91st PA: David Baird

David Baird

Before the war

He was born on 29 February 1827, to John Baird and Catharine Campbell, in Denngal [perhaps Donegal??], Ireland. [sources: date: 2 (35 in 1861), 9 (muster out roll has 26), 16 (45 in 1870), 17 (51 in 1880), 18 (73 in 1900; May 1827), 19 (83 at death in 1910; 29 Feb 1827), 22 (32 in 1860). place: 2, 16, 17, 18, 19. parents: 19]

He immigrated to the US in 1847. [source: 18]

Beginning in 1854, he probably had a tavern or hotel at the northeast corner of 11th and Federal Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 27]

He married Margaret [unknown family name]. She was born in 1831/35, in Ireland. They apparently had at least these children:

[sources: 16, 22, 24]

In 1860, he was living in ward 7, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living at 1179 South 11th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a tavern keeper or innkeeper. He was living with his wife Margaret, their apparent children William and George, and with John and Mary. [sources: 22, 27]

When he enlisted, he was an innkeeper. [source: 2]

His brother, Alexander Baird, also served in the 91st.

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 5-3/4 inches tall, had a light complexion, grey eyes, and light hair. [source: 2]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 20 August 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was enlisted by Captain Lentz, for three years. He was mustered into service by Colonel Reiff. He was a private, in company E. [sources: 1, 2, 9, 13, 28, 29]

He was one of eleven men taken prisoner at the Battle of Fredericksburg, when company E was left behind. On 19 May 1863, he (along with eight others) returned to the regiment, as a paroled prisoner. [sources: 2, 7]

He fought at the battle of Gettysburg. [source: 5]

On 30 December 1863, Sinex reported that he was one of 38 men who had less than fifteen months to serve who were unwilling to reenlist. On 2 January 1864, he was transferred to the 155th Pennsylvania Infantry, while those eligible were on veterans' leave. [sources: 6, 8]

On 10 April 1864, he started a leave. He was reported absent without leave on 18 April 1864. He was reported returned from the leave on 19 April 1864. [sources: 10, 11, 12]

On 3 June 1864, he wrote a letter to his Uncle Andrew, describing the death of his brother Alexander Baird on 1 June 1864. He buried Alexander by a road, and promised that if he survived he would find a different resting place for him. (Alexander was reburied in Mount Moriah Cemetery after the war.) David described himself as 'in low spirits as god knows how things here may end'. After Alexander's death, he says, 'god knows how I felt as I did not know. But the next moment might be my own'. But despite that, he didn't consider giving up: 'We are shelling the rebels and they are shelling us, and we have now marched close to their works. So we must still keep fighting our way on'. [source: 21]

He mustered out on 9 September 1864, at Weldon Railroad, Virginia, when his term expired. He was a private, in company E. [sources: 1, 2, 9, 13, 15, 28, 29]

After the war

In 1870, he was living in ward 7, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his (presumed) wife Margaret, and four children. He worked in a gas works. [source: 16]

On 25 October 1873, his wife, Margaret Baird, died, of ascites. The funeral was held from her late residence, 1179 South Eleventh Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On 28 October 1873, she was buried in Mount Moriah Cemetery. [sources: 23, 25]

In 1874 or 1875, he married Elizabeth Chambers. She was born in January 1850, in Ireland, to Thomas and Mary Chambers, and immigrated to the US in 1870. They apparently had no children. [source: 18, 26]

In 1880, he was living at 1179 Eleventh Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Elizabeth and daughters Maggie and Mary (presumably children from a previous marriage). He worked in a gas works. [source: 17]

He applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension on 11 July 1889 [?]. [sources: 4, 20]

In 1890, he was living at 1179 South 11th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He apparently had no occupation. He had hearing problems, in both ears, caused by concussion, and had applied for a pension. [sources: 13, 14]

In 1900, he was living with his wife Elizabeth at 1179 Eleventh Street, Philadelphia Pennsylvania. He was retired. [source: 18]

He again applied for a pension on 19 February 1907. [source: 20]

He died on 9 March 1910, at 1179 South Eleventh Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, of inflammation of the brain, with a coma contributing. He was married, and was not working. He was buried on 13 March 1910, at Mt Moriah Cemetery. [sources: 19, 20]

His widow Elizabeth Baird successfully applied from Pennsylvania for a pension on 17 March 1910 [??]. [sources: 4, 20]

His widow Elizabeth Baird seems to have died on 29 January 1917. She was 'formerly of 2714 Harper [?] st', Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was buried in Mount Moriah Cemetery. [source: 26]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 descriptive roll, company E, entry 19 (David Baird)

3 company E, register of men discharged, number 24 (David Baird)

4 Veterans' administration. Pension index, by name. (Searched 13 Jan 2001, at Ancestry) (David Baird)

5 Pennsylvania Memorial, 91st Pennsylvania plaque, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (David Baird)

6 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 30 December 1863

7 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 19 May 1863 (Private Baid [sic])

8 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 2 January 1864 (Baird)

9 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 17 May 2004 (David Baird)

10 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 18 April 1864 (D Baird)

11 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 10 April 1864 (not named)

12 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 19 April 1864 (Baird)

13 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 477, page 3 (image 1876 on Ancestry) (David Baird)

14 1890 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory (David Baird)

15 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 10 September 1864 (Privt Baird)

16 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 7, microfilm series M593, film 1392, page 597 = 63 handwritten (David Baird)

17 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 549, microfilm series T9, film 1185, page 497 = 17A handwritten (David Baird)

18 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 26, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 62, microfilm series T623, film 1468, page 87 = 16A handwritten (David Baird)

19 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 9 March 1910, number 6987 (David Baird)

20 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company E (David Baird)

21 letter, 3 June 1864, David Baird to Andrew Baird, from widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate WC 44751, Andrew Baird guardian of minor children of Alexander Baird

22 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 7, microfilm series M653, film 1157, page 249 = 249 handwritten (David Baird)

23 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 25 October 1873 (Margaret Baird)

24 records in the International Genealogical Index

25 death notice, Public Ledger 27 October 1873, page 2 (Margaret Baird)

26 death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer, 3 February 1917, page 12 (Elizabeth Baird)

27 select Philadelphia city directories

28 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (David Baird)

29 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (David Beard)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1850 US census
FamilySearch index, searched (a) David Baird born Ireland 1825-1830, (b) John Baird born Ireland 1830-1835, (c) Mary Baird born Ireland 1828-1832, all living in the US in 1850 (d) David Baird living Philadelphia 1850 (accessed 5 March 2012)
1910 US census
FamilySearch and HeritageQuest indices (accessed 5 March 2012)
1920 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 March 2012)
1930 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 March 2012)
Find a grave
accessed 5 March 2012
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1942
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 March 2012)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
searched David Baird (exact) died 1910; David Baird (exact) born 1827 married Elizabeth; David Baird (exact) born 1827 married Margaret; William Baird (exact) born 1855 +/- 2 to David and Margaret; George Baird (exact) born 1857 +/- 2 to David and Margaret; Mary Baird born 1860 +/- 2 to David and Margaret; Maggie/Margaret Baird born 1867 +/-2 to David and Margaret (accessed 5 March 2012)
Pennsylvania veterans' burial records
Ancestry index (accessed 4 April 2012)

Display


David Baird in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

David Baird in the 91st PA database

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 7, microfilm series M653, film 1157, page 249 = 249 handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the match with the 1870 census entry below; see also his occupation and the occupation listed in the descriptive roll (#2 above), and the address in the city directories]
line101112131415
Dwelling number1548     
Family number1837     
NameJohn BairdDavid "Margaret "William "George "Mary "
Age2732284230
SexMMFMMF
Color      
OccupationTavern Keeperdo   Semstress [sic]
Value of real estate owned1600 2000   
Value of personal estate300     
Place of birthIrelanddodoPennsylvaniadoIreland
Married within year      
Attended school within year   1  
Cannot read & write      
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 7, microfilm series M593, film 1392, page 597 = 63 handwritten]
[identity is confirmed by the match with the 1880 census entry below]
line131415161718
Dwelling-house number358     
Family number491     
NameBaird David- Margaret- William J- George C- Mary- Maggie
Age45351412102
SexMFMMFF
ColorWWWWWW
OccupationWorks in Gas Works     
Real estate value 3,000    
Personal estate value      
BirthplaceIrelandIrelandPennaPennaPennaPenna
Father foreign born111111
Mother foreign born111111
Birth month if born within year      
Marriage month if married within year      
Attended school past year  111 
Can't read      
Can't write 1    
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.      
Male US citizen at least 21 years old[crossed-out '1']     
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...      

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 549, microfilm series T9, film 1185, page 497 = 17A handwritten]
[identity is confirmed by the address, which matches the address in the 1890 census entry below]
line2526272829
street nameEleventh Street
house number1179    
dwelling visit #140    
family visit #150    
nameBaird David- Elizabeth- Maggie- MaryChambers Isabelle [?]
colorWWWWW
sexMFFFF
age5129111927
month born if born in year     
relationship WifeDaughterDaughterBoarder
single  111
married11   
widowed/divorced     
married during year     
occupationworks at Gas WorksKeeping HouseAt SchoolAt HomeAt Home
months unemployed     
currently ill?     
blind     
deaf/dumb     
idiotic     
insane     
disabled     
school this year  1  
can't read 1  1
can't write 1  1
birthplaceIrelandIrelandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaIreland
father's birthplaceIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
mother's birthplaceIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIreland

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 477, page 3 (image 1876 on Ancestry)]
[identification is confirmed by reference to his service in the 91st]

[line] 34
[house] 120
[family] 141
[name] Baird David
[rank] Private
[company] E
[unit] 91 Pa Inf
[enlistment date] 20 Aug 1861
[discharge date] 9 Sept 1864
[length of service] 3 years, 0 months, 20 days
[post office address] 1179 South 11th " " [sc. Philada Pa]
[disability incurred] Hearing, both Ears. Caused by Concussion
[remarks] applied Pension

1890 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory

[searched transcription on Ancestry, March 2005]
David Baird, h 1179 S 11th

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 26, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 62, microfilm series T623, film 1468, page 87 = 16A handwritten]
[I did not transcribe the other family at this residence, headed by Jane Morrison]
[identity is confirmed by the address, which matches the address in the 1890 census entry above]
line3031
streetEleventh St
house number1179 
dwelling number282 
family number330 
nameBaird David- Elizabeth
relationshipHeadWife
colorWW
sexMF
birth dateMay 1827Jan 1850
age7350
married?MM
# years married2525
mother of how many children? 0 [?]
# of children living 0
birthplaceIrelandIreland
father's birthplaceIrelandIreland
mother's birthplaceIrelandIreland
immigration year18471870
# years in USA5330
naturalized citizen?[blank (sic)] 
occupationRetired 
# months not employed0 
# months in school  
can readyesno
can writeyesno
speaks Englishyesyes
owned/rentedO 
free or mortgagedF 
farm/houseH 
# of farm schedule  

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 9 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Baird David
Co. E, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 15 March 2014]

Beard David
Co. E., 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Baird David

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 9 March 1910, number 6987, David Baird]
[source: www.familysearch.org (viewed 29 Oct 08)]

CERTIFICATE OF DEATH
Registration District No. 1
Primary Registration District No. [blank]
File No. [blank]
Registered No. 6987
1. PLACE OF DEATH.
County of PHILADELPHIA
City of PHILADELPHIA
(No. 1179 S. 11th St St. [sic]; 26 Ward.)
2. FULL NAME David Baird
PERSONAL AND STATISTICAL PARTICULARS
3. SEX M
4. COLOR OR RACE White
5. Married
6. DATE OF BIRTH Feb 29th 1827
7. AGE 83 yrs. [blank] mos. 8 ds.
8. OCCUPATION None
9. BIRTHPLACE Ireland
10. NAME OF FATHER John Baird
11. BIRTHPLACE OF FATHER Ireland
12. MAIDEN NAME OF MOTHER Catharine Campbell
13. BIRTHPLACE OF MOTHER Ireland
14. THE ABOVE IS TRUE TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE
(Informant) Mrs Baird
(Address) 1347 Mt Vernon St
15. Filed [blank]
MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF DEATH
16. DATE OF DEATH March 9th, 1910
17. I HEREBY CERTIFY, That I attended deceased from Feb. 27th 1910, to March 9th 1910, that I last saw him alive on March 9th 1910, and that death occurred, on the date stated above, at 12.00 PM. The CAUSE OF DEATH was as follows
Inflammation of the brain (Duration) - yrs - mos. 11 ds.
Contributory (secondary) Coma (Duration) - yrs. - mos. 3 ds.
(Signed) W. B. Jones M.D.
Mar. 10, 1910 (Address) 1408 S. 9" St
18. LENGTH OF RESIDENCE (FOR TRANSIENTS OR RECENT RESIDENTS) [blank]
19. PLACE OF BURIAL OR REMOVAL Mt. Moriah Cem.
DATE OF BURIAL 3/13 1910
20. UNDERTAKER E. Ressle
ADDRESS 3909 Glen [?] Ave [?]

death certificate, Margaret Baird

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 25 October 1873, Margaret Baird]
[identity is confirmed by her address]
[transcribed 5 March 2012, from FamilySearch]

RETURN OF A DEATH
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE.
1. Name of Deceased, Margaret Baird
2. Color, White
3. Sex, Female
4. Age, 41 years
5. Married
6. Date of Death, Oct 25th 73
7. Cause of Death, Ascites
John Mahan [?] M.D.
Residence, 326 South 15 St
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, -
9. Place of Birth, Ireland
10. When a Minor, [blank]
11. Ward, 25th [?]
12. Street and Number, 1169 S. 11th St
13. Date of Burial, Oct 28th /73
14. Place of Burial, Mt Moriah
R Town [?] Undertaker.
Residence, 20 S [?] 18th St

death notice, Margaret Baird

[death notice, Public Ledger 27 October 1873, page 2, Margaret Baird]
[transcribed 5 March 2012, from GenealogyBank]

BAIRD--On the 25th [?] inst., MARGARET BAIRD, wife of David Baird, aged 41 years.

The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral on Tuesday afternoon 28th inst at 1 o clock, from her late residence, 1179 [sic] South Eleventh street. To proceed to Mount Moriah cemetery.

possible death notice, Elizabeth Baird

[death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer, 3 February 1917, page 12, Elizabeth Baird]
[transcribed 5 March 2012, from GenealogyBank]
[I do not know whether she is the correct Elizabeth Baird]

BAIRD.--(nee Chambers). Jan. 29, ELIZABETH, widow of David Baird and daughter of late Thomas and Mary Chambers, formerly of 2714 Harper [?] st. Relatives and friends invited to funeral, Sun., 2 P.M., 3900 Germantown ave. Int. Mt. Moriah Cem.

IGI

[records in the International Genealogical Index]
[accessed 5 March 2012, from FamilySearch]

Mary Baird, born 2 Sep 1860 Philadelphia Pennsylvania to David and Margaret Baird (source 1289306, Philadelphia birth registers)
Margaret Baird, born 26 October 1867 Philadelphia Pennsylvania to David and Margt Baird (batch C596965, no source listed)
[no record of other children's birth or of parents' marriage

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revised 15 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions