shadow of
the gable. The police were stationed all round inside the circle to keep the
But you were not keeping them from
No: we allowed them up to the
gable end, and kept them from the centre where the firemen were at work.
Did you consider standing under
the gable safe?
Yes, at that time. There was
apparently no fire there. That part of the building was in darkness.
There was no fire visible in the
end where the gable fell?
No, not the slightest.
Mr Stokes (juryman): Had you a
strong body of police there?
Fifteen or sixteen policemen.
Coroner: you saw the wall fall?
Yes It opened out at the top, and
fell in a mass, only a few partitions of it separating as it was within 8 or
10ft of the ground.
Mr Parker: Did you see or hear
Yes, many people seemed to observe
the wall fall and they cried out. A rush was then made.
A juryman: There would be a
I did not hear a report.
The juryman: There must have been
a report, or the people would not have heard it coming.
The coroner: Had the glass given
way at all in the gable?
No; the glass in the west wing was
still intact at that time. It remained all right until the fire reached that
part of the building. I assisted in removing the dead and the wounded
immediately the gable fell. I first came across Thomas Hogg, who lived a few
seconds. Blood was rushing from the top of his head, where he appeared to be
dreadfully injured. We carried him out to the other side of the road, and he
died almost immediately. The next I saw was Thomas Boddy; he was injured on the
head too. Most of the injured were hurt about the head. Boddy was dead when
taken out. I did not see the other men. About half an hour afterwards Thompson,
who was then lying dead in one of the cottages. He was injured about the lower
part of the body.. Boddy presented a shocking sight. His head was injured and
his bowels protruded. I did not see flames in that particular part of the
building for three quarters of an hour afterwards. I was looking at the gable
when it fell but did not notice the black smoke belch out. There was no one in
that part of the building. I may say that we have received every assistance from
Mr Stabler, the manager, in this matter.
We always find a difficulty in
keeping the people back at times like that, and when the fire bell rings a great
concourse of people gathers up.
The bell was rung to call the
I believe it is the custom to call
the firemen between 6 am and 10 pm in that way; but believe between 10 pm and 6
am they are called by telephone, which I think is very much better. Some of the
houses are connected by telephone and the others are warned by call boys.
A juryman; The men are not
supposed to be at home during the day.
Witness; There is no doubt the
fire bell is the most expedious way of getting the firemen together.
Mr Stabler said he would like to
say, on behalf of the force, that he and all those who assisted in putting the
fire out were greatly impressed with the excellent order that was maintained.
The people were kept at a reasonable distance, and no inconvenience was
experienced in getting to the hoses.
The Coroner said there was no
doubt the police did their duty very efficiently.
Supt. ? James Edward Smetton? gave
Mr Airey said he was watching the
fire from his bedroom window, about a quarter of a mile distant, when he saw a
streak of light run along the outside of the slates to the gable, which then
fell. He heard the noise of the explosion and the cries of the people.
Mr Blair said he saw a dense
volume of smoke emerge from the gable, but did not hear the report.
This was the whole of the
THE SUMMING UP
The Coroner summed up very
briefly. He said the evidence clearly showed that in this lamentable case these
men met their deaths accidentally. If the jury were satisfied that the wall fell
as the witnesses had described, and that the deceased were killed by its so
falling, they could do nothing else but return a verdict of accidental death. It
did not appear to him that anyone had been to blame. It was not very clear what
was the cause of the wall falling, but he thought it was clear enough that no
man was to blame. Therefore, they had no option but to return a verdict of
accidental death in all four cases. Proper precautions seem to have been taken
by the company’s servants, and he did not see what recommendation the jury
The foreman said one
recommendation should be made to the company to see that they had a better
supply of water for putting out fire.
Mr Parker thought it had better be
a recommendation from the jury to the Corporation to give the company a better
Mr Blair (juryman) endorsed the
views of the Foreman respecting the water supply.
Replying to the Coroner, Mr Parker
said the directors intended to make a representation on the subject to the
The Coroner said, in that case,
the matter would best be left with the
company, whose claim for consideration at the hands of the Corporation would be
strengthened by the unanimous feeling of the jury.
Mr Stokes said after what had
taken place he thought he town should have a mortuary in a central position. It
did not seem decent for respectable people to have to be placed in a stable.
They should have a proper building in a town like Darlington and he suggested
that the jury should make a recommendation to the Corporation to that effect.
Mr Davey said he must confess that
it was exceedingly painful to him to see the bodies lying in a stable, and if
the recommendations were noted upon it would be a benefit to the town.
The Coroner said he understood
that there was no mortuary in Darlington except at the hospital.
Inspector Dobson said they had
often experienced a great need for one. Sometimes bodies were found and were not
recognised, and there was some difficulty in getting a place to put them in. In
fact, there was nowhere but a public house stable to deposit them, and it was
certainly a very painful thing to put bodies there.
Mr Stokes suggested that the
mortuary might be built somewhere near the police station.
Inspector Dobson said St
Cuthbert’s churchyard had been suggested as a convenient site.
The Coroner said it appeared to be
a very reasonable recommendation and if the jury were unanimous on the point he
would be very glad to send it to the Corporation, by whom he had no doubt it
would receive proper attention. He would see that the recommendation was
forwarded. On the suggestion of Inspector Dobson, it was also decided to ask
that an ambulance litter might be placed at the police station.
The jury found a verdict of “
Accidental death” and the Coroner drew up a recommendation, to be addressed to
the town council, on the subject of a public mortuary and the provision of
ambulance appliances at the Police Station.
We regret to have to state that
another of the injured in the hospital has succumbed. It is the youth Lionel
Stainsby, who, after admission to the institution, was subjected to the
operation of trepanning. His case was well nigh hopeless from the start, the
medical staff believing it was only a question of time. The unfortunate youth
died about a quarter to nine o’clock last night. George Carter, who underwent
amputation of the leg, lies in a very critical condition. The other patients are
all doing comparatively well.
MORE OF THE
Additional to the list already
published of the injured who are being treated at their homes are the following
who are under the care of Dr Fraser:- Robert Joseph Robson (21) living in Moss
Yard Bondgate, cut an eyebrow, severe sprains of legs and ankles, George
Lancaster (23?), Hird Street, Parkgate, severe injury to thigh, Mrs Burr 16 John
street, injuries to shoulders, arms and body.
Friday February 1 1889
FUNERAL OF VICTIMSFUNERAL
Three of the five victims of the
fire disaster in Darlington were buried yesterday. They were Thomas Hogg and
Thomas Boddy, the unfortunate men who were killed outright, and Robert Francis
Thompson, who died very shortly after being brought out from the debris of the
fallen gable. Boddy was interred at the West Cemetery, and the others at the
North Road Cemetery. In the case of Hogg, the cortege left the residence of the
deceased, 4 Ann’s Terrace, Hopetown about half past three o’clock, the body
of Thompson being removed a few minutes earlier from the house of his parents in
Whessoe Lane. The deceased Thomas Hogg was the superintendent of the Harrowgate
Hill Wesleyan Sunday School, and a trustee of the Haughton Wesleyan Chapel. It
was upon his body that the Revd. Lloyd Jones found a card which first gave a
clue to his identification, and which showed his connection with the North Road
Wesleyan Circuit. The North Road Wesleyan’s are at present holding a series of
special services, in one of which Mr Hogg took part on Monday night previously
to going to the disastrous fire. He leaves a widow, a son and daughter, and an
aged father who was virtually dependent on him. Sympathetic groups stood in the
streets as the mournful procession passed slowly on its way. It was headed by
Sunday school children , and following the hearse came a mourning coach and five
cabs, and then a large number of residents in the north end of the town walked
in a body. Several thousand people were in the cemetery awaiting the arrival of
the funerals. Mr Joseph Gray, town missionary, read the customary service both
in the chapel and at the grave side, he being attended by Mr J Hollingrake, home
missionary. The sight of the sobbing old father, stricken with a grief that was
not to be consoled, was most touching and made an affecting impression upon all
who looked upon the sad scene. The ordinary service at the graveside having been
concluded; Mr Gray asked those assembled to sing “ Shall we gather at the
river?” which he said was a favourite hymn of the deceased. The familiar and
beautiful air seemed to have a sul…? Effect upon the tottering, sorrowing
father at the edge of the open grave; he sobbed less violently, and as he
listened to the singing of the hymn, in a half dazed way, it was evident that
memories of a not unpleasant nature were recalled to the old man’s mind, at
least if his tear stained, wrinkled face afforded any indication of the passing
thoughts within. The hymn being done, Mr Gray said special services were being
held every evening this week and next at Harrowgate Hill. At one of these on
Monday night, their deceased brother expressed his belief that God’s richest
blessing would attend the efforts that were being put forth; and if they would
like to meet their brother in Heaven, and join those loved ones who had gone
before “ on the shining rivers shore” let them attend these services in a
humble, penitent spirit and they would have salvation. At the service on Monday
night he, (Mr Gray) wound up by saying that it was in such an hour as we thought
not that the Son of Man came; and in an hour afterwards their brother had
received the summons, and had joined the Saviour’s ranks of glory. Let me take
warning and prepare to meet our God, for Jesus’ sake. The sorrowing relatives
then past a last look into the grave, and the aged father, roused from a short
reverie, fell again into a paroxysm of crying and lamentation as he was gently
led away. We witnessed the falling of the fatal gable onto the people beneath,
we saw the dead and dying taken out of the debris, we heard the moans and groans
of the mutilated and we were inexpressibly shocked; but we have to confess that
the sight of this old man’s grief, as he stood by the grave of a dearly loved
son who had been so cruelly and suddenly taken away in the height of his
Christian usefulness, affected us more deeply than any incident at that scene,
awful as it was.
The cortege, which accompanied the
remains of Robert Francis Thompson, entered the cemetery immediately after the
Hogg funeral procession, and comprised a large number of relatives and friends.
Deceased was a single man and his calling was that of a shoemaker. He was buried
according to the rites of the Church of England, in the consecrated portion of
the cemetery, the Revd E Hutchinson reading the service.
The deceased Thomas Boddy was
removed from his home in Law’s Yard, Northgate, about three o’clock. Some
half dozen cabs, containing the young widow and relatives, and a goodly number
of friends, marching in procession formed the cortege. A large crowd had
gathered in Northgate. At the cemetery, the coffin was met by the Rev. W
Gore-Browne, vicar of St Hilda’s and his
? the Rev. – Robinson, and these Rev gentlemen read the service. –
The funeral of George Wilson, another of the victims, takes place this
Most of the injured at the
hospital are progressing satisfactorily. The only exception is the boy James
Haw, who sustained dreadful injury to the head. He lies in a very critical
state. The man George Carter is reported to have taken a turn for the better.
Following the accident the works were rebuilt - Durham Record Office has copies of plans reference number Da/NG 2/1511 - Notice and plan of workshop and offices to be built on the north side of Kinross Street, Darlington, for The North of England School Furnishing Company Ltd. Plan A - ground plan, cellar plan, second floor plan, first floor plan and site plan. Plan B - cross sections (plan no. 1889/14), 5 March 1889. Scale 8 feet to 1 inch; 40 feet to 1 inch (site plan).