Bio: Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (Y Lliw Olaf: Llywelyn the Last 1246-82).
Welsh custom meant that Llewelyn's kingdom would be divided
among all four male heirs. Though Llywelyn the Great had tried
desperately to ensure that his Kingdoms would pass in entirety
to his son Dafydd, it was not to be. Within one month of his
adession, Dafydd was forced to surrender much of his father's
gains to the new English King, Henry III. His premature death
left Gwynedd to be divided between the sons of his brother
Gruffudd, including Owain and Llywelyn. The infamous Treaty of
Woodstock had restricted their lands to Gwynedd, west of the
River Conwy held as vassals of King Henry, but Lywelyn was not
satisfied. He attempted to regain the lost territories and
prestige of his uncle, Llywelyn the Great. Starting by depriving
his brothers of authority, he began his campaign by attacking
English castles and overrunning many.
Recognized by other Welsh rulers, Llywelyn assumed the title of
Prince of Wales in 1258, a date commemorated by all in Wales who
detest the idea of the first-born son of the English monarch
assuming that role as a gift (in 1301, an odious and thoroughly
bogus title was bestowed by Edward I to his eleventh child, son
of Elinor and born at Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd in 1284).
Troubles with Henry III's barons led him to accede to many of
Llywelyn's demands and in 1267, at the Treaty of Montgomery, the
Welshman (and his heirs) was confirmed as Prince of Wales. The
accession of Edward I, however, as king of a united England,
meant the end of the ambitions of Llywelyn.
Yet again, an English invasion of Wales meant that its rulers
were stripped of most of their possessions and The Treaty of
Aberconwy restricted Llywelyn from all his territories east of
the Conwy. At Cilmeri, near Builth in mid-Wales in December,
1282, Llywelyn was killed by English soldiers. The head of the
last of the native-born Welsh princes was sent to London to be
mounted as that of a traitor. Yet another ballad by Dafydd Iwan
poignantly expresses sorrow at the death of Llywelyn ap
Du oedd y Dydd gerllaw Cilmeri
Pan oedd gwlith yr nos heb godi
Du yw'r awr pan dros y borfa Yn orbennydd ein lliw ola.
Black was the day around Cilmeri
When the night mists failed
Black the hour when cross the marsh
Came the killer of our last ruler.
The royal house of Gwynedd was no more, and with its decease
came the virtual end of the ruling families of the Kingdom of
Sally Ann moved to Texas after John's death with their childrn,
in the Peter's Colony.
1850 Census, Collin Co. Texas
1860 Census, McKinney Twp. Collin Co. Texas p.100, 755, 794
Sally A. WASH, 54, Farmer, $2720 -$1000, Born, KY.
Nathan R. H. 26, Farmer, Born, MO.
David C. S., 20, Farmer, Born MO.
George A., 18, Farmer, Born MO.
Robert M. HODGE, 51, Farmer, $150, Born KY (Possibly a brother
Aby A. Hellum, 18 (Female), Born MO
"Elijah PARKER - b. 1768, Granville Co., NC; d. Mar. 1853,
Bedford Co., TN; bur. Parker Cemetery, Raus, Bedford Co., TN.
Son of Jonathan PARKER and Ann COPELAND. His will was written
May 12, 1832, one year after the death of his wife and mother of
his children, and was probated in Apr. 1853, with son Daniel as
administrator. It is surmised that the will was written in
anticipation of Elijah's re-marriage since it includes the
statement that it was his "desire to do Justice to all my
several sons and daughters." Elijah was named in both his
brother Cader's and father's wills, and was administrator of the
estate of his son-in-law Richard NEELY. Elijah moved to Bedford
Co., TN in 1807, and was a Justice, a Trustee of Dixon Academy,
and a Commissioner of School Land. A letter dated Nov. 15, 1808
from brother-in-law Charles HARRIS was addressed to "Mr. Elijah
Parker, Bedford County, Tompsons Creek, Tennessee." Elijah
belonged to the Flat Creek Baptist Church, and built a log home
on a hill overlooking Thompson's Creek on the Parker Farm, eight
miles from Tullahema on the road to Shelbyville, in Bedford Co.,
TN. Elijah is listed on the 1812 tax returns, being number 85 on
the return of Capt. Richard NEELY. He became the assignee of
military land grants totaling 140 acres on Thompsons Creek, with
his interest being recorded Jan. 1, 1816 [Book F, pages 215 to
219]. Elijah's grave, located on the Parker Farm, has a memorial
marker [photo] inscribed with words taken from his commission in
the North Carolina Militia. Richard Dobbs SPAIGHT (1758-1802),
signer of Elijah's commission, was also a signer of the U. S.
Constitution on Sep. 17, 1787. Elijah was administrator of his
son Charles' estate, which was settled in Oct. 1850. Elijah
married first Feb 3, 1789, Granville Co., NC, with Jonathan
BADGETT, bondsman, and Henry POTTER, witness (Bond No. 2588).
Married second, probably in or shortly after May 1832, Rosannah
(BARRINGER) COVEY (b. Mar. 28, 1785, Montgomery Co., VA; d. Dec.
7, 1875, New Herman, Bedford Co., TN; bur. there on Parker
Farm), daughter of Adam BARRINGER and Catherine STROEVER, and
widow of General Joseph COVEY. Rosannah and Elijah PARKER had no
In 1902, she depositied with the Virginia Historical Society the
membership certificate of the Society of Cincinnati which was
issued to John Trabue on Mar 1, 1787. And in 1905 she
depositied the letter in old French, dated 1687, attesting to
the good character of Antoine Trabue.