In November 1861, Surgeon Knight acknowledged that 'the ladies of the "Union Relief Association" of Philadelphia had donated bandages and other medical supplies to the 91st. ['Acknowledgement', Philadelphia Inquirer 25 November 1861 page 8]
Their duties included signing death certificates for soldiers who died of natural causes.
On 31 May 1863, Andrew Brown (C) wrote his father from the 5th Corps Hospital. He reported that they had 'very poor attendance and very little to eat except what we have to buy', with only 'pork potatoes and sour bread' to eat. His wound was healing 'and with proper care would soon get well'; he was hoping to be able to go home to get that care. He did have regular visitors from the regiment.
Surgeons and assistant surgeons
The regimental descriptive book lists these surgeons and assistant surgeons:
- Isaac D. Knight, Surgeon, appointed 7 Nov 61, transfered as Asst Surg of Vols 17 Apr 64; discharged by special order War Dept, 21 Apr 64
- Charles W Houghton, Assistant surgeon, appointed 6 Nov 61, transferred to 124th PA as surgeon, 12 Sep 62
- John Young, Assistant Surgeon, appointed 1 Aug 62, dismissed because of absence without leave, by general order, 5 Mar
- Thomas Thomas, Assistant Surgeon, appointed 12 Sep 62, dismissed because of absence without "reason", by general order, 5 Mar 63
- William Keir, Assistant Surgeon, appointed 12 June 63; mustered as Surgeon 21 Apr 64
- George Oldmixon, Assistant Surgeon, appointed 28 Apr 64, mustered in 22 May 64
The earliest extant consolidated morning reports have Knight absent as "acting medical director", and 2 assistant surgeons (presumably Young and Thomas) absent without leave (consolidated morning report, 7 Feb 63). On 9 February 1863, 2 assistant surgeons were dropped from the report. Daniel D Swift (from the 126th PA) and Otto Schittler (from the 129th PA) had been transferred to the regiment, presumably as temporary replacements for Young and Thomas. Perhaps one of them was the assistant surgeon who was captured in April 1863. (Daniel D Swift was mustered into service in the 126th PA on 15 August 1862, and mustered out with the regiment on 20 May 1863; Otto Schittler was mustered into service in the 129th PA on 15 August 1863, and mustered out with the regiment on 18 May 1863 [Official Army Register]. A Daniel D Swift also served as surgeon of the 6th PA Cavalry; when the regiment was consolidated with others on 17 June 1865, he was appointed and waiting to be mustered into service; he then served as surgeon with the 2nd Provisional Regiment until it was mustered out on 7 August 1865; he was still waiting to be mustered into service [Official Army Register].)
Some surgeons were assigned extra duty during and after an engagement. On 22 June 1863, the regiment received an order from brigade hq assigning Isaac Knight as surgeon in chief of the brigade and assistant surgeon William Kier as recorder in the division hospital if an engagement occurred. Isaac Knight was relieved on 2 August 1863 because of disability. Brigade headquarters issued an order on 15 September 1863 giving the detail of surgeons in case of a battle.
Enoch Carroll Brewster's court-martial record preserves a few details of his medical care. Dr Isaac Knight had prescribed treatment for neuralgia and neuralgic rheumatism, perhaps six times in the previous three weeks. And on the day Brewster was accused of being drunk on duty, he had prescribed Dover's Powder, composed of opium and ipecacuahana, to be taken once in three hours. But he testified that Brewster's condition should not have caused him to stagger, and Dover's Powder would not cause him to appear drunk.
Hospital stewards and attendants
- David Thomas (D) hospital steward
- Jacob Afflerback (E) 8 March 1863
- George Kite (G) 22 Mar 63
- Joseph Rementer (E) 15 March 1865
- James Gahagan (D) 3 July 1863, as regimental hospital attendant
- Robert Sinex (D) 3 July 1863, as regimental hospital attendant
- John O'Dougherty (I) 15 Aug 1863, as regimental hospital attendant
- John Mootheart (B) 9 Sep 63, in brigade hospital, replacing Robert Sinex
- William Cooper (K) 8 May 64, in division hospital; stayed until all wounded removed
- David Buchanan (D) 9 Sep 64, vice Andrew Fleming (E), discharged
- Joseph Johnston (D) relieved from duty as hospital attendant [cook?] 21 Oct 1864
- John Coster (A) detailed as hospital attendant 21 Oct 64
- David Buchanan (D) as regimental hospital attendant, 21 May 65
- Andrew Hill (A) as nurse in div hosp 22 July 64