He was born in 1837 (7; 4 (31 in 1863)). He was born in Washington [County], Pennsylvania (4).
When he enlisted, he was a carpen[ter] (4).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8-1/2 inches tall, and had a florid complexion, grey eyes, and dark hair (4).
He enlisted and was mustered into service on 9 December 1863 in the 62nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry (1, 4, 7). He was enlisted for three years, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, by Captain Wright (4).
He was transferred on 20 July 1864 from company L of the 62nd Pennsylvania to the 91st (1, 6). On 21 July 1864, he, and the other members of companies L and M, were assigned to company G (2). On 22 July 1864, they were transferred to company K, following brigade orders to assign them to the smallest company (3). He was then absent, as a private (3). He was a private in company K (1, 9).