91st PA: John McCoy (or McKay)

John McCoy (or McKay)

Before the war

He was born in 1828/29 (8 (32 in 1861), 9 (35 in 1863)). He was born in Antrim [?], Ireland (8 [Antroro?], 9).

When he enlisted, he was a labor[er] (8, 9).

He may be the brother of William McCoy (see the 1910 census for William).

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 11-1/2 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair (8, 9).

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 14 October 1861 (1, 8). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Sinex (8). He was mustered in service by Captain Sinex (8). He was a private in company F (1, 15-16).

He was transferred on 4 December 1861 to company D (1, 10).

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg (12).

Beginning 13 August 1863, he was under arrest (5). On 12 August 1863, McCoy had found an order for four pounds of sugar, four loaves of bread, and one pound of coffee from the commissary, signed by 2nd Lieutenant Theodore Snyder (K) (13). He showed his tentmate Thomas Taylor the order, and Taylor gave him one dollar--enough money to buy the goods (13). In return, Taylor was to one half of the goods (13). Taylor later testified that McCoy had purchased goods for himself in the past (13).

He was tried by a general court martial, which included two officers from the 91st Pennsylvania (Lieutenant Colonel J H Sinex and Captain F H Gregory) (13, 14). The trial occurred on 20 August 1863 (13, 14). He was charged with forging an order, in that on 12 August 1863 he brought on order to purchase subsistance stores, with a forged signature of T A Snyder, 2nd lieutenant, company K (13). The order read:

August 12th 63 Commisary 3rd Brigade will furnish the bearer with the following articles for my own use 4 lbs sugar 4 loaves bread 1 lb coffee T A Snyder 2nd Lieut Co K 91st P V

McCoy pled guilty to presenting the order, but not guilty to forging the order (13). He was found not guilty of forging the order, but guilty of fradulently attempting to obtain goods from the Brigade Commissary for his own use (13). He was initially sentenced to forfeit $5 per month of his pay, for two months, and to work at hard labor for 6 hours per day for 30 days, without being excused from his other duties (13). However, the court reconsidered his sentence, meeting on 23 August 1863 (13). They decided to sentence him to forfeit $10 per month of his pay for three months, and to carry a 30-pound log six hours a day for thirty days, without being excused from other duties (13).

On 3 September 1863, the regiment ordered the sentence to be carried out (2). He was still reported under arrest on 5 September 1863, but not on 6 September 1863 (6, 7).

He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer on 26 December 1863 (1, 9). He was enlisted for three years, at Bealton, Virginia, by Lieutenant Swan (9).

On 15 April 1864, he was one of seven men in the regimental pioneer corps (3). He was probably still there in September (?) 1864 (4).

On 3 August 1864, he was a brigade pioneer (11).

He mustered out on 10 July 1865 with his company (1). He was a private, in company D (15-16).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 special order 72, HQ 91st PA, 3 September 1863

3 general order 8, HQ 91st PA, 15 April 1864

4 [list of detailed men, probably from Sept 1864] (John McCoy [?]; can't read date of detail)

5 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 13 August 1863 (John McCoy)

6 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 5 September 1863 (not named)

7 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 6 September 1863 (not named)

8 company D, descriptive roll, entry 16 (John McCoy)

9 company D, second descriptive roll, entry 46 (John McCoy)

10 company F, register of men transferred (John McKay)

11 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 3 August 1864 (John McCoy)

12 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (John McCoy)

13 record, general court martial, 23 August 1863, Army of the Potomac, 5th Corps, Garrard's Brigade (John McCoy)

14 National Archives Archival Research Catalog (accessed 24 July 2010) (John McCoy; 2 entries, same date)

15 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John McKay)

16 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John McCoy)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

Pennsylvania, veterans burial cards, 1777-1999
Ancestry index (searched for McCoy or McKay) (accessed 16 January 2015)
records of headstones of deceased Union veterans, 1879-1903
FamilySearch index (searched for McCoy or McKay) (accessed 16 January 2015)
headstone applications for US military veterans, 1925-1949
FamilySearch index (accessed 16 January 2015)

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 4 January 2015, from Fold3]


McKay, John
Co. F, D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt. | Pvt.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
McCoy, John

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 16 January 2015]

McCoy, John
Co. F, D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

general court martial

[record, general court martial, 23 August 1863, Army of the Potomac, 5th Corps, Garrard's Brigade, John McCoy]
[this record is immediately followed by the record of the trial of Daniel Leidheiser (K)]


[page 1]

LL 843

[page 2]

Proceedings of a General Court Martial convened in pursuance of the following Special Order.

Head Quarters Fifth Army Corps
Camp at Beverly Ford, Va
August 18th 1863
Special Orders No 179 Extract

2 A General Court Martial is hereby appointed to meet in the Camp of Brig General Garrards [sic] Brigade on Wednesday the 19th day of August 1863 at 10 oclock AM or as soon thereafter as practicable for the trial of such officers and enlisted men as may be brought before it

Detail for the Court
1Colonel D. T. Jenkins146 New York Vols
2Lieut Col J. H. Cain155 Penna Vols
3Lieut Col J. H. Sinex91 Penna Vols
4Major J. F. Force140 New York Vols
5Captain Elwell S. Otis140 New York Vols
6Captain J. A. Cline155 Penna Vols
7Captain F. H. Gregory91 Penna Vols
8Lieut W. A. Walker146 New York Vols
 1st Lieut J. B. Cushman
Judge Advocate
146 New York Vols


[page 3]

No other officers than those named can be assembled at this time without manifest injury to the service.

The Court will sit without regard to hours.


By command of Maj Genl Sykes
Fred T. Locke
Asst Adj't General

[page 4]

[The Court met] pursuant to the above order and adjournment at 10 o clock A. M. Aug 23 /63
Present
Col D. T. Jenkins
Lt " J. H. Cain
Lt " J. H. Sinex
Maj J. F. Force
Capt Elwell J. Otis
Capt J. A. Cline
Capt F. H. Gregory
Lieut Wm. A. Walker
Absent none

... [I did not transcribe reports of reconsideration of other cases on pages 4-6]

[page 6]

The proceedings in the case of Private John McCoy Co. D. 91st Penn Vols were then taken up.

Present all the members of the Court who were present at the trial. After reconsideration of the evidence adduced the Court do sentence him the said private John McCoy Co. D. 91" Pa Vols to forfeit (10) ten dollars per month of his monthly pay for (3) three months and to carry a log weighing (30) thirty pounds (6) six hours a day for (30) days under charge of the guard and not to be excused from other duties.

David T. Jenkins
Col. 146th N.Y. Vols.
+ Prest. of the Court Martial

J. B. Cushman
Lt 146" Regt N.Y. Vols.
Judge Advocate

Approved.
Geo Sykes
Maj Genl Comd Corps.

[page 7]

[left column]
Reconsideration of cases of Joseph LaPoint
Joseph Stenot [?] and
John McCoy
L.L. 843.

[right column]

Proceedings of
A General Court
Martial convened in Camp
of Brig. Genl. Girrards Brigade
by Sp. Ord 179. Hd. Qrs. 5th Corps

Col. D. T. Jenkins
146th N.Y.V. President

Lieut. J. B. Cushman
146. N.Y. Vols
Judge Advocate

Reconsideration of sentences passed against
Pr. Joseph LaPoint Co. D. 146 N.Y.V.
" " Stenot [?] " " " " " "
" John McCoy " " 91 P.V.

[page 8]

LL 855

[I did not transcribe pages 9-13, which is the record of the General Court Martial of Wm R Mohn, K 155th Pennsylvania Volunteers]

[page 14]

#1 Proceedings of a General Court Martial conveined [sic] in pursuance to the following Special Order Viz.

Hd Qrs 5th Army Corps
Camp at Beverly Ford Va
August 19. 1863

Special Orders No 179. Extract

2 A General Court Martial is hereby appointed to meet in the Camp of Brig General Garrard's Brigade on Wednesday the 19th day of August 1863 at 10. o'clock A.M. or as soon thereafter as practicable for the trial of sutch [sic] officers and enlisted men as may be brought before it.

Detail for the Court
1Colonel D. T. Jenkins146th New York Vols
2Lieut Col J. H. Cain155th Penna Vols
3Lieut Col J. H. Sinex91st Penna Vols
4Major J. F. Force140th New York Vols
5Captain Elwell S. Otis140th New York Vols
6Captain J. A. Cline155th Penna Vols
7Captain F. H. Gregory91st Penna Vols
8Lieut W. A. Walker146 New York Vols
 
[page 15]
 
#2
 1st Lieut J. B. Cushman
Judge Advocate
146 New York Vols
No other officers than those named can be assembled at this time without manifest injury to the service.

The Court will sit without regard to hours.


By Command of Maj Genl Sykes
Fred T Locke
Asst Adjt General

Camp near Beverly Ford Va August 20th [?] 1863

The Court meet [sic] pursuant to the above order and adjournment, at 10 A.M.

Present
1 Colonel D. T Jenkins
2 Lieut Col. J. H. Sinex
3 Major J. F. Force
4 Captain Elwell S. Otis
5 ['Captain J A Cline' is crossed out]
6 Captain F. H. Gregory
8 [sic] Lieut Wm. A. Walker

Absent
1st Lieut Col. J. H. Caine

[page 16]

#3
2 Captain J. A. Cline

[note in margin, apparently referring to the reconsideration transcribed above:] See No. 843

The prisoner John McCoy Co. D. 91st Penna Vols was then brought into Court, and having heard the Special order Convening the Court read, was asked if he had any objection to be tried by any of the members named therein, to which he replied in the negative. The Court was then duly sworn by the Judge Advocate and the Judge Advocate duly sworn by the Presiding officer of the court in the presence of the Prisoner who was then arraigned, and tried on the ['following' is erased here] viz


Charges & Specifications against Private John McCoy Co. D. 91st Regt Penna Vols

Charge 1st Forging an Order
Specification 1st In this, the [sic] he John McCoy private Co. D. 91st Regt P.V. did, on or about the 12th day of August 1863. Bring an order to purchase Sub. Stores Signed T. A. Snyder 2d Lieut Co K. 91st P.V. said officer not being present with the Regt at that time and his name being a forgery.

Charges prefered [sic] by E W. Warren Capt + CS

Station Camp near Beverly Ford Va
Date August 19th 1863

[page 17]

August 12th 63

Commisary 3rd Brigade will furnish the bearer with the following articles for my own use 4 lbs sugar 4 loaves bread 1 lb coffee

T A Snyder
2nd Lieut Co K 91st P V

[page 18]

Order brought by McCoy
A

[page 19]

4"

Witnesses
Adj 91st Pa. V. Inf.
J. C. Denton
E. D. Hopkins

To wich [sic] the Prisoner plead [sic] as follows
[this line is crossed out] To the Charge Not Guilty
To the Specification Guilty as far as presenting the order at the commissary
To the Charge Not Guilty

Thomas Taylor was then called on behalf of the prosecution and being duly sworn testified as follows.

I am a member of Co. D. 91st Pa Vols. I know the prisoner is a member of the same Regiment. I saw the prisoner have the Order but do not know how he came by it. I was a tent mate of his at that time. When he brought the order in he told me it was good at the Commissary but had not got money enough to buy the Articles. I gave him


[page 20]

#5

one dollar to pay for them. I was to have one half of the goods purchased. I went over to the Commissary with the prisoner.

(Question by the Court) Did you write the order.

(Ans) I did not.

Question by the Court Did you ever know the prisoner to purchase goods on an officers [sic] order for himself

(Ans) (I have)

Question by the Court. Did he show you the order and ask you to read it before he went over to the Commissary.

(Ans) No, he did not.


Lt. Col J. H. Sinex 91st Pa Vols. was then called on the [sic] prosecution and being duly sworn testified as follows.

I am Lieut Col. of the 91st Reg't Penna Vols. Lieut. Snyder


[page 21]

#6

is an officer in the same Regiment. he has been absent from the Regiment since July 22d 1863 He has not been present in this camp at Beverly House Va.

The annexed order numbered A is the one presented by the prisoner at the Commissary.

The prisoner being shown the order admitted it was the one presented at the Commissary on the 12" day of August 1863. (The order was then read.)

The case for the prosecution here closed. The prisoner was then asked if he had any witnesses to which he replied he had not, and then made the following statement to the Court. I picked up this piece of Paper to light my pipe and looking at it I saw it was an order on the Commissary. I took it in to my tent mate and showed it to him and he gave me money to buy the goods with. I went out to the Coms


[page 22]

#7

and was placed under arrest as soon as I had presented it I did not get any goods.

The case was then closed and the Court cleared and after mature deliberation upon the evidence adduced find the prisoner as follows:


Of the Specification 'Guilty'
Of the Charge 'Not Guilty'
But guilty of fraudulently attempting to obtain goods of the Brigade Commissary on a forged order for his own use.

And the Court do therefore sentence him private John McCoy Co. D, 91st Pa. Vols. to forfeit ($5.00) five dollars per month for 2 months and to work at hard labor for 6 hours per day for (30) days under charge of the guard and not to be excused from other duties.

David T. Jenkins
Col 146" N.Y. Vols
and President of the Court Martial

J. R. Cushman
Lt 146" Regt NY Vols
Judge Advocate

[note written vertically in the left margin:] See further proceedings

[the rest of the transcript has to do with other cases, including the prosecution of David Leidheiser, which immediately follows this record]

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revised 16 Jan 15
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