91st PA: Francis Breghner

Francis Breghner

Before the war

He was born in 1830/31 (2 (34 in 1865), 8 [39 in 1870], 9 [49 in 180]). He was born in Pennsylvania (8, 9).

On 15 January 1857, he married Elizabeth [unknown farmily name] (6, 12). On 4 June 1862, they had a son, who was crippled, and remained "mentally unable to earn his support" (6). In 1900, she had had seven children, six of whom were living (10).

During the war

He was drafted (1, 2). He was mustered into service as a private on 28 February 1865, at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (1, 2, 3, 6). He was a private in company F (1, 14, 15, 16).

He mustered out with his company on 10 July 1865 (1, 2, 3, 6). He was a private, in company F (14, 15, 16).

After the war

In 1870, he was living in Oxford Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania (8). He was a stone mason, and owned $700 in real property and $100 in personal property (8). He was living with his wife Lizzie, and their (presumed) children Pius [?], Mary J, John, Katie, Henry, and Annie, and his mother-in-law Annie Altraggi (8).

In 1880, he was living in the 65th District, Adams County, Pennsylvania (9). He was a stone mason (9). He was living with his wife Elizabeth, his children Pius, Kate, John, Beckie, and Anna, and his mother-in-law Anna M Alltraga [?] (9).

Francis Breighner died on 16 May 1886 of acute cystitis (6, 12).

In 1890, his widow, Elizabeth, was living in Oxford Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania (post office Irishtown) (3).

On 21 July 1890, his widow, Elizabeth Breighner, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension (4, 13).

In 1900, his widow, Elizabeth Brigner, was living in Oxford Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania (10). She was living with her son John, her daughter Annie Gooft [?], and three grandchildren (10).

Elizabeth Breighner died in February 1906 (6).

On 11 June 1906, his son, John Lewis Bernard Breighner, applied successfully for a pension (4, 11, 13).

On 30 April 1906, the House Committee on Invalid Pensions recommended granting a pension to John Lewis Bernard Breighner, because he had been helpless from birth and lived on charity (6). The Senate Committee on Pensions recommended approval on 21 May 1906 (7). His application was granted by an act of Congress dated 11 June 1906, because he was "helpless and dependent" (5). President Roosevelt signed the bill in June 1906 (11). The bill was introduced at the request of the Corporal Skelly Post 9, of the GAR, which considered this "one of the most deserving cases in Adams county" (11).

In 1920, his son John was 54 years old, and his post-office address was New Oxford, Pennsylvania (12). He had no control of muscular movements, and needed aid because of chorea (12). He had no property (12). The House and Senate committees recommended increasing his pension to $20 per month (12).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Francis Breghner)

2 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 19 January 2005 (Francis Breghner)

3 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Adams County, Oxford Township, supervisor's district 7, enumeration district 18, page [2] (Francis Breighner)

4 pension index, by name (Francis Breighner)

5 Chap. 3218.--An act granting a pension to John Lewis Bernard Breghner. Statutes at Large volume 34, part 2, page 2095 (Francis Breighner)

6 'John Lewis Bernard Breighner'. House Report 3687, 59th Congress, 1st session, Serial Set 4908F (session volume F)

7 'John Lewis Bernard Breighner'. Senate report 3701, 59th Congress, 1st session, in Serial Set, volume 4905 F (session volume F)

8 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Adams County, Oxford Township (post office Abbottstown), microfilm series M593, film 1289, page 318 = 5 handwritten (Frank Brieghner)

9 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Adams County, 65th District, supervisor's distrioct 7, enumeration district 60, microfilm series T9, film 1085, page 301 = 12 D handwritten (Francis Brickner [?])

10 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Adams County, Oxford Township, supervisor's district 12, enumeration district 25, microfilm series T623, film 1354, page 302 = 8 A-B handwritten (Elizabeth Brigner)

11 'Pension granted'. New Oxford Item (New Oxford, PA), 29 June 1906, page 5 (Francis Breighner)

12 Senate Report 493. 'Pensions and increase of pensions for certain soldiers and sailors of the Civil War, etc. March 30, 1920.' Serial Set volume 7651. 66th Congress, 2nd Session. Session volume B. Page 27. repeated at Senate Report 582. 'Pensions and increase of pensions for certain soldiers and sailors of the Civil War, etc. May 11, 1920.' Serial Set volume 7651. 66th Congress, 2nd Session. Session volume B. Page 132 (Francis Breighner)

13 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company F (Francis Breighner)

14 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Francis Breighmer)

15 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Francis Brechner)

16 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Francis Breghner)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

Rootsweb WorldConnect
accessed June 2007

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Adams County, Oxford Township (post office Abbottstown), microfilm series M593, film 1289, page 318 = 5 handwritten]
line293031323334353637
Dwelling-house number33        
Family number38        
NameBrieghner [sic] Frank" Lizzie" Pius [?]" Mary J" John" Katie" Henry" AnnieAltraggi Annie
Age392912108526/1262
SexMFMFMFMFF
ColorWWWWWWWWW
OccupationStone MasonKeeping House      Domestic
Real estate value700        
Personal estate value100        
Birthplace- [sc. Penna]GermanyPenna----------Germany
Father foreign born 1      1
Mother foreign born 11111111
Birth month if born within year       Jan [?] 
Marriage month if married within year         
Attended school past year  111    
Can't read         
Can't write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1        
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...         

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Adams County, 65th District, supervisor's distrioct 7, enumeration district 60, microfilm series T9, film 1085, page 301 = 12 D handwritten]
line4567891011
street name        
house number        
dwelling visit #89       
family visit #95       
nameBrickner [?] Francis" Elizabeth" Pius" Kate" John" Beckie" AnnaAlltraga [?] Anna M
colorWWWWWWWW
sexMFMFMFFF
age494422151810872
month born if born in year        
relationship wifesonDaughtsonDaughtDaughtmother in law
single  111   
married        
widowed/divorced        
married during year        
occupationStone MasonKeeping houseClerk [?] in store  All at home  
months unemployed        
currently ill?        
blind        
deaf/dumb        
idiotic        
insane        
disabled    1   
school this year   1 11 
can't read      X 
can't write     1X 
birthplacePennaSwitzerlandPennaPennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
father's birthplacePennaSwitzerland      
mother's birthplacePennaSwitzerland      

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Adams County, Oxford Township, supervisor's district 7, enumeration district 18, page [2]]
[line] 14
[house] [blank]
[family] [blank]
[name] Elizabeth widow of Francis Breighner [sic]
[rank] Private
[company] F
[unit] 91 Penn Inf
[enlistment date] 28 Feb 1865
[discharge date] 10 July 1865
[length of service] [blank] years, 4 months, [blank] days
[post office address] Irishtown, Adams Co. Pa.
[disability incurred] [blank]
[remarks] [blank]

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Adams County, Oxford Township, supervisor's district 12, enumeration district 25, microfilm series T623, film 1354, page 302 = 8 A-B handwritten]
line4748495012
street      
house number      
dwelling number150     
family number153     
nameBrigner ElizabethJohnGooft [?] AnnieRuth [??]Brigner StellaWilliam
relationshipHeadSonDaughterGd Daug. [?]Gd Daug.Gd. Son
colorWWWWWW
sexFMFFFM
birth dateSept 1833June [?] 1864Jan 1881Nov 1895Dec 1888Sep 1890
age6635294119
married?WdSWdSSS
# years married      
mother of how many children?7 1   
# of children living6 1   
birthplaceGermanyPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplaceGermanyPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplaceGermanyPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
immigration year1834     
# years in USA65     
naturalized citizen?      
occupation Day LaborerCigar Maker At SchoolAt School
# months not employed 00   
# months in school    88
can readYesYesYes Yes 
can writeYesNoYes Yes 
speaks EnglishYesYesYes Yes 
owned/rentedO     
free or mortgagedM     
farm/houseH     
# of farm schedule      

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 8 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Breighmer, Francis
Co. F, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 15 March 2014]

Brechner, Francis
Co. F, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt.
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Breighmer, Francis

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 3, transcribed 15 March 2014]

Breghner, Francis
Co. F, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Breighmer, Francis

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

Act granting pension

[source: Statutes at Large volume 34, part 2, page 2095]

Chap. 3218.--An act granting a pension to John Lewis Bernard Breighner.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to place on the pension roll, the name of John Lewis Bernard Breighner, helpless and dependent son of Francis Breighner, late of Company F, Ninety-First Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and pay him a pension at the rate of twelve dollars per month.

Approved, June 11, 1906.

House Report

['John Lewis Bernard Breighner'. House Report 3687, 59th Congress, 1st session, Serial Set 4908F (session volume F)]
JOHN LEWIS BERNARD BREIGHNER.
APRIL 30, 1906.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House and ordered to be printed.
Mr. FULLER, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions, submitted the following REPORT.
[To accompany H. R. 18052.]

The Committee on Invalid Pensions, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 18052) granting a pension to John Lewis Bernard Breighner, submit the following report:

This bill proposes to pension the beneficiary named therein at $12 per month.

Francis Breighner, the soldier named in the bill, served as a private in Company F, Ninety-first Pennsylvania Infantry, from February 28, 1865, to July 10, 1865, when honorably discharged, and died May 16, 1886, of acute cystitis.

His widow, Elizabeth, who married him on January 15, 1857, was pensioned in 1891 under the provisions of the act of June 27, 1890, at $8 per month upon proof that she was dependent upon her daily labor, etc.

From testimony on file in the widow's case it appears that the widow at the time of the filing of her claim in 1890 had dependent upon her an idiotic son, the beneficiary named in the bill, then 25 years of age.

The widow is shown by the files of the Pension Bureau to have died in February, 1906, and no one is now drawing any pension on account of the services and death of the soldier.

Proof filed with the committee shows that the beneficiary is a son of the soldier, born on June 4, 1862, and that from the time that he was a baby he was crippled in the lower limbs and seemed to have no control of the muscles of his legs, one leg being shorter than the other, and walked with difficulty; that he had been unable to perform any labor at any time, and that he had also been mentally unable to earn his support; that he has no property and no income and lives on charity.

Following the rules of the Senate and House, the relief sought in the bill is justified, it being shown that the beneficiary was helpless prior to his arrival at the age of 16 years and ever since, and that he is in destitute circumstances.

The passage of the bill is therefore recommended when amended as follows:

In line 6 strike out the words "crippled and."

In same line, after the word "helpless," insert the words "and dependent."

Senate report

['John Lewis Bernard Breighner'. Senate report 3701, 59th Congress, 1st session, in Serial Set, volume 4905 F (session volume F)]
JOHN LEWIS BERNARD BREIGHNER.
May 21, 1906.--Ordered to be printed.
Mr. SCOTT, from the Committee on Pensions, submitted the following REPORT.
[To accompany H. R. 18052.]

The Committee on Pensions, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 18052) granting a pension to John Lewis Bernard Breighner, have examined the same and report:

The report of the Committee on Invalid Pensions of the House of Representatives, hereto appended, is adopted and the passage of the bill is recommended.

The House report is as follows:

[the house report is inserted without the references to the amendments]

Pension granted

[New Oxford Item (New Oxford, PA), 29 June 1906, page 5]
Pension Granted.

Among the bills signed by President Roosevelt last week was one granting a pension of $12 per month to John Lewis Bernard Breighner, weak minded child of Francis Breighner, late of Co. F, Ninety-first Regiment Pennsylvania Vol. Inf., deceased. This bill was introduced by Congressman Lafean [?] at the request of Corporal Skelly Post 9, G. A. R., of Gettysburg, Pa., and was considered by them one of the most deserving cases in Adams county.--Ex.

Mr. John Breighner was born and reared near this place, and is a brother of Mrs. C. H. Robinson of Hanover street. He at present lives with his sister at Irishtown.

Pension increase


[Senate Report 493. 'Pensions and increase of pensions for certain soldiers and sailors of the Civil War, etc. March 30, 1920.' Serial Set volume 7651. 66th Congress, 2nd Session. Session volume B. Page 27]
[repeated at Senate Report 582. 'Pensions and increase of pensions for certain soldiers and sailors of the Civil War, etc. May 11, 1920.' Serial Set volume 7651. 66th Congress, 2nd Session. Session volume B. Page 132]

H. R. 9423. John L. B. Breighner, aged 54 years, whose post-office address is New Oxford, Pa., is the helpless and dependent son of Francis Breighner, late a private, Company F, Ninety-first Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, from February 28 to July 10, 1865, who was not a pensioner.

Claimant's mother and soldier were married January 15, 1857. Soldier died May 16, 1886. Widow was pensioned at $8 under act of June 27, 1890, until her death, February 5, 1906. Claimant is pensioned under special act approved June 11, 1906, at $12. Medical evidence shows he has no control of muscular movements, condition is permanent, and he requires aid and attendence on account of chorea. He has no property of any character.

It is recommended that his pension be increased to the rate of $20 per month.


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