He was born in 1824/25 (2 (38 in 1863), 7 (77 in 1890)). He was born in New York (7).
In 1890, he was 5 feet 6-1/2 inches tall, and had a dark complexion (7).
He was a substitute (1, 2). He was mustered into service as a private in the 118th Pennsylvania Infantry on 15 July 1863 at Scranton, Pennsylvania (1, 2, 7 [enlisted 10 Jul 63]). He was in company F of the 118th (3, 4, 5 [co. B], 7 [co. B], 8 [co. B]).
He was transferred from the 118th Pennsylvania Infantry to the 91st Pennsylvania Infantry on 1 June 1865 (1, 2 [according to 91st co.F's records; no record in 118th regiment's records]). He was a private in company F of the 91st Pennsylvania (1, 3 [also in co.E], 4 [also in co.E], 5, 8 [also in co.E], 9).
On 15 May 1888 he applied successfully from California for a pension (3, 4, 8).
On 8 October 1890, he was admitted to the Pacific Branch of the National Soldiers Home (7). He had chronic rheumatism (7). He was a laborer (7). He was a protestant (7). He was receiving a pension of $12 per month (7).
On 30 March 1906, he was readmitted to the Pacific Branch of the National Soldiers Home, in California (7).
On 26 February 1907 he again applied for a pension (3, 4). His pension certificate was reissued, and he received $20 per month, effective 26 February 1907 (5). The pension certificate was dated 20 May 1907 (5).
On 9 December 1908, he died, in the Pacific Branch of the National Soldiers Home, in Sawtelle [now Los Angeles], California (5, 7). He died of bronchial pneumonia (7). He was buried in the Los Angeles National Cemetery, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California (6). He had $0.40 in cash, and personal effects appraised at $9.25, which were turned over to the National Home's treasurer on 16 July 1909 (7).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Thomas McCozer)
2 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 19 January 2005 (Thomas McCozer)
3 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company E (Thomas McCoyer [sic])
4 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company F (Thoma McCoyer [sic])
7 Registers of the National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, Sawtelle, California, page 767 (Thomas McCoyer (B 118th PA))
8 pension index, by name (Thomas McCoyer)
9 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Thomas McCoyer)
|CLASS.||RATE.||DATE OF COMMENCEMENT.||DATE OF CERTIFICATE.|
|Reiss.||20||26 Feb 1907||20 May 1907|