Throughout this month, the 91st was in the First Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. It was initially stationed near Fairfax Court House, moved to Antietam, and had duty at Sharpsburg Maryland. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]
|?||"Several days" after escorting the wagon train (28-29 August), the regiment marched to Washington for the funeral of a paymaster. Walter claims they were chosen, although they weren't the nearest, because they were "good at marching, and making a good soldierly appearance". [Walter, v.3 #35 p.2] They then spent a "week or so" marching around Washington, before joining the division, ultimately halting at Meredian Hill (just north of Washington). [Walter, v.3 #35 p.2]|
|?||After Antietam, the regiment guarded more than 200 Confederate prisoners ['Telegraphic news', Richland County Observer (Richland Center, Wisconsin), 10 October 1862, page 3]|
|?||William Smith (B) discharged on surgeon's certificate|
AM. Moved to Fort Stevenson, and encamped. [Bates, p.186]
at 10 pm, General S Williams sent McClellan a message listing the regiments in Tyler's Brigade, including the 91st [Official records]
John Newman (C) deserted at Alexandria, VA (possibly 31st)
William Cavenaugh (C) deserted at Alexandria, VA (possibly 31st)
Alpheus Bowman was in the Battle of Chantilly VA, on special duty; he spent the night on the field, injured by the fall from his horse, which was killed under him an assault on a railroad crossing
William Lachlin alias James Howard (I) left Camp Distribution Virginia without authority
John Blazo (D) deserted, at Alexandria (also reported as 20 August and 22 August)
Thomas Rogers (B) enlisted and mustered in at Philadelphia PA
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US vols forwarded for the 91st PA, Philadelphia PA, included: George W Cline Jr
Henry Sinex mustered in co D (perhaps 26th)
David Fordsman (F) discharged at Harrisburg PA on surgeon's certificate (probably 22nd)
Edward McGowen (I) discharged on surgeon's certificate
John Trimble (formerly co.G) mustered in as 1st lt, 12th NJ Vols
Patrick Halligan enlisted in co. B by J A Gregory, at Philadelphia PA
Joseph Mantz enlisted in co. A by J A Gregory, at Philadelphia PA
Joseph Rementer enlisted and mustered in co E
John Hillsee mustered in co F
Henry Selah (G) promoted to 5th corp
George MD Haines (G) promoted to 6th corp
Samuel Selas (G) promoted to 7th corp
James Moynahan (G) promoted to 8th corp
William Lachlin alias James Howard (I) reenlisted in the 119th PA without having been discharged from the 91st
Regiment was at Camp Wade, near Alexandria, Virginia
Col Gregory issued various camp regulations, including one strictly limiting shooting firearms
Joseph Mills (A) enlisted
Samuel Hess (F) reduced to the ranks
Howell Williams enlisted in co.F
Stephen Eastwick transferred to Field and Staff, 12th NJ (apparently as sergeant major) from A 12th NJ
Joseph H Cross enlisted by J A Gregory at Philadelphia PA
Edwin Burr mustered in co B (possibly 10th)
John R Allen (F) promoted to sgt (possibly 5 Dec 62 or 1 Jan 63)
Charles Hart (A) enlisted, at Philadelphia PA, by J A Gregory (witnessed by sgt E J Maguigan, sgt George M Gibson, and W H H Hopkins)
Harry Angel mustered in co H
Andrew Harte enlisted in co H at Philadelphia PA, by J A Gregory
|8||Abel Deihl (F) deserted (may have been 8 Oct 1862)|
Franklin Clough arrested at Camp Whipple, near Washington DC, having enlisted illegally in B 129 PA, and having received $50 bounty
Joseph Anten mustered in co B
John Farren mustered in co B
George Pollard mustered in co B
John Gould mustered in co G
James Burns (B) deserted at Camp Whipple, VA
Edwin Burr mustered in co B (possibly 5th)
Hamilton Fetter mustered in co B
Joseph Hynes enlisted at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
Samuel Mahan enlisted at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
about the 10th, William Shaw (H) was injured, while returning from guarding a wagon train travelling from Cloud Mill Virginia to Fairfax Court House; Charles Holcomb was also part of the guard
Charles Morgan enlisted at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US vols forwarded for the 91 Reg't Pennsylvania inf, Philadelphia PA, included: Patrick Halligan (B), John R Lynch, Joseph Mantz (A), Lewis Montieu (A), Thomas Rogers (B) (crossed out)
Regiment was at Camp Wipple, Virginia
Col Gregory began regular instruction for commissioned officers, and continued non-commissioned officers training; he also complained about laxness on guard duty
William Hooven [?] mustered in co C
John Somerville mustered in co C
Charles Houghton (F&S) discharged [?]
Otto Brandecker (B 75th PA) passed a physical exam
John Horton enlisted at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
Third division (including the 91st PA) formed. First
Brigade bivouacked at Columbia College (as Humphreys
ordered), but not until near midnight.
knapsacks were deposited at Meridian Hill, Washington DC, on or about this date [circular, HQ 91st PA, 16 Nov 63]
[Humphreys' statement; Bates, p.186;Walter, v.3 #35 p.2]
Joseph Mills mustered in co A
Thomas Crozier (H) absent, left sick at Camp Whipple
James Brickman enlisted at Philadelphia; assigned to co. B
Alexander Keeley mustered in co C
Simon S Nagle enlisted in co C, at Philadelphia PA
Thomas Thomas mustered in ass't surg
Charles Houghton (asst surg) promoted to surg, 124th PA
Alpheus Bowman (B) dismissed by sentence of general court martial (order confirmed 12th); his reinstatement may have been effective this date
Enoch Brewster (F) dismissed by sentence of a general court martial (order confirmed 12th)
William Casner (K) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Thomas Brooks enlisted at Philadelphia in co. B (with permission of J A Gregory, appointed his guardian the same day)
Muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st PA Infantry, Philadelphia PA, including Joseph H Cross, Andrew Harte (H), Charles Hart (A)
Other regiments in the division were re-provisioned and re-armed.
Bartholomew Fleetwood mustered in co A
Charles France mustered in co A
Joseph Mayhew mustered in co A
Henry McCool mustered in co C
James McCarty (K) deserted
Division marched at daylight (Humphreys).
The regiment was ordered to leave knapsacks in safe storage arranged by the quartermaster. (Walter refused.)
They never received them back.
Walter was a color bearer.
[Humphreys' statement; Walter v.3 #36 p.1]
Rudolph Maidre mustered in co A (probably 14 Sep 61)
Elias Swire (B) deserted
Robert Rowan (H) detailed as teamster by Genl Tyler
Started on Maryland Campaign. Left Fairfax Court House.
[Bates, p.186; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Welch, p.501; Walter v.3 #36 p.1]
Michael Gallagher (D) deserted at Philadelphia PA
Robert Ellingsworth (E) detailed as brigade butcher
Charles Thompson enlisted, co.F
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st, Philadelphia PA, included Joseph Hynes (D), John Horton (D), Samuel Mahan, Charles Morgan
125 men marched through Philadelphia, recruits headed toward the 91st Pennsylvania and other regiments
[see 'Troops passing through', Philadelphia Inquirer 16 September 1862 page 8]
The weather was fine, and the fruit tempting, but the column wasn't allowed to do much foraging.
They reached Monocacy Depot, near Frederick, in the afternoon.
Division obtained supplies.
[Humphreys' statement; Walter v.3 #36 p.1]
Martin Blake enlisted and mustered in co E
Washington Bonnor enlisted in co. E
Otto Brandeker enlisted in co C
Henry McKane mustered in co C
Joseph Bowen mustered in co C
Samuel Worl mustered in co C
John Peddicord enlisted in 165th PA
John A Moothart (B) seems to have enlisted in the Navy (while he was deserted?)
muster and descriptive roll of men forwarded to the 91st, including Thomas Brooks (B), and James Brickman (B), Simon S Nagle (C)
While Humphreys was preparing to protect Frederick (especially watching the approach from Harper's Ferry), McClellan ordered them to move forward.
They marched five miles, and received another order to join the army at Antietam at daylight if possible.
Although the men were footsore, they marched all night, 23 miles (Humphreys; Walter has 18 miles).
Charles Coe mustered in co C
George Mayers (G) deserted from camp near Frederick, Maryland; he "kept his pass when on picket on Nolano [?] Ferry Rd near Fredererick"
[Humphreys' statement; Walter, v.3 #36 p.2; Welch, p.501]
Wade Laconia (K 28th PA) run over by a caisson at Antietam
The division arrived at Antietam.
Regimental headquarters were at a rail fence crossing part of the field.
[Bates, p.186; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Walter, v.3 #36 p.2; Welch, p.501; Humphreys' statement]
James Dyson enlisted in co A
John Day enlisted and mustered in co A by B B Eyre, at Philadelphia PA
John J Russell enlisted in co E (according to the descriptive roll, not Bates)
George Lloyd mustered in co G
William H H Dyke mustered in co H
John Groff (K) deserted while on march from Monocacy to South Mountain (perhaps 17th; given permission by Capt Casner to fall to rear and ask Dr Knight whether he could ride in the ambulance)
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st PA Infantry, including Washington Bonnor (E), Otto Brandeker (C)
The regiment "spent some time near a battery that was throwing shells across the river" (Walter v.3 #36 p.2).
John Tinney mustered in co C
William J Mahard (B) enlisted at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
John Montgomery enlisted at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
Cornelius Rider enlisted at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
William Robinson (no company) enlisted at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
Many men of the regiment were ordered to the river bank as sharpshooters.
The 118th Pennsylvania and other regiments were ordered across the river to determine whether the Confederates were still present in force.
The 118th PA experienced 269 casualties, of 737 enlisted men and officers.
(Walter, v.3 #36 p.2; report by the 118th PA)
Michael McGoldrick (I) enlisted, at Philadelphia PA, by J A Gregory
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st, dated Philadelphia, including James Dyson (A), John Day (A)
Charles Davenport (118th PA) wounded at Shepherdstown, West Virginia
|21||The regiment's camp was 'a nice open piece of ground' (Walter, v.3 #36 p.2).|
David Fordsman (F) discharged at Harrisburg PA on surgeon's certificate (possibly 2nd)
muster and descriptive roll of volunteers forwarded for the 91st, Philadelphia PA, including: William J Mahard (B), Michael McGoldrick (I), John Montgomery, Cornelius Rider (no company), William Robinson (no company)
|25||Edward Ogden (D) admitted to hospital in Alexandria VA|
|26||Henry Sinex mustered in co D (perhaps 2nd)|
|27||James Dougherty mustered in co D|
|28||Enoch Brewster (F) dismissed|
|30||Jacob Cameron enlisted, at Philadelphia PA|
John Newman (C) deserted at Alexandria VA (possibly 1st)
William Cavenaugh (C) deserted at Alexandria, VA (possibly 1st)