March 1864: 91st PA infantry

March 1864

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The 91st began this month in the Third Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac. It was then transferred to the Fourth Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

? beside the usual camp routines, they studied zouave drills (Walter)
1 The regiment was still at Upland, near Chester. Walter and several others left without permission, walking about four miles to the West Chester and Philadelphia RR station.
[Walter; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
George W Smith mustered in co G (perhaps 3rd)
Sinex received transportation order of 27 Feb
Sinex applied for train, at office of Phila Wilmington & Balt RR
William Redheffer (A) permanently assigned to Camp Cadwalader, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Provost Guard at General Gibbon's Headquarters
James H Closson mustered in as capt (promoted 12 May 63!)
John Mootheart (B) deserted
James Watkins mustered in co G, and deserted at Philadelphia PA
transportation order received (see letter, Sinex to Vincent, 2 Mar 64)
the following men were detached for collecting conscripts at Philadelphia: Matthew Hall, Joseph Jones, Cyrus C. Cartledge, Stephen Whinna, William Letourneau, Charles Willis, Franklin G Clough, John H. Barnes, Benjamin Redhiffer, James Rulon, George Stewart, William Scheiffer, John M. Wharton, Charles Coates, Wm H. Care, Thomas Christy, John Griffith, James Clayton, David G. Lentz, George Young, Barney McNulty, John Null, James A Clark.
James Gilbert mustered in co G and deserted at Philadelphia PA
Charles Johnson mustered in co G and deserted at Philadelphia PA
James Smith mustered in co G and deserted at Philadelphia PA
Daniel Farvin mustered in co G and deserted (possibly deserted 11th)
Edward Dempsey mustered in co I (perhaps 1 Mar 1865)
George Whistler (formerly of co K, but discharged) died of wounds received in battle, in a military hospital in Philadelphia
Alem Brittain (chaplain) mustered in ["commissioned"--probably effective date]
Henry Francis promoted to capt (perhaps 10 May 64)
Joseph Sinex was commanding the regiment
Josiah Huntsenberg (D) promoted to corp vice Thomas (promoted) [possibly 1 Jan 64]
William Hagerman (D) promoted to corp (effective date)
John Rusk (D) promoted to corp (perhaps 28 Apr 64)
James McKinney (D) promoted to corp (perhaps 28 Apr 64)
4 men had enlisted in the regiment
155 enlisted men were AWOL
[order]
[for more information consolidated morning report]
2 regiment was camped at Chester Pennsylvania
The regiment returned to Virginia, under command of Lieutenant Colonel Sinex (scheduled departure at noon). According to Walter, nearly 1/3 of the men were AWOL. Went into winter quarters at Warrenton Junction.
[Bates, p.190; Walter; Welch, pp.504-5; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
train arrived at Chester at noon; regiment arrived in Baltimore at midnight
Charles Poulson enlisted and mustered in co E
John Rodgers mustered in co A--but never reported
William Miller mustered in co I and deserted at Philadelphia PA
Col Gregory detached these men for duty in the recruiting service, Chester PA: William H. Kintzle (A), George H. McNeil (A), Thomas J Kurtz (D), William Michenor (D), Preston H Hoopes (D), David A Buchanan (D), George Black (H), Jacob S. Smith (I)
Harry Buckley (I) enlisted and mustered in at Philadelphia PA by Jacob S Stretch
William Dawson (H) deserted at Chester PA
Patrick Toner (I) deserted (perhaps 6th)
Solomon Parker (C) last seen, at Chester PA (presumably when he deserted)
Surgeon Knight placed Francis Gregory in hospital, Chester PA
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st, included Harry Buckley (I) (but see 31 March)
2 commissioned officers and 170 enlisted men were AWOL
4 men had enlisted in the regiment
Thomas Conroy (B) absent sick in hospital at Chester
[letters and orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
3 regiment left Baltimore at 10 AM; arrived in Washington at 4 PM, too late for the boat
Edward Agnew mustered in co D
George W Smith mustered in co G (perhaps 1st)
4 regiment left for Alexandria at 3 PM
5 regiment left Alexandria at 7 AM, and arrived at Warrenton Junction 11 AM
regiment arrived at 3rd brig 2nd div 5th corps camp
Andrew Brown reported expecting the regiment to arrive at Warrington [sic] Junction; he had been ill, and was convalescing
108 veterans were present when the regiment returned
[letter]
6 Edgar Gregory participated in a program at the 12th St ME Church, Philadelphia PA
John McConnell (E) detailed to report to Lt Rittenhouse, 5th US Artillery, at Bristow [special order 15, HQ 91st]
Patrick Toner (I) deserted (perhaps 2nd)
John Casner (K), Henry Francis (F), John Donnell (I) appointed as board of Survey to convene on 7th at 9 am to investigate deficiency of items for which David Baker (E) and John Brass (B) were responsible
Robert Ross (I) began serving as Sinex's hostler
14 officers were present, 8 were on detached service, 1 was absent sick, 1 was awol, and 1 had resigned
204 enlisted men were present, 156 were awol, 17 were absent sick, 3 had died (since 4 Jan), 1 had deserted, and 35 were on detached service
['Twelfth Street M.E. Church'. Philadelphia Inquirer, 5 March 1864, page 4]
[letter and order]
7 John Schultz mustered in co A
Franklin Braceland, who had deserted, was caught
Sinex requested the return of 8 officers and 35 enlisted men on detached duty
no sentinels were posted during the day, 5 were posted at night around camp, and no men were detailed on railroad guard
134 enlisted men and 12 officers present for duty
2 veterans rejoined the regiment
Sinex ordered various articles of war and army regulations read to the regiment
company commanders were required to report estimates to supply all deficiencies
Robert Fletcher (I) promoted to corp [perhaps 7 April 1864]
[letters and orders]
8 company commanders had to add to their estimates of material required to supply deficiencies whatever was required for the men from the 155th PA. This suggests that the men who had temporarily been transfered to the 155th (because they were not eligible for a veteran's furlough) had just returned
Henry Chitlick (C) died of delirium tremens at Warrenton Junction
[order]
9 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
John R Allen (F) promoted to 1st sgt
corp Edwin Hause (F) promoted to sgt (possibly 9 May)
David Baker, 1st lt (E), discharged
Edward Dempsey (I) deserted (perhaps 9 Mar 65)
George Souders (I) promoted to sgt (perhaps 11th)
company commanders were to prepare the paperwork for condemning the camp and garrison equipage and send them to regimental headquarters
1 veteran rejoined the regiment
the regiment had a total of 23 commissioned officers and 483 enlisted men; 1 commissioned officer and 152 enlisted men were awol
[orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
10 special order number 18: Sgt Isaac W Thomas was relieved from arrest and returned to duty (by regimental special order no. 19)
John Marshall mustered in co B
William Carney enlisted and mustered in co E
George Wyman (B) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Charles Smith (B) arrested as a deserter, at Philadelphia, PA
James Bernard enlisted in H 3 VRC

Muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA, including: John Lackey (A) (see also 19 March 1864)
11 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
Sinex reported that George Cline (D) was awol (hadn't reported when reg't ordered to front), had written consent from his parents when he enlisted, and had been sworn as to his age
[letter]
Ashman Daballad mustered in co B
William McGevy mustered in co B
Henry Hall mustered in co I
Henry Linkerman (D) reported returned from desertion
Andrew Fleming (E) reported returned to duty from hospital
Henry Buckley enlisted in I; $30 to be deducted for apprehension as a deserter [though perhaps he wasn't]
Daniel Farvin (G) deserted at Philadelphia PA (probably 1st)
George Souders (I) promoted to sgt (perhaps 9th)
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 554 enlisted men
152 enlisted men were absent without leave
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
12 regiment was camped near Warrenton Junction
Andrew J Hill mustered in co B
James McDermott mustered in co A
reported in arrest: John Biedel (A), William Jeffries (A), Charles Hebding (A), John G Smith (A), Edward Muckafuse (A), John Bartholemew [?] (F), Henry Cooper (I), John H Kennedy (I), and Henry Buckly (I)
Joseph M Johnston (D) reported as officer's cook
Samuel Hess (F) transferred to VRC
Ralph Montgomery (F) dropped as deserter
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 552 enlisted men
145 enlisted men were absent without leave
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
13 regiment was camped near Warrenton Junction
13 officers and 249 enlisted men were present for duty (total 262, including men listed under "extra and daily duty"), 1 officer and 76 enlisted men of whom were "on duty east of Cedar Run". 298 were absent, including 9 officers on detached service, 1 officer sick, 61 enlisted men on detached service, 146 enlisted men awol, 72 enlisted men sick, and 9 enlisted men in confinement
Sinex requested that the brigade send as many wagons as possible on the 14th, but doesn't explain why
Carpenter reported to Sinex about Joseph Reynolds (D)
Edward Gamble (B) and James Chism (B) promoted to corp
Patrick Beatty (F) reported discharged for disability
James Francis mustered in co A
the regiment included 23 officers and 550 enlisted men
[letters and orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
14 regiment was camped near Warrenton Junction
Sinex reported that Joseph Reynolds enlisted and was mustered in co D under the name 'Joseph Devier' on 5 Feb 64
Sinex requested that the mustering officer remuster as veteran volunteers some enlisted men furloughed from the Department of Washington
lt Carpenter, cmd co D, sent a report about William Michener to adjutant Shipley
Edward Sykes mustered in co B
Stephen O'Brien mustered in co B at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory; Wilbur F Wampole witnessed his declaration
muster and descriptive roll of volunteers forwarded for the 91st, included Stephen O'Brien (B)
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 549 enlisted men
146 enlisted men were awol
[letters]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
15 regiment was camped near Warrenton Junction
Sinex transmitted a report by lt Carpenter about William Michiner (D), claiming he was not physically capable of active military duty in the field [Michiner was discharged by special order on 25 Mar 64]
the regiment had 173 .58 Springfield rifles, and 1960 .754 cartridges
4 veterans rejoined the regiment
John Bliss (B) enlisted and mustered in, at Philadelphia PA, by J A Gregory; witnessed by W C Stackhouse
Henry McCool (C) transferred to VRC
Wm Carpenter (K) relieved from command of co.D and assigned to command co.A
William Bayley mustered in [remustered?] co D
John Black mustered in co D
Charles Flood enlisted in co K by J A Gregory at Philadelphia; William C Stackhouse witnessed his declaration
James Moynehen (G) transferred to VRC
regiment had 23 officers and 550 enlisted men
146 enlisted men were awol
[letters and orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
16 regiment was camped near Warrenton Junction
Patrick Gallagher mustered in co D
John Montieth enlisted and mustered in co E
James Nichols mustered in, not assigned to a company
Charles Austin (D) deserted, Philadelphia PA
monthly inspection to take place on the 17th at 10 AM; all men except company cooks were to form by 9.45
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 550 enlisted men
140 enlisted men were awol
William Wilkinson (F) reported dropped as a deserter
Patrick Costello (I) reported returned from absent sick
[order]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
17 regiment was camped near Warrenton Junction
Walter returned from Philadelphia to Chester, to find the regiment gone. He was put in charge of the absentees, and stayed for about 2 weeks until transportation could be arranged.
4 veterans rejoined the regiment [Walter]
William Warnsley (I) enlisted in company & arrested as a deserter
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 551 enlisted men; 140 enlisted men were awol
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
18 regiment was camped near Warrenton Junction
30 veterans rejoined the regiment
William Kearney mustered in co A--but never reported
Marcus Videl mustered in co F
Patrick Gallagher (D) deserted (perhaps 24th)
Robert Gray (C) transferred to co.A
these men were released from arrest and restored to duty, but the pay for the time absent, transportation, and the reward authorized for deserters, along with the cost of any lost property, were deducted from their pay: Frederick Fraters (A), John F. Walter (B), John McCormick (D), Isaac Goodman (F), John Bartholomew (F), John Kenedy (I)
companies were to be ready to move immediately, with 3 days' rations issued and in haversacks
Franklin Braceland (E) reported gained from desertion
William Kelly (K) reported dropped as a deserter; "no record of him in Adjutant General's Office"
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 551 enlisted men
137 enlisted men were awol
[orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
19 regiment was camped at Warrenton Junction
13 officers and 293 enlisted men were equipped for duty (306 total)
Donald Knox (B) mustered in [perhaps remustered as veteran]
Sinex asked that Frank Braceland (E) and Henry Buckley (I) be released from arrest, because Braceland had been sent to the peninsula after being arrested, and had not received pay for 11 months, and he couldn't find proof that Buckley had enlisted in four regiments
reported gains by enlistment included William Loft (A)
HQ Army of Potomac asked for descriptive list of Philip Peltz [see 22nd for response]
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 556 enlisted men
88 enlisted men were awol
Muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st PA, including James Nichols (-), John Lackey (A) [see also 10 March 1864]
[letters]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
20 regiment was camped at Warrenton Junction
company commanders were ordered to report who wished to reenlist and who had received furloughs for reenlisting
149 veterans were present with the regiment
Sinex issued a revised schedule

muster roll of a detachment of volunteers forwarded for the 91st, dated Philadelphia PA, included John Bliss (but his name was crossed out), and Charles Flood (K) (but his name was also crossed out)

regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 556 enlisted men
88 enlisted men were awol
[letters]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
21 Alpheus Bowman appointed 2nd lt, 3rd PA Artillery
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 556 enlisted men
88 enlisted men were awol
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
22 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
James Coo (F) mustered in
William Kintzel (A) discharged to accept commission
Philip Peltz's descriptive list provided to brigade [see 19th]
pvt Bolen [can't find in Bates] transferred from co.A to co.D
Patrick Langan enlisted in co K at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory, with Wilbur Wampole witnessing
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 556 enlisted men
89 enlisted men were awol
muster and descriptive role of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91 Regiment Pennsylvania infantry, Harrisburg PA, including James Coo (F)
[letters and orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
23 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
13 officers and 207 enlisted men were present; 10 officers and 222 enlisted men were absent
Alem Brittain (F&S) joined regiment
Sinex explained the delay in the regiment's return to the front
Henry McKane (C) detailed as hospital nurse, to report to surgeon Knight
John F Casner (K) certified Lewis Lammey's service
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US Vols forward for the 91st, Philadelphia PA: included Patrick Langan (K)
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 556 enlisted men
90 enlisted men were awol
[letters]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
24 Sinex requested that Harry Angel and Charles Armstrong be replaced by Isaac Tyson and Joseph Clowney
Sinex asked how men who had been on furlough but had lost their furlough could receive the commutation the Secretary of War had authorized
John Miller, substitute, mustered in co F
Patrick Gallagher (D) deserted (perhaps 18th)
George Kite (G) on 7-day furlough
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 557 enlisted men
90 enlisted men were awol
[letters]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
25 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
George Thompson mustered in, not assigned to a company
Thomas Wilson mustered in, not assigned to a company
William Michiner (D) discharged by special order at Philadelphia PA (perhaps 2 Apr 64)
Sinex reported that the only enlisted man serving as an officer's servant was Robert Ross, serving as his hostler since 6 Mar 64
number present in army: 327 present in regiment, 17 detached within army, 1 sick in div. hosp. (345 total)
Sinex reported number of troops engaged at battle of Gettysburg
company commanders had to endorse furloughs of men who returned with the regiment on the 5th
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 556 enlisted men
89 enlisted men were awol
[letters and orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
26 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
Sinex asked Gregory under what authority the details of 1 and 2 March were made
Charles Bayley mustered in co D
Montgomery Burr (E) reenlisted as veteran volunteer
Alexander Baird (E) reenlisted as veteran volunteer
William McGlencey (E) reenlisted as veteran volunteer
Albert Morgan enlisted [perhaps reenlisted], co C [perhaps 11 Jan 62]
John Park (E) reenlisted as veteran volunteer
Joseph Everhart (C) re-enlisted as veteran volunteer
reported sent to hospital: Penrose Forsythe (A), Jacob Fisher (A), John Bartholemew(F), John Garrity (E), John Brander (E)
two men enlisted in co H
Joseph Clowney (E) and Isaac Tyson (H) detailed as teamster
Samuel Lamb (F) reenlisted as veteran (possibly 30th)
George Stroup mustered in co F as veteran (possibly 30th)
Joseph Johnston (D) detailed as cook for regimental hospital
Robert Ross (I) detailed as Sinex's hostler
Wilfred Bywater (K) mustered in as veteran volunteer (perhaps 30th)
company commanders were required to send in the names of officers and number of enlisted men engaged at the battle of Gettysburg
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 558 enlisted men
[orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
27 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
Jerome B Jacobs enlisted and mustered in co E
Henry Buckley mustered in co I
general order 4 about the schedule was modified
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 558 enlisted men
[order]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
28 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
Sinex reported that 37 men who returned at the end of their furlough were ready to be paid
Francis P Donahue re-enlisted as veteran volunteer
John Wood (H) reduced to ranks for absence without leave
Harry Angel (H) promoted to corp effective this date
Thomas Carrick (F) probably have reenlisted as veteran (possibly 30th)
Capt Eli Sellers (G), Capt John Casner (K), and Lt James Closson (H) appointed council of administration
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 558 enlisted men
85 enlisted men were awol
[letters and orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
29 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
James Stewart (F) reported regained from desertion (2 Apr 64 according to one record)
Joseph Everhart discharged to allow reenlistment as veteran [?]
Samuel Laforge mustered in co B
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 559 enlisted men
86 enlisted men were awol
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
30 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
Wilfred Bywater (K) mustered in as veteran volunteer (perhaps 26th)
Joseph Keen (B) mustered in co B as veteran volunteer
George Poole (B) reenlisted in co B as veteran volunteer
George Stroup mustered in co F as veteran (probably 26th)
Samuel Lamb (F) reenlisted as veteran (probably 26th)
Thomas Carrick (F) may have reenlisted as veteran (probably 28th)
George Kite (G) was absent, sick, in Germantown Hospital
regiment had 23 commissioned officers and 558 enlisted men
86 enlisted men were awol
[for more information see consolidated morning report]
31 regiment was at Warrenton Junction
Col Gregory assigned to command Chester Hospital rendezvous for veterans and recruits for veteran organizations [How this differs from the order of 18 Feb 64 is unclear]
William McIntyre mustered in 62nd PA
dropped as deserted: Augustus H. Eckhart (C) (mistakenly), Hugh Martin (K)
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US Vols forward for the 91st, Philadelphia PA: included Patrick Langan (K)
descriptive list of deserters (Warrenton Junction VA) included John Brown (E), John Martin (E)
regiment had 23 commissioned officers, and 556 enlisted men
87 enlisted men were awol
Sylvester Jordan enlisted, 62nd PA (possibly 31 Mar 63)
letter from Andrew Brown (C) to his father and sister, discussed among other things his being a corporal
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st, included Henry Buckley (I)
[orders]
[for more information see consolidated morning report]

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revised 6 Aug 15
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions