91st PA: Joseph H Andrews

Joseph H Andrews

Before the war

He was born in 1838/39, in Baltimore, Maryland, to Edward Andrews and Elizabeth [unknown surname]. [sources: date: 8 (22 in 1861), 9, 14 (10 in 1850?), 19 (25 in 1864). place: 8. parents: 13, 18]

On 26 December 1848, his father died. [source: 18]

He may be the Joseph Andrews who in 1850 was living with Elizabeth Andrews in Baltimore, Maryland. [source: 14]

He may be the Joseph Andrews who in 1860 was living with Chas Norton (a machinist) in the 19th ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. If so, he was a laborer. [source: 15]

For about six months prior to the war, he earned about one dollar pay day, and for about eighteen months before that, he earned $2.50 to $3 per week. He lived with his mother and supported her. [source: 18]

When he enlisted, he was a labourer, and was living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 8, 9]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8-1/2 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, dark eyes, and dark hair. [sources: 8, 9]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 18 November 1861. He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Gilbert. He was a private, in company G. [sources: 1, 8, 9, 20]

He sent his mother his pay, sending her about $120 during his service. [source: 18]

On 4 December 1861, he was transferred to company A. [sources: 1, 9, 11, 12 (by regimental order 18 Nov), 20]

On 8 March 1863, he was absent with leave. [source: 5]

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. [source: 16]

He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer, on 26 December 1863, at Bealton, Virginia. [sources: 1, 9, 18 (24 Dec)]

He was promoted from private to 5th sergeant on 1 October 1863. [sources: 4, 6, 7 ("5th"; perhaps 5th corporal), 9]

He was killed in action at Spottsylvania Court House, Virginia, on 12 May 1864. He was killed charging the enemy. He was a sergeant in company A. He was not married, and left no children under sixteen. [sources: 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 17, 18, 19, 20]

After the war

Elizabeth Andrews, his mother, successfully applied for a pension on 31 January 1865 She lived on Tulip Street, three doors below Dauphin Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her application was approved on 22 July 1865, retroactive to 12 May 1864. She received a pension of $8 per month. [sources: 2, 13, 18]

On 28 September 1865 a new pension certificate was issued, correcting an error in his mother's name. [source: 18]

Elizabeth Andrews was last paid her pension of $8 through 4 December 1882. She was dropped in January 1886. [source: 18]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 pension index, by regiment (Joseph Andrews)

3 Thomas F Walter. 'Personal recollections and experiences of an obscure soldier'. 25 October 1884, volume 3 number 46 page 2

4 special order 99, HQ 91st PA, 1 October 1863

5 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 8 March 1863 (Private Andrews)

6 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 1 Oct 1863 (Pri Andrews)

7 register of non-commissioned officers, co.A (Jos [?] Andrews)

8 company A descriptive roll, entry 73 (Joseph H Andrews)

9 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 5 May 2004 (Joseph H Andrews)

10 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 9 June 1864 (Sergt Andrews)

11 company G, register of men transferred (Joseph H Andrews)

12 company G, descriptive roll, entry 23 (Joseph H Andrews)

13 pension index, by name (Joseph Andrews)

14 1850 US census, Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore City, 18th ward, page 90 (Joseph Andrews)

15 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19th ward, page 333 (Jos Andrews)

16 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (J H Andrews)

17 'The Ninety-first Pennsylvania volunteers', Philadelphia Inquirer 8 June 1864 page 3 (Joseph H Andrews)

18 Case files of approved pension applications of widows and other dependents of Civil War veterans, NARA, RG 15, WC 52128 (Elizabeth mother of Joseph Andrews)

19 death notice, Public Ledger 28 May 1864, page 2 (Joseph H Andrews)

20 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Joseph H Andrews)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

Pennsylvania veterans burial records
Ancestry index (accessed 2 April 2012)
Applications for headstones for US military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 23 June 2012)
Records of headstones of deceased Union veterans, 1879-1903
FamilySearch index (accessed 23 June 2012)
Find a grave
accessed 23 June 2012
1870 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 23 June 2012)--searched for Joseph Andrews born Maryland 1838-1840
1880 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 23 June 2012)--searched for Joseph Andrews born Maryland 1838-1840
1890 US census, veterans' schedules
Ancestry index (accessed October 2005)
1900 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 23 June 2012)--searched for Joseph Andrews born Maryland 1838-1840
1910 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 23 June 2012)--searched for Joseph Andrews born Maryland 1838-1840
1920 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 23 June 2012)--searched for Joseph Andrews born Maryland 1838-1840
1930 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 23 June 2012)--searched for Joseph Andrews born Maryland 1838-1840
RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed January 2006

Display


Joseph H Andrews in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Joseph H Andrews in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore City, 18th ward, page 90]
[identification is uncertain, based on his name, age, birthplace, and mother's name]
line363738394041
Dwellings visited1197     
Families visited1256     
NameElizabeth AndrewsAnn "William "George "Joseph "Elias "
Age39181613103
SexFFMMMM
Color      
Occupation of males over 15 years      
Real estate owned      
BirthplaceVirginiaMaryland""""
Married within year      
Attended school within year   11 
Over 20 & can't read/write      
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19th ward, page 333]
[with Chas Norton, machinist, et al.]
[identification is uncertain, based on his name, age, and birthplace]
line12
Dwelling number[2374]
Family number[2668]
NameJos Andrews
Age21
SexM
Color 
OccupationLab
Value of real estate owned 
Value of personal estate 
Place of birthMD
Married within year 
Attended school within year 
Cannot read & write 
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc. 

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 7 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Andrews, Joseph H.
Co. G A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt. | Sgt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

mother's pension certificate file

[Case files of approved pension applications of widows and other dependents of Civil War veterans, NARA, RG 15, WC 52128, Elizabeth mother of Joseph Andrews]
[transcribed from Footnote]


[page 1]

Box 32048
Cert. 52128
Elizabeth Andrews

[page 2]

Phil
WAR OF 1861. Act of July 14, 1862.
CLAIM FOR MOTHER'S PENSION.
52,128

BRIEF in the case of #Elizabeth ['beth' is added above the line next to 'Eliza'] Andrews, mother of Joseph Andrews. Sergt. Co. "A." 91. Pa. Vols. resident of Philadelphia County and State of Pennsylvania. Post Office address Philadelphia. Tulip St. 3 door below Dauphin St.


DECLARATION AND IDENTIFICATION IN DUE FORM.

PROOF EXHIBITED.
Service.Adjt. Genl's report showing Joseph H. Andrews enrolled Decr. 24. 1863.
Death.Same report, showing, "Killed in action on the 12th day of May 1864. at Laurel Hill Va."
No other Joseph Andrews appears upon the muster rolls of that Co. on file.
Celibacy of Soldier.Shown by affidavits of two witnesses.
Relationship.Kinship shown as above.
Death or disability of husband.Death of husband 1848. shown as last alive.
Dependence.Shown by witness to the effect that for about 18 months before service he earned $2.50 to $3.00 per week--for almost 6 months prior to service he earned $1.00 per day, + lived with his mother, + supported her, + bestowed his earnings upon her to support her.--She has no means nor property of any kind, except what she can earn, + soldier sent money to her from the army in all about $120.00
Loyalty.Averred in declaration.
Agent and his P.O. address.W. N. Ashman 1807. Chestnut St. Phila. Pa.

Admitted July 22. 1865, to a Pension of $8 00 per month, commencing May 12, 1864.

Exd. By Chas. T. Cotton. Examining Clerk.
DFT ['By' in the previous line is handwritten in the same writing as and immediately above 'DFT' and perhaps belongs with it]
# Shd be Elizabeth
DD Addison

[page 3]

PROTECTIVE WAR CLAIM AGENCY
OF THE
U.S. SANITARY COMMISSION.

Mother's Army Pension.

STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, COUNTY OF PHILADELPHIA, ss.

On this 12th day of December A.D. eighteen hundred and sixty four personally appeared before me, an Alderman and ex-officio Justice of the Peace in and for the said County Elizabeth Andrews [illegible letters] a resident of Philadelphia in the County of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania aged fifty years, who being first duly sworn, according to law, doth on her oath make the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress approved July 14th, 1862: That she is the widow of Edward Andrews and mother of Joseph Andrews who was a Sergeant in company "A", commanded by Capt. Gregory in the 91st regiment of Penna. Vols. in the war of 1861, who was killed in action at Laurel Hill Va. May. 12. 1864-

She further declares that her said son, upon whom she was wholly or in part dependent for support, having left no widow or minor child under sixteen years of age surviving, declarant makes this application for a pension under the above mentioned act, and refers to the evidence filed herewith, and that in the proper department to establish her claim.

She also declares that she is not in receipt of a pension under the 2d section of the act above mentioned, or under any other act, nor has she again married since the death of her son the said Joseph Andrews; and she further states that she believes there is [blank] public record of her said marriage, and there is [blank] private or family record, and the best evidence she is able to procure of her marriage is Edward Andrews my husband and father of dec'd died, Dec. 26. [?] 1848 and she further declares that she has not, in any way, been engaged in, or aided or abetted, the rebellion in the United States.

She hereby appoints W. N. ASHMAN, No. 1307 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa., her true and lawful attorney, to present and prosecute this her claim, for pension, and to receive and receipt for any order, certificate or money which may be payable under it.


Elizabeth Andrews X her mark
Witnesses present:
Mary E. Gindhart
Elizabeth Gindhart X her mark
Witness to mark Jas. W. Haslehurst

Also personally appeared Mary. E. Gindhart and Elizabeth Gindhart residents of Philada. Pa persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say that they were present and saw claimant sign her name to the foregoing declaration, and power of attorney, and they further swear that they have every reason


[page 4]

to believe, from the appearance of the applicant and their acquaintance with her, that she is the identical person she represents herself to be; that she is the widow of Edward Andrews and mother of Joseph Andrews; that she was dependent upon her said son for support; that he left no widow minor child or children under sixteen years of age; that the said applicant is now a widow, and has not again married since the death of her son the said Joseph Andrews and that she has not been engaged in, or aided or abetted the rebellion in the United States; and further, that they have no interest, direct or indirect, in the prosecution of this claim. Deponents have known claimant for 16 years past, know that she is the widow of Edward Andrews who died, Dec. 26, 1848, deponent Elizabeth Gindhart states I was present at his funeral, we knew Joseph Andrews the dec'd, claimant's son, he was about 21 years of age at time of enlistment, before he went into the service, he was a laborer by occupation and rec'd on an average about $1 per day this was for some months before enlistment, before this he had been employed as a machinist and rec'd $2.50 to $3.00 per week and this for a period of 18 months, during all which time amounting to more than 2 years he supported [illegible word] giving her his money for the payment of house rent, purchasing food, and all things necessary for the [sic] maintaining the house; claimant has no private means, or property of any kind, except what she may earn herself. He sent his money home from the army after every pay day, we saw the letters and the amount specified as being sent in each letter. this was in sum of btwn $15 to $20, amounting to about $120. Claimant has 2 other sons both in the army with families of their own - and 2 daughters who are widowed also. Claimant by word and act has always been loyal to U.S. Know above facts from long personal acquaintance. We are not related to claimant.

Mary E. Gindhart
Elizabeth Gindhart X her mark
Witness to mark Jas. W. Haslehurst

Sworn to and subscribed and the foregoing power of attorney duly acknowledged before me the full contents being first known [sic] to deponents the day and year first above written, and I hereby certify that I have no interest, direct or indirect, in the prosecution of this Claim. Witness my hand and seal.

T. Aug [?] Trego [?]
United District Court

Applicant's Post Office Address:
Tulip St. 3d door below Dauphin St
Philada Pa


APPLICATION
FOR
Mother's Army Pension,
OF
Elizabeth Andrews
Mother of
Joseph Andrews dec'd
Sergt. Co. "A"
91st Regt. Pa Vols

Killed May. 12. 1864
P.O. Tulip Street 3d door bel. Dauphin
Philada Pa.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Jan 31 1865 PENSION OFFICE

PROTECTIVE WAR CLAIM AGENCY
OF THE
U.S. SANITARY COMMISSION.
W. N. ASHMAN, Solicitor,
1307 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.
4393

[page 5]

Adjutant General's Office,
Washington D.C.,
June 19th, 1865.

Sir:

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt from your Office of application for Pension No. 81.240, and to return it herewith, with such information as is furnished by the files of this Office.

It appears from the Rolls on file in this Office, that Joseph H. Andrews was enrolled on the 24th day of Dec., 1863, [the details are not filled in, and the relevant part of the form is crossed off]. On the Muster Roll of Co. "A" of that Regiment, for the months of May and June 1864, he is reported "Killed in action on the 12th day of May 1864 at Laurel Hill Va" No other Joseph Andrews appears upon the muster rolls of that Co. on file.


I am, Sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Sam. Breck
Assistant Adjutant General.

The Commissioner of Pensions,
Washington, DC.

Memoranda.
Name of applicant, [blank]
Address, [blank]

WEW.

[page 6]

[3--405.]
(PENSIONER DROPPED.)

U.S. Pension Agency,
Washington, D.C.
JANUARY 16, 1886.
Hon. John C. Black,
Commissioner of Pensions,
Dep. Rel.

Sir:

I hereby report that the name of Elizabeth Andrews who was a pensioner on the rolls of this Agency under Certificate No. 52128, and who was last paid at $8 00 to DECEMBER 4, 1882 has been dropped because of The provisions of Sec. 4719 Rev. Stat. U.S.


Very respectfully,
SS Ninson [?]
Pension Agent.

Every name dropped to be thus reported at once
STEREO'S.

[page 7]

US PENSION OFFICE FEB 18 1886

U.S. PENSION OFFICE FEB 18 1886 Special Exam'n Division.

[page 8]

52.128
No. 81.240
ACT OF JULY 14, 1862.
Elizabeth Andrews
Philadelphia County Penna
Mother of
Joseph Andrews
Sergeant Co. "A" 91. Pa. Vols
Killed at Laurel Hill Va May 12/ 64
Pension Office,
[blank], 186[blank].
Respectfully referred to the Adjutant General, for official evidence of service and death.
Joseph H. Barrett
Commissioner.
Received, June 31, 1865.
W. N. Ashman
Philadelphia Pa
Attorney.

[page 9]

June 7 /65. C. 2 R. A. S.

[page 10]

Recalled cert.
over
No. 52.128
E
Maryland [written above a crossed-out 'Pennsylvania']
Elizabeth Andrews.
Mother of Joseph Andrews
Rank Sergt.
Company A.
Regiment 91st Pa. Vols.
Baltimore [written above a crossed-out 'Philadelphia'] Agency.
Rate per month, $8.
Commencing 12th May 1864
Certificate dated 27th July, 1865
and sent to W. N. Ashman.
1307 Chestnut St.
Philada Pa.
Act 14th July, 1862.
Book B Vol. 5 Page 2
5# Shllhe [?] Elizabeth B DDaddr [?]

[page 11]

Aug. 18. '65 W. N. Ashman.
New cert. + notification issued 28. Sept. 1865. to correct error in name of pensioner.
1871 Dec 20th Transfd. to Baltimore Md 4 Sept. 71 C.P.A.

[page 12]

Adjutant General's Office,
Washington, D.C.,
May 2nd 1865

Sir:

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt from your Office of application for Pension No. 81.240, and to return it herewith, with such information as is furnished by the files of this Office.

It appears from the Rolls on file in this Office, that Joseph H. Andrews Vet. Vol. was enrolled on the 24th day of Dec., 1863, at Bealton Va. in Co. "A", 91st Regiment of Penna. Volunteers, to serve 3 years, or during the war, and mustered into service as a Sergeant on the 26th day of December 1863, at Bealton Va, in Co. "A", 91st Regiment of Penna Volunteers, to serve 3 years, or during the war. On the Muster Roll of Co. "A" of that Regiment, for the months of May and June, 1864, he is reported "Killed in action on the 12th day of May at Laurel Hill."

I am, Sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Sam. Breck
Assistant Adjutant General.
(2.)

The Commissioner of Pensions,
Washington, D.C.

Memoranda.
Name of applicant, [blan]
Address, [blank]

W.E.W.

[page 13]

HEAD QUARTERS, Co "A" 91st Pa. V. V.
May 15th 1865

I certify on honor, That Joseph Andrews was a Sergeant in Company "A" of 91st Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, in the war of 1861; that while in the service of the United States, and in the line of his duty, he was killed in action at Laurel Hill Va May 12th 1864 that previously to the date of the said disability, he was, to the best of my knowledge and belief, sound and able-bodied. That I have no interest, direct or indirect, in his mother's claim for pension, and that my knowledge of the above facts is derived in the following manner, viz: I was present when he received his death wound in a charge at Laurel Hill on the 12th of May

Dated at Camp in the Field on this Fifteenth day of May 1865


William Letourneau
1st Lieut Commd Co A 91st P.V.V.

[page 14]

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR May 20 1865 PENSION OFFICE

No. 81.240
ADDITIONAL EVIDENCE
IN CLAIM OF
Elizabeth Andrews Mother of Joseph Andrews Sergt
Co. "A" 91st Reg. Penna Vols.
P.O. Care of Mr Chas Norton
Tulip St 3d door bel Dauphin St Phila

FORWARDED TO THE
PENSION DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, D.C.
BY ORDER OF
JOS. H. BARRETT,
Commissioner of Pensions.

Protective War Claim Agency
OF THE
U.S. SANITARY COMMISSION.
W. N. ASHMAN, Solicitor,
1307 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.

death notice

[death notice, Public Ledger 28 May 1864, page 2]
[transcribed 23 June 2012, from GenealogyBank]
[see poems in death notices]

ANDREWS--Killed, May 12th, in the late battle near Spottsylvania Court House, Va, Sergt JOSEPH H ANDREWS, of Co. A, 91st Regt Penna Vols, in the 25th year of his age.


No mother near him when he died
No brother or sister a hand to cheer,
He died, his country'd noblest pride,
A Union volunteer.

He left his home in the flush of morn--
The untold hopes that then were born
His tongue may never tell.

His memory time can ne'er efface,
Though only blood drops mark the place
Where the brave young solder [sic] fell.

'Twas hard for ere so young and good,
But God had willed it so,
He fell as every soldier should
His face towards the foe.

Rest, noble warrior rest,
Thy conflicts o'er--
The bugle's warlike blast
Shall muster Joseph no more.

May he rest in peace

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revised 7 Mar 14
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