Ancestors of Caden Michael Norquist

Ancestors of Caden Michael Norquist


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32949706554112. Bjorn 'Ironside' REGNARSØN,3439 son of Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson DENMARK and Aslaug Sigurdsdatter NORWAY, was born about 777 in Denmark. Another name for Bjorn was Bjron 'Jernside' Regnarsøn.

General Notes:
Like his father, Lothrocus/Ragnar Lodbrok, he is better known to legend than to history, but his day of glory extended from the mid-59s to 862. During the years 856-7 he was on the Seine, and some of the ill deeds listed by Ermentarius can be set to his credit. His name is associated with the vikings
who established or took over a base on the island of Oissel (Oscellus), where they were at last strictly beleaguered by Charles the Bald. [A History of the Vikings, p. 215]

Son of Regner Lodbrog and Aslaug Sigurdsdatter; father of Refill Bjornsson. [Andrew Waite <andrewwaite@hotmail.com, 25 Aug 2001]

Bjorn married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474853277056        i.  Refil BJORNSSON (born in 796 in Sweden)


32949715369648. Theobald III Comte De BLOIS (I) De Champagne,2791 son of Count Of Blois Eudes II Comte De Champagne & BLOIS and Ermengarde De AUVERGNE, was born about 1013 in Blois, Loir-Et-Cher, Orleanais/Centre, France, died in 1089 in Champagne, France 2791 about age 76, and was buried in St. Martins, Epernay, Marne, Champagne, France. Another name for Theobald was Thibaud I Comte De CHAMPAGNE (Iii) De Blois.

General Notes: Mike Lysell, mlysell@attbi.com, provided the following information via a post-em:

Jim - found the following under "The Counts of Champagne": "Thibaud I of Champagne, also known as Thibaud III of Blois, was born in 1019. Eldest son of Eudes II, he inherited the counties of Blois, Tours, Chartres and Sancerre in 1037. He equally had control over Chateau-Thierry, Provins and Saint-Florentin. His younger brother Etienne obtained the counties of Troyes, Meaux and Vitry as well as the abbey Saint-Médard of Soissons.

"A few years after the death of their illustrious father, Thibaud and Etienne participated in the revolt led by Raoul of Crépy and Galeran of Meulan against king Henri I. This rebellion lasted from 1041 to 1044. King Henri received military support from the powerful count Geoffroy of Anjou who laid siege to Tours. On August 21st 1044, in what is known as the battle of Saint-Martin-le-beau, the troops of the count of Anjou were victorious over the forces of Thibaud and his brother Etienne. Etienne managed to successfully retreat, but Thibaud was captured and held prisoner in the tower of Loches. To gain his freedom, and to most probably save his life, Thibaud was forced to give over control of the Touraine region as well as the castles of Chinon and Langeais to the count of Anjou. As a result of this loss, the center of the Blois-Champagne principality shifted away from the Loire valley towards the Seine and the East. Around 1048, Etienne died and left his young son Eudes III in the protection of his uncle who acted as his regent. Upon reaching his majority, Eudes III distanced himself from Thibaud.

"He came dangerously under the influence of king Philippe I before finally deciding to take part in the conquest of England in 1066. He left France never to return again. From this point onward, the count Thibaud took control permanently of all the lands belonging to his family. In 1045, Thibaud married Gersent of Le Mans who gave him his first son, Etienne-Henri. In 1049, Thibaud annulled this marriage, expressly at the demand of pope Leon IX, for reasons of parentage.

"Thibaud I was directly implicated in the establishment of at least 12 monastic and parish churches in the Champagne region (a Benedictine priory for Saint-Germain of Auxerre at Saint-Florentin after 1037 ; a Benedictine priory for Marmoutier at Ventelay before 1042 ; the Benedictine priory of Saint-Ayoul for Montier-la-Celle at Provins in 1048 ; the hôtel-Dieu of Provins in circa 1050 ; the parish church at La-Croix-sur-Ourcq circa 1050 ; the collegiate church of Oulchy-le-Château after 1050 ; the parish church of Charlesville in 1060 ; the Benedictine priory of Sainte-Foy for Sainte-Foy of Conques at Coulommiers after 1060 ; the Clunisian priory of Saint-Pierre at Coincy in 1072 ; the collegiate church of Saint-Jean-des-Vignes at Soissons in 1076 ; the collegiate church of Saint-Martin of Vertus in 1081 ; the Benedictine abbey Saint-Sauveur at Vertus in circa 1081 ; the Benedictine priory of Saint-Quentin of Troyes for Molesmes before 1089 or 1090). He was in fact a self-proclaimed protector of all monastic institutions in Champagne. This great interest for monasticism was in part due to his concern for maintaining the independence of these communities from political rivals and it was a means of assuring better, friendly control of territories in these newly acquired eastern lands. His sphere of influence was thus made more considerable. As for his western domains, Thibaud established fewer new communities there. He was however the defensor of the great monastic house of Marmoutier in the Touraine region to whom he gave several tracts of land which permitted the establishment of two new priories in the county of Blois. Later in his life, Thibaud was to play an important role in what is now known as the 'Quarrel of Investitures'.

Since the papacy of Leon IX (1049-1054), the Roman church began actively to fight simony in the ranks of the French episcopacy as well as to take steps in extracting itself from what was felt at the time to be heavy handed secular influence. Archbishops and bishops who had gained their office not by election, but by fraudulent means were to step down or risk anathema and excommunication. The reforms came to a climax during the reign of pope Gregory VII (1073-1085). The king of France, Philippe I, did not cooperate with Rome and had no desire to see French dioceses gain in independence. For decades the Capetian monarchs had themselves been appointing ecclesiastics to office. This was too often done in exchange for 'gifts' to the king and meant that the monarch had a great deal of influence over those appointed in this manner. The pope sent legates to France who were to reform the French episcopacy and to excommunicate those who did not heed the decisions of the popes representatives. Thibaud I invited the legates to hold a council in his city of Meaux in Brie. In 1081, this council decided the excommunication of several of the king’s appointees. Another decision of great importance made at Meaux was that all monastic communities in Champagne and elsewhere in the north of France with fewer than ten members were to be affiliated with Cluny or Marmoutier, thus they would be protected from those nobles and others who might try to exploit them. Thibaud I was undeniably an ally to the reformers and participated throughout his lifetime to revitalizing the Church in France.

"The count Thibaud I Champagne died in 1089 at the age of seventy and was buried not at Marmoutier, but in the collegiate church of Saint-Martin founded by his father in the heart ot the Champagne region at Epernay. His eldest son Etienne-Henri inherited the western counties as well as Meaux. His sons Eudes IV and Hugues, born from his second marriage in 1060 to Adela of Bar-sur-Aube, received the remaining eastern counties. His youngest son, Philip, would become bishop of Chalons, but would only be in office one year before dying at a rather young age."

This sheds some light on his marriage to and divorce from Gersende du Maine and indicates she is the mother of Stephen (Etienne-Henri).

The website is located at //lamop.univ-paris1.fr/baudin/anglais/Thibaud1. No authors or sources are listed.

I thought you would be interested in the information.

Mike Lysell

Theobald married Gersende Du MAINE 2341,2789 in 1st Husband 1St Wife - Divorced By 1048.2789 Gersende was born about 1019 in Le Mans, Sarthe, Maine/Pays-DE-La-Loire, France and died before 1096.

32949715369649. Gersende Du MAINE,2341,2789 daughter of Herbert I Eveillechien Comte Du MAINE and Unknown, was born about 1019 in Le Mans, Sarthe, Maine/Pays-DE-La-Loire, France and died before 1096.

General Notes: Note: Gersende's separation from her 1st husband supposedly didn't happen until 1048, but by my dates it would have been earlier than 1045. @@check ancestry

Gersende married Theobald III Comte De BLOIS (I) De Champagne 2791 in 1st Husband 1St Wife - Divorced By 1048.2789 Theobald was born about 1013 in Blois, Loir-Et-Cher, Orleanais/Centre, France, died in 1089 in Champagne, France 2791 about age 76, and was buried in St. Martins, Epernay, Marne, Champagne, France. Another name for Theobald was Thibaud I Comte De CHAMPAGNE (Iii) De Blois.

Gersende next married Alberto Azzo II Marquis D' ESTE,2341 son of Albert Azzo I Of Tuscany, Marquis D' ESTE and Valdrada Of VENICE, after 1048 in 2ND Husband 2ND Wife. Alberto was born on 10 July 1009 in Este, Tuscany, Italy and died on 20 August 1097 2341 at age 88.

32949715369650. William I "The Conqueror" King Of ENGLAND,415,417,642,643,670,775,891,1169,1600,1601,1746,2071,2072,2073,2074,2075,2076,2077,2078,2079 son of Robert I "The Magnificent" Duke Of NORMANDY and Herleve (Arlette) De FALAISE, was born on 14 October 1027 in Falais, Calvados, France,389,390,2078,2080 was christened in 1066 in , Dives-Sur-Mer, Normandie, France,389,390 died on 9 September 1087 in Hermenbraville, Seine-Maritime, France 389,390,2078 at age 59, and was buried on 10 September 1087 in Abbey Of St Step, Caen, Calvados, France.389,390 Another name for William was Guillaume de NORMANDIE King of England.

General Notes: William I, byname WILLIAM The CONQUEROR, or The BASTARD, or WILLIAM of NORMANDY, French GUILLAUME le CONQUÉRANT, or le BÂTARD, or GUILLAUME de NORMANDIE (b. c. 1028, Falaise, Normandy--d. Sept. 9, 1087, Rouen), duke of Normandy (as William II) from 1035 and king of England from 1066, one of the greatest soldiers and rulers of the Middle Ages. He made himself the mightiest feudal lord in France and then changed the course of England's history by his conquest of that country.

Early years

William was the elder of two children of Robert I of Normandy and his concubine Herleva, or Arlette, the daughter of a burgher from the town of Falaise. In 1035 Robert died when returning from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and William, his only son, whom he had nominated as his heir before his departure, was accepted as duke by the Norman magnates and his feudal overlord, King Henry I of France. William and his friends had to overcome enormous obstacles. His illegitimacy (he was generally known as the Bastard) was a handicap, and he had to survive the collapse of law and order that accompanied his accession as a child.

Three of William's guardians died violent deaths before he grew up, and his tutor was murdered. His father's kin were of little help; most of them thought that they stood to gain by the boy's death. But his mother managed to protect William through the most dangerous period. These early difficulties probably contributed to his strength of purpose and his dislike of lawlessness and misrule.

Ruler of Normandy.

By 1042, when William reached his 15th year, was knighted, and began to play a personal part in the affairs of his duchy, the worst was over. But his attempts to recover rights lost during the anarchy and to bring disobedient vassals and servants to heel inevitably led to trouble. From 1046 until 1055 he dealt with a series of baronial rebellions, mostly led by kinsmen. Occasionally he was in great danger and had to rely on Henry of France for help. In 1047 Henry and William defeated a coalition of Norman rebels at Val-ès-Dunes, southeast of Caen. It was in these years that William learned to fight and rule.

William soon learned to control his youthful recklessness. He was always ready to take calculated risks on campaign and, most important, to fight a battle. But he was not a chivalrous or flamboyant commander. His plans were simple, his methods direct, and he exploited ruthlessly any advantage gained. If he found himself at a disadvantage, he withdrew immediately. He showed the same
qualities in his government. He never lost sight of his aim to recover lost ducal rights and revenues, and, although he developed no theory of government or great interest in administrative techniques, he was always prepared to improvise and experiment. He seems to have lived a moral life by the standards of the time, and he acquired an interest in the welfare of the Norman church. He made his half brother, Odo, bishop of Bayeux in 1049 at the age of about 16, and Odo managed to combine the roles of nobleman and prelate in a way that did not greatly shock contemporaries. But William also welcomed foreign monks and scholars to Normandy. Lanfranc of Pavia, a famous master of the liberal arts, who entered the monastery of Bec about 1042, was made abbot of Caen in 1063.

According to a brief description of William's person by an anonymous author, who borrowed extensively from Einhard's Life of Charlemagne, he was just above average height and had a robust, thick-set body. Though he was always sparing of food and drink, he became fat in later life. He had a rough bass voice and was a good and ready speaker. Writers of the next generation agree that he was exceptionally strong and vigorous. William was an out-of-doors man, a hunter and soldier, fierce and despotic, generally feared; uneducated, he had few graces but was intelligent and shrewd and soon obtained the respect of his rivals.

New alliances.

After 1047 William began to take part in events outside his duchy. In support of his lord, King Henry, and in pursuit of an ambition to strengthen his southern frontier and expand into Maine, he fought a series of campaigns against Geoffrey Martel, count of Anjou. But in 1052 Henry and Geoffrey made peace, there was a serious rebellion in eastern Normandy, and, until 1054 William was again in serious danger. During this period he conducted important negotiations with his cousin Edward the Confessor, king of England, and took a wife.

Norman interest in Anglo-Saxon England derived from an alliance made in 1002, when King Ethelred II of England married Emma, the sister of Count Richard II, William's grandfather. Two of her sons, William's cousins once removed, had reigned in turn in England, Hardecanute (1040-42) and Edward the Confessor (1042-66). William had met Edward during that prince's exile on the Continent and may well have given him some support when he returned to England in 1041. In that year Edward was about 36 and William 14. It is clear that William expected some sort of reward from Edward and, when Edward's marriage proved unfruitful, began to develop an ambition to become his kinsman's heir. Edward probably at times encouraged William's hopes. His childlessness was a diplomatic asset.

In 1049 William negotiated with Baldwin V of Flanders for the hand of his daughter, Matilda. Baldwin, an imperial vassal with a distinguished lineage, was in rebellion against the Western emperor, Henry III, and in desperate need of allies. The proposed marriage was condemned as incestuous (William and Matilda were evidently related in some way) by the Emperor's friend, Pope Leo IX, at the Council of Reims in October 1049; but so anxious were the parties for the alliance that before the end of 1053, possibly in 1052, the wedding took place. In 1059 William was reconciled to the papacy, and as penance the disobedient pair built two monasteries at Caen. Four sons were born to William and Matilda: Robert (the future duke of Normandy), Richard (who died young), William Rufus (the Conqueror's successor in England), and Henry (Rufus' successor). Among the daughters was Adela, who was the mother of Stephen, king of England.

Edward the Confessor was supporting the Emperor, and it is possible that William used his new alliance with Flanders to put pressure on Edward and extort an acknowledgment that he was the English king's heir. At all events, Edward seems to have made some sort of promise to William in 1051, while Tostig, son of the greatest nobleman in England, Earl Godwine, married Baldwin's half sister. The immediate purpose of this tripartite alliance was to improve the security of each of the parties. If William secured a declaration that he was Edward's heir, he was also looking very far ahead.

Between 1054 and 1060 William held his own against an alliance between King Henry I and Geoffrey Martel of Anjou. Both men died in 1060 and were succeeded by weaker rulers. As a result, in 1063 William was able to conquer Maine. In 1064 or 1065 Edward sent his brother-in-law, Harold, earl of Wessex, Godwine's son and successor, on an embassy to Normandy. William took him on a campaign into Brittany, and in connection with this Harold swore an oath in which, according to Norman writers, he renewed Edward's bequest of the throne to William and promised to support it.

When Edward died childless on Jan. 5, 1066, Harold was accepted as king by the English magnates, and William decided on war. Others, however, moved more quickly. In May Tostig, Harold's exiled brother, raided England, and in September he joined the invasion forces of Harald III Hardraade, king of Norway, off the Northumbrian coast. William assembled a fleet, recruited an army, and gathered his forces in August at the mouth of the Dives River. It is likely that he originally intended to sail due north and invade England by way of the Isle of Wight and Southampton Water. Such a plan would give him an offshore base and interior lines. But adverse winds detained his fleet in harbour for a month, and in September a westerly gale drove his ships up-Channel.

The Battle of Hastings.

William regrouped his forces at Saint-Valéry on the Somme. He had suffered a costly delay, some naval losses, and a drop in the morale of his troops. On September 27, after cold and rainy weather, the wind backed south. William embarked his army and set sail for the southeast coast of England. The following morning he landed, took the unresisting towns of Pevensey and Hastings, and began to organize a bridgehead with between 4,000 and 7,000 cavalry and infantry.

William's forces were in a narrow coastal strip, hemmed in by the great forest of Andred, and, although this corridor was easily defensible, it was not much of a base for the conquest of England. The campaigning season was almost past, and when William received news of his opponent it was not reassuring. On September 25 Harold had defeated and slain Tostig and Harald Hardraade at Stamford Bridge, near York, and was retracing his steps to meet the new invader. On October 13, when Harold emerged from the forest, William was taken by surprise. But the hour was too late for Harold to push on to Hastings, and he took up a defensive position. Early the next day William went out to give battle. He attacked the English phalanx with archers and cavalry but saw his army almost driven from the field. He rallied the fugitives, however, and brought them back into the fight and in the end wore down his opponents. Harold's brothers were killed early in the battle. Toward nightfall the King himself fell and the English gave up. William's coolness and tenacity secured him victory in this fateful battle, and he then moved against possible centres of resistance so quickly that he prevented a new leader from emerging. On Christmas Day 1066 he was crowned king in Westminster Abbey. In a formal sense the Norman Conquest of England had taken place.

King of England

William was already an experienced ruler. In Normandy he had replaced disloyal nobles and ducal servants with his own friends, limited private warfare, and recovered usurped ducal rights, defining the feudal duties of his vassals. The Norman church flourished under his rule. He wanted a church free of corruption but subordinate to him. He would not tolerate opposition from bishops and abbots or interference from the papacy. He presided over church synods and reinforced ecclesiastical discipline with his own. In supporting Lanfranc, prior of Bec, against Berengar of Tours in their dispute over the doctrine of the Eucharist, he found himself on the side of orthodoxy. He was never guilty of the selling of church office (simony). He disapproved of clerical marriage. At the same time he was a stern and sometimes rough master, swayed by political necessities, and he was not generous to the church with his own property. The reformer Lanfranc was one of his advisers; but perhaps even more to his taste were the worldly and soldierly bishops Odo of Bayeux and Geoffrey of Coutances.

William left England early in 1067 but had to return in December because of English unrest. The English rebellions that began in 1067 reached their peak in 1069 and were finally quelled in 1071. They completed the ruin of the highest English aristocracy and gave William a distaste for his newly conquered kingdom. Since his position on the Continent was deteriorating, he wanted to solve English problems as cheaply as possible. To secure England's frontiers, he invaded Scotland in 1072 and Wales in 1081 and created special defensive "marcher" counties along the Scottish and Welsh borders.

In the last 15 years of his life he was more often in Normandy than in England, and there were five years, possibly seven, in which he did not visit the kingdom at all. He retained most of the greatest Anglo-Norman barons with him in Normandy and confided the government of England to bishops, trusting especially his old friend Lanfranc, whom he made archbishop of Canterbury. Much concerned that the natives should not be unnecessarily disturbed, he allowed them to retain their own laws and courts.

William returned to England only when it was absolutely necessary: in 1075 to deal with the aftermath of a rebellion by Roger, earl of Hereford, and Ralf, earl of Norfolk, which was made more dangerous by the intervention of a Danish fleet; and in 1082 to arrest and imprison his half brother Odo, bishop of Bayeux and earl of Kent, who was planning to take an army to Italy, perhaps to make himself pope. In the spring of 1082 William had his son Henry knighted, and in August at Salisbury he took oaths of fealty from all the important landowners in England, whosoever's vassals they might be. In 1085 he returned with a large army to meet the threat of an invasion by Canute IV (Canute the Holy) of Denmark. When this came to nothing owing to Canute's death in 1086, William ordered an economic and tenurial survey to be made of the kingdom, the results of which are summarized in the two volumes of Domesday Book.

William was preoccupied with the frontiers of Normandy. The danger spots were in Maine and the Vexin on the Seine, where Normandy bordered on the French royal demesne. After 1066 William's continental neighbours became more powerful and even more hostile. In 1068 Fulk the Surly succeeded to Anjou and in 1071 Robert the Frisian to Flanders. Philip I of France allied with Robert and Robert with the Danish king, Canute IV. There was also the problem of William's heir apparent, Robert Curthose, who, given no appanage and seemingly kept short of money, left Normandy in 1077 and intrigued with his father's enemies. In 1081 William made a compromise with Fulk in the treaty of Blancheland: Robert Curthose was to be count of Maine but as a vassal of the count of Anjou. The eastern part of the Vexin, the county of Mantes, had fallen completely into King Philip's hands in 1077 when William had been busy with Maine. In 1087 William demanded from Philip the return of the towns of Chaumont, Mantes, and Pontoise. In July he entered Mantes by surprise, but while the town burned he suffered some injury from which he never recovered. He was thwarted at the very moment when he seemed about to enforce his last outstanding territorial claim.

Death

William was taken to a suburb of Rouen, where he lay dying for five weeks. He had the assistance of some of his bishops and doctors, and in attendance were his half brother Robert, count of Mortain, and his younger sons, William Rufus and Henry. Robert Curthose was with the King of France. It had probably been his intention that Robert, as was the custom, should succeed to the whole inheritance. In the circumstances he was tempted to make the loyal Rufus his sole heir. In the end he compromised: Normandy and Maine went to Robert and England to Rufus. Henry was given great treasure with which he could purchase an appanage. William died at daybreak on September 9, in his 60th year, and was buried in rather unseemly fashion in St. Stephen's Church, which he had built at Caen. [Encyclopaedia Britannica CD, 1996, WILLIAM I]

Noted events in his life were:

• Ruled: 1066-1087

• Occupation: King of England, September 1066-10 September 1087, Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. 390,417,2076,2077,2081

• Occupation: Norman Conquest, 14 October 1066, Hastings, , Sussex, England. 390,2077,2082

• Occupation: Duke of Normandie, , , Normandie, France. 390,417,2076,2077

William married Countess Matilda (Maud) Of FLANDERS Queen Of England 1600,1601,2083 about 1053 in Eu, Seine-Inferieure, France 389,390,2076.,2077 Matilda was born in 1032 in Flanders, France,389,390,2084 died on 3 November 1083 in Caen, Calvados, France 389,390,2084 at age 51, and was buried in Church Of Holy Trinity, Caen.389,390

32949715369651. Countess Matilda (Maud) Of FLANDERS Queen Of England,415,670,1059,1600,1601,1746,2076,2077,2083,2089 daughter of Baudouin V Count Of FLANDERS and Countess Of Auxerre Adélaïde Havoise Princess Of FRANCE, was born in 1032 in Flanders, France,389,390,2084 died on 3 November 1083 in Caen, Calvados, France 389,390,2084 at age 51, and was buried in Church Of Holy Trinity, Caen.389,390

General Notes:
[copied from Bill Crawford's ancestry: crawfolk data base on World Connect Project, rootsweb.com] Had Matilda of Flanders as many husbands as Adelaide, Countess of Ponthieu, and, like her, issue by each? What was the real cause of the inhibition of her marriage with William, Duke of Normandy, - its delay for six years? What truth is there in the story of her unreturned affection for the Angio-Saxon Brihtric Meaw, and of her vindictive conduct to him after she became Queen of England? I have hesitated to believe in the popular tradition that Duke William grossly assaulted the daughter of Baldwin in the street or in her own chamber, not that I have any doubt about his being capable of such an outrage, but because he was too politic to commit it, and she was not the woman to have forgiven it, assuming that the offence was the simple refusal of his hand on the ground of his illegitimacy. It is obvious, however, that the early life of Matilda is involved in mystery, and it is highly probable that a clearer insight into it would enable us to account for much which we now reject as legend, or fail to reconcile with acknowledged facts. If there be any foundation for the story of William's brutality, the outburst of ungovernable fury might have been due to a much greater provocation than has been assigned for it. Brihtric, the son of Algar or Alfar, sumamed Meaw (Snow), from the extreme fairness of his complexion, an Anglo-Saxon Thegn, possessor of large domains in England, had been sent on an embassy from King Edward the Confessor to the Connt of Flanders. Matilda, we are told, fell desperately in love with him, and offered herself to him in marriage! Either disgusted by her forwardness, or preferring another, he declined the flattering proposal. "Hell hath no fury like a woman foiled," and she kept her wrath warm till she was in a position to ruin the man she had so passionately loved. She had no sooner become the Queen of England than she induced William to confiscate, on some pretence, all Brihtric's estates, and obtained the greater proportion for herself. The unfortunate Thegn was arrested at his house at Hanley, in Worcestershire, on the very day Saint Wulfstan had consecrated a chapel of his building, dragged to Winchester, and died in a dungeon! The truth of this story is supported by the impartial evidence of Domesday, in which Hanley and the principal manors held by Brihtric in the time of King Edward are recorded as the possessions of Queen Matilda, and the remainder passed to Fitz Hamon.

After her hand had been rejected by the noble Saxon, it is presumed she became the wife of a Fleming, named Gherbod, who appears to have held the hereditary office of Advocate of the Abbey of Saint Bertin, in St. Omers, and by whom she had at least two children, viz., Gherbod, to whom William gave the earldom of Chester, and Gundred, "the sister of Gherbod," and wife of William de Warren. Was this a clandestine or an informal marriage, which, as it has never been acknowledged by any chronicler, contemporary or other, might have been unknown to the Duke of Normandy, when he proposed to one whom he believed to be the maiden daughter of the Count of Flanders, and the corporal chastisement inflicted, however unworthy of a man, passed over, sub silentio, for prudential reasons, by the parties wlio had been guilty of a disgraceful suppression of facts? The subsequent marriage under such circumstances will awaken no surprise in any one who has studied the character of William. Utterly unscrupulous, destitute of every generous, noble, or delicate feeling, every action of his life was dictated by POLICY alone. An alliance with the Count of Flanders might be considered by the crafty schemer sufficiently advantageous to warrant his overlooking any objectionable antecedents in the conduct of a granddaughter of a king of France, his first discovery of which had provoked his savage nature into a momentary ebullition of fury. Her being the mother of two children was a point in her favour with a man whose sole motive for marrying was the perpetuation of a dynasty, and the fair prospect of legitimate issue, in whose veins the blood of the Capets should enrich that of the Furrier of Falaise, would overcome any hesitation at espousing the widow of an Advocate of St. Bertin. On the other hand, Count Baldwin would be too happy to embrace the opportunity of reinstating his daughter in a position befitting her birth, and, as well as the lady herself, gladly condone past insults for future advantages and the hope of smothering, in the splendour of a ducal wedding, the awkward whispers of scandal.

I have said thus much simply to show the view that may be taken of these mysterious circumstances, in opposition to the rose-coloured representations of some modern historians, who, upon no stronger evidence, elevate the Conqueror into a model husband, and describe Matilda as the perfection of womankind.

Noted events in her life were:

• Religion: , Flanders, Belgium, Netherlands. 390

• Unknown: Countess of Flandres, 1031-1083, , Flanders, Belgium, Netherlands. 390,417,1169,2076,2077

• Unknown: Duchess of Normandie, 1050-1083, , Caen, Calvados, France. 390,417,2076,2077

• Unknown: Queen of England, 1066-1083, Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. 390,2077,2090

Matilda married William I "The Conqueror" King Of ENGLAND 891,1600,1601,2078,2079 about 1053 in Eu, Seine-Inferieure, France 389,390,2076.,2077 William was born on 14 October 1027 in Falais, Calvados, France,389,390,2078,2080 was christened in 1066 in , Dives-Sur-Mer, Normandie, France,389,390 died on 9 September 1087 in Hermenbraville, Seine-Maritime, France 389,390,2078 at age 59, and was buried on 10 September 1087 in Abbey Of St Step, Caen, Calvados, France.389,390 Another name for William was Guillaume de NORMANDIE King of England.

Matilda next married Gherbod The FLEMING 1st Earl Of Chester 2079,2091 in 1st Husband?. Gherbod was born about 1027 in Flanders, France and died from after 20 February 1070 to 1071 in Taken Prisoner At Battle Of Cassel, Flanders 2079. Another name for Gherbod was 01st Earl Of CHESTER Gherbod The Fleming.

32949715369654. Malcolm III Canmore King Of SCOTLAND,415,417,642,670,1169,1416,2093,2094,2095,2096 son of Duncan I Maccrinan King Of SCOTLAND and Sibyl (Suthen) BIORNSDOTTIR Of Northumbria, was born in 1031 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland,389,390,1416,2096 died on 13 November 1093 in Alnwick Castle, Northumbria, England (Slain Besieging) 389,390,1416,2096 at age 62, and was buried in Holy Trinity, Dumferline, Fifeshire, Scotland.389,390

General Notes:
Malcolm III CANMORE (b. c. 1031--d. Nov. 13, 1093, near Alnwick, Northumberland, Eng.), king of Scotland from 1058 to 1093, founder of the dynasty that consolidated royal power in the Scottish kingdom.

The son of King Duncan I (reigned 1034-40), Malcolm lived in exile in England during part of the reign of his father's murderer, Macbeth (reigned 1040-57). Malcolm killed Macbeth in battle in 1057 and then ascended the throne. After the conquest of England by William the Conqueror, in 1066, Malcolm gave refuge to the Anglo-Saxon prince Edgar the Aetheling and his sisters, one of whom, Margaret (later St. Margaret), became his second wife.

Malcolm acknowledged the overlordship of William in 1072 but nevertheless soon violated his feudal obligations and made five raids into England. During the last of these invasions he was killed by the forces of King William II Rufus (reigned 1087-1100). Except for a brief interval after Malcolm's death, the Scottish throne remained in his family until the death of Queen Margaret, the Maid of Norway, in 1290. Of Malcolm's six sons by Margaret, three succeeded to the throne: Edgar (reigned 1097-1107), Alexander I (1107-24), and David I (1124-53). [Encyclopaedia Britannica CD '97]

According to Brian Tompsett, "interred at Escorial, Madrid, Spain."

Noted events in his life were:

• Unknown: King of Scotland, 17 March 1057-1093, Abbey, Scone, Perth, Scotland. 390,417

• Unknown: Military, 13 November 1093, Alnwick Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England. 390,2097

Malcolm married Ingaborg Von FINNSDOTTIR Queen Of Scotland 2099,2100,2101 in 1059 in <, Atholl, Perth, Scotland> 389,390,2097.,2098 Ingaborg was born about 1023 in Yriar, Austratt, Norway 389,390 and died about 1066 in Scotland 389,390 about age 43.

Noted events in their marriage were:

• Alt. Marriage: Alt. Marriage 2nd husband 1st wife, Abt 1066. 2101

• Alt. Marriage: Alt. Marriage, Abt 1066. 2101 2nd husband 1st wife

Malcolm next married St. Margaret Aetheling Of SCOTLAND Queen Of Scotland 1416,2096 in 1049 in <, Atholl, Perth, Scotland> 389,390,2096.,2097 St. was born between 1043 and 1045 in Hungary,389,390,1416,2096 died on 16 November 1093 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland 389,390,1416,2096 about age 50, and was buried in , Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.389,390 Another name for St. was St. Margaret Of ENGLAND.

32949715369655. St. Margaret Aetheling Of SCOTLAND Queen Of Scotland,415,642,670,774,775,1057,1416,2096,2106,2107,2108 daughter of Edward "The Exile\Aetheling" Prince Of ENGLAND and Agatha Of HUNGARY, was born between 1043 and 1045 in Hungary,389,390,1416,2096 died on 16 November 1093 in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland 389,390,1416,2096 about age 50, and was buried in , Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.389,390 Another name for St. was St. Margaret Of ENGLAND.

General Notes:
MARGARET OF SCOTLAND, SAINT (b. c. 1045, probably Hungary--d. Nov. 16, 1093, Edinburgh; canonized 1250; feast day November 16, Scottish feast day June 16), queen consort of Malcolm III Canmore and patroness of Scotland.

Margaret was brought up at the Hungarian court, where her father, Edward, was in exile. After the Battle of Hastings, Edward's widow and children fled for safety to Scotland. Her brother Edgar the Aetheling, defeated claimant to the English throne, joined her there. In spite of her leanings toward a religious life, Margaret married (c. 1070) Malcolm III Canmore, king of Scotland from 1057 or 1058 to 1093. Through her influence over her husband and his court, she promoted, in conformity with the Gregorian reform, the interests of the church and of the English population conquered by the Scots in the previous century. She died shortly after her husband was slain near Alnwick, Northumberland. [Encyclopaedia Britannica CD '97]

St. married Malcolm III Canmore King Of SCOTLAND 1416,2096 in 1049 in <, Atholl, Perth, Scotland> 389,390,2096.,2097 Malcolm was born in 1031 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland,389,390,1416,2096 died on 13 November 1093 in Alnwick Castle, Northumbria, England (Slain Besieging) 389,390,1416,2096 at age 62, and was buried in Holy Trinity, Dumferline, Fifeshire, Scotland.389,390

32949814977096. Loup III (Llop) Duke Of GASCONY, son of Loup II (Llop) Duke Of GASCONY and Unknown, was born about 733 in Gascony, France and died in Spain.

Loup married Toda Of ARAGON. Toda was born about 735 in Aragon, Spain.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907488548        i.  Loup IV (Llop\Lupus) Centull Duke Of GASCONY (born about 755 in Gascony, France - died after 818)


32949814977097. Toda Of ARAGON, daughter of Aznar GALINDEZ and Unknown, was born about 735 in Aragon, Spain.

Toda married Loup III (Llop) Duke Of GASCONY. Loup was born about 733 in Gascony, France and died in Spain.

32949814977098. Fruela Of Bardalia Count Of CANTABRIA,2563 son of Pedro Duke Of CANTABRIA and Unknown, was born about 730 in Bardalia, Corsica, France and died about 765 in Cantabria, Corsica, France 2563 about age 35.

Fruela married.

Children from this marriage were:

                      i.  Bermudo I "The Deacon" King Of ASTURIAS was born about 750 in Castile, Spain and died in 791 3440 about age 41. Another name for Bermudo was VERMUNDOS.

16474907488549       ii.  Miss De CANTABRIA (born about 755 in Cantabria, Corsica, France)


32949814977100. Galindo Of ARAGON 2563 was born about 743 in Aragon, Spain.

Galindo married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907488550        i.  Aznar Galindez I Count Of ARAGON (born about 770 in Aragon, Spain - died in 839 in Gascony, France)


32949814978304. Rutpert I Count Of Upper Rhine & WORMSGAU,3441 son of Lantbertus (Lambert) II Von PALATINE and Chrotlind De NEUSTRIA, was born about 689 in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany and died before 764 in Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany 3441. Another name for Rutpert was Robert Of HESBAYE.

General Notes: Thanks to Jack Comas for e-mailing me that Rutpert & Robert of Hesbaye are probably really the same person. I had them originally as 2 separate people each with a son Guerin of Thurgovie who was married to a wife named Adelindis. Obviously, as Jack pointed out, they were all duplicates.

Rutpert married Williswint Von WORMSGAU 2400 about 720. Williswint was born about 698 in Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany and died after 764 3441.

Children from this marriage were:

16474907489152        i.  Guerin Count Of THURGOVIE (born about 720 in Germany - died on 20 May 772)

                     ii.  Rutpert Von WORMSGAU Count Of Thurgau was born about 725 in Thurgau, Bavaria, Germany and died after 782. Another name for Rutpert was Rupert Cancor In BREISGAU.

                    iii.  Turincbertus (Thuringbert) Of WORMGAU was born about 735 in Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany and died on 1 June 770 3442 about age 35.


32949814978305. Williswint Von WORMSGAU,2400 daughter of Adelheim Count Von WORMSGAU and Unknown, was born about 698 in Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany and died after 764 3441.

Williswint married Rutpert I Count Of Upper Rhine & WORMSGAU 3441 about 720. Rutpert was born about 689 in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany and died before 764 in Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany 3441. Another name for Rutpert was Robert Of HESBAYE.

32949814988864. Eoppa Of West SAXONS,1416,3443 son of Ingild Of West SAXONS and Unknown, was born in 706 in Wessex, England.

General Notes: Did not rule.

Eoppa married of Wessex, England.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907494432        i.  Eafa Of West SAXONS (born in 732 in Wessex, England)


32949814988868. Withred King Of KENT,3408 son of Egbert I King Of KENT and Unknown, was born about 670 in Kent County, England and died in 725 3408 about age 55.

Withred married Cynegth.3408 Cynegth was born about 670 in Kent County, England.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907494434        i.  Aethelbert II King Of KENT (born about 705 in Kent County, England - died in 762)


32949814988869. Cynegth 3408 was born about 670 in Kent County, England.

Cynegth married Withred King Of KENT.3408 Withred was born about 670 in Kent County, England and died in 725 3408 about age 55.

32949815175504. Charles MARTEL Mayor Of The Palace Of Austrasia,1601,1746,2151,3272,3273 son of Pepin II Mayor Of The Palace Of AUSTRASIA and Concubine 1 Alpaide AUSTRASIA, was born in 676 in Of, Heristal, , Neustria,902,3272,3274 died on 15 October 741 in Cressy Sur Oise, Neustria 902,3272,3274 at age 65, and was buried in Monastère DE Saint Denis, Saint Denis, France. Another name for Charles was Charles "The Hammer" MARTEL.

General Notes:
Victor over the Saracens at Tours, Poitiers.

Carolingian ruler of the Frankish kingdom of Austrasia (in present northeastern France and southwestern Germany). Charles, whose surname means the hammer, was the son of Pepin of Herstal and the grandfather of Charlemagne. Pepin was mayor of the palace under the last kings of the Merovingian dynasty. When he died in 714, Charles, an illegitimate son, was imprisoned by his father's widow, but he escaped in 715 and was proclaimed mayor of the palace by the Austrasians. A war between Austrasia and the Frankish kingdom of Neustria (now part of France) followed, and at the end of it Charles became the undisputed ruler of all the Franks. Although he was engaged in wars against the Alamanni, Bavarians, and Saxons, his greatest achievements were against the Muslims from Spain, who invaded France in 732. Charles defeated them near Poitiers in a great battle in which the Muslim leader, Abd-ar-Rahman, the emir of Spain, was killed. The progress of Islam, which had filled all Christendom with alarm, was thus checked for a time. Charles drove the Muslims out of the Rhone valley in 739, when they had again advanced into France as far as Lyon, leaving them nothing of their possessions north of the Pyrenees beyond the Aude River. Charles died in Quierzy, on the Oise River, leaving the kingdom divided between his two sons, Carloman (circa 715-54) and Pepin the Short.

SOURCES:
Charles Martel (Andre Roux: Scrolls, 191.)

(Paul, Nouveau Larousse Universel.)

(Rosamond, Frankish kingdom under Carolingians.)

(Stuart, Royalty for Commoners, Page 129, Line 171-43.)

(Andre Castelot, Histoire de La France, Tome 1, Pages 271 - 273, 369).

Born: in 686 in Chateau de Franchemont, Belgium, son of Pepin II d'Heristal and Aupais=Alpaide N? , The Chateau de Franchemont is near Spa and also Verviers, which may have encompassed Heristal. During World War II, the resistance used the tunnels under the castle to hide people and supplies from the German hordes.

Married before 715: Rotrude=Chrotrud, Duchesse d'Austrasie , daughter of Saint Lievin=Leutwinus, Bishop de Treves and N. d'Istrie. Note - between 715 and 741: Toward the end of 715, Charles escaped from the prison his step-grandmother had locked him in, and rallies the Austrasians. In March, 716, however, in his first conflict with the Frisons who were edging their way up the Rhine, Charles is routed. A few weeks later, he is able to beat the Neustrians on the Ambeve River, near Malmedy. on 21 March 717, he is victorious over the Neustrians again, this time at Vincy, near Cambrai and he forces Chilperic II and his Mayor of the Palace, Rainfroi to flee to Paris. In 714, Charles takes the title Mayor of the Palace of Neustria, and gives the Neustrians a new King, Clotaire IV, son of Thierry III [who had died in 691] . The same year, his armies ravage Saxe all the way to the Weser River. In early 719, Clotaire IV died, and Rainfroi and Chilperic II obtain the assistance of Eudes, Duke of Aquitaine in a campaign against Charles. Charles defeats both armies; however, since Clotaire IV is dead, Charles recognizes Chilperic, but he becomes the Major Domus of both Neustria and Austrasia. When Chilperic II died in 721, Charles pulled Thierry IV, young adolescent son of Dagobert III, out of the Monastery of Chelles. from 722 to 724, the arabs mount successful offensives and pillage Autun. Charles, worried about maintaining the Franc authority, Charles Martel mounts a frightfully succesful campaign in Bavaria against the Allemanians and the Frisons, and he destroys their temples. Theutbald, Duke of the Allemanians is essentially powerless. In Gaule, toward the end of the decade, Charles turns his attention to Eudes, Duke of Aquitaine, who had maintained too independent an attitude. Aquitaine is ravaged in the process. In 730, Eudes allies himself with an Emir of northern Spain, Othmann ben Abi-Nessa and the arabs agin a foothold in southern France. By 732, a new emir, Adb-el-Rahman invades from Pampelona, cross the Pyrenees near Roncevaux, take and pillage Bordeaux, burning all the churches. In the Summer, they take Poitiers and destroy the basilica of Saint-Hilaire-hors-les-murs. On Saturday 17 October 732, Charles Martel's armies take the great Roman way linking Chatellerault to Poitiers and at 20 km North of Poitiers, at Moussais-la-Bataille, it encounters the arabs. They would observe each other for 7 days before the Battle of Poitiers would take place.

The Battle of Poitiers: One Chronicler, Fredegaire described the action as follows: "Duke Eudes, being viewed with derision throughout his lands, called against Prince Charles and the nation of the Francs, that most perfidious race of the Sarrasins [that is not accurate as Eudes had first allied himself with an Emir, but then called upon Charles for aid when events turned on him] . The Sarrasins, led by their King, Abd-el-Rahman cross Gerona [another error as they set out from Pampelona and crossed the pyrenees at Roncevaux] . After having burned the churches, and crushed the population, they arrive in Poitiers. When they burn the Basilica and destroy the residence of Saint Martin, Prince Charles put into action an audacious plan and the order of Battle is given. With the aid of Jesus Christ, our Lord, our valorous Prince destroys their tents and flies into combat to crush them..."

A less glorious account is given by a monk of the Abbey of Moissac:

"The King of Spain, Abd-el-Rahman, having crossed the Pyrenees with his large army from Pampelona, laid siege to Bordeaux. Then Eudes, Prince of Aquitaine, leading his large assembled army fought against the Sarrasins on the banks of the Garonne. But, from the beginning, the Sarrasins were victorious. Eudes, having to flee, recruited the assistance of Charles, Prince of the Francs. Then Charles led his armies and combat ensued in the suburbs of Poitiers [the actual battle took place 20 km North of Poitiers] . The Sarrasins having been beaten by the Francs, and their King, Abd-el-Rahman killed, fled in a most disorderly manner back to Spain. As to Charles, he returned triumphantly to France with the bounty..."

The Moslems have named that field of Battle: Balad-al-Shouhada -- Place of the Martyrs of the Faith. This victory gave Charles Martel extraordinary prestige, and it is there that he is said to have crushed the arabs "like a hammer". He then occupied the Bourgogne (Burgundy) and pacified the Languedoc, and Provence, thus establishing a significant French Monarchy. He exiled the family of Eucharic of Orleans, who controlled the bishopric of Auxerre, to Hesbaye, and installed his own man, Aimar to the Holy See. Married before 726: Sunnichild de Baviere. Buried: in Oct 741 in Saint Denis, Seine, Ile-de-France, France. Died: on 22 Oct 741 in Kiersy=Quierzy, Aisne, France, Upon Charles Martel's death, his two sons divide the Kingdom in accordance with his wishes. Carloman gets Austrasia, Allemania and Thuringia; Pepin gets Neustria, Burgundy and Provence. The rest, very little, went to Grifon, a bastard child of Charles by Swannhilde, grand-daughter of the Duke of the Bavarians.

Charles married Mrs-Carloman Of The Palace Of AUSTRASIA 1601 in Not Married. Mrs-Carloman was born about 568 in Of, Belgium and died in Y.

Charles next married Duchess Of Austrasia Rotrude (Chrotude)(Sonichilde) TREVES 1601,3275 about 712 in 1st Wife. Rotrude was born about 690 in Austrasia, France and died about 724 3275 about age 34.

Charles next married Swanhilde Of BAVARIA 2151 before 718 in No Marriage. Swanhilde was born about 700 in Bavaria, Germany.

32949815175505. Swanhilde Of BAVARIA,2151 daughter of Grimaldo II Of BAVARIA and Viletrude, was born about 700 in Bavaria, Germany.

Swanhilde married Charles MARTEL Mayor Of The Palace Of Austrasia 1601,2151,3272,3273 before 718 in No Marriage. Charles was born in 676 in Of, Heristal, , Neustria,902,3272,3274 died on 15 October 741 in Cressy Sur Oise, Neustria 902,3272,3274 at age 65, and was buried in Monastère DE Saint Denis, Saint Denis, France. Another name for Charles was Charles "The Hammer" MARTEL.

32949815175506. Lantbertus (Lambert) II Von PALATINE,3444 son of Robert I CHRODOBERTUS and Doda, was born before 670 of Franks 3444 and died in 741 3444. Another name for Lantbertus was Lambert Of HESBAYE.

Lantbertus married Chrotlind De NEUSTRIA. Chrotlind was born about 670 of Franks.

Children from this marriage were:

32949814978304        i.  Rutpert I Count Of Upper Rhine & WORMSGAU (born about 689 in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany - died before 764 in Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany)

16474907587753       ii.  Sigramine Countess Of HESBAYE (born about 718 in Hesbaye, Liege, Belgium)


32949815175507. Chrotlind De NEUSTRIA, daughter of Thiedoric III King Of NEUSTRIA and St Amalaberga De NEUSTRIA, was born about 670 of Franks.

Chrotlind married Lantbertus (Lambert) II Von PALATINE.3444 Lantbertus was born before 670 of Franks 3444 and died in 741 3444. Another name for Lantbertus was Lambert Of HESBAYE.

32949815176064. Pepin II Mayor Of The Palace Of AUSTRASIA,1601,1746,3334,3335,3336 son of Ansigisen Mayor Of The Palace Of AUSTRASIA and St. Beggue Of Landen Beggue AUSTRASIA, was born in 635 in Heristal, Liege, Belgium and died on 16 December 714 in Junille, Meuse, France 3334,3335,3337 at age 79. Another name for Pepin was Pepin Of HERSTAL.

General Notes:
Pepin of Heristal, Mayor of the Palace in Austrasia, d. 714; by concubine, Aupais, he was father of Charles Martel. [Ancestral Roots]

--------------------------

Carolingian mayor of the palace, who reunited the Frankish realms in the late Merovingian period. A grandson of Pepin the Elder, he succeeded to his position in the kingdom of Austrasia around 680. In 687 he extended Carolingian rule to the other Frankish kingdoms, Neustria and Burgundy, but retained members of the Merovingian dynasty as figurehead monarchs in all three. Two years later he extended his control over the Frisians, a pagan people living on the North Sea coast. Pepin's death was followed by a civil war and the succession of his illegitimate son Charles Martel.

SOURCES:
Pepin II d'Heristal (Andre Roux: Scrolls from his personal genealogicaL research. The Number refers to the family branch numbers on his many scrolls, 191.)

(Paul Auge, Nouveau Larousse Universel (13 a 21 Rue Montparnasse et Boulevard Raspail 114: Librairie Larousse, 1948).)

(Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners in ISBN: 0-8063-1344-7 (1001 North Calvert Street, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1992), Page 129, Line 171-44.)

(Alain Decaux Andre Castelot, Marcel Jullian et J. Levron, Histoire de La France et des Francais au Jour le Jour (Librairie Academique Perrin, 1976), Tome 1, Page 369).

Born: circa 635 in Liege, Luik, Liege, Belgium, son of Ansegis=Ansegisus, Duke d'Austrasie and Sainte Begge=Begga de Landen . Note - between 679 and 714: The services of the Palace were ensured by the Greats [nobles] , known as "Optimates", frequently brought up at a very young age within the King's entourage. Because the Canerarii's task was to watch over the King's chamber and the precious treasure kept in it, it was logical that he should be given financial attributes. Since the eldest officer was the seneschal [senescallus] he was given the task of overseeing the army. The Comes Stabuli' job was to watch over the King's stables. There were others based on various tasks. The most singular office was that of Major Domus, frequently called Mayor of the Palace. Originally, this was only an attendant whose job was to maintain appropriate levels of stocks and supplies, and to coordinate the activities of other personnel in the King's palace. In early 679, Dagobert II, who had returned form an exile in Ireland, attempted to govern Austrasia with the help of his Mayor of the Palace, Goufaud. The Greats prefer Pepin II, grand-son of Pepin de Landen. By the end of 679, Dagobert II is killed in a hunting "accident". Pepin II was the Mayor-of-the-Palace of Austrasie from 679 to 714. In 680, Ebroin and Thierry III of Neustria fight and force Pepin II to flee at Leucofao, near Bois-du-Fay in the Ardennes. When Pepin II recognizes Thierry III as the only King of Gaule, the war between the two is suspended for about 3 years. At Tertry three leagues from Saint-Quentin, Pepin II fought and beat Thierri III, King of Neustrie and in 687 took that kingdom. It is at that time that he begins to be known as Pepin de Herstal or d'Heristal. It is also clear that by that time, the office of Major Domus had become essentially hereditary and that it grew in power as that of the King's declined. Pepin II directed a number of expeditions against the Frisons [defeating Duke Radbod in 689 and sending them Willibrod to convert them to Christianity] , the Alamanians [whom he defeats near Lake Constance in 690] and the Bavarois [who submitted to Pepin II in 691] . When Norbert, Mayor of Neustria and of Burgundy died [whom Pepin II had designated in 688] , circa 700, Pepin installed his own son, Grimoald=Grimaud. Married before 685: Plectrud d'Echternach, daughter of Hugobert=Humbert d'Echternach and Irmina. Married before 686: Aupais=Alpaide. Historians recognize Alpais as Pepin II's one concubine, which seems rather modest for a personage of his status at that time. Died: on 16 Dec 714 in Jupile-sur-Meuse, Belgium.

Pepin married Concubine Of Austrasia MRS-PEPIN 1601 in Not Married. Concubine was born in <Of, Heristal, Austrasia> and died in Y.

Pepin next married Concubine 1 Alpaide AUSTRASIA 1601,3335 about 675 in Not Married. Alpaide was born about 654 in Of, Heristal, Austrasia and died after 689 in Orp-Le-Grand-Monast, Brabant, Vosges, France.

Pepin next married Plectrude Princess Of BAVARIA 1601,2539,3272 on 13 May 706 in , , , Belgium. Plectrude was born about 655 in <Of, Heristal, Austrasia>.

32949815176065. Plectrude Princess Of BAVARIA 1601,1746,2539,3272 was born about 655 in <Of, Heristal, Austrasia>.

Plectrude married Pepin II Mayor Of The Palace Of AUSTRASIA 1601,3334,3335,3336 on 13 May 706 in , , , Belgium. Pepin was born in 635 in Heristal, Liege, Belgium and died on 16 December 714 in Junille, Meuse, France 3334,3335,3337 at age 79. Another name for Pepin was Pepin Of HERSTAL.

32949815477248. Alcwn Ap Tegid,1034 son of Tegid Ap Gwair and Unknown, was born about 635 in North Wales.1034

Alcwn married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907738624        i.  Sandde Ap Alcwn (born about 674 in North Wales)


32949815477250. Tudwal Ap Anarawd,1034 son of Anarawd "Gwalch-Crwn" Ap Merfyn and Unknown, was born about 654 in Isle Of MAN, England.1034

Tudwal married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907738625        i.  Celeinion Ferch Tudwal (born about 678 in Isle Of MAN, England)


32949815477256. Elise Ap Gwylog,1034 son of Gwylog Ap Beli and Unknown, was born about 659 in Powys, Wales 1034 and died in 773 1034 about age 114.

Elise married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907738628        i.  Brochwel Ap Elise (born about 694 in Powys, Wales - died after 773)


32949815477264. Cadwaladr "Fendigaid" Ap Cadwallon,1034 son of Cadwallon Ap Cadfan and Unknown, was born about 628 in North Wales 1034 and died in 664 1034 about age 36.

Cadwaladr married Cadwaladr Ap Cadwallon.1034 Cadwaladr was born in North Wales.1034

The child from this marriage was:

16474907738632        i.  Idwal "Iwrch" Ap Cadwaladr (born about 668 in North Wales)


32949815477265. Cadwaladr Ap Cadwallon 1034 was born in North Wales.1034

Cadwaladr married Cadwaladr "Fendigaid" Ap Cadwallon.1034 Cadwaladr was born about 628 in North Wales 1034 and died in 664 1034 about age 36.

32949815477280. Clydog Ap Arthlwys,1034 son of Arthlwys Ap Arthfoddw and Unknown, was born about 661 in Ceredigion, Wales.1034

Clydog married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907738640        i.  Seisyll Ap Clydog (born about 701 in Ceredigion, Wales)


32949815477392. Rhain Ap Cadwgon,1034 son of Cadwgon "Trydelig" Ap Cathen and Unknown, was born about 677 in Dyfed, Wales.1034

Rhain married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907738696        i.  Tewdws I Ap Rhain (born about 699 in Dyfed, Wales)


32949815481344. Madog "Madogion" Ap Mechydd,1034 son of Mechydd Ap Sandde and Unknown, was born about 593 in North Wales.1034

Madog married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907740672        i.  Dwyfnerth Ap Madog (born about 634 in North Wales)


32949815483456. Cwnws "Ddu" Ap Cillin,1034 son of Cillin "Ynfyd" Ap Peredur and Unknown, was born about 894 in Anglesey, Wales.1034

Cwnws married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907741728        i.  Greddyf Ap Cwnws (born about 924 in Anglesey, Wales)


32949815484448. Arthfael Ap Gwriad,1034 son of Gwriad Ap Brochwel and Ceingar Ferch Maredudd, was born about 768 in Glywysing, Wales.1034

Arthfael married Brawstudd Ferch Gloud.1034 Brawstudd was born about 770 in Buellt Ctf, Breconshire, Wales.1034

The child from this marriage was:

16474907742224        i.  Rhys Ap Arthfael (born about 792 in Glywysing, Wales)


32949815484449. Brawstudd Ferch Gloud,1034 daughter of Gloud Ap Pasgen and Unknown, was born about 770 in Buellt Ctf, Breconshire, Wales.1034

Brawstudd married Arthfael Ap Gwriad.1034 Arthfael was born about 768 in Glywysing, Wales.1034

32949815484472. Cynhaethwy Ap Ceno,1034 son of Ceno Ap Noe and Unknown, was born about 768 in Powys, Wales.1034

Cynhaethwy married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907742236        i.  Gronwy Ap Cynhaethwy (christened about 800 christened in Powys, Wales)


32949815500416. Gwineu "Deufreuddwyd" Ap Bywyr,1034 son of Bywyr "Lew" Ap Bywdeg and Unknown, was born about 670 in Powys, Wales.1034

Gwineu married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907750208        i.  Teon Ap Gwineu (born about 700 in Powys, Wales)


32949815500424. Coronac Ap Eurbre, son of Eurbre "Wyddel" and Unknown, was born about 350 in Ireland.

Coronac married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907750212        i.  Anlach Ap Coronac (born about 375 in Breconshire, Wales)


32949815500426. Tewdrig Ap Teithfall K Garthma,1034 son of Teithfall Ap Teithrin and Unknown, was born in Garthmadrun, Breconshire, Wales.1034

Tewdrig married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907750213        i.  Marchell Ferch Tewdrig (born about 379 in Garthmadrun, Talgarth, Breconshire, Wales)


32949815500428. Gwrfawr (Morfawr) Ap Gadeon,1034 son of Gadeon Ap Eudaf and Unknown, was born about 342 in North Britain.1034

Gwrfawr married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907750214        i.  Tudwal Ap Gwrfawr (born about 364 in Wales)




32949815500430. Macsen "Wledig" (Maximus) Emperor,1034 son of Flavius Julius Crispus Caesar ROMAN EMPIRE and daughter of Maximus Galerius Daia ROMAN EMPIRE, was born about 322 in Spain 1034 and died in 388 in Aquileia, Gaul 1034 about age 66.

General Notes:
According to Welsh legend, the Emperor Magnus Maximus, known as Macsen Wledig (the Imperator), was a widowed senator living in Rome. Being a minor member of the Constantinian Imperial family, he felt it unjust that the Empire was ruled by the Emperors, Gratian & Valentinian, but there was little he could do about it.

In about 365, Maximus was out hunting one day when he rested beneath a tree and fell asleep. He had a long dream about a palace far away. He entered the palace and encountered an ageing King and two young men playing chess. Turning, his eyes met the most beautiful woman he could ever have imagined, sitting on a golden throne. On waking, Maximus immediately sought out a local oracle who urged him to search out this beautiful maiden. So messengers were sent out across the Empire but, dispite exhaustive searches, all returned empty handed. There was no sign of Maximus' beauty.

Meanwhile, at the edge of the Empire, High-King Eudaf Hen of Britain was getting very old. He decided it was time to appoint his official heir to the British Kingdom. His nephew, Conan Meriadoc, was perhaps the most obvious choice, though the King's direct heir was his only daughter, Elen. Eudaf's chief advisor, Caradoc, the King of Dumnonia, advocated strengthening Roman links by marrying Elen to a man with Imperial connections. The two could then inherit the Kingdom together. He knew of such a steady young man in Rome who would make an ideal husband. Eudaf was intrigued. So had Caradoc send his son, Mauric, to seek this Roman out.

Mauric arrived in Rome at the house of Magnus Maximus, just as he had received the unfortunate news that his dream girl could not be found. Glad of the distraction and persuaded by Mauric's suggestion that he might find support in Britain for his Imperial claims, Maximus gladly agreed to return with him. Comes Theodosius' historical expedition to Britain in order to quell barbarian risings actually brought Magnus Maximus to these shores in 368. Legend tells how the arrival on the island of a large army of men caused quite a stir and, not realising who it was, Eudaf sent Conan with an army to disperse them. Fortunately, Mauric persuaded all of their good intentions and Maximus was able to ride off to Eudaf's court at Carnarfon (Caer-yn-Arfon alias Caer-Segeint).

Upon being introduced to everyone, Maximus was astounded to find that Eudaf was the old man in his dream and Conan, one of the chess-players (some say the other was his son, Cadfan). He was then overjoyed to find that Eudaf's daughter, Elen, was his dream-girl. The two fell in love immediately and were married with great pomp and ceremony.

Eudaf died soon afterward, and Maximus and Elen inherited his Kingdom. Conan was extremely annoyed and rode north to gather an army of Picts & Scots to overthrow them. However, Maximus defeated him and, being magnanimous in victory, the two made peace. Conan became Maximus' dearest friend and also his magister militum.

At this point, we return to more historic details. News reached Britain that Maximus' relative, Theodosius had been elevated to the Eastern Imperial throne. Incensed, Maximus invaded the Western Empire, in 383, along with his son Victorius and 'Prince' Conan. They withdrew troops from Carnarfon (Caer-Segeint) & elsewhere in Britain and his men quickly proclaimed Maximus as Emperor. His armies marched across the continent, establishing his rule as they went. Conan eventually killed the Western Emperor, Gratian, in battle (being given Brittany as a reward), and Maximus became sole ruler of the West.

Maximus set up his capital at Trier and ruled well over Britain, Gaul & Spain for four years. He was baptised a Christian, and was recognised as Emperor by Theodosius who was occupied with his own troubles elsewhere. Eventually however, Maximus was forced to make a move against Gratian's younger brother, Valentinian, the Southern Emperor, who threatened his rule from Rome. He invaded Italy, took Milan and for a whole year besieged Rome, before Conan arrived once more and finished the job. Unfortunately though, Valentinian escaped. He soon returned, backed up by the Roman Emperor of the East, Theodsoius. Maximus' forces were twice defeated at Illyricum, before he was finally killed, with his son, at Aquileia.

Sources
Geoffrey Ashe (1990) Mythology of the British Isles.
Gildas Badonicus (c.540) The Ruin of Britain.
Peter C. Bartrum (1993) A Welsh Classical Dictionary.
A.H.M. Jones (1964) The Later Roman Empire 284-602: A Social, Economic, and Administrative Survey.
Geoffrey of Monmouth (1136) The History of the Kings of Britain.
Nennius (c.829) The History of the Britons.
The Red Book of Hergest (14th c.) The Dream of Macsen Wledig .
William Smith & Henry Wace (1877) The Dictionary of Christian Biography.
The White Book of Rhydderch (14th c.) The Dream of Macsen Wledig.

Macsen married Elen "Luyddog" Ferch Eudaf.1034 Elen was born about 330 in North Britain.1034

Children from this marriage were:

                      i.  Annun (Dyfed) Ap Macsen was born about 355 in Wales.1034

16474907750215       ii.  Gratian Ferch Macsen (born about 374 in Wales)

Macsen next married Ceindrech verch Rheiden ROMAN EMPIRE. Ceindrech was born about 340.

The child from this marriage was:

                      i.  Severa Ferch Macsen was born about 357 in Wales.1034


32949815500431. Elen "Luyddog" Ferch Eudaf,1034 daughter of Eudaf "Hen" and Unknown, was born about 330 in North Britain.1034

Elen married Macsen "Wledig" (Maximus) Emperor.1034 Macsen was born about 322 in Spain 1034 and died in 388 in Aquileia, Gaul 1034 about age 66.

32949815591168. Gondolfus Bishop Of TONGRES Saint,3445 son of Munderic Lord Of VITREY and Arthemia Of PERTHOIS, was born about 545 in Aquitaine, France and died after 599 in Tongres, France 3445.

General Notes: St. Gondolfus [son of Munderic], Bishop of Tongres, consecrated 599 (brother of Bodegeisel I). He was almost certainly father of Bodegeisel II (gen. 7), not Bodegeisel I as shown in earlier editions. [Ancestral Roots]

Gondolfus married Palatina Of TROYES. Palatina was born about 547 in Troyes, Aube, Champagne, France.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795584        i.  Bodegeisel II Governor Of AQUITAINE (born about 565 in Aquitaine, France - died about 610 in Carthage, Africa (Murdered Returning From Constantinople))


32949815591169. Palatina Of TROYES, daughter of Maurilion GALLO Patrician Of Roman Empire and Daughter Of The THURINGE, was born about 547 in Troyes, Aube, Champagne, France.

Palatina married Gondolfus Bishop Of TONGRES Saint.3445 Gondolfus was born about 545 in Aquitaine, France and died after 599 in Tongres, France 3445.

32949815591172. Ansbertus The Gallo-Roman SENATOR,1601,1746,3388,3446 son of Tonantius II FERREOLUS Duke Of Moselle and Outeria Duchess Of MOSELLE, was born about 500 in Moselle, Lorraine, France and died in 570 about age 70. Another name for Ansbertus was Ausbert Senator Of The MOSELLE.

Ansbertus married Blithilde Princess Of GAUL 1601.,3446 Blithilde was born about 541 in Paris, Seine, Ile-DE-France, France and died in 580 about age 39.

Children from this marriage were:

16474907795586        i.  Arnoldus Bishop Of METZ (born about 540 in Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France - died in 601 in Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France)

                     ii.  Gertrudis Of MOSELLE was born about 543 in Moselle, Lorraine, France.

                    iii.  Erchenaud (Erchinaold) De MOSELLE was born about 546 in Moselle, Lorraine, France.


32949815591173. Blithilde Princess Of GAUL,1601,1746,3446 daughter of Wambert Ferreolus Prince Of Sigermerus FRANKS and Deuteria GALLO, was born about 541 in Paris, Seine, Ile-DE-France, France and died in 580 about age 39.

Blithilde married Ansbertus The Gallo-Roman SENATOR 1601,3388.,3446 Ansbertus was born about 500 in Moselle, Lorraine, France and died in 570 about age 70. Another name for Ansbertus was Ausbert Senator Of The MOSELLE.


32949815591174. Charibert I King Of FRANKS,1601,1746,3408,3447 son of Chlotar I (Clothaire) "The Old" King Of FRANKS and Queen Of Franks Ingonde (Ingunde) Queen Of FRANCE, was born about 520 in Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France, died on 7 May 567 in Paris, Seine, Ile-DE-France, France 3447 about age 47, and was buried in St Vincent Abbey, Paris, Seine, France.

Charibert married Ingoberge Queen Of PARIS 1601 in <Of, Paris, Seine, France>. Ingoberge was born about 520 in Paris, Seine, Ile-DE-France, France and died in 589 about age 69.

Children from this marriage were:

16474907795587        i.  Bertha Of KENT (born about 550 in Heristal, Liege, Belgium - died in 610 in Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France)

                     ii.  Sigibert PARIS was born about 546 in <Of, Paris, Seine, France> and died in 575 about age 29.

                    iii.  Chilperic I King Of Soissons - FRANKS was born in 539 in Soissons, Aisne, Picardy, France 902 and died in September 584 in Chelles, Ile-DE-France, France 902 at age 45.

Charibert next married Concubine Theodichilde (Teudegilde) PARIS 1601 in Not Married. Theodichilde was born in <Paris, Seine, France> and died in Y.


32949815591175. Ingoberge Queen Of PARIS 1601,1746 was born about 520 in Paris, Seine, Ile-DE-France, France and died in 589 about age 69.

Ingoberge married Charibert I King Of FRANKS 1601,3408,3447 in <Of, Paris, Seine, France>. Charibert was born about 520 in Metz, Moselle, Lorraine, France, died on 7 May 567 in Paris, Seine, Ile-DE-France, France 3447 about age 47, and was buried in St Vincent Abbey, Paris, Seine, France.

32949815591180. Theudebald (Theodebald) King Of The FRANKS,3417 son of Thibert (Theodebert) Of The FRANKS and Daughter Of TONNANCE, was born about 530 in Neustria and died in 555 in Austrasia 3417 about age 25.

Theudebald married Waldrada Of LOMBARDS 3417 after 549 in 2ND Husband. Waldrada was born about 530 in Lombardy, Italy and died about 572 about age 42. Another name for Waldrada was Waldrada De LOMBARDY.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795590        i.  Grimoalde (Grimaud) Duke Of AQUITAINE (born about 555 in Aquitaine, France - died in 599)


32949815591181. Waldrada Of LOMBARDS,3417 daughter of Waccho (Wacchon) King Of LOMBARDS and Austrisa (Austricuse) Of GEPIDES, was born about 530 in Lombardy, Italy and died about 572 about age 42. Another name for Waldrada was Waldrada De LOMBARDY.

General Notes: David Hughes states that Grimoalde was Waldrada's 1st husband, Clothaire was her 2nd husband, and Garibald was her 3rd, but I have them in a very different order.

Waldrada married Garibald I Of BAVARIA 3417 in 1st Husband. Garibald was born about 525 in Bavaria, Germany and died after 549. Another name for Garibald was Garibald I Of AGILOFINGES.

The child from this marriage was:

                      i.  Romilde Of AGILOFINGES was born about 549 in Bavaria, Germany.

Waldrada next married Theudebald (Theodebald) King Of The FRANKS 3417 after 549 in 2ND Husband. Theudebald was born about 530 in Neustria and died in 555 in Austrasia 3417 about age 25.

Waldrada next married Chlotar I (Clothaire) "The Old" King Of FRANKS 1601,3448 after 555 in 3rd Husband 3Rd Wife. Chlotar was born about 500 in Reims, Marne, Champagne, France,3448 died on 23 November 561 in Compiegne, Loire, France 3448 about age 61, and was buried in St Medard Abbey, Soissons, Aisne, France.


32949815591182. Severus Duke Of GASCONY 3417 was born about 520 in Gascony, France.

Severus married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795591        i.  Itite Of GASCONY (born about 560 in Gascony, France - died in 612)


32949815591200. Bostanai Bar HANANAI,3340 son of Hananai Bar KAFNAI and Unknown, was born in 590 and died in 660 at age 70.

Bostanai married.

32949815591208. Hananai Bar KAFNAI,3340 son of Kafnai Bar Huna MAR and Unknown, was born in 570 and died in 590 at age 20.

Hananai married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795604        i.  Bostanai Bar HANANAI (born in 590 - died in 660)


32949815591212. Sharyar OF PERSIA,3340,3432 son of Chosrose II SHAH OF PERSIA and Miriam OF BYZANTIUM.

Sharyar married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795606        i.  Yezdagird III SHAH OF PERSIA


32949815591218. Sandregisisle Lord Of BIBIGNY was born about 580 in Bibigny, Neustria Now Belgium.

Sandregisisle married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795609        i.  Nanthildis Of NEUSTRIA (born about 610 in Neustria Now Belgium - died in 642)


32949815591264. Garnier Count Of Franks In BURGUNDY was born about 535 in Bourgogne, France.

Garnier married about 564.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795632        i.  Son De Garnier Count Of Franks In BURGUNDY (born about 559 in Bourgogne, France - died in Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou, France)


32949815591268. Erchenaud (Erchinaold) De MOSELLE, son of Ansbertus The Gallo-Roman SENATOR and Blithilde Princess Of GAUL, was born about 546 in Moselle, Lorraine, France.

Erchenaud married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795634        i.  Ega Duke Of ALSACE (born about 570 in Moselle, Lorraine, France - died in 646 in Alsace-Lorraine, France)


32949815591270. Richemeres Duke Of FRANCONIA 1601,1746 was born in 538 in Franconia, Germany and died in 607 at age 69.

Richemeres married Gertrudis Of MOSELLE. Gertrudis was born about 543 in Moselle, Lorraine, France.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795635        i.  Gerberga Of FRANCONIA (born about 564 in , , Franconia, Germany - died in 646)

Richemeres next married Gertrudis Duchess Of FRANCONIA.1601 Gertrudis was born in 540 in Franconia, , Germany and died in Y.


32949815591271. Gertrudis Of MOSELLE, daughter of Ansbertus The Gallo-Roman SENATOR and Blithilde Princess Of GAUL, was born about 543 in Moselle, Lorraine, France.

Gertrudis married Richemeres Duke Of FRANCONIA.1601 Richemeres was born in 538 in Franconia, Germany and died in 607 at age 69.

32949815591280. Tassilo I Duke Of BAVARIA,2151 son of Theodobald I Duke Of BAVARIA and Unknown, was born about 543 in Bavaria, Germany and died in 609 in Bavaria, Germany 2151 about age 66. Another name for Tassilo was Tassilon I Of AGILOFINGES.

Tassilo married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795640        i.  Garibaldo I Duke Of BAVARIA (born about 565 in Bavaria, Germany - died in 640 in Bavaria, Germany)


32949815591282. Gisulfo Duke Of FRIULI,2151 son of Grasulfo Of FRIULI and Unknown, was born about 545 in Friuli, Germany and died in 611 in Friuli, Germany 2151 about age 66.

Gisulfo married Romilde Of AGILOFINGES 2151 before 566. Romilde was born about 549 in Bavaria, Germany.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907795641        i.  Gela Of FRIULI (born about 567 in Friuli, Germany)


32949815591283. Romilde Of AGILOFINGES,2151 daughter of Garibald I Of BAVARIA and Waldrada Of LOMBARDS, was born about 549 in Bavaria, Germany.

Romilde married Gisulfo Duke Of FRIULI 2151 before 566. Gisulfo was born about 545 in Friuli, Germany and died in 611 in Friuli, Germany 2151 about age 66.

32949815592728. Warinus Count Of Franks In BURGUNDY,3389 son of Bodilon (Boditon) Count Of Franks In BURGUNDY and Sigrada (Sigrade) D' ALSACE, was born about 610 in Moselle River Valley, Austrasia, France and died in 677 in Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou, France 3389 about age 67.

Warinus married Unknown First WIFE in 1st Wife. Unknown was born about 612 and died before 659.

Warinus next married Kunza Of METZ,3389 daughter of St Clodulf Bishop Of METZ and Unknown, before 659 in 2ND Wife. Kunza was born about 630 in Treves, Rhenish Prussia, Germany and died after 665 in France.

32949815592729. Unknown First WIFE was born about 612 and died before 659.

Unknown married Warinus Count Of Franks In BURGUNDY 3389 in 1st Wife. Warinus was born about 610 in Moselle River Valley, Austrasia, France and died in 677 in Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou, France 3389 about age 67.

32949815592992. Anund "The Cultivator" Ingvarsson King Of SWEDEN,1601,1746,3449 son of Ingvar "The Tall" Eysteinsson King In SWEDEN and Mrs-Ingvar EYSTEINSSON, was born in 638 in Uppsala, Sweden. Another name for Anund was Braut-Onund INGVARSSON.

Anund married Mrs-Onund "Braut" INGVARSSON 1601 about 659 in Sweden. Mrs-Onund was born about 643 in , , , Sweden and died in Y.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907796496        i.  Ingjald "Ill-Ruler" Anundsson King Of SWEDES (born in 660 in Uppsala, Sweden - died in Y)


32949815592993. Mrs-Onund "Braut" INGVARSSON 1601,1746 was born about 643 in , , , Sweden and died in Y.

Mrs-Onund married Anund "The Cultivator" Ingvarsson King Of SWEDEN 1601,3449 about 659 in Sweden. Anund was born in 638 in Uppsala, Sweden. Another name for Anund was Braut-Onund INGVARSSON.

32949815592994. Algaut Gautreksson SWEDEN,1601,1746 son of Gautrek Gautsson SWEDEN and Mrs-Gautrek GAUTSSON, was born about 639 in , , , Sweden.

Algaut married Mrs-Algaut GAUTREKSSON 1601 about 663 in Of, , , Sweden. Mrs-Algaut was born about 644 in , , , Sweden.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907796497        i.  Gauthild Algautsdotter SWEDEN (born in 664 in Sweden)


32949815592995. Mrs-Algaut GAUTREKSSON,1601,1746 daughter of Gautrek GAUTSSON and Unknown, was born about 644 in , , , Sweden.

Mrs-Algaut married Algaut Gautreksson SWEDEN 1601 about 663 in Of, , , Sweden. Algaut was born about 639 in , , , Sweden.

32949815593002. King Of Sweden Sigurd "Ring" Randversson DENMARK,1601,1746 son of Randver Radbartsson DENMARK Prince and Mrs. Randver Radbartsson DENMARK, was born about 730 in Of, , , Denmark and died in 812 about age 82.

General Notes:
Died as part of a Danish Civil War, in which both he and the other claimant Anulo were killed. Anulo's side ultimately won.

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Following Information copied from Wayne Iverson, World Connect db=wiversrm, rootsweb.com
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He and/or his son Ragnar took over Raumariki and Westfold all the way to Grenmar as well as Vingulmork during King Harald's reign.

He battled at Bravellir with his uncle, King Harald "Wartooth" Hraereksson of Denmark and killed him.

Sigurd married Alfhild Gandolfsdatter DENMARK 1601 about 759 in , Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden. Alfhild was born about 735 in Of, , , Denmark and died in Y.

32949815593003. Alfhild Gandolfsdatter DENMARK,1601,1746 daughter of Gandolf Alfgeirsson King In NORWAY and Unknown, was born about 735 in Of, , , Denmark and died in Y.

Alfhild married King Of Sweden Sigurd "Ring" Randversson DENMARK 1601 about 759 in , Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden. Sigurd was born about 730 in Of, , , Denmark and died in 812 about age 82.

32949815594690. King In Sweden Ivar "Vidfame" Halfdansson King In DENMARK,1601,1746 son of King Sweden Halfdan Haraldsson King Of SWEDEN and Moalda "Digri" Kinriksdatter DENMARK, was born about 612 in Jutland, Jutland, Denmark and died in 647 about age 35.

General Notes:
Following Information copied from Wayne Iverson, World Connect db=wiversrm, rootsweb.com
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He was king of Skane when Ingjald, The Wicked, was king of the Swedes at Uppsala. He had confronted King Ingjald which caused Ingjald to commit suicide by burning himself and others in his own hall.

Ivar married Gauthild (Gyrithe) Alfsdatter DENMARK 1601 about 632 in Of, , , Denmark. Gauthild was born about 614 in Of, , , Denmark and died in Y.

The child from this marriage was:

16474907797345        i.  Aud "Deep Minded" Ivarsdatter DENMARK Princess (born in 633 in Of, Am, , Denmark)


32949815594691. Gauthild (Gyrithe) Alfsdatter DENMARK,1601,1746 daughter of Alf Olafsson DENMARK and Unknown, was born about 614 in Of, , , Denmark and died in Y.

Gauthild married King In Sweden Ivar "Vidfame" Halfdansson King In DENMARK 1601 about 632 in Of, , , Denmark. Ivar was born about 612 in Jutland, Jutland, Denmark and died in 647 about age 35.

32949816660992. Adalbert I Duke Of Lucca Margrave Of TUSCANY,1444,3138 son of Bonifacio Iii, Count Of Lucca, Marchese Of TUSCANY and Bertha, was born about 815 in Lucca, Tuscany, Italy and died after 27 May 884 3138,3450. Other names for Adalbert were Adelbert I, Count Of LUCCA, Adelbert I, Marchess Of TUSCANY, Aubert Ii, and Marquis Of TUSCANY.

Adalbert married Rotilda (Rothielde) Of SPOLETO.3138 Rotilda was born about 823 in Spoleto, Umbria, Italy and died about 889 3451 about age 66. Other names for Rotilda were Rohaut, and Rothilda Di SPOLETO.

The child from this marriage was:

16474908330496        i.  Bonifacio Of TUSCANY (born about 840 in Lucca, Tuscany, Italy - died in 894)


32949816660993. Rotilda (Rothielde) Of SPOLETO,1444,3138 daughter of Guido (Gui) II Duke Of Spoleto King Of ITALY and Ilana, was born about 823 in Spoleto, Umbria, Italy and died about 889 3451 about age 66. Other names for Rotilda were Rohaut, and Rothilda Di SPOLETO.

Rotilda married Adalbert I Duke Of Lucca Margrave Of TUSCANY.3138 Adalbert was born about 815 in Lucca, Tuscany, Italy and died after 27 May 884 3138,3450. Other names for Adalbert were Adelbert I, Count Of LUCCA, Adelbert I, Marchess Of TUSCANY, Aubert Ii, and Marquis Of TUSCANY.

32949816671240. Elendus Chief Of The MAGYAR,3397 son of Vegerus (Vegecus) Chief Of The MAGYAR and Unknown, was born about 682 in Dentumogeria, Central Asia and died after 740 3397.

Elendus married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474908335620        i.  Avarius Chief Of The MAGYAR (born about 712 in Dentumogeria, Central Asia - died after 770)


32949816672064. Isanbard Master Of The PALACE,505 son of Guerin Count Of THURGOVIE and Adelindis, was born about 745 in Germany.

Isanbard married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474908336032        i.  Hunfrid Count Of ISTRIA (born about 780 in Germany - died after 823)


32949820299264. Piast Or Chosciszko Duke Of POLAND was born about 813 and died on 25 May 992 about age 179.

Piast married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474910149632        i.  Ziemowit Prince Of POLAND (born about 835 in Of, Poznan, Poznan, Poland - died in 892)


32949820299280. Gostivit=Duke Of BOHEMIA was born about 820 in Of, Prague, Czechoslovakia and died in 870 about age 50.

General Notes:

Gostivit=Duke married Miloslava, Duchess Of BOHEMIA. Miloslava, was born about 824 in Of, Prague, Czechoslovakia.

The child from this marriage was:

16474910149640        i.  Borivoj I Duke Of BOHEMIA (born about 842 - died about 894 in Tetin, Horovice, Czechoslovakia)


32949820299281. Miloslava, Duchess Of BOHEMIA was born about 824 in Of, Prague, Czechoslovakia.

Miloslava, married Gostivit=Duke Of BOHEMIA. Gostivit=Duke was born about 820 in Of, Prague, Czechoslovakia and died in 870 about age 50.

32949820299282. Slavibor, Zupan Of PSOV was born about 827.

Slavibor, married.

The child from this marriage was:

16474910149641        i.  Ludmilla 'The Saint' Of PSOV (born about 853 of Psov, Melnik, Czechoslovakia - died on 16 September 921)


32949820299330. Conrad II Welf, Markgrave Of TRANJURANIAN BURGUNDY,415,505,1444,2323,2539,2540,2780 son of Conrad I Of Burgundy, Count Of PARIS AND AUXERRE and Adelaide, Imperial Princess Of The HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE, was born in 825 in Auxerre, Yonne, Bourgogne, France 1447 and died in 881 1447,2539 at age 56. Other names for Conrad were Conrad Ii, Count De AUXERRE, Konrad II Of AUXERRE, Konrad Ii, Count Of AUXERRE,2540 Conrad II Margrave Of TRANSJURANIA, Conrad Ii, and Duke Of TRANSURANAL BURGUNDY.

Noted events in his life were:

• Alt. Birth: Alt. Birth, 825. 2539

Conrad married Ermentrude Of HAUTE ALSACE.2539 Ermentrude was born before 811 in Alsace, France and died from 20 March 850 to 851. Other names for Ermentrude were Vaudrie, Ermentrude D' ALSACE, Waldrada Of ALSACE, and Waldrada De WORMSGAU.

Conrad next married Judith (Ingeltrude) Of FRIULI 1784,2553 in 1st Husband. Judith was born about 837 in Friuli, Italy and died after 853. Other names for Judith were Judith Of FRIAUL, Judith De FRIOUL, Judith Waldrada Of FRIULI, Jutte Of FRIULI, Jeutte. Grafin Von SEULICHGAU, Jhutte Von SHULICHGAU, and Judith Of The SULICHGAU.

32949820299331. Judith (Ingeltrude) Of FRIULI,415,505,1444,1784,2553,2779 daughter of Marquis Eberhard Marchese Di FRIULI (UNRUOCHINGER) and Gisela, Imperial Princess Of The HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE, was born about 837 in Friuli, Italy and died after 853. Other names for Judith were Judith Of FRIAUL, Judith De FRIOUL, Judith Waldrada Of FRIULI, Jutte Of FRIULI, Jeutte. Grafin Von SEULICHGAU, Jhutte Von SHULICHGAU, and Judith Of The SULICHGAU.

General Notes:
His [Heinrich I von Babenburg's] first wife was apparently an earlier Judith from the Unruoching family, daughter of the margrave Eberhard of Friuli and Gisela of Francia. [Ref: Peter Stewart 30 Apr 2002]

Noted events in her life were:

• Alt. Death: Alt. Death, After 2 April 840. 1784

Judith married Conrad II Welf, Markgrave Of TRANJURANIAN BURGUNDY 2539,2780 in 1st Husband. Conrad was born in 825 in Auxerre, Yonne, Bourgogne, France 1447 and died in 881 1447,2539 at age 56. Other names for Conrad were Conrad Ii, Count De AUXERRE, Konrad II Of AUXERRE, Konrad Ii, Count Of AUXERRE,2540 Conrad II Margrave Of TRANSJURANIA, Conrad Ii, and Duke Of TRANSURANAL BURGUNDY.

Judith next married Adalbert II Count In The Thurgau SCHERRAGAU 2232,2400 after 863 in 2ND Husband. Adalbert was born in 825 in Germany and died on 8 January 899 at age 74. Other names for Adalbert were Adalbert II Von RHATIEN, Adalbert Ii, and Count Of THURGOVIE.

Judith next married Heinrich Of Thuringia, King Of AUSTRASIA Margrave In Friesland,2553 son of Poppo I Count Of SAARGAU and Unknown, in 1st Wife.2553 Heinrich was born in 830 in Saargau, Bavaria, Germany, died on 28 August 886 in Paris, Seine, Ile-DE-France, France (Slain In Battle) 2318,2550,2553,2556 at age 56, and was buried in St. Medard, Soissons.2318 Other names for Heinrich were Heinrich Margrave Of AUSTRASIA,1784 Heinrich, Margrave Of AUSTRASIA,2318 Heinrich, Dux AUSTRASIORUM, Heinrich, Margrave Of FRISIA, Heinrich Markgraf Of The NETHERLANDS,2550 Heinrich (Henry) Von SAARGAU, and Henry Of THURINGIA.

Noted events in his life were:

• Alt. Death: Alt. Death, 28 October 886. 1784,2550 picture


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