91st PA: John H Brittain

John H Brittain

Before the war

He was born in 1843/44 (3 (20 in 1864), 6 [27 in ?1876], 7 [22 in 1870], 8 [31 in 1880]). He was born in Pennsylvania (3, 6, 7, 8).

When he enlisted, he was a student (3).

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 4-3/8 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, hazel eyes, and brown hair (3).

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 25 January 1864 (1) or 20 January 1864 (3). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Stretch (3). He was a private in company A (1, 9, 10).

He was wounded on 18 June 1864 at Petersburg, Virginia (1).

He was discharged on 8 April 1865 on surgeon's certificate of disability, by JB Pethesbudge [?] Surgeon, US Volunteers (1, 3). He served for fifteen months (6). He was a private, in company A (9, 10).

He also served in co.C of the 41st United States Infantry (2).

After the war

He applied successfully for a pension on 24 April 1865 (2, 4).

In 1870, he was living in Buena Vista Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey (7). He was living in the house before Henry, Julie, and Hiram Graves, and Francis A Brittain, who was presumably his wife (7). He was a theological student, who owned $750 in real estate and $300 in personal property (7).

On 13 January 1876, he was admitted to the National Soldiers Home (6). He had lost his left arm, and was receiving a pension of $18 per month (6).

He was discharged from the Central Branch of the National Soldiers Home on 31 May 1876 (6).

On 21 July 1876, the House Committee on Invalid Pensions reported favorably on his request for an increased pension (5). The Committee agreed that he should receive the same pension as someone whose arm had been amputated above the elbow, although his left arm had been amputated below the elbow, because it was in worse shape than if it had been amputated above the elbow (5).

In 1880, he was living in Berry District, Montgomery County, Maryland (8). He was living with his wife Frances and son Milton (8). He was a government clerk (8).

He died on 10 February 1890 (2).

On 30 July 1890, his widow, Francis A Brittain, applied successfully from Washington, DC, for a pension (2, 4).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (John H Brittain)

2 pension index, by regiment (John H Brittain)

3 company A descriptive roll, entry 126 (John H Brittain)

4 pension index, by name (John H Brittain)

5 'John H. Brittain'. House report 774. Serial Set volume 1712, session volume 5, 44th Congress, 1st Session. (John H Brittain)

6 Annual report of the Board of Managers of the National Soldiers Home, 30 December 1882 [for the fiscal year ending 30 June 1882]. Serial Set volume 2115, session volume 1, 47th Congress, 2nd Session, House Miscellaneous Document 13, page 378 (John H Brittain)

7 1870 US census, New Jersey, Atlantic County, Buena Vista Township, post office May's Landing, microfilm series M593, film 851, page 18 = 4 handwritten (John H Brittain)

8 1880 US census, Maryland, Montgomery County, Berry District, district 5, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 115, microfilm series T9, film 512, page 380 = 19 A - 20 B handwritten (John H Brittain)

9 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John H Brittain)

10 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John H Brittian)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1880 US census
note that the John G Brittain living in Springfield, Summit County, Ohio in 1880 (33, born Ohio, father born Pennsylvania, married to Francis A Brittain) is not this John Brittain; besides his absence of reported disability in the 1880 census, he died on 29 or 30 March 1908, according to RootsWeb WorldConnect (databases fullbennettetree and jewsdw [accessed 12 Nov 2009])
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed October 2005)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
(accessed November 2009)

1870 census

[1870 US census, New Jersey, Atlantic County, Buena Vista Township, post office May's Landing, microfilm series M593, film 851, page 18 = 4 handwritten]
line23456
Dwelling-house number3637   
Family number2930   
NameBrittain John HGraves Henry P- Julie A- Hiram JBrittain Francis A
Age2251452217
Sexmmfmf
Color" [sc. W]""""
OccupationTheological StudentFarmerKeeping house[illegible] FarmAt Home
Real estate value7501,200 200 
Personal estate value300500 300 
BirthplacePennsylvaniaNew York" "" "" "
Father foreign born     
Mother foreign born     
Birth month if born within year     
Marriage month if married within year     
Attended school past year     
Can't read     
Can't write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     
Male US citizen at least 21 years old11 1 
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...     

1880 census

[1880 US census, Maryland, Montgomery County, Berry District, district 5, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 115, microfilm series T9, film 512, page 380 = 19 A - 20 B handwritten]
line49501
street name   
house number  
dwelling visit #180 180
family visit #184 184
nameBrittain, John H- Frances [??] ABrittian [sic] Milton
['Frances' is mostly covered by tape]
colorWWW
sexMFM
age31269
month born if born in year   
relationship WifeSon
single  1
married11 
widowed/divorced   
married during year   
occupationGovt ClerkKeeping house 
months unemployed   
currently ill?   
blind   
deaf/dumb   
idiotic   
insane   
disabled   
school this year  1
can't read   
can't write   
birthplacePaNew YorkPennsylvania
father's birthplacePennNYPenn
mother's birthplacePennVt [?]NY

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 10 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Brittain, John H.
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 16 March 2014]

Brittian, John H.
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt. | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Brittain, John H.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

House report

['John H. Brittain'. House report 774. Serial Set volume 1712, session volume 5, 44th Congress, 1st Session. Ordered printed 21 July 1876.

Mr. RICE, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions, submitted the following REPORT: [To accompany bill H. R. 3930.]

The Committee on Invalid Pensions, to whom was referred the petition of John H. Brittain, late private Company A, Ninety-first Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, asking an increase of pension, after a careful examination, would report:

That claimaint was a good and faithful soldier in the war of 1861. That during said war, while in the service and in line of duty, he lost his left arm, which is amputated at less than one-half inch below and involving the elbow; that he is now receiving a pension at the rate of $18 per month. Claimant asks that a special act be passed giving him the benefit of the law of June 18, 1874, granting $24 per month to all pensioners having lost an arm above the elbow or a leg below the knee.

Claimant's arm is amputated but one-half inch or less below the elbow. His elbow-joint is of no use to him; the nerves and muscles about the amputation have contracted and attached themselves to the bone above the elbow, forming an adherent scar, dangerous and painful, so that the condition of his arm is far worse than though the amputation had been made above the elbow. His arm, too, is in such a state that he is unable to wear an artificial adjustment.

Under the state of facts your committee think the case a worthy one, and would therefore report favorably, and recommend the passage of the accompanying bill granting him a pension from and after the date of the passage of the same, at the rate of $24 per month.


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revised 16 Mar 14
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