91st PA: Adrian A Beaugereau

Adrian A Beaugereau

Before the war

He was born on 27 December 1835, in Passy, France, to Philibert Beaugereau and Lelange [Solange?] Feelic. [sources: date: 19, 8 (28 in 1861), 13 (12 in 1850), 20, 22 [Dec 38]. place: 7, 10, 16, 19, 20, 22. parents: 13, 20, 21]

He immigrated with his family to the United States in 1843. [sources: 16, 19, 22]

His father was an artist, who led a French and English school for boys, in Philadelphia. His mother never spoke anything but French. [source: 16]

In 1850, he was living in Dock Ward, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with Philip and Solange Beaugureau (presumably his parents), and others. [source: 13]

His father died on 6 April 1852. He was buried in St Mary's Roman Catholic Ground, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He taught French, Literature, Drawing, and Painting, in various schools in Philadelphia. [source: 16, 21]

From at least the fall of 1856, he taught French in Philadelphia. The city directories initially list his location as the northwest corner of 13th and Arch Streets, but by 1859 he taught at 1530 Sansom Street. And one directory (1861) lists his house as 1626 Summer Street (which was just south of Vine Street, running west from 16th street). [source: 23]

When he enlisted, he was a teacher [?]. [source: 10]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 10 inches tall, and had a florid complexion, gray eyes, and black hair. He was a private, in company B. [sources: 7, 10]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service as a sergeant in company B on 23 December 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Lieutenant Kayser. He was mustered in by Lieutenant Kayser. [sources: 1, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 26, 27, 28]

On 16 May 1862, he testified, at the court-martial of Elias Swire. [source: 18]

He was detailed as a clerk in the Discharge Department, Convalescent Camp, Alexandria Virginia, by order dated 27 January 1863. (Another report has him detailed by Lieutenant Colonel McElvey [?] on 31 October 1863.) He was still there on 13 June 1863, and on 8 September 1863, when Lieutenant Colonel Sinex asked for his return. He was still there in May 1864. He was still there in September [?] 1864. [sources: 2 (27 Jan), 3, 4 (31 Oct 63), 17]

He mustered out on 29 December 1864 when his term expired. He was then second sergeant, in company B. [sources: 1, 6, 8, 10, 11 (27 Dec), 15, 26, 27, 28]

After the war

He taught private art classes in Cincinnati. In 1864, he began teaching in the Oxford Female College. He was head of the French, Drawing, and Painting departments for eighteen years. His closest friend was Karl Metz, who also taught at Oxford Female College. Their friendship survived the Franco-Prussian War, aided by an agreement not to discuss the war. [sources: 16, 19]

On 27 June 1868, he joined the Presbyterian Church of Oxford. (He had been raised a Catholic, but changed because of "his army experience and four years' exposure to the rigid Calvinistic faith"--perhaps due to Colonel Gregory?) He was the church treasurer from 1888-1900 and 1901-02. [source: 16]

In 1870, he was living in Oxford Township, Butler County, Ohio. He was a Professor of French, Drawing, and Painting, at Oxford Female College. He owned $400 in personal property. [source: 14]

In 1879, he opened an art store in Oxford, called 'The Art Emporium', with his nephew Louis Wuille. He left the faculty of Oxford College in 1882. He continued operating his store for many years. He sold art supplies, taught, and painted portraits. He lived with his widowed sister and her daughters until they moved to Indianapolis, when he began living above his store. [sources: 16, 19]

In 1890, he was living in Oxford, Butler County, Ohio. [source: 11]

In 1900, he was living on High Street, Oxford Village, Butler County, Ohio. He was living with his sister Cornelia Wuelle, and two of her children. He was a merchant of art materials. [source: 22]

On 29 December 1900, he successfully applied from Ohio for a pension. [source: 12, 25]

On 16 February 1907, he successfully applied for a pension under the Act of 6 February 1907, which granted a pension of $15 per month to anyone who served 90 or more days in the Civil War and was at least 70 years old. The certificate increasing his pension to $15 per month was issued on 11 April 1907. [source: 24]

He died after a brief illness. He died on 7 May 1908, in Oxford, Butler County, Ohio. He was an artist. He was single. He was buried on 10 May 1908, in the soldiers' lot, in the Oxford Cemetery, Oxford, Butler County, Ohio. [source: 16, 19 (10 May), 20 (7 May), 24 (7 May)]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 letter, 13 June 1863, Sinex to Marvin

3 letter, 8 September 1863, Sinex to Marvin

4 [list of detailed men, probably from Sept 1864] (Adrian A Beaugereau)

5 list of non-commissioned officers, co.B (Adrian Beaugereau, and Adrian A Beaugereau [2 entries])

6 company B, register of men discharged (Adrian Bugureau)

7 company B [first] descriptive roll, entry 2 (Adrian Beaugureau)

8 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 30 May 2004 (Adrian Beaugereau; rolls also have 'Beaugureau')

9 company B, [second] descriptive roll, entry 36 (A A Beaugareau)

10 company B, [third] descriptive roll, entry 51 (Adrian Bugereau)

11 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Ohio, Butler County, Oxford, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 232, page 5 (image 5 of 15 on Ancestry) (Adrian Beaugureau)

12 pension index, by regiment (Adrian A Beaugureau)

13 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia City, Dock Ward, microfilm series M432, film 817, page 495 (Adrian Bueagureau [sic])

14 1870 US census, Ohio, Butler County, Oxford Township, microfilm series M593, film 1177, page 379 = 52 handwritten (Adrian Beaugureau)

15 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 5 January 1865 (Beaugereau [?])

16 Olive Flower. The History of Oxford College for Women 1830-1928. [n.p.]: The Miami University Alumi Association, c1949. Pages 167-171. (Adrian Beaugureau)

17 monthly return, company B, May 1864 (Adrian A Beaugereau)

18 court-martial transcription, NARA, RG 153, 16 May 1862, Elias Swire (Adrian Beaugereau)

19 Find a grave, memorial 57985138, added 31 August 2010, by CTB, accessed 4 May 2011 (Adrian A Beaugureau)

20 Ohio deaths and burials 1854-1997 (abstract available on FamilySearch, accessed 4 May 2011) (Adrian Beaugureau)

21 Philadelphia death certificates, 6 April 1852, Philibert Beaugureau (accessed 4 May 2011, on FamilySearch)

22 1900 US census, Ohio, Butler County, Oxford Township, Oxford Village, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 26, microfilm series T623, film 1244, page 215 = 2 A handwritten (Adrian Beaugureau)

23 Philadelphia directories

24 Veterans administration, pension payment card, 1907-1933, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M850, film 134 (Adrian A Beaugureau)

25 pension index, by name (Adrian A Beaugureau)

26 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Adrian Beaugeaureau)

27 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Adrian A Beaugureau)

28 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Adrian A Beaugereau)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1860 US census
checked FamilySearch and HeritageQuest indices (accessed 4 May 2011)
[in the 1861 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, Beaugureau is at 1626 Summer]
[Sherman's directory page 379 has:] Griffith Richard H., 1616 Summer [this is Richd Griffith, 60, b North Wales, gentleman, ward 10, page 852 = 104 handwritten, dweling 689 family 722]
[Sherman's p.560:] Leeds Joseph, inventor, 1614 Summer [this is Jos Leeds, 60 , b. Mass; no occupation; ward 10, page 852 = 104 handwritten, dwelling 690 family 723]
[Sherman's p.531:] Kiser Charles S., att'y at law, 1612 Summer [this is Charles Keyser, 30, b. PA, atty at law; ward 10, page 852 = 104 handwritten, dwelling 691 family 724]
[Sherman's p.531:] Kiser William F., hardware, 1612 Summer [this is Wm F Keyser, 28, b. PA, salesman; ward 10, page 852 = 104 handwritten, dwelling 692 family 724
[Maria Hemphill, 45, born Conn, gentlewoman, on the previous page, dwelling 688 family 721, is probable Hemphill Maria A.V., 1620 Summer, on Sherman's directory page 426]
[Charles Cressen, 31, b. PA, MD, on the previous page, dwelling 686 family 719, is probably Charles M Cresson, MD, assistant engineer, 20 S 7th, h 217 N 17th (Biddle's directory, page 200)
[John Cromwell, 52, born PA, master bricklayer, on the previous page, dwelling 685 family 718, is probably Cromwell John, bricklayer, 215 N 17th]
[the relevant entry on Biddle's directory page 1282 is probably 'Summer st. W fr 16th S of Vine']
[I read through pages 90 to 110 without finding Beaugureau]
1880 US census
checked FamilySearch and HeritageQuest indices (accessed 4 May 2011)
1910 US census
FamilySearch and HeritageQuest indices (accessed 4 May 2011)
1920 US census
FamilySearch and HeritageQuest indices (accessed 4 May 2011)
1930 US census
Footnote index (accessed 4 May 2011)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 8 May 2013)

Display


Adrian A Beaugereau in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Adrian A Beaugereau in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia City, Dock Ward, microfilm series M432, film 817, page 495 verso = 114 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[I did not transcribe the other 9 people at this residence, all apparently unrelated to Philip and Solange]
[identification is likely, since (1) his apparent parents' names match the death record]
line1415161718
Dwellings visited485    
Families visited558    
NamePhilip Bueagureau [sic]Solange "Philip "Cornelia "Adrian "
Age4746201612
Sexmfmfm
Color     
Occupation of males over 15 yearsTeacher    
Real estate owned     
BirthplaceFrance""""
Married within year     
Attended school within year     
Over 20 & can't read/write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     

1870 census

[1870 US census, Ohio, Butler County, Oxford Township, microfilm series M593, film 1177, page 379 = 52 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is likely, since (1) his location matches his location in the 1890 veterans schedule]
line28
Dwelling-house number 
Family numberOxford Female College
NameBeaugureau Adrian
Age34
SexM
ColorW
OccupationProf of French, Drawing + Painting
Real estate value 
Personal estate value400
BirthplaceFrance
Father foreign born1
Mother foreign born1
Birth month if born within year 
Marriage month if married within year 
Attended school past year 
Can't read 
Can't write 
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc. 
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ... 

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Ohio, Butler County, Oxford, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 232, page 5 (image 5 of 15 on Ancestry) (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed by reference to his service in the 91st]

[line] 12
[house] 412
[family] 412
[name] Adrian Beaugureau [sic]
[rank] Private
[company] B
[unit] 91 Penn Inf
[enlistment date] Dec 23 1861 ['23' is written above a crossed-out '27']
[discharge date] Dec 27 1864
[length of service] 3 years, 0 months, 0 days
[post office address] Oxford O
[disability incurred] By reason of Expiration of term
[remarks] Promoted to 2nd Sergt.

1900 census

[1900 US census, Ohio, Butler County, Oxford Township, Oxford Village, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 26, microfilm series T623, film 1244, page 215 = 2 A handwritten]
[identification is likely, since (1) his location matches his location in the 1890 veterans schedule]
line28293031
streetHigh St
house number    
dwelling number27   
family number31   
nameBeaugureau AdrianWuelle Cornelia- Minnie- Selia [?]
relationshipHeadSisterNieceNiece
colorWWWW
sexMFFF
birth dateDec 1838Mar 1836Feb 1865Nov 1869
age62643530
married?SMSS
# years married    
mother of how many children? 5  
# of children living 4  
birthplaceFranceFranceOhioTennessee [?]
father's birthplaceFranceFranceSwitzerlandSwitzerland
mother's birthplaceFranceFranceFranceFrance
immigration year18431843  
# years in USA5757  
naturalized citizen?Na   
occupationMerchant Art Materials ArtistArtist
# months not employed0 00
# months in school    
can readYesYesYesYes
can writeYesYesYesYes
speaks EnglishYesYesYesYes
owned/rentedR   
free or mortgaged    
farm/houseH   
# of farm schedule    

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 8 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Beaugeaureau Adrian
Co. B., 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Sgt | Sgt.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Beaugureau Adrian
     Adrian A.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 12 Mar 14]

Beaugureau Adrian
     Adrian A.
Co. B, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Sgt. | Sgt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 3, transcribed 15 March 2014]

Beaugereau Adrian A.
Co. B., 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Sgt. | Sgt.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Beaugureau Adrian
     Adrian A.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

[Oxford College for Women]

[source: Olive Flower. The History of Oxford College for Women 1830-1928. [n.p.]: The Miami University Alumi Association, c1949. Pages 40 and 167-171]

[page 40]

A custom of the time [sc. 1871] was to decorate the Chapel walls at Commencement time with the art work of Professor Beaugureau's pupils.



[page 167]
Adrian Beaugureau

One of the most genial and well-known citizens of Oxford for more than twenty-five years was Professor Adrian Beaugureau. He was born in Passy, near Paris, France, December 27, 1835, and came to the United States with his family in a sailing vessel in 1843. Enroute, a terrible storm sent Mrs. Beaugureau to her knees, as it did many others, in such earnest prayers for safety that when they reached the American port she felt they had been the recipients of special dispensation.

Mr. Beaugureau's father, an artist, conducted a boys' French and English school in Philadelphia. However, French was the language of the family, and Mrs. Beaugureau never spoke anything else. Here young Adrian completed his education and subsequently became a teacher of French Language and Literature, Drawing and Painting. After his father died in 1852, although Adrian was only a lad of seventeen, he became a special teacher of those branches, having classes in numerous schools in the city until December, 1861, when he enlisted in Company B of [page 168] the 91st Pennsylvania Volunteers, serving for three years. After the war, he resumed his teaching, this time in Cincinnati where he had private classes in Art.

The death of a brother, and a years' illness, led him to accept a similar position in the Oxford Female College in 1864, where he was completely and continuously absorbed for eighteen years as head of the French, Drawing and Painting departments. He also taught French in the preparatory department of Miami.

Professor Beaugureau was born a Catholic, but his army experience and four years' exposure to the rigid Calvinistic faith led him to change his views of religion. He joined the Presbyterian church of Oxford on June 27, 1868, and faithfully attended the Sabbath services thereafter. He was treasurer of the church from 1888 to 1900 and for the year 1901-'02. Nobility of soul, innate refinement and experience as a teacher, talent and skill as an artist and a linguist outweighed his weakened Catholicism in the estimation of those who invited him to join the staff of a strictly Presbyterian college. Probably his closest associate and dearest friend, Professor Karl Merz, who was a year older, who was on the College staff longer and who had himself forsaked the Catholic faith for the Protestand, influenced him strongly.

Professors Merz and Beaugureau had much in common. Both were foreign born of educated parents talented in fine arts; both had been reared to revere the Pope and each had changed his mind; both had lived in Philadelphia first after coming to Amer- [page 169] ica; both were loyal to the Union; and both, as young men, found themselves in a small village as members of the staff of a small college teaching cultural subjects.

Lest their friendship be marred, each agreed at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War not to discuss with each other the war or relevant subjects. They would take no chance that sympathy for their respective fatherlands might create a difference between them. This agreement they solemnly observed. They would walk to town together to get their newspapers, then separate to meet again after each had digested the war news. Thus through strength of character and self-discipline a beautiful friendship was preserved.

The Miami Student in September, 1869, carried an advertisement for French classes which Professor Beaugureau would teach Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday at 6:30 P. M. "for $5.00 per session." This applied only to Miami students and young men of the village. While he undoubtedly wished to add to his meager stipend, like all French teachers, he was eager to extend his blessings to all who would avail themselves of the opportunity. What a privilege it must have been to sit in his classes and listen to his rich, resonant voice, to experience the courteous and polished manners of this elegant and cultured gentleman.

In addition to his scholastic duties, after fourteen years of teaching, he decided further to increase his coffers and opened in 1879, in Oxford, with the aid of his nephew, Mr. Louis Wuille, an art store under [page 170] the name of "The Art Emporium." "One of the prettiest and most complete establishments of its kind to be found anywhere,"said a current newspaper, which further commented that "a large number of the best instructors in the south and west have received their education from Professor Beaugureau, for his skill as an artist compares most favorably with that of the best instructors in the country." "The Emporium" was not only a "pretty establishment" but was the means of fostering and developing art ideas. Eventually books, stationery and other utilitarian commodities were added until the store was crowded but orderly as were his minute and church books, which were a marvel of neatness and economy--written with a stubby little soft pencil. Each page of the church book contained the account of several members all set off in small squares. For many years he was also treasurer of the Masonic Lodge.

Professor Beaugureau operated his store long after he left the College faculty in 1882. For years he lived with his widowed sister, Mrs. Wuille and her four daughters, to whom he was kindness and generosity itself. When they moved to Indianapolis, Mr. Beaugureau took two rooms over his store, where after a brief illness he died, and on May 10, 1908, was buried with Masonic honors in the soldiers' lot of the Oxford Cemetery.

In retrospect the Oxford paper said, "As a business man he occupied a prominent position in commercial circles in Oxford. As a citizen, he was one of the most valued; always identified with all important measures for the advancement of the com- [page 171] munity and for his beloved adopted country."

Philadelphia directories

[transcribed 26 May 2013, from Fold3]
1855 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 31
[no Beaugureau entry]
1856 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 34
[no Beaugureau entry]
1857 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 36
Beaugureau A., French teacher, N W 13th and Arch
1858 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 36
[no Beaugureau entry]
1859 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 39
Beaugureau A., teacher French, &c., 1530 Sansom
1860 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 107
Beaugureau A., prof. of French, h 1530 Sansom
1861 Biddle's Philadelphia directory, page 51
Beaugureau A., teacher drawing, 1530 Sansom, h 1626 Summer
1862 Biddle's and McElroy's directory, page 38
Beaugureau E. [sic], artist, 1530 Sansom
1863 Biddle's and McElroy's directory, page 69
[no Beaugureau entry]
1864 Biddle's and McElroy's directory, page 39
[no Beaugureau entry]
1865 Sherman's directory, page 67
[no Beaugureau entry]
1866 McElroy's directory, page 68
[no Beaugureau entry]
1867 Gopsill's directory, page 190
[no Beaugureau entry]
1868 Gopsill's directory, page 203
[no Beaugureau entry]

pension payment card

[Veterans administration, pension payment card, 1907-1933, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M850, film 134, Adrian A Beaugureau]
[transcribed 26 May 2013, from FamilySearch]

NAME: Beaugureau Adrian A 12.050
Certificate No. 1.026.270
ARMY INVALID.
Law: ACT FEB. 6. '07
Service: Sgt - B - 91 - Pa.V.I.
Disability: [blank]
ISSUES.
CLASS.RATE.DATE OF COMMENCEMENT.DATE OF CERTIFICATE.
Reis.1516 Feb 0711 Apr 07
DECEASED.
Transferred from: COLUMBUS
Transferred to: [blank]
Died: 5/7/08 Oxford O P.M.
Bureau notified: FEB 15 1909
Remarks: Oxford O
Former Bull No 78-08
Home: [illegible]

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revised 15 Mar 14
Contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions.