91st PA in July 1863

July 1863

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June 1863
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 go ahead
August 1863
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Throughout this month, the 91st was in the Third Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac, participating in the Gettysburg Campaign. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

? Joseph Anten (B) and Amos Briggs (B) transferred to VRC
1 Gettysburg Campaign continued.
The 91st (and its division) left Union Mills in the morning. They arrived at Hanover Pennsylvania in the evening, relieving Gen. Kilpatrick and the cavalry. They expected to stay there for the night. But they had time only for coffee and dinner, and then resumed the march for Gettysburg, about 8 pm. About midnight, they rested on the side of the road, at Bonaughtown, having marched 20 miles that day.
[Bates, p.189; Welch, p.502; Sykes' Gettysburg campaign report; Ayres' Gettysburg Campaign report; Walter v.3 #40 p.1; Ayres' report (91st's division); Sykes' report (91st's Corps); Dyer, v.3, p.1604; W C Reiff, 'Struggle for the Union. Trials of a boy in the Gettysburg campaign' (National Tribune 6 August 1896); 'Headquarters', Philadelphia Press Wednesday 1 July 1863, page 3 [essentially the same article at 30 June 1863 p.2; and Monday 29 June 1863 page 3])
Isaac Knight gave Morris Kayser a pass to ride in the ambulance because of acute rheumatism
John Casey (D) deserted
William Foote mustered in 60th PA
John Lott (H) transferred to VRC
John Jamison (H) transferred to VRC
Joseph Douglass (H) transferred to VRC
2 Battle of Gettysburg continued.
At 4 am, they resumed the march, and arrived at Gettysburg about 8 am. The brigade was initially placed on the far right of the line, near the Baltimore turnpike, for about one hour. They saw no sign of the Confederates, except that Captain Matthew Hall (E) was severely wounded there, by a bullet that "mysteriously" appeared. Because Gen Meade thought that position was too extended, they were moved to support the center of the Union line (in particular, the 12th Corps), by the bridge over Rock Creek, and lay by their arms until midafternoon (sometime between 2 and 4 pm). They had time for coffee and lunch. They moved at double-quick to Little Round Top, nearly 1-1/2 miles. Before they reached it, General Sickles commanding the 3rd Corps) intercepted them, and ordered them to support Watson's Battery (Battery I, 5th US). On the way there, General Warren intercepted them and led the 140th NY up Little Round Top, followed by Hazlett's Battery. While they were repelling the Confederate assault, the rest of the regiment went forward. But before they reached Watson's Battery, General Sykes (their corps commander) ordered them to return at double-quick to Round Top. Reiff was almost hit by a sharpshooter, and killed him in return. The 91st was posted to the left of battery D, Fifth US Hazlett's Battery), connecting with 140th NY. They advanced down the slope and engaged the Confederates. During the night, they retrieved the wounded in front of their position (which took nearly two hours), and built a stone wall about halfway down the slope, for protection from sharpshooters in Devil's Den.
Lt Col Sinex gave Lt Kayser permission to go to the rear of the regiment because of illness. Kayser went to Washington (without Sinex's permission), and did not return until 19 July.
Casualties included (very incomplete list) Cyrus C Cartledge (E)
William McGlencey (E) wounded in right cheek
JW Molyneaux (B) killed
Matthew Hall (E) and John Henry (E) sent to hospital
[Bates, pp.189-90; Walter v.3 #40 pp.1-2; Garrard's report (91st's brigade); Ayres' battle report (91st's division); Ayres' campaign report; Sykes' battle report (91st's Corps); Sykes' campaign report; letter, Sinex to Marvin, 2 Aug 1863; Welch, pp.502-3; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; W C Reiff, 'Struggle for the Union. Trials of a boy in the Gettysburg campaign'. National Tribune 6 August 1896,]

Alpheus Bowman had permission to fall back to the rear of the regiment
Adam Murphy (I) absent sick (until 10 Aug 63)
James Gordon (A) missing in action
Eugene Chemin (A) missing in action
Henry Gorgas (A) missing in action
Charles King (A) missing in action
George Kitchenman (A) missing in action
Nicholas Koshland (A) missing in action
Patrick Beatty (F) enlisted in B 16 VRC
3 Battle of Gettysburg concluded.
They remained in the same position. It was quiet until the sharpshooters returned at 8 am. By then, they had all gone behind the crest of the ridge for coffee and breakfast. (William C Reiff explains how the coffee his company sent him to get was spoiled by dirt thrown up by a shell. They ate it anyway! ["Coffee on Little Round Top"]) At 11 am a battery set in a field more then 1/2 mile to their left, fired nearly 30 rounds along Union line, but aimed to high. At nearly 1 pm a signal cannon fired and the Confederate artillery began the barrage that preceded Picket's and Pettigrew's charge. They still aimed too high. About 20 minutes into their fire, they put a large shot in front of 91st. Thomas Walter was lying with his feet extending beyond the wall, and the shot bounced into his foot, dramatically shrinking it. The physicians at the division and corps hospitals were busy with more serious cases, and Sgt Gordon, who had been unable to keep up with the regiment because of his injuries, cared for him.
a detachment of cavalry was sent to dislodge Confederate sharpshooters from the front of Big Round Top; one grabbed a Confederate by the hair and dragged him toward Union lines ('Prisoner by the scalp')

John H Douglass (G) wounded
Abraham Peters (G) wounded
James Moynehen (G) wounded
Robert Sinex Jr and James Gahagan, co D, detailed as regimental hospital attendants
James Rae [or Raja] (E) received a cannon shot in the side while charging the enemy. (I don't know when or where he charged the enemy.)
Henry Gorgas (A) wounded
Archibald McKain (E) wounded in the hand
Andrew Flemming (E) wounded
William Cox (G) wounded
Frederick Lehman (G) wounded [according to Bates, not pension file]
John S Donnell (I) wounded
Henry Sinex (D) wounded
Samuel Haus (A) wounded
Samuel Selah (G) killed
[Bates, p.190; Walter v.3 #40 p.2; Welch, p.503; Garrard's report (91st's brigade); Ayres' battle report (91st's division); Sykes' battle report (91st's Corps); Dyer, v.3, p.1604; orders]
John Trimble (12th NJ) wounded in leg
Thomas McGronan (formerly of co.E) mustered in D 59 Pa Militia
4 Gettysburg Campaign continued.
They remained on Little Round Top. The rain continued part of the day. Reconnaissance found nothing but skirmishers covering Confederate troops.
James Rae [or Raja] died from wounds he had received on 3 July 1863
William Jones, draftee, enlisted in 118th PA
[Bates, p.190; Welch, p.503; Ayres' report (91st's division); Sykes' report (91st's Corps); Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
5 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
Skirmishers advanced over Confederate breastworks, and captured some prisoners. They continued to the Confederate rear guard, and then were called into regiments, which were then marching on the Emmitsburg Road. Heavy rain in the afternoon. The regiment marched 6 miles and camped at Marsh Creek; the ground was a field of mud.
regiment received 5th corps hq order discharging sgts William Carpenter, Joseph Jones, & Theodore Snyder to enable them to accept commissions
[Bates, p.190; Ayres' battle report (91st's division); Ayres' campaign report; Sykes' battle report (91st's Corps); Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
George H Smith (D) died, at Newbern, Craven County, NC
6 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee
The regiment marched via Emmitsburg and Creagerstown. (I don't know where they camped on the 6th.)
Walter was finally seen by a doctor (which indicates that they were working on less serious cases)
Isaac Knight ordered to return to 91st from the division hospital
Franklin Clough (A) missing in action
Theophilus Palmer (A) missing in action
Peter Linnett (H) deserted (perhaps 7th)
[Walter v.3 #40 p.2; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
7 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee
The division marched 20 miles, starting at 5 am, and reached Utica
Patrick Donnelly (H) deserted on the march near Frederick MD (perhaps 8 Jul 64)
[Bates, p.190; Welch, p.503; Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Amos Heaveland (H) deserted on the march near Frederick MD
Peter Linnett (H) deserted on the march near Frederick MD (perhaps 6th)
William Sourmillen (118th PA) deserted
[see 'The Battles at Gettysburg', Philadelphia Inquirer 7 July 1863 page 2]
8 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
They marched 10 miles, crossing South Mountain at Fox's Gap, and camped near Middletown Maryland.
[Bates, p.190; Welch, p.503; Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
William Giger (F) transferred to VRC
William Cox (G) transferred to VRC [perhaps on 23 July]
Alfred Dubois, substitute, mustered in 118th PA
9 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Marched six miles, to near Boonesboro, and camped near the base of South Mountain. [Bates, p.190; Welch, p.503; Ayres' Gettysburg Campaign report (91st's division)]
Henry Couch mustered in co D
Brig Genl Garrard ordered men dropped from the rolls, because they were missing in the campaign, including these:
10 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
They marched 8 miles, camping at Antietam Creek (at Roxbury Mills? or Delaware Mills?). [Welch, p.503; Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
John Blum, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA
Reuben Chafee, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA (perhaps 16th)
Oscar Printzler, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA
Henry Miller, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA
John Schwartz, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA
Frederick Stotta, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA
Francis Kerer, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA (perhaps 18th)
Martin Knittle, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA
Jacob Appel, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA
Amos Savage, substitute, enlisted, 62nd PA (perhaps 16th)
William Tucker enlisted in 62nd PA
11 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
In the morning, they formed in line of battle; drove in Confederate skirmishers, advancing 2 miles near Funkstown.
Peter Alhister (H) deserted at Washington DC (possibly 29 Apr 63)
[Bates, p.190; Welch, p.503; Sykes' campaign report; Ayres' campaign report (91st's ivision); Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
John McGowan, substitute, mustered in 118th PA (perhaps 16th)
12 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
They advanced and built breastworks.
Bates, p.190; Welch, p.503; Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
received letter recommending extension of Col Gregory's sick leave, dated 6 July
13 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
They marched in line of battle to Williamsport, MD. But the Confederates crossed the river before the Union army arrived.
Peter Cressline, draftee, mustered in co K
George Kiscaden, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Mordecai Shinn, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
James Freeman, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA (perhaps 15th)
Martin Murray, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
John Donnolly (C) died at Richmond
Edward Shinkle (C) died at Richmond
Osborn Booth mustered in 118th PA
[Bates, p.190; Welch, p.503; Sykes' Gettysburg campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
14 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
The division advanced 4 miles to Williamsport, taking some prisoners. A detail of three officers and six enlisted men was sent to Philadelphia for recruiting. [Bates, p.190; Welch, p.503; Ayres' campaign report (91st's division)]
William Norton, substitute, enlisted in 62nd PA
Francis Riley (G) discharged on surgeon's certificate at regimental hospital, Alexandria VA (very probably 14 Jul 62)
15 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
They marched 20 or 22 miles to Burkittsville, Maryland. [Ayres' [campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
John Bergner (D) transferred to VRC
John Gorman (D) transferred to VRC
Jacob Hause, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
David McCandless, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
Deitrick Pentzell, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
John Markley, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Thomas McCoyer, substitute, mustered in 118th PA
Andrew Myers, substitute, mustered in 118th PA
Edward Wells, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
John Eagan (F) transferred to VRC
John Lowery, substitute, mustered in 118th PA
James Freeman, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA (perhaps 13th)
Adam Guthrie enlisted in I 26th PA
16 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
Marched 6 miles to Petersville MD; camped between Petersville and Berlin. [Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
John Hamilton, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
Elisha Stoughton, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
Reuben Chafee, draftee, enlisted, 62nd PA (perhaps 10th)
JK Dernell, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
William Tucker, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
Matthew Hanna, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
William O'Conner, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
John McGowan, substitute, mustered in 118th PA (perhaps 11th)
Amos Savage, substitute, enlisted, 62nd PA (perhaps 10th)
John H Weeks appointed 1st Lt VRC
17 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
Crossed the Potomac, and camped near Lovettsville, Virginia.
Reuben Berger, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
James Steel, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
John Baker, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
John Lancaster, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Jefferson Miller, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Joseph Pearson, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Henry Phelps, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Henry Seher, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Benjamin Price, substitute, mustered in 118th PA
William Rumbaugh, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA
Henry G Mathers (formerly co. E) drafted into 90th PA
[Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
18 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
Marched 6 miles, and camped near Wheatland Virginia.
[Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' campaign report Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Alfred Ratzell, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Israel Eberly enlisted and mustered in 118th PA
William Hostler, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Francis Kerer, draftee, mustered in 62nd PA (perhaps 10th)
John Mauch, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
19 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
Marched 10 miles, and camped near Purcellville VA. Lt Kayser rejoined the regiment; he reported to Lieutenant Colonel Sinex, but did not explain his absence [Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' campaign report; letter, Sinex to Marvin, 2 Aug 1863; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
20 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
The division marched 12 miles, and camped on Goose Creek.
[Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
John Carey enlisted and mustered in 118th PA
Ephraim Hoasse, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
John Krause, substitute, mustered in 118th PA
Henry Shubert, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Thomas H Smith, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
George Tomblin (K) transferred to co E
21 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
George Baumeister (I) discharged on surgeon's certificate
22 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
They marched 8 miles, and camped near Rectortown or Rectorville VA. [Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
William Rambo, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
War Dept ordered John Lentz and Theodore Snyder detached to Philadelphia to collect conscripts
Valentine Houseworth, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Genl Sykes detailed John Nevill (D) for duty at Philadelphia PA
23 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
They marched 15 miles (with the corps), to Manassas Gap. They bivouacked in line of battle there, supporting the Third Corps (Gen. French). [Sykes' campaign report; Ayres' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
engagement at Wapping Heights Virginia [letter listing battles, Sellers to Bennett, 24 September 1864]
Edwin Eisenhart enlisted and mustered in 118th PA
William Cox (G) transferred to VRC [perhaps on 8 July]
24 Gettysburg Campaign continued: pursuit of Lee.
The Fifth corps made a reconnaissance to the right of Gen French, near the railroad in the Gap. They discovered the Confederate retreat, moved back about 2 miles, and bivouacked in the Gap at noon. [Ayres' campaign report; Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Alexander Cowden, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
John Croak, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
John Doan, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
William Harvey, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Theodore Young, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
George H Howell enlisted and mustered in 118th PA
25 The division marched through Fairville toward Warrenton, camping near Orleans Virginia. [Ayres' campaign report; Sykes' campaign report]
George W Bowman was discharged on surgeon's certificate of disability
26 The division marched 6 miles toward Warrenton, and camped. [Sykes' campaign report; Ayres' campaign report]
Bernard Clonohan mustered in 118th PA
27 The division marched 8 miles, past Warrenton. It went into camp 3 miles past Warrenton, having marched about 320 miles since 1 June.
John N Hawks (Navy, formerly co. D) admitted to Chelsea Hospital with phthisis pulmonalis
[Welch, p.503; Ayres' campaign report; Sykes' campaign report]
28 regiment was camped near Warrenton VA
John Knecht (A), Salathiel Cox (C), Joseph Clowny (E), and John Kane (K) detailed for duty with the brigade train
Other enlisted men assigned to the QM ordered to report to regimental hq
Edward Fox (A) was detailed as clerk in Div HQ
William Sanders mustered out with 165th PA
Washington Brenizer mustered out with 165th PA
Charles Shilling mustered out with 165th PA
John Peddicord discharged from 165th PA
Jacob Pottenturf discharged from 165th PA as 1st lt
Francis McCleaf discharged from 165th PA
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
29 EJ Maguigan ordered to report to Dr Abbott, Washington DC, for medical treatment
Sinex issued orders relating to tents
regiment received special order from brigade hq to turn over all regimental wagons to brigade wagonmaster
Brig Genl Ayres appointed a court martial, which tried Morris Kayser (B) among others
Jeremiah Small discharged from 165th PA
Alexander Shrader discharged from 165th PA
Francis O. Dell [or Odell] died in Philadelphia PA of a disease of the lungs contracted from exposure.
[orders]
30 regiment was camped near Warrenton VA
Francis Klotz mustered in 118th PA
court martial of Morris Kayser (B)
Adolphus Smith (K) transferred to VRC
William Snyder (K) transferred to VRC
William Shuman (K) transferred to co H
Matthew Hall's leave due to wounds was extended
William Riley, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
George Poole (G) gained from missing in campaign
John Roster, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
31 lt col Sinex was in charge of the regiment (organization table)
received letter recommending extension of Col Gregory's sick leave, dated 6 July
Owen Roberts, draftee, enlisted, in 118th PA

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revised 26 Apr 15
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