91st PA: John Black

John Black

Before the war

He was born in December 1847, in Pennsylvania. [sources: date: 17; 3 (19 in 1864), 7 (40 in 1887), 10 (40 in 1887), 11 (40 in 1887), 13 (40 in 1887), 14 (40 in 1887). place: 7, 10, 11, 13, 17]

During the war

He also served in company D of the 4th Virginia Infantry. [sources: 6, 9]

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 15 March 1864. He enlisted at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was mustered in as a private, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a private in company D. [sources: 1, 2, 5 (10 Mar 64), 10, 11, 13, 14, 21]

He was wounded on 10 May 1864 at Spottsylvania Court House, Virginia. He was reported gained as a recruit from the depot, on 9 June 1864. [sources: 1, 3, 4, 8]

He was absent, sick, when the regiment mustered out. He was discharged on 5 August 1865. He had served for twenty-one months. He was a private, in company D. According to the pension index cards, he also served in company C of the 24th Veterans Reserve Corps. [sources: 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14 (16 Aug 1865), 21]

After the war

On 2 January 1873, he applied successfully for a pension. [sources: 6, 9]

In 1877/78, he married Catherine [unknown family name]. She was born in August 1852, in Pennsylvania. They apparently had one child:

[sources: 17, 19]

On 12 March 1887, he was admitted from Pennsylvania to the National Soldiers Home. He had a gunshot wound in his right arm, and received a pension of $4 per month. His mother, Mrs E Black, lived at 2426 Christian Street Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a butcher, and was married. [sources: 7, 11, 13, 14]

He was dropped on 12 March 1887. [source: 7]

He was admitted from Pennsylvania to the National Soldiers Home on 12 March 1889. [source: 10]

At some point, his pension was increased to $6 per month, and then to $8 per month. [source: 14]

In 1890, he was living at the National Soldiers Home, Southern Branch, in Elizabeth City County, Virginia. He had a gunshot wound to his right arm. [source: 5]

He was discharged from the Southern Branch of the National Soldiers Home on 7 January 1899. He was receiving a pension of $12 per month. He had a wound in his right shoulder. [source: 10]

On 1 July 1899, he was discharged from the National Soldiers Home at his own request. He was readmitted on 22 August 1900. [source: 14]

In 1900, he was apparently living at 1348 Passyunk Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Catherine. He was a beer bottler. [source: 17]

In 1901, he was present at the Southern Branch of the National Soldiers Home. He was receiving a pension of $12 per month. He had a wound in his right arm. [source: 11]

He died at 8.30 PM on 11 January 1906, in the Home Hospital, of the Southern Branch of the National Soldiers Home. He died of fatty degeneration of heart. He was buried in the Hampton National Cemetery, in Hampton, Hampton City, Virginia. He was receiving a pension of $8 per month. His effects were appraised at $4.00, and sold for $0.50. [sources: 9, 11, 13, 14]

On 13 February 1906, his widow, Catherine Black, successfully applied from Pennsylvania for a pension. Her certificate was dated 18 July 1906, and she received $8 per month, retroactive to 13 February 1906. [sources: 6, 9, 15]

On 19 April 1908, Catharine Black's pension was increased to $12 per month, under the Act of 19 April 1908. [source: 15]

In 1910, his widow, Catharine, seems to have been living at 2611 Oakford Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was a boarder. [sources: 18, 20]

On 6 October 1917, Catharine Black's pension was increased to $25 per month. [source: 15]

On 1 May 1920, Catharine Black's pension was increased to $30 per month, under the Act of 1 May 1920. [source: 15]

In 1920, his widow Catherine was apparently living with their son John M Black and his family, at 1247 Napa Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 19, 20]

On 24 February 1922, his widow, Catharine Black, died, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 15 (16 Feb 22), 16 (24 Feb 22)]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (John Black)

2 company D, second descriptive roll, entry 17 (John Black) [entry blank except for name]

3 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 1 August 2004 (John Black)

4 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 9 June 1864 (Pri Black)

5 1890 US census, veterans schedules, Virginia, Elizabeth City County, National Soldiers Home, page 46 (image 44 on Ancestry), line 17 (John Black)

6 pension index, by name (John Black)

7 Letter from the President of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, transmitting the report of the Board for the year ending June 30, 1887. Serial Set volume 2565, session volume 1, 50th Congress, 1st Session, House Miscellaneous Document 86, page 221 (John Black)

8 'The Ninety-first Pennsylvania volunteers', Philadelphia Inquirer 8 June 1864 page 3 (John Black)

9 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company D (John Black)

10 Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled volunteer soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1900. Serial Set 4136, 56th Congress, session 2, House Document 81. Page 406. (John Black)

11 Serial Set volume 4323, session volume 56, House document 39, Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1901, page 487 (John Black)

12 Find-a-grave memorial 371474 (added 25 February 2000, accessed 31 December 2010) [identity is uncertain, based only on the year and location] (John Black)

13 Serial set, volume 5158, session volume 55, 59th congress, 2nd session, house document 276 (1907), Report of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1906. Washington: GPO, 1907. Page 325 (John Black)

14 National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, National Archives microfilm series M1749, Hampton, register M, entry 5592 (John Black)

15 Veterans administration pension payment cards, 1907-1933 (Catharine Black widow of John)

16 Pennsylvania death indices, 1922 ("B420 Catharine Black 12430 Phila 2/24")

17 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 26, enumeration district 618, microfilm series T626, film 1468, page 38 = 2 B handwritten (FamilySearch) (John Black)

18 1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 36, enumeration district 883, microfilm series T624, film 1407, page 10 = 10 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Catharine Black)

19 1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 36, enumeration district 1290, microfilm series T625, film 1638, page 245 = 3 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Catherine Black)

20 Philadelphia city directories

21 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John Black)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1850 US census
at least eight candidates; note that the mother of #3 seems to be Eliza, which fits with the National Home Register (which claims his mother was 'Mrs E Black')
(1) John Black, 4, b. PA, with John Black (28, b. Ireland, blacksmith), Anna Black (25, b. Ireland), Geo W Black (1, b. PA), et al., in Lower Delaware Ward, Philadelphia, PA, microfilm series M432, film 816, page 22 verso = 94 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(2) John H Black, 4, b. PA, with James R Black (34, b. PA, blacksmith), Adaline (31, b. PA), Mary Ann (10, b. PA), James K (7, b. PA), and Robert (5, b. PA), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Southwark, ward 6, microfilm series M432, film 822, page 416 recto = 867 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(3) John Black, 3, b. PA, with William (36, b. Ireland, warper), and Eliza (24, b. Ireland), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Moyamensing, microfilm series M432, film 809, page 361 recto = 717 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(4) John Black, 3, b. PA, with John (36, b. PA, watch maker), Maria (30, b. PA), Perry (10, b. PA), Maria (7, b. PA), Oscar (1, b. PA), et al., in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Southwark, ward 1, microfilm series M432, film 821, page 62 recto (FamilySearch)
(5) John Black, 8, b. PA, with John (45, b. PA, cedar cooper), Sarah Ann (43, b. NJ), Albert (14, b. NJ), Mary (11, b. PA), George (4, b. PA), et al., in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Kensington, ward 3, microfilm series M432, film 806, page 165 verso = 94 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(6) John Black, 2, b. PA, with Isabella Cunninghamn (63, b. Ireland), and Margaret Black (24, b. Ireland), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Cedar Ward, microfilm series M432, film 812, page 12 recto = 23 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(7) John Black, 8, b. PA, black, with Jonathan (50, b. DE, laborer), and Lydia (47, b. DE), in Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Upper Providence Township, microfilm series M432, film 776, page 167 verso = 334 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(8) John Black, 8, b. PA, mulatto, with Joseph (29, b. DE, mulatto, blacksmith), and Charles (6, b. PA), and with Sirus (57, b. DE, mulatto, tailor), Debrah (49, b. PA, mulatto), and Rosanna (21, mulatto, b. PA) in the previous household, in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spruce Ward, microfilm series M432, film 813, page 399 verso = 796 handwritten (FamilySearch)
1860 US census
at least seven candidates; note that the mothers of #5 and of #7 seem to be Eliza, which fits with the National Home Register (which claims his mother was 'Mrs E Black')
(1) John Black, 18, weaver, b. Philadelphia, with Sarah (52, b. NJ, widow), Elbert (24, b. NJ), Mary (20, b. Phil), Geo (13, b. Phil), and Chas (10, b. Phil), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 19, microfilm series M653, film 1169, page 444 = 444 handwritten
(2) John Black, 14, b. PA, with John (38, b. Ireland, blacksmith), Ann (36, b. Ireland), George (11, b. PA), Zachariah (9, b. PA), Anna (3, b. PA), et al. in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 13, microfilm series M653, film 1163, page 517 = 97 handwritten
(3) John Black, 13, b. PA, with James R (44, b. PA, Rotographer [or photographer?]), Adeline (42, b. PA), James R (16), Mary (18, artist, b. PA), Robert (14, b. PA), and Adeline (7, b. PA), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 2, microfilm series M653, film 1152, page 176 = 176 handwritten
(4) John Black, 13, b. PA, with Maria (40, b. PA, housekeeper), Perry (20, b. PA, clerk), Maria (17, b. PA, hat trimmer), Wallace (9, b. PA), and Eliza (4, b. Pa), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 2, microfilm series M653, film 1152, page 426 = 60 handwritten
(5) John Black, 17, b. Ireland, with Jno (49, b.Ireland, carter), Ellen (47, b.Ireland), Martha (19, b. Ireland), Sam (14, b. PA), Andy (10, b. PA), Ellen (8, b. PA), Mary (5, b. PA), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 8, microfilm series M653, film 1158, page 524 = 162 handwritten
(6) John Black, 16, b. Ireland, laborer, with Danl (50, b. Ireland, laborer), Sarah (45, b. Ireland), Daniel (17, b. Ireland, laborer), Jane (14, b. Ireland), Margt (8, b. PA), Mary (7, b. PA), and Sarah (6, b. PA), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 19, microfilm series M653, film 1169, page 266 =
(7) Jno Black, 12, b. PA, with Wm (49, b. Ireland, warper), Eliza (33, b. Ireland), Mary (10, b. PA), and Jane (4, b. PA), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 4, west division, microfilm series M653, film 1154, page 878
1870 US census
(I have included married men, since his marriage to Catharine may have been his second marriage)
(1) 2nd enumeration, John Black (20), with John (40), Sarah (50), Mary (25), Sarah (20), Martha (25), Catharine (15), Charles (10), Hughey (10) et al,, in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 18, 1840 Memphis Street east side, page 316 recto = 17 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(2) 2nd enumeration, John Black (24), with Maria (42), Perry (30), Wallace (20), and Eliza (15) et al, in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 2, 510 Washington Avenue, page 415 = 41 handwritten (FamilYSearch)
(3) 2nd enumeration, John Black (23), with Jane (22) et al., in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 7, district 20, Naudain Street, page 440 recto = 81 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(4) 2nd enumeration, John Black (23), with Eliza (48), William (50), Fanny (12), et al. in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 26, 1110 20th Street, precinct 15, page 375 verso = 54 handwritten (FamilySearch)
(5) 2nd enumeration, John Black (22), with Charles (52), Margaret (40), James (18), in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 26, precinct 15, 438 Federal Street, page 355 verso = 14 handwritten
[I stopped recording them here; I clearly won't be able to identify the John Black who served in the 91st]
1880 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 4 January 2014)
the only John Black butcher in the 1881 Gopsill's directory is at page 190: 'Black John H., butcher, h 117 N 63d'
noJohn Black at 2426 Christian; no E Black at 2426 Christian
1881 Gopsill's p.297: 'Carll Edward, paper stock, h 2426 Christian' and 'Carll Edward, Jr., bookkeepr, h 2426 Christian' (could not find them)
1930 US census
note Katie Black, 78, widowed, with son Henry Black (47, b. PA) et al., Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, microfilm series T626, film 2105, page 28 B (FamilySearch)
1940 US census
Familysearch index (accessed 4 January 2014)
Rootsweb WorldConnect
accessed June 2007 and again 4 Jan 2014
Find a grave
searched for Cath or Kath or Kate Black died 1922 (accessed 4 January 2014)
GenealogyBank
looked at death notices in Philadelphia newspapers for Catharine Black: Philadelphia inquirer 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27, and 28 February 1922 (accessed 4 Jan 14)

Display


John Black in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

John Black in the 91st PA database

1890 census, veterans' schedule

[1890 US census, Virginia, Elizabeth City County, National Soldiers Home, page [46] (image 44 on Ancestry), line 17]
[identification is confirmed by reference to his service in the 91st]
[line] 17
[house]
[family]
[name] Black John
[rank] private
[company] D
[unit] 91 Pa Inf
[enlistment date] Mch 10 1864
[discharge date] Aug 5 1865
[length of service] 1 year, 4 months, 25 days
[post office address] National Soldiers Home Va
[disability incurred] g.s.w. right arm
[remarks]

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 26, enumeration district 618, microfilm series T626, film 1468, page 38 = 2 B handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative--the widow who applied for a pension is named 'Catharine', but according to the National Home register his occupation (in 1887?) was butcher, not beer bottler]
line6667
streetPassyunk Ave
house number[1348] 
dwelling number[27] 
family number33 
nameBlack JohnBlack Catherine
relationshipHeadWife
colorWW
sexMF
birth dateDec 1847Aug 1852
age5249
married?MM
# years married2222
mother of how many children? 1
# of children living 1
birthplacePennaPenna
father's birthplaceIrelandIreland
mother's birthplaceIrelandIreland
immigration year  
# years in USA  
naturalized citizen?  
occupationBottler (Beer)Weaver (Cloth)
# months not employed00
# months in school  
can readYesYes
can writeYesYes
speaks EnglishYesYes
owned/rented  
free or mortgaged  
farm/house[H] 
# of farm schedule  

1910 census

[1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 36, enumeration district 883, microfilm series T624, film 1407, page 10 = 10 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative, but note that according to the 1911 directory, she was John Black's widow]
[note that the Ancestry index has her family name as 'Blash']
line17181920
streetOakford Street
house nr2611   
dwelling nr197   
family nr198   
nameEsher Thomas- Thomas G.Black CatharineHolt Theodore
relationshipHeadSonBoarderBoarder
sexMMFM
colorWWWW
age4285345
marital statusWdSWdS
#years present marriage    
mother of # children    
mother of # living children    
birthplacePaPaPaPa
father's birthplacePaPaIreland EngPa
mother's birthplacePaPaIreland EngPa
immigrated    
naturalized/alien    
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglish
occupationCarpenterNoneNoneLaborer
nature of industry etc.   Car Works
employer etc.W  W
out of work 15 Apr 1910?No   
# weeks out of work 1909    
can readYesYesYesYes
can writeYesYesYesYes
school since 1 Sep 09 Yes  
owned/rentedR   
owned free or mortagaged    
farm/houseH   
nr on farm schedule    
civil war vet    
blind    
deaf & dumb    

1920 census

[1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 36, enumeration district 1290, microfilm series T625, film 1638, page 245 = 3 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative, but note that according to the 1921 city directory, she is John M Black's widow]
line11121314
streetNapa St.
house number1247   
dwelling visit number34   
family visit number38   
nameBlack John M.- Catherine- RichardBlack Catherine
relationshipHeadDaughterSonMother
own/rentUn   
free/mortgaged (if owned)    
sexMFMF
raceWWWW
age at last birthday409564
marital statusWdSSWd
year of immigration    
naturalized/alien    
year of naturalization    
attended school since Sept 1919 YesNo 
can readYes   
can writeYes   
birth placePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
native language    
father's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's native language    
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's native language    
can speak EnglishYesYesYesYes
occupationRooferNoneNoneNone
industry, businessTar Roofing   
employment statusW   
number of farm scheduleX   

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 16 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Black John
Co. D, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

National Home register

[National homes for disabled volunteer soldiers, 1866-1938, National Archives microfilm series M1749, Hampton, register M, entry 5592]
[transcribed 25 December 2013, from Ancestry]
No.NAME.Name and Address of Relatives or Friends.Where Born.Company and Regiment.Date of Enlistment.Date of Discharge.DISABILITY.Date of Admission.By order of Manager.Age.Married or Single.REMARKS.
5592
4 00
123703 [?]
12
123707
6 00
8 00
[all but '5592', the second '123707' and '8 00' are crossed out]
John Black
Butcher
mother
Mrs E. Black
2426 Christian
St Phila Pa
Penn D
91 Pa. Inf
Pa
15 Mch 1864 16 Aug 1865 G.S.W. r. Arm 12 Mch 1887 Genl Neyley 40 M D
1st Admission

Discharged OR July 1 99

Re-admitted Aug 22 1900

Died January 11. 1906 8.30 P M Home Hospital.

Fatty Degeneration of Heart

Buried in New Natl Cemetery Grave # 9001.

Effects apped @ $4.00 Sold .50

Veterans administration pension payment card

[Veterans administration pension payment cards, 1907-1933, Catharine Black widow of John]
[transcribed 4 January 2014, from FamilySearch]

235
NAME: Black Catharine
Certificate No. 612.629
ARMY WIDOW.
Law: ACT OF APRIL 19, 1908.
ACT OF MAY 1, 1920
Name of Soldier: John
Service: Pt D 91 Pa + C 24 V.R.C
ISSUES.
CLASS.DATE.DATE OF COMMENCEMENT.DATE OF CERTIFICATE.
 8Feb 13 - 1906Jul 18 - 1906
 12APRIL 19, 1908. 

INC. 25 OCTOBER 6, 1917
Inc 30 May 1, 1920
MINORS--$2 PER MONTH ADDITIONAL. [blank]
Fees: [blank]
Transferred from: PHILADELPHIA
Transferred to: [blank]
Died: Feb. 16. 1922
Bureau notified MAY 10 1922
Remarks: [blank]
Former Roll No. 90

Philadelphia city directories

[transcribed 4 January 2014, from Fold3]
1911 Howe's Philadelphia directory page 217
-- [sc. Black] Catharine wid Jno h 2611 Oakford
[this is the only Catharine or Katharine widow of John]
[note also p.901 '-- [sc. Holton] Theo lab h 2611 Oakford']
[note also p.1734: 'Slane Bernard lab h 2613 Oakford' and '--Mary h 2613 Oakford' and '--Peter lab h 2613 Oakford']
1921 Howe's Philadelphia directory, page 222
-- [sc. Black] Catharine wid Jno M h 1247 S Napa

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revised 16 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions