Napier New Zealand Bound

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Napier - New Zealand Bound

New Zealand Bound


In October 1769 the bark "Endeavour", captained by James Cook, sailed down the East Coast of the North Island on a voyage of discovery.  As part of his meticulous charting of the unknown territory, Cook named the Bay in honour of Sir Edward Hawke, First Lord of the Admiralty. The actual Bay (the water) is Hawke Bay, and the the province (the land area) is Hawke's Bay. Napier is located on the east coast of North Island, in Hawke Bay. Ahuriri was renamed Napier when the Pakeha settled via overland routes in the late 1840's.  Napier was declared a port of entry in 1855.  The Royal Bride, 526 tons, from London under Captain Laker was wrecked at Napier on June 22nd 1863 two miles from the harbour entrance after dragging anchors. No lives were lost. She carried 24 assisted emigrants. Source: NZ wrecks.

Some indexed passenger lists are at Hawkes Bay Art Gallery and Museum. The Hawkes Bay Museum, 9 Herschell Street/ 65 Marine Parade P.O. Box 248. Napier. [email protected]  [email protected] Phone: 64-6-835 7781 Fax: 64-6-835 3984 Also have some Hawkes Bay directories and newspapers e.g. Waipawa Mail

HBH Tuesday 4 January 1881
Tauranga, Monday
Arrived - Lady Jocelyn, ship, 92 days, from London. She brings settlers for Vesey Stewart's special settlement. The passengers are all well. Vesey Stewart  Carisbrook Castle to Auckland 1875. Rakaki 1881, Oxford 1881, May Queen 1881, Lady Jocelyn 1878

Emigrant Vessels & Lists

Hawke's Bay passenger lists
Denise & Peter's Stuff passenger lists
Ships to Napier
Napier Shipping wayback
Napier (Ahuriri) Settlers 1850's-1870
Passengers to Napier 1850's onwards
Hawke's Bay Shipping

H.B. Williams Memorial Library Gisborne
NZ Immigrant Shipping from Hamburg 1872 - 1876 wayback
Norsewood Cemetery and Ships

Below is a list of ships which called and disembarked passengers at Napier and was compiled by Mr Bruce Williams who has kindly given his permission to list it on this site. Lookup contact listed at AUSNZ Passenger Lists.  A lot of the passengers were Scandinavian who settled near there. The barque "Rangoon", 374 tons, was the first direct vessel from London via Sydney and arrived Napier 24 July 1864. Next was the "Strathallan" which made a total of three trips to Napier.

Ship - Arrival Date in NZ another site wayback

Ship Arrived   Ship Arrived
ADAMANT 11 Jan 1879

IONIC  Nov 1883
AORANGI 1891 IONIC 16 Feb 1888
ARAWA 21 Nov 1886 KAIKOURA 27 Feb 1887
BALLARAT 15 Sep 1872 KAIKOURA 1 7 Jul 1887
BEBINGTON 20 Nov 1874 KAIKOURA 3 Dec 1887
BERAR 11 May 1865 KING OF ITALY 6 Sep 1865
CELAENO  painting wayback 2 Feb 1872 MATAURA 9 Nov 1877
CHILE wayback 29 Dec 1872 MAY QUEEN 7 Nov 1879
CITY OF AUCKLAND Oct 1875 MONTMORENCY  wayback 24 Mar 1867
CLARENCE 5 Jan 1875 OPARI 26 Jul 1879
COLUMBUS 15 Aug 1877 OXFORD 1 Mar 1877
DORIC 8 Jun 1886 QUEEN OF THE NORTH 2 Feb 1874
DOUGLAS 25 Sep 1873 RAKAIA 9 Sep 1879
E.P. BOUVERIE 19 Oct 1873 RANGITIKEI 15 Apr 1883
EARL GRANVILLE 4 Mar 1880 RANGOON 23 Jul 1864
EASTMINSTER 15 Jan 1880 RENFREWSHIRE wayback 4 Jan 1878
ENGLAND picture wayback 19 Mar 1871 RIMUTAKA 12 Aug 1886
FERNGLEN wayback 20 Mar 1877 RUAPEHU 29 Jan 1887
FRIEDBURG wayback 24 Aug 1875 SCHIEHALLION 26 May 1874
FRITZ REUTER 17 Mar 1875 STAD HAALEM wayback 15 Apr 1879
GERALDINE PAGET wayback 5 Jun 1880 STRATHALLAN 17 Dec 1865
HALCIONE 4 Jul 1874 TRIUMPH wayback 26 Nov 1883
HELEN DENNY 22 Oct 1874 WAITARA 21 Dec 1876
HELEN DENNY 20 Sep 1875 WARWICK 1 Mar 1879
HOVDING wayback 15 Sep 1872 WESTERN MONARCH 2 Jan 1880
HOVDING 1 Dec 1873 WEYMOUTH 3 Jul 1866
HUDSON 12 Feb 1875 WILD DUCK 19 Jan 1865
HUDSON 11 Feb 1876 WILD DUCK 20 Dec 1867
HUDSON 14 Mar 1879 WILD DUCK 21 Jan 1870
IDA ZIEGLER 13 Oct 1867 WINCHESTER 26 Jul 1874
INVERERNE  Mar 1874 INVERNESS 28 Oct 1876
INVERNESS Nov 1875 ADAMANT 11 Jan. 1879

Wairarapa Archive
1. The Invererne was a full-rigged ship of 900 tons which made a number of immigrant voyages to New Zealand in the 1870s, finally being wrecked near Java in 1876.  Items relating to a voyage of the 'Invererne' from Britain to Napier, 1873-4, bringing Scandinavian immigrants. Includes passenger lists, newspaper reports, official correspondence from and to immigration officials, a letter from Julius Vogel, list of occupations of passengers, list of births and deaths during the voyage, an account by the ship's doctor, list of gratuities due to inspecting officers and crew.

2. List of passengers sailing on the 'England', departing London Dec 1871, signed by Captain G. Harrington and Shaw Savill, brokers. List includes Larsen family.
    Article from Parade magazine of Jun 1972 relating to the voyage of emigrant ship 'England' to New Zealand, and smallpox epidemic on board among Scandinavian emigrants. Creators : Bateson, C.H. (fl.1972).  
    Copies of articles from Evening Post newspaper from 9 March to 1 May 1872 relating to arrival of 'England', quarantining of Scandinavian immigrants, enquiry into the voyage, journey of immigrants to Masterton and Scandinavian camp at Kopuaranga. Instructions to matron of 'England', Mrs Hall, from agent general I.E. Featherston. 
    Alexander Svend Dreyer (1820-1905) acted as interpreter and overseer to the Scandinavian immigrants at the Scandinavian Camp. The area was named Dreyerton after him, until 1904 when the area was renamed Kopuaranga.
    Letter from A.S. Dreyer to Under-Secretary of Public Works, containing statements from Christopher Eriksen (fl.1872)and Johannes Jespersen (1821-1906), passengers on 'England', regarding illness of passengers and treatment by Dr John Leigh.
    Copies of articles from Wellington Independent relating to immigrant ship 'England' arrival in Wellington with smallpox, enquiry into conditions on the voyage and progress of the Scandinavian immigrants.

3. Photocopy of, and transcript of article in Hawke's Bay Herald of 2 Dec 1873, about the arrival of emigrant ship 'Hovding' at Napier.
Transcripts of three articles from Hawkes Bay Herald, 2-4 Dec 1873.
Advertisement for immigrants from 'Hovding' wanting employment.
Article relating to enquiry into bad conditions on the 'Hovding' voyage.
Letter to newspaper from Captain Carl Nordby of 'Hovding' regarding the length of voyage.

4. Articles from Dannevirke Evening News 16 Sep 1922 to 17 Oct 1922 relating to Scandinavian settlement of southern Hawke's Bay, particularly Norsewood and Dannevirke. Articles mention immigration scheme, voyages, bush fires, early settlers and early buildings.

5. Articles from Dannevirke Evening News about Scandinavian settlements of southern Hawke's Bay, published in 1940. Included are immigration policy, voyages, pioneering days, dairy industry, transport, churches, contribution of Scandinavians to New Zealand life.

6. Article published in the New Zealand Herald 5 Nov 1976 about Scandinavian emigration to New Zealand and settlement of Seventy Mile Bush.

7. Mac (Malcolm Richmond) Larsen (1923-1985), descendant of Norwegian immigrants to Mauriceville. Founder of New Zealand Norway Society, for which he published a magazine 'Hovding' till his death. He researched Scandinavian immigration to New Zealand and his own genealogy, publishing 'Happiness is sharing your heritage' in 1976.

Hawke's Bay Emigration Records, 1870-1879
New Zealand Department of Immigration (Main Author)

Note Location Film
Names of ships and dates of arrival:
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066524 Items 1-13
England 1 Dec 1870, Hovding - 1872, 13 Aug 1873 Ballarat 13 Jun 1872 Chile 12 Sep 1872 Inverene 28 Nov 1873 Queen of the North 22 Oct 1873 Schiehallion 10 Feb 1874 Halcione 24 Mar 1874 Winchester 2 May 1874 Helen Denny 28 Jul 1874 Bebington 28 Jul 1874 (loose pages)

Hudson 20 Nov 1874 Clarence 24 Sep 1874 (diary) Fritz Reuter 25 Nov 1874 (loose pages) Countess of Kinmore 16 Mar 1875
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066524 Items 14-17

Friedenburg 10 May 1875 Helen Denny 26 Jun 1875 (loose pages) Inverness 21 Aug 1875 (loose pages) Hudson 23 Oct 1875 Bebington 12 Feb 1876 (loose pages) Inverness 28 Jul 1876 (loose pages) Waitara 10 Sep 1876 Fernglen 9 Dec 1876 Mataura 12 Aug 1877 Renfrewshire 29 Sep 1877 Gainsborough 3 Nov 1877 (loose pages) City of Auckland 25 Jul 1877 (loose pages VAULT BRITISH Film 1066525 Items 1-11

Adamant 28 Sep 1878 (loose pages) Hudson 20 Nov 1878 (loose pages) Rakaia 30 May 1879 (loose pages) May Queen Aug 1879 (loose pages)
New Zealand Shipping Co. passenger lists: Tongariro 22 Jan 1891 Kaikoura 22 Jan 1891 Rimutaka 5 Feb 1891 Aorangi 8 Jan 1891
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066525 Items 12-19

Various ships (loose pages) Rangoon 23 Nov 1863 West Australian 15 Mar 1864 Strathallan 13 Jul 1864 Wild Duck 26 Jan 1865 Berar 31 Jan 1865 King of Italy 30 May 1865 Strathallan 29 Aug 1865 Weymouth 9 Mar 1866 Wild Duck 7 Sep 1867 Montmorency 24 Mar 1867 Ida Ziegler 11 Jul 1867 VAULT BRITISH Film 1066526 Items 1-12

Wild Duck 2 Oct 1869 Excelsior 27 Apr 1870 Celeono 2 Nov 1871 Hovding 31 May 1872 Halcione 31 May 1871 Douglas 14 Jun 1873 E.P. Boveric 1 Jul 1873 Inverene 21 Nov 1873 Schulvallion(?) 1874 Halcione Mar 1874 Winchester 2 May 1874 Bebington 28 Jul 1874
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066526 Items 13-24

Helen Denny 28 Jul 1874 Hudson 20 Nov 1874 Countess of Kintore 16 Mar 1875 Helen Denny 26 Jun 1875 Inverness 21 Aug 1875 Bebington 11 Feb 1876 Waitara Dec 1876 Columbus 4 May 1877 Gainsborough 3 Nov 1877 Oxford 12 Mar 1877 Hudson 20 Nov 1878 City of Auckland 24 Jul 1878
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066526 Items 25-36

Adamant 27 Sep 1878 Warwick Nov 1878 Stad Haalem 15 Feb 1879 Rakaia 30 May 1879 Orari 24 Apr 1879 Western Monarch 30 Sep 1879 Eastminster 25 Oct 1879 Earl Granville 29 Nov 1879 Geraldine Paget 25 Feb 1880
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066526 Items 37-45

Pleoine 1 Sep 1880 Hermione 4 May 1882 Rangitikie 24 May 1883 Ionic 22 Sep 1883 Rimutaka 3 Jul 1886 Ruapehu 18 Dec 1886 Doric 21 Apr 1886 Arawa 9 Oct 1886 Kaikoura 1887 Ionic 31 Dec 1887
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066527 Items 1-11

Timaru Herald Friday 22 August 1889
Mr Rees went to England with a big land settlement scheme. He returned with a dozen immigrants, without even a fin of the tame whale with which he promised to compensate the Maoris for the loss of their land. The twelve immigrants - he might have chucked in another, if it was only a baby, just for the luck of the odd number - were collected at Clitheroe, Lancashire, and they are all relatives. There are three married couples - the youngest couple seemed to be still enjoying their honeymoon; three single females - the youngest twelve years; two single males, and a cautious benedict of mature age, who left his wife at home to take care of the la.. el ?peaates - he wanted to see something more before venturing to remove his household goods to the home of the Maori. The single married man said he was a "railway worker." The comprehensiveness of this piece of information left me a wide filed for conjecture as to whether he was a chief commissioner or a common navvy, or to which one of the many special vocations lying between these two grades he was devoted.

HB Herald 21 Aug 1882
Mon 21 Aug 1882
19 -
Rotorua from Auckland via Poverty Bay. Mr & Mrs GREY. Major RICHARDSON. Messrs WALKER, NICHOLSON, G.A. BUTTLE, R. WATERHOUSE, J.R. DAVIES, NICOLL, THOMSON, BRUNSKILL, ATCHISON, HIRIONE. 4 steerage and 30 immigrants ex Hermione.
19 - Rotorua for Melbourne via Wellington & South. Mrs HAWKINS. Messrs PALMER, BARNETT, RAMEY, HYLANS, NICOLLS, ANSWELL, THORNTON & DAWKES

Sept 10 1864 HBH
Port of Napier. Sept 6
West Australian from London via Wellington- cargo for - GORDON, TUXFORD, TYLEE, Mrs WILSON.

 Hawke's Bay Herald 26 Nov. 1864
PASSENGERS AND CARGO TO NEW ZEALAND - embarked on the "STRATHALLAN" dep Gravesend 21 7 1864,
arrived Napier 24 11 1864

Passengers 				Cargo
Armstrong, Miss 			6 cases, 50 casks beer, Stuart & Co
Armstrong, Miss M 			1 package, John Wilkinson
Brown, Dr (Surgeon Superintendent) 	4 chests, 16� chests, 14 packages tea, 7 packages,
Brown, Mrs 				77 packages, 8 casks, 244 packages, Newton, Irvine & Co.
Chuck, Mr W S G 			4 packages, W Miller
Dinwiddie, Mrs 				2 cases, M S Bell
Dinwiddie, Jessie & Lizzie 		3 cases pianos, V Janisch
Flanagan, John 				1 box, W Tuxford
Glackin, Maria 				9 cases saddlery, H R Holder
Glackin, Patrick 			4 packages, W J Elwin
Gordon, Ann 				1 box, E Bibby
Hardie, G 				67 packages, John Chambers
Hardie, Mrs 				155 packages, Watt, Kennedy & Watt
Higgins, Lawrence 			2 rams, 73 packages, 1 parcel books, Joseph Rhodes
Inglis, James 				119 packages, J M & R Stokes
 					80 sash weights, 48 iron pots, 41 packages ironmongery, M Boylan
Jenkins, Mrs Jane & daughter 		3 cases, J G Gordon
Lambert, Miss 				1 case, J D Ormond
Luff, Mr Joseph 			14 packages, 4 sheep, John Tucker
Maylan, Mary 				10 sheep, 96 packages, H R Russell
McCrea, Roderick 			6 sheep, Purvis Russell
McKay, Murdoch 				49 packages, Lieut-Col Whitmore
McKay, Mrs 				119 packages, T B Harding
McKay, Roberta, Bertera & Ann 		28 trunks boots and shoes, E J Touet
McKnight, Margaret 			1 case, G Addie
McLennan, Murdoch 			310 packages, G E G Richardson
Miller, Thomas 				66 packages, 1 package, 20hhds ale, 60 boxes, 4 cases, 1 bale, 
Pounall, Peter 				15 packages, order
Price, Ithiel 				3770 bundles standards, 589 bundles wire, 24 cases eyebolts,
Price, Thomas 				8 bags, 733 packages groceries, 564 bundles, 637 bars and
Price, Mrs & child (son b. 26 Aug. 64)	29 bundles iron, 34 kegs nails, 20hhds porter, 20 bags, 5 crates,
Rankin, Agnes 				25 packages, 36 bales, 1 cask, 94 cases, Kinross & Co.
Sanders, Charles
Suttle, Jane
Williams, Mrs Sarah & 4 children (James, Maria, Eliza, Mary Ann)
Wilson, James 
Wilson, Mrs & daughter born 12 Aug. 1864
Inglis, Mrs & 3 children (Margaret, Helen, Janet); dau. born 10 August 1864

Hawkes Bay Herald 18 May 1865
Arrived from Wellington 16 May 1865 on the
Queen,  (emigrants ex Berar, from London)

Allaveck 	Nellie 
Allaveck  	Master John 
Broadbent  	James
Cashen  	Lizzie
Clayton 	Mr and Mrs and 2 children
Hatton 		Eliza
Hawkins 	Mr and Mrs and 3 children
Hawkins 	Thos
Hawkins  	Hannah
Joice 		Peggy 
Lawson 		Thomassina
Jones 		Mr and Mrs and 3 children
McCanghan 	Jane
McCormack 	Mr and Mrs  and 4 children 
McCormick 	Mary 
McDonald  	Mary
McDonald 	Barbara
McDonald 	James
McLean 		Peter
Mayo 		Mr and Mrs and 2 children 
Ramsay  	James 
Ramsay  	Lizzie
Ramsay 		Flora
Stead 		Arthur 

Hawkes Bay Herald 1 June 1865
Death - McDONALD At the Hospital, on the 30th May, Barbara McDonald, aged 30 years, a native of Glen Urquart, Inverness-shire, Scotland, and recently arrived in the colony by the ship

Hawkes Bay Herald 8 August 1865 Public Notice
If this should meet the eye of Mrs Annie MASON, who arrived on the ship
Berar, in the middle of May last, at Wellington, she is earnestly requested to communicate with her brother, Mr Thomas TEES, Post Office, Auckland.

Hawke's Bay Herald 19 December 1865
Passengers to New Zealand - embarked on the "STRATHALLAN" departed Gravesend 30 August 1865,arrived Napier 17 December 1865
Saloon: Messrs Bowser, Clay, Lamplough, Lye, Scott; Masters Lambert (2)
Second Cabin: Miss Milne, Miss Morrison, Miss Peacock; Mr Drover
Steerage: mostly assisted immigrants
Mary Boddington
Cornelius & Honora Dempsey
William Higgins
Mary Keenan
James & Mary Macauly
Eliza McConnachie
Jane McConnachie
George & Margaret McKay
Catherine McLaughlin
Ellen Neagle
James Neagle
William Phynn
George White
James Woodward

"Helen Denny",  sailed 28 July 1874, arrived Hawkes Bay, New Zealand, 22 October 1874.  photo. Cornwall passengers only listed:


OLDS, John	    20	  Farm labourer
Susan 		    22

ROWE, Ezekiel	    33    Farm labourer
Elizabeth	    34
Elizabeth A	    13    [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs]
Eliza J		     8
James Henry	     6
Ezekiel L	     4

JANE, Richard	    28    Blacksmith
Elizabeth	    31
"       	     6
Samuel 		     3
Thomas 		     8 mths

JAMES, James	    29    Miner
Anna 		    32
John  		     5
Peter 		     3
James H   	     1
Mary  		   Inf

William		    35    Farm labourer
Mary A 		    40
Daniel		    12    [transferred to Single Mens' Qtrs]
Elizabeth T	     9
William T 	     5
Eli     	     1

HARVEY. Thomas 	   33    Farm labourer
Elizabeth	   27
John T     	   11
Elizabeth A 	    9

WILLIAMS, William   40    Farm labourer
Elizabeth	    38
Elizabeth J	    18    [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs]
William B  	    16    [transferred to Single Mens' Qtrs]
Joseph               9
Annie  		     7

WILLIAMS. William Hy 35    Labourer
Elizabeth A	    28
Elizabeth J 	    10
William John         6
Symons H   	     4
Rosa A     	     1

PHILP. William 	   28    Farm labourer
Jane    	   26
Emma 		    2�
Ann        	    8 mth

BLEWETT, John      31    Farm labourer
Mary     	   31
John      	    6

LAGOR, William	    40    Farm labourer
Malvina		    40
Lucinda		    16    [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs]
Ann    		    13        "    "    "
William		    10
Harriet	             9
John   		     7
Charles 	     5
Leah   		     11 mths

LORY, Hannibal 	    42    Farm labourer
Jane     	    42
Elizabeth	    16    [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs]
Susan Jane	    14        "    "    "
Alice     	    13        "    "    "
Ann       	    12        "    "    "
Caroline  	     8
Louisa L  	     4
John N     	     2

THOMAS, John	  	    38    Labourer
Catherine  	    36
Priscilla	    19    [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs]
John*    	    17    [transferred to Single Mens' Qtrs][NETTLE]*
Elizabeth*          16    [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs][NETTLE]*
William              8
Minnie               6

LEAN, John T  	     26    Labourer
Mary A  	     27

Single Men:
John WOON   	     23    Farm labourer    
John PHILLIPS	     24    Farm labourer
William PEARCE	     20    Farm labourer
Edwin PEARCE 	     19    Carpenter
Edward JOHNS	     23    Farm labourer
William TAY 	     29    Farm labourer
Richard LORY	     19    Farm labourer
Hughey RICHARDS	     25    Farm labourer
Orlando LAGOR  	     20    Farm labourer
James BLACKMORE	     21    Labourer
Henry  	             16    Sailor
William 	     14
Edwin  	             12
Charles 	     10

Single Women:
Elizabeth  	      45    Servant
Catherine 	      23    "
Elizabeth 	      18    "
Sarah A  	       8
Mary J   	       5
*** presumably a widowed mother and her children - not permitted to travel
in family quarters without a husband/father!

Eliz'th J WILLIAMS    18    Servant
Eliza J PEARCE 	      18    Domestic Servant
Susan CHEGWIN 	      35    Nurse [Matron]
Mary N LORY  	      18    Servant
Jane LAGOR  	      19    Servant
Emily PEARCE 	      18    Servant
Catherine PEARCE      33    Servant
Elizabeth ROWE	      38    Laundress

Immigration Commissioners� Reports: Ships arriving at Napier
Letters to the Minister for Immigration from the Secretary to the Commissioners

Fritz Reuter
�Napier 12 4 1875
Sir -
I have the honor to inform you that the ship �Fritz Reuter� arrived close to the roadstead on the 17th instant, but a heavy gale of wind sprung up and she was blown out to sea, and did not reach the roadstead until towards the evening of the 18th instant. It being late, and finding from the replies received that there had been several cases of scarlatina and low fever on board, and four cases of the latter still under treatment, the Commissioners thought it advisable to place the ship in quarantine. At 8 o�clock the next morning the Health officer, Dr Hitchings, was put on board; and having conferred with the doctor of the ship, and made a medical supervision, he reported the sickness to be four cases of low fever of a mild form � in reality, he might say the patients were convalescent. On learning this the Commissioners boarded the ship, and proceeded to carry out their instructions.
    The Commissioners have much pleasure in reporting the ship in a first-class condition, being very lofty between decks, and having ample accommodation for the immigrants. The provisins were unexceptionable, and the immigrants expressed themselves perfectly satisfied with the treatment they had received from the captain, doctor, and officers of the ship.
    The Commissioners beg to convey their thanks, through you, to Mr Fribergh for his valuable assistance in interpreting the numerous questions and replies necessary in such a strict investigation as the Commissioners are instructed to institute.
    The immigrants are healthy-looking. Five births occurred during the voyage, and thirteen deaths � three adults, six children and four infants.
I have etc
G T Fannin, Secretary to the Commissioners.�

Helen Denny
�Napier 26th November, 1874
Sir �
I have the honor to inform you that the �Helen Denny�, Captain W Ruth, arrived in the roadstead on Thursday, 22nd October. There were seven births, and nine deaths, generally from diarrhoea. The passengers without exception expressed themselves satisfied with the treatment they had received on board.
I have etc.
G Thos Fannin (pro Commissioners)�

�Napier 17 2 1875
Sir -
I have the honor to report the arrival of the ship �Hudson�, Captain Trewyn, with immigrants from London. One death occurred during the voyage � a child two and a half years of age; and two births � one still-born.

The Commissioners have great pleasure in being able to report everything, without exception, perfectly satisfactory; so much so, that no further comment is requisite.
I have etc
G T Fannin
Secretary to Commissioners�

�Napier 28 5 1874
Sir -
I have the honor to inform you that the �Schiehallion�, Captain Levack, cast anchor outside the Bluff on the evening of Monday, the 25th May, and was boarded on the morning of the 26th, all well. There were two births and three deaths � infants.
    In pursuance with your instructions, the Commissioners examined and found the condition of the vessel satisfactory, save the single-women�s department, which was objectionably situated, there being no means of preventing communication between the single men, married men and the single girls � the departments all being situated on the same deck. The department of the single girls was also very badly lighted and ventilated.
    The provisions were of good quality, and no complaints were made by the immigrants.
    The captain had a complaint against the constables for dereliction of duty; but on this subject you have been communicated with separately
I have etc
Geo. Thos. Fannin, for the Commissioners.�

�Napier, August 1874
Sir �
I have the honor to inform you that the �Winchester�, Captain Arnold, arrived in the Ahuriri roadstead on the evening of the 26th July, all well. There were two deaths on the voyage. It is a source of gratification to be able to again report no contagious disease on board. This province has been most fortunate in this respect.
    The accommodation in respect of the after compartments of the married people was very unhealthy, lights having to be kept burning in order to enable the people to perform their necessary duties; besides, the ventilation was very bad. The single-men�s compartment was also very dark and crowded; the single-girls� was, however, the best ventilated and lighted of any ship which has yet arrived in this port. The immigrants expressed themselves perfectly satisfied with the treatment they had received from the doctor and officers of the ship, also with the provisions supplied to them during the voyage, unless an expression of a want of enough medical comforts for the children, of which sufficient does not seem to have been put on board.
    The Commissioners desire to express approval (otherwise than mentioned above) of the manner in which the vessel was brought into port, and the treatment etc., received by the immigrants, and this they do after having instituted a strict examination of all the details, in accordance with your instructions.
    I have etc
G. Thos. Fannin
(for Commissioners)�

Source: New Zealand, Parliament. Immigration to New Zealand: Immigration Commissioners� Reports contained in Letters to the Agent-General, London from the Minister for Immigration, Wellington (George Didsbury, Govt Printer, Wellington 1875)

Otago Witness, 20 February 1875, Page 3
Under the heading "More Immigration Muddle," the Bruce Herald publishes a letter from Wm Henry Williams, who tells his story as follows : � "I, along with about 100 more from Cornwall, engaged with the agent there, Mr John Bennet Nichols, to go by the ship Merope, bound for Canterbury, as he told us that there were no more ships going to Otago that year (this was in March). Accordingly, we were sent on to Plymouth, under the impression that we were to be sent by the ship Merope ; but to our dismay, on arriving there we were told by the agent at Plymouth, a Mr Wiggs, that we should have to go in another ship, the
Helen Denny, bound for Napier. On remonstrating with him about sending us so far out of the way, he told us plainly that 'we should have to go wherever the Government had a mind to send us. ' I wrote back to Mr John Bennet Nichols, but Mr Wiggs intercepted his letter to me, and tore off the one half, and wrote at the bottom, that we should have to go on to Napier, ' sealed and stamped the same, and sent it to me. Our luggage was then seized and sent aboard, and we had to follow. Now, Mr Editor, before this happened, I had written to my brother in-law, Mr Samuel Bray, who was residing at Maungatua, Otago, that I was, to sail for Canterbury. He accordingly went up to Canterbury to meet me (this I have found out since I came down in search of him). But, the worst of all has to be told. I had to leave my wife and family at Napier, as I have not sufficient means to take them down. Now, sir, I must work for six months before I can earn enough money to bring my wife and family down here, the place where I wanted to come to at first."

Otago Witness, 3 October 1874, Page 3
The Times reports that during the last week of July some 300 Cornish miners and their families left their native county for the north of England, the Colonies, and the United States. New Zealand heads the list of the countries whither the emigrants have gone. These men are stated to be among the best and most skilful miners in the county, and this very circumstance is the prime cause of their leaving it. They allege that under the present system of mining in Cornwall, good men have no inducement to work, a s they are placed, on the same level as inferior hands, and hence they have left to find some better field for their energies. They seem, in fact, to be just the kind of men New Zealand wants.

Star, 6 January 1875, Page 2
Napier, Jan. 5
Arrived - Clarence, from London, with 348 immigrants, all well. There were 21 deaths, chiefly infants from diarrhoea. there were two births. The passengers are now being landed and are a promising-looking shipment.

Otago Witness
, 8 September 1877, Page 11
Per Shaw, Saville, and Co.'s ship Helen. Denny. Russell, Ritchie, and Co., agents. Mrs
Joseph and son, Mrs Pyke, Messrs Clemance (2), Kent, Smith, Starkey, Wright, Dalzell, Bragg,
Wilkes, Davies, Pall, Blyth, Mayne. Steerage - Mrs Walker, Messrs Richards, Restarick,
Caskey, Gridley, Rollins, Barrett (2), Beattie.


Daily Southern Cross, 2 September 1872, Page 3
Lyttelton: Saturday. The 'Friedberg' arrive from Hamburg yesterday, with 292 passengers. The ship is clean, and the passengers healthy and in good spirits.

Norway Genealogy  Norway 1801 census online and additional info from The National Archives of Norway.
The ship "Palmerston" from Hamburg bound for New Zealand. Ole Hansen


A small leak will sink a great ship;
Beware of little expenses; - Benjamin Franklin