Records of Research

Census Records

Census returns contain the official enumeration of the Canadian population. They are one of the most useful  sources for genealogical research. They can help you discover when and where your ancestor was born, the names of parents and siblings, what year an immigrant arrived in Canada and many other details.
What is available for NB?

1824, 1834, 1840 - these unfortunately are only head counts
and no names where recorded.

These are available for NB and include names:
1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911

Information Collected in 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 

Information Collected in 1911

NB Central Census Access- This page provides the means to access all known census data pertaining to the Province of New Brunswick, including the same lands, prior to the establishment of the Province, as well as, once-disputed border lands.

Land Grants

Land Grants Information     Search the Index

Information to land Grants index at PANB     Search the Index


Directories were the predecessors of the modern day phone book. They listed the inhabitants of a locality, with their addresses and occupation (and sometimes business address). The most important piece of information that comes from finding your ancestor in a directory is placing him in a particular place, at a particular time. Because the directories were issued yearly, they can help to pinpoint migration years, or the year of death (many times women were listed as “widow of” after their husbands passed away). Using a map, you can trace your ancestor’s movements by plotting the addresses from city directories.

Saint John, NB 1923 Directory

NB Lovell Directory 1871

NB Hutchinson Directories 1865 - 1868

Births, Marriages & Deaths

Search Births, Marriages & Deaths 


NB Obits - These go back seven years, if you are looking for a death before that you must visit a library.


NB Cemetaries PANB

Acadian Cemetaries of NB & NS



Before the French and British settled Canada, the country was inhabited by many Aboriginal groups. In fact, the name Canada (Kanata) is borrowed from the Iroquois language.The French were the first Europeans to establish settlements in Canada along the St. Lawrence valley. By 1760, there were approximately 60,000 French settlers in Canada.The British also came to settle in Canada and conquered the French in 1760. Canada was one of the smallest and most fragile British colonies.

Before World War I, Canada welcomed many Ukrainian, German and Jewish immigrants.Large-scale immigration began in 1946, following World War II. Canada's participation in both World Wars combined with increasing international relationships helped define the national significance and independence of Canada.Following World War II, Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province and joined Canadian Confederation in 1949. Also in 1949, Canada joined NATO.
Although people of French and British descent accounted for nearly all of Canada 's population at the time of Confederation, today they make up less than half. Canadian cities continued to grow, and the population of Canada increased from 4.32 million in 1881 to 18.23 million in 1961. It is because of this continued immigration that Canada remains a highly diverse country.

How to Find an Immigrant in Canada

Traces of the Past

The Documentary Trail

Candian Naturalization Records

The Ship's List


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This page belongs to NB FAMILY RESEARCH.