91st PA: George Black

George Black

Before the war

He was born in 1821/25, in New York. [sources: date: 17 (38 in 1860), 19 (25 in 1850). place: 17, 19]

On 8 March 1845, he married Elizabeth M Jones. They were married by J LeRoy Taft, of the Front Street Methodist Episcopal Church. She was born in 1823/24, in Pennsylvania, to James Jones and Frances [unknown surname]. They had at least these children:

[source: 18, 22, 23, 24]

In 1850, he was living in Richmond District, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Elizabeth Black, their children Catharine, Ellen, and George Black, and James Black, William Black, Walter Jones, and Mary Black. He was a plasterer, and owned $1,200 in real estate. [source: 19]

On 2 August 1855, his wife, Elizabeth M Jones, died. She was buried in Franklin Cemetery. [source: 22, 24; see 25]

In 1860, he was living in the 19th ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a plasterer, and owned $10,000 in real estate and $1,000 in personal property. He was living with his wife Catharine, children Ellen, George, Theodore, and Emma, along with three other people. [source: 17]

During the war

On 14 August 1861, he enlisted, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 22]

On 19 October 1861, he was second lieutenant of company H. [source: 14]

He mustered William Thaworth into service in company H on 8 November 1861. [source: 8]

He was mustered into service on 14 November 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a first lieutenant, in company H. [sources: 1, 4, 10, 14, 26]

His son, George Black, served as a musician in company H. He insisted on staying as close as possible to his father, even in battle. [sources: 11, 25]

On 29 June 1862, he, along with the other commissioned officers in the regiment (except Colonel Gregory), signed a statement denying accusations that they were on the verge of open mutiny, that the regiment had been reduced to 400 men, and that Colonel Gregory was too lenient to Confederates and too harsh to men in the regiment. [source: 13]

He may have been the lieutenant who declined to attempt to recover the regimental wagon in November 1862. [source: 3]

He was on leave starting 6 March 1863, and had returned on 15 March 1863. [sources: 5, 6]

On 18 March 1863, he was on picket duty. [source: 7]

He was wounded on 3 May 1863 at Chancellorsville, Virginia. [sources: 1, 4, 10, 11, 20 (wounded and missing), 21 (wounded and missing), 22]

He died on 6 May 1863 of the wounds he had received at Chancellorsville, apparently in a rebel hospital. The regiment did not receive reliable word of his death until 16 May. He was first lieutenant of company H. [sources: 1, 2, 4, 9, 22, 26]

After the war

On 19 April 1864, William H Black, guardian of his minor dependents, applied successfully for a pension, from Pennsylvania. He was living at Amber Street, below Otis, ward 19, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His application was accepted on 12 December 1864, and he received a pension of $17 per month (retroactive to 6 May 1863), to continue until 2 December 1868 (when the youngest child turned 16). [sources: 12, 18, 22]

On 13 June 1872, Mary Emma Black died, at Merion Square, Lower Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. She died of consumption of lungs. On 16 June 1872, she was buried, at Franklin Cemetery. [source: 22]

On 25 February 1880, Theodore Black applied for restoration and increase of pension. His application was accepted on 8 September 1881. While the pension certificate file does not explicitly state this, I suspect that he was applying for the increase of $2 per month for each child less than 16 years old under the act of 25 July 1866. [source: 22]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster, and on page 189)

2 Official Army Register

3 Thomas Walter. 'Personal recollections and experiences of an obscure soldier'. Grand Army Scout and Soldier's Mail volume 3, number 36, page 2

4 regimental descriptive book

5 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 6 March 1863 (Lieut Black)

6 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 15 March 1863 (Lieut Black)

7 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 18 March 1863 (Lt Black)

8 discharge papers, William Thaworth (Lieut George Black)

9 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 16 May 1863 (Lieut Black)

10 company H, list of commissioned officers (George Black)

11 William C Reiff, 'A boy hero: a young drummer made of the right kind of stuff'. National tribune 3 August 1905, page 3, columns 1-2 (George W Black)

12 pension index, by name (George R Black)

13 'Ninety-first Pennsylvania Regiment'. Philadelphia Inquirer, 11 July 1862, page 2 (George Black)

14 'Camp Chase at Gray's Ferry' Philadelphia Inquirer 19 October 1861 page 8 (- Black)

15 'Camp Chase', Philadelphia Inquirer 30 November 1861 (Geo Black)

16 'Departure of Col. Gregory's regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 22 January 1862 page 2 (George Black)

17 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19th ward, microfilm series M653, film 1169, page 307 = 307 handwritten (Geo Black)

18 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company H (George R Black)

19 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County, Richmond District, microfilm series M432, film 820, page 185 = 371 handwritten (Geo Black)

20 'The ninety-first Pennsylvania volunteers', Philadelphia Press, Wednesday 13 May 1863, page 2 (Geo Black)

21 'The Ninety-first Pennsylvania at Chancellorville', Philadelphia Inquirer 13 May 1863, page 8 (George Black)

22 widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate WC 36,231, Ellen Black minor child of George R Black (George R Black)

23 death notice, Public Ledger 2 August 1855, page 2 (William Walter Black)

24 death notice, Public Ledger, Saturday 4 August 1855, page 2 (Elizabeth M Black)

25 'Personal'. National Tribune 16 January 1890, page 3 (George Black)

26 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (George Black)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1870 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2012)
1880 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2012)
1890 US census, veterans schedule
Ancestry index (accessed April 2007)
1900 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2012)
1910 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2012)
1920 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2012)
1930 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2012)
1940 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 27 December 2013)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed 29 September 2012
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards
Ancestry index (accessed 29 September 2012)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2012)
records of headstones of deceased union veterans, 1879-1903
FamilySearch index (accessed 29 September 2012)
US National Cemetery interment control forms, 1928-1962
Ancestry index (accessed 29 September 2012)
Find a grave
searched George Black d. 1863, Elizabeth Black d. 1855, Elizabeth or Black in Franklin Cem (accessed 29 September 2012)
Philadelphia death certificates
FamilySearch index: searched Elizabeth Black died PA 1855 (accessed 29 September 2012)

Display


George R Black in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

George R Black in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia County, Richmond District, microfilm series M432, film 820, page 185 = 371 handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the children's names and ages in the dependents' pension certificate file abstracted below]
line262728293031323334
Dwellings visited66        
Families visited66        
NameGeorge BlackElizabeth BlackJames BlackWillm BlackWalter JonesMary BlackCatharine BlackEllen BlackGeorge Black
Age2526191716404310/12
SexMFMMMFFFM
Color         
Occupation of males over 15 yearsPlasterer dododo    
Real estate owned1200        
BirthplaceNew YorkPennaN YorkdodoIrelandPennadodo
Married within year         
Attended school within year    1    
Over 20 & can't read/write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19th ward, microfilm series M653, film 1169, page 307 = 307 handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the children's names and ages in the dependents' pension certificate file abstracted below]
line323334353637383940
Dwelling number2190        
Family number2472        
NameGeo BlackCath "Ellen "Geo "Theodore "Emma "Mary BlackJacob Anhanson [?]John Emms [?]
Age3815131187502422
Sexmffmmffmm
Color         
OccupationPlasterer     Widow  
Value of real estate owned10000        
Value of personal estate1000        
Place of birthNYPhila""""ScotlandPhila 
Married within year         
Attended school within year 11111   
Cannot read & write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 13 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Black George
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
1" Lieut | 1" Lieut.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

widow's pension certificate file

[widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate WC 36,231, Ellen Black minor child of George R Black]
[abstracted from 40 pages on Fold3, 29 September 2012]
8 Mar 1845
George R Black married Elizabeth Jones (both of Philadelphia), by J LeRoy Taft, Front St M E Church (pp.5, 8)
4 minor children at death (pp.8, 22)
Ellen b. 18 Jan 1848
George b. 10 Aug 1849
Theodore b. 9 Mar 1851
Mary Emma b. 2 Dec 1852
2 August 1855
George Black's wife Elizabeth died (p.8, 10)
14 Aug 1861
George Black enrolled at Philadelphia (p.13)
14 November 1861
George Black mustered at Philadelphia as 1st lt (p.13)
6 May 1863
George Black died in Rebel Hospital of wounds received at Chancellorsville VA 3 May 1863 (p.8 [killed 3 May 63], 13 [date of death not stated])
15 Apr 1864
Capt James H Closson certified (at Warrenton Junction VA) that George Black volunteered at Philadelphia about 14 Nov 1861, was wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville on 3 May 1863, and died on the field on 6 May 1863 (p.15)
5 June 1864
Wm H Black appointed as guardian of Ellen, George, Theodore, and Mary Emma Black, on payment of $1,000 surety (p.4)
16 Apr 1864
William Black, 30, guardian of Ellen, George, Theodore, and Mary Emma Black, minor children of George R Black (H) applied for a pension under the act of 14 July 1862 (p.8)
William was a resident of Amber st. below Otis (no number), ward 19, Philadelphia (p.8)
post office address Amber St. below Otis, Philadelphia
attorney Geo W Ford Philadelphia PA (p.8)
witnesses Walter C Jones (Dauphin St 4th door below Service St Philadelphia) and Samuel Anderson (Appleton St 12th door above Amber St Philadelphia) (p.9)
application 50,010 (pp.13, 16)
dated 18 April 1863 [sic] (p.7)
admitted 12 Dec 1864, retroactive to 6 May 1863, pension of $17 per month, to continue until 2 December 1868 (when youngest child turns 16) (pp.3, 18)
certificate 36,321 was dated 21 December 1864 (p.18)
Philadelphia Agency (p.18)
27 May [?] 64
the Pension office sent circular 16 to the Adjutant General's office (p.17)
2 June 1864
the Adjutant General's Office sent the Pension Office the above-summarized information (pp.13, 17; see p.16 for the request)
16 Jun 64
the Pension Office sent circular 14 to the 'Com. Genl. Pris.' for the date of death (p.17)
22 Jun 64
the Com Genl Pris returned circular 14 with no evidence about the date of death (p.17)
the Pension Office sent instructions and forms p.5 for proper evidence about the dates of birth (p.17)
4 Oct 1864
Walter C Jones (resident of Townsend St bel. Tulip, Philadelphia) swore that he knew George and Elizabeth Black, that he boarded in their house from 1844 until Elizabeth died on 2 August 1855, that he knows Ellen, George, Theodore, and Mary (birthdates as above), having slept in the room above the room in which they were born, and having seen them the day after their births (p.22)
Frances Duster (resident of 425 Allen St Philadelphia) swore that she knew George and Elizabeth Black, and their children, that they are alive (and born as above) (p.23)
7 Oct 64
the Pension Office sent circular 20 requesting evidence that the soldier left no widow, and that all children had been named (p.17)
14 Nov 64
the Pension Office sent circular 20 to the attorney again (p.17)
30 Nov 64
Mary A Black (resident of 2003 Frankford Rd, Philadelphia) and Jane Lake (resident of 1008 Coates St Philadelphia) swore that they knew George R Black well, and that he died leaving no widow, and four children less than 16 (as above); they also attended Elizabeth's funeral (p.27)
13 June 1872
Mary Emma Black died at Merion Square, Lower Merion Township, Montgomery County PA (p.31)
Emma Black, whie, female, 19 years old, single, died 13 June 1872, of consumption of the lungs; born Philadelphia to George R Black and [unknown]; buried Franklin Cemetery on 16 June 1872 (p.39 [transcription of death certificate])
25 Feb 1880
Theodore Black, resident of Hillstown, Bucks County, PA, 28 years old, swore that he is the legal guardian of Ellen, George, Theodore, and Mary Emly [sic] Black (who died 13 June 1872), birthdates as above, (and other relevant information as summarized above) (p.33)
attorney Timothy J Murphy, Doylestown, Bucks County (p.33)
witnesses Theodore Jones and Ann Jones (both residents of Hillstown) (p.33)
the application for restoration and increase was accepted on 8 September 1881, payable at the Philadelphia agency; they received $17.00 per month retroactive to 6 May 1863 and ? an additional $2 per child less than 16 (this seems to be erased?) retroactive to 25 July 1866 except for Ellen and George (pp.34, 36)
[the brief does not mention what payments had been made, or how much they were owed]
2 June 188? [the last digit of the year is illegible]
Mrs E B Urant [??] had some communication with the Pension Office (p.19)
21 July 1880
Theodore [?] T [wrote the Pension Office?] "for other minors + date of death of Mary" (p.19)
7 Sep 1880
William Pearce and William H Black swore that they knew Mary Emma Black (a.k.a. Emma Black), deceased, one of the four children of George R Black under 16 when he died (p.20)
21 [?[ Apl 1882
"Pen. [?] this [?] Hon [?] A. A Harmer [?] of allowance" [?] (p.35)

death notice, William Walter

[death notice, Public Ledger 2 August 1855, page 2, William Walter Black]
[transcribed 29 September 2012, from GenealogyBank]

On the 1st inst, WILLIAM WALTER, infant son of George R. and Elizabeth M. Black.

The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, from No. 363 [the middle digit is almost illegible] Wood street, below Frankford Road, this afternoon, at 1 1/2 o clock.

death notice, Elizabeth Black

[death notice, Public Ledger, Saturday 4 August 1855, page 2]
[transcribed 29 September 2012, from GenealogyBank]

On the 2d inst, Mrs. ELIZABETH M, wife of George R. Black and daughter of James and Frances Jones of Bucks County Pa, in the 32d [?] year of her age. [Doylestown and New York papers please copy.]

The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, from the residence of her husband, No. 363 [??] Wood street, below Frankford Road, on Sunday afternoon, 5th inst, at 3 o'clock, without further notice--to proceed to Franklin Cemetery.


top of document | home
revised 13 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions