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The Culpeper Family


Sir John Culpeper

Sir John Culpeper, of Bedgebury, Kent Shire, England.


Walter Culpeper

Walter Culpeper, younger son of Sir John Culpeper was born in 1475, and died in 1516. He was Under Marshall of Calais. He inherited the Wigsell Estate in Sussex, England.


William Culpeper

William Culpeper, son of Walter Culpeper, was born in 1509; died 1552; of Wigsell, Sussex, England


John Culpeper, Sr.

John Culpeper, Sr., son of William Culpeper, was born in 1530; died 1612; of Wigsell, Sussex, England.


John Culpeper, Jr.

John Culpeper, Jr., son of John Culpeper, Sr., was born in 1565; died 1635; of Wigsell, Sussex, England. He was a member of Virginia Company of Feckenham County, Worchester.


Thomas Culpeper

Thomas Culpeper, son of John Culpeper, Jr., was born 1602; died 1652; of Middle Temple (London Law School). He was 1/7 Proprietor of the Northern Neck under the Charter of 1649. He was married in 1628 to Katherine St. Ledge, born in England. In 1649, they immigrated to Virginia. Recent research has raised doubts that he was the father of John 3.


John Culpeper (3)

John Culpeper (3), son of Thomas Culpeper, was born in 1633 in England. He lived in Albemarle, Carolina, (later North Carolina.) and was Surveyor General of Carolina. In 1667, he became known as the Rebel in the Culpeper Rebellion. He probably died in what was to be South Carolina.

The Culpeper Rebellion (1677-1679) (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

“The Culpeper rebellion was one of the first popular uprisings in the American colonies against British authority.

"The northern, or Albemarle colony in Carolina consisted at that time of not more than 4000 persons. They were engaged, mainly, in the raising of tobacco, which they traded for necessities with New England merchants, but enforcement of the navigation laws denied them a free market outside of England, and heavy duties placed on every pound of tobacco sold was directed at keeping the northern merchants from their harbour.

"Resentment was fostered by refugees from Virginia, where Nathaniel Bacon’s rebellion had been put down with repressive measure, and by the New England men who were anxious to resume a profitable trade. All feelings of repression found an object in Gov. Miller, who in the absence of Governor Eastchurch, was at once the governor, secretary and collector.

"The insurrection came to a head in 1677 with John Culpeper as its leader. Culpeper had emmigrated to the southern or Clarendon colony at about 1670, where he was commissioned surveyor-general, and was active in political life. At the time of the insurrection, he was said to have been a refugee from Clarendon where he was wanted for inciting poor planters to riot.

"Under his leadership, the first act of the insurgent settlers was to imprision Gov. Miller and seven proprietary deputies, that is, the entire council except the president whose sympathies they had won. They also appropriated some 3000 pounds and all public records, established courts of justice, appointed judges and convoked a legislative assembly.

"On 3 December 1677, they issued the first American manifesto entitled “Remonstrance of the inhabitants of Pasquotank to all the rest of the county of Albemarle” and signed by 34 persons. In an outline of the grievances justifying their rebellion, they protested against excessive taxation, the denial of a freely elected assembly and interference with the regular channels of commerce. Miller had no military forces at his disposal and the settlers were virtually unopposed.

For two years, with Culpeper as governor, they exercised all the powers and duties of government and functioned as an independent commonwealth. When Eastchurch arrived from England the following year, he was not accorded recognition, but before he could enlist military assistance from the governor of Virginia, he died of a fever.

"The settlers, hopeful of a just settlement, sent Culpeper and his assistant Holdern to England, promising submission to proper authority. But Gov. Miller had in the meantime managed his escape and was in England to greet Culpeper with charges of treason and embezzlement. Culpeper submitted to trial, but requested that, if pardon was denied, he be allowed trial in Carolina, where the events charged had taken place. This was not necessary for he found support in the influential earl of Shaftesbury, himself a proprietor, who defended him claiming that no regular government existed in Albemarle and that Culpeper’s actions were not treasonable. Culpeper returned to South Carolina in 1680 where he surveyed and laid out Charles Town (now Charleston).”


John Harlow Culpeper (4),

John Harlow Culpeper (4), son of John Culpeper (3), was born in 1664, of Albemarle, Carolina. John (4) was married 23 October 1688, second husband to Sarah Mayo, the widow of Valentine Bird. She was born in 1668 in Barbados. John died in 1695.

Sarah was married/3 in 1693 to Patrick Henley, who was probably born in Ireland, and who died 28 February 1698 (See Mayo-Henley Family, Part VIII)

Sarah died about 1726


  1. Sarah Elizabeth Culpepper, born 1689 Pennsylvania, died 23 December 1723 North Carolina; married 4 November 1704 Pasquotank County, North Carolina, to Benjamin Pritchard (See: Pritchard Family, Part IV)

  2. Robert Culpepper, born 1670 Barbados


“The Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogies,” by W. W. Hinshaw

“The Trueblood Family in America”

“Ray’s Index to Hathaway’s,” p 30

“N. C. Hist. and Gen. Register”

“Encyclopaedia Britannica” Vol III, p 203

“One Ladd’s Family,” by Ruth Cline Ladd. KGS Library, Dodge City, Kansas